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  • 1.
    Aaberg, Alma
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Olsson Piittisjärvi, Patricia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors upplevelser av kliniskt introduktionsår: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett påtagligt samhällsproblem idag är den rådande brist på legitimerade sjuksköterskor som arbetar inom den svenska sjukvården. I takt med att befolkningen ökar och medelåldern blir allt högre blir vikten av att bibehålla verksamma legitimerade sjuksköterskor allt mer påtaglig. Att komma ut i verksamheten som nyutbildad sjuksköterska kan upplevas som en stor utmaning och första tiden i yrket kan ses som en intensiv och krävande process. För att underlätta transitionen från student till yrkesverksam sjuksköterska har ett introduktionsprogram utformats i syfte att vägleda och stödja de nyblivna sjuksköterskorna.

    Författarnas syfte med studien är att beskriva nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors upplevelser av ett kliniskt introduktionsår. Examensarbetet grundar sig i en litteraturstudie som utgår från Fribergs analysprocess där tio artiklar granskas och analyseras. Analysen resulterar i fyra identifierade huvudteman med tillhörande tretton subteman som tillsammans sammanfattar upplevelser av kliniskt introduktionsår som nyutexaminerad sjuksköterska. Identifierade huvudteman i arbetet är: ”Möjligheten till att få växa personligt och professionellt”, ”Att vara i rum för reflektion”, ”Att existera i en kravfylld tillvaro” samt ”Vikten av att ha kollegialt stöd inom räckhåll”. Resultatet påvisar flera fördelar med deltagandet i kliniskt introduktionsprogram men även vissa brister identifieras. Resultatet påvisar att upplevelser av krav under övergångsprocessen är återkommande hos de flesta nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskorna som genomgår kliniskt introduktionsår. För att underlätta övergångsprocessen är faktorer så som en stödjande miljö, tillhörighet i personalgruppen och reflektion som verktyg viktiga komponenter. Författarna anser att vidare fördjupning kring upplevelser av ett introduktionsprogram och hur detta introduktionsprogram erfars ur ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv är av stor vikt i syfte att möta sjuksköterskans behov under det första yrkesverksamma året.

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    K2018:90
  • 2.
    Aagesson, Jennie
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Nordström, Annika
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Elev, lintott eller bara barn? Synen på barn i tre kulturpublikationer: en diskursanalys2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this Master's thesis is to examine and analyze what discourses about children that can be found in three Swedish culture publications, and also to identify the different social roles that are attributed to children in these publications. The theoretical and methodological background is discourse theory, as described by Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe. Additional theory used is social constructionism and Norman Fairclough’s critical discourse theory. Three questions are asked: What discourse/s can be found in these publications? What do these discourses tell us about the view on children within the library domain? What social roles are attributed to the children in the texts and what consequences do these have for the power configuration between children and adults? Furthermore there is a discussion concerning what effects these discourses might have on the direct and indirect reception of children in the library. 84 articles from three publications - Biblioteksbladet, DIK-forum and Barn & unga – are analyzed, and four discourses concerning children are identified: the discourse of the idyllic child, the discourse of the indigent child, the discourse of the resource receiving child and the discourse of the equal child. Four social roles are also identified: groups in exposed positions, babies and small children, gender and pupils. The analysis shows that the unequal balance of power between children and adults is maintained and reproduced within the discourses, and is very rarely challenged.

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  • 3.
    Aamir Latif, Muhammad
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Radar scattering from bodies of revolution using an efficient partial differential equation algorithm2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A technique is presented for solving the problem of scattering by a three-dimensional body of revolution using a partial differential equation (PDE) technique, employed in conjunction with radiation boundary condition applied in the Fresnel region of the scatterer. The radiation boundary condition, which is used to truncate the PDE mesh, is based upon an asymptotic expansion derived by Wilcox. Numerical results illustrating the procedure and verifying the accuracy of the results are included. These results are compared with other theoretical calculations for perfectly conducting bodies of revolution of arbitrary shape.

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  • 4.
    Aarnikoivu, Melina
    et al.
    University of Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Mahon, Kathleen
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Hoffman, David
    Finnish Institute for Educational Research, University of Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Angervall, Petra
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Another higher education journal - Really?2019In: Journal of Praxis in Higher Education, E-ISSN 2003-3605, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 1-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Aasa, Johanna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Chindeh, Felicia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Politiskt engagemang genom social media: en kvantitativ studie om ungas politiska intresse2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Politiken i Sverige har i stor utsträckning varit oförändrad i drygt 100 år men har de senaste decenniet fått en utmanare i form av de digitala plattformarna (social media såsom tex: Twitter, Instagram och Facebook). Kandidatuppsatsen syfte är att undersöka hur de politiska engagemanget genom social media och det politiska intresset bland unga 18–29 år ser ut idag, och om det finns ett samband mellan politiskt intresse och politiskt engagemang via sociala medier i nämnd åldersgrupp. Uppsatsen är en kvantitativ studie som baseras på sekundärdata från den nationella SOM-undersökningen 2019.

    Resultatet visar på ett politiskt intresse som är jämnt fördelat mellan personer som har intresse och inte har ett intresse, vilket eventuellt kan förklaras med den sociala kontext personen befinner sig i. De politiska engagemanget uppvisar att majoriteten, 80 procent har ett politiskt engagemang via sociala medier, och att av den majoriteten har hälften av personerna ett mindre politiskt engagemang genom de digitala plattformarna. Förklaringsvis beror det på omfattningen av deltagande i sociala medier, som leder till en aktiv eller passiv exponering för politik i olika former. Vidare kunde inte ett samband ses mellan de politiska intresset bland unga 18–29 år och politiskt engagemang genom sociala medier. Där avsaknaden troligtvis kan bero på ett samband att personerna inte är intresserad av politik eller en rädsla för att föra politiska debatter i de offentliga rummet.

  • 6.
    Aasaru, Linda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Inverted Archaeology: exploring representations of garments through their negative form2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work investigates the expressive quality of the negative form of ready-made garments through the method of making impressions. The work aims to explore how imprints of garments created in alternative materials such as flour and plaster could be used as a trompe l’oeil print motif in fashion design. It is an exploration about how our pre-existing perception of archetypal garments expands when the garments are represented through their imprint in a new material, colour and slightly different form. The study was conducted using experimental methods such as making impressions of garments in a layer of flour or capturing their negative form in plaster or clay. The created impressions were photographed and then digitally printed on different textile qualities with sublimation or reactive dyes. The printed fabrics were then transformed into three-dimensional garments through the technique of draping and with consideration of the garment’s traditional placement. Selected imprints were altered in scale or printed as a fragment, that in turn, affected the final form of these garments. What is presented in this work is a variety of garments that demonstrate how negative impressions of archetypal garments are used as a decorative visual texture as well as a suggestion for form.

  • 7.
    Aasaru, Linda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Inverted Archaeology: exploring representations of garments through their negative form2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work investigates the expressive quality of the negative form of ready-made garments through the method of making impressions. The work aims to explore how imprints of garments created in alternative materials such as flour and plaster could be used as a trompe l’oeil print motif in fashion design. It is an exploration about how our pre-existing perception of archetypal garments expands when the garments are represented through their imprint in a new material, colour and slightly different form. The study was conducted using experimental methods such as making impressions of garments in a layer of flour or capturing their negative form in plaster or clay. The created impressions were photographed and then digitally printed on different textile qualities with sublimation or reactive dyes. The printed fabrics were then transformed into three-dimensional garments through the technique of draping and with consideration of the garment’s traditional placement. Selected imprints were altered in scale or printed as a fragment, that in turn, affected the final form of these garments. What is presented in this work is a variety of garments that demonstrate how negative impressions of archetypal garments are used as a decorative visual texture as well as a suggestion for form.

  • 8.
    Abargil, Melissa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Gospic, Nicolina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Carlsson, Ida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Allting är bara tyg vi sätter på oss2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the growing interest in gender-neutral fashion, an increasing number of companies have included gender-neutral fashion collections in their ranges. Despite this progress, the fashion market still shows clear signs of being characterized by gender binarism and traditional gender norms. Against this background, the following study aims to investigate consumers' perceptions of gender-neutral fashion in marketing. The study uses a qualitative method with an inductive research approach. A total of nine semi-structured interviews were conducted where people belonging to Generation Z were selected to analyze gender-neutral advertising campaigns. When analyzing the empirical data, the study's purpose and questions were taken into account, as well as previous research and the theoretical framework consisting of Erving Goffman's theory of how gender is presented in advertising. The results of the study showed that gender-neutral fashion in marketing is not only about the garment itself but also the surrounding circumstances of the image. Consumers' perceptions of whether something is gender neutral or not are influenced by various factors. It appears that consumers mostly associate gender-neutral fashion with male style and that gender stereotypes still influence marketing in the fashion industry. The gender composition of models in advertising images is another factor that influences consumer perception. Furthermore, the results show that respondents describe gender-neutral fashion as both unique and at the same time boring, which creates a paradox. These findings are of practical relevance for fashion entrepreneurs who need to make strategic decisions in their marketing. The research paper is written in swedish. 

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  • 9.
    Abbas, Inam
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Flerspråkiga barn i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie angående hur pedagogerna tänker kring flerspråkighet och de arbetsmetoder2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Språk- och språkutveckling är en viktig del i förskolans arbete, i barns lärande och utveckling. Med tanke på att språk är en essentiell del av identitet, kommunikation och gemenskap är det viktigt för barn att kunna utveckla den färdigheten. Flerspråkighet är allt vanligare idag i förskoleverksamheter och det krävs att förskolepersonal visar engagemang och intresse för att synliggöra språket på många olika sätt. En av förskolepedagogernas viktigaste uppgifter är att genom olika arbetsmetoder kunna använda undervisningen till att stimulera och utveckla barns språk.

    Syftet med min undersökning är att ta reda på vilka tankar och arbetsmetoder pedagoger har för att stimulera och stödja flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling i förskolan.

    Metoden som används i denna studie är kvalitativ, baserad på sex intervjuer från tre olika förskolor. Diskussionen i resultatdelen sker utifrån syftet och frågeställningar.

    Resultatet som framkommit i studien är att pedagogerna tillämpar olika metoder och strategier för att stimulera språkutveckling. Samtliga anser att modersmålsundervisning kan användas för att stimulera inlärningen av det svenska språket. Det framgår också att pedagogerna har en viktig roll i förskolan där de behöver vara lyhörda, närvarande och tydliga i arbetet. De menar att konkret material och den lärmiljö som verksamheten erbjuder är avgörande för barns språkutveckling. Pedagogerna anser att de har ett ansvar att samarbeta med vårdnadshavare och kunna ha ett positivt bemötande gentemot flerspråkighet. De förutsättningar som erbjuds pedagogerna för att genomföra sitt arbete anser de är olika. Viktigt att lyfta fram är att de menar att den svenska förskolan inte kan garantera en likvärdig utbildning för alla runt om i landet.

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  • 10.
    Abbas, Maroa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Nilsson, Sofie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Utomhusundervisning relaterat till artkunskap: En kunskapsöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kunskapsöversikten presenterar vad aktuell forskning har kommit fram till gällande utomhusundervisning i biologididaktik relaterat till artkunskap.Syftet med översikten är att synliggöra vad som kännetecknar forskningen. Vi har jämfört artiklar och sökt efter likheter och skillnader för att sedan kunna hitta mönster i resultaten i artiklarna. Urvalet av studierna baserades på artiklarnas innehåll, med utgångspunkt från inkluderande kriterier valde vi ut de artiklar som stämde överens med kriterierna.

    Med inspiration av SMART fick vi ett urval av forskning som bestod av sju artiklar. Sex av sju artiklar är skrivna i Europa. De valda artiklarna innehöll olika studier med elever, lärare, lärarstudenter och lärarutbildare ochresultatet av studierna tyder på att intresset för artkunskap har minskat under de senaste åren. Det framkom även brister i utomhusundervisningen på grund av olika faktorer som tidsbrist, resursbrist och klimat. Däremot har undervisningsmetoden Bottom up visat sig vara gynnsam för elevernas inlärning av arter. Genom metoden fick eleverna goda kunskaper som i sin tur bidrog till en bättre förståelse för arterna i naturen. Utifrån artiklarna har vi kommit fram till att elever behöver få möjlighet till att vistas utomhus, utforska och stimulera sina sinnen i undervisningen. Detta leder i sin tur till långsiktiga kunskaper och blir till en grund för fortsatt lärande.

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  • 11.
    Abbasi, Maisam
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Perspectives of Complexity and Intelligence on Logistics and Supply Chain Management2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades, millions of articles, books and journals have been written and thousands seminars and conferences have been held to present increasing importance of supply chain management both in practice and theory. Undoubtedly, nowadays, success is not tied-up just in processes of a focal company but in processes of all its value chain and network. In order to survive in highly competitive markets, it sounds essential that all processes and entities of the supply and demand network be analyzed and value-adding ones be separated from those which are not. One of the origins of non-value adding processes is non-value adding complexity. So, a systematic study and analysis of supply chain complexity and rendering remedies for simplicity are essential. In this thesis, at first, some definitions as well as causes of supply chain complexity based on its complication and complexity are mentioned. In the next step, embodiments of some themes of complexity science in discipline of supply chains are explained. Later, a recipe for studying complexity is offered. Ingredients of this recipe are identification, classification, measurement, modeling, and simplification. Finally, implementation of intelligent agents as assured tools for simplification of supply chains complexity is described.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 12.
    Abbasi, Sahar
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Tracing the Visibility of Swedish LIS Research Articles by Using Altmetrics2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Scholarly impact and visibility have traditionally been assessed by estimating the number and quality of publications and citations in the scholarly literature. But now scholars are increasingly visible on the Web. Twitter, Mendeley and other social media platforms are quite well-known and interesting tools for sharing research articles among scholars. Based on the capabilities of altmetrics, this thesis analyses the altmetric coverage and impact of LIS articles published by Swedish universities during 2013 to 2017. It also tries to paint a picture of demographic of people engaged with these articles. The most common altmetric sources are considered using a sample of 170 LIS journal articles. The findings were interpreted using two different sociological theories: the normative theory of Merton´s norms and the theory of social constructivism. The result of the study showed that Mendeley has the highest coverage of journal articles (65 percent) followed by Twitter (33 percent) while very few of the publications are mentioned in blogs or on Facebook. Researchers were the main Mendeley readers of articles with 53 percent, followed by the general public at 26 percent. This study, on the other hand, found out that public users were the main group that shared articles on Twitter. The list of articles with a high number of tweets showed that most topics in the field of LIS are associated with bibliometrics and citation impacts. The results demonstrate that the adoption of altmetric methods within the LIS fields is inevitable, but several issues must be considered to identify their potential.

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  • 13.
    Abbasi, Ziwar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Bernebrand, Anna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Projektering av elnätet för ett exploateringsområde2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The growing population in Sweden has led to the great need for new housing construction in the last decade. Consequently, new housing construction has increased substantially. To meet the capacity requirement, large investments are required from the electricity grid companies to connect the newly built residential areas and to enable the development of new infrastructure. The expansion opportunities that have arisen in the current municipality have led to the expansion of the grid for a new residential area. The purpose of the project is to find a rational solution to provide an exploitation area of 19 homes with electricity. To achieve a desirable result with the distribution planning, corporate guidelines and industry standards have been used. The projected distribution network is designed by a radial system, which means that power supply takes place only from one direction. The distribution network is made up of two different distribution systems: TN-S and TN-C. The distribution planning also includes network calculations carried out with both optimization software NetBas and manually. The parameters that have been calculated are voltage drops, short-circuit currents and short-circuiting time. The dimension of the distribution network, is calculated only through NetBas, it resulted in the installation of a network station, five cable cabinet, 0.9 kilometers low voltage cable and 0.13 kilometers high voltage cable. The project's total investment cost has approximately been estimated at 568 000 Swedish crowns.

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  • 14. Abbaszadeh, A
    et al.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Effect of extraction conditions on yield and purity of citrus pectin by sulfuric and hydrochloric acids2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Abbes, Amina
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Berg, Maria
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Utvecklingssamtalet i förskolan: En studie om föräldrars erfarenheter och förväntningar2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I förskolans utvecklingssamtal skall personal och föräldrar diskutera barnets utveckling och lärande, vad barnet gör, hur det trivs och hur barnet fungerar socialt (Skolverket 2005). Det finns inga mål barnet skall uppnå, som beskriver vad barnet skall kunna vid en viss tidpunkt. Det anses dock viktigt att följa barnets utveckling och lärande, men det är inte detsamma som att bedöma barnet utifrån fastställda kriterier och normer (Prop.2004/05:11). SYFTE: Vårt syfte med studien är att ta reda på vad föräldrar förväntar sig av utvecklingssamtal i förskolan, och vad de anser vara av betydelse i pedagogens roll under utvecklingssamtalet. METOD: Vi har valt att använda oss av self report som metod till vår studie. En self report är en skriven text av en person om ett fenomen som en forskare vill veta mer av. I vår studie är det föräldrar som skrivit ner berättelser utifrån frågeställningar om utvecklingssamtal i förskolan. RESULTAT: Resultatet visar att föräldrar vill veta hur barnet har det på förskolan. Föräldrarna vill framförallt veta hur barnet fungerar i gruppen, i det sociala samspelet. Något som framkommer är föräldrars funderingar på om barnet passar in i gruppen och har vänner att leka med. Ytterligare en förväntning på utvecklingssamtalet är hur barnet fungerar i de dagliga rutinerna. Föräldrarna vill ha information om barnet, de vill få ta del av sådant som fungerar bra och sådant som fungerar mindre bra

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  • 16.
    Abburi, Sridhar
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Chinnappan, Ramakrishnan
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    COLLABORATION IN BANKING INFORMATION SYSTEMS: INVESTIGATING THE FUTURE OF BANKING SYSTEMS IN INDIA2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Banking systems in India is quite popular and it needs some more changes to reach all the customers. Lack of the service is main problem in Indian baking system. If the common person wants to open the account, it take’s little bit high cost and banks are not near the people location. Due to the Lack of service, people do not want to be a customer of the bank. In the research trying to find the solutions for some of the problems to maintain a banking account, we want to provide the maximum time of service in banking systems and to find the better solution for the common persons to use the banking systems. The research idea Collaboration banking information systems are designed to combine all the account information into a system, to provide a better solution for the customer, and to solve all the internal problems in the banking systems. From this new concept we could establish the bank in each and every village, So that we could reach all the customers by providing them a good quality service and exceeding their expectations. The Collaboration systems are less time consuming and it reduces the burden of both the customers and bank employees. Some banks failed due to the lack of customers and the over burden of interest charged by the government. The research idea is to share all the account details from all the banks into a system that is known as collaboration banking information systems. The collaboration banking systems are entirely different and it reduces the cost maintenance of the Indian banking systems.

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  • 17.
    Abd Al Sater, Wissam
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Effektiv logistik med lossningskalender på byggarbetsplatsen2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Logistics has long been a topic for discussion that has recently gained more attention. In order for the supervisor to develop a logistics organization that works more than well, this always means that the internal logistics routines are well functioning. The procedures should work on guidelines and support for the supervisor in all types of projects. The study aims to study NCC-projects that use and / or do not use the new tool, release calendar, to identify its positive results. The study uses a qualitative method in which the author conducts interviews with 4 respondents within NCC. The result consists of three main categories processing collected data, these categories are: Efficiency, documentation and Support for work management. Electronic logistics tools like the unloading calendar are of great importance to the supervisor and can be decisive in the quality of all construction projects.

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  • 18.
    Abdalla, Fardowsa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Ibrahim, Maryam
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Förskollärares perspektiv på språkutvecklande arbetssätt kring flerspråkighet2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning

    I denna studie definierar vi flerspråkighet som en person som talar ett språk hemma och ett annat språk i förskolan. Studien fokuserar på förskollärares perspektiv på språkutvecklande arbetssätt med flerspråkiga barn i förskolan.

    Syfte

    Syftet med vårt examensarbete är att undersöka förskollärares perspektiv på språkutvecklande arbetssätt med flerspråkiga barn.

    Metod

    Vi valde kvalitativa intervjuer som metod och deltagarna var förskollärare som arbetar i mångkulturella förskolor i Sverige. Vi valde tre förskolor, två förskollärare i vardera förskola. Totalt har vi intervjuat sex förskollärare.

    Resultat

    Vår studie visar att förskollärarna har olika synsätt och metoder för att stödja flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling i förskolan. I analysen blir det synligt att förskollärarna använder sig av följande verktyg: pedagogiska redskap och aktiviteter, vardagssituationer och samverkan med vårdnadshavare. I analysen blir det också synligt hur förskollärarna i studien har ett positivt förhållningssätt till flerspråkighet och anser att kunskap om modersmålets betydelse för flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling är viktiga strategier i förskolan.

  • 19.
    Abdallah, Nancy
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Altafi, Nasrin
    Department of Mathematics, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, S-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 3N6, Canada.
    Iarrobino, Anthony
    Department of Mathematics, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
    Seceleanu, Alexandra
    Department of Mathematics, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA.
    Yaméogo, Joachim
    Université Côte d'Azur, CNRS, LJAD, France.
    Lefschetz properties of some codimension three Artinian Gorenstein algebras2023In: Journal of Algebra, ISSN 0021-8693, E-ISSN 1090-266X, Vol. 625, p. 28-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Codimension two Artinian algebras have the strong and weak Lefschetz propertiesprovided the characteristic is zero or greater than the socle degree. It is open to whatextent such results might extend to codimension three Artinian Gorenstein algebras. De-spite much work, the strong Lefschetz property for codimension three Artinian Gorensteinalgebra has remained largely mysterious; our results build on and strengthen some of theprevious results. We here show that every standard-graded codimension three ArtinianGorenstein algebra A having maximum value of the Hilbert function at most six has thestrong Lefschetz property, provided that the characteristic is zero. When the characteris-tic is greater than the socle degree of A, we show that A is almost strong Lefschetz, theyare strong Lefschetz except in the extremal pair of degrees.

  • 20.
    Abdallah, Nancy
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Emsalem, Jacques
    Paris, France.
    Iarrobino, Anthony
    Department of Mathematics, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.
    Nets of conics and associated Artinian algebras of length 72023In: European Journal of Mathematics, ISSN 2199-675X, E-ISSN 2199-6768, Vol. 9, no 2, article id 22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We classify the orbits of nets of conics under the action of the projective linear group and we determine the specializations of these orbits, using geometric and algebraic methods. We study related geometric questions, as the parametrization of planar cubics. We show that Artinian algebras of Hilbert function H=(1,3,3,0) determined by nets, can be smoothed—deformed to a direct sum of fields; and that algebras of Hilbert function H=(1,r,2,0), determined by pencils of quadrics, can also be smoothed. This portion is a translation and update of a 1977 version, a typescript by the second two authors that was distributed as a preprint of University of Paris VII. In a new Historical Appendix A we describe related work prior to 1977. In an Update Appendix B we survey some developments since 1977 concerning nets of conics, related geometry, and deformations of Artinian algebras of small length.

  • 21.
    Abdallah, Nancy
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Emsalem, Jacques
    Northeastern Univ, Dept Math, Boston.
    Iarrobino, Anthony
    Northeastern Univ, Dept Math, Boston.
    Yaméogo, Joachim
    Univ Cote Azur, CNRS, LJAD, Nice, France.
    Limits of graded Gorenstein algebras of Hilbert function $$(1,3^k,1)$$2024In: European Journal of Mathematics, ISSN 2199-675X, E-ISSN 2199-6768, Vol. 10, no 1, article id 9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Let R= k [x, y, z], the polynomial ring over a field k. Several of the authors previously classified nets of ternary conics and their specializations over an algebraically closed field, Abdallah et al. (Eur J Math 9(2), Art. No. 22, 2023). We here show that when k is algebraically closed, and considering the Hilbert function sequence T =(1,3(k),1), k >= 2 (i.e. T = (1, 3, 3, ... , 3, 1) where k is the multiplicity of 3), then the family GT parametrizing graded Artinian algebra quotients A = R/I of R having Hilbert function T is irreducible, and G(T) is the closure of the family Gor(T) of Artinian Gorenstein algebras of Hilbert function T. We then classify up to isomorphism the elements of these families Gor(T) and of G(T). Finally, we give examples of codimension 3 Gorenstein sequences, such as (1, 3, 5, 3, 1), for which G(T) has several irreducible components, one being the Zariski closure of Gor(T).

  • 22.
    Abdallah, Nancy
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Schenck, Hal
    Free resolutions and Lefschetz properties of some Artin Gorenstein rings of codimension four2024In: Journal of symbolic computation, ISSN 0747-7171, E-ISSN 1095-855X, Vol. 121, p. 102257-102257, article id 102257Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In (Stanley, 1978), Stanley constructs an example of an Artinian Gorenstein (AG) ring A with non-unimodal H-vector (1,13,12,13,1). Migliore-Zanello show in (Migliore and Zanello, 2017) that for regularity r=4, Stanley's example has the smallest possible codimension c for an AG ring with non-unimodal H-vector.

    The weak Lefschetz property (WLP) has been much studied for AG rings; it is easy to show that an AG ring with non-unimodal H-vector fails to have WLP. In codimension c=3 it is conjectured that all AG rings have WLP. For c=4, Gondim shows in (Gondim, 2017) that WLP always holds for r≤4 and gives a family where WLP fails for any r≥7, building on Ikeda's example (Ikeda, 1996) of failure for r=5. In this note we study the minimal free resolution of A and relation to Lefschetz properties (both weak and strong) and Jordan type for c=4 and r≤6.

  • 23.
    Abdallah, Nancy
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Schenck, Hal
    Department of Mathematics, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, 36849, USA.
    Nets in P^2 and Alexander Duality2023In: Discrete & Computational Geometry, ISSN 0179-5376, E-ISSN 1432-0444Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A net in P^2 is a configuration of lines A and points X satisfying certain incidence properties. Nets appear in a variety of settings, ranging from quasigroups to combinatorial design to classification of Kac–Moody algebras to cohomology jump loci of hyperplane arrangements. For a matroid M and rank r, we associate a monomial ideal (a monomial variant of the Orlik–Solomon ideal) to the set of flats of M of rank ≤r. In the context of line arrangements in P^2, applying Alexander duality to the resulting ideal yields insight into the combinatorial structure of nets.

  • 24.
    Abdel, Mariam
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sech Mousa, Sarmpel
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Chefers och ledarskapets utmaningar inom laboratoriemedicinverksamheten under pandemin2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sveriges hälso- och sjukvården står inför stora förändringar det senaste decenniet med anledning av olika händelser såsom digitaliseringen och pandemier. Covid-19-pandemin har orsakat enorma omställningar de senaste två åren uppger Coronakomissionen (SOU 2021:89) i sin rapport. En av de verksamheter som stod inför stora utmaningar inom hälso- och sjukvården var laboratoriemedicin. Syftet med studien är att belysa första linjens chefers utmaningar inom laboratoriemedicinverksamheteten när det gäller ledarskapet och arbetsmiljöutmaningar och hur dessa hanterades under covid-19-pandemin. Metoden som användes var kvalitativ metod med induktiv ansats och datainsamlingen genomfördes i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer med sex första linjens chefer inom laboratoriemedicinverksamheten. Resultatet presenteras i form av kategorier som har kommit fram genom analys av datamaterialet och presenteras utifrån studiens frågeställningar. Studiens resultatvisar att första linjens chefer inom laboratoriemedicinverksamheteten hanterade flera utmaningar under pandemin som bland annat var det stort informationsflödet, bemanningsproblem, arbetsmiljöutmaningar och slitna medarbetarna som behövde stöttas mentalt. Olika strategier har använts av cheferna med stöd av deras chefskollegor samt medarbetarna för att kunna hantera de här utmaningarna. Vidare forskning behövs både för chefers arbetsmiljö i ovan nämnd verksamhet samt för medarbetarnas arbetsmiljö i syfte att kunna belysa ytterligare de problem som finns samt att hitta olika hållbara lösningar.

  • 25.
    Abdela, Abdela
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ahmed, Jasmine
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Asci, Rumeysa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Influencers trovärdighet: En kvalitativ studie om hur influencers storlek påverkar deras trovärdighet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the number of followers affects an influencer's credibility using Ohanian's credibility model (1990). The study contributes to an understanding of how the size of influencers affects the followers' intake of information from influencers. To address the purpose of this study, the following question was analyzed: How does the size of influencers affect their credibility? A qualitative study has been conducted and empirical material has been collected to fulfill the purpose and answer the question of how the number of followers affects the credibility of influencers. To get an answer to the question, nine semi-structured individual interviews were conducted where the sample was women aged 18-24. The theoretical starting point in this study is Ohanian's credibility model (1990), where the focus is on credibility which consists of five different terms; honesty, trustworthiness, sincerity, credibility, and reliability. The study shows that the majority agree that smaller influencers are perceived as more credible. The result is mainly due to the fact that smaller influencers are considered to have higher levels of all five credibility terms. For followers to interpret influencers as credible sources, it is important to do parts that are part of Ohanian's credibility model (1990). This study shows that a factor that affects influencer credibility is the number of followers. 

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    VT2023KF23
  • 26.
    Abdi Adille, Samira
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Johannesson, Anna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sifariny, Maha
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Zejnilovic, Mirela
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Samspel mellan hållbarhet och lönsamhet i ett transportföretag2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to develop sustainability factors and investigate how transport companies can achieve a good interaction between sustainable development and profitability. Based on this purpose, improvement proposals and achievable solutions were developed with consideration to requirements from customers, authorities and the EU.

    The used method was qualitative in which respondents from the company and authorities participated in semi-structured interviews. In addition, a literature study was also conducted to map information from more perspectives than just the respondents. During the course of the study, other methods were also used where they were suitable to strengthen the results.

    The results presented several sustainability factors in a transport company that must be taken into account, where, among other things, the choice of fuel, demands from politicians and customers were different factors. To report the results, different types of analysis were done, such as SWOT and ABC analysis.

    Finally, based on the method, the information gathered and an analysis and discussion, the sustainability factors were developed. They were analyzed and examined for future improvements. The study of the company has shown that a combination of better sustainability and a positive financial advantage can be found and balanced. A company can invest in becoming more sustainable and more profitable.

  • 27.
    Abdi Ali, Ibrahim
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Jägerud, Lina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Den äldre patientens upplevelse av delaktighet vid vård i hemmet2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I dagens globala samhälle lever allt fler människor längre och i flera länder har det setts en ökning i den äldre populationen. Det kan innebära att allt fler äldre patienter kommer att vårdas i hemmet. Det är viktigt att vården som ges fokuserar på att göra den äldre patienten delaktiga. När delaktigheten inte sker fullt ut kan den äldre patienten förlora förmågan att påverka vården vilket riskerar leda till en minskad känsla av välbefinnande och ett vårdlidande kan uppstå. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien är att belysa den äldre patientens upplevelse av delaktighet vid vård i hemmet. Metod: Studien är en litteraturöversikt där tio kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar granskats. Artiklarna söktes via databaserna Cinahl och Medline Resultat: Resultatet presenteras i två huvudteman och sju underteman. Upplevelse av förtroendefulla möten och känsla av självständighet med underteman: Betydelsefulla relationer, Att vara närvarande i kommunikationen, Inte vilja vara till besvär, Möjlighet att påverka, Kunskapens betydelse, självbestämmande och Att inte bli lyssnad på. Resultatet visade att en upplevelse av förtroende i mötet var viktigt för den äldre patientens delaktighet. Vidare visade resultaten att en känsla av självständighet var centralt för den äldre patientens upplevelse av delaktighet. När självständigheten begränsades gav det upphov till känslor av lidande och minskad delaktighet hos den äldre patienten. Slutsatser: Ovan nämnda huvudteman visades vara viktiga delar i upplevelsen av delaktighet hos äldre patienter som vårdas i hemmet. 

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  • 28.
    Abdolahad, Sandy
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Bergerling, Frida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    När livet händer - Unga kvinnors upplevelser att leva med genmutation BRCA1 eller BRCA2: En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns flera olika typer av en bröstcancergen, två av dessa cancergener är BRCA 1 och 2. Dessa cancergener är ärftliga och risken för att utveckla bröst eller livmodercancer blir upp till 80 % när man är bärare redan vid 30 års ålder. Syftet är att beskriva unga kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med genmutation BRCA 1 och/eller BRCA 2. Studien är en litteraturstudie. Dataanalysen mynnade ut i fyra teman känsla av hotad existens, behov av stöd för att hantera information, avsaknad av samhörighet och etiskt dilemma. Resultatet lyfter fram de upplevelser och fruktan som är central för unga kvinnor när de får besked om att vara bärare av BRCA 1 eller 2 och de beslut de måste ta som kan påverka livet och framtiden. Studiens resultat är användbart för vårdpersonal och närstående som möter dessa unga kvinnor och kan ge en större förståelse för känslor och upplevelser som uppstår som bärare på en cancergen.

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    K2018:16
  • 29. Abdon, Nils Johan
    et al.
    Bergfeldt, Lennart
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Hjärtstopp utlöst av läkemedel kanske vanligare än vi tror2010In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 107, no 8, p. 521-525Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 30. Abdon, NJ
    et al.
    Herlitz, J
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Andrersson, B
    Peripartumcardiomyopathi an often mised diagnosis2013In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 110, no 23-24, p. 1152-1154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Peripartumkardiomyopati är en sällsynt form av hjärtsvikt. Diagnostiska kriterier är nytillkommen hjärtsvikt från sen graviditet och upp till fem månader efter förlossning, avsaknad av annan förklaring till hjärtsvikt och nedsatt systolisk vänsterkammarfunktion Orsaken till tillståndet tros vara omvandling av prolaktin till en kardiotoxisk variant. Terapin är den etablerade, men ACE-hämmare och ARB får inte ges till ammande mödrar. Hjärttransplantation har tillgripits. Maligna hjärtarytmier har krävt behandling med implanterbar defibrillator och pacemaker. Hämning av produktionen av prolaktin med bromokriptin har gett goda resultat i en liten studie. Resultaten har inte bekräftats.

  • 31.
    Abdukadir, Abdulle
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Kjellqvist, Samuel
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    En kvalitativ studie om lärares handlingsutrymme i en tid av mål- och resultatstyrning2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades, the Swedish school system has gone through substantial changes which in turn has affected the teaching profession. New forms of governance have been implemented that are founded on the shoulders of New Public Management, where management by objectives and results has been incorporated into how the Swedish school is managed and controlled. The aim of the study has been to investigate how teachers view their professional freedom of action as well as which possibilities and limitations the management by objectives and results has given the teachers’ work situation. To investigate the issue, seven teachers have been interviewed. The teachers work at five different secondary schools in two municipalities situated in the west of Sweden. To collect the empiricism, a qualitative method has been used. The approach has been to conduct semi-structured interviews with the aid of a semi-structured interview guide. To analyse the empirical material theories based on professionalism, street-level bureaucracy and New Public Management have been used.

    The study indicates that management by objectives and results has affected the teaching profession. The respondents experience that they have a big freedom of action in judging students´ efforts but emphasize the difficulty of assessing regulations in the curriculum. The results also indicate that there is a wide acceptance amongst the respondents of evaluations and controls from external regulators. This consolidates the image of the teaching profession as a semi-profession amongst welfare professions.

  • 32.
    Abdulamir Hussein, Hanin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Lågstadielärares syn på varierad matematikundervisning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning, som genomförts bland F-3-lärare vilka är uttalat positiva till varierad undervisning i matematik, syftar till att förstå hur och på vilka grunder matematikundervisningen varieras. Studien bygger på en gruppintervju med fem utbildade lågstadielärare. Resultaten har sedan tolkats utifrån ett sociokulturellt teoretiskt ramverk. I studien framkommer det att lärarna använder matematikboken nästan konstant men det är inte den som styr undervisningen utan det är lärarna som styr läromedlet. De menar att genom att använda matematikboken som grund att luta sig på, både som trygghet för lärarna för att planera undervisningen men även för eleverna för att de ska kunna ha något att arbeta med och för att de ska känna av ägarskap av en matematikbok. Undervisningen i matematik varieras genom att ändra arbetsmaterial, miljö, arbetssätt och plats. Lärarna klargör att genom variation i matematikundervisningen förstår eleverna kopplingen mellan matematiken och vardagen. Genom variation kan undervisningen anpassas efter varje elevs kunskapsnivå. Genom variation ökar elevernas intresse och motivation till ämnet.

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  • 33.
    Abdul-Gabar, Diyar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Aljovic, Kenan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Den digitaliserade revisionsbranschen: En jämförande studie mellan the big four och företagskunder2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 240 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digitization is a global phenomenon that has changed the everyday life, both workwise and privately. Digitization has become a central part in almost everything you do today. New effective methods to provide services have been created with the help of automatization, which has introduced the audit world to a transformation process. The work process has become more digital, which has led to a higher demand in expectations on the agencies.The purpose of this study is to describe and identify possible impacts that digitization might have on the auditing work practice and “the big four” competitiveness. The study will focus on two different perspectives, the agencies and the clients, where we will examine the general view on the digital services that are being offered and what pros or cons these services bring. In order to achieve the purpose of this study, every “big four” accounting firm and a couple of customers will be interviewed. After the interviews were completed, they were analyzed by applying relevant theories. The methodology of the study has a qualitative character with inductive character.The empirical findings of the study indicate that digitization has created a more effective work practice where you have more access to data. Digitization is necessary for the agencies if they want to maintain legitimacy and be able to compete with one another, because every customer has an expectation that the agencies will have developed digitized utilities to support their work process. Furthermore, the findings show that the human interaction has decreased because of digitization, since the work has become more independent with less requirements on communication.Finally, the study shows that all agencies are aware that digitization is the main force on their market and that huge investments are being made to follow the development and to compete for the customers.

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    VT2020CE16
  • 34.
    Abdulhadi, Jessica
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Haradinaj, Vjollca
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Kvinnors och mäns arbetsmiljö: En kvantitativ jämförande studie om hur kvinnor och män upplever den psykosociala arbetsmiljön2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our study is to investigate men's and women's experiences of their psychosocial work environment. To fulfil our purpose and our questions the following research question were formulated “Is there any difference between men and women's experience of stress, bullying, sexual harassment, social support, management support and autonomy in their work environment?” The study has been conducted via our web survey on social media, Facebook and LinkedIn. Our method has been of a quantitative nature and implemented with 112 respondents. To get as many answers as possible, we have shared the questionnaire publicly and via messenger with friends who could take part of it. The reason why this material is used in this study is that it can contribute to an understanding of the respondents' experience of stress, bullying, social support, manager support, sexual harassment, autonomy, influence and self-control, and to be able to compare differences between men and women in these aspects. The result showed that in some cases there are differences between men and women. However, the result showed that there were no significant gender differences. This suggests that further research should continue to investigate gender differences regarding stress, bullying, sexual harassment, social support, managerial support, autonomy, influence and self-control, since the result can be interpreted as being that generalizing conclusions in this regard cannot be drawn at this time.

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    A-K2019:4
  • 35.
    Abdullah, Didan
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Bajramovic, Dino
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Konvertering av lokaler till studentbostäder: Ett komplement för att lösa studentbostadskrisen?2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Demand for housing has been at a high level in Gothenburg for a long time now. The population of Gothenburg is growing as it reached one million inhabitants about two years ago. There will also be more and more students in the city, the lack of student housing is very extensive in Gothenburg. The situation seems to be improving, but in the long term, there are currently 9,000 student residences in Gothenburg, but more than 12,000 students only attend the University of Gothenburg. The Gothenburg housing student foundation states that more than 7,000 student housing must be built until 2026 to cover the need. At the same time, the queue time is more than one and a half years for a student residence. The new production of student housing has not increased significantly during the last few years, despite the fact that ordinary housing is being built, but not for students. Continuing this, more students will choose to study in another place where they get housing immediately. There, conversion of old premises to student housing comes in. This could have been a good alternative, but it has not been researched enough if it can be a good complement. This bachelor thesis aims to review whether one can find a good complement to the lack of student housing crisis in Gothenburg. A number of factors have been developed that prevent conversions today. The planning process system is one of the major problems that hinders conversions of premises to student housing. Lead times are also a big problem for implementing conversions, had more officials been available so it would be faster to get through plans. The building rules are also a major problem that prevents conversions. Similar building rules apply to a new production as for a conversion of a building. Regulations and laws must be adapted more to a building of student housing. Costs that are unforeseen will always be a big problem, builders who have carefully examined an object to be converted and have experience run less risk of unforeseen costs. Different contribution schemes as a subsidy system prevent a natural development of the market and are not a good alternative.

  • 36.
    Abdullah, Sara
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Al Qarghulli, Ahmed
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Majzoub, Nour Eddin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kommunikation på en byggarbetsplats2022Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a great need for a well-functioning communication in the construction industry, with the reason that it is an extensive industry where many different professional roles are involved. Communication can be lacking in many areas and can turn into negative effects on a project. In the construction industry, unpredictable changes often occur, which can make effective communication more difficult to achieve.

    This study is about understanding how communication can be challenging and affect construction projects during production. The purpose of this study is to find measures to prevent lack of communication and carefully study whether it can increase involvement, community, and motivation on a construction site, by examining and analyzing how information is disseminated among involved parties in a project under production.

    The study answers the following questions:

    • How do you communicate on a construction site?
    • Does communication increase involvement, community, and motivation on a construction site?
    • Can you save money by increasing communication skills at the construction site?

    Qualitative interviews were conducted on some employees at GH Olofsson Bygg & Entreprenad AB to create an idea of how communication works and is experienced in their workplace.

    The result of the interviews showed that communication was in some cases less good and that misunderstandings arose many times. The study delves into how communication is experienced and processed and how to make it more efficient. It also delves into which communication methods are used and which are most suitable in different situations. The results indicate that the most appreciated way to communicate is face-to-face meetings. However, it turned out that this method of communication is not always appropriate as factors such as time pressure or sudden changes may occur.

    One measure that is discussed in the study is, among other things, that all employees at the company must complete a course that deals with the value of communication and how it can be applied in a way to reduce misunderstandings. By implementing that measure, communication deficiencies can be prevented from the beginning. As a result of this measure, money can be saved in the long run even though it can be costly in the beginning.

  • 37.
    Abdullahi Ali, Liibaan
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Shaikh, Faizan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    CSR rapportering av organisations skandaler.: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av företagens hållbarhetsrapportering före och efter en skandal2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main subject in this research study is to try to understand the link between legitimacy upholding and CSR reporting, which in this case is sustainability reporting. In this research study we examine how companies’ legitimacy can be damaged by a scandal. This essay takes a closer look at 8 companies that have been through a scandal and this study aims to evaluate how and why they try to re-legitimize themselves after a scandal has happened. The study uses a qualitative content analysis where we have examined companies’ sustainability reports as a basis. We codified the sustainability reports are searched for underlying themes through an abductive analysis that could be used for evaluation. Our results suggest that organizations aim move from a symbolic to a substantial management style after a scandal with a concentration being on stakeholder appeals. Responsibility for the scandal can also deviate depending how big the scandals are as per our results. Our results are however highly anecdotal yet they provide a base for further research. Our results had been analyzed with the help of legitimacy theory, CSR in theory and stakeholder theory.

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    VT2020KF39
  • 38.
    Abdullahi, Farhia
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Lee, Helen
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Ett framgångsrikt ledarskap relaterat till motståndskraft: En kvalitativ studie om serviceföretag med bakgrund i JC2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen är baserad på tidigare forskning av företag som har en bakgrund från företaget JC. I tidigare forskning framträder JC som ett framgångsrikt företag. Det som var kännetecknande hos JC var bland annat det kreativa arbetsklimatet som var öppen och utmanande samt det dynamiska ledarskapet inom företaget. Sammanlagt har elva nya företag skapats av personer med denna bakgrund. De nya företag som har identifierats startades under perioden 1990-2007, med tyngdpunkt i slutet av 1990-talet. De nya företagen indelas i tre olika branscher: Kedjeföretag, hit hör bland annat GinaTricot som enligt många bedömare är den mest framgångsrika butikskedja efter H&M. Designföretag har vi exempelvis Nudie Jeans som många också känner till samt Företagsservice, hit hör såsom Viskan Distanshandel System. I denna studie belyses det som uppfattas som framgångsrikt hos de tre serviceföretag; Viskan Distanshandel system, Futurelab och Unitail, vilka har bakgrund inom JC. Och vad innebär framgångsriktledarskap för dessa företag. I undersökningen ingår det även hur motståndskraftiga dessa företag har varit under den senaste globala ekonomiska recessionen och hur de har hanterat svårigheter i samband med krisen. Studien är utformad med hjälp av en kvalitativ metod. Vi har genomfört det så kallad delvis strukturerade intervjuer med de tre företagsledare. Med hjälp av en intervjuguide gjorde att vi kunde hålla en viss struktur under intervjuns gång. Det empiriska materialet har sedan analyserats genom den abduktiva metoden och hermeneutiskt förhållningssätt, där vi växlade mellan empiri och teori utifrån den hermeneutiska cirkeln. Vår undersökning visar att det inte finns några recept som leder till framgång och att vara motståndskraftig. Framgångsriktledarskap gemensamt hos de tre företagsledarna är att de utövar olika slags ledarstilar samtidigt beroende på situationen. Det gör att de blir flexibla och effektiva under finanskrisen, där de kan gå in i olika roller och får möjliga utrymmen och spelplaner som gör att de kan ha kontroll över läget när något slumpmässigt uppstår. Framgång hos de samtliga företagen åstadkoms via deras kontaktnätverk och det starka teamet som dem lyckades skapa i början. Dessa två faktorer har även varit ett slags motståndskraft för de företagen under krisen. Vi kan enbart hävda att dessa två faktorer har varit ett slags motståndskraft under krisen för de företagen. Dock är det svårt att påstå att dessa kan betraktas som ett slags recept för motståndskraft för andra organisationer.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 39.
    Abdullahi, Farhia
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sharifa, Sharifa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Patienters upplevelse av att leva med diabetes typ 2: En litteraturöversikt2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Cirka 500000 människor bor i Sverige med diabetessjukdom varav 80–90% med diabetes typ 2. Diabetes typ 2 utvecklas långsamt och många människor lever med sjukdomen utan att veta om det. Orsaker till sjukdomen är både genetiska och livsstilsfaktorer som ohälsosamma kostvanor, inaktivitet, rökning med mera. Förutom specifika diabetessymtom som blodglukosrubbningar, synförsämring och diabetessår kan sjukdomen orsaka flera andra följdsjukdomar som hjärt- och kärlsjukdomar och njursjukdomar. Sjuksköterskor kommer att möta patienter med diabetes typ 2 inom vilken instans än hen arbetar och då har hen en viktig roll att fylla för att stödja patienten i det nya sammanhanget. Syftet med litteraturöversikten var att beskriva patienters upplevelse av att leva med diabetes typ 2. Litteraturöversikten bygger på tio kvalitativa artiklar varav en artikel med blandade metoder bestående av både kvalitativ och kvantitativ karaktär. Dataanalysen utmynnade i två huvudteman och sex subteman.

    Resultatet visar att patienter med diabetes typ 2 drabbas av både kroppsliga begränsningar som exempelvis fysisk nedsatt förmåga, trötthet och energibrist, smärta, svullnad och vissa sexuella problem samt mentala och känslomässiga begränsningar som stress, oro, ångest och depression vilket leder till minskad livsglädje. Under diskussionen problematiseras och diskuteras utmärkande fynd från resultatet. Upplevelse av kroppen och hälsan förändras vid en sjukdom vilket kan orsaka lidande. Sjukdomslidandet kan påverka hela existensen och sätta negativa spår på livskvaliteten. Sjuksköterskan har viktiga uppgifter i förbättringen av patienternas hälsa och välbefinnande bland annat att främja hälsan genom att stödja patienterna införskaffa sig relevanta kunskaper samt besitta sig goda självhanteringsstrategier. En central insats är att delaktiggöra patienterna i den egna vården. 

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    K2021:98
  • 40.
    Abdullahi, Farhia
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Topic, Dina
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Koordinering mellan IT-management- och affärsstrategier: En studie inom postorder/distanshandelföretag2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens organisationer har man förstått att utvecklingen av teknologin går fort och framåt. För att kun-na hänga med i framåtskridandet måste företag och verksamheter anpassa sig efter utvecklingen som sker i omvärlden för att inte hamna efter. Många företag anser att det inte räcker med bara satsa på af-färsstrategier för att kunna lyckas på marknaden utan behöver också ta fram Informationsteknik-/Informationssystem-strategier som ska stödja affärsstrategierna. Det innebär att kopplingen mellan af-färs- och IT-/IS-strategier är väsentlig på grund av att de är beroende av varandra för att företaget ska lyckas att nå sina mål. Problematik kan uppstå när företag ska koordinera de nämnda strategierna. Det kan då finnas tendens att behandla informationsteknologin som ”kostnadscentrerad” eller se den som en dyr investering, snarare än en möjliggörare som driver affärsvärdet. Samordningen av informations-teknik och affärsstrategi, för att utnyttja IT-funktionerna och omvandla verksamheten, har ökat i bety-delse sen flera år tillbaka. Företag strävar efter konkurrensfördel i den mångskiftande och föränderliga marknaden. Det finns mycket forskning och insikt om sambanden mellan affärs- och IT-strategi, och den rollen om partnerskap mellan IT och företagsledningen kan spela. Vi har genomfört djupintervjuer enligt en kvalitativ undersökningsmetod. Det empiriska materialet har analyserat genom abduktiv me-tod och hermeneutisk förhållningsätt. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur företag samordnar IT-management- och affärsstrategi. En viktig aspekt i undersökningen är relationen mellan IT-avdelningen och företagsledningen - hur företagsledningen prioriterar strategierna. Dessutom vill vi belysa bakom-liggande orsaker till de problem som tycks föreligga i området. Syftet är inte heller att dra några gene-rella slutsatser utan deskriptivt angripa problemet. Svaret på vår forskningsfråga om hur de strategierna koordineras i postorder/distanshandel företag är implicit. Den bakomliggande orsaken till detta anser vi vara bristen på väl formulerade strategier. Detta är ett mönster som kan vi se i alla de tre företag. IT-cheferna måste visa framfötterna när gäller strategi formulering. Det är deras ansvar att kräva från ledningen tydliga affärsstrategier för att lättare formule-ra och koordinera IM-strategin med affärsstrategierna. Postorder/distanshandel företag befinner sig i en växande branschen dessa företag kommer att bli tvungna att ha väl formulerande strategier i framtiden.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 41.
    Abdulrazek, Maha
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Prodanovic, Martina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Larsson, Rasmus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Förtroende & Lojalitet: för Svenska Banker2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bank meetings in person have decreased in the last few years because of the increased digitalization of the Swedish banks. Personal meetings have previously been regarded as important to create and maintain trust and previous research have shown that a decline in physical meetings leads to a decrease in trust. The Covid-19 pandemic has dramatically sped up the digitalization, partially because of new services but also due to the fact that the customers now use the previous services provided to a greater extent. A survey that was conducted during the pandemic showed that the trust in banks had decreased. The purpose of this study is to examine whether digitalization and service affects trust and whether trust affects the loyalty to the banks. This study is a cross-sectional study, based on a quantitative method with a deductive approach, where we gather survey data at one point in time. Our results showed that service and digitalization have an effect on trust for the Swedish banks and furthermore that trust has an effect on the loyalty. Our sample is based on students from the University of Borås and 104 people responded to our survey. The rest of this essay is written in Swedish. 

  • 42.
    Abdusemed, Sabrin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Karlsson-Rohmée, Jessika
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Att vårda patienter med Meticillinresistens Staphylococcus Areus: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) is a bacteria that is resistant to several forms of antibiotics. The spread of MRSA thus possess a threat to modern medicine and the possibility of effective treatment and care. To reduce the risk of MRSA spreading, healthcare professionals should work preventively, which is an important part of the work regarding antibiotic resistance. Due to the fact that healthcare professionals are those in the frontlines in the care of patients with MRSA, this study focuses on their experiences caring for said patients. Furthermore, a literature overview was used to perform this study.

    The result shows that there are differences in knowledge between the healthcare professionals. The amount of knowledge is also found to influence the attitude of healthcare professionals in caring for MRSA-infected patients. The results also showed that healthcare professionals were afraid of being infected by MRSA themselves. This fear could be reflected in their care which risked affecting the patients negatively with a feeling of isolation as a result. Furthermore, increased workload and lack of time was seen as a factor that made it more difficult to prevent infections and could lead to a poor execution of hand hygiene. In conclusion, Increased knowledge regarding MRSA made the healthcare workers more secure and comfortable in their care in comparison to those with little knowledge who were often scared and exaggerated their use of gloves and disinfection.

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    K2020:56
  • 43.
    Abdusemed, Wefae
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Shahin, Antonella
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Gustafsson, Maria
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Anställningsbarhet: hur har nyexaminerade studenter formats inför framtida arbetsliv2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Employability among newly graduated students, a concept that is being discussed more as of late, as well as it is growing. The interesting aspect of the concept is how you, as an individual, can contribute in order to better your employability skill or competence. Additional interesting aspects subsists of which factors within employability that are interesting among the employers and what the government, different organizations or education can do to contribute for a greater employability skill set. However, this thesis mainly focuses on what it actually means to be employable. This study is based on an analysis between two groups, one study group and one control group. The study concludes whether newly graduated students from two different groups feel that it is somewhat difficult to enter the labor market, where the study group have had some kind of connection with different business companies, through experience or shorter internships. How well do the individuals within these two different groups know their own employability? The aim of the study is to analyze whether there is a difference between the newly graduated students, within the two different groups, regarding their employability. Moreover, whether the students from the study group with internship experiences within their degree, have better employability competence or not. In order to reach out to a larger group, which we decided to define to no later graduation than five years prior to this study, we decided to use a quantitative method. A questionnaire survey was conducted where the survey was based on fixed options with possibility for voluntary supplementary comments. Furthermore, the choice of a questionnaire fell naturally because of the time limit as well as the need of a large amount of answers to reach the purpose of the study. A total of 183 answers were obtained where 1213 questionnaire were sent out, giving a response rate of 15, 09 percent and a loss of 84, 9 percent in the study. Based on the respondents results on their estimation of their different characteristics, which were in connection with the different employability factors, has the following concluding results been drawn: When it comes to the respondents’ estimation of themselves in the survey, the three most common options, which they consider to have acquired their characteristics from, are: education, family / upbringing and previous employment. The research group and the control group showed similar values and results, with no major differences. However, some interesting relations were found.

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    fulltext
  • 44.
    Abed, Samah
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Al-Kaisee, Farah
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Metallutvinning med fokus på zinkfrån avfallsflygaska med hjälp avsura processvatten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden produces large amount of fly ash from waste combustion annually. Combustion the

    waste generates two types of ashes, bottom ash/slag, and fly ash. Bottom ash is considered to

    be more environmentally friendly and has a wide area of application such as road

    constructions on landfills. While the fly ash has high level of heavy metals and for instance

    dioxines which are harmful for the environment. This type of ash are deposited in a landfill

    and gets classified as a hazardous waste which is expensive given that the deposit fee is high.

    The fact that fly ash contains valuable metals as zinc, methods of recovering it are being

    developed such as acid leaching. This is a promising method as the leachate used are acid

    process water making the usage of the chemicals substantially lower which makes it

    financially viable.

    Waste incinerators in Sweden produce approximately 200 000 tons of fly ash annually and the

    majority of it is transfered to Norway to get treated and put on a landfill. Some waste

    management companies, e.g. Renova, are using another method called “the Bamberg method”

    where fly ash is mixed with sludge to form a cake and put in the company’s own landfill.

    The projects goal is to leach the fly ash by using acidic process water to obtain the metallic

    substance particularly zinc making it easier and cheaper to landfill the ash and also to

    optimize this method to get the most zinc out of the ash using minimum amount of the acidic

    process water (5% HCI).

    The laboratory work took place in the University of Borås. Fly ash and the acid process water

    which were used under the laboratory work was obtained from RenovaAB.

    The results shows that leaching the fly ash with acidic process water gave different release of

    zinc but was 88% at most. The variation in the results depends on a few factors such as

    amount of acidic process water, pH, time, blending time and the ashes content.

    This project took environment and access to acidic water in consideration, which optimized

    the method of using less amount of acid process water to get the most zinc as possible.

    The results shows that leaching fly ash with acid process water is cost efficient and easy way

    to recover zinc, which satisfy the goals of the project.

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    fulltext
  • 45.
    Abedi Lahrodi, Nima
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Homa, Sofia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Youssef, Sara
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Konflikter och konflikthantering mellan barn på fritidshem: Intervjuer med pedagoger kring deras upplevelser och lösningar2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning bygger på hur pedagoger inom fritidshemmet tolkar konflikter mellan elever samt hur pedagogerna arbetar med konflikthantering. Syftet har varit att undersöka hur konflikter uppstår mellan eleverna och hur de hanteras inom fritidshemsverksamheten utav fritidspedagogerna samt hur synen på konflikter uppfattas. Vår undersökning är byggd på en intervjustudie (Se bilaga 4). Studien baseras på en fenomenologisk ansats vilket ramar in vårt synsätt kring konflikt och konflikthantering. Som metod valde vi att utgå ifrån en kvalitativ intervju som är semistrukturerad. Bortsett från detta skriver vi även om urval, etiska överväganden, tillförlitlighet och giltighet. Det skrivs även om arbetets genomförande, analys samt hur vi har gått tillväga med arbetet. I resultatdelen presenterar vi vår empiri som vi har fått fram genom vår metod. Vi presenterar våra frågeställningar i form av att samtalen presenteras för sig och sedan presenterar vi citaten från de olika pedagogerna. Därefter lägger vi in våra egna kommentarer rörande ämnet. Vi gjorde våra intervjuer med hjälp av nio pedagoger som har olika utbildningar inom skolan, olika åldrar och olika bakgrund samt etnicitet och kön. I texten presenteras informanter i nummerform. Efter att noggrant granskat över allt material som vi fått in efter vår undersökning kom vi fram till att många pedagoger hade samma uppfattning kring ämnet konflikthantering. De ansåg att konflikthantering utvecklas med tiden och att det även är en stor del i vår utbildning som grundskolelärare inriktning mot fritidshem. När vi diskuterade ämnet konflikter ansåg pedagogerna att eleverna utvecklas av konflikter, men att det kan bli jobbigt för eleverna om de utsätt för konflikter för ofta. Detta på grund av att eleverna kanske inte vet hur de ska hantera konflikter och därför måste vi pedagoger lära eleverna olika metoder på konflikthantering. Genom att vi läraren är tillgängliga och stöttar eleverna blir de också mer självständiga med tiden.

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    uppsats
  • 46.
    Abedinifar, S.
    et al.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology.
    Karimi, K
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology.
    Khanahmadi, M.
    Isfahan Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Centre.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ethanol production by Mucor indicus and Rhizopus oryzae from rice straw by separate hydrolysis and fermentation2009In: Biomass and Bioenergy, ISSN 0961-9534, E-ISSN 1873-2909, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 828-833Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rice straw was successfully converted to ethanol by separate enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation by Mucor indicus, Rhizopus oryzae, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The hydrolysis temperature and pH of commercial cellulase and β-glucosidase enzymes were first investigated and their best performance obtained at 45 °C and pH 5.0. The pretreatment of the straw with dilute-acid hydrolysis resulted in 0.72 g g-1 sugar yield during 48 h enzymatic hydrolysis, which was higher than steam-pretreated (0.60 g g-1) and untreated straw (0.46 g g-1). Furthermore, increasing the concentration of the dilute-acid pretreated straw from 20 to 50 and 100 g L-1 resulted in 13% and 16% lower sugar yield, respectively. Anaerobic cultivation of the hydrolyzates with M. indicus resulted in 0.36-0.43 g g-1 ethanol, 0.11-0.17 g g-1 biomass, and 0.04-0.06 g g-1 glycerol, which is comparable with the corresponding yields by S. cerevisiae (0.37-0.45 g g-1 ethanol, 0.04-0.10 g g-1 biomass and 0.05-0.07 glycerol). These two fungi produced no other major metabolite from the straw and completed the cultivation in less than 25 h. However, R. oryzae produced lactic acid as the major by-product with yield of 0.05-0.09 g g-1. This fungus had ethanol, biomass and glycerol yields of 0.33-0.41, 0.06-0.12, and 0.03-0.04 g g-1, respectively. 

  • 47. Abedinifar, Sorahi
    et al.
    Karimi, Keikhosro
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Khanahmadi, Morteza
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Ethanol production by Mucor indicus and Rhizapus oryzae from rice straw by separate hydrolysis and fermentation2009In: Biomass and Bioenergy, ISSN 0961-9534, E-ISSN 1873-2909, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 828-833Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rice straw was successfully converted to ethanol by separate enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation by Mucor indicus, Rhizopus oryzae, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The hydrolysis temperature and pH of commercial cellulase and beta-glucosidase enzymes were first investigated and their best performance obtained at 45 degrees C and pH 5.0. The pretreatment of the straw with dilute-acid hydrolysis resulted in 0.72 g g (1) sugar yield during 48 h enzymatic hydrolysis, which was higher than steam-pretreated (0.60 g g (1)) and untreated straw (0.46 g g(-1)). Furthermore, increasing the concentration of the dilute-acid pretreated straw from 20 to 50 and 100 g L-1 resulted in 13% and 16% lower sugar yield, respectively. Anaerobic cultivation of the hydrolyzates with M. indicus resulted in 0.36-0.43 g g(-1) ethanol, 0.11-0.17 g g(-1) biomass, and 0.04-0.06 g g(-1) glycerol, which is comparable with the corresponding yields by S. cerevisiae (0.37-0.45 g g(-1) ethanol, 0.04-0.10 g g(-1) biomass and 0.05-0.07 glycerol). These two fungi produced no other major metabolite from the straw and completed the cultivation in less than 25 h. However, R. oryzae produced lactic acid as the major by-product with yield of 0.05-0.09 g g(-1). This fungus had ethanol, biomass and glycerol yields of 0.33-0.41, 0.06-0.12, and 0.03-0.04 g g(-1), respectively. Crown Copyright (C) 2009 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 48.
    Abeed, Noorhan
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Kareem, Marwa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Vårdande av patienter som lider av psykisk ohälsa inom somatisk slutenvård: Litteraturstudie av sjuksköterskans upplevelse2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Psykisk ohälsa ökar i samhället, vilket gör att fler sjuksköterskor möter patienter med psykisk ohälsa oavsett inom vilken vårdform de arbetar. När en patient som lider av psykisk ohälsa blir inlagd på en somatisk vårdavdelning är det sannolikt att fokus i vårdandet blir på den somatiska behandlingen. Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva allmänsjuksköterskans upplevelse av vårdandet av patienter som lider av psykisk ohälsa inom somatisk slutenvård. Litteraturstudie valdes som metod för att kunna besvara syftet på ett bra sätt. Sju artiklar hittades med hjälp av sökmotorn Primo och databaserna Cinahl och Pubmed.

    Resultatet presenteras med hjälp av två huvudteman Resurskrävande och Otillräcklig kompetens och otillräckligt stöd. Slutsatsen är att bristande kompetens och erfarenheter att vårda patienter med psykisk ohälsa samt stigmatisering om psykisk ohälsa skapar negativa upplevelser och frustration hos allmänsjuksköterskan. Konsekvenserna kan leda till vårdlidande och osäker vård. Därför är det betydelsefullt att sjuksköterskor ökar sina kunskaper för att höja vårdkvalitet i vårdandet av patienter med psykisk ohälsa inom somatisk slutenvård. Förutom att erbjuda sjuksköterskor ökade kunskaper om vårdandet är det viktigt med stöd från sjukhusledning och chefer inom hälso- och sjukvården.

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    K2020:21
  • 49.
    Abel, Jonas
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Hansson, Laura
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Digitaliseringens utmaningar och möjligheter för den äldre: Kartläggning av äldres användning av e-hälsotjänster2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    E-hälsotjänster väntas vara ett verktyg för att möta det framtida växande vårdbehovet till följd av en åldrande befolkning. Via e-hälsotjänster kan den äldre patienten ta del av information om sin hälsa och planerad vård. E-hälsotjänster kan också öka vårdens tillgänglighet genom snabba kontakter och digitala vårdbesök. Det kan leda till ökad delaktighet för den äldre, vilket ger förutsättningar för en bättre hälsa. Men det kräver att äldre börjar använda e-hälsotjänster. En del äldre är inte vana vid digital teknik och riskerar ett digitalt utanförskap. Dock har internetanvändning ökat kraftigt bland äldre de senaste åren och en majoritet är nu internetanvändare. Syfte med studien är att kartlägga äldres användning av internet och e-hälsotjänster samt önskemål om stöd av hälso- och sjukvården för att digitalt kommunicera med hälso- och sjukvården. För att kartlägga äldres användning av internet och e-hälsotjänster togs en enkät fram. Deltagare tillfrågades via sociala medier och på en vårdavdelning, 43 ifyllda enkäter samlades in. Bland deltagarna använder den stora majoriteten internet dagligen och har använt ett flertal olika digitala tjänster. Många uppger sig var kunniga i att använda internet och känner sig trygga med att dela information på internet. De flesta äldre har idag goda förutsättningar att använda e-hälsotjänster och en majoritet i studien har redan gjort det. Äldre är idag intresserade av att vara delaktiga i sin vård. För den minoritet äldre som står helt utanför den digitala världen och inte har förutsättningar att börja använda digital teknik behöver vården säkerställa att de inte får sämre tillgång till vården. En större grupp är de äldre som använder internet och flertal olika internettjänster men inte börjat använda e-hälsotjänster. De behöver stöttas i att komma igång med e-hälsotjänster och kontinuerlig hjälp för att lära sig använda dem.

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    M2020_88
  • 50.
    Abelin, Susanne
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Dahlander, Carina
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Sundbybergs stadsbibliotek. PR-arbete under åren 1954-1964.2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this master's thesis is to describe the expansion of Sundbyberg public library during the decade 1954 to 1964. Our focus of interest is the library’s concentration on public relations in 1954. During the experimental year 1954 a public relations librarian, Bianca Bianchini, was employed. Her task was to introduce the library to the citizens of Sundyberg who were not already using it. As a background to this concentration on public relations we also describe the early development of the public library in Sundbyberg. Development work in public libraries has been dependent on local initiatives and enthusiasts since the libraries were a voluntary part of the municipal activity. In this thesis we focus on some of the more important actors in this respect and the structures they interacted with. By using an actor-structure approach we try to explain why people took certain actions and the effect they had on the course of events. The method we have used is mainly to examine and analyze source material, which consists of newspaper clippings, minutes of the municipal council and interviews with people who then worked in the library. We have found that the main reason for the concentration on public relations in 1954 was the surrounding structures on a national and local level, such as the strong Swedish economy, an increasing interest in public relations and a committed board of Sundbyberg public library. But we can also see that the commitment of the various actors likewise played an important part.

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    FULLTEXT01
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