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  • 1101. Apell, Jeanette
    et al.
    Paradi, Rikard
    Kokinsky, Eva
    Nilsson, Stefan R
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Mätning av barns oro vid undersökning eller behandling på sjukhus: en studie som utvärderar short STAI2011In: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 45-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose was to investigate the validity and reliability of short STAI (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) for measuring children's anxiety in connection with procedures in hospital. Background: The children´s level of anxiety during hospitalization can cause problems and it should be evaluated with a valid and reliable instrument. STAIC-S (STAI for children) has previously been validated in children for this purpose but may be too complex to use. Short STAI has only been evaluated in adults and should be tested in children before it can be used. Methods: Children aged five to 16 filled in both STAIC-S and short STAI before and after an examination or treatment at the hospital. Results: Twenty children were included. Satisfactory internal reliability was found for short STAI with Cronbachs’s alpha 0.82. Correlation coefficients between the instruments were 0.88 before and 0.75 after the procedure. Significantly lower values were found after compared to before demonstrating constructive validity. Short STAI was easy to fill in but seven of 16 participants received help from their parents. Conclusion: Short STAI was shown to be a reliable and valid instrument for measuring anxiety in children, but a larger study is needed to confirm the validity and reliability further

  • 1102.
    Apelmo, Maria
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Både chef och bibliotekarie: om chefsrollen på folkbibliotek2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The majority of managers of public libraries in Sweden also work as librarians on an operative level within the organisation. This thesis discusses how the manager role is affected by his/her specific assignments and multiple tasks. Seven public library managers, who work in districts with around 10 000 25 000 inhabitants, have been interviewed. They reflect upon their experience of leadership and different assignments. The main focus lies on: - leadership - communication - decision making - organisational development The interviews show some positive effects, the manager is present most of the time, has a great knowledge about everyday work and daily routines, and is also able to represent the library successfully in the local community. However, having a close working relationship with the rest of the staff can include some difficulties on a psychosocial level, e.g. in conflicts and salary negotiations. Long-term planning also seems to suffer in favour of daily assignments. In times of reduced resources in the public sector it seems to be even more important to manage the resources in the most efficient way. An increased priority of the management role and the managerial activities would probably imply more examples of organisational development.

  • 1103.
    Apelqvist, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Pettersson Svärd, Ewa
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Biblioteket IRL och URL. Om bibliotekswebbars relation till omvärlden och det fysiska biblioteket2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to explore the relationship between the surrounding world and the library with respect to the library’s need to provide a Library 2.0 web site. We also explore the relationship between the physical and the virtual library. Our research objects are the public libraries of Stockholm and the Umeå region, that maintain the web sites Biblioteket.se and minabibliotek.se respectively. By applying Dorte Skot-Hansen's theory of rationales we found that the Stockholm public library is acting in accordance with the experience rationale, whereas the libraries of Umeå are influenced by the instrumental rationale. Furthermore, by applying Antonio Gramsci’s theories of hegemony and struggle for power and neo-institutional theory to our data, we conclude that these libraries are strongly influenced by the surrounding society to provide Library 2.0 web sites in order to maintain their position within the library field and possibly to be considered foremost in that field. By failing to implement a Library 2.0 web our research objects would risk losing their positions within the library field, a declining influence in the cultural hegemony, fewer visitors and a reduced budget. We also found that the relationship between the physical and the virtual library has not been evaluated. Furthermore we found that the web sites do not make any impact on the physical libraries. These two findings might be due to the so far rather immature implementations.

  • 1104.
    Apelstedt, Niklas
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Ramirez, Manuel
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Tonåringars upplevelse att leva med diabetes typ12007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Diabetes typ 1 är en vanligt förekommande kronisk sjukdom bland barn och tonåringar. Att vara tonåring innebär att söka efter identitet och självständighet. Tonåringarna tycker även det är viktigt att smälta in bland sina jämnåriga. Att som tonåring få diabetes kan på olika sätt påverka det dagliga livet. Vissa tonåringar med diabetes kan uppleva stress, rädsla och oro i relation till sin sjukdom, medan andra tonåringar har lärt sig integrera sjukdomen i sina liv. Som sjuksköterska möter vi ofta dessa patienter och eftersom forskningen om deras livssituation är begränsad är det viktigt att studera detta fenomen. Syftet är att beskriva hur tonåringar med diabetes typ1 upplever och hanterar sitt dagliga liv med sjukdomen. Vårt resultat bygger på sju kvalitativa och vetenskapliga artiklar, vilka vi funnit i databasen Cinahl. Våra sökord var: Diabetes, adolescents, quality of life, qualitative studies, experience, phenomenological etc. Vi analyserade artiklarna med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet visar att tonåringar med diabetes upplever: Jag känner mig fångad, Jag kan hantera livet med sjukdomen, Jag känner mig kontrollerad och andra förstår mig inte, Jag känner oro och skuld, Det är viktigt att jag får information. I diskussionen diskuteras metod val och de teman som framkommit i resultatet.

  • 1105.
    APOSTOLIDOU, ANASTASIA
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    CREATIVE LEADERSHIP IN FASHION BUSINESS TODAY: A case study on MUUSE2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: From an anthropological angle, the purpose of this paper is to shed light into how young innovative fashion companies can exercise creative leadership and reflect the creativity of their external image in their internal environment, towards their path to prosperity and success. Design/methodology/approach: The research analyses the case of MUUSE, a paradigmatic fashion company based in Copenhagen, Denmark in order to examine its creativity inside-out (external image and internal environment/operations). The entrepreneurs and employees were interviewed during two workdays, as well as observations were held over a period of eight months. For the analysis of the case and its operations, the 4P’s creativity framework (person, product, process and press/situation) was used. Findings: The research shows that creative leadership in fashion business today can be linked with innovation, meaningfulness and transparency in all levels of infrastructure. Further it declares the significance of creative leadership traits, which can include: having a creative and purposeful vision, developing an effective global mindset, evolving a creative work environment and increasing intrinsic motivators.

  • 1106.
    Appasi, Jasmin
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Ahmed Atta, Hager
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning: En studie om sambandet mellan den statliga lagregleringen och praxis2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ordet hållbarhetsredovisning härstammar från begreppet hållbar utveckling som per definition innebär att ”tillfredsställa dagens behov utan att äventyra kommande generationers möjligheter att tillfredsställa sina behov”. Idag upprättar flera företag så kallade hållbarhetsredovisningar där de tar ställning till sitt sociala, ekonomiska och miljömässiga ansvar. Den svenska staten beslutade den 29 november år 2007 att alla statligt ägda bolag från och med den 1 januari år 2008 ska upprätta hållbarhetsredovisningar som redovisas enligt Global Reporting Initiative’s (GRI) riktlinjer. GRI är en global förening som utvecklar riktlinjer för hållbarhetsredovisning av de tre nämnda aspekterna och de används av mer än 1000 företag över hela världen. Forskningsproblemet innehåller två frågeställningar vilka avser att besvara vilket förhållande som finns mellan statens lagreglering och praxis i Svevia AB och Sveaskog AB samt hur väl de har efterföljt GRI:s riktlinjer och principer och följderna. Syftet med uppsatsen är att ge läsaren en detaljerad insikt i hur de två statliga bolagen efterföljer GRI:s riktlinjer och därmed bidra med en förståelse för sambandet till lagregleringen. Forskningsmetodiken för denna uppsats har varit kvalitativ med syftet att komma nära studieobjektet och få en djup förståelse för problemet. För att tolka texter har ett hermeneutiskt synsätt använts. Innehållet i hållbarhetsredovisningarna har granskats för att avgöra om riktlinjerna efterlevs eller inte. Det empiriska materialet har sammanställts och använts som utgångspunkt för analysen. Undersökningen visar att det finns ett tydligt samband mellan lagregleringen och både Svevias och Sveaskogs hållbarhetsredovisningar. Båda företagen har levt upp till GRI:s riktlinjer enligt vald tillämpningsnivå. Svevias hållbarhetsredovisning innehåller dock några felaktigheter. Svevia har uppfyllt fem av nio redovisningsprinciper och Sveaskog, sju principer. Statens reglering har bland annat bidragit till att göra företagens hållbarhetsredovisningar trovärdiga.

  • 1107.
    Appelberg, Tanja
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Bland tidningsartiklar och kurslitteratur: en studie om journalistikstudenters informationsanvändning i samband med uppsatsskrivande2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines journalism student’s information use at Södertörn University during the writing process of their bachelor thesis. The students are divided in two groups following the schools main bachelor programs majoring in journalism. The method used in this study has been a reference analysis of the student’s bibliographies along with five semistructured interviews. The study stems upon a sociocultural perspective and drives the thesis that information use is a situated activity. In order to analyze which criteria used by the students to determine source credibility, the concept of “cognitive authorities” has been used. The results of the reference analysis show that the students use a large quantity of empirical material, first and foremost newspaper articles. Monographs and anthologies are also frequently used and a high quantity of those could also be found in the students’ curriculums. The interview study shows that the respondents are very much aware about the differences in writing a news article and writing a bachelor thesis. But even if the information use looks different between these two, the demands from the students of the sources are similar to the demands found in earlier research on active journalists; they ought to be current, easy to access and credible. This study strengthens the thesis that information use is situated and that the information use among these journalism students differs from earlier research groups.

  • 1108.
    Appelkvist, Carita
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Kortzon Johansson, Anita
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Fysisk aktivitet: Nya möjligheter i livet vid psykisk ohälsa2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fysisk aktivitet har stora hälsovinster för alla men speciellt för de som är drabbade av psykisk ohälsa. Vilken typ av fysisk aktivitet som vederbörande utövar har ingen betydelse utan det viktiga är regelbundenheten, gärna varje dag minst 30 minuter. I uppsatsen har vi utgått från patienter med tre psykiska sjukdomar, bipolär sjukdom, depression och schizofreni. Någon gång refererar vi till samtliga ovanstående sjukdomar och benämner då dessa för psykisk ohälsa under resultat och diskussion. Sjuksköterskan har en viktig funktion att stödja dessa patienter till ett hälsosammare liv med träning, exempelvis genom motiverande samtal (MI) och fysisk aktivitet på recept, (FAR). Syftet är att belysa patientens upplevelse av fysisk aktivitet vid bipolär sjukdom, depression och schizofreni. Arbetet är en litteraturöversikt enligt Friberg (2006), där tio kvalitativa artiklar har kvalitetsgranskats och bearbetats. Detta skapade fem teman som belyser patienters upplevelser vid träning. Flertalet artiklar kommer fram till att fysisk aktivitet upplevs ha positiva fördelar, till exempel ökat självförtroende och större välbefinnande. Dock upplevde många studiedeltagare behov av stöd från sin omgivning för att träna regelbundet. Hinder för fysisk träning upplevdes av vissa deltagare vara exempelvis tidsbrist eller konsekvenser av socialt samspel. Med tanke på vår framtida profession som sjuksköterskor anser vi det viktigt att se individen ur ett holistiskt perspektiv vid psykisk ohälsa. Genom stöd till ett förändrat beteende relaterat till träning och kost, kan detta ge bättre hälsa och förbättrad stresshantering.

  • 1109.
    Appelkvist, Carita
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Winckler, Linnéa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Övervikt hos personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning- en balansgång mellan självbestämmande och hälsomål: En intervjustudie om sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att arbeta inom LSS2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning är en sårbar grupp i samhället med mer övervikt och psykisk ohälsa. Personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning har en ökad risk för en rad sjukdomar och den självupplevda hälsan är 10 gånger sämre än bland normalbefolkningen. En av sjuksköterskans främsta uppgifter är att främja hälsa och förebygga sjukdom samt att arbeta med promotion och prevention ur ett personcentrerat synsätt. Därmed utgör arbetet med att förebygga övervikt och stärka patientens egna resurser en viktig del i sjuksköterskans ansvarsområde.

    Syftet med studien är att belysa sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av att arbeta med personer med övervikt inom LSS, Lag om stöd och service till vissa funktionshindrade. För att svara på studiens syfte valdes en kvalitativ metod med induktiv ansats. Elva intervjuer genomfördes och analyserades med innehållsanalys. I resultatet framkom att övervikt var ett vanligt förekommande fenomen hos personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning, som sjuksköterskor blev utmanade att hantera. Fyra övergripande kategorier med underkategorier växte fram i analysen: Hälsofrämjande arbete, Organisatoriska förutsättningar och hinder, Attityd och inställning och Särskilda utmaningar. Vidare framkom att sjuksköterskans roll inom LSS var mångfacetterad och svår att avgränsa gentemot andras yrkesgruppers ansvar. En avsaknad av riktlinjer för hur sjuksköterskan skulle arbeta med och mot övervikt påvisades, men det fanns även upplevelser av att personer inom LSS var en bortglömd och åsidosatt i kommunens hemsjukvård. Enligt de grundläggande lagarna ska vården vara jämlik och god. Om jämlik vård ur folkhälsoperspektiv kunde erbjudas var tveksamt då intervjupersonerna inte fick möjlighet att arbeta med övervikt i rätt bemärkelse.

    Slutsatser som drogs var att det idag inte finns något fastställt sätt att arbeta med övervikt hos personer inom kommunal LSS-verksamhet. Kommunal hälso- och sjukvård och kommunal funktionshinderverksamhet regleras av olika lagar. Idag står dessa kommunala verksamheter långt ifrån varandra, vilket innebär att lagarna krockar istället för att broar byggs mellan dem. En utveckling av samarbete är nödvändig för att arbetet med övervikt inom patientgruppen ska fungera.

  • 1110.
    Appelkvist, Rolf
    University of Borås, Centrum för lärande och undervisning.
    Does Professional Doctoral Education Improve Professional Performance?2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes some concepts central to education for professional practise, as they emerged out of the efforts of a working party at the University College of Borås (UCB), Sweden. The working party was part of a project preparing an application for full university status to the Swedish government. Adopting the professional doctorate, as it has emerged in Australia and the UK, was one fundamental idea. The Swedish Higher Education system is briefly described as is the UCB. The relation between knowledge and practice in learning for professional activity and performance is discussed.

  • 1111. Appelkvist, Rolf
    Vad händer i Kalmar?: uppfattningar om debatten kring GÖK-projektet 1991-1992 vid biblioteket i Kalmar1993Report (Other academic)
  • 1112.
    Appelkvist, Rolf
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Edberg, Frida
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Malm, Annika
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Breddad rekrytering och breddat deltagande: underlag för handlingsplan2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 2001 the Swedish Higher Education institutions have been required by the government to produce action plans for widened recruitment and widened participation. The current action plan for the University of Borås covers the years 2009-2012. In 2010 the University of Borås appointed a committee to prepare a new action plan for widened recruitment and widened participation. This committee was complemented by an Advisory Board. Both the Committee and the Advisory Board have taken a proactive and strategic role in helping to build capacity across the university to widen participation. The Committee and the Advisory Board have been mentored and advised by Professor John Storan, University of East London, who has worked extensively in Sweden and is recognised as a leading expert in widening participation in the UK. In 2011 the Board commissioned an internal data report to broaden its understanding of the profile of students. The report will feed into the new action plan. The Student Union delegate in the Advisory Board, Frida Edberg, was employed to undertake field work on diversity among the students for the report and also explore how these matters were dealt with at the different schools of the university. This work was supervised by Annika Malm, coordinator of the Committee and the Advisory Board, and Rolf Appelkvist. Joint editing with contributions from the Board was a vital part of the process with the final version which has been edited by Rolf Appelkvist. The report covers the following issues: • Students geographical descent • Students ethnical origin/background • Student exchange with other countries • Students social background • Non-completions • Student with disabilities • Gender distributions within the university • Induction activities for new students • Results from the first course/courses • How is the work done at different schools and what can be done – recommendations GEOGRAPHICAL BACKGROUND Most of the students come from the Västra Götalands-region where Borås is situated (figure 1, p. 3). A substantial proportion of the students come from Göteborg, the largest city in the region. There has been a conception at the university that the students from Göteborg mostly come from the suburbs with lower socio-economic status. This seems to be contradicted by the findings (figure 2, p. 4). However the data only tells us from where the students come, not the socio-economic level of each student.   STUDENTS ETHNICAL BACKGROUND Twenty-one percent of the students at the University are either born abroad or have one or two parents with non-Swedish origin (figure 3, p. 5). This is in line with the corresponding proportion in the Swedish population. STUDENT EXCHANGE WITH OTHER COUNTRIES One important part of ethnical diversity is the amount of incoming exchange students and free-movers. One condition for this is that many Swedish students enough chooses to study abroad for a period. However the imbalance in favor of incoming students is quite large (figure 4, p. 6). This means that because of recent regulations from the government the amount of out-going students needs to be increased to make it possible to maintain a high proportion of incoming students. SOCIAL BACKGROUND – PARENTS´ EDUCATIONAL LEVEL There has been a widely shared conception at the University that the students’ socio-economic distribution has been similar to the distribution in the Swedish population. This is changing. Obviously the proportion of students of parents with lower educational background is decreasing while students with parents of higher educational background are increasing in proportion (figure 5, p. 7). Even though the University of Borås still reach a fairly good proportion of students from families with lower educational background, there seems to be a slight tendency that this proportion is getting lower than the national proportion. NON-COMPLETIONS No investigations on the reasons for non-completion have been made at the university as a whole. There are data on this at the national level which indicate gender differences and some schools at the university try to investigate in the matter. STUDENTS WITH FUNCTIONAL DISABILITIES The University works actively to support students with functional disabilities. Student Service at Library and Learning Resources is mainly responsible for this work. Their main task is to support students in order to make them continue and complete their studies. They are thereby especially working with widened participation. Higher Education institutions can get additional funding for pedagogical support to students with functional disabilities, which are confirmed by a medical certification. The number of students that applied for and got extra support is increasing while the number of students who do not apply is decreasing. However support to students with temporary functional disabilities is not covered by this support, each institution has to finance such support within its own budget. GENDER DISTRIBUTION WITHIN THE UNIVERSITY OF BORÅS There is a large imbalance in gender distribution within the university compared to the total Higher Education sector in Sweden. This is largely due to the mix of educational programmes offered at the university. The gender distribution of the specific educational programmes reflects the imbalances within the intended professions in the Swedish society. Gender imbalances are a complex issue at many levels but a Higher Education Institution still has to contribute to influence these in a direction toward less imbalances. In the report the situation at the dominant educational programmes at each school is described. At the School of Health, the School of Textile, the School of Education and Behavioural Science and the School of Library and Information Science female students are dominating while there is a better balance at the School of Business and IT and at the School of Engineering male students are dominating. All schools use students of both sexes in marketing their educational programmes. Small changes in a favoured direction can be noted but the imbalances are still very large. INTRODUCTION ACTIVITIES Before the students begin at the university they get written information about the university and 2011 they also got information about the services offered by Student Service. During the first three weeks of introduction this is supplemented by oral information at several occasions. The first two days at the university and all afternoons during these three weeks are filled with activities whose purpose is to make the students informed about the university, their school and their educational programme but also to further fellowship among the students and with the staff. These activities are managed by the student union. Most educational programmes offer a first course that not only give an introduction to the entire programme but also gives a fair picture of different academic activities that can be expected during the coming studies. Academic writing, study techniques are introduced in many of these courses. The retention rate during these first courses is fairly high except at programmes given as distance studies. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS The introductory activities should be considered further as there are students who find some of them not very interesting. A lot of students do not participate, partly because they are commuting, to a large extent from Göteborg. The activities could be broadened to meet the demands of different student groups, not only the traditional young single students. Also the university must continuously evaluate the information given during this period as there always are students not reached by it. Maybe the university and its schools should participate more in the introductory activities. Most students seems to be content with the introductory courses but more emphasis could be put on informing them about how to do when you fail with an assignment, with an exam etc. Maybe a mobile application could be built to make it easier for the newcomer to navigate in their studies. The university could consider following up all non-completions on the first course/courses. A closer co-operation between the schools and Student Service is recommended. The proportion of students from lower educated homes is fairly high at the university but a slight tendency to getting closer to the imbalance in recruiting such students that is common at the large universities can be seen. This needs to be considered continuously. There is a fairly good representation of students with other ethnical backgrounds at the university but this has to be kept up actively, e.g. by language support. Also the university needs to continue its efforts to convince Swedish students to study abroad in countries outside the European Higher Education area to give room for more incoming exchange students. The university could give more education to its staff on functional disabilities in order to prevent prejudice regarding these students´ capabilities. Student Service should keep on sending information in advance about their services offered. Also students with functional disabilities could be offered a possibility to meet with the staff at the centre in advance, even before they know if they have been accepted to their applied for programme or not, all to avoid queuing during the first weeks of the academic year. Alternatively resources of the coordinator for students with functional disabilities could be increased.

  • 1113.
    Appelkvist, Rolf
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Oudhuis, Margareta
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Nätverk för den goda arbetsorganisationen: Högskolan och den tredje uppgiften2002In: Den glokala utmaningen : samverkansmönster och näringslivsutveckling i Västsverige, Stockholm: Atlas förlag , 2002Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1114.
    Appelkvist, Rolf
    et al.
    University of Borås, Centrum för lärande och undervisning.
    Sigrén, Peter
    University of Borås, Centrum för lärande och undervisning.
    Mångfald i högskolan. En delstudie av Akademiskt introduktionsår vid Högskolan i Borås.2003Report (Other academic)
  • 1115.
    Appelquist, Hanna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Björkman, Therése
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Getting one step ahead in life. A study of an adult literacy programme in Northern Malawi2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this Bachelor thesis is to study the connection between literacy and development and poverty reduction in a third world country. The study is based on Mothers’ Union Literacy and Development Programme (MULDP) in Malawi, where it examines what difference literacy makes in the learners of MULDPs lives and what meaning literacy has for them. The results found in the study are analysed with a theoretical framework that is built on Freire’s theory of ‘conscientization’ and the concepts of functional literacy and functional illiteracy. The method chosen is unstructured focus group interviews with the learners of MULDP and the findings were classified into themes through meanings condensation and thereafter compared with the theoretical framework. The results show that the effects of literacy are visual in both the personal and public sphere, changing the lives of the individual, the family and the community. The findings illustrate that literacy is both a tool and a social practice. Literacy itself does not develop the learners; it is the knowledge that comes with the social practice that is the trigger to development. This study concludes that literacy is developing the learners as human beings. A connection can, however, not be made between literacy and poverty reduction; literacy cannot on its own take the learners out of poverty because other means are also needed.

  • 1116.
    Appelqvist, Sara
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Boardy, Elin
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    ”Det är ett yrkesmässigt dilemma”: om förmedling av skönlitteratur på ett folkbibliotek.2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this Master’s thesis is to examine how librarians in a Swedish public library view and discuss mediation of fiction. The questions posed in this study are: How do the librarians want to work with mediation of fiction? What type of literature should be provided according to them? How do they express that they relate and should relate to their users? The theoretical starting-points are three categories extracted from Jofrid Karner Smidt’s doctor’s dissertation Mellom elite og publikum: the approach to users, strategies for mediation, and ideals for mediation. The empirical material was gathered through focus group interviews with librarians in a public library. This material was analyzed using the categories above. The results show that the librarians manifest a traditional view on mediation of fiction and the strategies used for mediation. The user group primarily discussed consists of readers of popular literature who are considered in need of help and guidance. The librarians have an ambition to improve the literary preferences of these users to what the librarians consider high quality literature. In contrast, they express a fear to be looked upon as condemning and therefore tend to suppress their personal literary views. The study poses questions about high versus low literary quality and whose needs should be addressed considering mediation of fiction. The result shows that the librarians focus solely on one of many user groups and therefore risk excluding other user groups.

  • 1117.
    Appenborg, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Pfolz, Jenny
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Faktorer som kan påverka patientens tillfredsställelse med smärtlindring på akutmottagning: En litteraturstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Smärta är en vanlig orsak till att människor söker akutmottagningar och patienter med smärta blir ofta undermåligt smärtlindrade. Smärtan är en subjektiv upplevelse som även präglas av tidigare erfarenheter i livet. Genom att identifiera faktorer som påverkar patientens tillfredsställelse med smärtlindringen kan vårdpersonal ge en mer optimal vård och undvika ett vårdlidande för patienten. Litteraturstudien är baserad på 11 st kvantitativa internationella artiklar med kvalitativa inslag. Granskning av artiklarna visar att det finns faktorer som påverkar patientens tillfredsställelse. Den mest återkommande är kommunikationen mellan patient och vårdpersonal. Övriga faktorer som kan påverka tillfredsställelsen med smärtlindringen är förväntningar, ålder, etnicitet, ångest, tid, utbildning och rutiner.

  • 1118.
    Appiah-Kubi, Ohene
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Faheem, Muhammad
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Impact of Technological Devices on Mathematical Skills: A Technological Adaption Perspective on Mathematics Education2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We live in a world where the use of technology plays a key role in our daily activities. Many professions rely on the use of technology to enable them to provide a better, faster, and the best of services to their clients. Due to the numerous benefits technology provides, there has been the need for its adoption into the educational sector to make learning easier for students. Through technology adoption students and teachers can get easy access to online resources. Students can study at their own pace and share resources with their peers. Despite the fact that the use of technological devices in the educational sector comes with some benefits, its introduction into the classroom at the elementary stage, especially in solving mathematics problems, has raised several controversies among stakeholders in the educational sector. There are those who are of the view that, the use of technological devices for computational purposes at the elementary stage will cause students to become reliant on them without using their mind to solve simple mathematical problems. Other stakeholders, however, think otherwise, they believe the use of technological devices used in teaching mathematics at the elementary school enhances student problem-solving skills. In this study, we determined the impact of technology adoption on mathematical skills in elementary schools in Pakistan. This research was conducted using semi-structured interviews and experiment between two elementary schools in Pakistan where one school believes in the adoption of technology in teaching and learning mathematics and the other school does not believe in the adoption of technology in teaching and learning mathematics. Students were chosen from grade 8 who were within the same age group and living within the same community for this study because they are within a transition stage from elementary school to upper secondary school and it is important to know how the use and non-use of technology have affected their mathematical capabilities and whether it was important for schools to adopt or not to adopt the use of technological devices in mathematics instructions. The results of the study indicate that the use of technological devices in solving mathematics problems at the elementary school has a greater negative impact than a positive impact on student computational skills and this affects the adoption of technological devices in mathematics instructions at most elementary school in Pakistan. The impact of technology plays a key role in technology adoption for potential adopters in developing countries and for this reason when potential adopters do not see the positive impact of technology from those using them; it serves as a barrier for the potential adopter.

  • 1119.
    Appring, Sofi
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Ljung, Isabelle
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Endometrios: En litteraturstudie om kvinnors upplevelser av bemötandet av sjukvårdspersonal2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, five to 15% of all women in childbearing age live with endometriosis. Endometriosis is a gynecological disease which means that uterine mucosa grows outside the uterus and can spread to other parts of the body, such as ovaries and peritoneum. The most common symptoms are pain and bleeding disorders, but several other symptoms occur. Endometriosis is also linked to infertility. Due to the ignorance that exists about the disease, many women must live without treatment for several years before a diagnosis can be made. Several studies indicate that women are dissatisfied with the healthcare treatment.

    The purpose of the study was to find out how women with endometriosis experience the treatment and care of health care providers. Through a literature study, six scientific articles, all of which have in some way addressed women experiences, were examined. The results of this study show that some women are treated with respect and empathy by health care personnel. They meet a doctor who listens to them and understands their needs. The majority, however, experience a great lack of empathy and knowledge. No one takes their trouble seriously and it takes a long time before they meet a doctor who can make the right diagnosis. They feel vulnerable, alone and lose faith in health care. More knowledge about endometriosis is needed among healthcare professionals. More knowledge would mean a greater understanding of how these women feel and what help they need.

  • 1120.
    Arabi, R.
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Bemanian, S.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Taherzadeh, M.J.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Rapid Biodegradation of Methyl tert-Butyl Ether (MBTE) by Pure Bacterial cultures2007In: Iranian journal of chemistry & chemical engineering, ISSN 1021-9986, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two pure bacterial strains capable of rapid degrading methyl tert–butyl ether (MTBE) were isolated from an industrial wastewater treatment plant, identified and characterized. These strains are able to grow on MTBE as the sole carbon and energy sources and completely mineralize it to the biomass and carbon dioxide. The strains were identified as Bacillus cereus and Klebsiella terrigena. Both strains are able to grow in the presence of 48 g/l MTBE in water, which is almost the maximum concentration of MTBE in the water. They were able to completely degrade 10 g/l MTBE in less than a day. The specific degradation rate of MTBE at optimum conditions were 5.89 and 5.78 g(MTBE)/g(cells). h for B. cereus and K. terrigena, respectively. The biomass yield was 0.085 and 0.076 g/g, respectively. The cultivations were carried out successfully at 25, 30 and 37 °C, while they showed the best performance at 37 °C. Neither of the strains was able to grow and degrade MTBE anaerobically.

  • 1121.
    Arabi, R.
    et al.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology.
    Bemanian, S.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Rapid biodegradation of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) by pure bacterial cultures2007In: Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, ISSN 1021-9986, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two pure bacterial strains capable of rapid degrading methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) were isolated from an industrial wastewater treatment plant, identified and characterized. These strains are able to grow on MTBE as the sole carbon and energy souces and completely mineralize it to the biomass and carbon dioxide. The strains were identified as Bacillus cereus and Klebsiella terrigena. Both strains are able to grow in the presence of 48 gl-1 MTBE in water, which is almost the maximum concentration of MTBE in the water. They were able to completely degrade 10 gl-1 MTBE in less than a day. The specific degradation rate of MTBE at optimum conditions were 5.89 and 5.78 g(MTBE) g(cells)-1 h-1 for B. cereus and K. terrigena, respectively. The biomass yield was 0.085 and 0.076 gg-1, respectively. The cultivations were carried out successfully at 25, 30 and 37 °C, while they showed the best performance at 37 °C. Neither of the strains was able to grow and degrade MTBE anaerobically.

  • 1122.
    Arabäck, Niklas
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Sturesson, Klas
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Styrutrustning för gnistprovningsapparat2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport beskriver utvecklingen av en ny styrutrustning för SP´s provning av elektriska produkter som sitter i explosionskänslig miljö. Enligt svensk lagstiftning måste produkterna uppfylla ATEX-direktivet. SP har en gnistprovningsapparat för provning av elektriska produkter. Styrutrustningen till gnistprovningsapparaten har genom åren blivit omodern och besvärlig att använda. Den gamla utrustningen är konstruerad på tidigt 80-tal och saknar en komplett dokumentation. Den bristfälliga dokumentation och komponenter som idag inte går att få tag på har gjort utrustningen osäker. Önskemålet är att konstruera en ny styrutrustning som går att styra med mjukvara utvecklad i LabVIEW 6.1. Ny hårdvara har konstruerats med inventarienummer 504140. Utrustningen har blivit mer kompakt och enklare för operatören att använda. En komplett dokumentation har tagits fram för den nya styrutrustningen. Hårdvaran kontrolleras nu via ett USB gränssnitt till dator. Mjukvaran som används är utvecklad i LabVIEW 6.1 med namnet Spark Ignition Test v2.0.

  • 1123.
    Arampampasli, Ioanna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Gunnarsson, Malin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Faktorer som har samband med att mödrar slutar att helamma: En systematisk litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Enligt WHO:s rekommendation bör mödrar helamma sitt barn upp till sex månaders ålder. De senaste decennierna har dock amningsfrekvensen minskat i Sverige trots de positiva hälsoeffekterna. Litteraturöversiktens syfte är att identifiera faktorer som har samband med att mödrar slutar att helamma sitt barn före sex månaders ålder. Metod: En systematisk litteraturöversikt med deskriptiv ansats har genomförts där åtta kvantitativa studier och en kvalitativ studie har inkluderats.

    Resultat: Resultatet tydde på ett samband mellan ett flertal faktorer som gjorde att mödrar slutade att helamma sitt barn före sex månader ålder. Fynden presenteras i tre huvudkategorier och nio underkategorier. ”Faktorer hos modernmed underkategorierna: Moderns ålder och socioekonomiska situation, Hälsoaspekter hos modern, Moderns attityder till och tidigare erfarenheter av amning och Moderns upplevelse av otillräcklig mjölkproduktion. ”Barnets anknytning till modern och användandet av napp” med underkategorierna: Betydelsen av närhet och Användning av napp. ”Betydelsen av amningshandledning och ett gott stöd” med underkategorierna: Amningshandledning för en lyckad amning, Tidigt stöd och uppföljning från sjukvården samt Stöd från familjemedlemmar.

    Slutsatser och kliniska implikationer: En vårdande relation är grunden till att kunna ge en god amningsvägledning. Det är viktigt att stärka moderns tilltro till sig själv och sin förmåga att amma. Samtidigt är det viktigt att uppmuntra till närhet mellan mor och barn för att främja anknytningen mellan dem. Partnern är betydelsefull och det är viktigt att hen känner delaktighet då hen är ett viktigt stöd för modern i hennes amning.

  • 1124.
    Arashpour, Mohammad Reza
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Enaghani, Mohammad Reza
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Karimi, Morteza
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    The Relationship between Lean and TPM2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Total Productive Maintenance(TPM) is mostly regarded as an integral part of Lean Manufacturing. Some authors considered TPM as a Lean tool but it always has been a matter of controversy. The role of TPM in maintenance is similar and comparable to Total Quality Management (TQM) in Quality. TPM involves Autonomous and Planned Maintenance. Planned Maintenance consists of several maintenance strategies. Autonomous maintenance includes simple maintenance tasks done by the operators. The aim of this thesis is to reach a prescription about the best attitude toward Lean and TPM implementation by reviewing Lean and TPM concepts as well as studying experiences of famous companies, their achievements, problems and difficulties to implement TPM Two companies which had implemented TPM without considering Lean were investigated. Although these companies had implemented TPM before Lean, they now believe that a company should start with Lean and grow Lean thinking among the employees. In this way a company should start with recognizing the relationship and implementation sequence of Lean and TPM. In this thesis, Lean and TPM comparison supports this approach since it proves that Lean and TPM have some common tools and concepts. The comparison also supports the belief that Lean is a philosophy and TPM is a method.

  • 1125.
    Araviadis, Christofer
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Bibliotekariers och ungdomars bild av sociala medier En kvalitativ studie av bilden av sociala medier hos bibliotekarier och ungdomar, och hur man kan förbättra bibliotekarieprofessionens förmåga att förmedla sig själv inom ett digitalt rum2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media have become a bigger and bigger aspect of daily life for many ages and especially within the youth culture growing from digital interactions. At the same time libraries seems eager to use this medium to reach out to the youth to inform and to educate. But do we know enough about how these two groups’ views each other to be effective at this work? And is it even something that is wanted? What’s the image of social media from their point of view? The goal of this study is to investigate the image of social media from the point of view of two groups, librarians and youth. The study is based on a qualitative approach with a random selection of candidates. A semi-structured interview is the main method of collecting the data from these candidates, as it will give the best material matching the goal of the study. The paper has found that many of the candidates for the study, “even” though they think there will be a clear future for library use of social medias, still value the physical aspects of the library and more interactions face to face. In fact many of them think one can lose parts of what makes libraries and the library space so appreciated by youth, if they put too much of their resources into a digital format. However the results in this paper have been based on a sample study of a smaller group of candidates and so are in no way onclusive for the majority of the people within these two groups. Hopefully this study will nspire future studies into the interactions between these groups.

  • 1126.
    Arbaban Esfahani, Elham
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Environmental Risk Assessment of Nonylphenol Spillage in Göta Älv2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental concern due to handling of hazardous chemicals is growing. This issue draws stakeholder attentions more than before to risks associated with accidental spillage in industry or traffic. This study aims at addressing the risks resulting from the spillage of one metric tonne nonylphenol from an imaginary traffic accident. The environmental risk assessment approach outlined in this study attempts to address the concern for the potential impact of hazardous substances on the environment by examining both exposures and effects of such incidents on the structure and function of the ecosystem. Nonylphenol has been selected as the discharged contaminant in this thesis for these reasons. It is an organic liquid with low vapour pressure. It is not produced in Sweden. About 2400 tonnes are imported yearly. It is mainly used for making nonylphenol ethoxylates, which have a wide use as detergents, emulsifiers, lubricants and additives in a variety of industries. It is released from the ethoxylates in waste water. There are some published reports on its toxicity as well as endocrine property to species. In this study the exposure concentrations are predicted through developing a multimedia fateexposure model for the Göta älv fresh water ecosystem. It is a dynamic version of QMXfugacity model applicable for river basins. This fate model is integrated with a simplified food web model in order to quantify the extent of nonylphenol concentration in organisms. Moreover the dose response correlation derived from the most validated experimental studies is utilized to estimate Predicted No Effect Concentration for aquatic ecosystem. The probability of accidental spillage of nonylphenol is extremely low and is not part of this study. On the other hand the consequence of spillage affecting the ecosystem is treated from several aspects, mainly by using the PEC/PNEC ratio. In the aquatic ecosystem pelagic (free water) and benthic (bottom zone) organisms are studied. Estimated risk concerning the spillage suggests that acute toxicity among pelagic organisms is plausible up river especially in the Trollhättan region. However sub-lethal effects such as reproduction and growth inhibition will probably be observed all along the river with most concern in up river. In the sediment phase the benthic organisms are shown to be put at risk for a prolonged period of time and organisms may suffer from chronic toxicity. In addition the sediment acts as a sink for contaminant with potential release of the hazardous substance. However, it is difficult to predict a full extent of adverse consequences. But it seems that sublethal effects on benthos and consequent side effects on other populations should be concluded as the most important direct consequence of a nonylphenol spillage.

  • 1127.
    Arbin, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Hjerpe, Jens
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Genuspåverkan vid utveckling och användning av informationssystem2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med forskningen är att ge läsaren en ökad förståelse för genus och dess påverkan både för utvecklandet och för användandet av ett informationssystem. För att kunna uppnå detta beaktas samhället och skillnader hos könen. I samhället finns det normer och etiska angivelser som påverkar vårt sätt att vara. I oss själva finns det skillnader i hjärnan mellan könen, vilket också påverkar vårt sätt att tänka. Genom att beakta dessa skillnader har vi gjort det möjligt att förmedla en kunskap rörande genuspåverkan inom informationssystem. Undersökningen behandlar skillnader i hjärnan mellan kön samt sociologiska roller och förväntningar beträffande genus. Detta har också diskuterats med en forskare inom det området. Vidare har vi genomfört intervjuer med systemutvecklare på två företag för att se hur dessa företag resonerar angående genus och kön. Vi har även genomfört användartester på en applikation med en blandad grupp studenter för att upptäcka skillnader i upplevelser och skillnader i användning mellan kön. Detta leder oss till en bred förståelse för betydelsen av genus vid utveckling och användning av informationssystem. I den teoretiska delen kan vi visa att det generellt finns skillnader i hjärnan mellan kvinnor och män. Vissa egenskaper förekommer mer hos män medan andra förekommer mer hos kvinnor. Vår forskning visar att kvinnor oftare än män föredrar informationssystem som ger en utökad upplevelsefaktor. Företag vi pratade med reflekterar inte över kön när de sätter samman projektgrupper eller ska ta fram en viss produkt. Det finns däremot skillnader som kan vara värda att beakta.

  • 1128. Archer, Trevor
    et al.
    Adriansson, Lillemor
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Plancak, Allen
    Karlsson, Erica
    Influence of affective personality on cognition-mediated emotional processing: Need for empowerment2007In: European Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0213-6163, E-ISSN 2340-4469, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 248-262Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and Objectives: The notion that both positive and negative affect contribute not only to affective personality profiles but also to self-report estimations of both psychological and physical well-being or discomfort. Method: Two studies are described, based upon applications of psychometric and clinical instruments, including the Positive Affective and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), Stress and Energy (SE), Dispositional optimism (LOT), Locus of Control, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Perfectionism, Hospital Anxirty and Depression (HAD) and the Uppsala Sleep Inventory (USI). In Study 1, one hundred and twenty-two high school students (Gothenburg, Sweden), aged 17-19 years participated, whereas in Study 2, two hundred and eight professional office employees from a number of government agencies and corporations (Borås, Sweden), aged 27-61 years participated. Measures for HAD-anxiety and HAD-depression from five other studies of affective personality profiles were included also. Results: The results indicated marked differences in both psychological and physical well-being or discomfort due to affective personality profiles, whereby "Self-fulfilling" individuals, expressing high positive affect and low negative affect, presented markedly better health profiles than the other three types of affective personality, i.e. "Low affective", "High affective" and "Self-destructive". Conclusions: In this regard the notion of "empowerment" as a vehicle for putative reinforcements of cognitive abilities that modulate emotional systems is discussed.

  • 1129.
    Ardelius, Maria
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Sjuksköterskors möte med patienter från andra kulturer än den svenska: Ett interkulturellt perspektiv2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kultur är ett komplext begrepp med många innebörder och tolkningsmöjligheter. Syftet med denna studie har varit att beskriva hur sjuksköterskor inom psykiatrin erfar mötet med patienter från andra kulturer än den svenska. Tio sjuksköterskor som arbetade inom psykiatrisk heldygns- och öppenvård intervjuades. Den kunskapsteoretiska utgångspunkten för intervjuerna var ett livsvärldsperspektiv. Materialet analyserades i förhållande till Lorentz utvecklingsmodell för kulturell kompetens, en modell som visar en utveckling från ett etnocentriskt perspektiv, där fokus är på den egna kulturen mot ett etnorelativt synsätt där den egna kulturen är en av många kulturer. Det etnorelativa synsättet uppnås genom reflektion och en medvetenhet om den egna kulturens betydelse. De intervjuade sjuksköterskorna som arbetade inom heldygnsvården visade i större utsträckning än sjuksköterskor inom öppenvården på ett etnocentriskt förhållningssätt. Sjuksköterskor som var verksamma inom öppenvården visade i studien på en mer reflekterande hållning, ett etnorelativt förhållningssätt. Skillnaderna i sjuksköterskornas förhållningssätt sattes i relation till hur öppen och reflekterande vårdkulturen framstod.

  • 1130.
    Arefi, Milad
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Davani, Soroush
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Anhörigas upplevelser av att vårda en familjemedlem i livets slutskede i hemmet: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Palliativ vård som bedrivs i hemmet har idag blivit allt vanligare i Sverige. Vård i hemmet, däribland avancerad vård, har ökat under senaste åren på grund av mindre vårdplatser på sjukhus, hospice och boenden. Vård i hemmet har orsakat att anhöriga blivit mer involverade i vården av en familjemedlem, vilket har inneburit en ny roll med ett stort ansvar. Att vara anhörigvårdare kan skapa oro, stress, utmattning och begränsningar som leder till maktlöshet och förtvivlan. Alla dessa omständigheter ökar anhörigas lidande och påverkar deras livskvalitet.

    Syftet med den här studien är att belysa anhörigas upplevelser och erfarenheter av att vårda en familjemedlem i livets slutskede. En litteraturöversikt utfördes där både kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar användes. Sjutton artiklar granskades vilka gav oss fyra huvudkategorier och nio subkategorier. Resultatet visar att anhöriga upplever en förändrad tillvaro som påverkar deras vardag där de tar ett stort ansvar för sin familjemedlem. Att invänta döden och förhålla sig till en osäker framtid ger upphov till känslor av maktlöshet och förlusten av kontroll över situationen. Den nya rollen som anhörigvårdare kan kännas väldigt främmande och få anhöriga att känna sig otillräckliga, speciellt när de inte har tillgång till den stöd de behöver. Att bli bekräftad och sedd av omgivningen, inte minst från sjukvårdspersonalen, är en förutsättning för att anhöriga ska kunna klara av den tunga bördan  med  att  vårda  sin  familjemedlem.  Att  som  sjuksköterska  jobba  med  hela familjen  i  fokus  gynnar  alla  inblandade  parter  och  kan  genom  detta  skapa  goda relationer med både anhöriga och patient.

  • 1131.
    Arekull, Eliza
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Bergeld, Andreas
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Förförståelsen i Palliativ vård: Sjuksköterskans perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Palliativa vårdens ändamål är att öka livskvalitén och stödja både patienten och dennes familj genom ett obotligt sjukdomsförlopp. Palliativa vårdens målgrupp är inte enbart de med en cancerdiagnos utan alla med en obotlig sjukdom. Förförståelsen kring begreppet palliativ är stor och kan innebära en risk för sämre vård för patienten. Studiens syfte har varit att beskriva förförståelsen i palliativ vård utifrån sjuksköterskans perspektiv. Metoden i studien är en litteraturöversikt som utgår från Fribergs litteraturöversiktsmetod (2017, ss. 141–148). En kvantitativ och nio kvalitativa artiklar analyserades.

    Resultatet av litteraturöversikten lyfter fram tre huvudteman följt av tre underteman. Huvudtemat kunskapsproblem tar upp riskerna när sjuksköterskans påverkas av sin förförståelse i kommunikation, utbildning och strategier. Huvudtemat vårdkonsekvenser belyser hur fördomar och förförståelse utifrån definitioner, möten och hinder i vården kan skapas. Huvudtemat lidande tar upp det lidande som förförståelsen kan leda till utifrån sjuksköterskans självbild, sjuksköterskans/patientens delaktighet och skapandet av patientrelationer. Förförståelse leder till att patientrelationen påverkas och innebär ett ökat lidande för patienten. Sjuksköterskans förförståelse kan skapa vård som inte tillför något till patientens egentliga behov. Den palliativa vården innebär utmaningar för sjuksköterskan. I den palliativa vården har författarna identifierat brister i förförståelsen hos sjuksköterskor i framför allt hur kommunikation och information framförs till patienten. En kontinuerlig vård med självreflektioner utifrån evidensbaserade utbildningar är en grundförutsättning för en mer fördomsfri palliativ vård.

  • 1132.
    Aremyr, Therese
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Recina, Elisabeth
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    BARNS UPPLEVELSE AV VÄLBEFINNANDE VID AKUTA BESÖK PÅ SJUKHUS2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Besöket med barn på en akutmottagning är oftast oplanerat så föräldrar tar sällan med sig någon leksak eller bok som förströelse under vistelsen. Sjukhusmiljön skiljer sig från miljön i hemmet. Den främmande miljön på sjukhuset med lukter, ljud och vitklädda vårdare kan göra barnen ängsliga. Den fysiska miljöns utformning kan bidra till att både vårdgivare och vårdtagare upplever en större trygghet och är mer tillfreds med sin situation om miljön är estetiskt tilltalande. Syfte: Belysa den inre fysiska miljöns betydelse för barns upplevelse av välbefinnande vid akuta besök på sjukhus. Metod: Kvalitativ litteraturstudie. 10 vetenskapliga artiklar analyserades. Analysen resulterade i tre kategorier. Miljöns betydelse för integritet och delaktighet, betydelsen av ljuset, färgen och konsten och betydelsen av samvaro och aktivitet. Resultat: Resultatet av analysen visade på fördelar av att behandla barnen som individer och lyssna till vad de vill och känner. Det har framkommit att den inre miljön är viktig för barn, ungdomar och deras anhöriga när de söker vård på akutmottagning. Patienter och anhöriga oavsett ålder upplevde akutmottagning som en hotfull plats att vara på, därför belyste barnen att miljön skulle vara mer hemmalik. Ändamålsenliga, stimulerande, ljusa och skiftande miljö önskades. Konst gjord av och för barn föredrogs. Barn och ungdomar talade om olika teman med motiv från naturen så som hav och strand. Färgvalen var milda färger som skulle skifta i miljön. Diskussion: Barns tankar, upplevelser och erfarenheter bör vara grunden i planeringen av hur offentliga lokalers inre miljö skall utformas. Akutmottagningar i allmänhet bör ge barnen en möjlighet till ändmåls enligt stimuli för att barnen skulle kunna klara av sin situation bättre och därmed kunna ge föräldrarna en känsla av kontroll. Trygghet är en känsla som till viss del kan skapas av miljön.

  • 1133.
    Areskoug, Linda
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lidman, Tobias
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Kvinnors politiska representation - En undersökning om könsmönster i kommunalpolitiken i Borås stad2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines the representation of women, and the existence of any gender patterns in municipal politics. The study also illustrates gender distribution in the city of Borås. A survey of the female elected local councilors has been conducted to illustrate how the situation regarding gender patterns look like in the current situation. In addition, we also conducted semi-structured interviews with respondents from the various parties active in local politics in the city of Borås to get a comprehension in the situation of female politicians. We constructed the interviews on the basis of the reference framework, and then coupled with our respondents' personal experiences with our analysis model.The areas that we have examined are the representation of women, the barriers they face in politics, as well as horizontal and vertical gender division of labor. Our survey shows that there is a lack of female representation in local politics in the city of Borås, to some extent, and also what impact this has in the political situation that exists. Moreover, the survey shows that both a horizontal and vertical gender division of labor exists in the municipality of Borås.The study is written in Swedish.

  • 1134.
    Arfwidsson, Filippa
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Bibliotekarier i Dagens Nyheter: En diskursanalytisk studie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to examin how librarians are presented in the Swedish daily newspaper Dagens Nyheter. My research questions were: How are librarians and the librarian profession presented in articles in Dagens Nyheter? and What discourses can be identified in the articles? I have analysed 69 articles from between 2012-01-01 and 2013-01-01 by using discourse analysis as both theory and method. Three discourses emerged through the analysis: discourse about librarians and litterature, discourse about librarians and censorship and discourse about librarians and the labour market. The conclusions drawn from this study are that librarians are strongly associated with litterture and reading and with the labour market. There are also clear tendencies that librarians whish to change the old, stereotypical images that they are associated with, and do so by using humor.

  • 1135.
    Aring, Camilla
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Ljungbäck, Nikolina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Den endometriosdrabbade kvinnans upplevelse av det vårdande mötet: En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ungefär en tiondel av världens kvinnliga befolkning drabbas av den kroniska sjukdomen endometrios. Endometrios kantas av kronisk smärta och med en lång väg till diagnos samt felaktigt information och behandling i relation till sjukdomen. Det florerar en låg kunskap kring sjukdomen och det kan leda till att kvinnans upplevda problematik påstås vara psykiskt betingad. Vidare kan den låga kunskapen yttra sig i brist på omvårdnad, stöd och information till den endometriosdrabbade kvinnan. För att det vårdande mötet ska bli vårdande, behöver kvinnan bli respekterad och bekräftad i sin situation.

    Syftet med studien är beskriva den endometriosdrabbade kvinnans upplevelse av det vårdande mötet. För att beskriva kvinnans upplevelse utformades en litteraturstudie enligt Axelssons (2012, ss. 203-220.) metod, där studien baserades på 9 vetenskapliga artiklar. Genom analys av de 9 artiklarna, utformades tre teman: att inte bli tagen på allvar, okunskap bland vårdpersonal och behov av att ta egen kontroll. Resultatet diskuteras ur vårdvetenskapliga begrepp som vårdlidande, vårdande möte och den vårdande relationen. Diskussion förs även kring hållbar utveckling och nationella riktlinjer knutna till endometriosvård. I det vårdande mötet ställs den endometriosdrabbade kvinnan inför en problematisk situation. Mötet kantas av en okunskap från vårdpersonalens sida och där kvinnans upplevelse inte tas på allvar. Sammantaget leder de här faktorerna till att kvinnan behöver ta egen kontroll över sin situation.

  • 1136.
    Ariyanto, T.
    et al.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Cahyono, R. B.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Vente, A.
    Environmental Science for Sustainable Energy and Technology, Avans Hogeschool.
    Mattheij, S.
    Department of Food and Agricultural Product Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Millati, R.
    Department of Food and Agricultural Product Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Sarto,
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Syamsiah, S.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Utilization of fruit waste as biogas plant feed and its superiority compared to landfill2017In: International Journal of Technology, ISSN 2086-9614, Vol. 8, no 8, p. 1385-1392Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fruit waste is a part of municipal solid waste which is typically disposed of directly to a landfill site. In order to utilize this valuable renewable resource, anaerobic biological processes can be employed to convert fruit waste to biogas. This usable gas is then used to generate electricity. This paper describes a comprehensive study to set up technology for converting fruit waste to electricity via biogas production. First, the fruit waste characteristics (type and composition) were systematically evaluated, and then laboratory experiments for biogas conversion to explore gas production from the waste were carried out. The biogas plant was then designed, based on the information obtained. Finally, a comparison of biogas plant with landfill was performed using life cycle assessment (LCA) to determine environmental impacts, and economic evaluation to assess daily processing costs. The results from waste characterization in one of the biggest fruit markets in Indonesia showed that the three main component fruit types were orange (64%), mango (25%), and apple (5%). Rotten fruit contributes up to 80% of the total waste in the fruit market. Based on the experimental work, the potential gas production in the biogas plant was calculated to be approximately 1075 Nm3/day, comprising 54% methane, based on 10 tons per day of fruit waste. The comparison demonstrates that it is a better option to utilize fruit waste in a biogas plant, in terms of LCA and daily operational costs, than to dispose of it in landfill. 

  • 1137.
    Arja, Mina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Akbar Mirzaei, Ali
    University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan 98135-674, Iran.
    Mahmood Davarpanah, Abdol
    University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan 98135-674, Iran.
    Masoud Barakati, Seyed
    University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan 98135-674, Iran.
    Mohsenzadeh, Abas
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Atashi, Hossein
    University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan 98135-674, Iran.
    Bolton, Kim
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    DFT studies of hydrocarbon combustion on metal surfaces2018In: Journal of Molecular Modeling, ISSN 1610-2940, E-ISSN 0948-5023, Vol. 24, p. 47-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1138.
    Arkkukangas, M
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Sundler J, Annelie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Söderlund, A
    Mälardalens Högskola.
    Eriksson, S
    Umeå University.
    Johansson, A-C
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Older persons’ experiences of home-based exercise with behaviour change support2017In: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040, Vol. 33, no 12, p. 905-913Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is a challenge to promote exercise among older persons. Knowledge is needed regarding the maintenance of exercise aiming at preventing falls and promoting health and well-being in older persons.

    Purpose: This descriptive study used a qualitative inductive approach to describe older persons’ experiences of a fall-preventive, home-based exercise program with support for behavioral change. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 elderly persons aged 75 years or older, and a qualitative content analysis was performed.

    Results: Four categories emerged: facilitators of performing exercise in everyday life, the importance of support, perceived gains from exercise, and the existential aspects of exercise.

    Conclusion: With support from physiotherapists (PTs), home-based exercise can be adapted to individual circumstances in a meaningful way. Including exercises in everyday life and daily routines could support the experience of being stronger, result in better physical functioning, and give hope for an extended active life in old age. 

  • 1139.
    Arkstål, Lotta
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Hast, Mimmi
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    “Vad har de här gubbarna med min framtid att göra?”: En kvalitativ studie om förväntningar på personalvetarutbildningens innehåll och syfte2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Högre utbildning har under längre tid diskuterats i relation till arbetsmarknaden, där kraven på anställningsbarhet under det senaste decenniet blivit mer uttalat. Dock ifrågasätts högskoleutbildningens utformning och dess relevans för arbetslivet, då mycket av undervisningen fokuserar på abstrakta teorier istället för konkreta metoder. Detta dilemma dyker även upp inom de utbildningar som ska forma personalvetare. Intresset i denna studie mynnade därför ut i att undersöka lärares samt studenters förväntningar och upplevelser av utbildningsinnehåll och anställningsbarhet inom ett personalvetarprogram.

    Vår studie baseras på åtta intervjuer, fyra stycken inom respektive grupp, och visar att studenterna i regel har ett mer kortsiktigt perspektiv på vad personalvetarutbildningen önskas resultera i, där det finns en önskan och förväntning om att undervisningen ska vara mer praktisk. Detta resultat ligger i linje med våra föreställningar och den tidigare forskning som vi tagit del av. Lärarna däremot har ett mer långsiktigt perspektiv där utbildningen genom sin teoretiska anknytning ska leda till personlig utveckling samt kritiska reflektioner. Personlig utveckling i form av ökade allmänna kunskaper framkom överraskande nog även hos studenterna, dock inte lika tydligt. Slutligen kunde en tydlig koppling mellan anställningsbarhet och högre utbildning urskiljas, där begreppen samspelar med varandra. Utbildning uttrycks vara det mest centrala i anställningsbarhet då individen därigenom erhåller viktiga kompetenser och färdigheter för det kommande arbetslivet. Andra faktorer som framkom vara viktiga för en individs anställningsbarhet sammanfattas i kategorierna arbetslivserfarenhet, relevanta kompetenser samt personliga egenskaper.

  • 1140. Arman, Maria
    et al.
    Dahlberg, Karin
    Ekebergh, Margaretha
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Teoretiska grunder för vårdande2015Book (Other academic)
  • 1141.
    Arman, R
    et al.
    [external].
    Wikström, E
    [external].
    Tengelin, W
    [external].
    Dellve, Lotta
    [external].
    Work activities and stress among managers in health care2012In: The Work of Managers. Towards a Practice Theory of Management / [ed] S Tengblad, Oxford University Press 2011 , 2012, p. 105-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Comprehensive overview of research in the field Includes contributions from leading researchers on managers Combines theory, evidence, and reflection Detailed literature review of 21 of the most important previous studies Managers are significant actors in contemporary organizations and yet there is very little deep-level analysis of what managers do, and how they understand their managerial selves and social situations. Instead of evaluating management techniques according to their internal logic and systematic qualities, this book advances the 'practice perspective', using behaviour and activities of successful, experienced, and skilled managers as the primary data for theorizing good management. In this book, academics review classic literature on managerial work, discuss methodological and theoretical approaches, and present empirical studies on various kinds of managers at different levels of organizations, in different roles, and different sectors, from construction site managers and CEOs of large companies to university vice chancellors and front-line health care managers. It makes the case for studies of managerial work that look beyond the rational and ordered world to the challenges presented by, inter alia, work and information overload, complexity, performance pressures, unintended consequences, and irreconcilable expectations. Readership: Academics, researchers, and graduate students in Management and Organization Studies

  • 1142.
    Arman, Rebecka
    et al.
    School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg.
    Dellve, Lotta
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Wikström, Ewa
    Törnström, Linda
    What health care managers do: applying Mintzberg's structured observation method2009In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 17, no 6, p. 718-729Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim The aim of the present study was to explore and describe what characterizes first- and second-line health care managers' use of time. Background Many Swedish health care managers experience difficulties managing their time. Methods Structured and unstructured observations were used. Ten first- and second-line managers in different health care settings were studied in detail from 3.5 and 4 days each. Duration and frequency of different types of work activities were analysed. Results The individual variation was considerable. The managers' days consisted to a large degree of short activities (<9 minutes). On average, nearly half of the managers' time was spent in meetings. Most of the managers' time was spent with subordinates and <1% was spent alone with their superiors. Sixteen per cent of their time was spent on administration and only a small fraction on explicit strategic work. Conclusions The individual variations in time use patterns suggest the possibility of interventions to support changes in time use patterns. Implications for nursing management A reliable description of what managers do paves the way for analyses of what they should do to be effective.

  • 1143. Arman, Rebecka
    et al.
    Wikström, Ewa
    Dellve, Lotta
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Structuration in Managerial Communication Processes2012In: Offentlig Förvaltning. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2000-8058, E-ISSN 2001-3310, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 143-163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to describe and analyse observed managerial communication. The research questions concerned: What characterizes managerial communication practices and the organizational consequences? We make use of structuration theory and view communication as a social interaction process in which temporary structures are negotiated. Ten first- and second-line managers were shadowed. The managers used a combination of structuration of caring, interdependency and accountability typical of health care organizations. The communication practices were related to how new norms of reputation management were institutionalized through structuration. The types of structuration were sometimes contradictory and productive communication was rare or non-existent. The managerial communication practices had consequences for the power and domination and for which issues were signified as part of the agenda. The conclusions can be generalizable to other professional organizations.

  • 1144.
    Armanjo, Jahanmehr
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Formsprutningsverktyg2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I samband med ingenjörsutbildningen med inriktning produktutveckling vid högskolan i Borås, konstruerades ett formsprutningsverktyg åt firma Finstansteknik i Ulricehamn. Syftet vid konstruktion var framtagning av ny serie Foodboxes för fastfood som är en lockande alternativ till befintliga engångsförpackningar i termoplastmaterial som används i stor utsträckning idag. Formsprutningsverktyg konstruerades för massproduktion av olika formar engångshämtboxar. Med hänsyn tagen till kravspecifikationen har projektet inneburit närmare analyser inom material, design och konstruktion. Riktlinjerna för produkt designen var huvudsakligen miljövänlighet och upptagning av minsta möjliga plats vid exponering i butik. Designen kan redovisa minsta möjliga materialåtgång och en stabil konstruktion som kan återvändas, återvinnas, frysas, maskindiskas, värmas i micro och lätt staplas. Samtidig ökar efterfrågan på formsprutningsteknologi och formsprutade produkter som gör det möjligt att tillverka högkvalitativa former i kortare serielängder. Också ingår formsprutade produkter och komponenter en viktig del av vårt vardagsliv.

  • 1145.
    Armioun, Shaghayegh
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Using Ultrasound as a Pretreatment Method for Ultraviolet Disinfection of Wastewaters2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the effects of neutral particles addition on the breakage of wastewater flocs to improve the efficiency of sonication pretreatment for UV disinfection process have been studied. Kaolin particles as a potentially useful material that is neutral, natural and cheap were added to wastewater samples prior to sonication. Results obtained in this study indicated that hard and small kaolin particles do not have any significant effect on the particle breakage efficiency by ultrasound. The addition of kaolin particles did not significantly increase the cavitation activity (as characterized by potassium iodide actinometry) either. These findings contradict earlier reports that neutral particles can act as nucleation sites and hence enhance cavitation intensity. In this work, sonication of wastewater samples for 60s in the absence of kaolin particles resulted in an approximately one log decrease in the number of surviving bacteria colonies at the tailing level and 1.4 log units increase at the initial slope of coliform removal in UV dose response curve, however addition of kaolin particles prior sonication did not significantly affect the UV dose response curve .The results presented in this study should be treated as preliminary and further detailed investigations are needed to better evaluate this issue.

  • 1146.
    Armstrong, Amrith
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    NärNaturen Västsverige AB: Nulägesanalys och Handlingsplan2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Marknadsplanen för NärNaturen Västsverige AB kommer att innehålla en analys av nuvarande situation inom företaget. En intern och extern analys kommer att visa och ta upp många olika faktorer som kan antingen ge möjligheter eller utgöra möjliga hot mot verksamheten. Den externa analysen kommer handla om marknadsföringsmiljön som påverkar företaget. Det kan handla om demografiska, ekonomiska, naturella och politiska krafter som påverkar verksamheten utifrån. Det kan också vara påverkan som uppkommer från leverantörer eller konkurrenter såväl olika företag ur marknadsföringens stödfunktioner och slutkunden. Den interna analysen kommer beskriva bland annat företagsledningen, dess finansiering och möjligheterna man har till marknadsföring. Därefter kommer handlingsplanen summera en SWOT-analys med bland annat företagets möjligheter och hot som svagheter och styrkor. Slutskedet av marknadsplanen kommer handla om hur företaget kan utnyttja SWOT-analysen till sin fördel med hjälp av prissättningsstrategier (Pris), positionering av verksamhet (Plats), tjänsteutbud (Produkt) och marknadsföring (Promotion). Marknadsplanen kommer att avslutas med en SWOT-analys och slutsatser. Slutsatserna är bland annat att NärNaturen har behov att se över leverantörsstrategier, ledningsstrategier samt de kalkyler som ligger till grund för bolagets lönsamhet. Ledningsbesluten bör baseras på de mål som är upprättade och delas upp i Operativa, Taktiska och Strategiska mål. Genom denna uppdelning kan bolaget lättare ta sig igenom större mål. NärNaturen bör även använda sig av de kalkylmodellerna som anges i rapporten. Dessa kalkylmodeller kommer underlätta ledningens prissättningsbeslut samt val av strategier. Leverantörsstrategin som tillämpas i dagsläget är kanske det bäst lämpade utifrån omständigheterna som råder just nu.

  • 1147.
    Armstrong, Amrith
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Road Freight Transport: Transport Purchasing and Environmental Impacts2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper on the environmental impacts of transport purchasing in road freight is to highlight how the adaptive capability of transport chains are affected through collaboration and the aim for sustainability through political regulations and societal demands. This paper is divided into a theoretical framework and an empirical study, followed by the analysis, conclusions and discussions based on the framework and empirical study. The theoretical framework will discuss the different aspects of road freight transport which impact the environment and show the interdependencies of each aspect. The analysis will highlight the empirical chapter with a comparison of the theoretical framework in order to make substantial conclusions. Conclusions among others are that standardization is needed although flexibility and agility is also needed. By standardizing processes, routine measures can be implemented and it creates a sense of certainty within the company. Agility and flexibility can be achieved by adding modular processes which can be implemented if the need for customization arises. Governmental involvement is necessary for the development of infrastructure to minimize traffic congestion and improve the infrastructure for increased reliability, accessibility, and flexibility. By developing the rail infrastructure, a larger share of goods can be transferred via railway and thus reduce the environmental impacts of road freight through intermodal transportation.

  • 1148.
    Arnautovic, Melisa
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Ramberg, Pelle
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Ledarskap i offentlig sektor: Komplexitet och framtidens spännande utmaningar2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den offentliga sektorn är en viktig arbetsplats och utgör en funktion i att stärka välfärden. För att verksamheterna ska fortsätta att utvecklas är det av största vikt att välfärdssektorn arbetar för att stärka och utveckla ledarskapet. Vår uppfattning är att delar av de problem som den offentliga sektorn idag kämpar med grundar sig i att den inte aktivt förvaltar och arbetar med identiteten. Det är ett arbete som innebär att på ett effektivt sätt förhålla sig till sina intressenter. Syfte med denna uppsats är att belysa komplexiteten i ledarskapet, utifrån valda teorier kring struktur, kultur, identitet och kommunikation vill vi vidare försöka identifiera eventuella likheter och skillnader mellan olika verksamheter i en kommun som kan hjälpa till att beskriva komplexiteten. Vår förhoppning är att detta perspektiv kan bli ett bidrag för ledarnas fortsatta arbete med utvecklingen av den offentliga sektorn. Studien bygger på en kvalitativ ansats med fallstudie som metod. Studien avser att undersöka den offentliga sektorn som företeelse, för att nå en djupare förståelse och skapa en så verklighetsskildrande bild som möjligt av denna företeelse har fem fall valts ut som kan sägas utgöra en bild av företeelsens konstruktion. Dessa fall består av fem verksamheter i en kommun och där dessa i relation till varandra utgör ett fall. Resultatet av studien visar att det föreligger en rad olika komplexa dimensioner i ledarskapet. Där den enskilde ledarens förhållningssätt och förståelse för verksamhetens identitet är av betydelse. Vidare handlar komplexiteten också om att kunna hantera och leva upp till dem förväntningar som ställs från omgivningen. Studien visar också att ett större fokus mot ett service- och tjänstetänkande såväl för staden som för den offentliga sektorn skulle vara gynnsamt.

  • 1149.
    Arnbert, Camilla
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Scattered Print Gathered Form2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The specific area of interest in this work is to explore decon- struction of printed motifs in relation to shape as a method of construction. One of the main objectives of this explo- ration is to change the traditional ways in which designers work with print and material in relation to form. This implies to question the structures currently present within the fashion industry as well as preconceived ideas of existing techniques, their limitations and visual appearances. What is presented in this work is how print and material can be brought forward and make out the foundation of the process. Please note that this does not imply that form comes secondary. Instead the idea is to present a method of working where these different factors have a vital connection and where form is a product of the construction and placement of print motifs. Resulting in form which is dependent on print and in turn, print which is dependent on form.

  • 1150.
    Arnbert, Camilla
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Surfaced Print2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor degree work explores the interrelation between print and surface in fashion design and aims to investigate the expressional possibilities in merging of techniques. With focus on creating an irregular surface through embroidery and fringing, three-dimensional expressions are created, resulting in an illusion of depth and movement within the motifs. The work is textile-driven, hence the main focus has been to find materials, applicational techniques and motifs that interact with each other without conflicts. Through the use of heat sensitive yarns within the transfer printing process a clear relationship between texture and motif occur where the different aspects affect each other and are equally important for the final visual expression. It is the heat-press used to transfer print from paper to surface that is the most vital step of the process. This work strives to propose a transposed order of applying techniques within a design process. Whilst the act of embellishing existing prints has been investigated by a range of designers, this project propose an order where the print is added post additive surface-manipulation. Therefore this work is to be seen as a suggestion of new ways of approaching the use of prints within the fashion field. Balancing between fashion design and textile design, the collection is based on generic prints and shapes which are affected by the surface manipulations used.

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