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  • 1.
    Malmgren De Oliveira, Stefanie
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    On seeing: in fashion design2016Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In fashion design, the designer strives for the development of ideas in view of significant visual goals. The process of specifying and developing ideas is a highly visual process. Based on what has been ‘seen’ as for example in a reference material or in explorations, designers define possible tracks to follow, decide which ideas to deepen or which ones to reject. Their activities can thus be described as a process of seeing.

    There is nothing novel about the importance of seeing as an act in the design process; on the contrary, seeing, is usually an intuitive act that any designer explicates throughout the process of shaping his/her vision. However, the systematisation of seeing in the design process in order to advance ways of working in the field of fashion design is still very much an area that is open for further research.

    In this thesis, possible ways of seeing are explored through experiments in different stages of the design process. Based on an image serving as a point of departure, seen elements were derived and put in relation to a body in a two-dimensional photographic sketching stage, in accordance with different ideas of dress. Selected ideas were then further elaborated and explored in terms of their design possibilities.

    The results of the experiments are propositions of design ideas that have been ‘seen’ in a single sketch or a series of sketches. The contribution of this licentiate thesis are: 1) A thorough mapping of two design stages (point of departure and two-dimensional sketching stage), and how they provide a deeper understanding of the design process, leading to 2) an improved sensibility with regard to design possibilities, their value and developments, and finally 3) the establishing of a methodology with which to discern the composition of a visual language/vision in fashion design based on ‘seeing’.

    The act of seeing is presented as the fundamental tool of designing for shaping a vision. By delving into the systematisation of the notion of seeing in a fashion design process, a methodology of seeing is introduced, which aims to enhance the possible ways of visualisation when designing.

  • 2.
    Manfredsson, Peter
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Textile Management enabled by lean thinking2016Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Reports from the European Commission point out a difficult financial landscape and competitive mar-ket for textile companies. Increased competition from low-wage countries is one cause. This has forced changes to both the companies’ structure and the supply chain, like off-shoring and outsourcing of manufacturing activities. The new structure means that companies have to address efficiency in areas like support processes and development. To address this, other industry sectors, such as automo-tive, have explored and implemented lean. Research confirms that organizations can increase perfor-mance by introducing lean. However both in the textile sector and generally in settings outside manu-facturing several researchers have identified research gaps, both in terms of administrative applications and how employees are affected. These gaps are explored in three different research questions support-ing the following main purpose:

    To explore how lean principles and methods, from a textile management perspective, can benefit tex-tile companies

    The research methodology aligns to an abductive research approach, merging theory and real-life ob-servation throughout the project. This approach also supports a close connection between theory-building and practice development. The empirical data, from which the analysis and conclusions are made, is gathered in four appended papers. Two of them use a case study methodology, one a single case study approach and one a multiple-case study approach, respectively. The two other papers use an action research approach. The research quality has been demonstrated mainly by addressing issues related to research bias and reactivity, two key areas in qualitative research.

    Concluding the results shows that lean can serve as an enabler for the textile sector, applied in a textile management context. The research provides useful insights of effects due to lean intervention and also adds to the lean research body beyond a manufacturing context. From a managerial implications stand-point the research supports companies regarding both how to apply lean outside production and what effects that it can result in. It can also serve as a guideline at a strategy level on how to achieve busi-ness improvement. Future research is needed at system level with a scope of an entire company, since this research has explored lean at a minor scale. Also conflicting findings connected to changed work-related stress levels were found regarding the employee perspective. This needs to be explored further to understand how possibly increased stress can be reduced or eliminated.

  • 3.
    Saadatmand, Fatemeh
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Shared Platform Coopetition: The Paradoxical Tension between Stabilized Cooperation and Intensified Competition2016Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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