Change search
Refine search result
182183184185186 9201 - 9250 of 9297
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 9201.
    Åberg-Bengtsson, Lisbeth
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Elevers möte med diagram2011In: Matematik - ett grundämne / [ed] Berit Bergius, Göran Emanuelsson, Lillemor Emanuelsson, Ronny Ryding, Göteborgs universitet: Nationellt centrum för matematikutbildning (NCM) , 2011, p. 2011-218Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9202.
    Åberg-Bengtsson, Lisbeth
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Exploring the effects of following different tracks of study in upper secondary education on cognitive test performance2017In: Cognitive abilities and educational outcomes: A festschrift in honour of Jan-Eric Gustafsson / [ed] Monica Rosén, Kajsa Yang Hansen & Ulrika Wolff, Cham, Switzerland.: Springer , 2017, p. 173-188Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The research presented in this chapter explores, using examples from an earlier version of the Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test [the SweSAT], the possible environmental influence on cognitive test performance with respect to the effects of differences in earlier education. Relatively large differences in results between students having attended different tracks of study in upper secondary school have been noticed in the SweSAT. Obviously, this may be due to initial differences when entering these tracks. However, it may also be assumed that different tracks followed in the upper secondary schooling may influence abilities measured by the SweSAT in a different manner. The present study tentatively proposes the effects of track of study both on the observed results in a set of sub-tests and on certain ability factors previously proposed to lie behind performance on the test, after control for marks, at the end of lower secondary education.

  • 9203.
    Åberg-Bengtsson, Lisbeth
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    The smaller the better? A review of research on small rural schools in Sweden2009In: International Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0883-0355, E-ISSN 1873-538X, Vol. 48, no 2, p. 100-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This review of 30 years of research in small rural schools in Sweden includes projects focusing directly upon rural education and rural schools, reports from national agencies, and official statistics. Two main foci were found: (i) the quality of education and pupils’ academic performance, and (ii) the economics of running schools in different types of demographic areas. A concordant picture stands out: (a) there are no indications that small rural schools do not provide an equally good education as other schools, but (b) the higher expenditure per pupil and decreasing population in sparsely populated areas increases the risk of school closures. The importance of the small rural school to the community receives peripheral attention at best in this body of research.

  • 9204.
    Åberg-Bengtsson, Lisbeth
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Bergnell Karlsson, Anneli
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ljung-Djärf, Agneta
    Ottosson, Torgny
    Karlsson, Karl Göran
    Norberg, Malin
    Westman, Anna-Karin
    von Zeipe, Hugo
    När Agnes fick va solen så fattade man ju precis": Om illustrationer i undervisning av yngre elever2014In: Resultatdialog, Vetenskapsrådet , 2014, p. 246-254Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9205.
    Åberg-Bengtsson, Lisbeth
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Ljung-Djärf, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Young primary students making sense of text and illustrations about how refuse can become soil2017In: International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, ISSN 1038-2046, E-ISSN 1747-7611, Vol. 23, no 8, p. 1150-1168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Explanatory pictures and models are frequently used in teaching and learning situations. However, it seems to be simply assumed that they are always beneficial. In this article results from an investigation with 16 Swedish pupils aged 7–9 year are presented based on an analysis that has examined how well this assumption holds up. Concepts from multi-modal theory have been used to investigate how young learners deal with illustrations and text from an early reader booklet about composting domestic refuse. The analysis suggests that expectations that illustrationsfacilitate the meaning-making of young pupils may be exaggerated. Although the booklet claimed to provide interactive support between image and text most of the examples show pupils ignoring pictures or misinterpreting vital information about composting in both the verbal and non-verbal material. The illustrations did not compensate for the most crucial deficiencies in the written text. 

  • 9206.
    Åberg-Bengtsson, Lisbeth
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ljung-Djärf, Agneta
    von Zeipel, Hugo
    Illustrations making meaning? Young pupils encountering explanatory pictures and models in science and maths education2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9207.
    Åberg-Bengtsson, Lisbeth
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Karlsson, Karl Göran
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Ottosson, Torgny
    Högskolan Kristianstad.
    “Can there be a full moon at daytime?”: Young students making sense of illustrations of the lunar phases.2017In: Science Education, ISSN 0036-8326, E-ISSN 1098-237X, Vol. 101, no 4, p. 616-638Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Teaching and learning situations nowadays typically build on richly illustrated material or multimodal presentations. Under these circumstances, the transparency of images and models used for explaining various phenomena becomes central. The present study deals with 20 Swedish children, 9–12 years old, discussing an illustration meant to show the cause of the different appearances of the Moon in the sky. The students’ task was to place eight numbered moon phases in the lunar orbit in the image. The illustration in question was chosen (a) because it was of a kind frequently used to explain the lunar phases and (b) because the phenomenon is known to be difficult to understand for students of all ages. The analysis leans on historical and sociocultural approaches as well as on multimodal semiotics. The results show that a majority of students were able to make sense of the most central features of the illustration but that very few spontaneously reasoned in a way that could be interpreted as the intended meaning-making of the cause of the lunar phases. The results also indicate that the simultaneous adoption of two perspectives necessary for understanding the phenomenon was a stumbling block for most of the students.

  • 9208.
    Åberg-Bengtsson, Lisbeth
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ottosson, Torgny
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    What lies behind graphicacy? Relating students’ results on a test of graphically represented quantitative information to formal academic achievement2006In: Journal of Research in Science Teaching, ISSN 0022-4308, E-ISSN 1098-2736, ISSN 0022-4308, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 43-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on studies carried out on qualitative data an instrument was constructed for investigating how larger numbers of students handle graphics. This test, consisting of 18 pages, each with its own graphic display(s) and a set of tasks, was distributed to 363 students, 15–16 years of age, from five different schools. The format of the questions varied, as did the format of the graphics. As students’ performance was expected to be multidimensional, confirmatory factor analysis was carried out with a structural equation modeling technique. In addition to the identification of a general graphicacy-test factor (Gen) and an end-of-test effect (End0), a narrative dimension (Narr0) was vaguely indicated. This model was then related to a six-factor model of students’ formal academic achievement measured by their leaving certificates from compulsory education. The strongest correlation obtained was between the general graphicacy-test dimension (Gen) and a mathematic/science factor (MathSc0) in the grades model. In addition, substantial relationships were detected between the Gen factor and both an overall school achievement factor (SchAch) and a language factor (Lang0) in the grades model.

  • 9209.
    Åberg-Bengtsson, Lisbeth
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    von Zeipel, Hugo
    Ottosson, Torgny
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Can we take young pupils’ understanding of Illustrations for granted? Investigating multi-modally presented learning-contents in school science and mathematics2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New ways of presenting information have affected both contemporary society and education. School textbooks and other teaching aids for young pupils nowadays typically include, or sometimes entirely build on, illustrations and visual information. During the latest decades our view on literacy has shifted towards also comprising, as a necessity, visual and multimodal literacies Kress (2003). When using visual information in education, the transparency of pictures and models is often regarded as unproblematic. However, transparency is not an innate quality of illustrations and cannot be taken for granted (Pintó & Ametller, 2002). On the contrary, visual information is always coded and interpretations are always related to culture and context, so we must always ask what aspects of illustrations are easily understood by our young pupils’ and what aspects may be stumbling blocks for them.

  • 9210.
    Ågren, Jesper
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Olsson, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Persson, Robin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hållbar marknadsföring inom svenska modeföretag: En utforskande studie om dess påverkan på konsumenters förtroende2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Companies that are currently operating in the fashion industry have strong expectations from the outside world to act sustainable in their actions. In recent years, the consumer knowledge regarding the sustainable problems in the social, economic and ecological sectors have increased. This study identifies how Swedish fashion companies practice green marketing, and how brand, transparency and greenwashing as factors in sustainable marketing affect the trust of consumers belonging to generation Y. A theoretical framework was established with a theoretical model on how the various factors affect consumer trust. The data that the analysis of the study was based up on, was collected through interviews with the three Swedish fashion companies H&M, ARKET and Nudie Jeans, as well as two focus groups with consumers belonging to generation Y. The analysis shows how the selected Swedish fashion companies use direct and indirect communication in their sustainability work. Additionally, it is shown from the study's analysis that branding and transparency affect consumer trust positively, but that greenwashing has a negative effect on consumer trust. 

  • 9211. Ågren, Malin
    Ledare i kris: En kritisk diskursanalys av överbefälhavarens ledare i personaltidningen Försvarets forum2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative study is to gain knowledge about the discourse present in the written communication from the Supreme Commander (SC) of the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) to SAF employees in situations of crisis where the employees are affected. The intention is also to clarify how power relations are expressed in the analyzed texts. The method used is critical discourse analysis (CDA). Strategic communication and crisis communication are the study’s theoretical foundations. The material consists of texts from four editorials from the SAF staff magazine Försvarets forum from December 2015 to October 2018. Because of the focus on crisis situations, two themes have been chosen in the analyzed material named ”special events” and ”internal issues”. These themes include events in which SAF employees have been attacked, injured or killed as well as occurrences of violation or harassment. The results of the study show an emphasis on equality and thus a lack of hierarchical power claims from the SC over the employees, as well as an effort to boost moral by heightening the status of the military profession. Lastly, the explicit mention of problematic occurrences like death or sexual harassment is either toned down or absent. In conclusion, the texts of the SC are very much in concordance with the strategic communication guidelines of the SAF.

  • 9212.
    Ågren, Petra
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Öberg, Mari
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Millimetrar eller sjumilakliv: En studie kring vilka avtryck diagnosmaterialet Diamant har satt på Limmaredsskolan.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Bakgrunden tar upp matematik- och bedömningsforskning såsom måluppfyllelse inom matematik, betygssystemets förändring över tid, diagnoser i skolan, Diamantmaterialet samt olika former av bedömning. Bakgrunden tar även upp olika strategier och perspektiv rörande policyimplementering i verksamheter. Syfte Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilka avtryck diagnosmaterialet Diamant har satt i verk-samheten. Frågeställningar för studien: Hur har Diamant implementerats? Kan det urskiljas att Diamant används som ett formativt bedömningsinstrument? Metod Undersökningen är en studie som genomförs i samarbete med Tranemo kommun och Limmaredsskolan. Studie kan användas av skolan i deras utvärderingsarbete av matematikutvecklingen. Redskapet intervju har använts där gruppintervjuer har genomförts. Resultat De avtryck vi funnit i studien är att nivån på undervisningen har höjts beroende på att Dia-mantmaterialet tillsammans med de nya matematikmatriserna ställer högre kunskapskrav jämfört med den tidigare undervisningen. Även en större medvetenhet hos pedagogerna vad gäller vikten av gemensam grundsyn på matematiken, gemensamt språkbruk samt diskussioner gällande matematikprogressionen på skolan har upptäckts. Gällande implementeringen av Diamantmaterialet har vi funnit att verksamheten befinner sig i implementeringsfasen, vilket innebär att förändringar genomförts i verksamheten men förändringen är ännu inte institutionaliserad.

  • 9213. Ågrén-Bolmsjö, I
    et al.
    Edberg, A-K
    Sandman, Lars
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Everyday Ethical Problems in Dementia Care: A teleological Model2006In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 340-359Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, a teleological model for analysis of everyday ethical situations in dementia care is used to analyse and clarify perennial ethical problems in nursing home care for persons with dementia. This is done with the aim of describing how such a model could be useful in a concrete care context. The model was developed by Sandman and is based on four aspects: the goal; ethical side-constraints to what can be done to realize such a goal; structural constraints; and nurses’ ethical competency. The model contains the following main steps: identifying and describing the normative situation; identifying and describing the different possible alternatives; assessing and evaluating the different alternatives; and deciding on, implementing and evaluating the chosen alternative. Three ethically difficult situations from dementia care were used for the application of the model. The model proved useful for the analysis of nurses’ everyday ethical dilemmas and will be further explored to evaluate how well it can serve as a tool to identify and handle problems that arise in nursing care.

  • 9214. Ågrén-Bolmsjö, I
    et al.
    Sandman, Lars
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Andersson, E
    Everyday ethics in the care of elderly people2006In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 249-263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the general ethical milieu in a nursing home for elderly residents and provides a decision-making model for analysing the ethical situations that arise. It considers what it means for the residents to live together and for the staff to be in ethically problematic situations when caring for residents. An interpretative phenomenological approach and Sandman’s ethical model proved useful for this purpose. Systematic observations were carried out and interpretation of the general ethical milieu was summarized as ‘being in the same world without meeting’. Two themes and four subthemes emerged from the analysis. Three different ethical problems were analysed. The outcome of using the decision-making model highlighted the discrepancy between the solutions used and well-founded solutions to these problems. An important conclusion that emerged from this study was the need for a structured tool for reflection.

  • 9215. Åhman Billing, Tina
    Meröppet = merarbete?: Om bibliotekariers förändrade arbetsinnehåll, kompetenskrav och yrkesroll på det meröppna biblioteket2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the opening of the first staff-less public library (meröppna biblioteket) in Sweden in 2009, the number of staff-less libraries has been growing at an increasing rate. Still, there has been little research published on this recent phenomenon in the Swedish library sector. The aim of this thesis is to fill a part of this gap by focusing on librarians employed at staff-less public libraries. The study targets their experiences with regard to changes in work content, competence requirements, and professional role. The findings are based on eight interviews conducted with ten librarians at staff-less libraries in six Swedish municipalities. The material has been analyzed using part of Wrzesniewski and Dutton’s job crafting model as the theoretical framework. In addition, Ellström’s concept of actual competence (rather than formal competence) and Ørom and Schreiber’s definition of librarians’ professional identities have been used to support analysis. The findings show that the introduction of staff-less opening hours impacts the librarians’ work content in terms of tasks, cognition, and patron interactions. This in turn makes room for librarians in staff-less libraries to develop existing or new competences. Changes in the professional role due to the introduction of the staff-less library are more difficult to identify. These changes seem to be triggered by developments in society rather than by changes at the local level.

  • 9216.
    Åhman, Henrik
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Information ur ett poststrukturalistiskt perspektiv: En diskussion kring informationsrelaterade teorier hos Mark C. Taylor, Jacques Derrida och Michel Foucault.2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Defining the concept of information has long been the subject of debate within Information Science (IS) and new challenges are constantly presented by new scientific discoveries and new theoretical positions. It is, nevertheless, of key importance for any academic discipline to find definitions on which there is a consensus. The paper therefore aims to clarify the relevance of one of these new theoretical approaches for IS, namely poststructuralism. It does so by describing the theories found in the writings of poststructuralists Mark C. Taylor, Jacques Derrida and Michel Foucault, and discussing their relevance for the three definitions of information suggested by Michael Buckland (Information-as-knowledge, Information-as thing and Information-as-process), thereby answering the following questions: What relevance does Mark C. Taylor's theory have for defining information-as-knowledge? What relevance does Jacques Derrida's theory of différance have for defining information-as-thing? What relevance does Michel Foucault's discourse theory have for defining information-as-process? The method used in the paper is a qualitative ideology analysis focused on identifying key dimensions in Buckland's definitions and then describing the poststructuralist theories in relation to these dimensions. The paper argues that, from a poststructuralist perspective, Information-as-knowledge should be defined as something radically relational and characterized by the theory of a passive subject; the definition of Information-as-thing should be characterized by the ongoing interplay of differences between signs; and Information-as-process should be defined by the disciplinary forces of society.

  • 9217.
    Åhman, Sanna
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Gustavsson, Lisa
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Visual merchandise online2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Studiens syfte är att presentera en struktur för online-baserade modeföretags visuella kommunikation. Utgångspunkten är den fysiska butikens visual merchandise-strategier, som modifieras för att skapa en modell anpassad till online-perspektiv. Metod: För att besvara vårt syfte undersöktes hur webbshoppar arbetar med sin visuella kommunikation genom en kvalitativ observationsstudie. Fyra webbshoppar observerades under en period på två veckor, vid tre olika tillfällen. Observationen utgick från studiens egen modell där visual merchandise-strategier från den fysiska butiken kodats till ett onlinesammanhang. Ett observations-schema med öppna frågor arbetades fram för att praktiskt kunna genomföra observationen på ett strukturerat sätt. Arbetet med observationen skedde parallellt med analysen som kunde anpassas och påverka varandra. Processen var iterativ och modellen modifierades under studiens gång. Vi var medvetna om svårigheterna i att undersöka estetisk utformning, då uppfattningar skiljer sig mellan personer och målgrupper. Resultat: Vår slutsats är att webbshoppars övergripande uppbyggnad är likartad och att grundläggande struktur är den samma. Samtliga hemsidor har förstasidor som främjar kampanjer och väcker intresse. Alla använder överskådliga produktkategorisidor med strukturerade rutnät där besökaren lätt kan navigera. Den enskilda produkten presenteras av mycket information och flera bilder. Övergripande används symboler som hjälper konsumenten att fatta köpbeslut och tillför mervärde till produkten. Det som gör att hemsidorna ändå ser väldigt olika ut beror på deras arbete med den visuella kommunikationen. Webbshoppens visuella bild kommunicerar sidans valda profil genom informativa ledtrådar så besökaren kan bedöma och dra slutsatser. Vår slutsats är att den fysiska butikens visual merchandise-strategier kan användas online men behöver anpassas till det nya sammanhanget. Den fysiska butikens visual merchandisestrategier kan inte översättas direkt till webbshoppar, men det går att göra en nära tolkning. Studiens modell fungerar väl som verktyg för uppgiften och omfattar alla viktiga delar. Modellen är generell och utgår från den övergripande struktur som samtliga webbshoppar har som utgångpunkt. Detta gör modellen lätt att använda, både på ett omfattande plan och på detaljnivå. Originalitet: Vår studie erbjuder ett verktyg som hjälper andra praktiker att gå vidare inom området. Vi föreslår att testa vår modell dels på andra webbshoppar för att utvärdera deras visuella kommunikation, samt dels i uppbyggnaden av en helt ny webbshop. Vår modell kommer från ett annat håll och ger en ny infallsvinkel för exempelvis webbdesigners som inte har erfarenhet från den fysiska butiken.

  • 9218.
    Åkerlind, Johan
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Vad sägs om kvalitet? Olika synsätt på litterär kvalitet i två bibliotekstidskrifter.2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this master thesis I investigate different views on literary quality in two quite different library journals; Biblioteksbladet and Bibliotek i Samhälle. One aim of the study is to see whether the ambiguity of the term literary quality is considered. Since there is no universally accepted definition of literary quality to be found the analysis is inspired by discourse analysis. This theoretical frame work starts off in the assumption that our views of the world are much dependent the way we describe it. The work of Finnish scholar Sanna Talja is presented and the results of this thesis are compared with the three perspectives on music culture that are presented in her book. The results of the thesis show that it is quite common to regard official definitions of quality as valid. Further, the collection of the library is also considered to be a good measure of quality. There is little regard for the opinions of the library user on the matter. Results also show that there isn’t much overall consideration of the complexity of the term.

  • 9219.
    Åkerman, Lillemor
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Open Archives Initiative om "öppna arkiv" och den sociala kontextens betydelse2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is an ongoing evolution in scholarly communication. The traditional way of communicating scholarly results through scientific journals is beginning to be replaced by other means of dissemination. One new channel for scholars to communicate their results is digital publication in so-called open archives. An open archive is a kind of full text database, where a scholar may archive/publish his or her articles, as a complement or a substitute to publishing in scientific journals. There are discipline-oriented archives and institutional archives. The Open Archives Initiative OAI, set up in 1999, is a major development aimed at heightening interoperability between different open archives. The aim of this thesis is twofold. The first aim is to give an overview of the development of the OAI, mainly from a knowledge organizational perspective. The second purpose is to examine open archives from a historical, social and cultural perspective. The open archives movement has not been the immediate success that many of the advocators had hoped. It is also said that scholars in the humanities and the social sciences are more reluctant to self-archiving than scholars in the natural sciences. This thesis try to find out more about why scholars are reluctant and to examine whether it is true that scholars in the humanities and the social sciences are more reluctant, and if its true, why this is so. This study compiles some weaknesses with the OAI retrieval model that have been observed lately. Many of these weaknesses are related to human aspects of the retrieval model, for example issues related to the creation of metadata. The results show that scholars in the humanities and the social sciences have been slow to accept open archives, as a reliable channel of publication and dissemination and that the reasons for this may be historical, social and cultural. The study compiles different barriers that may prevent or delay a more widespread usage of open archives. Some barriers may affect scholars in all disciplines; other may mostly affect scholars in the humanities and the social sciences. This study proposes that historical, social and cultural issues have to be taken into consideration when new information retrieval systems are developed.

  • 9220.
    Åkers, Josephine
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Driving fashion with data: A qualitative study of how buying firms in the buyer-driven fashion supply chain can benefit from a digitized supply chain reconfiguration2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Future customers will demand personalized goods and services. Value creation must therefore have a larger focus on product development and design, supply chain management and after-sales services. The key to success in the future fashion industry, is reduction of the reliance on traditional demand forecasting. Firms should instead put a larger focus on adapting shorter lead times and agile supply chain designs. Industry 4.0 will require an evolution of how clothing is designed and produced. It requires an implementation of new technologies able to identify data for expanding a consumer driven design and product development, combined with new technologies for flexible, local on-demand production. The purpose of the study is to explore how buying firms in the buyer-driven fashion supply chain utilize digitization and digital linking technology to create benefits for the firm. The study is of qualitative character and the reasoning is abductive, as theory on supply chain configuration is applied to the fashion supply chain. The empirical data was generated through in-depth, semi-structured expert interviews through a purposive sample of seven fashion industry professionals. In order to answer the research question, the empirical data was thematically analyzed and a main overarching theme and five subthemes emerged. The themes were compared to the theoretical framework of supply chain configuration. The elementary business opportunity in a digitized supply chain, is the combination of digital and physical resources to raise performance and support business innovation. The configuration between physical units, virtual units and information processing service supply chain units is crucial to create an added value to a service or a product. The empirical data revealed clear examples of how the configuration between the units is applied to create benefits for the firm. The findings elaborate the theory of supply chain configuration and contribute to the research field of strategic management and organizational theory. 

  • 9221.
    Åkerström, Johanna
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Palmqvist, Sandra
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Varumärket- vår tids viktigaste tillgång2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Varumärket – vår tids viktigaste tillgång. Det är en immateriell tillgång som erbjuder ett exklusivt värde för konsumenten och en möjlighet för företag att utmärka sig från sina konkurrenter. I genomsnitt upp till 50 % av ett företags balansräkning kan bestå av varumärket och det beskrivs som lika viktigt som produktens kvalité. Immateriella tillgångar är dock svåra att identifiera och på grund av detta uppstår svårigheter vid erkännande och kapitalisering. Det saknas även en aktiv marknad för varumärken, vilket försvårar värderingsprocessen. För att underlätta värderingen har standarder så som IAS 38, IFRS 3 och ISO 10668 framtagits. I dessa finns bland annat definitioner, erkännandekriterier och metoder för beräkning av varumärkets värde. Med detta som utgångspunkt är studiens huvudsyfte att analysera värdering av varumärken i praktiken. Syftet är också att undersöka hur redovisningsstandarder som ISO 10668, IFRS 3 IAS 38 underlättar för professionen vid värdering. För besvara syftet har intervjuer på tre av de största revisionsbyråerna utfösts. Studiens empiri består även av en textanalys av sju olika företags årsredovisningar, med syfte att undersöka hur de har värderat sina varumärken. Teorin visar att det finns flera olika värderingsmetoder, där studien presenterar fem av dessa. Resultatet av studien visar att de framtidsorienterade metoderna är de som främst används vid värdering av varumärken. Relief from royalty är den metod som är vanligast bland de inkomstbaserade tillvägagångssätten. Metoden innebär att man beräknar hur mycket företaget tjänar på att äga varumärket istället för att leasa det och få en royaltyavgift, därav namnet, relief from royalty. Det är även möjligt att beräkna värdet med hjälp av förväntade framtida kassaflöden. Slutsatsen i denna studie är bland annat att varumärken utgör en viktig del av företagens balansräkning, att inte erkänna de skulle ge en felaktig bild av företaget. Även om varumärke är svårt att definiera och värdera är det bättre att redovisa ett något felaktigt värde än att inte erkänna det alls. Standarderna IAS 38 och IFRS 3 utgör ett ramverk som stödjer och underlättar värderingen. Det framkommer dock att ISO 10668 sällan används i praktiken. Metoder som inriktar sig på framtida uppskattade värden är osäkra eftersom de till stor del innebär bedömningar av händelser som inte har inträffat. Värdering enligt detta tillvägagångssätt ger mer relevanta värden än vid historiska kostnader som bas. Beloppen anses dock brista i tillförlitlighet. För att årsredovisningarna ska kunna vara både relevanta och tillförlitliga är studiens slutsats att man vid värdering av varumärken bör använda två eller fler värderingsmetoder. Blir resultatet likvärdigt vid beräkning enligt båda metoder är det troligt att beloppet är tillförlitligt.

  • 9222.
    Åkerud, Birgitta
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Användarundervisning på webben design för lättillgänglighet och användbarhet2001Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was twofold, on the one hand to compile a set of usability and accessibility guidelines in order to establish the characteristics of a user friendly website, and on the other to test these guidelines on eight library webcourses with user education to see how well they adhered to the guidelines. The methods used were literature survey and source studies. The guidelines found in the literature survey were divided into four different categories: document properties, structure and navigability, visual characteristics and accessibility. In order to establish the adequacy of the guidelines, I examined reference sources, mostly on the web. To a certain extent this examination has been based on HCI Human-Computer interaction theories. Eight sources were selected. They consisted of module based web courses in information literacy. Six of the eight courses were from the USA, one was British and one was Swedish. The web courses were examined and analysed in regard to the four categories. The result of the study was that six of the eight web courses well adhered to the criteria accessibility and usability. They were easy to access, downloaded fast and were easy to read. In conclusion, they were easy to use.

  • 9223.
    Åkesson, Erik
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Nyhetssöktjänster på webben: En utvärdering av News Index, Excite News Search och Ananova2001Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the retrieval performance of three search engines, specialized in retrieving news articles: News Index, Excite News Search and Ananova. Thirty questions, grouped into three categories – politics, economy and sports, were used and the first twenty documents for each question were examined. The questions used were designed to be as current as possible and efforts were made to perform the searches with as little time span as possible between each search engine. The precision of the search engines was determined for each of the questions as well as for each category and for the combined categories. In measuring precision an average was calculated, intended to favour search engines that place its relevant documents early in the ranked list. The relevance of the retrieved documents was evaluated using a three-grade scale. Irrelevant articles and duplicates were given 0 points, partially relevant documents were given 0,5 points and those judged to be highly relevant were given 1 point. The results of the study show surprisingly high precision from two of the search engines, Excite and News Index with the former performing slightly better than the latter. Ananova performed considerably worse than the other two. One possible reason for the high precision observed is the relatively low complexity of the documents retrieved compared to web pages in general. When comparing the different categories of questions one notable result was that all search engines performed considerably worse in the "economy"-category. Possible reasons for this are, apart from a higher number of duplicates, a shortage of relevant articles for the questions in this category as well as possible differences between either the documents retrieved in the different categories, or the web pages publishing them.

  • 9224.
    Åkesson, Lars
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Katalogisering och presentation av film på bibliotek2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to discuss selected parts of cataloguing both from a practical and a theoretical viewpoint. It presents the basic grounds for cataloguing of printed as well as non-printed materials. The focus lies on the main entry heading and its author/title problem concerning film. The thesis theoretical part consists of an analysis of central documents dealing with the author concept from both a library- and information science perspective and a film science perspective. The practical part consists of interviews from two Swedish public libraries, which have different approaches on presenting films. Theories which have been used are taken from general library- and information science theorists such as Charles Cutter and Ross Harvey as well as cataloguing experts within the library- and information field and film theorists within the film science field. The Study shows that the differences between cataloguing of non-printed materials and printed materials are relatively small except for the main heading. Theorists within the two academic fields are ambivalent whether one can claim the director to be the main author for a film and therefore, its recommended to follow the common praxis of cataloguing and presenting films on their title.

  • 9225.
    Åkesson, Mattias
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Passage Retrieval: en litteraturstudie av ett forskningsområde inom information retrieval2000Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to describe passage retrieval (PR), with basis in results from various empirical experiments, and to critically investigate different approaches in PR. The main questions to be answered in the thesis are: (1) What characterizes PR? (2) What approaches have been proposed? (3) How well do the approaches work in experimental information retrieval (IR)? PR is a research topic in information retrieval, which instead of retrieving the fulltext of documents, that can lead to information overload for the user, tries to retrieve the most relevant passages in the documents. This technique was investigated studying a number of central articles in the research field. PR can be divided into three different types of approaches based on the segmentation of the documents. First, you can divide the text considering the semantics and where the topics change. Second, you can divide the text based on the explicit structure of the documents, with help from e.g. a markup language like SGML. And third, you can do a form of PR, where you divide the text in parts containing a fixed number of words. This method is called unmotivated segmentation. The study showed that an unmotivated segmentation resulted in the best retrieval effectiveness even though the results are difficult to compare because of different kinds of evaluation methods and different types of test collections. A combination between full text retrieval and PR also showed improved results.

  • 9226.
    Åkesson, Pernilla
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    En studie om små förlags uppkomst och utveckling år 2002-20152015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay is about small publishing houses and their position onthe Swedish book market 2002-2015. Focus is on the Internetand digitization, and the study would examine what commonconditions that exist for publishers to start publishing, as well asthe forces that affect the development of the Publishingbusiness. As the theory used Chris Anderson's long tail, whichsays that products from the narrow niches can compete with thebig sellers on the same terms. Through qualitative interviewswith publishers and a representative from Noff study shows thatsmall publishers in part, has been formed because it is cheaperand easier to print now. The study also shows that the Internethad great importance for publishers developing for example,facilitated the distribution, marketing, availability and sales.With the help of the long tail theory three forces such as thedemocratization of production tools, the democratization ofdistribution and good filter, the study shows that there is amarket for narrow and niche literature, which small publisherscan meet. Finally, it appears that publishers should be driven andhave a genuine interest in the literary publishing housepublishes.

  • 9227.
    Åkesson, Ulf
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    En studie i användbarhet: En kritisk analys av användbarhetsstudier i biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Usability studies are not a central field of research in library and information science. Although literature in library and information science treats the importance of usable user interfaces quite extensively, the literature does not significantly treat potential problems in measuring usability. The aim of this master thesis is to investigate, through a critical analysis, the methods used when conducting usability studies in library and information science. The critical analysis is based on potential problems in measuring usability identified through a literature review from the field of studies Human-Computer Interaction, the concept of usabilitys original domain. The material which is to be analysed, is chosen from one library and information science journal Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. The results of the analysis showed that almost all studies used several usability methods. The most frequently used methods were question-based methods through questionnaires and usability tests through tasks, data logging and measured time. All studies were based on sufficient number of users. Objections were raised against the methods used in some of the studies. The objections were based on, e.g. that the users were not representative for the end-users of the system, insufficient control of the quality of performed tasks, that the question-based method was used as an objective measure, that time was measured in minutes, not measuring all aspects of usability and the validity of the conclusions in several of the studies was questioned.

  • 9228.
    Årebrink, Anette
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Bibliotekarier om bibliotekarier: En diskursanalytisk studie om bibliotekariers kunskaper, uppgifter, roller och föreställningar om bibliotekarier2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this Master’s thesis is to examine how public librarians, including school librarians, express themselves about librarians in library journals. Questions asked in the study are: How is the knowledge, tasks and roles of librarians described? How do the librarians describe their own and others perceptions of librarians? Are there any contradictions in how the librarian profession is described and if so, what are they? 56 articles from three Swedish library journals, Biblioteksbladet, bis and DIK-forum in the period from 1990 to 2007, are analysed. The theory and method used is discourse analysis. Concepts from Ernesto Laclau’s and Chantal Mouffe’s discourse theory, such as elements and nodal points are used in an analysis model in four steps. The results show that the knowledge of librarians is described with such words as information, literature, tacit knowledge and their ability to systematize and organize. Tasks and roles described are mostly related to the pedagogical aspects of the librarian profession, such as teaching, conveying and guiding. Two positions are distinguishable in the discourse, information and culture. Both are important parts of librarians’ work, but the information tasks are sometimes seen as too dominating at the expense of the cultural aspects of the librarians’ work. The contradiction can also be seen in how perceptions about librarians are described. The librarians express, often in a negative tone, that others mostly associate them with books. They also express that they need to be more visible and become better at communicating the knowledge of their profession.

  • 9229.
    Årman, Ann-Kristin
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Groddföretagens vägar till information. En studie hur Chalmers Tekniska Högskolas Bibliotek används som informationsresurs av tio groddföretag på Chalmers Innovation.2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate the information need of the incubators that comes from Chalmers University of Technology and are situated at Chalmers Innovation. It is also of interest to investigate how Chalmers University Library covers this information need. The investigation was carried out using qualitative interviews with representatives of the incubators. They were asked questions about the perceived need of information and which type of contacts they had with the library. The result is that the incubators feel that there is a great need for business information that is hard to find. Most companies try to fulfil this need by searching the Internet via ordinary search engines or searching in databases at the library. Since almost all of the investigated companies emanate from Chalmers University of Technology, they did not find it as a problem to keep them updated on technical issues. The majority of the companies used Internet and personal contacts to keep them updated on technical issues. For basic technical information, such as needed for entering a new field, they often used the University library. None of the investigated companies was aware of the possibility to give search questions to the library. They have not got any information of what services the library could provide. This is a question that I feel need to be addressed. It should be possible to improve the co-operation between the incubators and the library for the benefit of both parties.

  • 9230.
    Åsberg, Maya
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ha roligt eller studera?: Gymnasisters syn på utbildningsvalets betydelsen för vidare studier och arbete.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund I denna intervjustudie har två olika elevgrupper intervjuats, en vid det estetiska programmet och en vid det samhällsvetenskapliga programmet. Samhällsvetenskapliga programmet är till största delen teoretiskt och tänkt att förbereda eleven för högre studier. Medan det estetiska programmet utöver teori även innehåller en praktisk fördjupning i teater, musik, dans eller bild. Valet till det estetiska programmet baserar sig på intresse. Eleverna som väljer det samhällsvetenskapliga programmet är inställda på att studera vidare vid högskola/universitet. Syfte Syftet med studien är att förstå hur två olika elevgrupper på gymnasiet ser på sina gymnasieval. Upplever eleverna sig anställningsbara utifrån de gymnasieprogram de går samt vilka möjligheter de anser sig ha till akademiska studier och arbete utifrån de gymnasieprogram de läser. Jag har valt att fokusera på elever vid de estetiska programmen samt vid det samhällsvetenskapliga programmet i denna studie. Metod I denna studie har semi-strukturerade intervjuer använts för att samla in empirin. Vidare bokades intervjuer in, tio intervjuer genomfördes. Sex elever som läste på de estetiska programmen samt fyra elever vid ett samhällsvetenskapligt program intervjuades. Parallellt med intervjuerna letade och läste jag befintlig forskning på området. Kontinuerligt transkriberades empirin tills jag upplevde att frågeställningarna var besvarade och syftet med studien uppnått. Resultat När eleverna sökte sig till gymnasiet, ville samhällseleverna kvalificera sig till akademiska studier medan esteteleverna var skoltrötta och ville ha roligt. Flertalet av samhällseleverna tänker läsa vid högskola/universitet. Ingen av esteteleverna såg akademiska studier som nödvändigt för att lyckas. Resultatet visar på skillnader mellan de två elevgrupperna gällande studiemotivation och synen på gymnasiestudiernas relevans. Eleverna vid de estetiska programmen uttrycker besvikelse över att undervisningen varit bristfällig samt att klasskamraters bristande engagemang påverkar nivån på undervisningen.

  • 9231.
    Åsedal, Camilla
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Folkbibliotek och ekologisk hållbar utveckling: En studie av Sveriges biblioteksplaner2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development and environmental questions are currentsocial issues. Public libraries are supposed to ensure globalchanges and according to Agenda 21 every organisation aresupposed to work towards a sustainable climate.

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to discuss how the conceptsustainable development is mentioned in public library plans, andanalyze the role libraries take in terms of environmentalquestions and sustainable development. The following questionswere discussed: ”Does the concept sustainable developmentoccur in the public library plans and in that case to whatextent?” ”Which similarities and differences can be found in how the concepts of environmental issues and sustainabledevelopment are addressed in the library plans?”

    A combined quantative and qualitative content analysis was made based on public library policies, using Kathryn Millersconcepts envionmental leader and environmental educator. The result shows that most of the libraries mention sustainable development as a general concept, often as a part of a municipal vision rather than that of a goal of the library. The results also shows that the public libraries that mention ecological sustainable development takes an environmental leadership role rather than aenvironmental educator role. The expressions related to the library as an environmental educator tends to be more substantial than the expressions related to the environmentalleader role. However, it is possible that these expressions of sustainable development is written in a rhetorical sense in away to try to market the library as an organization that contributes to sustainable development.

  • 9232.
    Åsfält, Maria
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Lokal kulturpolitik på 2000-talet? En ideologianalys av fem kommunala kulturpolitiska visionsdokument.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Master’s thesis explores and describes the beliefs, values and norms in a selection of five Swedish municipal cultural policy documents approved 2005-2007. The comprehensive question is: Which ideological traits characterize cultural policy in the chosen municipalities as communicated in their respective cultural policy vision document? The method used is ideology analysis. Ideal types based on a model by Dorte Skot-Hansen are used as a conceptual framework, illustrating three different rationalities in relation to cultural policy: the humanistic, the sociological and the market oriented. The analysis shows that the policy documents are based on different conceptions of culture. Concepts with a marked presence in the material as a whole are availability, participation, prioritization of children and youth and culture as a means for social development and economic growth. In terms of rationality the market oriented and the sociological rationalities are strong, whereas the humanistic rationality is relatively weaker. However, the results are not unambiguous. One conclusion drawn is that the municipal policy documents display a relatively high degree of independence towards the Swedish national cultural policy goals from 1996. Another conclusion is that in the midst of the 21st century it has been possible for the municipalities to choose different paths for the cultural policy on the local level.

  • 9233.
    Åslund Jerkvall, Lina
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Flytande bestånd och barnbibliotek: en intervjustudie med sex barnbibliotekarier2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the experiences and perceptions of children`s librarians regarding floating collections in public libraries in Gothenburg. In focus for the study are the experiences and perceptions that exist among children`s librarians when it comes to children as library users, the librarian`s working tasks and the professional role as a librarian. The empirical material has been collected through semistructured interviews with six children`s librarians. The material has been analyzed twice. The first analysis has been conducted through qualitative content analysis. The second analysis has been conducted by using a tool constructed with inspiration from Maj Klasson`s and Anders Ørom`s theories of the professional roles and identities of a librarian. One major finding is that the informants percept children as different from grown-ups in their role as library users. The way children are makes it difficult for them to get their needs satisfied in a library system that practices floating collections. On the other hand the perception that children can learn what it takes to be able to act functionally within floating collections also exists among the interviewed librarians. Another finding is that literature mediation and collection development are working tasks that are influenced by floating collections. The study also indicates that the librarian role as a literature mediator and the role as a librarian that puts the user first are threatened as the marketing role and the role as a mediator of technical knowledge dominate when floating collection is practiced as a media strategy.

  • 9234.
    Åström, Anna
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Bland tiggare & barfotabarn: 19 intervjuer med lyrikläsare i Borås1996Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this entire essay, founded on nineteen interviews of poetry readers at the public library in Borås, is to ascertain why people do read poetry. But in addition to examine what sort of people who enjoy poetry, as well as what they appear to get out of their exercise. I have also put together the position of the poetry reader as a customer of the library. The summary of contents is primarily based on direct quotations of the interviews, and does not reflect any generally applicable facts about poetry readers. I am only trying to focus on the thoughts and sentiments on poetry experienced by a few randomly selected individuals. Dan Andersson, Karin Boye, Nils Ferlin and Gustaf Fröding were stated as favourites by many. The only thing in common subsequently found by those interviewed was a great affection for literature and a diligent usage of the library.

  • 9235.
    Åström, Fredrik
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Hammarfelt, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Conceptualising dimensions of bibliometric assessment: From resource allocation systems to evaluative landscapes2019In: Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics / [ed] Catalano, Giuseppe; Daraio, Cinzia; Gregori, Martina; Moed, Henk F.; Ruocco, Giancarlo;, 2019, p. 1256-1261Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the conceptualisation of bibliometric analyses in terms of the levels on which they are performed, adding contextual factors to the dimension where the size of the unit being analysed is considered. Based on empirical investigations of resource allocation systems and research evaluation practices, as well as the previous literature conceptualising bibliometric analyses, a framework based on Whitley’s (2000) notion of research fields as ‘reputational work organisations’, is discussed. The results suggest adding a contextual ‘reputational dimension’ to the size-based dimension distinguishing between micro-, meso- andmacro-level analyses. Furthermore, we propose that ‘evaluative landscapes’ (Brandter, 2017) might be a fruitful approach for further analysing how complex and multifaceted landscapes of research assessment affects the individual researcher.

  • 9236.
    Åström, Jenny
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Folkbibliotekens demokratiuppdrag: Hur ser de biblioteksanställda på det demokratiska uppdraget?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is said that libraries are the cornerstones of democracy. What is then the democratic mandate, and how is it perceived by the library staff? That's what I examine in this master's thesis. I’ve made 14 phone interviews with library staff, from assistants to managers, and examined what their daily work routine looks like and what they think belongs to the democratic mandate. I found that all agree that there is a democratic mandate, but it is not clearly stated in any document. I found seven areas that my respondents saw as part of the mandate; availability, diversity, children and young people, equality, public education, free of law and cultural history. These are not sharply defined, but can often move into one another. The everyday work of the library is more of a social work than you might think. The digital divide means that the library staff will largely be helping with things like ordering stuff over the Internet, get email accounts, helping people to learn social media, helping immigrants and refugees to learn how Swedish society works and so on. The problems experienced with the democratic mandate were mainly economic. Downsizing means that the staff does not have time and opportunity to help as much as they want. The fact that the democratic mandate is not so clearly stated was also experienced as a problem. A clearly defined mandate would not only draw guidelines for labor, but also show outward a little better what you actually do at the libraries, more than lend books.

  • 9237.
    Åström, Mattias
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Automatisk textsammanfattning: en experimentell studie2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The principal aim of this thesis is to test if extracts, produced by the automatic summarizer "Copernic Summarizer", are possible to use as abstracts. The aim is also to give a picture of what automatic summarization is and why it is motivated. Three questions are asked: What is automatic summarization and what can it be used for? Is it possible to replace the author-written abstracts with extracts from "Copernic Summarizer"? Is automatic summarization motivated for the different areas of use that are identified in the first question? An automatic summarizer is a program that is intended to summarize text automatically and it can be used for different purposes, for example for summarizing WebPages or scientific articles. To answer the second question an experiment is carried out. Five empirical articles are summarized with "Copernic Summarizer" and a qualitative method is used which is intended to evaluate the content and readability of the extracts. The content of the extracts is compared against the author-written abstracts. The results show that two of five extracts could replace the abstracts, though one of the acceptable extracts was a borderline case. The conclusion is that in most of the cases you can not replace abstracts with extracts from "Copernic Summarizer", even though the result sometimes is acceptable. The last question is discussed and the author suggests that automatic summarization might be more useful on the Internet than for producing abstracts from scientific articles.

  • 9238.
    Åström, Sofie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Från fortbildning till arbete: Hur förändringskommunikation kan stödja kunskapsöverföring2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how change communication can assist in transfer of training by asking the following research questions: How can theories about change communication be used to increase transfer of training in further training? How does the relation between the course Lösningsfokus i skolan (Pedagog) and current research about transfer of training look like? What kind of communication can improve transfer of training? The theoretical framework consists of theories about transfer of knowledge and three theories about change communication: change communication in child care, conversations of change and diffusion of innovation. The importance of actually talking about the change in the workplace brings all the theories together.

    The study is conducted through a case study where further training for teachers constitutes the case. Data has been gathered through mapping of communication channels, observation and three qualitative interviews. The data has been interpreted through theoretic analysis.Findings in this study conclude that change communication can assist in transfer of training when the process reaches the work place by supporting managers and staff in taking the right actions – for example starting a conversation about how to implement the new knowledge and act accordingly.

  • 9239.
    Çizmeci, Nurunisa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    An Analysis on Developing a Common CSR Labeling System in the Fashion Industry2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The negative impact of the fashion industry on both society and environment cannot be ignored, especially in recent years, due to news and reports on the negative impacts of the industry has raised awareness among consumers. Some of the consumers started questioning the fashion companies’ operations and demand for more sustainable supply chains. In order to respond the request coming from consumers’ side, the companies started to regulate their operations and communicate about them. Even though there are many different ways to communicate about sustainability approach, This study is questioning the potential outcomes of developing a common CSR label based on Higg Index 2.0 tool. To answer the research question, existing literature has analyzed from three different perspectives; social and environmental problems led by the industry and raising consumer awareness about negative impact of the industry. After the literature review, CSR communication approaches of the selected companies were analyzed. The second step of the research was, to apply a consumer survey in the Gothenburg Central Station to understand Swedish consumers’ perception. Outcomes of the consumer survey has compared with the existing literature and communication strategies followed by the analyses of selected companies.The company analyzes show that, even though, they are good at about regulating their supply chain with more sustainable approaches, the majority of fashion companies do not communicate about their CSR practices. Consumer survey expose that, consumers are lack of awareness regarding to existed CSR labels. Moreover, even though exist labels focus on only environmental factors or social factors, the consumers expect from labels to cover both areas. The data collected from the study expose that, even the majority of the consumer not completely influenced by the sustainability approach of the companies, there are consumers that influence by the companies CSR approach. Moreover, the lion share of consumers believes that a common labeling system based on Higg Index 2.0 will be helpful guide when they give their purchasing decision. Based on the findings from existed literature -consumer survey and analyze of companiesapproach-, it was observed that companies are lack of effective communication strategies which is a barrier for the consumers to get an action for to purchase more sustainable fashion products. Therefore, developing a common CSR labeling system that will controlled by third party institution such as Sustainable Apparel Coalition will increase the effectiveness of CSR label and influence the consumers response positively.

  • 9240. Ísleifsdóttir, Íris Alda
    The implementation of e-books into Icelandic libraries2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines whether librarians’ views on ebooks in libraries can impact the potential success of ebooks in libraries. Because of the lack of research available concerning e-books in Iceland a preliminary research was conducted to gather information on the current situation in Iceland. Following a survey was sent out to all libraries with access to Rafbókasafnið to examine their opinions and perception on e-books. Because of a small response rate, the data was observed from the perspective of a qualitative research. This study used Winston’s theory of innovation and Rogers’ diffusion of innovation to look at important factors needed for the successful diffusion of an innovation. The study found that overall it seemed that the librarians’ perception of e-books was quite positive. However, the perspective of the individuals seemed to be affected by the societal structure and societal needs within their community which seemed to have a greater effect on the individual than their characteristics did. The study also revealed that there was a clear hindrance in the diffusion process of the e-books with the lack of Icelandic e-books available. This also seemed to lead to a lack of effort from the librarians in marketing this new e-book service. Marketing did not seem to be of high priority with the librarians who preferred direct contact with patrons.

  • 9241. Öberg, Gunni
    Biblioteksguide för distansstuderande2001Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9242.
    Öberg, Nathalie
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Ljungviken, Mikaela
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Komponentansatsen: i nationell och internationell redovisning2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhället står ständigt inför utveckling, en effekt av det är att redovisningen går mot att bli mer global. Som följd av att internationell redovisning står inför utveckling har en vilja att förändra redovisningen nationellt utvecklats. Ett resultat av utveckling och modernisering av svensk redovisning är införandet av fyra nya regelverk, däribland K3-regelverk som blir gällande år 2014. En förändring som införandet av K3-regelverket medför är krav på komponentansatsen för materiella anläggningstillgångar. Komponentansatsen innebär att en materiell anläggningstillgång ska delas upp i betydande komponenter för att sedan skriva av komponenterna med separata nyttjandeperioder. Införandet av komponentansatsen i svensk redovisning har varit ett omdiskuterat ämne. Flertalet problem med införandet har lyfts fram i tidigare forskning. Som följd av komponentansatsens införande syftar vår studie till att undersöka ansatsen nationellt och internationellt. Studiens första syfte är att undersöka vilka möjligheter och begränsningar fem erfarna revisorer ser vid införandet av komponentansatsen i K3-regelverket samt om de tillfrågade revisorerna anser att komponentansatsen kommer att medföra problem. Vidare har en komparativ studie genomförts som undersökt hur komponentansatsen behandlas internationellt, vilket besvarar studiens andra syfte. Den internationella jämförelsen innefattar följande standarder: IFRS, IFRS for SMEs, FRS 102, FRF for SMEs samt standarder som ger uttryck för US GAAP. Genom studien kan det konstateras att de tillfrågade revisorerna ser både möjligheter och begränsningar med komponentansatsen. Överlag har de en positiv attityd till komponentansatsen. Det kommer som följd av att de tillfrågade revisorerna anser att komponentansatsen kommer att bidra till en mer rättvisande bild av ett företags ekonomiska ställning, i jämförelse med tidigare normgivning. Komponentansatsen bidrar till ett mer verklighetstroget avskrivningsförfarande vilket är grunden till att ansatsen medför en mer rättvisande bild enligt respondenterna. De tillfrågade revisorerna anger även vissa begränsningar vid införandet av komponentansatsen. De framhåller att det främst är inledningsfasen som kommer medföra problem med anledning av att K3-regelverket är ett principbaserat regelverk. Problemen som respondenterna anger uppstår som följd av att tillämpningen av komponentansatsen bygger på egna bedömningar och tolkningar. Vidare kan det, genom den komparativa studien, konstateras att det finns stora likheter i hur komponentansatsen behandlas internationellt. De undersökta standarderna är i många avseenden lika. Alla de undersökta standarderna tillåter att komponentansatsen tillämpas för materiella anläggningstillgångar, det är endast ASC 360 som inte ställer det som ett krav. Vidare uttrycker samtliga standarder att företag ska särredovisa komponenter om de har ett betydande värde, medan utformningen skiljer sig beträffande användandet av ordet väsentlig.

  • 9243.
    Ödlund, Eva
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    ISP och uppsats. En kvalitativ studie av Kuhlthaus informationssökningsprocess bland uppsatsskrivande högskolestudenter.2000Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this thesis is to examine whether the ISP (the Information Search Process) as defined by Carol Kuhlthau is applicable to Swedish University students. Qualitative interviews were carried out with students enrolled in their thesis course at the end of their university education. The selection is based on convenience sample of students visiting the university library. The questions are mainly about how to find out the experiences of the students when they look for documents at the beginning of their thesis work. Other relevant questions are about user-education, information literacy and what the students' opinions are concerning a thesis as a part of their education. The result of the study is presented in two parts. The first in relation to Kuhlthau's ISP and the second part to other relevant questions. The ISP can be identified with small deviations from the way Kuhlthau defines it. The other part of the result tells us that the information literacy among our students is not what we would like it to be.

  • 9244.
    Ödman, Stella
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Lundgren, Sofia
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Budget och/eller Rullande prognoser?2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Budgeten har länge kritiserats från olika håll för att budgetprocessen är tid- och resurskrävande och för att den medför lite mervärde för företag. Dessutom blir budgeten snabbt inaktuell eftersom den inte tar hänsyn till dagens snabba omvärldsförändringar. Trots detta används den idag som ett centralt styr- och uppföljningsverktyg hos många företag runt om i världen. På grund av att budgeten har ifrågasatts har rullande prognoser som ett alternativt styrmedel uppmärksammats mycket. Rullande prognoser är fördelaktiga när det råder betydande osäkerhet i företagets omgivning och budgeten därför snabbt blir inaktuell. Dock finns det delade meningar om rullande prognoser roll som styrverktyg. Vissa tycker att rullande prognoser helt borde ersätta budgeten medan andra hävdar att rullande prognoser istället kan fungera som ett komplement till den. Parker Hannifin är ett företag som har gått mot en kombination av budget och rullande prognoser. Syftet med studien är att skapa förståelse för hur kombinationen rullande prognoser och budget används i Parker Hannifin idag. Förståelsen används för att analysera om rullande prognoser är ett alternativ eller kompletterande verktyg till budget för Parker. Vi tillämpar följande metoder i vår uppsats: hermeneutisk förhållningssätt, kvalitativ metod, abduktiv ansats och som undersökningsmetod har vi använt oss av en fallstudie. Det empiriska materialet baseras på intervjuer. Slutsatserna av studien visar att både budget och rullande prognoser är nödvändiga och kompletterande verktyg för företagets styrning. Budget och rullande prognoser var och en för sig ger inte tillräckligt med information men båda tillsammans bildar ett godtagbart styrsystem för hela verksamheten. Kombinationen av budget och rullande prognos kan förbättras hos Parker genom att koncentrera budgetprocessen till de mest betydelsefulla posterna, utveckla prognosverktyget samt skapa bättre kommunikation med säljbolagen.

  • 9245. Ögland, Malin
    Från medieplanering till verksamhetsutveckling2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Folkbiblioteket bör ha ett väl använt mediebestånd, ett bestånd som efterfrågas av de människor som nyttjar biblioteket. Samtidigt måste det vara tillgängligt; om alla populära böcker är utlånade ser det ut som om biblioteket bara har "tråkiga" böcker. Biblioteket ska inte vara en bokhandel som masskyltar med det allra senaste men måste naturligtvis ha ett bestånd som känns angeläget och aktuellt. Hur man ska uppnå en balans i många exemplar av efterfrågade titlar och samtidigt ha bredd på beståndet är naturligtvis källa till ständig diskussion. Behovet av analysverktyg är stort.

  • 9246. Ögland, Malin
    Mäta och väga2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mäta och Väga är ett projekt som drivs av Regionbibliotek Stockholm i samarbete med Regionbibliotek Västra Götaland och med bidrag från Kulturrådet. Projektet har som syfte att … "hitta nya mått som ger en bred och rättvisande bild av biblioteksverksamheten och redovisar omfattning, kvalitet och effektivitet som grund för verksamhetsutveckling". Resultatet ska bli en skrift om biblioteksstatistik, med en teoretisk och resonerande bakgrund och med praktiska förslag och tillämpningar. Projektet handlar om att få kunskap om teorier kring mått på folkbiblioteksverksamheten och att föreslå och resonera kring möjliga nyckeltal. Förhoppningsvis kan det leda till utvecklingsarbete i kommunerna och vid andra typer av bibliotek. Det teoretiska arbetet har handlat mycket om att förstå modeller och teorier kring effektivitet och hur dessa modeller kan (eller inte kan) tillämpas på biblioteksverksamhet.

  • 9247. Ögland, Malin
    Mäta och väga: om statistik och effektivitet på folkbibliotek2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mäta och Väga är ett projekt som initierats och drivits av Regionbibliotek Stockholm under 2008-2010 med bidrag från Statens Kulturråd. Under många år har den nationella biblioteksstatistiken kritiserats och diskuterats och olika initiativ har tagits av Kulturrådet, Sveriges kommuner och landsting (och dess föregångare), Svensk Biblioteksförening och vissa länsbibliotek utan att statistiken har förbättrats annat än marginellt. Kritiken har exempelvis gällt att statistiken inte ger en rättvisande bild av folkbibliotekens verksamhet, att vissa viktiga områden inte mäts alls och att definitionerna är oklara. För att komplettera den nationella statistiken har Regionbibliotek Stockholm sedan länge samlat in kompletterande siffror från länets bibliotek och sammanställt nyckeltal för Stockholms län. Orsaken var från början att den nationella SCB-statistiken publicerades för sent för att biblioteken skulle kunna ha någon glädje av den i årets verksamhetsplanering. Länsstatistiken kom ut tidigare och eftersom det som skulle mätas fastställdes varje år i samråd med länets bibliotekschefer kunde också ny service och nya företeelser tas med snabbt. I arbetet med länsstatistiken har Regionbibliotek Stockholm saknat en sammanhängande analys vilket ledde till att projektet Mäta och Väga initierades.

  • 9248. Ögland, Malin
    Observation pågår!2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Regionbibliotek Stockholm har under flera år använt metoden observation för att bistå länets bibliotek med relevant underlag så att de på goda grunder kan besluta om förändringar av bibliotekslokal, öppettider eller arbetssätt. När Regionbibliotek Stockholm blir kontaktade av ett kommunbibliotek är det ofta en mängd frågor som behöver besvaras. Att avgränsa frågan är svårt och det kan vara frestande med ett brett och ambitiöst upplägg som dock kan förlora i stringens. Vi säger idag att vi observerar men använder i praktiken flera olika observationsmetoder. Ju mer erfarenhet av att observera och ju mer underlag vi fått från observationerna desto mer har vårt behov växt av att sammanställa och strukturera de erfarenheter vi har för att komma fram till vilken metod som är bäst vid vilket tillfälle. Observation som metod har också använts i Norge, Danmark men också på flera ställen i Sverige som t.ex. Värmland. Regionbibliotek Stockholm har på olika sätt sökt erfarenheter från dessa undersökningar. Denna artikel kommer endast att beröra Regionbibliotek Stockholms egna studier och är en del av ett planerat större arbete.

  • 9249. Ögland, Malin
    Planera för utveckling. Ett försök att integrera teori och praktik i ett ständigt utvecklingsarbete2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9250. Ögland, Malin
    et al.
    Åstrand, Lotta
    Herron, David
    Definitely, maybe eller Do the right thing!2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta paper ska vi definitivt försöka göra det rätta, nämligen beskriva den kurs som hölls i Stockholm under vårterminen 2009 och som fick rubriken Definitely, maybe eller Do the right thing. Målet med kursen var att undersöka hur man kan tillämpa ett evidensbaserat förhållningssätt och hur EBLIP-processen kan fungera i en svensk bibliotekskontext (bibliotekssammanhang). Man kan också kalla det för en sorts pågående diskussion om hur ett reflekterande arbetssätt kan gestalta sig i praktiken.

182183184185186 9201 - 9250 of 9297
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf