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  • 301.
    Dahlström, Mats
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Vidgade vyer inom bokhistoria: Kilgours bokrevolution2002Ingår i: Svensk biblioteksforskning, ISSN 0284-4354, E-ISSN 1653-5235, Vol. 1, s. 67-Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 302.
    Dahlström, Mats
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Nilsson, Kersti Skans
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Wet Feet2013Ingår i: Libraries, Black Metal and Corporate Finance: Current Research in Nordic Library and Information Science, Högskolan i Borås , 2013, s. 169-182Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    So far, this conference has focused on research. Let us now devote our attention to issues of education and training in library and information science (LIS). Specifically, I will address issues of education in the field of digitization.1 During one of the keynote addresses yesterday, we were presented with examples of superbly crafted cultural heritage digitization projects, where the digitized collections and artifacts are lavishly presented and browsable in a creative visualization manner and based on, one would assume, the highest demands on technical standards. I, too, will be talking about digitizing cultural heritage artifacts, but in the form of student-run projects, at an undergraduate and master’s level, where the methods and the work process are the aim, rather than the finished digital product itself.

  • 303.
    Dahlström, Mats
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    What We See on the Screen2019Ingår i: Platform Digital Humanities, Antwerpen, 2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    However you define digital humanities (DH), it often revolves around digitized objects at libraries and archives. In particular, such digital reproductions are used within digital scholarly editions. There, the digital facsimiles are not only illustrations supporting a scholarly text transcription, but can also serve as research tools and instruments for accountability and accessibility. Nevertheless, the “critical gaze” of scholarly editors and DH is directed at text transcriptions, whereas digital facsimiles are often uncritically taken at face value. There seems to be room for an increased critical understanding of such images as interpretations based on scholarly informed deliberation. Partly, this “face value” approach is fostered by the paradigm of mass digitization, where image capture is considered a trivial and straight-forward task. But many projects and materials need other approaches, and labels such as critical digitization (Dahlström 2010) or slow digitization (Prescott & Hughes 2018) suggest alternative strategies. In fact, whereas several library digitization projects seem to take on the form of scholarly editing, recent trends in digital scholarly editing such as documentary editing seem to overlap with library digitization. How do these activities relate to one another, and what can they learn from each other? In this talk, I will address some of the critical considerations libraries face when digitizing their holdings, with significant bearing on the value and (re)usability of the digital reproductions when placed within a scholarly context. Examples from digitized library collections will be used to support a discussion on authenticity, provenance, accessibility, openness, (re)usability, social engagement and collaborative efforts.

  • 304.
    Dahlström, Mats
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    When Is a Webtext?2002Ingår i: Text Technology: The Journal of Computer Text Processing, ISSN 1053-900X, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 139-Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 305.
    Dahlström, Mats
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Herberts, Carola
    Öppna digitala utgåvor2011Ingår i: Digitala och tryckta utgåvor; erfarenhet, planering och teknik i förändring, ISSN 0039-6842, nr 755, s. 111-130Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 306.
    Dahlström, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Doracic, Alen
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Digitization education: courses taken and lessons learned2009Ingår i: D-Lib Magazine, ISSN 1082-9873, E-ISSN 1082-9873, Vol. 15, nr 3/4Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish School of Library and Information Science (SSLIS) has for some years been offering courses in cultural heritage (CH) digitization in cooperation with some major national digitizing agents. During that work, various problematic issues and challenges, to some degree perhaps familiar to several other digitization educators, have arisen. This article describes the aims and nature of the particular CH digitization education at SSLIS, accompanied with a brief overview of Nordic CH digitization education efforts. Ten particular challenges when launching and managing the course are highlighted. By identifying such challenges and discussing possible ways to tackle them, the authors hope to encourage discussions that can serve future education planning.

  • 307.
    Dahlström, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Doracic, Alen
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Teaching cultural heritage digitization: ten challenges we faced2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Cultural heritage digitization education tends to be a meeting place for different and sometimes conflicting interests and aims, involving skills in many diverse areas while also having to address varying issues from several different interest and target groups. This poses several challenges when designing the contents, strategies, and pedagogical aims of such education. While cultural heritage digitization in a library and information science context has been discussed on an international level, the situation in the Nordic countries is less familiar. The Swedish School of Library and Information Science (SSLIS) has for some years been offering such education. During that work various problematic issues and challenges, to some degree perhaps familiar to several other digitization educators, have arisen. This paper describes the aims and nature of the particular CH digitization education at SSLIS, accompanied with a brief overview of Nordic CH digitization education efforts, and followed by a highlighting of ten particular challenges to launching and managing courses such as this. By identifying such challenges and discussing possible ways to tackle them, the paper opens up for discussions that can serve future education planning.

  • 308.
    Dahlström, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Eklund, Johan
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Litteraturbanken: utvärderingsrapport2011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 309.
    Dahlström, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Francke, Helena
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Sustainable LIS Education in a Glocal World2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    LIS education takes place in an increasingly networked, global world. Yet library services are maintained through local practices. How can Library and Information Science (LIS) educators address the mutual interaction between practices on a local and a global scale, in particular in programmes devoted to digital libraries, the distributive Internet, and new media? In the presentation, we draw on examples from a master’s programme in Digital services to illustrate how we have tried to integrate three levels of scale – macro, meso (interpreted as national), and micro – in the programme. In particular, we emphasize the importance of 1) integrating the global phenomena and theories commonly associated with digital environments with local practices, for instance through working with existing services, organizations and resources, and 2) finding educational models that help the students make connections between the global and the local.

  • 310.
    Dahlström, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University.
    Documentary Provenance and Digitized Collections: Concepts and Problems2019Ingår i: Proceedings from the Document Academy, ISSN 2473-215X, Vol. 6, nr 1, artikel-id 8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Provenance research in digitized memory institution collections is mainly devoted to documenting and mapping the trajectories of the physical source documents across time, place and contexts, primarily by developing metadata standards and data models. The provenance of the digital reproduction and its relation to one or several physical source documents is however not being subjected to much inquiry. A possible explanation for this is the face-value approach with which we tend to regard digital reproductions. Looking more closely at such reproductions and their complex digitization process suggests a far from straightforward and linear provenance relation, and begs the question of what it is we actually see on the screen and what source document the digital reproduction purports to reproduce. To ascertain this provenance bond and hence the value, authenticity and usability of the digital reproduction, users need to be provided with keys such as a thorough account of the digitization process, access to various states of the digital images, exhaustive metadata for the reproduction, and not least paradata documenting the digitization process, including conversion, editing, curation, and decisions made during the process.

  • 311.
    Dahlström, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    On the relation between qualitative digitization and library institutional identity2008Ingår i: Proceedings of the International Society for Knowledge Organization, Springer Verlag , 2008, Vol. 35, s. 112-118Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper highlights and discusses concepts and practices of national library digitization. Two conceptual models are suggested in order to help strengthen scholarly analyses of digitization practices within libraries: the distinction between quantitative and qualitative digitization, on the one hand, and the prism metaphor for understanding the nature of qualitative digitization, on the other. Qualitative digitization, understood as a document representational practice, is defined as a knowledge organization practice. These concepts and models are then put in relation to the issue of national libraries and institutional identity. By combining research within the fields of KO, digitization and institutional identity, the paper points to a way of addressing empirical issues in all three fields of research. Special focus is on the very definition of qualitative digitization as a KO practice and the practice of selecting and digitizing documents suitable for the development of institutional identity within libraries.

  • 312.
    Dahlström, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Hansson, Joacim
    The Rosary: a poetic expression on the border between work and document2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 313.
    Dahlström, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Kjellman, Ulrika
    As We May Digitize: Institutions and Documents Reconfigured2012Ingår i: Liber quarterly: the journal of European research libraries, ISSN 1435-5205, E-ISSN 2213-056X, Vol. 21, nr 3/4, s. 455-474Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article frames digitization as a knowledge organization practice in libraries and museums. The primarily discriminatory practices of museums are compared with the non-discriminatory practices of libraries when managing their respective cultural heritage collections. Digitization of cultural heritage brings new practices, tools and arenas that reconfigure and reinterpret not only the collections, but the memory institutions themselves as well as the roles they respectively play on a societal level. The development of digitization promises to bridge some gaps between libraries and museums, either by redefining their respective identity, or by forming new ground where the interests of the respective institutions naturally meet or even converge, or by neglecting particular tasks and roles that do not seem to find a natural home in the new territory. Two poles along a digitization strategy scale, mass digitization and critical digitization, are distinguished in the article. As memory institutions are redefined in their development of digitized document collections, e.g., by increasingly emphasizing a common

  • 314.
    Dahlström, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Kjellman, Ulrika
    Hansson, Joacim
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Documents reconstructed: digitization and institutional practice as mediation2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Libraries and other memory institutions have throughout history developed a range of methods and tools for transmitting full texts between material carriers and across media family borders. In this sense, library digitization belongs to the same tradition as 20th century microfilming and the ancient transcribing of manuscripts. The Gutenberg era marked a sharp decline in this full text transmitting business, and libraries devoted their time to producing bibliographical knowledge organization (KO) labels for documents rather than reproducing the full documents themselves. With digital reproduction technologies however, libraries have drawn a historic circle. They are yet again dedicating much energy and attention to the full text transmission they largely abandoned at the dawn of the printed age. In so doing, they take on a much more explicit role of producing and shaping the digital cultural heritage (CH) in addition to its accustomed role of preserving it and making it available. In this paper, we will discuss the practices of digitization within the library institutional setting, and in particular, the national library setting

  • 315.
    Dahlström, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Ore, Espen S.
    Elektronisches Edieren in Skandinavien2013Ingår i: Geschichte der Edition in Skandinavien / [ed] Paula Henrikson, Christian Janss, De Gruyter , 2013, s. 143-166Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 316.
    Dahlström, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Ore, Espen S.
    Vanhoutte, Edward
    Electronic Scholarly Editing: Some Northern European Approaches2004Ingår i: Literary & Linguistic Computing, ISSN 0268-1145, E-ISSN 1477-4615, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 3-8Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 317. Dakic, Martina
    Preferences and attitudes of audiobook users in Sweden: Surveying Swedish audiobook groups on Facebook2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective with this Master's thesis is to better understand the preferences and attitudes of audiobook users in Sweden who are also members of Swedish Facebook audiobook groups. In recent years audiobooks have risen to prominence, although their previously inferior status is still evident in the lack of available research. Development of digital technology together with our busy modern lives have facilitated this rapid growth. The data gathering method used was a self-completion questionnaire distributed via Swedish audiobook Facebook groups. I endeavored to answer the following research questions: Why, how and to what extent do members of Swedish Facebook audiobook groups consume audiobooks? What attitudes do these users exhibit towards audiobooks’ affordances? Uses and gratifications theory and McLuhan's laws of media were used as a theoretical framework. The study both supports and challenges previous findings. Users primarily audio read because they can do other things at the same time; thriller/suspense/mystery are the most popular genres; many listen to podcasts and read print books, but a substantial number also exclusively listen. The study also found that most audio read quite a lot and prefer to do it at home, while the car is not such a common location. The narrator is overall important, but not when one chooses an audiobook. Though most subscribe to a streaming service, a substantial number of users borrow from a local library.  

  • 318. Daniels, Peter
    Turkish school children's relation to reading in English: a study of second language learners' attitudes to reading and format preferences2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    he study was born from an interest into how language students are driven to read in a second language, do their reading preferences and habits in this second language follow those of reading in their mother tongue. The study paid attention to the issue of print versus electronic reading with these students. The study was conducted with students aged between eight and sixteen years of age at a Turkish private school. The empirical data was drawn from 182 completed questionnaires and four group interview sessions during 2019. Analysis of the results show that reading preferences and habits are transferred from mother tongue to 2nd language reading, especially the feeling of the importance of reading and the pleasure from reading. Further, the study concludes that the majority of these students prefer paper-based reading for pleasure as they consider it an escape from the digital connection that normally engulfs them. The study also concluded that English is often used online for research, in fact most students saw it as a lingua franca for academic research purposes, and students accept that digital reading is necessary in this context. The study found that the motivators to read that had the largest effect on both reading in Turkish and in English were the belief that reading is important to the students and the amount of enjoyment they felt by reading. Further, as expected, the motivation to read has a greater influence on frequency of reading in Turkish than English.

  • 319. Danielsson, David
    A study of how hospital libraries can view the patients as a target audience2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines how hospital libraries view patients as a target audience and their usage of the library’s analogue and digital collections, as well as what functions hospital libraries can perform for patients. There is a knowledge gap in the literature regarding the way that hospital libraries have viewed and formed relationships with the patients. The theory emphasizes relationships between the library and its user groups. The method for gathering empirical data was mainly qualitative semi-structured interviewing, which were conducted with the head of the library, a nurse and a voluntary staff, as well as qualitative content analysis of the webpage and policy document. The analysis of the empirical data and theories concluded that in a relationship marketing context the patient group corresponded to the customer market place, the nurse to the referral market and the voluntary staff to the influencer market, making the connection between the library and the customer market heavily relying on other markets in the model by Payne et al. (2005). The digital collections have mostly been built with the hospital staff in mind with the aim of aiding evidence-based health care. There is a lack of knowledge among the patients about the library’s existence and services. A potential is the patients’ own technological devices in reaching the library’s website and interacting with the staff. The hospital library has a “dually empowering effect”, referring to the physical space as a calm place to relax and finding literature in relevant fields. The aim is normalization of the patient. The lacking of resources calls for innovation, relationship building and collaboration between the parties in order for the library to reach the patients, here relationship marketing has potential.

  • 320. Danielsson, David
    A study of how hospital libraries can view the patients as a target audience2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines how hospital libraries view patients as a target audience and their usage of the library’s analogue and digital collections, as well as what functions hospital libraries can perform for patients. There is a knowledge gap in the literature regarding the way that hospital libraries have viewed and formed relationships with the patients. The theory emphasizes relationships between the library and its user groups. The method for gathering empirical data was mainly qualitative semi- structured interviewing, which were conducted with the head of the library, a nurse and a voluntary staff, as well as qualitative content analysis of the webpage and policy document. The analysis of the empirical data and theories concluded that in a relationship marketing context the patient group corresponded to the customer market place, the nurse to the referral market and the voluntary staff to the influencer market, making the connection between the library and the customer market heavily relying on other markets in the model by Payne et al. (2005). The digital collections have mostly been built with the hospital staff in mind with the aim of aiding evidence-based health care. There is a lack of knowledge among the patients about the library’s existence and services. A potential is the patients’ own technological devices in reaching the library’s website and interacting with the staff. The hospital library has a “dually empowering effect”, referring to the physical space as a calm place to relax and finding literature in relevant fields. The aim is normalization of the patient. The lacking of resources calls for innovation, relationship building and collaboration between the parties in order for the library to reach the patients, here relationship marketing has potential.

  • 321.
    Darányi, Sandor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Wittek, Peter
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Dobreva, Milena
    Toward a 5M Model of Digital Libraries2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Whereas the DELOS DRM and the 5S model of digital libraries (DL) addresses the formal side of DL, we argue that a parallel 5M model is emerging as best practice worldwide, integrating multicultural, multilingual, multimodal digital objects with multivariate statistics-based document indexing, categorization and retrieval methods. The fifth M stands for the modeling the information searching behavior of users, and of collection development. We show how an extension of the 5S model to Hilbert space (a) points toward the integration of several Ms; (b) makes the tracking of evolving semantic content feasible, and (c) leads to a field interpretation of word and sentence semantics underlying language change. First experimental results from the Strathprints e-repository verify the mathematical foundations of the 5M model.

  • 322.
    Darányi, Sándor
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    A computationally and neurologically feasible model of semiosis2004Ingår i: From Nature to Psyche. Proceedings from the Imatra International Congresses on Semiotics in 2001 and 2002 / [ed] Eero Tarasti, Helsinki: Acta Semiotica Fennica , 2004, s. 256-264Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 323.
    Darányi, Sándor
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Creating a dynamic library in the LIVA project: challenges and solutions2009Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 324.
    Darányi, Sándor
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Examples of Formulaity in Narratives and Scientific Communication2010Ingår i: Proceedings of the 1st International AMICUS Workshop, October 21, 2010, Vienna, Austria / [ed] Sándor Darányi, Piroska Lendvai, University of Szeged, Hungary , 2010, s. 29-35Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The AMICUS project was designed to promote scholarly networking in a topical area, motif recognition in texts, including its automation. Prior to doing so however it is necessary to show the theoretical underpinnings of the research idea. My argument is that evidence from different disciplines amounts to fragmented pieces of a bigger picture. By compiling them like pieces of a puzzle, one can see how the concept of formulaity applies to folklore texts and scholarly communication alike. Regardless of the actual name of the concept (e.g. motif, function, canonical form), what matters is that document parts and whole documents can be characterized by standard sequences of content elements, such formulaic expressions enabling higher-level document indexing and classification by machine learning, plus document retrieval. Information filtering plays a key role in the proposed technology.

  • 325.
    Darányi, Sándor
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Factor analysis and the canonical formula: Where do we go from here?2003Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 326.
    Darányi, Sándor
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    First- and second-order change as symmetry and symmetry breaking in folklore text content evolution: From Heraclitus to Lévi-Strauss2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We distinguish between first- and second order change and identify the former with perpetual alternation on an existential plane, the second with moving out into existential space. The first type can be demonstrated by two antagonistic processes inherent in a Markov chain of two pairs of complementary values: the chain gradually alternates between the opposite terminal states and the pattern is symmetrical. Such an existential plane catches an essential feature of Heraclitus’ philosophy, and can be illustrated by examples from classical Greek mythology. The same material also exemplifies Lévi-Strauss’ formula of myth, symmetrical in its weak and asymmetrical in 2 its canonical form. Since the weak form equals the orbit of a Klein group, we hypothesize that the canonical form, and thereby symmetry breaking, can be generated by element exchange between two respective Klein groups. The framework for such processes is text variation in folklore, described by ethnosemiotics.

  • 327.
    Darányi, Sándor
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    HOMO 2003: Information society, cultural heritage and folklore text analysis2003Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 328.
    Darányi, Sándor
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Language as space2004Ingår i: More Space. Proceedings of the "Space, Spatiality and Technology Workshop 2004". Edinburgh: School of Computing, Napier University / [ed] P. Turner, E. Davenport, S. Turner, 2004, s. 60-64Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 329.
    Darányi, Sándor
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    The necessity of a European virtual laboratory for the processing of digitized cultural heritage: The HOMO concept2003Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 330.
    Darányi, Sándor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Eklund, Johan
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Automated text categorization of bibliographic records2007Ingår i: Svensk biblioteksforskning, ISSN 0284-4354, E-ISSN 1653-5235, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 1-14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 331.
    Darányi, Sándor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Forró, László
    Detecting Multiple Motif Co-occurrences in the Aarne-Thompson-Uther Tale Type Catalog: A Preliminary Survey2011Ingår i: Anales de Documentación, ISSN 1575-2437, E-ISSN 1697-7904Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 332.
    Darányi, Sándor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Forró, László
    Toward Sequencing Multiple Motif Co-Occurrences2011Ingår i: Tanulmányok az örökségmenedzsmentröl 2. Kulturális örökségek kezelése [Studies in Heritage Management 2: The Management of Cultural Heritage]. / [ed] L. Bassa, Információs Társadalomért Alapítvány , 2011, s. 247-260Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Catalogs project subject field experience onto a multidimensional map which is then converted to a hierarchical list. In the case of the Aarne-Thompson-Uther Tale Type Catalog (ATU), this subject field is the global pattern of tale content defining tale types as canonical motif sequences. To extract and visualize such a map, we considered ATU as a corpus and ana-lysed two segments of it, “Supernatural adversaries” (types 300-399) in particular and “Tales of magic” (types 300-749) in general. The two corpora were scru-tinized for multiple motif co-occurrences and visualized by two-mode clustering of a bag-of-motif co-occurrences matrix. Findings indicate the presence of canonical content units above motif level as well. The organization scheme of folk narratives utilizing motif sequences is reminiscent of nucleotid sequences in the genetic code

  • 333.
    Darányi, Sándor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Lendvai, Piroska
    Proceedings of the First AMICUS Workshop, October 21, 2010 Vienna, Austria2010Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In cultural heritage objects, digitized or not, content indicators occurring on higher than word level are often called motifs or their equivalent. Their recognition for document classification and retrieval is largely unresolved. Work on identifying rhetorical, narrative and persuasive elements in scientific texts has been progressing, in several, but largely unconnected tracks. The AMICUS project1 (running between 2009 and 2012) set out to test a possible way to resolve these issues, starting with the identification of Proppian functions in folk tale corpora and adapting the solution to the identification of tale motifs or their functional counterparts. AMICUS has devoted its first project year to listing the corpora, tools, methods and contacts available to address these issues. The initiators of the project have identified a common need in the processing of texts from both the cultural heritage (CH) and scientific communication (SC) domains: to perform automated, large-scale higher-order text analytics, i.e., to reach an advanced level of text understanding so that structured knowledge can be extracted from unstructured text. The four research groups propose to tackle an important aspect of this complex issue by investigating how linguistic elements convey motifs in texts from the CH and the SC domains. Our shared working hypothesis is that the identity of higherorder content-bearing elements, i.e., textual units that are typically designated for e.g. document indexing, classification, enrichment, and the like, strongly depends on community perception.

  • 334.
    Darányi, Sándor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Wittek, Peter
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    On Information, Meaning, Space and Geometry2009Ingår i: Exploration of Space, Technology and Spatiality: Interdisciplinary Perspectives / [ed] Susan Turner, E. D. P. Turner, Hersey: Idea Group , 2009Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We offer a few general considerations, with theoretical overtones, working toward the definition and generation of a geometric language for practical purposes, prominently for information retrieval. This chapter is a non-mathematical introduction to the mathematical modelling of meaning of both words and sentences, outlining already existing components of such an endeavour, and hinting at directions of synthesis.

  • 335.
    Darányi, Sándor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Wittek, Peter
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Dobreva, Milena
    Position paper: Adding a 5M layer to the 5S model of digital libraries.2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We expect radical changes in document ( rst and foremost text) representation for digital libraries (DL) leading to new applications for documents processing.

  • 336.
    Darányi, Sándor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Wittek, Peter
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Dobreva, Milena
    Using wavelet analysis for text categorization in digital libraries: a first experiment with Strathprints2011Ingår i: International Journal on Digital Libraries, ISSN 1432-5012, E-ISSN 1432-1300Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital libraries increasingly bene t from re- search on automated text categorization for improved access. Such research is typically carried out by using standard test collections. In this paper we present a pilot experiment of replacing such test collections by a set of 6000 objects from a real-world digital repos- itory, indexed by Library of Congress Subject Head- ings, and test support vector machines in a supervised learning setting for their ability to reproduce the exist- ing classi cation. To augment the standard approach, we introduce a combination of two novel elements: us- ing functions for document content representation in Hilbert space, and adding extra semantics from lexical resources to the representation. Results suggest that wavelet-based kernels slightly outperformed traditional kernels on classi cation reconstruction from abstracts and vice versa from full-text documents, the latter out- come due to word sense ambiguity. The practical imple- mentation of our methodological framework enhances the analysis and representation of speci c knowledge relevant to large-scale digital collections, in this case the thematic coverage of the collections. Representation of speci c knowledge about digital collections is one of the basic elements of the persistent archives and the less studied one (compared to representations of digital ob- jects and collections). Our research is an initial step in this direction developing further the methodological ap- proach and demonstrating that text categorisation can be applied to analyse the thematic coverage in digital repositories.

  • 337.
    Darányi, Sándor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Wittek, Peter
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Forró, László
    Toward Sequencing “Narrative DNA”: Tale Types, Motif Strings and Memetic Pathways2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Aarne-Thompson-Uther Tale Type Catalog (ATU) is a bibliographic tool which uses metadata from tale content, called motifs, to define tale types as canonical motif sequences. The motifs themselves are listed in another bibliographic tool, the Aarne-Thompson Motif Index (AaTh). Tale types in ATU are defined in an abstracted fashion and can be processed like a corpus. We analyzed 219 types with 1202 motifs from the “Tales of magic” (types 300-749) segment to exemplify that motif sequences show signs of recombination in the storytelling process. Compared to chromosome mutations in genetics, we offer examples for insertion/deletion, duplication and, possibly, transposition, whereas the sample was not sufficient to find inverted motif strings as well. These initial findings encourage efforts to sequence motif strings like DNA in genetics, attempting to find for instance the longest common motif subsequences in tales. Expressing the network of motif connections by graphs suggests that tale plots as consolidated pathways of content help one memorize culturally engraved messages. We anticipate a connection between such networks and addington’s epigenetic landscape.

  • 338.
    Darányi, Sándor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Wittek, Peter
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Kitto, Kirsty
    The Sphynx's new riddle: How to relate the canonical formula of myth to quantum interaction2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We introduce Claude Lévi Strauss' canonical formula (CF), an attempt to rigorously formalise the general narrative structure of myth. This formula utilises the Klein group as its basis, but a recent work draws attention to its natural quaternion form, which opens up the possibility that it may require a quantum inspired interpretation. We present the CF in a form that can be understood by a non-anthropological audience, using the formalisation of a key myth (that of Adonis) to draw attention to its mathematical structure. The future potential formalisation of mythological structure within a quantum inspired framework is proposed and discussed, with a probabilistic interpretation further generalising the formula.

  • 339.
    Davidsson, Birgitta
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    Limberg, Louise
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Lundh, Anna
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Tyrén, Lena
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    Informationssökning som diskursiv och social praktik i de yngsta skolbarnens rum för lärande2007Ingår i: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 76-133Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 340. Davidsson, Isabelle
    ”Vi ska hjälpa dig att komma över tröskeln”: En undersökning av digitala vägledningar för äldre på biblioteken2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate how the library's activities for digital assistance support older participants in learning to use digital technology. The libraries role in counteracting digital exclusion is investigated. To investigate this, both the participants and the staff who lead the activities were interviewed. Ten interviews of the users and four interviews of the staff were conducted. The results show that the participants have two main purposes of attending the activity: learning more about digital technology and socializing. More funding would be needed to further develop the activities. Practical exercises is positive for the participants learning. The knowledge of digtal technology vary between participants, and it would be beneficial if there were different levels of difficulties on the activities. In order for the staff to provide optimal guidance, their knowledge about different operating systems should improve. In addition, it may be an advantage if the participants receive information about smart technology, which can solve a common problem. Libraries play an important role in reducing the digital gaps. If the activites that strive to reduce the digital divide ended, it would enlarge the digital divide. The libraries are the top organisation that strive to counter digital divide.

  • 341.
    de Rijcke, Sarah
    et al.
    CWTS, Leiden University.
    Wouters, Paul
    CWTS, Leiden University.
    Rushforth, Alex
    CWTS, Leiden University.
    Fransson, Thomas
    CWTS, Leiden University.
    Hammarfelt, Björn
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Evaluation practices and effects of indicator use: a literature review2016Ingår i: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 1-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This review of the international literature on evaluation systems, evaluation practices, and metrics (mis)uses was written as part of a larger review commissioned by the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) to inform their independent assessment of the role of metrics in research evaluation (2014–5). The literature on evaluation systems, practices, and effects of indicator uses is extremely heterogeneous: it comprises hundreds of sources published in different media, spread over disciplines, and with considerable variation in the nature of the evidence. A condensation of the state-of-the-art in relevant research is therefore highly timely. Our reviewpresents the main strands in the literature, with a focus on empirical materials about possible effects of evaluation exercises, ‘gaming’ of indicators, and strategic responses by scientific communities and others to requirements in research assessments. In order to increase visibility and availability, an adapted and updated review is presented here as a stand-alone—after authorizationby HEFCE.

  • 342. De Vries, Wietzejan
    Informationssökningskörkort för sjuksköterskor2003Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 343.
    Delitsch, Jenny
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    De kommunala biblioteksplanerna: strategiska styrdokumenteller ett spel för gallerierna?: En textanalys ur ettnyinstitutionellt perspektiv2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this thesis is to explore possible explanations for the composition and contents of local library plans. A review of 33 local library plans from three Swedish counties was carried out in order to investigate the strategic documents design and contents in relation to the legal requirements placed upon them. In order to accomplish this task an analysis tool that consists of an eight-item questionnaire was constructed. A qualitative analysis of the texts, based on a new institutional theoretic framework, was performed in pursuance of finding causal factors to the properties of the texts. The results of the investigation reveal that the new institutional theories constitute a relevant framework for interpreting the strategic documents. Proof of existence of several phenomenon defined by theorists of new institutionalism were found. Strongest evidence was encountered for the legitimizing function of the texts .Numerous signs of the presence of hypocrisy, the procedure of integrating organizational structures, processes and ideologies for internal and external application, were also found in the texts. There were also some manifestations of an acquiescing and/or compromising organizational response to external pressure. Even though the theoretical framework was found to be highly relevant for the interpretation of the texts it is difficult to reach an unambiguous conclusion. Further investigations on this matter is recommended in order to determine the exact causal explanation of the design and contents of Swedish local library plans.

  • 344.
    Dessne, Karin
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    In a world of values and views: Information and learning activities in a military setting2014Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about information and learning activities in organisations. A case study of the Swedish Armed Forces has been conducted and it consists of two parts; the first involves a licentiate thesis and two papers, while the second part includes two additional papers. The study focuses on learning from experiences in training and field action. The research endeavours to synthesise interactive and interdependent aspects of informality and formality. These aspects are used to explain how the nature of relationships manifests itself in a setting and how it relates to learning. Moreover, preconditions that contribute to how the nature of relationships is formed and reformed are explored. Finally, an effort has been made to find and describe implications of intervening with relationships in a setting. Such intervention may be desirable or required to accommodate or increase learning and knowing in organisations. Taken together, the findings show the complex dynamics between information, learning and knowing in the studied setting. Furthermore, it is illustrated how values and views in social interaction are part of how people construct relationships and learning within them. It is concluded that in order to facilitate learning by intervening with these relationships, it is important to understand the nature of them. Such intervention may vary from gentle facilitation to intrusive design, and success or failure depends on which is suitable. The research in this thesis adds to previous research emphasising the need for understanding the dynamics between information, learning and knowing in order to facilitate these activities. Future research may therefore build on the provided empirical findings and conceptual analyses to continue this line of reasoning.

  • 345.
    Diesen, Eva
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Intervju med biblioteksarbetare Anna Jansson från Småland1979Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Interview with library worker Anna Jansson. The interview was conducted by Eva Diesen, student of the Swedish School of Library and Information Science in Borås, in January 1979.

  • 346.
    Dolatkhah, Mats
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Hultgren, Frances (Redaktör)
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Limberg, Louise (Redaktör)
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Barnbiblioteken och läsandets fyra "M"2010Ingår i: Barnet, platsen, tiden: teorier och forskning i barnbibliotekets omvärld / [ed] Kerstin Rydsjö, Frances Hultgren, Louise Limberg, Regionbibliotek Stockholm , 2010, s. 103-129Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 347.
    Dolatkhah, Mats
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Det läsande barnet: minnen av läspraktiker, 1900–19402011Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a study of the cultural history of children’s reading. It is argued that it is important to apply a wider historical perspective to the contemporary debate on the rapid changes in children’s and young people’s reading habits, and that existing historical research rarely deals with reading as a practice, but rather with its institutional and textual conditions such as the school, the library system and children’s literature. The thesis thus aims to explore the practice of reading and its relations to historical circumstances. Through a close reading of 30 retrospective interviews conducted in the 1970’s and 80’s, the analysis deals with some of the experienced motives, inter- pretations, materialities and social dimensions of children’s reading practices experienced in the first decades of the 20th century. It offers a discussion of these practices as related to wider historical contexts. Theoretically, the analysis is in- spired by the conceptualizations of a ‘history of reading’ in the works of Roger Chartier, Robert Darnton and Jonathan Rose. It is concluded that even if the informants in principle had access to different models, motives and genres for reading, the practice of reading often had to take on the character of improvisation in contexts where material resources and soci- al sympathies for reading were lacking. Furthermore, in relation to the complex social tensions and dynamics surrounding reading, the practice may also be defined by its degree of legitimacy and/or autonomy in a given context. These results imply that further research and debate is needed on the con- nections between the value attributed to reading in relation to changing concepts of work and “usefulness”, on the collective historical experiences of cultural progression, and on issues of the identity of the modern children’s library.

  • 348.
    Dolatkhah, Mats
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Historia och samtid: danska folkbibliotek i förändring: Recension av: Jochumsen, Henrik & Hvenegaard Rasmussen, Casper. Folkebiblioteket under forandring: modernitet felt og diskurs. Köpenhamn: Danmarks Biblioteksforening och Danmarks Biblioteksskole, 2006.2007Ingår i: Svensk biblioteksforskning, ISSN 0284-4354, E-ISSN 1653-5235, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 1-4Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
  • 349.
    Dolatkhah, Mats
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Lindberg, Jenny (Redaktör)
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Politiska diskurser om barnbibliotek: En jämförande analys av två statliga utredningar2012Ingår i: Styra eller stödja? Svensk folkbibliotekspolitik under hundra år / [ed] Anders Frenander, Jenny Lindberg, Valfrid , 2012, s. 175-187Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    1900-talet skulle bli barnets århundrade, tänkte sig Ellen Key alldeles innan seklet bröt in. Idag, alldeles efter dess slut, finns det goda skäl att tänka sig 1900-talet också som ett folkbibliotekens århundrade. Biblioteksreformerna i början av 1900-talet markerade en tydlig vilja från statsmakterna att stödja och underbygga bibliotek avsedda för breda befolkningslager. Samma sorts vilja kom sedan till politiskt uttryck flera gånger under de följande hundra åren.

  • 350.
    Dolatkhah, Mats
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Public libraries and reading in Sweden 1900-19402006Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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