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  • 101.
    Ahlstrom, Linda
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Improving Work Ability and Return to Work among Women on Long-term Sick Leave2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis was to gain new knowledge of factors and interventions that improve work ability and return to work (RTW) among women on long-term sick leave from human service organizations (HSOs). The specific aims of the studies were: to evaluate the associations between the self-rated Work Ability Index (WAI) and Work Ability Score (WAS), and the relationship with prospective sick leave, symptoms, and health (Paper I); to investigate whether intervention with myofeedback training or intensive muscular strength training could decrease pain and increase work ability among women with neck pain (Paper II); to examine the associations between workplace rehabilitation and the combination of supportive conditions at work with work ability and RTW over time (Paper III); and to explore experiences, views, and strategies in the rehabilitation process for RTW (Paper IV). This thesis is based on a prospective cohort study (n=324) and a randomized controlled study (RCT) (n=60, participants with neck pain). Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used. The data collection consisted of questionnaires, laboratory-observed data, register-based data, and interviews. The results showed a very strong association between WAI and WAS, and results predicted future sick leave degree, health-related quality of life, vitality, neck pain, self-rated general health, self-rated mental health, behavioral stress, and current stress (Paper I). In the RCT (Paper II), individuals in the myofeedback intervention group increased their vitality and work ability over time and individuals in the intensive musculoskeletal strength training group increased their WAI, WAS, and mental health over time. WAI, WAS, and RTW increased over time among individuals provided with workplace rehabilitation and supportive conditions at work (Paper III) such as a sense of feeling welcome back at work, influence at work, possibilities for development, degree of freedom at work, meaning of work, quality of leadership, social support, sense of community, and work satisfaction. Women described (Paper IV) how they were striving to work and how they had different views, strategies, and approaches in the rehabilitation process for RTW. They expressed a desire to work, their goals for work, and their wishes for work. In the rehabilitation process for RTW they described their interaction with stakeholders as either controlling the interaction or struggling in the interaction. They described strategies to cope with RTW in terms of yo-yo (fluctuating) working: yo-yo working as a strategy or yo-yo working as a consequence. This thesis identifies factors of importance in improving work ability and RTW among women on long-term sick leave from HSOs. For women with neck pain, the intervention study showed feasibility of the intervention and demonstrated improved work ability and decreased pain (Paper II). The intensive muscular strength training program, which is easy for the individual to learn and perform at home, was associated with increased work ability. The results regarding rehabilitation highlight the importance of integrating workplace rehabilitation with supportive conditions at work to increase work ability and improve RTW (Paper III). Women expressed that they were striving to work and that they wanted to work (Paper IV). These women were “going in and out” of work participation (yo-yo working) as a way to handle the rehabilitation process. For assessing the status and progress of work ability among women on long-term sick leave, the single-question WAS may be used as a compliment to the full WAI as a simple indicator (Paper I).

  • 102.
    Ahlstrom, Linda
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Ahlberg, Karin
    Hagberg, Mats
    Dellve, Lotta
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Processen att återgå i arbete efter långtidssjukskrivning: Kvinnor med nacksmärta, arbetandes inom kommunal verksamhet2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En kvalitativ studie pågår med syfte att belysa rehabiliteringsprocessen för långtidssjukskrivna kvinnor, med nacksmärta, för att möjliggöra återgång i arbete. Resultaten kan användas för preventivt och promotivt arbete inom ex. primärvården, företagshälsovården, försäkringskassan och arbetsförmedlingen.

  • 103. Ahlstrom, Linda
    et al.
    Grimby-Ekman, A
    Hagberg, M
    Dellve, Lotta
    [external].
    The work ability index and single-item question: associations with sick leave, symptoms, and health--a prospective study of women on long-term sick leave.2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, ISSN 0355-3140, E-ISSN 1795-990X, Vol. 36, no 5, 404-412 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives This study investigated the association between the work ability index (WAI) and the single-item question on work ability among women working in human service organizations (HSO) currently on long-term sick leave. It also examined the association between the WAI and the single-item question in relation to sick leave, symptoms, and health. Predictive values of the WAI, the changed WAI, the single-item question and the changed single-item question were investigated for degree of sick leave, symptoms, and health. Methods This cohort study comprised 324 HSO female workers on long-term (>60 days) sick leave, with follow-ups at 6 and 12 months. Participants responded to questionnaires. Data on work ability, sick leave, health, and symptoms were analyzed with regard to associations and predictability. Spearman correlation and mixed-model analysis were performed for repeated measurements over time. Results The study showed a very strong association between the WAI and the single-item question among all participants. Both the WAI and the single-item question showed similar patterns of associations with sick leave, health, and symptoms. The predictive value for the degree of sick leave and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was strong for both the WAI and the single-item question, and slightly less strong for vitality, neck pain, both self-rated general and mental health, and behavioral and current stress. Conclusion This study suggests that the single-item question on work ability could be used as a simple indicator for assessing the status and progress of work ability among women on long-term sick leave.

  • 104. Ahlstrom, Linda
    et al.
    Hagberg, Mats
    Dellve, Lotta
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Workplace Rehabilitation and Supportive Conditions at Work: A Prospective Study2013In: Journal of occupational rehabilitation, ISSN 1053-0487, E-ISSN 1573-3688, Vol. 23, no 2, 248-260 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose To investigate the impact of rehabilitation measures on work ability and return to work (RTW), specifically the association between workplace rehabilitation/supportive conditions at work and work ability and RTW over time, among women on long-term sick leave. Methods Questionnaire data were collected (baseline, 6 and 12 months) from a cohort of women (n = 324). Linear mixed models were used for longitudinal analysis of the repeated measurements of work ability index (WAI), work ability score and working degree. These analyses were performed with different models; the explanatory variables for each model were workplace rehabilitation, supportive conditions at work and time. Results The individuals provided with workplace rehabilitation and supportive conditions (e.g. influence at work, possibilities for development, degree of freedom at work, meaning of work, quality of leadership, social support, sense of community and work satisfaction) had significantly increased WAI and work ability score over time. These individuals scored higher work ability compared to those individuals having workplace rehabilitation without supportive conditions, or neither. Additionally, among the individuals provided with workplace rehabilitation and supportive conditions, working degree increased significantly more over time compared to those individuals with no workplace rehabilitation and no supportive conditions. Conclusion The results highlight the importance of integrating workplace rehabilitation with supportive conditions at work in order to increase work ability and improve the RTW process for women on long-term sick leave.

  • 105.
    Ahlström, Peter
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Aim, Karel
    Dohrn, Ralf
    Elliott, J Richard
    Jackson, George
    Jaubert, Jean Noël
    Rebello de A. Macedo, Maria Eugénia
    Pokki, Juha-Pekka
    Reczey, Kati
    Victorov, Alexey
    Fele Zilnik, Ljudmila
    Economou, Ioannis
    A Survey of the Role of Thermodynamics and Transport Properties in ChE University Education in Europe and the USA2010In: Chemical Engineering Education, ISSN 0009-2479, Vol. 44, no 1, 35-43 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thermodynamics and Transport Properties (TTP) is a central subject in the majority of chemical engineering curricula worldwide and it is thus of interest to know how it is taught today in various countries if chemical engineering education is to be improved. A survey of graduate thermodynamics education in the USA was performed a few years ago by Visco et al. [1] but as far as we know no systematic study of the undergraduate thermodynamics education has been performed, at least in recent years. In the present study, a survey about TTP education in Europe and the USA is presented. Results were obtained from nearly twenty different European countries and the USA and in total answers from about 150 universities were used for this study. The study is performed under the auspices of the Working Party of Thermodynamics and Transport Properties of the European Federation of Chemical Engineering. The survey was performed using a web based surveying system for which invitations were sent out to the universities by local representatives who were responsible for one or more countries each. Of the universities that answered more than 70 % offer BSc education 65 % offer MSc education and 55 % offer PhD education. Most universities offer at least two courses of thermodynamics. The following discussion is mainly based on the first two (undergraduate) courses reported. Half of these are taught to chemical engineers exclusively whereas the rest are taught with other branches of engineering, mainly mechanical and / or process engineering. In general two sets of course lengths were observed, corresponding either to a full semester of full time studies or to quarter of a semester. Most courses are centered around lectures and exercise classes with little or no laboratory work whereas home assignments are given in the vast majority (70-80 %) of the courses. The first course is mainly centered around the first and second law of thermodynamics whereas the second course is frequently more concentrated on phase equilibria. Both of these courses are mainly comprising of classical thermodynamics whereas the molecular interpretation often is touched upon. An analysis of the differences between thermodynamics education in Europe and the USA in presently being undertaken and results from this will also be presented. An investigation of the use of thermodynamics within industry is also on-going within the Working Party and results will be reported in the near future. [1] S.K.Dube, D.P. Visco, Chem. Eng. Ed., 2005, 258-263.

  • 106.
    Ahlström, Peter
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Aim, Karel
    Dohrn, Ralf
    Elliott, J. Richard
    Jackson, George
    Jaubert, Jean-Noel
    Rebello de A. Macedo, Maria Eugénia
    Pokki, Juha-Pekka
    Reczey, Kati
    Victorov, Alexey
    Fele Zilnik, Ljudmila
    Economou, Ioannis
    A Survey of Thermodynamics and Transport Properties in Chemical Engineering Education in Europe and the USA2008In: Proceedings of the 100th Annual Meeting of the American Institute for Chemical Engineering, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 107.
    Ahlström, Peter
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Gebäck, Tobias
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Johansson, Erik
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Bolton, Kim
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Water absorption in polymers2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work two different examples of water absorbtion in polymers are studied by Monte Carlo simulations. Both of them are of large technical and commercial impotance. The first example is the water absorption in polyethylene cables where the water absorption plays a crucial role in the degradation of the cable insulation and thus should be as low as possible. The second example is bio-based superabsorbents made from denatured protein where water absorption capability is the prime desired property. Methods Gibbs Ensemble Monte Carlo simulations [1] were used to study the hydration of polymers. All simulations are performed with two boxes, one of which is filled with water at the start of the simulation, whereas the other contains polymer molecules and possible ions. The polymer molecules are not allowed to swap boxes whereas the water molecules are allowed to do so thus constituting an osmotic Gibbs ensemble [2]. For the polyethylene a connectivity-altering algorithm was used whereas the protein molecules were simulated using a side-chain regrowth model in addition to traditional Monte Carlo moves. For the polyethylene, the TraPPE [3] force field was used and the protein molecules, the Amber force field [4] was used. Water was modelled using simple point charge models [5]. Electrostatic interactions are treated using Ewald summation methods. The protein molecules were of different amino acid compositions and in different conformations, e.g., β-turns and random coils obtained using the amorphous cell method[6]. Studies were made with different degrees of charging on, e.g., lysine side chains mimicking different ionization states. Results The studies of polyethylene revealed the importance of ions left from the polymerisation catalyst for the absorbtion of water and the concomitant degradation of polyethylene cable insulation. Also the absorption properties of the protein molecules is strongly related to the presence of charged groups and fully charged protein molecules absorb large amounts of water. However, neither native nor denatured protein molecules show superabsorbing properties (i.e. absorbing hundreds of times their own mass) as they show in experimental studies and the reasons for this discrepancy will be discussed. References 1. A.Z. Panagiotopoulos, Mol. Phys. 61, 813 (1987). 2. E. Johansson, K. Bolton, D.N. Theodorou, P. Ahlström, J. Chem. Phys., 126, 224902 (2007). 3. M.G. Martin, and J.I. Siepmann, J. Phys. Chem. B, 103, 4508-4517 (1999). 4. W.D. Cornell, P. Cieplak, C.I. Bayly, I.R. Gould, K.M. Merz Jr, D.M. Ferguson, D.C. Spellmeyer, T. Fox, J.W. Caldwell, P.A. Kollman (1995). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 117, 5179–5197. 5. H. J. C. Berendsen, J. P. M. Postma and W. F. van Gunsteren, in Intermolecular Forces, B. Pullman, ed. (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1981) p. 331; H. J. C. Berendsen, J. R. Grigera and T. P. Straatsma, J. Phys. Chem. 91, 6269 (1987). 6. D.N. Theodorou, U.W. Suter, Macromolecules, 18, 1467 (1985).

  • 108.
    Ahlström, Peter
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Moodley, Suren
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Bolton, Kim
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Ramjugernath, D.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Computer Simulations of Vapor-Liquid-Liquid Equilibria Involving Hydrocarbons and Water2008In: Proceedings of the 100th Annual Meeting of the American Institute for Chemical Engineering, 2008, CHPC National Meeting, Durban, South Africa, December 9-10, 2008, AlChe Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, November 15-21, 2008, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 109.
    Ahlström Rundbom, Lina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Olson, Madeleine
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Personlighetsanpassat ledarskap2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the research of this study we found a gap regarding information on how to adapt leadershipto employees of various personalities. Our purpose was now to fill that research gap. In ourstudy on personality-adapted leadership, we found that all kinds of personalities have variouspreferences to be led. Using two different personality classification models, theories ofleadership and motivation as well as empirical evidence drawn from Business leaders, wehave studied which kind of leadership that works best for models of different personalitytypes. With the help of a cross-section design, qualitative methods together with semistructuredinterviews we were able to combine the theories we used with the empiricalevidence. Accordingly, our purpose is to acknowledge how leadership can be adapted todifferent personalities to achieve the greatest opportunity for the development of theirmotivation. This is a contributing factor to the development of a company and shouldtherefore be in the leader’s interest.As a conclusion our study shows how different personalities demand certain kinds ofleadership, that they get motivated by a wide range of factors and that various situations canhave a big effect where a certain leadership is most suitable. The result of our study has led totwo tables based on the personality classification models, which show which leadershiptheory fits the different kinds of personality types. The study also shows that leaders shouldadapt a relationship-oriented leadership and complement it with a task-oriented one in order tofind their employees motivation and be able to lead them in a successful way.

  • 110.
    Ahlsén, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Wengelin, Åsa
    Aphasia and text writing2009In: International journal of language and communication disorders, ISSN 1368-2822, E-ISSN 1460-6984, Vol. 28, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 111.
    Ahlvik, Adam
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Blossing, Robin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    ”Det blir ju aldrig riktigt på riktigt”: En undersökning av lärarstudenters uppfattningar av verksamhetsförlagd utbildning.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Verksamhetsförlagd utbildning (VFU) är ett viktigt inslag som år 2001 ersatte den tidigare praktiken i lärarutbildningen. Genom professionell handledning från en verksam och handledarutbildad lärare (handledare) ska studenterna få chansen att träna på det de lärt sig på högskolan ute i riktiga skolverksamheter för att på så vis utveckla sin framtida yrkesroll. Studenterna ska med hjälp av handledaren få planera, genomföra och utvärdera pedagogisk verksamhet med ett vetenskapligt förhållningssätt. Studenterna ska få chansen att utveckla sin samarbetsförmåga med arbetslag, barn/elever och vårdnadshavare. VFU ska vara bron mellan teori och praktik i lärarutbildningen men tidigare forskning och egna erfarenheter tyder på att det finns vissa brister på området, vilket leder till att studenterna hamnar mitt emellan högskolans akademiska värld och ”verkligheten” ute i den praktiska undervisningen.Studiens syfte är att beskriva lärarstudenters uppfattningar av sin senaste VFU-period. Frågeställningarna som studien söker svar på är: vilka uppfattningar har studenterna av sin VFU? Och finns det skillnader i uppfattningar av VFU beroende på vald lärarprograminriktning? Studien är av kvantitativ art och baseras på en enkätundersökning bland lärarstudenter på Högskolan i Borås, våren 2016.Ur undersökningen framgår att många av de inslag som ska vara obligatoriska under VFU:n inte genomförs i tillräckligt stor utsträckning. Studenterna upplever sig inte få tillräckligt med handledning och det framgår att det finns ett behov av att förbättra samverkan mellan högskola och VFU-platserna. Det framkommer också att studenterna ser VFU som ett mycket viktigt moment i utbildningen och att de önskar mer VFU och längre VFU-perioder.

  • 112.
    Ahlvin Govenius, Emelie
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lundgren, Lina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Patienter med HIV: Upplevelser av vårdmötet med hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    HIV är en virusinfektion som påverkar hela patientens hälsa, både fysiskt, psykiskt och socialt. Patienter med HIV möter precis som alla andra, olika instanser inom hälso- och sjukvården. För att främja hälsa och lindra lidande utgör den vårdande relationen grunden i dessa vårdmöten. Det finns fördomar och rädslor kring HIV och personer som lever med sjukdomen, vilket avspeglar sig inom hälso- och sjukvården. Detta kan i ett vårdmöte leda till att patienter med HIV behandlas annorlunda, vilket kan förstärka känslor av skuld och skam, samt orsaka onödigt lidande. Synliggörs dessa patienters upplevelser, kan framtida vårdmöten förbättras. Syftet med studien är att beskriva hur patienter med HIV upplever vårdmötet med hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal. Som metod har litteraturöversikt använts.

    Resultatet baseras på åtta artiklar som visar att patienter har olika upplevelser från vårdmötet med hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal. Patienter har genom hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalens verbala kommunikation och förhållningssätt upplevt avståndstagande, att onödiga skyddsåtgärder vidtagits och att opassande frågor ställs. Samtidigt har patienter även upplevt stöd från hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal som resulterat i tillit och trygghet. Anledningen till att patienter har skiftande upplevelser från vårdmötet, kan beror på olika faktorer. Det som patienter upplever viktigt i den vårdande relationen kan behöva ges tid att bygga. Detta utrymme ges inte alltid i den verbala kommunikationen och ett förhållningssätt, som riskerar påverkas av fördomar. Utbildning och erfarenhet hos hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal påverkar hur patienter upplever vården. De patienter som vårdats av hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal med mer erfarenhet och kunskap om HIV, upplever att de fått bättre vård.

  • 113.
    Ahmed, Delgesh
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Oliva Rivera, Alexander
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Composite façade elements with GFRP connectors: Shear properties and sustainability aspects2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, with the greater importance of the environmental performance of construction materials, a significant development of precast concrete sandwich elements (PCSEs) is ongoing. With the PCSEs improving and becoming more thermal and energy efficient, it is becoming more attractive for architectural design and for acquiring Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification.The focus of this study was to conduct and analyze experiments related to the shear properties of fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) plate connectors in newly developed composite façade elements. The idea of using FRP plate connectors was based on research conducted by the European Commission funded FP7 project H-House, where new innovative materials are used to achieve a more thermally efficient sandwich element that would also be lightweight, energy-efficient and durable. The work was performed in cooperation with the Swedish Cement and Concrete Research Institute (CBI) in Borås, where the laboratory tests, with four different variations of FRP plate connectors, were conducted. To analyze the results, a method called double shear test was used for stabilization of the test specimens and minimize the eccentricity of the applied vertical load. The experimental results indicated that an improved shear bearing capacity was achieved, especially for one connector type, though the effect on the stiffness was depended on how well the specimens were cast. Furthermore, it turned out that the placement of the carbon fibre reinforcement (CFR) in the inner and outer panel played a major role regarding the FRP connectors’ contribution to the shear forces. A qualitative analysis of sustainability regarding the composite elements in construction was also done.In conclusion, the FRP plate connectors have been shown to be robust and stiff enough to develop composite behaviour of the precast concrete sandwich elements and being thermal resistance, e.g. a good alternative to using in thick façade elements and reducing thermal bridging.

  • 114.
    Ahmed, Xawo
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Källqvist, Pontus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Traumatisk amputation: Upplevelsen av en förändrad livssituation efter trauma2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund och problemformulering Den vanligaste orsaken i världen till en amputation är trauma. En traumatisk amputation medför en förändrad livssituation för individen. En bättre förståelse för traumatiskt amputerades upplevelser ger sjuksköterskan ökad förståelse för att erbjuda god vård och kunskap som kan minska patientens lidande, öka livskvalitén och välbefinnande.

    Syftet Att undersöka upplevelsen av en förändrad livssituation efter en traumatisk amputation av en eller flera extremiteter.

    Metod En litteraturstudie med sammanlagt elva vetenskapliga artiklar med både kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats. Databaserna som använts för artikelsökning var Cinahl, Pubmed, Psycinfo, Medline och andra artiklars referenslistor.

    Resultat I resultatet framkom det att en förändrad livssituation efter en traumatisk amputation innebar en förändrad självbild, försämrat självförtroende, daglig smärtupplevelse och sämre livskvalité.

    Diskussion De traumatiskt amputerade upplevde en stor omställning och utmaning att anpassa sig till den nya kroppen. Amputationen medförde begränsad vardag, psykisk ohälsa och försämrad livskvalité. Stöd och hjälp kunde både främja och försämra deras välbefinnande. Sjuksköterska har en viktig roll med sin kompetens för att förebygga ohälsa och minska lidande för den traumatiskt amputerade.

  • 115.
    Ahmed, Zin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Moura, Victoria
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Ey len, vi gittar till klassrummet!: Multietniskt ungdomsspråk i skolan utifrånett lärarperspektiv.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det multietniska ungdomsspråket är ett fenomen som växer och ständigt utvecklas i olikadelar (georafiska områden) av Sverige. Denna uppsats undersöker ämnesläraresförhållningssätt gentemot det multietniska ungdomsspråket. Vidare undersöks det omämneslärare väljer att inkludera eller exkludera det multietniska ungdomsspråket i sinundervisning. Även lärarnas förhållningssätt om positiva respektive negativa effekter på långoch kort sikt förekommer. Uppsatsens metoddel har fokus på en grupp av fem ämneslärare,det vill säga en fokusgruppsintervju.Resultatdelen är bearbetad utifrån det diskursteoretiska perspektivet. Metoderna som har valtsför att undersöka lärarnas förhållningssätt grundar sig i diskursanalytisk metod. Valet avdiskursanalys har valts för att framhäva lärarnas förhållningsätt inom det multietniskaungdomsspråket. I diskursanalysen kan läsaren erfara vilka subjektpositioner som framträderoch vad som utesluts i diskussionen samt vilka sanningsanspråk som förekommer iresultatsdelen.I resultatet redovisas lärarnas förhållningssätt gentemot det multietniska ungdomsspråket samthur språkvariationen lyfts fram i undervisningssammanhang. Lärarna anser att de arbetar medolika språkvariationer i klassrummet, dock försummar lärarna att behandla multietnisktungdomsspråk som en språkvariation. I resultatet framkommer även lärarnas uppfattning omfördelar och nackdelar med dess identitetskapande funktion och markering avgrupptillhörighet när elever använder sig av multietniskt ungdomsspråk. Utifrån dessa resultatoch med bakgrund i skolans styrdokument, tolkar vi det som att lärarna bör lyfta vikten av atteleverna ska kunna anpassa sitt språk efter syfte, mottagare och sammanhang.

  • 116.
    Ahrens, Isabella
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Guetz, Theresa
    Transnational Strategy Shift: The Importance of Cultural Awareness: - Case Study: IKEA2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Globally operating business organizations tend to use a global strategy by using a standardized strategy as a fixed format. However, this has developed to be very ineffective for the ability to compete in the different markets worldwide. The adaptation of local preferences hence, seems to be crucial but also very complex for multinational retailers. This study therefore, determines the complexity of considerations that a shift from a global to a transnational strategy includes. The decision making of which strategy is appropriate for multinational retailers to compete on a global market can be quite puzzling, as is can be seen in the bed textile segment. Therefore this research paper investigates, within a case study of IKEA’s bed textile department, if a shift from a global to a transnational strategy is of advantage for a multinational retailer like IKEA and to what extend cultural awareness has to be considered. The methods that were used for this study include a literature review in the mentioned focus area and a collection of primary data through a qualitative research design with an open questionnaire sent to the Sales Leaders of IKEA. The research has shown that market research is an important factor when it comes to cultural related differences between the countries. Also, when dealing with the concern of adaptation of the market relevant bed textile sizes to the product range, the Sales Leaders of IKEA have perceived different concerns. Therewith a full adaptation may not be the solution for all businesses, since this depends on the product and market preferences. The cultural preferences in each country and the right degree of standardization and local preferences are a big issue for the global bed textile industry and are hence perceived as the main challenges in this concern. Possible paths for future investigations are shown by the results of this study. Thus, an inclusion of other cases could enable the possibility of a generalization of the study’s findings. Also, the same case study could be expanded by including customers input in the individual markets; this would lead to a better understanding of the customer’s preferences and a higher validity of the study. Last but not least this study has shown that there is no simple answer given whether a shift from a global towards a transnational strategy is of advantage for multinational retailers; however interesting factors concerning the shift could be identified.

  • 117.
    Ahrén, Josefine
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Flütsch, Johanna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Förlossningsbrevet: en tillgång eller belastning för barnmorskor?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Birth plans were introduced in the late 1970s in response to the increasing medicalisation of childbirth and became a way for women to assert their rights. It is scientifically proven that a birth plan helps women and their partner to prepare for childbirth by reflecting over feelings and desires. On the labour ward the birth plan occurs frequently and the midwife must respect it´s content. The majority of the research done is reflected from a woman´s point of view which awoke the interest to explore the birth plan from the midwife´s perspective. The aim of this study was to describe the midwives approach and thoughts towards the birth plan. The study design is qualitative; data has been collected through individual interviews analyzed using qualitative content analysis with inductive approach. The analysis revealed three main catagories:

    Create a trusting relationship, Unrealistic requests and The role of the birth plan in practice. The result shows that the midwives purpose was to support the women during labor regardless of whether they had a birth plan or not. Birth plans was seen as a quick way to get information about the woman´s needs and desires and was useful in cases where midwives felt that it was adequately designed and written. The results also showed that several midwifes felt provoked by the content of the birth plan which could be derived to women´s uncertainty. The birth plan gives the woman an opportunity to prepare and the midwife gets a tool to meet the woman to achieve a good birth experience.

  • 118.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Across disciplines and cultures: Harnessing diversity2015Other (Other academic)
  • 119.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Case study of Rovio Entertainment and “Angry Birds”2016Other (Other academic)
  • 120.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Human players at the center of an ecosystem: The case of video games in Finland2015In: Organization Studies, ISSN 0170-8406, E-ISSN 1741-3044, 1-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on ecosystems as ways of organizing innovation and firm-level growth position a focal firm at the center of each ecosystem they study. This study of the video games industry in Finland argues that it can also be human users that are are at that center. In the birth and early developmental stages of the ecosystem or a game-design project, individual human beings can absorb and live with ambiguity and absence or fluidity of rules of the game, even be entertained by and enjoy such ambiguity. 

  • 121.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Introduction to design business management2015Other (Other academic)
  • 122.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Introduction to Design Business Management2015Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Also agricultural and food sciences can benefit from the recent interest in design thinking, an interest in both research and practice.  

  • 123.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Leveraging academic resistance to consumerism to strengthen the capitalist project: The case of Aalto University2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    •New public management, an emphasis on control, as well as consumerism, have grown their influence in universities. Taken too far, this kind of an influence can have destructive psychological and social outcomes on practices and institutions of good research, on academic collegiality, and on the peer review system. Yet, paradoxically, it appears fewer and fewer academics rise to the barricades to resist such developments. This paper analysis why and how do academics in favor of consumerism appear to win over academics in favor of collegiality? 

  • 124.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Problem solving and problem search in design business management2015Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In managing design and in managing as design, it makes sense to ask "why" before asking "what"; that is, it makes sense to ask first why is there a problem before asking what is a solution. Thought leadership on and implication of this simple idea is mapped across Stanford University, NEw York, London, Oxford, Gothenburg, Borås, Helsinki, and St. Petersburg.

  • 125.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Rethinking design fashion: New materiality, smart products, and upcycling2014In: Swedish Design Research Journal, ISSN 2000-964X, Vol. 12, no 2, 53-60 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Manufacturing operations in much of textile fashion have migrated from the developed economies to developing countries in search of cost economies. Consideration for the natural environment has been lost in the process due to lack of clarity what corporation or some other participant in what kind of an economy is most responsible. This paper is intended as a thought piece on how new materialisms offers an approach to bring back responsible concern for the natural environment in textile fashion and, perhaps, beyond.

  • 126.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Rethinking textile fashion: A research agenda2015Other (Other academic)
  • 127.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. Swedish School of Textiles.
    Rethinking textile fashion: A research agenda2015Other (Other academic)
  • 128.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    The art of organizing: Computer games as an art form, a business, and a community2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The starting points of this paper are twofold. Firstly, computer game design can be taken as an art form (Crawford 1982). Seconly, and building on the first point, computer games can be taken as a model of organising whereby there are multiple dimensions or levels of analysis (Burger-Helmchen & Cohendet 2011). In and across the starting points, this paper unfolds a set of findings and generates a set propositions. The propositions include that new forms of art such as computer games have been and will be much like old forms of art. More specifically, the proposition here is that each new particular form of art, as well as art generally, needs to be invented in order to exist (Shiner 2001). In order to persist and not only to exist for a short instance, one or another kind of a process organizing needs to happen. Such a process can unfold following a a grand design. The process of organizing can be dictated by chance or be a result of drift. Or, the process can emerge in a series of small steps. In the latter instance, hybridization or a combination, even recombination, can be the way of the happening. 

  • 129.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    The progressive personality: The strange case of Janne T.2016In: Research and Dialogue: Writings in honour of Janne Tienari / [ed] Susan Meriläinen & Eero Vaara, Aalto University , 2016, 20-23 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 130.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Transvaluation of the meaning of “fast” in fast food, fast music, and fast fashion2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how to transvaluate, to re-evaluate and to repudiate neoliberal standards for creative and cultural industries. The paper's focus is on three creative and cultural industries -- food, music and fashion -- all of which have crafts-based origins. These industries were long under the protective eye and of, in one way or another, of the cultural system of what is a nation. However since the 1970s or the 1980s these industries have increasingly been dominated and domesticated by the still continuing rise of the values of neoliberalism, subjected to wave upon wave of reengineering and reorganization, assimilated into the global market system.

    At one extreme, affluent consumers, often affluent owner-capitalists or financiers, are empowered to determine what is good food, good music, or good fashion. These affluents are now increasingly co-creators of what they consider culturally meaningful for themselves. Growing amounts of resources flow in the direction of making and keeping the affluents content, which is not always in fit with culturally meaningful content from the perspective of the traditional or authentic creatives in these industries: the chefs, the artists, the designers, What the affluents desire are fancy restaurants, selective clubs, and expensive clothes. Catering to the lifestyles of these rich and famous is increasingly a trans-industry of its own, with ever less room for authentic cultural creation, as authenticity used to be understood. New bureaucratic forms of education and training drive by various forms of "positive psychology" reproduce the focus on the tongues, minds and navels of the affluent, as if their satisfaction and inspiration of these were the only global standard that matters.  By virtue of their new role as co-creators, the affluents are offered what is rich in meaning and high in value to them.

    At the other extreme, the authentic cultural creatives following vocation and the average citizen have received the stick, at best left holding its short end. Cultural creatives trying to follow their original call and the average citizen are now both squeezed out of being key beneficiaries of participation in these industries. What is forced down throats, into ears and on bodies are degenerated, industrialized and highly wasteful variations - fast food, fast music, fast fashion - co-created with and for the affluents. Almost explicitly hindered by market prices to access such meaning, in any case, the cultural creatives and the average citizen are face to face with the neoliberal tide that is drowning the original authenticity of arts of crafts and their meanings. Values that originally drove food, music, and fashion industries, such as sustainability, are now increasingly dominated, converted and domesticated by neoliberal, technocratic and bureaucratic values and ideologies.

    Analysis of food, music and fashion industries in various countries in this paper suggests that to transvaluate the neoliberal tide what is needed is a trans-disciplinary mindset, reminiscent of authentic innocence of the crafts-minded and pre-industrial hierarchy of life-affirming values and norms: to reflect upon, to act upon, and to adhere what is good by virtue of good with local environments and authentic ways of consumption, cultural practice, and creativity.  Recipes, hits and fashions to repudiate what has been wasteful and inefficient in fast food, music and fashion include good food, good music, upcycled clothes, and new technologies. The paper calls for further research on how to trans-valuate, trans-discipline and cross-pollinate across these recipes, hits, and fashions.

     

    References:

    Ainamo, A. 2014 Rethinking textile fashion: New materiality, smart products, and upcycling, Design Research Journal, 2, 53-60.

    Appadurai, A 2013 " The future as cultural fact: essays on the global condition" - Rassegna Italiana di Sociologia, 2013

    Appadurai, A. 2013b "Response to comments", Rassegna Italiana di Sociologia, 2013

    Appadurai, A. 1988 "How to make a national_cuisine: Cookbooks in contemporary India", .Comparative Studies in History and Society, 30(1): 3-24.

    GC Bruner -1990 "Music, mood, and marketing", The Journal of Marketing.

    C Caldwell, SA Hibbert -2002 "The influence of music tempo and musical preference on restaurant patrons' behavior", Psychology & Marketing.

    C Caldwell, SA Hibbert 1999 "Play that one again: the effect of music tempo on consumer behaviour in a restaurant", European Advances in Consumer Research,

    F Dannen - 1991 Hit men: Power brokers and fast money inside the musicbusiness

    - Random House LLC

    SA Eroglu, KA Machleit, JC Chebat 2005 "The interaction of retail density and music tempo: effects on shopper responses", Psychology & Marketing,

    hargadon and Sutton 1997 "Technology brokering in a product design firm2, Administrative Science Quarterly.

    FH Kirkpatrick 1943 ", " - Journal of applied psychology, 1943

    Krol, P. J. and Lavoie, M. 2014, "Beyond nursing nihilism, a Nietzschean transvaluation of neoliberal values,"Nursing Philosophy, 15(2): 112-124.

    McElrea, H  and Standing, L 1992 "Fast music causes fast drinking",Perceptual and Motor Skills.

    Millman, R. 1986 "The influence of background music on the behavior of restaurant patrons," Journal of Consumer Research.

    Rita Orji • Julita Vassileva • Regan L. Mandryk 2013 LunchTime: a slow-casual game for long-term dietary behavior change, Personal and Ubiquitous Computing. Pers Ubiquit Comput; DOI 10.1007/s00779-012-0590-6

    TC Roballey, C McGreevy, RR Rongo 1985 "The effect of music on eating behavior",

    ... - Bulletin of the ...,  - Springer

    Rozin, P. & Fallon, A. 1986 "Likes and dislikes , in What Is America Eating?: Proceedings of a Symposium. Food and Nutrition Board, Commission on Life Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council

    Sassarelli, R. 2013 "Value, valuation, transvaluation" Rassegna Italiana di Sociologia, 2013

    A Szabo, A Small, M Leigh 1999 "The effects of slow-and fast-rhythm classical music on progressive cycling to voluntary physical exhaustion." The Journal of sports medicine and ..., 1999

     

  • 131.
    Ainamo, Antti
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hyöty, Jussi
    FIM .
    Vilen, Merita
    Case study of Nokia’s design strategy in mobile phones, 1980s to 20072016Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Case study of Cr8tv, joint research betweeen European Commission, Lancaster University, Politecnico Milan,  Corvinus University, and Gothenburg Universit

  • 132.
    Ainamo, Antti
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hällgren, Markus
    Rehn, Alf
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Summit fever2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mountain climbers call it “summit fever” when one or more individuals in a group of climbers become so enamored with the notion of reaching the summit of a mountain that they ignore less exciting issues such as how to safely descend the mountainside and live to tell one’s self and others about the experience. In this paper, we review decision-making literature on symmetric vs. asymmetric goal formation, as well as innocuous and fallacious learning. We develop a process theory of summit fever by defining that summit fever is when fallacious learning in chase of an asymmetric goal disproportionately narrows attention to a peak milestone. A halfway milestone that represents a peak experience then is prone to lead to goal conflation so that the way forward is compromised at the expense of reaching the ultimate goal. We illustrate the emerging framework by revisiting how and how summit fever led to a mountaineering accident on K2 in 2008 whereby 11 out of 26 climbers involved died. Our conclusions include implications for further research.

  • 133.
    Ainamo, Antti
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kolho, Kaija-Leena
    Helsinki University, Faculty of Medicine.
    Progress in the treatment and outcome of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease patients2016In: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology, ISSN 1744-8409, 1-33 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This review discusses how treatment of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients has improved with attention to therapeutic quality and cost. The number of such patients in Western countries has increased rapidly. Similarly to what has been the trend in the management of adult IBD, the pediatric IBD therapy has become more active than earlier. High use of immunosuppressants has helped to control the extensive and aggressive course of pediatric IBD. Full disease control already at an early phase has advantages such as to preserve normal child growth and development, to maintain overall good health and quality of life, as well as to decrease the psychosocial burden of the disease. A key research direction is to develop the more active approach into a way to reduce healthcare costs by decreasing the so-far high rate of surgery of pediatric IBD patients. 

  • 134.
    Ainamo, Antti
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Svengren Holm, Lisbeth
    Vidinge, Christina
    Gothenburg University.
    Horvath, Dora
    Corvinus University.
    Designers as innovators in organizational contexts: A proposal for a typology2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Task 2.2.2: Developing a Typology of the Roles of Designer and Design Competence in Innovation

    The purpose of this paper is to specify and develop a classifica­tion scheme of the roles of designers­­ in innovation, in particular to how they may contribute to business and economic growth and success. The purpose, in other words, is to make sense of such new concepts in the new and conflated field of innovation and design as “open innovation” and “co-designing” and of how to become an innovative and creative organization that is highly successful; whether talking about in-house designers, hiring design consultancies to work on product or service design or on organizational processes in commercial or public contexts

    Despite a high interest, there has been a paucity of research that would have defined or specified on the basis of case-based evidence, for example, roles that designers and their competence can have as a force for innovation. Such definition is the objective of our research project, Creativity for Growth and Innovation in Europe (Cre8tv.EU), where we define these roles and create a typology for the roles designers and design competence have for innovation and how such design involvement can be harnessed for creating competitive advantage of firms.

  • 135. Akbari, H.
    et al.
    Karimi, K
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Lundin, M
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Optimization of baker's yeast drying in industrial continuous fluidized-bed dryer2012In: Food and Bioproducts Processing, ISSN 0960-3085, E-ISSN 1744-3571, Vol. 90, no 1, 52-57 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Instant active dry baker's yeast is a well-known product widely used for leavening of bread, produced by fermentation, and usually dried by hot air to 94–96% dry matter content. Multi-stage fluidized bed drying process is a commercial effective method for yeast drying. In this work, optimum operating parameters of an industrial continuous fluidized bed dryer for the production of instant active dry yeast were investigated. The dryer contained four zones separated with moving weirs. The operating conditions such as temperature, loading rate of compressed yeast granules, and hot air humidity had direct effects on both yeast activity and viability. The most important factors that affected the quality of the product were loading rate and the operational temperature in each zone on the bed. Optimization was performed for three loading rates of the feed to the dryer, using response surface methodology for the experimental design. The most significant factor was shown to be the loading rate with mean fermentation activity values of 620, 652, and 646 cm3 CO2/h for 300, 350, and 400 kg/h loading rates, respectively. The data analysis resulted in an optimal operating point at a loading rate of 350 kg/h and temperatures of zones 1, 2, 3, and 4 controlled at 33, 31, 31, and 29 °C, respectively. The best activity value was predicted as 668 ± 18 cm3 CO2/h, and confirmation experiments resulted in 660 ± 10 cm3 CO2/h. At the same operating point, the average viability of the cells was predicted as 74.8 ± 3.7% and confirmed as 76.4 ± 0.6%. Compared with the normal operating conditions at the plant, the optimization resulted in more than 12% and 27% improvement in the yeast activity and viability, respectively.

  • 136. Akbari, H.
    et al.
    Karimi, K.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Taherzadeh, M.J.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Optimization of baker´s yeast drying in industrial continuous fluidized-bed dryer2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 137.
    Akinbomi, Julius
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Fermentative hydrogen and methane productions using membrane bioreactors2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of energy as a stimulant for economic growth and environmental sustainabilityof any nation has made the focus on green fuels, including fermentative hydrogen (bioH2) andmethane (bioCH4), to be a priority for the World’s policy makers. Nigeria, as the most populousAfrican country, with worsening energy crisis, can benefit from the introduction of the bioH2 andbioCH4 technologies into the country’s energy mix, since such technologies have the potential ofgenerating energy from organic wastes such as fruit waste.Fruit waste was studied in detail in this work because of its great economic andenvironmental potential, as large quantities of the wastes (10–65% of raw fruit) are generatedfrom fruit consumption and processing. Meanwhile, bioH2 and bioCH4 productions involvinganaerobic microorganisms in direct contact with organic wastes have been observed to result insubstrate and product inhibitions, which reduce the gas yields and limit the application of thetechnologies on an industrial scale. For example, in this study, the first experimental work todetermine the effects of hydraulic retention times and fruit mixing on bioH2 production fromsingle and mixed fruits revealed the highest cumulative bioH2 yield to be equivalent to 30% ofthe theoretical yield. However, combining the fermentation process with the application ofmembrane encapsulated cells and membrane separation techniques, respectively, could reducesubstrate and product inhibitions of the microorganisms. This study, therefore, focused on theapplication of membrane techniques to enhance the yields of bioH2 and bioCH4 productions fromthe organic wastes.The second experimental work which focused on reduction of substrate inhibition,involved the investigation of the effects of the PVDF membrane encapsulation techniques on thebioH2 and bioCH4 productions from nutrient media with limonene, myrcene, octanol and hexanalas fruit flavours. The results showed that membrane encapsulated cells produced bioCH4 fasterand lasted longer, compared to free cells in limonene. Also, about 60% membrane protectiveeffect against myrcene, octanol and hexanal inhibitions was obtained. Regarding bioH2production, membrane encapsulated cells, compared to free cells, produced higher average dailyyields of 94, 30 and 77% with hexanal, myrcene and octanol as flavours, respectively. The finalpart of the study, which was aimed at reducing product inhibition, involved the study of theeffects of membrane permeation of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) on the bioreactor hydrodynamicsin relation to bioH2 production. The investigation revealed that low transmembrane pressure of104Pa was required to achieve a 3L h-1m-2 critical flux with reversible fouling mainly due to cakelayer formation, and bioH2 production was also observed to restart after VFAs removal.The results from this study suggest that membrane-based techniques could improve bioH2and bioCH4 productions from fermentation media with substrate and product inhibitions.

  • 138.
    Akinbomi, Julius
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Brandberg, Tomas
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Sanni, Adebayo
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Development and dissemination strategies for accelerating biogas production in Nigeria2014In: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 9, no 3, 5707-5737 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the worsening energy crisis of unreliable electricity and unaffordable petroleum products coupled with the increase number of poverty-stricken people in Nigeria, the populace is desperately in need of cheap alternative energy supplies that will replace or complement the existing energy sources. Previous efforts by the government in tackling the challenge by citizenship sensitization of the need for introduction of biofuel into the country’s energy mix have not yielded the expected results because of a lack of sustained government effort. In light of the shortcomings, this study assesses the current potential of available biomass feedstock for biogas production in Nigeria, and further proposes appropriate biogas plants, depending on feedstock type and quantity, for the six geopolitical zones in Nigeria. Besides, the study proposes government-driven biogas development systems that could be effectively used to harness, using biogas technology, the estimated 270 TWh of potential electrical energy from 181 million tonnes of available biomass, in the advancement of electricity generation and consequent improvement of welfare in Nigeria.

  • 139.
    Akinbomi, Julius
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Brandberg, Tomas
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Sanni, Sikiru A.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Development and Dissemination Strategies for Accelerating Biogas Production in Nigeria2014In: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 9, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the worsening energy crisis of unreliable electricity and unaffordable petroleum products coupled with the increase number of poverty-stricken people in Nigeria, the populace is desperately in need of cheap alternative energy supplies that will replace or complement the existing energy sources. Previous efforts by the government in tackling the challenge by citizenship sensitization of the need for introduction of biofuel into the country’s energy mix have not yielded the expected results because of a lack of sustained government effort. In light of the shortcomings, this study assesses the current potential of available biomass feedstock for biogas production in Nigeria, and further proposes appropriate biogas plants, depending on feedstock type and quantity, for the six geopolitical zones in Nigeria. Besides, the study proposes government-driven biogas development systems that could be effectively used to harness, using biogas technology, the estimated 270 TWh of potential electrical energy from 181 million tonnes of available biomass, in the advancement of electricity generation and consequent improvement of welfare in Nigeria.

  • 140.
    Akinbomi, Julius
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Evaluation of Fermentative Hydrogen Production from Single and Mixed Fruit Wastes2015In: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 8, no 5, 4253-4272 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The economic viability of employing dark fermentative hydrogen from wholefruit wastes as a green alternative to fossil fuels is limited by low hydrogen yield due to theinhibitory effect of some metabolites in the fermentation medium. In exploring means ofincreasing hydrogen production from fruit wastes, including orange, apple, banana, grapeand melon, the present study assessed the hydrogen production potential of singly-fermentedfruits as compared to the fermentation of mixed fruits. The fruit feedstock was subjected tovarying hydraulic retention times (HRTs) in a continuous fermentation process at 55 °C for47 days. The weight distributions of the first, second and third fruit mixtures were 70%,50% and 20% orange share, respectively, while the residual weight was shared equally bythe other fruits. The results indicated that there was an improvement in cumulativehydrogen yield from all of the feedstock when the HRT was five days. Based on the resultsobtained, apple as a single fruit and a fruit mixture with 20% orange share have the mostimproved cumulative hydrogen yields of 504 (29.5% of theoretical yield) and 513 mL/gvolatile solid (VS) (30% of theoretical yield ), respectively, when compared to other fruits.

  • 141.
    Akinbomi, Julius
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Wikandari, Rachman
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Enhanced Fermentative Hydrogen and Methane Production from an Inhibitory Fruit-Flavored Medium with Membrane-Encapsulated Cells.2015In: Membranes, ISSN 2077-0375, E-ISSN 2077-0375, Vol. 5, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focused on the possibility of improving fermentative hydrogen and methane production from an inhibitory fruit-flavored medium using polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membrane-encapsulated cells. Hexanal, myrcene, and octanol, which are naturally produced in fruits such as apple, grape, mango, orange, strawberry, and plum, were investigated. Batch and semi-continuous fermentation processes at 55 °C were carried out. Presence of 5 g/L of myrcene, octanol, and hexanal resulted in no methane formation by fermenting bacteria, while encapsulated cells in the membranes resulted in successful fermentation with 182, 111, and 150 mL/g COD of methane, respectively. The flavor inhibitions were not serious on hydrogen-producing bacteria. With free cells in the presence of 5 g/L (final concentration) of hexanal-, myrcene-, and octanol-flavored media, average daily yields of 68, 133, and 88 mL/g COD of hydrogen, respectively, were obtained. However, cell encapsulation further improved these hydrogen yields to 189, 179, and 198 mL/g COD. The results from this study indicate that the yields of fermentative hydrogen and methane productions from an inhibitory medium could be improved using encapsulated cells.

  • 142.
    Akmene, Laura
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Erberg, Linda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Trygga Barn: Om förskollärares syn på små barns anknytningsmöjligheter och begränsningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vår studie vill lyfta fram vikten av att arbeta med anknytning i förskolan. Vi har utgått från Bowlbys anknytningsteori och kopplat den till barns utveckling och lärande. Forskningen vi lyft fram visar på hur pedagogerna på förskolan kan arbeta med anknytning i arbetet med barnen. I förskolans läroplan beskrivs att det pedagogiska arbetet ska utgå ifrån varje enskilt barns behov samt präglas av omsorg och barns utveckling och lärande.SyfteSyftet med studien är att undersöka förskollärares syn på anknytning i förskolan.Våra frågeställningar är:● Hur anpassas den pedagogiska verksamheten för att skapa en god anknytning● Vilka organisatoriska anpassningar görs för att skapa en god anknytning.MetodI vår studie har vi använt oss av kvalitativ intervju som metod. Vi intervjuade sammanlagt sex verksamma förskollärare i tre olika kommuner. När vi analyserade och bearbetade vårt material diskuterade vi gemensamt fram ett resultat.ResultatResultatet av studien visar att förskollärarna arbetar med anknytning på olika sätt. De gör olika pedagogiska och organisatoriska anpassningar för att barnen ska få möjlighet till en trygg anknytning på förskolan. Exempel på anpassningar som framkommit i resultatet är användandet av anknytningspedagog, flexibelt schema och noga genomtänkt inskolning. Genom ett medvetet förhållningssätt arbetar pedagogerna för att barnen ska känna sig trygga.

  • 143.
    Akram, Hoger
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kasem, Kani
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    En jämförande studie mellan platsgjuten betongvägg och skalvägg: Kostnad och tid för respektive byggmetod2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis is a comparison between two different construction methods: half shell precast walls and site cast concrete walls. The study has been made for SEFA Betongentreprenad AB who is aiming for the most profitable construction method.The important aspects, which are emphasized in this thesis are costs, time and working environment.The result shows that a building with half shell precast walls is causing increased material cost in the project which also leads to a higher prime cost for the concrete contractor. On the contrary it will require shorter time schedule compared to working with the site concrete wall which the main contractor benefits from, because less time equals decreased overhead cost and management cost. In addition half shell precast walls provides a better working environment compared to site cat concrete walls because less work activities are required at the worksite which also leads to a reduction of accidents.Time and cost is based on unit-time from Nybyggnadslistan 1999 and the price inquiry. To compile the prime cost and time for the total work a careful calculation has been performed in various computer programs so like Bluebem, Wikells and Excel. The survey is based on documentation of a project which includes both a school and student dormitory in Lund.

  • 144.
    Al Dwek, Josef
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Åberg, Alexander
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Belöningssystem som styrmedel för kvalitetsmål: En studie om den svenska telekombranschen2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The telecommunication industry stands before many challenges, the focus in this essay is based on the quality goal challenges. In this study the natural way to explore this challenge is to investigate the employees working with sales in the industry. This essay explores what motivates the employees to work for high quality in the services they provide to the customers. The study focus on the relationship between the leaders and the employees of the industry. This study explore the reward systems and how the systems intend to motivate the employees to reach their goals and if there is any differences in how the goals that tend to be of greater importance to the organizations. In this study both semi-structured interviews as well as a quantitative survey is used to complement each other in order to collect data. The essay is based on different established theories in management, marketing and behaviorist studies. The analysis compared the empirical data with our theories which gave us the conclusion that reward systems in this industry may be misdirected in the case of motivating and rewarding employees to work for quality goals.

  • 145.
    Albanna, Randa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Johansson, Fredrik
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Visualisering för ökad delaktighet2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a global world that is constantly evolving and competition hardens, constant improvements havebecome part of everyday life for most companies. Often, improvements are displayed on a board.The board is a good tool for executives to visualize goals for their employees in a simple yeteffective manner. Employees will feel more involved with this tool and participate in the decisionmakingprocess in the business. In addition to the tools that exist, a coaching leadership must alsoexist among leaders, where high quality communication and constructive feedback are somethingthat is part of everyday work. It is a matter of creating a two-way communication consisting oflistening, talk, agreeing and then acting between the parties. Feedback should be individualized aswell as group-adapted to get the best possible results.

  • 146. Albertsson, Anna-Karin
    PLUS ger mer: att samla krafterna!2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    PLUS betyder Projekt för Läsutveckling, Utvärdering och Samverkan. Det handlar om lässtimulerande arbete bland barn från nyfödd upp till 16 år och omfattar alltså alla barn- och skolbibliotekarier i Borås.

  • 147. Albertsson, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Eriksson, Catarina
    Lindwall, Sara
    Ståhl, Malin
    PLUS Borås: Om professionsutveckling och dokumentation2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    PLUS betyder Projekt för Läsutveckling, Utvärdering och Samverkan. Det handlar om lässtimulerande arbete bland barn från nyfödd upp till 16 år och omfattar alltså alla barn- och skolbibliotekarier i Borås. Folkbiblioteken i Borås består av Stadsbiblioteket och nio kommundelsbibliotek. I kommundelarna är skol- och folkbiblioteken samorganiserade eller i nära samverkan. Samtliga högstadieskolor och flera låg- och mellanstadieskolor har fackutbildade bibliotekarier. Alla folkbiblioteksenheter har barnbibliotekarietjänster. Stadsbiblioteket ansvarar för att barnbibliotekarier och skolbibliotekarier träffas regelbundet i sina respektive nätverk. Läsfrämjande arbete bedrivs på alla bibliotek, drygt trettio personer arbetar med det på varsitt håll. Det finns mycket kunskap och gedigen erfarenhet men tid för reflektion och bollande med idéer för inspiration och metodikutveckling är mycket begränsad. Idéer till projektets innehåll baseras i strävan att knyta alla bibliotekarier som arbetar med språk- och läsutvecklingen till en gemensam bas och därmed skapa förutsättningar för ett utvecklingsarbete i hela kommunen.

  • 148. Albertsson, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Eriksson, Catarina
    Löcsey, Kristina
    Ett PLUS i kanten. Läsfrämjandeprojektet i Borås från start till mål. Presentation av rapport och ny unik databas.2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Från start till mål PLUS betyder Projekt för Läsfrämjande, Utveckling och Samverkan. PLUS har medverkat i två tidigare mötesplatskonferenser och kan i år presentera sin slutrapport som innehåller en redogörelse för processen under projekttiden och en utvärdering gjord av högskolan i Borås. PLUS kommer också att visa den unika databas som är utvecklad bland barn- och skolbibliotekarier i Borås.

  • 149. Albertsson, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Löcsey, Kristina
    Sheikholeslami, Shahla
    Bibliotekarien på nya arenor: med språkutveckling och folkhälsoarbete i portföljen. Exempel från Borås2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 150.
    Albertsson, Linn
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ljung, Emelie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Den Moraliska Kompassen – En guide till marknadsföring av välgörenhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous studies have shown an increase in distrust for charities. At the same time the competition has grown among the different charity organizations and has affected the amount of donations given to each individual charity. This has created an advanced requirement on marketing strategies within the industry. Due to the charities reliability on public donations it is concerning when the distrust has increased over the past years. We ask ourselves: can the interest for new marketing strategies be of service to charities, in enabling them to win the public's trust and therefore decrease the possibility for left out donations?Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the different aspects that affect the public's trust toward charity organizations. This will then be our base for analyzing how marketing strategies for charities can contribute to an increased trust.Method: A qualitative research method was used where 21 respondents participated in four focus groups. Respondents were divided into groups by level of commitment to charities and represented different target groups. The empirical data was then analyzed using a content analysis.Results: The most common factors that affected the participants trust for charities was transparency, clarity on the positive effect of the donations, the image that was reflected by organization representatives and personal recommendations. Apart from this it was important that the marketing was effective but under the circumstances of not being projected as too expensive. There was also a difference between the high and low commitment levels which could affect how the charities choose to design their marketing.Conclusion: Charities have the possibility of affecting the public's trust for charities through adjusting their marketing to show transparency of the organization and specifically showing the positive consequences of the donations made. The charities image and personal recommendations effected the delegate’s perception, especially the lower committed groups were affected by this. The marketing channels can be adjusted to fit the target groups, in relation to their commitment to charities.This paper is written in Swedish.

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