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  • 1.
    Darányi, Sándor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Wittek, Peter
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Demonstrating Conceptual Dynamics in an Evolving Text Collection2013Inngår i: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643, Vol. 64, nr 12, s. 2564-2572Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on real world user demands, we demonstrate how animated visualisation of evolving text corpora displays the underlying dynamics of semantic content. To interpret the results, one needs a dynamic theory of word meaning. We suggest that conceptual dynamics as the interaction between kinds of intellectual, emotional etc. content, and language, is key for such a theory. We demonstrate our methodology by two-way seriation which is a popular technique to analyse groups of similar instances and their features, as well as the connections between the groups themselves. The two-way seriated data may be visualised as a two-dimensional heat map or as a three-dimensional landscape where colour codes or height correspond to the values in the matrix. In this paper we focus on two-way seriation of sparse data in the Reuters-21568 test collection. To achieve a meaningful visualisation thereof we introduce a compactly supported convolution kernel similar to filter kernels used in image reconstruction and geostatistics. This filter populates the high-dimensional sparse space with values that interpolate nearby elements, and provides insight into the clustering structure. We also extend two-way seriation to deal with online updates of both the row and column spaces, and, combined with the convolution kernel, demonstrate a three-dimensional visualisation of dynamics.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2.
    Dessne, Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan. Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Byström, Katriina
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan. Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Imitating CoPs: Imposing Formality on Informality2015Inngår i: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to explore the claim that Communities of Practice (CoPs) can be designed and managed. The concept of CoPs was originally developed as a social learning theory, and CoPs were defined by their in-formal emergent nature. This informal nature has been recognised to be of value to organisations, resulting in a desire to design CoPs. In this paper, the nature of CoPs is addressed by focusing on aspects of formality and informality in relationships and learning. CoPs are therefore described as emergent and designed practices. Furthermore, it is questioned whether a designed CoP may realise the essential characteristics attributed to an emergent CoP. It is argued that it is crucial to recognise the informal nature of CoPs in order to either encourage them as informal phenomena, or use the concept of CoPs as inspiration for designing imitations of them. However, when attempting to design them, the original meaning of a CoP is lost, even though, in some cases, the consequences of such a design may be beneficial to organisations. Nevertheless, when not taking the nature of a CoP into account, a designed construct may have a negative impact on learning and knowing.

  • 3.
    Foster, Jonathan
    et al.
    University of Sheffield.
    McLeod, Julie
    Northumbria University.
    Nolin, Jan
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Greifeneder, Elke
    Humboldt University Berlin.
    Data work in context: value, risks, and governance2018Inngår i: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643, Vol. 69, nr 12, s. 1414-1427Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    While always integral to scientific activity, data work has recently emerged as a key set of processes within societal activities of all kinds. While data work presents new opportunities for discovery, value creation, and decision making, its emergence also raises significant ethical issues, including those of ownership, privacy, and trust. This article presents a review of data work, and how negotiating a trade‐off between its value and risks requires locating its processes within the contexts of its conditions and consequences. These include international, national, and sectoral conditions of law, policy, and regulation at a macro level; organizational conditions of information and data governance that aim to address the value and risks of data work at a meso level; along with attention to the everyday contexts of data and information handling by data information and other professionals at a micro level. In conclusion, a conceptual framework is presented that locates the processes of data work within the matrix of its macro meso and micro conditions, its consequences for individuals, organizations, and society, and the relations between them. Suggestions are given for how research into the study of data work—its value risks and governance— can be advanced by using this framework.

  • 4.
    Haddow, Gaby
    et al.
    Curtin University.
    Hammarfelt, Björn
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Quality, impact, and quantification: Indicators and metrics use by social scientists2019Inngår i: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643, Vol. 70, nr 1, s. 16-26Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of indicators and metrics for research evaluation purposes is well‐documented; however, less is known about their use by individual scholars. With a focus on the social sciences, this article contributes to the existing literature on indicators and metrics use in fields with diverse publication practices. Scholars in Australia and Sweden were asked about their use and reasons for using metrics. A total of 581 completed surveys were analyzed to generate descriptive statistics, with textual analysis performed on comments provided to open questions. While just under half of the participant group had used metrics, the Australians reported use in twice the proportion of their Swedish peers. Institutional policies and processes were frequently associated with use, and the scholars' comments suggest a high level of awareness of some metrics as well as strategic behavior in demonstrating research performance. There is also evidence of tensions between scholars' research evaluation environment and their disciplinary values and publication practices.

  • 5.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Åström, Fredrik
    Dimensions of trust in scholarly communication: problematizing peer review in the aftermath of John Bohannon’s ‘Sting’ in Science2017Inngår i: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643, Vol. 68, nr 2, s. 450-467Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates online material published in reaction to a Science magazine report showing the absence of peer-review and editorial processes in a set of fee-charging open access journals in Biology. Quantitative and qualitative textual analyses are combined to map conceptual relations in these reactions; and to explore how understandings of scholarly communication and publishing relate to specific conceptualisations of science and of the hedging of scientific knowledge. A discussion of the connection of trust and scientific knowledge and of the role of peer-review for establishing and communicating this connection provides for the theoretical and topical framing. Special attention is paid to the pervasiveness of digital technologies in formal scholarly communication processes. Three dimensions of trust are traced in the material analysed: (1) trust through personal experience and informal knowledge, (2) trust through organised, internal control, (3) trust through form. The article concludes by discussing how certain understandings of the conditions for trust in science are challenged by perceptions of possibilities for deceit in digital environments.

  • 6.
    Hammarfelt, Björn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Haddow, Gaby
    Curtin University.
    Conflicting Measures and Values: How Humanities Scholars in Australia and Sweden Use and React to Bibliometric Indicators2018Inngår i: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643, Vol. 69, nr 7, s. 924-935Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    While bibliometric indicators, such as the journal impact factor, have long played an important role in many STEM disciplines it has been repeatedly shown that established bibliometric methods have limited use in the humanities. Using a questionnaire on metrics use and publication practices in Australia and Sweden, we tested the assumption that indicators play a minor role among humanities scholars. Our findings show that our respondents use indicators to a considerable degree, with a range of indicators and rankings being employed. The scholars use metrics as part of institutional policy, in CVs and applications, as well as for general promotion of their work. Notable in our results is that a much larger share of researchers (62%) in Australia used metrics compared to Sweden (14%). Scholar’s attitudes regarding bibliometrics are mixed; many are critical of these measures, while at the same time feeling pressured to use them. One main tension described by our respondents is between intradisciplinary criteria of quality and formalized indicators, and negotiating these “orders of worth” is a challenging balancing act, especially for younger researchers.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 7.
    Lewandowski, Dirk
    et al.
    University of Duisburg‐Essen Duisburg Germany;Hamburg University of Applied Sciences Hamburg Germany.
    Haider, Jutta
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT. Swedish School of Library and Information Science University of Borås Borås Sweden.
    Sundin, Olof
    Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences Lund University Lund Sweden.
    JASIST Special Issue Editorial: Re‐orienting search engine research in information science2023Inngår i: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Manžuch, Zinaida
    Digital Media Lab, Faculty of Communication, Vilnius University, Saulėtekis Ave. 9, Vilnius, Lithuania.
    Getting ready to reduce the digital divide: Scenarios of Lithuanian public libraries2020Inngår i: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643, Vol. 71, nr 10, s. 1205--1217Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital exclusion is high on the international agenda and covers a variety of inequalities in access to and use of digital technologies, and in the skills and motivation needed for their adoption. This research contributes to the discussion on solving digital exclusion issues by addressing the emergent roles and challenges of Lithuanian public libraries in reducing the digital divide. The article combines a multilevel model of the digital divide with the concept of business idea and analyzes the future scenarios of Lithuanian public libraries. The findings highlight the public libraries' importance in conducting training, consultancy, and experiential learning to stimulate digital inclusion. Potentially, libraries can motivate users to adopt digital technologies, but this role is still not sufficiently visible. The findings show that libraries face challenges of redefining their social value and obtaining the sustaining funds, skills, and infrastructure necessary for digital inclusion programs. However, they can use collaboration networks, effective cost management, and external expertise to overcome these obstacles.

  • 9.
    Pilerot, Ola
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Making design researchers´ information sharing visible through material objects2014Inngår i: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643, Vol. 65, nr 10, s. 2006-2016Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article seeks to make visible information-sharing activities that take place within a geographically dispersed network of design researchers. For this purpose, a theoretical approach is applied that comprises the analytical notion of material objects and a document theory. Empirical material was primarily ethnographically produced over a period of 6 months, including 2 seminars within the network. Trajectories of sharing that reach across time and space have been identified by studying how people interact with multidimensional objects, such as documents. These were found to coordinate and shape the social practice under study. The theoretical framework has made it possible to highlight aspects of information sharing that have tended to be blackboxed in previous research. It has been suggested in previous research that the concept of information sharing can be reduced to that of mere sharing. Such a stance potentially entails reduction of conceptual ambiguity but may also decrease analytical sharpness. Based on the present study, it appears beneficial to adopt the concept of document into the discourse of information-sharing research. By adding the concept of document to our analytical toolbox, which hitherto has been dominated by the slightly diffuse concept of information, material features can be emphasized without reducing the social and cognitive dimensions of information sharing. The article offers insight into the information-sharing activities of design researchers. Through its focus on materiality, it presents a novel theoretical approach and methodological strategy for studying information practices.

  • 10.
    Riley, Franklin
    et al.
    Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT UK.
    Allen, David K.
    Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT UK.
    Wilson, Tom
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    When politicians and the experts collide: Organization and the creation of information spheres2022Inngår i: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract This paper explores collaborative information behavior in the context of highly politicized decision making. It draws upon a qualitative case study of project management of a contentious public sector infrastructure project. We noted the creation of spaces for the development and exchange of information by experts and conceptualize these as information spheres. We postulate that these were formed to bypass power-induced information behavior that excludes expert power, such as information avoidance. This approach contrasts with the expected project management and information norms, rules and behavior, however, provides a language that can be used to explain the phenomena of bounded information spaces which complement and may be used as a development of adjunct to small world's theory.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 11.
    Sundin, Olof
    et al.
    Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences, Pufendorf Institute, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Lewandowski, Dirk
    Department of Information, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany; Pufendorf Institute, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Haider, Jutta
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Whose relevance?: Web search engines as multisided relevance machines2021Inngår i: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This opinion piece takes Google's response to the so-called COVID-19 infodemic, as a starting point to argue for the need to consider societal relevance as a complement to other types of relevance. The authors maintain that if information science wants to be a discipline at the forefront of research on relevance, search engines, and their use, then the information science research community needs to address itself to the challenges and conditions that commercial search engines create in. The article concludes with a tentative list of related research topics.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
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