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  • 1.
    Bergström, Annika
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, JMG, SOM-instituet.
    Höglund, Lars
    Göteborgs universitet, JMG.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Nilsson, Skans Kersti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Wallin, Birgitta
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Books on Screens: Players in the Swedish e-book market2017Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The music and film industries have long come to terms with the digital, and now the traditional printed book is challenged by digital formats. The e-book has become established in most countries, but is still a small part of the book industry. In this book a group of researchers follow the actors involved in the Swedish e-book market, from authors and publishers to libraries, booksellers and readers during 2012-2016. Using surveys, interviews and other sources the main actors were researched and it is shown how they act and react towards the e-book and towards each other. While the main focus in on Sweden as a small language country, several international comparisons are made. 

    Are printed books disappearing soon? How are reading habits changing when the book becomes digital? Which forces are driving radical change and which are holding it back? The book discusses these and related questions and shows that after a period of rapid increase in the production and use of e-books, several factors slow down the rate of adoption, but digitisation of the book is an ongoing process and the current e-book is not the end of the story.

  • 2.
    Bergström, Annika
    et al.
    Gothenburg university; JMG; SOM-institute.
    Höglund, Lars
    Gothenburg university; JMG.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Nilsson, Skans Kersti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Wallin, Birgitta
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Conclusion2017In: Books on screens: Players in the Swedish e-book market, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2017, p. 209-218Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3. Birrell, Duncan
    et al.
    Menzies, Kathleen
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wollschläger, Thomas
    Konstantelos, Leo
    Innocenti, Perla
    Riestra, Ruben
    Lindh, Maria
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Harrison, John
    Hasan, Adil
    Zabos, Attila
    Shaman: D14.2 - report on demonstration and evaluation activity in the domain of "memory institututions"2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    1. The report describes the demonstration and evaluation of ISP1, which was designed to demonstrate the potential of the SHAMAN framework for digital preservation in the context of memory institutions and for the research and development community. 2. The demonstration process was carried out by means of presentations based on screen-casts in three locations, Frankfurt, Vilnius and Glasgow. The audiences for the demonstrations consisted persons occupying of a wide range of roles in memory institutions, including senior management, operational level staff and IT support staff. 3. The evaluation is based on the reports of focus groups held in the three locations, together with structured data from self-completed questionnaires, administered on the same occasions. 4. Participants in the focus groups responded favourably to the ideas demonstrated in the presentations. There was particular interest in the choice of mainly open source software and in automation of processes, both of which have cost reduction implications, and in the idea of a digital preservation policy: the majority of participating organizations had no such policy. Participants also drew attention to aspects of preservation which they found lacking in the presentation and which were desirable, specifically: the preservation of font information; working with already obsolete formats; the automatic extraction of necessary metadata; the fact of mixed media archives involving, e.g., film and audio files; support for controlled vocabularies for search and discovery; and demonstration of workflows at a more practical level. 5. The questionnaire results revealed most approval of the retrieval and verification capabilities and less for the ingest processes. Otherwise the results supported the findings from the focus groups in general. There was a division of opinion over the value of the Multivalent browser and the application of grid technology, possibly because of differences in knowledge of these matters. Highest priority was assigned to data migration, access and authentication and bit stream preservation and least to independence standards and search capacity – issues that may be worth further exploration. 6. Evaluation has also been performed to determine the project‟s impact on the R&D community by means of submission and rejection rates of papers to journals and conferences, and bibliometric and Webometric analyses. The results demonstrate that the research outputs from the project are of interest to the R&D community and that the impact of the project as a whole compares favourably with other European projects in the digital preservation area. 7. The evaluation has revealed strengths and shortcomings in the demonstration process, which will influence the development of demonstrators for ISP2 and ISP3. The SHAMAN framework for digital preservation is seen as offering new possibilities and rigorous methods for the field by the practitioners in memory institutions.

  • 4.
    Darányi, Sándor
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    The SHAMAN project on digital preservation2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Eklund, Pieta
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Lindh, Maria
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    The EURIDICE project: the evaluation of image database use in online learning2006In: Education for Information, ISSN 0167-8329, E-ISSN 1875-8649, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 177-192Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Eklund, Pieta
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Publishing activity and attitudes towards open access publishing in the University of Borås: results of a study undertaken by the Library & Learning Resources and the Swedish School of Library and Information Science2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    1. Interviews and a questionnaire survey were conducted with researchers and policy makers in the University of Borås to obtain information on current publishing practices, the publishing policy of the institution, and attitudes towards open access. 2. Considerable variation in researchers’ understanding of these issues was found, but a number of common factors emerged that led to the recommendations made here. The rationale for the recommendations is set out in the concluding section of this report. 3. Recommendations: 3.1. The University’s publishing policy should be strengthened by requiring all research outputs or (in the case of exhibitions, etc.) documentary evidence of those outputs to be deposited in BADA in full‐text form. Library should receive a mandate to implement this policy to its full extent. Where publishers’ embargos exist, it should be the library’s responsibility to determine when the paper, etc., can be made openly available. 3.2. A resource allocation model for research should be developed which prioritises the continuation of and application for doctoral education rights, while preserving research that is directed at supporting the University’s goal of serving as a “university of the professions”. 3.3. Consideration should be given to the adoption of a document management system (or enterprise content management system) such as Sharepoint from Microsoft, or KnowledgeTree Inc., or one of the open source alternatives, such as Alfresco, LogicalDoc or OpenKM for management of research and research data. The costs and benefits of such an action should be explored in association with representatives of the departments. 3.4. Research staff needs to be made more aware of the need to deposit the full text of their publications in BADA. The role of the repository records in assigning research resources and in relation to promotion procedures should be emphasised, as well as the benefits that come from having an internationally‐visible archive of research outputs. 3.5. The potential of Open Journal Systems for managing the publication process of existing journals published in the University should be explored. 3.6. In addition to any university‐wide activity, seminars on the nature of open access publishing, etc., should be held in each Department, to ensure that all researchers are aware of the possibilities. 3.7. Researchers should be advised of the existence of the “author’s addendum” and its terms and of their right to require that publishers accept such an addendum. 3.8. Consideration should be given to expanding the role of the library in research support, provided that additional resources can be devoted to this. Specific topics suggested by respondents included: help with English writing; appointment of ‘research librarians’ to liaise with research groups in making proposals to funding agencies; considering recommendation 5 above; extending the scope of information literacy activities to researchers; providing bibliometric services to individuals and research groups; and provide advice on the national ranking criteria and their relevance to researchers. 3.9. The library should review how it disseminates information on the support it can give to research throughout the University and bring forward a plan for a support structure that can be provided to all researchers. This may take the form of a printed guide to research services, supported by existing and newly developed pages on the library Web site. 3.10 The resource implications of these recommendations, especially as they affect the library's functions, should be evaluated.

  • 7.
    Höglund, Lars
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Trust in health care: an information perspective2004In: Health Informatics Journal, ISSN 1460-4582, E-ISSN 1741-2811, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 37-48Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on an exploratory analysis of existing data obtained through a national survey carried out in Sweden. The survey questionnaire seeks information on a wide range of issues, including healthcare, library use and Internet use. The analysis presented here explores the relationship among these variables and the concept of trust in healthcare institutions. The results indicate that most of the correlations theoretically suggested were very small and that trust in health institutions in general is high but not strongly related to standard demographic variables found in a general survey of a large population. This exploratory study suggests that more specific indicators of health, experience from health institutions and health-related media exposure are needed to test, in greater depth, the relationships between information exposure, health and attitudes towards health institutions.

  • 8.
    Höglund, Lars
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Bath, Peter A (Editor)
    Höglund, Lars (Editor)
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Trust in health care: an information perspective2003In: iSHIMR 2003 : the eighth International Symposium for Health Information Management Research : research of health and social care information management, Borås, Sweden, 1-3 June 2003 : proceedings / [ed] Peter A Bath, Lars Höglund, Elena Maceviciute, Borås : University College of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science ; Sheffield : University of Sheffield, Centre for Health Information Management Research , 2003, p. 102-115Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9. Innocenti, Perla
    et al.
    Ross, Seamus
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Ludwig, Jens
    Pempe, Wolfgang
    Assessing digital preservation frameworks: the approach of the SHAMAN projectapproach of the SHAMAN project2009In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Management of Emergent Digital EcoSystems, October 27-30, 2009, Lyon, France, New York, NY: ACM , 2009, p. 412-416Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Gudinavicius, Arunas (Contributor)
    Vilnius University.
    Suminas, Andrius (Contributor)
    Vilnius University.
    E-books in academic libraries: Results of a survey carried out in Sweden and Lithuania.2017In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 22, no 3, article id 762Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. This paper reports on a study of e-books issues in academic libraries in two European countries representative of small language markets – Sweden and Lithuania. Method. Questionnaire surveys, using the same instrument, were carried out in Swedish and Lithuanian academic libraries. Analysis. Quantitative analysis was performed using the descriptive statistics capability of SurveyMonkey. Results. The survey’s results reveal some interesting similarities and differences in the two countries. Business models for e-book acquisition in both countries show similarities - the most popular additional model is purchase for perpetual ownership. One significant difference is that some of the Lithuanian academic librarians appear to have less direct knowledge of e-book acquisition, relying upon the Lithuanian Research Library Consortium to effect licence agreements with publishers and aggregators. Another significant difference is that academic libraries in Lithuania have a higher degree of access to e-books in the national language than is the case in Sweden. Conclusion. The findings show that the factors driving adoption of e-books, is composed of somewhat different elements in the two countries. Swedish librarians regard the need to keep up with technology and access and availability as the two main forces driving adoption of e-books in academic libraries. Lithuanian librarians see economics as the main factor, together with technology and demand from students.

  • 11.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Lalloo, Inga
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Lindh, Maria
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    En Delfi-studie om forskningsbehovet i biblioteksverksamhet2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bibliotekshögskolan organiserar regelbundet forum där forskare, praktiker och studenter kan träffas och utbyta kunskap och erfarenhet. Bakgrunden till projektet kan framförallt härledas till de diskussioner som förts på konferensen Mötesplats inför framtiden, kring behov av forskning inom olika bibliotekssektorer och områden. Detta paper redogör för det första delresultatet i det sk Delfistudien, en undersökning av de svenska bibliotekens forskningsbehov. Studien har bekostats av Svensk Biblioteksförening.

  • 12.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Nilsson, Skans Kersti
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Bergström, Annika
    Höglund, Lars
    The case of the e/book in “small language” culture: media technology and the digital society2014In: Knygotyra, ISSN 0204-2061, E-ISSN 2345-0053, Vol. 62, p. 73-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article describes a research project conducted in Sweden and its initial base-line results that were produced by investigating statistical data from general statistical sources, representative surveys of the Swedish population, and from public and academic libraries. The project looks into the change introduced into the book sector by e-books. Sweden was chosen as a special case – a country with a high literacy level and high penetration of information technology into everyday life of people. At the same time, the spread of e-books is at the very start and it seems that the diffusion of e-books, their production, distribution and use are affected by the problems characteristic of a typical small publishing markets. The authors present the goals of the project and the theoretical framework. The data were collected in 2012 and demonstrate the relatively low scale of e-book publishing and use. Libraries emerge as the main channel of access to e-books for readers. The usual problems of e-book production and distribution that are visible in other countries are observed in Sweden as well: e-books legally are not books, but services of licensed software and thus excluded from the privileges enjoyed by paper books; readers demand more e-books but are not ready to pay for them the same price as for traditional books and prefer to acquire them through free channels. Publishers seek to maintain the monopoly of e-book distribution and fear piracy. Libraries lose independence of acquisition and collection management. The choice of e-books by readers is determined by access to technology, age and education as well as reading habits.

  • 13.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, T.D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Institutional repository and publication of university research results: a case of a Swedish regional university2013In: Knygotyra, ISSN 0204-2061, E-ISSN 2345-0053, Vol. 61, p. 101-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Straipsnyje aprašomas tyrimas grindžiamas statistine institucinės talpyklos duomenų bazės ir reglamentuojančiųjų universiteto dokumentų analize, interviu su universiteto vadovais ir aktyviais mokslininkais duomenimis bei universiteto mokslininkų atsakymų į anketą analize. Tyrimo rezultatai rodo, kad Švedijos universiteto leidybinė politika orientuojama į kuo didesnį universiteto matomumą mokslinėje komunikacijoje, atvirosios prieigos kūrimą ir per ją prieinamų dokumentų kokybės užtikrinimą bei mokslinin - kų atsakomybės už leidinių ir duomenų apie juos kokybę didinimą. Tačiau tiriamo universiteto mokslininkų žinios apie leidybos procesus, atvirosios prieigos galimybes, autorių teisių perdavimo pasekmes bei kitus su šiuolaiki - ne moksline komunikacija susijusius procesus bei reiškinius yra gana ribotos. Norint sėkmingai įgyvendinti universiteto leidybinės politikos nuostatas, būtina mokslininkus nuolat šviesti ir konsultuoti šiais klausimais. Tai galėtų būti natūrali universiteto bibliotekos funkcija, pratęsianti jos darbą su insti - tucine talpykla bei informacinio raštingumo ugdymu.

  • 14.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Ebooks in academic libraries – the Swedish perspective.2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Evaluating the SHAMAN Digital Preservation Framework for memory institutions2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract. The paper falls under the category Digital preservation and access management. The aim of the paper is to present the approach to evaluating the EU SHAMAN (Sustaining Heritage Access through Multivalent ArchiviNg) project outcomes from the point of view of the needs and requirements of the memory institutions. The complex approach to the evaluation of the outcomes is defined by the complexity of the projects goals. The evaluation and assessment design draws upon earlier evaluation of digital repositories and other projects in the area of digital preservation. The evaluation has to be carried out from the perspective of the representatives of research and development community, the memory organizations such as libraries, archives and museums, the end-users of technology, such as librarians, curators and archivists and the end-users of preserved materials, such as researchers, educators and artists. Quantitative and qualitative data collection tools and methods are constructed for the use in the assessment process. The particular requirements that memory institutions have for longterm digital preservation systems are taken into account.

  • 16.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Evaluating the SHAMAN framework by memory and industrial engineering institutions2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    "Digital preservation" is revealed by our work as a non-unitary concept: it depends upon what is digitised, the period over which the preserved material is anticipated to be of use, and the future end uses to which it is believed the material may be put. Clearly, memory institutions have the longest view, since they are the storehouses of reserved physical materials from, in some cases, hundreds of years in the past. However, even here, question of which institutions need to retain digital archives and which may draw upon those archives is a significant question. On the other hand, our work in industry suggests that the useful time period over which digital objects may be seen as useful will depend mainly upon two factors: the lifetime of a product and legal requirements for preservation. In the case of TV sets, the production lifetime is quite limited, with new models coming out every two or three years, but in the case of health products from the same organization, legal requirements relating, for example, to testing may require records to be maintained for a much longer period of time. Even then, the expenditure has to be justified by the business benefits.

  • 17.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Information behaviour research and information systems development: the SHAMAN project, an example of collaboration2010In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 15, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Goal. The aim of the paper is to demonstrate the role that information behaviour research may play in information system design. Theory. The paper explores the value of use cases in defining information requirements and considers their wider application in information behaviour research. Method. An analysis of the literature on long-term digital preservation systems (and, to a degree, digital libraries) is used as well as analysis of interviews undertaken in the course of the SHAMAN project. These interviews fall into the category of contextual inquiry as an explicit step for understanding who the customers really are and how they work on a day-to-day basis. Results. Four broad categories of needs in long term preservation are identified in literature: society at large, which has requirements for long-term preservation; organizational requirements; organizational staff who must operate the preservation system, undertaking the functions of ingest, access and delivery to end-users; end-users who need to draw upon the digital resource to help them with their work, study or research. The Universal Modelling Language with stereotypical actors and use cases offers information behaviour researchers a way to engage with system developers in a creative synergy.

  • 18.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Publishers’ responses to the e-book phenomenon: survey results from three ‘small language’ markets.2016In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 21, no 4, article id paper725Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    The e-book phenomenon in Sweden2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Delphi investigation into the research needs in Swedish librarianship2009In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 14, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. Reports the conduct of a national survey in Sweden to establish the desired research priorities for libraries. The research sought to establish what evidence-base is needed for evidence-based practice. Method. The Delphi method was employed to solicit opinions on the kinds of research needed by libraries of all kinds in Sweden. Research topics were obtained from practising librarians and identified in the professional literature and discussion lists. Two rounds of questionnaire survey using the sixty-four themes extracted were followed by an interactive workshop. Panel members were nominated by the practitioners themselves. Analysis. Standard statistical methods were employed to derive means and standard deviations and the Spearman rank correlation statistic was used to compare the results from different library sectors. Results. Consensus among panel members was not achieved during the survey rounds, but the workshop resulted in the identification of the ten highest priority themes. The public, regional and school libraries are more concerned with relation of libraries to education and society at large, while academic and special libraries emphasize the changes in scholarly and business communication and the impact of new technologies. Conclusions. The consensus among different Swedish library sectors regarding the top research agenda can be reached only conditionally. Strong differences between them remain and have to be taken into account when implementing the agenda. The panel members regard the library future as uncertain and prioritize the topics that can help to foster readers and library users and strengthen strategic positions of libraries.

  • 21.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Evaluation of Learning Objects from the User's Perspective: The Case of the EURIDICE Service2008In: Interdisciplinary Journal of Knowledge and Learning Objects, ISSN 1552-2210, E-ISSN 1552-2237, Vol. 4, p. 83-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We describe a project to evaluate an image database within an educational context. The partners in the EURIDICE project were educational institutions in a number of countries, together with other agencies and one commercial partner. Input to the database was provided by the commercial partner, a public library, and state archives. Evaluation was guided through a workshop in which all institutions participated to ensure comparability of data across the Project. Specific attention was paid to the needs of sight impaired students. The results indicated that the image database was considered to be of value for teaching and learning, but required further work to make it a fully viable system. In particular, the scope of the database needed to be expanded and the retrieval mechanisms improved

  • 22.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Generating evidence: a research priorities agenda for Swedish librarianship2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Information behaviour in research network building by relocated scholars in Swedish higher education: a report on a pilot project2008In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 13, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. A pilot investigation is reported into the information behaviour of scholars relocating to Sweden in building their research networks. Method. Using activity theory as a conceptual framework for the study, structured interviews (using mainly open questions) were carried out with eight scholars in different disciplines and institutions. The resulting data were analysed using the qualitative analysis package Atlas. ti. Results. Information systems and technologies play little part in the information behaviour of relocated scholars in building, or re-building, their research support networks. Integration into the academic institution is easier than integration into Swedish society and language issues arise mainly in respect of the latter. Conclusion. Re-located scholars adopt interpersonal communication as the dominant information behaviour in building their research networks. They are aided, in Sweden, by the generally welcoming and supportive atmosphere of their departments (although one respondent in the social sciences noted problems of conflict), but experience difficulty in establishing social networks within Swedish society.

  • 24.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Introducing information management2005Book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Proceedings of the 7th conference on Information Seeking in Context2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    På säker grund: en delfiundersökning om vilken biblioteksforskning som behövs2009Report (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    The Development of the Information Management Research Area2002In: Svensk biblioteksforskning, ISSN 0284-4354, E-ISSN 1653-5235, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 17-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom.D
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    The development of the information management research area2005In: Introducing information management: an Information Research reader / [ed] Elena Maceviciute, Tom D. Wilson, London : Facet , 2005, p. 18-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Švedijos bibliotekų mokslinio tyrimo reikmės [Research needs of Swedish libraries]2009In: Tarp knygų (In the World of Books), ISSN 0868-8826, Vol. April, no 04, p. 9-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Lalloo, Inga
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Lindh, Maria
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    A Delphi study of research needs for Swedish libraries2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Delphi technique has been used to systematically map the opinions on research needs of Swedish librarians. The study shows that what is considered relevant research is dependent on what kind of library operation the respondent works in. The highest priority is accorded to factors affecting strategic development, followed by the changing roles of libraries in their communities and the impact of library programmes on learning and transferable skills, but the results vary greatly between groups. The study is now an important foundation for the formulation of research questions and enhanced cooperation. The report plays an important role in those areas, but is also methodologically interesting as it gives a good description of how the Delphi technique can be used and of its constituent stages.

  • 31.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Forsgren, Emma
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Menzies, Kathleen
    Heutelbeck, Dominic
    Heidbrink, Hans-Ulrich
    Casarosa, Vittore
    Shaman: D14.3 - Report on demonstration and evaluation activity in the domain of industrial design and engineering2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    1. The report is accounting for the demonstration and evaluation of ISP2, which was designed to demonstrate the potential of the SHAMAN framework for digital preservation in the context of industrial design and engineering companies and for the research and development community. 2. The demonstration process was carried out by means of presentation based on screen-casts in Philips Consumer Lifestyle division the Audio, Video, Multimedia and Accessories business area members. They were typical members of a consumer organization and were involved in engineering or middle management work in the company, one was an intern. 3. The evaluation is based on the report of a focus group held in Philips‟s Eindhoven headquarters. It is supplemented with structured data from self-completed questionnaires, administered on the same occasions. However, the level of participation in the focus group was low as three out of nine intended participants withdrew because of more pressing duties on the morning of the event. Therefore, the data show only the individual opinions. However, the evaluation methods were successful in delivering useful information for the preparation of this deliverable. 4. Participants pointed out that, although their needs for digital preservation were limited, other business areas in the division were more likely to have greater needs, for example, the Health and Wellness area, which had legal obligations to retain data. The theoretical justification for the SHAMAN framework appeared to be of little interest to them. The primary requirement they had of software was that it should „save the time of the engineer‟. The elements resembling the optimum system, i.e., those that accepted a document or design and then automatically extracted all the necessary metadata to enable it to be found and used in the future, were favoured most. The participants found some features of the demonstrator, such as the Open Conjurer module and the concept of „terminology evolution‟ particularly appealing. 5. It is quite evident that the SHAMAN framework is applicable to the domain, and it is also evident that the key factors that will make digital preservation in general a requirement will depend very much on the nature of the business. The area of audio and video appliances does not need a very long-term preservation because of the rather short lifetime of an individual product. However, even here, in a different business area, relating to health and well-being, legal requirements necessitate a much longer period of preservation for documents and their need for digital preservation will be much greater. 6. Evaluation has also been performed to determine the project‟s impact on the R&D community by means of submission and rejection rates of papers to journals and conferences, and bibliometric and Webometric analyses. The results demonstrate that the research outputs from the project are of interest to the R&D community and that the impact of the project as a whole compares favourably with other European projects in the digital preservation area. 7. The evaluation has revealed strengths and shortcomings in the demonstration process, which will influence the further development of demonstrators for all three SHAMAN domains of interest. The SHAMAN framework for digital preservation is seen as offering new possibilities and interesting approaches to information capturing and re-use by the practitioners in industrial design and engineering companies.

  • 32.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Vullo, Giusepina
    Antunes, Gonçalo
    Barateiro, José
    SHAMAN D14.4: Report on demonstration and evaluation activity in the domain of e-science2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    1. This deliverable reports on the demonstration and evaluation of ISP3, which was designed to demonstrate the potential of the SHAMAN framework for digital preservation in the context of e-science institutions and for the research and development community. 2. The demonstration process was carried out by means of presentations of the training material to the scientists from LNEC and LIP in Lisbon, Portugal. The audiences for the demonstrations consisted of scientists working with different data and IT support staff. 3. The evaluation is based on the reports of focus groups held with two groups of scientists, together with structured data from self-completed questionnaires, administered on the same occasions. 4. The SHAMAN 'consciousness raising' event appears to have had useful consequences. In both institutions it appeared to fulfil the aim of drawing attention to the problems of digital preservation and to the role of the SHAMAN framework in finding answers to the problems. To a degree, the participants were already sympathetic to the ideas, since they were working in situations that daily brought their attention to the need for preservation policies. However, the discussions were also useful in extending the concept of digital preservation beyond the existing perceptions within the SHAMAN teams. In particular, the notion of the 'digital object' needs to be expanded to include not only digitized physical objects such as documents and images, but also 'born digital' phenomena such as data streams, software programs and analytical results of experiments.

  • 33.
    Nilsson, Skans Kersti
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Bergström, Annika
    Höglund, Lars
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    The tensions of e-book creation and distribution in a small-language culture2015In: Northern Lights, ISSN 1601-829X, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 29-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report on research in progress on the e-book phenomenon in Sweden, the aim of which is to explore the impact of the e-book at every stage, from authorship, through publishing, library lending and bookselling to readership. Here two aspects of the research are covered, the attitudes of authors and publishers towards e-books, to demonstrate the ‘early adoption’ stage of the e-book in the Swedish market. Interviews with authors reveal that most regard e-books favourably, although most of those who have a contract with publishers see it as a by-product of print publishing. Most authors do not have much experience in e-book publishing or self-publishing. The survey of publishers reveals ambivalence towards e-books and in their relationships with libraries and booksellers. The main ‘drivers’ in the uptake of e-books are consumers’ demands for portable, convenient formats and the search for more economic solutions to the provision of textbooks.

  • 34.
    Nowé Hedvall, Karen
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Tensions and contradictions in the information behaviour of board members of a voluntary organization2008In: Information Research, ISSN 1386-1613, Vol. 13, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. A study of the information behaviour of members of the Boards of the Swedish voluntary organization, Youth for Peace, is reported. The focus is on the tensions and contradictions arising out of organizational values and other factors. Method. Observation, interviews and the analysis of organizational documents were employed within the conceptual framework of activity theory. Predominantly qualitative data were gathered. Analysis. Qualitative analysis, using Atlas. ti, was carried out on the interview transcripts and other materials. Results. The study revealed a range of contradictions and tensions arising out of organizational values, the voluntary character of the organization and the life characteristics of Board members. Conclusion. The contradictions that arise in voluntary organizations affect their ability to effectively manage and exchange information between Board members and between Boards and the ordinary members. However, the values of 'doing their own thing', 'flexibility' and 'equality' helped to achieve one of the main goals of a voluntary youth organization: practical acquisition of basic information skills related to participation in a democratic body. The efficiency of information seeking and production was sacrificed, but every member of the Board had a possibility to learn a variety of jobs by hands-on practice.

  • 35.
    Nowé, Karen
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Informacijos naudojimas priimant sprendimus: visuomeninio judejimo2002In: Informacijos mokslai, ISSN 1392-0561Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Nowé, Karen
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wilson, Tom D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Informacijos naudojimas priimant sprendimus: visuomeninio judejimo "Pasaulio prekiautojai už sažininga prekyba" pavyzdys [Use of information in decision making: case of a social movement "Världsbutikerna för Rättvishandel"]2002In: Informacijos mokslai, ISSN 1392-0561, Vol. 23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Wilson, T.D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Information sharing: an exploration of the literature and some propositions2010In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 15, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. Information sharing is a relatively unexplored part of the information behaviour. The aim of this paper is to examine the research on the concept, as it appears in other bodies of literature and to draw out the key variables that appear to influence information sharing in different contexts. Methods. A literature review was carried out using the Scopus database, to identify the contexts and perspectives under which information sharing, information exchange or knowledge sharing has been discussed. Findings. A small number of key variables regularly appear in the information sharing literature. Some are limited to a particular context, e.g., sharing patient data in health care organizations, while others appear to have more general applicability. Four variables are identified that appear to be relatively common: trust, risk, reward (or benefit), and organizational proximity. Conclusion. The analysis presented could be employed both to guide an investigation into information sharing in organizations and to offer guidance to organizational management on the circumstances under which information sharing may take place readily, versus those circumstances under which sharing must be either negotiated or difficult to achieve.

  • 38.
    Wilson, T.D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    The e-book phenomenon: a disruptive technology2014In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 19, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. The e-book and its associated technology have emerged as a disruptive technology over the past ten years. The aim of this paper is to discuss some of the consequences of this development, based on the work of the e-books in Sweden research project. Argument. To explain the impact of the e-book phenomenon we use Winston’s theory of technological innovation, with particular reference to the ‘supervening social necessity’, the combination of factors that turns an innovation into a marketable product. As a result of the technology all aspects of the production, distribution and use of books is affected. Sectoral and cultural variation. The e-book is having different effects in different sectors and in different parts of the world: rapid development in the USA, slower in France and Japan; rapid development in academic libraries, slower development in public libraries, from country to country. These differences suggest that more than one supervening social necessity may be needed to explain the divergencies. Conclusion. There is a great deal of exaggeration of the impact of the e-book, based mainly on its influence in the USA. Development in other countries is taking place more slowly and differently and in ‘small language’ countries like Sweden, the pace of development, except in academic libraries is likely to be slow.

  • 39.
    Wilson, T.D.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Theory in information behaviour research2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    A general theory of human information behaviour2016In: Proceedings of ISIC: the information behaviour conference, Zadar, Croatia, 20-23 September, 2016: Part 1., Sheffield: Tom Wilson , 2016, Vol. 1, article id sic1601Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. This paper proposes that Wilson’s models of information behaviour constitute a general theory and that this is recognized by other researchers, although the term ‘theory’ has not been used by Wilson. Method. Wilson’s models are reviewed in the context of their use by other researchers, who use the terms ‘theory’ or ‘theoretical’ in describing the models. The relationship between model and theory is discussed and the characteristics of theories are explored, with a view to identifying the kind of theory embodied in the models. Results. Wilson’s models are shown to satisfy the requirements of a theory and of theory development, with particular reference to human interaction with information. The theory is categorised as grounded and inductive, being based on fieldwork undertaken for the INISS Project and subsequent analysis of relevant papers from a variety of research areas. Conclusion. Recognition of Wilson’s models as representations of an underlying theory of human information behaviour provides an opportunity for its further development in theoretical terms rather than simply as a framework to guide the conduct of research.

  • 41.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Investigating the impact of the e-book in Sweden.2016In: L’offre de livres numériques à destination des bibliothèques de lecture publique : un regard international. / [ed] Hans Dillaerts and Benôit Epron, Villeurbanne, France: Presses de l’enssib , 2016, p. 129-156Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Review of: Bates, Marcia J. Selected works. Three volumes. Berkeley, CA: Ketchikan Press, 2016.2016In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 21, no 4, article id R578Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Review of: Boden, Margaret A. AI, its nature and future. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.2016In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 21, no 2, article id evs568Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Review of: Cronin, Blaise Bloomington days: town and gown in Middle America. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse, 2012.2016In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 21, no 4, article id R577Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Review of: Disk Drill PRO. Atlanta, GA: 508 Software LLC.2016In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 21, no 2, article id sofrev26Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Review of: Floridi, Luciano. The 4th revolution: how the infosphere is reshaping human reality. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.2016In: Information Research, ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 21, no 2, article id revs566Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Review of: Gazzard, Alison. Now the chips are down. The BBC micro. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2016.2016In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 21, no 2, article id R564Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Review of: Haselgrove, Mark. Learning. A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.2016In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 21, no 3, article id R572Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Review of: Sarokin, David and Schulkin, Jay. Missed information. Better information for building a wealthier, more sustainable future.. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2016.2016In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 21, no 4, article id R579Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Review of: Sonnenwald, Diane H. (Ed.). Theory development in the information sciences. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2016.2016In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 21, no 2, article id R562Article, book review (Other academic)
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