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  • 12001.
    Milad, Asadi Miankafshe
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. University of Borås.
    Bashir, Tariq
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    The role and importance of surface modification of polyester fabrics by chitosan and hexadecylpyridinium chloride for the electrical and electro-thermal performance of graphene-modified smart textiles2019In: New Journal of Chemistry, ISSN 1144-0546, E-ISSN 1369-9261, Vol. 17, no 43, p. 6643-6658, article id 10.1039/c8nj05445bArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Graphene has the potential to create highly valuable electrical conductive textile systems with maintained pliability and psychological comfort. There have already been numerous studies regarding electrically functionalized graphene-coated textiles. However, processing development is far from being exhausted. Here we have studied electro-thermal textiles based on the most common fibers, polyester, and an industry-relevant graphene impregnation method by introducing surface pre-modification of fabrics for graphene-modified textile processing. For this purpose, polyester fabrics were treated with four different cationic agents and impregnated with graphene oxide (GO) colloidal particles. Then, direct chemical reduction of GO to an electrically conductive graphene oxide (rGO) was performed. A pristine fabric modified by rGO showed a high resistance of 27.3 kΩ □−1 without any electro-thermal activity, whilst chitosan-treated (CS) and hexadecylpyridinium chloride-treated (HDPC) fabrics had resistance values of 2.7 and 0.59 kΩ □−1 respectively, and excellent heat propagation with a good temperature distribution. The steady-state temperature of CS-treated and HDPC-treated fabrics increased from 28 °C and 33 °C to 60 °C and 120 °C, respectively, as the voltage applied increased from 10 V to 30 V. These rGO-modified fabrics also have excellent electro-mechanical performance, and are good candidates for flexible strain sensor applications.

  • 12002.
    Milad, Asadi Miankafshe
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. University of Borås.
    Bashir, Tariq
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    The role and optimization of cationic agents for adhesion and electrical conductivity of graphene-coated e-textiles2018Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Textiles with electrical properties, known as e-textiles, are realized by different methods. Among these, graphene-coated textiles have attracted great attention due to its multifunctional properties such as being flexible lightweight; and offering interesting optical and electrical properties. While Aqueous dispersion of graphene oxide (GO) could be prepared and applied as a dye to textiles via a simple and cost-effectivene dip-coating method. Moreover, the GO could be reduced to graphene directly on the surface of the textiles. However, the GO flakes do not adhere properly to most textiles at any pH values probably because of electrostatic repulsion between the particles and the textile substrate as both the aqueous solution of GO and most textiles carry negative surface charges. Though, GO flakes could be easily assembled on a positively charged surface. Therefore, textiles need to be cationized before the dip-coating in the GO dispersion. In this work a number of both organic and inorganic cationic agents such as chitosan, Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride), Hexadecylpyridinium chloride, and Polyethylenimine are applied to the textiles before the coating process. Further on the so formed systems are characterized by scanning electron microscopy, FT-IR measurement, four-terminal sensing surface resistance measurement, diffusion reflection spectroscopy, electro-thermal analysis, and electro-mechanical analysis. The results display the fact that utilizing an appropriate cationic agent not only enhances the absorption of GO onto the textile surfaces but also play a critical role for the electrical conductivities and electro-thermal properties of the coated fabrics, with values varying between 12 to 0.6 kΩ.cm-1.

  • 12003.
    Mild, Lars
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Förändringsvillkor och förändringsambitioner inom folkbiblioteken. En samtidshistorisk studie med fokus på de tre GÖK-biblioteken under två decennier2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Master thesis focuses on change conditions and change ambitions in Swedish public libraries. I have chosen to focus on three libraries that participated in a much-debated developmental project sponsored by the Swedish Arts Council almost twenty years ago. The aim of the project was to enhance service-quality, increase user-influence over media acquisition and library routines, and to redefine the concept of quality in the library context. I have made comparisons of the conditions and change ambitions between the project period 1991-1994 and present day 2009. To do this I have analyzed the evaluations of the above-mentioned project and the developmental plans that every municipality in Sweden is required to write according the library-law of 2004. I have also taken into account the major changes in information technology, new legislation of relevance to Swedish libraries and restrictions put upon libraries as a consequence of the decline in the public economy. I have related the change ambitions during the two periods studied to the discourse typology developed by Hedemark, Hedman and Sundin (2005). My main finding is that the focus of the libraries during the project time was on an information management discourse. This is also the case in present day but is now supplemented by an information technology discourse. The alleged concept of quality is no longer based of traditional values but on user demands. To some extent and in relation to minority groups and parents of small children one can still see remains of a general education discourse.

  • 12004.
    Mild, Ulrika
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Musik på Internet framtiden för bibliotekens musikavdelningar?2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to discuss the possibilities of, and interest in, a digital download service at the music departments of the libraries. I chose to conduct my study at the city library of Gothenburg. I studied the legal download services that exist today and I did a statistical survey among the users of the music department, followed up by interviews to see how they took to the idea. From the inquiry I learned that a majority of the users was negative to having a digital service replacing the physical department, although a majority was positive to try a digital service. I also used the inquiry to compare the reasons for downloading music to the reasons for borrowing records from the library, but there was no significant difference. Through the interviews I identified the two different ways to search for music that the services represented. This difference, along with the fact that many citizens dont have the proper access to an Internet service of this kind suggests that a transition at the moment to a digital service would be too soon. Until people have proper access and the search issues can be resolved, smaller services can be a good place to start for both the libraries and the users. When these problems are resolved, the libraries have the chance to give their users a considerably larger music library to choose from through cooperation with the large legal downloading services run by the record companies.

  • 12005.
    Milesic, Dragana
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Peters, Erika
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    The practice of compromise: Intensivvårdssjuksköterskors upplevelser av att arbeta i en IVA-modul2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste åren har forskning runt miljöns betydelse för patientens välbefinnande och tillfrisknande tagit fart. Medvetenhet om närståendes betydelse för den kritiskt sjuke har också ökat. Detta har gjort att de befintliga flerpatientrummen är i behov av renovering för att göra plats för närstående som är allt mer närvarande på rummet. Forskningen har visat att genom att vårdas i enpatientrum kan patienten få mera ro och förbättrad sömn. Förekomst av delirium minskar och smittspridningen blir lägre. Dock finns det negativa aspekter av enpatientrum som ger en ökad kostnad och kräver mer personal – något som kan bidra till att det inte byggs i lika stor utsträckning som behovet finns.

    Den aktuella studien är genomförd på en IVA som har byggts om till modulsystem, där två enpatientrum kopplas samman med hjälp av en skjutdörr. Syftet med studien var att beskriva sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att arbeta i en IVA-modul.  Information samlades in med hjälp av en kvalitativ forskningsintervju där tio sjuksköterskor intervjuades. Datamaterialet granskades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Samtliga sjuksköterskor var nöjda med att arbeta i modul. Rummens storlek och utformning uppskattades. De intervjuade upplevde dock att genom att vårda två patienter men i olika rum kunde de förlora kontroll vilket kunde skapa stress. Grundbemanningen där en sjuksköterska och en undersköterska ansvarar för två kritiskt sjuka patienter tycktes oftast inte räcka till då det kunde vara svårt att få hjälp av kollegor. Denna modullösning upplevdes som en bra kompromiss till flerpatientrum. En viktig slutsats är att modullösningar kräver mer personal och ställer högre krav på kommunikation samt samarbete personalen emellan.

  • 12006.
    Millander, Gun
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Persson, Ann-Christine
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Lindhagenska biblioteket, Bredgården, Åsunden: en katalogisering och klassificering1982Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta specialarbete finns en stor del av det Lindhagenska biblioteket katalogiserat och klassificerat. Boksamlingen tillhör Rut och Sten Lindhagen på Bredgården intill Åsunden strax utanför Ulricehamn. Drygt 500 böcker är medtagna, omfattande tiden från ungefär 1500 till år 1900. De äldre verken är oftast på latin medan de senare mestadels är på franska och svenska. Huvuddelen av bokbeståndet upptas av filosofi, historia, juridik, religion och skönlitteratur.

  • 12007.
    Millati, R.
    et al.
    Dept. Chem. Eng. and Environ. Sci., Chalmers University of Technology.
    Edebo, L.
    Department of Clinical Bacteriology, Göteborg University.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Performance of Rhizopus, Rhizomucor, and Mucor in ethanol production from glucose, xylose, and wood hydrolyzates2005In: Enzyme and microbial technology, ISSN 0141-0229, E-ISSN 1879-0909, Vol. 36, no 2-3, p. 294-300Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In searching for ethanol producing microorganisms also capable of fermenting pentoses, nine zygomycetes strains including three strains of Rhizopus oryzae, Mucor corticolous, M. hiemalis, M. indicus, Rhizomucor pusillus, R. miehei, and zygomycete IT were examined. Each strain was cultivated on glucose, xylose or dilute-acid hydrolyzate (DAH) as carbon sources, and the production of ethanol, lactic acid, glycerol, xylitol, and succinic acid were investigated. Great similarities but also conspicuous differences were seen between the species, to some extent linked to the genera. All strains were capable of growing on glucose or xylose as single carbon source. With the exception of the two Rhizomucor strains, all produced ethanol. All the strains produced glycerol as by-product, while Rhizopus and Rhizomucor but not Mucor produced lactic acid in significant amounts. All Mucor and Rhizopus strains and one strain of Rhizomucor produced xylitol in the xylose medium, but no xylitol was detected after growth on DAH. All Mucor and two R. oryzae strains were capable of growing on DAH. Two Mucor species, M. hiemalis and M. indicus showed greater ethanol production than the other strains. The ethanol yields by M. hiemalis on glucose, xylose, and DAH were 0.39, 0.18, and 0.44 g/g, respectively, whereas the corresponding results for M. indicus were 0.39, 0.22, and 0.44 g/g. The strains also rapidly consumed hydroxymethyl furfural present in DAH.

  • 12008. Millati, R.
    et al.
    Karimi, K.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Edebo, L.
    Niklasson, C.
    Taherzadeh, M.J.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Ethanol production from xylose and wood hydrolyzate by Mucor indicus at different aeration rates2008In: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 1020-1029Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The fungus Mucor indicus is able to produce ethanol from xylose as well as dilute-acid lignocellulosic hydrolyzates. The fungus completely assimilated 10 g/L xylose as the sole carbon and energy source within 32 to 65 h at an aeration rate of 0.1 to 1.0 vvm. The highest ethanol yield was 0.16 g/g at 0.1 vvm. Xylitol was formed intermediately with a maximum yield of 0.22 g/g at 0.5 vvm., but disappeared towards the end of experiments. During cultivation in a mixture of xylose and glucose, the fungus did not assimilate xylose as long as glucose was present in the medium. The anaerobic cultivation of the fungus in the hydrolyzate containing 20% xylose and 80% hexoses resulted in no assimilation of xylose but complete consumption of the hexoses in less than 15 h. The ethanol yield was 0.44 g/g. However, the xylose in the hydrolyzate was consumed when the media were aerated at 0.067 to 0.333 vvm. The best ethanol yield was 0.44 g/g at 0.067 vvm. The results of this study suggest that M. indicus hydrolyzate can be first fermented anaerobically for hexose assimilation and subsequently continued under oxygen-limited conditions for xylose fermentation.

  • 12009. Millati, R
    et al.
    Mustikaningrum, G
    Yuliana, A
    Cahyanto, M N
    Niklasson, C
    Taherzadeh, M J
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    2nd Generation Ethanol by Zygomycetes Fungi at Elevated Temperature2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Seven zygomycetes tempe isolates were screened for ethanol production at 40oC, 45oC, 50oC. All the isolates were able to produce ethanol at 40oC and three isolates were able to produce ethanol at 45oC. The corresponding ethanol yields were 0.39-0.47 g/g on glucose and 0.22- 0.26 g/g on glucose. No isolate could grow and produce ethanol at 50oC. One isolate was selected and used for ethanol production from untreated and fungal-pretreated oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB), untreated and fungal-pretreated oat straw as well as Avicel by nonisothermal simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (NSSF). This NSSF included hydrolysis with cellulase and -glucosidase for 24 h at 45oC, followed by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation with the selected isolate at 40oC for 96 h. The NSSF of untreated and fungal-pretreated OPEFB, untreated and fungal-pretreated oat straw, and Avicel resulted in 14.10%, 14.25%, 27.28%, 49.88%, and 63.77% ethanol compared to the theoretical yield.

  • 12010.
    Millati, R.
    et al.
    Department of Chemical Reaction Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology.
    Niklasson, C.
    Department of Chemical Reaction Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    Department of Chemical Reaction Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology.
    Effect of pH, time and temperature of overliming on detoxification of dilute-acid hydrolyzates for fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae2002In: Process Biochemistry, ISSN 1359-5113, E-ISSN 1873-3298, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 515-522Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of different variables in detoxification of a severely inhibiting dilute-acid hydrolyzate by overliming were investigated. Overliming was carried out by increasing the pH to 10, 11 or 12 at two different temperatures, 25 and 60 °C, holding the pH and temperature at constant values for different periods of time, 0, 1, 20 and 170 h, and then adjusting the pH to 5.5. All hydrolyzates were then fermented in batch cultivation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae in shake flasks, whereupon one was then selected for continuous cultivation in a bioreactor. The most significant effect of overliming was a sharp decrease in the concentration of furfural and hydroxymethylfurfural, whereas the concentration of acetic acid remained unchanged and the decrease in the total phenolic compounds was less than 30%. Detoxification at pH 12 for more than 1 h was effective, whereas no effect was obtained at pH 10 and the hydrolyzates had to remain at pH 11 for more than 20 h to become fermentable. On the other hand, decrease in sugar concentration during overliming was a serious problem at pH 12, especially at the higher temperature, where up to 70% sugars were degraded. The fermentability of a detoxified hydrolyzate was also tested in a continuous cultivation by immobilized S. cerevisiae in Ca-alginate. The hydrolyzate was fully fermentable at different dilution rates between 0.2 and 1.0 h-1. 

  • 12011.
    Millati, Ria
    et al.
    Gadjah Mada University.
    Lukitawesa, Lukitawesa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Permanasari, E D
    Gadjah Mada University.
    Sari, K W
    Gadjah Mada University.
    Cahyanto, M N
    Gadjah Mada University.
    Niklasson, Claes
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Anaerobic digestion of citrus waste using two-stage membrane bioreactor2018In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2018, Vol. 316, article id 012063Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anaerobic digestion is a promising method to treat citrus waste. However, the presence of limonene in citrus waste inhibits anaerobic digestion process. Limonene is an antimicrobial compound and could inhibit methane forming bacteria that takes a longer time to recover than the injured acid forming bacteria. Hence, volatile fatty acids will be accumulated and methane production will be decreased. One way to solve this problem is by conducting anaerobic digestion process into two stages. The first step is aimed for hydrolysis, acidogenesis, and acetogenesis reactions and the second stage is aimed for methanogenesis reaction. The separation of the system would further allow each stage in their optimum conditions making the process more stable. In this research, anaerobic digestion was carried out in batch operations using 120 ml-glass bottle bioreactors in 2 stages. The first stage was performed in free-cells bioreactor, whereas the second stage was performed in both bioreactor of free cells and membrane bioreactor. In the first stage, the reactor was set into 'anaerobic' and 'semi-aerobic' conditions to examine the effect of oxygen on facultative anaerobic bacteria in acid production. In the second stage, the protection of membrane towards the cells against limonene was tested. For the first stage, the basal medium was prepared with 1.5 g VS of inoculum and 4.5 g VS of citrus waste. The digestion process was carried out at 55°C for four days. For the second stage, the membrane bioreactor was prepared with 3 g of cells that were encased and sealed in a 3×6 cm2polyvinylidene fluoride membrane. The medium contained 40 ml basal medium and 10 ml liquid from the first stage. The bioreactors were incubated at 55°C for 2 days under anaerobic condition. The results from the first stage showed that the maximum total sugar under 'anaerobic' and 'semi-aerobic' conditions was 294.3 g/l and 244.7 g/l, respectively. The corresponding values for total volatile fatty acids were 3.8 g/l and 2.9 g/l, respectively. Methane production of citrus waste taken from the first stage under 'anaerobic' condition in membrane and free-cells bioreactors was 11.2 Nml and 7.2 Nml, respectively. Whereas, methane production of citrus waste taken from the first stage under 'semi-aerobic' condition in membrane and free-cells bioreactors was 8.8 Nml and 5.7 Nml, respectively. It can be seen from the results of the first stage that volatile fatty acids from 'anaerobic' condition was higher than that of 'semi-aerobic' condition. The absence of oxygen provides the optimal condition for growth and metabolism of facultative and obligatorily anaerobic bacteria in the first stage. Furthermore, polyvinylidene fluoride membrane was able to protect the cells from antimicrobial compounds.

  • 12012. Millati, Ria
    et al.
    Wikandari, Rachma
    Trihandayani, Elisabeth Titik
    Nur Cahyanto, Muhammad
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Niklasson, Claes
    Ethanol from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch via Dilute-Acid Hydrolysis and Fermentation by Mucor indicus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae2011In: Agricultural Journal, ISSN 1994-4616, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 54-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (OPEFB) was hydrolyzed in a one-stage hydrolysis using dilute-sulfuric acid (0.2, 0.8%) at 170-230°C with a holding time of 5 and 15 min. The maximum yield of xylose was 135.94 g kg-1 OPEFB, obtained at 0.8% acid, 190°C and 5 min. The maximum yield of glucose was 62.70 g kg-1 OPEFB, obtained at 0.8% acid, 210°C and 5 min. Based on these results, two-stage hydrolysis was performed to produce hydrolyzates for the fermentation process. Hydrolyzate from the first stage was fermented by Mucor indicus while the hydrolyzate from the second stage was fermented by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The corresponding ethanol yields were 0.45 and 0.46 g ethanol g-1 sugar consumed.

  • 12013.
    Millby, Theresia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    To Swenglish or Not to Swenglish: kodväxlingens olika funktioner i engelskundervisningen i grundskolans senare år2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning: Det har länge rått en osämja bland språkdidaktiker om huruvida förstaspråket och kodväxling bör tillåtas i inlärningen av ett främmandespråk. Vissa hävdar att dess inkludering hämmar elevers möjligheter att utveckla en god språklig förmåga, medan andra menar att dessuteslutande riskerar att exkludera elever vars språkförmåga är outvecklad. Denna osämja bidrar till en försvårad undervisningssituation för pedagoger och försämrade utvecklingsmöjligheterför elever.

    Syfte: Syftet med föreliggande studie är att belysa kodväxlingens olika funktioner i engelskundervisningen i årskurs 7–9.

    Metod: För att nå studiens syfte kombinerades mikroetnografiska observationer medsemistrukturerade intervjuer. Tre pedagoger deltog i studien och varje pedagog observerades i interaktion med elever vid två tillfällen varpå de intervjuades.

    Resultat: Studien visar att förstaspråket och kodväxling har flera funktioner inom engelskundervisningen. Genom att kodväxla kan elever få sina kunskaper bekräftade, varpå förtydliganden kan ges om så behövs. Därtill indikerar resultatet att förstaspråket ger eleverna en trygghet i sin språkutveckling i de fall den språkliga förmågan på målspråket brister och ger pedagoger möjligheter att skapa gemensamma referensramar för eleverna att bygga sinakunskaper på.

  • 12014.
    Milleding, Linda
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Skoglund, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Det oförutsägbara vårdandet: En integrativ litteraturstudie om hotfulla och våldsamma vårdmöten prehospitalt2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ambulanssjukvård bedrivs i ett samhällsklimat där hot och våld har blivit både en vardaglig del i vårdarbetet och ett arbetsmiljöproblem för ambulanspersonalen. Internationella studier tyder på att hot och våld mot ambulanspersonal är ett omfattande problem. Studiens syfte är att granska samlad kunskap angående ambulanspersonalens erfarenheter av hotfulla och våldsamma vårdmöten. En integrativ litteraturstudie valdes som metod och 27 artiklar och studier inkluderades. Den tematiska innehållsanalysen resulterade i två teman; Utsatthet och Säkerhetsmedvetenhet.

    Resultatet visar att hot och våld påverkar ambulanspersonalen känslomässigt, skapar distans mellan vårdare och patient och gör att omvårdnaden påverkas eller uteblir. Tidigare erfarenheter av hot och våld höjer ambulanspersonalens säkerhetsmedvetenhet men tycks även leda till en ökad acceptans, att hotfulla och våldsamma vårdmöten är en del av arbetet. Ibland måste ambulanspersonalen tillkalla polis och resultatet visar att det både möjliggör och hindrar omvårdad av patienter i hotfulla och våldsamma situationer. Utvecklingen inom ambulansen går mot mer ensamarbete och det finns en diskussion kring om ambulanspersonalen ska bära skyddsutrustning. Hotfulla och våldsamma vårdmöten kan därför både ses som ett arbetsmiljöproblem och en fråga om patientsäkerhet.

  • 12015.
    Millegård, Jessica
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kurzbach, Sven
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Internal logistics: Optimizing the flow of goods with milk runs2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's world the challenge of logistics becomes more and more important for all

    companies, which consequently contributes to the need of an integrated system of in-house

    logistics. Goods must flow easily between stations and departments in order to achieve the

    best utilization of transportation as well as maintaining a good distribution structure to handle

    these processes in an efficient and effective way to enhance business performance and

    competitiveness. This report aims to provide research on how to strategically organize, plan

    and structure the flow of internal logistics within an organization. The research in this study

    originates from 3 main methods, a theoretical review, a case study and a benchmark. The

    main idea of the thesis was to contribute with scientific knowledge of improvements that can

    be achieved within internal logistics targeting companies operating within the service sector.

    In order to understand the scope of the problem the current state at the case Tropical Islands

    was analysed and served to identify areas where possible improvements could be achieved.

    Further on, in combination with the theory and empirical findings the main conclusions of the

    thesis was the need to strategically organize the flow of internal logistics to improve

    efficiency and enhance competitiveness. It was made evident that planning is essential in

    order to successfully implement the milk runs. Other tools could be utilized to further

    eliminate drawbacks that might occur.

  • 12016.
    Milton da Silva, Jenny
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Promotion of Hope: In critically ill patients in Indonesia2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Indonesia is a developing country with diversity in cultures, religions and landscape. The country has the fourth biggest population in the world, spread over the world’s largest archipelagic country with more than 18 000 islands. Health care is slowly improving but still there is a problem in reaching people due to the cultural, financial and political situation. This study asks nurses how they can promote hope in patients that are critically ill, cared for in an intensive care unit in Indonesia. The intensive care unit patient is often very sick, sedated, intubated, monitored with many interventions and unable to communicate with the world other than through interpreted signs to and from the nurse. It is possible that it is difficult for the patient to address what or who helps him/her to develop any kind of hope in this situation. Five specialized intensive care nurses from two different intensive care wards were interviewed according to a qualitative approach with open-ended questions. The respondents each had more than 10 years of experience and consisted of both females and males. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed according to a content analysis (Lundman & Hällgren Granheim, 2008), with categories and sub categories as a result. The interviews showed that the nurses influence hope by using much interaction with both the patient and the family. The factors of family and religion showed however an interesting and very important role in how the nurses could reach the patient and his/her subjective wish for hopes. There is literature that supports the findings in the study but still the result can be discussed, as it was a single researcher with a small number of respondents using an interpreter.

  • 12017.
    MIMMIE, KLÖFVER
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Avtryck2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Måste man synas för att vara någon? Om jag smälter in, finns jag då inte?I sagornas värld är allt tillåtet, allt är möjligt. I Avtryck utmanar jag mitt kollektionstänk och jag skapar en gränsöverskridande textilkollektion. Jag utformar textilier ämnade till tre olika produkter, ett plagg, ett möbeltyg och ett digitaltryck som en fond. Målet är att sammanföra produkterna och skapa en helhet. Likt en fabel vill jag belysa ett ämne på ett lättsamt sätt i min formgivning. Jag arbetar med hur textila mönster och strukturer på en kropp förhåller sig till andra former och ytor i en rumslighet.

  • 12018.
    Minhas, Frida
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Memic, Mersiha
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    The fast fashion phenomenon: Luxury fashion brands responding to fast fashion2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis has been to study, describe and analyze how luxury fashion brands have responded to fast fashion. Background: It has been stated that the life of luxury fashion brands has become more difficult since the proliferation of fast fashion brands. The Italian luxury fashion designer Giorgio Armani has said that "Fast fashion is a growing reality in our sector". Anna Wintour, the editor-in-chief of American Vogue has credited Zara for creating a ‘seasonless cycle for fashion’. Fast fashion brands such as H&M, Zara, Mango and Topshop have through interpreting catwalk trends with a speedy time-to-market been extremely successful at attracting the fashion conscious consumer. Even loyal high-end customers have started to mix their luxury fashion with fast fashion. Luxury fashion brands once dismissed the fast fashion brands as irrelevant to their high-end business, which however have started to drain away sales from the luxury fashion brands. Method: A qualitative research approach was taken to meet the purpose of collecting the relevant data. An interview was made with PR and Marketing Manager at Group 88, Robert Meeder who manages brands such as Gucci, Burberry and Bottega Veneta in Copenhagen. We also did a content analysis on articles collected that address the issue of how different luxury fashion brands have responded to fast fashion for the empirical study. Conclusion: Luxury fashion brands have responded to fast fashion by inclining towards the fast fashion model or reacting against it. Some of the reactions have been to offer lower priced lines under their own sub-brands. They have also allowed their customers to buy products during online webcasts in order to ensure early deliveries. Improvements have been made within logistics in order to speed up the time-to-market. The luxury fashion brands are also working more ‘seasonless’ than before and focusing on their heritage to portray a slower and more indulgent image to the consumer.

  • 12019.
    Minin, Ingmarie
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Mohamed, Hayat Hanan
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Upplevelser av hjärtinfarkt hos kvinnor i det akuta skedet: En litteraturstudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sjukdomar i hjärtats kranskärl och dess komplikationer förorsakar 23% av alla dödsfall hos kvinnor i Sverige där akut hjärtinfarkt ensam står för 6% av fallen. Atypiska och diffusa symtom är en av orsakerna till att kvinnor med hjärtinfarkt inte alltid kommer till sjukhus i tid. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att belysa kvinnors upplevelser av hjärtinfarkt i det akuta skedet. Vi vill även få klarhet i varför kvinnor ofta väntar med att söka vård och dessutom riskerar att inte bli tagna på allvar. Vi har valt metod i form av en litteraturstudie där vi analyserar kvalitativ forskning som bygger på nio vårdvetenskapliga artiklar. I vårt resultat kom vi fram till följande teman och subteman: Kvinnor söker inte vård i tid, Tar inte signalerna på allvar, Relaterar symtomen till andra orsaker, Vill inte var till besvär för andra och hjärtinfarkt drabbar inte mig, Något är fel i min kropp, Sökande av råd och stöd och Upplevelser av symtomen i det akuta skedet, samt Kvinnor blir inte alltid tagna på allvar, Risk för felaktig diagnos – felaktig behandling och Blir inte tagna på allvar. Vi ser det som ett stort problem att många kvinnor underskattar risken att drabbas av akut hjärtkärlsjukdom. Likaså att de vid det akuta insjuknandet relaterar sina hjärtinfarktsymtom till något annat och därför väntar med att söka medicinsk hjälp. Vår förhoppning är att kvinnor blir mer uppmärksamma på kroppens signaler och inte tvekar att söka vård om de känner sig osäkra eller oroliga.

  • 12020.
    Minouiepour, Maral
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Sendi, Nahida
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Mammans upplevelser av postpartumdepression: En litteraturstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att bilda familj är en stor del av livet och innebär många förändringar för de blivande föräldrarna. För kvinnorna som drabbas av postpartumdepression (PPD) blir vardagen väldigt annorlunda. PPD förekommer alltmer i världen och idag förväntas 10 – 15 % av mammorna utveckla sjukdomen. Mammans tidigare livserfarenheter samt det stöd hon får av sin närmsta omgivning avgör hur hon tar sig an den nya rollen som mamma. De flesta kvinnor som har PPD upplever en känsla av oro, ilska och skuld. Den nyblivna mamman kan känna sig rädd och överväldigad över ansvaret att ha ett nyfött barn. Det råder brist i kunskapen om PPD hos mammor vilket innebär att de inte vill eller vågar söka hjälp. Syftet med studien är att belysa mammans upplevelser av PPD. I denna litteraturstudie har åtta kvalitativa artiklar analyserats där en intervjumetodik har varit central. Resultatet består av huvudteman där fokus ligger på vad mamman upplever. Studiens resultat visar att de nyblivna mammor som drabbas av PPD upplever ett lidande. Känslor av skuld och rädsla är centrala och påverkar relationen mellan mamman och barnet. Sjukdomen påverkar även mammans andra relationer i livet och leder ofta till att hon väljer att vara isolerad. Rädsla för att stigmatiseras av omgivningen är ytterligare en anledning till att mamman många gånger väljer ett liv i ensamhet. I resultatdiskussionen lyfts sjukdomens påverkan på mammans relation till barnet, upplevelser av stigma i samband med PPD, kulturella aspekter och dess påverkan på mammans sociala liv samt sjuksköterskans ansvar i vården av dessa patienter.

  • 12021. Mirabdollah, A.
    et al.
    Alinezhad, S.
    Feuk-Lagerstedt, Elisabeth
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Sárvári Horváth, Ilona
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Optimization of a protoplast transformation method for Bacillus Subtilis, Bacillus megaterium, and Bacillus Cereus by a plasmid pHIS1525.SplipA2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past years of gene cloning studies, Escherichia coli has always been a foremost host cell for exogenous genes expressions owing to its high level of protein production and excretion. However, problems relating to low level of extracellular production of some proteins specially the accumulation of cloned proteases within the cells have moved the attentions from E.coli to bacilli bacteria such as B. megaterium, B.subtilis, and B.cereus due to their secretion ability of many different enzymes. Bacillus megaterium is widely used for high-level expression of heterologous proteins with little or no degradation. Bacillus subtilis is a naturally competent host cell for uptake of exogenous DNA, resulting in attractive industrial applications. Bacillus cereus has sporulation capability which makes it suitable for several industrial uses. A conventional approach for transferring DNA into protoplasts or intact cells of bacillus bacteria is chemical transformation, using chemicals through chilling and then shock-heating of the suspension of cells to induce reversible permeabilization of the cell membrane to make it possible for the external DNA to enter into the cells. In most cloning experiments, the transformation with plasmid DNA is performed using Polyethylene glycol (PEG)-induced competence cells. In this study, a PEG-induced protoplast transformation protocol was developed for three different bacillus strains of Bacillus megaterium ATCC®14945, Bacillus Subtilis ATCC®6051, and Bacillus Cereus ATCC®14579. In all cases a plasmid pHIS1525.SPlipA, well working vector in B.megaterium, was applied. Protoplasts were formed in RHAF medium after treating the cells with lysozyme. Two factors, the incubation time and the lysozyme concentration have been found to play the most important role in effective protoplast formation. These two factors were further optimized in this study to elaborate a chemical transformation procedure which can possibly work for other bacillus strains as well. The optical density (A420) and the number of colony-forming units (CFUs) were determined to find the optimal conditions for each strain. The results indicate that PEG-induced protoplast transformation is a sufficient technique when using a plasmid pHIS1525.SPlipA in Bacillus genus.

  • 12022.
    MIRAFTAB, TINA
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    HASANBEGOVIC, ADIS
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Motiv, tillämpning och användning av Balanced Scorecard: En fallstudie på Södra Älvsborgs Sjukhus2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Organisationsledningar kan oftast bli för bundna av ekonomiska siffror vid sin styrning. För att det ekonomiska beroendet skulle kunna minska, grundades en styrmodell som kan användas för att ledningen ska kunna styra organisationen ur flera olika perspektiv. Styrmodellen kallas Balanced Score Card (BSC) och grundades i början av 1990-talet av professorn Robert Kaplan och konsulten David Norton. Styrningsmodellen BSC kan enligt förespråkare användas i olika verksamheter, däribland offentliga verksamheter. Vårt huvudsyfte är att belysa motivet för adoptering och tillämpning av BSC på SÄS. Ett annat syfte är att undersöka användningen av BSC på sjukhuset. Metoden som vi har valt att genomföra vår studie på är en fallstudie eftersom vi inom studien har koncentrerat oss på en organisation och hur den använder sig av BSC. Det vetenskapliga förhållningssätt som vi har valt är det hermeneutiska eftersom det bland annat tillåter oss att tolka den information som vi studerar och koppla delarna till helheten. Inom studien har vi använt den induktiva ansatsen vilken tillåter oss att utföra den empiriska studien för att sedan koppla den till teoretiska referensramen. Eftersom vi har samlat in rådata genom intervjuer har vi använt oss av den kvalitativa metoden. När vi sedan har analyserat den rådata som vi har samlat in använde vi oss av en kontentanalys. Det innebär bland annat att vi har försökt att genomföra en noggrann studie av alla texter för att upptäcka hur BSC strategiskt motiverades och på vilket sätt styrkortet tillämpades på Södra Älvsborgs Sjukhus. Samt hur BSC används i praktiken på SÄS. De slutsatser som vi har kunnat dra av vår studie är att SÄS införde BSC för att kunna koncentrera sig på sina uppsatta mål och för att organisationen ville ha en tydligare planering och ett tydligare uppföljningsarbete. SÄS införde styrmodellen på grund av att Västra Götalandsregionen införde modellen. Sjukhuset styrs av regionen vilket ledde till att modellen började användas av SÄS. Vi kunde även se att SÄS inte hade några direkta utbildningar om BSC inom sin verksamhet. Det som vi även kunde komma fram till var att SÄS använder BSC främst som ett kommunikationsmedel inom verksamheten och för att kommunicera med Västra Götalandsregionen. BSC används även som ett verktyg för att visa hur organisationens strategiska mål ska uppnås och hur resultatet av arbetet med de strategiska målen har utvecklats.

  • 12023. Mirahmadi, K.
    et al.
    Kabir, M.M.
    Jeihanipour, Azam
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Karimi, K.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Alkaline pretreatment of spruce and birch to improve bioethanol and biogas production2010In: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 928-938Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Alkaline pretreatment with NaOH under mild operating conditions was used to improve ethanol and biogas production from softwood spruce and hardwood birch. The pretreatments were carried out at different temperatures between minus 15 and 100ºC with 7.0% w/w NaOH solution for 2 h. The pretreated materials were then enzymatically hydrolyzed and subsequently fermented to ethanol or anaerobically digested to biogas. In general, the pretreatment was more successful for both ethanol and biogas production from the hardwood birch than the softwood spruce. The pretreatment resulted in significant reduction of hemicellulose and the crystallinity of cellulose, which might be responsible for improved enzymatic hydrolyses of birch from 6.9% to 82.3% and spruce from 14.1% to 35.7%. These results were obtained with pretreatment at 100°C for birch and 5°C for spruce. Subsequently, the best ethanol yield obtained was 0.08 g/g of the spruce while pretreated at 100°C, and 0.17 g/g of the birch treated at 100°C. On the other hand, digestion of untreated birch and spruce resulted in methane yields of 250 and 30 l/kg VS of the wood species, respectively. The pretreatment of the wood species at the best conditions for enzymatic hydrolysis resulted in 83% and 74% improvement in methane production from birch and spruce.

  • 12024. Mirahmadi, Kambiz
    et al.
    Mohseni Kabir, Maryam
    Jeihanipour, Azam
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Karimi, Keikhosro
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Optimization of sodium hydroxide pretreatment for enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic materials2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12025.
    Miranda Cortes, Luis
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Karlsson, Mathias
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Starcraft Resurshantering med Q-Nätverk2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Artificial intelligence is a field of computer science that tries to create intelligent systems or systems that simulate intelligence. Such systems are attractive to consumers because they can perform tasks that would otherwise have required human intervention.The gaming industry is helping to drive the development of AI forward as players continue to expect more immersive and lifelike experiences.Academically games are useful for the study of artificial intelligence because they are relatively simple. But even if the game is simpler than the reality, it is still a difficult task to create an artificial intelligence that can match a human opponent.A popular genre of games is strategy, examples of which are Age of Empire and StarCraft. This report examines a different approach to solve the problem of resource management for this type of game with the help of an artificial neural network to classify the game state. This has not been explored previously, and the goal is to find out whether this approach is feasible or not. To train the networks back-propagation is used in conjunction with Q-learning which makes learning unsupervised. So the authors’ research-question is: Can a Q network be used to manage the resource allocation for a cure in StarCraft Broodwar?To see how well the Q networks solve the problem an experiment was conducted with two different bots where one play StarCraft with the same opportunities a player would have and the other a simplified version. The experiment consists of collecting data from the bots training to see if they improve or not. As a control, two additional bots are used with a completely random policy.The results of the experiment were several graphs showing the bots performance in different ways but most importantly, the number of games won and the probability of winning. With the support of the result, it is not possible to see any real improvement in bot gameplay with 0.7% and 0.4% chance to win against the default AI. The results also show that one of the neural net bots performed much worse than the one with random actions.Moreover, the training turned out to be far too long. If the experiment had more time maybe it would have shown that the technology is possible, but still, only after an unreasonably long time, which would make it useless in practice. If this had been successful it would have meant that we might create better AI for the strategy games that adapts to the player and can generalize when faced with a situation that was not planned by the developers.But in this study the bots behavior remained more or less stochastic so the answer to the research- question is that it is not possible.

  • 12026. Mirmohamadsadeghi, Safoora
    et al.
    Karimi, Keikhosro
    Sárvári Horváth, Ilona
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Improvement of Solid-State Biogas Production from Wood by Concentrated Phosphoric Acid Pretreatment2016In: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 3230-3243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cellulose Solvent-And organic Solvent-Based lignocellulose fractionation (COSLIF) has been repeatedly shown to be a Cost-Effective and promising process to modify the structure of different lignocelluloses. It has been repeatedly reported to improve enzymatic hydrolysis and ethanol production from different lignocelluloses. In this study, COSLIF was used to improve biomethane production from pine (softwood), poplar (soft hardwood), and berry (hard hardwood) via solid state anaerobic digestion (SSAD). Feed to inoculum (F/I) ratio, which plays a major role in SSAD, was set to 3, 4, and 5. After the pretreatment, 39, 33, and 24% higher methane yield from pine was achieved for F/I ratios of 3, 4, and 5, respectively. However, the methane yield from the hardwoods was not improved by the pretreatment, which was related to overloading of the digester. Compositional analysis showed considerable reduction in hemicellulose and lignin content by the pretreatment. Structural changes in the woods, before and after the pretreatment, were examined by X-Ray diffractometer and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that the crystallinity of cellulose was decreased and accessible surface area was drastically increased by the pretreatment.

  • 12027. Mirmohamadsadeghi, Safoora
    et al.
    Karimi, Keikhosro
    Zamani, Akram
    Amiri, Hamid
    Sárvári Horváth, Ilona
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Enhanced solid-state biogas production from lignocellulosic biomass by organosolv pretreatment2014In: BioMed Research International, ISSN 2314-6133, E-ISSN 2314-6141, Vol. 2014Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12028.
    Mirzai, Mina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Savas, Aynil
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Begränsad av sin egen kropp: att leva med multipel skleros2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att diagnoseras med en långvarig sjukdom leder till många förändringar som ofta är ofrivilliga. Multipel skleros (MS) är en kronisk sjukdom som medför både psykiska och fysiska  förändringar  som  påverkar  individens  livsvärld.  Faktorer  som  har  störst påverkan på individens livsvärld är sjuklig trötthet, nedsatt rörlighet, smärta samt samlevnads- och eliminationsproblematik.

    Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva ur ett patientperspektiv hur individer med MS upplever att sjukdomen påverkar deras livsvärld. Studien har baserats på en litteraturstudie där 13 artiklar samt ett flertal böcker har analyserats. Som metod valdes en litteraturstudie med granskning av kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar. Sjukdomens symtom visade sig ha en betydlig påverkan på det dagliga livet och upplevelsen är högst individuell. Resultatet av denna studie är användbart inom sjukvården och allmänheten. Ökad kunskap i detta område kan leda till bättre omvårdnad samt ökad förståelse för individer med MS.

  • 12029.
    Mitic, Aleksandar
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Lund, Magnus
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Försäkrad Lojalitet: En studie i hur försäkringsbolag arbetar för att skapa lojala kunder2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Marknadsföringen i allmänhet har förändrats stort de senaste decennierna. Från att marknaden har varit transaktionsinriktad och marknadsstyrd har den blivit relationsinriktad och konsumentstyrd. Allt fler företag har insett att det är mycket lönsammare att behålla kunder än att skaffa nya. Även konsumenter har blivit mer sofistikerade i och med informationssamhället och aldrig tidigare har det varit så lätt som det är nu att hitta information om företag och produkter utefter kundens egna behov. Företag kan inte längre förlita sig på att erbjuda endast en produkt eller tjänst utan måste ge kunden ett mervärde för att den ska stanna i företaget och bli lojal. Själva begreppet lojalitet är mångfasetterat i företagssammanhang och olika företag har egna definitioner. För försäkringsbolag är det ännu viktigare att ha långvariga kundrelationer. I Sverige verkar försäkringsbolagen dock inte nå upp till kundernas förväntningar och därför vill vi undersöka hur försäkringsbolagen arbetar för att skapa lojala kunder. Eftersom begreppet lojalitet är svårdefinierat försöker vi också gå igenom de olika företagens definitioner och jämföra dem med varandra. Vi har undersökt tre försäkringsbolag – Skandia, Folksam och If. Vi valde företagen utifrån hur de presterat på tidigare gjorda undersökningar om kundnöjdhet och lojalitet. Undersökningen är kvalitativ och baseras på intervjuer med en representant från varje företag. Vi hade en telefonintervju med varje respondent eftersom samtliga kontaktpersoner arbetar i Stockholm. Vi fann att det är enbart If som har ett så kallat lojalitetsprogram. De andra företagen har även de lojalitetsskapande aktiviteter men inte strukturerade i ett program. Trots att de arbetar i samma bransch skiljer sig både definitionen och en del av det lojalitetsskapande arbetet åt. Att Skandia skiljer sig från de övriga två är inte så konstigt med tanke på att de enbart säljer liv/pensionsförsäkringar. Samtliga av de undersökta företagen belyser vikten av lojala kunder och att de strävar efter att få kunderna lojala. De aktiviteter som görs i dagsläget är bra men kan bli ännu bättre. Att varje företag har en klar definition av begreppet ser vi som en avgörande faktor för att få samtliga i företaget medvetna om vad en lojal kund är och att alla arbetar mot samma mål. Arbetet mot att få lojala kunder skulle även underlättas om varje företag strukturerar aktiviteterna i ett lojalitetsprogram och på så sätt betonar vikten av att alla led i företaget arbetar för att skapa lojala kunder.

  • 12030.
    Mitic, Aleksandar
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Lund, Magnus
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Shidani, Soroush
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    One-to-one i verkligheten: en studie av hur väl ICA:s uppfattning av begreppet stämmer överens med teorin2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    One-to-one marketing är en extrem variant av relationsmarknadsföring. Begreppet myntades i början av 1990-talet och ligger till grund för en ny syn på marknadsföring. Många företag har försökt att använda sig av teorierna kring begreppet, men få har hittills lyckats fullt ut. One-to-one marketing främjas av att kunden inte behöva återupprepa sig varje gång man köper företagets produkt eller tjänst. Detta medför att kunden kan tjäna på att vara i en relation med ett företag som använder sig av one-to-one marketing. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka om vårt valda företag planerar att använda sig av one-to-one marketing i sin marknadsföring och om deras uppfattning av begreppet stämmer överens med vad teorierna säger. Detta kan vara relevant då man på senare tid kan se att marknadsföringen har rört sig bort från massmarknadsföringsstrukturen till en mer kundanpassad marknadsföring. Det företag som vi har valt att studera är ICA, som håller på att utveckla one-to-one marketing i sin marknadsföring. Vi har valt detta företag dels för att vi ville undersöka ett stort företag som säkerligen har återkommande kunder, samt för att de har arbetat med relationsmarknadsföring i ett antal år. När vi genomförde vår kvalitativa undersökning utgick vi från en intervju med en anställd på ICA:s Customer Relationship Management avdelning för att få en inblick i hur ICA tänker kring sin utveckling av one-to-one marketing. Det visar sig i vår undersökning att några av grunderna enligt one-to-one marketing begreppet enligt teorin inte kan anpassas på ICA. Samtidigt som deras synätt på one-to-one marketing inte alltid överensstämmer med vad teorierna säger om begreppet, har de ändå en bra uppfattning om hur man ska skräddarsy erbjudande till sina kunder.

  • 12031. Mitwally Amer, Mohamed
    Contemporary view for upholstery and curtain jacquard fabrics matching with woven hanging design2007In: The Nordic Textile Journal 2006-07, p. 80-89Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Fabric designing process in general and upholstery and curtain jacquard fabrics designing in particular is the complete plan for structuring a whole weaved product which can compete in international and local market alike though there is no obvious difference between both markets in the light of free market and lift of importing restrictions. In such conditions, there is no protection for the local product which has to compete with the imported product regarding quality, price and fashion. Therefore, fabric designer in general and jacquard fabric designer and woven hanging in particular has to develop his creative abilities to add new and special aspects to his product regarding form and function in which he has to use all the available recent technological methods in the designing operation. It is also important to use different sciences such as mathematics, physics and chemistry as well as humanities, history and social sciences which allows designer to possess creative abilities to design a weaved product that we might call creative product. The design of the form is one of the most important elements of the primary design process for the upholstery and curtain jacquard fabrics and woven hanging matching with it which the designer has to know as the design of the decorated form of the jacquard fabric and woven hanging to do a close matching together is the complete plan to constitute decorative units and its distribution in the form according to the basics of the design and depending on its different elements. The design plan depends on the designer’s ability to innovate as the good design that is built on scientific basis is the base of any successful piece of art.

  • 12032. Mitwally Amer, Mohamed
    et al.
    Saleh Said Saleh, Tarek
    Nature as a source of colors and its use in Upholstery fabric design2005In: The Nordic Textile Journal 2005, p. 31-39Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 12033. Mičunović, Milijana
    et al.
    Marčetić, Hana
    Krtalić, Maja
    Data organization and preservation in the context of digital and networked media: public’s attitudes, habits and practices in relation to digital curation of personal digital data2016In: Libellarium, ISSN 1846-8527, Vol. 9, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the results of a small scale survey on attitudes, habits and practices of Croatian working population in relation to digital curation of personal digital data. The survey was driven by the following research questions: What are the attitudes of working population towards organizing and safekeeping digital documents that they create in everyday life? To what extent is personal digital archiving among working population a planned activity or just a side-effect of generating content in the digital environment? How do they organize and preserve digital data and documents, both offline and online? What are their attitudes to digital afterlife and digital legacy? Data has been collected in the period from November 2015 to January 2016 through an online questionnaire distributed through online social networks and e-mails aiming to reach the employed population in the age group from 18 to 65 in Croatia. The analysis of the results shows detailed behaviour patterns when it comes to preservation practices as well as attitudes towards taking responsibility for safekeeping personal digital data and documents. The results are also discussed in the light of the implication that these issues may have on user studies and services in libraries and archives.

  • 12034. Mičunović, Milijana
    et al.
    Marčetić, Hana
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Krtalić, Maja
    Literature and Writers in the Digital Age: A Small-Scale Survey of Contemporary Croatian Writers’ Organization and Preservation Practices2016In: Preservation, Digital Technology & Culture, ISSN 2195-2957, Vol. 45, no 1, p. 2-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Authors and other creative workers today are faced with the (r)evolution of digital technology and media that slowly change and challenge the way they create, disseminate, and preserve their work. The purpose of this paper is to explore the attitudes, habits, and practices of contemporary Croatian writers in a small-scale sample in terms of the creation, organization, and preservation of digital documents and various literary forms. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews with nine contemporary Croatian writers and examined through narrative analysis of the interview transcripts. The research highlighted areas that need to be more thoroughly considered when we are dealing with issues of personal digital archiving, digital legacies, and the preservation of digital cultural heritage in general. In-depth interviews with respondents indicated one particularly important issue: that preserving the context of their work is as important as preserving the work itself.

  • 12035.
    MKHABELA, IRMGARD
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    ‘‘Push/pull’ …cloth directed”. Exploring possible draping techniques based on Madame Gres’ method to create shape and fo2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is concerned with the development of a method for creating shapes and form in clothing with minimum exertion on the cloth, using simple construction techniques. It is an exploration of an approach to producing clothing in a less familiar manner to the usual way of working which involves, almost always, drafting or flat-pattern making. With the expression of the movement of the textile around the body as the main aim, the ‘push/pull’ principle is employed to direct its flow in both a symmetric and asymmetric fashion. It is a principle inspired by Madame Gres, the French designer of the 1930s to 1980s, famous for her neo-classic inspired gowns. The textile, usually a rectangle, is manipulated without cutting into it but by pushing and pulling first, through the upper limbs of the body, and then ‘worked’ around the rest of the body, using draping and pleating to create shapes which are spontaneous, elaborate and not pre-determined. Furthermore, the approach explores the aesthetic potential of draping and combining the Filter 80 PPI, an industrial textile used for filtering, with conventional clothing materials, linen and/or cotton in this case. The parallels and constasts of this mix are noted, together with the distinct expressions, which nonetheless both display a simple approach in construction, minimal manipulation of the textile, the use of the upper limbs as natural obstacles, and the ‘no-cut’ principle of the rectangular piece of cloth. With free form construction and reflection, one discovers expressions possible only through the use of an experimental approach in working.

  • 12036. Moaven Doust, Dariush
    Konvergerande rum, immaterielt arbete och kulturpolitik2010In: Nordisk kulturpolitisk tidskrift, ISSN 1403-3216, E-ISSN 2000-8325, no 2, p. 230-251Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay investigates historical conditions of merging practices which connect academic research and cultural, artistic activities. In the first section, notions such as immaterial labour, cognitive capitalism, and accumulation cycle are introduced and these terms are set in relation to dialectics of space. The concept of Converging Space, proposed in the second section of the article, signifies an unstable space by the side of capitalism’s incorporation of immaterial labour and institutionally ordered social relations. University and regional cultural policy in Western Sweden are two specific cases which further clarify the notion of converging spaces. In the third section, exile, conceived as a multi-layered semantic field, serves to designate mobility and mobilization across contemporary segregative urban landscapes and hence constantly exposed to the dialectics between material space, the institutionalized space and the flux of labour and commodities. The final and concluding part of the essay discusses the intersections between immaterial labour, exile as a semantic field outside accumulation cycles and local, transient organizational forms which open up a space for emerging practices.

  • 12037.
    Moberg, Carina
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    de la Cuadra, Katherine
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    STADSDELSREFORMEN I BORÅS STAD FÖRÄNDRING: EN RESA MOT ETT OKÄNT MÅL?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Världen och samhället är föränderligt och befinner sig under en ständig utveckling. Organisationer förändras och anpassar sig till den miljö som den är verksam i. Syftet med denna studie handlar om hur cheferna i Borås Stads stadsdelsförvaltningar upplevt implementeringen av en organisationsförändring. Mer specifikt handlar själva organisationsförändringen om en stadsdelsreform där man beslutat att omvandla 10 kommundelsförvaltningar till tre stadsdelsförvaltningar. Metoden som använts är kvalitativ och det empiriska materialet har inhämtats i samband med en kvalitativ intervjuundersökning vilken genomförts med fyra chefer på Borås Stad nuvarande tre stadsdelsförvaltningar, vilka samtliga varit med om implementeringen av organisationsförändringen. Ett hermeneutiskt perspektiv har varit utgångspunkten för att tolka intervjuerna. Studiens resultat visar trots allt en positiv uppfattning om organisationsförändringen som helhet, men cheferna har även en del negativa erfarenheter av själva implementeringen av organisationsförändringen. Resultatet visar att det bl. a finns en problematik när det gäller tidsperspektivet, dvs. den hastighet i vilken organisationsförändringen ägt rum.

  • 12038.
    Moberg, Carolina
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Karlskrona stadsbibliotek 1906-1959: En bit av ett biblioteks historia2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master’s thesis will try to describe the beginning and development towards a modern public library of the town library in Karlskrona between 1906 and 1959. The specific years refers to the year the library was established and the year it moved to the new library building in the centre of Karlskrona. The aim of the thesis has been to do this historical description and to look at the course from the perspective of the national policies and development for the Swedish modern public library. The thesis is based mainly on reports of the proceedings of the public library and other biographical documents and literature, which has been found in two local archives. Criticism of the sources, chronological description and a hermeneutic approach has been used as a method to analyse the different documents. The thesis starts out from which interests created the library, in what way the library was affected by the national library reorganisation in 1930 and what characterised the long process of reaching access to enough space for a fully acceptable activity, which has been the main issue throughout the history and therefore this thesis. A general observation of the development of the town library of Karlskrona is that it starts and follows very well with the national policies and development of the activity of the modern public library. This is not surprising as, for one reason, all public libraries were more or less financially dependent on subsidies and organizational support.

  • 12039.
    Moberg, Desirée
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Vinlander, Gita
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hållbara inköp2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study researches how small Swedish businesses are currently working with sustainable development and the obstacles and opportunities experienced regarding environmental work. Furthermore, it determines whether the work with sustainable development within procuring processes can be standardized in a simple and effective way. The data collected through a questionnaire and interview survey shows that the majority of surveyed businesses work with environmental issues in a rather unfocused way, but show an interest of development within the area. An improvement proposal containing four operating points, is designed as a tool to get started with standardized environmental work. The proposal encourages businesses to mutually design a framework for environmental work that sets common goals and develops guidelines to be followed.

  • 12040.
    Moberg Eklund, Stina
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    An inner void2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main idea is to examine the space between the body and the garment. To higlight the inner void that is in between. By pushing lines away from the expected and recognized positions. I emphasize parts and make them stand out from the body. By using supporting materials my method has been to construct volume in the garment instead of building up a contrution which is filled inside. The choice of denim as the main fabric in this collection is because of how it is affected by the body. The result is a collection of garments that both highlight and obscure the lines of the body.

  • 12041.
    Moberg, Klas
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Citeringsmotiv och forskningsevaluering inom kardiologisk forskning. En kvalitativ intervjustudie2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of using citation based indicators in the evaluation of science is widely discussed. Only recently did bibliometric indicators become one out of many means for the allocation of financial resources for scientific research at Swedish universities. The purpose of this thesis is to discuss the issue of using citations when evaluating science. The author studied the issue from the perspective of citers’ motives. Previous studies indicate differences in motivations for citing between separate research fields. The thesis will focus on the field of cardiology. A qualitative interview study with cardiology scientists is balanced against existing literature in the field of citers’ motives and evaluated in a theoretical framework based on normative and social constructivist theories. Results indicate multiple motives for citing. Normative reasons were generally more common but social constructivist motives were also observed. This outcome supports the notion that there exists no unifying citation theory. The use of citations within science evaluation is moderately supported, depending on the definition of the term science evaluation. The interview study implies that references are mainly chosen based on quality and relevance but instances of less preferable elements as persuasion, favouring national references and randomness of reference selection does also occur. This thesis is an incentive to continue studying citers’ motives in relation to citation oriented science evaluation within different fields of scholarship. A thorough quantitative study would either validate or question the use of citations within research evaluation on a more general level.

  • 12042.
    Moberg, Lisa
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Hur upplever kvinnor med diabetes sin graviditet?2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Graviditetsdiabetes innebär diabetes som nyupptäcks under graviditeten. Graviditetsdiabetes innebär en förändring av det dagliga livet. Forskning har visat att förändringen medför både positiva och negativa upplevelser, dels ökad medicinsk uppmärksamhet beroende på sjukdomen, dels ett mer inrutat liv än tidigare eftersom kvinnan måste kontrollera sitt blodsocker upprepade gånger varje dag.. Därmed blir hon också hela tiden påmind om sin graviditetsdiabetes. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur kvinnor som får diabetes under sin graviditet upplever sin situation. Intervjuer genomfördes med fem gravida kvinnor. En kvalitativ innehållsanalys utfördes, vilket innebär ställa frågor om kvinnornas upplevelser och att lyssna på dem för att förstå hur de upplever sin graviditet efter att de fått besked om att de fått graviditetsdiabetes. Resultatet tydliggörs i två huvudteman (trygghet och oro) och sju underteman (välmående, tillit till personalen, lättnad med extra kontroller, bekräftelse, förvirring, rädsla/chock, brist i självkänslan). Resultaten visar att kvinnorna är oroliga och rädda precis när de fått diagnosen graviditetsdiabetes, rädslan gäller främst barnets hälsa. Barnmorskan har en central roll i vårdmötet men kvinnorna känner en stor tillit till all personal som är inblandad. Kvinnorna upplever att de mår bra under graviditeten. De tänker inte så mycket på att de har graviditetsdiabetes. Kvinnorna lever i princip som de gjorde innan diagnosen sattes förutom att de beskriver att de har minskat sitt intag av socker.. Kvinnorna beskriver också att de känner en stor lättnad och trygghet i att extra kontroller på barnet som t.ex. ultraljud görs.

  • 12043.
    Moberg, Olivia
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Marke, Jennie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Transporteffektivitet i avskilda transportsystem med hänsyn till säsongsvariation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis examines present suggestions for increase of transport efficiencyconsidering seasonality in a secluded system and subject area of the thesis is distribution andlogistics. The thesis was conducted in cooperation with Orust Kretsloppsakademi, OrustCounty and local companies on Orust.Different ways to design a transport system in consideration to the four efficiency variablestime, cost, flexibility and environment was evaluated with the purpose to increase thetransport efficiency. The studied system was road transport within Orust County, this was alsoone of the delimitations. It means that transports going outside of Orust County or arriving toOrust were excluded from the thesis. It all started with studying the theory of the efficiencyvariables, transport efficiency and transport planning, then a survey was designed to use asbase and discussion for the data collection. The purpose of the survey was to investigate thecurrent market variation, flexibility, lead times consolidation and identify possibilities as wellas challenges. The survey was answered by 17 local companies. Further data collection wascollected in terms of interviews. The result from the survey showed that there were somechallenges in designing an efficient transport system. The responses also showed that timewere the most critical variable when it came to local transport. Among the presented transportsystems, direct transports were the most time effective choice. However it increased thenegative impact on costs and the environment significantly. For this reason a combination oftwo different transport planning options was presented. The presented resolution was directtransports in combination with milk runs. The advantages with milk runs are equal to thedisadvantages with direct transport. Therefore the combination give the possibility for theshipper and consignee to make a tradeoff between time and flexibility and environment andcost based on the current shipping needs for specific goods at a specific time. During summerwhen the loads and passability on the roads increases due to tourism the combination of directtransports and milk runs can be used to adjusted to the situation on the roads. Thecombination loses its purpose if the direct transport is used more frequently than the milk run.The project group encountered some issues with validity and reliability which is discussed inthe discussion chapter of the thesis.

  • 12044.
    MOBERG, SUSANNE
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Omstrukturering = effektivisering?2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens föränderliga värld sker omstruktureringar av företag relativt ofta, många gånger strävar företagsledningen efter att nivån på effektivisering ska öka. Det är mycket vanligt att olika moderna koncept införs beroende på vad som ligger i tiden. Varje ledare har sitt egna recept på vad de tror är lösningen på organisationens problem, och går då in och ”sopar” lite för att snygga till företagets ”siffror”. Företaget som har studerats befinner sig i läkemedelsbranschen och där marknadens och omgivningens krav ständigt ökar. Det är en av anledningarna till att företaget strävar efter att försöka effektivisera för att kunna tillgodose marknadens ökande krav. Men kreativiteten minskar i takt med att krav på effektivitet och kostnadsjakt ökar. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur omstruktureringar och effektiviseringar har genomförts på det valda företaget och om resultatet på tidigare omstruktureringar har blivit det önskvärda. I alla organisationer finns det hierarkier av olika slag, men i större organisationer är hierarkin tydligare. Anledningen är att ledningen måste kunna kontrollera och övervaka företagets alla enheter. I en stor organisation är även själva beslutsgången väldigt standardiserad och ledningen fattar beslut som avdelningarna ska genomföra vare sig de vill eller inte. Att belöna personalen kan både vara ett gissel och en morot. Bonus är en form av belöning som antingen kan skapa osämja eller som kan motivera de anställda. I den här uppsatsen kommer en tolkning att göras av hur personalen har uppfattat de omstruktureringar som har genomförts för att öka effektiviseringen på målföretaget, därför har ett hermeneutiskt synsätt antagits. Vidare har en induktiv ansats valts på grund av att undersökningen kommer att utgå från enskilda företeelser. Det tydligaste som har framkommit under empirin är att kommunikationen är organisationens största brist. Ledningen anser att de har informerat medan de anställda är av en annan uppfattning. Eftersom det uppenbarligen endast har skett en envägskommunikation och inte en tvåvägskommunikation, är det svårt att få personalen att sträva åt samma håll. Den slutsats som kan dras utifrån undersökningen är att de anställda på den valda enheten inte har någon kunskap om de strategier som ledningen satt upp. Det här skapar en osäkerhet hos den personal som känner sig osäker på sin roll hos företaget. Det har dessutom inte genomförts någon utvärdering av den tidigare omstruktureringen, vilket gör att det inte går att uttala sig om den var bra eller inte. Att använda sig av anställda som inte har någon kunskap om hur en omstrukturering ska genomföras praktiskt är inte att rekommendera. Det vore enligt egen uppfattning mer lönsamt och effektivt att använda sig av en utomstående konsult och i stället låta den personal som nu lägger ner tid på själva omstruktureringsarbetet, att utföra sina egentliga arbetsuppgifter.

  • 12045.
    Modig, Oskar
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Co-branding inom restaurangsektorn: En studie av varumärkeskapital ur ettkonsumentperspektiv2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper employs a sample of restaurant customers to explain consumer preferences forpremium beer brands. Previous research has pointed to the underexplored niche marketpotential of craft beer related to Food & Beverage operators and suggest increasing cobrandingwith premium beer brands in order to gain competitive advantage. This studyexplains a significant percentage of variance in premium consumer preferences for premiumbeer to mainstream beer comparing product attribute utitlity to brand equity dimensions(functional, social and emotional dimensions). This study also shows that the beer menu ofthe restaurant is likely to effect premium consumers choice of restaurant and that efforts toincrease consumer knowledge of beer can be the key to increased sales of craft beers. Thispaper is published in Swedish.

  • 12046.
    Modig, T.
    et al.
    Dept. of Chemical Engineering II, Lund University.
    Lidén, G.
    Dept. of Chemical Engineering II, Lund University.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    Dept. of Chemical Engineering II, Lund University.
    Inhibition effects of furfural on alcohol dehydrogenase, aldehyde dehydrogenase and pyruvate dehydrogenase2002In: Biochemical Journal, ISSN 0264-6021, E-ISSN 1470-8728, Vol. 363, no 3, p. 769-776Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The kinetics of furfural inhibition of the enzymes alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH; EC 1.1.1.1), aldehyde dehydrogenase (A1DH; EC 1.2.1.5) and the pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) complex were studied in vitro. At a concentration of less than 2 mM furfural was found to decrease the activity of both PDH and A1DH by more than 90%, whereas the ADH activity decreased by less than 20% at the same concentration. Furfural inhibition of ADH and A1DH activities could be described well by a competitive inhibition model, whereas the inhibition of PDH was best described as non-competitive. The estimated Km value of A1DH for furfural was found to be about 5 μM, which was lower than that for acetaldehyde (10 μM). For ADH, however, the estimated Km value for furfural (1.2 mM) was higher than that for acetaldehyde (0.4 mM). The inhibition of the three enzymes by 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) was also measured. The inhibition caused by HMF of ADH was very similar to that caused by furfural. However, HMF did not inhibit either A1DH or PDH as severely as furfural. The inhibition effects on the three enzymes could well explain previously reported in vivo effects caused by furfural and HMF on the overall metabolism of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, suggesting a critical role of these enzymes in the observed inhibition.

  • 12047.
    Moeiny, Ehsan
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Mokhlesi, Javad
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Management of Relief Supply Chain & Humanitarian Aids Logistics through Supply Chain Resilience Case Study: South West Asia Tsunami (2004)2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Humanitarian logistics and relief supply chain management is a relatively new area of investigation which is typically associated with unexpected disasters that require immediate actions and responses. It can be defined as “the process of planning, implementing, and controlling the efficient, cost-effective flow and storage of goods and materials, as well as related information, from point of origin to point of consumption for the purpose of meeting the end beneficiary‟s requirements” (Thomas, 2005). In both man-made and natural disaster relief processes, humanitarian logistics and relief supply chain operations have been hampered by a lack of information and coordination between actors. Especially in sudden-onset disasters, humanitarian logistics and relief supply chain teams have to be deployed in situations with destabilized infrastructure and with very limited knowledge about the situation at hand (Beamon 2004, Long and Wood 1995, Tomasini and Van Wassenhove 2004).This lack directly affects effective performance in terms of validity and reliability enhancement in which an adapted resiliency management in relief supply chain strategies could offer a solution to cover the problem. The purpose of study ahead is to underline the beneficial advantages offered by using resiliency methods in humanitarian logistics and relief supply chain operations, and enriching the existing benefits that relief chain management teams through the humanitarian logistics techniques have brought to satisfy the survival needs. In fact, the end result of the research will be in both fields of humanitarian logistics and relief supply chain management, and the use of resiliency theories to overcome on barriers and difficulties during relief and aid operations.

  • 12048.
    Moghadam Saman, Saeed
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Value Chain Reconfiguration2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Integration of operation management goals with the mission of organization requires adoption of measures capable of pulsing mission accomplishment situation while operations are going on. Supply chain, as an increasingly used concept in operations management, could be supported by the concepts of customer satisfaction and profit margin to get integrated with main goals of any for-profit organization. Value chain view provides such insight and lets the mission of the organization remain in focus while lowerlevel decisions and functional processes are dealt with. Every activity in a value chain could be cost driver and / or value driver. Configuration of these cost and value drivers refers to their locational and relational position. After agreement on what are going to be core values for the organization, relative positions of value chain activities should be consciously reviewed periodically to identify opportunities for contributing to core values of organization through repositioning or redesigning and strengthening value activities. The term value chain reconfiguration implies to such strategic revision decisions. Opportunities – and threats – for improving performance of the organization not only lie within internal chain of value activities of the organization, but also could be found out of the organization boundaries and among its extended value chain. Acquiring of external gains needs sound analysis and cost and benefit evaluations for making decision regarding the way of reacting to the identified opportunities. Virtual value chain orchestration as proposed by its introducer provides a framework for identifying and capturing such opportunities. Gauging the results of reconfiguration of the value chain, calls for implementing meaningful criterion so that it reflects captured value in accordance with the destined goal. Taking profit margin of the value chain as master value for organization, the thesis work proposes usage of a less-known profitability indicator, economic value added (EVA) as the measure which should be focused on in order to evaluate success or failure of firm-level value chain reconfiguration efforts.

  • 12049.
    Mohajeri Naraghi, Ashkan
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Pavan Ravipati, Uday
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Lean Healthcare in the Emergency Ward of Sahlgrenska Hospital2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Customer satisfaction in healthcare organizations has higher priority than in industrial companies because the patient is the customer and the health of patient is the aim. So, a methodology like Lean which can help to increase patient satisfaction is practical and useful for implementation in healthcare sectors. This dissertation is based upon a Lean healthcare in the emergency ward of Sahlgrenska hospital and explains that the main step of Lean healthcare is to change the culture from traditional thinking to Lean thinking. In order to reach this goal, the research instruments used are: interview, triage data base, spending time at emergency ward, and value stream mapping. The focus of this thesis work is to find the best combination of medicine doctors and surgeons that would optimize the performance. By using Arena simulation software, it has been identified that three medicine doctors and three surgeons can decrease the non-value added time and total time in sequence 13.1% and 1.6 % for each patient. Indeed, the 5S steps in all parts of the emergency ward have been practiced as best suited to the surroundings of the ward. The place of Triage room two for the patients who arrive by ambulance is extended for better and faster service. A Lean team is trained for following up the Lean principles in the ward and report the progress to the management. The results and suggestions are in two kinds. First are short term suggestions like to hire one medicine doctors and two surgeons, to hold more training classes for all staff, and to allot a number for each patient bed. Second are long term recommendations such as to change the layout of the emergency ward and use a partition instead of a room.

  • 12050.
    Mohamadi Fardi, Hamed
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Waste Management System Modeling of Tehran EIA study different MSW management models by using WAMPS model2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
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