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  • 1. Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Flisbäck, Marita
    Göteborgs universitet.
    När kallet ställs på sin spets: Pensionering ur ett existenssociologiskt perspektiv: When the calling is brought to a head: Retirement from an existential sociology perspective2016In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, E-ISSN 2002-066X, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 127-150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we analyze how the meaning and value of work can emerge, be defined and redefined in relation to the coming of retirement, by focusing individuals with dedicated work approaches interpreted as a calling. By relying on an existential sociology framework we analyze the retirement process as an existential imperative, e.g. life phases or processes where questions on meaning and life quality become prominent. For the interviewees, the day of retirement becomes a sort of a road sign that – depending on the distance of time to the point of retirement – has intensified existential questions and the meaning of work. The article explores the defining dimensions of a calling as found in the interviewees dedicated work approaches. We address the types of problems and opportunities that arise when the interviewees are soon to retire and their associated strategies: listening to a calling on ”standby”; learning not to listen to one’s calling, listening to a calling from a private sphere and project the calling’s commitment to other activities.

  • 2.
    Flisbäck, Marita
    Sociologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Från generell bild till individuellt ansikte: att hantera oförståelse och stereotypt bemötande i fyra lågstatusyrken2010In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, E-ISSN 2002-066X, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 29-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From general images to individual features: managing lack of understanding and stereotypes in four low-status occupations

    Individuals shape an image of themselves and their surroundings in relation to how they assume that others regard them. In these situations occupation is essential. Categorizations, valuations and rewards associated with occupations are among the most fundamental instruments used for domination in the social world. Hence it is interesting to study how groups and individuals who experience low occupational status manage their social positions. This article, based upon interviews with workers in food industry, waitresses/waiters, storesmen and dustmen, analyzes how the interviewees handle low respect, here expressed as lack of understanding and stereotyping. Three different positions are distinguished, arguing that one of them implies a stronger identification with the occupation than do the other two, which to a greater extent agree with stereotyped images. In the first position, the workers disagree with stereotypes of low-status jobs as apathetic, heavy or simple, and assert that their occupation has specific values such as self-development, qualifications or advantage to society. In the second position, low recognition is avoided through little identification with the occupation. The interviewees separate themselves and who they are from their jobs, and find it ridiculous to speak about it in terms of self-development or qualifications when so many are able to do the job. In the third position, the interviewees emphasize that their own place of work is less heavy than the job in general. Through the third strategy their particular tasks are seen as exceptional and their identification with the occupation is local rather than embedded in a wider occupational identity.

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  • 3.
    Flisbäck, Marita
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Carlén, Margareta
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Livspolitik och existentiell mening i ett alternativsamhälle på landsbygden: Exemplet Uddebo2021In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, E-ISSN 2002-066X, Vol. 58, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln handlar om den betydelse existentiell mening har för utvecklingen av ett ekonomiskt, socialt och ekologiskt hållbart alternativsamhälle på landsbygden. I artikeln analyseras 15 individers berättelser om konkreta praktiker och gemensamma insatser i formandet av en existentiellt meningsfull vardag på en plats med cirkulär ekonomi, självförsörjning och arbetskritiska attityder. Analysen inramas av ett existenssociologiskt perspektiv och Becks tanke om ”frihetens barn”, som i en andra modernitet försöker att ta vara på de möjligheter som kan uppstå i ett samhälle som i övrigt mest erbjuder risker och osäkerhet. Genom att utveckla ett ”livspolitiskt” förhållningssätt, bortom konsumtionssamhällets överflöd och arbetssamhällets plikter, vill intervjupersonerna både uppnå ett meningsfullt liv i nuet och bygga ett hållbart lokalsamhälle där resurser tillvaratas för kommande generationer. Målet är att till skillnad från upplevelsen av meningslöshet i det kapitalistiska arbetssamhället skapa existentiell mening på en plats där de kan bestämma över sin egen tid och finna kollektiva lösningar på individuella problem. Strävan efter att etablera ett sådant postkapitalistiskt samhälle medför dock även dilemman och interna konflikter kring organiserings- och finansieringsmöjligheter.

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