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  • 101. Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    Pal, Rudrajeet
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Classification of traceability information in textile and clothing supply chain: A Delphi-based approach2018In: EurOMA 2018 Proceedings, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study explores empirically the need and requirement of traceability system in Textile and Clothing (T&C) supply chain. A Delphi based survey was conducted with 28 supply chain experts (industry professionals and academicians) to collect qualitative and quantitative data in order to identify and prioritize various factors that influence traceability adoption in T&C supply chains. Based on these factors the study further explores, classifies and suggests information that can be recorded and shared for a complete traceability among T&C supply chain actors, both business-to-business and business-to-customers.  

  • 102.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Pal, Rudrajeet
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Exploring secured traceability systems for implementation in textile and clothing supply chain2018In: Proceeding TIWC conference 2018, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information asymmetry and security are major challenges in multi-tier supply chains. Textile and clothing (T&C) supply chain is one such example significantly affected by these problems. Due to its complex and diverse nature, involved actors find it difficult to connect and secure each supply chain links. Exploiting this situation, a parallel counterfeit market is flourishing and gaining serious momentum. Due to this, T&C industries are suffering huge economic losses and job cuts. Additionally, owing to its opaque and untraceable supply chain, T&C industries have become a world of unethical practices. Secured traceability is an effective tool that has potentials to address these issues and make the T&C supply chain transparent and secured. It is a useful mechanism to track and trace products’ history, know about the manufacturing conditions and at the same time secure it from counterfeits and attacks targeting intellectual properties. In this context, the study conduct survey of supply chain experts to explore and rank the key technological requirements (based on the specific nature of the textile product) and traceability information that can be recorded and secured by a secured traceability system. Further, based on the findings of the survey a review of the literature was conducted to explore state of the art technologies to propose a primary secured traceability structure for the T&C supply chain.

  • 103.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Pal, Rudrajeet
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Towards a secured traceability system for closed-loop textile supply chains2017In: Data Driven Supply Chains / [ed] K. S. Pawar; A. Potter and A. Lisec, Nottingham: Centre for Concurrent Enterprise, Nottingham University Business School, 2017, p. 359-367Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Textile and clothing (T&C) industry is characterised by complex and extensive supply chain involving various stakeholders dealing with diverse raw materials. Owing to these complexities, the textile supply chain is facing numerous challenges like, counterfeit products, limited information sharing, ineffective recycling/reuse of textile products, unethical practices and interrupted information flow. As a result, a secured traceability system that can integrate the whole value chain, record, store, and track / trace all supply chain activities, make it more transparent and at the same time safeguard it from unauthorized access, has become a prime requirement for the T&C industry. In this context, the current study conducts a literature review to identify the generic requirements of traceability and in context of T&C closed-loop supply chain (CLSC). It further evaluates the role and key requisites of a cryptographic tag for textiles product, as an additional measures/parameter to secure the traceability system and prevent unauthorised access. Finally, the paper draws on key characteristics of such cryptographic tag for textile CLSC and lay down the tentative methodology that would be followed in the future research for development of a complete secure traceability system. It is anticipated that such secured traceability system can prevent counterfeits, data leakage, bring transparency and automate the reverse logistic process.

  • 104.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sharma, Ajay
    Kumar, Vijay
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Blockchain-Based Secured Traceability System for Textile and Clothing Supply Chain2018In: Artificial Intelligence for Fashion Industry in the Big Data Era / [ed] Sébastien Thomassey, Xianyi Zeng, Singapore: Springer Publishing Company, 2018, p. 197-208Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Blockchain has emerged as a prominent and reliable solution that can enable and ensure secure information sharing over wide area networks. In an era of digitalisation, blockchain technology is finding wide applications in multiple fields including implementing traceability in the supply chain. In this direction, this chapter explores its potential application in implementing a blockchain-based traceability system for textile and clothing (T&C) supply chain. It examines the necessity and concept of a traceability system, followed by enlisting advantages of blockchain technology for implementing traceability. Further, a case-based example has been used to explain blockchain application in implementing traceability in T&C supply chain. Finally, it mentions the challenges and limitations of such blockchain-based traceability system that can be addressed through further research.

  • 105.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Pal, Rudrajeet
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Traceability in Textile and Clothing Supply Chains: Classifying Implementation Factors and Information Sets via Delphi Study2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 06, article id 1698Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 106.
    Aharony, Noa
    et al.
    Bar-Ilan University.
    Limberg, Louise
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Julien, Heidi
    University at Buffalo.
    Albright, Kendra
    Kent State University.
    Fourie, Ina
    University of Pretoria.
    Bronstein, Jenny
    Bar-Ilan University.
    Information Literacy in an Era of Information Uncertainty. Panel at ASIS&T Annual Meeting 2017, Oct 27-Nov 1. Washington DC: Conceptual Understandings of Information Literacy2017In: Proceedings of the Association of Information Science and Technology, 2017, Vol. 54, p. 528-531Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, in the election that took place in the United States, we have heard a lot about "fake news" and their influence. The discourse of “fake news” and “alternative facts” points to the importance of information literacy. The objective of the panel is to bring together experts from different countries to discuss how they perceive the future of information literacy (IL). The question that arises is will IL be the sole focus of librarians, information professionals, and educators, or will it be regarded as a lifelong learning skill that affects different aspects of our everyday life such as health, workplace, and even culture? The session will begin with a short overview of the recent literature on this issue, followed by the panellists’ findings and examples of research projects, as well as their insights about new approaches in the area of IL. The panel will conclude with an engaging discussion with the audience to identify future trends in IL.

  • 107.
    Ahl, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Hjälte, L
    Johansson, C
    Wireklint-Sundström, Birgitta
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Jonsson, Anders
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Culture and care in the Swedish ambulance services2005In: Emergency Nurse, ISSN 1354-5752, E-ISSN 2047-8984, Vol. 13, no 8, p. 30-36Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 108.
    Ahl, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Nyström, Maria
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    To Handle the Unexpected: The meaning of caring in pre-hospital emergency care2012In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 33-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The patient’s voice has not been present to the same degree as the professional perspective in caring research in a pre-hospital context. In order to further develop and improve pre-hospital care, it is therefore important to explore patients’ situations not only in life threatening but also in non-traumatic situations. This is especially important as these patients might be defined as inappropriate attendees of ambulance services. The aim of this study was to interpret and explain experiences of caring in pre-hospital care situations that are not defined as traumatic or life threatening. Twenty informants aged between 34 and 82 years were interviewed. The design of the study was exploratory, and it used an interpretative approach in order to understand the meaning of pre-hospital caring. The findings show that pre-hospital caring can be understood and explained as a matter of interplay between carer(s) and patient with potentials for positive as well as negative outcomes. Our conclusion is that the initial meeting is of vital importance in how patients experience pre-hospital care. It is suggested that general public information on the development of Swedish pre-hospital care received in turn may facilitate the first encounter between patient and carer(s).

  • 109.
    Ahl, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Nyström, Maria
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Jansson, L
    Making up one’s mind: Patients Experiences of Calling an Ambulance2006In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 11-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of the inappropriate use of ambulance transport and care has mainly been studied from the professionals’ and caregivers’ perspective, with few studies focusing on the patient and his/her experiences. To further understand whether patients use ambulance care in an inappropriate manner and, if so, why, it is important to obtain an overall picture of the patients’ existential situation at the time they call an ambulance. The aim of this study was to analyse and describe patients’ experiences related to the decision to call an ambulance and the wait for it to arrive. The design was explorative, and twenty informants aged between 34 and 82 years were interviewed. Qualitative content analyses were performed. The findings showed that calling for an ambulance is a major decision that is preceded by hesitation and attempts to handle the situation by oneself. Our conclusion is that the definition of inappropriate use of valuable health care resources should not be based solely on the professionals’ point of view but also take account of the patients’ reactions when they experience a threat to their life and health.

  • 110.
    Ahl, Karin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Svenningsson, Frida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Ett tack räcker långt: En kvalitativ studie om arbetsmotivation på ettserviceföretag2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetsmotivation är ett ämne inom arbetsvetenskapen som vi anser intressant att få en djupare förståelse kring. Vi har genomfört en kvalitativ studie utifrån ett fenomenologiskt perspektiv. Syftet var att ta del av respondenternas subjektiva livsvärldar och undersöka hur medarbetare på ett serviceföretag motiveras i sitt dagliga arbete samt att fånga upp ifall det finns motiverande omständigheter som saknas. Vi valde att använda oss av ett hälso- och skönhetsföretag som utmärks av arbetsförhållanden som långa arbetsdagar, obekväma arbetstider och en stressig arbetsmiljö.

    Vi samlade in vår empiri genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med sju medarbetare på vårt aktuella företag. Resultaten visar att medarbetarna ser faktorer som samhörighet mellan kollegor, meningsfulla arbetsuppgifter, personligt intresse i yrket samt ledarskapet på företaget som mycket viktiga för arbetsmotivationen. De faktorer som medarbetarna saknade i sitt dagliga arbete var uppskattning, både personlig och materiell, delaktighet i arbetet, kollektiva prestationsmål och kompetensutveckling.

    Vi diskuterar vårt resultat utifrån; Herzbergs tvåfaktorsteori, Maslows behovshierarki, Hackman & Oldhams motivationsteori, samt Deci och Ryans Self Determination Theory. Vi använder oss även av tidigare forskning ut förd av Wiley, Achim, Dragolea, Bălan, Grant, Basford och Offermann.

    Slutsatsen från vår studie är bland annat att det inte är stora och kostsamma belöningar som motiverar medarbetarna i det dagliga arbetet, utan ett enkelt tack räcker långt.

  • 111.
    Ahl, Victor
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Henriksson, Erik
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Energianalys och förslag på energieffektivisering: Nohabgatan 11, Trollhättan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this report an energy analysis of a brick building housing mostly office- and workshop businesses. The energy analysis contained a heating balance and an electricity balance. The result of these balances was the basis for a couple of suggestions of interventions for energy efficiency. The purpose was to make an energy analysis regarding heating and cooling demand as well as electricity usage for a building in Trollhättan and also give propositions of interventions for energy efficiency. With a starting-point in drawings of the building and also collected data for bought district heating (?) and electricity for 2017, a heating balance and an electricity balance was set up. From these balances calculations were made to give a perspicuous picture over what the heat and electricity is used for in the building. The heating losses consisted of transmission-, ventilation-, infiltration- and drainage pipe losses. The input of heat consisted of bought district heating, solar radiation, internal heat from electrical devices and persons in the building as well as heat losses from hot water pipes and water heater that contributed to the heating. The electricity usage largely consisted of lighting, computers with accessories, kitchen equipment, ventilation system, pumps, cooling system and servers. The bought district heating was 863 823 kWh and the bought electricity was 482 395 kWh, whereof 119 179 kWh was calculated to be useful heat for the building. Solar radiation was calculated to contribute to the heating with 35 249 kWh. Of losses, transmission was the larger item with 822 747 kWh followed by infiltration losses of 131 258 kWh and ventilation losses of 77 418 kWh. Drainage pipe losses as well as input heating through heat losses from hot water pipes and water heater was small in the context. The results of the calculations showed that the building had an energy performance of 130 kWh/(m2, year) and an electricity usage of 21 kWh/(m2, year).Energy saving interventions that was proposed was for instance additional insulation, change of lighting, overlooking the operation of ventilation- and heating system, change of pumps, installing solar cells and Demand Controlled Ventilation.

  • 112. Ahlberger, Christer
    et al.
    Strömberg, Lars G.University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    The figure in the Coat of Arms of the University Collge of Borås2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 113.
    Ahlbom, Hannah
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Söderbergh, Anna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Konsumenternas köpbeteende inom fast fashion: En undersökning om gapet mellan attityd och beteende inom hållbarhet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental problems that the world is facing today are closely connected to the mass consumption that is caused by the fast fashion industry. This has resulted in a greater demand of environmentally produced clothing by consumers as they have an increased insight and impact on the fashion industry. Previous research shows that many consumers mentioned that they think it is important to consume environmentally friendly, however there was only 30% out of these respondents that actually act according to their environmental values. The gap between environmental attitude and actual behavior is called the green gap and is a topic that has been investigated since the 70’s. The intention of this study is to research the green gap that exists at female students studying at the Swedish School of Textiles in Borås. These respondents were chosen as they are assumed to have a great insight in the fashion industry and its environmental impact but still shop fast fashion. Focus groups were put together inorder to create a group discussion which investigates and answers the question of what affects consumers to consume according to their sustainable attitudes. The results from the study showed that a low price, trendy design and easy access were the main factors that resulted inconsumers to shop fast fashion rather than green fashion. The results show that an increased knowledge and better information were the main things that could make the respondents to act more sustainable. Even though they already have a good insight in the subject they found that there is an insecurity and ambiguity regarding in what way companies are sustainable and what the more expensive price actually goes to. The upcoming study further down is written in Swedish.

  • 114.
    Ahlborg, Ulrika
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Nordgren, Pernilla
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av moralisk stress: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Moralisk stress uppstår när sjuksköterskan vet vad som är moraliskt rätt att göra i en situation men hindras från att göra detta på grund av rådande arbetsförhållanden. Sjuksköterskan med sin akademiska utbildning inom vårdvetenskap samt en grundläggande önskan om att kunna hjälpa och att göra gott mot andra, arbetar idag i en vårdorganisation med allt större fokus på ekonomi och effektivitet. Det sjuksköterskan fostrats i inom vårdvetenskapen kan upplevas allt svårare att leva upp till. Obalansen mellan vårdbehov och vårdtillgång försätter dagligen sjuksköterskor i situationer som skapar moralisk stress.

    Syftet med föreliggande studie är att beskriva sjuksköterskors upplevelser av moralisk stress. Metoden i föreliggande studie är en litteraturstudie baserad på 11 kvalitativa och kvantitativa vetenskapliga artiklar. Materialet har analyserats och tematiserats. Resultatet presenteras i tre teman och åtta underteman. De tre huvudtemana är: Moralisk stress relaterat till vårdandet, moralisk stress relaterat till arbetsmiljö och organisation samt moralisk stress relaterat till sjuksköterskan. Resultatet visar att sjuksköterskor upplever moralisk stress. Moralisk stress upplevs i olika situationer och av olika anledningar. Den vanligaste orsaken till moralisk stress är hög arbetsbelastning relaterat till otillräcklig bemanning. Moralisk stress kan leda till att sjuksköterskor lämnar sitt yrke inom vården. I diskussionen lyfts bland annat hur moralisk stress får konsekvenser för vårdrelationen och vårdkvaliteten men också för sjuksköterskorna själva och deras inställning till sitt arbete.

  • 115.
    Ahlfvengren, Ellinor
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sandberg, Minna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Effekter av en integrerad artikelstandardisering ochinförande av variantmoduler2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor thesis examines how a changed production structure affects one Swedishmanufacturing corporation’s competitiveness, when competition from global low priceoptions with short delivery times is increasing. By switching production structure from “maketo stock” to “assembly to order” and by standardizing articles, to some extent, modularizeproducts, the customer order decoupling point moves back in the production process. Thecomponents are assembled into finished products when the orders arrive, thus helping toreduce the number of stocked variant articles, and generally to decrease the value of fixedcapital.The cost savings this entails can be used to develop order-winning properties, to improveproduct quality, increase the added value and extend the warranty or work to become anenvironmentally friendly alternative, which strengthens the brand.

  • 116.
    Ahlgren, Ellinore
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Hjalmarsson, Emelie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Upplevelser av vården på BB vid första barnets födelse: Intervjuer med icke-bärande kvinnor i samkönade relationer2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I barnmorskans kunskapsområde ingår att vårda kvinnor före, under och efter förlossning samt att ge stöd i föräldraskapet. Oftast sker vården efter ett barns födelse på BB. Enligt WHO ska vården innefatta hela familjen. Tidigare forskning visar att kvinnor som får barn i en samkönad relation önskar att båda kvinnorna blir bekräftade som likvärdiga föräldrar av vårdpersonal, samt att ett öppet, intresserat och kompetent förhållningssätt som utgår ifrån den enskilda familjens behov är betydelsefullt. Det finns begränsat med forskning som enbart handlar om den icke-bärande kvinnan i samband med barnafödande. I den forskning som finns framkommer dock att det finns en bristande kunskap hos barnmorskor för den icke-bärande kvinnans roll, och att kvinnorna ibland bemöts utifrån ett heteronormativt synsätt genom att ses som pappan i relationen.

    Syftet med studien är att beskriva hur vården på BB upplevs vid första barnets födelse av den icke-bärande kvinnan i en samkönad relation. Kvalitativ metod med en induktiv ansats har använts där datainsamlingen gjorts genom intervjuer med 14 kvinnor. Datan har analyserats med kvalitativ innehållsanalys och resulterat i temat Att bli stärkt eller begränsad i föräldrarollen. Under temat har de två kategorierna Vikten av att bli inkluderad i vården och Att möta vården utifrån att inte tillhöra heteronormen samt sju underkategorier presenterats. Studiens resultat påvisar vikten av att den icke- bärande kvinnan inkluderas i vården. För att den icke-bärande kvinnan ska uppleva en god vård krävs kunskaper om barnafödande i samkönade relationer samt ett öppet förhållningssätt för olika familjekonstellationer hos vårdpersonalen. Barnmorskan på BB har möjlighet att stärka den icke-bärande kvinnan i sin föräldraroll, samtidigt som negativa upplevelser i vården kan resultera i att kvinnan upplever sig begränsad i sin föräldraroll.

  • 117.
    Ahlgren, Linda
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Måneskiöld, Malin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    ”Finns du där för mig”: En studie om anknytningsteorins trygga bas.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning

    Studien tar grund i Bowlbys anknytningsteori som handlar om olika anknytningsbeteenden och barns anknytning till olika individer. Förskolan ska erbjuda en trygg punkt där barnen dagligen bör möta pedagoger som engagerar sig kring barnens känslor. Anknytning är ett viktigt ämne för alla som arbetar inom förskolan då grunden för en trygg anknytning leder till att barn utvecklas till trygga och kompetenta individer.

    Syfte

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka pedagogernas förhållningssätt vid bemötande av yngre barns anknytningsaktivering.

    Metod

    Metoden är ett i förväg uppgjort observationsschema som delades in i två delar, trygg och otrygg bas. Resultatet av observationerna sammanställdes i ett stapeldiagram.

    Resultat

    Resultatet visar att pedagogerna till stor del av bemötte barnen inom en trygg bas vid yngre barns anknytningsaktivering. Resultatet visade även att en större del än förväntat var inom den otrygga basen.

  • 118.
    Ahlgren, Mathilda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Kompetens om palliativ vård hos sjuksköterskor i kommunens hemsjukvård: en enkätstudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kompetens om palliativ vård hos sjuksköterskor är nödvändigt för att främja vårdens kvalitet och därigenom patientens livskvalitet. Det är dock oklart hur kompetensen om palliativ vård ser ut bland sjuksköterskor som arbetar i hemsjukvården. Syftet med studien var att beskriva och jämföra kompetensen om palliativ vård hos sjuksköterskor i kommunens hemsjukvård.

    Studien är kvantitativ med deduktiv ansats. Datainsamlingen genomfördes med en enkät som skickades ut till 256 sjuksköterskor som arbetar inom hemsjukvården i Jönköpings kommun. Av dessa svarade 63 på enkäten vilket gav en svarsfrekvens på 25 %. Enkäten undersökte sjuksköterskors kompetens i palliativ vård utifrån kunskap om symtomlindring, systematisk användning av skattningsinstrument, kompetens i teamarbete, att samtala och att möta människor i livets slutskede.

    Resultatet visade att kompetensen var lägre gällande systematisk användning av skattningsinstrument vid vanligt förekommande symtom jämfört med övriga kompetensområden. Kompetens gällande symtomlindring, skattning och teamarbete var samtliga lägst vid fatigue i jämförelse med smärta, illamående, oro och munhälsa. Det fanns en skillnad mellan grundutbildade och specialistutbildade sjuksköterskors kompetens, där de specialistutbildades kompetens var högre vad gäller kunskap om symtomlindring respektive kompetens i teamarbete vid fatigue och vid problem i munhålan. Kompetens i att samtala med unga anhöriga var låg hos både grund - och specialistutbildade sjuksköterskor.

    Resultatet ska tolkas med stor försiktighet med tanke på den låga svarsfrekvensen och att enkäten/instrumentet inte är psykometriskt testat. Givet dessa svagheter kan det dock finnas utvecklingspotential gällande systematisk användning av skattningsinstrument. Fatigue behöver uppmärksammas och kompetensen öka både vad gäller symtomlindring, skattning och teamarbete vid fatigue. Kompetens i att samtala med barn och ungdomar som är anhöriga var låg, vilket tyder på behov av stöd och handledning till sjuksköterskor samt tillgång till riktlinjer vid möte med unga anhöriga.

  • 119.
    Ahlgren, Per
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Query Expansion2002In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 157-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 120.
    Ahlgren, Per
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Query Expansion2002In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 157-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 121.
    Ahlgren, Per
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    The effects of indexing strategy-query term combination on retrieval effectiveness in a Swedish full text database2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 122.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Grönqvist, Leif
    Evaluation of retrieval effectiveness with incomplete relevance data: theoretical and experimental comparison of three measures2008In: Information Processing & Management, ISSN 0306-4573, E-ISSN 1873-5371, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 212-225Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates two relatively new measures of retrieval effectiveness in relation to the problem of incomplete relevance data. The measures, Bpref and RankEff, which do not take into account documents that have not been relevance judged, are compared theoretically and experimentally. The experimental comparisons involve a third measure, the well-known mean uninterpolated average precision. The results indicate that RankEff is the most stable of the three measures when the amount of relevance data is reduced, with respect to system ranking and absolute values. In addition, RankEff has the lowest error-rate.

  • 123.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Grönqvist, Leif
    Measuring retrieval effectiveness with incomplete relevance data2006In: Current Research in Information Sciences and Technologies. Multidisciplinary approaches to global information systems / [ed] Vicente P Guerrero-Bote, Open Institute of Knowledge , 2006, p. 74-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 124.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Grönqvist, Leif
    Retrieval evaluation with incomplete relevance data: a comparative study of three measures2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 125.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Jarneving, Bo
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Bibliographic coupling, common abstract stems and clustering: a comparison of two document-document similarity approaches in the context of science mapping2008In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 76, no 2, p. 273-290Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 126.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Jarneving, Bo
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Rousseau, R.
    Requirements for a cocitation similarity measure, with special reference to Pearson's correlation coefficient2003In: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 54, no 6, p. 550-560Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Ahlgren, Jarneving, and. Rousseau review accepted procedures for author co-citation analysis first pointing out that since in the raw data matrix the row and column values are identical i,e, the co-citation count of two authors, there is no clear choice for diagonal values. They suggest the number of times an author has been co-cited with himself excluding self citation rather than the common treatment as zeros or as missing values. When the matrix is converted to a similarity matrix the normal procedure is to create a matrix of Pearson's r coefficients between data vectors. Ranking by r and by co-citation frequency and by intuition can easily yield three different orders. It would seem necessary that the adding of zeros to the matrix will not affect the value or the relative order of similarity measures but it is shown that this is not the case with Pearson's r. Using 913 bibliographic descriptions form the Web of Science of articles form JASIS and Scientometrics, authors names were extracted, edited and 12 information retrieval authors and 12 bibliometric authors each from the top 100 most cited were selected. Co-citation and r value (diagonal elements treated as missing) matrices were constructed, and then reconstructed in expanded form. Adding zeros can both change the r value and the ordering of the authors based upon that value. A chi-squared distance measure would not violate these requirements, nor would the cosine coefficient. It is also argued that co-citation data is ordinal data since there is no assurance of an absolute zero number of co-citations, and thus Pearson is not appropriate. The number of ties in co-citation data make the use of the Spearman rank order coefficient problematic.

  • 127.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Jarneving, Bo
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Rousseau, Ronald
    Letter to the editor. Author Cocitation Analysis and Pearson's r2004In: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 9, no 55, p. 843-844Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 128.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Jarneving, Bo
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Rousseau, Ronald
    Letter to the editor. Rejoinder: In Defense of Formal Methods2004In: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 10, no 55, p. 935-936Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 129.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Kekäläinen, Jaana
    Indexing strategies for Swedish full text retrieval under different user scenarios2007In: Information Processing & Management, ISSN 0306-4573, E-ISSN 1873-5371, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 81-102Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 130.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Kekäläinen, Jaana
    Swedish full text retrieval: effectiveness of different combinations of indexing strategies with query terms2006In: Information retrieval (Boston), ISSN 1386-4564, E-ISSN 1573-7659, Vol. 9, no 6, p. 681-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 131.
    Ahlgren-Wallin, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Allhage, Frida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Om vi inte går ut blir vi gnälliga: en studie om utevistelse på förskolans gård2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning

    I förskolan anses utevistelsen vara betydelsefull och viktig för barns hälsa och välbefinnande och en självklar del av verksamheten. En stor del av verksamhetens tid spenderas ute på förskolans gård.  Vi har arbetat många år i förskolan och har upplevelsen att utevistelsen på gården ofta handlar om att barnen ska få komma ut i friska luften och få göra av med energi. Under vår studietid har vi fått ett större intresse om utevistelsen på förskolans gård, på vilket sätt den används och planeras samt hur miljön på gården formas.

    Syfte

    Syftet med denna studie är att få en ökad kunskap om utomhuspedagogik i förskolan. Vi villundersöka hur barn och förskollärare på förskolan resonerar kring utomhuspedagogik och barnens olika möjligheter till utveckling och lärande i förskolans utemiljö.

    Metod

    Till studien har vi valt att använda en kvalitativ metod i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer med sex förskollärare. Detta för att vi ville undersöka hur förskollärare resonerar kring barns möjligheter till lärande och utveckling på förskolans gård. Vi har även genomfört gruppsamtal med fem barn på två olika förskolor för att ta del av barnens tankar och funderingar kring sin utevistelse. För att specifikt kunna undersöka barnens aktiviteter så genomförde vi även två icke-deltagande observationer av barn och förskollärare under utevistelse.

    Resultat

    Studien visar att förskollärare tycker att det viktigt med utevistelse för barnen. De anser inte att är så stor skillnad på ute- och inomhuspedagogik men studien visar att det blir skillnader i vardagen. Samtliga förskollärare anser att det pedagogiska arbetet man gör med barnen inomhus kan man även göra utomhus. Förskollärarna tycker att utevistelsen bidrar till att barnen får möjlighet till rörelse och att leka lekar som miljön inne ofta sätter stopp för. På gården leker barnen i andra sociala konstellationer än inne, de lär sig samspela, öva samarbetsförmågan och konflikthantering säger förskollärarna. Barnen tycker att de lär sig att samarbeta. Det framgår också i resultatet att barnen får ta del av mycket matematik, matematiska begrepp, fysik och naturkunskap under utevistelsen.

  • 132.
    Ahlin, Linda
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Kullander Rosenberg, Lena
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Trivs du på jobbet?: Faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskans arbetsmiljö och välbefinnande och om detta påverkar omvårdnaden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att trivas på jobbet är en central och viktig fråga. Det finns många faktorer i arbetsmiljön som påverkar trivseln. Faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskans arbetsmiljö och välbefinnande, påverkar i sin tur omvårdnaden av patienten. I svensk sjukvård är det brist på sjuksköterskor, detta av olika anledningar. Inom sjukvården blir resurserna mer och mer åtdragna och det kan vara svårt att hitta en balans mellan arbetsuppgifter och välbefinnande för sjuksköterskan. Media belyser oftast bristande situationer i svensk sjukvård samt kraven är för höga gentemot de resurser som finns. Det förekommer olika faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskan och deras arbete. Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva vilka faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskans arbetsmiljö och välbefinnande i arbetet. Detta sett ur ett omvårdnadsperspektiv. Metoden är en litteraturstudie baserad på 10 kvalitativa och kvantitativa vetenskapliga artiklar. Materialet har analyserats och tematiserats. Resultatet presenteras i tre teman och sex underteman. De tre huvudteman är; Vikten av ledarskap. Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av omvårdnad och Välbefinnande.

    Resultatet visar att sjuksköterskor behöver god organisation, ledarskap och utveckling för att bedriva god omvårdnad. Arbetsmiljö och välbefinnandet hos den enskilde sjuksköterskan är viktig för att hen ska stanna kvar på sin arbetsplats. I diskussionen debatteras vikten av att trivas på arbetet. Det är viktigt med goda arbetsrelationer kollegor emellan samt med en närvarande chef.  Detta leder till att sjuksköterskor utför evidensbaserad omvårdnad och arbetstillfredsställelse uppnås. Sjuksköterskan upplever också en tillfredsställelse som utspeglar sig i god omvårdnad. Välbefinnandet för sjuksköterskor och patienter infinner sig och därmed minskar lidandet för patienterna.

  • 133.
    Ahlnäs, Simon
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Börjesson, Tobias
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Tids- och kostnadseffektivitet vid intermodala transporter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore effectiveness within intermodal transportation of semi-trailers based on the variables cost and time. Intermodal transport can be explained as a transportation of a carrier, from the origin to the final destination, using two or more modes of transport (Crainic & Kim, 2007 p.467). This study focuses on the two modes of transport rail and road. The rail transportation has big advantages towards other modes of transport since it has less impact on the environment, given that the energy is produced in Sweden (Trafikverket 2017) but there are more benefits to be utilized. The rail transportation is generally more profitable on distances greater than 500 km, thus it can transport high volumes of goods over long distances for a low cost. The fixed costs that´s added in the terminals and the rail transports low degree of flexibility compared to the road transport is the primary reasons why rail transportation isn´t profitable on shorter distances. This study has made a market research to see where the final destinations for the imported semi-trailers are located in Sweden and Norway. This, to see where there are potential to develop and create new rail shuttles from Port of Gothenburg to dry ports across the Swedish and Norwegian inland for transportation of semi-trailers. Interviews have been conducted with carriers to create a more correct view of the current situation. Study results show that the greatest volumes of the transported semi-trailers ends up in the areas around Helsingborg and Stockholm, with the region around Gothenburg excluded. Dry ports positioned in this area show the best potential for development of new rail shuttles. The results from conducted interviews with carriers express that time is the most important aspect for their operation and their clients, that is also the reason why they don´t use the railway for transportation of semi-trailers. Carriers also consider the trains to be unreliable and the railway operation in Port of Gothenburg has so far not been operating well enough for them. The result show that 38 percent of the imported semi-trailers have their final destination in the area around Gothenburg and naturally it´s not possible for the railway to compete with the road transport at such a short distance. In order for the railway to compete with the road transport, rail shuttles to regions with high flows of semi-trailers must be developed to not loose in time and flexibility. Thus, the railway transportation has other opportunities than just transportation. In dry ports there are opportunities for storage of goods, which is generally cheaper than in the port and simultaneously create time gains in the final transportation, thus the goods are closer to the customer. Port of Gothenburg can compete with other ports, which are geographically closer to a certain customer, through more rail shuttles with more frequent departures and then take more market shares within Nordic transportation.

  • 134.
    Ahlqvist, Alexander
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Karlsson, Johanna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Allas samling: Pedagogers möjligheter att öka inkluderandet av barn isamlingen.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att öka förståelsen om pedagogers möjlighet att öka inkluderandet av barn isamlingar. Vi vill i vår undersökning även synliggöra de strategier pedagogerna anser varamest effektfulla för att öka inkluderandet av barn under dessa tillfällen. Data samlades in meden kvalitativ metod, där vi använde observationer och fältanteckningar, samt genomförde enintervju med vardera pedagogen i direkt anslutning till varje observation. Resultatet avundersökningen visar att sång och musik används frekvent i samlingar och att detta enligtpedagogerna anses vara den mest effektfulla samlingen i syfte att inkludera så många barnsom möjligt. Vidare framkommer även att barns inflytande bör ligga till grund för samlingensinnehåll samt att pedagogerna har olika tolkningar om begreppet ”frivillig samling” ochhuruvida den bidrar till ökad inkludering. I resultatet framgår det även att barngrupper medfärre barn är att föredra då inkluderandet av barn oftare och enklare sker i smågrupper dåsamtalsstrukturen i dessa samlingar har godare förutsättningar.

  • 135. Ahlqvist, Elisabet
    Från A till B: Hur svårt kan det va'? Fjärrlån på nationell nivå2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fjärrlån på nationell nivå Att få boken från A till B är grunduppgiften, tämligen enkelt, eller? Ja, i tanken ganska enkelt… men det är relativt komplicerat och dessutom dyrt! Mitt fokus - yttre logistiken Jag kommer inte att fördjupa mig i alla delar inom den sk. fjärrlånekedjan, utan kommer att fokusera på just transportfrågorna, det som i Lätt att hitta - lått att låna kallas för den yttre logistiken. Jag vill med min text belysa att en nationell samordning av transporterna är fullt möjlig, men också att det är ett stort åtagande som kräver stort arbete. Det kommer också att påverka fjärrlåneströmmarna i Sverige. KB har sedan första januari 2009 ett ramavtal för en komplett tjänst med sortering, paketering och transport av biblioteksmedier med leverantören NBT/SBT. Jag kommer att beskriva hur vi tog oss dit, vad som händer nu och fundera något över möjligheter och problem i framtiden. Ett förslag från HISS-biblioteken som bedrivit ett samtransportprojekt med positivt utfall resulterade i att Avdelningen för Nationell samverkan fick ansvaret för en ramavtals-upphandling för Samverkansbibliotekens räkning. Arbetet tog sin början i januari 2008 och tog närmare ett år i anspråk. Arbetet bedrevs i två grupperingar; en operativ grupp bestående av KB:s upphandlingshandläggare Karin Jortfelt, upphandlingsjuristen Magnus Josephson och jag själv. Till vår hjälp hade vi en referensgrupp med ordförande Gunilla Herdenberg, KB:s ekonomichef Peter Olin och sex representanter från bibliotek i HISS-gruppen.

  • 136. Ahlqvist, Elisabet
    Kampen om boken2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Yes! Antagen till utbildningen, nu är det bara att komma i gång med studierna… Biblioteket hälsar de nya studenterna välkomna och presenterar sina tjänster och samlingar, här finns det du behöver! Men riktigt så enkelt är det kanske inte, kampen om boken har börjat. Kampen om just den boken som alla andra också behöver! Låna, köpa; nytt eller begagnat? Kopiera, fotografera, scanna, bilda bokkooperativ med kurskompisarna? Packa matsäck och slå sig ner i biblioteket med ett daglån? Skilda strategier beroende på studiesituation, campus eller distans, variationerna är otaliga!

  • 137.
    Ahlqvist, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Koitrand, Malin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Vårdares upplevelser av att vårda patienter som är vakna med respirator2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Trenderna inom sedering har på senaste tid gått från djup till lätt sedering. Tidigare forskning indikerar att detta är fysiologiskt gynnsamt för patienterna och att det upplevs som positivt av både patienter och närstående. Dock är det relativt outforskat hur detta nya arbetssätt upplevs av vårdarna kring patienten och hur det påverkar deras arbetssituation. Denna studie syftade till att undersöka vårdares upplevelser av att vårda patienter som är vakna med respirator på en intensivvårdsavdelning. En kvalitativ ansats valdes. Sjuksköterskor och undersköterskor på två olika intensivvårdsavdelningar intervjuades i fokusgrupper. Totalt deltog tolv informanter, där två fokusgruppsintervjuer genomfördes med sjuksköterskor och två fokusgruppsintervjuer med undersköterskor. En kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes för att analysera materialet, vilket resulterade i fem huvudkategorier och tolv subkategorier.

    Resultatet presenterades genom följande huvudkategorier: ökad stress hos vårdaren, ökade krav på vårdaren, en resurskrävande vårdform, patienten blir en person samt krav på teamsamverkan. I resultatet framkom att vård av patienter som är vakna med respirator bidrog till en möjlighet att bättre lära känna patienten och därmed få ett mer stimulerande arbete. Men det upplevdes också som utmanande och krävande av vårdarna, vilket ledde till känslor av otillräcklighet och stress. För att ta tillvara på de positiva effekterna av att ha patienten mer vaken krävs resurser och en multiprofessionell teamsamverkan.

  • 138.
    Ahlqvist, Petter
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Vagiström, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Kravställning på Incidenthanteringssystem2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of IT-related services has increased massively over the past years and it shows no signs to stop. But alongside the usage increasing the risks also increases, because what will happen when the IT-services that so many rely upon suddenly cease to function, or in other ways become inaccessible? To protect against such scenarios it is increasingly more common for IT-service businesses to use incident management, whose purpose is to recover IT-services to their functional state, using predefined processes, should an event occur. It is common for IT-service businesses when implementing an incident management process to use some kind of framework or method to facilitate and streamline its work process, and as of writing this paper, the most used frameworks are ITIL and COBIT.

    It is very common for an IT-service business that in the incident management process develop a system or application whose purpose is to facilitate and streamline the incident management, and these are commonly referred to as Incident Management Systems. Even though ITIL and COBIT being widely used worldwide, there are some weaknesses in them, regarding Incident Management Systems, since both of the frameworks lack focus and depth of what an Incident Management System should manage. Such lack of focus and depth of a vital and central part of the Incident Management process, may prove expensive to IT-service businesses since the business needs to investigate what the system needs to manage, and how to manage it.

    This paper address the problem with ITIL and COBIT lack of focus and depth regarding the central part of the incident management process, the Incident Management System by investigating and reciprocate the following questions.

    Which implied and explicit requirements should an Incident Management System meet?

    Which Incident Management System requirements can be found from the most used frameworks regarding Incident Management?

    How well does the identified requirements match those requirements made by a real world company?

    The target audience for this paper is mainly IT-service business or individuals that considers themselves in need of a compilation of requirements that an Incident Management System should meet and can be used as a supporting tool when implementing or purchasing a new Incident Management System. By identifying requirements that an Incident Management Systems should meet from the most used framework regarding Incident Management, this paper will contribute with means for the implementation of the Incident Management System, reducing the costs for the investigation of demands of such a system. It will also present interested parties with a concrete example, the single case study, to compare with the requirements from the frameworks, contributing with a benchmark for IT-service business to start from when implementing or purchasing an Incident Management System.

  • 139.
    Ahlstrand, Ludvig
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Nguyen, Thanh
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Hur bör kvalitet definieras?: En tvärsnittsstudie om kvalitetstolkning inom offentlig respektive privat sektor2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research study was to examine how personnel in both public and private health care centers within Borås, construe and evaluate the concept of quality within the basis of our study. Data was gathered by surveys provided in two forms: printouts and digital copies to personnel in public and private health care centers, within the municipality of Borås. The evaluation of quality is according to many, fluctuating. Moreover, this means that there is a difficult process of defining the concept of quality to a general aspect, to the extent where theories and previous research agree with this statement accordingly. This study also analyzes other notions related to the concept of quality. These notions and concepts are defined as service and efficiency, but we also included competition as an external factor that influences the concept of quality since previous research has done the same. The respondents within public and private health care centers yielded very similar results, but also highlighted additional aspects that may affect quality. These aspects where provided by letting the respondents freely highlight factors that they assumed could affect quality.

    Along with considering previous research, this study, concludes that the notion of quality is a familiar term to many, yet is a fluctuating concept. This means that many individuals are sure to have some understanding of the concept of quality, but there is great uncertainty in how to define it. Within health care centers, we recommend further research exploring the concept of quality in order to utilize it more frequently among internal investigations, which organizations should be able to perform themselves.

  • 140.
    Ahlstrom, Linda
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Improving Work Ability and Return to Work among Women on Long-term Sick Leave2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis was to gain new knowledge of factors and interventions that improve work ability and return to work (RTW) among women on long-term sick leave from human service organizations (HSOs). The specific aims of the studies were: to evaluate the associations between the self-rated Work Ability Index (WAI) and Work Ability Score (WAS), and the relationship with prospective sick leave, symptoms, and health (Paper I); to investigate whether intervention with myofeedback training or intensive muscular strength training could decrease pain and increase work ability among women with neck pain (Paper II); to examine the associations between workplace rehabilitation and the combination of supportive conditions at work with work ability and RTW over time (Paper III); and to explore experiences, views, and strategies in the rehabilitation process for RTW (Paper IV). This thesis is based on a prospective cohort study (n=324) and a randomized controlled study (RCT) (n=60, participants with neck pain). Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used. The data collection consisted of questionnaires, laboratory-observed data, register-based data, and interviews. The results showed a very strong association between WAI and WAS, and results predicted future sick leave degree, health-related quality of life, vitality, neck pain, self-rated general health, self-rated mental health, behavioral stress, and current stress (Paper I). In the RCT (Paper II), individuals in the myofeedback intervention group increased their vitality and work ability over time and individuals in the intensive musculoskeletal strength training group increased their WAI, WAS, and mental health over time. WAI, WAS, and RTW increased over time among individuals provided with workplace rehabilitation and supportive conditions at work (Paper III) such as a sense of feeling welcome back at work, influence at work, possibilities for development, degree of freedom at work, meaning of work, quality of leadership, social support, sense of community, and work satisfaction. Women described (Paper IV) how they were striving to work and how they had different views, strategies, and approaches in the rehabilitation process for RTW. They expressed a desire to work, their goals for work, and their wishes for work. In the rehabilitation process for RTW they described their interaction with stakeholders as either controlling the interaction or struggling in the interaction. They described strategies to cope with RTW in terms of yo-yo (fluctuating) working: yo-yo working as a strategy or yo-yo working as a consequence. This thesis identifies factors of importance in improving work ability and RTW among women on long-term sick leave from HSOs. For women with neck pain, the intervention study showed feasibility of the intervention and demonstrated improved work ability and decreased pain (Paper II). The intensive muscular strength training program, which is easy for the individual to learn and perform at home, was associated with increased work ability. The results regarding rehabilitation highlight the importance of integrating workplace rehabilitation with supportive conditions at work to increase work ability and improve RTW (Paper III). Women expressed that they were striving to work and that they wanted to work (Paper IV). These women were “going in and out” of work participation (yo-yo working) as a way to handle the rehabilitation process. For assessing the status and progress of work ability among women on long-term sick leave, the single-question WAS may be used as a compliment to the full WAI as a simple indicator (Paper I).

  • 141.
    Ahlstrom, Linda
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Ahlberg, Karin
    Hagberg, Mats
    Dellve, Lotta
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Processen att återgå i arbete efter långtidssjukskrivning: Kvinnor med nacksmärta, arbetandes inom kommunal verksamhet2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En kvalitativ studie pågår med syfte att belysa rehabiliteringsprocessen för långtidssjukskrivna kvinnor, med nacksmärta, för att möjliggöra återgång i arbete. Resultaten kan användas för preventivt och promotivt arbete inom ex. primärvården, företagshälsovården, försäkringskassan och arbetsförmedlingen.

  • 142. Ahlstrom, Linda
    et al.
    Grimby-Ekman, A
    Hagberg, M
    Dellve, Lotta
    [external].
    The work ability index and single-item question: associations with sick leave, symptoms, and health--a prospective study of women on long-term sick leave.2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, ISSN 0355-3140, E-ISSN 1795-990X, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 404-412Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives This study investigated the association between the work ability index (WAI) and the single-item question on work ability among women working in human service organizations (HSO) currently on long-term sick leave. It also examined the association between the WAI and the single-item question in relation to sick leave, symptoms, and health. Predictive values of the WAI, the changed WAI, the single-item question and the changed single-item question were investigated for degree of sick leave, symptoms, and health. Methods This cohort study comprised 324 HSO female workers on long-term (>60 days) sick leave, with follow-ups at 6 and 12 months. Participants responded to questionnaires. Data on work ability, sick leave, health, and symptoms were analyzed with regard to associations and predictability. Spearman correlation and mixed-model analysis were performed for repeated measurements over time. Results The study showed a very strong association between the WAI and the single-item question among all participants. Both the WAI and the single-item question showed similar patterns of associations with sick leave, health, and symptoms. The predictive value for the degree of sick leave and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was strong for both the WAI and the single-item question, and slightly less strong for vitality, neck pain, both self-rated general and mental health, and behavioral and current stress. Conclusion This study suggests that the single-item question on work ability could be used as a simple indicator for assessing the status and progress of work ability among women on long-term sick leave.

  • 143. Ahlstrom, Linda
    et al.
    Hagberg, Mats
    Dellve, Lotta
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Workplace Rehabilitation and Supportive Conditions at Work: A Prospective Study2013In: Journal of occupational rehabilitation, ISSN 1053-0487, E-ISSN 1573-3688, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 248-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose To investigate the impact of rehabilitation measures on work ability and return to work (RTW), specifically the association between workplace rehabilitation/supportive conditions at work and work ability and RTW over time, among women on long-term sick leave. Methods Questionnaire data were collected (baseline, 6 and 12 months) from a cohort of women (n = 324). Linear mixed models were used for longitudinal analysis of the repeated measurements of work ability index (WAI), work ability score and working degree. These analyses were performed with different models; the explanatory variables for each model were workplace rehabilitation, supportive conditions at work and time. Results The individuals provided with workplace rehabilitation and supportive conditions (e.g. influence at work, possibilities for development, degree of freedom at work, meaning of work, quality of leadership, social support, sense of community and work satisfaction) had significantly increased WAI and work ability score over time. These individuals scored higher work ability compared to those individuals having workplace rehabilitation without supportive conditions, or neither. Additionally, among the individuals provided with workplace rehabilitation and supportive conditions, working degree increased significantly more over time compared to those individuals with no workplace rehabilitation and no supportive conditions. Conclusion The results highlight the importance of integrating workplace rehabilitation with supportive conditions at work in order to increase work ability and improve the RTW process for women on long-term sick leave.

  • 144.
    Ahlström, Matilda
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Dangardt, Sandra
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    ”Barn gör så gott de kan”: En intervjustudie om förhållningssätt och strategier imötet med barn som har utagerande beteendeproblem i förskolan.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Förskollärare har idag tendenser att kategorisera barn efter deras beteende, det kan leda till att barn blir exkluderade i förskolans verksamhet.  Vi har därför valt att undersöka hur förskollärare och specialpedagoger förhåller sig till barnet och barnets beteende. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur förskollärare och specialpedagoger resonerar kring barn med utagerande beteendeproblem, vilka strategier de använder sig av för att inkludera dessa barn i förskolans verksamhet samt om förskollärarens förhållningssätt påverkar barn med utagerande beteendeproblem. Vi har använt oss av en kvalitativ metod, vi har intervjuat sex förskollärare och två specialpedagoger. Vi valde intervju som redskap för att vi ville få en djupare förståelse av förskollärarnas och specialpedagogernas förhållningssätt och strategier. I resultatet framgår det att förskollärarna har olika sätt att möta barn med utagerande beteendeproblem och de tycker alla att dessa barn får en stämpel på sig eftersom att de syns och hörs i verksamheten. De tycker också att det är komplext att bemöta dessa barn för de väcker många känslor samt att förskollärarna vill ha mer kunskap om hur de ska bemöta barn med utagerande beteendeproblem.

  • 145.
    Ahlström, Peter
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Aim, Karel
    Dohrn, Ralf
    Elliott, J Richard
    Jackson, George
    Jaubert, Jean Noël
    Rebello de A. Macedo, Maria Eugénia
    Pokki, Juha-Pekka
    Reczey, Kati
    Victorov, Alexey
    Fele Zilnik, Ljudmila
    Economou, Ioannis
    A Survey of the Role of Thermodynamics and Transport Properties in ChE University Education in Europe and the USA2010In: Chemical Engineering Education, ISSN 0009-2479, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 35-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thermodynamics and Transport Properties (TTP) is a central subject in the majority of chemical engineering curricula worldwide and it is thus of interest to know how it is taught today in various countries if chemical engineering education is to be improved. A survey of graduate thermodynamics education in the USA was performed a few years ago by Visco et al. [1] but as far as we know no systematic study of the undergraduate thermodynamics education has been performed, at least in recent years. In the present study, a survey about TTP education in Europe and the USA is presented. Results were obtained from nearly twenty different European countries and the USA and in total answers from about 150 universities were used for this study. The study is performed under the auspices of the Working Party of Thermodynamics and Transport Properties of the European Federation of Chemical Engineering. The survey was performed using a web based surveying system for which invitations were sent out to the universities by local representatives who were responsible for one or more countries each. Of the universities that answered more than 70 % offer BSc education 65 % offer MSc education and 55 % offer PhD education. Most universities offer at least two courses of thermodynamics. The following discussion is mainly based on the first two (undergraduate) courses reported. Half of these are taught to chemical engineers exclusively whereas the rest are taught with other branches of engineering, mainly mechanical and / or process engineering. In general two sets of course lengths were observed, corresponding either to a full semester of full time studies or to quarter of a semester. Most courses are centered around lectures and exercise classes with little or no laboratory work whereas home assignments are given in the vast majority (70-80 %) of the courses. The first course is mainly centered around the first and second law of thermodynamics whereas the second course is frequently more concentrated on phase equilibria. Both of these courses are mainly comprising of classical thermodynamics whereas the molecular interpretation often is touched upon. An analysis of the differences between thermodynamics education in Europe and the USA in presently being undertaken and results from this will also be presented. An investigation of the use of thermodynamics within industry is also on-going within the Working Party and results will be reported in the near future. [1] S.K.Dube, D.P. Visco, Chem. Eng. Ed., 2005, 258-263.

  • 146.
    Ahlström, Peter
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Aim, Karel
    Dohrn, Ralf
    Elliott, J. Richard
    Jackson, George
    Jaubert, Jean-Noel
    Rebello de A. Macedo, Maria Eugénia
    Pokki, Juha-Pekka
    Reczey, Kati
    Victorov, Alexey
    Fele Zilnik, Ljudmila
    Economou, Ioannis
    A Survey of Thermodynamics and Transport Properties in Chemical Engineering Education in Europe and the USA2008In: Proceedings of the 100th Annual Meeting of the American Institute for Chemical Engineering, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 147.
    Ahlström, Peter
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Gebäck, Tobias
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Johansson, Erik
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Bolton, Kim
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Water absorption in polymers2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work two different examples of water absorbtion in polymers are studied by Monte Carlo simulations. Both of them are of large technical and commercial impotance. The first example is the water absorption in polyethylene cables where the water absorption plays a crucial role in the degradation of the cable insulation and thus should be as low as possible. The second example is bio-based superabsorbents made from denatured protein where water absorption capability is the prime desired property. Methods Gibbs Ensemble Monte Carlo simulations [1] were used to study the hydration of polymers. All simulations are performed with two boxes, one of which is filled with water at the start of the simulation, whereas the other contains polymer molecules and possible ions. The polymer molecules are not allowed to swap boxes whereas the water molecules are allowed to do so thus constituting an osmotic Gibbs ensemble [2]. For the polyethylene a connectivity-altering algorithm was used whereas the protein molecules were simulated using a side-chain regrowth model in addition to traditional Monte Carlo moves. For the polyethylene, the TraPPE [3] force field was used and the protein molecules, the Amber force field [4] was used. Water was modelled using simple point charge models [5]. Electrostatic interactions are treated using Ewald summation methods. The protein molecules were of different amino acid compositions and in different conformations, e.g., β-turns and random coils obtained using the amorphous cell method[6]. Studies were made with different degrees of charging on, e.g., lysine side chains mimicking different ionization states. Results The studies of polyethylene revealed the importance of ions left from the polymerisation catalyst for the absorbtion of water and the concomitant degradation of polyethylene cable insulation. Also the absorption properties of the protein molecules is strongly related to the presence of charged groups and fully charged protein molecules absorb large amounts of water. However, neither native nor denatured protein molecules show superabsorbing properties (i.e. absorbing hundreds of times their own mass) as they show in experimental studies and the reasons for this discrepancy will be discussed. References 1. A.Z. Panagiotopoulos, Mol. Phys. 61, 813 (1987). 2. E. Johansson, K. Bolton, D.N. Theodorou, P. Ahlström, J. Chem. Phys., 126, 224902 (2007). 3. M.G. Martin, and J.I. Siepmann, J. Phys. Chem. B, 103, 4508-4517 (1999). 4. W.D. Cornell, P. Cieplak, C.I. Bayly, I.R. Gould, K.M. Merz Jr, D.M. Ferguson, D.C. Spellmeyer, T. Fox, J.W. Caldwell, P.A. Kollman (1995). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 117, 5179–5197. 5. H. J. C. Berendsen, J. P. M. Postma and W. F. van Gunsteren, in Intermolecular Forces, B. Pullman, ed. (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1981) p. 331; H. J. C. Berendsen, J. R. Grigera and T. P. Straatsma, J. Phys. Chem. 91, 6269 (1987). 6. D.N. Theodorou, U.W. Suter, Macromolecules, 18, 1467 (1985).

  • 148.
    Ahlström, Peter
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Moodley, Suren
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Bolton, Kim
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Ramjugernath, D.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Computer Simulations of Vapor-Liquid-Liquid Equilibria Involving Hydrocarbons and Water2008In: Proceedings of the 100th Annual Meeting of the American Institute for Chemical Engineering, 2008, CHPC National Meeting, Durban, South Africa, December 9-10, 2008, AlChe Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, November 15-21, 2008, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 149.
    Ahlström Rundbom, Lina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Olson, Madeleine
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Personlighetsanpassat ledarskap2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the research of this study we found a gap regarding information on how to adapt leadershipto employees of various personalities. Our purpose was now to fill that research gap. In ourstudy on personality-adapted leadership, we found that all kinds of personalities have variouspreferences to be led. Using two different personality classification models, theories ofleadership and motivation as well as empirical evidence drawn from Business leaders, wehave studied which kind of leadership that works best for models of different personalitytypes. With the help of a cross-section design, qualitative methods together with semistructuredinterviews we were able to combine the theories we used with the empiricalevidence. Accordingly, our purpose is to acknowledge how leadership can be adapted todifferent personalities to achieve the greatest opportunity for the development of theirmotivation. This is a contributing factor to the development of a company and shouldtherefore be in the leader’s interest.As a conclusion our study shows how different personalities demand certain kinds ofleadership, that they get motivated by a wide range of factors and that various situations canhave a big effect where a certain leadership is most suitable. The result of our study has led totwo tables based on the personality classification models, which show which leadershiptheory fits the different kinds of personality types. The study also shows that leaders shouldadapt a relationship-oriented leadership and complement it with a task-oriented one in order tofind their employees motivation and be able to lead them in a successful way.

  • 150.
    Ahlsén, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Wengelin, Åsa
    Aphasia and text writing2009In: International journal of language and communication disorders, ISSN 1368-2822, E-ISSN 1460-6984, Vol. 28, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
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