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  • 1001.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Kein Platz im Volksheim? Die "Schwachsinnigenfürsorge" in Schweden 1916-19452009Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    Das Sozial- und Bildungssystem Schwedens besitzt in Deutschland vielfach einen ausgezeichneten Ruf. Thomas Barow zeigt in seiner historischen Untersuchung der schwedischen Schwachsinnigenfürsorge jedoch, dass die Entwicklung nuanciert zu betrachten ist. Bemühungen um soziale Eingliederung lassen sich ebenso erkennen wie Tendenzen der Ausgrenzung. Auf der Grundlage umfangreicher Literatur- und Archivstudien werden vielschichtige und zum Teil widersprüchliche Prozesse gesellschaftlicher Modernisierung dargelegt und analysiert. Charakteristisch waren Rationalisierung und Psychiatrisierung der fürsorgerischen Arbeit. Hinzu kam ein zunehmender Einfluss eugenischen Gedankenguts, was sich z.B. im Sterilisationsgesetz von 1934/35 widerspiegelte. Parallel dazu wurde die ursprüngliche, pädagogische Ausrichtung der Schwachsinnigenfürsorge zurückgedrängt, lebte jedoch in Einrichtungen wie dem Seminar Slagsta in gewissem Umfang fort. Das traditionelle philanthropische Motiv „Vom Zehrenden zum Ernährenden“ erhielt neue Bedeutung: Die einseitige Betonung der Arbeitsfähigkeit verstärkte Tendenzen des sozialen Ausschlusses, begünstigte allerdings auch die Einführung der Schulpflicht für bildungsfähige Schwachsinnige 1944/45. In diesem Kontext kam es zu einer strategischen Allianz zwischen Schwachsinnigenfürsorge und Eugenik. Deren gemeinsame Grundlage war ein Nützlichkeitsdenken, dessen Wurzeln fest in der schwedischen Gesellschaft verankert waren. Normalisierung bedeutete hier die Anpassung des Individuums an gesellschaftliche Normen und Werte. Besonders während des Zweiten Weltkrieges hatten Menschen, die als schwachsinnig galten, unter dieser Ausrichtung zu leiden.

  • 1002.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Modern teaching and learning in historical perspectiv2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The school for the “feebleminded” and the teacher training college Slagsta in the era of modernization Thomas Barow The school and teacher training college Slagsta was established in 1911 near Stockholm, Sweden. Until 1959 it was the only Swedish institution which aimed at educating teachers in schools for the so called “feebleminded” (Swedish: “sinnesslöa”) children. Right from the beginning there has been a close connection with Séguin’s “physiological method” and representatives of international progressive education like Montessori, Dalton, and Decroly. Children’s interests, activity, and freedom were seen as essential points of education. Other priorities were psychological observation and individual treatment of the child. The paper focuses on the relationship between progressive and special education. It will discuss, why this mixed concept remained in the shadow of regular school education. It emphasizes that mainly due to the definition of “feebleminded”, and the social exclusion of persons concerned, the Slagsta-education remained a pedagogical outsider.

  • 1003.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Mångfald, differentiering, inkludering: en introduktion2013In: Mångfald och differentiering : Inkludering i praktisk tillämpning / [ed] Thomas Barow, Studentlitteratur , 2013, p. 17-28Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1004.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Mångfald och differentiering: Inkludering i praktisk tillämpning2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 1005.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Mångfaldens didaktik2013In: Mångfald och differentiering : Inkludering i praktisk tillämpning / [ed] Thomas Barow, Studentlitteratur , 2013, p. 107-126Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1006.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Normaliseringens uppkomst och tidiga utveckling i Sverige2012In: Handicaphistorisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 1399-4786, Vol. 28, p. 73-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    THE ORIGIN AND EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF NORMALISATION IN SWEDEN. Normalisation can be seen as a key concept, both in disability research and in special education. In Sweden so far, the origin of this basic approach is connected to the time period after World War II. The purpose of this paper is to nuance this perspective. The existing Swedish historiography on normalisation, to some extent written by protagonists of the concept, will be discussed. We agree on the full effectiveness of normalisation based on a reform-oriented social policy from the 1960s. However, by means of historical research and based on hermeneutic methods, this study aims to demonstrate the concept’s origin and early development in Sweden already some decades before. For that purpose historical sources from contemporary Swedish litera-ture and reports from school authorities will be analysed. In particular the so called external schools for the feeble-minded had a certain impact on the emergence and spreading of the normalisation approach. As a result of our research, and by linking it to the development of the Swedish welfare state, normalisation can be contextualised historically. This outcome is of high relevance for understanding the history of a path-breaking concept. Finally, and with regard to the future, the question of adaptability and modernity of normalisation arises.

  • 1007.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Sonderpädagogische Studieninhalte in der allgemeinen Lehrerausbildung in Schweden2011In: Inklusion in Bildungsinstitutionen. Eine Herausforderung an die Heil- und Sonderpädagogik / [ed] Birgit Lütje-Klose, Marie-Therese Langer, Björn Serke, Melanie Urban, Klinkhardt , 2011, p. 171-176Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1008.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Stationslärande, verkstäder och expertsystemet2013In: Mångfald och differentiering : Inkludering i praktisk tillämpning, Studentlitteratur , 2013, p. 235-266Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1009.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    The Origin and Early Development of Normalisation in Sweden2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Origin and Early Development of Normalisation in Sweden: Normalisation can be seen as a key concept, both in disability research and in special education. In Sweden so far, the origin of this basic approach is connected to the time period after World War II. The purpose of this paper is to nuance this perspective. The existing Swedish historiography on normalisation, to some extent written by protagonists of the concept, will be discussed. We agree on the full effectiveness of normalisation based on a reform-oriented social policy from the 1960s. However, by means of historical research and based on hermeneutic methods, this study aims to demonstrate the concept’s origin and early development in Sweden already some decades before. For that purpose historical sources from contemporary Swedish literature and archives will be analysed. In particular the so called external schools for the feeble-minded (externatskolor för sinnesslöa) had a certain impact on the emergence and spreading of the normalisation approach. As a result of our research, and by linking it to the development of the Swedish welfare state, normalisation can be contextualised historically. This outcome is of high relevance for understanding the history of a path-breaking concept. Finally, and with regard to the future, the question of adaptability and modernity of normalisation arises.

  • 1010.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Undesirable Citizens: Education, Care and Control of the "Feeble-minded" in the Swedish Province of Malmöhus, 1900–19502011In: Alter;European Journal of Disability Research ;Journal Europeen de Recherche Sur le Handicap, ISSN 1875-0672, E-ISSN 1875-0680, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 104-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contains the main results of a recently completed historical research project about the situation of persons cate- gorized as“feeble-minded” in Sweden. In this study, the case of Malmöhus province constitutes the microhistorical core. Here, educational and care institutions such as schools, asylums and working homes were particularly established in the first half of the 20th century. The motives behind these foundations will be discussed and the working routines in those institutions will be analysed in terms of teaching and after-care of the inmates and their exclusion justified by social constructs such as “uneducable” or “moral imbecile”. This paper aims at demonstrating how feeble-mindedness was perceived as a social problem, and how close the efforts of education and care were connected to eugenic ideology and control. Thereby, the history of the feeble-minded will be interpreted as a striking example of the contradictions of modernity. The coincidence of social inclusion and exclusion was a characteristic of the situation of an undesirable group of citizens in the Swedish society under the era of modernization. This outcome is of high relevance for understanding the early historical development of the Nordic welfare state.

  • 1011.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Undesireable Citizens: Education, Care and Control of the "Feeble-minded" in the Swedish Province of Malmöhus, 1900–19502010In: NERA Congress, Malmö University (Sweden), School of Education , 2010., NERA Congress, Malmö University (Sweden), School of Education , 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contains the main results of a recently completed historical research project about the situation of persons categorized as “feeble-minded” in Sweden. In this study, the case of Malmöhus province constitutes the micro-historical core. Here, educational and care institutions such as schools, asylums and working homes were particularly established in the first half of the 20th century. The motives behind these foundations will be discussed and the working routines in those institutions will be analysed in terms of teaching and after-care of the inmates and their exclusion justified by social constructs such as “uneducable” or “moral imbecile”. This paper aims at demonstrating how feeble-mindedness was perceived as a social problem, and how close the efforts of education and care were connected to eugenic ideology and control. Thereby, the history of the feeble-minded will be interpreted as a striking example of the contradictions of modernity. The coincidence of social inclusion and exclusion was a characteristic of the situation of an undesirable group of citizens in the Swedish society under the era of modernization. This outcome is of high relevance for understanding the early historical development of the Nordic welfare state.

  • 1012.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Vorbild oder Zerrbild? Außen- und Innenperspektive auf inklusive Bildung in Schweden2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Keynote: Vorbild oder Zerrbild? Außen und Innenperspektive auf inklusive Bildung in Schweden: - Die Sonderpädagogik und Behindertenhilfe Schwedens genießen im deutschen Sprachraum seit Jahrzehnten einen ausgezeichneten Ruf. Dieser lässt sich vornehmlich auf die Einführung der neunjährigen Grundschule und Wandlungen im Bereich der Behindertenfürsorge seit den 1960-er Jahren zurückführen. Unzählige Besucherinnen und Besucher aus Mitteleuropa haben sich seitdem mit der Situation im Norden auseinandergesetzt. Ihren Niederschlag findet dies vor allem in Reiseschilderungen basierend auf zumeist kürzeren Studienbesuchen. Der Grundton dieser Berichte ist in allen Fällen zumindest wohlwollend, zum Teil überschwänglich bis euphorisch. Schweden erscheint darin oft als ein Vorbild für erwünschte Entwicklungen im eigenen Land. Im augenfälligen Kontrast dazu ist die Innenperspektive oft eine andere. Die innerschwedische Debatte handelt unter anderem von Gewalt und Mobbing in den Schulen, fehlerhaften Diagnose- und Kategorisierungsprozessen sowie schwachen Leistungen schwedischer Schülerinnen und Schüler bei internationalen Vergleichsuntersuchungen. Im Artikel werden ausgewählte Aspekte der Außen- und Innenperspektive näher aufgezeigt und die Kontraste in der Wahrnehmung diskutiert. Abschließend wird auf die Frage eingegangen, welchen Nutzen die Auseinandersetzung mit der Entwicklung in einem anderen Land dennoch haben kann.

  • 1013.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Vorbild oder Zerrbild? Außen- und Innenperspektive auf inklusive Bildung in Schweden2011In: Zeitschrift für Inklusion, E-ISSN 1862-5088, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1014.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Återkomst till Salamanca2009In: Intra, ISSN 1102-4143, no 4, p. 26-27Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1015.
    Barow, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Gieth, Fredric
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Adrianson, Lillemor
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Inkludering och exkludering inom lärarutbildningen. En enkätstudie om lärarstudenternas bakgrund och syn på sina studier2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION IN TEACHER EDUCATION. A QUESTIONNAIRE ON TEACHER STU-DENTS’ BACKGROUND AND PERSPECTIVES ON THEIR STUDIES. In recent years, the increasing heterogeneity among Swedish university students has been widely discussed. ”New” groups of students are entering higher education, such as people with a migration background and/or disability. This development is promoted by efforts of widening participation and the Swedish Anti-Discrimination Act at the policy level. Changes in the student population affect programmes in teacher education in particular. Nowadays, and to a growing extent, more young adults with an educationally disadvantaged family background become teachers. Based on a user perspective, it is the aim of this study to show how these developments influence the students’ view on their studies, determined by usual study tasks such as searching literature, writing papers or passing tests. The research was inspired by Bourdieu and Passeron’s concept of social reproduction, and by Luhmann’s approach of inclusion and exclusion. A questionnaire was distributed to 316 teacher students. Data on social origin, earlier school experiences, and the current perceived educational situation were gathered and statistically analyzed. Several significant variances on the students’ social and academic background and their perceived situation at the university were found. The mothers’ social and educational background was of high relevance for students’ experiences of their ongoing education at the university. Moreover, the perception of failure in schools had a negative impact on the students view about their current studies. In a wider perspective, the results underline the difficulties in overcoming social reproduction and exclusion by means of education. These findings raise questions on how universities can cope with the increasing diversity of their students.

  • 1016.
    Barow, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Persson, Bengt
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Die Sonderpädagogik in der bildungspolitischen Debatte Schwedens2011In: Sonderpädagogische Förderung heute, ISSN 1611-1540, Vol. 56, no 1, p. 20-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Zusammenfassung: Vor dem Hintergrund aktueller Wandlungen in der Bildungspolitik Schwedens wird die jüngere Entwicklung der schwedischen Sonderpädagogik aufgezeigt und diskutiert. Zwei kontrastierende Sichtweisen, die kategoriale und die relationale Perspektive, werden zur Analyse von Schulproblemen verwendet. Sie erscheinen prägend für die Umsetzung sonderpädagogischer Förderung. Die Verankerung sonderpädagogischer Studienanteile in der allgemeinen Lehrerbildung wird für die Ermöglichung inklusiver Bildung hervorgehoben. Angesichts widerstrebender Positionen auf den verschiedenen Ebenen der Schulpolitik sind die Auswirkungen der schwedischen Bildungsreformen auf das Konzept »Eine Schule für alle« gegenwärtig nicht eindeutig absehbar. Abstract: Against the background of current changes in educational policy in Sweden, the recent development of Swedish special education is presented and discussed. Two contrasting perspectives, the categorical and the relational perspective, are used to analyse school problems, and they are formative for the implementation of special educational support. The anchoring of special education in general teacher education is highlighted in the facilitation of inclusive education. In view of opposing positions on various levels of school policy, the impact of Swedish education reforms on the concept of »One school for all« is currently not clearly foreseeable.

  • 1017.
    Barow, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Rosenqvist, Jerry
    Schweden und Deutschland als wechselseitige Vorbilder in der Sonderpädagogik2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1018.
    Barow, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Östlund, Daniel
    Bildning för alla! en pedagogisk utmaning2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan mer än 200 år har ”Bildning för alla!” varit en pedagogisk utmaning. Devisen är knuten till tankar om likvärdighet, delaktighet och allas rätt till utbildning i ett inkluderande samhälle, men i boken betonas samtidigt de pedagogiska utmaningar som dessa intentioner för med sig. I antologin tar 26 författare från de nordiska länderna och Storbritannien upp aktuella frågor som på olika sätt knyter an till uppgiften om hur utbildningssystemet kan utvecklas i förhållande till elevers olikheter. I boken behandlas teman som varit centrala i forskningen hos professor Jerry Rosenqvist, som nu efter mer än fyra decennier av pedagogisk verksamhet går i pension. Boken tillägnas honom.

  • 1019.
    Barthelemy, Maja
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Pettersson, Ann-Louise
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Förskolans reviderade läroplan: en kvantitativ studie om pedagogers attityder2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund

    Bakgrunden belyser den forskning som finns kring förskolans verksamhet och läroplanens historia, vad har lett fram till de styrdokument som förskolan ska gå efter. Studierna som behandlats tar alla upp olika delar av verksamheten men tar alla upp läroplanen och hur den påverkar.

    Syfte

    Syftet med denna undersökning var att ta reda på verksamma pedagogers attityder kring den reviderade läroplanen för förskolan.

    Frågeställningar

    Ser pedagogerna möjligheter eller problem med att arbeta med den reviderade läroplanen?

    Har det någon betydelse när pedagogerna började sin verksamma bana?

    Metod

    Studien är kvantitativ och är i form av en enkätundersökning. Det delades ut 41 enkäter varav 35 kom in under insamlingen. Alla respondenter är verksamma inom förskolan som pedagoger där vi inte frågade efter utbildning.

    Resultat

    Vad som kunde utläsas av resultatet var att pedagogerna ser läroplanen som ett bra stöd i verksamheten men att den samtidigt bidrar till en ökad stress då många strävansmål ska arbetas mot. Då vi frågade efter årtionde som de startade sin verksamma bana trodde vi att detta skulle påverka resultatet men vi såg inga större skillnader mellan respondenterna.

  • 1020.
    Bartholdsson, Kerstin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Lindh, Maria
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Från idé till handling: en utvärdering av projektet Företagsam högre utbildning - entreprenöriell kompetens för kursansvariga (FHU)2014Report (Other academic)
  • 1021.
    Bartholomäus, Christian
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sepic, Atif
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Evidensbaserat ledarskap: Enskildas och delande chefers väg till hållbarhet?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens hälso- och sjukvård är präglad av föränderlighet. Kunskap om undersökningar och behandlingsmetoder hinner snabbt åldras och det utvecklas ständigt nya metoder och teorier för att effektivisera, förbättra, förkorta och underlätta för framför allt patienter men också för omvårdnadspersonal. Evidensbaserad vård har under de senaste decennierna fått en allt större betydelse och spelar en stor roll i det dagliga arbetet med patienter. Evidensbaserad vård är också en utav sjuksköterskors kärnkompetenser och stimulerar till utveckling och behandling i enlighet med den senaste forskningen. Men till skillnad från tex sjuksköterskor som baserar sin kompetens på evidens, visar aktuell forskning att evidensbaserat ledarskap ännu inte är integrerat i ledarskapets dagliga arbete och implementeringen är hittills bristfällig.

    Studiens syfte är att jämföra om chefer som är verksamma inom delat ledarskap har bättre förutsättningar att arbeta evidensbaserat än de chefer som är verksamma inom enskilt ledarskap. Dessutom vill författarna undersöka om första linjens chefer känner till och är förtrogna med begreppet evidensbaserat ledarskap och i vilken utsträckning denna modell används för att skapa hållbara processer och beslut. För att besvara studiens frågeställningar användes en webbaserad enkät. Det förelåg ingen signifikant skillnad mellan de cheferna som är verksamma inom delat resp. enskilt ledarskap med avseende på kunskaper samt användningen av evidensbaserat och hållbart ledarskap. Det som var avgörande utifrån studieresultaten var antalet medarbetare som chefer var direkt ansvariga för.

  • 1022.
    Bartley, K.
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ericson, M.
    “Stuprör” och “öppna kanaler”: Metaforer i talet om och för samverkan2014In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 9-23Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1023.
    Bartley, Kristina
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Barnpolitik och samhällelig styrning2008Report (Other academic)
  • 1024.
    Bartley, Kristina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Den provokativa (van)makten2015In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 42-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln handlar om skolan som arbetsplats och arbetssituationer där personal haft svårigheter att hantera elevers provokationer och kränkt dem fysiskt och verbalt. En genomgång av ett antal skadeståndskrav visar att personal besvarat elevers provocerande beteende med disciplinerande makt, normaliserande makttekniker och olika försvars- och motståndsstrategier, vilka inte varit förenliga med det legitima yrkesutövandet eller ett professionellt förhållningssätt. 

  • 1025.
    Bartley, Kristina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Torell, Viveka
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Electronic Self-Presentations: Mother in Internet Forums on Children's Clothes2017In: Journal of Mother Studies, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1026.
    Bartley, Kristina
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    FN: s konvention om barnets rättigheter : Om perspektiv och innehåll med relevans för skolan2001In: Utbildning och Demokrati, ISSN 1102-6472, E-ISSN 2001-7316, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 25-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article presents an overview of content and perspecitves in the U N Con- vention on the rights of the child. The four main categories of rights; the right to survive, the right to develop, the right to be protected and the right to participa- te are discussed. The distinction between absolute and relative rights, and bet- ween rights in view of the the child as object, and rights in view of the child as subject is elaborated. Different meanings of the concept ”child perspective” are discussed and the necessity to use a multi-dimensional approach to the concept is put forward, including the awareness that views on children also can be nega- tively loaded. The four fundamental articles in the Convention (articles 2, 3, 6 and 12) and the two articles concerned with schooling (articles 28 and 29) are presented and discussed with particular focus on their relevance for life in scho

  • 1027.
    Bartley, Kristina
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Skolans demokratiuppdrag förstärks: om rätten till skadestånd för kränkande behandling2007In: Perspektiv på demokrati. En vänbok till Hans Lindfors., Högskolan i Borås. Institutionen för pedagogik. , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1028.
    Bartley, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Berggren Torell, Viveka
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Oudhuis, Margareta
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Motherhood and blogs about children’s fashion2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1029.
    Bartley, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Dimenäs, Jörgen
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Hallnäs, Hanna
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Student participation in higher education: A question of governance and power2010In: Nordic Studies in Education, ISSN 1891-5914, E-ISSN 1891-5949, Vol. 3, p. 150-165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article presents a study of higher education teachers' view of student participation. The aim of the study is to describe and understand perceptions of student participation on teaching in relation to organisations, processes and contents through statements by a number of teachers. The theoretical framework consists of Foucault's view of power and Arnstein's participation model. The method is a qualitative textual analysis. The results show that student participation can be identified on the basis of the topics governance, activity and evaluation, and that there are six perspectives that show various levels of student participation and degrees of power. The conclusion is that student participation should be demonstrated on the basis of a broader perspective than normally seems to be the case.

  • 1030.
    Bartley, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Dimenäs, Jörgen
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Hallnäs, Hanna
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Studentinflytande och makt: en studie av studentinflytande i relation till styrning, verksamhet och utvärdering ur lärares perspektiv2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med rapporten har varit att genom ett antal lärares utsagor beskriva och förstå uppfattningar av studentinflytande över lärandet i relation till organisation, process och innehåll.

  • 1031.
    Bartley, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ericson, Mathias
    Ett plus ett kan bli tre. En studie om samverkan kring sociala risker2011Report (Other academic)
  • 1032.
    Bartley, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ericson, Mathias
    Samverkan för hållbar stadsutveckling och tvärsektoriell samsyn2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur kan vi komma tillrätta med oroligheter i form av skadegörelse och anlagda bränder? Följande forskningsrapport – som är den tjugosjunde i serien Vetenskap för profession – söker svar på denna fråga genom att undersöka samverkan i en kommun. Bakgrunden till rapporten är att företrädare för Södra Älvsborgs Räddningstjänst (SÄRF) tog kontakt med Högskolan i Borås för att utvärdera och bidra till arbetet med sociala risker inom Borås stad. SÄRF hade, i likhet med andra räddningstjänster, uppmärksammat att antalet anlagda bränder ökat och att förövarna ofta var ungdomar. Man såg också samband mellan orolig skolmiljö, mobbning, skadegörelse och anlagda bränder. Ny kunskap samt en hög grad av samverkan med andra aktörer i kommunen efterfrågades. Rapportens problemställning är riktad mot möjligheten till samsyn mellan olika samverkande parter och utgår från följande frågeställningar: Hur beskriver praktiker inom olika verksamheter problemen? Vilka metoder finns för att förebygga, hantera och förhindra dessa? Vilka utvecklings- och forskningsbehov finns? Samverkan har studerats mellan räddningstjänst, polis, individ och familjeomsorg, barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin, ungdomssamordnare, brottsförebyggande råd, specialpedagogiskt centrum, folkhälsa, stadsplanering samt åklagare.

  • 1033.
    Bartley, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ravini, Victor
    Livsviktig kunskap och färdighet i pedagogiskt arbete2003Report (Other academic)
  • 1034.
    Bartley, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Thång, Per-Olof
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ethical Work in the Village of Hope: Changing Life Conditions for Children and Women2014In: International Journal of Applied Ethics, ISSN 2321-2497, Vol. 2, no 2013-2014, p. 45-69Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1035.
    Bartomeus, Gloria
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    The role of cognitive styles in e-learning2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: several cognitive and learning style models (Curry’s taxonomy, Gardner, Dunn and Dunn, etc.) and literature related to flexible learning (Keegan, Moore, Bates). Purpose of dissertation: To investigate the existence of previous studies relating to a particular cognitive style of the e-learning student with factors such as an improved outcome of on-line courses, a preference for e-learning instead of traditional on-campus education and other relevant questions. Method: literature review of cognitive styles and distance education followed by an analysis of the implications of the cognitive styles of the students and their suitability for on-line courses. Main results: Although there’s extensive literature related to both cognitive styles and e-learning in a independent way, a lack of studies and specific theoretical frameworks relating cognitive styles to the particularities of e-learning was encountered. Characteristics such as field independence/ level of socialisation and locus of control may influence the adequacy of the student to e-learning courses.

  • 1036.
    Bashir, Tariq
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Conjugated Polymer-based Conductive Fibers for Smart Textile Applications2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Electrically conductive or electro-active fibers are the key components of smart and interactive textiles, which could be used in medical, sports, energy, and military applications in the near future. The functionalization of high-performance textile yarns/fibers with conjugated polymers can produce conductive fibers with better electro-mechanical properties, which is difficult with commonly used spinning techniques. In this thesis work, textile-based conductive yarns/fibers were prepared by coating viscose and polyester (PET) yarns with the conjugated polymer PEDOT. For coating purposes, an efficient technique called chemical vapor deposition (CVD) was used, which is a solventless technique and can produce PEDOT polymer layers with high conductivity values. The polymerization of EDOT monomer vapors and coating of oxidant (FeCl3 or FepTS) enriched viscose and PET yarns took place simultaneously. The PEDOT-coated viscose and polyester yarns showed relatively high conductivity values, which could be sufficient for many electronic applications. The polymerization process and the quality of PEDOT polymer strongly depends on different reaction conditions. In this research work, the impact of most of these reaction parameters on the electrical, mechanical, and thermal properties of PEDOT-coated conductive yarns was considered separately. Under specific reaction conditions, it was found that viscose fibers were successfully coated with PEDOT polymer and showed rather high electrical conductivity (≥ 15 S/cm). However, due to the acid hydrolysis of viscose fibers in FeCl3 solutions, the mechanical properties were drastically reduced. In order to improve the mechanical properties of conductive yarns, a relatively stable and chemical-resistant substrate (PET) was coated with PEDOT polymer. Comparative studies between PEDOT-coated viscose and PET conductive yarns showed that the electrical and mechanical properties were enhanced by changing the substrate material. Later on, PEDOT-coated conductive fibers were treated with silicone elastomer solution and due to the thin silicone layers, the hydrophobic properties, flexibility, and durability of coated yarns was improved. Furthermore, a novel electrical resistance-measuring setup was developed, which can be used not only for fibers but also for fabric structures. The electrical characterization of PEDOT-coated conductive yarns showed that it can be used effectively for sensitive fibers without damaging their surface morphology. Finally, the use of conductive yarns as stretch sensors was evaluated. For this purpose, small rectangular knitted patches of conductive yarns were prepared and then the change in electrical resistance values at different extension percentages (5–50%) was investigated. The constant variations in electrical resistance values at different extension and relaxation cycles for longer periods of time revealed that the conductive yarns produced have the potential to be used as stretch sensors for monitoring of vital signs in medical and sports applications.

  • 1037.
    Bashir, Tariq
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Ali, Majid
    Cho, Sung-Woo
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    OCVD polymerization of PEDOT: effect of pre-treatment steps on PEDOT-coated conductive fibers and a morphological study of PEDOT distribution on textile yarns2013In: Polymers for Advanced Technologies, ISSN 1042-7147, E-ISSN 1099-1581, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 210-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The functionalization of textile fibers with intrinsically conductive polymers has become a prominent research area throughout the world. A number of coating techniques have already been utilized and optimized to get the uniform layers of conductive polymers on the surface of different substrates. In our previous study, we produced poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT)-coated conductive fibers by employing oxidative chemical vapor deposition (oCVD) technique. This paper describes the effects of pre-treatment steps, such as surface treatment of textile fibers with organic solvents, drying of oxidant-enriched fibers at variable temperatures and time, and oxidant type on the electrical, mechanical, and thermal properties of PEDOT-coated conductive fibers. Two well-known oxidants, ferric(III)chloride and ferric(III)p-toluenesulfonate (FepTS), were studied, and then their results were compared. In order to verify the PEDOT-coated layer and, to some extent, its impregnation inside the viscose yarns, a morphological study was carried out by using the attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic imaging technique and computed tomography scanning across the obtained conductive fibers. Differential scanning calorimetric and thermogravimetric analysis were utilized to investigate the thermal properties and the contents of PEDOT in PEDOT-coated fibers. The mechanical properties of conductive fibers were evaluated by tensile strength testing of produced fibers. Effects of all of these pre-treatment steps on electrical properties were analyzed with Kiethly picoammeter. This study cannot only be exploited to improve the properties of conductive fibers but also to optimize the oCVD process for the production of conductive textile fibers by coating with different conjugated polymers.

  • 1038.
    Bashir, Tariq
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Ali, Majid
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Ramamoorthy, Sunil Kumar
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Stretch Sensing Properties of Conductive Knitted Structures of PEDOT-coated Viscose and Polyester Yarns2013In: Textile research journal, ISSN 0040-5175, E-ISSN 1746-7748, Vol. 84, no 3, p. 323-334Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wearable textile-based stretch sensors for health-care monitoring allow physiological and medical evaluation without interfering in the daily routine of the patient. In our previous work, we successfully coated viscose and polyester (PES)fibers with the conjugated polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), using a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process. In the present paper we report the possibility of producing a large quantity of PEDOT-coated conductive fibers with acceptable mechanical strength and frictional properties, so that knitted stretch sensors can be produced. In utilizing these knitted structures we have demonstrated the possibility of producing a textile-based monitoring device which is more readily integrated into wearable clothing than the previous metal-containing structures. The performance of viscose and PES knitted structures as stretch sensors has been investigated using a cyclic tester of our own design. For imitation of respiratory and joint movement, the variation in electrical properties of the knitted structures was examined at 5 to 50% elongation, and the performance of knitted viscose and PES structures was then compared on the basis of the cyclic testing results. In order to determine the effect of washing on PEDOT coatings and the knitted structures, two washing cycles were performed. After washing, the persistence of PEDOT coating on knitted structures was investigated using FT–IR spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. In the case of PES fiber, it was revealed that stretch sensing behavior persisted even after the washing cycles. These structures thus have the potential to be utilized in medical textiles for monitoring the physiological activities of patients, such as breathing rate and joint movement.

  • 1039.
    Bashir, Tariq
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Bakare, Fatimat
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Baghaei, Behnaz
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Mehrjerdi, Adib Kalantar
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Influence of different organic solvents and oxidants on insulating and film-forming properties of PEDOT polymer2013In: Iranian polymer journal, ISSN 1026-1265, E-ISSN 1735-5265, Vol. 22, no 8, p. 599-611Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Processing of conjugate polymers has always been a challenge because of their poor solubility and infusibility in organic and inorganic solvents. The processibility and applications of intrinsically conductive polymers (ICPs) can be enhanced by producing their solutions or dispersions in different suitable solvents. It can also be achieved by preparing un-doped or electrically neutral polymers, which can further be transformed in semiconductor after oxidation/reduction reaction. The present study focuses on the preparation of active dispersions of poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) conductive polymer in various organic solvents. For this purpose, the polymerization of 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) monomer was carried out in three different organic solvents, ethanol, 1-butanol and acetonitrile with two commonly used oxidants, ferric (III) chloride (FeCl3) and ferric (III) p-toluenesulfonate (FepTS). In this regard, the oxidant and monomer solutions with variable molar concentrations (0.25, 0.5, 1.0 M) were prepared in particular solvents and then these solutions were mixed with different monomer/oxidant volume ratios. The obtained dispersions of PEDOT can readily be polymerized on the surface of different materials after solvent evaporation and a uniform film can be achieved. The effect of molar as well as volume concentrations of EDOT monomer and oxidant on insulating (undoped/neutral) and film forming properties of PEDOT was investigated. These dispersions were applied on a transparent PET film and cellulosic fibers (viscose), dried at room temperature and analyzed using scanning electron microscope (SEM), optical microscope and ATR-FTIR spectroscopic analysis. The electrical characterization of undoped PEDOT-coated fibers was performed on Keithly picoammeter. This study contributes to obtain a simpler and instantaneous polymerization method of PEDOT preparation and to enhance its application area.

  • 1040.
    Bashir, Tariq
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Fast, Lars
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Electrical Resistance Measurement Methods and Electrical Characterization of Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)- Coated Conductive Fibers2012In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, ISSN 0021-8995, E-ISSN 1097-4628, Vol. 124, no 4, p. 2954-2961Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Textile fibers and yarns of high conductivity, and their integration into wearable textiles for different electronic applications, have become an important research field for many research groups throughout the world. We have produced novel electrically conductive textile yarns by vapor-phase polymerization (VPP) of a conjugated polymer, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), on the surface of commercially available textile yarns (viscose). In this article, we have presented a novel setup for electrical resistance measurements, which can be used not only for fibrous structures but also for woven structures of specific dimensions. We have reported a two-point resistance- measuring method using an already manufactured setup and also a comparison with the conventionally used method (so-called crocodile clip method). We found that the electrical properties of PEDOT-coated viscose fibers strongly depend on the concentration of oxidant (FeCl3)and the doping (oxidation) process of PEDOT. To evaluate the results, we used mass specific resistance values of PEDOT-coated viscose yarns instead of normal surface resistance values. The voltage–current (V–I) characteristics support the ohmic behavior of coated fibers to some extent. Monitoring of the charging effect of the flow of current through conductive fibers for prolonged periods of time showed that conductivity remains constant. The change in electrical resistance values with increase in the length of coated fibers was also reported. The resistance measuring setup employed could also be used for continuous measurement of resistance in the production of conductive fibers, as well as for four-point resistance measurement.

  • 1041.
    Bashir, Tariq
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Söderlöv, Erik
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Cellulosic Smart Textile Fibers based on Organic Electronics2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paradigm shift of merging structural properties of materials with other functionalities prevails and cellulose based fibres are no exception. For the realisation of so called smart materials, including smart textiles, electrical conductivity is of special importance, enabling sensorics, signal transmission, energy supply, energy generation, and actuation. We here discuss taking use of the advancement within the organic electronics community of conjugated polymeric systems producing smart textile fibres for inclusion into garment as well as interior and technical textiles. Specifically, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) known as PEDOT is studied as a model system. PEDOT has relevance being a working horse within the organic electronics community. Our emerging pilot line is based on creating conductivity by vapour polymerization of EDOT monomers on an oxidant coated textile fibre where these could be taken from arrange of materials. Here we focus on cellulose based fibres. It is shown that Tencell-Lyocell is a suitable substrate offering many  anchoring sites and that multiple depositions with layers deposited directly on each other decreased the resistance from 5.1 (± 1.6) kΩ/10 cm to 1.0 (± 0.1) kΩ/10 cm, for one layer and multiple layers respectively. Furthermore, adding 15 wt. % of the copolymer PEG-PPG-PEG to the oxidant solution decreased the resistance from 6.8 (± 1.2) kΩ/10 cm to 3.9 (± 0.8) kΩ/10 cm.

  • 1042.
    Bashir, Tariq
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Naeem, Jawad
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    FUNCTIONAL TEXTILES: Micro-porous Conductive Membranes for Bio-fuel Cell and Anti-static Air Filter Applications2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Conductive membranes are the highly demanding materials in the field of bio-fuel generation, bio-electrodes, sensors and anti-static air filter systems. The conductive membranes can effectively be utilized for above mentioned applications if they have better conductivity, lower weight, flexibility and cost effectiveness. Textile materials are extremely versatile in nature because their synergic combinations with other functional materials could be used for a wide range of applications, such as medical, sports, defence, energy generation and chemical industry. The non-woven micro-porous textile substrates can effectively be functionalized by coating them with conjugated polymers, such as PEDOT and polypyrrole. Coating with conjugated polymers not only gives better conductivity values but also maintain the lower molecular weight of the substrate material. In our research, we have prepared micro-porous conductive membranes by coating cellulosic non-woven fabrics with conductive polymer PEDOT. For coating purpose, we utilized most effective deposition technique, which is called chemical vapour deposition (CVD) process. The deposition of PEDOT by CVD process showed advantages over other conventionally used methods, such as the micro-pores were not blocked even after PEDOT deposition. The electrical characterization on produced conductive membranes was performed by using Kiethely 6000 picoammeter. The surface morphology was examined by scanning electron microscopy and structural properties were determined by ATR-FTIR analysis. In order to see the behaviour of these conductive membranes, electrochemical impedance scanning (EIS) was performed in different electrolyte solutions. The produced conductive membranes might have potential to be utilized as active electrode in bio-fuel cells and also can be used in anti-static air filter systems.

  • 1043.
    Bashir, Tariq
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Naeem, Jawad
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Functionalization of Textile Materials by Coating with Conjugated Polymers2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade, smart textiles have attracted an enormous attention of researchers and found extraordinary applications in biomedical, sports, defense, energy, and fashion industry. These textiles are able to accept the physical signals from external stimuli and then generate a reaction in the form of thermal, electrical, chemical and magnetic signals. They should be in the form of functionalized fabric or electro-active fibers. A numerous techniques for the production of electrically conductive fibers have already been developed. In this study, we have prepared relatively highly conductive fibers with better mechanical properties. For this purpose, we have functionalized the commercially available textile fibers by coating with intrinsically conductive polymer (ICP), poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT). An efficient coating technique, so called oxidative chemical vapor deposition (CVD) was utilized for making uniform, thin and highly conductive polymer layers on the surface of textile fibers. For our initial experiments, we used viscose and polyester fibers as substrate materials. After performing a series of experiments, we have optimized a number of reaction parameters at which good electro-mechanical properties of conductive fibers can be achieved. At specific reaction conditions, the conductivity level which we have attained is approximately 15 S/cm. The PEDOT coated viscose and polyester fibers were compared in order to find out the best suitable substrate material. For increasing the service life of obtained conductive fibers, a thin layer of silicon resin was applied on the surface of PEDOT coated fibers.

  • 1044.
    Bashir, Tariq
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Naeem, Jawad
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    Synthesis of electro-active membranes by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process2014In: Polymers for Advanced Technologies, ISSN 1042-7147, E-ISSN 1099-1581, Vol. 25, no 12, p. 1501-1508Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past two decades, many research is being carried out on coating of textile membranes with conductive polymers. In order to functionalize the textile membranes, coating of different intrinsically conductive polymers can be applied on these membranes through appropriate coating techniques like electrochemical polymerization, wet chemical oxidation and chemical vapor deposition(CVD. Noticeably, CVD process is one of the most suitable and environment friendly technique. In this research, microporous polyester and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) membranes were coated with conductive poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) by CVD process in the presence of ferric(III)chloride (FeCl3) used as an oxidant. Polymerization of PEDOT on the surface of membranes and pore size was examined by optical microscope and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Structural analysis investigated with ATR-FTIR, which revealed the successful deposition of PEDOT on membranes without damaging their parent structures. The amount of PEDOT in PEDOT-coated polyester and PTFE membranes was explored with the help of thermogravimeteric analysis. Electrical resistance values of PEDOT-coated membranes were measured by two probe method. The effect of different electrolyte solutions such as, distilled H2O, Na2SO4, HCl, and H2SO4 on electrical properties of produced conductive membranes was investigated after dipping for certain period of time. It was found that membranes dipped in H2SO4 show very low electrical resistance values, i.e. 0.85 kΩ for polyester membrane and 1.17 kΩ for PTFE membrane. The obtained PEDOT-coated electro-active membranes may find their possible utility in fuel cells, enzymatic fuel cells, and antistatic air filter applications.

  • 1045.
    Bashir, Tariq
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Smart Textiles: A novel concept of functionalizing textile materials2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Electrically conductive textile materials are the key components in smart and interactive textile applications. In our research, we introduced functionalities in commercially available textile substrates (fibers and fabrics) by coating them with conjugated polymer, such as poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) [1-2]. In order to get conductivities that are of use, an efficient technique, chemical vapor deposition (CVD), was used. The obtained coated fibers and fabrics exhibited good electro-mechanical properties and can be utilized for a number of electronic applications, such as stretch sensors, anti-static air filters and electrodes for bio-fuel cells.

  • 1046.
    Bashir, Tariq
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, M.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Persson, N-K.
    [external].
    Functionalization of textile yarns by coating with conjugated polymer (PEDOT) for smart textile applications2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1047.
    Bashir, Tariq
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    Electroactive textile fibers produced by coating commercially available textile fibers with conductive polymer2010In: Nordic Textile Journal, ISSN 1404-2487Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of electrically conductive fibers, exhibiting higher mechanical properties and their integration in smart and interactive textiles, has become a prominent research area throughout the world. Smart textiles have increasingly been used in medical, sports and military applications. In other words, we can say, smart textiles are going to shape our future. This paper describes our ongoing research in which, we have produced relatively highly conductive fibers by coating commercially available textile fibers (viscose, polyester) with conductive polymer, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT). A novel coating technique, called oxidative chemical vapor deposition (OCVD), was used for this purpose. Different testing and characterization techniques were then employed to investigate electrical, mechanical, thermal, and surface properties of PEDOT coated fibers. The surface modification of electrically conductive textile fibers with silicone resins is also discussed and an analysis is given to show how silicone coating enhances the mechanical as well as hydrophobic properties of coated textile fibers. The obtained PEDOT coated textile fibers showed good electrical as well as mechanical properties. From this research, we can easily select the most appropriate type of fiber according to the specific electronic application, exhibiting the required end-used properties. These conductive fibers could also be used as substrates for heat generation devices, such as solar cells, and organic fuel cells.

  • 1048.
    Bashir, Tariq
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    E-Textiles: A Synergic Combination of Conjugated Polymers and Textile Fibers2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1049.
    Bashir, Tariq
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    High-strength electrically conductive fibers: functionalization of polyamide, aramid and polyester fibers with PEDOT polymer2017In: Polymers for Advanced Technologies, ISSN 1042-7147, E-ISSN 1099-1581, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 310-318, article id 10.1002/pat.4116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, high-performance fibers such as aramid (Twaron), polyamide (PA6), polyester (PET), and hybrid Twaron/PA6 fibers were transformed into electroactive fibers by coating them with conjugated polymer, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) through vapor phase polymerization (VPP) method. The VPP is considered as an efficient technique for depositing CPs on different substrates regardless of their lower solubility in various solvents. In this paper, PEDOT-coated high-performance fibers were prepared under already optimized reaction conditions, and then a comparison between electrical, thermal, and mechanical properties of different fibers, before and after coating, was made. The obtained coated fibers were characterized through scanning electron microscope (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), 2-probe electrical resistance measurement method, and tensile testing. It was revealed that at particular reaction conditions, all high performance textile substrates were successfully converted into electroactive fibers. The voltage-current (V-I) characteristics showed that PEDOT-coated polyester fibers exhibited highest conductivity value among all other substrate fibers. The active PEDOT layers on high performance fibers could behave as an antistatic coating to minimize the risks associated with static charges at work places. Also, the obtained fibers have potential to be used as smart materials for various medical, sports, and military applications.

  • 1050.
    Bashir, Tariq
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Oxidative Chemical Vapour Deposition Polymerization of Poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) on Viscose Yarns: A Route to Conductive Textile Structures2010Conference paper (Refereed)
18192021222324 1001 - 1050 of 12080
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