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  • 1.
    Abed, Samah
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Al-Kaisee, Farah
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Metallutvinning med fokus på zinkfrån avfallsflygaska med hjälp avsura processvatten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden produces large amount of fly ash from waste combustion annually. Combustion the

    waste generates two types of ashes, bottom ash/slag, and fly ash. Bottom ash is considered to

    be more environmentally friendly and has a wide area of application such as road

    constructions on landfills. While the fly ash has high level of heavy metals and for instance

    dioxines which are harmful for the environment. This type of ash are deposited in a landfill

    and gets classified as a hazardous waste which is expensive given that the deposit fee is high.

    The fact that fly ash contains valuable metals as zinc, methods of recovering it are being

    developed such as acid leaching. This is a promising method as the leachate used are acid

    process water making the usage of the chemicals substantially lower which makes it

    financially viable.

    Waste incinerators in Sweden produce approximately 200 000 tons of fly ash annually and the

    majority of it is transfered to Norway to get treated and put on a landfill. Some waste

    management companies, e.g. Renova, are using another method called “the Bamberg method”

    where fly ash is mixed with sludge to form a cake and put in the company’s own landfill.

    The projects goal is to leach the fly ash by using acidic process water to obtain the metallic

    substance particularly zinc making it easier and cheaper to landfill the ash and also to

    optimize this method to get the most zinc out of the ash using minimum amount of the acidic

    process water (5% HCI).

    The laboratory work took place in the University of Borås. Fly ash and the acid process water

    which were used under the laboratory work was obtained from RenovaAB.

    The results shows that leaching the fly ash with acidic process water gave different release of

    zinc but was 88% at most. The variation in the results depends on a few factors such as

    amount of acidic process water, pH, time, blending time and the ashes content.

    This project took environment and access to acidic water in consideration, which optimized

    the method of using less amount of acid process water to get the most zinc as possible.

    The results shows that leaching fly ash with acid process water is cost efficient and easy way

    to recover zinc, which satisfy the goals of the project.

  • 2.
    Abtahi, Farhad
    et al.
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Ji, Guangchao
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Lu, Ke
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Rödby, Kristian
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Björlin, Anders
    Kiwok AB.
    Östlund, Anders
    Kiwok AB.
    Seoane, Fernando
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Lindecrantz, Kaj
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Textile-Electronic Integration in Wearable Measurement Garments for Pervasive Healthcare Monitoring2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Abtahi, Farhad
    et al.
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Ji, Guangchao
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Lu, Ke
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Rödby, Kristian
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Seoane, Fernando
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    A knitted garment using intarsia technique for Heart Rate Variability biofeedback: Evaluation of initial prototype2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Abtahi, Farhad
    et al.
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Lu, Ke
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Guangchao, Li
    KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    Rödby, Kristian
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Seoane, Fernando
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. KTH-School of Technology and Health.
    A Knitted Garment using Intarsia Technique for Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback: Evaluation of Initial Prototype.2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Ackre, Josefin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Stefenburg, Frida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sociala medier: ett verktyg för en mer hållbar klädkonsumtion2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning Dagens klädkonsumtion sammankopplas ofta med hållbarhet framförallt gällande materialets miljöpåverkan och arbetsförhållanden i produktionen. Kläder massproduceras och tillverkas därför inte med hållbarhet i fokus. Företag kommer undan med att erbjuda icke hållbara kläder eftersom konsumenter främst fokuserar på utseende och pris istället för hållbarhet i sitt konsumentbeteende. Tidigare forskning beskriver att konsumenter har en negativ attityd till klädindustrins påverkan på hållbarhet men att de inte konsumerar hållbart på grund av kunskapsbrist. Denna brist på kunskap skapar ett gap mellan konsumenters attityd till hållbar klädkonsumtion och deras konsumentbeteende. Problemet med ökad konsumtion och hållbarhet kan kopplas till sociala medier. Sociala medier används bland annat för att hitta lättillgänglig och okomplicerad information om kläder. Tidigare forskning menar att sociala medier påverkar konsumentbeteendet genom att skapa ett behov för produkter man tidigare inte tänkt köpa. Vidare visar forskning att konsumenter påverkas mer av produktinformation från en tredje part så som vänner, familj eller referensgrupper. Vår undersökning grundar sig därför i sociala mediers stora inflytande på konsumenter och gapet mellan konsumenters attityd till och beteende vid hållbar klädkonsumtion. Uppsatsens syfte är därför att undersöka om sociala medier kan öka intresset för hållbara kläder hos yngre konsumenter. Vi fokuserar på yngre konsumenter eftersom de är uppväxta med datorer och internet samt är den grupp som flitigast använder sociala medier. I studien användes en kvalitativ metod där empiri samlades in genom fokusgrupper. Avsikten var att få en djupare förståelse för deltagarnas åsikter och idéer kring våra teman: hållbara kläder, konsumentbeteende, konsumentattityder och sociala medier. Tidigare forskning stämde överens med resultatet i vår studie där deltagarna beskrev att de inte hade möjlighet att konsumera hållbart eftersom de inte hade kunskapen om vad hållbara kläder faktiskt är. Där även textilstudenter som hade mer kunskap ansåg att det krävdes mer information för att de skulle kunna agera mer hållbart. Vidare visade även vår studie att sociala medier har en stor påverkan på ett konsumentbeteende. Genom att applicera vår empiri på ABC model of Attitudes kunde vi även se att sociala medier influerar konsumenters uppfattning, känsla och beteende vilket påverkar deras konsumentattityd. Alla deltagare i vår undersökning önskade mer lättillgänglig information om hållbara kläder i sociala medier eftersom det är en kanal de alla påverkas av. Ytterligare argumenterade de för att det krävs att fler personer tar sitt ansvar och delar kunskap om hållbara kläder för att skapa ett ökat intresse och tillslut ett förändrat beteende. Slutsatsen kunde därför dras att sociala medier kan vara ett verktyg för att öka intresset för hållbara kläder hos yngre konsumenter. Genom vår studie vill vi bidra till en djupare förståelse av konsumentbeteende samt konsumenternas attityder till hållbara kläder och sociala medier.

  • 6.
    Ahlfvengren, Ellinor
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sandberg, Minna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Effekter av en integrerad artikelstandardisering ochinförande av variantmoduler2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor thesis examines how a changed production structure affects one Swedishmanufacturing corporation’s competitiveness, when competition from global low priceoptions with short delivery times is increasing. By switching production structure from “maketo stock” to “assembly to order” and by standardizing articles, to some extent, modularizeproducts, the customer order decoupling point moves back in the production process. Thecomponents are assembled into finished products when the orders arrive, thus helping toreduce the number of stocked variant articles, and generally to decrease the value of fixedcapital.The cost savings this entails can be used to develop order-winning properties, to improveproduct quality, increase the added value and extend the warranty or work to become anenvironmentally friendly alternative, which strengthens the brand.

  • 7.
    Ahlström Rundbom, Lina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Olson, Madeleine
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Personlighetsanpassat ledarskap2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the research of this study we found a gap regarding information on how to adapt leadershipto employees of various personalities. Our purpose was now to fill that research gap. In ourstudy on personality-adapted leadership, we found that all kinds of personalities have variouspreferences to be led. Using two different personality classification models, theories ofleadership and motivation as well as empirical evidence drawn from Business leaders, wehave studied which kind of leadership that works best for models of different personalitytypes. With the help of a cross-section design, qualitative methods together with semistructuredinterviews we were able to combine the theories we used with the empiricalevidence. Accordingly, our purpose is to acknowledge how leadership can be adapted todifferent personalities to achieve the greatest opportunity for the development of theirmotivation. This is a contributing factor to the development of a company and shouldtherefore be in the leader’s interest.As a conclusion our study shows how different personalities demand certain kinds ofleadership, that they get motivated by a wide range of factors and that various situations canhave a big effect where a certain leadership is most suitable. The result of our study has led totwo tables based on the personality classification models, which show which leadershiptheory fits the different kinds of personality types. The study also shows that leaders shouldadapt a relationship-oriented leadership and complement it with a task-oriented one in order tofind their employees motivation and be able to lead them in a successful way.

  • 8.
    Ahrens, Isabella
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Guetz, Theresa
    Transnational Strategy Shift: The Importance of Cultural Awareness: - Case Study: IKEA2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Globally operating business organizations tend to use a global strategy by using a standardized strategy as a fixed format. However, this has developed to be very ineffective for the ability to compete in the different markets worldwide. The adaptation of local preferences hence, seems to be crucial but also very complex for multinational retailers. This study therefore, determines the complexity of considerations that a shift from a global to a transnational strategy includes. The decision making of which strategy is appropriate for multinational retailers to compete on a global market can be quite puzzling, as is can be seen in the bed textile segment. Therefore this research paper investigates, within a case study of IKEA’s bed textile department, if a shift from a global to a transnational strategy is of advantage for a multinational retailer like IKEA and to what extend cultural awareness has to be considered. The methods that were used for this study include a literature review in the mentioned focus area and a collection of primary data through a qualitative research design with an open questionnaire sent to the Sales Leaders of IKEA. The research has shown that market research is an important factor when it comes to cultural related differences between the countries. Also, when dealing with the concern of adaptation of the market relevant bed textile sizes to the product range, the Sales Leaders of IKEA have perceived different concerns. Therewith a full adaptation may not be the solution for all businesses, since this depends on the product and market preferences. The cultural preferences in each country and the right degree of standardization and local preferences are a big issue for the global bed textile industry and are hence perceived as the main challenges in this concern. Possible paths for future investigations are shown by the results of this study. Thus, an inclusion of other cases could enable the possibility of a generalization of the study’s findings. Also, the same case study could be expanded by including customers input in the individual markets; this would lead to a better understanding of the customer’s preferences and a higher validity of the study. Last but not least this study has shown that there is no simple answer given whether a shift from a global towards a transnational strategy is of advantage for multinational retailers; however interesting factors concerning the shift could be identified.

  • 9.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Rethinking textile fashion: A research agenda2015Other (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Across disciplines and cultures: Harnessing diversity2015Other (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Introduction to design business management2015Other (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Human players at the center of an ecosystem: The case of video games in Finland2015In: Organization Studies, ISSN 0170-8406, E-ISSN 1741-3044, 1-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on ecosystems as ways of organizing innovation and firm-level growth position a focal firm at the center of each ecosystem they study. This study of the video games industry in Finland argues that it can also be human users that are are at that center. In the birth and early developmental stages of the ecosystem or a game-design project, individual human beings can absorb and live with ambiguity and absence or fluidity of rules of the game, even be entertained by and enjoy such ambiguity. 

  • 13.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Transvaluation of the meaning of “fast” in fast food, fast music, and fast fashion2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how to transvaluate, to re-evaluate and to repudiate neoliberal standards for creative and cultural industries. The paper's focus is on three creative and cultural industries -- food, music and fashion -- all of which have crafts-based origins. These industries were long under the protective eye and of, in one way or another, of the cultural system of what is a nation. However since the 1970s or the 1980s these industries have increasingly been dominated and domesticated by the still continuing rise of the values of neoliberalism, subjected to wave upon wave of reengineering and reorganization, assimilated into the global market system.

    At one extreme, affluent consumers, often affluent owner-capitalists or financiers, are empowered to determine what is good food, good music, or good fashion. These affluents are now increasingly co-creators of what they consider culturally meaningful for themselves. Growing amounts of resources flow in the direction of making and keeping the affluents content, which is not always in fit with culturally meaningful content from the perspective of the traditional or authentic creatives in these industries: the chefs, the artists, the designers, What the affluents desire are fancy restaurants, selective clubs, and expensive clothes. Catering to the lifestyles of these rich and famous is increasingly a trans-industry of its own, with ever less room for authentic cultural creation, as authenticity used to be understood. New bureaucratic forms of education and training drive by various forms of "positive psychology" reproduce the focus on the tongues, minds and navels of the affluent, as if their satisfaction and inspiration of these were the only global standard that matters.  By virtue of their new role as co-creators, the affluents are offered what is rich in meaning and high in value to them.

    At the other extreme, the authentic cultural creatives following vocation and the average citizen have received the stick, at best left holding its short end. Cultural creatives trying to follow their original call and the average citizen are now both squeezed out of being key beneficiaries of participation in these industries. What is forced down throats, into ears and on bodies are degenerated, industrialized and highly wasteful variations - fast food, fast music, fast fashion - co-created with and for the affluents. Almost explicitly hindered by market prices to access such meaning, in any case, the cultural creatives and the average citizen are face to face with the neoliberal tide that is drowning the original authenticity of arts of crafts and their meanings. Values that originally drove food, music, and fashion industries, such as sustainability, are now increasingly dominated, converted and domesticated by neoliberal, technocratic and bureaucratic values and ideologies.

    Analysis of food, music and fashion industries in various countries in this paper suggests that to transvaluate the neoliberal tide what is needed is a trans-disciplinary mindset, reminiscent of authentic innocence of the crafts-minded and pre-industrial hierarchy of life-affirming values and norms: to reflect upon, to act upon, and to adhere what is good by virtue of good with local environments and authentic ways of consumption, cultural practice, and creativity.  Recipes, hits and fashions to repudiate what has been wasteful and inefficient in fast food, music and fashion include good food, good music, upcycled clothes, and new technologies. The paper calls for further research on how to trans-valuate, trans-discipline and cross-pollinate across these recipes, hits, and fashions.

     

    References:

    Ainamo, A. 2014 Rethinking textile fashion: New materiality, smart products, and upcycling, Design Research Journal, 2, 53-60.

    Appadurai, A 2013 " The future as cultural fact: essays on the global condition" - Rassegna Italiana di Sociologia, 2013

    Appadurai, A. 2013b "Response to comments", Rassegna Italiana di Sociologia, 2013

    Appadurai, A. 1988 "How to make a national_cuisine: Cookbooks in contemporary India", .Comparative Studies in History and Society, 30(1): 3-24.

    GC Bruner -1990 "Music, mood, and marketing", The Journal of Marketing.

    C Caldwell, SA Hibbert -2002 "The influence of music tempo and musical preference on restaurant patrons' behavior", Psychology & Marketing.

    C Caldwell, SA Hibbert 1999 "Play that one again: the effect of music tempo on consumer behaviour in a restaurant", European Advances in Consumer Research,

    F Dannen - 1991 Hit men: Power brokers and fast money inside the musicbusiness

    - Random House LLC

    SA Eroglu, KA Machleit, JC Chebat 2005 "The interaction of retail density and music tempo: effects on shopper responses", Psychology & Marketing,

    hargadon and Sutton 1997 "Technology brokering in a product design firm2, Administrative Science Quarterly.

    FH Kirkpatrick 1943 ", " - Journal of applied psychology, 1943

    Krol, P. J. and Lavoie, M. 2014, "Beyond nursing nihilism, a Nietzschean transvaluation of neoliberal values,"Nursing Philosophy, 15(2): 112-124.

    McElrea, H  and Standing, L 1992 "Fast music causes fast drinking",Perceptual and Motor Skills.

    Millman, R. 1986 "The influence of background music on the behavior of restaurant patrons," Journal of Consumer Research.

    Rita Orji • Julita Vassileva • Regan L. Mandryk 2013 LunchTime: a slow-casual game for long-term dietary behavior change, Personal and Ubiquitous Computing. Pers Ubiquit Comput; DOI 10.1007/s00779-012-0590-6

    TC Roballey, C McGreevy, RR Rongo 1985 "The effect of music on eating behavior",

    ... - Bulletin of the ...,  - Springer

    Rozin, P. & Fallon, A. 1986 "Likes and dislikes , in What Is America Eating?: Proceedings of a Symposium. Food and Nutrition Board, Commission on Life Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council

    Sassarelli, R. 2013 "Value, valuation, transvaluation" Rassegna Italiana di Sociologia, 2013

    A Szabo, A Small, M Leigh 1999 "The effects of slow-and fast-rhythm classical music on progressive cycling to voluntary physical exhaustion." The Journal of sports medicine and ..., 1999

     

  • 14.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. Swedish School of Textiles.
    Rethinking textile fashion: A research agenda2015Other (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Introduction to Design Business Management2015Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Also agricultural and food sciences can benefit from the recent interest in design thinking, an interest in both research and practice.  

  • 16.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Leveraging academic resistance to consumerism to strengthen the capitalist project: The case of Aalto University2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    •New public management, an emphasis on control, as well as consumerism, have grown their influence in universities. Taken too far, this kind of an influence can have destructive psychological and social outcomes on practices and institutions of good research, on academic collegiality, and on the peer review system. Yet, paradoxically, it appears fewer and fewer academics rise to the barricades to resist such developments. This paper analysis why and how do academics in favor of consumerism appear to win over academics in favor of collegiality? 

  • 17.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Problem solving and problem search in design business management2015Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In managing design and in managing as design, it makes sense to ask "why" before asking "what"; that is, it makes sense to ask first why is there a problem before asking what is a solution. Thought leadership on and implication of this simple idea is mapped across Stanford University, NEw York, London, Oxford, Gothenburg, Borås, Helsinki, and St. Petersburg.

  • 18.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    The art of organizing: Computer games as an art form, a business, and a community2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The starting points of this paper are twofold. Firstly, computer game design can be taken as an art form (Crawford 1982). Seconly, and building on the first point, computer games can be taken as a model of organising whereby there are multiple dimensions or levels of analysis (Burger-Helmchen & Cohendet 2011). In and across the starting points, this paper unfolds a set of findings and generates a set propositions. The propositions include that new forms of art such as computer games have been and will be much like old forms of art. More specifically, the proposition here is that each new particular form of art, as well as art generally, needs to be invented in order to exist (Shiner 2001). In order to persist and not only to exist for a short instance, one or another kind of a process organizing needs to happen. Such a process can unfold following a a grand design. The process of organizing can be dictated by chance or be a result of drift. Or, the process can emerge in a series of small steps. In the latter instance, hybridization or a combination, even recombination, can be the way of the happening. 

  • 19.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Case study of Rovio Entertainment and “Angry Birds”2016Other (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    The progressive personality: The strange case of Janne T.2016In: Research and Dialogue: Writings in honour of Janne Tienari / [ed] Susan Meriläinen & Eero Vaara, Aalto University , 2016, 20-23 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Ainamo, Antti
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hyöty, Jussi
    FIM .
    Vilen, Merita
    Case study of Nokia’s design strategy in mobile phones, 1980s to 20072016Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Case study of Cr8tv, joint research betweeen European Commission, Lancaster University, Politecnico Milan,  Corvinus University, and Gothenburg Universit

  • 22.
    Ainamo, Antti
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hällgren, Markus
    Rehn, Alf
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Summit fever2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mountain climbers call it “summit fever” when one or more individuals in a group of climbers become so enamored with the notion of reaching the summit of a mountain that they ignore less exciting issues such as how to safely descend the mountainside and live to tell one’s self and others about the experience. In this paper, we review decision-making literature on symmetric vs. asymmetric goal formation, as well as innocuous and fallacious learning. We develop a process theory of summit fever by defining that summit fever is when fallacious learning in chase of an asymmetric goal disproportionately narrows attention to a peak milestone. A halfway milestone that represents a peak experience then is prone to lead to goal conflation so that the way forward is compromised at the expense of reaching the ultimate goal. We illustrate the emerging framework by revisiting how and how summit fever led to a mountaineering accident on K2 in 2008 whereby 11 out of 26 climbers involved died. Our conclusions include implications for further research.

  • 23.
    Ainamo, Antti
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kolho, Kaija-Leena
    Helsinki University, Faculty of Medicine.
    Progress in the treatment and outcome of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease patients2016In: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology, ISSN 1744-8409, 1-33 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This review discusses how treatment of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients has improved with attention to therapeutic quality and cost. The number of such patients in Western countries has increased rapidly. Similarly to what has been the trend in the management of adult IBD, the pediatric IBD therapy has become more active than earlier. High use of immunosuppressants has helped to control the extensive and aggressive course of pediatric IBD. Full disease control already at an early phase has advantages such as to preserve normal child growth and development, to maintain overall good health and quality of life, as well as to decrease the psychosocial burden of the disease. A key research direction is to develop the more active approach into a way to reduce healthcare costs by decreasing the so-far high rate of surgery of pediatric IBD patients. 

  • 24.
    Ainamo, Antti
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Svengren Holm, Lisbeth
    Vidinge, Christina
    Gothenburg University.
    Horvath, Dora
    Corvinus University.
    Designers as innovators in organizational contexts: A proposal for a typology2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Task 2.2.2: Developing a Typology of the Roles of Designer and Design Competence in Innovation

    The purpose of this paper is to specify and develop a classifica­tion scheme of the roles of designers­­ in innovation, in particular to how they may contribute to business and economic growth and success. The purpose, in other words, is to make sense of such new concepts in the new and conflated field of innovation and design as “open innovation” and “co-designing” and of how to become an innovative and creative organization that is highly successful; whether talking about in-house designers, hiring design consultancies to work on product or service design or on organizational processes in commercial or public contexts

    Despite a high interest, there has been a paucity of research that would have defined or specified on the basis of case-based evidence, for example, roles that designers and their competence can have as a force for innovation. Such definition is the objective of our research project, Creativity for Growth and Innovation in Europe (Cre8tv.EU), where we define these roles and create a typology for the roles designers and design competence have for innovation and how such design involvement can be harnessed for creating competitive advantage of firms.

  • 25.
    Akinbomi, Julius
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Fermentative hydrogen and methane productions using membrane bioreactors2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of energy as a stimulant for economic growth and environmental sustainabilityof any nation has made the focus on green fuels, including fermentative hydrogen (bioH2) andmethane (bioCH4), to be a priority for the World’s policy makers. Nigeria, as the most populousAfrican country, with worsening energy crisis, can benefit from the introduction of the bioH2 andbioCH4 technologies into the country’s energy mix, since such technologies have the potential ofgenerating energy from organic wastes such as fruit waste.Fruit waste was studied in detail in this work because of its great economic andenvironmental potential, as large quantities of the wastes (10–65% of raw fruit) are generatedfrom fruit consumption and processing. Meanwhile, bioH2 and bioCH4 productions involvinganaerobic microorganisms in direct contact with organic wastes have been observed to result insubstrate and product inhibitions, which reduce the gas yields and limit the application of thetechnologies on an industrial scale. For example, in this study, the first experimental work todetermine the effects of hydraulic retention times and fruit mixing on bioH2 production fromsingle and mixed fruits revealed the highest cumulative bioH2 yield to be equivalent to 30% ofthe theoretical yield. However, combining the fermentation process with the application ofmembrane encapsulated cells and membrane separation techniques, respectively, could reducesubstrate and product inhibitions of the microorganisms. This study, therefore, focused on theapplication of membrane techniques to enhance the yields of bioH2 and bioCH4 productions fromthe organic wastes.The second experimental work which focused on reduction of substrate inhibition,involved the investigation of the effects of the PVDF membrane encapsulation techniques on thebioH2 and bioCH4 productions from nutrient media with limonene, myrcene, octanol and hexanalas fruit flavours. The results showed that membrane encapsulated cells produced bioCH4 fasterand lasted longer, compared to free cells in limonene. Also, about 60% membrane protectiveeffect against myrcene, octanol and hexanal inhibitions was obtained. Regarding bioH2production, membrane encapsulated cells, compared to free cells, produced higher average dailyyields of 94, 30 and 77% with hexanal, myrcene and octanol as flavours, respectively. The finalpart of the study, which was aimed at reducing product inhibition, involved the study of theeffects of membrane permeation of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) on the bioreactor hydrodynamicsin relation to bioH2 production. The investigation revealed that low transmembrane pressure of104Pa was required to achieve a 3L h-1m-2 critical flux with reversible fouling mainly due to cakelayer formation, and bioH2 production was also observed to restart after VFAs removal.The results from this study suggest that membrane-based techniques could improve bioH2and bioCH4 productions from fermentation media with substrate and product inhibitions.

  • 26.
    Akinbomi, Julius
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Evaluation of Fermentative Hydrogen Production from Single and Mixed Fruit Wastes2015In: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 8, no 5, 4253-4272 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The economic viability of employing dark fermentative hydrogen from wholefruit wastes as a green alternative to fossil fuels is limited by low hydrogen yield due to theinhibitory effect of some metabolites in the fermentation medium. In exploring means ofincreasing hydrogen production from fruit wastes, including orange, apple, banana, grapeand melon, the present study assessed the hydrogen production potential of singly-fermentedfruits as compared to the fermentation of mixed fruits. The fruit feedstock was subjected tovarying hydraulic retention times (HRTs) in a continuous fermentation process at 55 °C for47 days. The weight distributions of the first, second and third fruit mixtures were 70%,50% and 20% orange share, respectively, while the residual weight was shared equally bythe other fruits. The results indicated that there was an improvement in cumulativehydrogen yield from all of the feedstock when the HRT was five days. Based on the resultsobtained, apple as a single fruit and a fruit mixture with 20% orange share have the mostimproved cumulative hydrogen yields of 504 (29.5% of theoretical yield) and 513 mL/gvolatile solid (VS) (30% of theoretical yield ), respectively, when compared to other fruits.

  • 27.
    Akinbomi, Julius
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Wikandari, Rachman
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Enhanced Fermentative Hydrogen and Methane Production from an Inhibitory Fruit-Flavored Medium with Membrane-Encapsulated Cells.2015In: Membranes, ISSN 2077-0375, E-ISSN 2077-0375, Vol. 5, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focused on the possibility of improving fermentative hydrogen and methane production from an inhibitory fruit-flavored medium using polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membrane-encapsulated cells. Hexanal, myrcene, and octanol, which are naturally produced in fruits such as apple, grape, mango, orange, strawberry, and plum, were investigated. Batch and semi-continuous fermentation processes at 55 °C were carried out. Presence of 5 g/L of myrcene, octanol, and hexanal resulted in no methane formation by fermenting bacteria, while encapsulated cells in the membranes resulted in successful fermentation with 182, 111, and 150 mL/g COD of methane, respectively. The flavor inhibitions were not serious on hydrogen-producing bacteria. With free cells in the presence of 5 g/L (final concentration) of hexanal-, myrcene-, and octanol-flavored media, average daily yields of 68, 133, and 88 mL/g COD of hydrogen, respectively, were obtained. However, cell encapsulation further improved these hydrogen yields to 189, 179, and 198 mL/g COD. The results from this study indicate that the yields of fermentative hydrogen and methane productions from an inhibitory medium could be improved using encapsulated cells.

  • 28.
    Akram, Hoger
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kasem, Kani
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    En jämförande studie mellan platsgjuten betongvägg och skalvägg: Kostnad och tid för respektive byggmetod2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis is a comparison between two different construction methods: half shell precast walls and site cast concrete walls. The study has been made for SEFA Betongentreprenad AB who is aiming for the most profitable construction method.The important aspects, which are emphasized in this thesis are costs, time and working environment.The result shows that a building with half shell precast walls is causing increased material cost in the project which also leads to a higher prime cost for the concrete contractor. On the contrary it will require shorter time schedule compared to working with the site concrete wall which the main contractor benefits from, because less time equals decreased overhead cost and management cost. In addition half shell precast walls provides a better working environment compared to site cat concrete walls because less work activities are required at the worksite which also leads to a reduction of accidents.Time and cost is based on unit-time from Nybyggnadslistan 1999 and the price inquiry. To compile the prime cost and time for the total work a careful calculation has been performed in various computer programs so like Bluebem, Wikells and Excel. The survey is based on documentation of a project which includes both a school and student dormitory in Lund.

  • 29.
    Al Dwek, Josef
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Åberg, Alexander
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Belöningssystem som styrmedel för kvalitetsmål: En studie om den svenska telekombranschen2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The telecommunication industry stands before many challenges, the focus in this essay is based on the quality goal challenges. In this study the natural way to explore this challenge is to investigate the employees working with sales in the industry. This essay explores what motivates the employees to work for high quality in the services they provide to the customers. The study focus on the relationship between the leaders and the employees of the industry. This study explore the reward systems and how the systems intend to motivate the employees to reach their goals and if there is any differences in how the goals that tend to be of greater importance to the organizations. In this study both semi-structured interviews as well as a quantitative survey is used to complement each other in order to collect data. The essay is based on different established theories in management, marketing and behaviorist studies. The analysis compared the empirical data with our theories which gave us the conclusion that reward systems in this industry may be misdirected in the case of motivating and rewarding employees to work for quality goals.

  • 30.
    Albertsson, Linn
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ljung, Emelie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Den Moraliska Kompassen – En guide till marknadsföring av välgörenhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous studies have shown an increase in distrust for charities. At the same time the competition has grown among the different charity organizations and has affected the amount of donations given to each individual charity. This has created an advanced requirement on marketing strategies within the industry. Due to the charities reliability on public donations it is concerning when the distrust has increased over the past years. We ask ourselves: can the interest for new marketing strategies be of service to charities, in enabling them to win the public's trust and therefore decrease the possibility for left out donations?Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the different aspects that affect the public's trust toward charity organizations. This will then be our base for analyzing how marketing strategies for charities can contribute to an increased trust.Method: A qualitative research method was used where 21 respondents participated in four focus groups. Respondents were divided into groups by level of commitment to charities and represented different target groups. The empirical data was then analyzed using a content analysis.Results: The most common factors that affected the participants trust for charities was transparency, clarity on the positive effect of the donations, the image that was reflected by organization representatives and personal recommendations. Apart from this it was important that the marketing was effective but under the circumstances of not being projected as too expensive. There was also a difference between the high and low commitment levels which could affect how the charities choose to design their marketing.Conclusion: Charities have the possibility of affecting the public's trust for charities through adjusting their marketing to show transparency of the organization and specifically showing the positive consequences of the donations made. The charities image and personal recommendations effected the delegate’s perception, especially the lower committed groups were affected by this. The marketing channels can be adjusted to fit the target groups, in relation to their commitment to charities.This paper is written in Swedish.

  • 31.
    Alhainen, Noora
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Järvinen, Janne
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Measuring sustainability: Balanced scorecard approach to Higg Index2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the challenges related to measuring sustainability within the textile industry. The study concentrates on the industry-specific self-assessment tool Higg Index and strives to point out the challenges of using the tool. In order to find a solution for the measurement problems, the purpose is to investigate how the current, non-financial Higg Index indicators could be translated into financial ones. Method The nature of the research is qualitative and it comprises of two parts: structured interviews and a desk research. Methodological triangulation is used in order to gain data on different levels – both from the users of the Higg Index and from literature. The data collection has been conducted through four structured interviews with the users of the Higg Index. The second part of the thesis is concerned with converting the non-financial indicators of the Higg Index into financial indicators using the balanced scorecard approach. Conclusion Measuring sustainability has been considered difficult due to the qualitative nature of the measured matters. Higg Index has proven to be a comprehensive self-assessment tool for organizations in the textile industry to use. It is considered to enhance communication, increase information sharing, and facilitate benchmarking. However, in order to develop the tool and make it more attractive to non-users, there are opportunities for improvement. These opportunities include adding verification and making the data collection easier. Transforming non-financial indicators of the Higg Index into financial indicators can simplify the data collection and increase the attractiveness of sustainability performance measurement tools.

  • 32.
    Almén, Pontus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Systematiserad produktutveckling: Trehjuling2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Shift Design & Strategy AB, here abbreviated to Shift, currently runs it’s own side project.They will develop a tricycle with marketing purposes for companies in the constructionindustry. Shift offers a student to find construction solutions to pursue the project closer totheir goal.In the thesis an analysis of what construction problems the project are facing is made.Selected methods and tools are then used to generate several solutions. After evaluation of theproposed solutions a comprehensive solution is developed and presented in the form of aCAD-model as well as in text. Finally, recommendations will be given to Shift on how tointerpret the results of the work, which has been done.

  • 33.
    Alsterberg, Johanna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Antar, Sima
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Riess, Amely
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Event marketing: ett verktyg för att skapa starka kundrelationer2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate how companies can use event marketing as a tool to create new and strengthen existing customer relations. The method used to examine these subjects was a quantitative study in form of a questionnaire. The thesis’ theoretical framework is based on the subject event marketing and leads into customer relations and event design. The empirical data is collected through a questionnaire given to 50 respondents on a Beer and Whiskey exhibition in Gothenburg in Sweden. This thesis’ conclusion can be summarized as following. Event marketing is a marketing method which organizations use to reach communicative goals; it’s a good way to create an interaction with consumers during the event. Companies should determine the needs of their target group to create an experience for the consumer which is as personal as possible. This experience should create or reinforce the image of an organization and thereby create good customer relations. This thesis is written in Swedish.

  • 34.
    Amiri Borna, Maral
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Paulos, Adiam
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Förtroende för revisorer: Ur ett aktieägarperspektiv2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As a result of a series of accounting scandals during the last turn of the millennium the debatehas revolved a great deal around how the trust for accountants has been affected. The ”EnronScandal” that occurred in the US, was one of the most immense scandals that affected theworld economy. Accounting scandals do occur in Sweden as well, the ”Skandia Scandal” isone of those scandals that have occurred in modern time. The public has questioned thecredibility in the type of review accountants do in a corporations financial reports. There are anumbers of factors that can be the cause for these scandals. Among the factors that were thecause behind these scandals, were conflicts of interest. Mainly that the accountant hadresponsibility of additional services alongside with audit, but also the independence of theaccountant. As a natural impact the public demanded legislation and legal actions to repair thedamaged trust. Swedish code for corporate governance was one of a couple of actions thatwere implemented as a response to the situation. The purpose to the code was to win back thepublics trust for the Swedish quoted companies and to improve the governance of thecorporations. It is however not quite certain that the code really is able to repair the problem.The aim of this essay is to deepen the discussion round the trust of accountants. By partlyexamining if the Swedish code for corporate governance really has impacted the trust foraccountants, and partly by trying to identify the factors that influences the trust foraccountants. To be able to study the identified phenomenon, the trust for accountants, and toaccordingly answer the questions in the research, a qualitative approach has been applied. Theresult of this study indicates that the code has not impacted the trust of accountantssignificantly. The study also identifies the factors that actually affect the trust for accountants.Some of the factors depend on conflicts of interest and that all parties are cost-benefitmaximized, others lie in the accountant’s qualities. The conclusion in our essay is that thesefactors should be increasingly regulated and explicated in order to reestablish the damagedtrust for accountants.

  • 35. Anderson, D
    et al.
    Desaix, Mats
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Introduction to direct variational and moment methods and an application to the Child–Langmuir law2015In: European journal of physics, ISSN 0143-0807, E-ISSN 1361-6404, Vol. 36, no 6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A short introduction is given of direct variational methods and its relation to Galerkin and moment methods, all flexible and powerful approaches for finding approximate solutions of difficult physical equations. A pedagogical application of moment methods is given to the physically and technically important Child–Langmuir law in electron physics. The analysis is shown to provide simple, yet accurate, approximate solutions of the two-dimensional problem (a problem which does not allow an exact analytical solution) and illustrates the usefulness and the power of moment methods.

  • 36.
    Anderson, D.
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Desaix, Mats
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Nyqvist, R.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    The least uncomfortable journey from A to B2016In: American Journal of Physics, ISSN 0002-9505, E-ISSN 1943-2909, Vol. 84, no 9, 690-695 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A short introduction is given about direct variational methods and their relation to Galerkin and moment methods, all flexible and powerful approaches for finding approximate solutions to difficult physicalequations. An application of these methods is given in the form of the variational problem of minimizing the discomfort experienced during different journeys, between two fixed horizontal points while keeping the travel time constant. The analysis is shown to provide simple, yet accurate, approximate solutions of the problem and illustrates the usefulness and the power of direct variational and moment methods. It also demonstrates the problem of a priori assessing the accuracy of the approximate solutions and illustrates that the variational solution does not necessarily provide a more accurate solution than that obtained by moment methods.

  • 37.
    Anderson, Dan
    et al.
    Chalmers .
    Desaix, Mats
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Approximate solution of a Thomas-Fermi model equation for bulk self-gravitating stellar objects in two dimensions2017In: European journal of physics, ISSN 0143-0807, E-ISSN 1361-6404, Vol. 38, 1-8 p., 015406Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Direct variational methods are used to find simple approximate solutions of the Thomas–Fermi equations describing the properties of self-gravitating radially symmetric stellar objects both in the non-relativistic and ultra-relativistic cases. The approximate solutions are compared and shown to be in good agreement with exact and numerically obtained solutions.

  • 38.
    Andersson, Elin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Selin, Sandra
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Säkringsredovisning: Redovisningsmässiga och skattemässiga konsekvenser2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    International companies are today exposed to several risks regarding their operations. Theserisks are related to exchange rates, interests rates and commodity prices. In order to reducethese risks companies use financial instruments. Financial instruments are today treated in theInternational Accounting Standard IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition andMeasurement. When financial instruments are used for hedging purposes they are titledhedging instruments, whose changes in value are expected to develop in the opposite directionin relation to the hedged item. In order to achieve a match between these components in thefinancial statements hedge accounting is used. Hedge accounting is treated in IAS 39 andsince this standard was first introduced it has been criticized for being too complex anddifficult to apply in practise. The complexity can be traced to the options the standard offers.In addition to this, hedge accounting is optional and can also be interrupted.The purpose of this study is to examine in what way the application of current accountingrules and Swedish tax rules regarding hedge accounting affect companies, the Swedishgovernment and shareholders. Furthermore, we intend to examine the consequences that ariseas a result of applying hedge accounting in practice. The study is qualitative in nature andcontains three scenarios designed to show how selected stakeholders are affected by thecurrent regulations. The study will also show the accounting and tax implications that mayarise when hedge accounting is applied.The study shows that the criticism levelled against IAS 39 are eligible. When taxation ofhedging arrangements is taken into consideration a new dimension of complexity arises. Thiscan be explained by the fact that Swedish tax rules and IFRS standards do not advocate thesame valuation of financial instruments. Although RFR 2 is applied in order to reduce thesedifferences, the fact remains that hedge accounting is not functioning optimally for nonfinancialcompanies. This study also shows that the options hedge accounting offers havemore or less impact on the stakeholders of the entity. Corporate decisions on whether hedgeaccounting should be applied or not do affect the financial reports of the company, which inextension may influence stakeholders´ investment decisions. The options regarding hedgeaccounting also influence corporate taxation, as they may give rise to arbitrage situations aswell as reduced or more irregular tax payments.The conclusion of this study is that the accounting and tax treatment of financial instrumentsis too complex and current regulations should therefore be reviewed in order to achieve abetter match between these two components.This paper is hereinafter written in Swedish.

  • 39.
    Andersson, Evelina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Karlsson, Erica
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Rent bygge - en trivsammare arbetsmiljö: Städade byggarbetsplatser genom samsyn2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An untidy workplace can lead to enhanced safety risks in the work environment, an increased number of inspection remarks, lower productivity, ultimately—an insufficient work environment where employees do not feel comfortable. It is also a human right to reside in an environment that does not pose a risk to neither physical nor mental illness.The purpose of this study is to create an understanding of what motivates the individual to keep good order on the workplace, on an individual basis, as well as in a group setting. The study deals with the behavior of people, in groups, and individually—along with the objective’s impact on the individual and the practical means to achieve a good and tidy work environment. The practical aids referred to in this study are the workplace disposition plan, the incident reporting, the procedures, and a tool named Interpersonal Dynamics Inventory. This tool identifies people's personality, and what motivates individuals to participate in a behavior that addresses the maintaining of a tidy work environment.To investigate the issue, a comprehensive literature study, site visits, and discussions with site managers on four different projects has been done. These projects were deemed successful regarding the matter of maintaining a good and tidy work environment.The results are based on conversations held with a focus on working environment and the cleaning thereof. During the conversations, the respondents got to assess five pictures of different working environments—each perception of a tidy work environment was different. This shows that people's perception of what a tidy environment should look like may differ. To create a common vision and create a standard where all agree on what is sought for is therefore to be desired in order to eliminate disagreements.

  • 40.
    Andersson, Felicie
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hurtig, Jonathan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Vad attraherar supertalangerna?: om anställdas preferenser i textilbranschen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In modern society, our work is no longer just a source of income but a tool for self-realization. From the employees' perspective corporate attractiveness, social values, economic benefits and development opportunities are important aspects taken into consideration when applying for a job and therefore important for companies to acknowledge. The theoretical framework therefore puts the employer brand promise and the importance of its compliance in focus. The study aims to investigate preferences among employees in the purchasing and design functions in the textile industry, and see how well they are achieved to draw conclusions about areas for improvement. At the same time, we want to see how much influence the geographical location has and how likely the employees are to share workplace-related information on social media. The study was conducted with a quantitative approach, where data was collected through web surveys with a convenience and snowball sampling method to reach out to relevant people. The survey gathered opinions from more than 23% of the sample field. Of these, almost 84% had post-secondary education and 30% had been employed for over 5 years, which confirms that the participants possesses experience and expertise that is valuable to their employers. Social values were regarded most important and to have a good relationship with colleagues and managers was ranked as the number one preference. A fun atmosphere scored second place. Fortunately, it is also a sense of belonging that employers seem to meet the best. 65% of the respondents graded 7 or higher on job satisfaction on a scale of 1-10. However, there is room for improvement, especially when it comes to factors such as salary, benefits and self-image congruency. The result shows that the workplace location in itself was not remarkably important and as long as the job is meritorious it does not need to be situated in a big city. The study participants indicate that they are active on social media, but few of them express any positive or negative aspects about their employers on these platforms. Here we see a potential area for improvement when it comes to turning the employees into brand ambassadors for the company's employer brand. This research paper is written in Swedish.

  • 41.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hvorslev Billeschou, Rasmus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Varumärkesutveckling i nystartade klädföretag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I mikroföretag samt små- och medelstora företag (SMF) är varumärkesutveckling en avgörande faktor när det kommer till om företaget kommer att lyckas etablera sig på marknaden eller inte. Till skillnad från större organisationer måste SMF, på grund av deras begränsade resurser, tackla arbetet med varumärkesutveckling med ett betydligt större fokus och effektivitet. Inom den svenska modebranschen sysselsätter 95 % av företagen färre än 10 personer, vilket innebär att 95 % av företagen i den svenska modebranschen tillhör kategorin mikro inom SMF. De företag som sysselsätter fler än 250 personer, utgör endast 0,1 % av modeföretagen i Sverige. Trots detta råder det en brist på forskning och litteratur rörande varumärkesutveckling inom SMF. Tidigare forskning och litteratur fokuseras till stora delar på stora- multinationella företag och deras varumärkesutvecklande aktiviteter är oftast varken lämpliga, eller logiska, att tillämpa inom SMF. Denna brist på uppmärksamhet ligger till grund för studiens syfte. Syftet är att granska hur nystartade klädvarumärken, med begränsade resurser, arbetar med varumärkesutveckling för att etablera sitt varumärke. Med hjälp av fyra företag från Borås kommun, grundade mellan år 2013 och 2016, som alla är verksamma inom kläd-/modebranschen har det empiriska underlaget för studien skapats. Tidigare forskning rörande varumärkesutveckling inom SMF har lagt grunden för den teoretiska referensramen. Studien har under intervjuerna, samt analysen av empirin, använt sig av en egenformad teoretisk modell. Den insamlade empirin har sedan kopplats tillbaka till teorin och tidigare forskningsresultat. Studien visar att entreprenörers personliga bakgrunder kan påverka hur entreprenörer i nystartade klädvarumärken arbetar med varumärkesutveckling. Där framförallt entreprenörernas personliga intressen leder till att entreprenörerna arbetar mer med de varumärkesutvecklande aktiviteter som de är intresserade av. Studien visar även att entreprenörer i nystartade klädvarumärken ser varumärkesutveckling som en viktig del i varumärkets förutsättning att nå en etablering på marknaden, där kommunikation med externa intressenter är den stora delen. Studien visar till sist att nystartade klädvarumärken till största del arbetar med varumärkesutvecklande aktiviter som kräver en liten budget eller som är gratis, som ett resultat av att nystartade klädvarumärken har begränsat med resurser.

  • 42.
    Andersson, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Björkengren, Kerstin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Cherry-picking vid upprättande av kontrollbalansräkning: – en (o)möjlighet?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are a number of safeguards to ensure that a company’s equity remains in the company. These are included in the Swedish Companies Act. According to the rules for compulsory liquidation, directors and shareholders must immediately establish a balance sheet for liquidation purposes when the share capital is suspected to be consumed. A balance sheet for liquidation purposes is drawn up on the basis of a regular annual report, with permissions for a number of adjustments. One of these allowed adjustments include that assets can be valued to a higher worth, provided that the valuation principles are in accordance with the term “god redovisningssed”, which can be translated into Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. The term “god redovisningssed” is not clearly defined in the wordings of the law. The Swedish Accounting Standards Board, also known as the agency BFN, has the statutory responsibility to develop and clarify what is meant by “god redovisningssed”. BFN, however, does not have any regulatory powers. According to BFNs statements and general advice a mixture of their own regulations, “K-regelverken”, is not allowed. This limitation hinders companies in their ambition to show the ability of future survival. This study aims to examine the possibility of mixing the regulations of K2 and K3 in order to prove a company’s ability of going concern.To fulfill the purpose of this study, a hermeneutic approach is applied. Relevant laws, bills, court cases etc. are analyzed to derive the meaning behind the term “god redovisningssed”.The circumstances that warrant the establishment of a balance sheet for liquidation purposes are vastly different from those prevailing at ordinary accounting. Our conclusion is, therefore, that there are different forms of “god redovisningssed”, depending on the company’s situation. Given this reasoning, it is our belief that cherry-picking when preparing a balance sheet for liquidation purposes should be allowed.This paper is written in Swedish.

  • 43.
    Andersson, Lisette
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Flodin, Liza
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ta steget utanför din komfortzon: en studie kring generation Y: s definition av framgång2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with the following topics: success, motivation, comfort zone, personaldevelopment and everything within the definition of generation Y. The study is qualitative,and based on peer-reviewed publications as well as other relevant theories. The main purposeof this thesis is to contribute to a deeper knowledge of the concept of success, and howentrepreneurs within the generation Y in an effective way define it. The study will focus onidentifying what makes generation Y step out of their comfort zone, and what motivates themto succeed.Initially, the study briefly deals with the main topics of success, motivation and comfort zone,before the theoretical framework goes deeper into these topics. The theory is of greatimportance for this study's analysis and results. Thanks to the theory we have been able tocreate relevant questions for the interviews, which have been the basis for the whole empiricalmaterial. A total of eight entrepreneurs were interviewed and they all contributed withknowledge, competence and experience. When we contacted entrepreneurs for our interviewswe chose to have a wide range within generation Y, containing both genders in different agesand different professions. Since we wanted to examine the respondents opinions regardingthese specific topics we chose to do semi-structured interviews. All of the respondents havetaken the step out of their comfort zone, and now live their lives as entrepreneurs, with afervent belief in themselves. In the analysis we will discuss the similarities and differencesthat we could find between theory and empirical data.The conclusion of this study will provide knowledge regarding the topics success, motivationand comfort zone. A comfort zone is an individual safe zone that all human beings have. Bytrying new things this zone will expand, which makes the person feel more comfortable. Withthis study we have reached to the conclusion that a person has to step out of their comfortzone to be able to succeed and this is possible through his or hers individual motivation.Entrepreneurs within generation Y is motivated in various ways, for example by setting longandshort-term goals, surround themselves with inspiring people and also develop throughnew challenges that will help them reach their goals and dreams. The generation also findmotivation in the will to learn, refine their skills and talents and widen their knowledge to bestronger entrepreneurs. To be successful is an individual concept, but overall it is about beinghappy in a balanced way and to feel satisfied with both your personal and working life.Although a balanced economy is necessary for survival, the entrepreneurs within generation Ydoes not think it is essential for the concept of success. It is of great importance that yousurround yourself by people who want your best and sees your potential and capacity.This will give you as an individual a stronger belief in yourself, which is necessary if youwant to be successful. The entrepreneurs have clearly shown a preference based on a positiveattitude towards life, they claim that everything is about having the right mindset to be able todevelop. The possibilities are all around us, we just have to open our eyes to be able to seethem.

  • 44.
    Andersson, Louise
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Real-Time Retail: Den digitala vägen till konsumenternas lojalitet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Digitaliseringen är en process som finns i alla sektorer och branscher, inte minst inom detaljhandeln. Den återspeglas i e-handeln och i övergången till en mer omnichannel-influerad säljprocess där detaljhandlare i allt högre grad når konsumenter genom flera olika kontaktytor; i webbshopen, via den smarta mobiltelefonen, genom appar, digitala skyltfönster och i den fysiska butiken. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur företag, med hjälp av tekniska lösningar, kan skapa kundlojalitet. Författaren har valt att fördjupa sig i hur dagens konsumenter förhåller sig till användning av tekniska och digitala lösningar i butik, vilka för- och nackdelar konsumenterna upplever med den tekniska utvecklingen och etableringen i branschen samt hur företagets relation till kund påverkas genom att integrera tekniska och innovativa lösningar i säljprocessen. Den metod som används är både en kvantitativ och kvalitativ insamlingsmetod. Den kvantitativa undersökningen genomfördes genom att 100 respondenter fick svara på 10 enkätfrågor med grund i tidigare nämnda forskningsfrågor. Den kvalitativa undersökningsmetoden bestod av semi-strukturerade intervjuer med främst kvinnor i åldern 25-30 som tidigare hade besvarat enkäten för att få mer djupgående svar och resonemang av respondenterna. Empirin har analyserats med teorin i åtanke och utifrån modellen som beskriver kommunikationen mellan företag och konsument. Slutsatsen som kan dras utifrån empirin och analysen är att kundlojalitet kan skapas genom tekniska lösningar, men att de tekniska lösningarna måste ta hänsyn till konsumenternas integritet och ske på deras villkor. För konsumenten kan iBeacons skapa värde genom att vara ett komplement till butikspersonalen och digitalt vägleda kunden genom köpet från det ögonblicket den kliver in i butiken. Att modebutiken erbjuder kunden, i realtid, anpassade notiser och information om produkterna i butiken innebär att tid kan sparas, men också ekonomiska värden då alla erbjudanden finns digitalt och kan användas på kundens villkor.

  • 45.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sällström, Jakob
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Välgörenhet är kryddan av rikedom: filantropi inom svenska företag2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Philanthropy within corporations has for a long time been a phenomenon outside of Sweden. However, philanthropy has spread throughout Sweden in recent years and is for various reasons becoming more popular. For example corporations say that they feel an obligation to help those who have it worse and also those in their environment.Based on answers gathered from interviews with seven different respondents from seven different Swedish corporations, this essay means to answer the question of how Swedish corporations work with philanthropy and what motivates them to do so.The result indicates that Swedish corporations work with philanthropy in a centralized manner and that information about this work is communicated mostly internally, to engage and motivate the staff but also to be seen as an attractive employer. Philanthropy can also be used as a strategy to strengthen a brand, gather political resources and combat negative criticism.This essay is written in Swedish.

  • 46.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Atterflod, Natalie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Makrosäkring: Intressenters attityder till redovisning av dynamisk riskhantering2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hedge accounting is used when accounting for financial instruments held for hedging purposes. There are difficulties associated with applying existing hedge accounting requirements to macro hedges particularly when portfolios are managed dynamically. Because of the limitations of existing hedge accounting many entities find it difficult to faithfully present the results of dynamic risk management in the financial statements. As a result, some entities do not apply hedge accounting at all while others only apply parts of hedge accounting. Some entities apply other hedging techniques which do not correctly reflect the dynamic risk management. The IASB has published a Discussion Paper (DP) featuring an accounting method for dynamic risk management. The objective of the new method Portfolio Revaluation Approach (PRA) is to achieve a faithful presentation of dynamic risk management and reduce the existing operational complexity.The purpose of the study is to examine and compare the attitudes of the IASB’s stakeholders towards accounting for dynamic risk management and identify their opinion on the proposed accounting method PRA. The study also aims to identify stakeholders’ views on how a future method should be designed. To obtain an understanding of stakeholders’ views a qualitative content analysis were used. The study is based on 30 comment letters received from stakeholders in response to the issued DP on macro hedging. The stakeholders where categorized into three groups: standard setting bodies, accounting firms and corporations.The study shows that stakeholders consider that problems arise when the current rules is applied to dynamically managed portfolios. The IASB should develop rules that will be applicable and reflect dynamic risk management. The comment letters shows different opinions about the scale of the project and what dynamic risk management should cover. The IASB has modified the initial objective of the project and expanded the scope. Stakeholders therefore require that the IASB clarifies the objective before they develop an Exposure Draft (ED).The study found that opinions on PRA are diverse. Stakeholders have, however, identified more disadvantages than advantages with PRA. According to stakeholders, a future accounting method for dynamic risk management should be applied only when risk mitigation has been undertaken by hedging and not applied on all dynamic risk management. Stakeholders believe that an application on all dynamic risk management activities would increase volatility in profit or loss and not result in useful information. Furthermore, the study shows that a method should be optional to apply. A future accounting method should be designed to be applicable to all risks, not only interest rate risks. Judging by the commentIIletters from the stakeholders, the IASB should not develop a new method but instead design a method based on the existing rules in IFRS 9 Financial instruments and IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement. Moreover, the IASB should develop principle-based rules because of the character of dynamic risk management. The IASB must ensure that the method is practicable. Our conclusion is that even though the stakeholders encourage the macro hedging project, few are satisfied with the proposal submitted.(This paper is written in Swedish)

  • 47.
    Andersson, Patrik
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kontrollpaneler: En översikt av kontroll- & informationspaneler på Ringhals 32016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med rapporten är att analysera standarden för kontrollpanelers uppbyggnad på Ringhals 3, märka ut avvikelser och föreslå förbättringar på bristfällande paneler. I en kärnkraftsanläggning sker en utvinning av värmeenergi med fission som tas tillvara på genom att koka vatten till ånga för att driva ångturbiner. För att göra detta på ett säkert sätt krävs det ett balanserat samspel mellan reaktorn och turbinerna för att se till så att turbinerna tar ut lika hög effekt som reaktorn producerar. Kontrollrumsoperatörerna ska kunna läsa av information från processen på ett snabbt och säkert sätt för att kunna fatta rätt beslut. Till sin hjälp av har operatörerna en uppsjö av kontroll- och informationspaneler i både kontrollrummet såväl som ute i produktionslokalerna för att kunna styra och övervaka de olika komponenterna. Men eftersom många paneler kommer direkt från komponenternas tillverkare så finns det en hel del undantag som operatörer måste anpassa sig till. Eltavlan i kontrollrummet som övervakar spänningsfördelningen över de olika elskenorna till komponenter har i princip varit oförändrat sedan anläggningen stod färdig 1980. Om systemet skulle bli spänningslöst så att nöddieslarna måste dras igång så är den kontrollrumsoperatörernas mest tillförlitliga information för att se vilka skenor som fortfarande är spänningssatta. Om någon av dessa dieselsäkrade skenor skulle vara spänningslös av någon anledning så måste en operatör lämna kontrollrummet för avgöra vad som har hänt, vilket kan kosta dyrbartid i ett skarpt läge. För att förbättra eltavlan kan man genomföra en storsatsning, likt den som gjordes på Ringhals 2 då hela kontrollrummet byggdes om och framtidssäkrades. Eltavlan kan även uppgraderas delvist som gjorts tidigare med övriga kontrollrumspaneler. Ringhals har uppmärksammat eltavlans brister och har påbörjat en förstudie och projekteringar för att bygga om panelen och åtgärda dessa brister.

  • 48.
    Andersson, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Elfvenfrost, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Material replenishment system2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis work has been written both for and in co-operation with the company IAC Group Gothenburg. The main purpose of the report is to find a new alternative material replenishment system which will improve the internal material flow and eliminate unnecessary work activities such as manual call offs. The aim is to find a new system to reduce the incidental costs incurred and improve customer service in quality and performance. Observations and interviews were conducted and an analysis of the current situation was made. Waste was identified in the form of unnecessary transport, specifically in milk runs, where time was spent looking for materials to be loaded. This creates uncertainty and may contribute to increased costs and poor customer service. Three different options for a new replenishment system were developed which were compared with the theory and present situation. The proposal was evaluated with respect to cost, available support, complexity and future compatibility. The analysis of the theory and current state shows the importance of a long-term solution with few risks of waste. The solution that best cope with this is an e-Kanban system that automates the replenishment system and would make manual material call offs disappear completely. The conclusion is that an e-Kanban system is the best long term option for a manufacturing company like IAC because it is highly adaptable to change, and can be integrated in the company’s ERP system. The recommendation is to implement a new e-Kanban system. First, it should be tested on a pilot station and then introduced to the whole production process.

  • 49.
    Andersson Stridh, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Karlsson, Johannes
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Från sponsorskap till partnerskap2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Whilst sport sponsorship investments has increased rapidly in Sweden over the past years, it has also reached a point of where the right holders have difficulties to meet the sponsors demand for more articulated outcomes. More and more companies view the sponsorship as more than a mere communication platform of mixed communication activities such as PR, direct on-sales and exposure. Sponsors now start to see the true potential of sponsorship, whereas the relationship could bring more to the company than the sponsorship offer; money in exchange for commercial access. In order to meet this demand the property organizations (in this paper, mostly referred to as the football clubs) have to look for reconstruction of their operations. A turn from the expression “sponsor”, to “partner” can be seen throughout the Swedish football world, though has little actual operational change been set to practice. This paper seeks to examine the new demands set from sponsors as well as identify the true nature of the partnership structure. We believe that with a deeper understanding of sponsor demands the property organizations can create a conceptualized and attractive profile, as well as add structural change into the operations, which could be beneficial for both parties.With help from literature we define sponsorship, which will be viewed as the fundamentals of partnership. Relevant B2B-relationship theories, such as commitment, trust and communication will be applied as cornerstones to a successful partner relationship. The empirical studies, showing that there is a demand for more communicative CSR-activities in the clubs, will be combined with earlier research on the subject of CRSS, cause-related sport sponsorship to highlight the importance of profiling.

  • 50.
    Andersson, Therése
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hassnert, Ludvig
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    K2 & K3: kan ”cherry-picking” utgöra bokföringsbrott?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2014 there were 12,800 cases of accounting frauds reported in Sweden. According to Penal Code (Brottsbalken), classification of an accounting fraud needs to fulfill two requisites. The first requisite addresses the disregard of accounting obligation. The Accounting Act (Bokföringslagen) prescribes that the accounting obligation must be fulfilled in a manner consistent with generally accepted accounting principles (god redovisningssed).The Swedish Accounting Standards Board (Bokföringsnämnden) is a government authority that has a statutory responsibility for the development of generally accepted accounting principles. In 2004, the board changed its focus of the development of the accounting norms for unlisted companies. With this decision, they began to work on the K-project with the purpose of establishing a comprehensive framework of regulations for the companies’ annual accounts and annual reports. The regulations were divided into different categories based on the companies’ size which were constructed on the requirements and choices encompassed by the Accounting Act. The K-regulations (K-regelverken) became mandatory for unlisted companies in 2014.The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of accounting fraud if a company chooses to deviate from the applied K-regulation and instead use a rule from another K-regulation, what this study calls "cherry-picking". Therefore, this qualitative study utilizes a deductive approach and conducts a survey of K-regulations and their relation to Swedish legislation, which has contributed to a clear basis for the hypothetical cases in this study. The cases in this study have been supplemented by an interview with a strategic economic crime accountant from the Swedish Economic Crime Authority (Ekobrottsmyndigheten).The results of this study show that a deviation from the K-regulations can be considered synonymous with a deviation from the generally accepted accounting principles. With regards to this, a deviation from the K-regulations is seen as a disregard of the accounting obligation. In order to confirm an accounting fraud based on this, the second of the two requisites of Penal Code also needs to be fulfilled, the requisite of effect. The effect requisite is fulfilled when the essence of the accounts cannot be established. It may involve a certain difficulty to prosecute a company which has deviated from the K-regulation but included information in their accounts through their notes. The result of this study also shows that the provisions of the K-regulations takes precedence over the accounting options that the Annual Accounts Act (Årsredovisningslagen) offers.A link between generally accepted accounting principles and K-regulations has been identified in this study, but the relationship between K-regulations and the law is not fully specified. Despite this results of this study demonstrate the underlying risk that companies with applies "cherry-picking" between K2 and K3, may be convicted of accounting fraud.This study is hereinafter written in Swedish.

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