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  • 1.
    Bergh, Anne-Louise
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Persson, Eva
    University of Borås, School of Health Science. Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Jan
    The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Örebro University Hospital.
    Friberg, Febe
    University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway.
    Registered nurses’ perceptions of conditions for patient education: focusing on aspects of competence.2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 523-536Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: It is important to clarify nurses' perceptions of conditions for patient education in daily work as research findings are ambiguous. There is a gap between societal regulations on nurses' competence in accomplishment/achievement of patient education and research findings. AIM: The aim was to describe nurses' perceptions of conditions for patient education, focusing on aspects of competence. The aim was also to describe differences in conditions for nurses working in primary, municipal and hospital care. METHODS: The study is a cross-sectional survey and is part of a project about nurses' patient-education. A randomized selection of nurses (842) received a questionnaire comprising 47 items concerning factual experience and attitudes to patient education and 13 background items. Questionnaires were returned by 83% of participants. Descriptive statistics, non-parametric tests and content analysis for open-ended items were used. RESULTS: Nurses' perceptions of conditions for patient education differ between health-care settings. Primary care nurses are at an advantage in following research in patient education, perception of their own competence (prioritizing and knowing their mandate in patient teaching), pedagogical education and post graduate specializations. CONCLUSIONS: Nurses' patient education must be more visualized and appropriate conditions created at each workplace. In this change process, managers' support is considered vital.

  • 2. Binfa, Lorena
    et al.
    Robertson, Eva
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Ransjö-Arvidson, Anna-Berit
    "We are always asked; 'where are you from?'": Chilean women's reflections in midlife about their health and influence of migration to Sweden2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 24, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: This study explored how Chilean immigrant women living in Sweden perceived and related their life situations and health status during midlife to their migration experiences. Method: Three focus group discussions (FGDs) were performed with 21 middle-aged Chilean women (40-60 years) who had lived in Stockholm for at least 15-20 years. In-depth interviews were held with three key informants. A combination of manifest and latent content analysis was performed to structure and categorize the tape-recorded and transcribed data. Findings: Three main themes emerged from the data: (i) Chilean women's reflections about migration and resettlement; (ii) Health during midlife; perceptions of Chilean women living in Sweden; and (iii) Strategies to manage their lives and to gain social acceptance and position. The Chilean women reflected about the discrimination they had met in the Swedish society and within the health care system along with health changes they had had during midlife. They connected some of their health related problems to their hardships of migration. They also expressed confusion about the health care they had received in Sweden including conflicting and mistrusting relationship with some health care providers. Important for their way of coping with their own health seemed to be a recognition of their own space, level of independence, self-acceptance and awareness of power relationships. Conclusion: The results illuminate the importance of awareness of influence of gender and socio-cultural aspects, power relationships and communication skills among health care providers on women's health. Complementary interventions to the biomedical paradigm are needed and should be addressed in Swedish health staff educational programmes as well as in clinical training.

  • 3.
    Björk, Kristofer
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. Department of Intensive Care Northern Älvsborg Hospital.
    Lindahl, Berit
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Fridh, Isabell
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Family members’ experiences of waiting in intensive care: a concept analysis2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM:

    The aim of this study was to explore the meaning of family members' experience of waiting in an intensive care context using Rodgers' evolutionary method of concept analysis.

    METHOD:

    Systematic searches in CINAHL and PubMed retrieved 38 articles which illustrated the waiting experienced by family members in an intensive care context. Rodgers' evolutionary method of concept analysis was applied to the data.

    FINDINGS:

    In total, five elements of the concept were identified in the analysis. These were as follows: living in limbo; feeling helpless and powerless; hoping; enduring; and fearing the worst. Family members' vigilance regarding their relative proved to be a related concept, but vigilance does not share the same set of attributes. The consequences of waiting were often negative for the relatives and caused them suffering. The references show that the concept was manifested in different situations and in intensive care units (ICUs) with various types of specialties.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    The application of concept analysis has brought a deeper understanding and meaning to the experience of waiting among family members in an intensive care context. This may provide professionals with an awareness of how to take care of family members in this situation. The waiting is inevitable, but improved communication between the ICU staff and family members is necessary to reduce stress and alleviate the suffering of family members. It is important to acknowledge that waiting cannot be eliminated but family-centred care, including a friendly and welcoming hospital environment, can ease the burden of family members with a loved one in an ICU.

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  • 4.
    Caesar, Ulla
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. Department of Orthopaedics Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hansson-Olofsson, Elisabeth
    Department of Orthopaedics Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Jon
    Department of Orthopaedics Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Olsson, Lars-Eric
    Department of Orthopaedics Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lidén, Eva
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    A sense of being rejected: Patients’ lived experiences of cancelled knee or hip replacement surgery2021In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Growing care queues, reduced access to care and cancelled surgery are realities for some patients being treated with total hip or knee replacement surgery in Sweden.

    Most of the patients on the waiting lists have experienced pain and limited motion for a varying period of time, with a negative effect on their everyday lives. Overbooked surgical schedules are already contributing to the lengthy waiting times, but, with the addition of cancellations, longer waiting times will increase still further and may affect patients’ well‐being.

    Methods

    In the present study, we aimed to illuminate the experience of having planned surgery cancelled, based on narratives from 10 participants. The interview transcriptions were analysed using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach.

    Results

    The comprehensive analyses revealed that the participants described the agony of being deselected and the additional impression of being excluded. Metaphors of being damaged and feeling physical pain were used and the interpretations referred to the cancellations as unpleasant. Additionally, the important relationship and the trust between the health workers and the patient were negatively affected by the cancellation.

    Conclusion

    After the cancellation, the participants expressed being vulnerable and from their perspective the cancelled surgery affected them deeply; in fact, much more than the healthcare workers appeared to understand. Therefore, information around the cancellation must be given respectfully and with dignity, in a dialogue between the patient and the healthcare workers. Taken together, to enable an opportunity to be involved in the continued care. The cancellations should be seen as an interruption, in which the patients’ chance of living a pain‐free, active life is postponed.

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  • 5.
    Dellve, Lotta
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Ahlborg, Tone
    Partner relationships and long-term sick leave among female workers: consequences and impact on dimensions of health and return to work2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 720-729Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few efforts have been made to prospectively identify resources and obstacles outside work that may predict regained work ability and return to work when workers are on sick leave. This study investigates the association between partner relationships and sick leave. Our research questions were as follows: (i) What is the influence of sick leave, pain, stress and domestic strain on the quality of the dyadic partner relationship?, and (ii) What is the influence of the partner and social relationship on pain, stress, work ability, self-rated health and return to work? A cohort of female workers (n = 225) on long-term sick leave (>60 days), all in a partner relationship, at 6-month intervals completed a questionnaire based on the Quality of Dyadic Relationship (QDR) instrument, the Interview Schedule of Social Interaction (ISSI), the Work Ability Index (WAI) and the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ). Univariate and multivariate analyses of baseline and prospective data were performed. The results showed that decreased partner relationship quality was related to having major responsibility for household work despite being on sick leave, having pain and having decreased social integration. Among younger individuals on sick leave, a reduction in the quality of the partner relationship was shown already at the first (6-month) follow-up, while among middle-aged women, such a reduction was seen only at the 12-month follow-up. No dimensions of partner relationship quality at baseline were related to dimensions of return to work, either as a resource or as an obstacle. Consequently, our results show that a good relationship does not keep the woman from returning to work. Having main responsibility for household work, which implies domestic strain while on sick leave, predicts lower partner relationship quality. The practical implications are that healthcare professionals treating women on sick leave should emphasize the importance of keeping a social network as well as making sufficient adjustments at home for the relationship quality to be safeguarded. Special attention should be given to the young woman on sick leave as being on sick leave seems to influence her partner relationship considerably.

  • 6.
    Dellve, Lotta
    et al.
    Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Cernerud, L
    Hallberg, LRM
    Harmonizing dilemmas. Siblings of children with DAMP and Asperger syndrome´s experience of coping with their life-situation2000In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, ISSN 0283-9318, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 172-178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this qualitative study was to describe, from their own perspective and experiences, how siblings of children with deficits in attention, motor control and perception (DAMP) and Asperger syndrome cope with their life situations in their families. Fifteen adolescent females 12-18 years old, siblings of boys with DAMP (8 subjects) and Asperger syndrome (7 subjects), were interviewed. The method used in sampling and analysis of interview protocols was the constant comparative method for grounded theory. The inductive categorization of data produced two core concepts, one about the siblings' life situations in DAMP and Asperger syndrome ('dilemma of requirements and concerns') and one about the siblings' coping processes ('harmonizing'). Of the six categories identified, four were categories of the processes of coping ('gaining understanding', 'gaining independence', 'following a bonding responsibility' and 'balancing'). The qualitative differences between coping processes were related to the two categories of context to cope within the experienced dilemma 'requirements' and 'concerns'. The findings contribute to a deeper understanding of the siblings' life situations, and may be important for health personnel in encounter families and for identifying siblings with special needs. The findings may also aid in the development of preventive programs for siblings of children with DAMP and Asperger syndrome.

  • 7. Elmqvist, C.
    et al.
    Brunt, D.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Ekebergh, Margaretha
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Being first on the scene of an accident: experiences of "doing" prehospital emergency care2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 266-273Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prehospital emergency care includes the care and treatment of patients prior to them reaching hospital. This is generally a field for the ambulance services, but in many cases firemen or police can be the ones to provide the first responses. The aim of this study was to describe and understand experiences of being the first responder on the scene of an accident, as described by policemen, firemen and ambulance staff. A lifeworld perspective was used in four different traumatic situations from southern Sweden. The data consisted of 13 unstructured interviews with first responders. The phenomenological analysis showed that experiences of being the first responder on the scene of an accident is expectations of doing a systematic course of action, dressed in the role of a hero, and at the same time being genuine in an interpersonal encounter. This entails a continuous movement between ‘being’ and ‘doing’. It is not a question of either – or, instead everything is to be understood in relation to each other at the same time. Five constituents further described the variations of the phenomenon; a feeling of security in the uncertainty, a distanced closeness to the injured person, one moment in an eternity, cross-border cooperation within distinct borders and a need to make the implicit explicit. This finding highlights the importance of using policemen and firemen in doing life support measures while waiting for the ambulance staff, and would in turn increase the importance of the relationship between the different professionals on the scene of an accident.

  • 8.
    Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Hartman, Jan
    Segesten, Kerstin
    Assisting teens with asthma to take command2006In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 193-201Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In English To meet and work with teenagers may be a challenge for caregivers as adolescence is a period when youths try to establish autonomy. Although asthma is an increasing problem worldwide, few studies have addressed professional caregivers' motives and actions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe professional caregivers' strategies in their work with teenagers with asthma. Grounded theory, inspired by Glaser, was used to uncover the phenomenon. The informants were seven professional caregivers who worked at an eight-day asthma camp for teenagers in Sweden. Participant observations and interviews were used, and the first author collected the data and participated in the activities. Findings show that professional caregivers' core concern is to assist teenagers with asthma to take command. This core concern gives rise to five strategies: showing respect, being at hand, promoting own responsibility, promoting to exceed boundaries and promoting reflections. In professional caregivers' attempt to assist teenagers to take command some differences are seen in the way they support boys and girls. One conclusion drawn from our study is that the provisional theory of 'Assisting teenagers with asthma to take command' is not only suitable for professional caregivers working at asthma camps; it may, in some degree, also be used as a source of inspiration for professional caregivers in other settings.

  • 9. Erdner, A
    et al.
    Magnusson, A-B
    Nyström, Maria
    Lützén, K
    Social and Existential Alienation Experienced by People with Long-term Mental Illness2005In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 373-380Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore how people suffering from long-term mental illness and who live in the community experience their daily lives. The study was based on an ethnographic framework involving participant observations with 23 individuals from two rehabilitation centres and interviews with six women and two men. The observational notes and interviews were recorded, transcribed into the data and analysed based on the phases of hermeneutic interpretation. The process consisted of identifying tentative interpretations that highlighted various impediments that prevent people with long-term mental illness from having an active life. The impediments can also be interpreted as a form of alienation, an interpersonal phenomenon and a consequence due to of the lack of social acceptance towards mental illness. The participants expressed concern about the future and lack of hope. Viewing themselves as being ‘odd’ is not a symptom of mental illness, but rather evidence of experiencing existential and social alienation not only as a consequence of other people's reactions but also their own negative attitudes towards mental illness and effects of their cognitive dysfunction.

  • 10.
    Eriksson, Erik
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Raharjo, H
    Gustavsson, S
    Exploring complaints by female and male patients at Swedish hospitals using a probabilistic graphical model2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Eriksson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lindahl, Berit
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Nåden, Dagfinn
    Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.
    Bergbom, Ingegerd
    Institute of Health and Caring Sciences, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Hermeneutic observational studies: describing a method2020In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need to develop and use research observations in the clinical field, primarily to gain insight into and assess evidence of what comprises caring in a real-life situation and confirm what is actually taking place. In addition, assessments lead to a new and different understanding of what caring constitutes, thereby enabling the identification of what kind of care is being provided and is required. Such observations also enable the observer to perceive and verbalise caring. There are ongoing discussions, specifically in Nordic countries, on how to use caring science-based observations as a means of collecting and interpreting qualitative data through the application of a hermeneutic approach, which constitutes describing what has been seen and reporting on it by way of ethical obligation. This article contributes to the debate through the provision of additional content and by reflecting on the development and usability of hermeneutical research observations from a method and methodological perspective, thereby refining previous ideas and extending previous assumptions. The primary study objective was to report on the experience of utilising observations as a single data collection method for hermeneutic research with the aim of evaluating the interplay between intensive care unit (ICU) patients and their next of kin. A secondary objective was to highlight the impact of preknowledge and preunderstanding on the interpretation process. An intensive care context was assessed as the most appropriate, as the majority of patients are unable to engage in verbal narratives during ongoing treatment and care. The benefits of employing hermeneutic observation as well as interpretation and preunderstanding from a caring science perspective are considered.

  • 12. Fagerström, Lisbeth
    et al.
    Sandvik, Ann-Helén
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Professor Katie Eriksson - the loss of a pioneer in caring science.2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 763-764Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13. Forsberg, Anna
    et al.
    Cavallini, Josefine
    Fridh, Isabell
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lennerling, Annette
    The core of social function after solid organ transplantation.2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Social function is a key aspect of health-related quality of life after solid organ transplantation (SOT). The focus of this study was to report how solid organ-transplanted patients change their social function after transplantation.

    AIM: To investigate the main concerns associated with social function after SOT and how solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) deal with these concerns.

    METHOD: Twenty SOTRs, 13 men and 7 women, with a mean age of 54 years (range 22-75 years) and due for their first-year follow-up were included in this study. The informants had received various types of solid organs. Data were collected through in-depth interviews, which were recorded and transcribed verbatim for analysis by the method of grounded theory (GT) developed by Charmaz.

    RESULT: The GT of this study describes the efforts by the 20 SOTRs to adapt socially in order to maintain their social functioning and leading a normal life. The efforts summaries a process wherein the generated GT is present through three main categories: deconstruction, restriction and reconstruction, showing various ways to socially adapt. Through this process, a clear path of transition through adaptation is evident, starting before transplantation and continues beyond the first year after transplantation.

    CONCLUSION: Social functions improved through a process of adaptation during the first year after transplantation. Working and travelling were the two most important aspects of social function. All the informants emphasised the importance of regaining a normal life, which was the outcome of a successful adaptation.

  • 14. Friberg, Febe
    et al.
    Öhlén, J
    Nyström-Petersson, Maria
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Dahlberg, Karin
    Context and Methodological Decontextualisation in Nursing Research with Examples from Phenomenography2000In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 37-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In both human science and nursing research the concept of context is important. However, context can be understood in different ways. The aim of this article is to elucidate, discuss and problematize context, decontextualization and recontextualization in some health care-related phenomenographical studies. A further aim is to problematize the concet of context in a wider perspective of human complex ohenomena which characterize nursing research demand a broad contextual understanding. Both the local or immediate experiences of the phenomen of interest as well as the socio-cultural discourse. A balance between openness and pliability t the phenomenon is suggested. Reflection is considered an important tool in this process. Within phenomenography, the interest i s directed towards conceptions of certain aspects of the worlds. Thus, context in a wider sense is given a subordinate role. Accordingly, phenomenography is considered to have limited applicability in nursing research when complex phenomena are to be studied.

  • 15.
    Fridh, Isabell
    et al.
    [external].
    Forsberg, Anna
    Bergbom, Ingegerd
    End-of-life care in intensive care units: family routines and environmental factors2007In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 25-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to describe family care routines and to explore environmental factors when patients die in Swedish intensive care units (ICUs). The main research questions were: what are the physical environmental circumstances and facilities when caring for patients in end-of-life and are there any routines or guidelines when caring for dying patients and their families? A questionnaire was sent to 79 eligible Swedish ICUs in December 2003, addressed to the unit managers. The response rate was 94% (n = 74 units). The findings show that, despite recommendations highlighting the importance of privacy for dying ICU patients and their families, only 11% of the respondents stated that patients never died in shared rooms in their ICU. If a patient dies in a shared room, nurses strive to ensure a dignified goodbye by moving the body to an empty room or to one specially designated for this purpose. The majority (76%) of the units had waiting rooms within the ICU. The study also revealed that there is a need for improvements in the follow-up routines for bereaved families. Many units reported (51%) that they often or almost always offer a follow-up visit, although in most cases the bereaved family had to initiate the follow-up by contacting the ICU. Guidelines in the area of end-of-life care were used by 25% of the ICUs. Further research is necessary to acquire a deeper knowledge of the circumstances under which patients die in ICUs and what impact the ICU environment has on bereaved families.

  • 16.
    Fridh, Isabell
    et al.
    Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa, Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Forsberg, Anna
    Bergbom, Ingegerd
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    End-of-life care in intensive care units: family routines and environmental factors.2007In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 25-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to describe family care routines and to explore environmental factors when patients die in Swedish intensive care units (ICUs). The main research questions were: what are the physical environmental circumstances and facilities when caring for patients in end-of-life and are there any routines or guidelines when caring for dying patients and their families? A questionnaire was sent to 79 eligible Swedish ICUs in December 2003, addressed to the unit managers. The response rate was 94% (n = 74 units). The findings show that, despite recommendations highlighting the importance of privacy for dying ICU patients and their families, only 11% of the respondents stated that patients never died in shared rooms in their ICU. If a patient dies in a shared room, nurses strive to ensure a dignified goodbye by moving the body to an empty room or to one specially designated for this purpose. The majority (76%) of the units had waiting rooms within the ICU. The study also revealed that there is a need for improvements in the follow-up routines for bereaved families. Many units reported (51%) that they often or almost always offer a follow-up visit, although in most cases the bereaved family had to initiate the follow-up by contacting the ICU. Guidelines in the area of end-of-life care were used by 25% of the ICUs. Further research is necessary to acquire a deeper knowledge of the circumstances under which patients die in ICUs and what impact the ICU environment has on bereaved families.

  • 17.
    Fridh, Isabell
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Kenne Sarenmalm, Elisabeth
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Falk, Kristin
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Henoch, Ingela
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Öhlén, Joakin
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Ozanne, Anneli
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Jakobsson Ung, Eva
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Extensive human suffering: a point prevalence survey of patients´most distressing concerns2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To explore patients' most distressing concerns during a hospital stay. BACKGROUND: The characteristics of hospitalised patients have changed. Care is provided at a higher age, lengths of stay have fallen and the nursing workload is increasing. It is presumed that hospitalised patients are more seriously ill and have more palliative needs than previously. Studies show that inpatients suffer from more distress than similar outpatients although there is a lack of overall knowledge about inpatients' distress and major concerns, regardless of age, diagnosis or care setting. METHODS: This study was part of a point prevalence survey (PPS) concerning symptom prevalence. Of the 710 patients who participated in the PPS, 678 (95%) answered an open-ended question in a questionnaire: What is your main concern or what is most distressing or troublesome for you at present? Using a life-world approach, the text was analysed qualitatively and patients' concerns were interpreted in two main dimensions, an intersubjective dimension and a temporal dimension. FINDINGS: The patients reported extensive suffering due to illness, symptoms and failing health. Patients were concerned about family members, existential issues and the future. Three aspects of the patients' most distressing concerns were interpreted: The suffering self, The suffering person in close relations and The suffering person in a threatening world. CONCLUSION: Hospitalised patients are affected by severe illness, distressing symptoms and existential quandaries, revealing extensive human suffering in the midst of the demanding activities that take place during an ordinary day in a hospital. To support patients and alleviate suffering, hospital staff need to be more sensitive to patients' most distressing concerns. This presupposes a hospital environment in which the value system supports caring and comforting behaviour.

  • 18.
    Gustafsson, Ida
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Spangby, Malin
    Child Health Services, Region Jönköping County.
    Arvidsdal, Ann
    Child Health Services, Region Jönköping County.
    Golsäter, Marie
    Jönköping University.
    Palmér, Lina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    The Existential Breastfeeding Difficulty Scale's influences on the caring dialogue-Child healthcare nurses' lived experiences2022In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Breastfeeding is experienced as an existential journey, and breastfeeding difficulties put mothers in existentially vulnerable situations. For care to be caring, it must be based on the mother's breastfeeding story. Previous research show that healthcare professionals struggle to perform individualised breastfeeding care. The Existential Breastfeeding Difficulty Scale (ExBreastS) was developed to support an existential focus in caring dialogues and was introduced in child healthcare in Sweden. The aim of this study is to describe child healthcare nurses' lived experience of how the Existential Breastfeeding Difficulty Scale (ExBreastS) influences the caring dialogue. Seventeen child healthcare nurses with experience in using ExBreastS as a basis for caring dialogues with breastfeeding mothers were interviewed, in groups, pairs or individually. The interviews were analysed using a thematic analysis based on descriptive phenomenology. The results show that the caring dialogue becomes re-evaluated when using ExBreastS because existential aspects of breastfeeding is acknowledged. ExBreastS also visualises new perspectives of the mother's breastfeeding experiences. However, the use of ExBreastS also risks overshadowing the caring dialogue when the nurses focus too much on the instrument. The use of ExBreastS supports caring dialogues-and caring care-by highlighting the existential aspects of breastfeeding/breastfeeding difficulties and the uniqueness of every mothers' breastfeeding experience. However, the instrument sometimes evokes a vulnerability in the nurses that calls for support from the care organisation.

  • 19.
    Halldén, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Olsson, Pia
    Christensson, Kyllike
    Early abortion as narrated by young Swedish women2009In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 243-250Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of the study was to illuminate meanings of having had an induced abortion among young Swedish women. Methods: Narrative interviews were conducted with ten 18–20-year-old women 2–6 weeks after a medical or surgical abortion in the sixth to twelfth week of pregnancy. Data were analysed according to a phenomenological hermeneutic method. Results: The study disclosed a multitude of complex meanings in the young women’s lived experiences of induced abortion. Four themes were revealed: having cared for and protected the unimagined pregnancy, taking the life of my child-to-be with pain, being sensitive to the approval of others and imagining the taken away child-tobe. The results are discussed in light of Nussbaum’s theory of development ethics. The young women’s ability to be responsible for their choices regarding their own welfare and others’ well-being in a life cycle perspective was disclosed, despite the pain inherent in the responsibility of taking the life of their own child-to-be. Conclusions: The young women’s narratives were replete with ethical reasoning regarding existential matters related to their responsibility of choosing between induced abortion and parenthood and how to live their lives with this experience. Health-care professionals could promote young women’s capability to be responsible, as well as the development of trust in their own fertility and constructive relationships with significant others. In the development of the prevention of unintended pregnancies and the sexual education of young people in Sweden existential dimensions of undergoing an abortion should be given attention.

  • 20.
    Hilli, Yvonne Elisabet
    et al.
    Högskolan i Oslo och Akershus.
    Melender, Hanna-Leena
    Developing preceptorship through action research:part 12015In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 470-477Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Hilli, Yvonne Elisabet
    et al.
    Högskolan i Oslo och Akershus.
    Melender, Hanna-Leena
    Developing preceptorship through action research:part 22015In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 478-485Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Holmberg, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus Linnaeus University/Mälardalen University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Hoeck, Bente
    University of Southern Denmark/UCL University College, Odense, Denmark.
    Bremer, Anders
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Kaldestad, Kari
    Univerity of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway.
    Koskinen, Monika
    The Nordic College of Caring Science develops, supports and disseminates caring science2023In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 313-315Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Israelsson-Skogsberg, Åsa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lindahl, Berit
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Personal care assistants' experiences of caring for people on home mechanical ventilation.2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim of this study was to describe personal care assistants' (PCA) experiences of working with a ventilator-assisted person at home. METHODS: Data were collected from fifteen audiotaped semistructured interviews with PCAs supporting a child or adult using home mechanical ventilation (HMV). Thirteen women and two men participated; their working experience with HMV users ranged from one to 17 years (median 6 years). Data were subjected to qualitative content analysis in an inductive and interpretive manner. FINDINGS: Five categories emerged from the data: Being part of a complex work situation; Taking on a multidimensional responsibility; Caring carried out in someone's home; Creating boundaries in an environment with indistinct limits; and Being close to another's body and soul. CONCLUSIONS: The participants felt very close to the person they worked with, both physically and emotionally. They had a great responsibility and therefore a commensurate need for support, guidance and a well-functioning organisation around the HMV user. There is international consensus that advanced home care will continue to expand and personal care assistance is key in this development. We suggest that one way to move forward for PCAs working with HMV users is to create multiprofessional teams led by a key-person who coordinates the individual needs. More research is needed within this area from a broad perspective including the HMV-assisted persons, relatives, personal care assistants and management organisations.

  • 24.
    Jakobsson, Malin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Josefsson, Karin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Högberg, Karin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Reasons for sleeping difficulties as perceived by adolescents: A content analysis2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sleeping difficulties are increasingly prevalent among adolescents worldwide and have negative consequences for adolescent health and education. The aim of this study was to describe the reasons for sleeping difficulties as perceived by adolescents. Sleeping difficulties include insufficient sleep, trouble falling asleep, waking up at night, or sleep that does not leave an individual rested. Data were collected in 2015 using an open-ended question. The sample consisted of n = 475 adolescents from a city in Sweden, aged 15–16 years, with self-assessed sleeping difficulties. The results described the reasons for the adolescents’ sleeping difficulties, at a general, thematic level, as an imbalance between requirements and preconditions, distributed to stress, technology use, poor sleep habits, existential thoughts, needs, and suffering. To find a balance in their daily lives, adolescents may need support from parents, school nurses, and school health services to deal with their sleeping difficulties.

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  • 25.
    Jakobsson, Malin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Josefsson, Karin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Jutengren, Göran
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sandsjö, Leif
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Högberg, Karin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sleep duration and sleeping difficulties among adolescents: Exploring associations with school stress, self-perception, and technology use2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 197-206, article id SCS12621Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sleep duration and sleeping difficulties among adolescents: exploring associations with school stress, self-perception and technology use

     

    Sleeping problems are increasing among adolescents worldwide. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of self-reported sleep duration and sleeping difficulties, as well as to explore their associations with school stress, self-perception, that is how adolescents perceive their appearance and happiness, and technology use among adolescents. Data were collected in 2015 using a questionnaire. A total of 937 ninth grade adolescents, 15–16 years, from a city in western Sweden participated, resulting in a response rate of 83%. The result showed that 55% of the adolescents slept less than the recommended 8 hours per night and 11% had sleeping difficulties. School stress and technology use were associated with short sleep duration. School stress and self-perception were associated with sleeping difficulties. The girls had worse outcomes for sleeping difficulties, school stress, self-perception and technology use than the boys. Based on the results, there is a need for school nurses to implement preventive measures to improve adolescents’ sleep.

  • 26.
    Jarling, Aleksandra
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Rydström, Ingela
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Ernsth-Bravell, Marie
    Institute of Gerontology, Jönköping University.
    Nyström, Maria
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Dalheim Englund, Ann-Charlotte
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    A responsibility that never rests - To be a family caregiver to an older person2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    When the ageing population increases, the burden and responsibility of close family members will likely increase. Those closely related who assume a great responsibility can be significantly affected in health, well‐being and daily life.

    Aim

    This study aims to describe the life situation when family caregivers are imposed responsibility for an older person with complex care needs in their own home.

    Methods

    In this Swedish qualitative study, ten family caregivers were strategically selected in order to achieve variations in the life situation. A reflective lifeworld research design based on phenomenological philosophy was used throughout the data collection with the lifeworld interviews and the analytic process.

    Findings

    In terms of extensive responsibility, the life situation is complex and involves emotions that are difficult to manage. In essence, a paradoxical life situation is described which is experienced as both voluntarily and nonchosen at the same time. The responsibility never rests. The essential meaning is further illustrated with three constituents: loss of freedom, contradictory feelings and affected relationships.

    Conclusion

    A life situation with extensive responsibility for an older family member interferes with the whole life situation with an impact on health and relationships with other people. The findings are crucial for professional caregivers in order to capture the nature of family support in a way that enables a meaningful life for both the family caregiver and the older person being cared for. Knowledge of this will give professional caregivers an increased awareness of the life situation of family caregivers and provide a better understanding of the support they are longing for, and, in some countries, such as Sweden, also are entitled to by law.

  • 27.
    Jiménez-Herrera, Maria F.
    Rovira i Virgili University, Tarragona, Spain.
    The moral compass in care: From ethics to professionalism2023In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 1-2Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 28.
    Josefsson, Karin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Summer Meranius, Martina
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Health and social care management for older adults with multimorbidity: a multiperspective approach.2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Multimorbidity, a condition common among older adults, may be regarded as a failure of a complex system. The aim of this study was to describe the core components in health and social care management for older adults with multimorbidity. A cross-sectional design included two methods: individual interviews and group discussions. A total of 105 participants included older adults with multimorbidity and their relatives, care staff, and health care policy makers. Data were analyzed using content analysis. The results show that seven core components comprise a multi-perspective view of health and social care management for older adults with multimorbidity: political steering, leadership, cooperation, competence, support for relatives, availability, and continuity. Steps should be taken to ensure that every older adult with multimorbidity has a treatment plan according to a multi-perspective view to prevent fragmentation of their health care. This study provides relevant evidence developing a multi-perspective model of health and social care management for older adults with multimorbidity.

  • 29.
    Kauppi, Wivica
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Axelsson, Christer
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. Emergency Medical Service (EMS), Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Jiménez‐Herrera, Maria
    Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden; Nursing Department, Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV), Tarragona, Spain.
    Palmér, Lina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lived experiences of being cared for by ambulance clinicians when experiencing breathlessness—A phenomenological study2023In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Breathlessness is a serious and distressing symptom and a common reason why patients require prehospital care by ambulance clinicians. However, little is known about how patients experience this care when they are in a state of breathlessness.

     

    Aim

    The aim of this study is to describe the lived experiences of being cared for by ambulance clinicians when experiencing breathlessness.

     

    Methods

    Fourteen lifeworld interviews were conducted with patients who experienced breathlessness and were cared for by ambulance clinicians. The interviews were analysed using a qualitative phenomenological approach.

     

    Findings

    The essential meaning of being cared for by ambulance clinicians when experiencing breathlessness is described in two ways: existential humanising care, in which the experience is that of being embraced by a genuine presence or existential dehumanising care, in which feeling exposed to an objectifying presence is the main experience. This meaning has four constituents: surrendering to and trusting in the care that will come; being exposed to an objectifying presence is violating; being embraced by a genuine presence is relieving; and knowing is dwelling.

     

    Conclusion

    The findings reveal that the ability of ambulance clinicians to provide existential humanising and trustful care, which is the foundation of professional judgement, was essential in how patients responded to and handled the overall situation when breathlessness.

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  • 30.
    Kleye, Ida
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Hedén, Lena E
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Karlsson, Katarina
    Sundler, Annelie Johansson
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Darcy, Laura
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Children's individual voices are required for adequate management of fear and pain during hospital care and treatment2021In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 530-537Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Children often report both fear and pain in conjunction with clinical care and treatment. Interventions developed in the field have still not been sufficient to prevent and relieve children’s fear and pain. More knowledge, from children’s own perspectives, is needed about how they deal with their experiences.

    Aim: To explore child-identified strategies that children use to manage fear and pain during needle-related medical procedures in hospital.

    Methods: Interviews with children, age 4–12 years, with experience of hospital care were analysed qualitatively using content analysis.

    Results: Children have self-identified strategies for dealing with fear and pain during hospital care and treatment. The strategies vary depending on examination or treatment and on how the child felt at that particular day. Children describe what they can do themselves, how adults can empower them and support from surroundings as strategies that give them a choice and a voice. Children wished to have influence, decide when and how information should be given, scream out loud or squeeze something hard, to deal with fear and pain. The results also show that children tried to be brave, gain control and think positively. Something nice to look at and opportunities to play with others also contributed.

    Conclusions: Strategies vary between children and are used differently on different occasions. Healthcare professionals pose a threat to the child’s needs and ability to use their strategies due to lack of knowledge of the child’s chosen strategies.

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  • 31.
    Källman, Ulrika
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Knowledge, attitudes and practices among nursing staff concerning pressure ulcer prevention and treatment: a survey in a Swedish healthcare setting2009In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 334-341Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate (i) attitudes among Registered Nurses (RNs) and Nursing Assistants (NAs) regarding pressure ulcer prevention, (ii) knowledge among RNs and NAs of pressure ulcer prevention and treatment, (iii) practice of risk assessment and documentation regarding pressure ulcers among RNs and NAs and (iv) to identify perceived possibilities and barriers in pressure ulcer prevention and treatment. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 230 questionnaires were distributed to an equal number of RNs and NAs in both municipality as well as hospital care settings. The response rate was 67% (n = 154). In general, all respondents displayed good knowledge on prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers and demonstrated a positive attitude towards this area of care. However, answers provided to some questions indicate that recent research findings and guidelines have not succeeded in reaching out to these occupational groups. Furthermore, only 37% (n = 55) of the participants said that they have an agreed strategy for the prevention of pressure ulcers in their unit. These shortcomings may affect the quality of care provided to the patient and lead to pressure ulcers developing as a consequence. Today, evidence-based methods for risk assessment are available but are not adopted and used in practice. The study highlights the need to further reduce the gap between research and practice.

  • 32.
    Lantz, B.
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Ottosson, C.
    Parental interaction with infants treated with medical technology2013In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 597-607Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is well established that parents must interact with their new-born babies to facilitate attachment. However, very little is known about how parents perceive different types of medical technology products commonly used in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) as barriers to their wish to interact with their infants. Aim: This study aims to examine to what extent the different medical technology products commonly used in the NICU are perceived by parents to be obstacles in their wish to interact with their babies. Design and methods: In 2010, a cross-sectional survey, using a questionnaire specifically developed for this study, was conducted among the parents of children who were discharged from any of the five NICUs of the Vastra Gotaland region in Sweden. A consecutive sample of 248 parents anticipated, and multiple regressions and t-tests were used to analyse the data. Results: The parents generally perceived the various medical technology products differently, according to the perceived level of obstruction. The variables of gender, age,educational level, origin, gestational age, previous experience of being a parent, and the offer of accommodation at the NICU were significantly associated with the perceived level of obstruction in the parents’ wish to interact with their baby while the baby was being treated with different medical technology products. Conclusion: The primary implication for practice is that to facilitate attachment, nurses should involve different categories of parents in different ways in the care of their children, depending on the equipment being used in the treatment of the children. Thus, the individual care plan should explicitly include the details of the specific medical equipment, because although its use is medically beneficial for the child, it is associated with potential liabilities regarding parent–child interaction and, consequently, regarding parent–child attachment.

  • 33.
    Lantz, Björn
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    The large sample size fallacy2013In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 487-492Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:  Significance in the statistical sense has little to do with significance in the common practical sense. Statistical significance is a necessary but not a sufficient condition for practical significance. Hence, results that are extremely statistically significant may be highly nonsignificant in practice. The degree of practical significance is generally determined by the size of the observed effect, not the p-value. The results of studies based on large samples are often characterized by extreme statistical significance despite small or even trivial effect sizes. Interpreting such results as significant in practice without further analysis is referred to as the large sample size fallacy in this article. Aim:  The aim of this article is to explore the relevance of the large sample size fallacy in contemporary nursing research. Results:  Relatively few nursing articles display explicit measures of observed effect sizes or include a qualitative discussion of observed effect sizes. Statistical significance is often treated as an end in itself. Conclusion:  Effect sizes should generally be calculated and presented along with p-values for statistically significant results, and observed effect sizes should be discussed qualitatively through direct and explicit comparisons with the effects in related literature.

  • 34. Levy-Malmberg, Rika
    et al.
    Hilli, Yvonne
    Yrkeshögskolan Novia.
    The enhancement of clinical competence through caring science.2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 28, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This theoretical research attempts to create a new basis for dialogue between two independent research fields that are connected by an inseparable link. The first, nursing science, is a body of professional knowledge, while the second, caring as an independent body of pure knowledge, conducts basic research with an aspiration towards applicability. This theoretical research uses the guidelines of the Buberian dialogue, which provides new meaning to the concept of clinical competence. The results emphasise the need to adopt abstract knowledge into the nursing field in order to improve the graduate's clinical capabilities. The combination of assessing clinical capability in a judgmental manner together with the dialogical humanistic approach of caring science may create a genuine platform and meeting event as a maturing process, which is intended to promote educational goals, which subsequently receive new meaning, that is, a different type of assessment. However, this assessment cannot be measured since a wide range of ethical moral aspects regarding both the student and the patient will have to be included. Nevertheless, this dialogue between nursing science and caring science can implement evidence on the basis of trust and can be used as a dialogical tool for evaluating clinical skills with the goal of empowering the educational field in nursing. Consequently, this clinical competence is called 'caring maturing means', and the goal is to convert the learning process into a meaningful event with the aim of improvement.

  • 35.
    Lindahl, Berit
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. Faculty of Caring Sciensces, Sweden Work Life and Social Welfare University of Borås Hogskolan i Boras, Borås Sweden.
    Editorial SJCS March 2024 on proximity caring2024In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Lindahl, Berit
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. Department of Health Sciences and the Institute for Palliative Care Lund University & Region Skåne Lund Sweden;Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare University of Borås Borås Sweden.
    Editorial SJCS September 20222022In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In late April, the Nordic College of Caring Science (NCCS) held their fourth international scientific conference. The theme for the conference was ‘Caring in a changing world’. The conference began 26th April with a pre-conference designed for PhD students within the academic field of caring sciences. The NCCS annual board meeting was also held on that date. The venue for the conference was Mälardalen University, situated in a new but also renovated and integrated environment in the central city of Eskilstuna, Sweden. The seats of learning received the Swedish Government'srights and status as a university in 2022. The university offered a fantastic environment for knowledge exchange and socialisation with research colleagues and friends. During the annual meeting with the NCCS board discussed the work and development of the journal. Additionally, the new board was elected, and Associate Professor Mats Holmberg became NCCS's new chairperson.

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  • 37.
    Lindahl, Berit
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    ‘Looking back; and reflecting about equality and the power in a story’2021In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 1025-1026Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Lindahl, Berit
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. Department of Health Sciences and the Institute for Palliative Care, Lund Universitet and Region Skåne, Lund, Sweden.
    On a journal’s aim and scope2021In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 1-2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Lindahl, Berit
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    On locating the metaparadigm concept environment within caring science2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 997-998Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 40.
    Lindahl, Berit
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare University of Borås Borås Sweden.
    On text as technology2023In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 609-610Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 41.
    Lindahl, Berit
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Patients' suggestions about how to make life at home easier when dependent on ventilator treatment: a secondary analysis2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 684-692Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients' suggestions about how to make life at home easier when dependent on ventilator treatment - a secondary analysis Background: While quantitative research has provided valuable information, studies presenting patients' experiences have been lacking in the field of knowledge of home mechanical ventilation. The aim of this study was, therefore, to present patient views and suggestions about how to improve home ventilator care and treatment. Method: Data in the present study comprise 35 qualitative research interviews collected for a primary project carried out in the years 2002-2005 and now analysed using qualitative content analysis, the most established method for secondary analysis. Results: The results are presented as six categories: the start-up process, to attach to oneself and the ventilator, to experience home as a shelter, to seek knowledge and understanding, to build up confidence in technology and the need to have people to relate to and depend on. The article presents a brief summary of patients' ideas and requests to healthcare providers and manufacturers involved in home ventilator treatment. Conclusions: The patients' perspectives and experiences include much useful knowledge of interest for nursing and medical professional practices. More attention needs to be given to these experiences in both home ventilator treatment and research. It is also of great importance for nurses and researchers to encourage manufacturers to develop beautiful and user-friendly design in their products, suitable for 'home use' and not just in hospitals.

  • 42.
    Lindahl, Berit
    [external].
    Patients’ suggestions on how to make life easier at home when being dependent on ventilator treatment: A secondary analysis2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 684-892Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:  While quantitative research has provided valuable information, studies presenting patients’ experiences have been lacking in the field of knowledge of home mechanical ventilation. The aim of this study was, therefore, to present patient views and suggestions about how to improve home ventilator care and treatment. Method:  Data in the present study comprise 35 qualitative research interviews collected for a primary project carried out in the years 2002–2005 and now analysed using qualitative content analysis, the most established method for secondary analysis. Results:  The results are presented as six categories: the start-up process, to attach to oneself and the ventilator, to experience home as a shelter, to seek knowledge and understanding, to build up confidence in technology and the need to have people to relate to and depend on. The article presents a brief summary of patients’ ideas and requests to healthcare providers and manufacturers involved in home ventilator treatment. Conclusions:  The patients’ perspectives and experiences include much useful knowledge of interest for nursing and medical professional practices. More attention needs to be given to these experiences in both home ventilator treatment and research. It is also of great importance for nurses and researchers to encourage manufacturers to develop beautiful and user-friendly design in their products, suitable for ‘home use’ and not just in hospitals.

  • 43.
    Lindahl, Berit
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. Department of Health Sciences and the Centre for Palliative Care, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Reflections on the publishing process2022In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 44.
    Lindahl, Berit
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lindberg, Elisabeth
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Spring 2020, Editorial2020In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 265-266Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Lindberg, Elisabeth
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    'Finding words in times of worries': How caring science becomes applicable in human encounters2022In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 295-296Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 46.
    Lindberg, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. Faculty of Caring Sciences, Work Life and Social Welfare University of Borås Borås Sweden.
    Hörberg, Ulrica
    Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences Linnæus University Växjö Sweden.
    Palmér, Lina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. Faculty of Caring Sciences, Work Life and Social Welfare University of Borås Borås Sweden.
    How do we approach the essence of what matters to human beings in vulnerable situations?2023In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 881-883Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    fulltext
  • 47.
    Lindberg, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lindahl, Berit
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Editorial September 20202020In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 537-538Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Lindberg, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Persson, Eva
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Bondas, Terese
    'The responsibility of someone else': a focus group study of collaboration between a university and a hospital regarding the integration of caring science in practice.2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 579-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim of the study was to develop insights into how nurses, senior preceptors and head nurses experience the integration of caring science in practice and how they value the contributions of nursing students to the integration of caring science in practice. BACKGROUND: Research still reveals differences between theory and practice by nursing students. In Sweden, clinical education units have become one way of creating consistency between university and health care practices on values of caring. METHOD: The study is hermeneutic in design comprising data from three focus group interviews. The participants include registered nurses, senior preceptors and head nurses. RESULT: The study shows that roles and mandates are not clearly defined between the different actors. The university and hospital collaboration in caring science integration was regarded as 'someone else's responsibility'. Research and development seemed excluded from the everyday life of the hospital units. The students seemed to fall somewhere between the hospital 'practice and concrete world of production' and the university 'theory world of education and research'. Three themes emerge: 'integration--someone else's responsibility', 'the hospital--a culture of production' and 'the hospital and the university--different realities'. DISCUSSION: The results suggest the need for professionals within health care and university to reflect on their responsibilities in terms of research and development. The ethos of caring science implies the alleviation of suffering and caring for vulnerable patients including research and development.

  • 49.
    Lindblad, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Holritz-Rasmussen, B
    Sandman, P-O
    A life enriching togetherness: meanings of informal support when being a parent of a child with disability2007In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 238-246Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The majority of children affected by disability are cared for at home by their parents. It is well documented in research literature that the parents are in need of professional support. In the striving to improve the professional caring, it is also important to deepen our understanding about the meaning of informal support from the perspective of parents' life world. The aim of this study was to illuminate the meanings of lived experience of informal support, when being a parent of a child affected by disability. Thirteen parents, eight mothers and five fathers within eight families, participated in narrative interviews, which were analysed by using a phenomenological-hermeneutic method. The meanings resulted in three themes: 'being gratified by experiences of the child as having a natural place in relation with others', 'being provided a room for sorrow and joy' and 'being enabled to live an eased and spontaneous daily life'. These themes emanated from the experiences of other persons' being and doing in relation to the parents, the child affected by disability and the siblings. According to our interpretation, informal support means a life enriching togetherness, the core of which is natural human caring. The findings also showed that parents highly valued professional support concerning informal supporters

  • 50.
    Lundgren, Ingela
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Berg, Marie
    Central concepts in the midwife-woman relationship2007In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 220-228Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between the midwife and the woman is essential for a positive experience for woman during childbearing period, i.e. pregnancy, childbirth and the first postpartum phase. Thereby, the aim of this study was to delineate central concepts in the midwife-woman relationship, in normal as well as high-risk situations. A secondary analysis was performed on original texts from eight Swedish qualitative studies, all with a phenomenological or phenomenological-hermeneutic approach. Six pairs of concepts were elucidated; each one describing one aspect from the woman's perspective and one responsive aspect from the midwife. The pairs of concepts are: surrender-availability, trust-mediation of trust, participation-mutuality, loneliness-confirmation, differenceness-support uniqueness and creation of meaning-support meaningfulness. Disciplinary concepts about the midwife-woman relationship have evolved that are essential for care in both normal and high-risk contexts, and we suggest that they should be implemented as a guide for midwifery care.

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