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  • 51.
    Ackre, Josefin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Stefenburg, Frida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sociala medier: ett verktyg för en mer hållbar klädkonsumtion2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning Dagens klädkonsumtion sammankopplas ofta med hållbarhet framförallt gällande materialets miljöpåverkan och arbetsförhållanden i produktionen. Kläder massproduceras och tillverkas därför inte med hållbarhet i fokus. Företag kommer undan med att erbjuda icke hållbara kläder eftersom konsumenter främst fokuserar på utseende och pris istället för hållbarhet i sitt konsumentbeteende. Tidigare forskning beskriver att konsumenter har en negativ attityd till klädindustrins påverkan på hållbarhet men att de inte konsumerar hållbart på grund av kunskapsbrist. Denna brist på kunskap skapar ett gap mellan konsumenters attityd till hållbar klädkonsumtion och deras konsumentbeteende. Problemet med ökad konsumtion och hållbarhet kan kopplas till sociala medier. Sociala medier används bland annat för att hitta lättillgänglig och okomplicerad information om kläder. Tidigare forskning menar att sociala medier påverkar konsumentbeteendet genom att skapa ett behov för produkter man tidigare inte tänkt köpa. Vidare visar forskning att konsumenter påverkas mer av produktinformation från en tredje part så som vänner, familj eller referensgrupper. Vår undersökning grundar sig därför i sociala mediers stora inflytande på konsumenter och gapet mellan konsumenters attityd till och beteende vid hållbar klädkonsumtion. Uppsatsens syfte är därför att undersöka om sociala medier kan öka intresset för hållbara kläder hos yngre konsumenter. Vi fokuserar på yngre konsumenter eftersom de är uppväxta med datorer och internet samt är den grupp som flitigast använder sociala medier. I studien användes en kvalitativ metod där empiri samlades in genom fokusgrupper. Avsikten var att få en djupare förståelse för deltagarnas åsikter och idéer kring våra teman: hållbara kläder, konsumentbeteende, konsumentattityder och sociala medier. Tidigare forskning stämde överens med resultatet i vår studie där deltagarna beskrev att de inte hade möjlighet att konsumera hållbart eftersom de inte hade kunskapen om vad hållbara kläder faktiskt är. Där även textilstudenter som hade mer kunskap ansåg att det krävdes mer information för att de skulle kunna agera mer hållbart. Vidare visade även vår studie att sociala medier har en stor påverkan på ett konsumentbeteende. Genom att applicera vår empiri på ABC model of Attitudes kunde vi även se att sociala medier influerar konsumenters uppfattning, känsla och beteende vilket påverkar deras konsumentattityd. Alla deltagare i vår undersökning önskade mer lättillgänglig information om hållbara kläder i sociala medier eftersom det är en kanal de alla påverkas av. Ytterligare argumenterade de för att det krävs att fler personer tar sitt ansvar och delar kunskap om hållbara kläder för att skapa ett ökat intresse och tillslut ett förändrat beteende. Slutsatsen kunde därför dras att sociala medier kan vara ett verktyg för att öka intresset för hållbara kläder hos yngre konsumenter. Genom vår studie vill vi bidra till en djupare förståelse av konsumentbeteende samt konsumenternas attityder till hållbara kläder och sociala medier.

  • 52. Acín, Antonio
    et al.
    Pironio, Stefano
    Vértesi, Tamás
    Wittek, Peter
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Optimal randomness certification from one entangled bit2016In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 93, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By performing local projective measurements on a two-qubit entangled state one can certify in a device-independent way up to one bit of randomness. We show here that general measurements, defined by positive-operator-valued measures, can certify up to two bits of randomness, which is the optimal amount of randomness that can be certified from an entangled bit. General measurements thus provide an advantage over projective ones for device-independent randomness certification.

  • 53.
    Adekunle, K.
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Cho, S.-W.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Ketzscher, R.
    Skrifvars, M.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Mechanical properties of natural fiber hybrid composites based on renewable thermoset resins derived from soybean oil, for use in technical applications2012In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, ISSN 0021-8995, E-ISSN 1097-4628, Vol. 124, no 6, p. 4530-4541Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Natural fiber composites are known to have lower mechanical properties than glass or carbon fiber reinforced composites. The hybrid natural fiber composites prepared in this study have relatively good mechanical properties. Different combinations of woven and non-woven flax fibers were used. The stacking sequence of the fibers was in different orientations, such as 0°, +45°, and 90°. The composites manufactured had good mechanical properties. A tensile strength of about 119 MPa and Young's modulus of about 14 GPa was achieved, with flexural strength and modulus of about 201 MPa and 24 GPa, respectively. For the purposes of comparison, composites were made with a combination of woven fabrics and glass fibers. One ply of a glass fiber mat was sandwiched in the mid-plane and this increased the tensile strength considerably to 168 MPa. Dynamic mechanical analysis was performed in order to determine the storage and loss modulus and the glass transition temperature of the composites. Microstructural analysis was done with scanning electron microscopy.

  • 54.
    Adekunle, K.
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Cho, S.-W.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Patzelt, C.
    Blomfeldt, T.
    Skrifvars, M.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Impact and flexural properties of flax fabrics and Lyocell Fiber reinforced bio-based thermoset for automotive and structural applications2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 55.
    Adekunle, K.
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Ghoreishi, R.
    Ehsani, M.
    Cho, S.-W.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, M.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Jute fiber reinforced methacrylated soy bean oil based thermoset composites prepared by vacuum injection molding technique2012In: Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, ISSN 1556-6560, E-ISSN 1556-6579, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 172-177Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bio-based composites based on soybean oil thermoset resin were manufactured with vacuum injection molding technique. Methacrylated soybean oil (MMSO) was processed with vacuum injection molding technique without blending with styrene. The composites produced had comparatively good mechanical properties like jute composite reinforced acrylated epoxidised soybean oil (AESO) resin blended with styrene. Although the tensile strength of the jute reinforced AESO composites are slightly higher than the jute reinforced MMSO composites which was attributed to blending of AESO with styrene. However, the difference in Youngs' modulus was negligible because they have approximately equal stiffness between 2.6 GPa and 2.8 GPa. The jute reinforced AESO composites showed relatively higher flexural strengths and moduli than the MMSO counterparts. This difference was also attributed to the blending of AESO with reactive diluent such as styrene. In order to determine the dimensional stability of the composite manufactured, water absorption test was carried out and the conclusion was that the moisture uptake of the jute reinforced composites was the same, this was expected.

  • 56.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Bio-based Composites from Soybean Oil Thermosets and Natural Fibers2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to reduce over-dependency on fossil fuels and to create an environment that is free of non-degradable plastics, and most importantly to reduce greenhouse gas emission, bio-based products are being developed from renewable resources through intense research to substitute conventional petrochemical-based plastics with renewable alternatives and to replace synthetic fibers with natural fibers. Many authors have done quite a lot of work on synthesizing polymers from renewable origin. Polylactic acid (PLA) has been developed and characterized, and it was found that it has enormous potential and can serve as an alternative to conventional thermoplastics in many applications. Modification of the plant oil triglycerides has been discussed by many authors, and research is still going on in this area. The challenge is how to make these renewable polymers more competitive in the market, and if possible to make them 100% bio-based. There is also a major disadvantage to using a bio-based polymer from plant oils because of the high viscosity, which makes impregnation of fibers difficult. Although natural fibers are hydrophilic in nature, the problem of compatibility with the hydrophobic matrix must be solved; however, the viscosity of the bio-based resin from plant oils will complicate the situation even more. This is why many authors have reported blending of the renewable thermoset resin with styrene. In the process of solving one problem, i.e reducing the viscosity of the renewable thermoset resin by blending with reactive diluents such as styrene, another problem which we intended to solve at the initial stage is invariably being created by using a volatile organic solvent like styrene. The solution to this cycle of problems is to synthesize a thermoset resin from plant oils which will have lower viscosity, and at the same time have higher levels of functionality. This will increase the crosslinking density, and they can be cured at room temperature or relatively low temperature. In view of the above considerations, the work included in this thesis has provided a reasonable solution to the compounded problems highlighted above. Three types of bio-based thermoset resins were synthesized and characterized using NMR, DSC, TGA, and FT-IR, and their processability was studied. The three resins were subsequently reinforced with natural fibers (woven and non-woven), glass fibers, and Lyocell fiber and the resulting natural fiber composites were characterized by mechanical, dynamic mechanical, impact, and SEM analyses. These composites can be used extensively in the automotive industry, particularly for the interior components, and also in the construction and furniture industries. Methacrylated soybean oil (MSO), methacrylic anhydride-modified soybean oil (MMSO), and acetic anhydride-modified soybean oil (AMSO) were found to be suitable for manufacture of composites because of their lower viscosity. The MMSO and MSO resins were found to be promising materials because composites manufactured by using them as a matrix showed very good mechanical properties. The MMSO resin can completely wet a fiber without the addition of styrene. It has the highest number of methacrylates per triglyceride and high crosslink density.

  • 57.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Cho, Sung-Woo
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Patzelt, Christian
    Blomfeldt, Thomas
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Impact and flexural properties of flax fabrics and Lyocell fiber-reinforced bio-based thermoset2011In: Journal of reinforced plastics and composites (Print), ISSN 0731-6844, E-ISSN 1530-7964, Vol. 30, no 8, p. 685-697Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A bio-based thermoset resin was reinforced with flax fabrics and Lyocell fiber. The effect of different weave architectures was studied with four flax fabrics with different architectures: plain, twill (two different types), and dobby. The effect of the outer ply thickness was studied and characterized with flexural and impact testing. Composites manufactured with plain weave reinforcement had the best mechanical properties. The tensile strength, tensile modulus, flexural strength, flexural modulus, and impact strength were 280 MPa, 32 GPa, 250 MPa, 25 GPa, and 75 kJ/m2, respectively. Reinforcements with twill-weave architecture did not impart appreciable flexural strength or flexural modulus even when the outer thickness was increased. Plain- and dobby (basket woven style)-weave architectures gave better reinforcing effects and the flexural properties increased with an increase in outer thickness.Water absorption properties of the composites were studied and it was observed that the hybridization with Lyocell fiber reduced the water uptake. Fieldemission scanning electron microscopy was used to study the micro-structural properties of the composites.

  • 58.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Ketzscher, Richard
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    High performance natural fibre hybrid composites based on biobased thermoset resins for use in technical applications2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Health related issues, stringent environmental protection policies, search for cost effective and alternative materials and quest for renewability, sustainability and high performance materials for technical applications has led to an intense research in manufacturing biobased composites which are based on renewable thermosetting resins and natural fibres. The combination of biobased thermosetting resins with two different natural fibre reinforcements could lead to improved mechanical properties of the composite. Biobased thermoset polymers are comparable to the synthetic thermosetting polymers from petrochemicals. In this study, two different biobased resins were used as matrix and both non woven flax fibre and woven flax fabric were combined as reinforcements. The composites were made by compression moulding process. The fibres were hand laid-up and impregnation was done manually. The curing temperature was 170°С and at 40 bar. The stacking sequence of the fibres was in different orientations such as 0º, +45º and 90º. The manufactured hybrid composites have high tensile strength and stiffness and the flexural strength and modulus was also high. These composites can compete favourably with glass fibre reinforced composites in terms of strength and stiffness.1, 2 A tensile strength of about 119 MPa and Young’s modulus of 13.8 GPa was achieved, while the flexural strength and modulus is about 201 MPa and 24 GPa respectively. For the purpose of comparison, composites were made with the combination of woven fabric and e-glass fibre. One ply of an e-glass fibre mat was put in the mid-plane and this increased the tensile strength considerably up to 168 MPa. Some of the composites were made with the resin blended with styrene and the results show a higher modulus.

  • 59.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Patzelt, Christian
    Kalantar, Adib
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Mechanical and Viscoelastic Properties of Soybean Oil Thermoset Reinforced with Jute Fabrics and Carded Lyocell Fiber2011In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, ISSN 0021-8995, E-ISSN 1097-4628, Vol. 122, no 5, p. 2855-2863Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Composites and hybrid composites were manufactured from renewable materials based on jute fibers, regenerated cellulose fibers (Lyocell), and thermosetting polymer from soybean oil. Three different types of jute fabrics with biaxial weave architecture but different surface weights, and carded Lyocell fiber were used as reinforcements. Hybrid composites were also manufactured by combining the jute reinforcements with the Lyocell. The Lyocell composite was found to have better mechanical properties than other composites. It has tensile strength and modulus of about 144 MPa and 18 GPa, respectively. The jute composites also have relatively good mechanical properties, as their tensile strengths and moduli were found to be between 65 and 84 MPa, and between 14 and 19 GPa, respectively. The Lyocell-reinforced composite showed the highest flexural strength and modulus, of about 217 MPa and 13 GPa, respectively. In all cases, the hybrid composites in this study showed improved mechanical properties but lower storage modulus. The Lyocell fiber gave the highest impact strength of about 35 kJ/m2, which could be a result of its morphology. Dynamic mechanical analysis showed that the Lyocell reinforced composite has the best viscoelastic properties.

  • 60.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Patzelt, Christian
    Kalantar, Adib
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Mechanical properties of renewable soyean oil thermoset reinforced with jute fabricsand lyocell fiber2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 61.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Synthesis of reactive soybean oils for use as thermoset resins in composites.2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 62.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Bakare, Fatimat
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Bio-based thermoset resins from soybean and linseed oils for structural composites2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 63.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Biobased Composites Prepared by Compression Molding with a Novel Thermoset Resin from Soybean Oil and a Natural-Fiber Reinforcement2010In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, ISSN 0021-8995, E-ISSN 1097-4628, Vol. 116, no 3, p. 1759-1765Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biobased composites were manufactured with a compression-molding technique. Novel thermoset resins from soybean oil were used as a matrix, and flax fibers were used as reinforcements. The air-laid fibers were stacked randomly, the woven fabrics were stacked crosswise (0/90 ), and impregnation was performed manually. The fiber/resin ratio was 60 : 40. The prepared biobased composites were characterized by impact and flexural testing. Scanning electron microscopy of knife-cut cross sections of the specimens was also done to investigate the fiber–matrix interface. Thermogravimetric analysis of the composites was carried out to provide indications of thermal stability. Three resins from soybean oil [methacrylated soybean oil, methacrylic anhydride modified soybean oil (MMSO), and acetic anhydride modified soybean oil] were used as matrices. The impact strength of the composites with MMSO resin reinforced with air-laid flax fibers was 24 kJ/m2, whereas that of the MMSO resin reinforced with woven flax fabric was between 24 and 29 kJ/m2. The flexural strength of the MMSO resin reinforced with air-laid flax fibers was between 83 and 118 MPa, and the flexural modulus was between 4 and 6 GPa, whereas the flexural strength of the MMSO resin reinforced with woven fabric was between 90 and 110 MPa, and the flexural modulus was between 4.87 and 6.1 GPa.

  • 64.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Biobased Composites Prepared by Compression Moulding using a Novel Thermoset Resin from Soybean oil and a Natural Fibre Reinforcement2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Biobased composites were manufactured by using a compression moulding technique. Novel thermoset resins from soybean oil were used as matrix while flax fibres were used as reinforcement. The airlaid fibres were stacked randomly while woven fabrics were stacked crosswisely (90°) and impregnation was done manually. The fibre/ resin ratio was 60% to 40%.

  • 65.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Preparation of biobased composites using novel thermoset polymers from soybean oil and a natural fibre reinforcement2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Health related issues, stringent environmental protection policies, search for cost effective and alternative materials, crave for renewability and sustainability and quest for high performance materials for structural applications give the motivation for research in polymer composites and material science. Due to the health, safety and environmental concerns over the conventional synthetic materials and the legislation against their usage both in domestic and industrial applications, alternatives sources that will be comparable in properties are being sought. There is an emerging market for biodegradable polymers which is expected to increase substantially in the coming years.[1] Preparation of Composites Airlaid and woven flax fibre mats were first treated with 4% sodium hydroxide solution for one hour and then washed with plenty of water. This was done in order to remove any residual impurities. The fibres were dried at room temperature for 24 hr and then dried in a vacuum oven for 1hr at a temperature of 105°С. The 8 sheets of the fibre were hand laid cross- wisely and the impregnation was done manually. The fibre/ resin ratio was about 60% to 40%. Methacrylated soybean oil, methacrylic anhydride and acetic anhydride modified soybean oil were the synthesized matrices used. The compression moulding was done at a temperature of 170°С for 5 min at 40bar. Characterisations The tensile testing was performed based on an ISO-test method for tensile tests on plastic materials. The Charpy impact strength of unnotched specimens was evaluated in accordance with ISO 179 using a Zwick test instrument and scanning electron microscopy analysis was done on the fractured specimens. The composites showed various mechanical properties, having impact strengths between 24 and 63 kJ/m² and tensile strength up to 51MPa.

  • 66.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Synthesis of reactive soybean oils for use as a biobased thermoset resins in structural natural fiber composites2009In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, ISSN 0021-8995, E-ISSN 1097-4628, Vol. 115, no 6, p. 3137-3145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biobased thermosets resins were synthesized by functionalizing the triglycerides of epoxidized soybean oil with methacrylic acid, acetyl anhydride, and methacrylic anhydride. The obtained resins were characterized with FTIR, 1H-NMR, and 13C-NMR spectroscopy to confirm the functionalization reactions and the extent of epoxy conversion. The viscosities of the methacrylated soybean oil resins were also measured for the purpose of being used as a matrix in composite applications. The cross-linking capability was estimated by UV and thermally initiated curing experiments, and by DSC analysis regarding the degree of crosslinking. The modifications were successful because up to 97% conversion of epoxy group were achieved leaving only 2.2% of unreacted epoxy groups, which was confirmed by 1H-NMR. The 13C-NMR confirms the ratio of acetate to methacrylate methyl group to be 1 : 1. The viscosities of the methacrylated soybean oil (MSO) and methacrylic anhydride modified soybean oil (MMSO) were 0.2 and 0.48 Pas, respectively, which indicates that they can be used in resin transfer molding process.

  • 67.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Synthesis of reactive soybean oils for use as biobased thermoset resins in structural natural fibre composites2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 68.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Synthetic modification of reactive soybean oils for use as biobased thermoset resins in structural natural fiber composites2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 69.
    Adekunle, Kayode
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Synthetic modification of reactive soybean oils for use as biobased thermoset resins in structural natural fiber composites2008In: Polymer Preprints, ISSN 0551-4657, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 279-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 70.
    Adelzadeh, Nilofarr
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Hjorth, Klara
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    När det prehospitala uppdraget blir övermäktigt: Sjuksköterskors erfarenhet av att vårda barn med hjärtstopp2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hjärtstopp hos barn i åldrarna 0-16 år är ett ovanligt tillstånd och drabbar cirka 100 barn årligen i Sverige. Den främsta orsaken till hjärtstopp hos barn är drunkning, trauma, luftvägsstopp, lungsjukdom och plötsligt spädbarnsdöd. Syftet med studien är att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda barn 0-16 år med hjärtstopp prehospitalt. Genom ostrukturerade öppna intervjuer med en kvalitativ forskningsmetod där en induktiv ansats valts var avsikten att undersöka sjuksköterskors upplevelser och erfarenhet av vårdandet av barn med hjärtstopp. Åtta sjuksköterskor deltog. De arbetar eller har arbetat inom ambulanssjukvården och vårdat minst ett barn med hjärtstopp i åldrarna 0-16 år. Antal år i tjänst, utbildning, kön och ålder skiljde deltagarna åt. Genom kvalitativ innehållsanalys analyserades insamlad data till kategorier och resulterade i När det blir övermäktigt och overkligt, Samtal som riskerar att utebli och En händelse som aldrig glöms.

    Studiens resultat visar att sjuksköterskor som arbetar i ambulansverksamhet kan få uppdrag som upplevs som övermäktiga. Ett sådant uppdrag innebär att ta beslut som är livsgörande för kritiskt sjuka barn samtidigt som de egna känslorna måste sättas åt sidan. Att arbeta med kompetent personal speciellt om kollegan var högre utbildad, skapade trygghet och en känsla av att kunna dela på ansvaret. För att lättare kunna hantera strömmen av känslor framkom det ett behov av att erbjudas samtal efter avslutat uppdrag samtidig med ett behov av att bli tagen ur tjänst under pågående pass. Önskvärt var också utvidgade utbildningsmöjligheter för att utvecklas inom vårdandet av kritiskt sjuka barn. Vidare påvisar resultatet att det finns ett behov av bekräftelse för att känna sig nöjd med sin egen insats. Därför upplevdes det viktigt att veta att omhändertagandet av barnet varit bra. Detta skapar även trygghet och självsäkerhet inför kommande och liknande situationer.

  • 71.
    Aderstedt, Anders
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Gabrielsson, Fredrik
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Organdonation: Anestesisjuksköterskans uppfattningar av att delta vid organdonation från avlidna2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund och problemformulering

    Forskning rörande perioperativa sjuksköterskors uppfattningar av att delta i organdonationsprocessen är ganska begränsad. De flesta studier är internationella och det kan vara svårt att applicera till svenska förhållanden. Studier som gjorts särskiljer inte perioperativ personal som grupp. Därmed blir det svårt att identifiera de olika personalkategoriernas uppfattningar från varandra.

    Syfte

    Studiens syfte är att kartlägga anestesisjuksköterskors uppfattningar av att delta i organdonationsprocessen från avlidna patienter.

    Metod

    Författarna har valt att göra en kvalitativ studie. Författarna intervjuade sex anestesisjuksköterskor på tre olika sjukhus, på olika sjukhusnivåer. Datainsamlingen har skett med öppna intervjuer som skrivits ut ordagrant och sedan analyserats med fenomenografi utifrån Alexanderssons modell.

    Resultat

    Resultatet presenteras i tre beskrivningskategorier. Uppfattningar i relation till professionen, uppfattningar i relation till ingående organdonationsteam och uppfattningar i relation till existentiella perspektiv.

    Diskussion

    Resultatet visar att anestesisjuksköterskan vill göra det lilla extra under operationen av respekt för donatorn men även för mottagarna av de olika organen. Anestesisjuksköterskan är av uppfattningen att det gästande uttagsteamet är lätt att samarbeta med, att de gärna informerar och berättar och att en positiv utveckling i samarbetet har skett över tid. Vid avstängning av ventilatorn under en organdonation upplever de att de tappar sin roll i teamet och att de som anestesisjuksköterskor inte har en tydlig funktion. Samtidigt vill de vara med hela vägen tills operationen är färdig. Stöd och support från sin egen organisation efter en organdonation uppfattas som bristfällig. De samtalar ibland sinsemellan i det team som varit engagerade i ingreppet ofta i samband med att operationssalen iordningställs efteråt. Någon organiserad debriefing inom organisationen verkar inte finnas.

  • 72. Aderum, Hanna
    Lättläst skönlitteratur för barn i mellanåldern på folkbibliotek2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this bachelor thesis is the promotion of easy-to-read fiction for 10-12 year old children in public libraries. The number of easy-to-read fiction books is increasing on the book market. This can be expected to affect the public library. The hypotheses for the study are: 1) Public libraries expose easy-to-read fiction and use it in their reading promotion activities and, 2) The acquisition of easy-to-read books and the use of easy-to-read books in reading promotion activities have increased over the last five years. A self-completion questionnaire was distributed to 44 public libraries in Sweden. The response was analyzed using quantitative data analysis, qualitative data analysis and content analysis. The analysis show that public libraries expose easy-to-read fiction and it is included to a great extent in book talks. An increase in the acquisition of easy-to-read books has been experienced as well as in the extent to which they are recommended to readers.

  • 73.
    Adessa, C.
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Sonnenwald, Diane H.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Exploring collaboration among historically black universities and doctoral/research universities in the USA2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the USA, historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) seldom have sufficient resources and infrastructure to support faculty and student research or doctoral education. In contrast, doctoral/research universities (DRUs) have extensive resources and infrastructure to support research and doctoral education. istoricHBoth HBCUs and DRUs have talented faculty and students, and collaboration between faculty and students and HBCUs and DRUs has the potential of increasing the physical and intellectual resources brought to bear in research and student education. However, not all collaborations are successful. We studied four instances of collaboration among HBCUs and DRUs to investigate points of tension, identify successful practices, and gather suggestions for improving existing and future collaborations between institutions with different cultural heritages and organizational priorities.

  • 74. Adielsson, A
    et al.
    Hollenberg, J
    Karlsson, T
    Lindqvist, J
    Lundin, S
    Silfverstolpe, J
    Svensson, L
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Increase in survival and bystander CPR in out-of-hospital shockable arrhythmia: bystander CPR and female gender are predictors of improved outcome. Experiences from Sweden in an 18-year perspective2011In: Heart, ISSN 1355-6037, E-ISSN 1468-201X, Vol. 97, no 17, p. 1391-1396Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives In a national perspective, to describe survival among patients found in ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia witnessed by a bystander and with a presumed cardiac aetiology and answer two principal questions: (1) what are the changes over time? and (2) which are the factors of importance? Design Observational register study. Setting Sweden. Patients All patients included in the Swedish Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest Register between 1 January 1990 and 31 December 2009 who were found in bystander-witnessed ventricular fibrillation with a presumed cardiac aetiology. Interventions Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation. Main outcome measures Survival to 1 month. Results In all, 7187 patients fulfilled the set criteria. Age, place of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and gender did not change. Bystander CPR increased from 46% to 73%; 95% CI for OR 1.060 to 1.081 per year. The median delay from collapse to defibrillation increased from 12 min to 14 min (p for trend 0.0004). Early survival increased from 28% to 45% (95% CI 1.044 to 1.065) and survival to 1 month increased from 12% to 23% (95% CI 1.058 to 1.086). Strong predictors of early and late survival were a short interval from collapse to defibrillation, bystander CPR, female gender and OHCA outside the home. Conclusion In a long-term perspective in Sweden, survival to 1 month after ventricular fibrillation almost doubled. This was associated with a marked increase in bystander CPR. Strong predictors of outcome were a short delay to defibrillation, bystander CPR, female gender and place of collapse.

  • 75.
    Adielsson, Anna
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Aune, Solveig
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Ravn-Fischer, Annica
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Measurements of time intervals after in-hospital cardiac arrest give important information but can be further improved.2016In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 76.
    Adielsson, Anna
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Karlsson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Aune, Solveig
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Lundin, Stefan
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Hirlekar, Geir
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Ravn-Fischer, Annica
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    A 20-year perspective of in hospital cardiac arrest: Experiences from a university hospital with focus on wards with and without monitoring facilities.2016In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 216, p. 194-199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Knowledge about change in the characteristics and outcome of in hospital cardiac arrests (IHCAs) is insufficient.

    AIM: To describe a 20year perspective of in hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) in wards with and without monitoring capabilities.

    SETTINGS: Sahlgrenska University Hospital (800 beds). The number of beds varied during the time of survey from 850-746 TIME: 1994-2013.

    METHODS: Retrospective registry study. Patients were assessed in four fiveyear intervals.

    INCLUSION CRITERIA: Witnessed and nonwitnessed IHCAs when cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was attempted.

    EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Age below 18years.

    RESULTS: In all, there were 2340 patients with IHCA during the time of the survey. 30-Day survival increased significantly in wards with monitoring facilities from 43.5% to 55.6% (p=0.002) for trend but not in wards without such facilities (p=0.003 for interaction between wards with/without monitoring facilities and time period). The CPC-score among survivors did not change significantly in any of the two types of wards. In wards with monitoring facilities there was a significant reduction of the delay time from collapse to start of CPR and an increase in the proportion of patients who were defibrillated before the arrival of the rescue team. In wards without such facilities there was a significant reduction of the delay from collapse to defibrillation. However, the latter observation corresponds to a marked decrease in the proportion of patients found in ventricular fibrillation.

    CONCLUSION: In a 20year perspective the treatment of in hospital cardiac arrest was characterised by a more rapid start of treatment. This was reflected in a significant increase in 30-day survival in wards with monitoring facilities. In wards without such facilities there was a decrease in patients found in ventricular fibrillation.

  • 77.
    Adolfsson, Kristin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Patriksson, Camilla
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Ambulanssjuksköterskors upplevelser av teamarbete utifrån ett patientsäkerhetsperspektiv: En intervjustudie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ambulanssjuksköterskans arbetsmiljö är komplex och oförutsägbar då tidigare forskning påvisar flertalet faktorer som påverkar vården av patienten. Att främja patientens välbefinnande genom personcentrerad vård och minska vårdlidandet är ambulanssjuksköterskans mål med vårdandet. Personcentrerat bemötande, säkra bedömningar och avancerad sjukvård ställer höga krav på teamarbetet. Bristande teamarbete har påvisat att säker vård inte bibehålls. Syftet med studien var att beskriva ambulanssjuksköterskors upplevelser av teamarbetet utifrån ett patientsäkerhetsperspektiv. Metoden för datainsamlingen var intervjuer som analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Intervjuerna utfördes i ett landsting i södra Sverige. Ett strategiskt urval användes och resulterade i att elva ambulanssjuksköterskor deltog i studien. I resultatet framkom två huvudkategorier Kompetens och Ansvar i vårdsituationen samt Kollegialt samarbete. Vidare framkom två teman Ensamhet och Att vara trygg. I diskussionen diskuteras vald metod samt huvudfynden som framkom i studien där kompetens, erfarenhet och stöd från kollegan upplevdes betydelsefulla.

  • 78. Adolfsson, Petra
    et al.
    Solli, Rolf
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Demediuk, Peter
    Medborgarbudget: erfarenheter från tre svenska pilotkommuner2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport beskrivs och diskuteras erfarenheterna av att arbeta med medborgarbudget i tre svenska pilotkommuner. De tre kommunerna deltog år 2008–2011 i ett nätverk som initierades av Sveriges kommuner och lands- ting (SKL) med fokus på att stötta ett införande av medborgarbudget som en del i kommunernas beslutsprocesser. I rapporten presenteras en modell som kan utgöra ett stöd för att visa och analysera vilka dimensioner som kan vara väsentliga att uppmärksamma i ett initiativ för att införa medborgarbudget som del i kommuners arbete. En redogörelse för kommunernas arbete och val kring initiativ med att införa medborgarbudget ges. I fokus för kommunernas intresse för med- borgarbudget har främst demokrati och delaktighet för medborgare stått. Initiativen hade vid nätverkets avslutning nått en begränsad grupp av med- verkande personer i pilotkommunerna. De aktiviteter som medborgarbud- getprojekten lett till hade dock i flera fall nått en större mängd medborgare än de som var direkt involverande i förslags- och röstningsförfarande, då projekten ofta resulterade i evenemang eller mindre byggprojekt som nådde en bredare publik.

  • 79.
    Adrianson, Lillemor
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ancok, Djamaludin
    Ramdhani, Neila
    Archer, Trevor
    Cultural influences upon health, affect, self-esteem and impulsiveness: An Indonesian-Swedish comparison2013In: International Journal of Research Studies in Psychology, ISSN 2243-7681, E-ISSN 2243-769X, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 25-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examines several personal attributes that distinguish the personal profiles of individuals, from Indonesian and Swedish cultures, according to self-reports of positive and negative effect, stress and energy, self-esteem, hospital anxiety and depression, dispositional optimism and health. Indonesian participants expressed both more PA and more NA than Swedish participants but less stress and a higher energy-stress quotient than the Swedish participants. Additionally, the former expressed a higher level of optimism and self-esteem, but also more depression, and less impulsiveness than the latter. Younger participants expressed less positive affect and more negative affect and impulsiveness than older participants who expressed both more stress and a higher energy stress quotient. Regression analyses indicated that PA was predicted by optimism and health whereas NA was predicted by anxiety and depression and impulsiveness and counter predicted by health. The present findings are discussed according to the notion of emotional regulation according to which individuals differ in their use of emotion regulation strategies such as reappraisal and suppression, and these individual differences have implications for affect, well-being, and social relationships.

  • 80.
    Adrianson, Lillemor
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ramdhani, Neila
    Why you and not me? Expressions of envy in Indonesia and Sweden.2014In: International Journal of Research Studies in Psychology, ISSN 2243-7681, E-ISSN 2243-769X, Vol. 3, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to describe experience of envy in two different cultures, Indonesia and Sweden. Envy is a feeling that most people have experienced and mostly regards as shameful. The concept relates to a variety of feeling that shows its complexity. The result shows that envy had a wider meaning in the Indonesian language than in Swedish, and consisted of emotional words that were rare among the Swedish respondents. The Swedish respondents’ descriptions were, with few exceptions, connected to a malicious (ill will) meaning while it was obvious that the Javanese respondents used also the concept of benign envy (without ill will). Jealousy and envy seemed to overlap each other more in Bahasa Indonesia than in the Swedish use of the words. The latter had a distinct word for schadenfreude that was lacking in Bahasa Indonesia. For the Swedish respondents, wanting to have what another person possesses was a central element of envy, for example prosperity or competence. The Javanese respondents stressed relationships, achievements and personal characteristics’ as main causes for envy. Both the Swedish and Javanese respondents reported that a person who they knew and with whom they had an established relationship, such as a friend or a fellow student, had envied them and the causes for this were about the same as their own.

  • 81. Adriansson, C
    et al.
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Bergbom, I
    The use of topical anaesthesia at children's minor lacerations: an experimental study2004In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 74-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In a great many situations within health care and treatment, children are subjected to unnecessary pain and suffering. When local anaesthetics is to be administered the child can experience this as incomprehensible especially when the nursing staff assures the child that no pain would be felt, only to discover soon after, that it actually did hurt at the moment of anaesthetic infiltration. The soothing of pain during the suturing of wounds in emergency wards can be reduced, ensuring that unnecessary pain in the cafe-and-treatment process is mot meted out to children. In order to prevent this (subjection to unnecessary pain), and by improving accepted practice, it was interesting to investigate whether children felt pain at the time of infiltration anaesthesia following the initial topical anaesthesia. Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of introductory topical anaesthesia using Xylocain solution dropped in the wound prior to a definitive infiltration-anaesthesia. An experimental, prospective design was used where children were included in either an experimental group or a control group. The experimental group (n=10) were given a Xylocain solution while the control group (n=10) received physiological Sodium solution. Data collection for the study was made by making VAS estimates and by interviews. Result: The study shows that a certain alleviation of pain does occur when using Xylocain but no statistically significant difference exists between the two groups. Irrespective of whether the children received an introductory topical anaesthesia with Xylocain or Sodium solution at the time of infiltration anaesthesia, they expressed pain in connection with infiltration. The study also shows that many children express fear and anxiety. Conclusion: Current research highlights the difficulties involved in offering children a really satisfactory form of pain relief in connection with infiltration anaesthesia and suturing of wounds. It is urgent to throw more light on children’s pain, both from a nursing and from a medical point of view. No statistically significant difference was found in children’s reported pain, after treatment with Xylocain but the solution can have a positive effect at the time of the infiltration jab, but a larger study needs to be done in order to establish this firmly.

  • 82.
    Adriansson, Sophie
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Gustafsson, Hillevi
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Förstföderskors upplevelser kring telefonkontakt med barnmorska på förlossningsavdelning inför förestående förlossning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvinnor som väntar sitt första barn är medvetna om att de står inför en utmaning och förväntar sig genomgå stark smärta men innan förlossningen faktiskt startat är det omöjligt att föreställa sig hur det kommer bli. Födande kvinnor uppmanas kontakta barnmorska på förlossningsavdelning innan sin ankomst till förlossning vilket de allra flesta gör. Kontakten sker över telefon vilket försvårar barnmorskans bedömning av kvinnans situation och barnmorskan har samtidigt som uppgift att fördela tillgängliga förlossningsplatser till kvinnor i aktiv förlossningsfas. Det saknas studier som lagt fokus på hur kvinnor upplever denna kontakt.

    Studiens syfte är att beskriva förstföderskors upplevelser kring telefonkontakten med barnmorskan inför förestående förlossning. Metoden som använts är kvalitativ innehållsanalys med en induktiv ansats och totalt intervjuades nio svensktalande kvinnor. Resultatet presenteras i fem kategorier, dessa är: Ett behov av att förankra förlossningsförloppet, Svårigheter i att vara novis, Förväntan kontra verklighet, Barnmorskans omtanke spelar stor roll och En inre konflikt uppstår. I resultatet framkom ett tema vilket var: Omfattningen av bekräftelse påverkar upplevelsen av att vara betydelsefull. Kvinnorna i studien ser upp till barnmorskan och upplevde det skönt att få omhändertas och guidas av henne. Kvinnans respekt för barnmorskan gjorde det dock svårt för kvinnorna att förmedla sin innersta önskan om att komma in till förlossningen innan barnmorskan uttalat samtycke till det. Kunskap om hur förstföderskor kan uppleva situationen är viktig för att kunna ge ett fulländat omhändertagande.

  • 83.
    Adrovic, Ninella
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Fasth Nilsson, My
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Livet med en påse på magen: Upplevelser av att leva med en tarmstomi2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2015 uppskattades det finnas 43 000 individer med stomi i Sverige och denna siffra har sedan 2006 ökat successivt i hela landet. Stomin inverkar på individens sociala och intima liv och påverkar vardagliga aktiviteter och dagliga rutiner. Litteraturstudiens syfte är att beskriva upplevelser av att leva med en tarmstomi. Resultatet presenteras utifrån tre teman: upplevelser av stöd och information, upplevelser av att vara annorlunda och upplevelser av en ny livssituation. Nio underteman bildades utifrån dessa rubriker. Resultatet visar att tarmstomi innebär en stor förändring som påverkar individernas liv på olika sätt. Det konstateras att tarmstomi har en negativ inverkan i de flesta fall. Familj, närstående och sjuksköterskor har en betydelsefull roll för att individerna ska uppnå hälsa och välbefinnande.

  • 84.
    af Ekenstam, Albert
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lindström, Erik
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Upplevelsen av stressrelaterad ohälsa: En rörelse mellan balans och obalans2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Stress är idag något de flesta människor kan relatera till och stressystemet är ett av det mest grundläggande verktyg som människan utvecklat. Detta för att klara av de stora påfrestningar och belastningar det innebär att leva ett liv. Men vid långvarig stress utan att människan får chans till återhämtning och vila så utvecklas istället en ohälsa som kan vara svår att hantera. Denna ohälsa kallas stressrelaterad ohälsa och kan leda till en rad olika sjukdomar både inom det somatiska och det psykiatriska området. Begrepp som hälsa, livsrytm, lidande och det existentiella perspektivet blir nödvändiga att använda för att på ett djupare plan beskriva den obalans som uppkommer vid stressrelaterad ohälsa.

    Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att undersöka patienters upplevelser av stressrelaterad ohälsa och vägen till att finna balans. Metoden bygger på en litteraturstudie där enbart kvalitativa artiklar använts. I resultat framkom två teman: upplevelser av obalans och att finna balans med tillhörande subteman som presenteras i en vågrörelse. De drabbade lever ofta ett liv med höga krav, ensidiga relationer och tar även ett stort ansvar både i hemmet och på arbetet. Utan återhämtning och vila blir denna livsstil ohållbar vilket leder till en nedåtgående rörelse där "att nå botten" blir en slutstation men även en vändpunkt för de drabbade. Genom att förstå och ha kunskap om hur det är att leva med och uppleva stressrelaterad ohälsa kan sjuksköterskan stödja, skapa tillit och skapa en miljö så att den drabbade åter kan finna den balans som krävs för att uppnå hälsa.

  • 85.
    Affland, Susanna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Jernberg Åkerstein, Ida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda patienter med funktionsnedsättningar efter en strokediagnos: En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Stroke drabbar cirka 28 000 personer årligen i Sverige. Många drabbas av funktionsnedsättningar som kräver rehabilitering där sjuksköterskan spelar en viktig roll i den inledande rehabiliteringsfasen. Genom de funktionsnedsättningar patienter drabbas av blir vårdandet komplext och utmanande för sjuksköterskor.

    Syftet med studien var att beskriva sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda patienter som drabbats av funktionsnedsättningar efter en strokediagnos. En litteraturstudie har genomförts. Databaserna som använts är Cinahl, Medline och Primo. Nio kvalitativa artiklar hittades och kvalitetsgranskades enligt Friberg (2017) och analyserades enligt Axelsson (2012) metod.  Två huvudteman identifierades i resultatet vilka var vårdandets komplexitet med subteman sjuksköterskans roll, utmaningar i vårdandet och vårdrelation, samt utmaningar i organisationen med subteman sjuksköterskans kompetens, samarbete i teamet och tidsbrist. Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskor upplevde att de hade en viktig roll i rehabiliteringen och vårdandet, att vårdandet av strokedrabbade var komplext och utmanande. Skapandet av vårdrelationer var viktigt men påverkades av den upplevda tidsbristen. Även sjuksköterskors kompetens och samarbetet i teamet upplevdes vara viktigt för att uppnå god och säker vård. För att tillgodose patienter den vård de kräver samt att skapa vårdrelationer är det viktigt att organisationen ses över för att tillgodose sjuksköterskor den tid och de resurser de behöver för att uppnå god vård.

  • 86. Agborg, Mette
    et al.
    Berger, Lisa
    IDA: från projekt till levande verksamhet2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vuxenstuderande är en viktig målgrupp för folkbiblioteken och biblioteken en betydelsefull resurs för målgruppen. Att etablera ett fungerade samarbete med vuxenutbildningen borde vara självklart. På vilket sätt är inte lika självklart. Hur vi kan bygga upp en sådan ömsesidig relation ser förstås olika ut beroende på förutsättningarna och idéerna hos biblioteken och vilka utbildningar och andra samarbetspartners som finns på orten. Verksamhet riktad till vuxenstuderande är ständigt i förändring. IDA verksamheten i Malmö Stad har förändrats, från projekt till levande verksamhet. Från traditionell biblioteksservice till behovsanpassad service. För att möta våra besökares behov kommer den fortsätta att vara i förändring.

  • 87. Agebjörn, Hanna
    et al.
    Nilsson, Mia
    Litteracitet, små barn och ipad: en fallstudie av ett barnbiblioteks användande av ny teknik i en läsfrämjande kontext2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta paper utgår från, och är en kortare bearbetning av, vår masteruppsats med samma namn, skriven våren 2013 inom ämnet biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap vid Lunds Universitet, masterprogrammet i ABM. Uppsatsen i sin helhet återfinns på http://www.lu.se/lup/publication/3809044.

  • 88. Agelii, Anni
    På vilket sätt framställs skolbiblioteket?: En studie av två fackliga tidskrifter med fokus på skolbibliotekets innehåll och funktion2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    School libraries have been included in the School Law since July 2011. However despite the law there are no clear descriptions of what a school library must contain or how it should be used as a learning resource in schools. Significant factors for the successful pedagogical function of a school library, is cooperation between the school librarian and the teaching staff. Support from the school management and local administrative documents that define the school library’s role are also important for establishing a solid school library. The aim of this bachelor thesis is to examine in what way school libraries are presented in two union magazine journals for school professionals, by using discourse analysis as a theoretical foundation and as a method. Six main types of discourses appeared which relates to the content and function of school libraries. According to the fundamental principles of discourse analysis the texts from the magazines are to be considered as a social construction of reality rather than a genuine description of the school libraries. Furthermore, this essay contains an interpretation of the language found in the texts selected from the magazines. Several of the six discourse types confer with the image of school libraries as found within the Library and Information Science research field. Surprisingly, there is very little to be found with regard to the school library and its role in the digitizing of schools. Similarly there are very few concrete examples illustrating how the school library and the school librarian work in practice.

  • 89. Agesund, Ann-Kristin
    Textibel®: Textiles as Furniture2008In: The Nordic Textile Journal 2008, Special Edition Smart Textiles, p. 126-145Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 90.
    Agetorp, Maria
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lorentzon, Anna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Mekanisk återvinning av bomullsfibrer från konsumentavfall: Påverkan på polymerisationsgrad och spinnbarhet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Cellulosans polymerisationsgrad (DP) är en viktig faktor vid utvärdering av möjligheterna till både mekanisk och kemisk återvinning av bomull. Enligt flera studier leder lägre DP till svagare fibrer. I denna rapport har DP hos bomullsfibrer från begagnade jeans undersökts före och efter mekanisk återvinning för att se om återvinningsprocessen eller graden av slitage på de ingående fibrerna har en påverkan på DP. Även möjligheten att spinna garn med de mekaniskt återvunna fibrerna utblandade med jungfruliga bomullsfibrer har undersökts för att se hur andelen återvunna fibrer och graden av slitage på dessa påverkar garnets styrka. Konsumentavfall i form av bomullsjeans, före och efter mekanisk återvinning,  har lösts i  bis(etylendiamin)kopparhydroxidlösning (Cuen). Viskositeten har mätts och cellulosans polymerisationsgrad har beräknats. Eftersom fibrerna inte löstes upp helt var cellulosakoncentrationen i lösningarna okänd. Därför kunde inga klara slutsatser dras om huruvida den mekaniska återvinningen eller graden av slitage på det ingående materialet hade någon påverkan på DP, även om den statistiska analysen visade på att båda variablerna hade en signifikant påverkan. DP hos återvunna fibrer från begagnade jeans är högre än vad som krävs för framställning av både viskos och lyocell, vilket gör att kemisk återvinning av denna form av konsumentavfall kan vara möjlig att utveckla industriellt. Jungfrulig bomull har ringspunnits tillsammans med 20 % och 50 % återvunna fibrer. Spinningen av garn med 50 % återvunna fibrer var på grund av upprepade garnbrott alltför tidskrävande för vara lämlig för storskalig produktion. Dragstyrkan hos ett ringspunnet bomullsgarn med 20 % återvunna fibrer försämrades inte jämfört med ett garn av 100 % jungfrulig bomull, utan kunde tvärtemot förbättras beroende på spinninställningar och kvaliteten på de återvunna fibrerna. Inblandning av 20 % mindre slitna fibrer gav ett starkare garn än 20 % slitna fibrer. Dock spanns endast en bobin av varje garn och därför krävs en större studie för att få ett större statistiskt underlag innan några mer generella slutsatser kan dras.

  • 91.
    Aghajani, M
    et al.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Babol Noushirvani University of Technology.
    Rahimpour, A
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Babol Noushirvani University of Technology.
    Amani, H
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Babol Noushirvani University of Technology.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Rhamnolipid as new bio-agent for cleaning of ultrafiltration membrane fouled by whey2018In: Engineering in Life Sciences, ISSN 1618-0240, E-ISSN 1618-2863, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 272-280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, rhamnolipid biosurfactant as an eco-friendly and biodegradable cleaning agent was produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria and was used to evaluate the chemical cleaning efficiency of whey fouled ultrafiltration membranes. Thin layer chromatography (TLC) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) confirmed the successful synthesis of rhamnolipid. The produced rhamnolipid was compared to chemical cleaners including sodium hydroxide (NaOH), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and Tween 20. Ultrafiltration membranes used for fouling and cleaning analysis were prepared using phase inversion via immersion precipitation technique. For studying the fouling mechanisms, Hermia's model adapted to cross-flow was used. From the fouling mechanism experiments, it was found that the complete blocking and cake formation were the dominant fouling mechanisms. The highest values of cleaning efficiency were achieved using rhamnolipid and NaOH as cleaning agents with the flux recovery of 100%, but with considering the low concentration of the rhamnolipid used in the cleaning solution compared to NaOH (0.3 versus 4 g/L for NaOH), its application is preferred. 

  • 92.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    En rimlig samvetsklausul2016In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 2002-3383Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 93.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Mixing Interest and Control?: Assessing Peter Vallentyne’s Hybrid Theory of Rights2015In: Philosophia (Ramat Gan), ISSN 0048-3893, E-ISSN 1574-9274, Vol. 43, no 4, p. 933-949Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between libertarianism and state is a contested one. Despite pressing full and strict ownership of one’s person and any justly acquired goods, many libertarians have suggested ways in which a state, albeit limited, can be regarded as just. Peter Vallentyne has proposed that all plausible versions of libertarianism are compatible with what he calls ‘private-law states’. His proposal is underpinned by a particular conception of rights, which brings Interest Theory of rights and Will Theory of rights together. If convincing, Vallentyne’s theory of rights enables libertarians to accommodate a limited but nevertheless coercive state that can act without the full consent of the affected citizen. In this paper, it is argued that Vallentyne’s hybrid theory of rights is implausible from a libertarian perspective as well as fails to align itself with common and deeply held moral intuitions. Hence the conflict between mainstream libertarianism and the state is not solved by Vallentyne’s proposal.

  • 94.
    Agnhage, Tove
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. University Lille 1, France; Soochow University, China.
    Eco-designed functionalization of polyester fabric2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increased awareness of the textile dyeing and finishing sector’s high impact on the environment due to high water consumption, polluted wastewater, and inefficient use of energy. To reduce environmental impacts, researchers propose the use of dyes from natural sources. The purpose of using these is to impart new attributes to textiles without compromising on environmental sustainability. The attributes given to the textile can be color and/or other characteristics. A drawback however, is that the use of bio-sourced dyes is not free from environmental concerns. Thus, it becomes paramount to assess the environmental impacts from using them and improve the environmental profile, but studies on this topic are generally absent.

    The research presented in this thesis has included environmental impact assessment, using the life cycle assessment (LCA) tool, in the design process of a multifunctional polyester (PET) fabric using natural anthraquinones. By doing so an eco-design approach has been applied, with the intention to pave the way towards eco-sustainable bio-functionalization of textiles.

    The anthraquinones were obtained from the root extracts of the madder plant (Rubia tinctorum L.), referred to as madder dye. The research questions were therefore formulated related to the use of madder dye. Three research questions have been answered: (I) Can madder dye serve as a multifunctional species onto a PET woven fabric? (II) How does the environmental profile of the dyeing process of PET with madder dye look like, and how can it be improved? (III) What are the main challenges in using LCA to assess the environmental impacts of textile dyeing with plant-based dyes?

    It is concluded that there is a potential for the madder dye to serve as a multifunctional species onto PET. Based on the encouraging result, a recommendation for future work would be to focus on the durability of the functionalities presented and their improvement potential, both in exhaustion dyeing and pad-dyeing. LCA driven process optimization of the exhaustion dyeing enabled improvement in every impact category studied. However, several challenges have been identified which need to be overcome for the LCA to contribute to the sustainable use of multifunctional plant-based species in textile dyeing. The main challenges are the lack of available data at the research stage and the interdisciplinary nature of the research arena. It is envisaged that if these challenges are addressed, LCA can contribute towards sustainable bio-functionalization of textiles. 

  • 95.
    Agnhage, Tove
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Nierstrasz, Vincent
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Perwuelz, A.
    Guan, J.P.
    Chen, G.Q.
    Eco-design innovative methods for fabric finishing2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 96.
    Agnhage, Tove
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Nierstrasz, Vincent
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Zhou, Yuyang
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. Soochow University.
    Guan, Jinping
    Soochow University.
    Perwuelz, Anne
    ENSAIT.
    Behary, Nemeshwaree
    ENSAIT.
    Bioactive and multifunctional textile using plant-based madder dye: Characterization of UV protection ability and antibacterial activity2017In: Fibers And Polymers, ISSN 1229-9197, E-ISSN 1875-0052, ISSN 1229-9197, Vol. 18, no 11, p. 2170-2175Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 97.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. ENSAIT/GEMTEX.
    Campagne, Christine
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Koehl, Ludovic
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Development and characterisation of secured traceability tag for textile products by printing process2018In: The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, ISSN 0268-3768, E-ISSN 1433-3015Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Product security is one of the major concerns in the textile industry. Every year, fashion brands suffer significant loss due to counterfeit products. Addressing this, the paper introduces a secured tag for traceability and security of textile products. The proposed tag is unclonable, which can be manufactured using conventional screen-printing process. Further, it can be read using a smartphone camera to authenticate the product and trace its history. Consequently, imparting additional functionality to the textile through surface modification. To validate its applicability, the study experimentally investigates the durability and readability of the developed secured tag using three different binders on polyester and cotton textiles substrates. A comparison is presented with an in-depth analysis of surfaces and binders interaction at different stages of the secured tag lifecycle, i.e. before print, after print, after wash and after abrasion cycles. The methodology and findings of the study can also be useful for other manufacturing domains dealing with the printing process.

  • 98.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Koehl, Ludovic
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Campagne, Christine
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    A secured tag for implementation of traceability in textile and clothing supply chain2018In: The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, ISSN 0268-3768, E-ISSN 1433-3015Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Textile and clothing industry is one of the oldest manufacturing industries and is a major contributor in the economic growth of developing countries. However, from past few decades, it has been criticised for its opaque, unsecured and untraceable nature of supply chain. Addressing these challenges, the paper proposes a system approach to introduce an item-centric secured traceability concept to monitor and control manufacturing processes and supply chain activities. In order to implement such secured traceability system, the paper describes the process for manufacturing, encoding and validating an innovative two-factor secured tag based on particle randomness that is printed on the surface of textile. Being micro-sized, the particles are easy to read and validate with pattern recognition. Further, as achieved through an uncontrolled manufacturing process, the randomness is unclonable to produce counterfeit tags. Furthermore, a sequence of experimental analyses has been conducted using various simulated scenarios to verify its applicability. A secured tag can be a low-cost and durable substitute for detachable, unsecured identifiers commercially available in the market.

  • 99.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Koehl, Ludovic
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Campagne, Christine
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Cryptographic Tracking Tags for Traceability in Textiles and Clothing Supply Chain2016In: Uncertainty Modelling in Knowledge Engineering and Decision Making / [ed] Xianyi Zeng, Jie Lu, Etienne E Kerre, Luis Martinez and Ludovic Koehl, Singapore: World Scientific, 2016, Vol. 10, p. 800-805Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cryptographic tags are an important entity for tracking and authentication of a product in the today's global supply chain. They act as carriers which map the information with physical product. Further, their importance in Textile and Clothing industry has significantly enhanced due to increased counterfeit activities and complex supply-chain networks. In this context, this paper describes various existing cryptography methods and tags, scope for improvement and possible solutions for their use in Textile and Clothing supply-chain traceability.

  • 100. Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    Koehl, Ludovic
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Campagne, Christine
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Implementing traceability using particle randomness-based textile printed tags2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article introduces a random particle-based traceability tag for textiles. The proposed tag not only act as a unique signature for the corresponding textile product but also possess the features such as easy to manufacture and hard to copy. It seeks applications in brand authentication and traceability in textile and clothing (T&C) supply chain. A prototype has been developed by screen printing process, in which micron-scale particles were mixed with the printing paste and printed on cotton fabrics to attain required randomness. To encode the randomness, the image of the developed tag was taken and analyzed using image processing. The randomness of the particles acts as a product key or unique signature which is required to decode the tag. Finally, washing and abrasion resistance tests were conducted to check the durability of the printed tag.

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