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  • 9801. Toftegaard, Ola
    Textile for the future2008In: The Nordic Textile Journal 2008, Special Edition Smart Textiles, p.88-93Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 9802.
    Toll, Catharina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Projektinriktad verksamhet på folkbibliotek: En kvalitativ studie över fördelar och nackdelar med projekt som arbetsmetod på folkbibliotek2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to deepen our knowledge of librarians' experiences of working with projects. Focus is on the characteristics of successful projects implemented in public libraries and how they are assimilated into the regular and ordinary activities of the library. A grounded theory approach is adopted and complemented with theory on learning and change in organizations and from new public management. The study is based on semi-structured qualitative interviews with five librarians. The result reveals that librarians enjoy working in projects. The possibility of being able to develop new teaching tools, create new relationships and to form new network alliances between library, schools, associations and the business community increase the librarians' motivation to initiate new projects. Successful projects are defined by number of participants, cost efficiency, the opportunity to create new knowledge. Project inclusion in regular programs in libraries usually an objective and is likely to be pre-planned in advance.

  • 9803.
    Tollén, Helena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Ronélius, Robert
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Digitalfeminism: ett designperspektiv för interaktionsdesign2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A user-centered perspective is often used by designers to be able to design interactive digital systems that attempt to meet users’ needs. The designers should take demographics such as culture, age and gender into consideration to get to know the end user of the system. Today, gender as a demographic area is considered in a lesser extent than for example culture. This indicates that systems are not designed to be gender neutral. The aim of this study is to examine how practitioners consider gender through the design process. To do this, a qualitative interview study inspired by Grounded Theory has been followed. The data from the interviews have been presented and also interpreted by coding. The discussion of the results tend to show two factors that are needed to be able to design a system that meets the needs of both feminine and masculine individuals equally. The factors argued for are that a feminist approach on design could enable a possibility to design a more equal system. Also, designers should take gender into greater consideration while designing systems so that the systems in fact meet the needs of both feminine and masculine users equally.

  • 9804. Tomson, Klara
    Att skapa en upplevelseindustri2011In: Nordisk kulturpolitisk tidskrift, ISSN 1403-3216, E-ISSN 2000-8325, Vol. 14, no 1-2, p. 71-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years the notion that culture can be used as an instrument for economic growth has gained foothold in Sweden and Swedish cultural policy. In order to understand this development we need to study the organizations that have promoted ideas about the economic potential of cultural activities. In this article I have focused on one such organization, namely the Swedish Knowledge foundation, which during the time period of 2000-2009 invested SEK 99 million in the Swedish experience industry. The article investigates why the Knowledge foundation decided to make this investment and how they transformed the idea that cultural activities have a potential for economic growth into practice. Using translation theory and an organizational institutional perspective the study shows that the Swedish Knowledge foundation chose to invest in the experience industry because similar investments had been made in other countries such as the United Kingdom. However, the Knowledge foundation’s investment represented no copy of the international models but was translated to fit the new Swedish context.

  • 9805. Topelius, Michael
    Ett samarbete med UR/SVT Kunskapskanalen2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9806. Torebjörk, E
    et al.
    Lundberg, Lars
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Is facilitation of a flexor reflex in the decerebrated rat analogous to post-injury pain in humans? A preliminary report1987In: Fine afferent nerve fibers and pain / [ed] R.F Schmidt, Schaible, Vahle-Hinz, VCH Verlag , 1987, p. 391-398Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9807. Torebjörk, E
    et al.
    Lundberg, Lars
    LaMotte, R
    Central changes in processing of mechano-receptive input in capsaicin-induced hyperalgesia in humans1992In: Journal of Physiology, ISSN 0022-3751, E-ISSN 1469-7793, Vol. 448, p. 765-780Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    1. Capsaicin, the algesic substance in chilli peppers, was injected intradermally in healthy human subjects. A dose of 100 micrograms given in a volume of 10 microliters caused intense pain lasting for a few minutes after injection and resulted in a narrow area of hyperalgesia to heat and a wide surrounding area of hyperalgesia to mechanical stimuli (stroking) lasting for 1-2 h. 2. Nerve compression experiments with selective block of impulse conduction in myelinated (A) but not in unmyelinated (C) fibres indicated that afferent signals in C fibres contributed to pain from capsaicin injection and to heat hyperalgesia, whereas conduction in afferent A fibres was necessary for the perception of mechanical hyperalgesia. 3. Electrical intraneural microstimulation normally eliciting non-painful tactile sensations was accompanied by pain when the sensation was projected to skin areas within the region of mechanical hyperalgesia induced by capsaicin injection. 4. The threshold for pain evoked by intraneural microstimulation was reversibly lowered and pain from suprathreshold stimulation was exaggerated during the period of mechanical hyperalgesia, regardless of lidocaine anaesthesia of the cutaneous innervation territory of the stimulated fibres. 5. The results indicate that hyperalgesia to stroking on a skin area surrounding a painful intradermal injection of capsaicin is due to reversible changes in the central processing of mechanoreceptive input from myelinated fibres which normally evoke non-painful tactile sensations.

  • 9808.
    Torell, Matilda F
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Strömsöe, Anneli
    Dalarna University.
    Zagerholm, Ellen
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Claesson, Andreas
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Svensson, Leif
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Börjesson, Mats
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Higher survival rates in exercise-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrests, compared to non-exercise-related - a study from the Swedish Register of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.2017In: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, ISSN 2047-4873, E-ISSN 2047-4881, Vol. 24, no 15, p. 1673-1679Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Despite the positive effects of physical activity, the risk of sudden cardiac arrest is transiently increased during and immediately after exercise. The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of exercise-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the general population and to compare characteristics and prognosis of these cardiac arrests with non-exercise-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrests. Methods Data from all cases of treated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest outside of home reported to the Swedish Register of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation from 2011-2015 in three counties of Sweden were investigated (population 2.1 m). This registry captures almost 100% of all out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in Sweden. Results Of 1825 out-of hospital cardiac arrests, 137 (7.5%) were exercise-related, resulting in an incidence of 1.2 per 100,000 person-years. The 30-day survival rate was significantly higher among exercise-related out-of hospital cardiac arrests compared to non-exercise-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (54.3 % vs 19.4%, p < 0.0001). Patients suffering an exercise-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrest were on average 10 years younger than those who had a non-exercise-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, 56.4 years compared to 67.2 years. Exercise-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrests were more often witnessed (89.4% vs 78.6%, p = 0.002), had higher rates of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (80.3% vs 61.0%, p < 0.0001) and were more frequently connected to an automated external defibrillator (20.4% vs 4.6%, p < 0.0001). Conclusions Cardiac arrests that occur in relation to exercise have a significantly better prognosis and outcome than non-exercise-related cardiac arrests. This may be explained by favourable circumstances but may also reflect that these persons experience a sudden cardiac arrest at a lower degree of coronary artery disease, due to their younger age and to exercise being a trigger.

  • 9809.
    Torhell, Catta
    University of Borås, Library and Learning Resources.
    Organisationsöversyn vid Bibliotek & läranderesurser2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad är en organisation? Hur kan likartad verksamhet vara organiserad på så olika sätt? Hur kan verksamheter som är organiserade på samma sätt fungera så olika? Detta är inte frågor som kommer att besvaras här, utan snarare frågor som väcktes i samband med den organisationsöversyn som gjordes vid Bibliotek & läranderesurser (BLR) under 2008. Frågorna speglar också den erfarenhet som vi fick genom arbetet med organisationsöversynen som kan sammanfattas i att det är inte själva organisationen som är viktigast utan vägen dit.

  • 9810.
    Torhell, Catta
    University of Borås, Library and Learning Resources.
    Recension av: Hansson, Birgitta & Lyngfelt Anna (red). Pedagogiskt arbete i teori och praktik : om bibliotekens roll för studenters och doktoranders lärande. Lund: Btj, 20092009In: Biblioteksbladet, ISSN 0006-1867, no 10, p. 30-Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 9811.
    Torkildsby, Anne Britt
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Existential design: revisiting the "dark side" of design thinking2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to discuss ways of opening up the design brief when designing for extreme environments such as intensive care units and remand prisons. Focusing on “designials” (fundamental forms of design being), the methodology intends to illustrate the fact that objects may directly impinge upon certain “existentials” (fundamental forms of human being). Moreover, the method is a form of critical design that enables designers to shift focus, from analysis of the functionality of a design in use, e.g. by performing a functional analysis, to analysis of the form of being human that a design in use defines. More importantly, this thesis considers what may happen if we do not take into account this aspect of design; in other words, the “dark side” of design thinking.

  • 9812.
    Torkildsby, Anne Britt
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Existential design: the "dark side" of design thinking2012Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to discuss ways to open up the brief in designing for extreme environments, such as intensive care units and remand prison. Focusing on „designials‟ (fundamental forms of design being), the methodology intends to illustrate that things; objects may directly impinge on certain „existentials‟ (fundamental forms of human being). Moreover, the method is a form of critical design enabling designers to shift focus from “analysing the functionality of a design in use” (Torkildsby 2012, p. 18), e.g. by performing a functional analysis, to “analysing the form of being human that a design in use defines” (Ibid), and more importantly, what may happen if we do not – thus the “dark side” of design thinking. Here I am outlining the existential designial analysis in a design manual and further discussing, through the context of a fictive dialogue, How, Why and When it can be applied to the design of these environments.

  • 9813.
    Torlakcik, Tugce
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    New Product Forecasting with Structured Analogy Method in the Fashion Industry: Case Studies with the Fashion Footwear Products2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fashion and the contemporary environment as a whole, is a complex environment that requires retailers and wholesalers to adapt to the changes that constantly occurring. This adaptation is in a bid to ensure that more profits than loses are realized by the company. For this reason, companies have to use various methods to determine the best ways to improve their products. Companies resolve to introduction of new product to the market but the acceptance of new products to the fashion industry is not an assured factor but rather a gamble. This is mainly because of the industry’s characteristics. The main aim of this thesis is to analyze the methods that may be used to improve the accuracy of new products. The fashion industry has characteristics that may be considered as challenges because for instance, when a product is launched, one has to determine whether it is by a reputable designer or whether it is a trend, and with the fashion industry, trends are mainly turned into such by celebrities who introduce a certain design to the world for adoption. These challenges or characteristics are carefully analyzed and examined with the necessity of the introduction of new products analyzed. Data collection, being the main backbone of this thesis and multiple-case study method, is used to answer the research question as “How can structured analogy method be used to improve the forecast accuracy for the footwear products in the fashion industry “.Samples for case study have been chosen from footwear category. Structured analogy method is used to determine the accuracy of the information gathered from literature review.

  • 9814.
    Tornblad, Helene
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Tjänster till stöd för forskning vid tre svenska universitetsbibliotek2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis examines research support services at three SwedishUniversity Libraries. Three methods are used, aiming at capturingdifferent aspects of the support services. The quantitative methods are textanalysis (word count) based on the libraries annual reports and aquestionnaire aiming at mapping the services. In addition, a qualitativecontent analysis is performed, based on semi structured interviews withthree informants, one at each of the university libraries. The results showthat the libraries have developed support services for all stages in aresearch process, however differently. The three libraries seem to havesome distinctive features in their research support services that areconsistent with each university's profile. Based on the perspective ofJoacim Hansson's theory about library discourse versus library practice,and his and Krister Johannesson's dimensions proactive versus reactive,the thesis also discusses how these features are expressed by theinformants and how the different views influence and are influenced bythe typical features of the university and the library research supportservices.

  • 9815. Torngren, Tore
    Biblioteksstatistik: projekt och planer2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    KB:s expertgrupp för biblioteksstatistik Projekt: Intervjuundersökning Projekt: Teknisk plattform Projektplan: Regional tillämpning Vad händer nationellt?

  • 9816. Torp Jensen, Christian
    et al.
    Johansson, Anders
    Emmertsen, Niels-Christian
    de Mello, Winston
    Lundberg, Lars
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Implementation of Battlefield Advanced Trauma Life Support (BATLS) in the Danish Armed Forces2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9817.
    Torp, S
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Hanson, E
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    A pilot study of how information and communication technology may contribute to health promotion amongst older spousal carers in Norway2007In: Health and Social Care in the Community (OnlineEarly Articles), Vol. 16, no 1, p. 75-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this pilot Norwegian intervention study was to explore whether use of information and communication technology (ICT) by informal carers of frail elderly people living at home would enable them to gain more knowledge about chronic illness, caring and coping, establish an informal support network and reduce stress and related mental health problems. Potential participants were close relatives of an elderly person with a diagnosis of a chronic illness dwelling in the same household who wished to continue caring for their relative at home, were 60 years of age or older, had been caring for less than 2 years, were a computer novice and had Norwegian as their first language. Nineteen elderly spousal carers participated in the study from two municipalities in eastern Norway. The project commenced in January 2004 and consisted of a multimethod evaluation model. Outcomes measured included carers' social contacts (measured by the Family and Friendship Contacts scale); burden of care (measured by the Relative Stress scale); and knowledge about chronic disease and caring, stress and mental health and use of ICT (examined via a composite carer questionnaire). These quantitative data were collected immediately prior to the study and at 12 months. Qualitative data were also collected via focus group interviews with participant carers at 7 months. At follow-up, quantitative measures did not reveal any reduction in carer stress or mental health problems. However, carers reported extensive use of the ICT service, more social contacts and increased support and less need for information about chronic illness and caring. Contact with and support from other carers with similar experiences was particularly valued by participants. The intervention also enhanced contacts with family and friends outside the carer network. Thus, it can be seen that ICT has the potential to contribute to health promotion among elderly spousal carers.

  • 9818. Torp, S
    et al.
    Hanson, E
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Hauge, S
    Ulstein, I
    Magnusson, L
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    A pilot study of how information and communication technology may contribute to health promotion amongst older spousal carers, Health and Social Care in the Community2007In: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 75-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this pilot Norwegian intervention study was to explore whether use of information and communication technology (ICT) by informal carers of frail elderly people living at home would enable them to gain more knowledge about chronic illness, caring and coping, establish an informal support network and reduce stress and related mental health problems. Potential participants were close relatives of an elderly person with a diagnosis of a chronic illness dwelling in the same household who wished to continue caring for their relative at home, were 60 years of age or older, had been caring for less than 2 years, were a computer novice and had Norwegian as their first language. Nineteen elderly spousal carers participated in the study from two municipalities in eastern Norway. The project commenced in January 2004 and consisted of a multimethod evaluation model. Outcomes measured included carers' social contacts (measured by the Family and Friendship Contacts scale); burden of care (measured by the Relative Stress scale); and knowledge about chronic disease and caring, stress and mental health and use of ICT (examined via a composite carer questionnaire). These quantitative data were collected immediately prior to the study and at 12 months. Qualitative data were also collected via focus group interviews with participant carers at 7 months. At follow-up, quantitative measures did not reveal any reduction in carer stress or mental health problems. However, carers reported extensive use of the ICT service, more social contacts and increased support and less need for information about chronic illness and caring. Contact with and support from other carers with similar experiences was particularly valued by participants. The intervention also enhanced contacts with family and friends outside the carer network. Thus, it can be seen that ICT has the potential to contribute to health promotion among elderly spousal carers.

  • 9819.
    Torstensson, H.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Är säkerhet lönsamt?2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9820.
    Torstensson, Håkan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Hur hantera antagonistiska hot mot varuflöden?2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9821.
    Torstensson, Håkan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Risker värda att tänka på2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9822.
    Torstensson, Håkan
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Riskhantering: risk management2010Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns alltid ett behov av att kontrollera och styra uppträdande risker till acceptabla nivåer. Processen kallas riskhantering eller risk management och syftar till att eliminera eller begränsa risker med hänsyn till kostnader, politiska och strategiska överväganden och andra faktorer. Ett huvudelement inom riskhantering är riskanalysen, vilken innefattar en beskrivning av systemet eller aktiviteten, identifiering av riskkällor och bedömningen av riskens omfattning och allvarlighetsgrad. Riskkontroll är ett följande steg i riskhanteringen. Risk är i grunden är en kombination av sannolikhet och konsekvens. Riskhanteringen berör också organisationers sårbarhet, resiliens och kontinuitetsplanering, vilket kan översättas till konkurrensförmåga, framgångsmöjligheter och långsiktig överlevnad. En riskanalys bör föregå varje projekt, åtagande eller investering.

  • 9823.
    Torstensson, Håkan
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Textil och mode: att förena praktiskt kunnande och vetenskaplig skärpa2009In: Vetenskap för profession, ISSN 1654-6520, no 8Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln beskriver sätt att nalkas den rubricerade frågeställningen - att förena praktiskt kunnande och vetenskaplig skärpa - vilken är tydlig och aktuell i textil- och modesktorn och där kompetenshöjning och tillvaratagande av erfarenhetskunskap är avgörande. Den beskriver också några utvecklingslinjer inom textilforskning - smarta textilier, modevarulogistik och efterfrågestyrning, 'humanistic marketing' m.fl.

  • 9824.
    Torstensson, Håkan
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Transportutrustning: förpackningar2009In: Transport av farligt gods, Prevent , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bokkapitlet beskriver tekniska och föreskriftsmässiga krav och förutsättningar för förpackningar för transport av farligt gods med olika transportslag.

  • 9825.
    Torstensson, Håkan
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Ekwall, Daniel
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Säkerhet mot hot och tillgrepp i transporter2010In: Vetenskap för profession, ISSN 1654-6520, p. 11-32Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Många bedömare har hävdat att moderna försörjningskedjor karakteriseras av en tilltagande sårbarhet. Säkerhet och sårbarhet hos försörjningskedjor har också fått ökad uppmärksamhet i samband med att risken för terrorattacker kommit i blickpunkten efter en serie händelser under och efter år 2001. Christopher and Lee (2004) visar på att den ökade sårbarheten är ett resultat av jakten på effektivitet i försörjningskedjor. Genom att pressa marginalerna eller minska på buffertar inom en försörjningskedja har skyddet mot störningar och deras konsekvenser minskat. Riskexponeringen av godstransporter och andra logistikaktiviteter har också ökat de senaste åren till följd av en ökad globalisering, där varje produktionsmoment i värdekedjan från råvara till slutkonsument förläggs till den plats, som kan göra momentet billigast, s.k. offshoring. Samtidigt har värdekedjorna styckats upp i allt mindre delar, i och med att varumärkesägarna lägger ut allt fler processer på externa leverantörer, s.k. outsourcing. För att inte kapitalbindningen i lager skall eliminera vinsterna av lägre produktionskostnader, har lager och buffertar i varje länk trimmats ned till ett minimum genom bland annat ”just in time” transporter och intensifierat informationsutbyte, i syfte att synkronisera kapacitet och produktionstakt längs värdekedjan. Resultatet har blivit fler och längre transporter, ofta med noder och länkar i sådana geografiska områden, där de antagonistiska hoten är relativt sett större än tidigare, samtidigt som kedjorna blivit väsentligt mer störningskänsliga. Denna trend förväntas fortsätta i många år, även om det finns exempel på företag som börjat ta hem produktionsmoment till Europa och USA, speciellt när produktlivscykeln är kort och innehållet av oskolad arbetskraft är lågt.

  • 9826.
    Torstensson, Håkan
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Hjort, Klas
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Larsson, Jonas
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Ericsson, Dag
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Hållbar distanshandel2012Report (Other academic)
  • 9827.
    Torstensson, Håkan
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Pal, Rudrajeet
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Resilience in textile enterprises and supply chains2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Resilience, in an organizational sense meaning the ability to withstand crises and disturbances, is associated with risk and crisis management and business continuity planning, but it also allows for new perspectives and insights into the conditions for doing business. Applied to the whole supply chain it also provides tools for managing and aligning the logistics flows in an appropriate way. In a recent investigation on textile-related SME that have withstood the recent economic crises but faced major threats to their financial performance and survival, it became clear that economic resilience is a property to be cultivated. Resilience is to be considered a discriminating factor between successful and surviving firms and those that fail. Research today on organisational resilience typically addresses its attributes, formative elements and framework, or ways and indicators to measure it. In this overview, recent research on critical success factors and properties supporting resilience development in the textile sector is discussed out of four angles, a three-dimensional concurrent engineering perspective, measuring and quantifying resilience, key enablers of resilience in textile firms and strategic planning for resilience. Capabilities and competences, based on three dimensional concurrent engineering perspectives and complementary value systems, can create several critical success factors for organizations. Current research demonstrates that most of the key success factors are created and sustained through 3-DCE designing. It also highlights the necessity to incorporate intangible value propositions into the 3-DCE model to generate an extended framework for conveying operational performance and so organizational success. For the quantification of resilience, financial statements (1989 to 2009) of 20 companies related to textile, clothing and fashion were analysed to draw the appropriate conclusions. The study used Altman’s Z-score as an indicator of business health, which includes discriminant ratios related to both short-term and long-term goals of a firm. The findings support that there is a relation between the levels of organizational resilience and business health. It is therefore proposed that a business health transition profile (of Z-score) and systematic encoding are effective to differentiate firms in terms of resilience level. The contributions of critical financial ratios to the resilience level in different periods were also assessed for those organisations. For example, in case of two analysed firms the higher liquidity, leverage and solvency, compared to the other studied firms, resulted in maintaining a healthy state, while for two other firms liquidity, profitability and capital-turnover contributed to their resilience development. To find key enablers and antecedents of resilience, a further investigation was conducted in textile and clothing SME, based on a previously developed conceptual resilience framework. Annual reports provided a detailed account of the financial performances of these firms. Findings provide insight as to how the responding firms considered resourcefulness, viz. cash flow and investment finance, relational networks and material assets, along with ‘dynamic competitiveness’ through strategic and operational flexibility, to be key enablers of resilience and financial performance, mostly through generating profitability, liquidity and sales-turnover. Responses also highlighted the indirect influence of the ‘soft’ learning and cultural aspects, like attentive leadership and collectiveness. Other process initiatives (growth and continuity strategies) were also emergent patterns to properly utilize and direct the antecedents for resilience development. Thus firms can develop their resilience potential by tuning their strategic assets and capabilities. For the investigated SME the key variables among them are: a) investment finance and cash flow, b) material assets and networking, c) strategic and operational flexibility, and d) attentive leadership. With regard to strategic planning for resilience, a categorization of resilient and less resilient enterprises in terms of their financial performance was assessed, while identifying their shortcomings in crises and the differentiating strategic initiatives underlying their respective response repertoire. A majority of the case firms identified a decrease in order volume as the major problem during crises. In terms of key strategic initiatives the resilient firms showed better short-term crisis management strategies, due to higher operational flexibility with regard to various cost-cutting measures, such as retrenchment, reduced fixed overhead costs or decreasing customer and supplier base, and an ability to ramp down production when necessary, while the less resilient firms lacked strategic readiness due to resource scarcity. Almost none of the firms could develop any crisis-based growth strategy. The resilient firms differed from the less resilient ones, the most in terms of long-term strategic initiatives showing long-term continuity planning by unique initiatives to improve cost-effectiveness, such as delocalization of manufacturing, continuous improvement and lean management, and in terms of growth strategies as well, like market penetration by increasing sales and product ranges, long-term diversification strategies through market expansion, and long-term transformational initiatives by focusing more on acquisitions and production outsourcing. Such multiple strategic initiatives are essential for developing a model for crisis strategic planning categorizing firms along four difference types of resilience, viz. latent, planned, adaptive and dynamic, and along two dimensions characterized by low and high degrees of planning and adaptation, respectively. It was observed that resilient SME mostly showed planned resilience in financial crises, through long-term continuity plans and growth initiatives. Creation of financial, material, relational and conceptual slack through cost minimization techniques and implementation of growth initiatives were the keys towards development of an organized response repertoire in resilient organizations, as compared to the less resilient ones. A short-term crisis management strategy – cutting costs – was observable in most of the firms. Almost all of them tried to retrench staff and diminish customer base, but the resilient firms also sought legal union’s support to decrease the salary and working hours, so that they can retain competence even in crises. Delocalising production, adjustment of the product pyramid to invest in extension of product range, as well as cost-effective process management were also measures considered by resilient firms to retain operational excellence. The resilient firms also used more flexible production systems along with value adding products in their range, some of them shifting from high volume-low margin products to very specific core products. Furthermore, resilient firms concentrated on increasing sales by extending the product ranges through cross selling and add-on products and services. This registers as sufficient degrees of innovation in the resilient firms. Thus co-management of innovation and excellence provides the right dynamic balance for creating slackness for utilization during strategy formulation.

  • 9828.
    Torstensson, Håkan
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Rolandsson, Bertil
    Introduktion2010In: Vetenskap för profession, ISSN 1654-6520, p. 7-10Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att se olika problem som risker blir viktigare på allt fler områden (Mythen & Walklate 2005:5). Det rör sig om en vidgning av perspektiv, som beror på att ny teknik, expertis eller vetenskapliga landvinningar inte längre endast framstår som problemlösare utan även som orsak till nya risker. Genom nyhetsmedia eller andra former av masskommunikation blir också risker vi tidigare inte noterat till förstasidesstoff (Giddens 1991). Vi har fått en kultur där vi tvingas konfronteras med en grundläggande känsla av osäkerhet (Van Loon 2002; Beck 1992), vilket i sin tur utgör motiv till ytterligare forskning om just risk och säkerhet.

  • 9829.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    100 years of library spirit: Valfrid Palmgren and the introduction of the Anglo-American public library ideas in Sweden2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9830.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    100 years of library spirit: Valfrid Palmgren and the introduction of the Anglo-American public library ideas in Sweden2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9831.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Att analysera folkbiblioteksutveckling: exemplet Sverige och några jämförelser med USA2001In: Det siviliserte informasjonssamfunn: folkbibliotekenes rolle ved inngangen til en digital tid / [ed] Ragnar Andreas Audunson, Niels Lund Windfeldt, Fagbokforlaget, 2001, p. 5-26Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9832.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Att analysera genmbrottet för de moderna folkbiblioteksidéerna1996Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 9833.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Bibliotessagen udenfor København: en frage for hela Norden2001Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9834.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Boken, biblioteket och läsningen under 1950-talet. Del 12008In: Biblioteksmuseiföreningens medlemsblad, no 2, p. 5-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9835.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Etableringen av ett folkbiblioteksfält i Sverige i början av 1900-talet2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9836.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Folkbiblioteket: traditionsrik institution med framtida utmaningar2008In: Årsbok om folkbildning: Forskning & utveckling 2007., Stockholm : Föreningen för folkbildningsforskning, 2008. , 2008, p. 11-25Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9837.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Folkbiblioteksutvecklingen i de Baltiska och Nordiska länderna2009In: Biblioteksmuseiföreningens medlemsinformation, no 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9838.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Framtidens bibliotek? Folkbibliotek: traditionell institution med framtida utmaningar2007In: Horisont (Svenska Österbottens litteraturförening), ISSN 0439-5530, no 3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 9839.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    From Volunteers to Professionals: The Origin and Development of Public Librarianship in Sweden during the 20th Century2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish libraries for the general population went through great changes during the 20th century. In the early 20th century there were many different kinds of small popular libraries managed by as well the Church of Sweden as municipalities and different kind of popular movements. At the same time the ideas of more developed libraries of the Anglo-American public library model got hold in Sweden. Sweden got state library consultants, a library association and ten years later library education. More and more towns founded modern public libraries out of the former poplar libraries. There was later on possible to have greater state grants but that was combined with influence from the library consultants on book selection, arranging premises, hire staff etc. The aims of the public libraries developed with society. Initially it was a question of education the people with books, later it was to reach all social classes in society with what they needed to develop. It has besides also always been a means to treat problems in society. In the early 20th century most librarians worked part time. Later on more and more librarians, most often female, had as well academic as library school education and worked full time. The salary was however small and they founded a trade union. In the late 20th century there was a campaign to have library education research based. This succeeded and since the 1990’s Sweden has library programs from bachelor to PhD.

  • 9840.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Höga berg och djupa dalar: Några reflexioner i anledning av ett bibliotekshistoriskt arbete2001In: Nordisk tidskrift för bok- och biblioteksväsen, ISSN 0029-148XArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 9841.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Initiativ i folkbiblioteksfrågan i Sverige i riksdagen och i lärare- och folkbildningskretsar fram till år 19002010In: Biblioteksföreningens medlemsinformation, Vol. 1, p. 7-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vilka initiativ togs i folkbiblioteksfrågan i Sveriges riksdag fram till tillkomsten av 1930 års folkbiblioteksförordning? Vilka grupper i samhället var mest pådrivande? Detta är frågor, som behandlas i denna artikel.

  • 9842.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Introduction2002In: Svensk biblioteksforskning, ISSN 0284-4354, E-ISSN 1653-5235, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 5-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9843.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Kolbäck och Högsby förr och nu: två aktuella magisteruppsatser om folkbibliotekets roll2009In: Biblioteksmuseiföreningens medlemsinformation, no 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9844.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Libraries and society: the macrostructural aspect of library and information studies2002In: Library Review, ISSN 0024-2535, E-ISSN 1758-793X, Vol. 51, no 3/4, p. 211-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9845.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Libraries and Society: the macrostructural view of Library and Information Studies2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9846.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Dyrbye, Martin (Editor)
    Mäkinen, Ikka (Editor)
    Reimo, Tiiu (Editor)
    Library Spirit in Sweden: Two Missionary Phases2009In: Library spirit in the Nordic and Baltic countries: historical perspectives, HIBOLIRE/Tampereen yliopiston laitosten julkaisut , 2009, p. 75-93Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9847.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Mäkinen, Ikka (Editor)
    Reimo, Tiiu (Editor)
    Dyrbye, Martin (Editor)
    Library Spirit in the Baltic-Nordic Region: a comparative analysis2009In: Library spirit in the Nordic and Baltic countries: historical perspectives, HIBOLIRE/Tampereen yliopiston laitosten julkaisut , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9848.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Läsvärt om bokkulturens betydelse för demokratin. Recension av avhandling: Upplösningens dialektik: bildningsmål och politisk modernitet i Sverige kring sekelskiftet 1900 av Micael Björk2002In: Biblioteksbladet, ISSN 0006-1867, Vol. 87, no 10, p. 23-Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 9849.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Mina erfarenheter från internationellt bibliotekshistoriskt samarbete i ett drygt 20-årsperspektiv2010In: Biblioteksföreningens medlemsinformation, Vol. 2010/2, p. 3-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns många internationella arenor för bibliotekshistoriker. Den viktigaste finns inom IFLA (The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions). IFLA grundades 1927 i Edinburgh och har nu cirka 1700 medlemmar i 155 länder. Den har årliga kongresser med cirka 3000 delegater från hela världen. 1990 hölls kongressen i Stockholm och i år 2010 i Göteborg. Inom IFLA finns ett bibliotekshistoriskt nätverk. Undertecknad blev aktiv i nätverket 1988 och var dess sekreterare och kassör 1998-2002. Vid de årliga kongresserna har nätverket, nu under namn Library History Special Interest Group, ”open sessions and workshops”. Vid sidan av detta har ett flertal seminarier ordnats av närverket utifrån speciella aspekter av bibliotekshistorien.

  • 9850.
    Torstensson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Popular adult education in Sweden in the 19th and early 20th centuries: 'social question' or a 'question of education'?2009In: The Social Question and Adult Education [La question sociale et l'éducation des adultes]. European Perspectives in the 19th and 20th Centuries. [Perspectives européennes, XIXe - XXe siècles] / [ed] Barry J. Hake, Françoise F. Laot, Peter Lang GmbH Europaeischer Verlag der Wissenschaften , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
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