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  • 151.
    Ainamo, Antti
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Svengren Holm, Lisbeth
    Vidinge, Christina
    Gothenburg University.
    Horvath, Dora
    Corvinus University.
    Designers as innovators in organizational contexts: A proposal for a typology2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Task 2.2.2: Developing a Typology of the Roles of Designer and Design Competence in Innovation

    The purpose of this paper is to specify and develop a classifica­tion scheme of the roles of designers­­ in innovation, in particular to how they may contribute to business and economic growth and success. The purpose, in other words, is to make sense of such new concepts in the new and conflated field of innovation and design as “open innovation” and “co-designing” and of how to become an innovative and creative organization that is highly successful; whether talking about in-house designers, hiring design consultancies to work on product or service design or on organizational processes in commercial or public contexts

    Despite a high interest, there has been a paucity of research that would have defined or specified on the basis of case-based evidence, for example, roles that designers and their competence can have as a force for innovation. Such definition is the objective of our research project, Creativity for Growth and Innovation in Europe (Cre8tv.EU), where we define these roles and create a typology for the roles designers and design competence have for innovation and how such design involvement can be harnessed for creating competitive advantage of firms.

  • 152. Akbari, H.
    et al.
    Karimi, K
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Lundin, M
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Optimization of baker's yeast drying in industrial continuous fluidized-bed dryer2012In: Food and Bioproducts Processing, ISSN 0960-3085, E-ISSN 1744-3571, Vol. 90, no 1, p. 52-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Instant active dry baker's yeast is a well-known product widely used for leavening of bread, produced by fermentation, and usually dried by hot air to 94–96% dry matter content. Multi-stage fluidized bed drying process is a commercial effective method for yeast drying. In this work, optimum operating parameters of an industrial continuous fluidized bed dryer for the production of instant active dry yeast were investigated. The dryer contained four zones separated with moving weirs. The operating conditions such as temperature, loading rate of compressed yeast granules, and hot air humidity had direct effects on both yeast activity and viability. The most important factors that affected the quality of the product were loading rate and the operational temperature in each zone on the bed. Optimization was performed for three loading rates of the feed to the dryer, using response surface methodology for the experimental design. The most significant factor was shown to be the loading rate with mean fermentation activity values of 620, 652, and 646 cm3 CO2/h for 300, 350, and 400 kg/h loading rates, respectively. The data analysis resulted in an optimal operating point at a loading rate of 350 kg/h and temperatures of zones 1, 2, 3, and 4 controlled at 33, 31, 31, and 29 °C, respectively. The best activity value was predicted as 668 ± 18 cm3 CO2/h, and confirmation experiments resulted in 660 ± 10 cm3 CO2/h. At the same operating point, the average viability of the cells was predicted as 74.8 ± 3.7% and confirmed as 76.4 ± 0.6%. Compared with the normal operating conditions at the plant, the optimization resulted in more than 12% and 27% improvement in the yeast activity and viability, respectively.

  • 153. Akbari, H.
    et al.
    Karimi, K.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Taherzadeh, M.J.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Optimization of baker´s yeast drying in industrial continuous fluidized-bed dryer2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 154.
    Akinbomi, Julius
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Fermentative hydrogen and methane productions using membrane bioreactors2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of energy as a stimulant for economic growth and environmental sustainabilityof any nation has made the focus on green fuels, including fermentative hydrogen (bioH2) andmethane (bioCH4), to be a priority for the World’s policy makers. Nigeria, as the most populousAfrican country, with worsening energy crisis, can benefit from the introduction of the bioH2 andbioCH4 technologies into the country’s energy mix, since such technologies have the potential ofgenerating energy from organic wastes such as fruit waste.Fruit waste was studied in detail in this work because of its great economic andenvironmental potential, as large quantities of the wastes (10–65% of raw fruit) are generatedfrom fruit consumption and processing. Meanwhile, bioH2 and bioCH4 productions involvinganaerobic microorganisms in direct contact with organic wastes have been observed to result insubstrate and product inhibitions, which reduce the gas yields and limit the application of thetechnologies on an industrial scale. For example, in this study, the first experimental work todetermine the effects of hydraulic retention times and fruit mixing on bioH2 production fromsingle and mixed fruits revealed the highest cumulative bioH2 yield to be equivalent to 30% ofthe theoretical yield. However, combining the fermentation process with the application ofmembrane encapsulated cells and membrane separation techniques, respectively, could reducesubstrate and product inhibitions of the microorganisms. This study, therefore, focused on theapplication of membrane techniques to enhance the yields of bioH2 and bioCH4 productions fromthe organic wastes.The second experimental work which focused on reduction of substrate inhibition,involved the investigation of the effects of the PVDF membrane encapsulation techniques on thebioH2 and bioCH4 productions from nutrient media with limonene, myrcene, octanol and hexanalas fruit flavours. The results showed that membrane encapsulated cells produced bioCH4 fasterand lasted longer, compared to free cells in limonene. Also, about 60% membrane protectiveeffect against myrcene, octanol and hexanal inhibitions was obtained. Regarding bioH2production, membrane encapsulated cells, compared to free cells, produced higher average dailyyields of 94, 30 and 77% with hexanal, myrcene and octanol as flavours, respectively. The finalpart of the study, which was aimed at reducing product inhibition, involved the study of theeffects of membrane permeation of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) on the bioreactor hydrodynamicsin relation to bioH2 production. The investigation revealed that low transmembrane pressure of104Pa was required to achieve a 3L h-1m-2 critical flux with reversible fouling mainly due to cakelayer formation, and bioH2 production was also observed to restart after VFAs removal.The results from this study suggest that membrane-based techniques could improve bioH2and bioCH4 productions from fermentation media with substrate and product inhibitions.

  • 155.
    Akinbomi, Julius
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Brandberg, Tomas
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Sanni, Adebayo
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Development and dissemination strategies for accelerating biogas production in Nigeria2014In: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 5707-5737Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the worsening energy crisis of unreliable electricity and unaffordable petroleum products coupled with the increase number of poverty-stricken people in Nigeria, the populace is desperately in need of cheap alternative energy supplies that will replace or complement the existing energy sources. Previous efforts by the government in tackling the challenge by citizenship sensitization of the need for introduction of biofuel into the country’s energy mix have not yielded the expected results because of a lack of sustained government effort. In light of the shortcomings, this study assesses the current potential of available biomass feedstock for biogas production in Nigeria, and further proposes appropriate biogas plants, depending on feedstock type and quantity, for the six geopolitical zones in Nigeria. Besides, the study proposes government-driven biogas development systems that could be effectively used to harness, using biogas technology, the estimated 270 TWh of potential electrical energy from 181 million tonnes of available biomass, in the advancement of electricity generation and consequent improvement of welfare in Nigeria.

  • 156.
    Akinbomi, Julius
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Brandberg, Tomas
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Sanni, Sikiru A.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Development and Dissemination Strategies for Accelerating Biogas Production in Nigeria2014In: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 9, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the worsening energy crisis of unreliable electricity and unaffordable petroleum products coupled with the increase number of poverty-stricken people in Nigeria, the populace is desperately in need of cheap alternative energy supplies that will replace or complement the existing energy sources. Previous efforts by the government in tackling the challenge by citizenship sensitization of the need for introduction of biofuel into the country’s energy mix have not yielded the expected results because of a lack of sustained government effort. In light of the shortcomings, this study assesses the current potential of available biomass feedstock for biogas production in Nigeria, and further proposes appropriate biogas plants, depending on feedstock type and quantity, for the six geopolitical zones in Nigeria. Besides, the study proposes government-driven biogas development systems that could be effectively used to harness, using biogas technology, the estimated 270 TWh of potential electrical energy from 181 million tonnes of available biomass, in the advancement of electricity generation and consequent improvement of welfare in Nigeria.

  • 157.
    Akinbomi, Julius
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Evaluation of Fermentative Hydrogen Production from Single and Mixed Fruit Wastes2015In: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 8, no 5, p. 4253-4272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The economic viability of employing dark fermentative hydrogen from wholefruit wastes as a green alternative to fossil fuels is limited by low hydrogen yield due to theinhibitory effect of some metabolites in the fermentation medium. In exploring means ofincreasing hydrogen production from fruit wastes, including orange, apple, banana, grapeand melon, the present study assessed the hydrogen production potential of singly-fermentedfruits as compared to the fermentation of mixed fruits. The fruit feedstock was subjected tovarying hydraulic retention times (HRTs) in a continuous fermentation process at 55 °C for47 days. The weight distributions of the first, second and third fruit mixtures were 70%,50% and 20% orange share, respectively, while the residual weight was shared equally bythe other fruits. The results indicated that there was an improvement in cumulativehydrogen yield from all of the feedstock when the HRT was five days. Based on the resultsobtained, apple as a single fruit and a fruit mixture with 20% orange share have the mostimproved cumulative hydrogen yields of 504 (29.5% of theoretical yield) and 513 mL/gvolatile solid (VS) (30% of theoretical yield ), respectively, when compared to other fruits.

  • 158.
    Akinbomi, Julius
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Wikandari, Rachman
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Enhanced Fermentative Hydrogen and Methane Production from an Inhibitory Fruit-Flavored Medium with Membrane-Encapsulated Cells.2015In: Membranes, ISSN 2077-0375, E-ISSN 2077-0375, Vol. 5, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focused on the possibility of improving fermentative hydrogen and methane production from an inhibitory fruit-flavored medium using polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membrane-encapsulated cells. Hexanal, myrcene, and octanol, which are naturally produced in fruits such as apple, grape, mango, orange, strawberry, and plum, were investigated. Batch and semi-continuous fermentation processes at 55 °C were carried out. Presence of 5 g/L of myrcene, octanol, and hexanal resulted in no methane formation by fermenting bacteria, while encapsulated cells in the membranes resulted in successful fermentation with 182, 111, and 150 mL/g COD of methane, respectively. The flavor inhibitions were not serious on hydrogen-producing bacteria. With free cells in the presence of 5 g/L (final concentration) of hexanal-, myrcene-, and octanol-flavored media, average daily yields of 68, 133, and 88 mL/g COD of hydrogen, respectively, were obtained. However, cell encapsulation further improved these hydrogen yields to 189, 179, and 198 mL/g COD. The results from this study indicate that the yields of fermentative hydrogen and methane productions from an inhibitory medium could be improved using encapsulated cells.

  • 159.
    Akmene, Laura
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Erberg, Linda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Trygga Barn: Om förskollärares syn på små barns anknytningsmöjligheter och begränsningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vår studie vill lyfta fram vikten av att arbeta med anknytning i förskolan. Vi har utgått från Bowlbys anknytningsteori och kopplat den till barns utveckling och lärande. Forskningen vi lyft fram visar på hur pedagogerna på förskolan kan arbeta med anknytning i arbetet med barnen. I förskolans läroplan beskrivs att det pedagogiska arbetet ska utgå ifrån varje enskilt barns behov samt präglas av omsorg och barns utveckling och lärande.SyfteSyftet med studien är att undersöka förskollärares syn på anknytning i förskolan.Våra frågeställningar är:● Hur anpassas den pedagogiska verksamheten för att skapa en god anknytning● Vilka organisatoriska anpassningar görs för att skapa en god anknytning.MetodI vår studie har vi använt oss av kvalitativ intervju som metod. Vi intervjuade sammanlagt sex verksamma förskollärare i tre olika kommuner. När vi analyserade och bearbetade vårt material diskuterade vi gemensamt fram ett resultat.ResultatResultatet av studien visar att förskollärarna arbetar med anknytning på olika sätt. De gör olika pedagogiska och organisatoriska anpassningar för att barnen ska få möjlighet till en trygg anknytning på förskolan. Exempel på anpassningar som framkommit i resultatet är användandet av anknytningspedagog, flexibelt schema och noga genomtänkt inskolning. Genom ett medvetet förhållningssätt arbetar pedagogerna för att barnen ska känna sig trygga.

  • 160.
    Akram, Hoger
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kasem, Kani
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    En jämförande studie mellan platsgjuten betongvägg och skalvägg: Kostnad och tid för respektive byggmetod2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis is a comparison between two different construction methods: half shell precast walls and site cast concrete walls. The study has been made for SEFA Betongentreprenad AB who is aiming for the most profitable construction method.The important aspects, which are emphasized in this thesis are costs, time and working environment.The result shows that a building with half shell precast walls is causing increased material cost in the project which also leads to a higher prime cost for the concrete contractor. On the contrary it will require shorter time schedule compared to working with the site concrete wall which the main contractor benefits from, because less time equals decreased overhead cost and management cost. In addition half shell precast walls provides a better working environment compared to site cat concrete walls because less work activities are required at the worksite which also leads to a reduction of accidents.Time and cost is based on unit-time from Nybyggnadslistan 1999 and the price inquiry. To compile the prime cost and time for the total work a careful calculation has been performed in various computer programs so like Bluebem, Wikells and Excel. The survey is based on documentation of a project which includes both a school and student dormitory in Lund.

  • 161.
    Al Dwek, Josef
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Åberg, Alexander
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Belöningssystem som styrmedel för kvalitetsmål: En studie om den svenska telekombranschen2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The telecommunication industry stands before many challenges, the focus in this essay is based on the quality goal challenges. In this study the natural way to explore this challenge is to investigate the employees working with sales in the industry. This essay explores what motivates the employees to work for high quality in the services they provide to the customers. The study focus on the relationship between the leaders and the employees of the industry. This study explore the reward systems and how the systems intend to motivate the employees to reach their goals and if there is any differences in how the goals that tend to be of greater importance to the organizations. In this study both semi-structured interviews as well as a quantitative survey is used to complement each other in order to collect data. The essay is based on different established theories in management, marketing and behaviorist studies. The analysis compared the empirical data with our theories which gave us the conclusion that reward systems in this industry may be misdirected in the case of motivating and rewarding employees to work for quality goals.

  • 162.
    Albanna, Randa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Johansson, Fredrik
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Visualisering för ökad delaktighet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a global world that is constantly evolving and competition hardens, constant improvements havebecome part of everyday life for most companies. Often, improvements are displayed on a board.The board is a good tool for executives to visualize goals for their employees in a simple yeteffective manner. Employees will feel more involved with this tool and participate in the decisionmakingprocess in the business. In addition to the tools that exist, a coaching leadership must alsoexist among leaders, where high quality communication and constructive feedback are somethingthat is part of everyday work. It is a matter of creating a two-way communication consisting oflistening, talk, agreeing and then acting between the parties. Feedback should be individualized aswell as group-adapted to get the best possible results.

  • 163. Albertsson, Anna-Karin
    PLUS ger mer: att samla krafterna!2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    PLUS betyder Projekt för Läsutveckling, Utvärdering och Samverkan. Det handlar om lässtimulerande arbete bland barn från nyfödd upp till 16 år och omfattar alltså alla barn- och skolbibliotekarier i Borås.

  • 164. Albertsson, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Eriksson, Catarina
    Lindwall, Sara
    Ståhl, Malin
    PLUS Borås: Om professionsutveckling och dokumentation2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    PLUS betyder Projekt för Läsutveckling, Utvärdering och Samverkan. Det handlar om lässtimulerande arbete bland barn från nyfödd upp till 16 år och omfattar alltså alla barn- och skolbibliotekarier i Borås. Folkbiblioteken i Borås består av Stadsbiblioteket och nio kommundelsbibliotek. I kommundelarna är skol- och folkbiblioteken samorganiserade eller i nära samverkan. Samtliga högstadieskolor och flera låg- och mellanstadieskolor har fackutbildade bibliotekarier. Alla folkbiblioteksenheter har barnbibliotekarietjänster. Stadsbiblioteket ansvarar för att barnbibliotekarier och skolbibliotekarier träffas regelbundet i sina respektive nätverk. Läsfrämjande arbete bedrivs på alla bibliotek, drygt trettio personer arbetar med det på varsitt håll. Det finns mycket kunskap och gedigen erfarenhet men tid för reflektion och bollande med idéer för inspiration och metodikutveckling är mycket begränsad. Idéer till projektets innehåll baseras i strävan att knyta alla bibliotekarier som arbetar med språk- och läsutvecklingen till en gemensam bas och därmed skapa förutsättningar för ett utvecklingsarbete i hela kommunen.

  • 165. Albertsson, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Eriksson, Catarina
    Löcsey, Kristina
    Ett PLUS i kanten. Läsfrämjandeprojektet i Borås från start till mål. Presentation av rapport och ny unik databas.2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Från start till mål PLUS betyder Projekt för Läsfrämjande, Utveckling och Samverkan. PLUS har medverkat i två tidigare mötesplatskonferenser och kan i år presentera sin slutrapport som innehåller en redogörelse för processen under projekttiden och en utvärdering gjord av högskolan i Borås. PLUS kommer också att visa den unika databas som är utvecklad bland barn- och skolbibliotekarier i Borås.

  • 166. Albertsson, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Löcsey, Kristina
    Sheikholeslami, Shahla
    Bibliotekarien på nya arenor: med språkutveckling och folkhälsoarbete i portföljen. Exempel från Borås2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 167.
    Albertsson, Linn
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ljung, Emelie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Den Moraliska Kompassen – En guide till marknadsföring av välgörenhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous studies have shown an increase in distrust for charities. At the same time the competition has grown among the different charity organizations and has affected the amount of donations given to each individual charity. This has created an advanced requirement on marketing strategies within the industry. Due to the charities reliability on public donations it is concerning when the distrust has increased over the past years. We ask ourselves: can the interest for new marketing strategies be of service to charities, in enabling them to win the public's trust and therefore decrease the possibility for left out donations?Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the different aspects that affect the public's trust toward charity organizations. This will then be our base for analyzing how marketing strategies for charities can contribute to an increased trust.Method: A qualitative research method was used where 21 respondents participated in four focus groups. Respondents were divided into groups by level of commitment to charities and represented different target groups. The empirical data was then analyzed using a content analysis.Results: The most common factors that affected the participants trust for charities was transparency, clarity on the positive effect of the donations, the image that was reflected by organization representatives and personal recommendations. Apart from this it was important that the marketing was effective but under the circumstances of not being projected as too expensive. There was also a difference between the high and low commitment levels which could affect how the charities choose to design their marketing.Conclusion: Charities have the possibility of affecting the public's trust for charities through adjusting their marketing to show transparency of the organization and specifically showing the positive consequences of the donations made. The charities image and personal recommendations effected the delegate’s perception, especially the lower committed groups were affected by this. The marketing channels can be adjusted to fit the target groups, in relation to their commitment to charities.This paper is written in Swedish.

  • 168. Albertsson, P
    et al.
    Emanuelsson, H
    Karlsson, T
    Lamm, C
    Sandén, W
    Lagerberg, G
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Morbidity and use of medical resources in patients with chest pain and normal or near normal coronary arteries. Influences of the diagnostic angiogram1997In: American Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0002-9149, E-ISSN 1879-1913, Vol. 79, no 3, p. 299-304Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To evaluate morbidity and use of medical resources in patients with chest pain and normal or near-normal coronary angiograms: 2,639 consecutive patients who underwent coronary angiograms due to chest pain were registered. Two years thereafter all patients who showed normal or near-normal coronary angiograms were approached with a questionnaire regarding hospitalization during the last 4 years (2 years before and 2 years after angiography). All medical files were also examined. Of the patients who underwent angiography, 163 (6%) had no significant stenoses, and of these, 113 showed complete normal angiograms and 50 showed mild (i.e. <50%) stenoses. During the 2 years before diagnostic angiogram, 66% of the patients were hospitalized compared with only 35% during 2 years after angiography (p <0.001). The reduction in hospitalization was due to curtailed utilization of medical resources for cardiac reasons; mean days in hospital was 6.6 days before angiography versus 2.8 days after (p <0.001). There were no significant differences in hospitalization when comparing patients with mild stenoses and completely normal angiograms. There were, furthermore, no differences between patients with positive or negative exercise tests. Thus, the need for hospitalization is significantly reduced after a diagnostic angiogram reveals normal or near-normal coronary arteries.

  • 169.
    Albertsson, Ylva
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Grönkvist, Erika
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Materialitet och läsinteraktion: En undersökning kring ungdomars attityd till ett e-bokformat kontra tryckt bok2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to study the importance of materiality for the interaction of reading among teenagers, age 15-16. The purpose is also to study if the attitude to the form of e-book versus the printed book differs depending on how comfortable the teenagers are with the activity of reading. The method we have chosen for this study is the form of semi-structured interviews, four with teenagers who are positive to fiction reading and four with teenagers who say they don´t like fiction reading. We analyse the teenagers´answers by looking at some aspects of materiality to see how these aspects affect the interaction of reading.During the interview the respondents were asked to read one chapter of a book on an Ipad and the next chapter in a printed book. Our study shows that materiality is a factor for the interaction of reading and it can lead to different experiences of reading. Some aspects that the respondents mention as important are the amount of text, the typeface and the feeling of holding a book. The ones who are comfortable with the activity of reading claim they would still choose the printed book after reading both on the Ipad and in the printed book. The ones who are less comfortable with reading are more positive to the e-book, than they were before.

  • 170.
    Albin, Evelina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Humila, Magdalena
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Formativ bedömning och dokumentation: Matematiklärares motiv, handlingar och förutsättningar.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund

    Formativ bedömning innebär att bevis för elevers visade kunskaper framkallas och används för att göra anpassningar i undervisningen som gynnar elevernas lärande. Formativ bedömning innefattar också att eleverna delges lärandeintentioner och framgångskriterier, att de får framåtsyftande feedback, att de aktiveras som läranderesurser för varandra samt att de aktiveras som ägare av sin egen kunskap. Det finns flera forskningsöversikter som påvisat att formativa undervisningspraktiker gynnar elevers lärande. Det förekommer också kritik mot dessa forskningsöversikter. Ytterligare forskning har visat att en formativ undervisningspraktik ställer krav på lärares kompetens vad gäller ämnesinnehåll och ämnesdidaktik.

    Syfte

    Syftet var att undersöka hur lärare i årskurs 4-6 tillämpar formativ bedömning och dokumentation i matematikämnet, hur de motiverar denna praktik samt vilka förutsättningar och svårigheter de möter i utövandet av praktiken.

    Metod

    I denna kvalitativa undersökning användes semistrukturerad intervju som verktyg. Informanterna i intervjuerna var yrkesverksamma lärare i en svensk kommun vilka fått löpande fortbildning kring formativ bedömning.

    Resultat

    Undersökningen åskådliggjorde en stor variation av motiv och handlingar lärarna emellan. De för lärarna gemensamma motiven, handlingarna och förutsättningarna åskådliggjorde en komplex verklighet. Till en formativ klassrumspraktik lyfte lärarna klassrumsklimatet som ett motiv men också som en förutsättning som påverkade praktiken. Resultatet tydde också på att lärare som såg undervisning, planering och dokumentation som en sammanhållen helhet också upplevde dokumentationen som en naturlig och inte lika betungande del av sitt arbete. Lärarna uttryckte att de ville utveckla en dokumentationsform som de var bekväma med. Detta var en process som lärarna hade kommit olika långt i.

  • 171.
    Albinsson, Lars
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Citizens´ services: Nordic and Baltic research needs2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What are the key issues in citizen-centric service development that research should address? People engaged in the development of services for citizens, both public and private, in six countries – Iceland, Sweden, Lithuania, Norway, Estonia and Latvia – have participated in half-day workshops during 2008-2009 to discuss the challenges research projects should take on, which output is needed and how to conduct them in order to better help service developers. This work has been a key part of the project “Citizens’ services – Turning Public Private outside in”. In general, the situation in the six countries is very similar and key findings include: • The need to improve cross- and inter-organizational service development. There are too many “silos”. • The need to better engage citizens in service design, to increase the use and effectiveness of services. • The need for more collaborative research projects with researchers, and public and private service developers in an action-oriented and experimental mode.

  • 172.
    Albinsson, Lars
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Det som inte går att ta på2010In: Intangible Artifacts - Handbok för samhällsutvecklare, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 4-5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion till området design av "intangible artifacts"

  • 173.
    Albinsson, Lars
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Framtidens stad formas med hjälp av berättelser2010In: Intangible Artifacts - Handbok för samhällsutvecklare, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 6-9Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Beskrivning av co-design processen för att flytta Malmberget i projekt Nya Gällivare

  • 174.
    Albinsson, Lars
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Från City-Move Interdesign till Nya Gällivare2009In: Om att flytta en stad, SVID , 2009, p. 77-79Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Beskriving av starten av projekt Nya Gällivare, som skall planera Gällivare och Malmberget för gruvans expansion in i samhället

  • 175.
    Albinsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Curtin, Gregory
    Forsgren, Olov
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Wall, Maria
    Creating and Sustaining Successful Knowledge Management in Purposeful Communities2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 176.
    Albinsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Curtin, Gregory
    Forsgren, Olov
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Wall, Maria
    Creating and sustaining successful knowledge management in purposeful communities: summary of key experiences from pioneers2008In: Systems research and behavioral science, ISSN 1092-7026, E-ISSN 1099-1743, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 615-626Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on research organized as a number of workshops, case studies and interviews with experienced practitioners as well as academics, we present in this report the most important findings on how to create and sustain successful knowledge management in a community environment. The cases, workshops and interviews deal specifically with the Microsoft Solutions Sharing Network (SSN) program, but the findings, conclusions and preliminary recommendations can be applied more generally to the development of any knowledge management community. A key conclusion is that the bulk of efforts toward creating successful knowledge management communities focus oil less technical, or softer aspects like leadership, culture, social settings and value of participation. However, these are essential, but not sufficient, ingredients for success. Technical issues, issues regarding development and customization of the tools used to facilitate knowledge management (for example, the SSN web portal), and emerging legal issues surrounding the sharing of intellectual property UP) may be perceived as somewhat less important to the participants, but are nevertheless key factors in the long term success of these communities. It is also concluded that the foundation for successful collaboration is primarily laid in the initial phases of community development. A community must make a positive impression oil its participants from the very beginning because most people will not give it a second chance. In this report we have highlighted three important areas to consider when establishing portals for knowledge management: Leadership, Purpose and Process/Infrastructure. A leadership with high credibility in the subject is needed to lead the participants in the right direction, manage the cultural processes and to make sure that relevant content can be found. Initially it is the content that brings people to a specific community. Thus, there has to be some common purpose that not only needs to be in congruence with the professional role of the participants but also be inspiring for them as well. Additionally, the community should have some sort of process that the participants can understand and suits the way they would like to interact. Face-to-face meetings and networking activities create trust which is important to get the process started. Language, IT platform, support and rules governing the contribution, creation and sharing of 'knowledge' for the community are other concerns that need to be considered within the process. Copyright (c) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • 177.
    Albinsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Curtin, Gregory
    Forsgren, Olov
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Wall, Maria
    The community Triangle- Success factors for leading Purposeful communities2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 178.
    Albinsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Forsgren, Olov
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Co-Design: An approach to border crossing, Network broadband Innovation2008Report (Other academic)
  • 179.
    Albinsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Forsgren, Olov
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Lind, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Towards a Co-Design Approach for Open Innovation2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 180.
    Albinsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Lind, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Forsgren, Olov
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Co-Design: An approach to border crossing, Network Innovation2007In: Expanding the Knowledge Economy: Issues, Applications, Case Studies. Volume 4, Part 1. / [ed] Paul Cunningham, Miriam Cunningham, IOS Press , 2007, p. 977-983Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 181.
    Albinsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Lind, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Forsgren, Olov
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Ozan, Håkan
    Turning the Internet Around: e-Me: The Students Ideal e-Service2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today students, as many other groups of citizens, are offered, indeed required to use, a rapidly increasing number of e-Services. They range from school and course sites to interactions with authorities as well as companies offering student discounts. This paper reports on a pioneering project in Sweden with a radical approach to this, namely to issue the student with a electronic assistant, an e-Me, that schools, authorities and companies are required to address when interacting with the student. A larger number of students and partners, universities, companies and authorities, have been engaged in the design of such an e-Me. It might be thought of as turning the internet around – rather than having students keep track of sites, they will have to come to the students and interact with them in the way specified by them.

  • 182.
    Albinsson, Pia
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Alsin, Erika
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    ”Tjejen är bibliotekarie”: En metaforanalys av biblioteks och bibliotekariers framställning i skönlitteratur för barn2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to examine how libraries and librarians are represented in fiction books for children and to examine the possible implications of these representations. The study is based on an analysis of ten fiction books for children in the 6-12 age group (Hcf-Hcg), and published in Swedish between 2000 and 2016. Metaphor analysis is used as both theory and method, and the empirical material is analysed through close reading. The results are presented in an analytical scheme and model based on quotations from the books.

    The images of libraries and librarians that emerged in this study fit in well with the stereotypical description of librarians found in previous research. Librarians are depicted as having a special relationship with their beloved books, and are often described as proper, emotional, protective and wicked. The library also corroborates stereotypical descriptions found in previous research as boring and dark places, but also as a safe and an important institution that is likened to the Church. The old stereotype of the silent library is not so prevalent in the sample.

    These representations can be seen as conserving stereotype images that have little bearing on the progress of the library and the development of the library profession today. The use of metaphors is an important part of the language and impact on how we perceive the outside world. Metaphor use is a major power factor, and is likely to affect how children perceive the library.

  • 183.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    1944 års utgåva av Svenska kyrkans bekännelseskrifter och debatten om den svenska reformationens särart2016In: Kyrklig rätt och kyrklig orätt: Kyrkorättsliga perspektiv: festskrift till professor Bertil Nilsson / [ed] Martin Berntson & Anna Minara Ciardi, Artos & Norma , 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 184.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Adventism2013In: Nationalencyklopedin (NE.se) :, Malmö: Nationalencyklopedin, 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 185.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Arnold Angenendt, Grundformen der Frömmigkeit im Mittelalter2005In: Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift, ISSN 0085-2619, Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift, ISSN 0085-2619, Vol. 105, no 1Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 186.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Att låna ut en kyrka: Kyrkliga perspektiv på skolavslutningar i kyrkan2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 187.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Avhandlingsresumé2011In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 2011, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 188.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Bengt Ankarloo, Satans raseri2007In: Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift, ISSN 0085-2619, Vol. 107, no 1Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 189.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Bredda rekryteringen till kyrkans utbildningar2018In: Kyrkans tidning, ISSN 1651-405X, Vol. 16, p. 33-33Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 190.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Bridging the gap between academic cultures of teaching: Ethics, Particularity and Interdisciplinarity in Academic Development Programmes2015In: Högskolepedagogiska texterArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to construct an ethical position of Academic Development Programmes where managerial, top-down principles, are rejected because of the disciplinary resistance such positions bring in the reluctance of recognising existing teaching practices. Instead a focus on particularity through the acceptance of professional difference in an interdisciplinary dialogue is put forward where comparative didactics and interfaith dialogue bring new abilities for university teachers to become better practitioners within their own fields of teaching.

  • 191.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    David F. Ford, The Future of Christian Theology2011In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 87, no 3Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 192.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Didactic Reasoning in Academic Teacher Development: Towards a New Understanding of Teacher Training for Academics2015In: Högskolepedagogiska texterArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Academic teacher development is an educational meeting place for academics already practising the art of teaching. Yet, it is in courses for this development that academics are supposed to be taught how to teach and how to improve their teaching skills. In my article I propose a new conceptual methodological framework for teaching teachers how to teach – Didactic Reasoning. Its foundation can be traced to pragmatist philosophy and interfaith dialogue in theology. The key aspect of Didactic Reasoning is to make university teachers better teachers by the development of a didactic voice and the courage to try this voice in teaching activities. This is done through intersubjective meetings between academics to develop a respect for the ‘teaching-other’ in their colleagues and through the use of practice-focused themed conversations led by teacher educators.

  • 193.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Eamon Duffy, Fires of Faith2011In: Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift, ISSN 0085-2619, Vol. 111, no 1Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 194.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Eamon Duffy, Marking the Hours2008In: Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift, ISSN 0085-2619, Vol. 108, no 1Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 195.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Equmenia2014In: Nationalencyklopedin (NE.se) :, Malmö: Nationalencyklopedin, 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 196.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Equmeniakyrkan2014In: Nationalencyklopedin (NE.se) :, Malmö: Nationalencyklopedin, 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 197.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Evaluating e-Learning: Guiding Research and Practice. By Rob Phillips, Carmel McNaught, and Gregor Kennedy2013In: Teaching Theology and Religion, ISSN 1368-4868, Vol. 16, no 1Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 198.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Fem källor från den svenska reformationstiden i Finland. Viisi Ruotsinreformaatioajan lähdettä Suomessa, Terhi Kiiskinen red./toim2012In: Mirator, ISSN 1457-2362, E-ISSN 1457-2362, Vol. 13Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 199.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Frågebaserad professionsetik eller etiska riktlinjer i högre utbildning?: Fungerar SULF:s yrkesetiska riktlinjer i relation till breddad rekrytering och deltagande, eller är det dags för en ny form av yrkesetik i högre utbildning?2016In: Högre Utbildning, ISSN 2000-7558, E-ISSN 2000-7558, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 109-119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna artikel är dels att undersöka hur den existerande professionsetiken ser ut för universitetslärare idag, 2016, dels att pröva utforma en ny, frågebaserad professionsetik, som istället för riktlinjer utgår ifrån de didaktiska frågorna hur, vad, varför och vem? Som en grund för artikeln står dels SULF:s etiska riktlinjer från 2005 för universitetslärare, dels den problematik som breddad rekrytering innebär vad gäller studenters prestationer och förutsättningar till studier. Stora brister identifieras i SULF:s etiska riktlinjer, framför allt vad gäller synen på svaga studenter och lärarens roll att hjälpa studenterna att nå godkända betyg i sin universitetsutbildning. För att ge universitetslärare den etiska assistans som SULF:s riktlinjer talar om, behövs en ny ansats till professionsetiken i högre utbildning. En konsekvens av denna slutsats är därför artikelns konceptuella modell för en ny professionsetik för universitetslärare som benämns som frågebaserad etik där universitetsläraren inte bara grundar sin reflektion om undervisning i etiska ställningstaganden utan även låter denna reflektion mynna ut i pedagogisk handling med hjälp av de didaktiska frågorna ”Vad utgör undervisningens innehåll?”, ”Hur väljs undervisningens metod ut?”, ”Varför bedrivs undervisningen?”, samt ”Vem deltar i undervisningen”. Svaren på dessa frågor är, enligt modellen, universitetslärarens egna, och är alla beroende av etisk reflektion för att kunna formuleras och realiseras.

  • 200.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Högskolepedagogik som motstånd och anpassning i historia, nutid och framtid2013In: Högre Utbildning, ISSN 2000-7558, E-ISSN 2000-7558, Vol. 3, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Denna artikel är en reflektion över högskolepedagogikens historia, nutid och framtid. I den identifieras två strategier som kan ses som syftet med en högskolepedagogisk utbildning för universitetslärare: motstånd mot negativa konsekvenser av den oerhörda förändring som skett av universiteten de senaste decennierna, samt anpassning till en överlevnad och sökandet efter styrka i dessa förändringar. Artikeln för även fram en framtidsvision om en starkare skrågemenskap inom universitetslärarkåren med fokus på lärarskap genom empatisk dialog snarare än negativt ifrågasättande. På så sätt skulle de olika vetenskapsdisciplinerna tillsammans utgöra kärnan i reflektionen och agerandet för en fortsatt högskolepedagogisk utbildning för universitetslärare. Disciplinerna kan liknas vid dialekter inom ett språk – hög-skolepedagogik. På samma sätt som ingen enskild dialekt kan definiera hela språket, är det i den disciplinära mångfalden som högskolepedagogiken skapas och där den hämtar styrka för motstånd och anpassning.

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