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  • 1.
    Ekström, Björn
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Thousands of examining eyes: credibility, authority and validity in biodiversity citizen science data production2023Ingår i: Aslib Journal of Information Management, ISSN 2050-3806, E-ISSN 2050-3814, Vol. 75, nr 1, s. 149-170Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is to contribute with knowledge about how valid research data in biodiversity citizen science are produced through information practices and how notions of credibility and authority emerge from these practices.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Data were collected through an empirical, interview-based study of the information practices of 15 participants active in the vicinity of the Swedish biodiversity citizen science information system Artportalen. Interview transcripts were analysed abductively and qualitatively through a coding scheme by working back and forth between theory and data. Values of credibility, authority and validity of research data were unfolded through a practice-oriented perspective to library and information studies by utilising the theoretical lens of boundary objects.

    Findings

    Notions of credibility, authority and validity emerge through participant activities of transforming species observations to data, supplementing reports with objects of trust, augmenting identification through authority outreach and assessing credibility via peer monitoring. Credibility, authority and validity of research data are shown to be co-constructed in a distributed fashion by the participants and the information system.

    Originality/value

    The article extends knowledge about information practices in emerging, heterogeneous scholarly settings by focussing on the complex co-construction of credibility, authority and validity in relation to data production.

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  • 2.
    Foderaro, Antonella
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Argumentative practices and patterns in debating climate change on Twitter2023Ingår i: Aslib Journal of Information Management, ISSN 2050-3806, E-ISSN 2050-3814, Vol. 75, nr 1, s. 131-148Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate practices of argumentation on Twitter discussions about climate change.

    Design/methodology/approach: Conversational threads were collected from the Twitter API. Fundamental concepts from argumentation theory and linking practices were operationalised through a coding schema for content analysis. Tweets were analysed in the context of the discussions and coded according to their argumentative approach, interaction type and argumentation stage. Linked and embedded sources were analysed in order to find how they were used in arguments, the plausibility and soundness of the message, the consistency and trustworthiness of the linked source and its adequacy with the target audience.

    Findings: Among the interactions between arguers, this study found five typical practices and several patterns involving the dynamics of the conversations, the strategy of the argumentation and the linking practices. Although the rhetorical approach was prominent, the agreement was rarely achieved. The arguers used a variety of sources to justify or support their positions, often embedding non-textual content. These linking practices, together with the strategy adopted and the topics discussed, suggest the involvement of a multiple audience engaged in discussing ad lib scientific artefacts, topics and outputs.

    Originality/value: While Twitter has been the focus for many research papers, the conversational threads have been given little attention so far. With the Twitter API making conversations more accessible for research, this paper does not only give insight into multiple audience group argumentation dynamics but also provides a method to study the conversations from an argumentation theory perspective.

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  • 3.
    Gunnarsson Lorentzen, David
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Bridging polarised Twitter discussions: the interactions of the users in the middle2021Ingår i: Aslib Journal of Information Management, ISSN 2050-3806, E-ISSN 2050-3814, Vol. 73, nr 2, s. 129-143Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to analyse the interactions of bridging users in Twitter discussionsabout vaccination.

    Design/methodology/approach – Conversational threads were collected through filtering the Twitterstream using keywords and the most active participants in the conversations. Following data collection andanonymisation of tweets and user profiles, a retweet network was created to find users bridging the mainclusters. Four conversations were selected, ranging from 456 to 1,983 tweets long, and then analysed throughcontent analysis.

    Findings – Although different opinions met in the discussions, a consensus was rarely built. Many subthreadsinvolved insults and criticism, and participants seemed not interested in shifting their positions.However, examples of reasoned discussions were also found.

    Originality/value – The study analyses conversations on Twitter, which is rarely studied. The focus on theinteractions of bridging users adds to the uniqueness of the paper.

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  • 4.
    Haider, Jutta
    Lunds Universitet.
    The structuring of information through search2016Ingår i: Aslib Journal of Information Management, ISSN 2050-3806, E-ISSN 2050-3814, Vol. 68, nr 4, s. 390-406Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study explores informational structures producing and organizing the construction of waste sorting in Sweden. It shows how the issue is constructed by it being searched for in Google and how this contributes to the specific informational texture of waste sorting in Sweden. It is guided by the following questions: Who are the main actors and which are the central topics featuring in Google results on popular, suggested searches for waste sorting in Sweden? What do the link relations between these tell us about the issue space that is formed around waste sorting in Sweden? How is the construction of the notions of waste sorting and waste shaped in the information available through Google’s features for related and other relevant searches? Design/methodology/approach: Waste sorting is discussed as a practice structured along moral rules and as a classification exercise. The study brings together two types of material, results from searches carried out in Google and lists of Google query suggestions for relevant search terms. These are analysed with a mixed method approach, uniting quantitative network analysis and qualitative content analysis of query suggestions. A sociomaterial approach theoretically grounds the analysis. Finding: Waste sorting in Sweden emerges as an issue that is characterised by dense networks of rules and regulation, focused in public authorities and government agencies, which in turn address consumers, waste management businesses and other authorities. Search engine use and waste sorting in Sweden are shown to be joined together in various mundane everyday life practices and practices of governance that become visible through the search engine in form of search results and suggested searches. The search engine is shown to work as a fluid classification system, which is also created and shaped by its use.Originality/value: The study offers a novel methodological approach to studying the informational structures of an issue and of its shaping through it being searched for. The sociomaterially grounded analysis of Google as a fluid classification system is original.

  • 5.
    Haider, Jutta
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Weller, Toni
    Where do we go from here?: An opinion about the future of LIS as an academic discipline2007Ingår i: Aslib Journal of Information Management, ISSN 2050-3806, E-ISSN 2050-3814, Vol. 59, nr 4/5, s. 475-482Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 6.
    Hammarfelt, Björn
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Recognition and reward in the academy: Valuing publication oeuvres in biomedicine, economics and history2017Ingår i: Aslib Journal of Information Management, ISSN 2050-3806, E-ISSN 2050-3814, Vol. 69, nr 5, s. 607-623Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The publication oeuvre of a researcher carries great value when academic careers are assessed, and being recognised as a successful candidate is usually equated with being a productive author. Yet, howpublications are valued in the context of evaluating careers is so far an understudied topic. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

    Design/methodology/approach – Through a content analysis of assessment reports in three disciplines – biomedicine, economics and history – this paper analyses how externalities are used to evaluate publication oeuvres. Externalities are defined as features such as reviews and bibliometric indicators, which can be assessed without evaluating the epistemological claims made in the actual text.

    Findings – All three fields emphasise similar aspects when assessing: authorship, publication prestige, temporality of research, reputation within the field and boundary keeping. Yet, how these facets of quality are evaluated, and the means through which they are assessed differs between disciplines. Moreover, research fields orient themselves according to different temporal horizons, i.e. history looks to the past and economics to the future when research is evaluated.

    Research limitations/implications – The complexities involved in the process of evaluating candidates are also reflected in the findings, and while the comparative approach taken effectively highlights domain specific differences it may also hide counter-narratives, and subtle intradisciplinary discussion on quality.

    Originality/value – This study offers a novel perspective on how publications are valued when assessing academic careers. Especially striking is how research across different fields is evaluated through different time horizons. This finding is significant in the debate on more overarching and formal systems of evaluation.

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