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  • 151.
    Bjelkenfors, Isabelle
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Rening av spolvatten i dynasandfilter2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The water treatment plant in Mölndal has a maximum capacity of 200 liters/second (720 m3/h). The main step in the process consists of 20 DynaSand filters, which are continuous sand filters with an area of 5 m2. Just before the DynaSand filters a dose of coagulant, PAX-XL-100 (polyaluminium chloride), is added, to create flocks that are then collected in the filter. At the water treatment plant in Mölndal they want to take care of the flushing water that runs through the DynaSand filters and wash the contaminated sand. This flushing water represents about 13% of the stream in the process. To prevent sending the flushing water down the drain, it is cleaned by adding another flocculant, Magnafloc (see attachment). The flocks created are then settled in lamella. From lamella, about 1% of the water goes down the drain and the cleaned flushing water is then returned to the raw water intake. Soon, the water capacity of the water treatment plant in Mölndal must be increased to provide water to the increasing population of the city of Mölndal. A reconstruction of the plant is planned and hopefully an alternative way of purification of the flush water through the lamella-sedimentation will be found, since the addition of Magnaflock is not preferable. In this pilot study the feasibility to clean the flush water by adding an extra cushion sand filter is tested. The idea is that dirty water will make flocks again with PAX, the same coagulant which is already added before the main filters. This pilot study will be the basis for the decision, whether or not, DynaSand filters will be used in the future for the best purification of the flushing water. To get an idea of how the flocculation of the flush water works purely chemically, the flocculation experiments were first conducted in a laboratory, and then in pilot scale. However, it turned out that there are many operation problems can occur at the pilot scale, which made the evaluation of the results difficult.

  • 152.
    Björk, Annika
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Inse mitt värde och behåll mig en stund till: Ett undersökande projekt i hållbar textildesign2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recognise my value and keep me a while longer is an exploratory project in sustainable textile design. The focus is to explore possible design solutions that can give products a property transformation over time and prolong the products life cycle. This through practical investigations with different materials based on a chosen approach to sustainable design and changeable pattern images. Also with aim to give the consumer an active role in the changing of a products appearance and function. The end result is three product prototypes that all in different ways exemplify the chosen approach to sustainable design. 1. Moss is a jumper made of circular knitted jacquard fabric with the material combination Sally Fox cotton and unbleached cotton. The fabric is conformable and soft with a pattern that changes hue strength for each time the consumer washes it. The changing pattern makes the jumper interesting because it´s expression changes slowly while it´s being used. 2. Cone is a duvet and pillow cover that is made of a five shed satin jacquard weave. The textile pattern and colour is inverted on the back and front side of the textile. The aesthetic expression of the bed clothing can be renewed by the consumer through vegetable dyes. 3. Bark is a flat knitted, dubble relief, jacquard wool blanket. The blanket can be transformed by the consumer, through washing, and then get a new function as a rug. The textile goes from a soft, two-dimensional, flexible and somewhat fragile textile into a compact, three-dimensional durable textile.

  • 153.
    Björk, Rebecca
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Nilsson, Malin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    K3 versus frivilligt antagande av IFRS: Konsekvenserna på de finansiella rapporterna utifrån ett intressentperspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to expanding globalization of accounting, the international accounting principles and regulations are currently in a process of harmonization. The K-project of the Swedish accounting authority Bokföringsnämnden, indicates that Sweden is a part of this process. According to EU-regulation listed companies are obligated to prepare financial statements in accordance with IFRS since 2005, but for unlisted Swedish companies there is an option of applying local Swedish regulations. The arguments in favor of a voluntary adoption of IFRS rest on promises of improved quality, transparency and comparability of financial statements, which further will increase its usefulness to stakeholders. In 2012, the IASB initiated a project regarding a revised Conceptual Framework, which is expected to be completed during 2017. The revised Conceptual Framework highlights the importance of three primary stakeholders, consisting of investors, lenders and other creditors.The objective of this study is to examine how unlisted Swedish parent companies’ choice of adopting IFRS voluntarily, instead of applying K3, affects the financial reports and primary stakeholders based on an information need perspective. This is illustrated by four hypothetical scenarios. In order to achieve the objective of this study, the existing differences of reporting under IFRS and K3 regarding financial instruments, goodwill in business combinations, R&D expenses and investment properties focusing on disclosures, are examined. The method used in the study is a descriptive analysis with an abductive approach within the frames of qualitative research.The findings indicate that there are major differences between IFRS and K3, which results in companies reporting according to IFRS appear to be more profitable and less of a risk. A voluntary adoption of IFRS contributes to more useful information in the financial statements and a better reflection of the company's financial reality. Overall, financial reporting according to IFRS appears more favorable than reporting under K3, based on the information need of the primary stakeholder.This paper is written in Swedish.

  • 154.
    Björquist, Stina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Separation for regeneration: Chemical recycling of cotton and polyester textiles2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2015, 96.7 million tonnes of textile fibres were produced world-wide. Our high consumption of textiles leads to an increased amount of textile waste. In Sweden, the majority of used clothing and textiles are incinerated due to the lack of recycling techniques. A large amount of post-consumer textile waste is made from blended materials. One of the most common blends, used in as near as all workwear and service textiles, is cotton/polyester. To enable chemical recycling of such textiles, cotton and polyester must first be separated. The aim of this thesis was to separate the materials by depolymerizing the polyester using alkaline hydrolysis. The focus of the work was on how such a process should be performed without a catalyst, in order to result in both a high yield and a high purity of the cotton residue. In order to recycle the residue as a raw material for manufacturing of man-made cellulosic fibres, the cellulose chains in the cotton must also be maintained as unaffected as possible. The polyester in new sheets was completely depolymerized after 390 min at a temperature of 90ºC using a 10% sodium hydroxide concentration and a 1% material-to-liquor concentration. The separation using these conditions gave high yields (above 96%) of the cotton residue regardless of the material fineness used in the process. Furthermore, the separation performed on old sheets show that a pure cotton residue could be produced using higher material concentrations. It was shown that the cotton residue from old sheets, laundered around 50 times, had an intrinsic viscosity comparable to dissolving pulps used for viscose fibre spinning. This study concludes that alkaline hydrolysis without the use of a catalyst could be used to separate cotton and polyester in blended textiles. Furthermore, the findings show that cotton percentage in old sheets only decreased slightly after 50 launderings. Characterization of the materials using ATR FTIR spectroscopy indicate that an integrated textile recycling of hospital bed sheets could be performed since the sheets only contain cotton and polyester in all parts of the sheets.

  • 155.
    Bliander, Malin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Nyström, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    En studie för en förbättrad besiktningsprocess inom bostadsproduktion2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within the construction industry, inspections of the construction are made to secure that thequality and its functions are accurate according to the demands from the purchaser of theproject. This study examines different tools that can be helpful to use in order to secure a lowrange of inspection remarks to achieve an improved inspection process within the constructionindustry. To investigate how and where an improvement can be made, a survey of inspectionremarks were performed. The survey was supplemented by an interview to gain employersaspect on how Skanska could achieve an improved inspection process. Skanska has recentlyintroduced a new routine of the inspections, with the purpose of reducing the number of remarksand getting satisfied customer.The effect of the new routine has been studied and the result shows that Skanska is not far fromreaching the goal, however improvements can still be made. The new routine provides a betteropportunity to locate the remarks earlier in the construction process and there for more time torepair the remarks is gained. Thus there will be fewer remarks on the final inspection eventhough the overall numbers of remarks during the whole inspection process will remain thesame.Both the survey and interview manifested the areas where focus should be directed in order toimprove the inspection process. The contributing factors to the results are discussed andproposals for improvements are presented.This study will hopefully contribute to an understanding for the inspection process within theconstruction industry. Also bring understanding for the reasons why construction often gets alarge number of inspection remarks and how they could be avoided.

  • 156.
    Blixt, Erik
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kirlappos, Andreas
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Optimering av lagerhantering i sjukhusmiljö2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Effective material handling in a healthcare organization can both reduce operational costs andat the same time result in higher quality of care. Traditionally, materials management issueshave not been a priority for explanatory reasons. A hospital is primarily a healthcare facilityand not a company that actively needs to seek profitability to ensure its survival. However,this has resulted in insufficient management and procedures with high costs and lack ofresource efficiency as a result. Deficient work routines and methods for materialsmanagement along with improper utilization of storage facilities have been the main focus ofthis study. The study provides suggestions for how operation ward 1 at Södra Älvsborgshospital can work to improve stock management of its consumables. Semi-structuredinterviews along with quantitative data form the basis of this study, which is divided intothree main areas, processes, material management and warehouse design. After analysing theempirical data together with the theoretical frame of reference, some recommendations maybe presented to the operations department. The consumables should be moved to anappropriate storage space on the lower floor that has appropriate ventilation for medicalmaterials and a specific unpacking area. The new storage area should be dimensioned andoptimized based on product family, pick rate and physical characteristics of the articles tominimize overwork, unnecessary movements and promote ergonomics. In order to ensure thatthe right skills are utilized for the correct task, a warehouse manager should be employed withmain responsibility for materials handling. Valuable time can thus be saved for the nurses sothat they can focus more on their primary tasks. In order to simplify materials management,implementation of a two-bin system should be carried out, where safety stocks, re-orderpoints and order quantities are built-in and visualized.

  • 157.
    Blomqvist, Henrik
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Björnalm, Linus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Studie för energieffektivisering av belysningsarmaturer: En energieffektivitetsanalys mellan två armaturtyper2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka de ekonomiska vinster som kan erhållas vid byte av belysningsarmaturer i en byggnad. Studien omfattar de energi- och ekonomiska besparingar som möjliggörs via ett byte från gamla T8-armaturer till LED-armaturer. Dessutom skulle kunskap kring armaturernas påverkan på elnätet i form av övertoner tas fram. Målet var därmed att ta fram en tydlig redogörande jämförelse mellan de två armaturtyperna. Studien ”Energieffektivisering av belysningsarmaturer” utfördes på uppdrag av Caverion Sverige AB men i B&B-Tools vägnar och dess lokal belägen i Ulricehamn. För att uppfylla syftet krävdes information om armaturtyperna och hur de fungerar och därmed också god kunskap kring det berörda ämnet. Armaturerna som jämförs i denna studie är en lysrörsarmatur med T8-lysrör som installerades för ca 25 år sedan samt en modern LED-armatur från leverantören Waldmann med produktnamnet Taureo. Med hjälp av ett elkvaltitetsinstrument från företaget Metrum, som är anpassat för att utföra tillförlitliga kontroller av olika elkvalitetsparametrar, bestämdes armaturernas effekt. Dessutom uppmättes armaturernas övertonshalter som visade betydligt högre övertonshalter hos lysrörsarmaturen än för LED-armaturen. Eftersom övertoner kan medföra negativa konsekvenser på såväl enskilda komponenter som på självaste elnätet, eftersträvas så låga övertonshalter som möjligt. Genom de mätningar av effekt som gjordes under studien påvisas att ett armaturbyte skulle innebära en kraftig effektminskning motsvarande en tredjedel av det nuvarande effektuttaget. Därigenom kan större energimängd sparas, cirka 52 000 kWh/år, vilket innebär en årlig kostnadsbesparing på cirka 43 000 kr. Enligt de gjorda beräkningarna erhålls en återbetalningstid på cirka 8,5 år vilket kan bedömas som god lönsamhet i och med LED-armaturernas långa livslängd.

  • 158.
    Blomqvist, Mattias
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Energianalys av flerbostadsfastighet: Lämpliga åtgärder för att minska byggnadens energianvändning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbetet är ett samprojekt mellan ÅF, Fastighetsägaren AB Bostäder samt undertecknad, och tillkom efter att AB Bostäder ville ha hjälp med att göra en analys på varför en av deras fastigheter, trots efter en rad av åtgärder fortsätter ha en väldigt hög energianvändning. Trots den höga energianvändningen, har resultatet blivit bättre de senaste åren, bara för att de senaste två åren ha stigit igen. Även det ville fastighetsägaren försöka få ett svar på, varför det blivit så. För att kunna reda ut frågeställningen, hjälpte AB Bostäder till med att delge en mängd information, såsom ritningar, driftstatistik och personlig guidning av deras drifttekniker. För beräkningshjälp har energianalysprogrammet BV2 använts. Även en mängd böcker och rapporter inom området användes. Resultatet av arbetet visar att det främst är byggnadens klimatskal som är för dåligt och släpper igenom för mycket värme. Att även införa återvinning av frånluften med hjälp av en värmepump, skulle göra mycket med avseende på energianvändningen.

  • 159.
    Blomstedt, Bettina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    LUX: Exploring interactive knitted textiles through light and touch2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    LUX studies the combination of electronics and knitted textiles from a textile design perspective. The thought of experiencing textiles without touching them sparked the idea of designing textiles where touch is essential for the visual appearance. The aim is to design knitted textiles that light up when touched, in order to create an interactive experience for the viewer. Optical fibres were chosen because of their ability to transmit light and copper yarn works as an electrical conductor that triggers the reaction of light. The shapes of the knitted textiles have been created by utilising the characteristics of the optical fibre. LUX introduces a working method in which the optical fibre is given an important role not only as a light source but also as a tool for shaping the textiles. The result of the work is three textiles that display how electronics, consisting of sensors and light, can be merged with textiles and contribute to interactive behaviour.

  • 160.
    Bobeck, Malin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Binary surfaces - ljusemitterande textiler för inredningssammanhang2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis Binary surfaces - light-emitting textiles for an interior design context is an investigative work on how optical fibres can be used in woven structures. The work explores the different parameters that affect the interaction between optical fibres and weaving, and the possibilities they create together. The result is two examples of fabrics woven with optical fibres in combination with more traditional textile materials. The examples are designed for an interior context and are shown as a room divider and as outer fabric on seating furnishing.

  • 161.
    Boberg, Fredrik
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Alfredsson, Joakim
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Rapportering av kortsiktig rörlig ersättning till VD: En balans mellan strategi och transparens.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe and explain the transparency of Swedish public companies when it comes to the reporting of short term bonus payment to the chief executive officer. Furthermore we intend to identify possible explanations and underlying causes regarding the transparency. We have selected the 29 companies that represent the 30 most traded stocks on the Stockholm Stock Exchange (OMXS30). Methodology, the study can be divided into two primary parts. In the first part of the study we use a quantitative approach and apply a positivistic view. In the second part of the study we use a qualitative approach and apply a hermeneutic view. When it comes to collecting data we have been inspired by a cross section design and the primary focus has been to collect relevant information to allow an assessment of the transparency with a model we have developed. This model consists of five criteria inspired by the Ersättningsakademiens (Compensation Academy) guidelines regarding the reporting of compensation and is designed to provide an overall assessment of the studied company’s transparency. We have also identified a number of possible explanatory variables from which we have studied underlying causes to the transparency. Furthermore we have analyzed the communication from a perspective of legitimacy with the intent to obtain an understanding regarding the company’s choice of reporting. From the result of the study we find support to previous criticism regarding lacking transparency on the matter of the reporting of short term bonus payments to the CEO. We can also see tendencies to the fact that the causation that previous studies pointed out between transparency and the independence of the board, may exist in Swedish publicly traded companies as well.

  • 162.
    Bolton, Kim
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    De Mena, Barbara
    ttz Bremerhaven.
    Schories, Gerhard
    ttz Bremerhaven.
    Sustainable Management of Solid Waste2016In: Resource Recovery to approach zero municipal wastes / [ed] M. J. Taherzadeh and T. Richards, CRC Press, 2016, p. 23-41Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 163.
    Bolvede, Michelle
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Stellan, Veronika
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Följs kravspecifikationerna?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Do the producers follow the specifications? This study analyses and reviews if producers follow the requirements of the fashion company’s specification. The purpose was to, through a qualitative and experimental research, decide if all the requirements that involve dark coloured thin knitted t-shirts, of the company's specifications are applied during the production. Through interviews with people with great knowledge within the subjects; quality controls, knitted materials, production abroad and specifications, the authors’ got answers to whether producers ignore the requirements in the specification, as well as why. Through an experimental study, following the standards in the specifications, two shirts from season 2014 and two shirts from season 2015 were examined and compared, to see if they differed. All shirts were supposed to be produced by the same specifications. In the result, the experimental study presents; how the authors proceeded to truthful results. Quotes from the qualitative interviews are also presented. The quotations prove the authors' speculations and theories, regarding the issue of some manufacturers ignoring requirements in the specifications. Furthermore, in the discussion- and analysis chapter, results are analysed together with theories and quotes. The conclusions that can be drawn from the qualitative interviews and the experimental study, is that it is a common problem. Producers deliberately choose to overlook certain requirements in the specifications. However, it is not only in order to make more money, but it is also about managing deadlines and keeping customers satisfied, in order to maintain relationships. The problem is also based on cultural differences and language difficulties in communication, where the specifications are not sufficiently clear enough, resulting in the producer must take action and appreciate what the customer wants.

  • 164.
    Boman, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Huss, Clara
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Vidhäftning på läder: En analys av vidhäftningsförmågan hos kromgarvat läder2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagsläget läggs allt större vikt på att producera produkter med lång hållbarhet ur både miljö- och användningssynpunkt. I industrin för arbetskläder är det viktigt att främja produkter med lång livslängd då man ser produkter som förbrukade vid mindre slitage. Efterfrågan av arbetskläder med längre livslängd ligger till grund för detta arbete. Fokus ligger i att undersöka om man kan ta fram en arbetshandske som håller längre än de som finns på marknaden idag. I detta examensarbete har man undersökt om nagellack innehållande polyvinylbutyral kan användas som primer på kromgarvat läder för att skapa en yta med bättre vidhäftningsförmåga till en polyuretanfilm som agerar adhesiv. Man vill kunna fästa friktionsmaterial på läderprodukter, vilket är komplicerat. Genom litteraturstudier, modifieringar av ISO-standarder samt framtagningar av egna testmetoder och referensmaterial, har lämpliga metoder tagits fram för att undersöka huruvida nagellack kan ha en effekt på vidhäftningen mellan läder och polyuretanfilm. Arbetet är ett uppdrag från Ejendals som upptäckt problematiken kring svårigheterna att fästa friktionsmaterial till deras skinnhandskar. I dagsläget finns det handskar tillverkade i PU-läder där möjligheten till vidhäftning av friktionsmaterial är möjligt. Skulle en metod för bättre vidhäftning till läder kunna tas fram skulle arbetshandskar för arbeten inom snickeri, butik och lager kunna tillverkas på ett mer hållbart och långsiktigt vis. Genom att utföra tester har man kunnat undersöka om en kemisk bearbetning, i form av primer, kan öka vidhäftningen mellan läder och PU-film. Studien visar att en förbättring av vidhäftningsförmågan mellan lädret och PU-filmerna kan uppnås med hjälp av nagellacket som använts. Observationerna visar också att tjockleken på PU-filmen är av betydelse för hur väl vidhäftningen binder till lädret. Man valde även att genomföra testerna i vått tillstånd varifrån man kunde konstatera att effekten av vidhäftningen inte påverkades negativt under väta. Efter avslutade tester kunde man konstatera att när en flikning väl uppstått mellan lädret och friktionsmaterialet, krävdes små krafter för att dra isär materialen från varandra. Därför är det av stor vikt att sammanfogningen mellan samtliga material består av starka bindningar. Genom den ökade vidhäftningsförmågan man skapat på lädret, kommer man i framtiden kunna producera produkter med längre hållbarhet än de som används idag. Integrationen av säkerhet i arbetskläder skapar en produkt som har ökat värde ur arbetsmiljösynpunkt, samt hållbarhet.

  • 165.
    Borg, Linnea
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Gotstig, Melina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sköld, Hanna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Barnens kläder och barnens kön: Könsneutral exponering som problem i butik2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Physical stores are facing challenges in the retail market when more customers choose to shop online. As to the competition, it has become more important to stand out, especially through visual merchandising which implicate the stores visual communication towards the customers. Visual merchandising is described as something relating to promotional actions such as display windows, sounds, lights, product exposures and color schemes that stores take to communicate their products. Store communication has been shown to have a major impact on people's perceptions of a store. It may also be questioned whether the impact of visual merchandising on people differs depending on whether the exposure applies to clothes for adults or children. With the growth of feminism, borders to gender standards tend to blur butdespite this, the clothing companies still seems to divide the clothes between the genders. The purpose of this paper has been to explore how a concept of a children's clothing store can expand the concept's added value through gender neutral retail exposure . This was achieved through a qualitative method conducted through interviews and observations with parents to children between the ages 0-7. Two theoretical models were used; the SOR- model that was used to grasp customers actions in stores and the Communication model that was used to explain how stores communicate their message to their target group. The study showed that the biggest difficulty in the gender-neutral issue lies in improving society's acceptance of it. It is the outside world's counter-reactions to the children's clothes when they deviate from the stereotypical that causes parents' distance from a complete adoption of gender-neutral thinking. This study is written in Swedish.

  • 166.
    Borhan, Huda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Biologiska restströmmar som bioraffinaderiresurs2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete hade till mål att kartlägga och identifiera ett antal biologiska restprodukter som kan vara tänkvärda som råmaterial för produktion av förnybara produkter i Sverige. Genom en detaljerad litteraturgenomgång har man identifierat vilka tekniker som är mest möjliga och lämpliga från olika aspekter. Baserat på kemiska sammansättningar, tillgänglighet och låg kostnad har fem biologiska restprodukter utvalts. Dessa restprodukter är apelsinskal, hästgödsel, vetehalm, drank och fågel fjädrar. För varje restprodukt har det undersökts vilka tekniker och förbehandlings metoder som kan bli tillämpliga samt vilken verkan de har på biomassans kvalitet. Ett antal studier har beskrivits i rapporten som kan bidra till en mer ekonomisk och miljömässig produktion genom förbättring av produktutbyte och minskning av problem i processen.

  • 167.
    Borssén, Andreas
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hallgren, Carl
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hur kan ett litet eller medelstort företag gå tillväga för att skapa ett kvalitets- och ledningssystem?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens samhälle ställer allt högre krav på kvalitet och miljö, dessa ställer i sin tur krav på marknaden. Därför behövs företag utvecklas och arbeta med ständiga förbättringar för att möta dessa krav. Ett enkelt sätt för att kunna svara mot kraven är att börja arbeta med ISO standarder. Detta används sen som ett verktyg för att kunna kontrollera och styra sitt kvalitetsarbete. Problemet med mindre företag är oftast kostnadsaspekten och kraven från leverantörer och kunder. Det finns olika kvalitetsledningssystem men det mesta kända är ISO 9000, som utgår från åtta ledningsprinciper. Dessa används som hjälp för att kunna styra och förbättra processerna i systemet och fortsätta att arbeta med ständiga förbättringar. Dessa är inga krav utan bara en ledstjärna för att se om organisationen är på rätt väg. Däremot om organisationen skall bli certifierad måste den uppfylla ISO 9001 kraven. Detta arbete ger en inblick på hur ett litet eller medelstort företag skulle kunna gå tillväga för att påbörja sitt arbete med ett kvalitets- och ledningssystem och på sikt även bli certifierade. Vidare kommer arbetet beskriva ta upp teori kopplat till ISO 9000 och vad som ett företag behöver tänka på vid ett införande av ett sådant system.

  • 168.
    Boström, Camilla
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Johansson, Gabriella
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ekström, Sofia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Vem är Göteborg?: En undersökning om Göteborg som turistdestination2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the development in the charter industry over the last decades, marketing companies must create ways to make a destination stand out against others to potential tourists. Some researchers argue that brand personality is a good tool to use for this purpose. In this essay written in Swedish, we explore tourism in Gothenburg based on personality traits. One qualitative data collection is gathered from interviews with two marketing employees at Göteborg & Co, while a quantitative survey was also completed with tourists visiting the city. The results show that personality traits that are desired by Göteborg & Co marketing, match the personality traits of tourists visiting the city.

  • 169.
    Boström, Martin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Marting, Oliver
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Säkerställning av saldokvalitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis took place at Silvent AB’s headquarters in Borås. The purpose of this inquiry was to identify in which ways the company could improve their stock-on-hand accuracy. The importance of having a correct inventory balance is growing for every year that passes. Concepts like Lean, forecasting, re-ordering point, and stock replenishment are all based on having a correct stock balance. In order to investigate the reasons for an incorrect inventory balance, interviews were conducted with staff that is central to achieving a correct stock balance. In addition to the interviews, the flow of the demarcated product group was observed. Since there are several factors that affect inventory balance, the analysis explores several methods that are possible to use to achieve a more secure inventory balance.The three main conclusions of the inquiry are as follows: Procedures for measurment and documentation.Documentation of measurements is important as a basis to visualize problem areas and motives for possible improvements. Therefore, it is not only important to introduce clear procedures for how measurements are to be performed but also how the documentation of these measurements should be done, making it possible to backtrack and compare with previous measurements. RFIDWith the implementation of some form of digital markup and an automated identification system, there is great potential for improving the quality of the stock balance. Evidence that RFID could reduce the inaccuracy of inventory balance by about 26% is found in a previous study by Hardgrave et. al. 2015. The company is therefore recommended to investigate if there are possibilities for implementing this. KanbanAn easy way to handle items that are difficult or costly to keep an inventory balance is a two-bin system where replenishment of the stock is done in a more visual way. However, by not keeping a proper record of stock balance of the articles makes it difficult to report figures on how many items that is available if it is required.

  • 170.
    Bowald, Jessica
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Trygg, Andrea
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning: Institutionaliserad diskurs inom klädbranschen2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper seeks to identify an institutionalised discourse about communication of sustainability in the clothing industry. The base for identification of this discourse is how a company applies the triple bottom line model. Further, this discourse is explained with legitimacy- and stakeholder theory. The result of the study aims to contribute to increase knowledge about these theories.Methodology: A qualitative discourse analyses has been employed on the sustainability reports of four fashion companies. The companies represents two profiles, fast fashion and high-end. The study is partly conducted by applying content analysis on a data driven basis. Categories have emerged during the course of the analysing work.Findings: The result suggests that the sustainability reporting has been institutionalised and that there exist a relatively clear discourse about communication of sustainability within the studied industry. The most obvious variation that has emerged is a variety between the companies' profiles, the high-end companies communicate quality of the clothes to a greater extent compared to the fast fashion companies.Originality/value: Previous studies have shown that there are big differences in how corporate social responsibility is reported among industries. This study examines how companies in the same industry, with various corporate profiles, report on sustainability. The study has helped to increase the understanding of why a company in the clothing industry chooses to highlight certain information in their sustainability report.This thesis is written in Swedish.

  • 171.
    Brancoli, Pedro
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Environmental impacts of food waste in a life cycle perspective: A case study in a Swedish supermarket2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The food production system has been acknowledged as a problem that needs to be addressed in order to achieve a sustainable society. Hertwich and Peters (2009), estimate that 10-30% of an individual’s environmental impact is related to the industrial production and consumption of food. The problem is aggravated by the wastage of one third of the global food production. The consequences of the wastage of food are the loss of resources, such as energy, water, land and labour and unnecessary emissions of pollutants.

    In order to address this problem several actions have been proposed. The Sustainable Development Goal 12.3, which Sweden has committed to fulfil, aims to reduce by half the amount of food waste along the production and supply chain by 2030.

    Retail is an important player in the food supply chain. Its influence spreads both upstream to suppliers and downstream to consumers. Therefore, this research aims to contribute to reduction of the environmental impacts related to food waste in retail, by identifying products with high environmental impacts. The main goals of this study are 1) the quantification of food waste produced by the supermarket and 2) to examine the environmental impacts of selected products in order to assess the impacts generated by the waste production at the supermarket.

    The findings of the research revealed 1) the importance of not only measuring the food waste in terms of mass, but also in terms of environmental indicators and costs. The results indicate bread as an important contributor for the environmental footprint of the supermarket and a potential product for interventions 2) Sorting the organic content of the products from its packaging before sending it to the current waste treatment leads to a reduction in the carbon footprint.

    The research identified the following recommendations: 1) increasing supermarket personnel and consumers’ awareness regarding the environmental impact of food waste, 2) finding alternative routes for waste treatment and 3) improving logistic operations.

  • 172.
    Brancoli, Pedro
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. University of Borås.
    Bolton, Kim
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Rousta, Kamran
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    LCA as a Supporting Tool for Supermarket Food Waste Management2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 173.
    Brancoli, Pedro
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Bolton, Kim
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Rousta, Kamran
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Life cycle assessment of supermarket food waste2017In: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, E-ISSN 1879-0658, Vol. 118, p. 39-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Retail is an important actor regarding waste throughout the entire food supply chain. Although it produces lower amounts of waste compared to other steps in the food value chain, such as households and agriculture, it has a significant influence on the supply chain, including both suppliers in the upstream processes and consumers in the downstream. The research presented in this contribution analyses the impacts of food waste at a supermarket in Sweden. In addition to shedding light on which waste fractions have the largest environmental impacts and what part of the waste life cycle is responsible for the majority of the impacts, the results provide information to support development of strategies and actions to reduce of the supermarket's environmental footprint. Therefore, the food waste was categorised and quantified over the period of one year, the environmental impacts of waste that were generated regularly and in large amounts were assessed, and alternative waste management practices were suggested. The research revealed the importance of not only measuring the food waste in terms of mass, but also in terms of environmental impacts and economic costs. The results show that meat and bread waste contributes the most to the environmental footprint of the supermarket. Since bread is a large fraction of the food waste for many Swedish supermarkets, this is a key item for actions aimed at reducing the environmental footprint of supermarkets. Separation of waste packaging from its food content at the source and the use of bread as animal feed were investigated as alternative waste treatment routes and the results show that both have the potential to lead to a reduction in the carbon footprint of the supermarket.

  • 174.
    Brancoli, Pedro
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ferreira, Jorge A.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Bolton, Kim
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Changes in carbon footprint when integrating production of filamentous fungi in 1st generation ethanol plants2017In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Integrating the cultivation of edible filamentous fungi in the thin stillage from ethanol production is presently being considered. This integration can increase the ethanol yield while simultaneously producing a new value-added protein-rich biomass that can be used for animal feed. This study uses life cycle assessment to determine the change in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions when integrating the cultivation of filamentous fungi in ethanol production. The result shows that the integration performs better than the current scenario when the fungal biomass is used as cattle feed for system expansion and when energy allocation is used. It performs worse if the biomass is used as fish feed. Hence, integrating the cultivation of filamentous fungi in 1st generation ethanol plants combined with proper use of the fungi can lead to a reduction of GHG emissions which, considering the number of existing ethanol plants, can have a significant global impact.

  • 175.
    Brancoli, Pedro
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. University of Borås.
    Rousta, Kamran
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Bolton, Kim
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Environmental impacts of supermarket food waste in a life cycle perspective2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 176.
    Brandenberg, Kristin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Point of view: How printed patterns evolve through perspective2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ’Point of view’ is an investigation of changeable surface patterns in the textile design field. The investigation is performed in order to get a deeper understanding of the relationship between changeable surface patterns and three-dimensional contexts to explore alternative methods.  The aim is to design surface patterns in a three dimensional context developed through printing and layering techniques, and to explore how the patterns change depending on the observer’s perspective. Practice based design experiments were carried out to explore materials and printing techniques such as transfer, digital and burn out. The patterns were in turn placed on a cubic frame with inner and outer layers, and studied for their effects on one another.  The project resulted in a series of surface patterns that were applied in a spatial context. The findings propose an alternative method for designing changeable surface patterns in a three-dimensional setting, using layers, transparency and distance as factors.

  • 177.
    Brandt, Angelina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sundqvist Lindh, Kim
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Uthyrning – Ett alternativt sätt att konsumera kläder?: En undersökning om unga konsumenters attityd till att hyra kläder av modeföretag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Masskonsumtionssamhället vi idag lever i har katastrofal inverkan på miljön. Textilindustrin och i synnerhet fast fashion är en stor bidragande faktor. Idag ligger den årliga globala textilkonsumtionen på nästan 90 miljoner ton. År 2050 förutspås en global textilkonsumtion på 250 miljoner ton per år som ett resultat av en ökad världsbefolkning, där fler än idag kommer ha möjlighet att konsumera. En projekterad resursbrist gör det av yttersta vikt att förändra våra konsumtionsvanor för att kunna möta framtidens behov av textilier. Om livslängden per plagg kan ökas och nyproduktionen av kläder minskas sparas resurser som annars förbrukas vid tillverkning. Något som möjliggör detta är kollaborativ konsumtion, som på senare år fått större uppmärksamhet i modesammanhang. Grundprincipen för kollaborativ konsumtion är tillgång framför ägande. Uthyrning som komplement till traditionell försäljning kan vara ett sätt för fler modeföretag att främja hållbar utveckling och samtidigt anpassa sina affärsmodeller till den framskridande kollaborativa ekonomin. Men vilket attityd har konsumenter till att konsumera kläder på detta sätt? Denna studie har ämnat undersöka unga konsumenters attityd till att konsumera kläder genom uthyrning från modeföretag, för vidare analysera konceptets marknadspotential. Studien utgår från två forskningsfrågor; vilken attityd har unga konsumenter till uthyrning av kläder av modeföretag? Finns det en potentiell marknad för modeföretag att hyra ut kläder? Empiri har samlats in med blandad metod. Kvantitativ data togs fram med en enkätundersökning och kompletterades med kvalitativ data från sex enskilda intervjuer. Samtidiga respondenter i båda undersökningar är mellan 18 och 35 år, vilket varit studiens målpopulation. Vårt resultat visar att det råder en öppenhet och antydan till en positiv attityd gentemot att konsumera kläder genom uthyrning, dock saknar majoriteten tillräckligt med kunskap om konceptet för att kunna bilda en klar attityd. De slutsatser vi dragit är att uthyrning av kläder i dagsläget inte passar alla modeföretag, inte alla konsumenter och inte heller alla varukategorier.

  • 178.
    Brandt, Erika
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Dahl, Frida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Varumärkets betydelse vid köp av kläder på internet: Ur ett konsumentperspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    E-handeln ökar ständigt och inte minst när det kommer till klädbranschen. Konsumenter värderar tillgängligheten och utbudet som internet erbjuder. Dock upplever konsumenter en större risk med att handla på internet jämfört med en fysisk butik. Det beror på att den fysiska interaktionen mellan produkt och konsument försvinner. Konsumenter känner då en större risk för att produkten inte ska uppfylla deras förväntningar. De måste förlita sig på något annat än den fysiska interaktionen. När konsumenter känner en risk inför ett köp så kommer de att söka efter mer information på internet. Informationen kan fungera som en kompensation för den förlorade fysiska interaktionen. Varumärket kan också påverka konsumenter när de ska handla kläder på nätet. Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka varumärkets betydelse vid köp av kläder på internet. Studien tar upp hur varumärket reducerar risker för konsumenten och hur sökprocessen påverkas. För att få en djupare förståelse för det så undersöks även konsumenters motiv till köp på internet och hur varumärket påverkar dem. Studien har genomförts med hjälp av 10 stycken semi-strukturerad intervjuer med kvinnliga respondenter i åldern 20 till 30 år. Dessa respondenter valdes genom ett målstyrt urval. Under intervjuerna fick respondenterna berätta om vad de har för motiv till att köpa på internet, hur deras sökprocess ser ut samt vad de känner för upplevda risker med att handla på internet och hur dessa skulle kunna minska. Respondenterna beskrev även vad de tror att varumärket har för påverkan på dem. Studiens resultat visar att varumärket har en stor betydelse för konsumenter vid köp av kläder på internet. Det finns inte ett motiv till att genomföra ett köp på internet utan ett känt varumärke. Konsumenter kopplar köp av kläder på internet med hög risk, de förlitar sig då på varumärket när den fysiska interaktionen är förlorad. Konsumenter ser varumärket som en garanti för kvalitet och känner ett förtroende för det. Samtidigt som varumärket reducerar de upplevda riskerna kortar det också ner sökprocessen på internet. Konsumenter känner sig tillfredsställda med den informationen varumärket ger. Varumärket är alltså det som bringar fram mest förtroende för att ett plagg ska uppfylla förväntningar vid köp på internet.

  • 179.
    Brandt, Sara
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lidman, Rebecca
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Storytelling: Hur aktualitet influerar storytelling i modebranschen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Konsumenter utsätts dagligen omedvetet av reklam från varumärken via flera kanaler och idag krävs det något extra för att varumärket ska ge genomslag. Där kommer berättelsen, ett narrativ eller så kallad storytelling, in som ett mäktigt verktyg inom varumärkeskommunikation. En konsument identifierar sig lättare i en berättelse, det är därmed viktigt hur företaget porträtterar sig och bygger sitt budskap. För att lyckas med storytelling krävs det att man berättar rätt historia. Innehållet ska vara intressant, relevant och engagerande. Aktuella händelser i berättelser berör och engagerar då människan alltid fängslats av nyheter. Främjas aktualiteten i storytelling finns möjlighet till ökat engagemang från kunden. Vi har lyft fram kriterier för kommunikationskanaler och dragit slutsatser för hur modeföretag kan använda aktualitet inom storytelling för att främja konsumentengagemang. Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur storytelling används och om aktualiteten influerar storytellingens potential att skapa engagemang hos konsumenter i modebranschen. Vår studie grundas i en kvalitativ metod med en flerfallsdesign. Datainsamlingen har genomförts via semi-strukturerade intervjuer hos utvalda modeföretag och PR-byråer. Vi har valt dessa två företagstyper för att få fler vinklar i vårt företagsperspektiv. Analysen har gjorts utifrån vår teoretiska referensram i en tematisk indelning.

  • 180.
    Breaum Löfvenborg, Frida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ekonomiska incitament till gröna investeringar inom rederisektorn2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Miljöpåverkan blir ett allt större problem i dagens samhälle och mycket av den miljöpåverkan kommer från global transport av gods. För att minimera denna miljöpåverkan implementeras olika miljölagar för att tvinga fram en förändring men det har visat sig att regelverken inte räcker till. Därför krävs ekonomiska incitament som genom finansiella drivkrafter ska motivera företag till gröna investeringar som leder till mindre påverkan på miljön. Denna uppsats har studerat miljöpolicy inom väg-, tåg och sjötransport för att undersöka vilka ekonomiska incitament som står till buds inom transportsektorn. Därefter genomfördes en enkätstudie inom sjötransport där rederier fick gradera de identifierade ekonomiska incitamenten i hur viktiga de var och hur stor påverkan de hade på beslut inom företagen kring gröna investeringar. Detta gjordes i avsikt att identifiera vilka ekonomiska incitament inom rederisektorn som är effektiva och som kan främja gröna investeringar. Enkäten undersökte 6 olika typer av ekonomiska incitament inom rederisektorn: miljöcertifiering, miljölagar, offentliga investeringar i grön infrastruktur, investeringsbidrag från myndigheter, miljörabatter och miljöindex. Det visade sig att alla de undersökta ekonomiska incitamenten främjade gröna investeringar men i olika grad. Studien visade att rederierna verkade ha en mer positiv inställning till incitament med direkt finansiell påverkan och en mindre positiv inställning till incitament med en indirekt finansiell påverkan. I enkäten graderades miljölagar till att vara mest viktig och ha störst påverkan medan miljöindexen var minst viktiga och hade minst påverkan.

  • 181.
    Breaum Löfvenborg, Frida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ekonomiska incitament till gröna investeringar inom rederisektorn2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental impact from transport of goods is a growing problem in today’s society. Environmental laws are implemented to minimize this impact and to force change in the industry but it has become clear that these laws are not enough to reach environmental goals set by different governments. Fiscal incentives are therefore implemented to, through economical forces, motivate companies to make green investments that minimize their environmental impact. This paper has studied environmental policies in the road transport sector, railway sector and the shipping sector to examine what kinds of fiscal incentives are being used in the transport sector. A survey study in the shipping sector was conducted where shipping companies was asked to grade the identified fiscal incentives in importance and influence on decisions concerning green investments. This was done with the purpose to identify which fiscal incentives in the shipping sector that can promote green investments. The survey examined 6 different types of fiscal incentives in the shipping sector: environmental certification, environmental laws, public investments in green infrastructure, governmental subsidies, environmental discounts and environmental indices. The study shows that all the examined fiscal incentives can promote green investments but to different degree. The study also shows that the shipping companies had a more positive attitude towards incentives with a direct financial impact and a less positive attitude to those with an indirect financial impact. The shipping companies graded environmental laws and environmental discounts as being the most important and having the greatest influence on decisions concerning green investments and environmental indices as being the least important and having the least influence.

  • 182.
    Bredberg, Hanna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    DEAR DEER - Exploring the possibilities of materials of animal origin from a textile design perspective2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through manipulation of the materials and creation of sculptural forms, the knowledge in textile design was used to develop alternative methods for working with materials of animal origin. The project touches the issue of consumption by accentuating the fascinating features of animal materials and proposes a way of taking care of materials looked upon as disposals. It questions how we value what resources we have in our surroundings and how we use them. Or more important – how we are not using them.

  • 183.
    Bredberg, Lina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kirschon, Emelie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Uppfattar du hållbarhet?: En jämförande studie mellan modeföretag och kunder2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Modebranschen lägger idag stor vikt vid hållbarhet och implementeringen av det i sin verksamhet. Hållbarhetsarbetet kommuniceras till modeföretagens kunder i hopp om att både utbilda kunderna men även att skapa konkurrensfördelar. Problemet är att modeföretagen och majoriteten av kunderna ligger på olika kunskapsnivåer gällande hållbarhet. Kommunikationen modeföretagen riktar till sina kunder uppfattas eller tolkas inte alltid som företagen önskar, vilket leder till bristande budskapsförmedling. Studien behandlar därför det gap som existerar mellan svenska modeföretags hållbarhetsarbete och kundernas uppfattning av det. För att kartlägga gapet har en observationsstudie av fyra välkända modeföretag utförts med syfte att undersöka företagens kommunikation av hållbarhet. Vidare utfördes en enkätundersökning för att undersöka hur kunder i allmänhet ser på modeföretags hållbarhetsarbete. För att klargöra kundernas uppfattning om hållbarhetsarbete har slutligen intervjuer med de utvalda modeföretagens kunder utförts. Undersökningarnas utfall har påvisat att majoriteten av modeföretagens kommunikation av hållbarhet inte nått fram till kunderna. Vidare konstaterar studien att det finns ett stort gap där modeföretagen kommunicerar på ett ineffektivt sätt och kunderna besitter en för hög omedvetenhet kring hållbarhet.

  • 184.
    Bredies, Katharina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. Universität der Künste Berlin.
    Explorations on Textile Electronics2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In electronic textiles, we apply production techniques from both textiles and electronic engineering to bridge the gap between these two very different materials. While it is obvious to apply electronic engineering to textiles to ensure the working of the electronic components, the application of textile production techniques to electronics is still challenging. Yet it is in the appropriation of textile manufacturing that there is a huge potential for innovation. This potential does not only cover the means of production, but also the way we interact with digital interfaces as well as the overall aesthetic of those interfaces.

    This report documents the application of textile production techniques for sensing and actuation in e-textile structures and artifacts. It shows how weaving and knitting on industrial machines can be used to design and build electronic elements in a textile shape, such as pressure sensors, speaker coils and shape change structures. The report also documents the application of those techniques in two different prototypes, the first being a sensor glove that was used for gesture recognition, and the second being woven textile muscle that was developed as the basis for a soft textile robot.

     

  • 185.
    Brink, Andreas
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Utredning av driftproblem på rosterkylsystem: Varberg Energi AB, panna 7 och 82016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete gjordes på Varberg Energi, fjärrvärmeverket ”Flisan af Varberg”. Arbetet har gått ut på att lösa ett driftproblem på rosterkylkretsarna till fjärrvärmeverkets biobränsle- pannor (panna 7 och 8). Dessa pannor används för att värma Varbergs fjärrvärmenät och går som spetslast mot den spillvärme från Södra Cell (massabruk norr om Varberg) som till största delen används för fjärrvärmeproduktion. Rostrarna är den del på ugnsdelen utav pannan där bränslet transporteras under tiden som det brinner. Rosterkylkretsen används för att kyla rostrarnas axlar, för att dessa inte ska deformeras av värmen från bränslet. På Varberg Energis pannor fungerade inte denna anordning, då den går i nödkylningsläge, på grund utav övertemperatur. Detta arbete har haft syftet att utreda orsaker till problemet och därefter föreslå lösningar. För att komma fram till potentiella lösningar har olika typer av mätningar gjorts, dessa har sedan analyserats tillsammans med de principskisser och produktblad som funnits tillgängliga. Lösningarna som presenterats har efter detta testats av Varberg Energi på en av de två pannorna. Problemet låg i att cirkulationspumpen i kretsen varit för liten, vilket i sin tur gjort att flödet i kretsen blivit för dåligt. Kretsen blir då överhettad vilket utlöser nödkylningsläge, som innebär att kallt vatten från stadsnätet pumpas igenom kretsen istället för det vatten som vanligtvis är inneslutet i kretsen. Detta nya vatten innehåller syre, vilket resulterar i korrosion inuti ledningarna. Korrosionen ökar motståndet i ledningarna, vilket i sin tur gör att cirkulationskretsen fungerar sämre, allt resulterar i en ond cirkel, där felet hela tiden förvärras. Felet ifråga avhjälptes genom att byta cirkulationspumpen för att sedan tvätta ur alla korrosionsbeläggningar som uppstått i rören. Även slangar som varit utslitna har bytts ut. Lösningarna har medfört goda resultat, då driftfelet inte längre existerar.

  • 186.
    Brixland, Nikolina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Light Stabilisation of Photochromic Prints2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Light stabilisation of photochromic dyes is seen as the most challenging part in the development of photochromic dyes. The aim of this research is to compare stabilisation methods and their effect on the lifetime of a photochromic print on textile. The vision is to create a textile UV-sensor that detects current UV light exposure in the surroundings and alarms the wearer by showing colour. The developed inks have been formulated for ink-jet printing as a novel production method with resource saving properties. UV-LED light curable ink formulations were prepared for two dye classes; a non-commercial spirooxazine, a commercial spirooxazine (Oxford Blue) and a commercial naphthopyran (Ruby Red). Two different stabilisation methods were applied; chemically by incorporation of hindered amine light stabilisers and physically by polyurethane coating. Fatigue tests were performed to evaluate and compare the stabilisation methods. The tests included were household washing, multiple activations and intensive sun-lamp exposure. As a result it was found that Oxford Blue and spirooxazine had an initial better resistance to photodegradation than Ruby Red. The coating reduced the ability of colour development in higher extend for Oxford Blue and spirooxazine compared to Ruby Red. Moreover, the photocolouration increased with the number of activations for Oxford Blue and spirooxazine in particular. In general, the physically stabilised samples showed a better or similar fatigue resistance compared to chemically stabilised samples. On the other hand the results are weak in significance. It is concluded that the developed coating method in combination with further optimising has potential.

  • 187.
    Brodin Holmstedt, Nina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    The new gatekeepers of fashion week: A qualitative study of the influencers role at fashion week2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim of the research: This research aims to create an understanding for the new ways in which global fashion influencers’ attending fashion week are contributing to the presentation of it as gatekeepers and distributors of information and fashion knowledge, and how this rolea dds new perspectives to how fashion week is presented.

    Method: The research has been limited to analysing the material of six global fashion influencers, with a total following of 28 million people, during the major fashion weeks of Spring/Summer 2017 and Autumn/Winter 2017. The material has been collected and analyzed using a qualitative content analysis, also called ethnographic content analysis, with focus on distinguishing common characteristics in the text.

    Findings: The results have shown that the fashion influencers have contributed to the presentation of fashion week in several new ways, with the greatest characteristic being sharing a broad picture of what is going on during fashion week. The influencers are also sharing insight to exclusive fashion shows and events that have traditionally not been shared with the public. More over, the fashion influencers are sharing their personal perspectives and experiences of fashion week as well as their personal taste and opinions regarding fashion trends and other things. They are also adding a new commercial and promotional focus while presenting an idealized image of fashion week to their followers. The findings are indicated that the fashion influencers have established an important role at fashion week, which in turnis affecting the presentation of it.

    Contributions: The findings presented in this research can be of relevance for those who wants to understand the fashion influencers’ role during fashion week, for instance fashion brands and designers who wishes to learn how to engage with the fashion influencers’ from a business and marketing perspective. Considering social media and the fashion influencers affecting the presentation of fashion week as societal changes, the findings can also be relevant for fashion researchers who wishes to understand how these changes are affecting the presentation of fashion week and the fashion industry.

  • 188.
    Brodén, Linus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sacred coloration2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Prints and artwork in fashion are often made separately from the body and garment, processed through digital media and printed with mechanized precision. Far from the dynamic experience a painting can offer. This work elaborates how to build a collection of garments based on the body, using interactive methods. Its purpose and context is to find another print aesthetic in garment through abstract painting and cutting. In regard to the craft I hope to preserve the hands involvement as part of the expression. Suggesting another way to do prints in fashion that allow a more intimate relationship between body, fabric and color. This work explores the body-fabric relation through abstract painting to develop another print aesthetic and way of doing print. Hanging rectangular pieces of fabric over my head and energetically painting the fabric against the body results in an abstract approximation of the body-fabric relation. This approximation is analyzed by cutting and draping in regard to the painting and study of directions through lines. This method has generated a static approximation of the body-fabric relation which can be used as a tool for composing colors.

  • 189.
    Brorström, Björn
    et al.
    University of Borås.
    Ekström, Karin M.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Löfström, Mikael
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Eklund, Stefan
    Borås Tidning.
    Hållbar framtid: en seminarieserie om hållbart företagande2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2012 och 2013 genomfördes fyra seminarier under huvudrubriken Hållbart

    företagande som ett samarrangemang mellan Borås Tidning och Högskolan

    i Borås. Uppmärksammade och inflytelserika företagsledare och samhällsaktörer

    i regionen föreläste om sina erfarenheter av verksamhetsutveckling och uppfattningar

    och tolkningar av innebörden av begreppet hållbar utveckling. Föreläsningarna

    följdes av paneldiskussioner och frågor och kommentarer från seminariedeltagarna.

    Seminarierna dokumenterades och följdes upp med personliga intervjuer i

    form av sju porträtt med fokus på uppfattningar om hållbar utveckling och vilka

    utmaningarna är för samhälle och företag. De sju beskrivningarna och porträtten

    har sedan tillsammans med intryck och observationer vid seminarierna legat

    till grund för fyra kapitel författade av gruppen bakom seminarieserien. Mikael

    Löfström, universitetslektor i företagsekonomi, skriver om gränser för hållbart

    företagande, Karin M. Ekström, professor i företagsekonomi, om innebörden

    och betydelsen av möten, Stefan Eklund, chefredaktör på Borås Tidning, om

    den digitala människan och Björn Brorström, professor i företagsekonomi, om

    den egentliga innebörden av hållbar utveckling. Därefter ombads författaren och

    journalisten Göran Greider att skriva ett slutord baserat på samtliga texter och

    utifrån egna perspektiv på hållbar utveckling.

    Alla dessa delar är samlade i rapporten Hållbar framtid. Den publiceras i Högskolan

    i Borås rapportserie Vetenskap för profession, vars syfte dels är att sprida

    kunskap om resultat av pågående och avslutad forskning vid högskolan, dels medverka

    till debatt om förhållningssätt till utbildning och forskning och högskolors

    och universitets roll och ansvar för en gynnsam samhällsutveckling.

    Denna rapport kommer förhoppningsvis att ligga till grund för diskussioner

    kring innebörden och nödvändigheten av hållbar utveckling i en bred bemärkelse.

  • 190. Brown, Shannon
    et al.
    Ortiz-Catalan, Max
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Petersson, Joel
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Rödby, Kristian
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Seoane, Fernando
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Intarsia-sensorized band and textrodes for real-time myoelectric pattern recognition2016In: Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2016 IEEE 38th Annual International Conference of the, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) , 2016, p. 6074-6077Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Surface Electromyography (sEMG) has applications in prosthetics, diagnostics and neuromuscular rehabilitation. Self-adhesive Ag/AgCl are the electrodes preferentially used to capture sEMG in short-term studies, however their long-term application is limited. In this study we designed and evaluated a fully integrated smart textile band with electrical connecting tracks knitted with intarsia techniques and knitted textile electrodes. Real-time myoelectric pattern recognition for motor volition and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were used to compare its sensing performance versus the conventional Ag-AgCl electrodes. After a comprehending measurement and performance comparison of the sEMG recordings, no significant differences were found between the textile and the Ag-AgCl electrodes in SNR and prediction accuracy obtained from pattern recognition classifiers.

  • 191. Brown, Shannon
    et al.
    Ortiz-Catalan, Max
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Petersson, Joel
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. Högskolan i Borås.
    Rödby, Kristian
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Seoane, Fernando
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Intarsia-Sensorized Band and Textrodes for the Acquisition of Myoelectric Signals2016In: The Second International Conference on Smart Portable, Wearable, Implantable and Disability-oriented Devices and Systems, International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA) , 2016, p. 14-19, article id 2_10_80013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Surface Electromyography (sEMG) has applications in prosthetics, diagnostics and neuromuscular rehabilitation, and has been an increasing area of study. This study attempts to use a fully integrated smart textile band with electrical connecting tracks knitted with intarsia techniques to evaluate the quality of sEMG acquired by knitted textile electrodes. Myoelectric pattern recognition for motor volition and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were used to compare its sensing performance versus the conventional Ag-AgCl electrodes. Overall no significant differences were found between the textile and the Ag-AgCl electrodes in SNR and prediction accuracy obtained from pattern recognition classifiers. On average the textile electrodes produced a high prediction accuracy, >97% across all movements, which is equivalent to the accuracy obtained with conventional gel electrodes (Ag-AgCl). Furthermore the SNR for the Maximum Voluntary Contraction did not differ considerably between the textile and the Ag-AgCl electrodes.

  • 192.
    Brunius, Carl
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lind, Isak
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lowering entry barriers in a digital era: A qualitative study about the Swedish fashion industry’s international expansion with Affiliate Marketing.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The internet and the rise of e-commerce have changed the foundation for how Swedish fashion companies operates. The shift has simplified for businesses to reach foreign customers who are vital for the fashion companies as the Swedish market is too small to nurture all existing companies.

    To expand abroad often requires plenty of resources to overcome structural entry barriers. One marketing tool that Swedish fashion companies have used to avoid high expenditures is Affiliate marketing, a cost-effective digital marketing instrument.

    Therefore, is the purpose of this study to broaden the discussion about Affiliate marketing. Furthermore, this thesis will try to understand how Swedish fashion companies have incorporated Affiliate marketing to overcome market entry barriers.

    The result from the empirical findings gave indications that Affiliate marketing has had an impact on the Swedish fashion companies’ expansion. It was important for the interviewed companies to collaborate with different bloggers and websites, to create a certain awareness about the companies’ products on the new markets. The study also showed that Affiliate marketing could lower entry barriers by itself but also exposes businesses to new barriers as logistic- and payment solutions that must work simultaneously. The outcome of the study shows that it is significantly important for a Swedish fashion company to have a proper logistics- and payment system in place before a company implements Affiliate marketing, as the method will otherwise prove ineffective.

  • 193.
    Brzac, Alisa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hellman, Jessica
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Återetablering av förtroende inom revisionen: Ett aktieägarperspektiv2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The shareholders trust in the auditing process has been affected negatively due to the recent audit scandals. The reliability of the audit has been questioned by the users of the financial statements due to the audit scandals. One of the main scandals during the 2000s is the scandal of HQ- Bank, where the auditor had mismanaged his work and defrauded shareholders and customers. Demands for stricter legislation has been requested because of the scandals. As a result of this, new arrangements in terms of a reform of the EU statutory audit market has been developed. However, there has been disagreements regarding the effectiveness when it comes to fixing the problem. The independence in fact and the independence in appearance has had a major role in this context when it comes to rebuilding strengthen the trust.Purpose: This study aims to deepen the discussion in trust-building actions and examines how the shareholders trust in the audit will be affected by the measures in the reform of the audit market.Methodology: The question is answered through qualitative interviews and appropriate theories to create an accurate picture of the research area. The theories that are selected for the study are the basis for the analysis of the collected dataFindings: The study indicates that the effect of the reform of the audit market will not be obvious, and the question is if it is the right move. The reason for the negative outcome appears to be due to unhealthy relationships based on social mechanisms. Based on this the regulation can be seen as only fulfilling a social function since social mechanisms can be difficult to regulate. It can further be seen as the independence in appearance has played a bigger role than the independence in fact when it comes to establishing the trust. The study finds further problems in the expectation gap in society that shows knowledge gaps regarding the auditor's responsibilities, which the reform of audit market cannot reach. A smoothing of the expectation gap might alleviate the problem as to why the focus should probably be on reducing the gap.Orginality/value: The study has contributed to the discussion regarding trust-building actions within the audit and the reform of the audit markets effect when it comes to influencing the shareholders trust.This thesis will continue in Swedish.

  • 194.
    Brännhult, Anna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Söder, Emelie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Earnings management genom återföring av avsättningar: En studie av noterade bolag på Nasdaq OMX Stockholm2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The financial statements are meant to convey the performance of a company. Companies strive to report high profits in order to safeguard their relationships with stakeholders, which are related to the financial information. Earnings management represents a tool for controlling reported information in a desired direction. It contributes to distortion and reduced credibility of the financial reporting.Former chairman of the U.S. Security and Exchange Commission, Arthur Levitt, states that earnings management is problematic, it’s causing an erosion in the quality of reported earnings and the financial reports. Earnings management involves the use of discretion in order to manipulate the financial information. Provisions, which are based on estimates, create an opportunity for the phenomenon. Provisions can be overstated to provide reserves for future reversals, with the intention to increase reported earnings. Prior research shows that reversals are used more frequently when companies report a loss. It has also been stated that companies use reversals to meet forecasts or to avoid reporting a decline in profits.The purpose of this study is to examine, in the context of earnings management, effects of reversal of provisions on Nasdaq OMX Stockholm Large Cap. This while focusing on reported earnings and earnings targets. Central for this study is the relationship between reported earnings and reversals. It is examined whether provisions are reversed in order to avoid to report a loss or with the aim to reach an earnings target. This will appear in a conclusion whether earnings management occurs or not. Prior researchers have expressed a need for this kind of study, as there are few empirical studies in which reversal of provisions, in the context of earnings management, is examined.The study has a deductive approach and a quantitative method has been applied in order to answer the research questions. The data material consists of 222 annual reports during the period 2010-2015. Relevant financial information has been collected from the annual reports in order to be investigated and analyzed. The data has been tested through statistical correlation tests and the results are analyzed using prior research and the theoretical framework. The theoretical framework consists of positive accounting theory, systems-oriented theories and designed accounting. The study results in a uniform answer. The answers indicate that earnings management through reversal of provisions does not occur on the Nasdaq OMX Stockholm Large Cap. This result is not consistent with prior research.This thesis is written in Swedish.

  • 195.
    Burman, Louise
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Gustafsson, Malin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Mass customisation i modebranschen: Hur mass customisation kan användas som ett konkurrenskraftigt koncept av modeföretag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As a result of a growing demand of fast produced fashion and new trends, it seems as if the consumers' needs are changing continuously. Furthermore, the product development of clothes often take place on expected demand and desires, several months in advance and not on request. The fashion industry faces further issues, for instance the difficulty of producing items with perfect fit and how to optimise inventory. Customisation, and more specifcally mass customisation could be a solution to these issues. It would be a way for companies to offer customised products for the individual consumer, but with a price similar to that of massproduction. Earlier research have claimed that digital technologies can be implemented by companies in combination with mass customisation to make their business more effective. How companies work with acitivites and resources to optimise the business process in-house is called operations management and can be crucial for the survival of a company. The aim of this essay is to understand how companies in the fashion industry can work with customisation and mass customisation with the support of digital technologies in order to be competative. Through working with this concept companies may meet the consumers' need and desires. We have, in the theoretical framework, used a model founded in the five dimensions: quality, speed, dependability, flexibility and cost. With these in mind we have studied three companies working with customisation. By doing that we have come to results showing that the concept of mass mustomisation affects all dimensions, but mostly quality. The concept can be used by companies to offer consumers what they demand when they demand it and thus create competitiveness.

  • 196.
    Burman, Madelene
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Thorell, Madeleine
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    En föränderlig butik: optimering av butikslayout för second hand2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to research how second hand stores can optimize their store layout. The delimitations have been restricted to the exterior, interior, layout and display variables within the design of layout design.

    Second hand is an increasingly growing industry that a lot of people have different opinions about. Attitudes and motives from consumers regarding second hand create a wide customer group and reasons as to why they shop in second hand stores. There are few that studies second hand from a retail perspective and how second hand stores can work to create an attractive store design. Strategies to build a satisfying store layout are mostly intended for traditional retail stores. In what way are these strategies used in second hand today and are there any other factors that play in to part?

    Two second hand chains with different concepts and one vintage chain have been investigated. Through observations of five physical store within the chains and interviews with three of them, the result indicates that second hand stores today begin to approach a traditional method in designing their stores layout. The customers’ attitudes and motive have proven to be a significant aspect to the layout design process.The thesis is written in swedish.

  • 197.
    Bylund, Isabelle
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lindgren, Susanne
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Customer engagement: A study of consumers interaction with fashion brands on social media2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media is widely expanded worldwide with increasing number of users in social networks. Social media allows the consumers to connect directly with companies, which has led to a shift from traditional one-way communication to a two-way communication between both consumer to company and consumer to consumer. A successful two-way communication on social media engages both the consumers and the company. The rise of social media has quickly changed the marketing approach, as it creates new opportunities for the consumer to connect and communicate in a greater rich.

    In a two-way communication, the communication needs to create engagement from the consumers even though the consumer may not want to engage, contributing to a challenge for companies to communicate to customers in order for them to engage. It could be argued that companies should in some way get their customers to be more engaged even though the engagement can generate several outcomes in this complex communication approach. Furthermore, customer engagement could have an impact on the purchase intention for the consumer.

    Therefore, the aim of this thesis is to investigate motives that create customer engagement with fashion brands on social media and the relation between customer engagement motives and purchase intention with a fashion brand.

    According to previous research, personal interest, entertainment, rewards and information acquisition and sharing are the most encouraging motives for customer engagement. Due to that fact, these motives were in focus in the study and the motives were also put in relation to their effect on purchase intention. The research was conducted by a quantitative study through a survey, in order to gather an overviewing perspective in customer engagement on social media towards fashion brands. The sample size reached a valid number of 109 respondents.

    The findings of this thesis give the impression that overall customer engagement is still low even for the investigated motives. This indicates that the respondents do not usually take part of the two-way dialog. The reliability seems to lie with other consumers rather than fashion brands on social media when searching for information. In addition, information acquisition was ranked as the most encouraging motive while personal interest is the motive that most encourage to purchase intention.

  • 198. Bátori, Veronika
    et al.
    Ferreira, Jorge A
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lennartsson, Patrik R
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ethanol and Protein from Ethanol Plant By-Products Using Edible Fungi Neurospora intermedia and Aspergillus oryzae2015In: BioMed Research International, ISSN 2314-6133, E-ISSN 2314-6141, Vol. 2015, no nov23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Feasible biorefineries for production of second-generation ethanol are difficult to establish due to the process complexity. An alternative is to partially include the process in the first-generation plants. Whole stillage, a by-product from dry-mill ethanol processes from grains, is mostly composed of undegraded bran and lignocelluloses can be used as a potential substrate for production of ethanol and feed proteins. Ethanol production and the proteins from the stillage were investigated using the edible fungi Neurospora intermedia and Aspergillus oryzae, respectively. N. intermedia produced 4.7 g/L ethanol from the stillage and increased to 8.7 g/L by adding 1 FPU of cellulase/g suspended solids. Saccharomyces cerevisiae produced 0.4 and 5.1 g/L ethanol, respectively. Under a two-stage cultivation with both fungi, up to 7.6 g/L of ethanol and 5.8 g/L of biomass containing 42% (w/w) crude protein were obtained. Both fungi degraded complex substrates including arabinan, glucan, mannan, and xylan where reductions of 91, 73, 38, and 89% (w/v) were achieved, respectively. The inclusion of the current process can lead to the production of 44,000 m(3) of ethanol (22% improvement), around 12,000 tons of protein-rich biomass for animal feed, and energy savings considering a typical facility producing 200,000 m(3) ethanol/year.

  • 199.
    Bátori, Veronika
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Jabbari, Mostafa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lennartsson, Patrik R.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Zamani, Akram
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Production of Pectin-Cellulose Biofilms: A New Approach for Citrus Waste Recycling2017In: International Journal of Polymer Science, ISSN 1687-9422, E-ISSN 1687-9430, Vol. 2017, p. 1-9, article id 9732329Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While citrus waste is abundantly generated, the disposal methods used today remain unsatisfactory: they can be deleterious for ruminants, can cause soil salinity, or are not economically feasible; yet citrus waste consists of various valuable polymers. This paper introduces a novel environmentally safe approach that utilizes citrus waste polymers as a biobased and biodegradable film, for example, for food packaging. Orange waste has been investigated for biofilm production, using the gelling ability of pectin and the strength of cellulosic fibres. A casting method was used to form a film from the previously washed, dried, and milled orange waste. Two film-drying methods, a laboratory oven and an incubator shaker, were compared. FE-SEM images confirmed a smoother film morphology when the incubator shaker was used for drying. The tensile strength of the films was 31.67 ± 4.21 and 34.76 ± 2.64 MPa, respectively, for the oven-dried and incubator-dried films, which is within the range of different commodity plastics. Additionally, biodegradability of the films was confirmed under anaerobic conditions. Films showed an opaque appearance with yellowish colour.

  • 200.
    Bátori, Veronika
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Mostafa, Jabbari
    Srivastava, Rajiv K.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lennartsson, Patrik R
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Zamani, Akram
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Synthesis and characterization of maleic anhydride-grafted orange waste for potential use in biocomposites2018In: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 4986-4997Article in journal (Refereed)
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