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  • 1.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Lundberg, Lars
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality during CPR practice versus during a simulated life-saving event.2018In: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, ISSN 1080-3548, E-ISSN 2376-9130, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 652-655Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: As a part of the emergency medical services, the Swedish fire brigade can increase the survival rate in out-of-hospital cardiac arrests.

    AIM: To compare the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performed by firefighters at a routine CPR practice versus when involved in a simulated life-saving event.

    METHODS: In this study, 80 firefighters divided into two groups performed CPR according to guidelines: one group indoors during a routine training session; the other group outdoors during a smoke diving exercise wearing personal protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data.

    RESULTS: The results showed a tendency for the outdoor group to perform CPR with better ventilation and compression quality, as compared to the indoor group. The ventilation of the manikin was not hampered by the firefighters wearing personal protective clothes and self-contained breathing apparatus, as the Swedish firefighters remove their facial mask and ventilate the patient with their mouth using a pocket mask.

    CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the results in both groups showed a high quality of CPR which can be related to the fire brigade training and education traditions. CPR training is regularly performed, which in turn helps to maintain CPR skills.

  • 2.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University .
    Lundberg, Lars
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Simulation as a means to develop firefighters as emergency care professionals.2018In: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, ISSN 1080-3548, E-ISSN 2376-9130, p. 1-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the simulated emergency care performed by firefighters and their perception of simulation as an educational method.

    METHODS: This study had a mixed method with both a quantitative and a qualitative approach. Data were collected by simulation assessment, a questionnaire, and written comments. Descriptive analysis was conducted on the quantitative data whereas a qualitative content analysis was conducted on the qualitative data. Finally, a contingent analysis was used where a synthesis configured both the quantitative and the qualitative results into a narrative result.

    RESULTS: The cognitive workload that firefighters face during simulated emergency care is crucial for learning. In this study, the severity and complexity of the scenarios provided were higher than expected by the firefighters. Clearly stated conditions for the simulation and constructive feedback were considered positive for learning. Patient actors induced realism in the scenario, increasing the experience of stress, in comparison to a manikin.

    CONCLUSION: To simulate in a realistic on-scene environment increases firefighters' cognitive ability to critically analyze problems and manage emergency care. Simulation of emergency care developed the firefighters as professionals.

  • 3.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University.
    Lundberg, Lars
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Trauma Simulation in Prehospital Emergency Care.2018In: Journal of trauma nursing : the official journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses, ISSN 1078-7496, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 201-204Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Well-educated ambulance staff is a prerequisite for high-quality prehospital trauma care. The aim of this study was to examine how nurses in the ambulance service experienced participation in trauma simulation. Sixty-one nurses, working in an emergency ambulance service, performed simulated trauma care on four different occasions and afterward rated three statements on a 5-point Likert scale. A descriptive and inferential analysis was conducted. There are statistically significant increases between the pre- and posttests regarding all three statements: "I think simulation of severe trauma with manikins is realistic" (0.23 or 6% increase), "Simulation is a suitable method for learning severe trauma care" (1.3 or 38% increase), and "I am comfortable in the situation learning severe trauma care through simulation" (0.74 or 19% increase). With the experience of realism in simulation, participants become more motivated to learn and prepare for future events. If the participants instead feel uncomfortable during simulation training, they focus on their own feelings instead of learning. In a realistic simulated environment, participants are prepared to understand and manage the emergency care situation in clinical work. Participants learn during simulation when they are outside their comfort zone but without being uncomfortable or experiencing anxiety.

  • 4.
    Aghajani, M
    et al.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Babol Noushirvani University of Technology.
    Rahimpour, A
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Babol Noushirvani University of Technology.
    Amani, H
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Babol Noushirvani University of Technology.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Rhamnolipid as new bio-agent for cleaning of ultrafiltration membrane fouled by whey2018In: Engineering in Life Sciences, ISSN 1618-0240, E-ISSN 1618-2863, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 272-280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, rhamnolipid biosurfactant as an eco-friendly and biodegradable cleaning agent was produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria and was used to evaluate the chemical cleaning efficiency of whey fouled ultrafiltration membranes. Thin layer chromatography (TLC) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) confirmed the successful synthesis of rhamnolipid. The produced rhamnolipid was compared to chemical cleaners including sodium hydroxide (NaOH), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and Tween 20. Ultrafiltration membranes used for fouling and cleaning analysis were prepared using phase inversion via immersion precipitation technique. For studying the fouling mechanisms, Hermia's model adapted to cross-flow was used. From the fouling mechanism experiments, it was found that the complete blocking and cake formation were the dominant fouling mechanisms. The highest values of cleaning efficiency were achieved using rhamnolipid and NaOH as cleaning agents with the flux recovery of 100%, but with considering the low concentration of the rhamnolipid used in the cleaning solution compared to NaOH (0.3 versus 4 g/L for NaOH), its application is preferred. 

  • 5.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. ENSAIT/GEMTEX.
    Campagne, Christine
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Koehl, Ludovic
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Development and characterisation of secured traceability tag for textile products by printing process2018In: The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, ISSN 0268-3768, E-ISSN 1433-3015Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Product security is one of the major concerns in the textile industry. Every year, fashion brands suffer significant loss due to counterfeit products. Addressing this, the paper introduces a secured tag for traceability and security of textile products. The proposed tag is unclonable, which can be manufactured using conventional screen-printing process. Further, it can be read using a smartphone camera to authenticate the product and trace its history. Consequently, imparting additional functionality to the textile through surface modification. To validate its applicability, the study experimentally investigates the durability and readability of the developed secured tag using three different binders on polyester and cotton textiles substrates. A comparison is presented with an in-depth analysis of surfaces and binders interaction at different stages of the secured tag lifecycle, i.e. before print, after print, after wash and after abrasion cycles. The methodology and findings of the study can also be useful for other manufacturing domains dealing with the printing process.

  • 6.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Koehl, Ludovic
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    Campagne, Christine
    ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
    A secured tag for implementation of traceability in textile and clothing supply chain2018In: The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, ISSN 0268-3768, E-ISSN 1433-3015Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Textile and clothing industry is one of the oldest manufacturing industries and is a major contributor in the economic growth of developing countries. However, from past few decades, it has been criticised for its opaque, unsecured and untraceable nature of supply chain. Addressing these challenges, the paper proposes a system approach to introduce an item-centric secured traceability concept to monitor and control manufacturing processes and supply chain activities. In order to implement such secured traceability system, the paper describes the process for manufacturing, encoding and validating an innovative two-factor secured tag based on particle randomness that is printed on the surface of textile. Being micro-sized, the particles are easy to read and validate with pattern recognition. Further, as achieved through an uncontrolled manufacturing process, the randomness is unclonable to produce counterfeit tags. Furthermore, a sequence of experimental analyses has been conducted using various simulated scenarios to verify its applicability. A secured tag can be a low-cost and durable substitute for detachable, unsecured identifiers commercially available in the market.

  • 7.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Bredda rekryteringen till kyrkans utbildningar2018In: Kyrkans tidning, ISSN 1651-405X, Vol. 16, p. 33-33Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT. Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Aldrin, Emilia
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Hur förmedlas kristendomen i läromedelstexter för gymnasieskolan?: En ideologikritisk analys2018In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, Vol. 2, p. 23-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at investigating how the image of the religion of Christianity is constructed in Swedish textbooks for the Upper Secondary School (gymnasieskolan), with a specific focus on the perspective from which the text considers the religion and how this perspective creates possibilities for and limitations of pupils’ identification. Introductions of Christianity through text and images were selected from six current textbooks; five printed and one digital. The method used for analysis was ideological text criticism with a combination of Linguistic and Theological perspectives. Three aspects were highlighted in the analysis: interest making strategies, demands of previous knowledge, and subject perspectives. The study showed that the examined texts did not express Christianity as the cultural norm as considered in previous research. Instead there seemed to be an ambivalence in the perspective from which the textbooks considered the religion. Demands of previous knowledge as well as subject positions varied highly both within and between textbooks.

  • 9.
    Allan, Julie
    et al.
    University of Birmingham, UK.
    Persson, Elisabeth
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Social capital and trust for inclusion in school and society2018In: Education, Citizenship and Social Justice, ISSN 1746-1979, E-ISSN 1746-1987Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on the outcomes for students who experienced a strongly inclusive learning environment as a means for all to succeed. This Swedish lower secondary school dramatically improved its results, and the article reports the outcomes from the students’ perspectives. Social capital, with its emphasis on relationships, was used to structure interviews with students who had since moved on to high schools across Sweden and was also used to analyse the interview data. Two elements of social capital that appeared to be strongly associated with the students’ success – trust and confidence – are discussed in depth. The article concludes with a consideration of the significance of the role of schools in cultivating trust and the risks associated with schools ignoring this obligation.

  • 10.
    Andersson, Elin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Bohlin, Linda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sundler, Annelie Johansson
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Fekete, Zoltán
    Andersson Hagiwara, Magnus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Prehospital Identification of Patients with a Final Hospital Diagnosis of Stroke.2018In: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, ISSN 1049-023X, E-ISSN 1945-1938, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction the early phase of stroke, minutes are critical. Since the majority of patients with stroke are transported by the Emergency Medical Service (EMS), the early handling and decision making by the EMS clinician is important. Problem The study aim was to evaluate the frequency of a documented suspicion of stroke by the EMS nurse, and to investigate differences in the clinical signs of stroke and clinical assessment in the prehospital setting among patients with regard to if there was a documented suspicion of stroke on EMS arrival or not, in patients with a final hospital diagnosis of stroke.

    METHODS: The study had a retrospective observational design. Data were collected from reports on patients who were transported by the EMS and had a final diagnosis of stroke at a single hospital in western Sweden (630 beds) in 2015. The data sources were hospital and prehospital medical journals.

    RESULTS: In total, 454 patients were included. Among them, the EMS clinician suspected stroke in 52%. The findings and documentation on patients with a suspected stroke differed from the remaining patients as follows: a) More frequently documented symptoms from the face, legs/arms, and speech; b) More frequently assessments of neurology, face, arms/legs, speech, and eyes; c) More frequently addressed the major complaint with regard to time and place of onset, duration, localization, and radiation; d) Less frequently documented symptoms of headache, vertigo, and nausea; and e) More frequently had an electrocardiogram (ECG) recorded and plasma glucose sampled. In addition to the 52% of patients who had a documented initial suspicion of stroke, seven percent of the patients had an initial suspicion of transitory ischemic attack (TIA) by the EMS clinician, and a neurologist was approached in another 10%.

    CONCLUSION: Among 454 patients with a final diagnosis of stroke who were transported by the EMS, an initial suspicion of stroke was not documented in one-half of the cases. These patients differed from those in whom a suspicion of stroke was documented in terms of limited clinical signs of stroke, a less extensive clinical assessment, and fewer clinical investigations. Andersson E , Bohlin L , Herlitz J , Sundler AJ , Fekete Z , Andersson Hagiwara M . Prehospital identification of patients with a final hospital diagnosis of stroke.

  • 11.
    Andersson Hagiwara, Magnus
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Wireklint Sundström, Birgitta
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Brink, P
    Högskolan väst.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Hansson, P-O
    University of Gothenburg.
    A shorter system delay for haemorrhagic stroke than ischaemic stroke among patients who use emergency medical service.2018In: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6314, E-ISSN 1600-0404Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: We compare various aspects in the early chain of care among patients with haemorrhagic stroke and ischaemic stroke.

    MATERIALS & METHODS: The Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and nine emergency hospitals, each with a stroke unit, were included. All patients hospitalised with a first and a final diagnosis of stroke between 15 December 2010 and 15 April 2011 were included. The primary endpoint was the system delay (from call to the EMS until diagnosis). Secondary endpoints were: (i) use of the EMS, (ii) delay from symptom onset until call to the EMS; (iii) priority at the dispatch centre; (iv) priority by the EMS; and (v) suspicion of stroke by the EMS nurse and physician on admission to hospital.

    RESULTS: Of 1336 patients, 172 (13%) had a haemorrhagic stroke. The delay from call to the EMS until diagnosis was significantly shorter in haemorrhagic stroke. The patient's decision time was significantly shorter in haemorrhagic stroke. The priority level at the dispatch centre did not differ between the two groups, whereas the EMS nurse gave a significantly higher priority to patients with haemorrhage. There was no significant difference between groups with regard to the suspicion of stroke either by the EMS nurse or by the physician on admission to hospital.

    CONCLUSIONS: Patients with a haemorrhagic stroke differed from other stroke patients with a more frequent and rapid activation of EMS.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Axelsson, Christer
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Larsson, Anna
    Bremer, Anders
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Bång, Angela
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Ljungström, Lars
    The early chain of care in bacteraemia patients: Early suspicion, treatment and survivalin prehospital emergency care2018In: American Journal of Emergency Medicine, ISSN 0735-6757, E-ISSN 1532-8171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Bacteraemia is a first stage for patients risking conditions such as septic shock. The primary aim ofthis study is to describe factors in the early chain of care in bacteraemia, factors associated with increased chanceof survival during the subsequent 28 days after admission to hospital. Furthermore, the long-term outcome wasassessed.

    Methods: This study has a quantitative design based on data fromEmergencyMedical Services (EMS) and hospitalrecords.

    Results: In all, 961 patients were included in the study. Of these patients, 13.5% died during the first 28 days. TheEMS was more frequently used by non-survivors. Among patients who used the EMS, the suspicion of sepsis alreadyon scene was more frequent in survivors. Similarly, EMS personnel noted the ESS code “fever, infection”more frequently for survivors upon arriving on scene. The delay time fromcall to the EMS and admission to hospitaluntil start of antibiotics was similar in survivors and non-survivors. The five-year mortality rate was 50.8%.Five-year mortalitywas 62.6% among those who used the EMS and 29.5% among those who did not (p b 0.0001).

    Conclusion: This study shows that among patientswith bacteraemiawho used the EMS, an early suspicion of sepsisor fever/infection was associated with improved early survival whereas the delay time from call to the EMSand admission to hospital until start of treatment with antibiotics was not. 50.8% of all patients were deadafter five years.

  • 13.
    Andreasson, Jörgen
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Ljungar, Erik
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Linda, Ahlstrom
    The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
    Jonas, Hermansson
    Angered Hospital.
    Dellve, Lotta
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Professional Bureaucracy and Health Care Managers’ Planned Change Strategies: Governance in Swedish Health Care2018In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 23-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To increase efficiency and quality, process development has been implemented in many Swedish hospitals. These hospitals are usually organized as professional bureaucracies in which health care managers have limited decision control. The new governance principles has been implemented without removing bureaucratic elements. This study analyzes how managers implement planned change in these professional bureaucracies, considering if managers coaching style, organizational preconditions, implementation strategy, appraisal of change and clinic autonomy, is associated with health care process quality (HPQ). The study is based on interviews with health care managers and longitudinal assessments of HPQ. The results revealed significant differences between coaching style, organizational preconditions, and HPQ over time. The conclusion is that leadership and preconditions is of importance for the health care manager’s ability to work with planned change, as that the health care managers understand how management methods, governance principles, and professional bureaucracies work in practice.

  • 14.
    Angervall, Petra
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    The Exploitation of Academic Work: Women in Teaching at Swedish Universities2018In: Higher Education Policy, ISSN 0952-8733, E-ISSN 1740-3863, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study concerns some of the implications of the increasing commodification of the higher education sector. It tries to highlight how higher education institutions have developed in the late 2000s through the reform path that was introduced to transform programmes and employees into marketable products. New forms of governance that change institutional contexts and concrete practices accompany this change. Based on interviews with a group of female academic lecturers and teachers, we look in particular at how the work structure is organized and practised at Swedish universities. The results illustrate a greater division of labour and a fragmentation of academic work that can be explained by recent developments. More specifically, it appears as if female academics in teaching-intensive departments do work that serves the interests of others (often men), foremost in areas and practices such as research.

  • 15.
    Angervall, Petra
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT. University of Gothenburg.
    The Exploitation of Academic Work: Women in Teaching at Swedish Universities2018In: Higher Education Policy, ISSN 0952-8733, E-ISSN 1740-3863Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study concerns some of the implications of the increasing commodification of the higher education sector. It tries to highlight how higher education institutions have developed in the late 2000s through the reform path that was introduced to transform programmes and employees into marketable products. New forms of governance that change institutional contexts and concrete practices accompany this change. Based on interviews with a group of female academic lecturers and teachers, we look in particular at how the work structure is organized and practised at Swedish universities. The results illustrate a greater division of labour and a fragmentation of academic work that can be explained by recent developments. More specifically, it appears as if female academics in teaching-intensive departments do work that serves the interests of others (often men), foremost in areas and practices such as research.

  • 16.
    Angervall, Petra
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Gustafsson, Jan
    Högskolan Väst.
    Silfver, Eva
    Umeå Universitet.
    Academic Career: On institutions, social capital and gender2018In: Higher Education Research and Development, ISSN 0729-4360, E-ISSN 1469-8366, Vol. 37, no 6, p. 1095-1108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During decades of change in the Western higher education sector, new ways of understanding academic work have reinforced notions of the impact of social capital. The present study investigates researchers’ experiences of their own career making within two areas of Education Sciences in Swedish higher education: Childhood Studies (CS) and Science Education (SE). The structure at the CS departments is collaborative and integrated; teaching and research are seen as an entity. This structure creates a coherent career path where members of the collective group jointly produce and accumulate social capital; it also appears to be related to discourses of femininity. In the SE departments, the career structure is strategic and differentiated; the two career paths work in parallel through a differentiation between teaching and research. This appears to be related to discourses of masculinity. In conclusion, our analysis shows how social capital and gender mutually create different ways of doing an academic career.

  • 17.
    Arja, Mina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Akbar Mirzaei, Ali
    University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan 98135-674, Iran.
    Mahmood Davarpanah, Abdol
    University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan 98135-674, Iran.
    Masoud Barakati, Seyed
    University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan 98135-674, Iran.
    Mohsenzadeh, Abas
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Atashi, Hossein
    University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan 98135-674, Iran.
    Bolton, Kim
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    DFT studies of hydrocarbon combustion on metal surfaces2018In: Journal of Molecular Modeling, ISSN 1610-2940, E-ISSN 0948-5023, Vol. 24, p. 47-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 18. Asadollahzadeh, Mohammadtaghi
    et al.
    Ghasemian, Ali
    Saraeian, Ahmadreza
    Resalati, Hossein
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Production of Fungal Biomass Protein by Filamentous Fungi Cultivation on Liquid Waste Streams from Pulping Process2018In: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 5013-5031Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to convert the spent liquors obtained from acidic sulfite and neutral sulfite semi-chemical (NSSC) pulping processes into protein-rich fungal biomass. Three filamentous fungi, Aspergillus oryzae, Mucor indicus, and Rhizopus oryzae, were cultivated on the diluted spent liquors in an airlift bioreactor with airflow of 0.85 vvm at 35 degrees C and pH 5.5. Maximum values of 10.17 g, 6.14 g, and 5.47 g of biomass per liter of spent liquor were achieved in the cultivation of A. oryzae, M. indicus, and R. oryzae on the spent sulfite liquor (SSL) diluted to 60%, respectively, while A. oryzae cultivation on the spent NSSC liquor (SNL) diluted to 50% resulted in the production of 3.27 g biomass per liter SNL. The fungal biomasses contained 407 g to 477 g of protein, 31 g to 114 g of fat, 56 g to 89 g of ash, and 297 g to 384 g of alkali-insoluble material (AIM) per kg of dry biomass. The amino acids, fatty acids, and mineral elements composition of the fungal biomasses corresponded to the composition of commercial protein sources especially soybean meal. Among the fungi examined, A. oryzae showed better performance to produce protein-rich fungal biomass during cultivation in the spent liquors.

  • 19.
    Astiani, D.
    et al.
    Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Tanjungpura.
    Curran, L. M.
    Burhanuddin,
    Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Tanjungpura.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Mujiman,
    Lembaga Landscape Livelihood Indonesia Pontianak.
    Hatta, M.
    Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Tanjungpura.
    Pamungkas, W.
    Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Tanjungpura.
    Gusmayanti, Evi
    Lembaga Landscape Livelihood Indonesia Pontianak.
    Fire-Driven Biomass And Peat Carbon Losses And Post-Fire Soil Co2 Emission In A West Kalimantan Peatland Forest2018In: Journal of Tropical Forest Science, ISSN 0128-1283, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 570-575Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Indonesian peatland forest is considered a huge sink of tropical carbon and thereby make significant contribution to global terrestrial carbon storage. However, landcover and landuse changes in this ecosystem have incurred a synergistic exposure to drought and wildfires. Deforestation and forest degradation through combustion and decomposition of forest biomass and soil carbon have become global issues because of their greenhouse gas contribution to global climate change. Thus fire-driven carbon losses in these peatlands have increased the need to evaluate the impacts of fire at a landscape scale. In 6-10 week dry periods from January to April 2014 and in January 2015, wildfires burnt peatland forest in Kubu Raya, West Kalimantan province (Indonesian Borneo). An assessment was conducted to provide more reliable estimates of the effects of fire on aboveground and soil carbon losses and their dynamics in the coastal peatlands of the province. Carbon loss from combustion of both aboveground biomass and peat soil was substantial. Moreover, CO2 emission from soil respiration at the burnt peat surface increased 46% over the first 9 months after the fire. This study clearly showed the magnitude of fire-driven carbon loss and the scale of CO2 emission to the atmosphere arising from fire in tropical peatland forest.

  • 20. Backlund, Per
    et al.
    Maurin Söderholm, Hanna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Engström, Henrik
    Andersson Hagiwara, Magnus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lebram, Mikael
    Breaking Out of the Bubble Putting Simulation Into Context to Increase Immersion and Performance2018In: Simulation & Gaming, article id 1046878118772612Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Simulation based training with full-size mannequins is a prominent means of training within the healthcare sector. Prehospital missions include all parts of the healthcare process which take place before a patient is handed over to the receiving hospital. This implies that the context for prehospital care is varied and potentially challenging or dangerous in several ways. In this article we present a study which explores immersion and performance by emergency medical services (EMS) professionals in in a training situation which takes the specifics of prehospital interventions into account.

    Methods: The study was carried out as a field experiment at an ambulance unit. The experiment was designed to compare the differences between two types of medical scenarios: basic and contextualized. We analyzed the levels of immersion throughout the scenarios and then team performance was evaluated by independent experts. Both analyses were made by observing video recordings from multiple camera angles with a custom made analysis tool.

    Results: Our results show that the contextualization of a medical scenario increases both immersion as measured by the Immersion Score Rating Instrument (ISRI) and team performance as measured by the Global Rating Scale (GRS). The overall ISRI score was higher in the contextualized condition as compared to the basic condition, with an average team wise difference of 2.94 (sd = 1.45). This difference is significant using a paired, two-tailed t-test (p<.001). The GRS score was higher for overall clinical performance in the contextualized scenario with an average team wise difference of 0.83 (sd = 0.83, p=.005).Conclusions. Full-size mannequin simulation based training for EMS professionals may be enhanced by contextualizing the medical scenarios. The main benefits are that the contextualized scenarios better take prehospital medical challenges into account and allow participants to perform better.

  • 21.
    Baldwin, Richard
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Apelgren, Britt-Marie
    University of Gothenburg.
    Can Do and Cannot Do – CEFR inspired examination and assessment in a Swedish higher education context2018In: Apples - Journal of Applied Language Studies., ISSN 1457-9863, Vol. 12, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus in this paper is on the introduction and implementation of learning outcomes based on the descriptors in the Common European Framework of References for Languages (CEFR). It discusses reaction to the introduction by teacher educators as well as the influence on teacher assessment practice in courses for prospective teachers of English as a foreign language. The paper presents some of the results from a case study concerning changes made in connection with the Bologna process in a department of education within a university college in Sweden. The results show that the adoption of the CEFR descriptors was contested and had a minimal influence on assessment practice. The aim of the paper is to explore possible reasons for the lack of influence, something that was not developed fully in the original case study.

  • 22.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Die auswirkungen individualisierender tendensen im swedischen bildungssystem: Eine meta-etnographie2018In: Zeitschrift für Pädagogik, ISSN 0044-3247, Vol. 64, no 2, p. 198-214, article id 267300Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on a meta-analysis of ethnographic research about the impacts of individualisation policies in Swedish schools and higher education, this paper examines issues of inclusion and social class in the Swedish education system. After an introduction into changes in the Swedish education system and the method of meta-ethnography, we will characterise the meta-ethnographical analysis undertaken and present a discussion of its results. Tensions between claims of educational inclusion and tendencies of individualisation and privatisation are identified. Specific attention is drawn to issues of social class due to a further un-evening in the education system as a result of individualisation.

  • 23.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Die auswirkungen individualisierender tendensen im swedischen bildungssystem: Eine meta-etnographie2018In: Zeitschrift für Pädagogik, ISSN 0044-3247Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    From, Tuuli
    University of Helsinki.
    Johansson, Monica
    University of Gothenburg.
    Öhrn, Elisabet
    University of Gothenburg.
    Educational and spatial justice in rural and urban areas in three Nordic countries: a meta-ethnographic analysis2018In: Education Inquiry, ISSN 2000-4508, E-ISSN 2000-4508Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is based on a meta-ethnographic analysis of educational research from rural and urban areas in Finland, Norway and Sweden following the reorganisation of educational supply there in line with market policies. Edward Soja’s concept of spatial justice shapes the analysis. Using meta-ethnography, we try to present a contextualising narrative account of spatial justice and injustice in the education systems in the three countries. Thirty-one Nordic ethnographic publications (a mix of monographs, book chapters and articles) have been used in the meta-analysis. Just over half of them come from Sweden, and most are from urban education studies. The other half are relatively evenly divided between Norway and Finland. All were published between 2000 and 2017. Sweden represents an extreme position in relation to the new politics of education markets. Its promotion of school choice and schools-for-profit has attracted significant attention from ethnographic researchers in recent decades and is given particular attention in the article.

  • 25.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Johansson, Monica
    University of Gothenburg.
    Öhrn, Elisabet
    University of Gothenburg.
    Rönnlund, Maria
    University of Umeå.
    Rosvall, Per-Åke
    University of Umeå.
    Rurality and education relations: Metro-centricity and local values in rural communities and schools2018In: European Educational Research Journal (online), ISSN 1474-9041, E-ISSN 1474-9041Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on ethnographic fieldwork in six different types of rural area and their schools in different parts of Sweden, this article identifies how rural schools relate to the local place and discusses some of the educational implications from this. Recurrent references to the local community were present in some schools and people there explicitly positioned themselves in the local rural context and valorised rurality positively in education exchanges, content and interactions, with positive effects on young people’s experiences of participation and inclusion. These factors tended to occur in sparsely populated areas. An emphasis on nature and its value as materially vital in people’s lives was present as was a critique of middle-class metrocentricity. Such values and critique seemed to be absent in other areas, where rurality was instead often represented along the metrocentric lines of a residual space in modernizing societies.

  • 26.
    Bergmann, Helena
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Translation as Deradicalisation:: On the Transforming of Mary Hays's Memoirs of Emma Courtney into French2018In: Romantik: Journal for the Study of Romanticisms, ISSN 2245-599X, E-ISSN 2246-2945, ISSN 2245-599X, Vol. 6, no 11, p. 83-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article concerns the translation of a feministic radical English text into a French work with a significantly more traditional ideal of womanhood.

  • 27.
    Bergnehr, Disa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Children’s influence on wellbeing and acculturative stress in refugee families.2018In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 13, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper examines intergenerational, interdependent and contextual aspects of wellbeing and acculturative stress in refugee families during resettlement. Particular focus is placed on how children influence their parents. 

    Method: The study is based on interviews with and diary notes from Middle Eastern parents and children residing in Sweden. 

    Results: Analyzes of the narratives show how the direct and indirect influence of the child affects the parents in both negative and positive ways. Acculturative stress follows from unexpected and undesired migration outcomes, such as parent–child conflicts and low school achievement. Such strains add to other hardships refugee families face, for instance, unemployment, welfare dependence, poor housing, and insufficient mastery of the majority language. However, acculturative stress can be alleviated by the children’s educational success, and reciprocal practices of love and caring including helping out with chores and supporting each other in different ways. 

    Conclusions: Children's agency has significant effects on parents’ wellbeing, as wellbeing is accomplished in and through relationships with others.

  • 28.
    Bergnehr, Disa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Cekaite, Asta
    Linköpings universitet.
    Adult-initiated touch and its functions at a Swedish preschool: Controlling, affectionate, assisting and educative haptic conduct.2018In: International Journal of Early Years Education, ISSN 0966-9760, E-ISSN 1469-8463, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 312-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examines adult–child touch and its functions in a Swedish preschool (for 1 to 5-year-old children). The data are naturalistic observations and video-recorded data of everyday preschool activities. The study describes the frequently occurring functions of educators’ haptic conduct (control, affectionate, affectionate-control, assisting and educative touch), discussing them in relation to the children's age, gender and type of the preschool activity. It reveals the complexity of touch, demonstrating that physical contact is used for a variety of purposes in the educators’ daily work. The educators employed touch without force, and the children did not respond with explicit and forceful resistance (such as pushing back or otherwise protesting). Adult-initiated haptic behaviour served a continuum of social purposes – from social–relational work, such as establishing and building affectively positive, caring, social relations, to practical and educative organisational efforts to manage the complex and busy preschool life. The distribution of adult–child touch categories brings attention to the bodily aspects of the early childhood educational setting and highlights some of the ways in which the requirements of the Swedish curriculum for Preschool and its focus on educare are actualised in the educators’ embodied conduct.

  • 29.
    Bergström, Mattias
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Schmidbauer, Simon
    Lund University.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Rawshani, Araz
    University of Gothenburg.
    Friberg, Hans
    Lund University.
    Pulseless electrical activity is associated with improved survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with initial non-shockable rhythm.2018In: Resuscitation, ISSN 0300-9572, E-ISSN 1873-1570, Vol. 133, p. 147-152, article id S0300-9572(18)31010-4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence, baseline characteristics and factors associated with survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with initial non-shockable rhythm sub-grouped into pulseless electrical activity (PEA) and asystole as presenting rhythm.

    METHODS: The Swedish Registry of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is a prospectively recorded nationwide registry of modified Utstein parameters, including all patients with attempted resuscitation after OHCA. Data between 1990-2016 were analyzed.

    RESULTS: After exclusions, the study population consisted of 48,707 patients presenting with either PEA or asystole. The proportion of PEA increased from 12% to 22% during the study period with a fivefold increase in 30-day survival reaching 4.9%. Survival in asystole showed a modest increase from 0.6% to 1.3%. In the multivariable analysis, PEA was independently associated with survival at 30 days (OR 1.54, 95% CI 1.26-1.88).

    CONCLUSION: Between 1990 and 2016, the proportion of PEA as the first recorded rhythm doubled with a five-fold increase in 30-day survival, while survival among patients with asystole remained at low levels. PEA and asystole should be considered separate entities in clinical decision-making and be reported separately in observational studies and clinical trials.

  • 30.
    Biswas, Tuser
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Infirri, Rosalinda Sardo
    Hagman, Susanna
    Berglin, Lena
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    An assistive sleeping bag for children with autism spectrum disorder2018In: Fashion and Textiles, ISSN 2198-0802, Vol. 5, no 1, article id 18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children suffering from autism spectrum disorder are often reported to encounter sleeping disorder several causes such as hypersensitivity as a result of irregular brain and muscle functions. Disturbance in sleep affects not only their health but also daytime activities including the risk of other cognitive and behavioral impairments. Such hindrance in sleep has been demonstrated to treat therapeutically by measures like the application of deep pressure touch and full body vibration which can be beneficially integrated into the sleeping environment such as on the textile-based platform around the bed. With such a vision, this pilot design project aimed to develop a smart textile based sleeping bag incorporated with sensors to detect awakening stage of the child and thereby actuating stimuli for assuaging the child to fall asleep. To serve the purpose, a micro-controllable body movement detection sensor, based on conductive yarns connected to a vibrating motor was prosperously embedded at the interior of the sleeping bag along with weighted slots to exert deep touch and soothing sensation in the form of wearable technology.

  • 31.
    Bátori, Veronika
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Mostafa, Jabbari
    Srivastava, Rajiv K.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lennartsson, Patrik R
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Zamani, Akram
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Synthesis and characterization of maleic anhydride-grafted orange waste for potential use in biocomposites2018In: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 4986-4997Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Bátori, Veronika
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Åkesson, Dan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Zamani, Akram
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sárvári Horváth, Ilona
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Anaerobic degradation of bioplastics: A review2018In: Waste Management, Vol. 80, p. 406-413Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anaerobic digestion (AD) of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW), leading to renewableenergy production in the form of methane, is a preferable method for dealing with the increasing amountof waste. Food waste is separated at the source in many countries for anaerobic digestion. However, thepresence of plastic bags is a major challenge for such processes. This study investigated the anaerobicdegradability of different bioplastics, aiming at potential use as collecting bags for the OFMSW. Thechemical composition of the bioplastics and the microbial community structure in the AD processaffected the biodegradation of the bioplastics. Some biopolymers can be degraded at hydraulic retentiontimes usually applied at the biogas plants, such as poly(hydroxyalkanoate)s, starch, cellulose and pectin,so no possible contamination would occur. In the future, updated standardization of collecting bags forthe OFMSW will be required to meet the requirements of effective operation of a biogas plant.

  • 33.
    Cekaite, Asta
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Disa, Bergnehr
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Affectionate touch and care: Embodied intimacy, compassion and control in early childhood education2018In: European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, ISSN 1350-293X, E-ISSN 1752-1807Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Relational care, interpersonal intimacy and emotional attunement are crucial for children’s development and wellbeing in ECEC. The present study examines how they are enacted in a Swedish preschool (for 1–5-year-olds) through recurrent adult-child physical conduct, i.e. affectionate and affectionate-controlling touch. The data consist of 24 hours of video-recorded observations of everyday activities. The study shows that educators’ Affectionate-Comforting touch was used for emotion regulation as compassionate response to children’s distress; Amicable touch engaged children in spontaneous affection; and, Affectionate-Controlling touch was used to mildly control and direct the child’s bodily conduct and participation in preschool activities, or to mitigate the educators’ verbal disciplining. The study demonstrates the emotional complexity of ECEC enacted through the practices of haptic sociality. It supports the holistic policies arguing that embodied relational care should be integrated in ECEC, contrary to ideas that connect professionalism with emotional distance and lack of physical contact.

  • 34.
    Chandolias, Konstantinos
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Wainaina, Steven
    Niklasson, Claes
    Chalmers Technical University.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Effects of Heavy Metals and pH on the Conversion of Biomass to Hydrogen via Syngas Fermentation2018In: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of three heavy metals on hydrogen production via syngas fermentation were investigated within a metal concentration range of 0-1.5 mg Cu/L, 0-9 mg Zn/L, 0-42 mg Mn/L, in media with initial pH of 5, 6 and 7, at 55 °C. The results showed that at lower metal concentration, pH 6 was optimum while at higher metal concentrations, pH 5 stimulated the process. More specifically, the highest hydrogen production activity recorded was 155.28% ± 12.02% at a metal concentration of 0.04 mg Cu/L, 0.25 mg Zn/L, and 1.06 mg Mn/L and an initial medium pH of 6. At higher metal concentration (0.625 mg Cu/L, 3.75 mg Zn/L, and 17.5 mg Mn/L), only pH 5 was stimulating for the cells. The results show that the addition of heavy metals, contained in gasification-derived ash, can improve the production rate and yield of fermentative hydrogen. This could lead in lower costs in gasification process and fermentative hydrogen production and less demand for syngas cleaning before syngas fermentation.

  • 35.
    Dahlborg, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst.
    Brink, Eva
    Högskolan Väst.
    Lindahl, Berit
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    A Theoretical Framework for Emancipatory Nursing With a Focus on Environment and Persons’ Own and Shared Lifeworld: A Theoretical Framework for Emancipatory Nursing2018In: Advances in Nursing Science, ISSN 0161-9268, E-ISSN 1550-5014, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 340-350Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By giving a brief overview of the meta concepts in nursing, with a focus on environment, we sketch a theoretical framework for an emancipatory perspective in nursing care practice. To meet the requirements of equality in care and treatment, we have in our theoretical framework added a critical lifeworld perspective to the anti oppressive practice, to meet requirements of equity in health care encounter. The proposed model of emancipatory nursing goes from overall ideological structures to ontological aspects of the everyday world. Based on the model, nurses could identify what kind of theoretical critical knowledge and thinking they require to conduct equal care and encounter the person behind the patient role.

  • 36.
    Dahlborg, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst.
    Brink, Eva
    Högskolan i Väst.
    Lindahl, Berit
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    A theoretical framework for emancipatory nursing – with focus on environment and persons` own and shared lifeworld2018In: Advances in Nursing Science, ISSN 0161-9268, E-ISSN 1550-5014, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 340-350Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Dahlström, Mats
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Swedish digital humanities2018In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 82-94Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Darcy, Laura
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Enskär, Karin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Avd. för omvårdnad.
    Björk, Maria
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Avd. för omvårdnad.
    Young children's experiences of living an everyday life with cancer – A three year interview study2018In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The young child's experiences of living with cancer are crucial to providing evidence based care. This study explores and describes experiences of everyday life of young children with cancer, over a three year period from diagnosis.

    Method

    This is a longitudinal, inductive interview study with young children with cancer, and their parents. Interviews from shortly after diagnosis, six and 12 months after diagnosis have been reanalysed. Interviews with the same children and their parents from 18 to 36 months after diagnosis have been analysed for the first time in the present paper. A longitudinal temporal analysis at category level for five synchronic data sets forms the basis for the results.

    Results

    The child living with cancer over a three year period is described as a child apart, striving to live an everyday life. This description is built on three categories: I want to be a child like any other, I need security and control and I feel lonely and left out. Young children with cancer actively strive to understand their illness, participate in care and live an ordinary everyday life- but with ongoing feelings of social isolation and loneliness.

    Conclusions

    Young children with cancer need access to and ongoing contact with peers and preschool. A structured follow-up throughout the cancer trajectory and not just during active treatment, is necessary. A child-centred philosophy of care would guide the child towards attainment of health and wellbeing.

  • 39.
    Djarv, T
    et al.
    Karolinska University Hospital.
    Axelsson, Christer
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Stromsoe, A
    Mälardalen University.
    Israelsson, J
    Linnaeus University.
    Claesson, A
    Linköping University.
    Traumatic cardiac arrest in Sweden 1990-2016 - a population-based national cohort study.2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, ISSN 1757-7241, E-ISSN 1757-7241, Vol. 26, no 1, article id 30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Trauma is a main cause of death among young adults worldwide. Patients experiencing a traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) certainly have a poor prognosis but population-based studies are sparse. Primarily to describe characteristics and 30-day survival following a TCA as compared with a medical out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (medical CA).

    METHODS: A cohort study based on data from the nationwide, prospective population-based Swedish Registry for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (SRCR), a medical cardiac arrest registry, between 1990 and 2016. The definition of a TCA in the SRCR is a patient who is unresponsive with apnoea where cardiopulmonary resuscitation and/or defibrillation have been initiated and in whom the Emergency Medical Services (EMS, mainly a nurse-based system) reported trauma as the aetiology. Outcome was overall 30-day survival. Descriptive statistics as well as multivariable logistic regression models were used.

    RESULTS: In all, between 1990 and 2016, 1774 (2.4%) cases had a TCA and 72,547 had a medical CA. Overall 30-day survival gradually increased over the years, and was 3.7% for TCAs compared to 8.2% following a medical CA (p < 0.01). Among TCAs, factors associated with a higher 30-day survival were bystander witnessed and having a shockable initial rhythm (adjusted OR 2.67, 95% C.I. 1.15-6.22 and OR 8.94 95% C.I. 4.27-18.69, respectively).

    DISCUSSION: Association in registry-based studies do not imply causality but TCA had short time intervals in the chain of survival as well as high rates of bystander-CPR.

    CONCLUSION: In a medical CA registry like ours, prevalence of TCAs is low and survival is poor. Registries like ours might not capture the true incidence. However, many individuals do survive and resuscitation in TCAs should not be seen futile.

  • 40.
    Dural-Erem, Aysin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Biswas, Tuser
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Nierstrasz, Vincent
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Incorporation of probiotics on textile surface by sol–gel coating2018In: Journal of Industrial Textiles, ISSN 1528-0837, E-ISSN 1530-8057, Vol. 48, no 5, p. 954-965Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Development of biocide-based antimicrobial textiles is proving to be a concern for the economy, and more evidently, for the environment and health. On the contrary, probiotic (beneficial bacteria) can replace these traditional biocides in order to overcome the toxicity and resistance problems. This paper elaborates an adapted sol-gel coating process to embed such beneficial spores on the polyester woven surface, and their viability is studied along with the characterization of the physical properties of the coated fabric. The results illustrate the successful incorporation of the beneficial spores with an adequate number of living organisms (even after repeated washing cycles), sufficient tensile strength, and good abrasion resistance properties with the opportunity to improve surface wettability maintaining sufficient adhesion between the fibre and the coated layer.

  • 41. Dural-Erem, Aysin
    et al.
    Niehaus, Kim-Laura
    Nierstrasz, Vincent
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Development of Probiotic Printings for Polyester Fabrics.2018In: Journal of Textiles and Engineer (Tekstil ve Mühendis), ISSN 1300-7599, Vol. 25, no 111, p. 208-213Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 42. Dural-Erem, Aysin
    et al.
    Nierstrasz, Vincent
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Development of coating for incorporation of beneficial spores on hospital textiles2018In: Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe, ISSN 1230-3666, Vol. 5, no 131, p. 59-62Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Ekebergh, Margaretha
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Andersson, Niklas
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Eskilsson, Camilla
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Intertwining of caring and learning in care practices supported by a didactic approach2018In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, Vol. 31, no July, p. 95-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper highlights how caring and learning interact and become an intertwined phenomenon. The analysis of the research findings from two studies, in which the interaction between caring and learning in two educational units was investigated, has been guided by a Reflective Lifeworld Research approach grounded in a lifeworld-oriented phenomenology. The analysis procedure was concluded in a synthesis of the interaction between caring and learning in a Dedicated Educational Unit (DEU) and a didactic method inspired by a lifeworld educational perspective has been developed.

    The results show that through trust and genuine meetings between patients and students caring and learning can converge and be intertwined. Both students and patients take an active role in the health process as well as the learning process. In order to achieve an intertwining process qualified supervision, care managers who take responsibility for a caring and learning environment and a consensus between the nursing school and the healthcare organization is required.

    The didactic method that can support the intertwining of caring and learning consists of three themes; genuine meetings, sensitivity for the patient's story and reflection in interaction. These themes are tools for the supervision.

  • 44.
    Ekwall, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lantz, Björn
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    The use of violence in cargo theft – a supply chain disruption case2018In: Journal of Transportation Security, ISSN 1938-7741, E-ISSN 1938-775XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines patterns of reported cargo thefts involving violence in the Europe, Middle East, and Africa region with regard to the value of stolen goods, incident frequency, transport chain location, and incident category. The research method is deductive and is based on analyses of secondary data obtained from the Incident Information Service by the Transported Asset Protection Association. The results are discussed within a frame of reference based on supply chain risk management and supply chain disruption literature. We found that perpetrators who use violence seem to cause greater losses per theft than those who use other types of modus operandi. Further, the most common type of violent cargo theft occurs on Mondays in January when cargo vehicles are robbed on the road and consumer electronics are stolen. In terms of supply chain disruption, violent cargo thefts can be seen as externally-caused disruptions, which can indirectly cause major problems for the supply chain.

  • 45.
    Elfwén, Ludvig
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institute.
    Lagedal, Rickard
    Department of Surgical Sciences/Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Uppsala University.
    James, Stefan
    Uppsala Clinical Research Center and Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology.
    Jonsson, Martin
    Department of Medicine, Center for Resuscitation Science, Karolinska Institute, Solna.
    Jensen, Ulf
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institute.
    Ringh, Mattias
    Department of Medicine, Center for Resuscitation Science, Karolinska Institute, Solna.
    Claesson, Andreas
    Department of Medicine, Center for Resuscitation Science, Karolinska Institute, Solna.
    Oldgren, Jonas
    Uppsala Clinical Research Center and Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Rubertsson, Sten
    Department of Surgical Sciences/Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Uppsala University.
    Nordberg, Per
    Department of Medicine, Center for Resuscitation Science, Karolinska Institute, Solna.
    Coronary angiography in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest without ST elevation on ECG-Short- and long-term survival.2018In: American Heart Journal, ISSN 0002-8703, E-ISSN 1097-6744, Vol. 200, p. 90-95, article id S0002-8703(18)30081-4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The potential benefit of early coronary angiography in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients without ST elevation on ECG is unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between early coronary angiography and survival in these patients.

    METHODS: Nationwide observational study between 2008 and 2013. Included were patients admitted to hospital after witnessed OHCA, with shockable rhythm, age 18 to 80 years and unconscious. Patients with ST-elevation on ECG were excluded. Patients that underwent early CAG (within 24 hours) were compared with no early CAG (later during the hospital stay or not at all). Outcomes were survival at 30 days, 1 year, and 3 years. Multivariate analysis included pre-hospital factors, comorbidity and ECG-findings.

    RESULTS: In total, 799 OHCA patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria, of which 275 (34%) received early CAG versus 524 (66%) with no early CAG. In the early CAG group, the proportion of patients with an occluded coronary artery was 27% and 70% had at least one significant coronary stenosis (defined as narrowing of coronary lumen diameter of ≥50%). The 30-day survival rate was 65% in early CAG group versus 52% with no early CAG (P < .001). The adjusted OR was 1.42 (95% CI 1.00-2.02). The one-year survival rate was 62% in the early CAG group versus 48% in the no early CAG group with the adjusted hazard ratio of 1.35 (95% CI 1.04-1.77).

    CONCLUSION: In this population of bystander-witnessed cases of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with shockable rhythm and ECG without ST elevation, early coronary angiography may be associated with improved short and long term survival.

  • 46.
    Erikson, Malgorzata
    et al.
    Förvaltningshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.
    Erikson, Martin G
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Punzi, Elisabeth
    Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    A single-question qualitative bachelor’s programme evaluation2018In: Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, ISSN 0260-2938, E-ISSN 1469-297XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Conventionally, quantitative surveys are used for student evaluations in higher education, but the validity of this practice has been questioned. In the present study, we investigated a qualitative method for evaluating a bachelor’s programme. Forty-one first-year students and twenty-eight third- year students on a bachelor’s programme in Public Administration were asked to answer a single question in relation to their programme: ‘What could have been done in order to support your learning?’ The students provided rich responses of a depth and breadth not attainable through conventional surveys, making this method worthwhile for educational development at the programme level. The responses focused on students’ own learning rather than on judgement of teacher performance. The results indicate that the students underwent a transition from the first to third year, suggesting a shift in needs. For example, first-year students asked for direct interaction, whereas third-year students asked for feedback on accomplishments. Practical applications are discussed.

  • 47.
    Erikson, Martin G
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Erikson, Malgorzata
    School of Public Administration, University of Gothenburg.
    Learning outcomes and critical thinking – good intentions in conflict2018In: Studies in Higher Education, ISSN 0307-5079, E-ISSN 1470-174XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The notion of critical thinking and its theoretical complexity are used as a case for an epistemological critique of the model of intended learning outcomes. The conclusion is that three problems of learning outcomes, previously discussed in the literature, become even more challenging when seen in the light of critical thinking. The first problem concerns interpretations, as the use of learning outcomes is dependent on advanced but implicit interpretative frameworks. The second is the problem of educational goals that cannot be expressed through learning outcomes, and the third is the risk that learning outcomes may establish a ceiling for student ambitions. It is argued that the example of critical thinking shows the seriousness of the epistemological critique of learning outcomes and how the use of learning outcomes can divert teachers’ and students’ attention away from important goals.

  • 48.
    Eriksson, Anita
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Svensson, Ann-Katrin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT. Åbo Akademi.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Reformimplemantering i förskolepraktik: Ett exempel på hur förskollärarens ansvar har tolkats och omsatts av förskolechefer och arbetslag2018In: Nordisk tidskrift för allmän didaktik, ISSN 2002-1534, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 59-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on how responsibilities and tasks have been allocated between preschool teachers and child-care workers some years after the revision of the Swedish National Education Act and the preschool curriculum in 2010, in which the preschool staffs responsibility was clarified. The revision intended to strengthen the educational quality in preschool by providing preschool teachers with an increased responsibility for the educational activities carried out by preschool teams. Our overall aim was to investigate whether the revision has led to a redistribution of responsibilities and/or tasks in the everyday preschool practice carried through by preschool teams consisting of preschool teachers and child-care workers. The investigation is grounded through observations of the daily work of four mixed teams and analyses of local documents, field conversations and interviews with the team members and their heads. Due to the results there has been some redistribution of responsibilities and tasks. For instance, all the heads have made organizational changes in order to enable preschool teachers to take greater responsibility for educational activities and their quality, which in turn resulted in a more hierarchical organization. The article discusses the complexity associated with the interpretation and implementation of an educational reform and its effects.

  • 49.
    Ertzgaard, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Alwin, Jenny
    Linköping University.
    Sörbo, Ann
    University of Gothenburg.
    Lindgren, Marie
    Linköping University.
    Sandsjö, Leif
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Evaluation of a self-administered transcutaneous electrical stimulation concept for the treatment of spasticity: a randomised placebo-controlled trial.2018In: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1973-9087, E-ISSN 1973-9095, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 507-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Spasticity is a common consequence of injury to the central nervous system negatively affecting patient’s everyday activities. Treatment mainly consists of training and different drugs, often with side effects. There is a need for treatment options that can be performed by the patient in their home environment.AIM: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an assistive technology (AT), Mollii®, a garment with integrated electrodes for multifocal transcutaneous electrical stimulation intended for self-treatment of spasticity, in study participants with spasticity due to stroke or CP.DESIGN: The study was a randomized, controlled, double-blind study with a cross-over design.

    SETTING: Participants were recruited from two rehabilitation clinics. Treatments were performed in participants’ homes and all follow-ups were performed in the two rehabilitation clinics.

    POPULATION: Thirty-one participants were included in the study and 27 completed the study. Four participants discontinued the study. Two declined participation before baseline and two withdrew due to problems handling the garment.

    METHODS: Participants used the AT with and without electrical stimulation (active/non-active period) for six weeks each, followed by six weeks without treatment. Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS), change in mobility, arm-hand ability, spasticity and pain were measured at baseline and after 6, 12 and 18 weeks.

    RESULTS: Fifteen of the 27 participants fulfilled the treatment protocol in terms of recommended use. Deviations were frequent. No statistically significant differences in outcome were found between the active and the non-active treatment periods. During the active period, an improvement was seen in the 10-meter comfortable gait test, time and steps. An improvement was seen in both the active and non-active periods for the GAS.

    CONCLUSIONS: Compliance was low, partly due to deviations related to the garment, complicating the interpretation of the results. Further research should focus on identifying the target population and concomitant rehabilitation strategies.

    CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: The evaluated concept of multifocal transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) represents an interesting addition to the existing repertoire of treatments to alleviate muscle spasticity. The evaluated concept allows TES to be self-administered by the patient in the home environment. A more elaborate design of training activities directly related to patient’s own rehabilitation goals is recommended and may increase the value of the evaluated concept.

  • 50.
    Fatemeh Seyedpour, S
    et al.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Babol Noushirvani University of Technology.
    Rahimpour, A.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Babol Noushirvani University of Technology.
    Mohsenian, H.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Low fouling ultrathin nanocomposite membranes for efficient removal of manganese2018In: Journal of Membrane Science, ISSN 0376-7388, E-ISSN 1873-3123, Vol. 549, p. 205-216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The key to make an ideal thin film composite membrane is the reduction of active layer thickness as much as possible to improve the water permeability without adverse effect on selectivity. Hence, ultra-thin nanocomposite membranes were prepared via dip coating method composed of chitosan incorporated graphene oxide on the surface of polyethersulfone (PES) substrate, followed by ionic crosslinking with sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP). By incorporation of graphene oxide on the chitosan solution, the thickness of selective layer considerably decreased to around 45 nm and higher surface hydrophilicity was obtained. The chitosan/graphene oxide ultra-thin modified nanocomposite membrane exhibited state-of-art flux (around 55 LMH) and high manganese removal (around 85%) at low pressure of 3 bar. Moreover, these membranes demonstrated up to 98% inhibition in the bacteria proliferation, indicating reasonable antibacterial activity of ultra-thin layer. Besides, the antifouling ability of the nanocomposite membrane increased dramatically, where the flux recovery ratio of 52% and 93% attained for BSA and E. coli, respectively.

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