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  • 101.
    Baghaei, Behnaz
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Investigation of pattern style of woven fabrics produced from hybrid wrap spun yarns on fabricated composite2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 102.
    Baghaei, Behnaz
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Temmink, Robin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    RECYCLING OF END-OF-LIFE TEXTILE MATERIALS BY FABRICATION OF GREEN COMPOSITES2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Material recycling requires rather pure and non-contaminated waste streams, which can be converted by technical processes into new materials and products by economically and technically feasible techniques. It is also required that there is a secondary market for these recycled materials, and preferably in use areas with high economic value. End-of-life textiles cannot yet be recycled as a raw material in a feasible way. Structural composites are an excellent use area for recycled materials, as they are durable and light-weight products, with excellent mechanical properties.

    In this study, denim woven fabrics as end-of-life textiles were employed to improve the mechanical and thermal properties of high bio-content epoxy resin. Entropy Resin, manufacturer of commercial bio-based epoxy resin, claimed that bio-based content of system is 37 % and the resin is derived from by-products of industrial processes including wood pulp and biofuel. Bioepoxy was used as bio resins in composite manufacturing, and a conventional polyester resin served as a reference material. To create a wide scope of possibilities the composites were manufacturing using the four techniques: (1) vacuum infusion (VI), (2) resin transfer moulding (RTM), and (3) hand lay-up (HND). To determine the suitability for structural applications the biocomposites were tested for their mechanical and thermal properties. Mechanical tests for tensile, flexural strength and impact behaviour were conducted on composites. Moreover, viscoelastic properties of the composites were evaluated through dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). Fabricated composites were characterised regarding porosity, water absorption and analysed through microscopic images of the composite cross section. Different manufacturing technique showed varying results. For bioepoxy both HND and VI give superior mechanical properties over RTM, as the latter gives a higher void content, and lower tensile and flexural properties.

  • 103.
    Bagheri, Masood
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Medina, Rafael
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Olsson, Axel
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Analys av lagerlayout för effektiviserad inleverans- och plockningsprocess2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning Inleveransprocessen och plockprocessen på ett företags centrallager har kartlagts, då problem med långa ledtider och bristfällig information upplevdes. Syftet med rapporten var att visa på hur kartläggningar kan användas vid förbättringsarbete och felsökning i processer. När processen kartlades användes SCOR-modellen där processen delades upp i dess beståndsdelar. Problem som observerades på företaget inkluderade onödigt mycket manuellt arbete, bristande lagerlayout och osorterade varor. De föreslagna lösningarna inkluderar Auto- ID, en ny lagerlayout och orderplockningsmetoder. De viktigaste slutsatserna som kunde dras i studien var följande: - Auto-ID kan minimera den manuella inmatningen av data, vilket dels är tidsbesparande, men även minskar riskerna för att den inmatade datan är felaktig. Auto-ID kan även användas för att visa på saldon på olika lagerplatser, vilket kan effektivisera plocklistorna, och därmed operatörernas plockrutter. - - En effektivisering av lagerlayouten minskar färdavstånden, och framkomligheten ökar. Med en ökad framkomlighet underlättas användandet av redskap som gaffeltruckar. Slutligen utförs sökandet efter produkter utförs snabbare, vilket i sin tur även kortar ner ledtiderna, då sökandet står för 20% av arbetarnas totala ledtid. Ett införande av standardiserade orderplockningsmetoder minskar färdavstånden, då det kan bestämmas i vilken ordning varorna skall plockas. Rutterna kan planeras så att trafiken minskar så att två eller fler operatörer inte plockar varor i samma korridor samtidigt. Slutligen medför ett införande av orderplocksmetoder att operatörerna blir mer specialiserade på ett visst område i varuhuset, och därmed förbrukar mindre tid till att leta efter varor.

  • 104.
    Bahmani, Bina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ly, Amy
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Metoder för identifiering av grundorsaker till kvalitetsfel inomproduktionsindustrin2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about how you can find the cause of quality defects in manufacturing processes and how to prevent that the same issue continue to exist. A part of the thesis illuminate the importance of identifying the root cause of a problem. The purpose of the study is to highlight some of the many methods that can be used to fins the causes for defects concerning quality in the industrial sector. The data that is collected and are the basis for the result and conclusions of the case study consisted of literature studies, observations and interviews. The quality tools that are presented in the study are “Five Whys” and the Ishikawa chart, which are two tools that, among others, makes it possible to find the root cause of a problems occurrence. The practical applications of the quality tools are presented in a case study that was conducted at Johnson Controls AB in Gothenburg, Sweden. The case study was based on observations concerning one of several production lines, where the current quality problem was critical. The conclusions drawn from this thesis is that it is important to identify the root cause of the occurrence of a problem in order to implement long-term actions and measures. The risk that comes with only reliving the symptom of a problem (and not the root of it) is that it will not be eliminated but exists and constantly requires resources to be alleviated. By identifying the root cause of a problem, one can be assure that it will not occur again, since it will be eliminated. There are various methods and tools that can be used to identify the root cause of a problem; two of them that are mentioned in the report is “Five Whys” and the Ishikawa chart. It is important to focus and resources are spent on such a long-term actions and efforts.

  • 105.
    Bahtijaragic, Elma
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Carlsson, Keith
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kunskapsöverföring: Ett verktyg för att reducera kvalitetsbristkostnader i byggbranschen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete riktar sig till byggbranschen och handlar om hur kunskapsöverföring kan användas som verktyg för att reducera kvalitetsbristkostnader. Kvalitetsbristkostnader är en följd av fel och brister som förekommer i alla verksamheter och kan enligt tidigare forskning stå för så mycket som 30 % av ett företags totala omsättning (Sörqvist 2001). För att minska kvalitetsbristkostnader är det nödvändigt att identifiera fel och brister samt förhindra att samma fel upprepas. För att få en övergripande kunskap om byggprocessen och hur kunskapen tas till vara, har en fallstudie på Peab genomförts i form av intervjuer. Arbetets teoretiska underlag har erhållits utifrån litteraturstudier. Den slutsats som har dragits av detta examensarbete är för att uppnå ett effektivt förbättringsarbete gällande kvalitetsbristkostnader i byggbranschen och öka lönsamheten är det essentiellt att företagen har väl fungerande systematisk kunskapsöverföring. Att ledningen är drivande, engagerad och delaktig för att ytterligare stärka förutsättningarna i ett lyckat förbättringsarbete.

  • 106.
    Bajrami, Linda
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Nilsson, Lina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Tinder – Dejting eller Hook-up?: Hur konsumtion av Tinder ger uttryck föridentitet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to contribute to increased knowledge of individuals selfperceptionsthrough the consumption of Tinder. To fulfill the purpose, young individualsexperiences and beliefs about Tinder have been analyzed. The thesis has an inductive and aqualitative approach.The empirical material was collected through semi-structured interviews,and in addition to this, netnographic interviews were conducted. From the empirical work, athematicization was created based on the statements of the informants and three main themeswere devised. The first main theme approached Tinder's different consumption areas,Consuming Tinder, which is important in the analysis, primarily through its explanation factorfor the two following themes; Tinder - dating or hook-up as well as Tinder and self. Theempirical material was analyzed based on social psychological theories of self andconsumption. The thesis contains a number of topics that emerged during the interviews,including the tension whether Tinder is a dating or a hook-up app. This theme was studied onthe basis of several subtitles to ultimately conclude that the consumption of Tinder is havingan impact on young people's self-perception. The study found a number of different waysyoung people consume Tinder and, depending on how Tinder is consumed, differentiate selfperceptionsto expression. Furthermore, the thesis conclude that young people construct aaltered presentation of themselves on Tinder, and there is an awareness that this presentationis not true to reality. Young adults alter their presentations in the hope of achieving morematches, and with this behavior, it appeared to follow an objectification where other userswere more viewed as an object than a person.The thesis is written in Swedish.

  • 107.
    Bakare, Fatimat O.
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ramamoorthy, Sunil Kumar
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Thermomechanical properties of bio-based composites made from a lactic acid thermoset resin and flax and flax/basalt fibre reinforcements2016In: Composites. Part A, Applied science and manufacturing, ISSN 1359-835X, E-ISSN 1878-5840, Vol. 83, 176-184 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Low viscosity thermoset bio-based resin was synthesised from lactic acid, allyl alcohol and pentaerythritol. The resin was impregnated into cellulosic fibre reinforcement from flax and basalt and then compression moulded at elevated temperature to produce thermoset composites. The mechanical properties of composites were characterised by flexural, tensile and Charpy impact testing whereas the thermal properties were analysed by dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The results showed a decrease in mechanical properties with increase in fibre load after 40 wt.% for the neat flax composite due to insufficient fibre wetting and an increase in mechanical properties with increase fibre load up to 60 wt.% for the flax/basalt composite. The results of the ageing test showed that the mechanical properties of the composites deteriorate with ageing; however, the flax/basalt composite had better mechanical properties after ageing than the flax composite before ageing.

  • 108.
    Bakare, Fatimat Oluwatoyin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Development of biocomposites from lactic acid thermoset resins and cellulose fibre reinforcements2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Synthesis of polymers from renewable origin has been reported by many authors and it has been found out that it has enormous potential and can serve as alternative to conventional thermoplastics and thermosets in many applications. The use of these renewable resources will provide sustainable platforms to substitute fossil fuel-based materials. To date, efforts made to produce 100% bio-based thermosetting materials have yet to be achieved. Many studies have been reported on increasing the renewability ratio of thermoset materials produced.

    A lot of reports have been made on the synthesis of thermoplastic resins from lactic acid for biomedical applications such as tissue engineering but only few reports have been made on composite applications. The issue of high melt viscosity of thermoplastic resins from lactic acid has been of paramount problem because of its difficulty in impregnation into fibre reinforcement. Bio-based thermoset resins have been produced for composite applications from plant oils and improved mechanical properties have been achieved.

    In this thesis, an alternative route for synthesis of lactic acid based thermoset resins have been explored to solve the above problem. Thermoset resins were synthesized from lactic acid with different co-reactants and were characterized using NMR, FT-IR, DSC, DMA and TGA. Their rheological properties were also investigated. The resins were reinforced with natural and regenerated cellulose fibres in non-woven and woven form, and with different fibre alignment and fibre loading. The resulting composites were characterized by mechanical testing regarding tensile, flexural and impact strength, and by SEM analysis regarding morphology.

    The results showed that these composites could possibly be used in automobile, transport, construction and furniture applications, particularly for interior purposes. The resins produced were found to be promising materials for composite production due to the good mechanical properties achieved.

  • 109.
    Balchman, Rebecca
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Fransén, Josefin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sociala förhållanden och uppförandekoder - Hur tar textila företag sitt ansvar?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle är Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) ett omtalat och aktuellt ämne. Det främjar hållbar utveckling och innefattar det ansvar som företag förväntas ta för sin samhällspåverkan ur socialt-, miljömässigt- och ekonomiskt perspektiv. I takt med att allmänhetens intresse för CSR växer, ökar pressen att företag ska implementera och aktivt arbeta med dessa frågor. Vidare efterfrågas en tydlig redovisning av arbetet för att företagsintressenter ska kunna ta del av informationen. Denna uppsats syftar till att belysa den sociala aspekten av CSR med fokus på textila företags uppförandekoder samt uppföljning och efterlevnad av dessa. Den empiriska undersökning som ligger till grund för uppsatsens resultat baseras på en kombination av litteraturstudie, kvalitativa intervjuer med nyckelpersoner på två svenska fallföretag i textilbranschen samt interna dokument från företagen så som års- och hållbarhetsredovisningar, uppförandekoder och pressmeddelanden. Litteraturstudien gav till följd en undersökningsmodell med åtta områden som enligt forskning har inverkan på företags utformande av CSR-arbete. Genom övrigt empiriskt material undersöktes hur de utvalda företagen såg på detta. Resultatet av denna studie mynnar ut i en modell som visar hur de olika områdena inom CSR påverkar företags uppföljningar av uppförandekod samt efterlevnad av dessa.

  • 110.
    Balesic, Armin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Chau, Ronny
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    IAS 39 vs. IFRS 9 – En komparativ studie ur ett intressentperspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    IASB began the process of developing a new accounting standard after the global financial crisis. The current standard IAS 39 received criticism of being too complicated and lacking in its financial accounting of financial assets following the financial crisis. IASB’s process resulted in the completion of IFRS 9 which purpose is to replace the current standard IAS 39 concerning financial instruments. The implementation of IFRS 9 may affect a company’s financial assets differently concerning classification, reclassification, recognition, measurement and impairment. Financial assets can be measured at either fair value or amortized cost. The problem regarding these methods is the subjectivity of valuation of the financial assets.This paper applies a comparative analysis with the purpose of predicting the effects a transition from IAS 39 to IFRS 9 will have on a typical company’s financial assets. The hypothetical cases purpose is to highlight the most distinct differences between standards regarding classification, reclassification, recognition, measurement and impairment. The distinct differences are then analysed from an accounting perspective and a modified stakeholder theory.The technical analysis highlights the differences regarding the accounting treatment of a company’s financial assets. The analysis continues with an analysis on how IASB’s qualitative characteristics of accounting diverge between the standards for shareholders and Finansinspektionen. Shareholders request information which may influence their economic decision and assessment. Finansinspektionen request information and effects which will have a positive impact on a company’s financial stability.The purpose of this paper is thus to highlight the most distinct differences between IAS 39 and IFRS 9 as well as examining how the transition might affect shareholders and Finansinspektionen based on IASB’s qualitative characteristics. This paper illustrates the accounting treatment of classification, reclassification, measurement and impairment separately to elucidate the impact from a transition from IAS 39 to IFRS 9. This paper describes the different options for classification with additional terms to increase readability and a modified stakeholder theory to analyse IASB’s qualitative characteristics. The results of this paper indicate that the implementation of IFRS 9 led to changes mostly of technical nature in how to present the financial information. The most substantial difference between IAS 39 and IFRS 9 regards to the impairment treatment of financial assets.The shareholders are positively affected after a transition to IFRS 9 because the change strengthens IASB’s qualitative characteristics in a greater extent. Finansinspektionen is not affected to the same degree as shareholders. Although the most significant and positive effect for the regulatory institution with a transition may lead to increased financial stability.This paper is hereinafter written in Swedish.

  • 111.
    Balorda, Milica
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lee, Cecilia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Goodwillnedskrivningar före och efter finanskrisen: en jämförande studie mellan industribranschen och IT- och telekombranschen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    IFRS 3 has had a big impact on how listed companies treat the recognition of goodwill. The underlying assumptions of the impairment tests are based on management’s estimates of the future, which could lead to subjective evaluations. When IFRS was introduced in 2005 Sweden was in a boom period, up until 2008 when the global financial crisis emerged and hence subsequent recession. A financial crisis may lead to the needs to make write-downs on both financial and non-financial assets. Therefore the authors want to examine in what way the financial crisis in 2008 affected companies' goodwill impairments. Since there are differences between the industrial sector and the IT and telecommunications sector in terms of accounting for goodwill, it is interesting to compare these sectors to examine if there are any significant differences.The purpose of the study is to examine how the recent financial crisis in 2008 affected companies' impairments of goodwill and assumptions in impairment testing, as well as the extent to which businesses disclosed about the impairment losses before and after the financial crisis to see if there are any significant differences between the industrial sector and the IT and telecommunications sector. The companies that are included in the study are companies that are listed on the Stockholm Stock Exchange. With a quantitative method, the authors have chosen to examine the annual reports of 15 companies in the industrial sector and 15 companies in the IT and telecommunications sector from the years 2006, 2007, 2009 and 2010. The authors have chosen as methods for the research a quantitative content analysis and performed statistical calculations. The parameters studied include disclosure on goodwill, total impairment losses, discount rates, growth rates and cash-generating units.It was only one of the study’s hypotheses that was correct. This hypothesis dealt with the discount rates before and after the financial crisis, were the study showed a significant difference between the IT and telecommunications sector and the industrial sector before the financial crisis compared to the period after the financial crisis. Another difference that was significant was the industrial sectors total impairment losses before and after the financial crisis, were the sector’s total impairment losses increased between the examined periods. The average discount rate in the IT and telecommunications sector increased between the examined periods and this difference was also considered to be significant. Furthermore, the study showed that the industrial sector had more extensive disclosure on goodwill impairments after the financial crisis compared with the previous period, unlike the IT and telecommunications sector that disclosed about goodwill impairments to a lesser extent after the financial crisis.This thesis is written in Swedish.

  • 112.
    Barghi, Hamidreza
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Bulk Hydrophilic Functionalization of Polyamide 462013Patent (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    (EN)A modified polymer as result of a bulk functionalization of polyamide 46 (PA 46) is presented, as well as methods for synthesizing the modified polymer. This functionalization of PA 46 is performed to provide a homogenous semi-permeable polyamide 46 capable of different charges and different porosities with particles of nanoscale size in order to replace or improve other polyamide fibers used in the textile industry, filtering processes, selective sorption, controlled release devices, phase transfer catalysts, chromatography media, biocompatible capsules, artificial skins, organs, bone void repair as well as in cell bioreactors and incubators, dental impliments, medical devices, clothing, detectors, perfusion devices, in regenerative medicine, and fuel cells. (FR)Un polymère modifié comme résultat d'une fonctionnalisation en masse de polyamide 46 (PA 46) est présenté, ainsi que des procédés de synthèse du polymère modifié. Cette fonctionnalisation de PA 46 est effectuée pour fournir un polyamide 46 semi-perméable homogène apte à des différentes charges et de différentes porosités avec des particules d'une dimension à l'échelle nanométrique afin de remplacer ou d'améliorer d'autres fibres de polyamide utilisées dans l'industrie textile, les procédés de filtration, la sorption sélective, les dispositifs à libération entretenue, les catalyseurs de transfert de phase, les supports de chromatographie, les capsules biocompatibles, les peaux artificielles, les organes, la réparation de cavités osseuses ainsi que les bioréacteurs et incubateurs de cellules, les implants dentaires, les dispositifs médicaux, les vêtements, les détecteurs, les dispositif de perfusion, en médecine régénérative et dans les piles à combustible.

  • 113. Barghi, Hamidreza
    et al.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Surface electroconductive modification of biopolymers2015In: Surface Modification of Biopolymers / [ed] Kumar, V., Singha, A.S., USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 114.
    Bashir, Tariq
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Söderlöv, Erik
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Cellulosic Smart Textile Fibers based on Organic Electronics2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paradigm shift of merging structural properties of materials with other functionalities prevails and cellulose based fibres are no exception. For the realisation of so called smart materials, including smart textiles, electrical conductivity is of special importance, enabling sensorics, signal transmission, energy supply, energy generation, and actuation. We here discuss taking use of the advancement within the organic electronics community of conjugated polymeric systems producing smart textile fibres for inclusion into garment as well as interior and technical textiles. Specifically, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) known as PEDOT is studied as a model system. PEDOT has relevance being a working horse within the organic electronics community. Our emerging pilot line is based on creating conductivity by vapour polymerization of EDOT monomers on an oxidant coated textile fibre where these could be taken from arrange of materials. Here we focus on cellulose based fibres. It is shown that Tencell-Lyocell is a suitable substrate offering many  anchoring sites and that multiple depositions with layers deposited directly on each other decreased the resistance from 5.1 (± 1.6) kΩ/10 cm to 1.0 (± 0.1) kΩ/10 cm, for one layer and multiple layers respectively. Furthermore, adding 15 wt. % of the copolymer PEG-PPG-PEG to the oxidant solution decreased the resistance from 6.8 (± 1.2) kΩ/10 cm to 3.9 (± 0.8) kΩ/10 cm.

  • 115.
    Bayramoglu, Helena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Andersson, Linnea
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    CSR på mindre modeföretag2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats har till syfte att beskriva hur mindre modeföretag arbetar med hållbarhetsfrågor och möter konsumenternas förväntningar på hållbar utveckling. Uppsatsen bygger på en kvalitativ metod där främst intervjuer med mindre modeföretag ligger som underlag för hur det ser ut på marknaden idag. Som ytterligare underlag har semistrukturerade intervjuer genomförts med experter på CSR och hållbarhet. Resultatet för uppsatsen visar att det finns två huvudområden som påverkar ett företags arbete med CSR. Dels är bristen på utbildning och kunskap en bidragande faktor till att många inte har ett utvecklat arbete för dessa frågor. Ekonomi och tid är också en bristvara för mindre modeföretag, vilket gör att de måste fokusera på andra områden. Intervjuer med anställda på mindre modeföretag och experter på området, visar att företag som har arbetat med CSR och hållbarhet från start har en stor fördel för att kunna arbeta på området. Det underlättar att redan från start ha en utarbetad plan för dessa frågor istället för att införa det i efterhand. Det är dock aldrig försent att påbörja ett hållbart arbete och uppsatsens slutsats visar att det går att skapa förändring även med små medel. Det är bättre att börja med små förändringar som kan leda till något större, än att inte göra något alls. Det viktigaste är att företaget har ett intresse för frågan och viljan att utvecklas på området. Utan ett genuint engagemang blir det svårt att framgångsrikt uppnå företagets mål och skapa långsiktig förändring.

  • 116.
    Bazooyar, Faranak
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Bohlén, Martin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Bolton, Kim
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Computational Studies of Water and Carbon Dioxide Interactions with Cellobiose2015In: Journal of Molecular Modeling, ISSN 1610-2940, E-ISSN 0948-5023, Vol. 21, 2553- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    B3LYP/6-311++G** with dispersion correction (DFT-D) was used to study local and global minimum energy structures of water (H2O) or carbon dioxide (CO2) bonding with a pair of cellobiose molecules. The calculations showed that neither the H2O nor the CO2 prefer to be between the cellobiose molecules, and that the minimum energy structures occur when these molecules bond to the outer surface of the cellobiose pair. The calculations also showed that the low energy structures have a larger number of inter-cellobiose hydrogen bonds than the high energy structures. These results indicate that penetration of H2O or CO2 between adjacent cellobiose pairs, which would assist steam or supercritical CO2 (SC-CO2) explosion of cellulose, is not energetically favored. Comparison of the energies obtained with DFT-D and DFT (the same method but without dispersion correction) show that both hydrogen bonds and van der Waals interactions play an important role in cellobiose-cellobiose interactions.

  • 117.
    Bazooyar, Faranak
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Bolton, Kim
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Molecular-level Simulations of Cellulose Steam Explosion2015In: Quantum Matter, ISSN 2164-7615, Vol. 4, no 2, 115-122 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Grand canonical Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations are used to study steam explosion of crystalline cellulose using 100, 160, 210 and 250 °C saturated steam. The simulations are based on the COMPASS force field, which provides a valid description of the cellulose crystal structure and water-cellobiose interactions. Disruption of the crystal structure during steaming is typically larger than that during the explosion stage and the restructuring is larger at increased temperature and pressure. This is seen by an increased separation of the cellulose chains from the center of mass of the crystal during the initial stages of the steaming, especially for chains in the outer shell of the elementary fibril. There is a large change in the radius of gyration and fraction of anti torsion angle conformers for chains in the outer shell of the elementary fibril. In addition, the disruption at the reducing and non-reducing ends of the cellulose crystal is larger than in the central core, increasing susceptibility to enzymatic attack in these end regions.

  • 118.
    Bellini, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Virtuell projekteringsteknik: En analys av BIM med avseende på VR inom konstruktion2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The evolution of BIM in the construction business is something that involves major changes for many companies. When new technologies like virtual reality begin to become more prevalent, it can be difficult for companies to keep up with developments. A better understanding of how building information modeling (BIM) focusing on virtual reality in structural engineering and projection will therefore be beneficial for the projection process and thus construction.In order to implement VR, it is first necessary that companies use three-dimensional models (3D) and modeling programs such as Revit or Tekla which is specifically designed for BIM. These types of programs plays a vital role in ensuring that the technology is used in an optimal and a user-friendly way, as constructors have a very time-consuming schedule. In addition, all participants in the project have access to a huge amount of information, where each building component has a linked data such as geometry and material. Something that makes BIM very useful is together with different plugins such as Revit structure analysis or linking timetables and cost with building components from the 3D model to create BIM 5D, where the two D-s represent time and cost. By moving one more step further and integrating VR into the model, you have the opportunity to use buildings in a context that opens up communication bridges and creates an image of projects that are close to reality.With this is mind, in this work, tests have been performed on models to find areas where VR may be useful. Based on the constructors own experiences of design tools in combination with their thoughts and ideas, applications were developed where VR might be useful to constructors. The results of the interviews showed that VR is currently less useful for constructors in smaller project, but that it has its uses in more complex cases where the constructor needs a complement to get a better overall understanding as well as for other participants in a project. For a constructor it is therefore more suited in a project as a review tool and useful in the final stages of a project. However, it may be a tool under the projection process for other parties in projects to increase mutual understanding.

  • 119.
    Bendzovski, Daniel
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Trend-sandwich: Exploring new ways of joining inspiration, such as different kinds of trends, through processes of morphing and melding different trendy garments and materials, for new methods, garment types, materials and expressions.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work is to explore the joining of inspiration, such as different garments and materials, in relation to commonly used methods in the fashion industry when it comes to joining of different trends and references such as clashing and collaging. The work proposes a new method and framework for join- ing inspiration which generates different results depending on what kind of inspiration that is put in to it. A garment can roughly be broken down to a silhouette and shape, materials and details. The material put in to the method and framework is based on information from trend seminars for SS16, because that is how many of today’s trend-oriented fashion brands get there inspiration. Trendy garment silhouettes are mixed through processes of computational morphing in Adobe Flash by a generation of spin in the mixing process were shape hints are used in a new manner. The new generated silhouettes are further developed and materialized through procedures of interpretation and figuration. Different trendy materials are melded in a direct and concrete way through mixed media techniques such as laminating, fusing and vacuum-techniques. The final steps of the method is a garment shape and material synthesis with starting point in the generated shape with the final material. The projects intention is to let the physical experimentation, interpretation and figuration play a central role in the research process for new types of methods, garments, materials and expressive pos- sibilities.

  • 120.
    Bengtsson, Anders
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Investigations into light-front interactions for massless fields (I): Non-constructibility of higher spin quartic amlplitudes2016In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, Vol. 12, 134- p., 134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The dynamical commutators of the light-front Poincar{\'e} algebra yield first order differential equations in the $p^+$ momenta for the interaction vertex operators. The homogeneous solution to the equation for the quartic vertex is studied. Consequences as regards the constructibility assumption of quartic higher spin amplitudes from cubic amplitudes are discussed. The existence of quartic contact interactions unrelated to cubic interactions by Poincar{\'e} symmetry indicates that the higher spin S-matrix is not constructible. Thus quartic amplitude based no-go results derived by BCFW recursion for Minkowski higher spin massless fields may be circumvented.

  • 121.
    Bengtsson, Anders
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Notes on Cubic and Quartic Light-Front KinematicsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this short note is to collect a set of formulas pertaining to momentum kinematics for higher spin light-front vertices. At least one of the formulas seems to be previously unknown.

  • 122.
    Bengtsson, Anders
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Quartic amplitudes for Minkowski higher spin2016In: Higher Spin Gauge Theories / [ed] Lars Brink, Marc Henneaux, Mikhael A Vasiliev, Singapore: World Scientific, 2016, 353-370 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The old problem of finding general quartic interaction terms between fields of higher helicities on the light-front is discussed from the point of view of calculating the corresponding amplitudes directly from the cubic vertices using BCFW recursion. Amplitude based no-go results that has appeared in the literature are reviewed and discussed and it is pointed out how they may perhaps be circumvented.

  • 123.
    Bengtsson, Elin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Wik, Sanne Maria
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    ”I Göteborg springs det inte i rulltrapporna”: En studie om hur besökare upplever Göteborg2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s modern society people tend to travel more due to the globalization and the fact that people are spending more money. As a result of the increasing competition within the field of tourism it has become even more important for destinations to create a clear profile and a target group when marketing destinations; it is extremely essential to have a positive image, which is genuine and perceived by visitors. This essay is written to explore how tourists experience Gothenburg as a tourist destination and how marketing is creating the city image. The study is qualitative and consists of interviews with visitors of Gothenburg to see how they perceived the city. Further one interview is performed with the communication manager of Göteborg & Co to explore how they want to be perceived by tourists. The entire essay is written in Swedish. The result of the essay shows that the image does reflect how the city wants to be perceived, but Gothenburg needs to better their marketing to gain more tourists in the future.

  • 124.
    Benjaminsson, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Johansson, Louise
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Human resources: att beräkna värdet av volontärer på idrottsevenemang2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay deals with human resources and whether or not they should be treated as an asset or not for organisations and it focuses primarily on nonprofit sport organisations. Theory and empirics show that humans are an important asset in an organisation. The essay focuses on applicating the measurement of the value of personnel as an asset to nonprofit sport organisations, where the volunteers make up for a big part of the staff. In spite of it being donated workforce there are costs to consider in the usage of volunteers, which is proved in the empirics of the essay. It is made clear both by volunteers and people responsible for volunteers that some compensation, in the form of food and clothes for example, is expected by volunteers and these are significant cost to account for. Well-being and the social environment in events are shown to be of significance regarding a continued commitment from the volunteers and also to maintain a positive and motivating environment.

  • 125.
    Bensköld, Anna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Forsman, Jessica
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Westerberg, Linda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Turismens påverkan: hur turism påverkar individer i ett lokalsamhälle2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Global travel has had a strong positive growth in recent years and is forecasted to increase byabout three percent per year until 2030, according to international assessments. The tourismindustry is growing at a rapid pace and has become a major source of income for manycountries, in some the largest employer. In 2013 the Swedish tourism industry had a turnoverof 284,2 billion which is an increase by 3,9 percent compared to the previous year. Due to thecentral importance of tourism worldwide, we believe that there is an interest to investigatehow the local residents at a destination are affected by its tourism. The study aims to examinehow different individuals among the local population are affected by tourism. The purpose ofthe study is to create new understanding and to develop knowledge about how individualswith different backgrounds such as occupation, age and connection to tourism experience andare affected by tourism, and thereby contribute to previous research in the field. A qualitativeresearch method was used to answer the following research question: How are individuals ata destination affected by tourism in their own community? A case study has been completedand the study used Marstrand, situated in Bohuslän Sweden, to answer the research question.Several positive and negative aspects of tourism have been identified and then analysed byusing the theories presented. The TALC model was used to determine which phase Marstrandas a destination is in. This due to the fact that the local residents’ opinion may vary dependingon the phase the destination is in and also to find out the destination´s potential fordevelopment. The study concludes that Marstrand is in the stagnation stage during highseason and the development stage during low season.The result of the study indicates that different individuals put emphasis on different aspects oftourism depending on their life situation and the connection they have to tourism.Furthermore the study shows similar results as presented in recent research made in othercountries. Although the extent of the study is not sufficient enough to draw any generalconclusions, this may indicate that individuals from a local population has a similar view ontourism, regardless of geographic location and the country's level of development.

  • 126.
    Berg, Alina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Dahlström, Sebastian
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Internt upparbetade immateriella tillgångar: En komparativ studie aveuropeiska korsnoterade företag på NYSE och NASDAQ2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade companies, nations and economies are increasingly becoming moreknowledge oriented. Meanwhile the world globalization of economies means, to multinationalcompanies, that the holding of internally generated intangible assets is increasing and is ofincreasing importance. The globalization has led to an expansive growth of the stock marketsand has increased the number of cross-listed multinational companies. Investments ininternally generated intangible assets are capital as well as resource intensive and listing onforeign markets is seen as a suitable alternative to finance these assets. The US stock marketshave long been attractive to foreign cross-listed companies in obtaining capital, and wereconsistent with heavy regulations on accounting and reporting. IASB became the leadingstandard setter in the EU and therefore SEC chose to eliminate the conversion of necessaryprerequisite in Form 20-F for the companies operating in the US stock markets. Europeancross-listed companies avoid reporting under US. GAAP as long as they establish theconsolidated financial statements according to IFRS. The removal of Form 20-F was seen asan effect of the IASB and FASB convergence project. Opinions have been raised that theremoval was premature because the difference between the standard setters are essential,particularly in the area of internally generated intangible assets.The purpose of this study is to describe how the European cross-listed companies on the USstock markets, the NYSE and NASDAQ, account and report internally generated intangibleassets relative to market capitalization, industry and nationality. The annual report should alsohave been established with the Form 20-F. Another reason with this study is to identifydifferences in the accounting and reporting, which recognize the effects on comparabilitybetween companies. Our study is based on 40 annual reports of companies based in Europe.The methodology we’ve chosen for this study is similar to a hermeneutic approach and theannual reports are considered using a multiple case study with comparative elements. The aimis to provide a deeper understanding of the accounting and reporting of internally generatedintangible assets.This study shows the use of IFRS varies based on nationality and industry affiliation, howeverthe companies view investment as value added. And, furthermore, how the stock value affectsthe enable and the propensity for an internally generated intangible asset. Companies industryaffiliation suggests to have an impact on the propensity for the application of IAS 38, p. 57,indicating that the uniformity of the company within and between sectors is a uniquephenomenon. A negative correlation exists between uncertainty and the period of time in theinvestment process, where the effect is that the expenses attributable to internal projects areexpensed in the financial statements. The probability of obtaining future economic benefitsare higher for internally generated intangible assets which are intended for internal use, the opposite applies to external use. Informal pressure from the surrounding, which variesaccording to industry affiliation, has effected the possibility to enable the propensity. Thestudy shows that the valuation and the estimate of the future economic benefits are difficult.Companies in the healthcare industry have significant problems with such a valuation, whichmeans that they are disadvantaged as IFRS cannot be fully applied. Publishing of voluntaryand mandatory information under IFRS varies between sectors. The comparability isquestionable when the accounting and reporting of internally generated intangible assets aremerged with other intangible assets.In this study a study model was made for analyzing the data. The model is to analyze thenationality impact on the financial statements and reporting. The study shows that nationalitystill have an impact, while the results also indicate that the differences constantly are beingerased.This thesis is written in Swedish.

  • 127.
    Bergenstråhle, Alicia
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Svensson, Marika
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Röhr, Louise
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Relationsmarknadsföring via digitala kanaler: Fallstudie Xtended Business & Event2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is conducted in Swedish. The way companies are working with marketing is constantly changing. The digital development is affecting the whole society and has enabled new ways of marketing. That makes it important to keep it up in a constantly changing world. A lot of focus is on developing and maintaining relationships. This qualitative case study aims to examine the subject relationship marketing and its meaning for companies in the event business. The focus is to find out how the marketing of relationships can be used through digital channels. The result is based on a case study of the event agency Xtended Business & Event. The purpose of this study is to examine the meaning of relationship marketing for the chosen company and to find out how they can use it as a strategy through their digital channels.Semi-structured interviews has been made to collect information from ten respondents where four of them works at the company we are studying, one is an existing client and five are potential customers. The study is built on the collection of theory from the subjects of relationship marketing and digital marketing and has together with the empiricism been put together in an analysis. The study shows that the company needs time and knowledge on how to develop and implement a relationship marketing strategy.

  • 128.
    Berggren, Anton
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Grahn, Tobias
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Undersökning av tätningsmetoder med fokus på aluminiumhus2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this work sealing methods for aluminum housing have been investigated. The work was delimited to the automotive industry and static gaskets. The thesis brings up how the flange impacts on the sealing capability and the gasket, sealing types, the surface impact on gasket materials, porosity, relative material cost and fasteners.The work is based on a literature study and interviews with concerned people at the company. Practical samples were carried out on a number of materials from suppliers and the materials where exposed to different chemicals and then tensile tested.The materials that were collected through interviews and the literature study testify that many parameters influence the possible sealing methods. It’s not just the material itself that needs to be taken into account. Factors like flange design, material cost, surface defects, fasteners and porosity have a great impact. The practical sample testifies that different chemicals have dif-ferent impact on the mechanical properties and swelling of the material.Finally, a couple of sealing materials are suggested that are suitable for the company to use in their products.

  • 129.
    Berggren, Matilda
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Nordin, Klara
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Online visual merchandising: På e-handelssidor riktade mot den svenska marknaden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2014, apparel and shoes was two of the product categories that resulted in most transactions online in Sweden. As a result of the growing interest in e-commerce, companies in the fashion industry needs to develop visual merchandising strategies that can function just as well online as the ones in physical stores. In a study made by the American researchers Ha, Kwon and Lennon (2007), a taxonomy was developed in order to examine visual merchandising elements of apparel retail websites in Korea and The US. The purpose of this study is to test the taxonomy created by Ha et al. (2007) on websites targeted at the Swedish market This will be done by addressing the questions at issue; to examine if the visual merchandising elements that Ha et al. (2007) identified can be found on the web sites in this study and to examine whether there are new elements to identify on the web sites targeted at the Swedish market. A content analysis was used to examine online visual merchandising-themes on 50 Swedish e-commerce sites. The themes analysed, with underlying elements, was environment, manner of presentation, path finding. In addition to these themes another one was added from a study made by Park and Stoel (2002), information. During the analysis several elements that was not included in the previous studies was discovered. These were also added to the taxonomy developed in this study. The findings of the study showed that some of the online visual merchandsing-elements differed on the Swedish market compared to previous studies. Also as mentioned, the taxonomy was further developed. This thesis will henceforth be written in Swedish.

  • 130.
    Bergholm, Albin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Islami, Fatijon
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kapitalisering av operationell leasing – en konsekvens av IFRS 162017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The International Accounting Standard for leases, IAS 17 Leases, has been criticized to enablecompanies to report off-balance sheet by reporting leases as operating leases. There has longbeen discussion about the accounting of operational leases and if they represent a fair view.These contracts cause companies to withhold assets and liabilities from the balance sheet. Fromthis issue, the IASB has created a new accounting standard, IFRS 16, which will replace the oldaccounting standard.Key features of the new standard IFRS 16 has significant changes for the lessee rather than thelessor, where regulation is more reminiscent of the previous regulatory framework. The lesseewill need to report a right of use asset and a lease liability and the current breakdown of financialand operational leasing will therefore be dissolved. In this way, the company’s strategicdecisions changes in financing the business. The lessor will not be affected by this change, hewill still need to classify leases as capital or operating in accordance with the classificationcriteria corresponding to those of IAS 17.The purpose of this study is to investigate, with constructed scenarios, how the new accountingstandard, IFRS 16 Leases, will affect corporate balance sheets together with income statementsand, in the long run, how this affects relevant financial ratios. This is examined by our tworesearch questions which seek to find the effect of the capitalization of the operating leases forcorporate balance sheet and income statement when applying IFRS 16 as well as the impact oncompany’s financial ratios.Through our scenarios we have been able to draw conclusions that answers the study’s purposeand research questions. In our study, we have shown that key ratios, such as equity and leveragewill be significantly influenced by the capitalization that IFRS 16 implies. This is based on thelease liability that companies need to report when applying IFRS 16. The examined financialratios, profit margin, return on equity and return on assets have shown in our study to be initiallylower when applying IFRS 16. However, we have drawn other conclusions about what happensover the lease period with the ratios. The key ratios will ultimately show higher returns thanIAS 17 had shown during the same period. This conclusion is based on the reallocation ofearnings impact, as depreciation, interest and amortization is made instead of expensing thelease fee.We have concluded that corporate accounting of what was previously operational leasingbecomes more complicated when IFRS 16 is applied. Transitional options to the new standardhas also opened opportunities for companies to provide a customized picture of the financialstatements to stakeholders. Based on our study, we have also drawn the conclusion that thetransition to the new standard in the long run will benefit the company’s stakeholders. In thecurrent situation, stakeholders already adjust for operational leases when calculating corporatecredit risk. The new standard means that stakeholders do not need to make these adjustmentsas the company reports a more fair picture of the financial statements.This study is hereinafter written in Swedish.

  • 131.
    Berglin, Lena
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Norm vs Fluidity2015Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The piece illustrates how predefined design objects (girls dancing, boys playing football) maintain gender norms compared to a fluid design (a bunch of pearls) that opens up for a variety of interpretation regardless gender, ethnicities etc.

    Norm vs Fluidity has been exhibited at the exhibitions “The Great and Small” HongKong 2014, “Blue+Pink>>>Rethink” at designxport Hamburg and designtransfer Berlin 2015. iGDN – International Gender Design Network, http://genderdesign.org/ 

  • 132.
    Berlin, Lena
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. lena.berglin@hb.se.
    Blankout2015Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Power is unequally shared in the world, one in four people live without electricity. Art and art production is therefore not only a question of choice but a question of power. 

  • 133.
    Berner Wik, Tove
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Let’s talk about Perfection: An investigating of how decorative techniques and non-decorative text can create a dialogue in garments, with the body as a billboard2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This collection is an investigation of how decorative techniques and non-decorative text can create a dialogue in garments, with the body as a billboard. The work is based on two different aspects. The first one deals with the question of how people look at embellishments, and the second is the message aspect. The investigation wants to find out how we can communicate with the human body as a billboard and the topic of the communication is an idea about perfection. The writer’s dyslexia experiences are used as a recurs and gives the topic a new dimension. The work explores new ways to deal with embellishments, techniques and messages. It shows that the statement T-shirt is not the only perfect garment to decorate and that garments can communicate a message in more ways than with a flat print.

  • 134.
    Betrus, Meja
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Aghazadeh, Farjam
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Johansson, Ann-Charlott
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Don’t take my smart phone away2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The mobile phone as an object has a great meaning for the youth in today's society. Young people perceive their mobile phone as an extension of themselves and cannot bear the thought of being apart from it. However, in different situations such as a customer complaint handling, the young customer has no other option but to hand it in for reparation. The customer complaints is something that is unavoidable and can be seen as a failure in itself but it is the handling of the customer complaint that decide if a customer complaint has been successful or not.This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the young consumer and their mobile phone and how this relationship might affect why they perceive a customer complaint handling as failed. Trough seven conducted interviews we asked our respondents to talk about their specific customer complaint situation and how they use their mobile phone.The results showed that the main reasons why our respondents found their complaint handling as failed depended on factors such as, waiting time, additional costs, poor substitute product and unfriendly personnel. It also showed that our respondents have an attachment to their mobile phone and because of this relationship the aforementioned factors might change dependent on how attached an individual is to his or her product.

  • 135. Bhaskar, Thallada
    et al.
    Lee, Keat Teong
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sauer, Michael
    Nampoothiri, K. Madhavan
    New Horizons in Biotechnology - NHBT 20152016In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, Vol. 213Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 136.
    Bianchi, Michelle
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Fredriksson, Malin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Opportunities and barriers to CSR: A qualitative case study of the most important aspects of CSR in medium-sized fashion companies in the moderate price range2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis covers a qualitative case study of corporate social responsibility work in medium-sized fashion companies in the moderate price range. The aim of the study was to research the barriers and opportunities to corporate social responsibility in medium-sized fashion companies within the moderate price range in order to understand which aspects that are most important for these companies to focus on. Corporate social responsibility, shortened CSR, means taking environmental, social and financial responsibility for all actions of the company. The industry of the company as well as different company characteristics creates different contexts in which a company may work with CSR. The fashion value chain is a context for fashion companies. In order for a fashion company to be sustainable, the entire value chain should be considered, but it is within the upstream part of the fashion value chain that the most damaging processes occur and it is therefor the upstream part of the value chain that was focused on in this study. The size and price range of a company are characteristics that affects how a company may create successful CSR practices. The study also focused on the consumer perspective and the added value that CSR may bring. The study identified several perceived barriers and opportunities to CSR in medium-sized fashion companies within the moderate price range that may be important to consider in order creating successful CSR practices. Costs, quality assurance, communication and coordination where identified as important barriers. The study also identified that the added value of CSR to the brand and the increased consumer willingness to pay as important opportunities. The study found that cost-consciousness, quality assurance, communication and coordination and the added value perspective may be the most important aspects for medium-sized fashion companies in the moderate price range to focus on in the CSR work. By being aware of these barriers and opportunities, companies may create better CSR strategies, which focus on achieving the opportunities while avoiding the barriers.

  • 137.
    Bjarnevik, Therese
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Borgström, Elin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Mätning och utvärdering av Eventmarknadsföring2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This business bachelor thesis deals with the subject event marketing and more focused onhow to measure and evaluate this subject within companies and organisations and whatcomplications that surround this. The study is made with a qualitative method and is based ontheories and practical examples, which are gathered through interviews at companies andorganisations.Measurement and evaluation of event marketing is sparingly researched and there is a lack ofknowledge on how to practically use this in companies and organisations. However, one cansee that the traditional marketing space is shrinking and event marketing is rising. What eventmarketing means exactly is somewhat diffuse since everyone seems to have their owndefinition of the topic - but one can briefly explain that it is about making use of events ofvarious kinds to communicate a product or a message. Even though this is a method that isoften used the result is rarely evaluated. This was not a problem a few years back but nowcompanies and organisations demand this more and more. Because of this, there is a lot ofinterest in learning more about the measurement and evaluation of event marketing.During our interviews we used an interview guide to make sure we used appropriate questionsto our respondents and to make sure we got the same information from the differentinterviews. The interview guide was created from the theory we found and was used in thefive interviews conducted at five different companies. Our respondents operate in variousindustries and thus we have gained insight from various sectors of the paper.Theory and empirical evidence indicates that there is an extremely complex topic, we haveinvestigated and therefore it has been difficult to draw any clear conclusions. What we haveobserved is that there is no coordinated truths about how measurement and evaluation is donebecause it is different depending on what industry you belong to and what your goals are withthe event. Nor are there any standardized evaluation tools, but are partly requested by bothscientists and our respondents. Moreover, we have noted that you have to set goals alreadyduring planning in order to be able to measure and evaluate afterwards. The survey alsoshows that event marketing is an appropriate method to use because you can easily get adialogue between companies and consumers where they can change attitudes and purchasingbehaviour.

  • 138.
    Björk, Annika
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Inse mitt värde och behåll mig en stund till: Ett undersökande projekt i hållbar textildesign2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recognise my value and keep me a while longer is an exploratory project in sustainable textile design. The focus is to explore possible design solutions that can give products a property transformation over time and prolong the products life cycle. This through practical investigations with different materials based on a chosen approach to sustainable design and changeable pattern images. Also with aim to give the consumer an active role in the changing of a products appearance and function. The end result is three product prototypes that all in different ways exemplify the chosen approach to sustainable design. 1. Moss is a jumper made of circular knitted jacquard fabric with the material combination Sally Fox cotton and unbleached cotton. The fabric is conformable and soft with a pattern that changes hue strength for each time the consumer washes it. The changing pattern makes the jumper interesting because it´s expression changes slowly while it´s being used. 2. Cone is a duvet and pillow cover that is made of a five shed satin jacquard weave. The textile pattern and colour is inverted on the back and front side of the textile. The aesthetic expression of the bed clothing can be renewed by the consumer through vegetable dyes. 3. Bark is a flat knitted, dubble relief, jacquard wool blanket. The blanket can be transformed by the consumer, through washing, and then get a new function as a rug. The textile goes from a soft, two-dimensional, flexible and somewhat fragile textile into a compact, three-dimensional durable textile.

  • 139.
    Björk, Rebecca
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Nilsson, Malin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    K3 versus frivilligt antagande av IFRS: Konsekvenserna på de finansiella rapporterna utifrån ett intressentperspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to expanding globalization of accounting, the international accounting principles and regulations are currently in a process of harmonization. The K-project of the Swedish accounting authority Bokföringsnämnden, indicates that Sweden is a part of this process. According to EU-regulation listed companies are obligated to prepare financial statements in accordance with IFRS since 2005, but for unlisted Swedish companies there is an option of applying local Swedish regulations. The arguments in favor of a voluntary adoption of IFRS rest on promises of improved quality, transparency and comparability of financial statements, which further will increase its usefulness to stakeholders. In 2012, the IASB initiated a project regarding a revised Conceptual Framework, which is expected to be completed during 2017. The revised Conceptual Framework highlights the importance of three primary stakeholders, consisting of investors, lenders and other creditors.The objective of this study is to examine how unlisted Swedish parent companies’ choice of adopting IFRS voluntarily, instead of applying K3, affects the financial reports and primary stakeholders based on an information need perspective. This is illustrated by four hypothetical scenarios. In order to achieve the objective of this study, the existing differences of reporting under IFRS and K3 regarding financial instruments, goodwill in business combinations, R&D expenses and investment properties focusing on disclosures, are examined. The method used in the study is a descriptive analysis with an abductive approach within the frames of qualitative research.The findings indicate that there are major differences between IFRS and K3, which results in companies reporting according to IFRS appear to be more profitable and less of a risk. A voluntary adoption of IFRS contributes to more useful information in the financial statements and a better reflection of the company's financial reality. Overall, financial reporting according to IFRS appears more favorable than reporting under K3, based on the information need of the primary stakeholder.This paper is written in Swedish.

  • 140.
    Björquist, Stina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Separation for regeneration: Chemical recycling of cotton and polyester textiles2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2015, 96.7 million tonnes of textile fibres were produced world-wide. Our high consumption of textiles leads to an increased amount of textile waste. In Sweden, the majority of used clothing and textiles are incinerated due to the lack of recycling techniques. A large amount of post-consumer textile waste is made from blended materials. One of the most common blends, used in as near as all workwear and service textiles, is cotton/polyester. To enable chemical recycling of such textiles, cotton and polyester must first be separated. The aim of this thesis was to separate the materials by depolymerizing the polyester using alkaline hydrolysis. The focus of the work was on how such a process should be performed without a catalyst, in order to result in both a high yield and a high purity of the cotton residue. In order to recycle the residue as a raw material for manufacturing of man-made cellulosic fibres, the cellulose chains in the cotton must also be maintained as unaffected as possible. The polyester in new sheets was completely depolymerized after 390 min at a temperature of 90ºC using a 10% sodium hydroxide concentration and a 1% material-to-liquor concentration. The separation using these conditions gave high yields (above 96%) of the cotton residue regardless of the material fineness used in the process. Furthermore, the separation performed on old sheets show that a pure cotton residue could be produced using higher material concentrations. It was shown that the cotton residue from old sheets, laundered around 50 times, had an intrinsic viscosity comparable to dissolving pulps used for viscose fibre spinning. This study concludes that alkaline hydrolysis without the use of a catalyst could be used to separate cotton and polyester in blended textiles. Furthermore, the findings show that cotton percentage in old sheets only decreased slightly after 50 launderings. Characterization of the materials using ATR FTIR spectroscopy indicate that an integrated textile recycling of hospital bed sheets could be performed since the sheets only contain cotton and polyester in all parts of the sheets.

  • 141.
    Bliander, Malin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Nyström, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    En studie för en förbättrad besiktningsprocess inom bostadsproduktion2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within the construction industry, inspections of the construction are made to secure that thequality and its functions are accurate according to the demands from the purchaser of theproject. This study examines different tools that can be helpful to use in order to secure a lowrange of inspection remarks to achieve an improved inspection process within the constructionindustry. To investigate how and where an improvement can be made, a survey of inspectionremarks were performed. The survey was supplemented by an interview to gain employersaspect on how Skanska could achieve an improved inspection process. Skanska has recentlyintroduced a new routine of the inspections, with the purpose of reducing the number of remarksand getting satisfied customer.The effect of the new routine has been studied and the result shows that Skanska is not far fromreaching the goal, however improvements can still be made. The new routine provides a betteropportunity to locate the remarks earlier in the construction process and there for more time torepair the remarks is gained. Thus there will be fewer remarks on the final inspection eventhough the overall numbers of remarks during the whole inspection process will remain thesame.Both the survey and interview manifested the areas where focus should be directed in order toimprove the inspection process. The contributing factors to the results are discussed andproposals for improvements are presented.This study will hopefully contribute to an understanding for the inspection process within theconstruction industry. Also bring understanding for the reasons why construction often gets alarge number of inspection remarks and how they could be avoided.

  • 142.
    Blixt, Erik
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kirlappos, Andreas
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Optimering av lagerhantering i sjukhusmiljö2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Effective material handling in a healthcare organization can both reduce operational costs andat the same time result in higher quality of care. Traditionally, materials management issueshave not been a priority for explanatory reasons. A hospital is primarily a healthcare facilityand not a company that actively needs to seek profitability to ensure its survival. However,this has resulted in insufficient management and procedures with high costs and lack ofresource efficiency as a result. Deficient work routines and methods for materialsmanagement along with improper utilization of storage facilities have been the main focus ofthis study. The study provides suggestions for how operation ward 1 at Södra Älvsborgshospital can work to improve stock management of its consumables. Semi-structuredinterviews along with quantitative data form the basis of this study, which is divided intothree main areas, processes, material management and warehouse design. After analysing theempirical data together with the theoretical frame of reference, some recommendations maybe presented to the operations department. The consumables should be moved to anappropriate storage space on the lower floor that has appropriate ventilation for medicalmaterials and a specific unpacking area. The new storage area should be dimensioned andoptimized based on product family, pick rate and physical characteristics of the articles tominimize overwork, unnecessary movements and promote ergonomics. In order to ensure thatthe right skills are utilized for the correct task, a warehouse manager should be employed withmain responsibility for materials handling. Valuable time can thus be saved for the nurses sothat they can focus more on their primary tasks. In order to simplify materials management,implementation of a two-bin system should be carried out, where safety stocks, re-orderpoints and order quantities are built-in and visualized.

  • 143.
    Blomqvist, Henrik
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Björnalm, Linus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Studie för energieffektivisering av belysningsarmaturer: En energieffektivitetsanalys mellan två armaturtyper2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka de ekonomiska vinster som kan erhållas vid byte av belysningsarmaturer i en byggnad. Studien omfattar de energi- och ekonomiska besparingar som möjliggörs via ett byte från gamla T8-armaturer till LED-armaturer. Dessutom skulle kunskap kring armaturernas påverkan på elnätet i form av övertoner tas fram. Målet var därmed att ta fram en tydlig redogörande jämförelse mellan de två armaturtyperna. Studien ”Energieffektivisering av belysningsarmaturer” utfördes på uppdrag av Caverion Sverige AB men i B&B-Tools vägnar och dess lokal belägen i Ulricehamn. För att uppfylla syftet krävdes information om armaturtyperna och hur de fungerar och därmed också god kunskap kring det berörda ämnet. Armaturerna som jämförs i denna studie är en lysrörsarmatur med T8-lysrör som installerades för ca 25 år sedan samt en modern LED-armatur från leverantören Waldmann med produktnamnet Taureo. Med hjälp av ett elkvaltitetsinstrument från företaget Metrum, som är anpassat för att utföra tillförlitliga kontroller av olika elkvalitetsparametrar, bestämdes armaturernas effekt. Dessutom uppmättes armaturernas övertonshalter som visade betydligt högre övertonshalter hos lysrörsarmaturen än för LED-armaturen. Eftersom övertoner kan medföra negativa konsekvenser på såväl enskilda komponenter som på självaste elnätet, eftersträvas så låga övertonshalter som möjligt. Genom de mätningar av effekt som gjordes under studien påvisas att ett armaturbyte skulle innebära en kraftig effektminskning motsvarande en tredjedel av det nuvarande effektuttaget. Därigenom kan större energimängd sparas, cirka 52 000 kWh/år, vilket innebär en årlig kostnadsbesparing på cirka 43 000 kr. Enligt de gjorda beräkningarna erhålls en återbetalningstid på cirka 8,5 år vilket kan bedömas som god lönsamhet i och med LED-armaturernas långa livslängd.

  • 144.
    Blomqvist, Mattias
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Energianalys av flerbostadsfastighet: Lämpliga åtgärder för att minska byggnadens energianvändning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbetet är ett samprojekt mellan ÅF, Fastighetsägaren AB Bostäder samt undertecknad, och tillkom efter att AB Bostäder ville ha hjälp med att göra en analys på varför en av deras fastigheter, trots efter en rad av åtgärder fortsätter ha en väldigt hög energianvändning. Trots den höga energianvändningen, har resultatet blivit bättre de senaste åren, bara för att de senaste två åren ha stigit igen. Även det ville fastighetsägaren försöka få ett svar på, varför det blivit så. För att kunna reda ut frågeställningen, hjälpte AB Bostäder till med att delge en mängd information, såsom ritningar, driftstatistik och personlig guidning av deras drifttekniker. För beräkningshjälp har energianalysprogrammet BV2 använts. Även en mängd böcker och rapporter inom området användes. Resultatet av arbetet visar att det främst är byggnadens klimatskal som är för dåligt och släpper igenom för mycket värme. Att även införa återvinning av frånluften med hjälp av en värmepump, skulle göra mycket med avseende på energianvändningen.

  • 145.
    Blomstedt, Bettina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    LUX: Exploring interactive knitted textiles through light and touch2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    LUX studies the combination of electronics and knitted textiles from a textile design perspective. The thought of experiencing textiles without touching them sparked the idea of designing textiles where touch is essential for the visual appearance. The aim is to design knitted textiles that light up when touched, in order to create an interactive experience for the viewer. Optical fibres were chosen because of their ability to transmit light and copper yarn works as an electrical conductor that triggers the reaction of light. The shapes of the knitted textiles have been created by utilising the characteristics of the optical fibre. LUX introduces a working method in which the optical fibre is given an important role not only as a light source but also as a tool for shaping the textiles. The result of the work is three textiles that display how electronics, consisting of sensors and light, can be merged with textiles and contribute to interactive behaviour.

  • 146.
    Bobeck, Malin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Binary surfaces - ljusemitterande textiler för inredningssammanhang2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis Binary surfaces - light-emitting textiles for an interior design context is an investigative work on how optical fibres can be used in woven structures. The work explores the different parameters that affect the interaction between optical fibres and weaving, and the possibilities they create together. The result is two examples of fabrics woven with optical fibres in combination with more traditional textile materials. The examples are designed for an interior context and are shown as a room divider and as outer fabric on seating furnishing.

  • 147.
    Boberg, Fredrik
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Alfredsson, Joakim
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Rapportering av kortsiktig rörlig ersättning till VD: En balans mellan strategi och transparens.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe and explain the transparency of Swedish public companies when it comes to the reporting of short term bonus payment to the chief executive officer. Furthermore we intend to identify possible explanations and underlying causes regarding the transparency. We have selected the 29 companies that represent the 30 most traded stocks on the Stockholm Stock Exchange (OMXS30). Methodology, the study can be divided into two primary parts. In the first part of the study we use a quantitative approach and apply a positivistic view. In the second part of the study we use a qualitative approach and apply a hermeneutic view. When it comes to collecting data we have been inspired by a cross section design and the primary focus has been to collect relevant information to allow an assessment of the transparency with a model we have developed. This model consists of five criteria inspired by the Ersättningsakademiens (Compensation Academy) guidelines regarding the reporting of compensation and is designed to provide an overall assessment of the studied company’s transparency. We have also identified a number of possible explanatory variables from which we have studied underlying causes to the transparency. Furthermore we have analyzed the communication from a perspective of legitimacy with the intent to obtain an understanding regarding the company’s choice of reporting. From the result of the study we find support to previous criticism regarding lacking transparency on the matter of the reporting of short term bonus payments to the CEO. We can also see tendencies to the fact that the causation that previous studies pointed out between transparency and the independence of the board, may exist in Swedish publicly traded companies as well.

  • 148.
    Bolton, Kim
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    De Mena, Barbara
    ttz Bremerhaven.
    Schories, Gerhard
    ttz Bremerhaven.
    Sustainable Management of Solid Waste2016In: Resource Recovery to approach zero municipal wastes / [ed] M. J. Taherzadeh and T. Richards, CRC Press, 2016, 23-41 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 149.
    Bolvede, Michelle
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Stellan, Veronika
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Följs kravspecifikationerna?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Do the producers follow the specifications? This study analyses and reviews if producers follow the requirements of the fashion company’s specification. The purpose was to, through a qualitative and experimental research, decide if all the requirements that involve dark coloured thin knitted t-shirts, of the company's specifications are applied during the production. Through interviews with people with great knowledge within the subjects; quality controls, knitted materials, production abroad and specifications, the authors’ got answers to whether producers ignore the requirements in the specification, as well as why. Through an experimental study, following the standards in the specifications, two shirts from season 2014 and two shirts from season 2015 were examined and compared, to see if they differed. All shirts were supposed to be produced by the same specifications. In the result, the experimental study presents; how the authors proceeded to truthful results. Quotes from the qualitative interviews are also presented. The quotations prove the authors' speculations and theories, regarding the issue of some manufacturers ignoring requirements in the specifications. Furthermore, in the discussion- and analysis chapter, results are analysed together with theories and quotes. The conclusions that can be drawn from the qualitative interviews and the experimental study, is that it is a common problem. Producers deliberately choose to overlook certain requirements in the specifications. However, it is not only in order to make more money, but it is also about managing deadlines and keeping customers satisfied, in order to maintain relationships. The problem is also based on cultural differences and language difficulties in communication, where the specifications are not sufficiently clear enough, resulting in the producer must take action and appreciate what the customer wants.

  • 150.
    Boman, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Huss, Clara
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Vidhäftning på läder: En analys av vidhäftningsförmågan hos kromgarvat läder2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagsläget läggs allt större vikt på att producera produkter med lång hållbarhet ur både miljö- och användningssynpunkt. I industrin för arbetskläder är det viktigt att främja produkter med lång livslängd då man ser produkter som förbrukade vid mindre slitage. Efterfrågan av arbetskläder med längre livslängd ligger till grund för detta arbete. Fokus ligger i att undersöka om man kan ta fram en arbetshandske som håller längre än de som finns på marknaden idag. I detta examensarbete har man undersökt om nagellack innehållande polyvinylbutyral kan användas som primer på kromgarvat läder för att skapa en yta med bättre vidhäftningsförmåga till en polyuretanfilm som agerar adhesiv. Man vill kunna fästa friktionsmaterial på läderprodukter, vilket är komplicerat. Genom litteraturstudier, modifieringar av ISO-standarder samt framtagningar av egna testmetoder och referensmaterial, har lämpliga metoder tagits fram för att undersöka huruvida nagellack kan ha en effekt på vidhäftningen mellan läder och polyuretanfilm. Arbetet är ett uppdrag från Ejendals som upptäckt problematiken kring svårigheterna att fästa friktionsmaterial till deras skinnhandskar. I dagsläget finns det handskar tillverkade i PU-läder där möjligheten till vidhäftning av friktionsmaterial är möjligt. Skulle en metod för bättre vidhäftning till läder kunna tas fram skulle arbetshandskar för arbeten inom snickeri, butik och lager kunna tillverkas på ett mer hållbart och långsiktigt vis. Genom att utföra tester har man kunnat undersöka om en kemisk bearbetning, i form av primer, kan öka vidhäftningen mellan läder och PU-film. Studien visar att en förbättring av vidhäftningsförmågan mellan lädret och PU-filmerna kan uppnås med hjälp av nagellacket som använts. Observationerna visar också att tjockleken på PU-filmen är av betydelse för hur väl vidhäftningen binder till lädret. Man valde även att genomföra testerna i vått tillstånd varifrån man kunde konstatera att effekten av vidhäftningen inte påverkades negativt under väta. Efter avslutade tester kunde man konstatera att när en flikning väl uppstått mellan lädret och friktionsmaterialet, krävdes små krafter för att dra isär materialen från varandra. Därför är det av stor vikt att sammanfogningen mellan samtliga material består av starka bindningar. Genom den ökade vidhäftningsförmågan man skapat på lädret, kommer man i framtiden kunna producera produkter med längre hållbarhet än de som används idag. Integrationen av säkerhet i arbetskläder skapar en produkt som har ökat värde ur arbetsmiljösynpunkt, samt hållbarhet.

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