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  • 1.
    Lindberg, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lundvall, Maria
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Knutsson, Susanne
    Hälsohögskolan Jönköping.
    Participating in reflection seminars: Progressing towards a deeper understanding of caring science described by nursing students2017In: Nordic journal of nursing research, ISSN 2057-1585, E-ISSN 2057-1593Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies focus on how reflection seminars can support the learning of knowledge in caring science when inserted throughout the curriculum. The aim of this study was to describe students’ experiences of participating in reflection seminars, using lifeworld theory and focusing on caring science. A qualitative descriptive study based on interviews was carried out, and ten students between 21 and 33 years of age volunteered to participate. A reflective lifeworld research approach was used. Reflection seminars contribute to developing students’ ability to relate to caring and life. A deeper understanding is obtained when reflection sessions are spread over a longer period and when reflection becomes a process. The process helps caring science to become more natural and useful. Reflective seminaries based on a theoretical foundation contribute to facilitate learning more readily. A good atmosphere pervaded by a lifeworld perspective characterized by openness and thoughtfulness contributes to learning.

  • 2.
    Lundvall, Maria
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Research design - Caring and learning conversation as support to young adults2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies show that young adults (16-25 years) lack support when they have existential concerns. Unless the existential concerns are highlighted, it can be an obstacle in daily life, and it may lead to psychological distress in the future. In order to develop care for young adults, a research project is currently being carried out with the aim of studying how caring and learning conversations can strengthen and support health processes in young adults with existential concerns. 

    AIM: The aim of this presentation is to describe a research project with the overall aim to investigate and create knowledge about how conversations can support and strengthen the health process of young adults expressing existential concern. 

    METHOD: The present research project relies on reflective lifeworld research (RLR) based on Dahlberg, Dahlberg and Nyström. RLR is phenomena-oriented and characterized by the fact that the phenomenon of the study is in focus in both data collection and analysis. A phenomenon should be understood in such a way as "something as it is experienced". Methods of application when applying RLR are transparency, compliance with the phenomenon and “bridling” of the understanding process throughout the entire research process. 

    RESULT: At the present, no studies have yet been analyzed, but the following studies from the caregivers' and young adults' perspective are planned.

    • Caregivers who have or have had conversations with young adults who express existential issues in various healthcare contexts such as; Primary care, Youth guidance centers, Student health in high school and Student health at university.
    • Young adults who sought care and expressed existential concern during the conversation. 

    CONCLUSION: By examining how caregivers in different healthcare context experience conversations with young adults with existential issues and to describe what support young adults consider to be in the form of conversations, the intention is to strengthen and support health processes in young adults.

  • 3.
    Lundvall, Maria
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sårbarhet, mod och inbjudan: Unga vuxnas strävan efter välbefinnande i en tillvaro präglad av existentiell oro2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The overall aim of the thesis is to examine how young adults experiences life living with existential concerns and how well-being is enabled when living with existential concerns. 

    Approach and method: A reflective lifeworld research (RLR) approach guided this dissertation’s methodological approach. Lifeworld interviews were performed in all four studies and analyses were conducted according to RLR principles: bridled attitude, openness, and compliance to the studies’ different phenomena. Study I describes healthcare professionals’ experiences of conversations with young adults experiencing existential concerns. Eleven lifeworld interviews (seven individual-, two pair- and two group interviews) were conducted with seventeen healthcare professionals from various fields. Data was analysed via phenomenological-based thematic meaning analysis. Studies II and III describes young adults’ experiences of existential concerns from the perspective of young women and young men; nine women (study II) and eight men (study III) participated. All interviews were individual lifeworld interviews. Study IV describes young adults’ experiences of enabling wellbeing in a life with existential concerns. Seventeen adults (same participants as study II and III) participated and all interviews were individual lifeworld interviews. Studies II, III, and IV were analysed by phenomenological analysis. 

    Main results: The results show that the lives of young adults with existential concerns are significantly affected by these concerns. Existential concerns awaken vulnerability, characterized by feeling lost in life and living near a bottomless darkness in which life may seem unbearable. In such a vulnerable existence, there is a desire to find a place to rest, thereby enabling wellbeing. For young adults, vulnerability means having the courage to expose their life situation and innermost thoughts. In encounters with others, there is a risk of being condemned, neglected, identified as weak, or rejected. In a caring relationship between young adults and healthcare professionals, both young adults and healthcare professionals’ vulnerability to life’s fragility evokes. Courage means daring to expose one’s vulnerability and sharing one’s life story. Courage also means that healthcare professionals dare to remain in the caring relationship and listen to the young adult’s life story, no matter how dire or dark it seems. In order for the life story to stand out, a mutual invitation between young adults and healthcare professionals is required. The results show that the prerequisites for a caring relationship involve mutual vulnerability, courage, and invitation to reflect on life’s challenges. In a genuinely caring relationship, through existential confirmation, entails finding a place to rest that enables wellbeing when experiencing existential concerns as a young adult. 

    Conclusion: The thesis contributes knowledge relating to how young adults experience life with existential concerns and, in turn, how wellbeing is enabled through the experiences of young adults and healthcare professionals. Existential concern is a complex phenomenon, involving vulnerability, courage, and the invitation to enable wellbeing. From a lifeworld theoretical perspective, we see an openness to existential dimensions in young adults’ life stories, providing guidance to caregivers in enabling young adults to find a place where they can be vulnerable and have an opportunity to recover.

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  • 4.
    Lundvall, Maria
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Young women’s experience of existential concerns2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Mental health issues have been identified as a growing problem for young adults not only in Sweden but in the whole world. In Sweden, approximately 42% of young women say that they feel tense, anxious and nervous. The life of young women has mostly been researched from a mental health/illness perspective and focus on measurable factors related to this.

    Aim: The aim of the presentation is to present a phenomenological study that describe young women’s experiences of living with existential concerns for which they have sought support.

    Method: The present study is based on a reflective lifeworld research (RLR) approach. Nine young women aged 17-25 where interviewed about their experience of living with existential concerns.

    Results: The young women are profoundly influenced by their existential concerns and they strive to comprehend themselves and their lives. There is a longing to share their existential concerns with a trustworthy person and at the same time as their fear of revealing their innermost thoughts and the risk of being rejected is present. The result also describe how the body is experienced as a carrier of existential concerns and limits everyday life.

    Conclusion: Young women live in a context that places special demands and requirements on them, based on norms and values from society and themselves. They have to navigate through daily life to make their situation comprehensible. This indicate that care should be directed at giving young women the courage to be vulnerable in order to comprehend their existential concerns.

  • 5.
    Lundvall, Maria
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. University of Borås, Sweden.
    Hörberg, Ulrica
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Palmér, Lina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. University of Borås, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Gunilla
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. University of Borås, Sweden.
    Lindberg, Elisabeth
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. University of Borås, Sweden.
    Young men’s experiences of living with existential concerns: “living close to a bottomless darkness”2020In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 1-10, article id 1810947Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Young men may struggle in life with challenges of various concerns about their identity and who they want to be in life. Many health issues arise from social norms and wider societal determinations and for today’s young men, following such norms poses a risk of losing oneself. An essential part of health are connected to the existential dimensions in life and concerns who you are, and how well you know and understand yourself. However; little is known about what it means for young men to live a life with existential concerns.

    Purpose and method

    The purpose of this phenomenological study, based on reflective lifeworld research (RLR), is to describe young men’s experiences of living with existential concerns for which they have sought support. Eight lifeworld interviews were conducted.

    Results

    The results essentially show that young men living with existential concerns describe their situations as living close to a bottomless darkness. This is further described according to four constituents: enduring everyday life, striving for a solution, hearing an inner self-critical voice, and wearing a hard shell.

    Conclusion

    We conclude that strengthening young men’s health processes requires healthcare professionals to create an atmosphere where young men feel safe talking about existential concerns without feeling exposed and vulnerable.

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  • 6.
    Lundvall, Maria
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Jakobsson, Malin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Stress, oro och sömnbrist – en del av ungas vardag2018Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Psykisk ohälsa hos unga har fördubblats under de senaste 10 åren. Sömnbrist, skolstress och sociala medier pekas ut som riskfaktorer. Vem lyssnar på våra unga och kan vända den skrämmande trenden?

    Upplevelser av ökade krav i samhället, ökad stress i skolan, ständigt plingande mobiltelefoner, sociala medier, och utbredd sömnbrist är några av de faktorer som pekas ut som tänkbara orsaker till att unga mår allt sämre. Psykisk ohälsa bland unga har fördubblats under de senaste 10 åren, enligt Socialstyrelsens senaste rapport. Även självmordsförsöken har ökat bland de unga vuxna och fler vårdas inom sluten psykiatrisk vård. Problemet är alarmerande. Unga i dagens samhälle utsätts för en mängd råd avseende hur de ska se ut, hur de ska leva sitt liv och hur livet ska vara. För många unga innebär detta en risk att tappa bort sig själv och därmed sträva mot mål som andra har satt upp.

    Vid Högskolan i Borås pågår forskningsprojekt för att undersöka hur vi kan vända den ökande trenden av psykisk ohälsa hos unga. Under seminariet diskuteras resultaten av forskningen tillsammans med politiker och företrädare för Socialstyrelsen, elevhälsan, vården och skolan.

  • 7.
    Lundvall, Maria
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lindberg, Elisabeth
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Hörberg, Ulrica
    Linneaus University .
    Carlsson, Gunilla
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Palmér, Lina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lost in an unknown terrain: a phenomenological contribution to the understanding of existential concerns as experienced by young women in Sweden2019In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 14, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to describe young women's (16-25 years old) experiences of living with existential concerns for which they have sought support from healthcare professionals, teachers, family, or friends, among others.

    Methods: This phenomenological study is based on a reflective lifeworld research (RLR) approach. Nine young women were interviewed about their experience of living with existential concerns.

    Results: The results show the essential meaning of the phenomenon of "existential concerns" that can be described as living a life that is marked in a profound way by a feeling of being lost in an unknown terrain. To further understand the essential meaning, four constituents are described: the unpredictable body, longing for comprehension, playing a game, and longing to share one's vulnerability.

    Conclusions: Young women with existential concerns are vulnerable, as they are profoundly influenced by these concerns. They have to navigate through daily life while trying to fit in and to make their situation comprehensible. These young women have a longing to share their existential concerns with a trustworthy person, while at the same time they fear revealing their existential concerns and risking being rejected by others. A lifeworld-led, caring science approach, intertwined with the results of the present study, has the potential to direct caring practice.

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  • 8.
    Lundvall, Maria
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lindberg, Elisabeth
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Hörberg, Ulrica
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Palmér, Lina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Carlsson, Gunilla
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Healthcare professionals’ lived experiences of conversationswith young adults expressing existential concerns2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction:

    This paper describes first-line department healthcare professionals’ experiences of conversations with young adults (16–25 years) who express existential concerns. Existential concerns encompass questions about the meaning of life and the choices people must make, and they are sometimes expressed during the period in which a child is becoming an adult. Sometimes the transition to adulthood can be difficult, and many young adults seek support from people in first-line departments, such as primary care providers, youth guidance centre personnel and student health service employees in high schools and universities. Conversations in which existential concerns are recognised may be important for preventing mental illness in the future.

    Aim:

    The study aimed to describe healthcare professionals’ lived experiences of conversations with young adults who express existential concerns.

    Approach and methods:

    This qualitative study utilises thematic meaning analysis. Interviews were conducted with healthcare professionals working in first-line departments, and data were analysed based on the principles of reflective lifeworld research. The study followed ethical codes of conduct and conformed to the ethical guidelines adopted by the Swedish Research Council.

    Findings:

    The results are presented in three themes of meaning: searching for innermost thoughts requires being present, uncertainty about the unpredictable and awakening of one’s own existential concerns.

    Conclusions and implications:

    Healthcare professionals are affected when young adults express their existential concerns, and they need more support to strengthen their ability to stay present and create inviting atmospheres

  • 9.
    Lundvall, Maria
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Palmér, Lina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Hörberg, Ulrica
    Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Gunilla
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lindberg, Elisabeth
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Enabling Well-Being in Young Adults Living with Existential ConcernsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background 

    What enables well-being when experiencing existential concerns as a young adult is an under-explored area of research. In order to address young adults’ existential concerns and provide caring support that builds their resilience to meet life challenges, the aim of the present study is to describe the meaning of enabling well-being as experienced by young adults living with existential concerns. 

    Method 

    This phenomenological study is based on a reflective lifeworld research. Seventeen young adults, nine women and eight men aged 17–27 years, were interviewed. The results is presented in an essential meaning and further explored with its variations and individual nuances of the phenomenon; enabling well-being.  

    Ethics  

    The study followed the research principles described in the Helsinki Declaration and the Swedish Research Ethics Guidelines. 

    Result 

    The essential meaning of enabling well-being, when experiencing existential concerns as a young adult, means finding a place to rest. Finding a place to rest means finding both movement and stillness in life to reflect upon one’s life story in order to understand oneself. The essence is further described in the following constituents: recovering in solitude, sharing one’s life story in everyday life, and reflecting one´s life story in a trusting and caring relationship. 

    Conclusion 

    This study contributes important knowledge from a caring science perspective to inform caring approaches in nursing. The results show that young adults enable their own well-being in many ways when experiencing existential concerns. When their existential concerns feel overwhelming, they need support from healthcare professionals. When young adults seek professional support, the professionals must be open and focus on the young adults’ life story. 

  • 10.
    Lundvall, Maria
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Palmér, Lina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Hörberg, Ulrica
    Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Gunilla
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lindberg, Elisabeth
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Finding an existential place to rest: enabling well-being in young adults2022In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 17, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What enables well-being when experiencing existential concerns as a young adult is an under-explored area of research. In order to address young adults’ existential concerns and provide caring support that builds their resilience to meet life challenges, the purpose of the study is to describe the meaning of enabling well-being as experienced by young adults living with existential concerns. This phenomenological study is based on a reflective lifeworld research. Seventeen young adults, aged 17–27 years, were interviewed. The results is presented in an essential meaning and further explored with its variations and individual nuances of the phenomenon; enabling well-being. The essential meaning of enabling well-being, when experiencing existential concerns as a young adult, means finding a place to rest. Finding a place to rest means finding both movement and stillness in life to reflect upon one’s life story in order to understand oneself. The results also show that young adults enable their own well-being in many ways when experiencing existential concerns. When their existential concerns feel overwhelming, they need support from healthcare professionals. When young adults seek professional support, the professionals must be open and focus on the young adults’ life story to enable well-being. 

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