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  • 1.
    Alm, Håkan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Forsgren, Olov
    Stockholm Univeristy, Sweden.
    Roos, John Magnus
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    ChatGPT a powerful assistant, when using Double-Loop Co-Design2024Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Computers can now carry out tasks, by first learning from being given examples, rather than just doing exactly what they are told, this is often referred to as Machine Learning or AI. This has given almost endless possibilities what these machines can ultimately do. At the same time, it also gives us many threats and things to worry about from a safety, security and ethical point of view and voices are raised that we should control what AI is allowed to do by laws and regulations. By applying a Double loop Co-design approach to science this paper focusses on ChatGPT and researchers experience with effectiveness and ethics related to use o this tool. 3 workshops were conducted with totally 14 participants from 5 continents. Most of the respondents are positive and excited about what Chat GPT and AI can do for us, but they are also worried. The main concerns are that AI will do the creative and fun parts of our work and that it produces false facts. In conclusion, if applying a perspective conscious view of knowledge, AI can inspire human controlled creativity and informed decision making with multi-perspective views of reality. 

    Publikationen är tillgänglig i fulltext från 2024-09-07 00:01
  • 2.
    Roos, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi. School of Business Economics and Law, Centre for Consumer Research, University of Gothenburg, Goteborg, Sweden; Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg Research Institue, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Jansson, M
    Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg Research Institue, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Garling, T
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    A three-level analysis of values related to socially responsible retirement investments2022Ingår i: Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment, ISSN 2043-0795, E-ISSN 2043-0809Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to investigate the value basis of Socially Responsible Retirement Investments (SRRI) in a study of Swedish pension investors in the age range 18 to 65 years (N=1005). Logistic regression analyses were performed with self-reported SRRI choice as dependent variable and different levels of values as independent variables. On a higher level of analyses, self-transcendent values, especially universalism (e.g., equality, protecting the environment, and social justice), have the most important influences on SRRI choice. In contrast, on a lower-level analysis, SRRI choice is influenced by self-enhancement values with high priority for authoritarian power and low priority for wealth. The three-level analysis of values (self-transcendence vs self-enhancement value orientation, motivational domain, and value) questions the contradiction between dimension poles of values and the structuring of values in interrelated motivational domains. The results thereby clarify some previous findings and increase the understanding of the value basis of SRRI.

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  • 3.
    Roos, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Sprei, Frances
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Holmberg, Ulrika
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Traits and Transports: The Effects of Personality on the Choice of Urban Transport Modes2022Ingår i: Applied Sciences, E-ISSN 2076-3417, Vol. 12, nr 3Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine the influence of personality on car driving, usage of public transport and cycling. Personality is measured through the Big Five personality traits (i.e., Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism) and Environmental personality. Data were collected through a Web-based panel of adult citizen in the city of Gothenburg, Sweden (N = 1068). Age, gender, income, children at home and residential area were used as control variables. Car driving is influenced by low degree of Openness, high degree of Conscientiousness, and low degree of Environmental personality. Usage of public transport is influenced by low degree of Conscientiousness, high degree of Agreeableness, and high degree of Environmental personality. Cycling is foremost influenced by a high degree of Environmental personality.

  • 4.
    Roos, Magnus
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi. School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg; School of Health Sciences, University of Skövde; Department of Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology.
    Mapping the Relationship Between Hedonic Capacity and Online Shopping2021Ingår i: Proceedings of Fifth International Congress on Information and Communication Technology / [ed] Xin-She Yang; R Simon Sherratt; Nilanjan Dey; Amit Joshi, Springer, 2021, s. 604-611Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study, the relationship between hedonic capacity and online shopping is explored through a Swedish nationally representative sample. A survey was distributed to 3000 citizens. The number of respondents was 1591 (response rate: 53%). Ordinal regression analyses were conducted in order to test the association between hedonic capacity and online shopping. The dependent variable was online shopping frequencies. Gender, age, and individual income were control variables. Our findings indicated that hedonic capacity was positively associated with online shopping (p < 0.001). The findings propose that online shopping primarily is triggered by emotions and affect rather than reasoning and cognition. Such insights can be used in strategical marketing and technological decisions by academy and industry, as well as in Web site design and communication. © 2021, The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

  • 5.
    Roos, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi. Division of Psychical Resource Theory, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sprei, Frances
    Division of Psychical Resource Theory, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Holmberg, Ulrika
    Centre for Consumer Research, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sociodemography, Geography, and Personality as Determinants of Car Driving and Use of Public Transportation2020Ingår i: Behavioral Sciences, E-ISSN 2076-328X, Vol. 10, nr 6Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To address the sustainability challenges related to travel behavior, technological innovations will not be enough. Behavioral changes are also called for. The aim of the present study is to examine the influence of sociodemography, geography, and personality on car driving and use of public transportation. Sociodemographic factors have been defined by age, gender, income, and education. Geographic factors have been studied through residential area (e.g., rural and urban areas). Personality has been studied through the Five-Factor-Model of personality-degree of Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism. The analysis is based on a survey with 1812 respondents, representative for the Swedish population. Regarding sociodemographic factors, car driving is explained by being male, higher age, higher income, while use of public transportation is explained by lower age and higher education. The user profile of a car driver is the opposite to that of a public transport passenger when it comes to geographic factors; urban residential area explains public transportation while rural area explains car driving. Some personality factors are also opposites; a low degree of Openness and a high degree of Extraversion explain car driving, while a high degree of Openness and a low degree of Extraversion explain use of public transportation. Moreover, car driving is explained by a low degree of Neuroticism, while use of public transportation is explained by a low degree of Conscientiousness and a high degree of Agreeableness. Since sociodemography, geography, and personality influence how people process information and evaluate market propositions (e.g., products and services), the findings presented here are useful for policymakers and transportations planners who would like to change behavior from car driving to public transportation use. Caution should be taken in interpreting the relationship between personality traits and transportation modes, since the personality traits are measured by a short scale (i.e., Big Five Inventory (BFI)-10), with limitations in the factor structure for a representative sample of the Swedish population.

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  • 6.
    Roos, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Salomonson, Nicklas
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Frances, Sprei
    Fysisk resursteori vid Chalmers tekniska högskola.
    En kollektivresa som andra2019Ingår i: Ingen kommer undan kulturen / [ed] Anders Carlander, Patrik Öhberg & Elias Mellander, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet: SOM-institutet , 2019, s. 129-142Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhället ska säkerställa att personer med funktionsnedsättning får tillgång till transporter på lika villkor som andra. I detta kapitel jämförs personer med omfattande funktionsnedsättning och den övriga befolkningen i två Västsvenska kommuner (Göteborg och Kungsbacka) avseende hur ofta de använder kollektivtrafik och deras attityder till den. Samtidigt som den Västsvenska SOM-undersökningen distribuerades 2018 så skickades en enkät till samtliga personer i de två kommunerna som hade personlig assistans för grundläggande behov minst 20 timmar i veckan. Resultaten visar att personer med omfattande funktionsnedsättning använder kollektivtrafiken mindre frekvent än övriga befolkningen. De saknar i högre grad också uppfattning om kollektivtrafiken. Jämfört med befolkningen i övrigt anser fler personer med omfattande funktionsnedsättning att kollektivtrafiken inte är ett rimligt alternativ i deras vardag samt att de blir sämre bemötta av kollektivtrafikens personal. För att göra kollektivtrafiken mer inkluderande är det därför viktigt att undanröja hinder relaterade till personalens bemötande och inte enbart fokusera på tillgängligheten av vägar och fordon.

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    En kollektivresa som andra
1 - 6 av 6
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