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  • 1.
    Ekström, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    A niche of their own: variations of information practices in biodiversity citizen science2022In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 78, no 7, p. 248-265Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    Information practices become highly complex in biodiversity citizen science projects due to the projects’ large scale, distributed setting and vast inclusion of participants. This study aims to contribute to knowledge concerning what variations of information practices can be found in biodiversity citizen science and what these practices may mean for the overall collaborative biodiversity data production in such projects.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Fifteen semi-structured interviews were carried out with participants engaged with the Swedish biodiversity citizen science information system Artportalen. The empirical data were analysed through a practice-theoretical lens investigating information practices in general and variations of practices in particular.

    Findings

    The analysis shows that the nexus of biodiversity citizen science information practices consists of observing, identifying, reporting, collecting, curating and validating species as well as decision-making. Information practices vary depending on participants’ technical know-how; knowledge production and learning; and preservation motivations. The study also found that reporting tools and field guides are significant for the formation of information practices. Competition was found to provide data quantity and knowledge growth but may inflict data bias. Finally, a discrepancy between practices of validating and decision-making have been noted, which could be mitigated by involving intermediary participants for mutual understandings of data.

    Originality/value

    The study places an empirically grounded information practice-theoretical perspective on citizen science participation, extending previous research seeking to model participant activities. Furthermore, the study nuances previous practice-oriented perspectives on citizen science by emphasising variations of practices.

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  • 2.
    Ekström, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Developing a rule-based method for identifying researchers on Twitter: The case of vaccine discussions2019In: 17th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics, ISSI 2019 - Proceedings Volume 2, 2019, Rom, 2019, p. 2618-2619Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study seeks to develop a method for identifying the occurrences and proportions of researchers, media and other professionals active in Twitter discussions. As a case example, an anonymised dataset from Twitter vaccine discussions is used. The study proposes a method of using keywords as strings within lists to identify classes from user biographies. This provides a way to apply multiple classification principles to a set of Twitter biographies using semantic rules through the Python programming language.

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  • 3.
    Ekström, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Developing a rule-based method for identifying researchers on Twitter: The case of vaccine discussions2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Ekström, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Från naturupplevelse till artdata2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Ekström, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Information practices in biodiversity citizen science2022In: LIS and environmental research: what, when, how?: Panel & Open Space by C. Graminius, J. Haider, N. Cardoso, M. Fedorowicz-Kruszewska, B. Ekström and O. Pilerot, 2022, 2022Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Ekström, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    No rose on this one?: Citizen science field excursion negotiations at the Great Alvar2024In: Nordic Journal of Science and Technology Studies, ISSN 1894-4647, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 5-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how material qualities of tools contribute to shape information practices of observing, documenting, identifying and reporting species in biodiversity citizen science. Through participant observation and trace ethnography, information practices enacted during a field excursion at a World Heritage Site in south-eastern Sweden are investigated in relation to reported data submitted to the species observation system Artportalen. The study, which adopts a theoretical lens comprising the analytical concepts of epistemic objects and inscriptions, finds that the participants’ situated questioning, discussion, documenting and comparison of species through tool use establishes the observations as projections of knowledge claims. These projections are subsequently constrained but also appended as they are reported as data via Artportalen. As material qualities are generally made invisible, the reported data are augmented by the observation system when merged with other reports to aggregated data. The study extends knowledge concerning how biodiversity citizen science field excursions are conducted by understanding information practices and their outcomes as entangled activities characterised by negotiations in relation to material tools rather than as streamlined processes. Consequently, the results expand knowledge of the messy practices carried out to produce biodiversity citizen science data.

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  • 7.
    Ekström, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Thousands of examining eyes: credibility, authority and validity in biodiversity citizen science data production2023In: Aslib Journal of Information Management, ISSN 2050-3806, E-ISSN 2050-3814, Vol. 75, no 1, p. 149-170Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is to contribute with knowledge about how valid research data in biodiversity citizen science are produced through information practices and how notions of credibility and authority emerge from these practices.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Data were collected through an empirical, interview-based study of the information practices of 15 participants active in the vicinity of the Swedish biodiversity citizen science information system Artportalen. Interview transcripts were analysed abductively and qualitatively through a coding scheme by working back and forth between theory and data. Values of credibility, authority and validity of research data were unfolded through a practice-oriented perspective to library and information studies by utilising the theoretical lens of boundary objects.

    Findings

    Notions of credibility, authority and validity emerge through participant activities of transforming species observations to data, supplementing reports with objects of trust, augmenting identification through authority outreach and assessing credibility via peer monitoring. Credibility, authority and validity of research data are shown to be co-constructed in a distributed fashion by the participants and the information system.

    Originality/value

    The article extends knowledge about information practices in emerging, heterogeneous scholarly settings by focussing on the complex co-construction of credibility, authority and validity in relation to data production.

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  • 8.
    Ekström, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Trace data visualisation enquiry: a methodological coupling for studying information practices in relation to information systems2022In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 78, no 7, p. 141-159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to examine whether and how a methodological coupling of visualisations of trace data and interview methods can be utilised for information practices studies.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Trace data visualisation enquiry is suggested as the coupling of visualising exported data from an information system and using these visualisations as basis for interview guides and elicitation in information practices research. The methodology is illustrated and applied through a small-scale empirical study of a citizen science project.

    Findings

    The study found that trace data visualisation enquiry enabled fine-grained investigations of temporal aspects of information practices and to compare and explore temporal and geographical aspects of practices. Moreover, the methodology made possible inquiries for understanding information practices through trace data that were discussed through elicitation with participants. The study also found that it can aid a researcher of gaining a simultaneous overarching and close picture of information practices, which can lead to theoretical and methodological implications for information practices research.

    Originality/value

    Trace data visualisation enquiry extends current methods for investigating information practices as it enables focus to be placed on the traces of practices as recorded through interactions with information systems and study participants' accounts of activities.

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  • 9.
    Ekström, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Understanding wind power search queries and results with RAT2023Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Ekström, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Unfolding material constraints and opportunities in biodiversity citizen science information practices2022In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Conceptions of Library and Information Science, Oslo Metropolitan University, May 29 - June 1, 2022: Information Research, 27 (Special issue), Borås: Högskolan i Borås, 2022, Vol. 27, article id colis2235Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. The purpose of this paper is to outline an approach for understanding how information practices in biodiversity citizen science are enabled and constrained through participants’ interactions with material objects such as cameras, artificial intelligence-supported smartphone applications and information systems.

    Theory. The approach draws on the theory of objectual practice; how knowledge is constructed iteratively through interaction with epistemic objects. Epistemic objects are understood as objects sustained by projections of knowledge, open for interpretation and question-generation, rather than clearly defined things.

    Empirical context. The approach is empirically contextualised through a study of biodiversity citizen science activities in relation to a bioblitz, a short-term, intensive period of species observations in a given geographical setting. Three empirical units of analysis are to be studied: binoculars, cameras, and loupes for observing species; field guides, identification keys and smartphone applications for identifying species; and standardising, large-scale information systems for reporting identified observations.

    Concluding discussion The approach opens up for studying how material objects enable and constrain biodiversity citizen science information practices. The objectual practice approach in relation to a multifaceted empirical setting such as biodiversity citizen science extends sociomaterial aspects to citizen science studies by enabling practice-oriented observation and trace investigations of large-scale phenomena.

  • 11.
    Ekström, Björn
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Jackson, Corey
    University of Wisconsin - Madison, USA.
    Crowston, Kevin
    Syracuse University, USA.
    Østerlund, Carsten
    Syracuse University, USA.
    Tracing knowledge production in an online citizen science project2022Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Ekström, Björn
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Jackson, Corey
    University of Wisconsin Madison.
    Østerlund, Carsten
    School of Information Studies, Syracuse University.
    Tracing hyperlinks: How to support different forms of presence and knowledge production in an online citizen science community?2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past decade there have been significant improvements in the organizational infrastructures supporting information sharing, retrieval, storage, and use. At present, users with access to online applications can post, read, evaluate, vote for, and elaborate on information sources of all shapes and stripes. In citizen science, this is manifested in projects focusing on volunteer classification of readily available data. While such projects adopt standardized methods for data classification, virtual discussion boards provide possibilities for peers to confer about method uncertainties. In such environments, it is important to explore how emerging organizational forms and sociomaterial dynamics shape a range of knowledge production opportunities. Some might be facilitated by experts providing tutorials which resemble classroom teaching while others emerge out of collective work on discussion boards or agent-centered explorations where participants build hyperlinked resource libraries. Through practices of hyperlinking, digital sources of internal and external information can be drawn into the discussion boards to facilitate debates and conversations, mitigating classification uncertainties. Problematizing standardized methods in relation to peer knowledge from discussion boards, we compare volunteers’ knowledge production practices in a citizen science project on Zooniverse.org. Taking our point of departure in practice theory (Gherardi 2019; Østerlund, Crowston, Jackson 2020), we combine insights from studies of collaborative knowledge production with a sociomaterial informed theory of learning articulated by the STS scholar Sørensen (2009). This is done to unfold how hyperlinking practices expand standardized data classification methods and performatively shape knowledge production in a citizen science project.

  • 13.
    Ekström, Björn
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Tattersall Wallin, Elisa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Marčetić, Hana
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Programming Historian: Novice-friendly tutorials on digital methods2020In: Tidskrift för ABM, ISSN 2002-4614, no 1, p. 71-75Article, book review (Refereed)
    Abstract
  • 14.
    Graminius, Carin
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Ekström, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Haider, Jutta
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Editorial2023In: Nordic Journal of Library and Information Studies, E-ISSN 2597-0593, Vol. 4, no 1, p. i-ivArticle in journal (Other academic)
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  • 15. Graminius, Carin
    et al.
    Haider, Jutta
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Cardoso, Nathalice
    Fedorowicz-Kruszewska, Małgorzata
    Ekström, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Pilerot, Ola
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    LIS and environmental research: what, when, how?2022Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Gunnarsson Lorentzen, David
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Eklund, Johan
    Nelhans, Gustaf
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Ekström, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    On the potential for detecting scientific issues and controversies on Twitter: A method for investigation conversations mentioning research2019In: Proceedings of ISSI., 2019, p. 2189-2198, article id 375Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we demonstrate how to collect Twitter conversations emanating from or referring to scientific papers. We propose segmenting the conversational threads into smaller segments and then compare them using information retrieval techniques, in order to find differences and similarities between discussions and within discussions. While the method still can be improved, the study shows that it is possible to collect larger conversations about research on Twitter, and that these are suitable for various automated methods. We do however identify a need to analyse these with qualitative methods as well.

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  • 17.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Ekström, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Tattersall Wallin, Elisa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Gunnarsson Lorentzen, David
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Rödl, Malte
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Söderberg, Nora
    Tracing online information about wind power in Sweden: An exploratory quantitative study of broader trends: ("Fighting windmills" project report, Mistra Environmental Communication)2023Report (Other academic)
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  • 18.
    Pennlert, Julia
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Ekström, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Gunnarsson Lorentzen, David
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Teleoptical perspectives on digital methods: Scientific claims and consequences2021In: Digital Human Sciences: New Objects—New Approaches / [ed] Sonya Petersson, Stockholm: Stockholm University Press, 2021, p. 75-102Chapter in book (Refereed)
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1 - 18 of 18
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