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  • 1.
    Audunson, Ragnar
    et al.
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Archivistics, Library and Information Science, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.
    Aabø, Svanhild
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Archivistics, Library and Information Science, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.
    Blomgren, Roger
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT. Oslo Metropolitan University.
    Hobohm, Hans-Christoph
    Department of Information Sciences, University of Applied Sciences, Potsdam, Germany.
    Jochumsen, Henrik
    Department of Information Studies, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Khosrowjerdi, Mahmood
    Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Elverum, Norway.
    Mumenthaler, Rudolf
    Chur University of Applied Sciences, Chur, Switzerland.
    Schuldt, Karsten
    Chur University of Applied Sciences, Chur, Switzerland.
    Hvenegaard Rasmussen, Casper
    Department of Information Studies, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Rydbeck, Kerstin
    University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Tóth, Máté
    National Library of Hungary, Budapest, Hungary, and.
    Vårheim, Andreas
    Department of Culture and Literature, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway.
    Public libraries as an infrastructure for a sustainable public sphere: A comprhensive review of research2019In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Blomgren, Roger
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Public libraries as public sphere institutions: A comparative study of perceptions of the public library's role in six Europeas countries2019In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyze the role of public libraries as institutions underpinning a democratic public sphere as reasons legitimizing libraries compared to reasons that are more traditional and the actual use of libraries as public sphere arenas.

    Design/methodology/approach – A survey of representative samples of the adult population in six countries – Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Germany, Hungary and Switzerland – was undertaken.

    Findings – Legitimations related to the libraries role as a meeting place and arena for public debate are ranked as the 3 least important out of 12 possible legitimations for upholding a public library service. Libraries are, however, used extensively by the users to access citizenship information and to participate in public sphere relevant meetings.

    Originality/value – Few studies have empirically analyzed the role of libraries in upholding a democratic and sustainable public sphere. This study contributes in filling that gap.

  • 3.
    Francke, Helena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Sundin, Olof
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Limberg, Louise
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Debating Credibility: The Shaping of Information Literacies in Upper Secondary School2011In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 67, no 4, p. 675-694Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The article concerns information literacies in an environment characterised by the two partly competing and contradictory cultures of print and digital. The aim is to provide a better understanding of the ways in which students assess the credibility of sources they use in school, with a particular interest in how they treat participatory genres. Design/methodology/approach - An ethnographic study of a school class’s project work was conducted through observations, interviews, and log books in blog form. The analysis was influenced by a socio-cultural perspective. Findings - The study provides increased empirically based understanding of students’ information literacy practices. Four non-exclusive approaches to credibility stemming from control, balance, commitment, and multiplicity were identified. Originality/value - The study adds to the understanding of how credibility is assessed in school environments with a particular focus on how digital and participatory genres are treated.

  • 4.
    Hammarfelt, Björn
    Institutionen för ABM, Uppsala Universitet.
    Harvesting footnotes in a rural field: Citation patterns in Swedish literary studies2012In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 68, no 4, p. 536-558Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The aim of this article is to study a locally-oriented and book-based research field usingtwo Swedish language sources. Knowledge about citation patterns outside journal-based, Englishlanguage databases is scarce; thus a substantial part of research in the humanities and the socialsciences is neglected in bibliometric studies.Design/methodology/approach – Citation characteristics (publication type, language, gender andage) in the journal Tidskrift fo¨ r Litteraturvetenskap (2000-2009) and in grant applications (2006-2009)are studied. The datasets are analyzed further, adopting an author-co-citation approach for depictingand comparing the “intellectual base” of the field.Findings – It is shown that monographs and anthologies are the main publication channel inSwedish literary research. English, followed by Swedish, is the major language, and the gender ofauthors seems to influence citation practices. Furthermore, a common intellectual base of literarystudies that is independent of publication type and language could be identified.Practical implications – Bibliometric analysis of fields within the humanities needs to go beyondestablished databases and materials. The extensive use of recent English language monographs inSwedish literary studies informs the acquisition policy of university libraries serving literaturescholars.Originality/value – Citation analysis of non-English sources offers further knowledge aboutscholarly fields with a local and “rural” profile. The approach of using references in grant applicationsprovides a novel and promising venue for bibliometric research.

  • 5.
    Hammarfelt, Björn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Review of Beyond Bibliometrics: Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact.2015In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 71, no 2, p. 416-418Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Hultgren, Frances
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    The stranger’s tale: information seeking as an outsider activity2013In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 69, no 2, p. 275-294Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With a departure point in the Schutzian concept of “The stranger”, the aim of the article is to examine the usefulness of the concept as a tool for understanding information seeking practices from an outsider perspective in the context of leaving school and planning to apply to a university programme in Sweden. The article draws on the phenomenological sociology of Schutz together with narrative theory. In this study stories of information seeking gathered in interviews are related to a discourse of nationality and analysed using the concept of cognitive authority together with the concept of the stranger. The findings reveal the effort required for young people with roots in other countries or from non-academic homes to connect and interact with potentially valuable sources of information and that the concept of the stranger can be employed to render visible implicit dimensions of information seeking. Research limitations/implications - the article is based on an in-depth study of the information seeking activities of one young person in a specific national, political and cultural context. It is particular and personal but at the same time can be related to wider issues in contemporary society through narrative analysis. The stories of information seeking taken up exemplify the social nature of barriers of access to information and may be of help in the planning of research projects on a larger scale.In a time when a discourse of nationality is pervasive and integration policies are under question in Europe this study provides insight into the individual experience from the perspective of library and information science

  • 7.
    Lindh, Maria
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Nolin, Jan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    GAFA speaks: Metaphors in the promotion of cloud technology2017In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 73, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The article explores persuasive rhetoric in the legitimization of cloud computing by critically scrutinizing metaphorical devices utilized by leaders of the cloud industry. This article introduces a critical approach to the promotion of cloud technology.

    Design/methodology/approach: 13 video clips from YouTube.com were analysed, containing presentations and talks delivered by leaders of Google, Apple, Facebook and Amazon – four of the most influential companies within the IT industry, sometimes referred to as GAFA. With the help of conceptual metaphor theory, often-repeated metaphors for cloud technologies reveal what properties were promoted and hidden.

    Findings: GAFA mainly used the same persuasive metaphors to promote cloud computing’s positive aspects. Potentially negative or complex issues were mostly avoided. Implicitly, GAFA exerts power through the extensive dissemination of their metaphors and these are used in order to negotiate and overcome doubts about cloud computing and related technologies.

    Originality/value: This is the first study aimed at understanding the persuasive rhetoric of GAFA, seen as a uniform object of study, in the legitimization of cloud computing.

  • 8.
    Lloyd, Annemaree
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Researching fractured (information) landscapes: Implications for Library and Information Science researchers undertaking research with refugees and forced migration studies2017In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, no 1, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose This article introduces a range of sensitising themes that may help to frame the emerging concept of fractured landscapes.

    Approach. Key concepts are drawn from the forced migration field, from social theory and from library and information science research to frame the concept of fractured landscape research. Methodological and ethical aspects that influence research are also introduced.

    Findings.

    The importance of nomenclature is identified in relation to designations of refugee and migrant.

    The concept of a fractured landscape provides a suitable way of describing the disruption that is caused to refugees’ information landscapes in the process of transition and resettlement. The sensitising themes such as the exilic journey, liminality, integration, bonding and bridging capital are introduced to provide a way of framing a deeper analysis of the information experience of people who must reconcile previously established ways of knowing with the new landscapes related to transition and resettlement.

    Conceptual paper

    Originality/Value. Original paper that introduces an emerging conceptual framework and a range of questions that may be useful to Library and Information Science researchers who wish to pursue research that contributes to the humanitarian area or library services.

  • 9.
    Lloyd, Annemaree
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Stranger in a strange land: Enabling information resilience in the resettlement landscape.2015In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 71, no 5, p. 1029-1042-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Lundh, Anna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Alexandersson, Mikael
    University of Gothenburg.
    Collecting and compiling: the activity of seeking pictures in primary school2012In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 68, no 2, p. 238-253Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The aim of this study is to further understanding of the situated activity of seeking pictures. It relates to an ongoing discussion on how multimodal information literacies are enacted in different social practices.

    Design/methodology/approach – In order to understand the characteristics of the communication and interactions in the activity of seeking pictures, video recordings from an ethnographic study of primary school children working with problem-centred assignments have been analysed.

    Findings – The analysis reveals how the activity of seeking pictures is shaped by the assumption that pictures are different from facts and information; pictures are seen primarily as having decorative functions. The activity is also characterised by playful, yet efficient cooperation between the children; they make the activity meaningful by transforming it into a play and game activity where pictures become important as physical objects, but not as a semiotic means of learning.

    Research limitations/implications – The study is limited to the activity of seeking pictures in a specific primary school; however, it shows how modes other than textual modes can be included in the study of information activities.

    Practical implications – The study reveals the need for developing methods for enhancing children's possibilities to critically examine and learn from visual material, such as pictures.

    Originality/value – Research on information seeking and information literacies rarely focus on multimodal aspects of information activities or the seeking of pictures outside special collections, despite the increased significance of visual material in the contemporary media landscape. This paper shows how studies of multimodal information activities can be designed.

  • 11.
    Lundh, Anna Hampson
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT. Curtin University.
    Dolatkhah, Mats
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Reading as dialogical document work: Possibilities for Library and Information Science2016In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 72, no 1, p. 127-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to introduce a dialogically based theory of documentary practices and document work as a promising framework for studying activities that are often conceptualised as information behaviour or information practices within Library and Information Science (LIS).

    Design/methodology/approach An empirical example – a lesson on how to read railway timetables – is presented. The lesson stems from a research project including 223 Swedish lessons recorded in Swedish primary schools 1967-1969. It is argued that this lesson, as many empirical situations within LIS research, can fruitfully be regarded as documentary practices which include document work such as reading, rather than instances of information behaviour.

    Findings It is found that the theoretical perspective of dialogism could contribute to the theory development within LIS, and function as a bridge between different subfields such as reading studies and documentary practices.

    Research limitations/implications The framework is yet to be applied on a larger scale. This would require a willingness to go beyond the entrenched idea of information as the core theoretical concept and empirical object of study within LIS.

    Social implications The theoretical framework offers a view of the relations between individuals, documents, and social contexts, through which it is possible to explore the social significance of core LIS concerns such as reading, literacy, and document work.

    Originality/value The theoretical framework offers an alternative to the monologist, information-based theories and models of people’s behaviours and practices prevalent in LIS.

  • 12.
    Lundh, Anna Hampson
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT. Curtin University.
    Dolatkhah, Mats
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Limberg, Louise
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    From informational reading to information literacy: Change and continuity in document work in Swedish schools2018In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 74, no 5, p. 1042-1052Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. The purpose of this paper is to historicise research conducted in the fields of Information Seeking and Learning and Information Literacy and thereby begin to outline a description of the history of information in the context of Swedish compulsory education.

    Design/methodology/approach. Document work and documentary practices are used as alternatives to concepts such as information seeking or information behaviour. Four empirical examples of document work – more specifically informational reading – recorded in Swedish primary classrooms in the 1960s are presented.

    Findings. In the recordings, the reading style students use is similar to informational reading in contemporary educational settings: it is fragmentary, facts-oriented, and procedure-oriented. The practice of finding correct answers, rather than analysing and discussing the contents of a text seems to continue from lessons organised around print textbooks in the 1960s to the inquiry-based and digital teaching of today.

    Originality/value. The paper seeks to analyse document work and documentary practices by regarding “information” as a discursive construction in a particular era with material consequences in particular contexts, rather than as a theoretical and analytical concept. It also problematises the notion that new digital technologies for producing, organising, finding, using, and disseminating documents have drastically changed people’s behaviours and practices in educational and other contexts.

  • 13.
    Lundh, Anna Hampson
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT. Curtin University.
    Francke, Helena
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Sundin, Olof
    Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences, Lund University.
    To assess and be assessed: Upper secondary school students’ narratives of credibility judgements2015In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 71, no 1, p. 80-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of the study is to explore how students construct narratives of themselves as information seekers in a school context where their descriptions of their information activities are assessed and graded.

     

    Design/methodology/approach: Blog posts on credibility judgements written by 28 students at a Swedish upper secondary school were analysed through a bottom-up coding process based in the sociocultural concept of narratives of selves.

     

    Findings: Two tensions in the students’ accounts are identified. The first tension is that between the description of the individual, independent student and the description of the good group member. The second tension is between describing oneself as an independent information seeker and at the same time as someone who seeks information in ways that are sanctioned within the school setting.

     

    Research limitations/implications: The study focuses on a specific social practice and on situated activities, but also illustrates some aspects of information activities that pertain to educational contexts in general. It explores how social norms related to credibility judgements are expressed and negotiated in discursive interaction.

     

    Practical implications: The study highlights that when information activities become objects of assessment, careful consideration of what aspects are meant to be assessed is necessary.

     

    Originality/value: The study is based on the idea of information activities as socially and discursively shaped, and it illustrates some of the consequences when information activities become objects of teaching, learning, and grading. 

  • 14.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Research libraries in a modern environment2014In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 70, no 2, p. 282-302Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the monographic literature related to developments in research libraries within recent years and the strategies that they are adopting to deal with change. The main aim is to identify any visibly established directions along which research libraries adapt to their social and organizational environments. Design/methodology/approach – Qualitative content analysis was applied to identify topics emerging from the texts. The chosen texts were read and topics signifying directions of change in the immediate environment of research libraries were mapped. This initial topic map was used for ascertaining the reactions of research libraries to identified changes. The activities of libraries directed to future anticipated changes were noted separately. Findings – The review shows the surprising resilience of research libraries and their ability to change within a short period of time. This ability signifies that research and academic libraries as organizations perfectly adapt to the incessant transformations of current times, contrary to the widely spread stereotypical image of them as conservative institutions. At the same time, they seem to be keeping true to their core of mediating services to researchers and to their place in the chain of scholarly communication. Originality/value – The article identifies the main directions of transformation of research libraries and outlines their potential roles in the future of digital scholarly communication.

  • 15.
    Nolin, Jan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Defining transparency movements2018In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 74, no 5, p. 1025-1041Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – A multitude of transparency movements have been developed and grown strong in recentdecades. Despite their growing influence, scholarly studies have focused on individual movements.The purpose of this paper is to make a pioneering contribution in defining transparency movements.Design/methodology/approach – An exploratory approach has been used utilizing movement-specificprofessional and scholarly documents concerning 18 transparency movements.Findings – Different traditions, ideologies of openness and aspects involving connections betweenmovements have been identified as well as forms of organization.Originality/value – This is the first attempt at identifying and defining transparency movements as acontemporary phenomenon.

  • 16.
    Nolin, Jan
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Relevance as a boundary concept: reconsidering early information retrieval2009In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 65, no 5, p. 745-767Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Throughout its history, information retrieval has struggled to handle contradictory needs of system oriented and user-oriented research. Information retrieval has gradually, starting in the 1960s, moved toward handling the needs of the user. This paper aims to consider the way boundaries toward the user and user-oriented perspectives are drawn, renegotiated and re-drawn. Design/methodology/approach - The central concept of relevance is seen as a boundary concept, complex and flexible, that is continuously redefined in order to manage boundaries. Five influential research papers from the 1960s and early 1970s are analysed in order to understand usage of the concept during a period when psychological and cognitive research tools began to be discussed as a possibility. Findings - Relevance does not only carry an explanatory function, but also serves a purpose relating to the identity of the field. Key contributions on research on relevance seems to, as a by-product, draw a boundary giving legitimacy to certain theoretical resources while demarcating against others. The strategies that are identified in the key texts are intent on finding, representing, justifying and strengthening a boundary that includes and excludes a reasonable amount of complexity associated with the user. Originality/value - The paper explores a central concept within information retrieval and information science in a new way. It also supplies a fresh perspective on the development of information retrieval during the 1960s and 1970s.

  • 17.
    Nolin, Jan
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Axelsson, Ann-Sofie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Doracic, Alen
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Lennartsson, Claes
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Lloyd, Annemaree
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Nelhans, Gustaf
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Response to Cult of the “I”2017In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 74, no 3, p. 668-671Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to respond to an earlier article in the Journal of Documentation: The Cult of the “I”. Design/methodology/approach – The method is a form of critical response. Findings – Numerous problems regarding the The Cult of the “I” article are discussed. Originality/value – This paper puts forward views about the iSchools Movement

  • 18.
    Nolin, Jan
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Åström, Fredrik
    Turning weakness into strength: strategies for future LIS2010In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 66, no 1, p. 7-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – LIS has been described as a fragmented field in crisis, with an increased competition from other fields; and lacking in development of theories. The purpose of this paper is to articulate a strategy in which the perceived weakness can be seen as a source of strength. Design/methodology/approach – The text builds mostly on reflections on meta-theoretical and science-organisation literature. Ten distinct problems for the research field are identified and discussed in order to provide a viable strategy for the future. Findings – While it is common to suggest a convergent movement toward the idealised characteristics of the strong research discipline as a recipe against fragmentation, a strong convergent movement is suggested that feeds off the fragmented character of the field. What is commonly perceived as a weakness, the multidimensional character of the field, can be translated into a strategic resource. Originality/value – The paper provides a fresh perspective on the strategic situation of LIS.

  • 19.
    Olson, Nasrine
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Nolin, Jan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Nelhans, Gustaf
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Semantic web, ubiquitous computing, or internet of things?: A macro-analysis of scholarly publications2015In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 71, no 5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate concepts that are used in depicting futurevisions of society, as afforded by technology, to map the extent of their use, examine the level of theirdominance in different research areas and geographic boundaries, identify potential overlaps, analysetheir longitudinal growth, and examine whether any of the identified concepts has assumed anoverarching position.Design/methodology/approach – In total, 14 concepts, each of which is used to depict visions offuture information infrastructures, were identified. More than 20,000 scholarly documents relatedto 11 of these concepts (those with 20 or more documents) are analysed by various qualitative/quantitative methods.Findings – The concepts most referred to are Semantic Web and ubiquitous computing(all years), and “internet of things” (Year 2013). Publications on some newer concepts (e.g. “digital living”,“real world internet”) are minimal. There are variations in the extent of use and preferred concepts basedon geographic and disciplinary boundaries. The overlap in the use of these terms is minimal and none ofthese terms has assumed an overarching umbrella position.Research limitations/implications – This study is limited to scholarly publications; itwould be relevant to also study the pattern of usage in governmental communications and policydocuments.Social implications – By mapping multiplicity of concepts and the dispersion of discussions, theauthors highlight the need for, and facilitate, a broader discussion of related social and societalimplications.Originality/value – This paper is the first to present a collective of these related concepts and mapthe pattern of their occurrence and growth.Keywords Internet, Information science, World Wide Web, Information society,Digital communications, Information strategyPaper type General review

  • 20.
    Pilerot, Ola
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    A practice-based exploration of the enactment of information literacy among PhD students in an interdisciplinary research field2016In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 72, no 3, p. 414-434Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The study aims to explore the interaction between the students, the material objects surrounding them, and their social site. The purpose of this paper is to identify and elucidate information literacy as it is being enacted within a complex and heterogeneous community of PhD students. Design/methodology/approach – The study is conducted from a practice-based perspective, according to which information literacy is conceived as learnt through interaction within the socio-material practice where the learner is active. In order to produce empirical material, semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten doctoral students in an interdisciplinary research network, and their workplaces were visited. Findings – The PhD students in this interdisciplinary network are more or less constantly engaged in the enactment of information literacy. It takes place in dialogue with others who can be both co-located and distantly located, and occurs through discussions about work in progress, through processes of evaluation and assessment of texts and authors, and through mundane everyday activities such as participating in meetings, which offer insights into how to navigate, in the broadest sense, the world of academia. A crucial part of the enactment of information literacy, which in practice is inseparable from interaction with others, is to pay attention to physical surroundings and material objects. Practical implications – The findings have implications for prospective PhD students in interdisciplinary fields, for their supervisors, and potentially also for librarians who are supposed to serve these groups. Originality/value – Research on the information literacies of PhD students in interdisciplinary fields is scarce. The practice-based approach applied in this study offers an extended and deepened understanding of the enactment of information literacy among PhD students in one interdisciplinary research practice.

  • 21.
    Pilerot, Ola
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    LIS research on information sharing activities: people, places, or information2012In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 68, no 4, p. 559-581Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this article is to investigate and critically examine conceptualisations of information sharing activities in a selection of library and information science (LIS) literature. Design/methodology/approach – In order to explore how LIS researchers define the concept of information sharing, and how the concept is connected with theory, empirical material and other supporting concepts, a literature review and a conceptual meta-analysis was carried out on 35 papers and one monograph. The analysis was based on Waismann's concept of open texture, Wittgenstein's notion of language games and the concept of meaning holism. Findings – Six theoretical frameworks were identified. These are not found to be incommensurable, but can be used as building blocks for an integrative framework. Ambiguous conceptualisations are frequent. Different conceptualisations tend to emphasize different aspects of information sharing activities: that which is shared; those who are sharing; and the location in which the sharing activities take place. The commonalities of the people involved in information sharing activities are often seen as a ground for the development of information sharing practices. Practical implications – The findings provide a guide for future research which intends to explore activities of information sharing. Originality/value – The article offers a systematic review of recent LIS literature on information sharing, and extends the theoretical base for information sharing research.

  • 22.
    Pilerot, Ola
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Limberg, Louise
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Information sharing as a means to reach collective understanding: A study of design scholars’ information practices2011In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 67, no 2, p. 312-333Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Purpose – This study aims to increase knowledge about the information-sharing activities of design research scholars. Design/methodology/approach – Semi-structured in-depth interviews were carried out with selected participants from a Nordic design research network. The interview transcripts and notes from workplace-observations were approached from a discursive point of view and analyzed in accordance with Theodore Schatzki’s practice theory. Findings – Information-sharing activities are intrinsically intertwined with other information practices such as information seeking and use. It is further established that information and communication technologies (ICTs) can be seen as important parts of the arrangements of human and non-human entities that, together with practices, form the social site in which the scholars are active. There is a reciprocal relationship between ICTs, and other material arrangements, and the ways in which information is used and shared. ICTs function both as a source of meaning and as a preconfigurator of actions. Practical implications – The findings have implications for the development of information systems and services aimed at scholars working in collaborative interdisciplinary settings. Library and information science scholars can benefit from the elaborated concept of information sharing. Originality/value – Design scholars’ information sharing has not been studied before. By applying a practice-theory lens this paper presents a particular perspective. Increased knowledge about the information-sharing activities of an epistemologically and socio-culturally amalgamated network of scholars is the main contribution of this paper.

  • 23.
    Seldén, Lars
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    On grounded theory: with some malice2005In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 61, no 1, p. 114-129Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Sundin, Olof
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Janitors of Knowledge: Constructing Knowledge in the Everyday Life of Wikipedia Editors2011In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 67, no 5, p. 840-862Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The aim of this article is to explore how trustworthy knowledge claims in Wikipedia are constructed by focusing on the everyday practices of Wikipedia editors. The article focuses particularly on the role of references to external sources for the stabilisation of knowledge in Wikipedia. Design/methodology/approach - The study is inspired by online ethnography. It includes eleven Wikipedia editors, together with the sociotechnical resources in Wikipedia. The material was collected through interviews, online observations, web documents and discussions, and e-mail questions. The analysis was carried out from a perspective of science and technology studies (STS). Findings - Wikipedia can be regarded as a laboratory for knowledge construction in which the already published is being recycled. The references to external sources anchor the participatory encyclopaedia in the ecology of established media and attribute trust to the knowledge published. The policy on Verifiability is analysed as an obligatory passage point to which all actors have to adjust. Active Wikipedia editors can be seen as akin to janitors of knowledge, as they are the ones who, through their hands-on activities, keep Wikipedia stable. Originality/value - The study develops an innovative understanding of the knowledge construction culture in one of the most popular sources for information on the internet. By highlighting the ways in which trust is established in Wikipedia, a more reflexive use of the participatory encyclopaedia is made possible. This is of value for information literacy training.

  • 25.
    Sundin, Olof
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Negotiations on information-seeking expertise: A study of web-based tutorials for information literacy2008In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 64, no 1, p. 24-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to show how different approaches to information literacy, such as are mediated through web-based tutorials, are used as tools in negotiating the information-seeking expertise of university librarians. Design/methodology/approach – A textual analysis of 31 web-based Scandinavian tutorials for information literacy has been conducted. The similarities and differences identified are analysed as linguistic expressions of different approaches to information literacy. The approaches are seen as constructions based on a dialogue between the empirical data and the theoretical departure points. Findings – Four approaches to information literacy emerge in the results: a source approach, a behaviour approach, a process approach, and a communication approach. The approaches entail different perspectives on information literacy. They impart diverging understandings of key concepts such as “information”, “information seeking” and the “user”. Practical implications – A reflective awareness of different approaches to information literacy is important for both researchers and LIS practitioners, since the approaches that come into play have practical consequences for the operation of user education. Originality/value – The present study supplements the information literacy research field by combining empirical findings with theoretical reflections.

  • 26.
    Sundin, Olof
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Johannisson, Jenny
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Pragmatism, Neo-pragmatism and Sociocultural Theory: Communicative Participation as a Perspective in LIS2005In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 61, no 1, p. 23-43Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Söderholm, Jonas
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Borrowing tools from the public library2016In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 72, no 1, p. 140-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to investigate tool lending library patrons’ perception of their tool borrowing, in order to explore the role of a public lending service in the context of their lives. It addresses the research question, why do patrons borrow tools from the library?

    Design/methodology/approach– A case study was conducted, consisting of semi-structured interviews with patrons of a tool lending library. Led by a phenomenographic approach, the interviews focused on participants’ recounted experiences. Transcripts were structured into major categories and underlying themes. Findings were discussed from a perspective taking departure in Wiegand’s notion of “the library in the life of the user,” and summarized with regards to sustainable community development.

    Findings– Participants are found to talk about their tool borrowing from two main viewpoints. First, reasons for making the decision. This involves weighing practical considerations, e.g., cost, storage, access, and frequency of use. It also includes ideological motivations, and sympathy with the concept. Second, effects of their borrowing, interpreted as how it enables them. This enablement includes inspiration, learning, support to self-employment, and strengthening of community. Patrons focus on local aspects of social and economic development, rather than global or environmental motivations.

    Research limitations/implications– A single and in part unique setting was studied. The findings provide foundation for a developed discussion on the societal role of public libraries providing “non-traditional” materials such as tools, with particular regards to community settings and sustainability.

    Originality/value– Addresses knowledge gaps on borrowing and tool lending libraries.

1 - 27 of 27
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