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  • 9401. Viljanen, E.
    et al.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Vallittu, P.
    Analysis of residual monomers in dentritic methacrylate copolymers and composites by HPLC and headspace-CG/MS2006In: Dental Materials, ISSN 0109-5641, E-ISSN 1879-0097, Vol. 22, no 9, p. 845-851Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9402. Viljanen, E.
    et al.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Vallittu, P.
    Dendritic copolymers and particulate filler composites for dental applications: Degree of conversion and thermal properties2007In: Dental Materials, ISSN 0109-5641, E-ISSN 1879-0097, Vol. 23, no 11, p. 1420-1427Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9403. Vincente, Veronica
    et al.
    Castrén, Maaret
    Sjöstrand, Fredrik
    Wireklint Sundström, Birgitta
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Elderly patients’ participation in emergency medical services when2013In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As organizational changes in the healthcare system are in progress, to enhance care quality and reduce costs, it is important to investigate how these changes affect elderly patients’ experiences and their rights to participate in the choice of healthcare. The aim of this study is to describe elderly patients’ lived experience of participating in the choice of healthcare when being offered an alternative care pathway by the emergency medical services, when the individual patient’s medical needs made this choice possible. This study was carried out from the perspective of caring science, and a phenomenological approach was applied, where data were analysed for meaning. Data consist of 11 semi-structured interviews with elderly patients who chose a healthcare pathway to a community-based hospital when they were offered an alternative level of healthcare. The findings show that the essence of the phenomenon is described as ‘‘There was a ray of hope about a caring encounter and about being treated like a unique human being’’. Five meaningful constituents emerged in the descriptions: endurable waiting, speedy transference, a concerned encounter, trust in competence, and a choice based on memories of suffering from care. The conclusion is that patient participation in the choice of a healthcare alternative instead of the emergency department is an opportunity of avoiding suffering from care and being objectified.

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  • 9404.
    Vogt, Sarah
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Baghaei, Behnaz
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kadi, Nawar
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Determination of Processing Parameters for Thermoplastic Biocomposites Based on Hybrid Yarns Using Finite Elements Simulation2018In: Journal of Composites Science, ISSN 2504-477X, Vol. 2, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the processing parameters for the compression molding of hemp/PLA hybrid yarn biocomposites and their effect on the final mechanical properties. Finite element simulations are used to develop and assess the processing parameters, pressure, temperature, and time. These parameters are then evaluated experimentally by producing the composites by two different methods, to compare the results of experimentally determined processing conditions to parameters determined by the simulation analysis. The assessment of mechanical properties is done with several experimental tests, showing small improvements for the composites produced with the simulation method. The application of the simulation analysis results in considerably reduced processing times, from the initial 10 min to only three minutes, thereby vastly improving the processing method. While the employed methods are not yet able to produce composites with greatly improved mechanical properties, this study can be seen as a constructive approach, which has the ability to lead to further improvements.

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  • 9405. Volkerling, Michael
    In Search of the Author of Contemporary Australian Life: Cultural Policy in Western Sydney2012In: Nordisk kulturpolitisk tidskrift, ISSN 1403-3216, E-ISSN 2000-8325, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 192-203Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9406.
    von Essen, Charlotte
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Alumnrapport: Webbredaktör 2015-20182020Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    Alumnrapport_webbredaktör_2015-2018
  • 9407.
    Vu, Hoang Danh
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ferreira, Jorge
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Recycling strategies for polyhydroxyalkanoate-based waste materials: An overview.2020In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, Vol. 298, article id 122393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The plastics market is dominated by fossil-based polymers, but their gradual replacement by bioplastics (e.g., polyhydroxyalkanoates) is occurring. However, recycling strategies need to be developed to truly unveil the impact of bioplastics on waste accumulation. This review provides a state of the art of recycling strategies investigated for polyhydroxyalkanoate-based polymers and proposes future research avenues. Research on mechanical and chemical recycling is dominated by the use of extrusion and pyrolysis, respectively, while that on biodegradation of polyhydroxyalkanoates is related to soil and aquatic samples, and to anaerobic digestion towards biogas production. Research gaps exist in the relationships between polymer composition and ease of use of all recycling strategies investigated. This is of utmost importance since it will influence the need for separation at the source. Therefore, research emphasis needs to be given to the area to follow the continuous improvement of the process economics towards widespread commercial production of polyhydroxyalkanoates.

  • 9408. W., Iglebekk
    et al.
    C., Tjell
    Peter, Borenstein
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Treatment of chronic canalithiasis can be beneficial for patients with vertigo/dizziness and chronic musculoskeletal pain, including whiplash related pain2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Pain, Vol. 8, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aim: Chronic musculoskeletal pain, e.g. whiplash associated disorders (WAD), fibromyalgia and myalgia, causes significant burden on both the individual and on society as a whole. In a previous study, the authors concluded that there is a likely connection between chronic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)/canalithiasis and headache, neck pain, generalized pain, fatigue, cognitive dysfunctions as well as tinnitus. The balance dysfunction in BPPV/canalithiasis is dynamic and not static. This leads to a perpetual postural mismatch. The vicious cycle of a disturbed equilibrium control system may be the driving force behind the vicious cycle of pain. The aim of this study is to investigate if otolith-repositioning manoeuvres in patients with chronic BPPV/canalithiasis can be beneficial. Methods: During a period of about two years a prospective observational study on patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain referred for physiotherapy was performed. Those with a Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) inquiry score above 20 underwent further investigations to diagnose chronic BPPV/canalithiasis. Diagnostic criteria: (A) The diagnosis of BPPV/canalithiasis was confirmed with the following: (1) specific history of vertigo or dizziness provoked by acceleration/deceleration, AND (2) nystagmus and symptoms during at least one of the test positions; (B) the disorder had persisted for at least one year. Specific otolith repositioning manoeuvre for each semi-circular canal (SCC) was performed. Symptom questionnaire ("yes" or "no" answers during a personal interview) and a follow-up questionnaire were used. Results: The responders of the follow-up questionnaire constituted the study group. Thirty-nine patients responded (i.e. 87%) (31 females, 8 males) with a median age of 44 years (17-65). The median duration of the disease was 5 years. Seventy-nine percent had a history of head or neck trauma. The DHI median score was 48 points (score >60 indicates a risk of fall). The video-oculography confirmed BPPV/canalithiasis in more than one semi-circular canal in all patients. In the present study the frequency of affected anterior semi-circular canal (SSC) was at a minimum of 26% and could be as high as 65%. Ninety-five percent suffered from headache, 92% from neck pain, 54% had generalized pain, and 56% had temporo-mandibular joint region pain. Fatigue (97%), aggravation by physical exertion (87%), decreased ability to concentrate (85%) as well as visual disturbances (85%) were the most frequently reported symptoms, and 49% suffered from tinnitus. The median number of otolith repositioning manoeuvres done was six (2-29). Median time span between finishing otolith repositioning manoeuvres and answering the questionnaire was 7 months. Effects of treatment and conclusion: The present study has shown that repositioning of otoliths in the SCCs in nearly all patients with chronic BPPV/canalithiasis ameliorated pain and other symptoms. The correlation between vertigo/dizziness and the majority of symptoms was significant. Therefore, there is strong evidence to suggest that there is a connection between chronic BPPV/canalithiasis and chronic pain as well as the above-mentioned symptoms. Implications: Patients with unexplained pain conditions should be evaluated with the Dizziness Handicap Inventory-questionnaire, which can identify treatable balance disorders. © 2015 Scandinavian Association for the Study of Pain.

  • 9409. Waage, A
    et al.
    Hamberger, B
    Lundin, T
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Riddez, L
    KAMEDO report no 84: Terrorist attacks against the World Trader Center, 11 september 20012006In: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, ISSN 1049-023X, E-ISSN 1945-1938, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 129-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On 11 September 2001, two hijacked airplanes collided with the World Trade Center in New York. Both towers collapsed, spreading smoke and debris for miles. Rescue personnel arrived rapidly, but the collapse of the towers made the scene too dangerous for these teams to rescue all those trapped inside. Although this collapse was impossible to predict, fires occurring in skyscrapers can cause the structures to collapse.When a fire erupts in the upper levels of the building, it is even more difficult for those trapped inside to escape. Communications systems were shut down. In future incidents with large numbers of injured victims, the injured should be transported to hospitals by non-traditional medical transport vehicles (taxis, cars, etc.). If future disasters occur in the vicinity of a hospital, the most severely injured victims should go to the hospital instead of congregating at assembly points. These victims often are already at hospitals before substantial aid arrives at the assembly points. On-scene care must be documented, and easy-to-read triage tags should be used. Reserve power supplies in major cities should be maintained in preparation for emergencies. Both victims and rescue personnel are susceptible to post-traumatic, psychosocial reactions.

  • 9410. Waagstein, F
    et al.
    Herlitz, Johan
    [external].
    Hjalmarson, Å
    Metoder för effektregistrering vid hjärtinfarkt1983In: Proceedings of Nordiskt Symposium "Klinisk Läkemedelsprövning", Göteborg 1982, A Lindrgren och söner AB , 1983, p. 97-110Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9411.
    Waddington, Simon
    et al.
    King's College London, UK.
    Hedges, Mark
    King's College London, UK.
    Riga, Marina
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Mitzias, Panagiotis
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Kontopoulos, Efstratios
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Kompatsiaris, Ioannis
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Vion-Dury, Jean-Yves
    XRCE, Grenoble, France.
    Lagos, Nikolaos
    XRCE, Grenoble, France.
    Darányi, Sándor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Corubolo, Fabio
    University of Liverpool, UK.
    Muller, Christian
    BUSOC, Belgium.
    McNeill, John
    Tate Galleries, London, UK.
    PERICLES – Digital Preservation through Management of Change in Evolving Ecosystems.2016In: The Success of European Projects Using New Information and Communication Technologies / [ed] Hamriouni, S., Setubal, Portugal, 2016, p. 51-74Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Management of change is essential to ensure the long-term reusabilityof digital assets. Change can be brought about in many ways, includingthrough technological, user community and policy factors. Motivated by casestudies in space science and time-based media, we consider the impact ofchange on complex digital objects comprising multiple interdependent entities,such as files, software and documentation. Our approach is based on modellingof digital ecosystems, in which abstract representations are used to assess risksto sustainability and support tasks such as appraisal. The paper is based onwork of the EU FP7 PERICLES project on digital preservation, and presentssome general concepts as well as a description of selected research areas underinvestigation by the project.

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  • 9412. Wadén, P
    et al.
    Bondas, Terese
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Hoitotyön johtaminen: katsaus Ylihoitajalehdessä vuosina 1989-2003 julkaistuihin johtamisartikkeleihin2004In: Pro Terveys, ISSN 1795-3847, Vol. 6, p. 10-16Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9413.
    Wahlin, Ann-Britt
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Intervju med Andin Andersson, 92 år gammal, från Sätila1980Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Interview with Andin Andersson, born in 1888 and aged 92. The interview was conducted by Ann-Britt Wahlin, student of the Swedish School of Library and Information Science in Borås, on February 22, 1980.

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    AUDIO01
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    SUMMARY01
  • 9414.
    Wahlström, Eva
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Fria flickor före Pippi: Ester Blenda Nordström och Karin Michaëlis – Astrid Lindgrens föregångare2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The dissertation takes as a point of departure that 1945 is usually mentioned as a start for a new type of Swedish children’s literature. In the majority of handbooks in and reviews of the history of Swedish children’s literature this is repeated as a fact. A reason for this is that three famous authors of children’s literature in Swedish all had their breakthrough this year: Lennart Hellsing, Tove Jansson and Astrid Lindgren. They are regarded as the most important examples of the new type of children’s literature. Especially Astrid Lindgren’s Pippi Långstrump [Pippi Longstocking] has been seen as a symbol for the free child and for the revolt against the adult world and the stiff rules of etiquette. At the same time as 1945 has been assigned as the birth date for a new children’s literature the general view of the preceding period, between the two world wars, has been that it was stagnant and uninteresting. In this study, the hypothesis was that the new did not emerge from an empty space. After extensive reading of children’s literature from the time between the wars it was discovered that there were new tendencies in this literature similar to those ascribed to the literature from the period after 1945. A more detailed analysis was performed comparing Astrid Lindgren’s Pippi Långstrump with works by the Swedish author Ester Blenda Nordström and the Danish author Karin Michaëlis’. The results show that the children’s literature produced between the wars was much more complex than previously stated and has several characteristics similar to the literature produced after 1945. As a consequence it seems necessary to modify the notion of 1945 as the definite starting point for the modern Swedish children’s book. A comparative analysis of the three authors is used as verification in the thesis. The analysis use among others the theories of Bachtin about the “popular laugh culture” and shows that the main characters in the books by Nordström and Michaëlis to the same extent as Pippi Långstrump illustrates the norm-breaking and independent child. The similarities between the work of Astrid Lindgren and Nordström and Michaëlis are obvious in terms of content as well as in expressions and type of language. The main focus in this dissertation is a textual analysis against a background of social context analysis. The conclusions state that there clearly were predecessors to the work of Astrid Lindgren. To simply state that 1945 was the year when the modern children’s book was born thus no longer seems relevant.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 9415.
    Wahlström, Eva
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Kampen om barnen. När censuren var ett faktum smugglades budskap om kamp och motstånd in i barnböckerna2004In: Borås tidning, ISSN 1103-9132Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 9416.
    Wahlström, Eva
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Recension av avhandling: "Våp eller nucka? Kvinnors högre studier i genusdiskursen 1930-1970" av Lina Carls, Förlag: Nordic academic press2004In: Borås Tidning, ISSN 1103-9132Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 9417.
    Wahlström, Eva
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Recension av "Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap. Tema: Barndomens klassiker". Red: Institutionen för litteraturvetenskap och idéhistoria, Stockholms universitet2004In: Borås Tidning, ISSN 1103-9132Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 9418.
    Wainaina, Steven
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kisworini, Afrilia Dwi
    Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Fanani, Marizal
    Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Wikandari, Rachma
    Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Millati, Ria
    Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Niklasson, Claes
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Utilization of food waste-derived volatile fatty acids for production of edible Rhizopus oligosporus fungal biomass2020In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rhizopus oligosporus is an edible filamentous fungus that can contribute to meet the growing demand for single-cell protein. Volatile fatty acids (VFAs) are favorable potential substrates for producing R. oligosporus biomass due to their capacity to be synthesized from a wide range of low-value organic solid wastes via anaerobic digestion. The goal of this work was to cultivate R. oligosporus using food waste-derived VFAs as the sole carbon source. To maintain the requisite low substrate concentrations, the fed-batch cultivation technique was applied. This resulted in a four-fold improvement in biomass production relative to standard batch cultivation. Maximum biomass yield of 0.21 ± 0.01 g dry biomass/g VFAs COD eq. consumed, containing 39.28 ± 1.54% crude protein, was obtained. In the bubble-column bioreactors, the complete uptake of acetic acid was observed, while the consumptions of caproic and butyric acids reached up to 97.64% and 26.13%, respectively.

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  • 9419. Wainaina, Steven
    et al.
    Lukitawesa, Lukitawesa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Mukesh Kumar, Awasthi
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Bioengineering of anaerobic digestion for volatile fatty acids, hydrogen or methane production: A critical review2019In: Bioengineered, ISSN 2165-5979, E-ISSN 2165-5987, ISSN 2165-5979Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a well-established technology used for producing biogas or biomethane alongside the slurry used as biofertilizer. However, using a variety of wastes and residuals as substrate and mixed cultures in the bioreactor makes AD as one of the most complicated biochemical processes employing hydrolytic, acidogenic, hydrogen-producing, acetate-forming bacteria as well as acetoclastic and hydrogenoclastic methanogens. Hydrogen and volatile fatty acids (VFAs) including acetic, propionic, isobutyric, butyric, isovaleric, valeric and caproic acid and other carboxylic acids such as succinic and lactic acids are formed as intermediate products. As these acids are important precursors for various industries as mixed or purified chemicals, the AD process can be bioengineered to produce VFAs alongside hydrogen and therefore biogas plants can become biorefineries. The current critical review paper provides the theory and means to produce and accumulate VFAs and hydrogen, inhibit their conversion to methane and to extract them as the final products. The effects of pretreatment, pH, temperature, hydraulic retention time (HRT), organic loading rate (OLR), chemical methane inhibitions, and heat shocking of the inoculum on VFAs accumulation, hydrogen production, VFAs composition, and the microbial community were discussed. Furthermore, this paper highlights the possible techniques for recovery of VFAs from the fermentation media in order to minimize product inhibition as well as to supply the carboxylates for downstream procedures.

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    fulltext
  • 9420.
    Wainaina, Steven
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Mohsen, Parchami
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Mahboubi, Amir
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sárvári Horváth, Ilona
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Food waste-derived volatile fatty acids platform using an immersed membrane bioreactor2018In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, article id S0960-8524(18)31650-XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Volatile fatty acids (VFAs) are the key intermediates from anaerobic digestion (AD) process that can be a platform to synthesize products of higher value than biogas. However, some obstacles still exist that prevent large-scale production and application of VFAs, key among them being the difficulty in recovering the acids from the fermentation medium and low product yields. In this study, a novel anaerobic immersed membrane bioreactor (iMBR) with robust cleaning capabilities, which incorporated frequent backwashing to withstand the complex AD medium, was designed and applied for production and in situ recovery of VFAs. The iMBR was fed with food waste and operated without pH control, achieving a high yield of 0.54 g VFA/g VSadded. The continuous VFA recovery process was investigated for 40 days at OLRs of 2 gVS/L/d and 4 gVS/L/d without significant change in the permeate flux at a maximum suspended solids concentration of 31 g/L.

    The full text will be freely available from 2020-12-01 13:14
  • 9421. Wainaina, Steven
    et al.
    Mukesh Kumar, Awasthi
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sarsaiya, Surendra
    Key Laboratory of Basic Pharmacology and Joint International Research Laboratory of Ethnomedicine of Ministry of Education, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou, PR China.
    Chen, Hongyu
    Institute of Biology, Freie Universität Berlin Altensteinstr. 6, 14195 Berlin, Germany.
    Singh, Ekta
    CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nehru Marg, Nagpur 440 020, Maharashtra, India.
    Kumar, Aman
    CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nehru Marg, Nagpur 440 020, Maharashtra, India.
    Ravindran, B.
    Department of Environmental Energy and Engineering, Kyonggi University Youngtong-Gu, Suwon, Gyeonggi-Do 16227, South Korea.
    Awasthi, Sanjeev Kumar
    College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi Province 712100, PR China.
    Tao, Liu
    College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi Province 712100, PR China.
    Duan, Yumin
    College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi Province 712100, PR China.
    Kumar, Sunil
    CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nehru Marg, Nagpur 440 020, Maharashtra, India.
    Zhang, Zengqiang
    College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi Province 712100, PR China.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Resource recovery and circular economy from organic solid waste using aerobic and anaerobic digestion technologies2020In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the inevitable rise in human population, resource recovery from waste stream is becoming important for a sustainable economy, conservation of the ecosystem as well as for reducing the dependence on the finite natural resources. In this regard, a bio-based circular economy considers organic wastes and residues as potential resources that can be utilized to supply chemicals, nutrients, and fuels needed by mankind. This review explored the role of aerobic and anaerobic digestion technologies for the advancement of a bio-based circular society. The developed routes within the anaerobic digestion domain, such as the production of biogas and other high-value chemicals (volatile fatty acids) were discussed. The potential to recover important nutrients, such as nitrogen through composting, was also addressed. An emphasis was made on the innovative models for improved economics and process performance, which include co-digestion of various organic solid wastes, recovery of multiple bio-products, and integrated bioprocesses.

  • 9422.
    Wainaina, Steven
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Mukesh Kumar, Awasthi
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sárvári Horváth, Ilona
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Anaerobic digestion of food waste to volatile fatty acids and hydrogen at high organic loading rates in immersed membrane bioreactors2020In: Renewable energy, ISSN 0960-1481, E-ISSN 1879-0682Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The organic loading rate (OLR) is an essential parameter that controls the anaerobic digestion process. This work investigated the performance of immersed membrane bioreactors operated at high OLRs of 4, 6, 8 and 10 g volatile solids (VS)/L/d regarding the fermentation behavior, product recovery and microbial dynamics during the acidogenic fermentation of food waste to volatile fatty acids (VFAs) and hydrogen. The highest yield of 0.52 g VFA/ gVSadded was attained at 6 g VS/L/d, while an optimal hydrogen yield of 14.7 NmL/ gVSadded was obtained at 8 g VS/L/d. The bacterial populations, analyzed using 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing, consisted mainly of Firmicutes and Actinobacteria at OLRs 4 and 8 g VS/L/d while Firmicutes, Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria phyla dominated at 6 and 10 g VS/L/d. Moreover, the presence of Clostridium and Lactobacillus genera correlated with the acetate, butyrate, caproate and lactate production.

  • 9423. Wainaina, Steven
    et al.
    Sárvári Horváth, Ilona
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Biochemicals from food waste and recalcitrant biomass via syngas fermentation: A review2017In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An effective method for the production of value-added chemicals from food waste and lignocellulosic materials is a hybrid thermal-biological process, which involves gasification of the solid materials to syngas (primarily CO and H2) followed by fermentation. This paper reviews the recent advances in this process. The special focus is on the cultivation methods that involve the use of single strains, defined mixed cultures and undefined mixed cultures for production of carboxylic acids and higher alcohols. A rate limiting step in these processes is the low mass transfer between the gas and the liquid phases. Therefore, novel techniques that can enhance the gas-liquid mass transfer including membrane- and trickle-bed bioreactors were discussed. Such bioreactors have shown promising results in increasing the volumetric mass transfer coefficient (kLa). High gas pressure also influences the mass transfer in certain batch processes, although the presence of impurities in the gas would impede the process.[on SciFinder (R)]

  • 9424. Walander Olsson, Ingalill
    Bibliotek Värmland: med låntagaren i centrum. Rapport från ett samverkansprojekt2004Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 9425. Walkenström, Pernilla
    et al.
    Thorvaldsson, Anna
    Electrospinning of nanofibers for biomedical applications2008In: The Nordic Textile Journal 2008, Special Edition Smart Textiles, p. 22-29Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 9426.
    Wallenburg, Iris
    et al.
    Erasmus School of Health Policy and Management, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Kaltenbrunner, Wolfgang
    Centre for Science and Technology Studies, Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Hammarfelt, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    de Rijcke, Sarah
    Leiden University.
    Bal, Roland
    Erasmus School of Health Policy and Management, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Advancing to the Next Level: Caring for Evaluative Metrics Monsters in Academia and Healthcare2018In: Living with Monsters?  IS&O 2018.: Social Implications of Algorithmic Phenomena, Hybrid Agency, and the Performativity of Technology. / [ed] Schultze U., Aanestad M., Mähring M., Østerlund C., Riemer K., Springer, 2018, Vol. 543Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we use the notions of play and (finite and infinite) games to analyze performance management practices in professional work. Whilst evaluative metrics are often described as ‘monsters’ impacting on professional work, we illustrate how metrics can also become part of practices of caring for such work. Analyzing the use of evaluative metrics in law faculties and in hospitals, we show how finite games – games played to win – and infinite games – games played for the purpose of continuing to play – are intertwined and how this intertwinement affects academic and healthcare work.

  • 9427.
    Wallengren, Catarina
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Reaching the "turning point": on becoming a relative of a stroke survivor2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9428.
    Wallengren, Catarina
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Friberg, F.
    Segesten, K.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Like a shadow- on becoming a stroke victim's relative2008In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 48-55Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9429.
    Wallengren, Catarina
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Segesten, Kerstin
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Friberg, Febe
    Relatives' information needs and the characteristics of their search for information: in the words of relatives of stroke survivors2010In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 19, no 19-20, p. 2888-2896Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and objectives. To explore relatives’ information needs and the characteristics of their information-seeking process shortly after the stroke event and six months later. Background. Providing relatives of stroke survivors with information is important, as lack of information increases their uncertainty and risk becoming the ‘second patient in the family’ and early death. Therefore, it is essential to be aware of relatives’ information needs and information-seeking process the first six months after stroke. Design. This qualitative study has a descriptive design. Method. Open-ended interviews were conducted with sixteen relatives after stroke survivor’s admission to stroke unit and six months later with nine of these relatives. Data were analysed by means of content analysis. Results. The identified information needs covered the spectrum from stroke survivor’s medical condition because nurses’ actions to relatives’ changed health and life situation. Furthermore, relatives’ information-seeking process was found to be related to their level of personal involvement, situational circumstances, different forms of knowledge and sources of information. Conclusions. Relatives’ search for information emerges when health and lifestyle changes occur in survivors or themselves. It is important that this information affect them personally. Also, they need to develop different forms of knowledge when they cannot trust their own competences. As a result, instead of following established curricula based on their beliefs of relatives’ information needs, nurses need to practice on identifying relatives’ information needs. Relevance to practice. Different information needs and characteristics described in the study can serve as guidance in the development and implementation of pedagogical interventions to support relatives of stroke survivors. One pedagogical implication is to explore what a specific relative wants to know by how he/she talks or thinks about it. Thus, it must be taken into consideration that level of personal involvement, situational circumstances, sources of information and factual knowledge, understanding and skills are intertwined.

  • 9430.
    Wallengren, Catarina
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Segesten, Kerstin
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Friberg, Febe
    Struggling for freedom: lived experiences of being a relative of a stroke survivor in the first sex month after hospital discharge2008In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 230-238Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to illuminate the meaning of being a relative of a stroke survivor in the first six months after hospital discharge. The study is a part of a larger research project focusing on pedagogic strategies for relatives of stroke survivors. Qualitative interviews were performed with nine relatives of stroke survivors. The data were analysed by means of phenomenological hermeneutic analysis. In the analysis two main themes emerged; (1) awareness of the irrevocably altered life situation and (2) being strong in the altered life situation, which revealed that relatives are actively involved in “a struggle for freedom”, as they have no wish to adapt to the illness or its consequences. Instead, they want to choose their own way of life and write their own history. For that reason, they try to integrate the illness and its consequences by influencing and changing the stroke survivor, health professionals and their surroundings to suit their own needs. The results contribute to facilitating the health professionals’ work by showing that the relatives are free and independent human beings who have the capacity and power to create their own history. Focus should be directed towards identifying and supporting the relatives capacity to create history, and therefore, health professionals need to heed them.

  • 9431.
    Wallengren Gustafsson, Catarina
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    De kan, de vill och de orkar, men...: studier av närstående till personer drabbade av stroke samt granskning av informationsmaterial från svenska strokeenheter2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Det övergripande syftet med denna avhandling var att öka förståelsen för närstående i deras föränderliga livssituation under de sex första månaderna efter en persons strokeinsjuknande, med särskild fokus på lärande. Vidare var syftet att utvärdera de skriftliga informationsmaterial som erbjuds närstående vid svenska strokeenheter. Metod: I delstudie I, intervjuades 16 närstående om vad det innebar att bli närstående till en person drabbad av stroke. I delstudie II, återintervjuades 9 närstående om vad det innebar att vara närstående till en person drabbad av stroke. Intervjuerna skedde sex månader efter den drabbades strokeinsjuknande. Data från de båda studierna analyserades med hjälp av Lindseth och Norbergs fenomenologiska hermeneutiska analysmetod som är inspirerad av Ricoeur. I delstudie III, intervjuades 16 respektive 9 närstående om vad de ville veta och förstå under de sex första månaderna efter den drabbades strokeinsjuknande. Krippendorffs metod för kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes för att analysera data. I delstudie IV, granskades 42 skriftliga informationsmaterial från 21 svenska strokeenheter. Data analyserades med hjälp av beskrivande statistik och Krippendorffs metod för kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat: Att bli närstående till en person drabbad av stroke innebar att uppleva kaos men också att nå en vändpunkt. Den var startskottet för en febril aktivitet som visade att närstående hade en beredskap att söka ordning i kaoset (I). Att vara närstående till en person drabbad av stroke innebar en kamp för frihet. Närstående ville inte anpassa sig till den drabbades ohälsa eller dess konsekvenser. De ville välja sitt eget levnadssätt och skriva sin egen historia och därför integrerade de ohälsan och dess konsekvenser i sina liv (II). Den information som närstående ville ha handlade om den strokedrabbade, de professionella och om sig själva. Dessutom visade resultatet att deras sökande efter information var relaterat till personlig involvering, situationella faktorer, olika kunskapsbehov och sätt att skaffa sig information (III). De skriftliga informationsmaterialen höll adekvat kvalitet gällande inre och yttre struktur. Dessutom höll de samma nivå när det gällde läsbarhet. Däremot varierade informationsinnehållet mellan de olika strokeenheterna (IV). Konklusion: Att bli närstående till en person som drabbats av stroke innebär att hamna i kaos men också att ganska snart nå en vändpunkt (I). Vid denna är personen beredd att ordna livet utifrån de nya förutsättningarna och därför behöver sjuksköterskor lära sig att identifiera vändpunkter och inkludera stöd till närstå8 ende i de nya och ovana livssituationerna. Att vara närstående under de sex första månaderna efter den drabbades insjuknande innebär att kämpa för frihet, dock utan att överge den drabbade (II). I denna process är det viktigt att den närstående får stöd i att hitta balansen mellan frihet och ansvar, mellan eget liv och omsorg om den drabbade och i relation till andra anhöriga. Närstående är kapabla att hantera sin föränderliga livssituation då de är aktiva, engagerade och framåtriktade personer (I, II, III). Därför behöver alternativa pedagogiska metoder och förhållningssätt utvecklas och testas. Sjuksköterskor behöver tränas i att använda sådana alternativa metoder. Innehållet i de skriftliga informationsmaterial som erbjuds närstående vid svenska strokeenheter varierar stort mellan olika enheter (IV). Därför vore det värdefullt att etablera ett elektroniskt informationscentrum på nationell nivå. Den svenska Hälso- och sjukvårdslagen värnar enbart om den drabbade och berör inte alls de närståendes behov eller situation. Med ett ökande antal äldre, och därmed ökat tryck på familjen, är det kanske hög tid att se över lagen för att undvika att närstående blir ”den andra patienten i familjen”.

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  • 9432.
    Wallengren Gustafsson, Catarina
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Reaching the “turning-point”: on becoming a relative to a stroke survivor2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose was to describe what it means to be a relative to a stroke survivor from the time of the stroke event and the first weeks on from a learning perspective. Background: Stroke is the third leading cause of death and disability in the western world. The lives of both patients and their relatives alter, which involves a pedagogical dimension. Few studies have explored first time affected relatives experiences of suddenly becoming a relative to a stroke survivor. Methods: Qualitative interviews with sixteen relatives were conducted. Data was analysed by means of a phenomenological hermeneutic method. Results: Two main themes “Being in chaos” and “Searching for order in chaos” with sub themes are described. The findings reveal that relatives reach a `turning point´ where they start their journey to restore order and stability of the chaotic life situation. Thus, it is of significance to identify the turning-point in order to help the relatives to enhance self care. Conclusions: Care givers need to pay more attention and be more sensitive to relatives in order to increase quality of life. There must an awareness regarding the learning potential in the “turning-point”. The care givers pedagogical preparedness is needed.

  • 9433.
    Walles, Catarina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Svensson, Hans
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Intervju med Algot Martinsson, folkskollärare och biblioteksveteran från Pjätteryd1983Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Interview with Algot Martinsson, former elementary-school teacher from Pjätteryd. The interview was conducted by Hans Svensson and Catarina Walles, students of the Swedish School of Library and Information Science in Borås, on February 11, 1983..

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  • 9434.
    Wallin, Birgitta
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Selling and lending e-books: Changes in the Swedish literary field2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the actors distributing e-books in the Swedish book market. The focus was on public libraries and booksellers, which included aggregators, subscription services, online booksellers and physical bookshops. Field theory (Bourdieu, 1996) was used in order to investigate the positions, dispositions and capitals (social, cultural, economic and symbolic) of the actors in the literary field. Innovation theory (Winston, 1998) was used to identify the suppression of radical potential and supervening social necessity of the e-book on the Swedish book market. Different strategies utilised by the actors in the changing digital market were explored using the concepts of planned and emergent strategies (Mintzberg, 2003). A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods was used for the data collection. Surveys were used in order to reach a large portion of the respondents and semi-structured interviews were added to reach additional respondents and get further in-depth responses.

    Key findings revealed that the e-book distributors in the Swedish book market maintain their positions by adapting to the changing digital market. There are two main strategies found in regard to e-book use: the first in which the use of e-books is encouraged in order to maintain relevance for customers and library users; the second in which physical bookshops and some public libraries are passive and do not encourage the use of e-books when it comes to their customers and library users. The risk of disintermediation was considered to be low and was really only the concern of one aggregator who was the mediator of e-books between publishers and public libraries and booksellers.

    The tensions found mainly concerned the availability of e-book titles and conditions of selling, licensing, lending and use of e-book titles as dictated by the most powerful actors in the field. There were ideological tensions which emerged with e-book lending which were not present with print book lending (at least not from the beginning of the 20th century). Booksellers considered that e-book lending was unfair competition as the principle of one book and one loan was no longer valid given that e-books can be lent out to several library users simultaneously. Public libraries were worried about the better usability and technological advantages offered by commercial e-book providers as they offered more attractive options to their users. The findings illustrate that there were social necessities pushing and radical potential suppressing e-books on the Swedish book market, which were sometimes created by the same actors.

    The study contributes to research that explores how actors in small language markets, like the Swedish book market, can deal with the changes brought on by the digital production and distribution of books.

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  • 9435.
    Wallin, Birgitta
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Main actors in provision of fiction e-books in a small language market: a Swedish case2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the consequences of the “small language” phenomenon is that the Swedish book industry is prey to the negative effects of globalization, since books have an international market and a Swedish multilingual citizen can buy e-books from international online booksellers. Publications in the local language are potentially in competition with books in English, and a local publisher or bookseller is competing with international publishers and Amazon.com

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  • 9436.
    Wallin, Birgitta
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Main actors in provision of fiction e-books in a small language market: A Swedish case2014In: Information Services and Use, ISSN 0167-5265, E-ISSN 1875-8789, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 321-324Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the consequences of the "small language" phenomenon is that the Swedish book industry is prey to the negative effects of globalization, since books have an international market and a Swedish multilingual citizen can buy e-books from international online booksellers. Publications in the local language are potentially in competition with books in English, and a local publisher or bookseller is competing with international publishers and Amazon.com

  • 9437.
    Wallin, Birgitta
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Tattersall Wallin, Elisa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Gunnarsson Lorenzen, David
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Bokläsning och den svenska bokmarknaden2019In: Storm och stiltje / [ed] Ulrika Andersson, Björn Rönnerstrand, Patrik Öhberg & Annika Bergström, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet: SOM-institutet , 2019Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här kapitlet behandlar frågor som på olika sätt rör böcker, bokläsning och distri-bution av e-litteratur på den svenska bokmarknaden. Exempelvis analyseras hur stor andel av svenska folket som läser böcker, i vilka format de läser, och hur ofta de läser. Olika samhällsgruppers läsvanor analyseras, liksom hur läsningen har förändrats över tid. Några av de resultat som framkommer är att läsning av e-böcker fortsätter öka. Andelen som läser e-fackböcker har ökat från 13 till 16 procent mellan 2017 och 2018 samtidigt som andelen läsare av e-skönlitteratur har ökat från 16 till 18 procent. Lyssning av ljudböcker har ökat för facklitteratur från 9 till 14 procent medan lyss-ning av skönlitteratur har ökat från 26 till 29 procent. Statistik från bokbranschen tyder på att allt fler använder sig av prenumerationstjänster för sin konsumtion av digitala böcker, vilket är en fråga som kommer att diskuteras i kapitlet tillsammans med tillgången till digitala böcker via folkbibliotek och bokhandel.

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    Bokläsning och den svenska bokmarknaden
  • 9438. Wallin, Kim
    et al.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Thorén, Ann-Britt
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Prehospital Emergency Nursing students’ experiences of learning during prehospital clinical placements2013In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 197-203Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Clinical placements play an important role in learning a new profession, but students report about poor placement experiences. Standards have been laid down for improvements within clinical training in Prehospital Emergency Nursing programmes in Sweden, but no studies have been carried out in this field in a Swedish context. The purpose of this study was thus to describe the experiences of Prehospital Emergency Nursing (PEN) students of their clinical placement and the effect on their learning process. Data were collected in 28 individual interviews and analyzed in accordance with Flanagan’s Critical Incident Technique. Three main areas emerged: the professional clinical supervisor, the clinical placement setting and the learning strategy. All these areas played a significant role in the PEN students’ learning progress and development into a new professional role. The choice of clinical supervisor (CS) and clinical placement is important if PEN students’ learning is to be an effective and positive experience. The prehospital environment is unique and can have positive and negative effects on student learning depending on the support and structure given during their clinical placement. A learning strategy based on reflective dialogue, CS continuity and a learning structure based on the prehospital environment is presented. 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 9439. Wallin, Ulrica
    Bibliotek och skola i kreativ samverkan på webben: så växer www.vestrogothia.se2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Det finns så lite material om lokalhistoria för barn och texter riktade till vuxna är svåra. Vestro Gothias material tillgängliggör det hela på en lagom nivå. Det är inte för mycket, så att de blir avskräckta, och det är skrivet på ett bra sätt. Det är ett material som är nära eleverna – det handlar om barn.” Så beskriver Äsperödsskolans bibliotekarie Hillevi Johansson Uddevallas del i Vestro Gothias kommunspel Tidsjakt www.tidsjakt.se. Genom sin formulering ringar Hillevi också in sajten Vestro Gothias ursprungliga syfte; att erbjuda skolans barn och pedagoger ett lustfyllt och aktuellt arbetsmaterial kring det lokala kulturarvet. Det lustfyllda förverkligas genom bland annat karaktärer och animationer i en stil barnen känner igen från tv, genom diverse spelmoment samt genom det viktigaste av allt, barnets eget perspektiv. Det sistnämnda är något vi ständigt strävar efter att bli bätte på. I nuläget handlar det främst om att ge barnen många valmöjligheter, att lyfta fram händelser och platser där barn är aktiva på olika sätt samt att skapa ett bildbaserat material med korta texter och en del kompletterande ljud. Eftersom hela materialet skapas direkt för och på webben, kan det uppdateras när som helst - och har alltså alla möjligheter att vara ständigt aktuellt.

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  • 9440.
    Wand, Charlie
    et al.
    University of Cambridge.
    Bolton, Kim
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Negative thermal expansion of poly(vinylidene fluoride) and polyethylene tie molecules: A molecular dynamics study2016In: Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, ISSN 0887-6266, E-ISSN 1099-0488, Vol. 54, p. 2223-2232Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mechanism of thermal actuation for poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and polyethylene (PE) tie molecules has been investigated using molecular dynamics simulations. Tie molecules are found in semicrystalline polymers and are polymer chains that link two (or more) crystalline lamellae, allowing for the transfer of force between these regions. A novel simulation technique has been developed to enable measurement of changes in the tie molecule length upon heating. We investigate the dependence of the percentage actuation observed upon heating, on the external applied force that stretches the tie molecules, the temperature range used for heating as well as the length and the number of tie molecules. Two molecular level mechanisms for actuation are identified. An entropically driven mechanism occurs at low applied forces and is applicable to all flexible polymers. A second mechanism due to conformational changes is observed for PVDF but not for PE at intermediate applied forces.

  • 9441. Wassberg, Eva Maria
    Barnmorskekonsultation: Rollspel och analys2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan maj 2007 har ett dramapedagogiskt arbetsprojekt drivits med arbetsnamnet: Barnmorskekonsultation: rollspel och analys. Denna i Danmark och Sverige framgångsrika konsultationsmetod som utformats för läkare har i detta projektarbete arbetats om till att passa ett barnmorskekontext. Resultaten redovisas i denna rapport. Projektet har kombinerats genom författarens undervisning inom barnmorskeprogrammet vid Institutionen för Vårdvetenskap, Högskolan i Borås, i avsikt att utveckla förmågan hos de blivande barnmorskorna att genomföra konsultationer i yrkeslivet. Resultatet är en beskrivning av den pedagogik och metodik som använts. Underlaget är det dramapedagogiska arbete som sedan början av 1990-talet använts för vidareutbildning av allmänläkare i Danmark och Sverige (Larsen, Nystrup & Risør, 1999). Deltagarna har dels filmat konsultationer som rollspel i utbildningsgrupper och dels faktiska konsultationer i primärvården. Filmerna har analyserats tillsammans med handledaren, den rollspelande läkaren och övriga kursdeltagare. Metoden har visat sig mycket effektiv för att utveckla den samtals-och frågeteknik som är basen i en framgångsrik läkarkonsultation(Larsen, 1999).

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  • 9442.
    Wassman, Sonja
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Johansson, Anders
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Intervju med Carl Löfgren, f.d. IOGT-bibliotekets föreståndare i Strömsbro1985Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Interview with Carl Löfgren, born in 1901. The interview was conducted by Sonja Wasston and Anders Johansson, students of the Swedish School of Library and Information Science in Borås, on February 12, 1985.

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  • 9443. Waye, Kerstin Persson
    et al.
    van Kamp, Irene
    Nielsen, Katrin
    Dellve, Lotta
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Reliability and validity of instruments to measure pre- school children's reaction to and coping with noise2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9444. Wedborn, Helena
    Informationsförsörjning och pedagogisk utveckling2003Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 9445.
    Wede, Christer
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Arbetslaget söker sina uppgifter: ett utvecklingsarbete om elevers inflytande över sitt lärande som resulterat i en elevanalysmodell2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis, labeled The working team is looking for their tasks, presents a pupil analysis model developed in the context of a long-standing collaboration in a team. The purpose of this thesis is that by using an action oriented approach to describe and understand a development work which has led to a pupil analysis model concerning how students’ influence affects their own learning. The questions being answered are: How has the model evolved? What does the student analysis model look like and what essential sapience for pupils' learning has the approach resulted in? A methodological approach in action research, Practitioner research, developed by Jean Mcniff and Jack Whitehead (2006) is being used. Unlike other approaches in this field of research, the action researcher’s own learning is emphasized in terms of living theories which have been generated when new experiences become conscious and verbalized when the action is pursued. The knowledgegenerating question asked is: How will I improve X, which means that the action researcher in this case wants to study the difference between the values that he intends to fulfill and how they then fall out and affect the environment they are in. The master thesis applies the action research methodology as a tool to describe and understand the learning developed in the context of a previous development work done. Usually this methodology is being used in forward-looking purposes. This is not the case here and the choice is motivated by the methodology’s ability to make a learning process visible. The learning, which was preceded by the knowledge-generating question: How can I improve students’ opportunities to influence their own learning, has resulted in a pupil modelanalysis. How this issue has been generated and approaches used in the team are reported. As well I also present the specific action which was to be the basis for the development of the analysis model. In connection with the presentation of the pupil analysis model the model’s ability to serve as a contribution to theory and method development is also discussed in the perspective of school development as the capture of a free space (see Berg 2003). The Pupil Analysis Model with its focus on pupils is related here to an analytical model which draws attention to schools’ teams and their ability to pursue work which in this perspective can be defined as school development. In The working team is looking for their tasks my own learning is reported and how it evolved and was influenced by intercourse with some close colleagues in a team context, at an upper secondary school.

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  • 9446.
    Weidema, Bo
    et al.
    Aalborg University.
    Simas, Moana S.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
    Schmidt, Jannick
    Aalborg University.
    Pizzol, Massimo
    Aalborg University.
    Løkke, Søren
    Aalborg University.
    Brancoli, Pedro
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Relevance of attributional and consequential information for environmental product labelling2019In: The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, ISSN 0948-3349, E-ISSN 1614-7502, p. 1-5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    Considering the general agreement in the literature that environmental labelling should be based on consequential modelling, while all actually implemented environmental labelling schemes are based on attributional modelling, we investigate the arguments for this situation as provided in the literature, and whether a dual label, representing on the same label the attributional and consequential results for the same product, can be a relevant solution or at least contribute to a more informed discussion.

    Methods

    We developed a dual label for three hypothetical, comparable products and presented this for a small test audience, asking three questions, namely “Which product would you choose?”, “Was the attributional information useful?” and “Would you accept to have only the attributional information?”

    Results and discussion

    From this small pilot exercise, it appears that informed consumers may have a strong preference for consequential information and that the main problem in communicating consequential results is that they are perceived as less trustworthy and more uncertain due to the fact that the consequences are located in the future. It thus appears important to build into a consequential label some increased level of guarantee of future good behaviour.

    Conclusions

    We propose to apply the above questions to a more statistically representative audience to confirm or refute the findings of this little test exercise.

  • 9447. Weigand, Hans
    et al.
    Lind, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    On the Pragmatics of Network Communication2008In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on the Pragmatic Web, ACM DL , 2008, p. 49-58Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Because of globalization and the rise of Internet, the competitive environment of firms is undergoing a fundamental change. Firms are increasingly forced to collaborate in networks. At the same time, social networks are growing tremendously in use and in functionality. In this paper, the current network era is perceived from a communication perspective. How do people communicate in a network? How could the communication be improved? For the analysis we draw on the Language Action Perspective (LAP). Central to this analysis is the question what people try to achieve by communication in social terms. At its inception, LAP was used in an intra-organizational context. The question is whether the same analysis and the same models are also applicable in a network context.

  • 9448. Welch, Greg F.
    et al.
    Fuchs, Henry
    Mayer-Patel, Ketan
    Cairns, Bruce
    Sonnenwald, Diane H.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Yang, Ruigang
    State, Andrei
    Towles, Herman
    Ilie, Adrian
    Noland, Michael
    Noel, Vincent
    Yang, Hua
    Improving, expanding and extending 3D telepresence2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9449. Welch, Greg F.
    et al.
    Sonnenwald, Diane H.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Mayer-Patel, Kelly
    Yang, Ruigang
    State, Andrei
    Towles, Herman
    Cairns, Bruce
    Fuchs, Henry
    Remote 3D medical consultation2005In: BROADMED: 1st IEEE/CreateNet International Conference on Telemedicine over Broadband and Wireless Networks, Boston, MA : Omnipress , 2005, p. 103-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9450. Welch, Greg F.
    et al.
    Yang, Ruigang
    Cairns, Bruce
    Towles, Herman
    State, Andrei
    Ilie, Adrian
    Becker, S.
    Russo, D.
    Funaro, J.
    Sonnenwald, Diane H.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Mayer-Patel, Ketan
    Allen, B.
    Yang, Hua
    Freid, Eugene B.
    van Dam, A.
    Fuchs, Henry
    3D Telepresence for off-line surgical training and on-line remote consultation2004In: Proceedings of ICAT CREST Symposium on Telecommunication, Teleimmersion, and Telexistence. / [ed] Susumu Tachi, Tokyo : The University of Tokyo , 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
186187188189190191192 9401 - 9450 of 10047
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