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  • 1.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Across disciplines and cultures: Harnessing diversity2015Other (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    The art of organizing: Computer games as an art form, a business, and a community2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The starting points of this paper are twofold. Firstly, computer game design can be taken as an art form (Crawford 1982). Seconly, and building on the first point, computer games can be taken as a model of organising whereby there are multiple dimensions or levels of analysis (Burger-Helmchen & Cohendet 2011). In and across the starting points, this paper unfolds a set of findings and generates a set propositions. The propositions include that new forms of art such as computer games have been and will be much like old forms of art. More specifically, the proposition here is that each new particular form of art, as well as art generally, needs to be invented in order to exist (Shiner 2001). In order to persist and not only to exist for a short instance, one or another kind of a process organizing needs to happen. Such a process can unfold following a a grand design. The process of organizing can be dictated by chance or be a result of drift. Or, the process can emerge in a series of small steps. In the latter instance, hybridization or a combination, even recombination, can be the way of the happening. 

  • 3.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    The progressive personality: The strange case of Janne T.2016In: Research and Dialogue: Writings in honour of Janne Tienari / [ed] Susan Meriläinen & Eero Vaara, Aalto University , 2016, p. 20-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Ainamo, Antti
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hällgren, Markus
    Rehn, Alf
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Summit fever2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mountain climbers call it “summit fever” when one or more individuals in a group of climbers become so enamored with the notion of reaching the summit of a mountain that they ignore less exciting issues such as how to safely descend the mountainside and live to tell one’s self and others about the experience. In this paper, we review decision-making literature on symmetric vs. asymmetric goal formation, as well as innocuous and fallacious learning. We develop a process theory of summit fever by defining that summit fever is when fallacious learning in chase of an asymmetric goal disproportionately narrows attention to a peak milestone. A halfway milestone that represents a peak experience then is prone to lead to goal conflation so that the way forward is compromised at the expense of reaching the ultimate goal. We illustrate the emerging framework by revisiting how and how summit fever led to a mountaineering accident on K2 in 2008 whereby 11 out of 26 climbers involved died. Our conclusions include implications for further research.

  • 5. Alexandersson, Karin
    et al.
    Hyvönen, Ulf
    Karlsson, Per-Åke
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Larsson, Ann-Marie
    Supporting user involvement in child welfare work: a way of implementing evidence-based practice2014In: Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, ISSN 1744-2648, E-ISSN 1744-2656, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 541-554Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The articel describes and analyses some preliminary working methods for user involvement in child welfare. The models are based on the results of a national project in Sweden where children and young peple have been involved as informants. How experiences and viewpoints from children and young people can be a source of knowledge in child welfare organisatiions is one of the main questions. The performance and the results of the project are analysed in relaton to a theoretical macro-oriented model created to illustrate the need for different kinds of knowledge in supporting the implementation of an evidence-based practice.

  • 6. Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Jensen, MikaelUniversity of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Kognitionsvetenskap2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 7. Andersson, Björn
    et al.
    Lebedinski, Lolo
    "...men ingen berättar om de fula sidorna..."Rapport från en FoU-cirkel för lokal mobilisering mot cannabis2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns många myter, fördomar och föreställningar kring cannabis, som är det mest använda narkotiska preparatet i Europa1. En av dem låter ungefär så här: – Cannabis, det växer ju i naturen, det kan väl inte vara farligt eller skadligt, det är ju naturligt, så då måste det väl vara ok. Men spice, det är ju konstgjord skit, det kan man inte ta, det är ju livsfarligt. Myten är, åtminstone när det gäller att avstå spice, dåligt förankrad i verkligheten, så som myter brukar vara. Tullens beslag av syntetiska droger ökar hela tiden och i topp ligger kemiskt framställd cannabis. I dagsläget finns 31 olika sorter spice, som alla är narkotikaklassade. Tillsammans med cannabis och hasch utgör de lejonparten av alla tullens beslag när det gäller droger som beställs via nätet och som kommer till sina beställare via posten. Till det kommer den mer traditionella smugglingen av drogerna med tillhörande gatulangning. Hemodlandet av cannabis både i form av enstaka plantor på fönsterbrädan eller i garderoben för eget bruk, och i form av ”yrkesmässig” odling för försäljning, verkar också öka. Enligt Tullverket ökar också shoppingturismen över Öresund, särskilt inför och under helger, när många åker över till Danmark för att fylla på sina egna lager av cannabis och cannabisharts2. Tillgången på såväl odlad cannabis som syntetiskt framställd sådan är med andra ord god, och cannabis är den vanligaste illegala drogen bland ungdomar i Sverige, och användningen ökar, hela tiden. Kunskapsläget kring cannabisanvändandet varierar från de riktigt insatta till dem som inte är riktigt lika insatta och som därför lätt förirrar sig in i myternas töcken. En del av den kunskap som finns har vi samlat i den här FoU-rapporten till stöd för en regional mobilisering mot cannabis i Västra Götaland.

  • 8.
    Aspers, Patrik
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Markets2011Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Our lives have gradually become dominated by markets. They are not only at the heart of capitalistic economies all over the world, but also central in public debates. This insightful book brings together existing knowledge on markets from sociology, economics and anthropology, and systematically investigates the different forms of markets we encounter daily in our social lives. Aspers starts by defining what a market actually is, analyzing its essential elements as well as its necessary preconditions and varied consequences. An important theme in the book is that a whole host of markets are embedded within one other and in social life at large, and Aspers discusses these in the context of other forms of economic coordination, such as networks and organizations. Combining theory with empirical examples, the book cuts to the core of understanding how different markets function, the role they have played in history, and how they come into being. This accessible and theoretically rich book will be essential reading for upper-level students seeking to make sense of markets and their complex role in social life.

  • 9.
    Aspers, Patrik
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Godart, Frederic
    Sociology of Fashion: Order and Change2013In: Annual Review of Sociology, ISSN 0360-0572, E-ISSN 1545-2115, Vol. 39, p. 171-192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we bring together the existing sociological knowledge on fashion, and the main part of the review is of classical and recent sociological work. To further the development of this largely interdisciplinary field, we also highlight the key points of research in other disciplines. We define fashion as an unplanned process of recurrent change against a backdrop of order in the public realm. We clarify this definition after tracing the origins and history of fashion. As a social phenomenon, fashion has been culturally and economically significant since the dawn of Modernity, and has increased in importance with the emergence of mass markets, both in terms of production and consumption. Most research on fashion is concerned with dress, but we argue that there are no domain restrictions that should constrain fashion theories. We identify venues around which sociologists could develop further research on the topic of fashion.

  • 10.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Begreppet ”obildbar” som en social konstruktion. Teoretisk diskussion och praktisk tillämpning inom den svenska sinnesslövården under 1900-talets första hälft2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den allmänna bildbarheten är en central utgångspunkt i all pedagogisk verksamhet. Det gäller inte minst sinnesslövårdens uppkomst under senare delen av 1800-talet. Fram till 1968 exkluderades däremot de s.k. obildbara barnen, de som inte nådde upp till bildbarhetens norm, från varje form av undervisning. Svårigheten att dra en gräns mellan bildbarhet och obildbarhet bidrog i hög grad till en osäkerhet inom olika professioner, som pedagoger och läkare. Traditionellt fungerade läsfärdighet som ett avgörande kriterium, men med intelligenstesternas uppkomst och spridning från och med 1920-talet förändrades så småningom måttstocken. I samband med sinnesslövårdens modernisering och rationalisering uppstod genom begreppet ”praktisk bildbarhet” en tendens att förskjuta gränsen för att vara obildbar och fler människor förväntades kunna tillhöra de bildbara. Skälet till den nya definitionen kan ses i en tilltagande strävan att utnyttja de sinnesslöas arbetsförmåga. Under 1930- och 1940-talen kan man i sinnesslöskolorna skönja en tolkning av begreppsparet bildbar/obildbar som står i relation dels till den individuella prestationsförmågan och dels till antalet disponibla platser. Men tills vidare kritiserades inte själva begreppet ”obildbar” varför problematiken omkring gränsdragningen kvarstod – så länge den sociala konstruktionen ”obildbarheten” existerade.

  • 11.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ingen plats i folkhemmet? Omsorger om "sinnesslöa" i Sverige 1916-19452009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Kein Platz im Volksheim? Die "Schwachsinnigenfürsorge" in Schweden 1916-19452009Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    Das Sozial- und Bildungssystem Schwedens besitzt in Deutschland vielfach einen ausgezeichneten Ruf. Thomas Barow zeigt in seiner historischen Untersuchung der schwedischen Schwachsinnigenfürsorge jedoch, dass die Entwicklung nuanciert zu betrachten ist. Bemühungen um soziale Eingliederung lassen sich ebenso erkennen wie Tendenzen der Ausgrenzung. Auf der Grundlage umfangreicher Literatur- und Archivstudien werden vielschichtige und zum Teil widersprüchliche Prozesse gesellschaftlicher Modernisierung dargelegt und analysiert. Charakteristisch waren Rationalisierung und Psychiatrisierung der fürsorgerischen Arbeit. Hinzu kam ein zunehmender Einfluss eugenischen Gedankenguts, was sich z.B. im Sterilisationsgesetz von 1934/35 widerspiegelte. Parallel dazu wurde die ursprüngliche, pädagogische Ausrichtung der Schwachsinnigenfürsorge zurückgedrängt, lebte jedoch in Einrichtungen wie dem Seminar Slagsta in gewissem Umfang fort. Das traditionelle philanthropische Motiv „Vom Zehrenden zum Ernährenden“ erhielt neue Bedeutung: Die einseitige Betonung der Arbeitsfähigkeit verstärkte Tendenzen des sozialen Ausschlusses, begünstigte allerdings auch die Einführung der Schulpflicht für bildungsfähige Schwachsinnige 1944/45. In diesem Kontext kam es zu einer strategischen Allianz zwischen Schwachsinnigenfürsorge und Eugenik. Deren gemeinsame Grundlage war ein Nützlichkeitsdenken, dessen Wurzeln fest in der schwedischen Gesellschaft verankert waren. Normalisierung bedeutete hier die Anpassung des Individuums an gesellschaftliche Normen und Werte. Besonders während des Zweiten Weltkrieges hatten Menschen, die als schwachsinnig galten, unter dieser Ausrichtung zu leiden.

  • 13.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Återkomst till Salamanca2009In: Intra, ISSN 1102-4143, no 4, p. 26-27Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Bartley, Kristina
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Barnpolitik och samhällelig styrning2008Report (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Bartley, Kristina
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Skolans demokratiuppdrag förstärks: om rätten till skadestånd för kränkande behandling2007In: Perspektiv på demokrati. En vänbok till Hans Lindfors., Högskolan i Borås. Institutionen för pedagogik. , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Artistic representation and research writing2006In: Researching education policy: Ethnographic experiences, London: Tufnell Press , 2006, p. 95-108Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Changing higher education: converging policy-packages and experiences of changing academic work in Sweden2013In: Journal of education policy, ISSN 0268-0939, E-ISSN 1464-5106, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 517-533Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The past two decades of international higher education reform are often described by researchers as having produced new managerial and neoliberal policy turns that have brought about a fundamental global shift in the way institutions of higher education are defined, run and justify their institutional existence and practices. Universities in Sweden were felt able to offer some possible resistance and based on ethnographic research at three Swedish universities this idea is explored in the present article. The article suggests however that resistance has been circumscribed through a coordinated collection of policies and that as elsewhere, the proliferation of competition based on quasi-markets and the standardisation of quality assurance through new accountability systems predominates, with significant effects on universities, their interactions and agents, and the relative social positions, influence, status and relationships of these agents.

  • 18.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Changing service relations between citizens and the State.2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    From Fieldwork to Theory and Representation in Ethnography2005In: Methodological Issues and Practices in Ethnography / [ed] Geoff Troman, Bob Jeffrey, Geoffrey Walford, Amsterdam : Elsevier JAI , 2005, p. 1-17Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Representations for Criticism and Change through Ethnography2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    The deceptive imagination and ethnographic writing2006In: Researching education policy: Ethnographic experiences, London: Tufnell Press , 2006, p. 74-94Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    The Socialisation and Commercialisation of Professional Work in Education and Health Professions.2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Dovemark, Marianne
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Education and the Commodity Problem: Ethnographic Investigations of Creativity and Performativity in Swedish Schools2007Book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Dovemark, Marianne
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Making Right Choices: an Ethnographic Investigation of Creativity and Performativity in Four Swedish Schools2009In: Oxford Review of Education, ISSN 0305-4985, E-ISSN 1465-3915, Vol. 35, no 6, p. 689-704Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses ethnographic research from two Year 8 classes in two middle-sized secondary schools about a kilometre apart in a Swedish west-coast town to examine how new policies for personalised learning have developed in practice, in the performative cultures of modern schools in a commodity society. One school stands in a predominantly middle-class area of privately owned 'low-rise' houses. The other is in an area of 'high-rise' rented accommodation, where the first language of many homes is not Swedish. The differences are important. According to the article, personalised learning mobilises material and social resources in these schools that support new forms of individualistic, selfish and private accumulations of education goods from public provision and a valorisation of self-interest and private value as the common basis for educational culture. The article describes this cultural production in school and links it to processes of cultural and social reproduction.

  • 25.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Dovemark, Marianne
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    New schools and new pedagogy? Ethnographic Investigations of Creativity and Performativity Discourses in Four Swedish Schools.2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Gordon, TuulaUniversity of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.Lahelma, ElinaUniversity of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Democratic education: ethnographic challenges2003Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of democratic schooling with its emphasis on equality is seriously attacked by the marketisation of education. New policies of educational restructuring emphasise accountability and close links between school and industry, where schools and students become targets of constant evaluation and competition. This book challenges such policies and practices through analyses of their negative consequences for social justice and democracy. It explores the effects of restructuring on everyday life in schools and other educational institutions and presents analyses of how differences based on gender, social class, ethnicity, nationality and embodiment are dealt with in educational settings. The authors draw on a range of theories, including poststructuralist, postcolonial, feminist and Marxist perspectives, and the localised ethnographies are contextualised in changing educational politics. How policies are contradicted by practices is discussed in relation to the classroom, teacher education and issues of inclusion and exclusion. A critical gaze is directed at Nordic countries where restructuring processes contradict a political discourse based on equality and comprehensive education. It is the immersion in the daily life of institutions and their participants that gives ethnography a particular edge in obtaining insights into what changes and what stays the same. This book provides a looking glass into the tensions and contradictions that New Right policies have introduced in educational institutions. Actors in the field experience frustration in introducing changes and controlling the direction of those changes. It is their voices that ethnographers try to hear and disseminate. Most ethnographers do not simply tell a (more or less) gripping story about the field - they aim to analyse the practices they encounter, and endeavour to render them into analytical narratives that tell different stories than those produced through policy research or questionnaires and interviews. Although these are not necessarily better stories, we suggest that they are particularly relevant in demonstrating the organisation and practice of producing difference. (Description by the publisher).

  • 27.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Lunneblad, Johannes
    Ethnographic Investigations of Issues of Race in Scandinavian Education Research2011In: Ethnography and Education, ISSN 1745-7823, E-ISSN 1745-7831, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 29-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we aim to present an overview of some of the ways in which issues of race and ethnicity are represented and researched in educational ethnography in Scandinavia. Several things are suggested. Amongst them is that educational ethnographers in Scandinavia rarely use the concept of race. The term (im)migrant(s) is used instead and the relationships in education between Scandinavians and (im)migrants and between educational results and (im)migrant culture and/or languages is often in focus. Integration has also been an issue. History may give an indication as to how this may have become so. Research on immigrants, immigration and integration has been promoted in national policies and these policies highlight language, culture and diversity but for historical and political reasons they often avoid ethnicity and ignore race and color altogether. Moreover, when ethnicity is used it seems to be used more as an ontological marker than as an epistemological concept. This has repercussions we suggest for understanding the politics of race and ethnicity relations in relation to education.

  • 28.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Puaca, Goran
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Changing higher education by converging policy-packages: Education choices and student identities2014In: European Journal of Higher Education, ISSN 2156-8235, E-ISSN 2156-8243, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 67-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: The past two decades of higher education research in Europe describe new-managerial and neo-liberal turns in governance policies that have brought shifts in the way institutions of higher education are defined and run, justify their existence and practices, and recruit and educate students. The expansion of higher education is often lifted as a key feature and motivation of these changes and it is also used in arguments for the need to change further. The European Union Lisbon Agreement is often referenced when changes are discussed and motivated by change agents. It describes needs of effectiveness and new kinds of programmes and courses to deal with increased volume and widening participation. New demands are described as having been placed on teachers, students and leadership, including an expanded role for student choices of and in higher education. Based on ethnographic research key aspects of extended choice are examined in the present article. Keywords: cultural capital, choice rationalities, skilled/semi-skilled choices, generification

  • 29.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Sernhede, Ove
    From Learning to Labour to Learning for Marginality: School Segregation and Marginalisation in Swedish Suburbs2011In: British Journal of Sociology of Education, ISSN 0142-5692, E-ISSN 1465-3346, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 257-274Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, using data from ethnographic research, we try to present some glimpses of the way education is described as an experience and possibility ‘from below’, by pupils who grow up and study in schools in the most segregated and territorially stigmatized suburbs on the outskirts of our major cities. What we feel they describe is an experience of schooling for surviving the social and economic consequences of curtailed citizenship in a post-industrial society rather than one of schooling that offers possibilities of integration and full citizenship or social transformation. Our findings have significant policy implications in this respect. Sweden has historically pursued projects aimed at educational inclusion but has recently taken a significant turn toward neo-liberalism and educational consumerism, since which time various disadvantaged groups have become increasingly concentrated compared to others in under-achieving schools in an economically threatened public sector. The article discusses some aspects and possible consequences of this development.

  • 30.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Sernhede, Ove
    On creativity and resistance in Nordic youth culture on the margins2013In: Young people and marginalisation: Young people from immigrant families in Scandinavia / [ed] Gestur Gudmundsson, Dennis Beach, Viggo Vestel, Tufnell Press , 2013, p. 61-84Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last twenty-five years the urban music and dance style known as Hip-hop has become a widespread form of communication carried out and enjoyed by people throughout the world. However it has grown from its original roots in rap music and break dancing in many different directions. On the one hand it represents a multi-billion dollar industry of big-time, best-selling artists who market songs that focus on wealth, possessions and crime, often with a misogynistic attitude. But on the other it is a way of life for many young people with a political awareness that is intricately woven into every aspect of their daily lives. The present chapter explores some dimensions of the creativity of Hip-hop. In particular the critical potential and transformative capacity of these activities are discussed.

  • 31. Bjarnason, D S
    et al.
    Persson, Bengt
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Inkludering i de nordiska utbildningssystemen: en sociohistorisk bakgrund.2007In: Psykologisk pædagogisk rådgivning, ISSN 0906-219X, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 202-224Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Blomberg, Barbro
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Wolmesjö, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Socialt arbete.
    Life conditions for families, children and young people with disabilities2011In: Aotearoa New Zealand Social Work, ISSN 1178-5527, Vol. 23, no 1/2, p. 29-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to analyse life conditions for families with children and young people with disabilities. Special focus is on: legislation, management and organisations, social support and service, housing, education, work and daily activities and leisure activities. The method used is a case study including interviews with parents and professionals. The study also includes an analysis of documents and regulations. The study shows that the support system is transparent and accessible. At the same time managers in the municipalities' social care services interpret their responsibility in different ways thus affecting the support and service for the families. Even though the families have legal rights to a wide range of support and service, the parents have to work to gain access to these and for user influence to be exerted.

  • 33. Brante, Thomas
    et al.
    Nolin, Jan
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Grimen, Harald
    Brorström, Björn
    University of Borås, Central Administration.
    Lööf, Staffan
    University of Borås, Central Administration.
    Sundström, Malin
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Oudhuis, Margareta
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Kammensjö, Peter
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Torstensson, Håkan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Wireklint Sundström, Birgitta
    Eriksson, Catarina
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Lindh, Maria
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Adamson, Lena
    Profession och vetenskap: idéer och strategier för ett professionslärosäte2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förord av Björn Brorström, Prorektor Högskolan i Borås Ett professionslärosäte bedriver utbildning och forskning på vetenskaplig grund. Vetenskapliga metoder tillämpas och framkomna resultat prövas för att säkra tillförlitlighet och relevans. Förmågan att problematisera, formulera frågor och välja lämpliga metoder för att besvara frågor är egenskaper för god forskning och utmärkande för en stark utbildnings- och forskningsmiljö. Vid ett professionslärosäte finns samtidigt en stark strävan efter att i utbildning och forskning ta till vara den kunskap och de erfarenheter som professioner besitter och därigenom säkra en hög grad av praktisk relevans. Växelverkan mellan teori och praktik och erfarenhetsutbyte mellan forskare och praktiker är ständigt pågående. Det finns ingen avslutning på processen utan den pågår utan avbrott. En nödvändig förutsättning för ett fruktbart samarbete är en ömsesidig respekt och vilja att stödja och ifrågasätta varandra. Forskaren måste vara beredd på kritik för bristen på praktisk relevans och professionsföreträdaren måste vara beredd på att förtrogenhetskunskapens lämplighet ifrågasätts. Det är en fråga om med- och mothåll från båda håll i syfte att långsiktigt utveckla teori och praktik. Det är en utmaning att utveckla, etablera och därefter kontinuerligt försvara och förbättra professionslärosätet. Ett led i utvecklingen är att inom ramen för Högskolan i Borås föra en debatt om innebörden av ett professionslärosäte och vad vi behöver göra för att förbättra verksamheten. På uppdrag av rektor Lena Nordholm har medarbetare vid Bibliotekshögskolan utvecklat och ansvarat för en seminarieserie benämnd Profession och vetenskap. Seminarierna spände över ett brett fält. En av många viktiga frågor som diskuterades flitigt var huruvida vi ska forska om professioner, i för eller med, eller kanske alltihop samtidigt. Bidragen publiceras nu i denna antologi som ges ut inom ramen för Högskolan i Borås rapportserie Vetenskap för profession. Rapporten Profession och vetenskap – idéer och strategier för ett professionslärosäte, som redigerats av universitetsadjunkt Maria Lindh, kommer att få stor betydelse inom lärosätet och i vårt samarbete med företrädare för näringsliv, kulturliv och offentlig verksamhet. Jag ser det som en intressant fortsättning att anordna ett antal seminarier med inbjudna representanter för professioner där artiklarna i denna rapport kan ligga till grund för erfarenhetsutbyte och diskussioner.

  • 34. Daoud, Adel
    et al.
    Puaca, Goran
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    An organic view of want formation: pragmatic rationality, habitus and reflexivity2011In: British Journal of Sociology of Education, ISSN 0142-5692, E-ISSN 1465-3346, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 603-622Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on interviews with and questionnaires completed by upper secondary school pupils (n = 27) from academic and vocational programmes, respectively, the present paper focuses on some of the social and individual conditions that precede the individual decision-making process in education transitions. The paper shows that an organic view of decision-making is in better accordance with observations than is a hierarchical view, and thus supports previous research claiming that pragmatic rationality (based on habitus and reflexivity) plays a more important role in students’ decision-making processes than does instrumental rationally.

  • 35. Daoud, Adel
    et al.
    Puaca, Goran
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    An Organic View of Want Formation: Rational Choice, Habitus, and Reflexivity2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Darányi, Sándor
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Forró, László
    Detecting Multiple Motif Co-occurrences in the Aarne-Thompson-Uther Tale Type Catalog: A Preliminary Survey2011In: Anales de Documentación, ISSN 1575-2437, E-ISSN 1697-7904Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Darányi, Sándor
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Forró, László
    Toward Sequencing Multiple Motif Co-Occurrences2011In: Tanulmányok az örökségmenedzsmentröl 2. Kulturális örökségek kezelése [Studies in Heritage Management 2: The Management of Cultural Heritage]. / [ed] L. Bassa, Információs Társadalomért Alapítvány , 2011, p. 247-260Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Catalogs project subject field experience onto a multidimensional map which is then converted to a hierarchical list. In the case of the Aarne-Thompson-Uther Tale Type Catalog (ATU), this subject field is the global pattern of tale content defining tale types as canonical motif sequences. To extract and visualize such a map, we considered ATU as a corpus and ana-lysed two segments of it, “Supernatural adversaries” (types 300-399) in particular and “Tales of magic” (types 300-749) in general. The two corpora were scru-tinized for multiple motif co-occurrences and visualized by two-mode clustering of a bag-of-motif co-occurrences matrix. Findings indicate the presence of canonical content units above motif level as well. The organization scheme of folk narratives utilizing motif sequences is reminiscent of nucleotid sequences in the genetic code

  • 38. Delamont, Sara
    et al.
    Forsey, Martin
    Baker, Douglas W.
    Green, Judith
    Walford, Geoffrey
    Skukauskaite, Audra
    Trondman, Mats
    Jeffrey, Bob
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    How to do Educational Ethnography2008Book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Dellve, Lotta
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Ahlborg, Tone
    Partner relationships and long-term sick leave among female workers: consequences and impact on dimensions of health and return to work2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 720-729Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few efforts have been made to prospectively identify resources and obstacles outside work that may predict regained work ability and return to work when workers are on sick leave. This study investigates the association between partner relationships and sick leave. Our research questions were as follows: (i) What is the influence of sick leave, pain, stress and domestic strain on the quality of the dyadic partner relationship?, and (ii) What is the influence of the partner and social relationship on pain, stress, work ability, self-rated health and return to work? A cohort of female workers (n = 225) on long-term sick leave (>60 days), all in a partner relationship, at 6-month intervals completed a questionnaire based on the Quality of Dyadic Relationship (QDR) instrument, the Interview Schedule of Social Interaction (ISSI), the Work Ability Index (WAI) and the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ). Univariate and multivariate analyses of baseline and prospective data were performed. The results showed that decreased partner relationship quality was related to having major responsibility for household work despite being on sick leave, having pain and having decreased social integration. Among younger individuals on sick leave, a reduction in the quality of the partner relationship was shown already at the first (6-month) follow-up, while among middle-aged women, such a reduction was seen only at the 12-month follow-up. No dimensions of partner relationship quality at baseline were related to dimensions of return to work, either as a resource or as an obstacle. Consequently, our results show that a good relationship does not keep the woman from returning to work. Having main responsibility for household work, which implies domestic strain while on sick leave, predicts lower partner relationship quality. The practical implications are that healthcare professionals treating women on sick leave should emphasize the importance of keeping a social network as well as making sufficient adjustments at home for the relationship quality to be safeguarded. Special attention should be given to the young woman on sick leave as being on sick leave seems to influence her partner relationship considerably.

  • 40.
    Dovemark, Marianne
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    New Aims and Old Problems in Swedish Schools: Flexibility, Freedom of Choice and Self-Reliance in Learning as a Part of Social Reproduction2004In: Identity, agency and social institutions in educational ethnography / [ed] Geoff Troman, Bob Jeffrey, Geoffrey Walford, Amsterdam: Elsevier JAI , 2004, p. 123-140Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Dunér, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wolmesjö, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Socialt arbete.
    Interprofessional Collaboration in Swedish health and social care from a care manager’s perspective: [Interprofessionell samverkan i svensk hälso- och sjukvård och social omsorg ur biståndshandläggares perspektiv]2015In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 354-369Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to study interprofessional collaboration in health and social care for older people and persons with disabilities from a care manager's perspective. The empirical data was collected at a workshop held during a national conference for care managers and through focus group interviews in two Swedish municipalities. The results showed that the care managers collaborated in different ways with many different professionals from different organisations. The care and discharge planning meetings emerged as the most typical situation where care managers collaborated with different health care professionals. Interprofessional collaboration was seen as a means for care managers to fulfil their assignment and carry out their work. The care manager role encompassed role strain, a relatively weak professional identity, and differences in professional status among those involved in interprofessional collaboration.

  • 42. Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    Korvela, Anita
    Korvela, Nina
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Döva ungdomars vardag med tolk2008In: Ung på 2000-talet - perspektiv på ungdomars vardag / [ed] Soly Erlandsson, Emma Sorbring, Högskolan Väst , 2008, p. 31-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur döva ungdomars vardag och strävan i att forma sin identitet behandlar Anita Korvela, Nina Korvela och Soly Erlandsson i bokens andra kapitel. En teckenspråkstolk kan ibland ställas inför situationer som väcker tankar och frågor, speciellt vid tolkning av yngre brukare. Yngre brukare, döva ungdomar, använder sig relativt sällan av tolk, jämfört med hur ofta vuxna döva anlitar tolk. Att inta ett barn- och ungdomsperspektiv kan ge ökade insikter om döva ungdomars möjligheter till delaktighet i ett samhälle som säger sig arbeta för att detta ska bli verklighet. Syftet i föreliggande text är att belysa döva ungdomars vardag med tolk, vilket samtidigt speglar de ungas uppfattningar om livet och vilken hjälp de anser sig behöva för att kunna delta på lika villkor i samhället (sammanfattning gjord av red.).

  • 43. Fjällhed, Anders
    et al.
    Jensen, MikaelUniversity of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Barns livsvillkor: i mötet med skola och fritidshem2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Gynnerstedt, Kerstin
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Wolmesjö, MariaLinköpings universitet, Socialt arbete.
    Tredje åldern: sociala aspekter och medborgarskap2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Hemlin, Sven
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Prpic, Katarina
    Denti, Leif
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Organizational support for innovation in biosciences: Comparing high and low performers in Sweden and Croatia.2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need to better understand the organizational factors influencing innovative performance. This cross-cultural study examined organizational support factors in biotech R&D groups differing in innovative performance. The objective was to twofold; first to explore how organizing influences innovativeness in R&D, and, second to examine if R&D organizing is related to nations having a low and high innovation degree, respectively. Results supported that organizing R&D as well as national innovation performance are related. Crucial organizational issues found were how much organizations encouraged innovations, the degree of perceived autonomy and to what extent organizations could supply knowledge. Some of the implications of these results are introduced.

  • 46. Hägg, Göran
    et al.
    Holmberg, Kjell
    Oudhuis, Margareta
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Olsson, Anders
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Metoder och arbetssätt för arbetsmiljöarbete2006In: Arbete och Hälsa, ISSN 0346-7821, p. 24-42Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Högström, Nina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Gäskeby Mars, Emelie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Upplevelsen av delade turer och dess påverkan på hälsan2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie handlar om delade turer (arbetsform där arbetsdagen delas upp i två pass med en längre paus på flera timmar emellan) vilket har uppkommit genom att arbetsmarknaden har blivit mer flexibel då efterfrågan på anpassning i arbetslivet har förändrats. Syftet med vår undersökning var att undersöka om medarbetare upplevde att delade turer påverkade deras mentala, fysiska och sociala hälsa. Vi har använt oss av en kvalitativ metod med semistrukturerade intervjuer av busschaufförer och vårdpersonal. Resultatet analyseras och diskuteras utifrån Karasek och Theorells krav/kontroll/stöd-modell och Antonovskys KASAM-begrepp. Vår studie visar att dessa båda grupper har små påverkansmöjligheter på sitt schema vilket har visat sig ge effekter på hälsan. Vårt resultat visar även att den fysiska hälsan inte påverkades nämnvärt medan den mentala och sociala hälsan visade en större påverkan. Stress och för kort dygnsvila var två av faktorerna som hade negativ effekt på den mentala hälsan och upplevelsen av att kunna göra någonting meningsfullt med tiden mellan pausen hade en positiv effekt. Arbetstiderna medförde även att den sociala hälsan försämrades vid delade turer då umgänge försvårades. Enligt vårt resultat innehar våra respondenter s.k högstressarbete, vilket innebär att de har höga krav men liten kontroll på sitt arbete. Om medarbetarna gavs större utrymme att planera sina egna scheman skulle enligt vårt resultat den mentala hälsan förbättras.

  • 48.
    Jensen, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Fjällhed, Anders
    Barn, konflikter och konflikthantering2013In: Barns livsvillkor - i mötet med skola och fritidshem, Studentlitteratur , 2013, p. 173-192Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Jensen, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Den fria tidens lärande2011Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Lärande är centralt i det mesta vi gör. Kanske särskilt under vår fritid. Den här boken handlar huvudsakligen om hur vi människor lär oss och tar samtidigt med tiden som en väsentlig faktor för lärande. Vårt sätt att förhålla oss till tid påverkar hur vi lär. Det som kallas den fria tiden skapar förutsättningar för lärande som skiljer sig från lärande inom ramen för mer styrd tid. Relaterade begrepp som informellt och formellt lärande diskuteras. Flera teorier om lärande beskrivs. Författaren använder en mängd exempel för att illustrera olika sätt att se på tid och lärande. De mest centrala delarna berör barns lärande inom fritidshem, förskola och skola, men även lärande i hemmiljö och platser där barn befinner sig på sin fritid. Boken vänder sig i första hand till lärare och andra professionella som arbetar med barn under deras fritid. Fritidshemmet diskuteras i ett eget kapitel men alla delar av boken är relevanta för fritidshemsverksamhet.

  • 50.
    Jensen, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Fjällhed, Anders (Editor)
    Livsstil och identitet2013In: Barns livsvillkor - i mötet med skola och fritidshem, Studentlitteratur , 2013, p. 43-59Chapter in book (Refereed)
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