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  • 51.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Preparation of biobased composites using novel thermoset polymers from soybean oil and a natural fibre reinforcement2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Health related issues, stringent environmental protection policies, search for cost effective and alternative materials, crave for renewability and sustainability and quest for high performance materials for structural applications give the motivation for research in polymer composites and material science. Due to the health, safety and environmental concerns over the conventional synthetic materials and the legislation against their usage both in domestic and industrial applications, alternatives sources that will be comparable in properties are being sought. There is an emerging market for biodegradable polymers which is expected to increase substantially in the coming years.[1] Preparation of Composites Airlaid and woven flax fibre mats were first treated with 4% sodium hydroxide solution for one hour and then washed with plenty of water. This was done in order to remove any residual impurities. The fibres were dried at room temperature for 24 hr and then dried in a vacuum oven for 1hr at a temperature of 105°С. The 8 sheets of the fibre were hand laid cross- wisely and the impregnation was done manually. The fibre/ resin ratio was about 60% to 40%. Methacrylated soybean oil, methacrylic anhydride and acetic anhydride modified soybean oil were the synthesized matrices used. The compression moulding was done at a temperature of 170°С for 5 min at 40bar. Characterisations The tensile testing was performed based on an ISO-test method for tensile tests on plastic materials. The Charpy impact strength of unnotched specimens was evaluated in accordance with ISO 179 using a Zwick test instrument and scanning electron microscopy analysis was done on the fractured specimens. The composites showed various mechanical properties, having impact strengths between 24 and 63 kJ/m² and tensile strength up to 51MPa.

  • 52.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Synthesis of reactive soybean oils for use as a biobased thermoset resins in structural natural fiber composites2009In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, ISSN 0021-8995, E-ISSN 1097-4628, Vol. 115, no 6, 3137-3145 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biobased thermosets resins were synthesized by functionalizing the triglycerides of epoxidized soybean oil with methacrylic acid, acetyl anhydride, and methacrylic anhydride. The obtained resins were characterized with FTIR, 1H-NMR, and 13C-NMR spectroscopy to confirm the functionalization reactions and the extent of epoxy conversion. The viscosities of the methacrylated soybean oil resins were also measured for the purpose of being used as a matrix in composite applications. The cross-linking capability was estimated by UV and thermally initiated curing experiments, and by DSC analysis regarding the degree of crosslinking. The modifications were successful because up to 97% conversion of epoxy group were achieved leaving only 2.2% of unreacted epoxy groups, which was confirmed by 1H-NMR. The 13C-NMR confirms the ratio of acetate to methacrylate methyl group to be 1 : 1. The viscosities of the methacrylated soybean oil (MSO) and methacrylic anhydride modified soybean oil (MMSO) were 0.2 and 0.48 Pas, respectively, which indicates that they can be used in resin transfer molding process.

  • 53.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Synthesis of reactive soybean oils for use as biobased thermoset resins in structural natural fibre composites2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 54.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Synthetic modification of reactive soybean oils for use as biobased thermoset resins in structural natural fiber composites2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Synthetic modification of reactive soybean oils for use as biobased thermoset resins in structural natural fiber composites2008In: Polymer Preprints, ISSN 0551-4657, Vol. 49, no 1, 279- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 56. Aderum, Hanna
    Lättläst skönlitteratur för barn i mellanåldern på folkbibliotek2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this bachelor thesis is the promotion of easy-to-read fiction for 10-12 year old children in public libraries. The number of easy-to-read fiction books is increasing on the book market. This can be expected to affect the public library. The hypotheses for the study are: 1) Public libraries expose easy-to-read fiction and use it in their reading promotion activities and, 2) The acquisition of easy-to-read books and the use of easy-to-read books in reading promotion activities have increased over the last five years. A self-completion questionnaire was distributed to 44 public libraries in Sweden. The response was analyzed using quantitative data analysis, qualitative data analysis and content analysis. The analysis show that public libraries expose easy-to-read fiction and it is included to a great extent in book talks. An increase in the acquisition of easy-to-read books has been experienced as well as in the extent to which they are recommended to readers.

  • 57.
    Adessa, C.
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Sonnenwald, Diane H.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Exploring collaboration among historically black universities and doctoral/research universities in the USA2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the USA, historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) seldom have sufficient resources and infrastructure to support faculty and student research or doctoral education. In contrast, doctoral/research universities (DRUs) have extensive resources and infrastructure to support research and doctoral education. istoricHBoth HBCUs and DRUs have talented faculty and students, and collaboration between faculty and students and HBCUs and DRUs has the potential of increasing the physical and intellectual resources brought to bear in research and student education. However, not all collaborations are successful. We studied four instances of collaboration among HBCUs and DRUs to investigate points of tension, identify successful practices, and gather suggestions for improving existing and future collaborations between institutions with different cultural heritages and organizational priorities.

  • 58. Adielsson, A
    et al.
    Hollenberg, J
    Karlsson, T
    Lindqvist, J
    Lundin, S
    Silfverstolpe, J
    Svensson, L
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Increase in survival and bystander CPR in out-of-hospital shockable arrhythmia: bystander CPR and female gender are predictors of improved outcome. Experiences from Sweden in an 18-year perspective2011In: Heart, ISSN 1355-6037, E-ISSN 1468-201X, Vol. 97, no 17, 1391-1396 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives In a national perspective, to describe survival among patients found in ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia witnessed by a bystander and with a presumed cardiac aetiology and answer two principal questions: (1) what are the changes over time? and (2) which are the factors of importance? Design Observational register study. Setting Sweden. Patients All patients included in the Swedish Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest Register between 1 January 1990 and 31 December 2009 who were found in bystander-witnessed ventricular fibrillation with a presumed cardiac aetiology. Interventions Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation. Main outcome measures Survival to 1 month. Results In all, 7187 patients fulfilled the set criteria. Age, place of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and gender did not change. Bystander CPR increased from 46% to 73%; 95% CI for OR 1.060 to 1.081 per year. The median delay from collapse to defibrillation increased from 12 min to 14 min (p for trend 0.0004). Early survival increased from 28% to 45% (95% CI 1.044 to 1.065) and survival to 1 month increased from 12% to 23% (95% CI 1.058 to 1.086). Strong predictors of early and late survival were a short interval from collapse to defibrillation, bystander CPR, female gender and OHCA outside the home. Conclusion In a long-term perspective in Sweden, survival to 1 month after ventricular fibrillation almost doubled. This was associated with a marked increase in bystander CPR. Strong predictors of outcome were a short delay to defibrillation, bystander CPR, female gender and place of collapse.

  • 59.
    Adielsson, Anna
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Aune, Solveig
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Ravn-Fischer, Annica
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Measurements of time intervals after in-hospital cardiac arrest give important information but can be further improved.2016In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 60.
    Adielsson, Anna
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Karlsson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Aune, Solveig
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Lundin, Stefan
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Hirlekar, Geir
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Ravn-Fischer, Annica
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    A 20-year perspective of in hospital cardiac arrest: Experiences from a university hospital with focus on wards with and without monitoring facilities.2016In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 216, 194-199 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Knowledge about change in the characteristics and outcome of in hospital cardiac arrests (IHCAs) is insufficient.

    AIM: To describe a 20year perspective of in hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) in wards with and without monitoring capabilities.

    SETTINGS: Sahlgrenska University Hospital (800 beds). The number of beds varied during the time of survey from 850-746 TIME: 1994-2013.

    METHODS: Retrospective registry study. Patients were assessed in four fiveyear intervals.

    INCLUSION CRITERIA: Witnessed and nonwitnessed IHCAs when cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was attempted.

    EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Age below 18years.

    RESULTS: In all, there were 2340 patients with IHCA during the time of the survey. 30-Day survival increased significantly in wards with monitoring facilities from 43.5% to 55.6% (p=0.002) for trend but not in wards without such facilities (p=0.003 for interaction between wards with/without monitoring facilities and time period). The CPC-score among survivors did not change significantly in any of the two types of wards. In wards with monitoring facilities there was a significant reduction of the delay time from collapse to start of CPR and an increase in the proportion of patients who were defibrillated before the arrival of the rescue team. In wards without such facilities there was a significant reduction of the delay from collapse to defibrillation. However, the latter observation corresponds to a marked decrease in the proportion of patients found in ventricular fibrillation.

    CONCLUSION: In a 20year perspective the treatment of in hospital cardiac arrest was characterised by a more rapid start of treatment. This was reflected in a significant increase in 30-day survival in wards with monitoring facilities. In wards without such facilities there was a decrease in patients found in ventricular fibrillation.

  • 61. Adolfsson, Petra
    et al.
    Solli, Rolf
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Demediuk, Peter
    Medborgarbudget: erfarenheter från tre svenska pilotkommuner2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport beskrivs och diskuteras erfarenheterna av att arbeta med medborgarbudget i tre svenska pilotkommuner. De tre kommunerna deltog år 2008–2011 i ett nätverk som initierades av Sveriges kommuner och lands- ting (SKL) med fokus på att stötta ett införande av medborgarbudget som en del i kommunernas beslutsprocesser. I rapporten presenteras en modell som kan utgöra ett stöd för att visa och analysera vilka dimensioner som kan vara väsentliga att uppmärksamma i ett initiativ för att införa medborgarbudget som del i kommuners arbete. En redogörelse för kommunernas arbete och val kring initiativ med att införa medborgarbudget ges. I fokus för kommunernas intresse för med- borgarbudget har främst demokrati och delaktighet för medborgare stått. Initiativen hade vid nätverkets avslutning nått en begränsad grupp av med- verkande personer i pilotkommunerna. De aktiviteter som medborgarbud- getprojekten lett till hade dock i flera fall nått en större mängd medborgare än de som var direkt involverande i förslags- och röstningsförfarande, då projekten ofta resulterade i evenemang eller mindre byggprojekt som nådde en bredare publik.

  • 62.
    Adrianson, Lillemor
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ancok, Djamaludin
    Ramdhani, Neila
    Archer, Trevor
    Cultural influences upon health, affect, self-esteem and impulsiveness: An Indonesian-Swedish comparison2013In: International Journal of Research Studies in Psychology, ISSN 2243-7681, E-ISSN 2243-769X, Vol. 2, no 3, 25-44 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examines several personal attributes that distinguish the personal profiles of individuals, from Indonesian and Swedish cultures, according to self-reports of positive and negative effect, stress and energy, self-esteem, hospital anxiety and depression, dispositional optimism and health. Indonesian participants expressed both more PA and more NA than Swedish participants but less stress and a higher energy-stress quotient than the Swedish participants. Additionally, the former expressed a higher level of optimism and self-esteem, but also more depression, and less impulsiveness than the latter. Younger participants expressed less positive affect and more negative affect and impulsiveness than older participants who expressed both more stress and a higher energy stress quotient. Regression analyses indicated that PA was predicted by optimism and health whereas NA was predicted by anxiety and depression and impulsiveness and counter predicted by health. The present findings are discussed according to the notion of emotional regulation according to which individuals differ in their use of emotion regulation strategies such as reappraisal and suppression, and these individual differences have implications for affect, well-being, and social relationships.

  • 63.
    Adrianson, Lillemor
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ramdhani, Neila
    Why you and not me? Expressions of envy in Indonesia and Sweden.2014In: International Journal of Research Studies in Psychology, ISSN 2243-7681, E-ISSN 2243-769X, Vol. 3, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to describe experience of envy in two different cultures, Indonesia and Sweden. Envy is a feeling that most people have experienced and mostly regards as shameful. The concept relates to a variety of feeling that shows its complexity. The result shows that envy had a wider meaning in the Indonesian language than in Swedish, and consisted of emotional words that were rare among the Swedish respondents. The Swedish respondents’ descriptions were, with few exceptions, connected to a malicious (ill will) meaning while it was obvious that the Javanese respondents used also the concept of benign envy (without ill will). Jealousy and envy seemed to overlap each other more in Bahasa Indonesia than in the Swedish use of the words. The latter had a distinct word for schadenfreude that was lacking in Bahasa Indonesia. For the Swedish respondents, wanting to have what another person possesses was a central element of envy, for example prosperity or competence. The Javanese respondents stressed relationships, achievements and personal characteristics’ as main causes for envy. Both the Swedish and Javanese respondents reported that a person who they knew and with whom they had an established relationship, such as a friend or a fellow student, had envied them and the causes for this were about the same as their own.

  • 64. Adriansson, C
    et al.
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Bergbom, I
    The use of topical anaesthesia at children's minor lacerations: an experimental study2004In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 12, no 2, 74-84 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In a great many situations within health care and treatment, children are subjected to unnecessary pain and suffering. When local anaesthetics is to be administered the child can experience this as incomprehensible especially when the nursing staff assures the child that no pain would be felt, only to discover soon after, that it actually did hurt at the moment of anaesthetic infiltration. The soothing of pain during the suturing of wounds in emergency wards can be reduced, ensuring that unnecessary pain in the cafe-and-treatment process is mot meted out to children. In order to prevent this (subjection to unnecessary pain), and by improving accepted practice, it was interesting to investigate whether children felt pain at the time of infiltration anaesthesia following the initial topical anaesthesia. Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of introductory topical anaesthesia using Xylocain solution dropped in the wound prior to a definitive infiltration-anaesthesia. An experimental, prospective design was used where children were included in either an experimental group or a control group. The experimental group (n=10) were given a Xylocain solution while the control group (n=10) received physiological Sodium solution. Data collection for the study was made by making VAS estimates and by interviews. Result: The study shows that a certain alleviation of pain does occur when using Xylocain but no statistically significant difference exists between the two groups. Irrespective of whether the children received an introductory topical anaesthesia with Xylocain or Sodium solution at the time of infiltration anaesthesia, they expressed pain in connection with infiltration. The study also shows that many children express fear and anxiety. Conclusion: Current research highlights the difficulties involved in offering children a really satisfactory form of pain relief in connection with infiltration anaesthesia and suturing of wounds. It is urgent to throw more light on children’s pain, both from a nursing and from a medical point of view. No statistically significant difference was found in children’s reported pain, after treatment with Xylocain but the solution can have a positive effect at the time of the infiltration jab, but a larger study needs to be done in order to establish this firmly.

  • 65.
    Adriansson, Sophie
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Gustafsson, Hillevi
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Förstföderskors upplevelser kring telefonkontakt med barnmorska på förlossningsavdelning inför förestående förlossning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvinnor som väntar sitt första barn är medvetna om att de står inför en utmaning och förväntar sig genomgå stark smärta men innan förlossningen faktiskt startat är det omöjligt att föreställa sig hur det kommer bli. Födande kvinnor uppmanas kontakta barnmorska på förlossningsavdelning innan sin ankomst till förlossning vilket de allra flesta gör. Kontakten sker över telefon vilket försvårar barnmorskans bedömning av kvinnans situation och barnmorskan har samtidigt som uppgift att fördela tillgängliga förlossningsplatser till kvinnor i aktiv förlossningsfas. Det saknas studier som lagt fokus på hur kvinnor upplever denna kontakt.

    Studiens syfte är att beskriva förstföderskors upplevelser kring telefonkontakten med barnmorskan inför förestående förlossning. Metoden som använts är kvalitativ innehållsanalys med en induktiv ansats och totalt intervjuades nio svensktalande kvinnor. Resultatet presenteras i fem kategorier, dessa är: Ett behov av att förankra förlossningsförloppet, Svårigheter i att vara novis, Förväntan kontra verklighet, Barnmorskans omtanke spelar stor roll och En inre konflikt uppstår. I resultatet framkom ett tema vilket var: Omfattningen av bekräftelse påverkar upplevelsen av att vara betydelsefull. Kvinnorna i studien ser upp till barnmorskan och upplevde det skönt att få omhändertas och guidas av henne. Kvinnans respekt för barnmorskan gjorde det dock svårt för kvinnorna att förmedla sin innersta önskan om att komma in till förlossningen innan barnmorskan uttalat samtycke till det. Kunskap om hur förstföderskor kan uppleva situationen är viktig för att kunna ge ett fulländat omhändertagande.

  • 66.
    af Ekenstam, Albert
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lindström, Erik
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Upplevelsen av stressrelaterad ohälsa: En rörelse mellan balans och obalans2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Stress är idag något de flesta människor kan relatera till och stressystemet är ett av det mest grundläggande verktyg som människan utvecklat. Detta för att klara av de stora påfrestningar och belastningar det innebär att leva ett liv. Men vid långvarig stress utan att människan får chans till återhämtning och vila så utvecklas istället en ohälsa som kan vara svår att hantera. Denna ohälsa kallas stressrelaterad ohälsa och kan leda till en rad olika sjukdomar både inom det somatiska och det psykiatriska området. Begrepp som hälsa, livsrytm, lidande och det existentiella perspektivet blir nödvändiga att använda för att på ett djupare plan beskriva den obalans som uppkommer vid stressrelaterad ohälsa.

    Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att undersöka patienters upplevelser av stressrelaterad ohälsa och vägen till att finna balans. Metoden bygger på en litteraturstudie där enbart kvalitativa artiklar använts. I resultat framkom två teman: upplevelser av obalans och att finna balans med tillhörande subteman som presenteras i en vågrörelse. De drabbade lever ofta ett liv med höga krav, ensidiga relationer och tar även ett stort ansvar både i hemmet och på arbetet. Utan återhämtning och vila blir denna livsstil ohållbar vilket leder till en nedåtgående rörelse där "att nå botten" blir en slutstation men även en vändpunkt för de drabbade. Genom att förstå och ha kunskap om hur det är att leva med och uppleva stressrelaterad ohälsa kan sjuksköterskan stödja, skapa tillit och skapa en miljö så att den drabbade åter kan finna den balans som krävs för att uppnå hälsa.

  • 67. Agborg, Mette
    et al.
    Berger, Lisa
    IDA: från projekt till levande verksamhet2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vuxenstuderande är en viktig målgrupp för folkbiblioteken och biblioteken en betydelsefull resurs för målgruppen. Att etablera ett fungerade samarbete med vuxenutbildningen borde vara självklart. På vilket sätt är inte lika självklart. Hur vi kan bygga upp en sådan ömsesidig relation ser förstås olika ut beroende på förutsättningarna och idéerna hos biblioteken och vilka utbildningar och andra samarbetspartners som finns på orten. Verksamhet riktad till vuxenstuderande är ständigt i förändring. IDA verksamheten i Malmö Stad har förändrats, från projekt till levande verksamhet. Från traditionell biblioteksservice till behovsanpassad service. För att möta våra besökares behov kommer den fortsätta att vara i förändring.

  • 68. Agebjörn, Hanna
    et al.
    Nilsson, Mia
    Litteracitet, små barn och ipad: en fallstudie av ett barnbiblioteks användande av ny teknik i en läsfrämjande kontext2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta paper utgår från, och är en kortare bearbetning av, vår masteruppsats med samma namn, skriven våren 2013 inom ämnet biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap vid Lunds Universitet, masterprogrammet i ABM. Uppsatsen i sin helhet återfinns på http://www.lu.se/lup/publication/3809044.

  • 69. Agesund, Ann-Kristin
    Textibel®: Textiles as Furniture2008In: The Nordic Textile Journal 2008, Special Edition Smart Textiles, p. 126-145Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 70.
    Agetorp, Maria
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lorentzon, Anna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Mekanisk återvinning av bomullsfibrer från konsumentavfall: Påverkan på polymerisationsgrad och spinnbarhet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Cellulosans polymerisationsgrad (DP) är en viktig faktor vid utvärdering av möjligheterna till både mekanisk och kemisk återvinning av bomull. Enligt flera studier leder lägre DP till svagare fibrer. I denna rapport har DP hos bomullsfibrer från begagnade jeans undersökts före och efter mekanisk återvinning för att se om återvinningsprocessen eller graden av slitage på de ingående fibrerna har en påverkan på DP. Även möjligheten att spinna garn med de mekaniskt återvunna fibrerna utblandade med jungfruliga bomullsfibrer har undersökts för att se hur andelen återvunna fibrer och graden av slitage på dessa påverkar garnets styrka. Konsumentavfall i form av bomullsjeans, före och efter mekanisk återvinning,  har lösts i  bis(etylendiamin)kopparhydroxidlösning (Cuen). Viskositeten har mätts och cellulosans polymerisationsgrad har beräknats. Eftersom fibrerna inte löstes upp helt var cellulosakoncentrationen i lösningarna okänd. Därför kunde inga klara slutsatser dras om huruvida den mekaniska återvinningen eller graden av slitage på det ingående materialet hade någon påverkan på DP, även om den statistiska analysen visade på att båda variablerna hade en signifikant påverkan. DP hos återvunna fibrer från begagnade jeans är högre än vad som krävs för framställning av både viskos och lyocell, vilket gör att kemisk återvinning av denna form av konsumentavfall kan vara möjlig att utveckla industriellt. Jungfrulig bomull har ringspunnits tillsammans med 20 % och 50 % återvunna fibrer. Spinningen av garn med 50 % återvunna fibrer var på grund av upprepade garnbrott alltför tidskrävande för vara lämlig för storskalig produktion. Dragstyrkan hos ett ringspunnet bomullsgarn med 20 % återvunna fibrer försämrades inte jämfört med ett garn av 100 % jungfrulig bomull, utan kunde tvärtemot förbättras beroende på spinninställningar och kvaliteten på de återvunna fibrerna. Inblandning av 20 % mindre slitna fibrer gav ett starkare garn än 20 % slitna fibrer. Dock spanns endast en bobin av varje garn och därför krävs en större studie för att få ett större statistiskt underlag innan några mer generella slutsatser kan dras.

  • 71.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    En rimlig samvetsklausul2016In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 2002-3383Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 72.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Mixing Interest and Control?: Assessing Peter Vallentyne’s Hybrid Theory of Rights2015In: Philosophia (Ramat Gan), ISSN 0048-3893, E-ISSN 1574-9274, Vol. 43, no 4, 933-949 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between libertarianism and state is a contested one. Despite pressing full and strict ownership of one’s person and any justly acquired goods, many libertarians have suggested ways in which a state, albeit limited, can be regarded as just. Peter Vallentyne has proposed that all plausible versions of libertarianism are compatible with what he calls ‘private-law states’. His proposal is underpinned by a particular conception of rights, which brings Interest Theory of rights and Will Theory of rights together. If convincing, Vallentyne’s theory of rights enables libertarians to accommodate a limited but nevertheless coercive state that can act without the full consent of the affected citizen. In this paper, it is argued that Vallentyne’s hybrid theory of rights is implausible from a libertarian perspective as well as fails to align itself with common and deeply held moral intuitions. Hence the conflict between mainstream libertarianism and the state is not solved by Vallentyne’s proposal.

  • 73.
    Agnhage, Tove
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. University Lille 1, France; Soochow University, China.
    Eco-designed functionalization of polyester fabric2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increased awareness of the textile dyeing and finishing sector’s high impact on the environment due to high water consumption, polluted wastewater, and inefficient use of energy. To reduce environmental impacts, researchers propose the use of dyes from natural sources. The purpose of using these is to impart new attributes to textiles without compromising on environmental sustainability. The attributes given to the textile can be color and/or other characteristics. A drawback however, is that the use of bio-sourced dyes is not free from environmental concerns. Thus, it becomes paramount to assess the environmental impacts from using them and improve the environmental profile, but studies on this topic are generally absent.

    The research presented in this thesis has included environmental impact assessment, using the life cycle assessment (LCA) tool, in the design process of a multifunctional polyester (PET) fabric using natural anthraquinones. By doing so an eco-design approach has been applied, with the intention to pave the way towards eco-sustainable bio-functionalization of textiles.

    The anthraquinones were obtained from the root extracts of the madder plant (Rubia tinctorum L.), referred to as madder dye. The research questions were therefore formulated related to the use of madder dye. Three research questions have been answered: (I) Can madder dye serve as a multifunctional species onto a PET woven fabric? (II) How does the environmental profile of the dyeing process of PET with madder dye look like, and how can it be improved? (III) What are the main challenges in using LCA to assess the environmental impacts of textile dyeing with plant-based dyes?

    It is concluded that there is a potential for the madder dye to serve as a multifunctional species onto PET. Based on the encouraging result, a recommendation for future work would be to focus on the durability of the functionalities presented and their improvement potential, both in exhaustion dyeing and pad-dyeing. LCA driven process optimization of the exhaustion dyeing enabled improvement in every impact category studied. However, several challenges have been identified which need to be overcome for the LCA to contribute to the sustainable use of multifunctional plant-based species in textile dyeing. The main challenges are the lack of available data at the research stage and the interdisciplinary nature of the research arena. It is envisaged that if these challenges are addressed, LCA can contribute towards sustainable bio-functionalization of textiles. 

  • 74.
    Agnhage, Tove
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Nierstrasz, Vincent
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Perwuelz, A.
    Guan, J.P.
    Chen, G.Q.
    Eco-design innovative methods for fabric finishing2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 75.
    Ahl, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Hjälte, L
    Johansson, C
    Wireklint-Sundström, Birgitta
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Jonsson, Anders
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Culture and care in the Swedish ambulance services2005In: Emergency Nurse, ISSN 1354-5752, E-ISSN 2047-8984, Vol. 13, no 8, 30-36 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 76.
    Ahl, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Nyström, Maria
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    To Handle the Unexpected: The meaning of caring in pre-hospital emergency care2012In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 20, no 1, 33-41 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The patient’s voice has not been present to the same degree as the professional perspective in caring research in a pre-hospital context. In order to further develop and improve pre-hospital care, it is therefore important to explore patients’ situations not only in life threatening but also in non-traumatic situations. This is especially important as these patients might be defined as inappropriate attendees of ambulance services. The aim of this study was to interpret and explain experiences of caring in pre-hospital care situations that are not defined as traumatic or life threatening. Twenty informants aged between 34 and 82 years were interviewed. The design of the study was exploratory, and it used an interpretative approach in order to understand the meaning of pre-hospital caring. The findings show that pre-hospital caring can be understood and explained as a matter of interplay between carer(s) and patient with potentials for positive as well as negative outcomes. Our conclusion is that the initial meeting is of vital importance in how patients experience pre-hospital care. It is suggested that general public information on the development of Swedish pre-hospital care received in turn may facilitate the first encounter between patient and carer(s).

  • 77.
    Ahl, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Nyström, Maria
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Jansson, L
    Making up one’s mind: Patients Experiences of Calling an Ambulance2006In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 14, no 1, 11-19 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of the inappropriate use of ambulance transport and care has mainly been studied from the professionals’ and caregivers’ perspective, with few studies focusing on the patient and his/her experiences. To further understand whether patients use ambulance care in an inappropriate manner and, if so, why, it is important to obtain an overall picture of the patients’ existential situation at the time they call an ambulance. The aim of this study was to analyse and describe patients’ experiences related to the decision to call an ambulance and the wait for it to arrive. The design was explorative, and twenty informants aged between 34 and 82 years were interviewed. Qualitative content analyses were performed. The findings showed that calling for an ambulance is a major decision that is preceded by hesitation and attempts to handle the situation by oneself. Our conclusion is that the definition of inappropriate use of valuable health care resources should not be based solely on the professionals’ point of view but also take account of the patients’ reactions when they experience a threat to their life and health.

  • 78.
    Ahl, Karin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Svenningsson, Frida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Ett tack räcker långt: En kvalitativ studie om arbetsmotivation på ettserviceföretag2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetsmotivation är ett ämne inom arbetsvetenskapen som vi anser intressant att få en djupare förståelse kring. Vi har genomfört en kvalitativ studie utifrån ett fenomenologiskt perspektiv. Syftet var att ta del av respondenternas subjektiva livsvärldar och undersöka hur medarbetare på ett serviceföretag motiveras i sitt dagliga arbete samt att fånga upp ifall det finns motiverande omständigheter som saknas. Vi valde att använda oss av ett hälso- och skönhetsföretag som utmärks av arbetsförhållanden som långa arbetsdagar, obekväma arbetstider och en stressig arbetsmiljö.

    Vi samlade in vår empiri genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med sju medarbetare på vårt aktuella företag. Resultaten visar att medarbetarna ser faktorer som samhörighet mellan kollegor, meningsfulla arbetsuppgifter, personligt intresse i yrket samt ledarskapet på företaget som mycket viktiga för arbetsmotivationen. De faktorer som medarbetarna saknade i sitt dagliga arbete var uppskattning, både personlig och materiell, delaktighet i arbetet, kollektiva prestationsmål och kompetensutveckling.

    Vi diskuterar vårt resultat utifrån; Herzbergs tvåfaktorsteori, Maslows behovshierarki, Hackman & Oldhams motivationsteori, samt Deci och Ryans Self Determination Theory. Vi använder oss även av tidigare forskning ut förd av Wiley, Achim, Dragolea, Bălan, Grant, Basford och Offermann.

    Slutsatsen från vår studie är bland annat att det inte är stora och kostsamma belöningar som motiverar medarbetarna i det dagliga arbetet, utan ett enkelt tack räcker långt.

  • 79. Ahlberger, Christer
    et al.
    Strömberg, Lars G.University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    The figure in the Coat of Arms of the University Collge of Borås2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 80.
    Ahlborg, Ulrika
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Nordgren, Pernilla
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av moralisk stress: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Moralisk stress uppstår när sjuksköterskan vet vad som är moraliskt rätt att göra i en situation men hindras från att göra detta på grund av rådande arbetsförhållanden. Sjuksköterskan med sin akademiska utbildning inom vårdvetenskap samt en grundläggande önskan om att kunna hjälpa och att göra gott mot andra, arbetar idag i en vårdorganisation med allt större fokus på ekonomi och effektivitet. Det sjuksköterskan fostrats i inom vårdvetenskapen kan upplevas allt svårare att leva upp till. Obalansen mellan vårdbehov och vårdtillgång försätter dagligen sjuksköterskor i situationer som skapar moralisk stress.

    Syftet med föreliggande studie är att beskriva sjuksköterskors upplevelser av moralisk stress. Metoden i föreliggande studie är en litteraturstudie baserad på 11 kvalitativa och kvantitativa vetenskapliga artiklar. Materialet har analyserats och tematiserats. Resultatet presenteras i tre teman och åtta underteman. De tre huvudtemana är: Moralisk stress relaterat till vårdandet, moralisk stress relaterat till arbetsmiljö och organisation samt moralisk stress relaterat till sjuksköterskan. Resultatet visar att sjuksköterskor upplever moralisk stress. Moralisk stress upplevs i olika situationer och av olika anledningar. Den vanligaste orsaken till moralisk stress är hög arbetsbelastning relaterat till otillräcklig bemanning. Moralisk stress kan leda till att sjuksköterskor lämnar sitt yrke inom vården. I diskussionen lyfts bland annat hur moralisk stress får konsekvenser för vårdrelationen och vårdkvaliteten men också för sjuksköterskorna själva och deras inställning till sitt arbete.

  • 81.
    Ahlfvengren, Ellinor
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sandberg, Minna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Effekter av en integrerad artikelstandardisering ochinförande av variantmoduler2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor thesis examines how a changed production structure affects one Swedishmanufacturing corporation’s competitiveness, when competition from global low priceoptions with short delivery times is increasing. By switching production structure from “maketo stock” to “assembly to order” and by standardizing articles, to some extent, modularizeproducts, the customer order decoupling point moves back in the production process. Thecomponents are assembled into finished products when the orders arrive, thus helping toreduce the number of stocked variant articles, and generally to decrease the value of fixedcapital.The cost savings this entails can be used to develop order-winning properties, to improveproduct quality, increase the added value and extend the warranty or work to become anenvironmentally friendly alternative, which strengthens the brand.

  • 82.
    Ahlgren, Mathilda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Kompetens om palliativ vård hos sjuksköterskor i kommunens hemsjukvård: en enkätstudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kompetens om palliativ vård hos sjuksköterskor är nödvändigt för att främja vårdens kvalitet och därigenom patientens livskvalitet. Det är dock oklart hur kompetensen om palliativ vård ser ut bland sjuksköterskor som arbetar i hemsjukvården. Syftet med studien var att beskriva och jämföra kompetensen om palliativ vård hos sjuksköterskor i kommunens hemsjukvård.

    Studien är kvantitativ med deduktiv ansats. Datainsamlingen genomfördes med en enkät som skickades ut till 256 sjuksköterskor som arbetar inom hemsjukvården i Jönköpings kommun. Av dessa svarade 63 på enkäten vilket gav en svarsfrekvens på 25 %. Enkäten undersökte sjuksköterskors kompetens i palliativ vård utifrån kunskap om symtomlindring, systematisk användning av skattningsinstrument, kompetens i teamarbete, att samtala och att möta människor i livets slutskede.

    Resultatet visade att kompetensen var lägre gällande systematisk användning av skattningsinstrument vid vanligt förekommande symtom jämfört med övriga kompetensområden. Kompetens gällande symtomlindring, skattning och teamarbete var samtliga lägst vid fatigue i jämförelse med smärta, illamående, oro och munhälsa. Det fanns en skillnad mellan grundutbildade och specialistutbildade sjuksköterskors kompetens, där de specialistutbildades kompetens var högre vad gäller kunskap om symtomlindring respektive kompetens i teamarbete vid fatigue och vid problem i munhålan. Kompetens i att samtala med unga anhöriga var låg hos både grund - och specialistutbildade sjuksköterskor.

    Resultatet ska tolkas med stor försiktighet med tanke på den låga svarsfrekvensen och att enkäten/instrumentet inte är psykometriskt testat. Givet dessa svagheter kan det dock finnas utvecklingspotential gällande systematisk användning av skattningsinstrument. Fatigue behöver uppmärksammas och kompetensen öka både vad gäller symtomlindring, skattning och teamarbete vid fatigue. Kompetens i att samtala med barn och ungdomar som är anhöriga var låg, vilket tyder på behov av stöd och handledning till sjuksköterskor samt tillgång till riktlinjer vid möte med unga anhöriga.

  • 83.
    Ahlgren, Per
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Query Expansion2002In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 5, no 4, 157- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 84.
    Ahlgren, Per
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Query Expansion2002In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 5, no 4, 157- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 85.
    Ahlgren, Per
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    The effects of indexing strategy-query term combination on retrieval effectiveness in a Swedish full text database2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 86.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Grönqvist, Leif
    Evaluation of retrieval effectiveness with incomplete relevance data: theoretical and experimental comparison of three measures2008In: Information Processing & Management, ISSN 0306-4573, E-ISSN 1873-5371, Vol. 44, no 1, 212-225 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates two relatively new measures of retrieval effectiveness in relation to the problem of incomplete relevance data. The measures, Bpref and RankEff, which do not take into account documents that have not been relevance judged, are compared theoretically and experimentally. The experimental comparisons involve a third measure, the well-known mean uninterpolated average precision. The results indicate that RankEff is the most stable of the three measures when the amount of relevance data is reduced, with respect to system ranking and absolute values. In addition, RankEff has the lowest error-rate.

  • 87.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Grönqvist, Leif
    Measuring retrieval effectiveness with incomplete relevance data2006In: Current Research in Information Sciences and Technologies. Multidisciplinary approaches to global information systems / [ed] Vicente P Guerrero-Bote, Open Institute of Knowledge , 2006, 74- p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 88.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Grönqvist, Leif
    Retrieval evaluation with incomplete relevance data: a comparative study of three measures2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 89.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Jarneving, Bo
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Bibliographic coupling, common abstract stems and clustering: a comparison of two document-document similarity approaches in the context of science mapping2008In: The Scientist (Philadelphia, Pa.), ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 76, no 2, 273-290 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 90.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Jarneving, Bo
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Rousseau, R.
    Requirements for a cocitation similarity measure, with special reference to Pearson's correlation coefficient2003In: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 54, no 6, 550-560 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Ahlgren, Jarneving, and. Rousseau review accepted procedures for author co-citation analysis first pointing out that since in the raw data matrix the row and column values are identical i,e, the co-citation count of two authors, there is no clear choice for diagonal values. They suggest the number of times an author has been co-cited with himself excluding self citation rather than the common treatment as zeros or as missing values. When the matrix is converted to a similarity matrix the normal procedure is to create a matrix of Pearson's r coefficients between data vectors. Ranking by r and by co-citation frequency and by intuition can easily yield three different orders. It would seem necessary that the adding of zeros to the matrix will not affect the value or the relative order of similarity measures but it is shown that this is not the case with Pearson's r. Using 913 bibliographic descriptions form the Web of Science of articles form JASIS and Scientometrics, authors names were extracted, edited and 12 information retrieval authors and 12 bibliometric authors each from the top 100 most cited were selected. Co-citation and r value (diagonal elements treated as missing) matrices were constructed, and then reconstructed in expanded form. Adding zeros can both change the r value and the ordering of the authors based upon that value. A chi-squared distance measure would not violate these requirements, nor would the cosine coefficient. It is also argued that co-citation data is ordinal data since there is no assurance of an absolute zero number of co-citations, and thus Pearson is not appropriate. The number of ties in co-citation data make the use of the Spearman rank order coefficient problematic.

  • 91.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Jarneving, Bo
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Rousseau, Ronald
    Letter to the editor. Author Cocitation Analysis and Pearson's r2004In: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 9, no 55, 843-844 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 92.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Jarneving, Bo
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Rousseau, Ronald
    Letter to the editor. Rejoinder: In Defense of Formal Methods2004In: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 10, no 55, 935-936 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 93.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Kekäläinen, Jaana
    Indexing strategies for Swedish full text retrieval under different user scenarios2007In: Information Processing & Management, ISSN 0306-4573, E-ISSN 1873-5371, Vol. 43, no 1, 81-102 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 94.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Kekäläinen, Jaana
    Swedish full text retrieval: effectiveness of different combinations of indexing strategies with query terms2006In: Information retrieval (Boston), ISSN 1386-4564, E-ISSN 1573-7659, Vol. 9, no 6, 681- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 95.
    Ahlqvist, Alexander
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Karlsson, Johanna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Allas samling: Pedagogers möjligheter att öka inkluderandet av barn isamlingen.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att öka förståelsen om pedagogers möjlighet att öka inkluderandet av barn isamlingar. Vi vill i vår undersökning även synliggöra de strategier pedagogerna anser varamest effektfulla för att öka inkluderandet av barn under dessa tillfällen. Data samlades in meden kvalitativ metod, där vi använde observationer och fältanteckningar, samt genomförde enintervju med vardera pedagogen i direkt anslutning till varje observation. Resultatet avundersökningen visar att sång och musik används frekvent i samlingar och att detta enligtpedagogerna anses vara den mest effektfulla samlingen i syfte att inkludera så många barnsom möjligt. Vidare framkommer även att barns inflytande bör ligga till grund för samlingensinnehåll samt att pedagogerna har olika tolkningar om begreppet ”frivillig samling” ochhuruvida den bidrar till ökad inkludering. I resultatet framgår det även att barngrupper medfärre barn är att föredra då inkluderandet av barn oftare och enklare sker i smågrupper dåsamtalsstrukturen i dessa samlingar har godare förutsättningar.

  • 96. Ahlqvist, Elisabet
    Från A till B: Hur svårt kan det va'? Fjärrlån på nationell nivå2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fjärrlån på nationell nivå Att få boken från A till B är grunduppgiften, tämligen enkelt, eller? Ja, i tanken ganska enkelt… men det är relativt komplicerat och dessutom dyrt! Mitt fokus - yttre logistiken Jag kommer inte att fördjupa mig i alla delar inom den sk. fjärrlånekedjan, utan kommer att fokusera på just transportfrågorna, det som i Lätt att hitta - lått att låna kallas för den yttre logistiken. Jag vill med min text belysa att en nationell samordning av transporterna är fullt möjlig, men också att det är ett stort åtagande som kräver stort arbete. Det kommer också att påverka fjärrlåneströmmarna i Sverige. KB har sedan första januari 2009 ett ramavtal för en komplett tjänst med sortering, paketering och transport av biblioteksmedier med leverantören NBT/SBT. Jag kommer att beskriva hur vi tog oss dit, vad som händer nu och fundera något över möjligheter och problem i framtiden. Ett förslag från HISS-biblioteken som bedrivit ett samtransportprojekt med positivt utfall resulterade i att Avdelningen för Nationell samverkan fick ansvaret för en ramavtals-upphandling för Samverkansbibliotekens räkning. Arbetet tog sin början i januari 2008 och tog närmare ett år i anspråk. Arbetet bedrevs i två grupperingar; en operativ grupp bestående av KB:s upphandlingshandläggare Karin Jortfelt, upphandlingsjuristen Magnus Josephson och jag själv. Till vår hjälp hade vi en referensgrupp med ordförande Gunilla Herdenberg, KB:s ekonomichef Peter Olin och sex representanter från bibliotek i HISS-gruppen.

  • 97. Ahlqvist, Elisabet
    Kampen om boken2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Yes! Antagen till utbildningen, nu är det bara att komma i gång med studierna… Biblioteket hälsar de nya studenterna välkomna och presenterar sina tjänster och samlingar, här finns det du behöver! Men riktigt så enkelt är det kanske inte, kampen om boken har börjat. Kampen om just den boken som alla andra också behöver! Låna, köpa; nytt eller begagnat? Kopiera, fotografera, scanna, bilda bokkooperativ med kurskompisarna? Packa matsäck och slå sig ner i biblioteket med ett daglån? Skilda strategier beroende på studiesituation, campus eller distans, variationerna är otaliga!

  • 98.
    Ahlqvist, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Koitrand, Malin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Vårdares upplevelser av att vårda patienter som är vakna med respirator2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Trenderna inom sedering har på senaste tid gått från djup till lätt sedering. Tidigare forskning indikerar att detta är fysiologiskt gynnsamt för patienterna och att det upplevs som positivt av både patienter och närstående. Dock är det relativt outforskat hur detta nya arbetssätt upplevs av vårdarna kring patienten och hur det påverkar deras arbetssituation. Denna studie syftade till att undersöka vårdares upplevelser av att vårda patienter som är vakna med respirator på en intensivvårdsavdelning. En kvalitativ ansats valdes. Sjuksköterskor och undersköterskor på två olika intensivvårdsavdelningar intervjuades i fokusgrupper. Totalt deltog tolv informanter, där två fokusgruppsintervjuer genomfördes med sjuksköterskor och två fokusgruppsintervjuer med undersköterskor. En kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes för att analysera materialet, vilket resulterade i fem huvudkategorier och tolv subkategorier.

    Resultatet presenterades genom följande huvudkategorier: ökad stress hos vårdaren, ökade krav på vårdaren, en resurskrävande vårdform, patienten blir en person samt krav på teamsamverkan. I resultatet framkom att vård av patienter som är vakna med respirator bidrog till en möjlighet att bättre lära känna patienten och därmed få ett mer stimulerande arbete. Men det upplevdes också som utmanande och krävande av vårdarna, vilket ledde till känslor av otillräcklighet och stress. För att ta tillvara på de positiva effekterna av att ha patienten mer vaken krävs resurser och en multiprofessionell teamsamverkan.

  • 99.
    Ahlqvist, Petter
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Vagiström, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Kravställning på Incidenthanteringssystem2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of IT-related services has increased massively over the past years and it shows no signs to stop. But alongside the usage increasing the risks also increases, because what will happen when the IT-services that so many rely upon suddenly cease to function, or in other ways become inaccessible? To protect against such scenarios it is increasingly more common for IT-service businesses to use incident management, whose purpose is to recover IT-services to their functional state, using predefined processes, should an event occur. It is common for IT-service businesses when implementing an incident management process to use some kind of framework or method to facilitate and streamline its work process, and as of writing this paper, the most used frameworks are ITIL and COBIT.

    It is very common for an IT-service business that in the incident management process develop a system or application whose purpose is to facilitate and streamline the incident management, and these are commonly referred to as Incident Management Systems. Even though ITIL and COBIT being widely used worldwide, there are some weaknesses in them, regarding Incident Management Systems, since both of the frameworks lack focus and depth of what an Incident Management System should manage. Such lack of focus and depth of a vital and central part of the Incident Management process, may prove expensive to IT-service businesses since the business needs to investigate what the system needs to manage, and how to manage it.

    This paper address the problem with ITIL and COBIT lack of focus and depth regarding the central part of the incident management process, the Incident Management System by investigating and reciprocate the following questions.

    Which implied and explicit requirements should an Incident Management System meet?

    Which Incident Management System requirements can be found from the most used frameworks regarding Incident Management?

    How well does the identified requirements match those requirements made by a real world company?

    The target audience for this paper is mainly IT-service business or individuals that considers themselves in need of a compilation of requirements that an Incident Management System should meet and can be used as a supporting tool when implementing or purchasing a new Incident Management System. By identifying requirements that an Incident Management Systems should meet from the most used framework regarding Incident Management, this paper will contribute with means for the implementation of the Incident Management System, reducing the costs for the investigation of demands of such a system. It will also present interested parties with a concrete example, the single case study, to compare with the requirements from the frameworks, contributing with a benchmark for IT-service business to start from when implementing or purchasing an Incident Management System.

  • 100.
    Ahlstrom, Linda
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Improving Work Ability and Return to Work among Women on Long-term Sick Leave2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis was to gain new knowledge of factors and interventions that improve work ability and return to work (RTW) among women on long-term sick leave from human service organizations (HSOs). The specific aims of the studies were: to evaluate the associations between the self-rated Work Ability Index (WAI) and Work Ability Score (WAS), and the relationship with prospective sick leave, symptoms, and health (Paper I); to investigate whether intervention with myofeedback training or intensive muscular strength training could decrease pain and increase work ability among women with neck pain (Paper II); to examine the associations between workplace rehabilitation and the combination of supportive conditions at work with work ability and RTW over time (Paper III); and to explore experiences, views, and strategies in the rehabilitation process for RTW (Paper IV). This thesis is based on a prospective cohort study (n=324) and a randomized controlled study (RCT) (n=60, participants with neck pain). Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used. The data collection consisted of questionnaires, laboratory-observed data, register-based data, and interviews. The results showed a very strong association between WAI and WAS, and results predicted future sick leave degree, health-related quality of life, vitality, neck pain, self-rated general health, self-rated mental health, behavioral stress, and current stress (Paper I). In the RCT (Paper II), individuals in the myofeedback intervention group increased their vitality and work ability over time and individuals in the intensive musculoskeletal strength training group increased their WAI, WAS, and mental health over time. WAI, WAS, and RTW increased over time among individuals provided with workplace rehabilitation and supportive conditions at work (Paper III) such as a sense of feeling welcome back at work, influence at work, possibilities for development, degree of freedom at work, meaning of work, quality of leadership, social support, sense of community, and work satisfaction. Women described (Paper IV) how they were striving to work and how they had different views, strategies, and approaches in the rehabilitation process for RTW. They expressed a desire to work, their goals for work, and their wishes for work. In the rehabilitation process for RTW they described their interaction with stakeholders as either controlling the interaction or struggling in the interaction. They described strategies to cope with RTW in terms of yo-yo (fluctuating) working: yo-yo working as a strategy or yo-yo working as a consequence. This thesis identifies factors of importance in improving work ability and RTW among women on long-term sick leave from HSOs. For women with neck pain, the intervention study showed feasibility of the intervention and demonstrated improved work ability and decreased pain (Paper II). The intensive muscular strength training program, which is easy for the individual to learn and perform at home, was associated with increased work ability. The results regarding rehabilitation highlight the importance of integrating workplace rehabilitation with supportive conditions at work to increase work ability and improve RTW (Paper III). Women expressed that they were striving to work and that they wanted to work (Paper IV). These women were “going in and out” of work participation (yo-yo working) as a way to handle the rehabilitation process. For assessing the status and progress of work ability among women on long-term sick leave, the single-question WAS may be used as a compliment to the full WAI as a simple indicator (Paper I).

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