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  • 1.
    Bergnehr, Disa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Adapted fathering for new times – refugee men’s caring and domestic practices during resettlement2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper explores Middle Eastern men’s narratives on everyday family life and fatherhood in Sweden. The analysis is based on individual interviews and diary notes. Swedish society differs from Middle Eastern societies in many respects; it offers comprehensive rights to extensive social welfare benefits, but also demands that newly arrived migrants participate in language studies, accept trainee positions, and actively search for employment. These requirements apply to mothers as well as fathers. Life in Sweden is challenging for refugees; many face long-term unemployment and welfare dependence. The present analysis shows how Syrian and Iraqi fathers’ downward social mobility, with radically changed material and financial means, influences their caring and domestic practices. In part, they take on ‘female’ duties and share chores with their spouse more equally. The study illuminates that fathering is dynamic and prone to change; (migrant) men adjust their strategies to provide the best possible circumstances and future prospects for their children. This challenges the notion that (migrant) fathering and masculinity are fixed. 

  • 2.
    Bergnehr, Disa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Children’s influence on wellbeing and acculturative stress in refugee families.2018In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 13, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper examines intergenerational, interdependent and contextual aspects of wellbeing and acculturative stress in refugee families during resettlement. Particular focus is placed on how children influence their parents. 

    Method: The study is based on interviews with and diary notes from Middle Eastern parents and children residing in Sweden. 

    Results: Analyzes of the narratives show how the direct and indirect influence of the child affects the parents in both negative and positive ways. Acculturative stress follows from unexpected and undesired migration outcomes, such as parent–child conflicts and low school achievement. Such strains add to other hardships refugee families face, for instance, unemployment, welfare dependence, poor housing, and insufficient mastery of the majority language. However, acculturative stress can be alleviated by the children’s educational success, and reciprocal practices of love and caring including helping out with chores and supporting each other in different ways. 

    Conclusions: Children's agency has significant effects on parents’ wellbeing, as wellbeing is accomplished in and through relationships with others.

  • 3.
    Bergnehr, Disa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Efter flykten: Migrationens innebörder och förändrade villkor för barn och föräldrar som beviljats uppehållstillstånd i Sverige2018In: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap. Grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Thomas Johansson och Emma Sorbring, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 379-391Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Bergnehr, Disa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Efter flykten: Migrationens innebörder och förändrade villkor för barn och föräldrar som beviljats uppehållstillstånd i Sverige2018In: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap. Grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Thomas Johansson och Emma Sorbring, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 379-391Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Bergnehr, Disa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Cekaite, Asta
    Linköpings universitet.
    Adult-initiated touch and its functions at a Swedish preschool: Controlling, affectionate, assisting and educative haptic conduct.2018In: International Journal of Early Years Education, ISSN 0966-9760, E-ISSN 1469-8463, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 312-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examines adult–child touch and its functions in a Swedish preschool (for 1 to 5-year-old children). The data are naturalistic observations and video-recorded data of everyday preschool activities. The study describes the frequently occurring functions of educators’ haptic conduct (control, affectionate, affectionate-control, assisting and educative touch), discussing them in relation to the children's age, gender and type of the preschool activity. It reveals the complexity of touch, demonstrating that physical contact is used for a variety of purposes in the educators’ daily work. The educators employed touch without force, and the children did not respond with explicit and forceful resistance (such as pushing back or otherwise protesting). Adult-initiated haptic behaviour served a continuum of social purposes – from social–relational work, such as establishing and building affectively positive, caring, social relations, to practical and educative organisational efforts to manage the complex and busy preschool life. The distribution of adult–child touch categories brings attention to the bodily aspects of the early childhood educational setting and highlights some of the ways in which the requirements of the Swedish curriculum for Preschool and its focus on educare are actualised in the educators’ embodied conduct.

  • 6.
    Cekaite, Asta
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Disa, Bergnehr
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Affectionate touch and care: Embodied intimacy, compassion and control in early childhood education2018In: European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, ISSN 1350-293X, E-ISSN 1752-1807Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Relational care, interpersonal intimacy and emotional attunement are crucial for children’s development and wellbeing in ECEC. The present study examines how they are enacted in a Swedish preschool (for 1–5-year-olds) through recurrent adult-child physical conduct, i.e. affectionate and affectionate-controlling touch. The data consist of 24 hours of video-recorded observations of everyday activities. The study shows that educators’ Affectionate-Comforting touch was used for emotion regulation as compassionate response to children’s distress; Amicable touch engaged children in spontaneous affection; and, Affectionate-Controlling touch was used to mildly control and direct the child’s bodily conduct and participation in preschool activities, or to mitigate the educators’ verbal disciplining. The study demonstrates the emotional complexity of ECEC enacted through the practices of haptic sociality. It supports the holistic policies arguing that embodied relational care should be integrated in ECEC, contrary to ideas that connect professionalism with emotional distance and lack of physical contact.

  • 7.
    Cekaite, Asta
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Disa, Bergnehr
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Affectionate touch and care: Embodied intimacy, compassion and control in early childhood education2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Disa, Bergnehr
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Migrant children and parents’ strategies for achieving wellbeing during resettlement in Sweden2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study explores how migrant, refugee children and parents contribute to and influence their own wellbeing and that of family members during resettlement in Sweden. The study starts from the notion that social and emotional wellbeing are relational, contextually formed, and subjectively experienced. Parents and children are equal contributors to influencing the wellbeing of the other. The study is based on individual interviews with parents and children from the Middle East. There is a reciprocal relationship between parent and child that emerges, where practices of love and caring, including helping out with chores and supporting each other in different ways, permeate everyday life. But there are also issues of concern and worry, particularly on the part of parents, about how the child’s present or future actions may stifle his/her chances of a better life, and about how contextual factors may restrain both parents’ and children’s aspirations for a better future, with negative implications for their wellbeing. Reforms must be put into practice that supports migrant children and parents in achieving their goals (i.e., employment, educational success, improved housing, increased wellbeing), and that acknowledge migrants as agents whose actions aim to improve their and their family members’ wellbeing and situation. 

  • 9.
    Disa, Bergnehr
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Henriksson Wahlström, Helena
    Uppsala universitet.
    Between “lone” and “solo”: Representations of single motherhood in Swedish newspapers2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden the public and political debate on lone mothers (Sv. ensamstående) has been more or less absent in the past 50 years. Due to available and subsidised childcare, most lone parents have paid employment, hence single mothers have not been depicted as moral and financial burdens on society. Furthermore, mainstream political discourses in Sweden favour the "gender neutral" term parent (förälder) over gendered terms like mother and father. Nonetheless, the single parent is strongly gendered statistically speaking, as the majority of children whose parents are separated reside exclusively or predominantly with the mother.

    Although not politically stigmatized, single mothers as a statistical category face particular adversities. Swedish research focuses on general disadvantages in health and private economy for lone mothers compared to partnered families, representing the group as particularly vulnerable and in need ofsupport. Interview studies show a more varied picture, but often centre on the mothers' relation to the social services, and/or their strategies to provide financially for their families, adding to the image of lone motherhood as problematic. Thus, the research typically depicts the lone mother family as troubled.

    The present paper analyses representations of single mothers in contemporary Sweden. It draws upon articles published in the four major daily newspapers, which are central in setting the national news agenda, hence impacting upon a Swedish "national imaginary". We focus on the years 2015-2017, a time characterized by high levels of single parenthood due to separation/divorce/never in relationship with other bio-parent, but also by dramatically increased migration as well as new legislation regarding single women's access to IVF treatment and what in English is sometimes termed "solo" motherhood. Given the growing ethnic diversity of the population, the growing visibility of sexual diversity and achieved rights for Lgbtq people, and the growing socioeconomic inequality in Sweden in the twenty- first century, we are interested in exploring what kinds of diversity we see in these representations in terms of class, sexuality and ethnicity. We investigate whether lone/single/solo mothers are represented as troubled or socially vulnerable, or whether other discourses of motherhood are activated in media representations. 

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