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  • 1.
    Dalheim Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Rydström, Ingela
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    I have to Turn Myself Inside Out”: Caring for Immigrant Families of Children With Asthma2012In: Clinical Nursing Research, ISSN 1054-7738, E-ISSN 1552-3799, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 224-242Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In multicultural societies, health care professionals encounter immigrant families of children with asthma. They play an important role in supporting these families, but few studies have focused on this phenomenon. The aim of the present study is to gain a broader understanding of the challenges health care professionals face in their encounters with non-Western immigrant parents of children with asthma. Seventeen professional caregivers were interviewed, and their narratives were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The results show that health care professionals’ main challenges when encountering immigrant parents can be described by the theme, “Turning oneself inside out.” This theme is characterized by five categories: gender and professional issues, impact on professional relationships, communication challenges, unfamiliar disease and treatment perceptions, and time issues. The results highlight the importance of providing health care professionals with support and organizational conditions that increase opportunities to understand the unique situation of these families

  • 2.
    Dalheim Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Rydström, Ingela
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Dellve, Lotta
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Åhlstrom, Linda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Social support outside work and return to work among women on long-term sick leave working within human service organizations2016In: Applied Nursing Research, ISSN 0897-1897, E-ISSN 1532-8201, Vol. 30, no May 2016, p. 187-193Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractAim To investigate the relationships between return to work and social support outside work among women on long-term sick leave from human service organizations. Background Work is an important part of life and is, in general, considered to be supportive of health and wellbeing. Few studies have thoroughly investigated the importance of aspects of social support outside work for return to work. Methods A cohort of women on long-term sick leave was followed with questionnaires from 2005 to 2012. Results The availability of social attachment increased the women's work ability, return to work, and vitality significantly more over time. There were positive relationships between return to work and seeking support in terms of emotional support and comfort and expressing unpleasant feelings. Conclusions Important resources to increase return to work can be found in factors outside work, such as close social relationships and support seeking. Thus, it is important to take the woman's whole life situation into account and not focus solely on aspects related to the workplace.

  • 3.
    Dalheim Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Rydström, Ingela
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Rasmussen, Birgit
    Möller, Christian
    Sandman, Per-Olof
    Having a child with asthma--quality of life for Swedish parents.2004In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 386-395Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic childhood disease. Childhood asthma contributes significantly to morbidity among children and has a significant impact on the quality of life (QoL) and daily routines of both the children and their parents. AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate how Swedish parents of children with asthma experience their QoL, and to investigate whether there were differences concerning QoL between parents within the same family. The purpose was also to investigate possible connections between their QoL and background variables. METHOD: A total of 371 parents of children with asthma (57% mothers and 43% fathers) participated in the study. The Paediatric Asthma Caregiver's Quality Of Life Questionnaire (PACQLQ) was used to measure the parents' QoL, i.e. how the child's asthma interferes with the parents' normal activities and how it has made them feel. RESULTS: The findings show that most parents of children with asthma evaluated their QoL as close to the positive end of the scale, and there was close agreement in the scoring between parents within the same family. Significant associations were found between parents' lower QoL outcome and living in the North of Sweden. There were also significant associations between fathers' lower QoL outcome and having a child younger than 13 years of age and mothers' lower QoL outcome and having a child with severe asthma. Although the result shows that a child's asthma did not influence the parents' QoL to a greater degree, it is still important for healthcare workers to help these parents to sustain and improve their well-being. CONCLUSIONS: The fact that they just evaluated their QoL during the preceding week only, and did so at the time when their children were being treated with asthma medication, might have influenced the results in a positive direction. Comment in Commentary on Dalheim-Englund et al. (2004) Having a child with asthma: quality of life for Swedish parents. Journal of Clinical Nursing 13, 386-395. [J Clin Nurs. 2005]

  • 4.
    Dalheim-Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Rydström, Ingela
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Getting along with disease-engendered uncertainty in asthma child families2006In: New Developments in Parent-Child Relation / [ed] D.M. Devore, New York: Nova Science Publishers , 2006Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    All communities set high expectations on parents and to raise a child is a challenging responsibility. Being a parent includes feelings of pleasure, but is also associated with concem and extra work. If the child is stricken by a chronic illness their concem and extra work more often than not will increase. One of the most common chronic diseases among children world-wide is asthma and it constitutes a considerable health problem. Current literature shows that asthma brings uncertainty and extra work to family life, which influences many aspects of a farnily's health and social life. In a Swedish study, it is found that mothers and fathers of children with asthma manage their uncertainty in different ways - mothers mostly act in a protecting manner and express feelings of sadness, while fathers act in a liberating manner and express feelings of acceptance. Furthermore, another Swedish study points out the fact that the relations among asthma family members are govemed by uncertainty and characterized by control, tight bonds and feelings of being forsaken and lack of understanding. From the literature and studies mentioned above, one can assume that living under such circumstances may not only affect family members' present life, but it may also affect their future. Uncertainty puts a great drain on the family, e.g. misunderstanding between parents can occur, siblings may feel forsaken and the child with asthma may be prevented from taking an own responsibility for life with the disease. One way to get a deeper understanding of human relations is to use different perspectives. In this article, we will try to illurninate asthma family life and relations by using an existentialistic, a Hegelian as well as a gender perspective.

  • 5.
    Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Rydström, Ingela
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Norberg, Astrid
    Being the parent of a child with asthma2001In: Pediatric Nursing, ISSN 0097-9805, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 365-373Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe what it means to be parents of a child with asthma. Unstructured interviews were carried out with 12 mothers and 12 fathers of children with asthma living in Sweden. The parents' accounts were analyzed using a phenomenological-hermeneutic approach. The results revealed that parents were living a strenuous life and their actions involved both protecting and liberating. Parents also reported feelings of sadness and acceptance. In most cases, mothers acted in a protecting manner and expressed feelings of sadness; fathers acted in a liberating manner and expressed feelings of acceptance. To gain a deeper understanding of the parents' actions and feelings, study results were interpreted through philosophical perspectives described by Ruddick (1989), Mayeroff (1965), and Hegel (1975). These interpretations show that the feelings and actions of these parents exist in a dialectical relation with one another. Results emphasize the importance of a good partnership between the parents and the nurse, where the nurse shows consideration for the parents' unique actions and feelings and understands and supports parents in the care of their child with asthma.

  • 6.
    Jarling, Aleksandra
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Rydström, Ingela
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Ernsth-Bravell, Marie
    Institute of Gerontology, Jönköping University.
    Nyström, Maria
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Dalheim Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    A responsibility that never rests - To be a family caregiver to an older person2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    When the ageing population increases, the burden and responsibility of close family members will likely increase. Those closely related who assume a great responsibility can be significantly affected in health, well‐being and daily life.

    Aim

    This study aims to describe the life situation when family caregivers are imposed responsibility for an older person with complex care needs in their own home.

    Methods

    In this Swedish qualitative study, ten family caregivers were strategically selected in order to achieve variations in the life situation. A reflective lifeworld research design based on phenomenological philosophy was used throughout the data collection with the lifeworld interviews and the analytic process.

    Findings

    In terms of extensive responsibility, the life situation is complex and involves emotions that are difficult to manage. In essence, a paradoxical life situation is described which is experienced as both voluntarily and nonchosen at the same time. The responsibility never rests. The essential meaning is further illustrated with three constituents: loss of freedom, contradictory feelings and affected relationships.

    Conclusion

    A life situation with extensive responsibility for an older family member interferes with the whole life situation with an impact on health and relationships with other people. The findings are crucial for professional caregivers in order to capture the nature of family support in a way that enables a meaningful life for both the family caregiver and the older person being cared for. Knowledge of this will give professional caregivers an increased awareness of the life situation of family caregivers and provide a better understanding of the support they are longing for, and, in some countries, such as Sweden, also are entitled to by law.

  • 7.
    Jarling, Aleksandra
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Rydström, Ingela
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Ernsth-Bravell, Marie
    Institute of Gerontology, Jönköping University.
    Nyström, Maria
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Dalheim Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Becoming a guest in your own home: Home care in Sweden from the perspective of older people with multimorbidities2018In: International Journal of Older People Nursing, ISSN 1748-3735, E-ISSN 1748-3743, Vol. 13, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Background: In line with changing demographics, conditions for older people have also changed. Older people are expected to live and be cared for in their own home for as long as possible. Increasing age also increases the risk of multimorbidity and the need for social services and health care services. Home care, instituted by different laws, is complex and requires cooperation from an older person when his/her home becomes a workplace for service providers.

    Aim: This study aims to illuminate the meaning of being an older person with multimorbidity who lives alone and who is cared for in his/her own home.

    Design: This study uses a qualitative design with a lifeworld approach.

    Methods: Conducted in Sweden in 2016, the researchers interviewed 12 older persons that live alone and receive home care. Data was analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The findings illustrate four sub-themes: adapting to a caring culture, being exposed, participation with limitations and being dependent on forced relationships. The overall theme reveals that older people experience a life-changing situation when receiving home care and they become a guest in their own home.

    Conclusions: Becoming older with increased needs means to disrupt one’s life when one’s private home becomes a public arena. Caregivers need to be aware of the gap between their rights by law and an older person’s experiences of receiving home care. Only then can care be offered that enables older people to have a sense of control and experience their home as their own.

    Implications for Practice: The findings emphasise the need to view older people as being self-determinant and independent. Older people receiving home care need to be seen as individuals, and their entire life situation should be considered by also acknowledging the important role played by relatives and caregivers.

  • 8.
    Jonasson, Lise-Lotte
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Nyström, Maria
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Rydström, Ingela
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Reflective team in caring for people living with dementia: A base for care improvement.2017In: Reflective Practice, ISSN 1462-3943, E-ISSN 1470-1103, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 397-409Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A reflective team (RT) is a team of professional carers who reflect on a specific caring issue under the direction of an RT leader. The goal for the reflective process is to accomplish care improvement based on research and proven experience, and the first step is to reflect upon the competence that already exists in the context where RT takes place. This study aims to bring previous unarticulated competence for dementia care to the surface, after it has been reflected during RT sessions. Ten staff nurses who work close to patients with dementia and attend RT sessions on regular basis were interviewed about their competence for dementia care. Through a phenomenographic analyze two qualitatively separated categories emerged; general caring skills and specific dementia caring skills. It is concluded that specific skills for dementia care build on general caring skills, and that tacit knowledge can emerge to proven experience when it has been reflected in RT.

  • 9.
    Karlsson, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Dalheim Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University.
    Nyström, Maria
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Rydström, Ingela
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Experiencing Support During Needle-Related Medical Procedures: A Hermeneutic Study With Young Children (3-7 Years)2016In: Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, ISSN 0882-5963, E-ISSN 1532-8449, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 667-677Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Needle-related medical procedures (NRMPs) are something that all young children need to undergo at some point. These procedures may involve feelings of fear, pain and anxiety, which can cause problems later in life either when seeking healthcare in general or when seeking care specifically involving needles. More knowledge is needed about supporting children during these procedures.

    AIM:

    This study aims to explain and understand the meaning of the research phenomenon: support during NRMPs. The lived experiences of the phenomenon are interpreted from the perspective of younger children.

    METHOD:

    The analysis uses a lifeworld hermeneutic approach based on participant observations and interviews with children between 3 and 7years of age who have experienced NRMPs.

    RESULTS:

    The research phenomenon, support for younger children during NRMPs, is understood through the following themes: being the centre of attention, getting help with distractions, being pampered, becoming involved, entrusting oneself to the safety of adults and being rewarded. A comprehensive understanding is presented wherein younger children experience support from adults during NRMPs in order to establish resources and/or strengthen existing resources.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    The manner in which the child will be guided through the procedure is developed based on the child's reactions. This approach demonstrates that children are actively participating during NRMPs. Supporting younger children during NRMPs consists of guiding them through a shared situation that is mutually beneficial to the child, the parent and the nurse. Play during NRMP is an important tool that enables the support to be perceived as positive.

  • 10.
    Karlsson, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Dalheim Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Enskär, Karin
    Rydström, Ingela
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Parents' perspectives on supporting children during needle-related medical procedures2014In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children state that among their worst fears during hospitalization are those related to various nursing procedures and to injections and needles. Nurses thus have a responsibility to help children cope with needle-related medical procedures (NRMP) and the potentially negative effects of these. The aim of the study is to describe the lived experience of supporting children during NRMP, from the perspective of nurses. Fourteen nurses took part in the study, six of whom participated on two occasions thus resulting in 20 interviews. A reflective lifeworld research approach was used, and phenomenological analysis was applied. The result shows that supporting children during NRMP is characterized by a desire to meet the child in his/her own world and by an effort to reach the child’s horizon of understanding regarding these actions, based on the given conditions. The essential meaning of the phenomenon is founded on the following constituents: developing relationships through conversation, being sensitive to embodied responses, balancing between tact and use of restraint, being the child’s advocate, adjusting time, and maintaining belief. The discussion focuses on how nurses can support children through various types of conversation and by receiving help from the parents’ ability to be supportive, and on whether restraint can be supportive or not for children during NRMP. Our conclusion is that nurses have to see each individual child, meet him/her in their own world, and decide on supportive actions while at the same time balancing their responsibility for the completion of the NRMP. This work can be described as ‘‘balancing on a tightrope’’ in an unpredictable situation.

  • 11.
    Karlsson, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Rydström, Ingela
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Dalheim Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Enskär, K
    Nurses' perspectives on supporting children during needle-related medical procedures.2014In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children state that among their worst fears during hospitalization are those related to various nursing procedures and to injections and needles. Nurses thus have a responsibility to help children cope with needle-related medical procedures (NRMP) and the potentially negative effects of these. The aim of the study is to describe the lived experience of supporting children during NRMP, from the perspective of nurses. Fourteen nurses took part in the study, six of whom participated on two occasions thus resulting in 20 interviews. A reflective lifeworld research approach was used, and phenomenological analysis was applied. The result shows that supporting children during NRMP is characterized by a desire to meet the child in his/her own world and by an effort to reach the child's horizon of understanding regarding these actions, based on the given conditions. The essential meaning of the phenomenon is founded on the following constituents: developing relationships through conversation, being sensitive to embodied responses, balancing between tact and use of restraint, being the child's advocate, adjusting time, and maintaining belief. The discussion focuses on how nurses can support children through various types of conversation and by receiving help from the parents' ability to be supportive, and on whether restraint can be supportive or not for children during NRMP. Our conclusion is that nurses have to see each individual child, meet him/her in their own world, and decide on supportive actions while at the same time balancing their responsibility for the completion of the NRMP. This work can be described as "balancing on a tightrope" in an unpredictable situation.

  • 12.
    Karlsson, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Rydström, Ingela
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Englund, Lotta
    Enskär, Karin
    The art of data collection: children´s experience of needle procedures2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Karlsson, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Rydström, Ingela
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Nyström, Maria
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University.
    Dalheim Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Consequences of Needle-Related Medical Procedures: A Hermeneutic Study With Young Children (3–7 Years)2015In: Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, ISSN 0882-5963, E-ISSN 1532-8449, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 109-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Needle-related medical procedures (NRMPs) are often frightening and cause children anxiety and pain. Only a few studies have examined the perspectives of younger children. More knowledge is needed about younger children's experiences in caring situations such as NRMPs. Aim The aim of this study was to explain and understand the consequences related to NRMPs from younger children's perspectives. Methods Participant observations and interviews with younger children who had experienced NRMPs were analysed using a lifeworld hermeneutic approach. Results Experiencing fear is central for younger children during an NRMP and interpretation of its consequences formed the basis for the following themes: seeking security, realizing the adult's power, struggling for control, feeling ashamed, and surrendering. A comprehensive understanding is presented wherein younger children's experiences of NRMPs vary across time and space related to weakening and strengthening their feelings of fear. Conclusions Awareness is needed that adults' power becomes more obvious for children during an NRMP. Children's surrender does not necessarily imply acceptance of the procedure. Providing children with opportunities to control elements of the procedure creates a foundation for active participation, and vice versa.

  • 14.
    Rydström, Ingela
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Immigrant parents narrate about their encounters with Swedish Healthcare2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is a multicultural society. Coming to a new country, when having a child with a chronic disease, involves many challenges. One is to approach a new healthcare system. The aim of this study was to gain a broader understanding of immigrant parents’ experiences of their encounters with the Swedish healthcare system. Materials-Methods: Twelve parents of children with asthma were interviewed. The interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim and then analyzed by using qualitative content analysis Results: The results show that immigrant parents’ experiences of Swedish health vary. Some parents are pleased by the care they receive, while others experience a great deal of difficulties. The encounters with the Swedish healthcare system are described as Being met with respect and Affordable care, as well as Problems with communication, Lack of confidence, and Being discriminated against. Conclusion: Swedish healthcare professionals are expected to offer care on equal terms to the whole population. This is a challenge for healthcare professionals, who need to improve their ability to provide culturally competent care and to understand immigrant parents´ expectations and needs. Such care can be achieved through education of professionals who encounter immigrant parents. Another way is to make it possible for these parents to talk about their expectations and concerns.

  • 15.
    Rydström, Ingela
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    "Jag vill också ha en hund"... en studie av barn och tonåringar med astma och deras mammor.2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The overall aim of this thesis is to illuminate meanings of being a child with asthma, to describe what strategies they use to manage their daily life, and how they estimate their quality of life. The aim is also to describe how family relations might be influenced by the child’s asthma disease. Methods: Informants in three qualitative studies were 37 children with asthma and 17 mothers of children with asthma. Informants in a quantitative quality of life study were 226 children with asthma. The data collections were undertaken by means of interviews, observations, and a questionnaire (PAQLQ). The data was analysed by means of phenomenological-hermeneutic method, grounded theory, and statistics. Results: A meaning of being a child with asthma is to strive to live a normal life, which means to be able to participate in the same activities as healthy friends. According to the children, participation is facilitated by confidence in one’s own knowledge, by other people’s wish to help, and by confidence in medicines. On occasions when the disease becomes an obstacle to participation, the children feel like outsiders, and talk about feelings of deprivation, guilt, loneliness, anxiety, and fear. When observing and interviewing teenagers with asthma they showed and expressed that their core concern was not letting the disease get the upper hand over life. To manage this core concern they used three strategies: keeping a distance to the disease, challenging the disease, and taking the disease into consideration. Boys mainly keep a distance to the disease while girls mainly take the disease into consideration. Challenging the disease seems to be a strategy used by both girls and boys. Differences between girls and boys were also seen when children with asthma estimated their quality of life, even though they both estimate their quality of life as comparatively high. A significant association was found between a higher quality of life and being a boy, compared to being a girl. The core concern in families of a child with asthma was found to be disease-engendered uncertainty. The mothers experience themselves as always being available for the child with asthma, owing to the unpredictability of the disease. Control and tight bonds therefore characterize the relation between the mother and the sick child. Being constantly available for the child with asthma, decreases the mothers’ availability for other family members and these relations are described as being characterised by feelings of being forsaken and lack of understanding. Conclusion: One conclusion drawn from this thesis is that life with asthma includes moments of wellbeing for both children with asthma and their mothers, but also moments when they experience that the disease gets the upper hand over life. In assisting them it is of great value to create a milieu where the individuals dare to talk about their experiences and to be aware of possible differences between boys and girls. It is also important never to judge, but to customize care, based on the needs of each individual.

  • 16.
    Rydström, Ingela
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Response to Commentary on Asthma: quality of life for Swedish children.2007In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 16, no 9, p. 1768-1769Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Rydström, Ingela
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Dalheim Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Meeting Swedish Health Care System: Immigarant parens of children with asthma narrate2015In: Clinical Nursing Research, ISSN 1054-7738, E-ISSN 1552-3799, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 415-431Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Coming to a new country involves many challenges. One of them is to approach a new health care system when you have a child with asthma. The aim of this study was to gain a broader understanding of immigrant parents’ experiences of the Swedish health care system. Twelve parents of children with asthma were interviewed and their narratives were analyzed by using qualitative content analysis. The results show that immigrant parents’ experiences of Swedish health care vary and involve both advantages and disadvantages. Advantages of the Swedish health care system are described as Being met with respect and Affordable care, while disadvantages are described as Problems with communication, Being discriminated against and Lack of confidence. The disadvantages are challenges for health care professionals, who are expected to offer care on equal terms to the whole population. Therefore, they need to provide culturally competent care and encourage immigrant parents to voice their expectations and worries.

  • 18.
    Rydström, Ingela
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Dalheim Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Dellve, Lotta
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Ahlstrom, Linda
    Importance of social capital at the workplace for return to work among women with a history of long-term sick leave: a cohort study.2017In: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, ISSN ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 14, no 16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The workplace is an essential source of social capital for many people; it provides mutual support and gives meaning to life. However, few prospective studies have thoroughly investigated the importance of aspects of social capital in the workplace. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between aspects of social capital (social support, sense of community, and quality of leadership) at the workplace, and work ability, working degree, and vitality among women with a history of long-term sick leave from human service organizations.

    Methods

    A longitudinal cohort study was performed among women with a history of long-term sick leave. The study started in 2005, and the women were followed up at 6 months, 1 year, and 6 years using self-reported questionnaires (baseline n = 283). Linear mixed models were used for longitudinal analysis of the repeated measurements of prospective degree of work ability, working degree, and vitality. Analyses were performed with different models; the explanatory variables for each model were social support, sense of community, and quality of leadership and time.

    Results

    Social capital in terms of quality of leadership (being good at solving conflicts and giving high priority to job satisfaction), sense of community (co-operation between colleagues) and social support (help and support from immediate superiors and colleagues) increased the women’s work ability score (WAS) as well as working degree over time. Additionally, social capital in terms of quality of leadership increased the women’s vitality score over time.

    Conclusions

    A sustainable return-to-work process among individuals with a history of long-term sick leave, going in and out of work participation, could be supported with social support, good quality of leadership, and a sense of community at the workplace. The responsibility for the rehabilitation process can not be reduced to an individual problem, but ought to include all stakeholders involved in the process, such as managers, colleagues, health care services, and the social security agency.

  • 19.
    Rydström, Ingela
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Dalheim Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Rasmussen, Birgit
    Möller, Christian
    Sandman, Per-Olof
    Asthma: quality of life for Swedish children2005In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 14, no 6, p. 739-749Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives.  The purpose of this study was to describe how Swedish children with asthma experience their QoL and to search for possible associations between their experience of QoL and some determinants. Background.  Asthma is a chronic disorder that can restrict a child's life, physically, emotionally, socially and spiritually, and this has an impact on a child's quality of life (QoL). Methods.  Two hundred and twenty-six children with asthma (37% girls and 63% boys) and 371 parents of these children participated in the study. The Paediatric Asthma Quality Of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ) was used to measure the children's QoL. This questionnaire reveals how the children's asthma interferes with their normal activities, their symptoms and how this interference has made them feel. Results.  The findings show that most children with asthma estimated their QoL towards the positive end of the scale. The children reported more impairment in the domain of activities than in emotions and symptoms. The most commonly restricted activity was the children's ability to run. Significant associations were found between a higher QoL outcome and being a boy, as well as living in the south of Sweden. A higher QoL was also found in children with mothers older than 40 years of age and in children with cohabiting parents. It was also associated with their fathers’ QoL in a positive direction. Conclusions.  It is important that children with asthma will maintain a high QoL. In this study the children were being treated with asthma medication when they evaluated their QoL. Perhaps this fact might have influenced the results in a positive direction. Relevance to clinical practice.  The findings of our study underline the importance of accurate nursing assessment including background variables of the children. Nurses also have to be aware that some of the children in the study have a low QoL and these children must not be forgotten. In addition, as caring tends to focus on the patients’ limitations, another important issue for nurses is to try to discover those aspects in a child's daily life that contribute to a high QoL in order to improve and maintain the child's wellbeing.

  • 20.
    Rydström, Ingela
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Dalheim-Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Anförande angående föräldrars upplevelser av att vara förälder till ett astmasjukt barn2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Rydström, Ingela
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Dalheim-Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Anförande angående professionella vårdares strategier när de möter tonåringar med astma2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Rydström, Ingela
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Dalheim-Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Not letting the asthma get the upper hand over life: teens and children narrate2008In: Asthma : Etiology, Pathogenesis and Treatment / [ed] Alina Patterson, Pauline Yeager, Nova Science Publishers Inc , 2008, p. 1-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Rydström, Ingela
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Dalheim-Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Segesten, Kerstin
    Rasmussen, Birgit
    Relations governed by uncertainty: part of life of families of a child with asthma2004In: Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, ISSN 0882-5963, E-ISSN 1532-8449, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 85-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study identifies what influences and characterizes family relations in families of a child with asthma. Seventeen mothers of children aged between 6 and 16 years participated in audio-taped in-depth interviews. The researchers were inspired by grounded theory in data collection and data analysis. The core category that developed was being governed by disease-engendered uncertainty. The category mothers' availability was seen in two dimensions. The first dimension, mothers' being available for the child with asthma, created two subcategories: 1. control and 2. tight bonds. The second dimension, mothers' being less available for other family members, also created two subcategories: 3. being forsaken and 4. lack of understanding. Nursing implications are discussed in relation to the findings.

  • 24.
    Rydström, Ingela
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Sandman, Per-Olof
    Being a child with asthma1999In: Pediatric Nursing, ISSN 0097-9805, Vol. 25, no 6, p. 589-596Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to illuminate what it is like being a child with asthma. Unstructured interviews were conducted with 14 children with asthma in Sweden. The data were analyzed using a phenomenologic hermeneutic method. The results showed that the children strived to live normal lives. Sometimes they felt that they were participants in everyday life; other times they felt like outsiders. As participants, they felt confident in their own knowledge, in other people's wish to help, and that medicine would help. As outsiders, they felt deprived, guilty, lonely, anxious, and fearful. Results were interpreted from an ecosophic as well as an existential perspective.

  • 25.
    Rydström, Ingela
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Hartman, Jan
    Segesten, Kerstin
    Not letting the disease get the upper hand over life: strategies of teens with asthma2005In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 388-395Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescence is a period when teens normally revolt against being dependent. For teens with asthma this period may be even more difficult to deal with, as they also have to deal with their illness. Since few studies describe this phenomenon, the aim of this study was to provide a theoretical understanding of how teens with asthma manage their everyday life in relation to their disease. A grounded theory research design, according to Glaser, was used to uncover the phenomenon. The study was undertaken at a camp for teenagers with asthma during the summer of 2003. Twelve girls and 11 boys with moderate to severe asthma participated in the study. Participant observations and interviews were used, and the first author collected the data and participated in the activities. The findings reveal a theoretical model which shows that teens' core concern is not to let the disease get the upper hand over life. To manage this core concern the teens were found to use three strategies: keeping a distance to the disease, challenging the disease and taking the disease into consideration. Boys mainly kept a distance to the disease while girls mainly kept the disease into consideration. Challenging the disease seemed to be a strategy used by both girls and boys. The teens' strategies were not studied close to their everyday life, but a conclusion drawn from our study was that the provisional theory in many respects can be transferred to their everyday life, even though further research is needed to develop this provisional theory in other settings

1 - 25 of 25
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