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  • 51.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Synthesis of reactive soybean oils for use as biobased thermoset resins in structural natural fibre composites2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 52.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Synthetic modification of reactive soybean oils for use as biobased thermoset resins in structural natural fiber composites2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 53.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Synthetic modification of reactive soybean oils for use as biobased thermoset resins in structural natural fiber composites2008In: Polymer Preprints, ISSN 0551-4657, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 279-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 54.
    Adessa, C.
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Sonnenwald, Diane H.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Exploring collaboration among historically black universities and doctoral/research universities in the USA2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the USA, historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) seldom have sufficient resources and infrastructure to support faculty and student research or doctoral education. In contrast, doctoral/research universities (DRUs) have extensive resources and infrastructure to support research and doctoral education. istoricHBoth HBCUs and DRUs have talented faculty and students, and collaboration between faculty and students and HBCUs and DRUs has the potential of increasing the physical and intellectual resources brought to bear in research and student education. However, not all collaborations are successful. We studied four instances of collaboration among HBCUs and DRUs to investigate points of tension, identify successful practices, and gather suggestions for improving existing and future collaborations between institutions with different cultural heritages and organizational priorities.

  • 55. Adielsson, A
    et al.
    Hollenberg, J
    Karlsson, T
    Lindqvist, J
    Lundin, S
    Silfverstolpe, J
    Svensson, L
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Increase in survival and bystander CPR in out-of-hospital shockable arrhythmia: bystander CPR and female gender are predictors of improved outcome. Experiences from Sweden in an 18-year perspective2011In: Heart, ISSN 1355-6037, E-ISSN 1468-201X, Vol. 97, no 17, p. 1391-1396Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives In a national perspective, to describe survival among patients found in ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia witnessed by a bystander and with a presumed cardiac aetiology and answer two principal questions: (1) what are the changes over time? and (2) which are the factors of importance? Design Observational register study. Setting Sweden. Patients All patients included in the Swedish Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest Register between 1 January 1990 and 31 December 2009 who were found in bystander-witnessed ventricular fibrillation with a presumed cardiac aetiology. Interventions Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation. Main outcome measures Survival to 1 month. Results In all, 7187 patients fulfilled the set criteria. Age, place of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and gender did not change. Bystander CPR increased from 46% to 73%; 95% CI for OR 1.060 to 1.081 per year. The median delay from collapse to defibrillation increased from 12 min to 14 min (p for trend 0.0004). Early survival increased from 28% to 45% (95% CI 1.044 to 1.065) and survival to 1 month increased from 12% to 23% (95% CI 1.058 to 1.086). Strong predictors of early and late survival were a short interval from collapse to defibrillation, bystander CPR, female gender and OHCA outside the home. Conclusion In a long-term perspective in Sweden, survival to 1 month after ventricular fibrillation almost doubled. This was associated with a marked increase in bystander CPR. Strong predictors of outcome were a short delay to defibrillation, bystander CPR, female gender and place of collapse.

  • 56.
    Adielsson, Anna
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Aune, Solveig
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Ravn-Fischer, Annica
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Measurements of time intervals after in-hospital cardiac arrest give important information but can be further improved.2016In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 57.
    Adielsson, Anna
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Karlsson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Aune, Solveig
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Lundin, Stefan
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Hirlekar, Geir
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Ravn-Fischer, Annica
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    A 20-year perspective of in hospital cardiac arrest: Experiences from a university hospital with focus on wards with and without monitoring facilities.2016In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 216, p. 194-199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Knowledge about change in the characteristics and outcome of in hospital cardiac arrests (IHCAs) is insufficient.

    AIM: To describe a 20year perspective of in hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) in wards with and without monitoring capabilities.

    SETTINGS: Sahlgrenska University Hospital (800 beds). The number of beds varied during the time of survey from 850-746 TIME: 1994-2013.

    METHODS: Retrospective registry study. Patients were assessed in four fiveyear intervals.

    INCLUSION CRITERIA: Witnessed and nonwitnessed IHCAs when cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was attempted.

    EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Age below 18years.

    RESULTS: In all, there were 2340 patients with IHCA during the time of the survey. 30-Day survival increased significantly in wards with monitoring facilities from 43.5% to 55.6% (p=0.002) for trend but not in wards without such facilities (p=0.003 for interaction between wards with/without monitoring facilities and time period). The CPC-score among survivors did not change significantly in any of the two types of wards. In wards with monitoring facilities there was a significant reduction of the delay time from collapse to start of CPR and an increase in the proportion of patients who were defibrillated before the arrival of the rescue team. In wards without such facilities there was a significant reduction of the delay from collapse to defibrillation. However, the latter observation corresponds to a marked decrease in the proportion of patients found in ventricular fibrillation.

    CONCLUSION: In a 20year perspective the treatment of in hospital cardiac arrest was characterised by a more rapid start of treatment. This was reflected in a significant increase in 30-day survival in wards with monitoring facilities. In wards without such facilities there was a decrease in patients found in ventricular fibrillation.

  • 58. Adolfsson, Petra
    et al.
    Solli, Rolf
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Demediuk, Peter
    Medborgarbudget: erfarenheter från tre svenska pilotkommuner2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport beskrivs och diskuteras erfarenheterna av att arbeta med medborgarbudget i tre svenska pilotkommuner. De tre kommunerna deltog år 2008–2011 i ett nätverk som initierades av Sveriges kommuner och lands- ting (SKL) med fokus på att stötta ett införande av medborgarbudget som en del i kommunernas beslutsprocesser. I rapporten presenteras en modell som kan utgöra ett stöd för att visa och analysera vilka dimensioner som kan vara väsentliga att uppmärksamma i ett initiativ för att införa medborgarbudget som del i kommuners arbete. En redogörelse för kommunernas arbete och val kring initiativ med att införa medborgarbudget ges. I fokus för kommunernas intresse för med- borgarbudget har främst demokrati och delaktighet för medborgare stått. Initiativen hade vid nätverkets avslutning nått en begränsad grupp av med- verkande personer i pilotkommunerna. De aktiviteter som medborgarbud- getprojekten lett till hade dock i flera fall nått en större mängd medborgare än de som var direkt involverande i förslags- och röstningsförfarande, då projekten ofta resulterade i evenemang eller mindre byggprojekt som nådde en bredare publik.

  • 59.
    Adrianson, Lillemor
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ancok, Djamaludin
    Ramdhani, Neila
    Archer, Trevor
    Cultural influences upon health, affect, self-esteem and impulsiveness: An Indonesian-Swedish comparison2013In: International Journal of Research Studies in Psychology, ISSN 2243-7681, E-ISSN 2243-769X, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 25-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examines several personal attributes that distinguish the personal profiles of individuals, from Indonesian and Swedish cultures, according to self-reports of positive and negative effect, stress and energy, self-esteem, hospital anxiety and depression, dispositional optimism and health. Indonesian participants expressed both more PA and more NA than Swedish participants but less stress and a higher energy-stress quotient than the Swedish participants. Additionally, the former expressed a higher level of optimism and self-esteem, but also more depression, and less impulsiveness than the latter. Younger participants expressed less positive affect and more negative affect and impulsiveness than older participants who expressed both more stress and a higher energy stress quotient. Regression analyses indicated that PA was predicted by optimism and health whereas NA was predicted by anxiety and depression and impulsiveness and counter predicted by health. The present findings are discussed according to the notion of emotional regulation according to which individuals differ in their use of emotion regulation strategies such as reappraisal and suppression, and these individual differences have implications for affect, well-being, and social relationships.

  • 60.
    Adrianson, Lillemor
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ramdhani, Neila
    Why you and not me? Expressions of envy in Indonesia and Sweden.2014In: International Journal of Research Studies in Psychology, ISSN 2243-7681, E-ISSN 2243-769X, Vol. 3, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to describe experience of envy in two different cultures, Indonesia and Sweden. Envy is a feeling that most people have experienced and mostly regards as shameful. The concept relates to a variety of feeling that shows its complexity. The result shows that envy had a wider meaning in the Indonesian language than in Swedish, and consisted of emotional words that were rare among the Swedish respondents. The Swedish respondents’ descriptions were, with few exceptions, connected to a malicious (ill will) meaning while it was obvious that the Javanese respondents used also the concept of benign envy (without ill will). Jealousy and envy seemed to overlap each other more in Bahasa Indonesia than in the Swedish use of the words. The latter had a distinct word for schadenfreude that was lacking in Bahasa Indonesia. For the Swedish respondents, wanting to have what another person possesses was a central element of envy, for example prosperity or competence. The Javanese respondents stressed relationships, achievements and personal characteristics’ as main causes for envy. Both the Swedish and Javanese respondents reported that a person who they knew and with whom they had an established relationship, such as a friend or a fellow student, had envied them and the causes for this were about the same as their own.

  • 61. Adriansson, C
    et al.
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Bergbom, I
    The use of topical anaesthesia at children's minor lacerations: an experimental study2004In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 74-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In a great many situations within health care and treatment, children are subjected to unnecessary pain and suffering. When local anaesthetics is to be administered the child can experience this as incomprehensible especially when the nursing staff assures the child that no pain would be felt, only to discover soon after, that it actually did hurt at the moment of anaesthetic infiltration. The soothing of pain during the suturing of wounds in emergency wards can be reduced, ensuring that unnecessary pain in the cafe-and-treatment process is mot meted out to children. In order to prevent this (subjection to unnecessary pain), and by improving accepted practice, it was interesting to investigate whether children felt pain at the time of infiltration anaesthesia following the initial topical anaesthesia. Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of introductory topical anaesthesia using Xylocain solution dropped in the wound prior to a definitive infiltration-anaesthesia. An experimental, prospective design was used where children were included in either an experimental group or a control group. The experimental group (n=10) were given a Xylocain solution while the control group (n=10) received physiological Sodium solution. Data collection for the study was made by making VAS estimates and by interviews. Result: The study shows that a certain alleviation of pain does occur when using Xylocain but no statistically significant difference exists between the two groups. Irrespective of whether the children received an introductory topical anaesthesia with Xylocain or Sodium solution at the time of infiltration anaesthesia, they expressed pain in connection with infiltration. The study also shows that many children express fear and anxiety. Conclusion: Current research highlights the difficulties involved in offering children a really satisfactory form of pain relief in connection with infiltration anaesthesia and suturing of wounds. It is urgent to throw more light on children’s pain, both from a nursing and from a medical point of view. No statistically significant difference was found in children’s reported pain, after treatment with Xylocain but the solution can have a positive effect at the time of the infiltration jab, but a larger study needs to be done in order to establish this firmly.

  • 62. Agborg, Mette
    et al.
    Berger, Lisa
    IDA: från projekt till levande verksamhet2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vuxenstuderande är en viktig målgrupp för folkbiblioteken och biblioteken en betydelsefull resurs för målgruppen. Att etablera ett fungerade samarbete med vuxenutbildningen borde vara självklart. På vilket sätt är inte lika självklart. Hur vi kan bygga upp en sådan ömsesidig relation ser förstås olika ut beroende på förutsättningarna och idéerna hos biblioteken och vilka utbildningar och andra samarbetspartners som finns på orten. Verksamhet riktad till vuxenstuderande är ständigt i förändring. IDA verksamheten i Malmö Stad har förändrats, från projekt till levande verksamhet. Från traditionell biblioteksservice till behovsanpassad service. För att möta våra besökares behov kommer den fortsätta att vara i förändring.

  • 63. Agebjörn, Hanna
    et al.
    Nilsson, Mia
    Litteracitet, små barn och ipad: en fallstudie av ett barnbiblioteks användande av ny teknik i en läsfrämjande kontext2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta paper utgår från, och är en kortare bearbetning av, vår masteruppsats med samma namn, skriven våren 2013 inom ämnet biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap vid Lunds Universitet, masterprogrammet i ABM. Uppsatsen i sin helhet återfinns på http://www.lu.se/lup/publication/3809044.

  • 64. Agesund, Ann-Kristin
    Textibel®: Textiles as Furniture2008In: The Nordic Textile Journal 2008, Special Edition Smart Textiles, p. 126-145Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 65.
    Aghajani, M
    et al.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Babol Noushirvani University of Technology.
    Rahimpour, A
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Babol Noushirvani University of Technology.
    Amani, H
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Babol Noushirvani University of Technology.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Rhamnolipid as new bio-agent for cleaning of ultrafiltration membrane fouled by whey2018In: Engineering in Life Sciences, ISSN 1618-0240, E-ISSN 1618-2863, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 272-280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, rhamnolipid biosurfactant as an eco-friendly and biodegradable cleaning agent was produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria and was used to evaluate the chemical cleaning efficiency of whey fouled ultrafiltration membranes. Thin layer chromatography (TLC) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) confirmed the successful synthesis of rhamnolipid. The produced rhamnolipid was compared to chemical cleaners including sodium hydroxide (NaOH), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and Tween 20. Ultrafiltration membranes used for fouling and cleaning analysis were prepared using phase inversion via immersion precipitation technique. For studying the fouling mechanisms, Hermia's model adapted to cross-flow was used. From the fouling mechanism experiments, it was found that the complete blocking and cake formation were the dominant fouling mechanisms. The highest values of cleaning efficiency were achieved using rhamnolipid and NaOH as cleaning agents with the flux recovery of 100%, but with considering the low concentration of the rhamnolipid used in the cleaning solution compared to NaOH (0.3 versus 4 g/L for NaOH), its application is preferred. 

  • 66.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    En rimlig samvetsklausul2016In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 2002-3383Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 67.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Mixing Interest and Control?: Assessing Peter Vallentyne’s Hybrid Theory of Rights2015In: Philosophia (Ramat Gan), ISSN 0048-3893, E-ISSN 1574-9274, Vol. 43, no 4, p. 933-949Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between libertarianism and state is a contested one. Despite pressing full and strict ownership of one’s person and any justly acquired goods, many libertarians have suggested ways in which a state, albeit limited, can be regarded as just. Peter Vallentyne has proposed that all plausible versions of libertarianism are compatible with what he calls ‘private-law states’. His proposal is underpinned by a particular conception of rights, which brings Interest Theory of rights and Will Theory of rights together. If convincing, Vallentyne’s theory of rights enables libertarians to accommodate a limited but nevertheless coercive state that can act without the full consent of the affected citizen. In this paper, it is argued that Vallentyne’s hybrid theory of rights is implausible from a libertarian perspective as well as fails to align itself with common and deeply held moral intuitions. Hence the conflict between mainstream libertarianism and the state is not solved by Vallentyne’s proposal.

  • 68.
    Agnhage, Tove
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. University Lille 1, France; Soochow University, China.
    Eco-designed functionalization of polyester fabric2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increased awareness of the textile dyeing and finishing sector’s high impact on the environment due to high water consumption, polluted wastewater, and inefficient use of energy. To reduce environmental impacts, researchers propose the use of dyes from natural sources. The purpose of using these is to impart new attributes to textiles without compromising on environmental sustainability. The attributes given to the textile can be color and/or other characteristics. A drawback however, is that the use of bio-sourced dyes is not free from environmental concerns. Thus, it becomes paramount to assess the environmental impacts from using them and improve the environmental profile, but studies on this topic are generally absent.

    The research presented in this thesis has included environmental impact assessment, using the life cycle assessment (LCA) tool, in the design process of a multifunctional polyester (PET) fabric using natural anthraquinones. By doing so an eco-design approach has been applied, with the intention to pave the way towards eco-sustainable bio-functionalization of textiles.

    The anthraquinones were obtained from the root extracts of the madder plant (Rubia tinctorum L.), referred to as madder dye. The research questions were therefore formulated related to the use of madder dye. Three research questions have been answered: (I) Can madder dye serve as a multifunctional species onto a PET woven fabric? (II) How does the environmental profile of the dyeing process of PET with madder dye look like, and how can it be improved? (III) What are the main challenges in using LCA to assess the environmental impacts of textile dyeing with plant-based dyes?

    It is concluded that there is a potential for the madder dye to serve as a multifunctional species onto PET. Based on the encouraging result, a recommendation for future work would be to focus on the durability of the functionalities presented and their improvement potential, both in exhaustion dyeing and pad-dyeing. LCA driven process optimization of the exhaustion dyeing enabled improvement in every impact category studied. However, several challenges have been identified which need to be overcome for the LCA to contribute to the sustainable use of multifunctional plant-based species in textile dyeing. The main challenges are the lack of available data at the research stage and the interdisciplinary nature of the research arena. It is envisaged that if these challenges are addressed, LCA can contribute towards sustainable bio-functionalization of textiles. 

  • 69.
    Agnhage, Tove
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Nierstrasz, Vincent
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Perwuelz, A.
    Guan, J.P.
    Chen, G.Q.
    Eco-design innovative methods for fabric finishing2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 70.
    Agnhage, Tove
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Nierstrasz, Vincent
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Zhou, Yuyang
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. Soochow University.
    Guan, Jinping
    Soochow University.
    Perwuelz, Anne
    ENSAIT.
    Behary, Nemeshwaree
    ENSAIT.
    Bioactive and multifunctional textile using plant-based madder dye: Characterization of UV protection ability and antibacterial activity2017In: Fibers And Polymers, ISSN 1229-9197, E-ISSN 1875-0052, ISSN 1229-9197, Vol. 18, no 11, p. 2170-2175Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 71.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Contribution to development of a secured traceability system for textile and clothing supply chain2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Secured traceability implies not only the ability to identify, capture, and share required information on product transformation throughout the supply chain (SC), but also the ability to ensure the security of the traceability data. Due to information asymmetry and lack of transparency, textile and clothing (T&C) industries often face challenges in implementing and maintaining sufficient traceability. The SC actors find it difficult to identify and track the suppliers and sub-suppliers involved. Additionally, the opaque and largely untraceable structure of the SC has enabled the easy intrusion of counterfeits. Hence, a secured traceability system is imperative to ensure that the required traceability data are captured and shared among SC actors, thereby allowing the tracking and tracing of the products in the SC. Further, a secured traceability system helps organizations in various decision-making processes and protects customers from counterfeits. This thesis contributes to the development of a secured traceability system for the T&C sector. It examines traceability at product and information levels, based on the system-of systems approach. At the product level, the thesis introduces a secured traceability tag that can be printed on the textile surface. The secured tag is hard to copy and is durable enough to withstand normal textile use, thus providing sufficient security besides product tagging for traceability implementation. At the information level, the thesis explores and classifies traceability data that can be shared at business-to-business and business-to customer levels for the implementation of secured traceability. Subsequently, a block chain-based traceability framework is proposed for the T&C supply chain to systematically capture and share data in the supply chain network. The proposed framework demonstrates the applicability of shared data infrastructure to traceability without a central authority and develops technology-based trust among the supply chain actors. It relies on no central authority, and has customized data privacy and accessibility rules, thus providing a unique opportunity, flexibility, and authority to all supply chain actors to trace their supply chains and create transparent and sustainable supply chain networks.

  • 72.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. ENSAIT/GEMTEX.
    Campagne, Christine
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Koehl, Ludovic
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Development and characterisation of secured traceability tag for textile products by printing process2018In: The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, ISSN 0268-3768, E-ISSN 1433-3015Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Product security is one of the major concerns in the textile industry. Every year, fashion brands suffer significant loss due to counterfeit products. Addressing this, the paper introduces a secured tag for traceability and security of textile products. The proposed tag is unclonable, which can be manufactured using conventional screen-printing process. Further, it can be read using a smartphone camera to authenticate the product and trace its history. Consequently, imparting additional functionality to the textile through surface modification. To validate its applicability, the study experimentally investigates the durability and readability of the developed secured tag using three different binders on polyester and cotton textiles substrates. A comparison is presented with an in-depth analysis of surfaces and binders interaction at different stages of the secured tag lifecycle, i.e. before print, after print, after wash and after abrasion cycles. The methodology and findings of the study can also be useful for other manufacturing domains dealing with the printing process.

  • 73.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Koehl, Ludovic
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Campagne, Christine
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    A secured tag for implementation of traceability in textile and clothing supply chain2018In: The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, ISSN 0268-3768, E-ISSN 1433-3015Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Textile and clothing industry is one of the oldest manufacturing industries and is a major contributor in the economic growth of developing countries. However, from past few decades, it has been criticised for its opaque, unsecured and untraceable nature of supply chain. Addressing these challenges, the paper proposes a system approach to introduce an item-centric secured traceability concept to monitor and control manufacturing processes and supply chain activities. In order to implement such secured traceability system, the paper describes the process for manufacturing, encoding and validating an innovative two-factor secured tag based on particle randomness that is printed on the surface of textile. Being micro-sized, the particles are easy to read and validate with pattern recognition. Further, as achieved through an uncontrolled manufacturing process, the randomness is unclonable to produce counterfeit tags. Furthermore, a sequence of experimental analyses has been conducted using various simulated scenarios to verify its applicability. A secured tag can be a low-cost and durable substitute for detachable, unsecured identifiers commercially available in the market.

  • 74.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Koehl, Ludovic
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Campagne, Christine
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Cryptographic Tracking Tags for Traceability in Textiles and Clothing Supply Chain2016In: Uncertainty Modelling in Knowledge Engineering and Decision Making / [ed] Xianyi Zeng, Jie Lu, Etienne E Kerre, Luis Martinez and Ludovic Koehl, Singapore: World Scientific, 2016, Vol. 10, p. 800-805Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cryptographic tags are an important entity for tracking and authentication of a product in the today's global supply chain. They act as carriers which map the information with physical product. Further, their importance in Textile and Clothing industry has significantly enhanced due to increased counterfeit activities and complex supply-chain networks. In this context, this paper describes various existing cryptography methods and tags, scope for improvement and possible solutions for their use in Textile and Clothing supply-chain traceability.

  • 75. Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    Koehl, Ludovic
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Campagne, Christine
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Implementing traceability using particle randomness-based textile printed tags2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article introduces a random particle-based traceability tag for textiles. The proposed tag not only act as a unique signature for the corresponding textile product but also possess the features such as easy to manufacture and hard to copy. It seeks applications in brand authentication and traceability in textile and clothing (T&C) supply chain. A prototype has been developed by screen printing process, in which micron-scale particles were mixed with the printing paste and printed on cotton fabrics to attain required randomness. To encode the randomness, the image of the developed tag was taken and analyzed using image processing. The randomness of the particles acts as a product key or unique signature which is required to decode the tag. Finally, washing and abrasion resistance tests were conducted to check the durability of the printed tag.

  • 76. Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    Pal, Rudrajeet
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Classification of traceability information in textile and clothing supply chain: A Delphi-based approach2018In: EurOMA 2018 Proceedings, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study explores empirically the need and requirement of traceability system in Textile and Clothing (T&C) supply chain. A Delphi based survey was conducted with 28 supply chain experts (industry professionals and academicians) to collect qualitative and quantitative data in order to identify and prioritize various factors that influence traceability adoption in T&C supply chains. Based on these factors the study further explores, classifies and suggests information that can be recorded and shared for a complete traceability among T&C supply chain actors, both business-to-business and business-to-customers.  

  • 77.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Pal, Rudrajeet
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Exploring secured traceability systems for implementation in textile and clothing supply chain2018In: Proceeding TIWC conference 2018, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information asymmetry and security are major challenges in multi-tier supply chains. Textile and clothing (T&C) supply chain is one such example significantly affected by these problems. Due to its complex and diverse nature, involved actors find it difficult to connect and secure each supply chain links. Exploiting this situation, a parallel counterfeit market is flourishing and gaining serious momentum. Due to this, T&C industries are suffering huge economic losses and job cuts. Additionally, owing to its opaque and untraceable supply chain, T&C industries have become a world of unethical practices. Secured traceability is an effective tool that has potentials to address these issues and make the T&C supply chain transparent and secured. It is a useful mechanism to track and trace products’ history, know about the manufacturing conditions and at the same time secure it from counterfeits and attacks targeting intellectual properties. In this context, the study conduct survey of supply chain experts to explore and rank the key technological requirements (based on the specific nature of the textile product) and traceability information that can be recorded and secured by a secured traceability system. Further, based on the findings of the survey a review of the literature was conducted to explore state of the art technologies to propose a primary secured traceability structure for the T&C supply chain.

  • 78.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Pal, Rudrajeet
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Towards a secured traceability system for closed-loop textile supply chains2017In: Data Driven Supply Chains / [ed] K. S. Pawar; A. Potter and A. Lisec, Nottingham: Centre for Concurrent Enterprise, Nottingham University Business School, 2017, p. 359-367Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Textile and clothing (T&C) industry is characterised by complex and extensive supply chain involving various stakeholders dealing with diverse raw materials. Owing to these complexities, the textile supply chain is facing numerous challenges like, counterfeit products, limited information sharing, ineffective recycling/reuse of textile products, unethical practices and interrupted information flow. As a result, a secured traceability system that can integrate the whole value chain, record, store, and track / trace all supply chain activities, make it more transparent and at the same time safeguard it from unauthorized access, has become a prime requirement for the T&C industry. In this context, the current study conducts a literature review to identify the generic requirements of traceability and in context of T&C closed-loop supply chain (CLSC). It further evaluates the role and key requisites of a cryptographic tag for textiles product, as an additional measures/parameter to secure the traceability system and prevent unauthorised access. Finally, the paper draws on key characteristics of such cryptographic tag for textile CLSC and lay down the tentative methodology that would be followed in the future research for development of a complete secure traceability system. It is anticipated that such secured traceability system can prevent counterfeits, data leakage, bring transparency and automate the reverse logistic process.

  • 79.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Pal, Rudrajeet
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Traceability in Textile and Clothing Supply Chains: Classifying Implementation Factors and Information Sets via Delphi Study2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 06, article id 1698Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 80.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sharma, Ajay
    Kumar, Vijay
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Blockchain-Based Secured Traceability System for Textile and Clothing Supply Chain2018In: Artificial Intelligence for Fashion Industry in the Big Data Era / [ed] Sébastien Thomassey, Xianyi Zeng, Singapore: Springer Publishing Company, 2018, p. 197-208Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Blockchain has emerged as a prominent and reliable solution that can enable and ensure secure information sharing over wide area networks. In an era of digitalisation, blockchain technology is finding wide applications in multiple fields including implementing traceability in the supply chain. In this direction, this chapter explores its potential application in implementing a blockchain-based traceability system for textile and clothing (T&C) supply chain. It examines the necessity and concept of a traceability system, followed by enlisting advantages of blockchain technology for implementing traceability. Further, a case-based example has been used to explain blockchain application in implementing traceability in T&C supply chain. Finally, it mentions the challenges and limitations of such blockchain-based traceability system that can be addressed through further research.

  • 81.
    Aharony, Noa
    et al.
    Bar-Ilan University.
    Limberg, Louise
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Julien, Heidi
    University at Buffalo.
    Albright, Kendra
    Kent State University.
    Fourie, Ina
    University of Pretoria.
    Bronstein, Jenny
    Bar-Ilan University.
    Information Literacy in an Era of Information Uncertainty. Panel at ASIS&T Annual Meeting 2017, Oct 27-Nov 1. Washington DC: Conceptual Understandings of Information Literacy2017In: Proceedings of the Association of Information Science and Technology, 2017, Vol. 54, p. 528-531Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, in the election that took place in the United States, we have heard a lot about "fake news" and their influence. The discourse of “fake news” and “alternative facts” points to the importance of information literacy. The objective of the panel is to bring together experts from different countries to discuss how they perceive the future of information literacy (IL). The question that arises is will IL be the sole focus of librarians, information professionals, and educators, or will it be regarded as a lifelong learning skill that affects different aspects of our everyday life such as health, workplace, and even culture? The session will begin with a short overview of the recent literature on this issue, followed by the panellists’ findings and examples of research projects, as well as their insights about new approaches in the area of IL. The panel will conclude with an engaging discussion with the audience to identify future trends in IL.

  • 82.
    Ahl, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Hjälte, L
    Johansson, C
    Wireklint-Sundström, Birgitta
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Jonsson, Anders
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Culture and care in the Swedish ambulance services2005In: Emergency Nurse, ISSN 1354-5752, E-ISSN 2047-8984, Vol. 13, no 8, p. 30-36Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 83.
    Ahl, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Nyström, Maria
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    To Handle the Unexpected: The meaning of caring in pre-hospital emergency care2012In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 33-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The patient’s voice has not been present to the same degree as the professional perspective in caring research in a pre-hospital context. In order to further develop and improve pre-hospital care, it is therefore important to explore patients’ situations not only in life threatening but also in non-traumatic situations. This is especially important as these patients might be defined as inappropriate attendees of ambulance services. The aim of this study was to interpret and explain experiences of caring in pre-hospital care situations that are not defined as traumatic or life threatening. Twenty informants aged between 34 and 82 years were interviewed. The design of the study was exploratory, and it used an interpretative approach in order to understand the meaning of pre-hospital caring. The findings show that pre-hospital caring can be understood and explained as a matter of interplay between carer(s) and patient with potentials for positive as well as negative outcomes. Our conclusion is that the initial meeting is of vital importance in how patients experience pre-hospital care. It is suggested that general public information on the development of Swedish pre-hospital care received in turn may facilitate the first encounter between patient and carer(s).

  • 84.
    Ahl, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Nyström, Maria
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Jansson, L
    Making up one’s mind: Patients Experiences of Calling an Ambulance2006In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 11-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of the inappropriate use of ambulance transport and care has mainly been studied from the professionals’ and caregivers’ perspective, with few studies focusing on the patient and his/her experiences. To further understand whether patients use ambulance care in an inappropriate manner and, if so, why, it is important to obtain an overall picture of the patients’ existential situation at the time they call an ambulance. The aim of this study was to analyse and describe patients’ experiences related to the decision to call an ambulance and the wait for it to arrive. The design was explorative, and twenty informants aged between 34 and 82 years were interviewed. Qualitative content analyses were performed. The findings showed that calling for an ambulance is a major decision that is preceded by hesitation and attempts to handle the situation by oneself. Our conclusion is that the definition of inappropriate use of valuable health care resources should not be based solely on the professionals’ point of view but also take account of the patients’ reactions when they experience a threat to their life and health.

  • 85. Ahlberger, Christer
    et al.
    Strömberg, Lars G.University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    The figure in the Coat of Arms of the University Collge of Borås2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 86.
    Ahlgren, Per
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Query Expansion2002In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 157-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 87.
    Ahlgren, Per
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Query Expansion2002In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 157-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 88.
    Ahlgren, Per
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    The effects of indexing strategy-query term combination on retrieval effectiveness in a Swedish full text database2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 89.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Grönqvist, Leif
    Evaluation of retrieval effectiveness with incomplete relevance data: theoretical and experimental comparison of three measures2008In: Information Processing & Management, ISSN 0306-4573, E-ISSN 1873-5371, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 212-225Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates two relatively new measures of retrieval effectiveness in relation to the problem of incomplete relevance data. The measures, Bpref and RankEff, which do not take into account documents that have not been relevance judged, are compared theoretically and experimentally. The experimental comparisons involve a third measure, the well-known mean uninterpolated average precision. The results indicate that RankEff is the most stable of the three measures when the amount of relevance data is reduced, with respect to system ranking and absolute values. In addition, RankEff has the lowest error-rate.

  • 90.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Grönqvist, Leif
    Measuring retrieval effectiveness with incomplete relevance data2006In: Current Research in Information Sciences and Technologies. Multidisciplinary approaches to global information systems / [ed] Vicente P Guerrero-Bote, Open Institute of Knowledge , 2006, p. 74-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 91.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Grönqvist, Leif
    Retrieval evaluation with incomplete relevance data: a comparative study of three measures2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 92.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Jarneving, Bo
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Bibliographic coupling, common abstract stems and clustering: a comparison of two document-document similarity approaches in the context of science mapping2008In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 76, no 2, p. 273-290Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 93.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Jarneving, Bo
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Rousseau, R.
    Requirements for a cocitation similarity measure, with special reference to Pearson's correlation coefficient2003In: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 54, no 6, p. 550-560Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Ahlgren, Jarneving, and. Rousseau review accepted procedures for author co-citation analysis first pointing out that since in the raw data matrix the row and column values are identical i,e, the co-citation count of two authors, there is no clear choice for diagonal values. They suggest the number of times an author has been co-cited with himself excluding self citation rather than the common treatment as zeros or as missing values. When the matrix is converted to a similarity matrix the normal procedure is to create a matrix of Pearson's r coefficients between data vectors. Ranking by r and by co-citation frequency and by intuition can easily yield three different orders. It would seem necessary that the adding of zeros to the matrix will not affect the value or the relative order of similarity measures but it is shown that this is not the case with Pearson's r. Using 913 bibliographic descriptions form the Web of Science of articles form JASIS and Scientometrics, authors names were extracted, edited and 12 information retrieval authors and 12 bibliometric authors each from the top 100 most cited were selected. Co-citation and r value (diagonal elements treated as missing) matrices were constructed, and then reconstructed in expanded form. Adding zeros can both change the r value and the ordering of the authors based upon that value. A chi-squared distance measure would not violate these requirements, nor would the cosine coefficient. It is also argued that co-citation data is ordinal data since there is no assurance of an absolute zero number of co-citations, and thus Pearson is not appropriate. The number of ties in co-citation data make the use of the Spearman rank order coefficient problematic.

  • 94.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Jarneving, Bo
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Rousseau, Ronald
    Letter to the editor. Author Cocitation Analysis and Pearson's r2004In: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 9, no 55, p. 843-844Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 95.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Jarneving, Bo
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Rousseau, Ronald
    Letter to the editor. Rejoinder: In Defense of Formal Methods2004In: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 10, no 55, p. 935-936Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 96.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Kekäläinen, Jaana
    Indexing strategies for Swedish full text retrieval under different user scenarios2007In: Information Processing & Management, ISSN 0306-4573, E-ISSN 1873-5371, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 81-102Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 97.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Kekäläinen, Jaana
    Swedish full text retrieval: effectiveness of different combinations of indexing strategies with query terms2006In: Information retrieval (Boston), ISSN 1386-4564, E-ISSN 1573-7659, Vol. 9, no 6, p. 681-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 98. Ahlqvist, Elisabet
    Från A till B: Hur svårt kan det va'? Fjärrlån på nationell nivå2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fjärrlån på nationell nivå Att få boken från A till B är grunduppgiften, tämligen enkelt, eller? Ja, i tanken ganska enkelt… men det är relativt komplicerat och dessutom dyrt! Mitt fokus - yttre logistiken Jag kommer inte att fördjupa mig i alla delar inom den sk. fjärrlånekedjan, utan kommer att fokusera på just transportfrågorna, det som i Lätt att hitta - lått att låna kallas för den yttre logistiken. Jag vill med min text belysa att en nationell samordning av transporterna är fullt möjlig, men också att det är ett stort åtagande som kräver stort arbete. Det kommer också att påverka fjärrlåneströmmarna i Sverige. KB har sedan första januari 2009 ett ramavtal för en komplett tjänst med sortering, paketering och transport av biblioteksmedier med leverantören NBT/SBT. Jag kommer att beskriva hur vi tog oss dit, vad som händer nu och fundera något över möjligheter och problem i framtiden. Ett förslag från HISS-biblioteken som bedrivit ett samtransportprojekt med positivt utfall resulterade i att Avdelningen för Nationell samverkan fick ansvaret för en ramavtals-upphandling för Samverkansbibliotekens räkning. Arbetet tog sin början i januari 2008 och tog närmare ett år i anspråk. Arbetet bedrevs i två grupperingar; en operativ grupp bestående av KB:s upphandlingshandläggare Karin Jortfelt, upphandlingsjuristen Magnus Josephson och jag själv. Till vår hjälp hade vi en referensgrupp med ordförande Gunilla Herdenberg, KB:s ekonomichef Peter Olin och sex representanter från bibliotek i HISS-gruppen.

  • 99. Ahlqvist, Elisabet
    Kampen om boken2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Yes! Antagen till utbildningen, nu är det bara att komma i gång med studierna… Biblioteket hälsar de nya studenterna välkomna och presenterar sina tjänster och samlingar, här finns det du behöver! Men riktigt så enkelt är det kanske inte, kampen om boken har börjat. Kampen om just den boken som alla andra också behöver! Låna, köpa; nytt eller begagnat? Kopiera, fotografera, scanna, bilda bokkooperativ med kurskompisarna? Packa matsäck och slå sig ner i biblioteket med ett daglån? Skilda strategier beroende på studiesituation, campus eller distans, variationerna är otaliga!

  • 100.
    Ahlstrom, Linda
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Improving Work Ability and Return to Work among Women on Long-term Sick Leave2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis was to gain new knowledge of factors and interventions that improve work ability and return to work (RTW) among women on long-term sick leave from human service organizations (HSOs). The specific aims of the studies were: to evaluate the associations between the self-rated Work Ability Index (WAI) and Work Ability Score (WAS), and the relationship with prospective sick leave, symptoms, and health (Paper I); to investigate whether intervention with myofeedback training or intensive muscular strength training could decrease pain and increase work ability among women with neck pain (Paper II); to examine the associations between workplace rehabilitation and the combination of supportive conditions at work with work ability and RTW over time (Paper III); and to explore experiences, views, and strategies in the rehabilitation process for RTW (Paper IV). This thesis is based on a prospective cohort study (n=324) and a randomized controlled study (RCT) (n=60, participants with neck pain). Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used. The data collection consisted of questionnaires, laboratory-observed data, register-based data, and interviews. The results showed a very strong association between WAI and WAS, and results predicted future sick leave degree, health-related quality of life, vitality, neck pain, self-rated general health, self-rated mental health, behavioral stress, and current stress (Paper I). In the RCT (Paper II), individuals in the myofeedback intervention group increased their vitality and work ability over time and individuals in the intensive musculoskeletal strength training group increased their WAI, WAS, and mental health over time. WAI, WAS, and RTW increased over time among individuals provided with workplace rehabilitation and supportive conditions at work (Paper III) such as a sense of feeling welcome back at work, influence at work, possibilities for development, degree of freedom at work, meaning of work, quality of leadership, social support, sense of community, and work satisfaction. Women described (Paper IV) how they were striving to work and how they had different views, strategies, and approaches in the rehabilitation process for RTW. They expressed a desire to work, their goals for work, and their wishes for work. In the rehabilitation process for RTW they described their interaction with stakeholders as either controlling the interaction or struggling in the interaction. They described strategies to cope with RTW in terms of yo-yo (fluctuating) working: yo-yo working as a strategy or yo-yo working as a consequence. This thesis identifies factors of importance in improving work ability and RTW among women on long-term sick leave from HSOs. For women with neck pain, the intervention study showed feasibility of the intervention and demonstrated improved work ability and decreased pain (Paper II). The intensive muscular strength training program, which is easy for the individual to learn and perform at home, was associated with increased work ability. The results regarding rehabilitation highlight the importance of integrating workplace rehabilitation with supportive conditions at work to increase work ability and improve RTW (Paper III). Women expressed that they were striving to work and that they wanted to work (Paper IV). These women were “going in and out” of work participation (yo-yo working) as a way to handle the rehabilitation process. For assessing the status and progress of work ability among women on long-term sick leave, the single-question WAS may be used as a compliment to the full WAI as a simple indicator (Paper I).

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