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  • 451. Ali, Majid
    et al.
    Bashir, Tariq
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Optimization of oCVD Process for the Production of Conductive Fibers2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Electro active textile fibers are key components in smart and interactive textile applications. In our previous study, we produced poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) coat edviscose fibers by using oxidative chemical vapordeposition (OCVD) technique. We tried FeCl3 as oxidant and found optimum reaction conditions at which better electrical as well as mechanical properties of conductive fibers could be achieved.

  • 452. Ali, Majid
    et al.
    Bashir, Tariq
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Stretch Sensing Properties of PEDOT Coated Conductive Yarns Produced by OCVD Process2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 453.
    Ali, Mariam
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Andersson, Anna
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Sagan som språkutvecklanderedskap i förskolan2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Sagan har alltid använts i förskolans verksamhet med avsikten att vila och få chans att varva ner lite. Idag är meningen med sagan oftast densamma ute i verksamheterna men pedagogerna idag har blivit mer medvetna om vad sagan har för möjligheter för språkutvecklingen. Sagan skapar möjligheter till diskussion, samtal och chans att utveckla sin självkänsla genom att prata inför andra och våga träda fram i rollspel. Syfte Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur pedagogerna arbetar med sagan som pedagogiskt redskap i verksamheten för att främja barns språkutveckling och hur pedagogerna ser sagans förändring genom de senaste trettio åren. Metod Vi har valt att använda kvalitativa intervjuer i vår undersökning. Vi använde oss av intervjuer som redskap för att få svar på vårt syfte till studien. Vi har intervjuat verksamma pedagoger på tre utvalda förskolor i Västra Götalands län. Resultat Pedagogerna i vår studie upplever att sagan ger många möjligheter till barns språkutveckling. Pedagogerna talar också om användningen av sagan genom tiderna, även hur vi pedagoger involverar barnen i arbetet med sagan. Pedagogerna talar även om sagans påverkan på fantasin och självkänslan som något positivt i utvecklingen. En del pedagoger anser att det är viktigt att pedagogerna är medveten om förändringar och mottaglig för nya idéer och arbetsätt med sagan som språkutvecklande redskap.

  • 454.
    Ali, Melissa
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Rogic, Djurdjica
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Leka på låtsas? En studie av förskolebarns samspel inom låtsasleken.2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND: Begreppet lek är ett väldigt stort område och vi har därför valt att begränsa oss till låtsasleken och barns samspel inom lekarna. Inom lekgrupper finns ofta någon form av makt och utanförskap så därför går vi närmare in på ämnet i bakgrunden. I detta kapitel redogör vi även för den tidigare forskning som gjorts inom ämnena låtsasleken och samspel inom leken. I den teoretiska ramen valdes Vygotskijs utvecklingspsykologiska teori som tar upp hur social interaktion bidrar till barns lärande och utveckling. SYFTE: Vårt syfte är att undersöka hur barnen samspelar med varandra i situationer av låtsasleken på förskolan. METOD: Vår forskningsmetod består av observationer som vi har utfört på två olika förskolor. Vi har observerat 26 barn sammanlagt. Vi har bedrivit våra observationer utifrån den kvalitativa metoden. RESULTAT: I våra observationer förekom det maktkamp till en viss grad där barn som ansågs ha en hög status lättare fick bestämma lekens regler medan barn utanför lekgruppen hade det svårare att ansluta sig till de andra barnen. Vi fick även inblick i hur barnen organiserar sina egna lekar och samspelar med varandra. Vi såg att vissa barn organiserade sina lekar utefter sina egna erfarenheter.

  • 455.
    Ali, Nazenin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Vaxhed, Angelica
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Effektivisering av emballagehantering hos ett producerande företag: med fokus på flöde och bemanning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to streamline the packaging management at a producing company. Areas studied are the flow for a specific packaging type and crew when packing. The procedure for the study is done by doing a case study at Volvo Cars Co. The geographically limitations are with in the Press Office in Torslanda, the operator packing to the warehouse and from the storage to be transported to the customer. The method is to utilize various methods and tools to identify problem areas. When finding problem areas the purpose can be reached by evaluating the problems and provide possible improvements to eliminate these. Methods being used are SAM analysis, process flow analysis and a qualitative study. The results identifies problem areas in the lack of knowledge of handling package, for example that everyone works in different ways. Layout in the warehouse can be different, thus reducing transport between processes and eliminate non-value activities. Through a new way of packing, the lead time can be reduced when handling a filled package, as well as ensuring the safety of the employees.

  • 456.
    Ali, Zainab
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Axelsson, Malin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskans upplevelser och uppfattningar av att möta barns smärta: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur smärta upplevs beror på fysiska, psykiska, sociala, andliga och existentiella faktorer samt kön, ålder och tidigare erfarenheter, vilket innebär att smärta är en subjektiv upplevelse som dessutom blir komplex. International association for the study of pain, IASP:s beskrivning av smärta innebär att upplevelsen av smärta är verklig för den som uttrycker smärta oavsett från vad som hittas vid en smärtutredning. Sjuksköterskan ska vårda barn enligt hälso- och sjukvårdslagen och ha barnets bästa i åtanke. Sjuksköterskans ansvar är att kunna bedöma och lindra barnets smärta samtidigt som hon skapar en relation till barnet för att kunna ge god vård. Sjuksköterskan ska också stödja föräldrarna och ge dem information.

    Syftet med studien är att beskriva sjuksköterskans upplevelser och uppfattningar av att möta barns smärta inom slutenvården. Som lämplig metod till det formade syftet valdes en systematisk litteraturstudie för att belysa och sammanställa forskningsresultat som finns inom det berörda området. Studiens resultat baserades på 14 artiklar som analyserats och kategoriserats. Resultatet visar att sjuksköterskan känner sig frustrerad och otillräcklig när barnets smärta inte kan lindras. Både främjande och hindrande omständigheter påverkade sjuksköterskans smärtbedömning och smärtlindring. En relation till barnet och föräldramedverkan underlättade sjuksköterskans bedömning och lindring av smärtan. Sjuksköterskans ålder, erfarenhet och utbildning korrelerade med sjuksköterskans kompetensnivå. Många sjuksköterskor observerade barnets beteende som bedömningsunderlag och litade inte på barnets skattning av sin smärta när barnet inte visade ett smärtbeteende. Sjuksköterskans ansvar är att ge god smärtlindring som kan underlättas genom att skapa en relation med barnet och lyssna på barnet. Sjuksköterskan måste se till alla behov som barnet har, även de psykiska och emotionella. Genom utbildning kan sjuksköterskans kunskap och attityder gentemot barns smärta och smärtlindring öka så att barnets vård optimeras och lidandet minskar.

  • 457.
    Ali, Zeeshan
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    THE ROLE OF MERCHANDISER IN MANAGING THE SUPPLY CHAIN2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research project is based on observing and Analyzing the Role of a textile merchandiser in managing the supply chain of the Home Textiles In The Buying or retailing, in the Mill and with the Agents. The project also "highlights the comparative analysis of the practices by Followed merchandisers into the retailer side, mills and Those In The Agents', on the basis of the Functions Which Supports the supply chain. In the discussion, We Have highlighted Importance Of The Role Played by an agent and by the merchandisers of Buyer and Supplier in Different situation. By our research work we find out The Challenges face by merchandisers And Then we come up with sometime suggestions.This Research Project Has Been Developed by Contacting and Visiting Hemtex, Brink Textiles, by interviewing the merchandisers working in the Industries like Al-Abid Silk Mill . By Analyzing the data & the data through the visits and the interviews, this Research Project Has Been Combined to give in-depth knowledge about the Activities Which merchandisers performer in a mill and into buying a house.

  • 458.
    Alian, Rania
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Arabisktalande elever och matematiska uppgifter med svensk text: En kvalitativ studie om grundskolans elever med arabiska som modersmål2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Detta examensarbete undersöker arabisktalande elevers svårigheter att förstå matematiska uppgifter med svenska texter respektive arabiska texter. Arbetet tar upp språkets betydelse i matematikens utveckling. Enligt litteraturen behöver elever med ett annat modersmål än svenska behärska sitt modersmål för att kunna utveckla sitt andraspråk och för att klara sig i matematik. Syfte Syftet med mitt arbete är att ta reda på svårigheter för högstadiet elever i år 8 med arabiska som modersmål att förstå matematiska uppgifter med svenska texter respektive arabiska texter. Metod Arabisktalande elever i år 8 valdes för att uppfylla syftet med detta examensarbete. Deltagande observationer gjordes för att få förståelse för deras förmåga att lösa matematikuppgifter med svenska och arabiska texter. Därefter genomfördes kvalitativa intervjuer med nämnda elever för att samla information om språkets påverkan på deras förståelse för matematik. Resultat Resultaten visar att elever med arabiska som modersmål behärskar sitt andra språk. De föredrar svenska språket när de läser matematik. Eleverna kan förklara matematik med användning av matematikspråk på sitt andraspråk. De kodväxlar mellan arabiska och svenska i sitt tänkande när de arbetar med matematiska uppgifter med svensk text. Eleverna visade brister i sitt modersmål. De har svårigheter att läsa och förstå officiell arabiska. De kan kommunicera på arabiska i sina dialekter men inte på officiell arabiska.

  • 459.
    Alic, Sanela
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    ”Man åker inte på en räkmacka direkt”: En studie om utlandsföddas arbetssituation på arbetsplatsen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In society today, foreign-born individuals suffer from often having worse position on the labor market than persons belonging to the majority population. The problem is a fairly well known phenomenon and consists of difficulties for foreign-born individuals to enter the Swedish labor market or that they have worse labor conditions than Swedish-born individuals. Some previous studies demonstrate differences in salaries and positions but there are not as many studies that reflect what these differences mean for the individual at specific workplaces. Thereby it is important to highlight the foreign-born individuals working conditions at the workplace level and explore other areas of concern, for example, career opportunities, instability of work and internal training.

    The purpose of this study is to examine how foreign-born with southern European background experience their work situation and their experiences of development work. The study is based on ten semi-structured interviews. The results show that the respondents perceive some barriers in their work. The results also show that respondents' perception of development in their work differ in marked differences between men and women. The results are analyzed and discussed on the basis of Tilly's theory of permanent inequality, intersectional perspectives and structural discrimination theory.

  • 460.
    Alija, Floriana
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Alija, Suzana
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Undervisning av skönlitteratur i en skola i Kosovo: en kvalitativ studie i skolan2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND: I bakgrunden beskriver vi vad litteratur och forskning tar upp kring skönlitteratur i undervisningen. Viktiga begrepp definieras. Vi redogör för den Kosovoalbanska läroplanen och kursplanen i albanska SYFTE: Vårt syfte är att undersöka hur lärarna i vår studie använder skönlitteratur i undervisningen och vilka faktorer som enligt lärarna påverkar hur undervisningen ser ut. METOD: Vi har använt oss av en kvalitativ metod med öppna intervjuer och observationer. Intervjufrågorna har genererats utifrån observationerna detta för att få en tydligare bild för hur lärarna arbetar med skönlitteratur i undervisningen. RESULTAT: Vårt resultat visar på att lärarna i vår studie till större delen använder sig av traditionella metoder vid arbete med skönlitteratur. Resurserna och vilken politik som förs i kommunen påverkar undervisningen och läroböckerna i hög grad enligt lärarna. En önskan att arbeta med metoder såsom litteratursamtal finns hos samtliga lärare. Lärarna utgår uteslutet ifrån läroboken.

  • 461.
    Alimohamadi, Bardia
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Load Carriers; Optimized Solution to Improve Performance of Roll containers: A Case Study at VGR-WESTMA Organization2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Roll containers are widely used in transportation and delivery operations due to the high level of flexibility and agility they offer to supply chains. However, there is a negative side to the application of roll containers in industry which can be removed or minimized by proper ergonomic and technical considerations. In this thesis work, the safety problems, economic issues and environmental effects associated with roll containers being used in VGR-WESTMA organization are reviewed in order to come up with alternative solutions to the current way of using old roll containers in their supply chain. The analysis of the problem resulted in ergonomic, safety and technical recommendation on using roll containers within their associated supply chain. The appropriate technical design of roll containers that fits the organization facilities are introduced with the aim of streamlining the supply chain flow within the organization. However, cost is considered as a limiting factor for this organization. Hence, proper ergonomic awareness and use of appropriate accessories to the roll containers are considered as a contemporary alternative solution to replacing roll containers being used in this supply chain.

  • 462.
    Alimohamadi, Bardia
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Khorshidi, Nasrin
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Six Sigma Perspectives: In Academic World and Business Environment2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In beginning of 1980s, a majority of business sectors were suffering from high operating costs and inefficiencies which were a big loss to these sectors. These inefficiencies and lack of effectiveness were consequently producing high levels of customer dissatisfactions as well. Six Sigma culture has been predominantly inspired and affected by Japanese business culture with a focus on total customer satisfaction. This had turned out to be an alert to Motorola that was not famous for its arrogant attitude toward their customers. Motorola has been a pioneer in developing and applying Six Sigma within their operations and processes. Six Sigma has been initially introduced as a response to Motorola’s problems in the mid-1980s. [15] The reason for crediting the Japanese business culture at that time was mainly the Japanese growing sales power in global competitive market. With gained efficiency through proper engagement of all employees and simpler designs, Japanese could become more efficient with higher levels of quality. [15] Six Sigma initiators learned enough from Japanese competitors and their own learning to create their vision and framework. [15] However Six Sigma has been officially launched in Motorola for the first time in 1987. Six Sigma has shown to be a successful management strategy since first time introduction and implementation. [15] Six key components or main lines of work required for successful upgrading from a non-Six Sigma company to a company with Six Sigma culture are as it comes in the following lines: Six Sigma cultural renovation, reward and credit system, training, unified measurement system, facilitators, communication and senior executive commitment. [15] Six Sigma is a wide covering issue that covers different aspects and sectors of a company. Six Sigma is considered as a project based strategy. [31] Framework for a Six Sigma organization is very important for them to start the journey in order to become a Six Sigma organization. In the establishment process of Six Sigma although it is necessary to use appropriate tools and techniques, it is also required to benefit from a comprehensive training system provided for everyone in the organization. [31] Hence, by proper application of quality management tools and statistical methods, Six Sigma is to remove source of errors and reduce variability in process outputs to a certain level. Variability can either be in business or production processes. However, nowadays, companies are using different Six Sigma training systems to better establish this strategy within their business. The implementation process is enabled with appropriate and relevant tool box with proper frame work and measurement techniques. 2 The issue is that the definition and application of Six Sigma in different sectors and companies may differ. This is a source of a controversy in this field area. Also the academic perspective towards Six Sigma may differ from the business perspective. In order to investigate these claims, we will try to collect definitions, methods and techniques by literature review and being used by different abovementioned parties to make a comparison between these perspectives.

  • 463.
    Alimohamadi, Bardia
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Seddigh, Ameneh
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Lean Implementation into Risk Management Process2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Any business management process involves a relevant risk management process whereas proper integration of risk management process following the lean guidelines can result in an efficient risk management process. This is a vital advantageous character for successful companies of this era. However, in real world business, many cases have been observed with different types of hidden wastes associated with their risk management process. These wastes act as obstacles to create value for their customer. Hence, the need for an integrated risk management process enabled with a lean perspective is growing in all levels of business and industry. Lean management and risk management process are in close interaction whether we see it or not. There would be two options ahead of organizations. First option is to ignore this mutual relationship between lean management and risk management process and the other option is to try to understand this interaction in detail with a continuous effort to make it more efficient. This conscious approach to the issue can turn into an efficient integration in successful cases. Integration process towards having a lean risk management is a tricky journey that requires proper understanding of the issue among the associated people and smart strategic decision making along with proper tactical knowledge and know-hows. In the current thesis work, we have tried to apply lean philosophy in order to recognize the wastes and non value added activities. This integration process starts with recognizing the context of risk management in a target organization. It is critical to recognize the risk management process steps because it is necessary to analyze the process steps one by one. Importance of following the flow principle of lean philosophy is a must in order to attain to a streamlined progress in the work. Consequently eight typical lean wastes should be identified in the relevant risk management process steps. In order to be able to eliminate the identified non value added activities, lean tools would be applied at this stage of the work. In other words, the root causes to the process wastes would be tracked down with the aim of eliminating or reducing them. Through proper application of lean tools in the integration process, we would get to a level of improved effectiveness and efficiency in our organization. In a comprehensive lean risk management integration strategy, the future state of risk management process would be drawn following lean principles with an eye on extension work for developing the lean risk management policies throughout the supply chain. This lean extension program is a key to catch hidden synergies in risk management process of the whole supply chain. Inbuilt KPIs and process metrics would be the proper provision for enabling the organization be in a state of continuous thrive for perfection. Applications of lean principles make a quick response enterprise with proper level of flexibility which results in an aware personnel attitude in a lean risk management working environment. Mixing the factor of improved internal efficiency with our risk management process, would help us have a better control over our associated risks. The result to this integration work would be a lean organization with continuously growing voracity to make improvements to the status of lean risk management process.

  • 464. Alinezhad, S.
    et al.
    Mirabdollah, A.
    Forgács, Gergely
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Feuk-Lagerstedt, Elisabeth
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Sárvári Horváth, Ilona
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Expression of keratinase gene in Bacillus megaterium using an expression vector of pHIS1525.SPlipA and utilization of the resulting recombinant strain for chicken feather degradation prior to biogas production2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An increasing quantity of chickens is being utilized annually in the poultry industry, producing a huge volume of chicken feather waste which presents a high quality supply of keratin. Keratinases possessing high level of keratinolytic activity on insoluble keratin play a crucial role in hydrolyzing chicken feathers. Ever since the discovery of proteolytic ability as well as water solubility of keratinase, many industrial processes regarding keratinase application have been developed. A recently invented application to handle poultry waste is to utilize feathers for biogas production. Obviously, large amount of keratinase is required to break down the keratin prior to further conversion to biogas. Previously, several researches have shown that certain bacteria are able to produce keratinase but it is still a challenge to find out which bacteria is the most reliable source for the production with high efficiency. These challenges gave rise to the molecular biologists to bring the focus on gene cloning to develop recombinant strains resulting in overproduction of keratinase. Over the course of various cloning and expression experiments of similar proteins, it was found that Bacillus megaterium could be a susceptible host cell for keratinase production. In our study, the keratinase gene from the chromosomal DNA of Bacillus licheniformis ATCC®53757 was PCR amplified and subsequently cloned into Bacillus megaterium expression vector, pHIS1525.SPlipA. Bacillus megaterium ATCC®14945 strain was transformed with the recombinant plasmid, pKERHIS1525.SPlipA. The KER gene was expressed under xylose inducible promoter, and the product was then purified using Ni-NTA affinity chromatography. After 18 h of incubation an extracellular keratinase activity of 29U ml-1 was achieved (one unit of activity was determined as the amount of enzyme required to an increase of 0.01 in A420 after 30 min of incubation at 37°C). The recombinant strain was further examined for feather degradation using intact chicken feather waste as carbon source. The chopped chicken feathers were partially degraded by the recombinant strain after three days of incubation and the total macroscopic digestion was ultimately observed after seven days resulting in a yellowish peptide rich fermentation broth. The biogas potential of the hydrolysate will be compared with that of untreated feathers by performing anaerobic batch digestion experiments.

  • 465.
    Alinezhad, Saeid
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Mirabdollah, Amir
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Production of recombinant keratinase for poultry feather degradation2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The keratinase gene (kerA) of Bacillus licheniformis ATCC®53757 was PCR amplified and subsequently cloned into Bacillus megaterium expression vector; pHIS1525.SPlipA and transformed in Bacillus megaterium ATCC®14945. The kerA gene carrying the recombinant plasmid pKERHIS1525.SPlipA was expressed in Bacillus megaterium under xylose inducible promoter, purified using Ni-NTA affinity column chromatography and consequently produced an extracellular keratinase activity of 29 U ml-1 after 18 h of incubation. The recombinant strain was further examined for feather degradation of intact chicken feathers. The chopped chicken feathers were partially degraded by the recombinant strain after 3days and the total macroscopic digestion was ultimately observed after seven days resulting in a yellowish peptide rich fermentation broth.

  • 466.
    Aljaderi, Maythem
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Tang, Jocke
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Mohammadi, Mohammad
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Give me FAVE: Fault Analysis for Vibration in Electronics2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ericsson har haft ett problem som påverkar deras mikrovågsradio. Detta problem handlar i grunden om mekaniska störningar som påverkar dataöverföringen mellan två radioenheter. Dessa störningar resulterar i bitfel på grund av olika orsaker. Dessa orsaker undersöks i projektet, för att i senare skede kunna förbättra precisionen av dataöverföringen. Genom att skicka signalerna med olika frekvenser på ett automatiserat och mer noggrant sätt, ökar möjligheten att testa radion i fler miljöer samtidigt möjligheten av att täcka ett så stort frekvensområde som möjligt ges. Arbetet är en blandning av elektronik, mekanik, akustik och programmering. Tanken är att den nya mätmetoden som presenteras skall vara automatisk och mjukvarustyrd. Även manuell styrning skall vara möjlig. Arbetet har bestått av forskning, marknadsskanning och kontakt med personer som är involverade inom området, detta för att hitta det bästa sättet att utveckla en ny felsökningsmetod. Med hjälp av olika testkörningar som studeras noggrant kommer förståelsen för ovan nämnda störningar att öka, vilket förhoppningsvis hjälper oss att hitta olika sätt att hantera dessa störningar i enskilda komponenter samt konstruktionen i sin helhet. Det finns flera förslag på alternativ, men genom ökad förståelse och kunskap inom området har det visat sig att det lämpligaste alternativet är att använda en shaker och en speaker som sändare och ett piezoelement som givare. Detta piezoelement tillsammans med en förstärkare mäter signalerna och övervakas med ett oscilloskop. Shakern och speakern drivs av en signalgenerator via en förstärkare. Alla dessa instrument styrs via ett styrprogram som är programmerad i LabVIEW. Styrprogrammets uppgift är att skanna över ett bestämt frekvensintervall med en konstant amplitud. Givaren mäter dessa signaler och sparar till en textfil. Denna information är viktig för att finna resonansfrekvenser och även övervaka den verkliga utsignalen som kommer fram till testobjektet. Detta arbete kommer förhoppningsvis att vara av stor betydelse för utvecklingen av nya produkter och kan bli ett användbart verktyg för andra ingenjörer inom Ericsson i framtiden.

  • 467.
    Alkebradt, Monica
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Mörtberg, Anette
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Flickor och elektroniska spel: Fokusgruppintervjuer med flickor om deras syn på och användning av elektroniska spel2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this Masters thesis is to examine what part and importance electronic games play in the life of girls, how the girls use electronic games and what the girls think and say about their use of electronic games. We also intend to examine what girls have to say about electronic games at the public library. Our attempt is to illuminate and bring knowledge to those who work within the library with the selection, purchase and conveyance of electronic games. Method used in the survey is focusgroup-interviews with girls in the age between 12-14 years in three different schools. The findings are related to four different perspectives, theory of child development, from a gender perspective, theories of understanding how young people use computer games and theories to understand the purpose of public libraries. The material has been analysed and interpreted from these theories and earlier research. Major findings in the study are that girls prefer to spend their time together with friends rather than playing electronic games. Girls tend to play electronic games when they havent anything else to do. The traditional gender roles are very distinct when girls talk about electronic games and gaming. The girls use the games to act out feelings such as anger, frustration and passion. It is very clear in the study that girls tend to connect electronic games with violent games. The studied girls are doubtful if electronic games at the public library will attract girls.

  • 468.
    Alkhalil, Tatjana
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Marek, Victoria
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Effekter av medelhavskost vid diabetes mellitus typ 2: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Typ 2-diabetes är en snabbväxande sjukdom, som ofta är livsstilsrelaterad. Kostomläggning utgör basen för diabetesbehandling. Målsättningen med kostbehandling är att främja hälsa och minska risken för komplikationer. Att drabbas av typ 2-diabetes kan innebära att patienter behöver lära sig om hälsosamma kostvanor. Sjuksköterskans roll är att undervisa och bistå patienter med aktuell kunskap avseende kostförändringar. Personens unika livsvärld utgör utgångspunkten i patientundervisning som syftar till patientens lärande. På senare år har medelhavskost kommit i fokus, som ett eventuellt alternativ bland diabeteskoster. Denna kosthållning tycks ha gynnsam påverkan på en rad riskfaktorer såsom kroppsvikt, blodsocker, blodfetter och blodtryck.

    Syftet med studien var att kartlägga effekter av medelhavskost vid diabetes mellitus typ 2 för att kunna ge kunskap och stöd till diabetespatienter. Metoden som användes var en litteraturstudie. Nio vetenskapliga artiklar med kvantitativ ansats valdes. Materialet analyserades med hjälp av Fribergs (2017, ss. 148-149) analysmodell. Resultatet påvisade att konsumtion av medelhavskost leder till viktminskning, signifikanta förbättringar av HbA1c och fasteglukos, minskning av totalkolesterol, LDL-kolesterol, triglycerider samt reducering av systoliskt och diastoliskt blodtryck. I resultatet framkom både förbättring och försämring av HDL-kolesterol. Kunskap om medelhavskostens hälsofördelar skapar bättre förutsättningar när det gäller kostrådgivning och kan inkluderas i patientundervisning vid typ 2-diabetes. Sjuksköterskans uppgift är att stödja patienters lärande genom att överföra aktuell kunskap om medelhavskostens positiva effekter på samtliga riskfaktorer som har ett samband med diabeteskomplikationer.

  • 469.
    Alkstrand, Tove
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Olofsson, Eva
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Fjärrlån i Sverige: dagsläget och utvecklingsmöjligheter i framtiden1996Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate the possibilities for creating a national interlibrary loan system in Sweden and to see how it could be integrated into an international network . The methods used are both qualitative and quantitative. We have sent inquiries to a number of libraries and we have interviewed keypersons in the interlibrary loan field in Sweden. We have reached the conclusion that in spite of several impediments there is a lot that speaks for a Swedish national interlibrary loan system in the near future. A national bibliographic database is already evolving.

  • 470.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    After the break? Interrupting the discourses of interprofessional practice2008In: Service integration in schools: Research and policy discourses, practices and future prospects / [ed] J Forbes, C Watson, Sense Publishing , 2008Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 471.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    Civilising teacher education? Learning with diversity2011In: Teacher Education & Practice, ISSN 0890-6459, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 351-353Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social capital theorist Robert Putnam (2007) argued that diversity produces fear and leads people to disconnect from one another. For student teachers, diversity of whatever kind--ethnicity, religion, class, disability, gender, or sexuality--generates fear and an expectation that it has to be managed. Civic education within teacher education has a crucial role in facilitating an active engagement with diversity among beginning teachers, and the author argues that teacher education can and should do this by providing students with opportunities to encounter diversity--opportunities that provoke and require change. She contends that teacher education is the ideal place for beginning teachers to acquire a "passion for equality", and far from compromising their intellectual independence, it is likely to strengthen it.

  • 472.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    Complicating, not explicating: Taking up philosophy in learning disability research2011In: Learning disability quarterly, ISSN 0731-9487, E-ISSN 2168-376X, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 153-161Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article provides an introduction to theoretical ideas and practices from the so-called “philosophers of difference” — Foucault, Derrida, and Deleuze and Guattari — as an invitation to think differently about the construction of learning disability and to envision new forms of learning. Two key concepts, Foucault's transgression and Deleuze and Guattari's rhizome, are presented, and examples from research on learning disability and other dimensions of disability are given to illustrate their potential. The theoretical practices of deconstruction, developed by Derrida, and Deleuze and Guattari's rhizomatic analysis are also presented and exemplified. The article argues that these theoretical concepts and practices, if taken up, shift the researcher towards an ethics of research and toward greater responsibility. Implications are discussed in the final part of the paper.

  • 473.
    Allan, J
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Difference in policy and politics: Dialogues in confidence2012In: Review of Disability Studies, ISSN 1553-3697, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 14-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a process of en-gagement with administrators and Government Ministers in dialogue about diversity that was informed by Disability Studies in Education, a discipline that critiques existing ways of thinking about disability, actively promotes more positive constructions and representations of disabled people's lives and challenges conventional or traditional notions of normalcy It took place within a project, initiated by Council of Europe, Policies and practices for socio-cultural diversity and involved the development of a framework of teacher competences for socio-cultural diversity. The paper charts the process of developing the framework and reports the dialogue that took place. The Ministers and administrators were encouraged to view teaching as a dialogue and to recognise teachers' competence in responding to diversity, following Levinas (1969; 1996), a philosopher who addresses questions of ethics, as a continuing responsibility of teachers to their students.

  • 474.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    Foucault and his acolytes: Discourse, power and ethics2012In: Social Theory and Education Research: Understanding Foucault, Habermas, Bourdieu and Derrida / [ed] M Murphy, Routledge , 2012Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 475.
    Allan, J
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Inclusion: Patterns and possibilities2012In: Zeitschrift für Inklusion, E-ISSN 1862-5088, Vol. 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: This examines the policy and practices of inclusion within Europe. It explores the uncertainty surrounding inclusion, among researchers and teachers, and levels of confusion about its precise meaning. The paper also examines the shifting political and policy contexts which create barriers to inclusion but also highlights some of the powerful legal frameworks which enable entitlements to inclusion to be upheld. Recent patterns and trends towards inclusion and indeed exclusion are considered and the paper ends with a discussion of the prospects and possibilities for inclusion.

  • 476.
    Allan, J
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Introduction2012In: Includering och måluppfyllelse: att nå framgång med alla elever, Stockholm: Liber , 2012Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 477.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    Provocations: Putting philosophy to work on inclusion2009In: Educational enactments in a globalised world: Intercultural conversations / [ed] K Quinlivan, B Kaur, R Boyask, Rotterdam: Sense Publishers , 2009, p. 1-12Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Inclusion is currently characterised by c onfusion about what it is supposed to be and do; frustration at the way the current climate of standards and accountability constrains teachers’ work; guilt at the ex clusion created for individual pupils; and exhaustion, associated with a sense of fa ilure and futility. This chapter considers the ‘impossibility’ of inclusion in the current context and how it has become a highly emotive and somewhat irrational sp ace of confrontation, with questions about how we should include being disp laced by questions about why we should include and under what conditions. An attempt is made to rescue inclusion from its valedictory state and to reframe it as an ongoing struggle and a more productive form of political engagement. This reframing takes some of the key ideas of the philosophers of difference – Deleuze and Guattari, Derrida and Foucault – and puts them to work on the inclusion problem (Allan, 2008).

  • 478.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    Questions of inclusion in Scotland and Europe2010In: European Journal of Special Needs Education, ISSN 0885-6257, E-ISSN 1469-591X, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 199-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines inclusion in Scotland and in Europe. It considers some of the uncertainties surrounding inclusion and the questions – many of which give cause for concern – that are currently being raised by researchers, teachers and their representative unions, parents and children. The shifting political and policy contexts and recent patterns and trends in Scotland and across Europe, which illustrate key points of exclusion, as well as some of the challenges to these, are reported. A ‘landmark’ challenge to discrimination of Roma children, achieved within the European Convention on Human Rights, is presented as an illustration of the scope for asserting the right to inclusion. The paper ends with a discussion of the prospects and possibilities for inclusion. The significance of the barriers to inclusion is acknowledged and it is argued that there is an urgent need to address the competing policy demands within education and the problems associated with fragmented provision. A call is also made for research involving children, young people and families in order to inform practice.

  • 479.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    Responsibly competent: Teaching, ethics and diversity2011In: Policy Futures in Education, ISSN 1478-2103, E-ISSN 1478-2103, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 152-159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on a Council of Europe project, Policies and Practices for Teaching Sociocultural Diversity, undertaken between 2006 and 2009. The project was undertaken in three phases and involved a survey of teacher education policies and practices in relation to sociocultural diversity across Europe, a conceptual analysis and the development of a framework of teacher competences for sociocultural diversity. The article charts the process of developing the framework and reports on the engagement with the key stakeholders - policy makers, teachers and students. The features of the competence framework, informed by Levinas and emphasising the teacher's responsibility to the Other, are discussed.

  • 480.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    Staged interventions: Deleuze, arts and education2013In: Deleuze and Education / [ed] I Semetsky, D Masny, Edinburgh University Press , 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 481.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    Teacher competences for diversity: Becoming ethical and responsible2012In: Interculturalism, education and dialogue / [ed] Besley T, Peters M, New York: Peter Lang , 2012Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 482.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    The civic and the civil in professional education2011In: The transformation of children's services: Examining and debating the complexities of inter/professional working / [ed] J Forbes, C Watson, Sense Publishing , 2011, p. 141-153Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 483.
    Allan, J
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    The inclusion challenge2012In: Bildning för alla! En pedagogisk utmaning, Högskolan Kristianstad , 2012Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 484.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    The inclusive teacher educator: Spaces for civic engagement2010In: Discourse. Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, ISSN 0159-6306, E-ISSN 1469-3739, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 411-422Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is concerned with the teacher educator who is aspiring to be inclusive. It considers the obligations which arise within Higher Education Institutions and the extent to which these contribute to a loss of civic engagement and a lack of capacity to pursue inclusion, social justice and equity. The paper argues that this need not be the case and a reorientation for teacher educators is offered which affords teacher educators opportunities to, in Bourdieu's terms, ‘play seriously’. This reorientation is in relation to three significant spaces – the ontological, the aesthetic and the epiphanic – and it is argued that operating within these spaces could enable new practices of inclusive teacher education to emerge.

  • 485.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    The sociology of disability and the struggle for inclusive education2010In: British Journal of Educational Studies, ISSN 0007-1005, E-ISSN 1467-8527, Vol. 31, no 5, p. 603-619Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article charts the emergence of the sociology of disability and examines the areas of contestation. These have involved a series of erasures and absences – the removal of the body from debates on the social model of disability; the disappearance of the Other from educational policies and practices; and the absence of academics from political discourses and action. The paper considers the contribution of the sociology of disability to inclusive education and examines some of the objections currently being voiced. It ends with some reflections on the possibilities for academics within the sociology of disability to pursue alternative forms of engagement and outlines a series of duties that they might undertake.

  • 486.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    Thinking again about inclusion2012In: Includering. Perspektiver i barnehagefalige praktiser / [ed] A Arnesen, Oslo: Universitetsforlaget , 2012Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 487.
    Allan, J
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Catts, R
    Social capital, children and young people: Implications for practice, policy and research2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Social capital, children and young people is about the relationships and networks - social capital - that children and young people have in and out of school. Social capital has become of increasing interest to policy makers but there has been little evidence of how it operates in practice. In this unique collection, the social capital of children and young people, and in one case parents and teachers, is explored in a wide range of formal and informal settings. The contributors to the book, who include academic researchers and educational professionals, provide in-depth accounts of social capital being developed and used by children and young people. They offer critical reflections on the significance of social capital and on the experiences of researching the social capital of sometimes vulnerable people. This book is essential reading for anyone concerned with how children and young people get along, get by and get on.

  • 488.
    Allan, J
    et al.
    [external].
    Duffy, C
    Loening, G
    Moran, N
    Knowledge exchange with Sistema Scotland2010In: Journal of education policy, ISSN 0268-0939, E-ISSN 1464-5106, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 335-347Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a knowledge exchange project, funded by the Scottish Funding Council and undertaken by a group of researchers from three higher education institutions in Scotland and the project partner, Sistema Scotland. This newly established charity is attempting to implement a major programme of social change, developed in Venezuela, within the Raploch, a disadvantaged area of Scotland. The researchers’ combined knowledge of education, music and psychology has guided their knowledge exchange activities with the project partner and among themselves. The paper outlines the development of Sistema Scotland and the programme, El Sistema, on which it is based. It details the knowledge exchange activities undertaken, which used Derrida’s notion of aporia to try to engage Sistema Scotland with different perspectives and understandings, and a practical method for conducting meetings based on Open Space Technology. The various ‘encounters’ with children, service providers and stakeholders are reported and this is followed by a critique of the processes of knowledge exchange. The paper ends with a discussion of the prospects for successful knowledge exchange.

  • 489.
    Allan, J
    et al.
    [external].
    Harwood, V
    Medicus interruptus in the behaviour of children in disadvantaged contexts in Scotland2013In: British Journal of Sociology of Education, ISSN 0142-5692, E-ISSN 1465-3346, ISSN ISSN 0142-5692, EISSN 1465-3346Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The medicalisation of the behaviour of children is a phenomenon that is attracting growing attention, with particular concern about the increased likelihood of children living in disadvantaged contexts receiving a medical diagnosis, such as attention-de fi cit hyperactivity disorder, and treatment. This paper reports on a study of professionals involved with children experiencing behavioural problems. The professionals interviewed in this study articulated their own reservations about the medicalisation of children ’ s behaviour and revealed a number of strate- gies for interrupting the process towards diagnosis. These interruptions, analysed using Deleuze and Guattari ’ s concept of deterriorialisation, took place along linguistic, visual and affective planes and were successful in encouraging teachers and head teachers to see alternatives to the medical route. The fi ndings have implications for existing practice in the response to, and support for, behavioural problems and for teacher education.

  • 490.
    Allan, Julie
    et al.
    [external].
    Ozga, JennySmith, Geri
    Social capital, professionalism and diversity2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 491.
    Allan, Julie
    et al.
    University of Birmingham, UK.
    Persson, Elisabeth
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Social capital and trust for inclusion in school and society2018In: Education, Citizenship and Social Justice, ISSN 1746-1979, E-ISSN 1746-1987Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on the outcomes for students who experienced a strongly inclusive learning environment as a means for all to succeed. This Swedish lower secondary school dramatically improved its results, and the article reports the outcomes from the students’ perspectives. Social capital, with its emphasis on relationships, was used to structure interviews with students who had since moved on to high schools across Sweden and was also used to analyse the interview data. Two elements of social capital that appeared to be strongly associated with the students’ success – trust and confidence – are discussed in depth. The article concludes with a consideration of the significance of the role of schools in cultivating trust and the risks associated with schools ignoring this obligation.

  • 492.
    Allan, Julie
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Smyth, Geri
    I’Anson, John
    Mott, Jane
    Understanding disability with children’s social capital2009In: Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, ISSN 1471-3802, E-ISSN 1471-3802, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 115-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a specific event which attempted to facilitate discussions with children and young people about diversity issues, including disability. The concept of social capital was operationalised and used as both a resource to stimulate discussions and as an explicit goal. The paper first reports on the processes involved and the topics identified for discussion by the children and young people and then considers their engagement with disability. Their insights on knowing disability, relationships, and provision and support illustrate a shift from an essentialising of impairment to an articulation of barriers which excluded disabled people and the lessons which teachers might take from these are discussed.

  • 493.
    Allard, Lina
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Föräldrars attityder till bilderböcker och barns läsning2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate parents attitudes towards picture books and childrens reading. The study is based upon qualitative interviews with seven parents, 29-44 years of age, who have children between 3 and 6 years of age. The study is hermeneutic. The conceptual framework used in this study, is Uffe Seilmans categories of different kinds of attitudes towards childrens sparetime occupations, for example reading. These are the authoritarian, the laissez-faire and the democratic attitudes. The results show that the parents generally has a democratic attitude toward childrens reading, which means that they do not intend to control their childrens reading habits or the books that are chosen, but to introduce them into varying kinds of books. When it comes to picture books, they foremost like what their children like. This often implies funny books with funny and gaily coloured pictures. The parents think that it is important to read for their children but do not seem to have given much thought about why it is important. The reasons that are mentioned are foremost of educational character. When it comes to subjects in picture books, the parents often want their children to read about things that pave the way for identification or things from which they can learn about aspects of life. They do not avoid books concerning bad or sad subjects since they want their children to learn about real life.

  • 494.
    Allgöwer, Malin
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Björklund, Camilla
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Nilson, Alexandra
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Likviditetsplanering: en fallstudie av Schenker AB2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På grund av marknadens hårdare krav på en bra likviditetsredovisning har likviditetsplaneringen blivit allt viktigare för företag. I arbetet med likviditetsplaneringen är det viktigt att veta vid vilken tidpunkt som in- och utbetalningar sker. Det är dock ett svårt arbete som påverkas av att kunder har olika betalningsvanor och av osäkra affärer i utländsk valuta. Syftet med denna uppsats är att beskriva hur Schenker genomför sin likviditetsplanering idag samt att undersöka ifall det finns förbättrings-möjligheter. De teorier som berörts handlar om faktorer som påverkar planeringen av likviditeten och hur de bör behandlas. Insamlingen av företagsinformation har skett genom en fallstudie av Schenker där tre intervjuer med en controller genomfördes. Studien har visat att Schenker överlag har en väl fungerande likviditetsplanering. Vi har dock funnit ett par faktorer vilka kan förändras för att effektivisera likviditetsplaneringen ytterligare.

  • 495.
    Allhage, Susanne
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Löfberg, Maria
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Anestesisjuksköterskans erfarenheter av mötet med vuxna stickrädda patienter: en kvalitativ intervjustudie2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studier visar att ungefär var tionde patient upplever stickrädsla, en rädsla för nålstick som gör att de undviker att söka vård vilket i sin tur kan leda till hälsoproblem på lång sikt. Att utföra venpunktion är en vanlig arbetsuppgift för anestesisjuksköterskan och hur hon hanterar patientens stickrädsla är av stor betydelse för hur patienten upplever vården som helhet. Anestesisjuksköterskan ska genom dialog med patienten bekräfta patientens rädsla och hjälpa patienten att känna trygghet på bästa sätt. När patienten upplever lidande på grund av vård, i detta sammanhang venpunktion uppstår vårdlidande och detta vårdlidande kan anestesisjuksköterskan förebygga. Syftet med studien är att beskriva anestesisjuksköterskors erfarenhet av mötet med vuxna patienter med stickrädsla. Åtta anestesisjuksköterskor intervjuades på fyra olika operationsavdelningar i Västsverige. Studien har en kvalitativ ansats och de utskrivna intervjuerna är analyserade med innehållsanalys. I resultatet framkom tre kategorier; stödjande faktorer och hindrande faktorer för anestesisjuksköterskan i mötet med den stickrädda patienten samt patientnära faktorer som påverkar mötet. Anestesisjuksköterskorna utför omvårdnadsåtgärder för att minska patientens vårdlidande och har som mål att göra det bästa för patienten. De ser och tolkar patienternas tecken på rädsla och bemöter dem utifrån dessa. Anestesisjuksköterskornas erfarenhet och kunskap gör att de blir trygga i sin yrkesroll och kan på så sätt skapa en trygghet hos patienten.

  • 496.
    Allison, Frida
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Arola, Marjut
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Ungdomars upplevelser av att leva med Diabetes Mellitus typ 1: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Diabetes Mellitus typ 1 är den vanligaste livshotande sjukdomen bland ungdomar idag och antalet ungdomar som insjuknar ökar. Det är den totala bristen på hormonet insulin som ligger till grund för sjukdomen. Diabetes Mellitus typ 1 är en allvarlig kronisk sjukdom som inte går att förebygga och inte heller att förutse.

    Studiens syfte var att belysa ungdomars upplevelser och erfarenheter av att leva med Diabetes Mellitus typ 1. För att besvara syftet genomfördes en litteraturöversikt. Forskningsresultat hämtades från nio publicerade artiklar genomförda med kvalitativ respektive kvantitativ metod. Dessa sammanställdes för att kunna skapa en översikt över ungdomarnas upplevelser kopplat till sin sjukdom samt den förändring som medföljer. I resultatet framkom tre teman; Att leva med ständig ängslan, Att acceptera sin sjukdom, Att inte vara ensam, samt åtta subteman. Dessa belyser ungdomars upplevelser av att leva med Diabetes Mellitus typ 1 och de känslor samt upplevelser som kommer med sjukdomen. Vidare menar författarna att mer kunskap behövs för att skapa bättre förutsättningar för sjuksköterskan att möta ungdomar som drabbats av Diabetes Mellitus typ 1. Genom att möta ungdomarna där de befinner sig känslomässigt kan det öka möjligheten för välbefinnande och med det upplevelse av hälsa.

  • 497.
    Allstrin, Tim
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Felczak, Fredrik
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Lohman, Alexander
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Finanskrisens påverkan på revisionen: En studie om hur svenska revisorers arbete påverkas av risk.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien belyser hur revisorer i Sverige har påverkats av den globala finanskrisen. Inledningsvis presenteras tidigare skandaler och kriser som en bakgrund för studien, med anledning att upplysa läsaren om vilka konsekvenser det har fått för revisionsarbetet. Historiskt sett har yrket upprepade gånger haft motgångar som resulterat i hårdare krav och nya arbetsprocesser för revisorerna, där man gång på gång tvingats upprätthålla sitt förtroende och professionella status för allmänheten. Ämnet finner vi intressant eftersom det är under krissituationer som yrket prövas på allvar. För den här studien har vi valt en kvantitativ ansats som har baserats på en enkätundersökning. Enkäten har skickats till alla auktoriserade och godkända revisorer i landet, den utgörs av ett antal väl utvalda frågor som berör arbetsprocessen med risk som tema. Den teoretiska referensramen kommer att behandla revisorernas arbetsprocess och utförligt beskriva relevanta riskverktyg, tillgångsposter och begrepp. Teorin kommer att jämföras mot det empiriska materialet och sedan presenteras i en analys för studien. I resultatet kan vi konstatera att finanskrisen har haft en tydlig påverkan på revisionsarbetet. Det intressanta för studien är att vi har fått en bredare helhetssyn över hur revisorerna påverkats. Statistiska variabler har skapat förutsättningar för olika grupperingar och bidragit med värdefull information som har presenterats i analysen. Konsekvensen av finanskrisen har varit både positiva och negativa. Den ökade risken tvingar revisorerna till ett mer djupgående riskanalyser, detta upplever vi som en positiv konsekvens av finanskrisen. Även granskningsarbetet har fått ett ökat fokus och tvingat revisorerna till ett mer noggrannare arbete. En negativ konsekvens är att kraven för dokumentationen har ökat vilket skapat betydligt mer arbete för revisorerna, något som vi anser kan komma att påverka effektiviteten för revisionsarbetet.

  • 498. Allwood, Carl Martin
    et al.
    Erikson, Martin G.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Grundläggande vetenskapsteori för psykologi och andra beteendevetenskaper2010Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Grundläggande lärobok om vetenskapsteori, med fokus på psykologi och andra beteendevetenskaper.

  • 499.
    Allwood, Carl Martin
    et al.
    Göteborgs Universitet, psykologiska institutionen.
    Erikson, Martin G
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Grundläggande vetenskapsteori: för psykologi och andra beteendevetenskaper2017 (ed. 2:a)Book (Other academic)
  • 500. Allwood, Carl Martin
    et al.
    Granhag, Pär Anders
    Jonsson, Anna-Carin
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Child witnesses' metamemory realism2006In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, ISSN 0036-5564, Vol. 47, no 6, p. 461-470Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the degree of realism in the confidence judgments of 11 to 12-year-olds (41 girls and 40 boys) of their answers to questions relating to a short film clip showing a kidnapping event. Four different confidence scales were used: a numeric scale, a picture scale, a line scale and a written scale. The results demonstrated that the children showed a high level of overconfidence in their memories. However, no significant differences between the four confidence scales were found. Weak gender differences were found in that the girls were slightly, but significantly, better calibrated than the boys. In addition, although both boys and girls overestimated the total number of memory questions they had answered correctly, the boys gave higher estimates compared with the girls. In brief, the results indicate that, at least in the context investigated, 11–12 year-old children’s confidence in and estimations of their own event memory show poor realism (overconfidence and overestimation). A comparison with previous research on adults indicates that 11 to 12-year-old children show noticeably poorer realism.

78910111213 451 - 500 of 17345
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