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  • 1.
    Dessne, Karin
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Formality and Informality: Learning in Relationships in an Organisation2013In: International Journal of Knowledge Management, ISSN 1548-0666, E-ISSN 1548-0658, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 17-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An organisation and its work are formed by social structures in the form of relationships. The aim of this paper is to explore the nature of relationships and its impact on learning with a qualitative approach. A case study focusing on the Land Warfare Centre (LWC) of the Swedish Armed Forces (SwAF) was conducted. The main target of the study was learning from experiences in training and field action. The analysis shows that relationships are characterised by and contributing to 1) local and oral learning, 2) confusion in the formal design of concepts and processes and 3) issues of power, status and trust. The results of this research support and clarify the viewpoint that the nature of relationships – with various degrees of formality/informality – impacts on learning in an organisation. The relationships are formed and re-formed by their preconditions and may be altered through conscious and unconscious changes of the preconditions.

  • 2.
    Dessne, Karin
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Jämsvi, Susanne (Editor)
    University of Borås, Centrum för lärande och undervisning.
    Förklara, fråga och föreslå: en guide för positiv återkoppling2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En grundläggande tanke med högre utbildning är att bidra till förmågan hos människor till självständigt tänkande. Ett vedertaget sätt att uppnå detta är att tillhandahålla tillfällen för reflektion kring den information som levereras i form av föreläsningar och litteratur. Reflektion behöver också uppstå när en lärare ger återkoppling till en student på olika former av utfört arbete. Högre utbildning är traditionellt förankrad i begreppet konstruktiv kritik där fokus ofta ligger på att bedöma ett arbete utifrån fel och brister. För lite uppmärksamhet har ägnats åt att förstärka studentens lärande genom att betona det som studenten gjort bra. Gene - rella och svepande formuleringar i positiv anda försvinner lätt i mängden av detal - jerad negativ kritik. I denna artikel presenteras därför en grundläggande modell som konstruerats för att i stället fokusera på att uppmuntra studenten. Modellen utgår från att en öppenhet främjar till att både skapa och ta emot återkopplingen. Med denna modell kan återkopplingen bli verklig och användbar för studenten och därmed kan ett självständigt och konstruktivt tänkande utvecklas.

  • 3.
    Dessne, Karin
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    In a world of values and views: Information and learning activities in a military setting2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about information and learning activities in organisations. A case study of the Swedish Armed Forces has been conducted and it consists of two parts; the first involves a licentiate thesis and two papers, while the second part includes two additional papers. The study focuses on learning from experiences in training and field action. The research endeavours to synthesise interactive and interdependent aspects of informality and formality. These aspects are used to explain how the nature of relationships manifests itself in a setting and how it relates to learning. Moreover, preconditions that contribute to how the nature of relationships is formed and reformed are explored. Finally, an effort has been made to find and describe implications of intervening with relationships in a setting. Such intervention may be desirable or required to accommodate or increase learning and knowing in organisations. Taken together, the findings show the complex dynamics between information, learning and knowing in the studied setting. Furthermore, it is illustrated how values and views in social interaction are part of how people construct relationships and learning within them. It is concluded that in order to facilitate learning by intervening with these relationships, it is important to understand the nature of them. Such intervention may vary from gentle facilitation to intrusive design, and success or failure depends on which is suitable. The research in this thesis adds to previous research emphasising the need for understanding the dynamics between information, learning and knowing in order to facilitate these activities. Future research may therefore build on the provided empirical findings and conceptual analyses to continue this line of reasoning.

  • 4.
    Dessne, Karin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Information and learning activities in organisations: participants' views on where and how to engage2015In: iConference 2015 Proceedings, 2015, article id 113Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Dessne, Karin
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Learning in an Organisation: Exploring the Nature of Relationships2013In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Information Retrieval and the International Conference on Knowledge Management and Information Sharing, 19- 22 October, 2013 - Vilamoura, Algarve, Portugal / [ed] Ana Fred, Kechen Liu, Joaquim Filipe, Scitepress , 2013, p. 496-501Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning transpires in the relationships that shape an organisation, and the nature of them influences thecharacteristics of this learning. To realise learning objectives it is necessary to know how features thatinfluence relationships may be provided and manipulated. The aim of this paper is to present a model ofpreconditions that contributes to the nature of relationships in an organisation. The focus is to explorepreconditions contributing to the informal aspect of relationships. Another aim is to show that thesepreconditions also influence the formal aspect of relationships. The contribution is a model for studyingsome crucial preconditions related to learning in an organisation.

  • 6.
    Dessne, Karin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Vägen till samarbete: Innovationsplattform Norrby och Textile Fashion Center2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Samarbete mellan organisationer som kan främja forskning och utveckling sker ofta i regional kontext mellan akademi, näringsliv och myndigheter. Två sådana regionala samarbeten för Borås återfinns som fallstudier i denna rapport: Innovationsplattform Norrby och Textile Fashion Center.

    Många studier kring samarbete har sin hemvist främst inom management och ekonomi där fokus ligger på att identifiera framgångskoncept för att styra, kontrollera och hantera samarbete. Kunskap ses som något som bör överföras till nytta för den enskilde aktören och lärande ses som en konsekvens av att systematiskt överföra kunskap mellan organisationer. Dessa studier har även konstaterat att det i samarbete över organisationsgränser bland annat finns skillnader i kulturer och rutiner, bristande tillit och bristande respekt av varandras kompetens. Hur dessa faktorer påverkar de sociala relationerna har dock inte studerats i någon större utsträckning. Färre är således de studier som i stället med sociala utgångspunkter undersöker lärande mellan organisationer när det gäller själva dynamiken i relationerna – särskilt på den operativa nivån. Det behövs mer kvalitativt inriktad forskning för att förstå samarbete som äger rum i sådana relationer för att på så sätt också få insikt i hur samarbete mellan organisationer kan skapas, underbyggas och utvecklas.

    Denna rapport presenterar en kvalitativ studie som undersöker hur relationer i ett samarbete mellan organisationer kan se ut och på vilka sätt organisationer kan skapa förutsättningar för att bygga samarbete utifrån ett socialt lärandeperspektiv. Studien har genomförts inom ramen för Collaboration Arenas, CARENA, ett större forskningsprojekt finansierat av Vinnova. I CARENA arbetade sex lärosäten tillsammans för att utveckla modeller eller arenor för strukturerat och långsiktigt samarbete. Förutom Högskolan i Borås medverkade högskolorna i Trollhättan, Skövde, Jönköping, Halmstad och Malmö.

  • 7.
    Dessne, Karin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science. University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Byström, Katriina
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science. University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Imitating CoPs: Imposing Formality on Informality2015In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to explore the claim that Communities of Practice (CoPs) can be designed and managed. The concept of CoPs was originally developed as a social learning theory, and CoPs were defined by their in-formal emergent nature. This informal nature has been recognised to be of value to organisations, resulting in a desire to design CoPs. In this paper, the nature of CoPs is addressed by focusing on aspects of formality and informality in relationships and learning. CoPs are therefore described as emergent and designed practices. Furthermore, it is questioned whether a designed CoP may realise the essential characteristics attributed to an emergent CoP. It is argued that it is crucial to recognise the informal nature of CoPs in order to either encourage them as informal phenomena, or use the concept of CoPs as inspiration for designing imitations of them. However, when attempting to design them, the original meaning of a CoP is lost, even though, in some cases, the consequences of such a design may be beneficial to organisations. Nevertheless, when not taking the nature of a CoP into account, a designed construct may have a negative impact on learning and knowing.

  • 8.
    Dessne, Petter
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Dessne, Karin
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Miljöstrategiska val för ett stärkt Borås2012In: Borås Tidning, ISSN 1103-9132Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vindkraften, stadstrafiken och järnvägen utgör tre problem eller tre möjligheter för Borås framtid. Vi föreslår några strategiska val för att stärka vår hemregion.

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