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  • 301.
    Ekström, Karin M.
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lagerbielke, Erika
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    The importance of intuition; Trusting feelings as well as facts for creating new design as well as new insight2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 302.
    Ekström, Karin M.
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ottosson, Mikael
    Linköpings universitet.
    Parment, Anders
    Stockholms universitet.
    Consumer behaviour: Classical and contemporary perspectives2017Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Consumer Behavior: Classical and Contemporary Perspectives provides a basic understanding of the subject of consumer behavior. A better understanding in terms of why and how people consume is particularly relevant in today’s society since consumption has become an increasingly important part of people’s lives.

    This book differs from most previous textbooks by describing the subject of consumer behavior based on two comprehensive theoretical fields: theories concerning consumer psychology and decision-making, and theories concerning consumer culture and practices. These two perspectives complement one another and contribute to a better understanding of the complexity of consumption. Furthermore, the book has a sustainability perspective. The impact of consumption on the environment is important to highlight, not least with regard to future generations. The book also has a consumer perspective in that the consumer is not seen as a passive recipient of offers, but rather as an active actor who must be given the opportunity to make his or her voice heard. A better understanding of consumers’ different living conditions and the situations they encounter will give companies and other organizations a better chance to reach out to consumers and meet their needs.

    Consumer Behavior is also available in Swedish, published byStudentlitteratur.

  • 303.
    Ekström, Karin M.
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ottosson, Mikael
    Linköpings universitet.
    Parment, Anders
    Stockholms universitet.
    Konsumentbeteende: Klassiska & samtida perspektiv2017Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Konsumentbeteende – klassiska och samtida perspektiv ges en grundläggande förståelse för ämnet konsumentbeteende. Kunskap om varför och på vilket sätt människor konsumerar är av intresse för flertalet samhällsaktörer, i synnerhet som konsumtion kommit att bli en allt viktigare del av människors liv.

    

Boken skiljer sig från flertalet läroböcker genom att konsumentbeteendeämnet beskrivs utifrån två övergripande teoretiska fält: teorier om konsumentens psykologi och beslut samt teorier om konsumtionskultur och konsumtionspraktik. Dessa två teoretiska perspektiv kompletterar varandra och bidrar till en ökad förståelse för konsumtionens komplexitet. Boken har därutöver ett hållbarhetsperspektiv och ett konsumentperspektiv. Konsumtionens konsekvenser för miljön behöver uppmärksammas, inte minst med tanke på kommande generationer. Konsumenten ses inte som en passiv mottagare av erbjudanden, utan som en aktivt handlande aktör som måste ges möjlighet att göra sin röst hörd. En ökad förståelse för konsumenters olika livsvillkor och situationer de befinner sig i kan ge företag och andra organisationer bättre möjligheter att nå ut till konsumenter och tillgodose deras behov.

  • 304.
    Ekwall, Daniel
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Cargo theft at non-secure parking locations2015In: International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, ISSN 0959-0552, E-ISSN 1758-6690, Vol. 432, no 1, p. 204-220Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the patterns of reported cargo thefts at

    non-secure parking facilities in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa (EMEA) with respect to stolen

    value, frequency, incident category, and modi operandi.

    Design/methodology/approach – This study is based on a system-theoretical approach that

    emphasizes on a holistic rather than an atomistic view. The research method used in this paper is

    deductive; the analysis is based on data obtained from the incident information service (IIS), a database

    of transport-related crimes from the Transported Asset Protection Association (TAPA) in the EMEA

    region. The results are analysed and discussed within a frame of reference based on supply chain risk

    management (SCRM) and criminology theories.

    Findings – We found that 97 per cent of all attacks during a stop occur at non-secure parking

    locations. Cargo thefts at these locations are more of a volume crime than high-value thefts. Seasonal

    variations were seen in these thefts, and the most common type was an intrusion on weekdays

    during winter.

    Research limitations/implications – This study is limited by the content of and the classifications

    within the TAPA EMEA IIS database.

    Practical implications – This paper is directly relevant to the current EU discussions regarding the

    creation of a large number of secure parking facilities in the region.

    Originality/value – This is one of the first papers in the field of SCRM that utilizes actual crime

    statistics reported by the industry to analyse the occurrence of cargo theft by focusing on the

    non-secure parking aspect in the transport chain.

  • 305.
    Ekwall, Daniel
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Modi operandi for cargo theft in EMEA—A seasonality analysis2015In: Journal of Transportation Security, ISSN 1938-7741Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper identifies patterns and trends in cargo theft by analysing seasonal

    variations (by time of year and time of week) in the relationship between value

    (reported stolen value) and various reported modi operandi. This research is exploratory

    in nature; it is based on theories derived from criminology and logistics as well as

    secondary data related to cargo theft. For practical purposes, the research is geographically

    limited to EMEA; however, the frame of reference is applicable to the analysis of

    antagonistic threats to transport worldwide. Though patterns differ across categories,

    for some modi operandi, seasonal patterns are found across both months of the year and

    days of the week. Despite variations in hot spots, incident categories, stolen and

    endangered objects, and handling methods, the basic theoretical framework is generally

    applicable. This research is limited by the content and classificatory scheme of the TAPA

    EMEA IIS database. However, this is the best available database and it contains anonymous

    reports that are mainly from TAPA member companies that are in the industry itself.

  • 306.
    Ekwall, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Brüls, Helmut
    FreightWatch International, Head of EMEA Intelligence.
    Wyer, Daniel
    Freightwatch International, EMEA Intelligence Analyst.
    Theft of pharmaceuticals during transport in Europe2015In: Journal of Transportation Security, ISSN 1938-7741, E-ISSN 1938-775X, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to identify and describe the scale of cargo theft in

    the European pharmaceutical supply chain in 2014. The study is based on a systemtheoretical

    approach which emphasises a holistic rather than atomistic view. The

    research in this paper is deductive and descriptive in its nature and aims to present a

    current description of theft of pharmaceuticals in a European perspective. This paper’s

    hypotheses on cargo theft have been developed from theories of criminology, for

    applicable use, to strengthen the scientific field of logistics. A survey was conducted

    in autumn 2014 whereby the respondents were asked to provide their opinions in

    relation to eleven questions. The survey was sent out to all major players in the

    European pharmaceutical sector – manufacturers and logistics providers specializing

    in pharmaceuticals. The survey captured more or less 80 % of the European pharmaceutical

    manufacturers' market share.We found that the current threats against European

    pharmaceutical transport are small in relative occurrence terms (relatively few attacks on

    a yearly basis compared to other product categories) but on an impact basis thefts of

    pharmaceuticals place as one of the top targets (value wise) for criminals. This research

    supports other sources that the current geographical hot spot for these thefts in Europe is

    in Italy. The top risks are rated as either robbery or theft from vehicle at unsecure parking

    areas. These two different modi operandi can be divided into one frequency related

    threat (theft from unsecure parking) and one impact related risk (robbery).

  • 307.
    Elfvik, Emilia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Cut and paste: exploring two-dimensional material collages for the use in clothing.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work explores how the idea of collage as ”components put together to create a new whole” can be used in the creation of garments and visual expressions in fashion design. As collage in fashion often is reduced to mere decoration in e.g. print design added to predetermined shapes, this work wishes to have the collage be the dominant factor in the creation of the garments in this collection. By two-dimensional material collages this exploration aims to investigate composition of material, colour, surfaces and shapes in dress. The technique of fusing is used to attach the different materials to each other using the material Vliesofix and heat. The garments are created flat with the possibility to enter in-between the layers of the materials and give shape on the body. By collaging with materials this work tries to bring the creation of material and construction closer together in the design process as well as bring the sketch closer to the final result by sketching directly in the material. The potential of having the material development be present in all the design steps is that it creates a greater relation between the material and shape. The result is a collection of eight outfits proposing new ways of constructing garments at the same time as exploring materials and the technique of fusing. The garments are somewhere in-between sketches and final results and the collection can be looked upon as a fashion collection or as a series of examples of possible outcomes from working with this method.

  • 308.
    Eliasson, Anna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    A study of the performance of biochar as adsorbing agent in o‐DGT devices2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A new complex aspect in the matter of water quality is the occurrence of emerging organic pollutants and contaminants in waste water. The currently low extent to which treatment of waste water is performed in Brazil, and in the world as a whole, there is a considerable need for development of cheap and accurate in-situ sampling methods for far-reaching studies of surface water quality. The lack of such methods today makes the maintenance and establishing of sanitary safety difficult. This diploma work gives a brief introduction to the basic principles of the passive sampling method known as Diffusive Gradient in Thin-films (DGT). A method that could be useful for such monitoring of quality in water bodies world wide. The aim of this study is to develop a method, for the detection of organic emerging pollutants and contaminants – i.e. compounds, which usually are present at very low concentrations when found in the environment as a result of human activity. More specifically, this work investigates the potential and usefulness of the application of DGT devices in detection of organic compounds that can affect human health and ecosystems, even at low concentrations, however, their effects still are in need of further investigations. This study focuses on both purely technical as well as practical points of views. The efficiency of organic DGT (o-DGT) with biochar as the adsorbing agent is examined targeting the detection of organic pollutants and contaminants in surface water. In this sense, the specific aim of the work is to evaluate the performance of biochar as adsorbing agent. This work showed that the performance of biochar as the adsorbing agent in binding layers in o-DGT sample devices can be considered as satisfactory since all compounds of interest in this study was successfully detected, quantified an identified. Further investigations in the future are needed to determine the effects of varying pH, temperature and ion concentration in the deployment media, as well as the properties of the binding layer in relation to concentration of biochar and the thickness of the layer. These in order to optimize the method for in-situ water sampling, aiming conventional use of biochar as the adsorbing agent in the future.

  • 309.
    Eliasson, Anna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    En studie av egenskaperna hos biokol som adsorberande agent i o‐DGTanordningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A new complex aspect in the matter of water quality is the occurrence of emerging organicpollutants and contaminants in waste water. The currently low extent to which treatment ofwaste water is performed in Brazil, and in the world as a whole, there is a considerable needfor development of cheap and accurate in‐situ sampling methods for far‐reaching studies ofsurface water quality. The lack of such methods today makes the maintenance andestablishing of sanitary safety difficult. This diploma work gives a brief introduction to thebasic principles of the passive sampling method known as Diffusive Gradient in Thin‐films(DGT). A method that could be useful for such monitoring of quality in water bodies worldwide.The aim of this study is to develop a method, for the detection of organic emerging pollutantsand contaminants – i.e. compounds, which usually are present at very low concentrationswhen found in the environment as a result of human activity. More specifically, this workinvestigates the potential and usefulness of the application of DGT devices in detection oforganic compounds that can affect human health and ecosystems, even at lowconcentrations, however, their effects still are in need of further investigations.This study focuses on both purely technical as well as practical points of views. The efficiencyof organic DGT (o‐DGT) with biochar as the adsorbing agent is examined targeting thedetection of organic pollutants and contaminants in surface water. In this sense, the specificaim of the work is to evaluate the performance of biochar as adsorbing agent. This workshowed that the performance of biochar as the adsorbing agent in binding layers in o‐DGTsample devices can be considered as satisfactory since all compounds of interest in this studywas successfully detected, quantified an identified. Further investigations in the future areneeded to determine the effects of varying pH, temperature and ion concentration in thedeployment media, as well as the properties of the binding layer in relation to concentrationof biochar and the thickness of the layer. These in order to optimize the method for in‐situwater sampling, aiming conventional use of biochar as the adsorbing agent in the future.

  • 310.
    Elonsson, Malin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Utveckling av måttlistor: Framtagning av kropps- och skillnadsmåttlistor för ett svenskt modeföretag.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background to this work is a field study conducted at a Swedish fashion company. In this field study a number of problems were identified which then formed the basis for this study. Many of the company's problems relate to its sizes and crux of the problem is that the company has no measurement charts to use for product development. Measurement charts that could improve the company's work are body measurement charts, where body measurements for different sizes are specified, and grading measurement charts that show the dimensional difference between the various sizes. The purpose of this work has been to develop these charts of measurements for two different types of sizes that the company uses. By comparing three body measurements established by the company, to already existing measurement charts and standards a new measurement chart was developed. To verify the result garments where graded according to the new charts and then evaluated by fitting on the person with the right body dimensions for each size. Fittings showed good results as the garments suited all models, but it also shows the complexity of making the same garment fit several people

  • 311.
    Emilsson, Annie
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Neumann, Nathalie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Betydelsen av CSR – Öst möter Väst2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the search for lower operating costs many textile companies choose to move their production abroad, with China being the biggest, most dominant player. As a result of this outsourcing, and the choices available in a global economy, society is placing more pressure on companies to establish both social and morally accepted practises across the whole supply chain. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has emerged as an increasingly expected practise within the textile industry and something that many companies strive to improve. In short, a company’s CSR activities can be described as taking responsibility within three sustainable areas; social, environmental and economical. The purpose of this study is to provide a greater understanding of the meaning and attitudes towards CSR and its implementation within a textile supply chain with manufacturing in China. Additionally, the study also aims to illustrate the perception of social and cultural sustainable development within and between different cultures. This study has been performed as a case study with a qualitative approach, where data have been conducted and collated through both semi-structured interviews as well as observations. Through contact with a Swedish company we received access to their Chinese suppliers and thereby found respondents who were appropriate for the aim of this study. By using a theoretical framework we were able to analyse and discuss our empirical findings, and could thereby make the conclusion that the awareness of CSR is low, especially amongst Chinese textile operators, where the results show that CSR is a concept which is not widely practised. The results also show a clash between Swedish and Chinese cultures, which indicates that implementing CSR guidelines along the whole supply chain is both complicated and convoluted. The attempt to replicate each other’s values in a completely different culture is also problematic. This complex equation raises questions about whose beliefs are correct and who decides what is right or morally wrong.This thesis will continue in English.

  • 312.
    Enberg, Magnus
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hansson, Michael
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Intäktsredovisning: IFRS 15 och IAS 112015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In May 2014 the IASB and the FASB published IFRS 15, a new accounting standard for revenue recognition. IFRS 15 will replace the current standards on revenue recognition, IAS 18 and IAS 11. The application of IFRS 15 may result in more or less extensive changes in revenue recognition. Revenue recognition and the effect resulting from the application of different standards and policies has long been a subject of discussion. The discussion stems from the different views regarding when the recognition of revenue take place, i.e. the necessary prerequisites which must exist for income to be included in the income statement/statement of comprehensive income. In this paper the necessary prerequisite for revenue recognition is applied in accordance with IFRS 15 and IAS 11 in order to highlight the effect in the income statement when the respective necessary prerequisites is applied in the context of construction contracts. The effect of the various necessary prerequisites for revenue recognition of construction contracts is analyzed by applying a model that illustrates the different information values arising from the application of the necessary prerequisites. Financial reports are designed to communicate information to stakeholders. The necessary prerequisites that underpin revenue recognition have a close connection to the information value that is obtained. Different stakeholders demand different information values in the financial statements. In some cases timeliness and relevance is rewarded, in other cases reliability. In this paper a stakeholder perspective is illustrated which is linked to the information value that the application of IAS 11 and IFRS 15 results in. Decision-usefulness and stewardship are the primary stakeholder perspectives that are analyzed in this study. The purpose of this study is to analyze the consequences on revenue recognition by applying IAS 11 and IFRS 15 on construction contracts. The information value resulting from the application of the standards is analyzed through an explanatory model with basis in the subject area. The findings shows that the application of the various necessary prerequisites can lead to information that appeals to different stakeholders based on their information needs. The application of IFRS 15 led in larger extent to various information values than the application of IAS 11. The findings also show that the necessary prerequisites for revenue recognition may give rise to different effects on the income statement. This paper is written in Swedish

  • 313.
    Eneh, Sandra
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Showroom the Future of Online Fashion Retailing 2.0: Enhancing the online shopping experience2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following have been rectified in response to previous evaluation by examiner Olof Bruninge. -We have solely chosen qualitative methods in data collection and analysis by making use of data gathered from focus group workshop. The findings have been coded and analysed descriptively. -We have reformulated research questions and replaced the hypothesis with open questions. Allowing us to explore the participants’ behaviour rather than testing hypothesis. -All quantitative measures have been replaced with qualitative analysis and descriptions. -We have provided tables with results from focus group findings to increase transparency in our data

  • 314.
    Enemar, Sara
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Employer branding: Ett kommunikativt instrument2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det blir allt mer värdefullt för företag att kommunicera ut sitt arbetsgivarvarumärke till sina medarbetare och till framtida potentiella medarbetare. Fenomenet benämns employer branding och diskuteras i de flesta branscher. Modeindustrin är, i detta sammanhang, definitivt inget undantag. Employer branding handlar om att göra ett företag till en attraktiv arbetsplats och erbjuda ett unikt värde till befintliga och framtida medarbetare. Utmaningen inom employer branding framhävs genom den omstridda konkurrensen över att finna de mest lämpade medarbetarna och behålla de rätta medarbetarna i kombination med att kommunicera sina unika förmåner för att tilltala den allt mer specialiserade kompetensen hos arbetssökande. Employer branding kan i många fall stå i relation till sociala medier, som på många och olika sätt kan tilltala den interna sfären och externa intressenter hos ett företag. Med detta som grund utvecklades studiens syfte att undersöka hur employer branding skapar en attraktiv arbetsplats genom att öka motivationen hos anställda och förmedla ett externt informationsvärde. Studien har utgått från en kvalitativ metod där fyra fallföretag har involverats för att få fram relevant information där semistrukturerade intervjuer genomförts med samtliga fallföretag. Fallföretagens intervjuer presenteras under resultat för att tillsammans kunna mynna ut i en analys. Det har visats att fallföretagen arbetar främst internt med sin employer branding med en levande dialog kring företagets vision och värderingar tillsammans med att erbjuda sina medarbetare utveckling, karriärmöjligheter, trivselaktiviteter och se till den enskilde individen. Detta samtidigt som de har blicken mot de externa intressenterna genom att använda sig av sina befintliga medarbetare och sociala medier för att kommunicera sina unika värden. Dock framförde samtliga fallföretag att de måste utveckla sin externa kommunikation så inte en lämpad medarbetare går vidare till ett annat företag. Sammantaget visar studien hur fyra olika svenska modeföretag resonerar kring och använder sig av det allt mer aktuella fenomenet employer branding.

  • 315.
    Engelund, Emil Tang
    et al.
    Copenhagen University.
    Thygesen, Lisbeth Garbrecht
    Copenhagen University.
    Svensson, Staffan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hill, Callum A. S.
    Napier University.
    A critical discussion of the physics of wood-water interactions2013In: Wood Science and Technology, ISSN 0043-7719, E-ISSN 1432-5225, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 141-161Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 316.
    Engström, Adina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Johansson, Matilda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Effektivisering av returflöden: ur ett tids-, flexibilitets-, miljö- och ekonomiskt perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In line with the growing population the demands on companies to act more sustainable are increasing. A prerequisite for continued development is efficiency enhancement where resources are used in a more efficient manner with the aim of reducing environmental impact but also from a cost reducing and social sustainability perspective. The focus is commonly placed on the forward flow of products, often with the goal to make as much money as possible and still please the customers.  The main purpose with this thesis is to map the return flow from companies located in Orust to examine the possibilities to enhance the efficiency from various aspects. To carry out the study, a survey was conducted involving 19 companies responding to 13 questions concerning their return flow. From the survey, it was found that almost all of the respondents in the study returned their goods directly back to the supplier in conjunction with the delivery. The remaining companies with return flow indicated that they sent goods to waste management. The return types of the companies ranged from return packaging to dangerous goods and the frequency of returnees varied from a few pallets per day to a few pallets per year.  There are two bridges over to the island of Orust where all the freight traffic is going: one in the north and one in the south. Following the respondents' responses, two fictional milk rounds were constructed by route where the two waste centers also represented an advantageous relocation point for waste disposal at the end of each bridge depending on the end destination of the goods. Prerequisites for this type of consolidation to be applicable are that the destination of the goods is similar, that the return flow rate and type of goods are of a similar nature. Carriage of waste in the same vehicle as food is no alternative due to regulations, but, for example, glass waste and return packaging can be returned in the same vehicle. In addition to the fictional milk round, a placement of two hubs outside Orust's borders is proposed in due to the heavy burden on the bridges connecting the municipality with the mainland. The hubs could also act as intermediaries for companies’ suppliers who instead of driving into Orust can pick up the goods in their respective hubs. In the fictitious solution, the current transport distance on the island would decrease from 466.6 kilometers to 157.5 kilometers. Although this type of consolidation often leads to reduced time efficiency, it can increase the efficiency of the companies from an environmental and cost perspective. The fictitious solution can similarly be applied to more companies located at Orust, depending on the business and location.

  • 317.
    Engström, Adina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Johansson, Matilda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Effektivisering av returflöden: ur ett tids-, flexibilitets-, miljö- och ekonomiskt perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In line with the growing population the demands on companies to act more sustainable are increasing. A prerequisite for continued development is efficiency enhancement where resources are used in a more efficient manner with the aim of reducing environmental impact but also from a cost reducing and social sustainability perspective. The focus is commonly placed on the forward flow of products, often with the goal to make as much money as possible and still please the customers.The main purpose with this thesis is to map the return flow from companies located in Orust to examine the possibilities to enhance the efficiency from various aspects. To carry out the study, a survey was conducted involving 19 companies responding to 13 questions concerning their return flow. From the survey, it was found that almost all of the respondents in the study returned their goods directly back to the supplier in conjunction with the delivery. The remaining companies with return flow indicated that they sent goods to waste management. The return types of the companies ranged from return packaging to dangerous goods and the frequency of returnees varied from a few pallets per day to a few pallets per year.There are two bridges over to the island of Orust where all the freight traffic is going: one in the north and one in the south. Following the respondents' responses, two fictional milk rounds were constructed by route where the two waste centers also represented an advantageous relocation point for waste disposal at the end of each bridge depending on the end destination of the goods. Prerequisites for this type of consolidation to be applicable are that the destination of the goods is similar, that the return flow rate and type of goods are of a similar nature. Carriage of waste in the same vehicle as food is no alternative due to regulations, but, for example, glass waste and return packaging can be returned in the same vehicle. In addition to the fictional milk round, a placement of two hubs outside Orust's borders is proposed in due to the heavy burden on the bridges connecting the municipality with the mainland. The hubs could also act as intermediaries for companies’ suppliers who instead of driving into Orust can pick up the goods in their respective hubs.In the fictitious solution, the current transport distance on the island would decrease from 466.6 kilometers to 157.5 kilometers. Although this type of consolidation often leads to reduced time efficiency, it can increase the efficiency of the companies from an environmental and cost perspective. The fictitious solution can similarly be applied to more companies located at Orust, depending on the business and location.

  • 318.
    Enlund, Linnea
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Forssman, Andrea
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Reducering av mängden topcoat vid beläggning av textil: En undersökning kring det tvärbindande skiktets inverkan på en belagd produkts funktionalitet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En funktionsbeläggning består av ett polymert material som beläggs till en textil yta. Denna typ av beläggning används för funktionsplagg och det belagda materialet har som uppgift att skydda användaren från vatten samtidigt som den har god ånggenomsläpplighet. För att tvärbinda funktionsbeläggningen och öka dess hållfasthet appliceras ett översta skikt av polymer som kallas topcoat. En topcoat innehåller tvärbindande ämnen som till exempel isocyanater eller formaldehyd. Dessa ämnen är mycket miljö- och hälsoskadliga. Denna studie har genomförts i syfte att undersöka möjligheten till en reducering av mängden topcoat och därmed minskning av skadliga kemikalier, i en funktionsbeläggning. En mikroporös polyuretanbeläggning applicerades på en polyesterväv med valsrakling. Därefter belades två vattenbaserade topcoats innehållande olika tvärbindare: en med formaldehyd och en med isocyanater, genom luftrakling. Genom att späda den ena topcoaten med olika mängd vatten, variera lutningen av beläggningskniven och ändra knivens tryck mot väven vid beläggning utvecklades sex olika material. Väven med beläggning och olika variation av topcoat testades sedan med avseende på kvalitet. Tester av materialens vattentäthet, ånggenomsläpplighet och nöthållfasthet utfördes. Mängden applicerad topcoat undersöktes genom areaviktoch tjockleksmätning. De belagda ytorna granskades i mikroskop för att analysera eventuella variationer mellan materialen. De belagda materialen var inte vattentäta (<100 cm vattenpelare). Studien visar dock att materialet belagt med en formaldehydbaserad topcoat som spätts med 68 % vatten visar statistiskt säkerställt högre medelvärde i vattentäthetstestet, jämfört med det material som belagts på samma vis men med den ospädda varianten av samma topcoat. Resultaten från areavikts- samt tjockleksmätningen visade inte med säkerhet om vinkeln på knivens lutning eller dess tryck mot väven hade någon påverkan på mängden topcoat som belades. Alla material med de spädda varianterna av topcoat visade god ånggenomsläpplighet, vilken också förbättrades avsevärt efter tvätt samtidigt som materialens vattentäthet inte försämrades i samma skala. Detta resultat är mycket intressant då bibehållen vattentäthet i kombination med god ånggenomsläpplighet efter tvätt är en viktig egenskap för funktionsbeläggningar. Slutledningsvis visar resultaten på möjligheter i att späda topcoaten innan applicering och därigenom uppnå intressanta materialegenskaper i kombination med minskad kemikalieanvändning. Vidare undersökningar krävs dock för att säkerställa eftersträvad vattentät funktion.

  • 319.
    Erdtman, Edvin
    et al.
    Linköping Universitet.
    Bohlén, Martin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ahlström, Peter
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Gkourmpis, Thomas
    Borealis AB.
    Berlin, Mikael
    Tetra Pak Packaging Solutions AB.
    Andersson, Thorbjörn
    Tetra Pak Packaging Solutions AB.
    Bolton, Kim
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    A molecular-level computational study of the diffusion and solubility of water and oxygen in carbonaceous polyethylene nanocomposites2016In: Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, ISSN 0887-6266, E-ISSN 1099-0488, Vol. 54, p. 589-602Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations were performed to investigate the effect on the solubility, diffusion, and permeability of water and oxygen when adding graphene or single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) to polyethylene (PE). When compared with pure PE, addition of graphene lowered the solubility of water, whereas at lower temperatures, the oxygen solubility increased because of the oxygen–graphene interaction. Addition of SWCNTs lowered the solubility of both water and oxygen when compared with pure PE. A detailed analysis showed that an ordered structure of PE is induced near the additive surface, which leads to a decrease in the diffusion coefficient of both penetrants in this region. The addition of graphene does not change the permeation coefficient of oxygen (in the direction parallel to the filler) and, in fact, may even increase this coefficient when compared with pure PE. In contrast, the water permeability is decreased when graphene is added to PE. The addition of SWCNTs decreases the permeability of both penetrants. Graphene can consequently be added to selectively increase the solubility and permeation of oxygen over water, at least at lower temperatures. 

  • 320.
    Ericsson, Amanda
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Brooks, Andrew
    African Second-hand Clothes: Mima-te and the development of sustainable fashion2015In: Routledge Handbook of Sustainability and Fashion, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge , 2015, p. 91-99Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A vast surplus of unwanted clothing is produced from excessive consumption in the Global North where a far greater volume of second-hand clothing is collected than can be locally retailed in charity shops or as ‘vintage fashion’. The majority of collected second-hand clothes are exported and sold overseas in market places in the developing world, with diverse and disputed economic and cultural effects. We discuss an African fashion brand, Mima-te which is collecting American and European second-hand clothes found in the markets of Maputo, Mozambique and up-cycling them, creating value and crafting new fashion.

  • 321.
    Ericsson, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lagergren, Ida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lutens kretslopp på Södra Cell Värö2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten handlar om lutens kretslopp på Södra Cell Värö, dess betydelse för pappersmassaproduktionen samt riskerna som finns vid användning av lut. Lut används när pappersmassa framställs på Södra Cell Värö (sulfatprocess). Kokeriet kokar träflis, tunnlut (svartlut) och vitlut. Luten tillsätts för att lösa upp ligninet i träfibrerna. Lignin är som ett lim som håller ihop träfibrerna. Lutvätskan som lämnar kokeriet kallas för tunnlut och indunstningen torkar tunnluten i flera steg. När luten har torkats kallas den för brännlut (tjocklut) och förbränns i sodapannan. Smältan från sodapannan blandas med svaglut och bildar grönlut. I grönluten tillsätts bränd kalk och bildar kalkmjölk. Ur kalkmjölken separeras vitlut och mesa. Vitluten återinförs till kokeriet och kretsloppet fortsätter. Luten har stor betydelse för produktionen av pappersmassa på Södra Cell Värö. Om någon del i lutkretsloppet inte fungerar tvingas hela fabriken att stanna. Användning av lut är inte riskfritt. Lut är ett frätande ämne och det räcker med små kvantiteter för att orsaka stor skada. Därför är det viktigt att rätt skyddsutrustning används och respekt visas. Om Södra Cell Värö inte skulle använda lut skulle tillverkningsprocessen se annorlunda ut. Mekanisk process eller sulfitprocess skulle användas istället. Fördelarna med att använda lut är att kvalitén på pappersmassan blir bättre. Därför får pappersmassan ett större användningsområde. Nackdelarna med att använda lut är dels risken för olyckor, dels att vedutbytet endast är 50 %. Syftet med rapporten är att ge läsaren lärdom om hur lutens kretslopp fungerar och lutens betydelse på ett massabruk som Södra Cell Värö samt informera om vilka risker det finns vid arbete med lut.

  • 322.
    Eriksson, Christian
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Petersson, Åsa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Big bath accounting: förekommer strategin i svenska börsnoterade företag?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Big bath accounting is a strategy where the decision makers of a company manipulates the stated result according to their own preferences, most often to influence the result negatively by writing down its intangible assets. Earlier studies have shown that this phenomenon occurs more frequently in connection with a newly appointed CEO.This paper aims to investigate the occurrence of Big bath by writing down goodwill among public companies in Sweden, and to investigate if a newly appointed CEO could be one of the explanations to this phenomenon. This study has a deductive approach and the research questions have been analyzed with a quantitative data analysis.The data in this study have been collected from the companies financial statements during the time period between 2005-2013. The collected data have been used for the statistical tests that this paper contains. The result shows a positive connection between writing down goodwill and a newly appointed CEO and also between writing down goodwill and a negative result. Furthermore, a positive connection was found between Big bath and a newly appointed CEO and also between Big bath and a negative result which indicates that this strategy exists on the Stockholm stock exchange.The essay is written in Swedish.

  • 323.
    Eriksson, David
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lessons on knowledge creation in supply chain management2015In: European Business Review, ISSN 0955-534X, E-ISSN 1758-7107, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 346-368Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to convey lessons learned from a long-term research project and present a coherent approach for researching relevant areas, ranging from ontology to quality.

    Design/methodology/approach - A PhD process is used as a case to present conceptual ideas on performing research in logistics/supply chain management (SCM).

    Findings - The research integrates different views on knowledge and the world and how to perform research in logistics/SCM. Models explaining micro and macro abduction, and the relationship between research, the context and researcher subjectivity are suggested.

    Research limitations/implications - Knowledge on why and how critical realism can be used in logistics/SCM research is advanced. Abduction is presented as a micro/macro process, which should not have any specific "finish line", and is supported with both ontological and epistemological arguments.

    Practical implications - Research in logistics/SCM can be improved by connecting different aspects of viewing and creating knowledge. Reflecting on how exactly a publication is related to a project, researchers can better describe how they contribute to knowledge creation, and also understand the relationship between micro and macro abduction.

    Originality/value - Through presenting an approach to knowledge creation in the context of a PhD thesis, this research distinguishes itself in a field with a growing need to define its own views of the world and of knowledge. The paper advances current understanding of knowledge creation in logistics/SCM, expanding on earlier models and presenting a broader view of the research process and the associated dilemmas. The paper also contains novel considerations of the differences between publication types and how these affect the presentation of the research.

  • 324.
    Eriksson, David
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Svensson, Göran
    Elements affecting social responsibility in supply chains2015In: Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, ISSN 1359-8546, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 561-566Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to assess elements that affect social responsibility in supply chains and beyond. The elements are classified into drivers, facilitators and inhibitors.

    Design/methodology/approach– This paper presents an assessment of supply chain management research published over the period of 2009-2013.

    Findings– Sixteen elements are identified and presented in a framework along with their proposed constituents. The elements capture structures and management principles of supply chains that are important for social responsibility.

    Research limitations/implications– The elements provide a basis to better understand how social responsibility in supply chains is related to contextual factors. The framework of elements is still only an initial step toward enhanced understanding of how the context affects social responsibility in supply chains.

    Practical implications– The framework may guide companies to acknowledge elements that are known to improve or deteriorate social responsibility in supply chains.

    Originality/value– This paper contributes to capture the state-of-the-art knowledge based upon recent research. It is also a stepping stone toward improved insights on what drives, facilitates and inhibits individuals in social responsibility.

  • 325.
    Eriksson, David
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Svensson, Göran
    The Process of Responsibility, Decoupling Point, and Disengagement of Moral and Social Responsibility in Supply Chains: Empirical Findings and Prescriptive Thoughts2016In: Journal of Business Ethics, ISSN 0167-4544, E-ISSN 1573-0697, Vol. 134, no 2, p. 281-298Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the paper is to explore and assess the process of responsibility, decoupling point, and disengagement of moral responsibility, in combination with business sustainability (BSus) in supply chains. The research is based on a qualitative approach consisting of two multifaceted case studies, each including multiple case companies and different empirical research characteristics, and a review of BSus in supply chain literature. The case studies apply moral disengagement (MDis) to propose how moral responsibility can deteriorate in supply chains, and the literature review identifies elements of BSus in supply chain management (SCM). The contribution of this paper is to compare these two research streams and evaluate the efficacy of the concepts proposed in the case studies. Through this study, BSus gains an entirely different and complementary toolkit which should facilitate further and more effective research in SCM. The theory of MDis also provides a foundation for reinforcing explanatory and prescriptive aspects of ‘best practices’ in the SCM literature. The findings also establish a basis for organizing and monitoring supply chains so as to improve BSus efforts. Considering moral responsibility as a flow this research explains why and how certain practices may impede BSus efforts in supply chains. Original and/or innovative outcomes include explanatory and prescriptive insights that emerge from a combination of empirical findings from two case studies, including seven companies and a framework for improving BSus management in supply chains, based on a typology of moral disengagement.

  • 326.
    Eriksson, Emelie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ärm och ärmhåls-konstruktioner i trikå: En undersökning i passformsproblem på trikåplagg med en förlängd axel2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to try to solve fit problems on women’s jersey models with a dropped shoulder. The study is written in collaboration with a large Swedish clothing company and investigates a problem that the company itself has identified. The problem concerns the fit of some of the company's jersey sweaters for ladies, each with a dropped shoulder and a looser fit. The fit problems that the jersey models are having occurred at the shoulder, the armhole and bicep. In research and literature there is no information about fitting problems and how to adjust the construction of jersey garments with a dropped shoulder. At present, the company does not have time to test and develop the jersey models, and the study has therefore focused on trying to solve the problem of the fit for them. To achieve the aim, an experimental method has been used. This has been done through CAD-based pattern construction, sewing test prototypes and verified by fittings on human fitting models and on a dummy. The result of the study shows that a medium to high sleeve crown is needed for clothes with an extended shoulder to achieve good fit on the sleeve and around the armhole.

  • 327.
    Eriksson, Johanna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Wollin, Madeleine
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Born, Trained or Excluded Microentrepreneur2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The assumption that microcredit alone can contribute to worldwide povertyalleviation is debated, the opponents voicing the need of non-credit services in addition togive the poor access to capital. Social intermediation services are argued to be essential inmaking a difference in a time where the impact of microfinance itself has been reappraised inseveral studies. Simultaneously, the shift to commercialization of the industry due to pressureto accomplish self–sustainability is inescapable; concerns over its benefits for the poor ispronounced. Some are suggesting positive effects, others argue there being negative effectsdue to the change in focus. The purpose of this study is to generate knowledge about theinfluence MFIs have in enabling individuals to be microentrepreneurs in Sri Lanka.Design/methodology/approach– This will be accomplished through investigating theconditions and terminology used by MFIs in relation to entrepreneurship and theirrequirements of training. The findings may be used as guidance to other MFIs andstakeholders, both nationally and globally, who wish to engage in this field. The study relieson qualitative methodology where multiple case studies were analyzed and the findings basedon primary data conducted from nine semi-structured interviews. The cases have beenselected according to theoretical sampling.Findings– Based on the findings and theories applied, it can be stated that the ambition of theMFIs in Sri Lanka is to contribute to the microentrepreneurs development. This isaccomplished by giving them microcredit, training and motivation to start a sustainablebusiness and thus rise out of poverty. The findings suggest that the MFIs have an importantrole, but that the responsibility following as a result of their influence is compromised. Theconclusion is that the MFIs do not acknowledge everyone to be entrepreneurs, and are lackingin providing the most optimal training and supply of microfinance services for theirmicroentrepreneurs to succeed. This is limiting the microentrepreneurs progress and excludesan unknown part of potential microentrepreneurs.Originality/value– The findings of this study can help us to understand how MFIs in SriLanka enable or restrict the microentrepreneur because of their expectations and otherconsequences due to the market of microfinance and the fundamental assumptions whichmicrofinance is based on. Our contribution provides context on what conditions andlimitations MFIs create for microentrepreneurs in rising out of poverty with the assistance ofmicrofinance. The findings may be used as guidance to other MFIs and stakeholders, bothnationally and globally, who wish to engage in this field.

  • 328.
    Eriksson, Kajsa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Crowdfunding: flera nyanser av engagemang2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study addresses Internet-based crowdfunding, which is a financing methodwhere a large number of people give small amounts of money to a project via a crowdfundingplatform on the Internet. The focus of the study is engagement: what creates engagement incrowdfunding and what can increase the engagement. The study also examines ifcommunication only via the Internet is enough to create great engagement. The purpose of thestudy is to contribute to the knowledge development in the research area of crowdfunding. Bydoing that, it will also increase the knowledge among creators of crowdfunding campaignsand enable them to increase the engagement among backers and potential backers in thedevelopment of their campaigns. The research questions that will help achieve the purpose ofthe study are: why do people engage in crowdfunding? How can the interaction betweenbacker and creator of campaigns improve? How can face-to-face communication, throughevents, increase engagement in crowdfunding campaigns? To address these questions andachieve the purpose seven semi-structured interviews were conducted with people who hadbacked crowdfunding campaigns. The result of the study shows that there are differentmotives to why people engage in crowdfunding campaigns. The motives that was mostrepresented by the respondents was in order to help a friend and wanting to realize a certainproject. Other motives that were represented by several respondents were to back campaignsbecause they had confidence and trust in the creators of the campaigns, to receive rewards fortheir engagement, be a part of the community and to back a campaign because they like theidea of crowdfunding. The result of the study also shows three improvement possibilities inthe interaction between creator of the campaigns and the backers: 1) more dynamic updates onthe crowdfunding platform with focus on other than the financial aspect, 2) more updates afterthe end of the campaign and 3) that creators of the campaigns could show their projects in alivestream. The result of the study also shows that face-to-face communication, throughevents, can increase the engagement in crowdfunding campaigns. This is because backers canmeet the persons behind the crowdfunding campaign and see the result of the campaign in reallife and not just via Internet. How creators of crowdfunding campaigns can use the result ofthis study is indicated in the study. The language of the study is Swedish.

  • 329.
    Eriksson, Malin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Mattsson, Ellinor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Vretlund, Johanna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Transparens: konsumenters inblick i den textila branschen: Ett medel för att öka medvetenhet?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Transparency is a business approach which has become more and more popular for fashion companies to apply in recent years. The purpose of transparency is to publish internal company information for stakeholders. Most often, the information is about how companies act socially, environmentally and economically. This study investigates consumer attitudes towards fashion companies that have chosen to apply transparency in their business practices. In order to explicate previous research, the study also examines how consumers want this information assigned along with what specific information consumers’ request. The study’s empirical data is based on nine qualitative interviews conducted with female consumers of different ages.The result of the study shows that consumers in general have no deeper knowledge or awareness of transparency or corporate social responsibility. This unconsciousness proved to have a major impact on the consumer's behavior, attitude and preferences towards transparency. Even though all respondents have a positive attitude towards the idea of transparency, there is some skepticism about the concept. The intentions of applying transparency and the content that is being conveyed are questioned. Respondents believe that the content can easily be manipulated in order to make companies appear better than they actually are. However, this skepticism can be reduced if an external party can control and review the company's transparency.This study also shows that consumers are happy to see that companies publish and convey internal information. The information should be brief, straightforward and easy to understand. It should be assigned to the consumers, instead of asking the consumers to search for it themselves. Perceptions of how the information should be conveyed differ greatly among respondents depending on age and amount of prior knowledge. Therefore it is crucial for companies to adapt the content and pick an appropriate platform for their customers. By understanding the target group's preferences, companies can more easily find a starting point in their work with corporate social responsibility and more effectively to convey it to stakeholders. However, there is a need to raise general awareness of the industry's problems. A way to do this is by discussing the subject in broader channels. This study is written in Swedish.

  • 330.
    Eriksson, Malin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Mattsson, Ellinor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Vretlund, Johanna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Transparens: konsumenters inblick i den textila branschen: Ett medel för att öka medvetenhet?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Transparency is a business approach which has become more and more popular for fashion companies to apply in recent years. The purpose of transparency is to publish internal company information for stakeholders. Most often, the information is about how companies act socially, environmentally and economically. This study investigates consumer attitudes towards fashion companies that have chosen to apply transparency in their business practices. In order to explicate previous research, the study also examines how consumers want this information assigned along with what specific information consumers’ request. The study’s empirical data is based on nine qualitative interviews conducted with female consumers of different ages.

    The result of the study shows that consumers in general have no deeper knowledge or awareness of transparency or corporate social responsibility. This unconsciousness proved to have a major impact on the consumer's behavior, attitude and preferences towards transparency. Even though all respondents have a positive attitude towards the idea of transparency, there is some skepticism about the concept. The intentions of applying transparency and the content that is being conveyed are questioned. Respondents believe that the content can easily be manipulated in order to make companies appear better than they actually are. However, this skepticism can be reduced if an external party can control and review the company's transparency.

    This study also shows that consumers are happy to see that companies publish and convey internal information. The information should be brief, straightforward and easy to understand. It should be assigned to the consumers, instead of asking the consumers to search for it themselves. Perceptions of how the information should be conveyed differ greatly among respondents depending on age and amount of prior knowledge. Therefore it is crucial for companies to adapt the content and pick an appropriate platform for their customers. By understanding the target group's preferences, companies can more easily find a starting point in their work with corporate social responsibility and more effectively to convey it to stakeholders. However, there is a need to raise general awareness of the industry's problems. A way to do this is by discussing the subject in broader channels. This study is written in Swedish.

  • 331.
    Eriksson, Siw
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. Design & Human Factors/Chalmers University of Technology.
    Jiaqi, Yao
    Design & Human Factors/Chalmers University of Technology.
    Lieng, Phu
    Design & Human Factors/Chalmers University of Technology.
    Sandsjö, Leif
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Wallgren, Pontus
    Design & Human Factors/Chalmers University of Technology.
    Karlsson, MariAnne
    Design & Human Factors/Chalmers University of Technology.
    Ambulance Personnel Participating in Co-Design of a New Concept for Detection of Traumatic Injuries in Emergency Care2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUNDStudies in product development argue the importance of user involvement when designing products. Benefits include targeting relevant problems, finding usable and innovative solutions, and elicit user needs and expectations that may prove critical when introducing the new product.

    However, some difficulties have been identified. These are mainly related to differences between the users and developers in terms of skills, experiences, terminology, goals and perspectives and that the users tend to neglect the value of their input. Typically users are also included too late in the process to have any real opportunities to alter the final product.

    The aim of this study was to explore how early inclusion of user competence might influence the development of a novel concept for detection of traumatic injuries in emergency care.

    METHODSAmbulance nurses representing car and helicopter ambulance were invited to three consecutive workshops to co-design key products of the new concept together with development personnel from the company behind the new concept and design researchers/engineers. The workshops were held in the ideation, concept generation, and development stages of the project. Each workshop was prepared by the researchers to enable and stimulate interaction within the group by applying design practices and provide mock-ups/illustrations. 

    RESULTS Preliminary results from interviews tell that the company representatives report more detailed knowledge about the ambulance personnel’s needs earlier in the process compared to previous projects, and that this knowledge contributed to products with higher usability.

    The ambulance personnel were positive and pleased to contribute their knowledge. One response was “it is very interesting to contribute to the development of a future product”.

    CONCLUSIONSThe tested co-design process facilitated the ambulance nurses to contribute their knowledge so that needs and requirements was understood and integrated by the engineers in the design of the new concept for emergency care.

  • 332.
    Eriksson, Siw
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sandsjö, Leif
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. MedTech West.
    Three-dimensional Fabrics as Medical Textiles2015In: Advances in 3D Textiles: A volume in Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles / [ed] X. Chen, Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2015, p. 305-340Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of 3D textile applications in medicine is rapidly increasing as new technology and procedures are introduced in health care.  A first estimate of current medical applications of both general and 3D textiles is presented based on the medical devices classification system established by the US Food and Drug Administration. The textile specifics for these applications are covered from a textile technique perspective where the different 3D weaving as well as knitting, braiding and non-woven techniques are described and how their properties they can contribute in medical applications. In addition, emerging opportunities based on smart textiles as part of textile systems are described on a general level. The strong application areas of 3D medical textiles, i.e. wound management, vascular grafting and scaffolding for tissue engineering are covered in detail both from the medical and textiles perspective. Finally, some future lines of development are suggested and a short discussion on how new 3D textiles applications can be developed in close cooperation between the textile industry and the health care sector is presented.

  • 333.
    Eriksson, Siw
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sandsjö, Leif
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Guo, Li
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Löfhede, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lindholm, Hanna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Thordstein, Magnus
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg University.
    3D Weaving Technique Applied in Long Term Monitoring of Brain Activity2012In: Proceedings of The 4th World Conference on 3D Fabrics and Their Applications., Manchester/Aachen, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 334.
    Eriksson, Siw
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sandsjö, Leif
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Karlsson, MariAnne
    Design & Human Factor, Chalmers University of Technology.
    Facilitating User Involvement in Development of 3D Smart Textiles For Healthcare Applications2015In: Proceedings of the 6th World Conference on 3D Fabrics and their Applications, Manchester,UK/Raleigh,USA, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Smart textiles are textiles based on different types of smart materials that can sense or react on environmental stimuli. This new technology is a growing area which exhibits characteristics particularly suitable for capturing (electro) physiological signals, e.g. to monitor ECG, EEG or respiration. These textiles most often form a three dimensional structure where different materials with different characteristics are bound together in different layers. However, in order to take full advantage of these new opportunities the textile industry needs to find new methods to develop innovative smart textile products. One strong and valuable contribution is to involve users early in the development process.

    The aim of this paper is to highlight how product representations, e.g. prototypes or material samples, can be used to facilitate the communication between users and developers in the development of new healthcare solutions based on textiles. The study presented in this paper was performed through participatory observation. The case is based on the development of a textile structure with three dimensional properties for long-term monitoring of EEG signals.   

    The main findings are that product representations support the exchange of knowledge and experiences between users and developers by five different facilitating roles:

    Product representations serve to demonstrate (technical) solutions; to verbalise, i.e. serve to fill in were words are missing or when terms are not understood; to visualise, i.e. facilitating members of the development team to envision or adapt mental images of the intended future product; to stimulate, i.e. to inspire the development team to suggest new ideas or design; and, finally, to integrate, i.e. to unite different perspectives within the development team.

    Conclusion: By using product representations during the development process to facilitate the dialogue between users and developers, the textile industry may take full advantage of the opportunities made available by new development of materials and new technology in order to fulfil users’ needs.

  • 335.
    Eriksson, Sören
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Högskolan i Jönköping, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Balkow, Jenny
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. Högskolan i Jönköping, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Dahlkild, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Varför producera utomlands?: 11 fallstudier från Jönköpings län om outsourcing och offshoring2008Book (Other academic)
  • 336.
    Erla Adamsdóttir, Lilý
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Tension Attention!: Dancing Embroidery2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Master’s degree project explores the design possibilities of thread tension, to create a transformation in an interactive, 3D embroidered, wooden surface. The aim is to create a playful visual expression on a surface triggered by interaction. The surface is manipulated by embroidery and the embroidery is manipulated by the tension in the thread. Together all parts create a simple mechanism that allows the viewer to sink into a playful loop of a rising and collapsing structure. Dancing embroidery.  The work explores the potential of the thread as a key factor together with interaction to make a transformation of a surface possible. The thread is used both in the function of the surface and at the same time it creates a strong visual expression as it stands out to show its strength and power.

  • 337.
    Esmaeili, Nima
    et al.
    University of Bolton.
    Jahandideh, Arash
    South Dakota State University.
    Muthukumarappan, Kasiviswanathan
    South Dakota State University.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Synthesis and characterization of methacrylated star-shaped poly(lactic acid) emplying core moilecules with different hydroxyl groups2017In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, ISSN 0021-8995, E-ISSN 1097-4628, Vol. 134, no 39, article id 45341Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A set of novel bio-based star-shaped thermoset resins was synthesized via ring-opening polymerization of lactide and employing different multi-hydroxyl core molecules, including ethylene glycol, glycerol, and erythritol. The branches were end-functionalized with methacrylic anhydride. The effect of the core molecule on the melt viscosity, the curing behavior of the thermosets and also, the thermomechanical properties of the cured resins were investigated. Resins were characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, 13C-NMR, and 1H-NMR to confirm the chemical structure. Rheological analysis and differential scanning calorimetry analysis were performed to obtain the melt viscosity and the curing behavior of the studied star-shaped resins. Thermomechanical properties of the cured resins were also measured by dynamic mechanical analysis. The erythritol-based resin had superior thermomechanical properties compared to the other resins and also, lower melt viscosity compared to the glycerol-based resin. These are of desired characteristics for a resin, intended to be used as a matrix for the structural composites. Thermomechanical properties of the cured resins were also compared to a commercial unsaturated polyester resin and the experimental results indicated that erythritol-based resin with 82% bio-based content has superior thermomechanical properties, compared to the commercial polyester resin. Results of this study indicated that although core molecule with higher number of hydroxyl groups results in resins with better thermomechanical properties, number of hydroxyl groups is not the only governing factor for average molecular weight and melt viscosity of the uncured S-LA resins.

  • 338.
    Essén, Anna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sevon, Lisa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Att ta sig igenom bruset: en studie om SMeFs förutsättningar för omnikanaler2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The high market competition today makes it difficult for brands to be seen by their customers. The consumer is drifting between channels and the way companies communicate has to be updated and adapted to this behaviour. It is crucial for companies to engage their customers in order to get noticed. Consumers also communicate opinions among themselves in the form of electronic word of mouth (eWOM) affecting the company. There is a complexity into which channels are best amended to face these circumstances. The purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate small and medium-sized e-commerce enterprises (SMeE) potential to communicate through digital and physical platforms. Furthermore, the study aims to examine how a combination of different channels can be used to make the company visible through the noise of competitors. Collected empirical data consists of eight semi-structured interviews with respondents specifically selected through purposive sampling and, to some extent, snowball sampling. The respondents were selected to represent several practises from a business perspective. Shannon and Weaver's (1949) model of communication consist of transmitter, tools, noise and receiver and is used as an analysing tool. The SMeE opportunities are explored as well as if a physical presence can create an interactive environment for the company and the customer. Digital tools can be a cost-effective way for SMeE to reach out to the consumer. These can in turn form a unified customer experience in creating an omnichannel. The conclusion of the study is that SMeE can reach through the noise by focusing the tools across an omnichannel model. Strategically selected channels can provide SMeE effective communication that penetrates the noise and reach the customer. This study is written in swedish.

  • 339.
    Eurenius, Mario
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Inverted dart2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The field I’m working in is “design through construction”. Construction as a field in fashion design when creating has expanded and there are many views upon how one can work whit-in this field. I’m working with a cut and then bending or displacing it through placing it on the body so it creates volume which starts from its vertex. One could say that it works like an inverted dart. This way to work has a potential to create volume that stands out from the body without using standard ways e.g. like adding a new pattern piece or build a crinoline. It might answer to the question: How can one create shape or arrange shape without adding anchor points? Therefor I explore the relation between body and shape through inverted dart. I’ve been executing experiments through a trial and error method diverged in three steps when in the physi- cal part examine my aim in tests based on the body pressing a cut apart which gives an effect in the vertex of the cut. Through my research I’ve have come to a conclusion that the body in itself can transform garment trough an inverted dart by stepping into it. The relation between the body and material through the inverted dart has qualities were body can arrange dress and define it trough folding fabric and body can through the inverted dart make room for itself. This idea and development is relating to the basics when make dress, body and material and how we can work whit these opponents. Instead of thinking about new variables like new technical tools, e.g. the laser cutter when pushing boundaries one can also take new turns with basics. In this work the body defines dress through the inverted dart (an interaction between body and dress) and create new ways of handling fabric and shape. This perspective on design and art can also been used when working in other fields when distort basic prin- ciples to create new expression. As an example there might be possibilities to develop basics in architecture by studying society and therefore understand fundamental values in this field and, how you by change these variables can develop design.

  • 340.
    Fadum, Linn
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lindström, Lina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Mellanchefen skapar förståelse: – att utgöra en länk mellan det strategiska ochdet operativa2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The middle manager acts as a link between the strategic management and the operational activities. The middle manager get commissioned to convey the objectives and intentions that the strategic management wish to fulfill, down to the operational activities. Through communication and social interactions, the middle manager translates the financial objectives and strategies to concrete work procedures. Previous research state that the middle manager is wringing between the strategic directors and the operational executives, but from our point of view there is a lack of research that clarify how the middle managers works within this wringing role. Through our study we wished to get a closer look to in which way the middle managers copes with their communicative role as intermediary of objectives and strategy. The research’s intention is also to examine how the middle managers works with creating an understanding among the operational activities to reach the target set by the strategic management. The research has been conducted at SKF, a Swedish manufacturing and service company, whereof 13 interviews where performed. Using sensemaking theory to analyze the interviews. Identified is that the middle manager's position constitutes an important link within the organization, where communications is a foundation to create understanding. However, the results shows that the middle managers receive prerequisites and communication tools to work with strategy, objectives and alteration. With this in mind, we suggest that the practice active works with creating an understanding to grasp the objectives. SKF should perceive communication equally as important, no matter if it regards strategy, alteration and objectives. Which we consider would result in an ease on the middle manager and their communicative role. This thesis is written in Swedish.

  • 341.
    Fagerberg, Angelica
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Gunnarsson, Ida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Varumärkesstrategi i sociala medier: en undersökning ur det mindre, oberoende företagets perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen behandlar ämnet om varumärkesstrategi i sociala medier och syftet har varit att undersöka hur mindre, oberoende företag som erbjuder kläder arbetar med varumärkesstrategi i sociala medier. Den teoretiska referensramen består av fakta inom ett antal ämnen så som varumärken och deras strategi, kommunikation, sociala medier samt interaktion. Denna information har samlats in genom litteratur samt vetenskapliga artiklar inom området. Den empiriska undersökningen har bestått av intervjuer med mindre, oberoende företag som erbjuder kläder i Göteborg och Borås och observationer av dessa företags kanaler på diverse sociala medier. Intervjuerna och observationerna har undersökt hur företagen ställer sig till de olika ämnesområden som valts ut för denna uppsats, det vill säga varumärke, varumärkesstrategi, kommunikation, sociala medier samt interaktion och har lett till följande resultat: Vi har kommit fram till att de undersökta företagen arbetar med varumärkesstrategier i viss grad men utan att ha dokumenterade stadgar över hur dessa är utformade. Företagen arbetar i stor utsträckning med att vara personliga i sina sociala medier med syfte att skapa nära och goda relationer med sina kunder, något de anser är mycket viktigt i egenskap av ett mindre, oberoende företag. Företagen har samtliga haft snarlika sätt att marknadsföra sig och en del av dem menar att sociala medier ger mer respons än övriga sätt att göra reklam på.

  • 342.
    Fahlström, Mikaela
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Feldt, Emma
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ahnstedt, Jacob
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Odling av filamentösa svampen Neurospora intermedia i tunndrank2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det pågår ständigt forskning på att göra bioetanolen till ett mer konkurrenskraftigt bränsle gentemot fossila bränslen. Flera försök till att optimera processen både ekonomiskt och energimässigt görs i flera länder världen över. I detta examensarbete har den filamentösa svampen Neurospora intermedia odlats i tunndrank som är en restprodukt från bioetanolsproduktionen. Olika utspädningar på tunndranken har använts för att se vilken som producerar mest bioetanol. Enligt detta examensarbete produceras det mest bioetanol när N. intermedia odlas i 50 % utspädd tunndrank. När den optimala utspädningen hade hittats prövades det vilken tid under odlingen som N. intermedia producerade den högsta koncentrationen bioetanol. Efter 39 timmar hade det producerats 4,34 g/l bioetanol och det var även vid denna tidpunkt som biomassan hade de bästa protein- och RNA-innehållen för att kunna torka biomassan och producera djurfoder till lantbruket.

    The full text will be freely available from 2018-07-01 12:00
  • 343.
    Falck, Ewelina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Nordström, Klara
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Konsumentens möte med teknologi i butik: Den digitaliserade köpprocessen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Konsumenter födda i generation Y är mer digitalt kompetenta i jämförelse med tidigare generationer. De har växt upp i takt med teknologins utveckling och ser inga hinder med att använda den. Denna studie behandlar därför hur olika teknologiska lösningar kan användas i fysiska modebutiker för att undersöka hur detta påverkar konsumenternas köpprocess. Personlig service utgörs vanligtvis av att personalen tar kontakt med en konsument och riktar sin uppmärksamhet gentemot denne och försöker få personen i fråga att fullfölja köpprocessen. Med olika teknologiska lösningar tillåts konsumenter däremot att genomföra denna köpprocess mer självständigt och därför har denna studie även ett serviceperspektiv där vi undersöker hur den personliga servicen förändras av teknologins inverkan. Den teknologi som specifikt har undersökts har bestått av RFID- och NFC- tekniker via pekskärmar i provrum och betalstationer. Vidare har studien innefattat dels hur konsumenter upplever dessa typer av teknologier i en fysisk modebutik och dels hur konsumenter vill erhålla personlig service. Detta har gjorts genom en enkätundersökning via Internet och en kundundersökning med intervjuer i en labbmiljö. Vårt resultat visar att konsumenterna upplever teknologin som ett uppskattat och underlättande verktyg i köpprocessen då de föredrar att genomföra köp på ett effektivt sätt och på egen hand. Fortsättningsvis ser vi att konsumenterna efterfrågar en personlig service men däremot önskas överhuvudtaget ingen mänsklig kontakt med personalen i butik.Engelsk titel (kopiera från uppsats) *: Consumer´s meeting with technology in storesEngelska nyckelord *: Technology, RFID, NFC, Omni, In-store, Buying Process, Personalized ServiceSustainable development anges som nyckelord på engelska?: NEJEngelsk sammanfattning *: Consumers born in generation Y are more digitally literate than people born in previous generations. They have grown up in pace with the development of technology and sees no obstacles with using it. This study therefore addresses how technological solutions can be used in physical fashion stores to investigate how this affects the consumer´s buying process. Personalized service usually consists of that the staff will contact a consumer and direct her attention towards the costumer in attempt to complete their buying process. With different technological solutions the consumer is allowed to perform this process more independently and therefore this study also holds a service perspective, where we examine how the personalized service is affected by the technology´s impact. The technologies that have been studied specifically consisted of RFID and NFC technologies via touch screens in fitting rooms and pay stations. Furthermore, this study includes both how consumers experience these types of technologies in a physical fashion store and also how consumers want to receive personalized service. This has been done through a survey via the Internet and through a customer survey with interviews in a lab environment. Our results show that consumers perceive the technology as a valued and facilitative tool in the buying process since they prefer to make purchases in an efficient way and by their selves. Henceforth, we can see that consumers want a personalized service but no human contact at all is desired with the staff in the fashion store.

  • 344.
    Falk, Anton
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sjökarl, Rasmus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Energioptimering av två K-märkta byggnader2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The degree project is completed in close collaboration with the property owner, AB Bostäder. They have a vested interest in having an energy analysis carried out in their two buildings; Triton 2 and Röda Kvarn. These buildings have an abnormally high demand for heat energy compared to similar buildings owned by the company. Throughout the process AB Bostäder has provided supporting information for the degree project such as blue prints, operating statistics, opportunity for site visits and discussions with the Operations Engineer for the two buildings. This assistance was instrumental and provided us with a solid base to carry the project out from. The calculations has been done manually and supporting this, subject matter literature has been utilised. The analysis shows that the heat loss is mainly due to a poor exterior shell, the largest portion of heat loss is through transmission specifically the exterior wall and windows. The property owners has been presented with an energy and monetary savings programme with the hope they will invest in it and thereby reduce the need for heat energy. The buildings are historically important and listed which reduces the possibilities of adjustments. The actions presented are: Additional insulation of exterior wall, further insulation of attic, change window panes to energy saving ones and make the showers and taps low flush. Through energy savings the need for heat energy could theoretically be lowered from 457 000to 361 000 kWh/year, this will mean that the key readings for the buildings were lowered from 215 to 170 kWh/m2Atemp, which is a reduction of 20 %.

  • 345. Fatarella, Enrico
    et al.
    Corsi, Leopoldo
    Nesti, Solitario
    Mylläri, Ville
    Järvelä, Pentti
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Syrjala, Seppo
    Polymeric composition comprising functionalized PEEK2014Patent (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The present invention relates to a polymeric composition comprising functionalized polyetheretherketone (PEEK) of formula (II), in admixture with a co-polymer having a melting point lower than the melting point of the non-functionalized PEEK of formula (I). The invention further relates to the use of said composition for the preparation of fibers having antibacterial, decontaminant and self-cleaning properties, useful, for example, for making sanitary garments, such as sanitary coats and masks and for making, for example, filters for ventilation systems and filters for kitchen hoods.

  • 346.
    Fatarella, Enrico
    et al.
    Next Technology Tecnotessile Società Nazionale di Ricerca s.r.l.
    Mylläri, Ville
    Tampere University of Technology.
    Ruzzante, Marco
    Next Technology Tecnotessile Società Nazionale di Ricerca s.r.l.
    Pogni, Rebecca
    Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Siena.
    Baratto, Maria
    Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Siena.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Syrjälä, Seppo
    Tampere University of Technology.
    Järvelä, Pentti
    Tampere University of Technology.
    Sulfonated polyetheretherketone/polypropylene polymer blends for the production of photoactive materials2015In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, ISSN 0021-8995, E-ISSN 1097-4628, Vol. 132, no 8Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 347.
    Fazelinejad, Samaneh
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Repeated mechanical recycling of polylactic acid filled with chalk2017In: Progress in Rubber, Plastics and Recycling Technology, ISSN 0266-7320, E-ISSN 1478-2413, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Polylactic acid (PLA) was compounded with 30 wt% chalk and 5 wt% of a biobased plasticiser on a twin screw extruder. Mechanical recycling of the obtained compound was studied by multiple extrusions up to six cycles. The degradation was monitored by mechanical and thermal tests. Tensile and flexural tests did not reveal any major degradation after six cycles of processing. Characterising the material with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) did not detect any significant change of the thermal properties. The material was also characterised by FTIR and, again, no significant change was detected. The material was finally characterised by melt flow index and by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR). Both tests revealed that some degradation had occurred. The 1H-NMR clearly showed that the chain length had been reduced. Also, the MFI test showed that degradation had occurred. However, the study reveals that PLA filled with chalk can be recycled by repeated extrusion for up to 6 cycles, without severe degradation. This should be of relevance when considering the end-of-life treatment of polymer products made from PLA.

  • 348.
    Fazelinejad, Somayeh
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ferreira, Jorge A.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Brandberg, Tomas
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lennartsson, Patrik R.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Fungal biomass and ethanol from lignocelluloses using Rhizopus pellets under simultaneous saccharification, filtration, and fermentation (SSFF)2016In: Biofuel Research Journal, ISSN 2292-8782, Vol. 9, p. 372-378Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The economic viability of the 2nd generation bioethanol production process cannot rely on a single product but on a biorefinery built around it. In this work, ethanol and fungal biomass (animal feed) were produced from acid-pretreated wheat straw slurry under an innovative simultaneous saccharification, fermentation, and filtration (SSFF) strategy. A membrane unit separated the solids from the liquid and the latter was converted to biomass or to both biomassand ethanol in the fermentation reactor containing Rhizopus sp. pellets. Biomass yields of up to 0.34 g/g based on the consumed monomeric sugars and acetic acid were achieved. A surplus of glucose in the feed resulted in ethanol production and reduced the biomass yield, whereas limiting glucose concentrations resulted in higher consumption of xylose and acetic acid. The specific growth rate, in the range of 0.013-0.015/h, did not appear to be influenced by the composition of the carbon source. Under anaerobic conditions, an ethanol yield of 0.40 g/g was obtained. The present strategy benefits fromthe easier separation of the biomass from the medium and the fungus ability to assimilate carbon residuals in comparison with when yeast is used. More specifically, it allows in-situ separation of insoluble solids leading to the production of pure fungal biomass as a value-added product. (C) 2016 BRTeam. All rights reserved.

  • 349.
    Fejzi, Ramize
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Karlsson, Jenny
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Effektiv logistikplanering: Effektiv logistikplanering på NCC Anläggning2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Construction work is road construction, site preparation, foundation and advanced scheduling of land. These areas are often narrow and this cases requires an effective logistics planning. Ground construction is often required interaction with many involved parties such as house building where several actors are involved or in the infrastructure where the workplace requires an interaction between the work vehicles and other road users. The ground construction is flexible and possible complications of the work is sometimes difficult to anticipate. Delivery planning must work for production to proceed and it is important to know how the supply chains different parts look like, as well as the importance of logistics for the time schedule. For improvements to be achieved in purchasing, the suppliers play a key role. According to LEAN method there must clearly be made to the suppliers how the work should be proceed with deliveries and that they have to keep their part of the agreement. Just In Time deliveries reduce the amount of stored material in the workplace significantly and 5S routines provide a more secure and structured workplace.

  • 350.
    Fell, Hannah
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Montes, Irene
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Service Innovations within Extended Responsibilities - a study of post-retail initiatives in the textile and clothing industry2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate businesses with Service Innovations (SI) that take voluntary Extended Responsibility (ER) in the post-retail textile and clothing industry. Through an investigation of multiple cases the research describes various existing Service Innovations and explains how they affect Extended Responsibilities. Furthermore it investigates if the degree of openness of Extended Responsibility activities has an impact on the Service Innovation of a business. Methodology - This study is based on a qualitative, multiple case study design. The empirical data were collected from 7 semi-structured interviews with textile companies representing the 2 defined critical case criteria. The interviews were transcribed, coded and analyzed using a comparative analysis approach. The main limitations of the study are the limited amount of cases as well as the focus on post-retail activities, which does not consider Extended Responsibilities in former product stages. Findings - The findings of the analysis are presented case by case and subsequently grouped to more general model. Service Innovations that cover Extended Responsibilities can be applied in 3 recognized business patterns: Traditional service provider, networks and platforms. Traditional service provider are the least open and innovative but cover the most responsibilities. Networks are more open and innovative than traditional service provider but the service experience and the collective learning is still limited to the networker and its partners. The partners do not share a service experience. Networker are not limited to own products which is why they take less responsibilities than traditional service provider. Platforms are the most open and innovative form of Service Innovations. However they only take informative responsibility. Nevertheless they facilitate a framework for others to take Extended Responsibilities. Contribution - This paper contributes to the Academia by investigating voluntary Extended Responsibility schemes that include any actor in the value chain and by giving new insights in post-retail initiatives in the textile industry in the form of services. Practical contributions are made by analyzing the connection of two phenomena for competitive advantage. The investigated cases can be role models for entrepreneurs as well as established companies.

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