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  • 51.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Sundin, O.
    The materiality of encyclopedic information: Remediating one a loved one-Mourning Britannica2014Ingår i: Proceedings of the ASIST Annual Meeting, Vol. 51, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a qualitative thematic analysis of reader comments posted in connection to a series of articles published after Encyclopaedia Britannica's announcement to forego its print edition. It shows how ideas of what information is, are entangled with ideas of what a certain medium is and does. Two research questions guide the analysis: 1) How are encyclopedias as information sources imagined in contemporary public discourse? 2) How does the materiality of encyclopedias shape ideas of knowledge, information and memory? A theoretical basis is the distinction between an epistemological discourse and a practice discourse of science as proposed by Bernd Frohmann. Furthermore, the concept of remediation as developed by Jay David Bolter and Richard Grusin is drawn on. The analysis maps out different functions encyclopedias as information sources and external memories are assigned in contemporary society and in the recent past. It shows how these functions go into one another and how they are entangled with certain social practices. Through this it makes visible how understandings of information at a personal level are entwined with ideas of materiality, technologies, and culture that are formed in conjuncture with larger historical and societal shifts.

  • 52.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Sundin, O.
    Wikipedia, heterotopi och versioner av kulturella minnen2010Ingår i: Human IT, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 1-20Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article draws together studies on encyclopaedic expressions throughout history with Foucault's notion of heterotopia, i.e. actually existing utopias or 'other', particular spaces that exist besides society's regular spaces and which work according to their own rules. It explores how we can understand contemporary online encyclopaedias, specifically Wikipedia, as digital heterotopias. For this it investigates Wikipedia as an archive for our cultural memory in its different - and sometimes contested - versions. In conclusion, participatory online encyclopaedias are framed as a continuation of an Enlightenment ideal as well as distinct networked spaces that are made possible through the affordances of the Internet. © Författarna. Publicerad av Högskolan i Borås.

  • 53.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Sundin, Olof
    Algoritmer2017Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 54.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Sundin, Olof
    Algoritmer i samhället2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    En rapport skriven i uppdrag av Kansliet för strategi- och samtidsfrågor

  • 55.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Sundin, Olof
    ”Alla måste lära sig hur sökmotorer fungerar”2020Ingår i: Borås TidningArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 56.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Sundin, Olof
    Beyond the legacy of the Enlightenment?: Online encyclopaedias as digital heterotopias2010Ingår i: First Monday, E-ISSN 1396-0466, Vol. 15, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how we can understand contemporary participatory online encyclopaedic expressions, particularly Wikipedia, in their traditional role as continuation of the Enlightenment ideal, as well as in the distinctly different space of the Internet. Firstly we position these encyclopaedias in a historical tradition. Secondly, we assign them a place in contemporary digital networks which marks them out as sites in which Enlightenment ideals of universal knowledge take on a new shape. We argue that the Foucauldian concept of heterotopia, that is special spaces which exist within society, transferred online, can serve to understand Wikipedia and similar participatory online encyclopaedias in their role as unique spaces for the construction of knowledge, memory and culture in late modern society.

  • 57.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Sundin, Olof
    How Do you Trust?2019Ingår i: Understanding Media and Information Literacy (MIL) in the Digital Age, Göteborg: University of Gothenburg and UNESCO , 2019Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter focuses on the notion of critical evaluation of information, which is an important part of media and information literacy (MIL). The concepts frictions of relevance and infrastructural meaningmaking are introduced to shed light on the information infrastructure’s significance for MIL in today’s digital media ecology. Furthermore, the chapter discusses some of the limitations inherent in placing theresponsibility for evaluating information predominantly on the individual, thus challenging the straightforward connection between MIL and democracy.

  • 58. Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Sundin, Olof
    Information literacy as a site for anticipation: temporal tactics for infrastructural meaning-making and algo-rhythm awareness2021Ingår i: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The article makes an empirical and conceptual contribution to understanding the temporalities of information literacies. The paper aims to identify different ways in which anticipation of certain outcomes shapes strategies and tactics for engagement with algorithmic information intermediaries. The paper suggests that, given the dominance of predictive algorithms in society, information literacies need to be understood as sites of anticipation. Design/methodology/approach The article explores the ways in which the invisible algorithms of information intermediaries are conceptualised, made sense of and challenged by young people in their everyday lives. This is couched in a conceptual discussion of the role of anticipation in understanding expressions of information literacies in algorithmic cultures. The empirical material drawn on consists of semi-structured, pair interviews with 61 17–19 year olds, carried out in Sweden and Denmark. The analysis is carried out by means of a qualitative thematic analysis in three steps and along two sensitising concepts – agency and temporality. Findings The results are presented through three themes, anticipating personalisation, divergences and interventions. These highlight how articulating an anticipatory stance works towards connecting individual responsibilities, collective responsibilities and corporate interests and thus potentially facilitating an understanding of information as co-constituted by the socio-material conditions that enable it. This has clear implications for the framing of information literacies in relation to algorithmic systems. Originality/value The notion of algo-rhythm awareness constitutes a novel contribution to the field. By centring the role of anticipation in the emergence of information literacies, the article advances understanding of the temporalities of information.

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  • 59. Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Sundin, Olof
    Lund University.
    Information literacy challenges in digital culture: Conflicting enactments of trust and doubt2020Ingår i: Information, Communication and Society, ISSN 1369-118X, E-ISSN 1468-4462Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability of citizens to establish the credibility of information and information sources through critical assessment is often emphasized as essential for the upholding of a democratic society and for people’s health and safety. Drawing on material-discursive conceptualizations, the article asks, how does critical assessment of information and information sources play out as it is folded into a networked information infrastructure in which different types of information are mediated and shaped by the same algorithms and flattened into the same interfaces? The empirical material comprises dyadic interviews with 61 adolescents. The interviews were analysed using an interpretative approach focusing on the construction of action and meaning. The analysis foregrounds trust and agency as two dimensions. This way normative assumptions become visible as stereotypes, sometimes positioned as ideals towards which to strive, other times as deterrent examples: the non-evaluator, the naïve evaluator, the skeptical evaluator and the confident evaluator. The created stereotypes help to comprehend different understandings of critical assessment of information and how these can bring about different actions. The article argues that critical assessment of information as an element in media and information literacy must be understood not just in relation to how it is used to assess the credibility of information, but also regarding how it is performatively enrolled in the shaping of knowledge and in the creation of ignorance and doubt.

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  • 60.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Sundin, Olof
    Informationsinfrastrukturen: Ofta osynlig men alltid närvarande2023Ingår i: Tekniska mediestudier: En introduktion / [ed] M. Berg, M. Engberg, S. Leckner, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB , 2023, 1, , s. 325s. 249-274Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    I en tid då medielandskapet är i ständig förändring och traditionell medieforskning konstant utmanas ökar behovet av att förena teknik, humaniora och samhällsvetenskap. Medie- och teknikforskning kräver innovativa angreppssätt för att navigera bland komplexa relationer mellan kultur, samhälle, ekonomi och teknologi.

    I den här boken bjuder ledande forskare in till samtal om teknologins utmaningar och möjligheter. Här presenteras redskap för att utforska, beskriva, begreppsliggöra och förstå nya relationer mellan medieteknologier och deras omvärld – en kunskap som förbereder läsaren att på egen hand kombinera samhällsvetenskapernas kritiska analyser med teknikvetenskapernas tradition att utveckla tillförlitliga och effektiva system.

    Tekniska mediestudier riktar sig till studenter inom ämnen som medieteknik, medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap, kulturvetenskap, data- och systemvetenskap, interaktionsdesign och informatik.

  • 61.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Sundin, Olof
    Introduction2014Ingår i: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 6, s. 475-480Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 62.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Sundin, Olof
    Invisible search and online search engines. The ubiquity of search in everyday life.2019Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Invisible Search and Online Search Engines considers the use of search engines in contemporary everyday life and the challenges this poses for media and information literacy. Looking for mediated information is mostly done online and arbitrated by the various tools and devices that people carry with them on a daily basis. Because of this, search engines have a significant impact on the structure of our lives, and personal and public memories. Haider and Sundin consider what this means for society, whilst also uniting research on information retrieval with research on how people actually look for and encounter information. Search engines are now one of society’s key infrastructures for knowing and becoming informed. While their use is dispersed across myriads of social practices, where they have acquired close to naturalised positions, they are commercially and technically centralised. Arguing that search, searching, and search engines have become so widely used that we have stopped noticing them, Haider and Sundin consider what it means to be so reliant on this all-encompassing and increasingly invisible information infrastructure. Invisible Search and Online Search Engines is the first book to approach search and search engines from a perspective that combines insights from the technical expertise of information science research with a social science and humanities approach. As such, the book should be essential reading for academics, researchers, and students working on and studying information science, library and information science (LIS), media studies, journalism, digital cultures, and educational sciences.

  • 63.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Sundin, Olof
    Looking for the "common sense" or what a compost heap tells us about the environment2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 64.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Sundin, Olof
    Miljöpraktiker i vardagen: Livsstil, information och förändring i Simrishamn2009Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Miljö och miljöfrågor har under den senaste tiden lyfts fram som ytterst viktiga för framtiden, inte minst växthuseffekten och dess konsekvenser. Att vara och agera miljömedvetet kan sägas ha gått från att ha varit ett val för ett engagerat fåtal till att ha blivit en etablerad livsstil för många. Miljöfrågor är också av stor betydelse för Simrishamns kommun. Under några sommarmånader mer än fördubblas befolkningen varje år. Turistnäringen är följaktligen viktig samtidigt som ett ökat antal turister sliter på miljön. Projektet Miljöpraktiker i vardagen: livsstil, information och förändring i Simrishamn har studerat hur sommargäster i sin vardag handlar och resonerar kring miljöfrågor och miljöinformation. I projektet har vi fått en fördjupad förståelse av hur sommargäster skapar mening i relation till miljö och information i sin vardag. Med livsstil menas i projektet olika sätt att agera som skiljer grupper av människor från varandra. Det är genom konsumtion och icke-konsumtion av t.ex. kläder, semesterresor, mat, alkohol, medier och andra produkter eller tjänster som olika livsstilar formas. I projektet har vi undersökt hur sommargäster i eller nära pensionsåldern resonerar kring och handlar utifrån den information om miljöfrågor de menar att de tar del av. Projektet är genomfört med utgångspunkt i tidigare forskning om relationen mellan livsstil, miljöagerande och miljöinformation. Sju intervjuer med sammanlagt nio personer boende i en fritidsby i Simrishamns kommun har genomförts. Intervjuerna har handlat om hur de boende argumenterar och handlar i relation till miljöfrågor och miljöinformation. Särskilt synliggörs de konflikter som finns mellan vad människor säger och vad människor gör i sin vardag. Dessutom har den bild av Simrishamn utforskats som presenteras i av kommunen producerade broschyrer och andra dokument. Slutligen har vi besökt den fritidsby som intervjudeltagarna har sitt boende i. Vid analysen har tidigare forskning, intervjumaterial samt broschyrer och andra dokument från Simrishamns kommun belyst varandra. Genomgången av tidigare forskning tillsammans med den empiriska studien av hur människor handlar och talar om miljö i sin vardag visar på två nära relaterade och betydelsefulla punkter. Den första punkten rör vad människor vet om miljön och hur de handlar. Liksom tidigare forskning har visat finns det i studien ingen självklar länk mellan vad människor vet, dvs. deras teoretiska kunskap om miljöfrågor och exempelvis klimatförändring, och deras faktiska handlande när de t.ex. köper mat eller väljer transportmedel. Det gäller även de människor som är medvetna om sambandet mellan sina handlingar och konsekvenserna av dessa handlingar för miljön och samhället i stort. Det reflekteras även i det faktum att det som låter sig göras till en låg kostnad, ekonomisk såväl som annan, föredras framför det som en av intervjudeltagarna kallar “uppoffringar”, dvs sådana handlingar som skulle påverka vardagen i för stor utsträckning. Den andra punkten handlar om hur bilar, komposter, sopor och lågenergilampor samt de aktiviteter som är sammanbundna med dessa objekt har kommit att bli en slags ’bärare’ av miljöinformation i sig själva. Vardagligt handlande, som t.ex. att sopsortera eller att byta till lågenergilampor, är så nära kopplat till frågor om miljöproblematik att människor tänker genom dem när de resonerar kring miljön. Dvs. vissa konkreta objekt och handlingar har central betydelse för människors miljömedvetande. Dessa ovanstående rutiner kan dock också medföra en fara för miljön då vissa av dem riskerar att ta överhanden och utvecklas till en slags enfråge-engagemang. Ett sådant engagemang riskerar att föra med sig en lugnande känslan av att 'något görs' på bekostnad av den 'större bilden' eftersom dessa rutiner ofta har marginell eller liten betydelse för miljön om de inte kombineras med andra. Å andra sidan kan den abstrakta 'större bilden' av den komplexa miljöproblematiken vara en grund till en paralyserande känsla av maktlöshet som miljöinformation ofta tycks föra med sig för den enskilda människan. Eller omvänt, frågan är om det inte är de svårigheter som intervjudeltagarna har med att relatera ett uppriktigt engagemang för miljön med konkreta handlingar som kan vara en av orsakerna till den känsla av maktlöshet som de flesta deltagare ger uttryck för? Kanske är det också behovet av att fokusera på det konkreta – på att sopsortera, kompostera etc – som ger vissa väletablerade rutiner en så viktigt roll i deltagarnas samtal om deras miljörelaterade handlingar? Med andra ord, har kanske den lokala miljöstationen blivit allas 'favoritankare' i försöken att etablera en känsla av meningsfullhet och säkerhet vis-á-vis en stor, svårfångad och osynlig upplevd fara. För Simrishamns kommun och simrishamnarna – både permanentboende och sommargäster – ställs ett samtida problem på sin spets. Vi önskar alla en ren miljö med intakt ekosystem, orörd natur och vackra stränder och en plats som Simrishamn drar naturligtvis fördel av allas vår önskan. Men om vi alla tar t.ex. bilen till Simrishamn och dess omnejd riskerar Simrishamn att tappa just den dragningskraft som gör att vi söker oss dit, eftersom bilåkandet kan bli en miljöbelastning. För Simrishamns kommun, liksom för andra turistorter världen över är detta en balansakt på slak lina, vilken leder till frågor som hur 'grön turism' kan vidareutvecklas och hur människors miljömässiga engagemang, sett som uttryck för livsstilar, möjligtvis kan bidra till det? Eller är det så att grön turism har en inbyggd motsättning som inte går att blunda för? Oavsett vad svaren på dessa frågor är kan vi konstatera att abstrakt information och teoretisk kunskap allena inte är lösningen på de miljöproblem som ökad turism trots allt kan leda till. En möjlig slutsats av studien är vikten av att skapa utrymme för människor att utveckla livsstilar som står i bättre samklang med en hållbar och ’grön’ turism; livsstilar där miljövänliga rutiner kan bli normaliserade och till en del av vardagen. Meningsfull information om miljö och miljöförstöring finns då så att säga inbyggd i komposthögen snarare än i förmaningar med hjälp av abstrakt information.

  • 65.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Sundin, Olof
    Lund university.
    Paradoxes of Media and Information Literacy: The Crisis of Information2022Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Paradoxes of Media and Information Literacy contributes to ongoing conversations about control of knowledge and different ways of knowing. It does so by analysing why media and information literacy (MIL) is proposed as a solution for addressing the current information crisis.

    Questioning why MIL is commonly believed to wield such power, the book throws into sharp relief several paradoxes that are built into common understandings of such literacies. Haider and Sundin take the reader on a journey across different fields of practice, research and policymaking, including librarianship, information studies, teaching and journalism, media and communication and the educational sciences. The authors also consider national information policy proposals and the recommendations of NGOs or international bodies, such as UNESCO and the OECD. Showing that MIL plays an active role in contemporary controversies, such as those on climate change or vaccination, Haider and Sundin argue that such controversies challenge existing notions of fact and ignorance, trust and doubt, and our understanding of information access and information control. The book thus argues for the need to unpack and understand the contradictions forming around these notions in relation to MIL, rather than attempting to arrive at a single, comprehensive definition.

    Paradoxes of Media and Information Literacy combines careful analytical and conceptual discussions with an in-depth understanding of information practices and of the contemporary information infrastructure. It is essential reading for scholars and students engaged in library and information studies, media and communication, journalism studies and the educational sciences.

  • 66.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Sundin, Olof
    Lunds universtitet.
    Replik: Särskilt viktigt att välja bort i kris2021Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 67. Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Sundin, Olof
    Lunds universitet.
    The fragmentation of facts and infrastructural meaning-making: New demands on information literacy2019Ingår i: Information research, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 24, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a theory-driven discussion on the role of facts in society, couched between a brief historical overview and a discussion of the contemporary situation, exemplified in particular by openly available web-based fact services. Implications for the conceptualisation of information literacy – and in particular information literacy in relation to today’s dominant algorithmic information infrastructure – are considered throughout. Method. This is a conceptual paper where theoretical reasoning is accompanied by examples from a small empirical material. This material consists of the use and observation of three web-based fact services as well as expert interviews with three producers and one user of one of the services. In particular Hannah Arendt’s essay “Truth and politics” is drawn on to contextualise and understand the role of facts in society. Results. The web-based fact services investigated here facilitate and describe the creation of facts based on open data in a rather traditional way, i.e. by providing references and pointing to sources. However, the established facts are then inserted into today’s networked information landscape, which is an arena for competing knowledge claims working according to the market’s principles of popularity, and this leads to conflicting situations and poses new demands on information literacy. **Conclusions.**This paper suggests the need for a view of information literacy that accounts for infrastructural meaning-making at the same time as it enables the political dimensions of the way in which facts and factual information are created and valued in contemporary society to be taken seriously.

  • 68.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Sundin, Olof
    What Is Infrastructural Meaning-Making and Why Do We Need It?2023Ingår i: Information Matters, Vol. 3, nr 9Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 69.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Sundin, Olof
    Wikipedia and Wikis2019Ingår i: The Handbook of Peer Production, Wiley , 2019Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Wikis are often considered to be the core platform of peer production. This chapter delineates their most central design principles, history and affordances. Wikis are described as content management systems that allow for flexible collaboration without a defined content owner or leader. Users can modify the content and structure of documents directly in their web browser. Edits are usually archived and open to revision. This chapter pays particular attention to the most successful wiki-based system, the non-profit, online encyclopedia Wikipedia. As the chapter explains, Wikipedia actually contains a broad range of more or less individual wiki projects and has inspired a plethora of other endeavors, both open source and proprietary. The particular peer production model employed in Wikipedia is elucidated, and in the course also complicated. The chapter concludes by highlighting a number of tensions emerging from a wiki-based peer production model, between amateurs and experts, human editors and bots, lay knowledge and academic knowledge and the shaping of trust through external actors.

  • 70.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT. Lunds Universitet.
    Sundin, Olof
    Wikipedia and Wikis2021Ingår i: The Handbook of Peer Production / [ed] Mathieu O'Neil, Christian Pentzold, Sophie Toupin, Wiley-Blackwell, 2021Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Wikis are often considered to be the core platform of peer production. This chapter delineates their most central design principles, history and affordances. Wikis are described as content management systems that allow for flexible collaboration without a defined content owner or leader. Users can modify the content and structure of documents directly in their web browser. Edits are usually archived and open to revision. This chapter pays particular attention to the most successful wiki-based system, the non-profit, online encyclopedia Wikipedia. As the chapter explains, Wikipedia actually contains a broad range of more or less individual wiki projects and has inspired a plethora of other endeavors, both open source and proprietary. The particular peer production model employed in Wikipedia is elucidated, and in the course also complicated. The chapter concludes by highlighting a number of tensions emerging from a wiki-based peer production model, between amateurs and experts, human editors and bots, lay knowledge and academic knowledge and the shaping of trust through external actors.

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  • 71.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Sundin, Olof
    Wikipedia, heterotopi och versioner av kulturella minnen2011Ingår i: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 11, nr 3Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article draws together studies on encyclopaedic expressions throughout history with Foucault's notion of heterotopia, i.e. actually existing utopias or ‘other’, particular spaces that exist besides society's regular spaces and which work according to their own rules. It explores how we can understand contemporary online encyclopaedias, specifically Wikipedia, as digital heterotopias. For this it investigates Wikipedia as an archive for our cultural memory in its different – and sometimes contested – versions. In conclusion, participatory online encyclopaedias are framed as a continuation of an Enlightenment ideal as well as distinct networked spaces that are made possible through the affordances of the Internet.

  • 72.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Sundin, Olof
    Wikipedia, heterotopia och versioner av kulturella minnen2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 73.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Sundin, Olof
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    Algoritmernas roll i plattformssamhället2019Ingår i: Plattformssamhället, Stockholm: Fores , 2019, s. 90-113Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 74.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Weller, Toni
    Where do we go from here?: An opinion about the future of LIS as an academic discipline2007Ingår i: Aslib Journal of Information Management, ISSN 2050-3806, E-ISSN 2050-3814, Vol. 59, nr 4/5, s. 475-482Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 75.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Åström, Fredrik
    Dimensions of trust in scholarly communication: problematizing peer review in the aftermath of John Bohannon’s ‘Sting’ in Science2017Ingår i: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643, Vol. 68, nr 2, s. 450-467Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates online material published in reaction to a Science magazine report showing the absence of peer-review and editorial processes in a set of fee-charging open access journals in Biology. Quantitative and qualitative textual analyses are combined to map conceptual relations in these reactions; and to explore how understandings of scholarly communication and publishing relate to specific conceptualisations of science and of the hedging of scientific knowledge. A discussion of the connection of trust and scientific knowledge and of the role of peer-review for establishing and communicating this connection provides for the theoretical and topical framing. Special attention is paid to the pervasiveness of digital technologies in formal scholarly communication processes. Three dimensions of trust are traced in the material analysed: (1) trust through personal experience and informal knowledge, (2) trust through organised, internal control, (3) trust through form. The article concludes by discussing how certain understandings of the conditions for trust in science are challenged by perceptions of possibilities for deceit in digital environments.

  • 76. Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Åström, Fredrik
    Tillit till forskningen och digitaliseringen av det vetenskapliga kommunikationssystemet: Peer review-processer och Open Access-publicering2014Ingår i: DigiTrust: Tillit i det digitala. Tvärvetenskapliga perspektiv från ett forskningsprojekt: Tvärvetenskapliga perspektiv från ett forskningsprojekt / [ed] Larsson, S., & Runeson, P, Lund: Pufendorfinstitutet, Lunds universitet , 2014, s. 83-96Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Det här kapitlet diskuterar och analyserar digitaliseringen av det vetenskapliga publiceringssystemet, framförallt i relation till peer review-processen och Open Access (OA). I vilken utsträckning är exempelvis tillit till vetenskaplig forskning, uttryckt i publikationer, rättfärdigat och hur kan den bedömas? Kapitlet använder sig av exemplet där vetenskapsjournalisten John Bohannon avslöjade brister i peer review-processen i ett antal OA-tidskrifter Bohannons artikel publicerades i Science Magazine i septmeber 2013 och väckte stor uppmärksamhet: i akademiska sammanhang, inom OA-rörelsen och i nyhetsmedier. Bohannon kritiserades bl.a a. för att han i sin undersökning inte skickat in artikeln till t.ex. tidskrifter med prenumerationsavgifter eller OA-tidskrifter utan författaravgifter för att kontrollera hur den fingerade artikeln skulle ha tagits emot i tidskrifter med andra finansieringsmodeller. Bohannons artikel, och de reaktioner den väckte, är ett intressant exempel att analysera för att studera de processer som i hög grad ligger bakom hur forskningen granskas och hur dess tillförlitlighet bedöms och garanteras; och inte minst, vad som händer när dessa processer börjar ifrågasättas. För viktiga frågor i sammanhanget är i vilken utsträckning Bohannons artikel handlar om tillförlitlighet hos OA-tidskrifter med författaravgifter, eller i vilken utsträckning den handlar om peer review-processens tillförlitlighet, eller rent av om tillit till det vetenskapliga publikationssystemet och därmed också till det som vi kallar för vetenskaplig kunskap som helhet. För att mer systematiskt kunna studera vilka teman som dyker upp i reaktionerna på Bohannons artikel använde vi en webtjänst som identifierar webpublikationer med anknytning till OA-frågor för att identifiera dokument som rapporterade om, och kommenterade, Bohannons artikel. På så sätt hittade vi ca 80 websidor med reaktioner på, eller rapportering om, Bohannons artikel. Dessa var publicerade från och med dagen då Bohannons artikel publicerades och ca två veckor framåt, i allt ifrån traditionella och webbaserade nyhetsmedier, via universitetsbibliotek och organisationer kopplade till OA-rörelsen, till individer som bloggar om OA- och vetenskapliga kommunikationsfrågor.

  • 77.
    Hicks, Alison
    et al.
    University College, London.
    Pilerot, Ola
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Coelho Bezerra, Arthur
    Brazilian Institute of Information in Science & Technology (IBICT).
    Haider, Jutta
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Hirvonen, Noora
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Johansson, Veronica
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Schneider,, Marco
    Brazilian Institute of Information in Science & Technology (IBICT).
    Theorising Information Literacy: Opportunities and Constraints2023Ingår i: Proceedings of the Association for Information Science and Technology / [ed] Doherty, G., Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2023, Vol. 60, s. 789-792Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Information literacy research is growing in importance but has been critiqued for remaining focused on practical topics of interest and attainment approaches to practice. Prior attempts to conceptualise information literacy have also often taken place without a comprehensive understanding of the ontological or epistemological foundations of theoretical work. The aim of this panel is to critically examine theory development and use within information literacy research through discussing the ways in which understandings of information literacy, including how it happens and how it shapes social life, are both enabled and constrained through critical, sociomaterial and discursive theoretical approaches. Providing a space to discuss and reflect on the impact of theory on information literacy scholarship, this panel creates a focal point for researchers, practitioners and students interested in the constructionand advancement of conceptually rich information literacy research and practice.

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  • 78.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala University Sweden.
    Andersson, Lisa
    Uppsala University Sweden.
    Fulton, Crystal
    University College Dublin Ireland.
    Haider, Jutta
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT. University of Borås Sweden.
    Harviainen, J. Tuomas
    Tampere University Finland.
    Managing Information Gaps and Non‐Information2023Ingår i: Proceedings of the Association for Information Science and Technology, E-ISSN 2373-9231, Vol. 60, nr 1, s. 793-798Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    While the focus of information science and technology research is in information, sometimes the lack of information, information gaps and non-information can make an equally great or even greater difference. The purpose of this panel is to nuance the understanding of the absence of information and addressing the gap in theorising, investigating and working with information gaps and ‘non-information’ across the information field. Panellists present research conceptualising, documenting, and describing information gaps and non-information and how they are dealt with in the information field specifically addressing: 1) how conceptualisations of information gaps and non-information influence how they emerge as describable entities; 2) what approaches to manage information gaps and non-information exist in information science and technology research; 3) what aspects of information gaps and non-information different approaches address, make visible and invisible; and 4) how novel insights from the current state-of-the-art research can be translated to practice, policies and actions. 

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  • 79.
    Jylhä, Ville
    et al.
    Information Studies, Faculty of Humanities, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
    Hirvonen, Noora
    Information Studies, Faculty of Humanities, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
    Haider, Jutta
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Algorithmic recommendations enabling and constraining information practices among young people2024Ingår i: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 80, nr 7, s. 25-42Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This study addresses how algorithmic recommendations and their affordances shape everyday information practices among young people.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Thematic interviews were conducted with 20 Finnish young people aged 15–16 years. The material was analysed using qualitative content analysis, with a focus on everyday information practices involving online platforms.

    Findings

    The key finding of the study is that the current affordances of algorithmic recommendations enable users to engage in more passive practices instead of active search and evaluation practices. Two major themes emerged from the analysis: enabling not searching, inviting high trust, which highlights the how the affordances of algorithmic recommendations enable the delegation of search to a recommender system and, at the same time, invite trust in the system, and constraining finding, discouraging diversity, which focuses on the constraining degree of affordances and breakdowns associated with algorithmic recommendations.

    Originality/value

    This study contributes new knowledge regarding the ways in which algorithmic recommendations shape the information practices in young people's everyday lives specifically addressing the constraining nature of affordances.

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  • 80. Kjellberg, S.
    et al.
    Cox, A.
    Tammaro, A. M.
    Haider, Jutta
    Lunds Universitet.
    Tam, W.
    Matusiak, K. K.
    Making research data possible: Negotiating between disciplinary cultures, temporalities, data policies, professional interests and education and training2016Ingår i: Proceedings of the Association for Information Science and Technology, E-ISSN 2373-9231, Vol. 53, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Copyright © 2016 by Association for Information Science and Technology The workshop brings together differing perspectives on what makes research data possible. How data is made represents an on-going negotiation between a number of elements. It reflects, firstly, the nature of disciplines and the complex way this is linked to cultures of research data and data sharing. Secondly, data is made across the complex temporalities within different practices of its management. Thirdly, it increasingly reflects the influences of data policies: working at the international and national, down to institutional level. Fourthly, it is also shaped by the renegotiation of professional interests and relationships such as between librarians, computing services, archivists and research administrators. And, fifthly, data is being shaped within models of education and training of current and new information professionals. The panel seeks to bring together a diverse range of participants to explore appropriate theories and methodologies for work in this field, using a conversation cafe format, and based on discussions around the five elements.

  • 81. Kjellberg, Sara
    et al.
    Haider, Jutta
    Lunds Universitet.
    Researchers' online visibility: tensions of visibility, trust and reputation2018Ingår i: Online information review (Print), ISSN 1468-4527, E-ISSN 1468-4535Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to understand what role researchers assign to online representations on the new digital communication sites that have emerged, such as Academia, ResearchGate or Mendeley. How are researchers’ online presentations created, managed, accessed and, more generally, viewed by academic researchers themselves? And how are expectations of the academic reward system navigated and re-shaped in response to the possibilities afforded by social media and other digital tools? Design/methodology/approach Focus groups have been used for empirical investigation to learn about the role online representation is assigned by the concerned researchers. Findings The study shows that traditional scholarly communication documents are what also scaffolds trust and builds reputation in the new setting. In this sense, the new social network sites reinforce rather than challenge the importance of formal publications. Originality/value An understanding of the different ways in which researchers fathom the complex connection between reputation and trust in relation to online visibility as a measure of, or at least an attempt at, publicity (either within academia or outside it) is essential. This paper emphasizes the need to tell different stories by exploring how researchers understand their own practices and reasons for them.

  • 82. Kjellberg, Sara
    et al.
    Haider, Jutta
    Lunds Universitet.
    The time of data – conditions for digital knowledge production in big science2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasingly the material research deals with is cast as data. This is an ambiguous concept, which describes the matter of research in all stages of the research process. From having been seen as a stepping-stone on the way to producing the scientific results, increasingly data is itself positioned as the result. At the same time demands for data preservation and open data are often motivated with the hope that they will be of some use for new discoveries in the future. This poster highlights some of the ways in which notions of data emerge in the construction of big science facilities in order to raise some issues concerning implications for how and when knowledge production is thought to occur. We studied data and their making in setting up of two large-scale research facilities in southern Sweden, ESS and MAX IV, specifically of the necessary infrastructure for dealing with research data management. The main focus is on temporal aspects of data, thus shifting the interest from the question “what are data?” to the often more productive question “when are data?”. This also works to emphasis various sociomaterial entanglements shaping research data and its meaning in different organisational contexts.

  • 83. Kjellberg, Sara
    et al.
    Haider, Jutta
    Lunds Universitet.
    Sundin, Olof
    Researchers’ use of social network sites: a scoping review2016Ingår i: Library & Information Science Research, ISSN 1873-1848Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This scoping review of 80 research articles in library and information science (LIS) and related fields, published between 2004 and 2014, focuses on the use of social network sites by researchers. The results show that social network sites are used as part of scholarly life, yet with disciplinary differences. It is also shown that the area lacks methodological, theoretical and empirical coherence and theoretical stringency. The most salient strands of research (general uptake, outreach, special tools/cases, assessing impact, practices/new modes of communication) are mapped and ways to improve research in the field are identified. This provides a first step toward a more comprehensive understanding of the roles of social network sites in scholarship.

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  • 84.
    Lewandowski, Dirk
    et al.
    University of Duisburg‐Essen Duisburg Germany;Hamburg University of Applied Sciences Hamburg Germany.
    Haider, Jutta
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT. Swedish School of Library and Information Science University of Borås Borås Sweden.
    Sundin, Olof
    Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences Lund University Lund Sweden.
    JASIST Special Issue Editorial: Re‐orienting search engine research in information science2023Ingår i: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 85.
    Lewandowski, Dirk
    et al.
    University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg; Pufendorfinstitutet, Lunds universitet.
    Haider, Jutta
    Sundin, Olof
    Pufendorfinstitutet, Lunds universitet.
    Stater och myndigheter kan inte förlita sig på Googles goda vilja: debattinlägg2021Ingår i: SydsvenskanArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige bör driva frågan om ett öppet webbindex internationellt. Det skriver Dirk Lewandowski, Jutta Haider och Olof Sundin, som forskar kring sökmotorer.

  • 86. Lindh, K.
    et al.
    Haider, Jutta
    Lunds Universitet.
    Development and the documentation of indigenous knowledge: Good intentions in bad company?2010Ingår i: Libri, Vol. 60, nr 1, s. 1-14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There appears to be an increasing interest within library and information studies (LIS) in so-called indigenous or traditional knowledge. Discussions on usefulness and applicability of indigenous knowledge in development seem to be motivating electronic documentation and the creation of databases. Often, definitions provided by international organisations are drawn on unquestioningly, while power structures embedded in descriptions provided by such organisations are ignored. This article aims at drawing attention to the ways in which international organisations define and talk about indigenous knowledge in relation to development. This is achieved by critical, close reading of six publications issued between 1998 and 2008 by the following organisations: WIPO, UNESCO, ICSU, UNDP, the World Bank, and IFLA. The critical reflections are also intended to shed light on how documentation practises can be understood as extensions of power. For this the authors draw on Foucauldian notions of power and discourse as well as on post-development and postcolonial perspectives. Relationships and discursive procedures for statements on science, development discourse and intellectual property rights, are shown to be influential in the creation of the concept indigenous knowledge. Relating indigenous knowledge to post-colonial and post-development studies reveals how indigenous knowledge is created and kept marginalized within the discursive structure of development. The analysis concludes by showing how knowledge named indigenous knowledge is trapped and created in a circular flow which legitimises international aid organizations, development discourse and the intellectual property rights system. The article concludes by demanding greater awareness among LIS researchers and practitioners regarding the culturally embedded character of knowledge practices and of the power of classifying and defining. © 2010 by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin/New York.

  • 87.
    Rödl, Malte
    et al.
    University of Manchester.
    Haider, Jutta
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Internet search results could be increasing your carbon emissions2022Ingår i: The ConversationArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 88.
    Rödl, Malte
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in Uppsala..
    Haider, Jutta
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT. MISTRA Environmental Communication.
    Joosse, Sofie
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in Uppsala..
    The quest for “nature” in selfies: how platforms shape nature/society relationships2023Ingår i: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media and other platforms have become an essential part of meaning-making on outdoor activities, influencing discourses about “good nature” and “good outdoor experiences.” However, much research on environmental communication in online spaces explores such discourses without considering the influence of platforms. This article proposes that “nature” visible online is co-constructed by users and platforms alike. Using the empirical case of nature selfies—an archetype of imagery on social media platforms—posted on Instagram, Facebook, and Tripadvisor, and a small participatory “breaching experiment” aimed at collecting “ugly” nature selfies, we analyse and interrogate nature/society relationships displayed online within the platform contexts of attention economy and affordances. We conclude that these reinforce the desirability of consuming “beautiful” nature, while simultaneously limiting the possibilities for alternative nature/society relationships to be developed and promoted.

  • 89.
    Rödl, Malte
    et al.
    Swedish Agricultural University .
    Joosse, Sofie
    Swedish Agricultural University .
    Haider, Jutta
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Me, myselfie and nature: Entaglements with wilderness2021Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Selfies and nature photography represent and stage idealised forms of the self and nature respectively, constructing specific norms of share-worthy imagery, experiences, and ultimately ‘beauty’. Connecting these two genres, we suggest that the visual and co-located textual sign systems (e.g. hashtags, shares, likes) of nature-selfies code these entanglements and facilitate certain understandings of and engagements with 'nature' or 'wilderness'; nature-selfies thereby not only connect but are also implicated in both ends of this mediation. Building on extant the STS  the disciplinarily diverse literature on platforms, in our contribution, we investigate expressions of the aligned data practices of taking, sharing, and interacting with selfies as influenced by the infrastructural arrangements es of specific social media platforms. Exploring five instances cases of different nature-selfie contexts through field and desk research, we find that nature-selfies mediate (often unequal) human-nature and human-human relationships through ‘stuff’ and its absence. These relationships not only demarcate community membership, but also impact and exploit nature in material and discursive terms. We suggest further study of taking, sharing, and interacting with nature-selfies and nature-through-selfies as a (in many ways) highly impactful everyday practice of engaging with the environment, possibly contributing to an understanding of the tensions expressed within the sustainability issues of our times.

  • 90. Sundin, O.
    et al.
    Haider, Jutta
    Lunds Universitet.
    The networked life of professional encyclopaedias: Quantification, tradition, and trustworthiness by Olof Sundin and Jutta Haider2013Ingår i: First Monday, Vol. 18, nr 6Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims at making visible new orders of encyclopaedic knowledge by means of an ethnographic study carried out during eight months at the editorial office of the leading commercial encyclopaedia in Sweden, Nationalencyklopedin (NE). The investigation is framed in a socio-technical understanding of how people, technologies and practices relate to each other. Three themes were identified during the analysis: Organisation of labour amongst the editors, the use of statistics, and the contrast between NE as a producer of facts and NE as a producer of analysis. The analysis revolves around the ambivalence, uncertainty, sometimes even friction, between traditional encyclopaedic knowledge and network culture. The often routine-based practices of updating articles meet ideas of project work, of open data, of algorithms and most of all of quantification. © rst Monday, 1995-2013.

  • 91. Sundin, O.
    et al.
    Haider, Jutta
    The networked life of professional encyclopaedias: Quantification, tradition, and trustworthiness by Olof Sundin and Jutta Haider2013Ingår i: First Monday, Vol. 18, nr 6Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims at making visible new orders of encyclopaedic knowledge by means of an ethnographic study carried out during eight months at the editorial office of the leading commercial encyclopaedia in Sweden, Nationalencyklopedin (NE). The investigation is framed in a socio-technical understanding of how people, technologies and practices relate to each other. Three themes were identified during the analysis: Organisation of labour amongst the editors, the use of statistics, and the contrast between NE as a producer of facts and NE as a producer of analysis. The analysis revolves around the ambivalence, uncertainty, sometimes even friction, between traditional encyclopaedic knowledge and network culture. The often routine-based practices of updating articles meet ideas of project work, of open data, of algorithms and most of all of quantification. 

  • 92. Sundin, O.
    et al.
    Haider, Jutta
    Lunds Universitet.
    The networked life of professional encyclopaedias: Quantification, tradition, and trustworthiness by Olof Sundin and Jutta Haider2013Ingår i: First Monday, Vol. 18, nr 6Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims at making visible new orders of encyclopaedic knowledge by means of an ethnographic study carried out during eight months at the editorial office of the leading commercial encyclopaedia in Sweden, Nationalencyklopedin (NE). The investigation is framed in a socio-technical understanding of how people, technologies and practices relate to each other. Three themes were identified during the analysis: Organisation of labour amongst the editors, the use of statistics, and the contrast between NE as a producer of facts and NE as a producer of analysis. The analysis revolves around the ambivalence, uncertainty, sometimes even friction, between traditional encyclopaedic knowledge and network culture. The often routine-based practices of updating articles meet ideas of project work, of open data, of algorithms and most of all of quantification. © rst Monday, 1995-2013.

  • 93. Sundin, Olof
    et al.
    Haider, Jutta
    Lunds Universitet.
    Debating Information Control in Web 2.0: The Case of Wikipedia vs. Citizendium2007Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 94. Sundin, Olof
    et al.
    Haider, Jutta
    Lunds Universitet.
    Källkritik, självkritik och källtillit2018Ingår i: Medie- och informationskunnighet i den digitala tidsåldern - en demokratifråga, Göteborg: Nordicom , 2018, s. 59-61Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 95. Sundin, Olof
    et al.
    Haider, Jutta
    Lunds Universitet.
    Källtillit i skolans undervisning2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 96. Sundin, Olof
    et al.
    Haider, Jutta
    Lunds Universitet.
    Professional Digital Encyclopaedias as Socio-Technical Systems2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents on-going research on the production of knowledge in contemporary professional digital encyclopaedias. By adopting a theoretical perspective that considers the interplay of humans, non-humans and practices at the same level, it develops further a socio-technical perspective on knowledge production. Methodologically, the project involves an ethnographic study staring from two editorial sites – the Swedish Nationalencyklopedin and the Norwegian Store Norske Leksikon. The empirical material consists of participatory observations, semi-structured interviews, informal conversations, internal documents, as well as the two encyclopaedias appearance on the web, in social and legacy media. The preliminary results point to a co-existence of old and new orders of knowledge. Traditional taxonomies and formal expertise blend with social media, Google Analytics and new orders of work. The way encyclopaedias adjust to Google exemplifies, albeit in different ways, the fundamental role of ‘management by Google’ in contemporary networked society. It is concluded that digital encyclopaedias, Wikipedia as well as Nationalencyklopedin and Norwegian Store Norske Leksikon, constitute interesting arenas for investigating changing demands on the production of public knowledge.

  • 97. Sundin, Olof
    et al.
    Haider, Jutta
    Lunds Universitet.
    Sökkritik och algoritmers synlighet2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 98. Sundin, Olof
    et al.
    Haider, Jutta
    Lunds Universitet.
    The networked life of professional encyclopaedias: quantification, tradition, and trustworthiness2013Ingår i: First Monday, E-ISSN 1396-0466, Vol. 18, nr 6Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article aims at making visible new orders of encyclopaedic knowledge by means of an ethnographic study carried out during eight months at the editorial office of the leading commercial encyclopaedia in Sweden, Nationalencyklopedin. The investigation is framed in a socio-technical understanding of how people, technologies and practices relate to each other. Three themes were identified during the analysis: Organisation of labour amongst the editors, the use of statistics, and NE as a producer of facts versus a producer of analysis. The analysis revolves around the ambivalence, uncertainty, sometimes even friction, between traditional encyclopaedic knowledge and network culture. The often routine-based practices of updating articles meets ideas of project work, of open data, of algorithms and most of all of quantification.

  • 99. Sundin, Olof
    et al.
    Haider, Jutta
    Lunds Universitet.
    Andersson, Cecilia
    Carlsson, Hanna
    Kjellberg, Sara
    The search-ification of everyday life and the mundane-ification of search2017Ingår i: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 73, nr 2, s. 224-243Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    PurposeThe aim of the study is to understand how meaning is assigned to online searching by viewing it as a mundane, yet often invisible, activity of everyday life and an integrated part of various social practices.Design/methodology/approachSearching is investigated with a sociomaterial approach with a starting point in information searching as entangled across practices and material arrangements and as a mundane part of everyday life. 21 focus groups with 127 participants have been carried out. The study focuses particularly on peoples’ experiences and meaning-making and on how these experiences and the making of meaning could be understood in the light of algorithmic shaping.FindingsAn often-invisible activity such as searching is made visible with the help of focus group discussions. An understanding of the relationship between searching and everyday life through two interrelated narratives is proposed: a search-ification of everyday life and a mundane-ification of search.Originality/valueThe study broadens the often narrow focus on searching in order to open up for a research-based discussion in information science on the role of online searching in society and everyday life.

  • 100.
    Sundin, Olof
    et al.
    Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences, Pufendorf Institute, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Lewandowski, Dirk
    Department of Information, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany; Pufendorf Institute, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Haider, Jutta
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Whose relevance?: Web search engines as multisided relevance machines2021Ingår i: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This opinion piece takes Google's response to the so-called COVID-19 infodemic, as a starting point to argue for the need to consider societal relevance as a complement to other types of relevance. The authors maintain that if information science wants to be a discipline at the forefront of research on relevance, search engines, and their use, then the information science research community needs to address itself to the challenges and conditions that commercial search engines create in. The article concludes with a tentative list of related research topics.

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