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  • 1.
    Abbasi, Ziwar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Bernebrand, Anna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Projektering av elnätet för ett exploateringsområde2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The growing population in Sweden has led to the great need for new housing construction in the last decade. Consequently, new housing construction has increased substantially. To meet the capacity requirement, large investments are required from the electricity grid companies to connect the newly built residential areas and to enable the development of new infrastructure. The expansion opportunities that have arisen in the current municipality have led to the expansion of the grid for a new residential area. The purpose of the project is to find a rational solution to provide an exploitation area of 19 homes with electricity. To achieve a desirable result with the distribution planning, corporate guidelines and industry standards have been used. The projected distribution network is designed by a radial system, which means that power supply takes place only from one direction. The distribution network is made up of two different distribution systems: TN-S and TN-C. The distribution planning also includes network calculations carried out with both optimization software NetBas and manually. The parameters that have been calculated are voltage drops, short-circuit currents and short-circuiting time. The dimension of the distribution network, is calculated only through NetBas, it resulted in the installation of a network station, five cable cabinet, 0.9 kilometers low voltage cable and 0.13 kilometers high voltage cable. The project's total investment cost has approximately been estimated at 568 000 Swedish crowns.

  • 2.
    Abd Al Sater, Wissam
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Effektiv logistik med lossningskalender på byggarbetsplatsen2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Logistics has long been a topic for discussion that has recently gained more attention. In order for the supervisor to develop a logistics organization that works more than well, this always means that the internal logistics routines are well functioning. The procedures should work on guidelines and support for the supervisor in all types of projects. The study aims to study NCC-projects that use and / or do not use the new tool, release calendar, to identify its positive results. The study uses a qualitative method in which the author conducts interviews with 4 respondents within NCC. The result consists of three main categories processing collected data, these categories are: Efficiency, documentation and Support for work management. Electronic logistics tools like the unloading calendar are of great importance to the supervisor and can be decisive in the quality of all construction projects.

  • 3.
    Abdusemed, Wefae
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Shahin, Antonella
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Gustafsson, Maria
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Anställningsbarhet: hur har nyexaminerade studenter formats inför framtida arbetsliv2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Employability among newly graduated students, a concept that is being discussed more as of late, as well as it is growing. The interesting aspect of the concept is how you, as an individual, can contribute in order to better your employability skill or competence. Additional interesting aspects subsists of which factors within employability that are interesting among the employers and what the government, different organizations or education can do to contribute for a greater employability skill set. However, this thesis mainly focuses on what it actually means to be employable. This study is based on an analysis between two groups, one study group and one control group. The study concludes whether newly graduated students from two different groups feel that it is somewhat difficult to enter the labor market, where the study group have had some kind of connection with different business companies, through experience or shorter internships. How well do the individuals within these two different groups know their own employability? The aim of the study is to analyze whether there is a difference between the newly graduated students, within the two different groups, regarding their employability. Moreover, whether the students from the study group with internship experiences within their degree, have better employability competence or not. In order to reach out to a larger group, which we decided to define to no later graduation than five years prior to this study, we decided to use a quantitative method. A questionnaire survey was conducted where the survey was based on fixed options with possibility for voluntary supplementary comments. Furthermore, the choice of a questionnaire fell naturally because of the time limit as well as the need of a large amount of answers to reach the purpose of the study. A total of 183 answers were obtained where 1213 questionnaire were sent out, giving a response rate of 15, 09 percent and a loss of 84, 9 percent in the study. Based on the respondents results on their estimation of their different characteristics, which were in connection with the different employability factors, has the following concluding results been drawn: When it comes to the respondents’ estimation of themselves in the survey, the three most common options, which they consider to have acquired their characteristics from, are: education, family / upbringing and previous employment. The research group and the control group showed similar values and results, with no major differences. However, some interesting relations were found.

  • 4.
    Abed, Samah
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Al-Kaisee, Farah
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Metallutvinning med fokus på zinkfrån avfallsflygaska med hjälp avsura processvatten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden produces large amount of fly ash from waste combustion annually. Combustion the

    waste generates two types of ashes, bottom ash/slag, and fly ash. Bottom ash is considered to

    be more environmentally friendly and has a wide area of application such as road

    constructions on landfills. While the fly ash has high level of heavy metals and for instance

    dioxines which are harmful for the environment. This type of ash are deposited in a landfill

    and gets classified as a hazardous waste which is expensive given that the deposit fee is high.

    The fact that fly ash contains valuable metals as zinc, methods of recovering it are being

    developed such as acid leaching. This is a promising method as the leachate used are acid

    process water making the usage of the chemicals substantially lower which makes it

    financially viable.

    Waste incinerators in Sweden produce approximately 200 000 tons of fly ash annually and the

    majority of it is transfered to Norway to get treated and put on a landfill. Some waste

    management companies, e.g. Renova, are using another method called “the Bamberg method”

    where fly ash is mixed with sludge to form a cake and put in the company’s own landfill.

    The projects goal is to leach the fly ash by using acidic process water to obtain the metallic

    substance particularly zinc making it easier and cheaper to landfill the ash and also to

    optimize this method to get the most zinc out of the ash using minimum amount of the acidic

    process water (5% HCI).

    The laboratory work took place in the University of Borås. Fly ash and the acid process water

    which were used under the laboratory work was obtained from RenovaAB.

    The results shows that leaching the fly ash with acidic process water gave different release of

    zinc but was 88% at most. The variation in the results depends on a few factors such as

    amount of acidic process water, pH, time, blending time and the ashes content.

    This project took environment and access to acidic water in consideration, which optimized

    the method of using less amount of acid process water to get the most zinc as possible.

    The results shows that leaching fly ash with acid process water is cost efficient and easy way

    to recover zinc, which satisfy the goals of the project.

  • 5.
    Abedinifar, S.
    et al.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology.
    Karimi, K
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology.
    Khanahmadi, M.
    Isfahan Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Centre.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ethanol production by Mucor indicus and Rhizopus oryzae from rice straw by separate hydrolysis and fermentation2009In: Biomass and Bioenergy, ISSN 0961-9534, E-ISSN 1873-2909, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 828-833Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rice straw was successfully converted to ethanol by separate enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation by Mucor indicus, Rhizopus oryzae, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The hydrolysis temperature and pH of commercial cellulase and β-glucosidase enzymes were first investigated and their best performance obtained at 45 °C and pH 5.0. The pretreatment of the straw with dilute-acid hydrolysis resulted in 0.72 g g-1 sugar yield during 48 h enzymatic hydrolysis, which was higher than steam-pretreated (0.60 g g-1) and untreated straw (0.46 g g-1). Furthermore, increasing the concentration of the dilute-acid pretreated straw from 20 to 50 and 100 g L-1 resulted in 13% and 16% lower sugar yield, respectively. Anaerobic cultivation of the hydrolyzates with M. indicus resulted in 0.36-0.43 g g-1 ethanol, 0.11-0.17 g g-1 biomass, and 0.04-0.06 g g-1 glycerol, which is comparable with the corresponding yields by S. cerevisiae (0.37-0.45 g g-1 ethanol, 0.04-0.10 g g-1 biomass and 0.05-0.07 glycerol). These two fungi produced no other major metabolite from the straw and completed the cultivation in less than 25 h. However, R. oryzae produced lactic acid as the major by-product with yield of 0.05-0.09 g g-1. This fungus had ethanol, biomass and glycerol yields of 0.33-0.41, 0.06-0.12, and 0.03-0.04 g g-1, respectively. 

  • 6.
    Abrahamsson, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Petersson, Oscar
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Anbud: Faktorer och förbättringsmöjligheter i anbudsprocessen2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The report shows how extensive the tender process is and what factors to consider in order tosubmit a winning bid. It highlights the different parts of the tender process and makes adeeper analysis of some of the most important factors. Bidding is not just about value whatsomething will cost. Because companies rarely are alone, they are finding ways and solutionsthat make the offer competitive. There is a high pace in the construction industry andconstruction companies currently have a lot to do.The report is written together with RO-Gruppen and a survey is the basis for the analysis. Thegoal was to describe RO-Gruppens work and to find possible improvement potential.As specifications, customers and procurement variations vary, it’s difficult to always followthe same template. Transparency and flexibility is required to analyze what exactly the clientis looking for. Experience proved to be a decisive factor, both according to the literature andthe questionnaire survey.

  • 7.
    Abtahi, Farhad
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Anund, Anna
    Fors, Carina
    Seoane, Fernando
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. Karolinska Institutet.
    Lindecrantz, Kaj
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. Karolinska Institutet.
    Association of Drivers’ sleepiness with heart rate variability. A Pilot Study with Drivers on Real Road2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Abtahi, Farhad
    et al.
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Ji, Guangchao
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Lu, Ke
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Rödby, Kristian
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Björlin, Anders
    Kiwok AB.
    Östlund, Anders
    Kiwok AB.
    Seoane, Fernando
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Lindecrantz, Kaj
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Textile-Electronic Integration in Wearable Measurement Garments for Pervasive Healthcare Monitoring2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Abtahi, Farhad
    et al.
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Ji, Guangchao
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Lu, Ke
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Rödby, Kristian
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Seoane, Fernando
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    A knitted garment using intarsia technique for Heart Rate Variability biofeedback: Evaluation of initial prototype2015In: Proceedings of the 2015 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2015, p. 3121-3124Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Abtahi, Farhad
    et al.
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Lu, Ke
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Guangchao, Li
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Rödby, Kristian
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Seoane, Fernando
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    A Knitted Garment using Intarsia Technique for Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback: Evaluation of Initial Prototype.2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Ackre, Josefin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Stefenburg, Frida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sociala medier: ett verktyg för en mer hållbar klädkonsumtion2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning Dagens klädkonsumtion sammankopplas ofta med hållbarhet framförallt gällande materialets miljöpåverkan och arbetsförhållanden i produktionen. Kläder massproduceras och tillverkas därför inte med hållbarhet i fokus. Företag kommer undan med att erbjuda icke hållbara kläder eftersom konsumenter främst fokuserar på utseende och pris istället för hållbarhet i sitt konsumentbeteende. Tidigare forskning beskriver att konsumenter har en negativ attityd till klädindustrins påverkan på hållbarhet men att de inte konsumerar hållbart på grund av kunskapsbrist. Denna brist på kunskap skapar ett gap mellan konsumenters attityd till hållbar klädkonsumtion och deras konsumentbeteende. Problemet med ökad konsumtion och hållbarhet kan kopplas till sociala medier. Sociala medier används bland annat för att hitta lättillgänglig och okomplicerad information om kläder. Tidigare forskning menar att sociala medier påverkar konsumentbeteendet genom att skapa ett behov för produkter man tidigare inte tänkt köpa. Vidare visar forskning att konsumenter påverkas mer av produktinformation från en tredje part så som vänner, familj eller referensgrupper. Vår undersökning grundar sig därför i sociala mediers stora inflytande på konsumenter och gapet mellan konsumenters attityd till och beteende vid hållbar klädkonsumtion. Uppsatsens syfte är därför att undersöka om sociala medier kan öka intresset för hållbara kläder hos yngre konsumenter. Vi fokuserar på yngre konsumenter eftersom de är uppväxta med datorer och internet samt är den grupp som flitigast använder sociala medier. I studien användes en kvalitativ metod där empiri samlades in genom fokusgrupper. Avsikten var att få en djupare förståelse för deltagarnas åsikter och idéer kring våra teman: hållbara kläder, konsumentbeteende, konsumentattityder och sociala medier. Tidigare forskning stämde överens med resultatet i vår studie där deltagarna beskrev att de inte hade möjlighet att konsumera hållbart eftersom de inte hade kunskapen om vad hållbara kläder faktiskt är. Där även textilstudenter som hade mer kunskap ansåg att det krävdes mer information för att de skulle kunna agera mer hållbart. Vidare visade även vår studie att sociala medier har en stor påverkan på ett konsumentbeteende. Genom att applicera vår empiri på ABC model of Attitudes kunde vi även se att sociala medier influerar konsumenters uppfattning, känsla och beteende vilket påverkar deras konsumentattityd. Alla deltagare i vår undersökning önskade mer lättillgänglig information om hållbara kläder i sociala medier eftersom det är en kanal de alla påverkas av. Ytterligare argumenterade de för att det krävs att fler personer tar sitt ansvar och delar kunskap om hållbara kläder för att skapa ett ökat intresse och tillslut ett förändrat beteende. Slutsatsen kunde därför dras att sociala medier kan vara ett verktyg för att öka intresset för hållbara kläder hos yngre konsumenter. Genom vår studie vill vi bidra till en djupare förståelse av konsumentbeteende samt konsumenternas attityder till hållbara kläder och sociala medier.

  • 12.
    Agetorp, Maria
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lorentzon, Anna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Mekanisk återvinning av bomullsfibrer från konsumentavfall: Påverkan på polymerisationsgrad och spinnbarhet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Cellulosans polymerisationsgrad (DP) är en viktig faktor vid utvärdering av möjligheterna till både mekanisk och kemisk återvinning av bomull. Enligt flera studier leder lägre DP till svagare fibrer. I denna rapport har DP hos bomullsfibrer från begagnade jeans undersökts före och efter mekanisk återvinning för att se om återvinningsprocessen eller graden av slitage på de ingående fibrerna har en påverkan på DP. Även möjligheten att spinna garn med de mekaniskt återvunna fibrerna utblandade med jungfruliga bomullsfibrer har undersökts för att se hur andelen återvunna fibrer och graden av slitage på dessa påverkar garnets styrka. Konsumentavfall i form av bomullsjeans, före och efter mekanisk återvinning,  har lösts i  bis(etylendiamin)kopparhydroxidlösning (Cuen). Viskositeten har mätts och cellulosans polymerisationsgrad har beräknats. Eftersom fibrerna inte löstes upp helt var cellulosakoncentrationen i lösningarna okänd. Därför kunde inga klara slutsatser dras om huruvida den mekaniska återvinningen eller graden av slitage på det ingående materialet hade någon påverkan på DP, även om den statistiska analysen visade på att båda variablerna hade en signifikant påverkan. DP hos återvunna fibrer från begagnade jeans är högre än vad som krävs för framställning av både viskos och lyocell, vilket gör att kemisk återvinning av denna form av konsumentavfall kan vara möjlig att utveckla industriellt. Jungfrulig bomull har ringspunnits tillsammans med 20 % och 50 % återvunna fibrer. Spinningen av garn med 50 % återvunna fibrer var på grund av upprepade garnbrott alltför tidskrävande för vara lämlig för storskalig produktion. Dragstyrkan hos ett ringspunnet bomullsgarn med 20 % återvunna fibrer försämrades inte jämfört med ett garn av 100 % jungfrulig bomull, utan kunde tvärtemot förbättras beroende på spinninställningar och kvaliteten på de återvunna fibrerna. Inblandning av 20 % mindre slitna fibrer gav ett starkare garn än 20 % slitna fibrer. Dock spanns endast en bobin av varje garn och därför krävs en större studie för att få ett större statistiskt underlag innan några mer generella slutsatser kan dras.

  • 13.
    Aghajani, M
    et al.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Babol Noushirvani University of Technology.
    Rahimpour, A
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Babol Noushirvani University of Technology.
    Amani, H
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Babol Noushirvani University of Technology.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Rhamnolipid as new bio-agent for cleaning of ultrafiltration membrane fouled by whey2018In: Engineering in Life Sciences, ISSN 1618-0240, E-ISSN 1618-2863, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 272-280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, rhamnolipid biosurfactant as an eco-friendly and biodegradable cleaning agent was produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria and was used to evaluate the chemical cleaning efficiency of whey fouled ultrafiltration membranes. Thin layer chromatography (TLC) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) confirmed the successful synthesis of rhamnolipid. The produced rhamnolipid was compared to chemical cleaners including sodium hydroxide (NaOH), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and Tween 20. Ultrafiltration membranes used for fouling and cleaning analysis were prepared using phase inversion via immersion precipitation technique. For studying the fouling mechanisms, Hermia's model adapted to cross-flow was used. From the fouling mechanism experiments, it was found that the complete blocking and cake formation were the dominant fouling mechanisms. The highest values of cleaning efficiency were achieved using rhamnolipid and NaOH as cleaning agents with the flux recovery of 100%, but with considering the low concentration of the rhamnolipid used in the cleaning solution compared to NaOH (0.3 versus 4 g/L for NaOH), its application is preferred. 

  • 14.
    Agnhage, Tove
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. University Lille 1, France; Soochow University, China.
    Eco-designed functionalization of polyester fabric2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increased awareness of the textile dyeing and finishing sector’s high impact on the environment due to high water consumption, polluted wastewater, and inefficient use of energy. To reduce environmental impacts, researchers propose the use of dyes from natural sources. The purpose of using these is to impart new attributes to textiles without compromising on environmental sustainability. The attributes given to the textile can be color and/or other characteristics. A drawback however, is that the use of bio-sourced dyes is not free from environmental concerns. Thus, it becomes paramount to assess the environmental impacts from using them and improve the environmental profile, but studies on this topic are generally absent.

    The research presented in this thesis has included environmental impact assessment, using the life cycle assessment (LCA) tool, in the design process of a multifunctional polyester (PET) fabric using natural anthraquinones. By doing so an eco-design approach has been applied, with the intention to pave the way towards eco-sustainable bio-functionalization of textiles.

    The anthraquinones were obtained from the root extracts of the madder plant (Rubia tinctorum L.), referred to as madder dye. The research questions were therefore formulated related to the use of madder dye. Three research questions have been answered: (I) Can madder dye serve as a multifunctional species onto a PET woven fabric? (II) How does the environmental profile of the dyeing process of PET with madder dye look like, and how can it be improved? (III) What are the main challenges in using LCA to assess the environmental impacts of textile dyeing with plant-based dyes?

    It is concluded that there is a potential for the madder dye to serve as a multifunctional species onto PET. Based on the encouraging result, a recommendation for future work would be to focus on the durability of the functionalities presented and their improvement potential, both in exhaustion dyeing and pad-dyeing. LCA driven process optimization of the exhaustion dyeing enabled improvement in every impact category studied. However, several challenges have been identified which need to be overcome for the LCA to contribute to the sustainable use of multifunctional plant-based species in textile dyeing. The main challenges are the lack of available data at the research stage and the interdisciplinary nature of the research arena. It is envisaged that if these challenges are addressed, LCA can contribute towards sustainable bio-functionalization of textiles. 

  • 15.
    Agnhage, Tove
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Nierstrasz, Vincent
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Zhou, Yuyang
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. Soochow University.
    Guan, Jinping
    Soochow University.
    Perwuelz, Anne
    ENSAIT.
    Behary, Nemeshwaree
    ENSAIT.
    Bioactive and multifunctional textile using plant-based madder dye: Characterization of UV protection ability and antibacterial activity2017In: Fibers And Polymers, ISSN 1229-9197, E-ISSN 1875-0052, ISSN 1229-9197, Vol. 18, no 11, p. 2170-2175Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Contribution to development of a secured traceability system for textile and clothing supply chain2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Secured traceability implies not only the ability to identify, capture, and share required information on product transformation throughout the supply chain (SC), but also the ability to ensure the security of the traceability data. Due to information asymmetry and lack of transparency, textile and clothing (T&C) industries often face challenges in implementing and maintaining sufficient traceability. The SC actors find it difficult to identify and track the suppliers and sub-suppliers involved. Additionally, the opaque and largely untraceable structure of the SC has enabled the easy intrusion of counterfeits. Hence, a secured traceability system is imperative to ensure that the required traceability data are captured and shared among SC actors, thereby allowing the tracking and tracing of the products in the SC. Further, a secured traceability system helps organizations in various decision-making processes and protects customers from counterfeits. This thesis contributes to the development of a secured traceability system for the T&C sector. It examines traceability at product and information levels, based on the system-of systems approach. At the product level, the thesis introduces a secured traceability tag that can be printed on the textile surface. The secured tag is hard to copy and is durable enough to withstand normal textile use, thus providing sufficient security besides product tagging for traceability implementation. At the information level, the thesis explores and classifies traceability data that can be shared at business-to-business and business-to customer levels for the implementation of secured traceability. Subsequently, a block chain-based traceability framework is proposed for the T&C supply chain to systematically capture and share data in the supply chain network. The proposed framework demonstrates the applicability of shared data infrastructure to traceability without a central authority and develops technology-based trust among the supply chain actors. It relies on no central authority, and has customized data privacy and accessibility rules, thus providing a unique opportunity, flexibility, and authority to all supply chain actors to trace their supply chains and create transparent and sustainable supply chain networks.

  • 17.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. ENSAIT/GEMTEX.
    Campagne, Christine
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Koehl, Ludovic
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Development and characterisation of secured traceability tag for textile products by printing process2018In: The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, ISSN 0268-3768, E-ISSN 1433-3015Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Product security is one of the major concerns in the textile industry. Every year, fashion brands suffer significant loss due to counterfeit products. Addressing this, the paper introduces a secured tag for traceability and security of textile products. The proposed tag is unclonable, which can be manufactured using conventional screen-printing process. Further, it can be read using a smartphone camera to authenticate the product and trace its history. Consequently, imparting additional functionality to the textile through surface modification. To validate its applicability, the study experimentally investigates the durability and readability of the developed secured tag using three different binders on polyester and cotton textiles substrates. A comparison is presented with an in-depth analysis of surfaces and binders interaction at different stages of the secured tag lifecycle, i.e. before print, after print, after wash and after abrasion cycles. The methodology and findings of the study can also be useful for other manufacturing domains dealing with the printing process.

  • 18.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Koehl, Ludovic
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Campagne, Christine
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    A secured tag for implementation of traceability in textile and clothing supply chain2018In: The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, ISSN 0268-3768, E-ISSN 1433-3015Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Textile and clothing industry is one of the oldest manufacturing industries and is a major contributor in the economic growth of developing countries. However, from past few decades, it has been criticised for its opaque, unsecured and untraceable nature of supply chain. Addressing these challenges, the paper proposes a system approach to introduce an item-centric secured traceability concept to monitor and control manufacturing processes and supply chain activities. In order to implement such secured traceability system, the paper describes the process for manufacturing, encoding and validating an innovative two-factor secured tag based on particle randomness that is printed on the surface of textile. Being micro-sized, the particles are easy to read and validate with pattern recognition. Further, as achieved through an uncontrolled manufacturing process, the randomness is unclonable to produce counterfeit tags. Furthermore, a sequence of experimental analyses has been conducted using various simulated scenarios to verify its applicability. A secured tag can be a low-cost and durable substitute for detachable, unsecured identifiers commercially available in the market.

  • 19.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Koehl, Ludovic
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Campagne, Christine
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Cryptographic Tracking Tags for Traceability in Textiles and Clothing Supply Chain2016In: Uncertainty Modelling in Knowledge Engineering and Decision Making / [ed] Xianyi Zeng, Jie Lu, Etienne E Kerre, Luis Martinez and Ludovic Koehl, Singapore: World Scientific, 2016, Vol. 10, p. 800-805Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cryptographic tags are an important entity for tracking and authentication of a product in the today's global supply chain. They act as carriers which map the information with physical product. Further, their importance in Textile and Clothing industry has significantly enhanced due to increased counterfeit activities and complex supply-chain networks. In this context, this paper describes various existing cryptography methods and tags, scope for improvement and possible solutions for their use in Textile and Clothing supply-chain traceability.

  • 20. Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    Pal, Rudrajeet
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Classification of traceability information in textile and clothing supply chain: A Delphi-based approach2018In: EurOMA 2018 Proceedings, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study explores empirically the need and requirement of traceability system in Textile and Clothing (T&C) supply chain. A Delphi based survey was conducted with 28 supply chain experts (industry professionals and academicians) to collect qualitative and quantitative data in order to identify and prioritize various factors that influence traceability adoption in T&C supply chains. Based on these factors the study further explores, classifies and suggests information that can be recorded and shared for a complete traceability among T&C supply chain actors, both business-to-business and business-to-customers.  

  • 21.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Pal, Rudrajeet
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Exploring secured traceability systems for implementation in textile and clothing supply chain2018In: Proceeding TIWC conference 2018, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information asymmetry and security are major challenges in multi-tier supply chains. Textile and clothing (T&C) supply chain is one such example significantly affected by these problems. Due to its complex and diverse nature, involved actors find it difficult to connect and secure each supply chain links. Exploiting this situation, a parallel counterfeit market is flourishing and gaining serious momentum. Due to this, T&C industries are suffering huge economic losses and job cuts. Additionally, owing to its opaque and untraceable supply chain, T&C industries have become a world of unethical practices. Secured traceability is an effective tool that has potentials to address these issues and make the T&C supply chain transparent and secured. It is a useful mechanism to track and trace products’ history, know about the manufacturing conditions and at the same time secure it from counterfeits and attacks targeting intellectual properties. In this context, the study conduct survey of supply chain experts to explore and rank the key technological requirements (based on the specific nature of the textile product) and traceability information that can be recorded and secured by a secured traceability system. Further, based on the findings of the survey a review of the literature was conducted to explore state of the art technologies to propose a primary secured traceability structure for the T&C supply chain.

  • 22.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Pal, Rudrajeet
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Towards a secured traceability system for closed-loop textile supply chains2017In: Data Driven Supply Chains / [ed] K. S. Pawar; A. Potter and A. Lisec, Nottingham: Centre for Concurrent Enterprise, Nottingham University Business School, 2017, p. 359-367Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Textile and clothing (T&C) industry is characterised by complex and extensive supply chain involving various stakeholders dealing with diverse raw materials. Owing to these complexities, the textile supply chain is facing numerous challenges like, counterfeit products, limited information sharing, ineffective recycling/reuse of textile products, unethical practices and interrupted information flow. As a result, a secured traceability system that can integrate the whole value chain, record, store, and track / trace all supply chain activities, make it more transparent and at the same time safeguard it from unauthorized access, has become a prime requirement for the T&C industry. In this context, the current study conducts a literature review to identify the generic requirements of traceability and in context of T&C closed-loop supply chain (CLSC). It further evaluates the role and key requisites of a cryptographic tag for textiles product, as an additional measures/parameter to secure the traceability system and prevent unauthorised access. Finally, the paper draws on key characteristics of such cryptographic tag for textile CLSC and lay down the tentative methodology that would be followed in the future research for development of a complete secure traceability system. It is anticipated that such secured traceability system can prevent counterfeits, data leakage, bring transparency and automate the reverse logistic process.

  • 23.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Pal, Rudrajeet
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Traceability in Textile and Clothing Supply Chains: Classifying Implementation Factors and Information Sets via Delphi Study2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 06, article id 1698Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sharma, Ajay
    Kumar, Vijay
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Blockchain-Based Secured Traceability System for Textile and Clothing Supply Chain2018In: Artificial Intelligence for Fashion Industry in the Big Data Era / [ed] Sébastien Thomassey, Xianyi Zeng, Singapore: Springer Publishing Company, 2018, p. 197-208Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Blockchain has emerged as a prominent and reliable solution that can enable and ensure secure information sharing over wide area networks. In an era of digitalisation, blockchain technology is finding wide applications in multiple fields including implementing traceability in the supply chain. In this direction, this chapter explores its potential application in implementing a blockchain-based traceability system for textile and clothing (T&C) supply chain. It examines the necessity and concept of a traceability system, followed by enlisting advantages of blockchain technology for implementing traceability. Further, a case-based example has been used to explain blockchain application in implementing traceability in T&C supply chain. Finally, it mentions the challenges and limitations of such blockchain-based traceability system that can be addressed through further research.

  • 25.
    Ahl, Victor
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Henriksson, Erik
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Energianalys och förslag på energieffektivisering: Nohabgatan 11, Trollhättan2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this report an energy analysis of a brick building housing mostly office- and workshop businesses. The energy analysis contained a heating balance and an electricity balance. The result of these balances was the basis for a couple of suggestions of interventions for energy efficiency. The purpose was to make an energy analysis regarding heating and cooling demand as well as electricity usage for a building in Trollhättan and also give propositions of interventions for energy efficiency. With a starting-point in drawings of the building and also collected data for bought district heating (?) and electricity for 2017, a heating balance and an electricity balance was set up. From these balances calculations were made to give a perspicuous picture over what the heat and electricity is used for in the building. The heating losses consisted of transmission-, ventilation-, infiltration- and drainage pipe losses. The input of heat consisted of bought district heating, solar radiation, internal heat from electrical devices and persons in the building as well as heat losses from hot water pipes and water heater that contributed to the heating. The electricity usage largely consisted of lighting, computers with accessories, kitchen equipment, ventilation system, pumps, cooling system and servers. The bought district heating was 863 823 kWh and the bought electricity was 482 395 kWh, whereof 119 179 kWh was calculated to be useful heat for the building. Solar radiation was calculated to contribute to the heating with 35 249 kWh. Of losses, transmission was the larger item with 822 747 kWh followed by infiltration losses of 131 258 kWh and ventilation losses of 77 418 kWh. Drainage pipe losses as well as input heating through heat losses from hot water pipes and water heater was small in the context. The results of the calculations showed that the building had an energy performance of 130 kWh/(m2, year) and an electricity usage of 21 kWh/(m2, year).Energy saving interventions that was proposed was for instance additional insulation, change of lighting, overlooking the operation of ventilation- and heating system, change of pumps, installing solar cells and Demand Controlled Ventilation.

  • 26.
    Ahlbom, Hannah
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Söderbergh, Anna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Konsumenternas köpbeteende inom fast fashion: En undersökning om gapet mellan attityd och beteende inom hållbarhet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental problems that the world is facing today are closely connected to the mass consumption that is caused by the fast fashion industry. This has resulted in a greater demand of environmentally produced clothing by consumers as they have an increased insight and impact on the fashion industry. Previous research shows that many consumers mentioned that they think it is important to consume environmentally friendly, however there was only 30% out of these respondents that actually act according to their environmental values. The gap between environmental attitude and actual behavior is called the green gap and is a topic that has been investigated since the 70’s. The intention of this study is to research the green gap that exists at female students studying at the Swedish School of Textiles in Borås. These respondents were chosen as they are assumed to have a great insight in the fashion industry and its environmental impact but still shop fast fashion. Focus groups were put together inorder to create a group discussion which investigates and answers the question of what affects consumers to consume according to their sustainable attitudes. The results from the study showed that a low price, trendy design and easy access were the main factors that resulted inconsumers to shop fast fashion rather than green fashion. The results show that an increased knowledge and better information were the main things that could make the respondents to act more sustainable. Even though they already have a good insight in the subject they found that there is an insecurity and ambiguity regarding in what way companies are sustainable and what the more expensive price actually goes to. The upcoming study further down is written in Swedish.

  • 27.
    Ahlfvengren, Ellinor
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sandberg, Minna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Effekter av en integrerad artikelstandardisering ochinförande av variantmoduler2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor thesis examines how a changed production structure affects one Swedishmanufacturing corporation’s competitiveness, when competition from global low priceoptions with short delivery times is increasing. By switching production structure from “maketo stock” to “assembly to order” and by standardizing articles, to some extent, modularizeproducts, the customer order decoupling point moves back in the production process. Thecomponents are assembled into finished products when the orders arrive, thus helping toreduce the number of stocked variant articles, and generally to decrease the value of fixedcapital.The cost savings this entails can be used to develop order-winning properties, to improveproduct quality, increase the added value and extend the warranty or work to become anenvironmentally friendly alternative, which strengthens the brand.

  • 28.
    Ahlnäs, Simon
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Börjesson, Tobias
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Tids- och kostnadseffektivitet vid intermodala transporter2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore effectiveness within intermodal transportation of semi-trailers based on the variables cost and time. Intermodal transport can be explained as a transportation of a carrier, from the origin to the final destination, using two or more modes of transport (Crainic & Kim, 2007 p.467). This study focuses on the two modes of transport rail and road. The rail transportation has big advantages towards other modes of transport since it has less impact on the environment, given that the energy is produced in Sweden (Trafikverket 2017) but there are more benefits to be utilized. The rail transportation is generally more profitable on distances greater than 500 km, thus it can transport high volumes of goods over long distances for a low cost. The fixed costs that´s added in the terminals and the rail transports low degree of flexibility compared to the road transport is the primary reasons why rail transportation isn´t profitable on shorter distances. This study has made a market research to see where the final destinations for the imported semi-trailers are located in Sweden and Norway. This, to see where there are potential to develop and create new rail shuttles from Port of Gothenburg to dry ports across the Swedish and Norwegian inland for transportation of semi-trailers. Interviews have been conducted with carriers to create a more correct view of the current situation. Study results show that the greatest volumes of the transported semi-trailers ends up in the areas around Helsingborg and Stockholm, with the region around Gothenburg excluded. Dry ports positioned in this area show the best potential for development of new rail shuttles. The results from conducted interviews with carriers express that time is the most important aspect for their operation and their clients, that is also the reason why they don´t use the railway for transportation of semi-trailers. Carriers also consider the trains to be unreliable and the railway operation in Port of Gothenburg has so far not been operating well enough for them. The result show that 38 percent of the imported semi-trailers have their final destination in the area around Gothenburg and naturally it´s not possible for the railway to compete with the road transport at such a short distance. In order for the railway to compete with the road transport, rail shuttles to regions with high flows of semi-trailers must be developed to not loose in time and flexibility. Thus, the railway transportation has other opportunities than just transportation. In dry ports there are opportunities for storage of goods, which is generally cheaper than in the port and simultaneously create time gains in the final transportation, thus the goods are closer to the customer. Port of Gothenburg can compete with other ports, which are geographically closer to a certain customer, through more rail shuttles with more frequent departures and then take more market shares within Nordic transportation.

  • 29.
    Ahlström Rundbom, Lina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Olson, Madeleine
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Personlighetsanpassat ledarskap2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the research of this study we found a gap regarding information on how to adapt leadershipto employees of various personalities. Our purpose was now to fill that research gap. In ourstudy on personality-adapted leadership, we found that all kinds of personalities have variouspreferences to be led. Using two different personality classification models, theories ofleadership and motivation as well as empirical evidence drawn from Business leaders, wehave studied which kind of leadership that works best for models of different personalitytypes. With the help of a cross-section design, qualitative methods together with semistructuredinterviews we were able to combine the theories we used with the empiricalevidence. Accordingly, our purpose is to acknowledge how leadership can be adapted todifferent personalities to achieve the greatest opportunity for the development of theirmotivation. This is a contributing factor to the development of a company and shouldtherefore be in the leader’s interest.As a conclusion our study shows how different personalities demand certain kinds ofleadership, that they get motivated by a wide range of factors and that various situations canhave a big effect where a certain leadership is most suitable. The result of our study has led totwo tables based on the personality classification models, which show which leadershiptheory fits the different kinds of personality types. The study also shows that leaders shouldadapt a relationship-oriented leadership and complement it with a task-oriented one in order tofind their employees motivation and be able to lead them in a successful way.

  • 30.
    Ahmed, Chera
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Energikonsekvens analys2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis reports an energy consequence analysis about AHU (air handling unit) with reversible heatpump. The unit will be tested in an office building which is placed in three different cities – Lund, Karlstad and Lulea. The study includes energy calculations and AHUsimulations obtained from the suppliers of this kind of AHU-setup, on the Swedish market, IV Produkt, FlaktGroup and Swegon. The AHU: s from the different suppliers will be compared on the use of the technic, the AHU-setup and energy efficiency. By completing this master thesis, it will contribute to that the customers will do the right choice of AHU with reversible heatpump and contribute to a more sustainable development.      Energy calculations for the office building were fulfilled with the help of internal calculation programs obtained by Entreprenadplanering AB. By using the data obtained by the AHUsimulations and transfer those to internal calculation programs, energy calculations for the energy use of the AHU with heat recovery, could be reported. AutoCAD 2014 with the HVACapplication MagiCAD was used to show the area of different parts of the building.      

  • 31.
    Ahmed, Delgesh
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Oliva Rivera, Alexander
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Composite façade elements with GFRP connectors: Shear properties and sustainability aspects2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, with the greater importance of the environmental performance of construction materials, a significant development of precast concrete sandwich elements (PCSEs) is ongoing. With the PCSEs improving and becoming more thermal and energy efficient, it is becoming more attractive for architectural design and for acquiring Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification.The focus of this study was to conduct and analyze experiments related to the shear properties of fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) plate connectors in newly developed composite façade elements. The idea of using FRP plate connectors was based on research conducted by the European Commission funded FP7 project H-House, where new innovative materials are used to achieve a more thermally efficient sandwich element that would also be lightweight, energy-efficient and durable. The work was performed in cooperation with the Swedish Cement and Concrete Research Institute (CBI) in Borås, where the laboratory tests, with four different variations of FRP plate connectors, were conducted. To analyze the results, a method called double shear test was used for stabilization of the test specimens and minimize the eccentricity of the applied vertical load. The experimental results indicated that an improved shear bearing capacity was achieved, especially for one connector type, though the effect on the stiffness was depended on how well the specimens were cast. Furthermore, it turned out that the placement of the carbon fibre reinforcement (CFR) in the inner and outer panel played a major role regarding the FRP connectors’ contribution to the shear forces. A qualitative analysis of sustainability regarding the composite elements in construction was also done.In conclusion, the FRP plate connectors have been shown to be robust and stiff enough to develop composite behaviour of the precast concrete sandwich elements and being thermal resistance, e.g. a good alternative to using in thick façade elements and reducing thermal bridging.

  • 32.
    Ahmed, Zeineb
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Cecavac, Maja
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning i banksektorn: En undersökning av motiv till hållbarhetsredovisning och lagkravets påverkan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to research what motivates companies in the banking sector to establish sustainability accounting reports, and what these reports can add to a company from a business perspective. The perspective is linked to three different theories: stakeholder theory, legitimacy theory and institutional theory. Furthermore, this study will examine whether the law on sustainability accounting in annual reports, issued in July 2016, has influenced the formation of sustainability accounting reports within the banking sector.Methodology: This essay has a case study design. The research has been conducted on five selected companies within the banking sector. Two different methods of qualitative data collection were used: telephone interviews, and qualitative content analysis on reports prepared between 2015 and 2018.Result: The collected data showed that companies produce sustainability accounting reports because it is natural. The main reasons for establishing a sustainability accounting report are pressure and expectations from stakeholders and the maintenance of legitimacy. Establishing a sustainability accounting report has generated more positive effects than negative, such as internal and external legitimacy and a strong reputation and brand. The study has also shown that the legal requirement that was introduced in July 2016 regarding sustainability accounting has not made a significant impact on the formation of the companies' sustainability accounting reports, besides becoming sharper in all areas covered by the law.Originality/value: The study contributes to an increased understanding of what motivates companies within the banking sector to engage in sustainability accounting and what it has subsequently added to companies. It has also contributed to a deeper understanding of the legal requirements introduced in July 2016 as a new phenomenon. The law is relatively new and therefore much research has not been done in the area of how the legal requirements have actually affected companies.

  • 33.
    Ahrens, Isabella
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Guetz, Theresa
    Transnational Strategy Shift: The Importance of Cultural Awareness: - Case Study: IKEA2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Globally operating business organizations tend to use a global strategy by using a standardized strategy as a fixed format. However, this has developed to be very ineffective for the ability to compete in the different markets worldwide. The adaptation of local preferences hence, seems to be crucial but also very complex for multinational retailers. This study therefore, determines the complexity of considerations that a shift from a global to a transnational strategy includes. The decision making of which strategy is appropriate for multinational retailers to compete on a global market can be quite puzzling, as is can be seen in the bed textile segment. Therefore this research paper investigates, within a case study of IKEA’s bed textile department, if a shift from a global to a transnational strategy is of advantage for a multinational retailer like IKEA and to what extend cultural awareness has to be considered. The methods that were used for this study include a literature review in the mentioned focus area and a collection of primary data through a qualitative research design with an open questionnaire sent to the Sales Leaders of IKEA. The research has shown that market research is an important factor when it comes to cultural related differences between the countries. Also, when dealing with the concern of adaptation of the market relevant bed textile sizes to the product range, the Sales Leaders of IKEA have perceived different concerns. Therewith a full adaptation may not be the solution for all businesses, since this depends on the product and market preferences. The cultural preferences in each country and the right degree of standardization and local preferences are a big issue for the global bed textile industry and are hence perceived as the main challenges in this concern. Possible paths for future investigations are shown by the results of this study. Thus, an inclusion of other cases could enable the possibility of a generalization of the study’s findings. Also, the same case study could be expanded by including customers input in the individual markets; this would lead to a better understanding of the customer’s preferences and a higher validity of the study. Last but not least this study has shown that there is no simple answer given whether a shift from a global towards a transnational strategy is of advantage for multinational retailers; however interesting factors concerning the shift could be identified.

  • 34.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Across disciplines and cultures: Harnessing diversity2015Other (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Case study of Rovio Entertainment and “Angry Birds”2016Other (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Human players at the center of an ecosystem: The case of video games in Finland2015In: Organization Studies, ISSN 0170-8406, E-ISSN 1741-3044, p. 1-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on ecosystems as ways of organizing innovation and firm-level growth position a focal firm at the center of each ecosystem they study. This study of the video games industry in Finland argues that it can also be human users that are are at that center. In the birth and early developmental stages of the ecosystem or a game-design project, individual human beings can absorb and live with ambiguity and absence or fluidity of rules of the game, even be entertained by and enjoy such ambiguity. 

  • 37.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Introduction to design business management2015Other (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Introduction to Design Business Management2015Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Also agricultural and food sciences can benefit from the recent interest in design thinking, an interest in both research and practice.  

  • 39.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Leveraging academic resistance to consumerism to strengthen the capitalist project: The case of Aalto University2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    •New public management, an emphasis on control, as well as consumerism, have grown their influence in universities. Taken too far, this kind of an influence can have destructive psychological and social outcomes on practices and institutions of good research, on academic collegiality, and on the peer review system. Yet, paradoxically, it appears fewer and fewer academics rise to the barricades to resist such developments. This paper analysis why and how do academics in favor of consumerism appear to win over academics in favor of collegiality? 

  • 40.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Problem solving and problem search in design business management2015Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In managing design and in managing as design, it makes sense to ask "why" before asking "what"; that is, it makes sense to ask first why is there a problem before asking what is a solution. Thought leadership on and implication of this simple idea is mapped across Stanford University, NEw York, London, Oxford, Gothenburg, Borås, Helsinki, and St. Petersburg.

  • 41.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Rethinking textile fashion: A research agenda2015Other (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. Swedish School of Textiles.
    Rethinking textile fashion: A research agenda2015Other (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    The art of organizing: Computer games as an art form, a business, and a community2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The starting points of this paper are twofold. Firstly, computer game design can be taken as an art form (Crawford 1982). Seconly, and building on the first point, computer games can be taken as a model of organising whereby there are multiple dimensions or levels of analysis (Burger-Helmchen & Cohendet 2011). In and across the starting points, this paper unfolds a set of findings and generates a set propositions. The propositions include that new forms of art such as computer games have been and will be much like old forms of art. More specifically, the proposition here is that each new particular form of art, as well as art generally, needs to be invented in order to exist (Shiner 2001). In order to persist and not only to exist for a short instance, one or another kind of a process organizing needs to happen. Such a process can unfold following a a grand design. The process of organizing can be dictated by chance or be a result of drift. Or, the process can emerge in a series of small steps. In the latter instance, hybridization or a combination, even recombination, can be the way of the happening. 

  • 44.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    The progressive personality: The strange case of Janne T.2016In: Research and Dialogue: Writings in honour of Janne Tienari / [ed] Susan Meriläinen & Eero Vaara, Aalto University , 2016, p. 20-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Transvaluation of the meaning of “fast” in fast food, fast music, and fast fashion2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how to transvaluate, to re-evaluate and to repudiate neoliberal standards for creative and cultural industries. The paper's focus is on three creative and cultural industries -- food, music and fashion -- all of which have crafts-based origins. These industries were long under the protective eye and of, in one way or another, of the cultural system of what is a nation. However since the 1970s or the 1980s these industries have increasingly been dominated and domesticated by the still continuing rise of the values of neoliberalism, subjected to wave upon wave of reengineering and reorganization, assimilated into the global market system.

    At one extreme, affluent consumers, often affluent owner-capitalists or financiers, are empowered to determine what is good food, good music, or good fashion. These affluents are now increasingly co-creators of what they consider culturally meaningful for themselves. Growing amounts of resources flow in the direction of making and keeping the affluents content, which is not always in fit with culturally meaningful content from the perspective of the traditional or authentic creatives in these industries: the chefs, the artists, the designers, What the affluents desire are fancy restaurants, selective clubs, and expensive clothes. Catering to the lifestyles of these rich and famous is increasingly a trans-industry of its own, with ever less room for authentic cultural creation, as authenticity used to be understood. New bureaucratic forms of education and training drive by various forms of "positive psychology" reproduce the focus on the tongues, minds and navels of the affluent, as if their satisfaction and inspiration of these were the only global standard that matters.  By virtue of their new role as co-creators, the affluents are offered what is rich in meaning and high in value to them.

    At the other extreme, the authentic cultural creatives following vocation and the average citizen have received the stick, at best left holding its short end. Cultural creatives trying to follow their original call and the average citizen are now both squeezed out of being key beneficiaries of participation in these industries. What is forced down throats, into ears and on bodies are degenerated, industrialized and highly wasteful variations - fast food, fast music, fast fashion - co-created with and for the affluents. Almost explicitly hindered by market prices to access such meaning, in any case, the cultural creatives and the average citizen are face to face with the neoliberal tide that is drowning the original authenticity of arts of crafts and their meanings. Values that originally drove food, music, and fashion industries, such as sustainability, are now increasingly dominated, converted and domesticated by neoliberal, technocratic and bureaucratic values and ideologies.

    Analysis of food, music and fashion industries in various countries in this paper suggests that to transvaluate the neoliberal tide what is needed is a trans-disciplinary mindset, reminiscent of authentic innocence of the crafts-minded and pre-industrial hierarchy of life-affirming values and norms: to reflect upon, to act upon, and to adhere what is good by virtue of good with local environments and authentic ways of consumption, cultural practice, and creativity.  Recipes, hits and fashions to repudiate what has been wasteful and inefficient in fast food, music and fashion include good food, good music, upcycled clothes, and new technologies. The paper calls for further research on how to trans-valuate, trans-discipline and cross-pollinate across these recipes, hits, and fashions.

     

    References:

    Ainamo, A. 2014 Rethinking textile fashion: New materiality, smart products, and upcycling, Design Research Journal, 2, 53-60.

    Appadurai, A 2013 " The future as cultural fact: essays on the global condition" - Rassegna Italiana di Sociologia, 2013

    Appadurai, A. 2013b "Response to comments", Rassegna Italiana di Sociologia, 2013

    Appadurai, A. 1988 "How to make a national_cuisine: Cookbooks in contemporary India", .Comparative Studies in History and Society, 30(1): 3-24.

    GC Bruner -1990 "Music, mood, and marketing", The Journal of Marketing.

    C Caldwell, SA Hibbert -2002 "The influence of music tempo and musical preference on restaurant patrons' behavior", Psychology & Marketing.

    C Caldwell, SA Hibbert 1999 "Play that one again: the effect of music tempo on consumer behaviour in a restaurant", European Advances in Consumer Research,

    F Dannen - 1991 Hit men: Power brokers and fast money inside the musicbusiness

    - Random House LLC

    SA Eroglu, KA Machleit, JC Chebat 2005 "The interaction of retail density and music tempo: effects on shopper responses", Psychology & Marketing,

    hargadon and Sutton 1997 "Technology brokering in a product design firm2, Administrative Science Quarterly.

    FH Kirkpatrick 1943 ", " - Journal of applied psychology, 1943

    Krol, P. J. and Lavoie, M. 2014, "Beyond nursing nihilism, a Nietzschean transvaluation of neoliberal values,"Nursing Philosophy, 15(2): 112-124.

    McElrea, H  and Standing, L 1992 "Fast music causes fast drinking",Perceptual and Motor Skills.

    Millman, R. 1986 "The influence of background music on the behavior of restaurant patrons," Journal of Consumer Research.

    Rita Orji • Julita Vassileva • Regan L. Mandryk 2013 LunchTime: a slow-casual game for long-term dietary behavior change, Personal and Ubiquitous Computing. Pers Ubiquit Comput; DOI 10.1007/s00779-012-0590-6

    TC Roballey, C McGreevy, RR Rongo 1985 "The effect of music on eating behavior",

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    Rozin, P. & Fallon, A. 1986 "Likes and dislikes , in What Is America Eating?: Proceedings of a Symposium. Food and Nutrition Board, Commission on Life Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council

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  • 46.
    Ainamo, Antti
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hyöty, Jussi
    FIM .
    Vilen, Merita
    Case study of Nokia’s design strategy in mobile phones, 1980s to 20072016Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Case study of Cr8tv, joint research betweeen European Commission, Lancaster University, Politecnico Milan,  Corvinus University, and Gothenburg Universit

  • 47.
    Ainamo, Antti
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hällgren, Markus
    Rehn, Alf
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Summit fever2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mountain climbers call it “summit fever” when one or more individuals in a group of climbers become so enamored with the notion of reaching the summit of a mountain that they ignore less exciting issues such as how to safely descend the mountainside and live to tell one’s self and others about the experience. In this paper, we review decision-making literature on symmetric vs. asymmetric goal formation, as well as innocuous and fallacious learning. We develop a process theory of summit fever by defining that summit fever is when fallacious learning in chase of an asymmetric goal disproportionately narrows attention to a peak milestone. A halfway milestone that represents a peak experience then is prone to lead to goal conflation so that the way forward is compromised at the expense of reaching the ultimate goal. We illustrate the emerging framework by revisiting how and how summit fever led to a mountaineering accident on K2 in 2008 whereby 11 out of 26 climbers involved died. Our conclusions include implications for further research.

  • 48.
    Ainamo, Antti
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kolho, Kaija-Leena
    Helsinki University, Faculty of Medicine.
    Progress in the treatment and outcome of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease patients2016In: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology, ISSN 1744-8409, p. 1-33Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This review discusses how treatment of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients has improved with attention to therapeutic quality and cost. The number of such patients in Western countries has increased rapidly. Similarly to what has been the trend in the management of adult IBD, the pediatric IBD therapy has become more active than earlier. High use of immunosuppressants has helped to control the extensive and aggressive course of pediatric IBD. Full disease control already at an early phase has advantages such as to preserve normal child growth and development, to maintain overall good health and quality of life, as well as to decrease the psychosocial burden of the disease. A key research direction is to develop the more active approach into a way to reduce healthcare costs by decreasing the so-far high rate of surgery of pediatric IBD patients. 

  • 49.
    Ainamo, Antti
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Svengren Holm, Lisbeth
    Vidinge, Christina
    Gothenburg University.
    Horvath, Dora
    Corvinus University.
    Designers as innovators in organizational contexts: A proposal for a typology2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Task 2.2.2: Developing a Typology of the Roles of Designer and Design Competence in Innovation

    The purpose of this paper is to specify and develop a classifica­tion scheme of the roles of designers­­ in innovation, in particular to how they may contribute to business and economic growth and success. The purpose, in other words, is to make sense of such new concepts in the new and conflated field of innovation and design as “open innovation” and “co-designing” and of how to become an innovative and creative organization that is highly successful; whether talking about in-house designers, hiring design consultancies to work on product or service design or on organizational processes in commercial or public contexts

    Despite a high interest, there has been a paucity of research that would have defined or specified on the basis of case-based evidence, for example, roles that designers and their competence can have as a force for innovation. Such definition is the objective of our research project, Creativity for Growth and Innovation in Europe (Cre8tv.EU), where we define these roles and create a typology for the roles designers and design competence have for innovation and how such design involvement can be harnessed for creating competitive advantage of firms.

  • 50.
    Akinbomi, Julius
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Fermentative hydrogen and methane productions using membrane bioreactors2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of energy as a stimulant for economic growth and environmental sustainabilityof any nation has made the focus on green fuels, including fermentative hydrogen (bioH2) andmethane (bioCH4), to be a priority for the World’s policy makers. Nigeria, as the most populousAfrican country, with worsening energy crisis, can benefit from the introduction of the bioH2 andbioCH4 technologies into the country’s energy mix, since such technologies have the potential ofgenerating energy from organic wastes such as fruit waste.Fruit waste was studied in detail in this work because of its great economic andenvironmental potential, as large quantities of the wastes (10–65% of raw fruit) are generatedfrom fruit consumption and processing. Meanwhile, bioH2 and bioCH4 productions involvinganaerobic microorganisms in direct contact with organic wastes have been observed to result insubstrate and product inhibitions, which reduce the gas yields and limit the application of thetechnologies on an industrial scale. For example, in this study, the first experimental work todetermine the effects of hydraulic retention times and fruit mixing on bioH2 production fromsingle and mixed fruits revealed the highest cumulative bioH2 yield to be equivalent to 30% ofthe theoretical yield. However, combining the fermentation process with the application ofmembrane encapsulated cells and membrane separation techniques, respectively, could reducesubstrate and product inhibitions of the microorganisms. This study, therefore, focused on theapplication of membrane techniques to enhance the yields of bioH2 and bioCH4 productions fromthe organic wastes.The second experimental work which focused on reduction of substrate inhibition,involved the investigation of the effects of the PVDF membrane encapsulation techniques on thebioH2 and bioCH4 productions from nutrient media with limonene, myrcene, octanol and hexanalas fruit flavours. The results showed that membrane encapsulated cells produced bioCH4 fasterand lasted longer, compared to free cells in limonene. Also, about 60% membrane protectiveeffect against myrcene, octanol and hexanal inhibitions was obtained. Regarding bioH2production, membrane encapsulated cells, compared to free cells, produced higher average dailyyields of 94, 30 and 77% with hexanal, myrcene and octanol as flavours, respectively. The finalpart of the study, which was aimed at reducing product inhibition, involved the study of theeffects of membrane permeation of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) on the bioreactor hydrodynamicsin relation to bioH2 production. The investigation revealed that low transmembrane pressure of104Pa was required to achieve a 3L h-1m-2 critical flux with reversible fouling mainly due to cakelayer formation, and bioH2 production was also observed to restart after VFAs removal.The results from this study suggest that membrane-based techniques could improve bioH2and bioCH4 productions from fermentation media with substrate and product inhibitions.

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