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  • 1.
    Pal, Rudrajeet
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sandberg, Erik
    Linköpings universitet Tekniska högskolan.
    Paras, Manoj Kumar
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Multidimensional value creation through different reverse supply chain relationships in used clothing sector2019In: Supply chain management, ISSN 1359-8546, E-ISSN 1758-6852, Vol. 24, no 6, p. 729-747Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This paper aims to purport deeper understanding of, and instigate theoretical elaboration to, multidimensional value created through different reverse supply chain (RSC) relationships.

    Design/methodology/approach

    By capturing the relationships (and their differences) constituted and embedded in three “extreme” case studies from global used clothing supply chain, the sources of multidimensional values are explored in line with Dyer and Singh’s (1998) relational theory.

    Findings

    In the RSC, when downstream relationships are typically more opportunistic, value is created using inter-personal ways of knowledge sharing and through use of informal safeguards. In contrast, the upstream RSC relationships are more symbiotic, and value is created through more seamless (and routinized) knowledge sharing practices, and additional use of more formal transaction-specific controls or financial incentives as safeguarding instruments.

    Research limitations/implications

    The use of consolidated case studies may affect the consistency in the findings presented. Another limitation relates to deriving propositions per each source presented in relational theory.

    Practical implications

    Practitioners particularly from industries whose global RSCs include different natures of relationships and multiple value incentives can be benefited through this study.

    Originality/value

    The paper extends the original sources of value creation prescribed in relational theory by contextualizing them in RSCs. It depicts how multidimensional values are created relationally by dyadic partners as the nature of relationship differs between upstream and downstream.

  • 2.
    Urciuoli, Luca
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    The resilience of energy supply chains: a multiple case study approach on oil and gas supply chains to Europe2014In: Supply chain management, ISSN 1359-8546, E-ISSN 1758-6852, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 46-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to enhance the understanding about how energy supply chains work to build resilience against exogenous security threats and thereafter what support mechanisms should be introduced or improved by the European Union. Design/methodology/approach – Five case studies and data collection from multiple sources is used to understand what exogenous security threats could lead to the disruption of oil and gas flows to Europe, how energy companies, from a supply chain perspective, are working to manage these threats and finally, how the EU may coordinate the security of the energy sector in collaboration with supply chain companies. Findings – Results show that today, oil and gas supply chains have in place a good combination of disruption strategies, including portfolio diversification, flexible contracts, transport capacity planning and safety stocks. The most relevant security threats the companies fear, include hijacking of vessels (sea piracy), but also terrorism, and wars. Finally, the study highlights that the European Union has built a comprehensive portfolio of strategies to deal with scarcity of oil and gas resources. However, these approaches are not often synchronized with supply chain strategies. Practical implications – The paper provides guidance for supply chain managers dealing with critical suppliers located in conflict environments. The paper recommends that supply chain managers fine tune their strategies in coordination with governmental actions in foreign politics, dependence reduction and crisis management. This may be achieved by closer communication with governments and potentially through the creation of a pan-European sector alliance. Originality/value – Previous research discusses the topic of supply chain resilience and supply chain risk management. However, none of these studies report on exogenous security threats and disruption strategies of oil and gas supply chains. At the same time, previous research lacks detailed studies describing the interaction between governments and energy supply chains.

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