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  • 17501.
    Åkesson, Pernilla
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    En studie om små förlags uppkomst och utveckling år 2002-20152015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay is about small publishing houses and their position onthe Swedish book market 2002-2015. Focus is on the Internetand digitization, and the study would examine what commonconditions that exist for publishers to start publishing, as well asthe forces that affect the development of the Publishingbusiness. As the theory used Chris Anderson's long tail, whichsays that products from the narrow niches can compete with thebig sellers on the same terms. Through qualitative interviewswith publishers and a representative from Noff study shows thatsmall publishers in part, has been formed because it is cheaperand easier to print now. The study also shows that the Internethad great importance for publishers developing for example,facilitated the distribution, marketing, availability and sales.With the help of the long tail theory three forces such as thedemocratization of production tools, the democratization ofdistribution and good filter, the study shows that there is amarket for narrow and niche literature, which small publisherscan meet. Finally, it appears that publishers should be driven andhave a genuine interest in the literary publishing housepublishes.

  • 17502.
    Åkesson, Ulf
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    En studie i användbarhet: En kritisk analys av användbarhetsstudier i biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Usability studies are not a central field of research in library and information science. Although literature in library and information science treats the importance of usable user interfaces quite extensively, the literature does not significantly treat potential problems in measuring usability. The aim of this master thesis is to investigate, through a critical analysis, the methods used when conducting usability studies in library and information science. The critical analysis is based on potential problems in measuring usability identified through a literature review from the field of studies Human-Computer Interaction, the concept of usabilitys original domain. The material which is to be analysed, is chosen from one library and information science journal Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. The results of the analysis showed that almost all studies used several usability methods. The most frequently used methods were question-based methods through questionnaires and usability tests through tasks, data logging and measured time. All studies were based on sufficient number of users. Objections were raised against the methods used in some of the studies. The objections were based on, e.g. that the users were not representative for the end-users of the system, insufficient control of the quality of performed tasks, that the question-based method was used as an objective measure, that time was measured in minutes, not measuring all aspects of usability and the validity of the conclusions in several of the studies was questioned.

  • 17503.
    Årebrink, Anette
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Bibliotekarier om bibliotekarier: En diskursanalytisk studie om bibliotekariers kunskaper, uppgifter, roller och föreställningar om bibliotekarier2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this Master’s thesis is to examine how public librarians, including school librarians, express themselves about librarians in library journals. Questions asked in the study are: How is the knowledge, tasks and roles of librarians described? How do the librarians describe their own and others perceptions of librarians? Are there any contradictions in how the librarian profession is described and if so, what are they? 56 articles from three Swedish library journals, Biblioteksbladet, bis and DIK-forum in the period from 1990 to 2007, are analysed. The theory and method used is discourse analysis. Concepts from Ernesto Laclau’s and Chantal Mouffe’s discourse theory, such as elements and nodal points are used in an analysis model in four steps. The results show that the knowledge of librarians is described with such words as information, literature, tacit knowledge and their ability to systematize and organize. Tasks and roles described are mostly related to the pedagogical aspects of the librarian profession, such as teaching, conveying and guiding. Two positions are distinguishable in the discourse, information and culture. Both are important parts of librarians’ work, but the information tasks are sometimes seen as too dominating at the expense of the cultural aspects of the librarians’ work. The contradiction can also be seen in how perceptions about librarians are described. The librarians express, often in a negative tone, that others mostly associate them with books. They also express that they need to be more visible and become better at communicating the knowledge of their profession.

  • 17504. Årestedt, Kristofer
    et al.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Israelsson, Johan
    Bremer, Anders
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Psychometric properties of the Hospital Anxiety and Depressionscale in sudden cardiac arrest survivors2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17505.
    Årestedt, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Allert, Camilla
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Djucanovic, Ingrid
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Israelsson, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Schildmeijer, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Årestedt, Liselott
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Bremer, Anders
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Health Related Quality of Life Among In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Survivors in Working Age2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17506.
    Årman, Ann-Kristin
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Groddföretagens vägar till information. En studie hur Chalmers Tekniska Högskolas Bibliotek används som informationsresurs av tio groddföretag på Chalmers Innovation.2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate the information need of the incubators that comes from Chalmers University of Technology and are situated at Chalmers Innovation. It is also of interest to investigate how Chalmers University Library covers this information need. The investigation was carried out using qualitative interviews with representatives of the incubators. They were asked questions about the perceived need of information and which type of contacts they had with the library. The result is that the incubators feel that there is a great need for business information that is hard to find. Most companies try to fulfil this need by searching the Internet via ordinary search engines or searching in databases at the library. Since almost all of the investigated companies emanate from Chalmers University of Technology, they did not find it as a problem to keep them updated on technical issues. The majority of the companies used Internet and personal contacts to keep them updated on technical issues. For basic technical information, such as needed for entering a new field, they often used the University library. None of the investigated companies was aware of the possibility to give search questions to the library. They have not got any information of what services the library could provide. This is a question that I feel need to be addressed. It should be possible to improve the co-operation between the incubators and the library for the benefit of both parties.

  • 17507.
    Åsberg, Maya
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ha roligt eller studera?: Gymnasisters syn på utbildningsvalets betydelsen för vidare studier och arbete.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund I denna intervjustudie har två olika elevgrupper intervjuats, en vid det estetiska programmet och en vid det samhällsvetenskapliga programmet. Samhällsvetenskapliga programmet är till största delen teoretiskt och tänkt att förbereda eleven för högre studier. Medan det estetiska programmet utöver teori även innehåller en praktisk fördjupning i teater, musik, dans eller bild. Valet till det estetiska programmet baserar sig på intresse. Eleverna som väljer det samhällsvetenskapliga programmet är inställda på att studera vidare vid högskola/universitet. Syfte Syftet med studien är att förstå hur två olika elevgrupper på gymnasiet ser på sina gymnasieval. Upplever eleverna sig anställningsbara utifrån de gymnasieprogram de går samt vilka möjligheter de anser sig ha till akademiska studier och arbete utifrån de gymnasieprogram de läser. Jag har valt att fokusera på elever vid de estetiska programmen samt vid det samhällsvetenskapliga programmet i denna studie. Metod I denna studie har semi-strukturerade intervjuer använts för att samla in empirin. Vidare bokades intervjuer in, tio intervjuer genomfördes. Sex elever som läste på de estetiska programmen samt fyra elever vid ett samhällsvetenskapligt program intervjuades. Parallellt med intervjuerna letade och läste jag befintlig forskning på området. Kontinuerligt transkriberades empirin tills jag upplevde att frågeställningarna var besvarade och syftet med studien uppnått. Resultat När eleverna sökte sig till gymnasiet, ville samhällseleverna kvalificera sig till akademiska studier medan esteteleverna var skoltrötta och ville ha roligt. Flertalet av samhällseleverna tänker läsa vid högskola/universitet. Ingen av esteteleverna såg akademiska studier som nödvändigt för att lyckas. Resultatet visar på skillnader mellan de två elevgrupperna gällande studiemotivation och synen på gymnasiestudiernas relevans. Eleverna vid de estetiska programmen uttrycker besvikelse över att undervisningen varit bristfällig samt att klasskamraters bristande engagemang påverkar nivån på undervisningen.

  • 17508.
    Åsedal, Camilla
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Folkbibliotek och ekologisk hållbar utveckling: En studie av Sveriges biblioteksplaner2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development and environmental questions are currentsocial issues. Public libraries are supposed to ensure globalchanges and according to Agenda 21 every organisation aresupposed to work towards a sustainable climate.

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to discuss how the conceptsustainable development is mentioned in public library plans, andanalyze the role libraries take in terms of environmentalquestions and sustainable development. The following questionswere discussed: ”Does the concept sustainable developmentoccur in the public library plans and in that case to whatextent?” ”Which similarities and differences can be found in how the concepts of environmental issues and sustainabledevelopment are addressed in the library plans?”

    A combined quantative and qualitative content analysis was made based on public library policies, using Kathryn Millersconcepts envionmental leader and environmental educator. The result shows that most of the libraries mention sustainable development as a general concept, often as a part of a municipal vision rather than that of a goal of the library. The results also shows that the public libraries that mention ecological sustainable development takes an environmental leadership role rather than aenvironmental educator role. The expressions related to the library as an environmental educator tends to be more substantial than the expressions related to the environmentalleader role. However, it is possible that these expressions of sustainable development is written in a rhetorical sense in away to try to market the library as an organization that contributes to sustainable development.

  • 17509.
    Åsfält, Maria
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Lokal kulturpolitik på 2000-talet? En ideologianalys av fem kommunala kulturpolitiska visionsdokument.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Master’s thesis explores and describes the beliefs, values and norms in a selection of five Swedish municipal cultural policy documents approved 2005-2007. The comprehensive question is: Which ideological traits characterize cultural policy in the chosen municipalities as communicated in their respective cultural policy vision document? The method used is ideology analysis. Ideal types based on a model by Dorte Skot-Hansen are used as a conceptual framework, illustrating three different rationalities in relation to cultural policy: the humanistic, the sociological and the market oriented. The analysis shows that the policy documents are based on different conceptions of culture. Concepts with a marked presence in the material as a whole are availability, participation, prioritization of children and youth and culture as a means for social development and economic growth. In terms of rationality the market oriented and the sociological rationalities are strong, whereas the humanistic rationality is relatively weaker. However, the results are not unambiguous. One conclusion drawn is that the municipal policy documents display a relatively high degree of independence towards the Swedish national cultural policy goals from 1996. Another conclusion is that in the midst of the 21st century it has been possible for the municipalities to choose different paths for the cultural policy on the local level.

  • 17510.
    Åslund Jerkvall, Lina
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Flytande bestånd och barnbibliotek: en intervjustudie med sex barnbibliotekarier2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the experiences and perceptions of children`s librarians regarding floating collections in public libraries in Gothenburg. In focus for the study are the experiences and perceptions that exist among children`s librarians when it comes to children as library users, the librarian`s working tasks and the professional role as a librarian. The empirical material has been collected through semistructured interviews with six children`s librarians. The material has been analyzed twice. The first analysis has been conducted through qualitative content analysis. The second analysis has been conducted by using a tool constructed with inspiration from Maj Klasson`s and Anders Ørom`s theories of the professional roles and identities of a librarian. One major finding is that the informants percept children as different from grown-ups in their role as library users. The way children are makes it difficult for them to get their needs satisfied in a library system that practices floating collections. On the other hand the perception that children can learn what it takes to be able to act functionally within floating collections also exists among the interviewed librarians. Another finding is that literature mediation and collection development are working tasks that are influenced by floating collections. The study also indicates that the librarian role as a literature mediator and the role as a librarian that puts the user first are threatened as the marketing role and the role as a mediator of technical knowledge dominate when floating collection is practiced as a media strategy.

  • 17511.
    Åström, Anna
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Bland tiggare & barfotabarn: 19 intervjuer med lyrikläsare i Borås1996Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this entire essay, founded on nineteen interviews of poetry readers at the public library in Borås, is to ascertain why people do read poetry. But in addition to examine what sort of people who enjoy poetry, as well as what they appear to get out of their exercise. I have also put together the position of the poetry reader as a customer of the library. The summary of contents is primarily based on direct quotations of the interviews, and does not reflect any generally applicable facts about poetry readers. I am only trying to focus on the thoughts and sentiments on poetry experienced by a few randomly selected individuals. Dan Andersson, Karin Boye, Nils Ferlin and Gustaf Fröding were stated as favourites by many. The only thing in common subsequently found by those interviewed was a great affection for literature and a diligent usage of the library.

  • 17512.
    Åström, Fredrik
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Hammarfelt, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Conceptualising dimensions of bibliometric assessment: From resource allocation systems to evaluative landscapes2019In: Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics / [ed] Catalano, Giuseppe; Daraio, Cinzia; Gregori, Martina; Moed, Henk F.; Ruocco, Giancarlo;, 2019, p. 1256-1261Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the conceptualisation of bibliometric analyses in terms of the levels on which they are performed, adding contextual factors to the dimension where the size of the unit being analysed is considered. Based on empirical investigations of resource allocation systems and research evaluation practices, as well as the previous literature conceptualising bibliometric analyses, a framework based on Whitley’s (2000) notion of research fields as ‘reputational work organisations’, is discussed. The results suggest adding a contextual ‘reputational dimension’ to the size-based dimension distinguishing between micro-, meso- andmacro-level analyses. Furthermore, we propose that ‘evaluative landscapes’ (Brandter, 2017) might be a fruitful approach for further analysing how complex and multifaceted landscapes of research assessment affects the individual researcher.

  • 17513.
    Åström, Jenny
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Folkbibliotekens demokratiuppdrag: Hur ser de biblioteksanställda på det demokratiska uppdraget?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is said that libraries are the cornerstones of democracy. What is then the democratic mandate, and how is it perceived by the library staff? That's what I examine in this master's thesis. I’ve made 14 phone interviews with library staff, from assistants to managers, and examined what their daily work routine looks like and what they think belongs to the democratic mandate. I found that all agree that there is a democratic mandate, but it is not clearly stated in any document. I found seven areas that my respondents saw as part of the mandate; availability, diversity, children and young people, equality, public education, free of law and cultural history. These are not sharply defined, but can often move into one another. The everyday work of the library is more of a social work than you might think. The digital divide means that the library staff will largely be helping with things like ordering stuff over the Internet, get email accounts, helping people to learn social media, helping immigrants and refugees to learn how Swedish society works and so on. The problems experienced with the democratic mandate were mainly economic. Downsizing means that the staff does not have time and opportunity to help as much as they want. The fact that the democratic mandate is not so clearly stated was also experienced as a problem. A clearly defined mandate would not only draw guidelines for labor, but also show outward a little better what you actually do at the libraries, more than lend books.

  • 17514.
    Åström, Mattias
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Automatisk textsammanfattning: en experimentell studie2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The principal aim of this thesis is to test if extracts, produced by the automatic summarizer "Copernic Summarizer", are possible to use as abstracts. The aim is also to give a picture of what automatic summarization is and why it is motivated. Three questions are asked: What is automatic summarization and what can it be used for? Is it possible to replace the author-written abstracts with extracts from "Copernic Summarizer"? Is automatic summarization motivated for the different areas of use that are identified in the first question? An automatic summarizer is a program that is intended to summarize text automatically and it can be used for different purposes, for example for summarizing WebPages or scientific articles. To answer the second question an experiment is carried out. Five empirical articles are summarized with "Copernic Summarizer" and a qualitative method is used which is intended to evaluate the content and readability of the extracts. The content of the extracts is compared against the author-written abstracts. The results show that two of five extracts could replace the abstracts, though one of the acceptable extracts was a borderline case. The conclusion is that in most of the cases you can not replace abstracts with extracts from "Copernic Summarizer", even though the result sometimes is acceptable. The last question is discussed and the author suggests that automatic summarization might be more useful on the Internet than for producing abstracts from scientific articles.

  • 17515.
    Åström, Sofie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Från fortbildning till arbete: Hur förändringskommunikation kan stödja kunskapsöverföring2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how change communication can assist in transfer of training by asking the following research questions: How can theories about change communication be used to increase transfer of training in further training? How does the relation between the course Lösningsfokus i skolan (Pedagog) and current research about transfer of training look like? What kind of communication can improve transfer of training? The theoretical framework consists of theories about transfer of knowledge and three theories about change communication: change communication in child care, conversations of change and diffusion of innovation. The importance of actually talking about the change in the workplace brings all the theories together.

    The study is conducted through a case study where further training for teachers constitutes the case. Data has been gathered through mapping of communication channels, observation and three qualitative interviews. The data has been interpreted through theoretic analysis.Findings in this study conclude that change communication can assist in transfer of training when the process reaches the work place by supporting managers and staff in taking the right actions – for example starting a conversation about how to implement the new knowledge and act accordingly.

  • 17516.
    Çizmeci, Nurunisa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    An Analysis on Developing a Common CSR Labeling System in the Fashion Industry2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The negative impact of the fashion industry on both society and environment cannot be ignored, especially in recent years, due to news and reports on the negative impacts of the industry has raised awareness among consumers. Some of the consumers started questioning the fashion companies’ operations and demand for more sustainable supply chains. In order to respond the request coming from consumers’ side, the companies started to regulate their operations and communicate about them. Even though there are many different ways to communicate about sustainability approach, This study is questioning the potential outcomes of developing a common CSR label based on Higg Index 2.0 tool. To answer the research question, existing literature has analyzed from three different perspectives; social and environmental problems led by the industry and raising consumer awareness about negative impact of the industry. After the literature review, CSR communication approaches of the selected companies were analyzed. The second step of the research was, to apply a consumer survey in the Gothenburg Central Station to understand Swedish consumers’ perception. Outcomes of the consumer survey has compared with the existing literature and communication strategies followed by the analyses of selected companies.The company analyzes show that, even though, they are good at about regulating their supply chain with more sustainable approaches, the majority of fashion companies do not communicate about their CSR practices. Consumer survey expose that, consumers are lack of awareness regarding to existed CSR labels. Moreover, even though exist labels focus on only environmental factors or social factors, the consumers expect from labels to cover both areas. The data collected from the study expose that, even the majority of the consumer not completely influenced by the sustainability approach of the companies, there are consumers that influence by the companies CSR approach. Moreover, the lion share of consumers believes that a common labeling system based on Higg Index 2.0 will be helpful guide when they give their purchasing decision. Based on the findings from existed literature -consumer survey and analyze of companiesapproach-, it was observed that companies are lack of effective communication strategies which is a barrier for the consumers to get an action for to purchase more sustainable fashion products. Therefore, developing a common CSR labeling system that will controlled by third party institution such as Sustainable Apparel Coalition will increase the effectiveness of CSR label and influence the consumers response positively.

  • 17517. Ísleifsdóttir, Íris Alda
    The implementation of e-books into Icelandic libraries2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines whether librarians’ views on ebooks in libraries can impact the potential success of ebooks in libraries. Because of the lack of research available concerning e-books in Iceland a preliminary research was conducted to gather information on the current situation in Iceland. Following a survey was sent out to all libraries with access to Rafbókasafnið to examine their opinions and perception on e-books. Because of a small response rate, the data was observed from the perspective of a qualitative research. This study used Winston’s theory of innovation and Rogers’ diffusion of innovation to look at important factors needed for the successful diffusion of an innovation. The study found that overall it seemed that the librarians’ perception of e-books was quite positive. However, the perspective of the individuals seemed to be affected by the societal structure and societal needs within their community which seemed to have a greater effect on the individual than their characteristics did. The study also revealed that there was a clear hindrance in the diffusion process of the e-books with the lack of Icelandic e-books available. This also seemed to lead to a lack of effort from the librarians in marketing this new e-book service. Marketing did not seem to be of high priority with the librarians who preferred direct contact with patrons.

  • 17518. Öberg, Gunni
    Biblioteksguide för distansstuderande2001Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17519.
    Öberg, Nathalie
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Ljungviken, Mikaela
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Komponentansatsen: i nationell och internationell redovisning2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhället står ständigt inför utveckling, en effekt av det är att redovisningen går mot att bli mer global. Som följd av att internationell redovisning står inför utveckling har en vilja att förändra redovisningen nationellt utvecklats. Ett resultat av utveckling och modernisering av svensk redovisning är införandet av fyra nya regelverk, däribland K3-regelverk som blir gällande år 2014. En förändring som införandet av K3-regelverket medför är krav på komponentansatsen för materiella anläggningstillgångar. Komponentansatsen innebär att en materiell anläggningstillgång ska delas upp i betydande komponenter för att sedan skriva av komponenterna med separata nyttjandeperioder. Införandet av komponentansatsen i svensk redovisning har varit ett omdiskuterat ämne. Flertalet problem med införandet har lyfts fram i tidigare forskning. Som följd av komponentansatsens införande syftar vår studie till att undersöka ansatsen nationellt och internationellt. Studiens första syfte är att undersöka vilka möjligheter och begränsningar fem erfarna revisorer ser vid införandet av komponentansatsen i K3-regelverket samt om de tillfrågade revisorerna anser att komponentansatsen kommer att medföra problem. Vidare har en komparativ studie genomförts som undersökt hur komponentansatsen behandlas internationellt, vilket besvarar studiens andra syfte. Den internationella jämförelsen innefattar följande standarder: IFRS, IFRS for SMEs, FRS 102, FRF for SMEs samt standarder som ger uttryck för US GAAP. Genom studien kan det konstateras att de tillfrågade revisorerna ser både möjligheter och begränsningar med komponentansatsen. Överlag har de en positiv attityd till komponentansatsen. Det kommer som följd av att de tillfrågade revisorerna anser att komponentansatsen kommer att bidra till en mer rättvisande bild av ett företags ekonomiska ställning, i jämförelse med tidigare normgivning. Komponentansatsen bidrar till ett mer verklighetstroget avskrivningsförfarande vilket är grunden till att ansatsen medför en mer rättvisande bild enligt respondenterna. De tillfrågade revisorerna anger även vissa begränsningar vid införandet av komponentansatsen. De framhåller att det främst är inledningsfasen som kommer medföra problem med anledning av att K3-regelverket är ett principbaserat regelverk. Problemen som respondenterna anger uppstår som följd av att tillämpningen av komponentansatsen bygger på egna bedömningar och tolkningar. Vidare kan det, genom den komparativa studien, konstateras att det finns stora likheter i hur komponentansatsen behandlas internationellt. De undersökta standarderna är i många avseenden lika. Alla de undersökta standarderna tillåter att komponentansatsen tillämpas för materiella anläggningstillgångar, det är endast ASC 360 som inte ställer det som ett krav. Vidare uttrycker samtliga standarder att företag ska särredovisa komponenter om de har ett betydande värde, medan utformningen skiljer sig beträffande användandet av ordet väsentlig.

  • 17520.
    Ödlund, Eva
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    ISP och uppsats. En kvalitativ studie av Kuhlthaus informationssökningsprocess bland uppsatsskrivande högskolestudenter.2000Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this thesis is to examine whether the ISP (the Information Search Process) as defined by Carol Kuhlthau is applicable to Swedish University students. Qualitative interviews were carried out with students enrolled in their thesis course at the end of their university education. The selection is based on convenience sample of students visiting the university library. The questions are mainly about how to find out the experiences of the students when they look for documents at the beginning of their thesis work. Other relevant questions are about user-education, information literacy and what the students' opinions are concerning a thesis as a part of their education. The result of the study is presented in two parts. The first in relation to Kuhlthau's ISP and the second part to other relevant questions. The ISP can be identified with small deviations from the way Kuhlthau defines it. The other part of the result tells us that the information literacy among our students is not what we would like it to be.

  • 17521.
    Ödman, Elise
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Magni, Maria
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Att leva med en obotlig sjukdom.Att leva med en obotlig sjukdom.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    HIV är en av de största epidemierna i världen och i Sverige lever ca 5300 personer med HIV idag. HIV är en långvarig sjukdom där behandlingen består av bromsmediciner. Över hela världen är HIV förknippat med fördomar. Att drabbas av HIV innebär stora påfrestningar och omvälvningar i livet. Många upplever en känsla av skam, stigma och diskriminering vilket kan leda till ett lidande. Vårdpersonal behöver kunskap om HIV-sjukdomen och hur den upplevs av personer. Det kan hjälpa vårdpersonalen i vården av och i mötet med HIV-smittade personer. Syftet är att beskriva personers upplevelser av att få diagnosen HIV och hur det är att leva med sjukdomen. Uppsatsen är en litteraturstudie baserat på vårdvetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ inriktning. En litteratursökning i vårdvetenskapliga databaser gjordes vilket resulterade i tio artiklar som kvalitetsgranskades och analyserades. Likheter och skillnader i studiernas resultat identifierades och utmynnade i två huvudteman och åtta subteman. Upplevelser i samband med diagnos beskriver olika reaktioner i samband med att personerna får sin diagnos och känslan av att vara annorlunda. Att leva sitt liv med HIV beskriver hur personerna lever vidare, betydelsen av omgivningens stöd och upplevelser av möten i vården. Det mest framträdande i resultatet är livsförändring, stigmatisering, andlighet och upplevelser av möten i vården, vilka tas upp i diskussionen. Där betonas också vikten av att vårdpersonalen individanpassar vården, utgår ifrån ett livsvärldsperspektiv och att han/hon bemöter individen med respekt och värdighet.

  • 17522.
    Ödman, Stella
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Lundgren, Sofia
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Budget och/eller Rullande prognoser?2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Budgeten har länge kritiserats från olika håll för att budgetprocessen är tid- och resurskrävande och för att den medför lite mervärde för företag. Dessutom blir budgeten snabbt inaktuell eftersom den inte tar hänsyn till dagens snabba omvärldsförändringar. Trots detta används den idag som ett centralt styr- och uppföljningsverktyg hos många företag runt om i världen. På grund av att budgeten har ifrågasatts har rullande prognoser som ett alternativt styrmedel uppmärksammats mycket. Rullande prognoser är fördelaktiga när det råder betydande osäkerhet i företagets omgivning och budgeten därför snabbt blir inaktuell. Dock finns det delade meningar om rullande prognoser roll som styrverktyg. Vissa tycker att rullande prognoser helt borde ersätta budgeten medan andra hävdar att rullande prognoser istället kan fungera som ett komplement till den. Parker Hannifin är ett företag som har gått mot en kombination av budget och rullande prognoser. Syftet med studien är att skapa förståelse för hur kombinationen rullande prognoser och budget används i Parker Hannifin idag. Förståelsen används för att analysera om rullande prognoser är ett alternativ eller kompletterande verktyg till budget för Parker. Vi tillämpar följande metoder i vår uppsats: hermeneutisk förhållningssätt, kvalitativ metod, abduktiv ansats och som undersökningsmetod har vi använt oss av en fallstudie. Det empiriska materialet baseras på intervjuer. Slutsatserna av studien visar att både budget och rullande prognoser är nödvändiga och kompletterande verktyg för företagets styrning. Budget och rullande prognoser var och en för sig ger inte tillräckligt med information men båda tillsammans bildar ett godtagbart styrsystem för hela verksamheten. Kombinationen av budget och rullande prognos kan förbättras hos Parker genom att koncentrera budgetprocessen till de mest betydelsefulla posterna, utveckla prognosverktyget samt skapa bättre kommunikation med säljbolagen.

  • 17523. Ögland, Malin
    Från medieplanering till verksamhetsutveckling2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Folkbiblioteket bör ha ett väl använt mediebestånd, ett bestånd som efterfrågas av de människor som nyttjar biblioteket. Samtidigt måste det vara tillgängligt; om alla populära böcker är utlånade ser det ut som om biblioteket bara har "tråkiga" böcker. Biblioteket ska inte vara en bokhandel som masskyltar med det allra senaste men måste naturligtvis ha ett bestånd som känns angeläget och aktuellt. Hur man ska uppnå en balans i många exemplar av efterfrågade titlar och samtidigt ha bredd på beståndet är naturligtvis källa till ständig diskussion. Behovet av analysverktyg är stort.

  • 17524. Ögland, Malin
    Mäta och väga2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mäta och Väga är ett projekt som drivs av Regionbibliotek Stockholm i samarbete med Regionbibliotek Västra Götaland och med bidrag från Kulturrådet. Projektet har som syfte att … "hitta nya mått som ger en bred och rättvisande bild av biblioteksverksamheten och redovisar omfattning, kvalitet och effektivitet som grund för verksamhetsutveckling". Resultatet ska bli en skrift om biblioteksstatistik, med en teoretisk och resonerande bakgrund och med praktiska förslag och tillämpningar. Projektet handlar om att få kunskap om teorier kring mått på folkbiblioteksverksamheten och att föreslå och resonera kring möjliga nyckeltal. Förhoppningsvis kan det leda till utvecklingsarbete i kommunerna och vid andra typer av bibliotek. Det teoretiska arbetet har handlat mycket om att förstå modeller och teorier kring effektivitet och hur dessa modeller kan (eller inte kan) tillämpas på biblioteksverksamhet.

  • 17525. Ögland, Malin
    Mäta och väga: om statistik och effektivitet på folkbibliotek2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mäta och Väga är ett projekt som initierats och drivits av Regionbibliotek Stockholm under 2008-2010 med bidrag från Statens Kulturråd. Under många år har den nationella biblioteksstatistiken kritiserats och diskuterats och olika initiativ har tagits av Kulturrådet, Sveriges kommuner och landsting (och dess föregångare), Svensk Biblioteksförening och vissa länsbibliotek utan att statistiken har förbättrats annat än marginellt. Kritiken har exempelvis gällt att statistiken inte ger en rättvisande bild av folkbibliotekens verksamhet, att vissa viktiga områden inte mäts alls och att definitionerna är oklara. För att komplettera den nationella statistiken har Regionbibliotek Stockholm sedan länge samlat in kompletterande siffror från länets bibliotek och sammanställt nyckeltal för Stockholms län. Orsaken var från början att den nationella SCB-statistiken publicerades för sent för att biblioteken skulle kunna ha någon glädje av den i årets verksamhetsplanering. Länsstatistiken kom ut tidigare och eftersom det som skulle mätas fastställdes varje år i samråd med länets bibliotekschefer kunde också ny service och nya företeelser tas med snabbt. I arbetet med länsstatistiken har Regionbibliotek Stockholm saknat en sammanhängande analys vilket ledde till att projektet Mäta och Väga initierades.

  • 17526. Ögland, Malin
    Observation pågår!2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Regionbibliotek Stockholm har under flera år använt metoden observation för att bistå länets bibliotek med relevant underlag så att de på goda grunder kan besluta om förändringar av bibliotekslokal, öppettider eller arbetssätt. När Regionbibliotek Stockholm blir kontaktade av ett kommunbibliotek är det ofta en mängd frågor som behöver besvaras. Att avgränsa frågan är svårt och det kan vara frestande med ett brett och ambitiöst upplägg som dock kan förlora i stringens. Vi säger idag att vi observerar men använder i praktiken flera olika observationsmetoder. Ju mer erfarenhet av att observera och ju mer underlag vi fått från observationerna desto mer har vårt behov växt av att sammanställa och strukturera de erfarenheter vi har för att komma fram till vilken metod som är bäst vid vilket tillfälle. Observation som metod har också använts i Norge, Danmark men också på flera ställen i Sverige som t.ex. Värmland. Regionbibliotek Stockholm har på olika sätt sökt erfarenheter från dessa undersökningar. Denna artikel kommer endast att beröra Regionbibliotek Stockholms egna studier och är en del av ett planerat större arbete.

  • 17527. Ögland, Malin
    Planera för utveckling. Ett försök att integrera teori och praktik i ett ständigt utvecklingsarbete2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17528. Ögland, Malin
    et al.
    Åstrand, Lotta
    Herron, David
    Definitely, maybe eller Do the right thing!2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta paper ska vi definitivt försöka göra det rätta, nämligen beskriva den kurs som hölls i Stockholm under vårterminen 2009 och som fick rubriken Definitely, maybe eller Do the right thing. Målet med kursen var att undersöka hur man kan tillämpa ett evidensbaserat förhållningssätt och hur EBLIP-processen kan fungera i en svensk bibliotekskontext (bibliotekssammanhang). Man kan också kalla det för en sorts pågående diskussion om hur ett reflekterande arbetssätt kan gestalta sig i praktiken.

  • 17529.
    Öhman, Malin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Talbokcirklar: Analys av bibliotekariers perspektiv på sitt litteraturfrämjande arbete för talbokslåntagare2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine what view librarians have on reading promotion with focus on their work with reading groups for people with print disabilities. The study is based on four semi-structured interviews with librarians. The results from the interviews were analyzed with Jofrid Karner Smidt’s theory on different kinds of reading promotion roles.The study shows that the librarians in charge of reading groups for people with print disabilities mostly used their abilities of literature and marketing, but the pedagogical and human role were also found in the results. The reading group also turned out to have, outside the theories, a clear social meaning. This reveals that it is not only the literature that is important in the reading groups for print disabled people.The conclusion shows that the librarians in the study were using the reading group not only as a reading promotion activity but also as a marketing activity and as a place for the print disabled to socialize with other people.

  • 17530.
    Öhrlund, Christin
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Effekten av hållbar marknadsföring2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Miljöfrågorna blir allt fler och får alltmer uppmärksamhet i vårt samhälle. Vi har blivit medvetna om vilka konsekvenser vårt agerande har haft och fokusen ligger just nu på hur vi skall stoppa denna utveckling och vända trenden mot ett mer hållbart samhälle. Frågorna handlar om att ta vara på restprodukter och återanvända dessa för att på detta sätt spara naturens resurser. En viktig del i detta arbete är återvinning. I Sverige har vi den senaste tiden sett TV-reklamer som uppmanar konsumenter att återvinna. Det är känt att marknadsföring har mycket stor inverkan på konsumenter när det gäller val av varor och tjänster. Syftet med undersökningen är att ta reda på om reklam för ett hållbart konsumtionssamhälle har gett önskad effekt i form av ändrat beteende hos konsumenterna. Undersökningen är gjord med kvantitativ metod och en enkätundersökning. Jag har valt att använda två reklamer (från Returpack och Batteriåtervinningen) i undersökningen och i enkäten undersökt konsumenternas återvinningsbeteende före respektive efter att de exponerats för den aktuella reklamen. Svaren har sedan analyserats i ett dataprogram för att hitta samband och kunna göra generaliseringar. Många konsumenter var redan innan de utsatts för reklamerna duktiga på att återvinna. Resultatet visade dock att 30-50 % av dem som inte återvann allt har ändrat sitt beteende efter att de sett reklamerna. Undersökningen visade också att konsumenterna har en mycket positiv attityd till återvinning och val av miljövänliga produkter. Generellt var medelvärdena högre för kvinnor än för män på frågorna kring attityder till miljövänligt beteende.

  • 17531.
    Öhrn, Elisabet
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Att göra skillnad. En studie av ungdomar som politiska aktörer i skolans vardag2005Report (Other academic)
  • 17532.
    Öhrn, Elisabet
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Challenging sexism? Gender and ethnicity in secondary school2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17533.
    Öhrn, Elisabet
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Class and ethnicity at work. Segregation and conflict in a Swedish secondary school2011In: Education Inquiry, ISSN 2000-4508, E-ISSN 2000-4508, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 345-355Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on a study of a Swedish secondary school with a heterogeneous intake, this article provides an analysis of the social relations and segregation within an individual school. As shown in the analysis, young people from different socio-economic backgrounds were largely separated in school, differently positioned and in conflict with each other. The pupils typically referred to the segregation and conflict as ethnic, although strongly underpinned by economics and class. Some of the pupils’ and staff’s wish for a less segregated schooling suggested potential openings for the relations between the groups. However, this was judged to go against the will of resourceful groups of parents with whom the school leadership felt they had to comply. Central to this was parents’ freedom to choose the school, which worked in this context to further the segregation within the particular school.

  • 17534.
    Öhrn, Elisabet
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Forskningsprocessen och forskarpraktiken: Summering av längsgående tema2006In: Nordisk Pedagogik, ISSN 0901-8050, E-ISSN 1504-2995, ISSN 0901-8050, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 1-2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med det här numret av Nordisk Pedagogik avslutas det tema om forskningsprocessen och forskarpraktiken som startade 2003. Upprinnelsen till temat handlade i hög grad om doktoranders och unga forskares situation. I en tid då de snabbt måste ta sig igenom forskarutbildningen och därmed riskerar att ha mindre tid för utbyte med andra, när stora grupper av seniora forskare dessutom lämnar verksamheten för att gå i pension, kändes det angeläget att lyfta fram och diskutera erfarenheter som gjorts av verksamma forskare. Tanken var att samla bidrag kring sådant som är centralt i forskarpraktiken, men tenderar att falla utanför det som tas upp i traditionella texter och därmed lever som outtalade erfarenheter inom forskarsamfundet. Temat omfattar totalt fem artiklar. Gemensamt för dem alla är att författarna delar med sig av egna erfarenheter i diskussionen av de förhållanden och frågor de tar upp. David Hamilton öppnade temat (3/2003) med bidraget «Time and tradition: resolving tensions in the organisation of doctoral training in Sweden». I bidraget diskuteras forskarutbildningens förändrade villkor i Sverige och vad de innebär för doktorsavhandlingars innehåll och form. Hamilton analyserar särskilt spänningen mellan avhandling som ’masterpiece’ respektive ’apprentice piece’, och artikeln mynnar i ett förslag om utveckling av den senare till en serie av ’progress papers’. Förslaget kommenteras och diskuteras vidare utifrån förhållanden i andra nordiska länder av Vibeke Grøver Aukrust, Karen Borgnakke och Pertti Kansanen. Temats andra bidrag – «The joy and despair of writing» (2/2004) – tar upp skrivprocessens glädje och vedermödor. Staffan Larsson relaterar i sitt bidrag vetenskapligt skrivande till skönlitterärt. Utifrån detta tar han upp olika sätt att förhålla sig till och organisera arbetet för att befrämja skrivandet. I bidraget betonas också läsarnas betydelse och hur de kan bidra till att utveckla texter. Per Lauvås och Gunnar Handal står för temats tredje artikel, «Optimal use of feedback in research supervision with master and doctoral students» (3/2005). Mot bakgrund av tidigare forskning samt egna och kollegors erfarenheter diskuterar de handledning i ett antal konkreta punkter. Innehållet vänder sig till såväl handledare som handledda. Temats fjärde bidrag handlar om internationell publicering, «Skriva artiklar för vetenskapliga tidskrifter?» (4/2005). Karl-Georg Ahlström diskuterar bedömningar utifrån en analys av bidrag till Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, vilken han sedan många år är svensk redaktör för. Ahlström knyter också an till frågor han under årens lopp fått om vad som krävs för att bidrag skall accepteras. Temats sista bidrag, «Collective ethnography, joint experiences and individual pathways», publiceras i detta nummer. Här beskriver och analyserar Tuula Gordon, Pirkko Hynninen, Elina Lahelma, Tuija Metso, Tarja Palmu och Tarja Tolonen den form av gemensamt forskningsarbete – collective etnography – som de arbetat med. Mot bakgrund av upprinnelsen till det längsgående temat och tanken att bidra till synliggörandet av gemensamma erfarenheter, känns detta finska bidrag som en osedvanligt passande avslutning.

  • 17535.
    Öhrn, Elisabet
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Gender, student influence and democratic education. Another success story?2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17536.
    Öhrn, Elisabet
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Making a difference. Targets and resources for student influence2012In: Education for social justice, equity and diversity / [ed] T Strand, M Roos, Münster: LIT Verlag , 2012, p. 19-36Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17537.
    Öhrn, Elisabet
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Sukupuoli, yhteiskuntaluokka ja muutoksen esittäminen (Gender, Class and the Presentation of Change)2005In: Kohtaamisia kasvatuksen ja koulutuksen kentillä: Erontekoja ja yhdessä tekemistä (Encounters in the Field of Education: Making Differences and Acting Together) / [ed] Reetta Mietola, Elina Lahelma, Sirpa Lappalainen, Tarja Palmu, Suomen kasvatustieteellinen seura , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17538.
    Öhrn, Elisabet
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    To make a difference2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17539.
    Öhrn, Elisabet
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Urban education and segregation: the responses from young people2012In: European Educational Research Journal (online), ISSN 1474-9041, E-ISSN 1474-9041, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 45-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes as a starting point the segregation of urban areas and discusses schooling in the neighbourhoods typically associated with problems and challenges, in order to explore young people's responses to their schooling and social positions. Such responses include individual acts, such as rejecting further schooling or dismissing the local school in favour of prestigious ones, as well as the development of shared understandings and collective formations. The article focuses in particular on young people's responses through aesthetic practices, informal education and public political actions. Although research suggests that youths in poor areas are increasingly individualised and shows that schools provide them with little help to understand and act upon their circumstances in school, the analyses here also bring to light young people's rather strong belief in collective actions; students' formations of resistance groups and political knowledge appear as crucial resources, and, although scarce, teacher support and teaching about political actions appear as important.

  • 17540. Öhrn, Elisabet
    et al.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Young People’s Life and Schooling in Rural Areas2019Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Roberts and Green’s understanding of the need to broaden the social justice agenda in education research to include rural areas and more plural forms of capital in them than the purely economic form has been of value in the production of this book and has encouraged an extended and deepened focus on space, place, and social justice in our investigations. The first chapter sets the scene for this by presenting the research field, and some core questions for the research project relating to the dominance of urban studies in education (and social sciences more generally) and the silence on rural conditions and problems. The chapter also presents the research project and its theory, methodology and data production to provide a coherent background and frame for the thematic chapters so they can focus on their findings and discussions.  The following empirical chapters then focus on prominent themes emerging from the fieldwork and address both rural schooling and youth’s rural lives more generally. This is in line with the chosen theoretical understanding of place as central, requiring that education, as other institutions, is analysed in its socio-spatial context.  

     

    Chapter 2 focuses on place and draws especially on youth’s presentations of the researched places. It includes sub-themes concerned with the various images of places and of strategies to maintain place relations. In this respect there are similiarities, but also differences between the different ruralities. Chapter 3  moves the analyses to the different schools and their relations to the surrounding communities. Central to this, is the presentation of the places and their relations (conflicts, values, silences) found in teaching and their relations to other places. The analyses point to some differences between ruralities in this respect, with schools in the sparsely populated areas more likely to explicitly position themselves in the rural local context, and valorise the rural positively in education exchanges, content and interaction compared to the schools in small (de)industrialised communities, with positive effects on young people’s understandings. Chapter 4 focuses on young people’s views of their future options and their dreams of further education and work in relation to the local material conditions of the rural places, such as the labour markets. Gendered and classed characteristics are found to be of particular importance in the process of shaping the young people’s ideas of future careers, both limiting and broadening their views. Chapter 5 emanates from the chosen theoretical framework of the project that emphasises place as constantly in process and reshaped. In this respect, migration poses as a special challenge and an option for sparsely populated and de-populated areas. In the researched sites, we note an influx in recent years of refugees – particularly apparent with the unforeseen inflow of refugees from Syria during the fieldwork - but also of labour migrant from Northern Europe. Taking this as a starting point, this chapter analyses issues concerned with various groups’ understandings of place and its relations.  

     

    Chapter 6 continues with a focused analysis. It  addresses themes of gender and class. It presents previous research on gender and class in relation to rural youth and education and from this, moves to present some of the main findings from our research. These indicate less stereotyped gender relations than in much previous research, but still an overall trend towards masculine activities and values.  Chapter 7 focuses on relations between rural and urban areas, their respective conditions, problems and challenges. This is a central question for the book and this chapter aims to present a synthesising discussion. It draws on previous research of urban and rural youth and their schooling, and explores the under-researched rural dimension by use of our data to discuss rural understandings and responses to socio-spatial issues. The final chapter (chapter 8) draws together central themes from the previous chapters. These are concerned with various aspects of social structures, social relations, their implications for social inclusion, and how these are addressed in school and teaching. It also returns to the initial questions posed in the first chapters about rural – urban relations, metrocentricity and marginalisation....

  • 17541.
    Öhrn, Elisabet
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Dovemark, Marianne
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    The accomodation of creativity discourses to the performance cultures of school2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17542.
    Öhrn, Elisabet
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Holm, Ann-Sofie
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Education in "Multicultural" Societies2007In: Social justice and intercultural education: an open ended dialogue / [ed] G Bhatti, C Gaine, F Gobbo, Y Leeman, Stoke on Trent: Trentham books , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17543.
    Öhrn, Elisabet
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Weiner, E.
    The sound of silence?2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17544.
    Öhrn, Elisabet
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Weiner, G
    Section editors introduction to European context2007In: International handbook of urban education / [ed] William Luke, A Pink, Dordrecht: Springer , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17545.
    Öhrn, Elisabet
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Weiner, G
    Urban Education Dystopia, 2050: a European response to Allan Luke2007In: International handbook of urban education / [ed] A Luke, W Pink, Dordrecht: Springer , 2007, p. 1191-1195Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17546.
    Öhrström, Tobias
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Olsson, Christoffer
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    The precision of RSSI-fingerprinting based on connected Wi-Fi devices2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Received Signal Strength Indication (RSSI) fingerprinting is a popular technique in the fieldof indoor positioning. Many studies on the subject exist acknowledging Wi-Fi signal variationconnected to Wi-Fi signals, but does not discuss possible signal variation created byconnected devices nor consequential precision loss.Understanding more about the origins of signal variation in received signal strength indication(RSSI) fingerprinting would help deal with or prevent them as well as provide moreknowledge for applications based on such signals. Environments with a varying number ofconnected devices would benefit from knowing changes in localization precision resultingfrom the devices connecting and disconnecting from the access point because it wouldindicate whether workarounds for such circumstances would be necessary.To address this issue, the work presented here focuses on how the precision of RSSIfingerprinting vary given different levels of connected Wi-Fi devices. It was carried out byconducting real world experiments at times of low- and normal levels of connected devices toaccess points on two separate locations and evaluating precision changes between statedactivity levels. These experiments took place at the University of Borås as well as at Ericssonin Borås.Experimental findings indicate that the accuracy does deteriorate in higher levels of activitythan in low activity, even though not enough evidence to determine the precision ofdeterioration. The experiments thereby provide a foundation for location-based applicationsand services that can communicate the level of positional error that exist in differentenvironments which would make the users aware but also make the applications adaptaccordingly to different environments. Based on the precision achieved, we identify variousapplications that would benefit from our proposed model. These were applications that wouldtrack mobile resources, find immobile resources, find the movement flows of users as well asnavigation- and Wi-Fi coverage applications.Further research for investigating the exact correlation between access point stress andprecision loss is proposed to fully understand the implications connected devices have onRSSI fingerprinting.

  • 17547.
    Öhrvall, Louise
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Det ska vara roligt och lekfullt: Lärares tankar om engelskundervisning i år 1-32009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND: Språkforskarna är idag överrens om fördelarna med tidig språkinlärning och redan 1991 års läroplansbetänkande gav direktiven att engelskundervisningen borde påbörjas i år 1. Kommunaliseringen av skolan i början av 90-talet förde med sig att kommunerna fick möjlighet att själva bestämma när starten av engelskundervisning ska ske, vilket har fått till följd att upplägget skiljer sig åt från kommun till kommun. Den allsidiga kommunikativa förmågan står i fokus i kursplanen i engelskas målformuleringar och tala och lyssna är de delar som bör prioriteras i yngre elevers engelskundervisning. SYFTE: Undersökningens syfte är att undersöka lärares, i år 1-3, tankar om engelskundervisning. Frågeställningarna jag utgår ifrån är hur lärare i år 1-3 resonerar kring ämnet engelska samt hur de undervisar i engelska. METOD: Jag har gjort en kvalitativ undersökning. För datainsamlingen har jag använt redskapet self report. RESULTAT: De flesta lärarna i min undersökning anser att det är lämpligt att introducera engelskämnet vid den tidpunkt som är aktuell på den skola där de arbetar medan några anser att det kan göras tidigare. Samtliga lärare har med engelska inslag i sin undervisning, även de som själva inte undervisar i engelska. Dessa inslag är ofta av en lättsam karaktär. Sånger samt teman och områden som är bekanta för eleverna, exempelvis färger, familjeord och räkneord, är vanligt förekommande. Lärarna är överrens om att tala och lyssna är de viktigaste delarna att arbeta med inom engelskämnet.

  • 17548.
    Öinert, Marinette Gustafsson
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Östlund, Ellinor
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Bibliotheca Alexandrina: Den fjärde Pyramiden?2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a master thesis about the reconstruction of Bibliotheca Alexandrina. With a hermeutical approach utilizing literature review and interviews it examines how the library have come into existence, and what the Swedish efforts have been to help the project along. Using a mainly structural perspective, the major factors examined are world politics, Egyptian society and library values. The conclusion is that myths about the ancient library of Alexandria, the city of Alexandria itself, world politics, a more stable Egyptian society, improved world and Egyptian economy, an improved Egyptian reverence for reading and writing, less censorship, more freedom of speech and Egyptian national pride all have contributed to new library. Swedish efforts by Sida, the Swedish Institute in Alexandria, FAV and SWEBA have mainly been in the areas of information technology, education of Egyptian library staff and childrens literature.

  • 17549.
    Ölander, Ellinor
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Vad sägs om marknadsföring: En studie av 20 artiklar i svensk bibliotekspress2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to research if and in that case how, marketing of Swedish public libraries is used as a possible work method in a time when they are marked by changes in the form of cut backs and technical innovations. With a strive to get an overview by the possible debate I have chosen to do a closer exam of 20 texts published in five of the biggest Swedish library publications during a period of 20 years. My research is based mainly upon Philip Kotler’s marketing theories regarding non-profit organization as well as Eileen Elliot de Saéz interpretations of these to a library context. The first part of the essay therefore consists of an introduction of these, as well as a rendering of their method of work, which shows the width of the conception of marketing. These models are therefore a base for the second part of the essay, which consists of a text – and idea analysis of the publication texts. Another aspect of my research is whether the ideas of marketing are interlinked with the view of the libraries role and their main tasks. My result shows that a development has occurred during the years, which the articles were published. The use of marketing foremost as Public Relations and outreach programme has evolved into a wider understanding of the subject. The influences of Kotler’s theories are visible in the articles both indirect and explicit. Overall, a positive view to marketing as a work method is adopted in the articles but a wider knowledge of the subject is often sought after. The articles also show that a positive attitude towards marketing is often interlinked with a customer oriented view of the libraries role.

  • 17550.
    Öman, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Tevell, Louise
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Påverkan av kommunikation mellan företag och kundsegment2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Området för denna studie är att studera kommunikation mellan företag och kunder. I studien har ett “fast fashion” företag används som exponent. Studien avgränsas till unga kvinnor 15-30 år då företaget har detta kundsegment som målgrupp.  Kommunikation är idag ett viktigt verktyg för företag att sända ut budskap. Den digitala utvecklingen kräver att företag använder digitala medier för att behålla och generera nya kunder. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur kommunikativa instrument kan påverka och optimera företagets specifika kundsegment. I studien analyseras hur budskapet når fram och hur den utsända signalen uppfattas, samt vilka strategier som används för att behålla kundsegmentet i takt med att detta ständigt utvecklas. Schramms kommunikationsmodell har använts som hjälpmedel och visar att signalen från konsument till företag är minst lika viktig som tvärtom. Målet med studien är att få svar genom att besvara tre utvalda forskningsfrågor; Hur uppfattas företagets kommunikativa instrument utav den specifika kundsegment? Hur gör företaget för att behålla sitt kundsegment? Hur kan de kommunikativa instrumenten förbättras i relation till kundsegmentets preferenser? Frågeställningarna besvaras med hjälp av insamlat empiriskt material där intervjuer, enkätundersökning samt passivt deltagande observationer har förts. Genom det framgår resultatet att det är viktigt att exponenten sänder ut signalen till rätt kundsegment. Slutsatsen är att konsten att behålla sitt kundsegment i den snabba förändringen inom “fast fashion”, är att ha kommunikation som den viktigaste pelaren och att veta till vilka den ska riktas mot.

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