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  • 1.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Boholm, Max
    Repeated head movements, their function and relation to speech2010In: In Proceedings of the Workshop on Multimodal Corpora: Advances in Capturing, Coding and Analyzing Multimodality (MMC2010), Valetta, Malta May 18 / [ed] M. Kipp, J. C. Martin, P. Paggio, D. Heylen, D. Tapias, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Hammarström, Harald
    Hendrikse, Andries
    Ngcobo, Mtholeni N.
    Nomdebevana, Nozibele
    Pretorius, Laurette
    van der Merwe, Mac
    Work on Spoken (Multimodal) Language Corpora in South Africa2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes past, ongoing and planned work on the collection and transcription of spoken language samples for all the South African official languages and as part of this the training of researchers in corpus linguistic research skills. More specifically the work has involved (and still involves) establishing an international corpus linguistic network linked to a network hub at a UNISA website and the development of research tools, a corpus research guide and workbook for multimodal communication and spoken language corpus research. As an example of the work we are doing and hope to do more of in the future, we present a small pilot study of the influence of English and Afrikaans on the 100 most frequent words in spoken Xhosa as this is evidenced in the corpus of spoken interaction we have gathered so far. Other planned work, besides work on spoken language phenomena, involves comparison of spoken and written language and work on communicative body movements (gestures) and their relation to speech.

  • 3.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Hendrikse, A.P.
    Ahlsén, Elisabeth
    Words and alternative basic units for linguistic analysis2010In: In Linguistic Theory and Raw Sound / [ed] P. J. Henrichsen, Samfundslitteratur, Copenhagen , 2010, p. 9-26Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4. Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Jensen, MikaelUniversity of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Kognitionsvetenskap2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Jokinen, Kristiina
    Hesitation in Intercultural Communication: Some Observations and Analyses on Interpreting Shoulder Shrugging2010In: Computing and Communication: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, (LNCS) / [ed] T. Ishida, Springer , 2010, p. 55-70Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns the different ways in which hesitation, and hesitation related phenomena like uncertainty, doubt and other phenomena where lack of knowledge is involved are expressed in different cultures. The paper focuses especially on shoulder shrugging as a signal of hesitation or uncertainty, and starts from the observation that shoulder shrugging has different interpretations depending on the interlocutor’s cultural background. It is not commonly used in Eastern cultures while in Western cultures it is a sign of uncertainty and ignorance. The paper reports a small study on the differences in interpretation of a particular video tape gesture, and draws some preliminary conclusions of how this affects intercultural communication between human interlocutors and between humans and conversational agents.

  • 6.
    Darányi, Sándor
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wittek, Peter
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Demonstrating Conceptual Dynamics in an Evolving Text Collection2013In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643, Vol. 64, no 12, p. 2564-2572Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on real world user demands, we demonstrate how animated visualisation of evolving text corpora displays the underlying dynamics of semantic content. To interpret the results, one needs a dynamic theory of word meaning. We suggest that conceptual dynamics as the interaction between kinds of intellectual, emotional etc. content, and language, is key for such a theory. We demonstrate our methodology by two-way seriation which is a popular technique to analyse groups of similar instances and their features, as well as the connections between the groups themselves. The two-way seriated data may be visualised as a two-dimensional heat map or as a three-dimensional landscape where colour codes or height correspond to the values in the matrix. In this paper we focus on two-way seriation of sparse data in the Reuters-21568 test collection. To achieve a meaningful visualisation thereof we introduce a compactly supported convolution kernel similar to filter kernels used in image reconstruction and geostatistics. This filter populates the high-dimensional sparse space with values that interpolate nearby elements, and provides insight into the clustering structure. We also extend two-way seriation to deal with online updates of both the row and column spaces, and, combined with the convolution kernel, demonstrate a three-dimensional visualisation of dynamics.

  • 7.
    Darányi, Sándor
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Wittek, Peter
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    On Information, Meaning, Space and Geometry2009In: Exploration of Space, Technology and Spatiality: Interdisciplinary Perspectives / [ed] Susan Turner, E. D. P. Turner, Hersey: Idea Group , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We offer a few general considerations, with theoretical overtones, working toward the definition and generation of a geometric language for practical purposes, prominently for information retrieval. This chapter is a non-mathematical introduction to the mathematical modelling of meaning of both words and sentences, outlining already existing components of such an endeavour, and hinting at directions of synthesis.

  • 8. Forsbom, Eva
    et al.
    Wilhelmsson, Kenneth
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Revision of Part-of-Speech Tagging in Stockholm Umeå Corpus 2.02010In: Proceedings of the Third Swedish Language Technology Conference (SLTC), Linköping, Sverige / [ed] Lars Ahrenberg, Lise-Lott Andersson, Arne Jönsson, Magnus Merkel, Sara Stymne, Sture Hägglund, Mats Wirén, Rickard Domeij, 2010, p. 39-40Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many parsers use a part-of-speech tagger as a first step in parsing. The accuracy of the tagger naturally affects the performance of the parser. In this experiment, we revise 1500+ proposed errors in SUC 2.0 that were mainly found during work with schema parsing, and evaluate tagger instances trained on the revised corpus. The revisions turned out to be beneficial also for the taggers.

  • 9. Jokinen, Kristiina
    et al.
    Allwood, Jens
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Hesitation in Intercultural Communication: Some observations on Interpreting Shoulder Shrugging2010In: In Proceedings of the International Workshop on Agents in Cultural Context, The First International Conference on Culture and Computing 2010, Kyoto, Japan, 2010, p. 25-37Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Kuzmicová, Anezka
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Dias, Patricia
    Catholic University of Portugal.
    Vogrincic Cepic, Ana
    University of Ljubljana.
    Bech Albrechtslund, Anne-Mette
    Aalborg University.
    Cascado, André
    Iamin Consulting.
    Kotrla Topic, Marina
    Institute of Social Sciences Ivo Pilar.
    Minguez López, Xavier
    University of Valencia.
    Nilsson, Skans Kersti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Teixeira-Botelho, Inès
    Lusofona University.
    Reading and company: embodiment and social space in silent reading2018In: Literacy, ISSN 1741-4350, E-ISSN 1741-4369, Literacy, ISSN 1741-4350, Vol. 52, no 2, p. 70-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reading, even when silent and individual, is a social phenomenon and has often been studied as such. Complementary to this view, research has begun to explore how reading is embodied beyond simply being ‘wired’ in the brain. This article brings the social and embodied perspectives together in a very literal sense. Reporting a qualitative study of reading practices across student focus groups from six European countries, it identifies an underexplored factor in reading behaviour and experience. This factor is the sheer physical presence, and concurrent activity, of other people in the environment where one engages in individual silent reading. The primary goal of the study was to explore the role and possible associations of a number of variables (text type, purpose, device) in selecting generic (e.g. indoors vs outdoors) as well as specific (e.g. home vs library) reading environments. Across all six samples included in the study, participants spontaneously attested to varied, and partly surprising, forms of sensitivity to company and social space in their daily efforts to align body with mind for reading. The article reports these emergent trends and discusses their potential implications for research and practice.

  • 11.
    Martinovski, Bilyana
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Mitigation2009In: Pragmatics Encyclopedia / [ed] Louise Cummings, Routledge , 2009Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Norlund, Anita
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Meningsbrytningar i olika former2014In: Rhetorica Scandinavica, ISSN 1397-0534, no 65, p. 40-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although previous research has addressed the characteristics of debates and argumentation I argue there is a need to expand the framework for analysing the forms of such oral activities, particularly regarding expressions of differences in opinion. Commonly applied analytical tools generally recognize just two forms, antagonistic and deliberative. By operationalising a conceptual set of categories, I show that this is too narrow. A third form (agonistic) can be recognized based on Chantal Mouffe’s theory of democracy and politics, and another form that is oriented to relativism. Thus, I propose an analytical framework with a set of four forms to address the nature of differences of opinion. In addition I provide empirical examples from a variety of contexts to support each form.

  • 13. Paggio, Patrizia
    et al.
    Allwood, Jens
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Ahlsén, Elisabeth
    Jokinen, Kristiina
    The NOMCO Multimodal Nordic Resource: Goals and Characteristics2010In: In Proceedings of the Seventh conference on International Language resources and Evaluation (LREC'10), Valetta, Malta, May 19-21 / [ed] N. Calzolari, K. Choukri, B. Maegaard, J. Mariani, J. Odijk, S. Piperidis, M. Rosner, D. Tapias, European Language Resources Association (ELRA) , 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    his paper presents the multimodal corpora that are being collected and annotated in the Nordic NOMCO project. The corpora will be used to study communicative phenomena such as feedback, turn management and sequencing. They already include video material for Swedish, Danish, Finnish and Estonian, and several social activities are represented. The data will make it possible to verify empirically how gestures (head movements, facial displays, hand gestures and body postures) and speech interact in all the three mentioned aspects of communication. The data are being annotated following the MUMIN annotation scheme, which provides attributes concerning the shape and the communicative functions of head movements, face expressions, body posture and hand gestures. After having described the corpora, the paper discusses how they will be used to study the way feedback is expressed in speech and gestures, and reports results from two pilot studies where we investigated the function of head gestures ― both single and repeated ― in combination with feedback expressions. The annotated corpora will be valuable sources for research on intercultural communication as well as for interaction in the individual languages.

  • 14.
    Samuelsson, Yvonne
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Täckström, Oscar
    SICS / Uppsala University.
    Velupillai, Sumithra
    Stockholm University / KTH.
    Eklund, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Fišel, Mark
    University of Tartu.
    Saers, Markus
    Uppsala University.
    Mixing and blending syntactic and semantic dependencies2008In: CoNLL '08 Proceedings of the Twelfth Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning / [ed] Alexander Clark, Kristina Toutanova, Manchester, UK, 2008, p. 248-252Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our system for the CoNLL 2008 shared task uses a set of individual parsers, a set of stand-alone semantic role labellers, and a joint system for parsing and semantic role labelling, all blended together. The system achieved a macro averaged labelled F1-score of 79.79 (WSJ 80.92, Brown 70.49) for the overall task. The labelled attachment score for syntactic dependencies was 86.63 (WSJ 87.36, Brown 80.77) and the labelled F1-score for semantic dependencies was 72.94 (WSJ 74.47, Brown 60.18).

  • 15.
    Skogström, Broney
    University of Borås, Central Administration.
    Ein Text zwischen Sinnbildern. Die Kategorie Intertextualität in "Spaziergang(I)" von Robert Walser.1998In: Hanseatisches Linguistik-Kontor Riga-Bremen. Textanalysen und Interpretationen II, Vol. 8, p. 88-108Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Skogström, Broney
    University of Borås, Central Administration.
    Zur Analyse einer Exemplum-Rede. Thesen des Vortrags auf der GAL-Jahrestagung in Kassel1996In: GAL-Bulletin: Zeitschrift für Angewandte Linguistik, ISSN 0175-2103, Vol. 25Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Skogström, Broney
    et al.
    University of Borås, Central Administration.
    Skogström-Filler, André
    Die Rahmenerzählung, ein verkleideter Text?1996In: Moderna Språk, ISSN 0026-8577, Vol. XC, no 2, p. 160-167Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Tholin, Jörgen
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ordinlärning för dyslexiska elever: och för alla de andra!2007In: Dyslexi, ISSN 1401-2480, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 22-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Wilhelmsson, Kenneth
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Automatisk generering av frågor som svensk text besvarar: ett informationssystem2010In: Röster från Humanisten 2010Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vilken information kan en text sägas innehålla? Ett enkelt svar är ”de frågor som den besvarar.” I vilken grad går det i så fall att automatiskt generera dessa frågor och därmed programmera ett frågebesvarande informationssystem för svensk text? Ett prototypsystem för denna uppgift har skapats som en del av ett avhandlingsprojekt inom språkteknologi. Det vore till exempel möjligt att vidareutveckla det system som här visas till en allmän teknisk tjänst, t.ex. webbaserad, som ger användare möjlighet att söka efter information med naturligt språk i en valfri digital text. Denna text tar upp de allmänna förutsättningarna för automatisk generering av de frågor som en svensk text besvarar. Själva den teoretiska uppgiften har egenskaper som kan sägas vara lingvistiska eller informationsteoretiska. För att skapa det program som här beskrivs har dessutom naturligtvis en programmeringsinsats krävts, men denna kommer inte att tas upp här, den rent praktiska sidan av uppgiften är möjlig att lösa på många sätt.

1 - 19 of 19
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