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  • 1.
    Chandolias, Konstantinos
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Youngsukkasem, Supansa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Rapid Bio-methanation of Syngas by High Cell-density in Reverse Membrane Bioreactor (RMBR)2015In: Advanced Membrane Technology VI: Water, Energy and New Frontiers / [ed] Dibakar Bhattacharyya (University of Kentucky, USA), Benny Freeman (University of Texas, USA), 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Dasa, Kris Triwulan
    et al.
    Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Westman, Supansa Y.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Millati, Ria
    Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Cahyanto, Muhammad Nur
    Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Niklasson, Claes
    Chalmers.
    Inhibitory Effect of Long-Chain Fatty Acids on Biogas Production and the Protective Effect of Membrane Bioreactor2016In: BioMed Research International, ISSN 2314-6133, E-ISSN 2314-6141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anaerobic digestion of lipid-containing wastes for biogas production is often hampered by the inhibitory effect of long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs). In this study, the inhibitory effects of LCFAs (palmitic, stearic, and oleic acid) on biogas production as well as the protective effect of a membrane bioreactor (MBR) against LCFAs were examined in thermophilic batch digesters. The results showed that palmitic and oleic acid with concentrations of 3.0 and 4.5 g/L resulted in >50% inhibition on the biogas production, while stearic acid had an even stronger inhibitory effect. The encased cells in the MBR system were able to perform better in the presence of LCFAs. This system exhibited a significantly lower percentage of inhibition than the free cell system, not reaching over 50% at any LCFA concentration tested.[on SciFinder (R)]

  • 3.
    Wikandari, Rachma
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Youngsukkasem, S.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Millati, R.
    Taherzadeh, M.J.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Performance of semi-continuous membrane bioreactor in biogas production from toxic feedstock containing D-limonene2014In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, Vol. 170, p. 350-355Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel membrane bioreactor configuration containing both free and encased cells in a single reactor was proposed in this work. The reactor consisted of 120 g/L of free cells and 120 g/L of encased cells in a polyvinylidene fluoride membrane. Microcrystalline cellulose (Avicel) and d-Limonene were used as the models of substrate and inhibitor for biogas production, respectively. Different concentrations of d-Limonene i.e., 1, 5, and 10 g/L were tested, and an experiment without the addition of d-Limonene was prepared as control. The digestion was performed in a semi-continuous thermophilic reactor for 75 days. The result showed that daily methane production in the reactor with the addition of 1 g/L d-Limonene was similar to that of control. A lag phase was observed in the presence of 5 g/L d-Limonene; however, after 10 days, the methane production increased and reached a similar production to that of the control after 15 days.

  • 4.
    Youngsukkasem, S.
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Akinbomi, J.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Rakshit, S.K.
    Taherzadeh, M.J.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Biogas production by encased bacteria in synthetic membranes: Protective effects in toxic media and high loading rates2013In: Environmental technology, ISSN 0959-3330, E-ISSN 1479-487X, Vol. 34, no 13-14, p. 2077-2084Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A bioreactor including encased digesting bacteria for biogas production was developed, and its performance in toxic media and under high organic loading rates (OLRs) was examined and compared with traditional digestion reactors. The bacteria (3 g) were encased and sealed in 3 × 6cm 2 PVDF (polyvinylidene fluoride) membranes with a pore size of 0.1 μ m, and then several sachets were placed in the reactors. They were then examined in toxic medium containing up to 3% limonene as a model inhibitor in batch reactors, and OLRs of up to 20 g COD / L.day in semi-continuous digestions. The free and encased cells with an identical total bacterial concentration of 9 g in a medium containing 2% limonene produced at most 6.56 and 23.06 mL biogas per day, respectively. In addition, the digestion with free cells completely failed at an OLR of 7.5 g COD / L.day, while the encased cells were still fully active with a loading of 15 g COD / L.day.

  • 5.
    Youngsukkasem, Supansa
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Barghi, Hamidreza
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Rakshit, Sudip K.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad T.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Rapid Biogas Production by Compact Multi-Layer Membrane Bioreactor: Efficiency of Synthetic Polymeric Membranesane Reactor for Rapid Biogas Production2013In: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 6, no 12, p. 6211-6224Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrapment of methane-producing microorganisms between semi-permeable synthetic membranes in a multi-layer membrane bioreactor (MMBR) was studied and compared to the digestion capacity of a free-cell digester, using a hydraulic retention time of one day and organic loading rates (OLR) of 3.08, 6.16, and 8.16 g COD/L·day. The reactor was designed to retain bacterial cells with uprising plug flow through a narrow tunnel between membrane layers, in order to acquire maximal mass transfer in a compact bioreactor. Membranes of hydrophobic polyamide 46 (PA) and hydroxyethylated polyamide 46 (HPA) as well as a commercial membrane of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) were examined. While the bacteria in the free-cell digester were washed out, the membrane bioreactor succeeded in retaining them. Cross-flow of the liquid through the membrane surface and diffusion of the substrate through the membranes, using no extra driving force, allowed the bacteria to receive nutrients and to produce biogas. However, the choice of membrane type was crucial. Synthesized hydrophobic PA membrane was not effective for this purpose, producing 50–121 mL biogas/day, while developed HPA membrane and the reference PVDF were able to transfer the nutrients and metabolites while retaining the cells, producing 1102–1633 and 1016–1960 mL biogas/day, respectively.

  • 6.
    Youngsukkasem, Supansa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Chandolias, Konstantinos
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Syngas Biomethanation in a Semi-Continuous Reverse Membrane Bioreactor (RMBR)2016In: Fermentation, MDPI, ISSN 2311-5637, Vol. 2, no 2, article id 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Syngas biomethanation is a potent bio-conversion route, utilizing microorganisms to assimilate intermediate gases to produce methane. However, since methanogens have a long doubling time, the reactor works best at a low dilution rate; otherwise, the cells can be washed out during the continuous fermentation process. In this study, the performance of a practical reverse membrane bioreactor (RMBR) with high cell density for rapid syngas biomethanation as well as a co-substrate of syngas and organic substances was examined in a long-term fermentation process of 154 days and compared with the reactors of the free cells (FCBR). The RMBR reached maximum capacities of H2, CO, and CO2 conversion of 7.0, 15.2, and 4.0 mmol/Lreactor.day, respectively, at the organic loading rate of 3.40 gCOD/L.day. The highest methane production rate from the RMBR was 186.0 mL/Lreactor.day on the 147th day, compared to the highest rate in the FCBR, 106.3 mL/Lreactor.day, on the 58th day. The RMBR had the ability to maintain a high methanation capacity by retaining the microbial cells, which were at a high risk for cell wash out. Consequently, the system was able to convert more syngas simultaneously with the organic compounds into methane compared to the FCBR.

  • 7.
    Youngsukkasem, Supansa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Chandolias, Konstantinos
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås.
    Rapid bio-methanation of syngas in a reverse membrane bioreactor: membrane encased microorganisms2015In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, Vol. 178, p. 334-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The performance of a novel reverse membrane bioreactor (RMBR) with encased microorganisms for syngas bio-methanation as well as a co-digestion process of syngas and organic substances was examined. The sachets were placed in the reactors and examined in repeated batch mode. Different temperatures and short retention time were studied. The digesting sludge encased in the PVDF membranes was able to convert syngas into methane at a retention time of 1 day and displayed a similar performance as the free cells in batch fermentation. The co-digestion of syngas and organic substances by the RMBR (the encased cells) showed a good performance without any observed negative effects. At thermophilic conditions, there was a higher conversion of pure syngas and co-digestion using the encased cells compared to at mesophilic conditions.[on SciFinder (R)]

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