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  • 1.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Across disciplines and cultures: Harnessing diversity2015Other (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    The art of organizing: Computer games as an art form, a business, and a community2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The starting points of this paper are twofold. Firstly, computer game design can be taken as an art form (Crawford 1982). Seconly, and building on the first point, computer games can be taken as a model of organising whereby there are multiple dimensions or levels of analysis (Burger-Helmchen & Cohendet 2011). In and across the starting points, this paper unfolds a set of findings and generates a set propositions. The propositions include that new forms of art such as computer games have been and will be much like old forms of art. More specifically, the proposition here is that each new particular form of art, as well as art generally, needs to be invented in order to exist (Shiner 2001). In order to persist and not only to exist for a short instance, one or another kind of a process organizing needs to happen. Such a process can unfold following a a grand design. The process of organizing can be dictated by chance or be a result of drift. Or, the process can emerge in a series of small steps. In the latter instance, hybridization or a combination, even recombination, can be the way of the happening. 

  • 3.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    The progressive personality: The strange case of Janne T.2016In: Research and Dialogue: Writings in honour of Janne Tienari / [ed] Susan Meriläinen & Eero Vaara, Aalto University , 2016, p. 20-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Ainamo, Antti
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hällgren, Markus
    Rehn, Alf
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Summit fever2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mountain climbers call it “summit fever” when one or more individuals in a group of climbers become so enamored with the notion of reaching the summit of a mountain that they ignore less exciting issues such as how to safely descend the mountainside and live to tell one’s self and others about the experience. In this paper, we review decision-making literature on symmetric vs. asymmetric goal formation, as well as innocuous and fallacious learning. We develop a process theory of summit fever by defining that summit fever is when fallacious learning in chase of an asymmetric goal disproportionately narrows attention to a peak milestone. A halfway milestone that represents a peak experience then is prone to lead to goal conflation so that the way forward is compromised at the expense of reaching the ultimate goal. We illustrate the emerging framework by revisiting how and how summit fever led to a mountaineering accident on K2 in 2008 whereby 11 out of 26 climbers involved died. Our conclusions include implications for further research.

  • 5. Alexandersson, Karin
    et al.
    Hyvönen, Ulf
    Karlsson, Per-Åke
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Larsson, Ann-Marie
    Supporting user involvement in child welfare work: a way of implementing evidence-based practice2014In: Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, ISSN 1744-2648, E-ISSN 1744-2656, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 541-554Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The articel describes and analyses some preliminary working methods for user involvement in child welfare. The models are based on the results of a national project in Sweden where children and young peple have been involved as informants. How experiences and viewpoints from children and young people can be a source of knowledge in child welfare organisatiions is one of the main questions. The performance and the results of the project are analysed in relaton to a theoretical macro-oriented model created to illustrate the need for different kinds of knowledge in supporting the implementation of an evidence-based practice.

  • 6.
    Ander, Birgitta
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Fransson, Eleanor
    Jönköping University.
    Bergnéhr, Disa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University .
    Onset of substance use among early adolescents in Sweden2020In: Journal of Social Work Practice in The Addictions, ISSN 1533-256XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Early onset, prevalence, and predictors of substance use – tobacco, alcohol-drinking, alcohol-drunkenness, and drugs – were studied in 13 and 14-year-old boys and girls in Sweden.

    Methods: Self-reported data in four communities were used (n = 1,716). A large set of psychological and social factors were tried as predictors of early onset use (n = 1,459).

    Results: There were few gender differences and low prevalence. Primary predictor for early onset in tobacco use was availability; perceived parental approval for alcohol use, and delinquent behaviors for alcohol-drunkenness and drug use.

    Conclusions: Individual behavioral factors and parental norms seem to be most important in this age.

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  • 7. Andersson, Björn
    et al.
    Lebedinski, Lolo
    "...men ingen berättar om de fula sidorna..."Rapport från en FoU-cirkel för lokal mobilisering mot cannabis2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns många myter, fördomar och föreställningar kring cannabis, som är det mest använda narkotiska preparatet i Europa1. En av dem låter ungefär så här: – Cannabis, det växer ju i naturen, det kan väl inte vara farligt eller skadligt, det är ju naturligt, så då måste det väl vara ok. Men spice, det är ju konstgjord skit, det kan man inte ta, det är ju livsfarligt. Myten är, åtminstone när det gäller att avstå spice, dåligt förankrad i verkligheten, så som myter brukar vara. Tullens beslag av syntetiska droger ökar hela tiden och i topp ligger kemiskt framställd cannabis. I dagsläget finns 31 olika sorter spice, som alla är narkotikaklassade. Tillsammans med cannabis och hasch utgör de lejonparten av alla tullens beslag när det gäller droger som beställs via nätet och som kommer till sina beställare via posten. Till det kommer den mer traditionella smugglingen av drogerna med tillhörande gatulangning. Hemodlandet av cannabis både i form av enstaka plantor på fönsterbrädan eller i garderoben för eget bruk, och i form av ”yrkesmässig” odling för försäljning, verkar också öka. Enligt Tullverket ökar också shoppingturismen över Öresund, särskilt inför och under helger, när många åker över till Danmark för att fylla på sina egna lager av cannabis och cannabisharts2. Tillgången på såväl odlad cannabis som syntetiskt framställd sådan är med andra ord god, och cannabis är den vanligaste illegala drogen bland ungdomar i Sverige, och användningen ökar, hela tiden. Kunskapsläget kring cannabisanvändandet varierar från de riktigt insatta till dem som inte är riktigt lika insatta och som därför lätt förirrar sig in i myternas töcken. En del av den kunskap som finns har vi samlat i den här FoU-rapporten till stöd för en regional mobilisering mot cannabis i Västra Götaland.

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  • 8.
    Aspers, Patrik
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Markets2011Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Our lives have gradually become dominated by markets. They are not only at the heart of capitalistic economies all over the world, but also central in public debates. This insightful book brings together existing knowledge on markets from sociology, economics and anthropology, and systematically investigates the different forms of markets we encounter daily in our social lives. Aspers starts by defining what a market actually is, analyzing its essential elements as well as its necessary preconditions and varied consequences. An important theme in the book is that a whole host of markets are embedded within one other and in social life at large, and Aspers discusses these in the context of other forms of economic coordination, such as networks and organizations. Combining theory with empirical examples, the book cuts to the core of understanding how different markets function, the role they have played in history, and how they come into being. This accessible and theoretically rich book will be essential reading for upper-level students seeking to make sense of markets and their complex role in social life.

  • 9.
    Aspers, Patrik
    et al.
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Godart, Frederic
    Sociology of Fashion: Order and Change2013In: Annual Review of Sociology, ISSN 0360-0572, E-ISSN 1545-2115, Vol. 39, p. 171-192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we bring together the existing sociological knowledge on fashion, and the main part of the review is of classical and recent sociological work. To further the development of this largely interdisciplinary field, we also highlight the key points of research in other disciplines. We define fashion as an unplanned process of recurrent change against a backdrop of order in the public realm. We clarify this definition after tracing the origins and history of fashion. As a social phenomenon, fashion has been culturally and economically significant since the dawn of Modernity, and has increased in importance with the emergence of mass markets, both in terms of production and consumption. Most research on fashion is concerned with dress, but we argue that there are no domain restrictions that should constrain fashion theories. We identify venues around which sociologists could develop further research on the topic of fashion.

  • 10.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Begreppet ”obildbar” som en social konstruktion. Teoretisk diskussion och praktisk tillämpning inom den svenska sinnesslövården under 1900-talets första hälft2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den allmänna bildbarheten är en central utgångspunkt i all pedagogisk verksamhet. Det gäller inte minst sinnesslövårdens uppkomst under senare delen av 1800-talet. Fram till 1968 exkluderades däremot de s.k. obildbara barnen, de som inte nådde upp till bildbarhetens norm, från varje form av undervisning. Svårigheten att dra en gräns mellan bildbarhet och obildbarhet bidrog i hög grad till en osäkerhet inom olika professioner, som pedagoger och läkare. Traditionellt fungerade läsfärdighet som ett avgörande kriterium, men med intelligenstesternas uppkomst och spridning från och med 1920-talet förändrades så småningom måttstocken. I samband med sinnesslövårdens modernisering och rationalisering uppstod genom begreppet ”praktisk bildbarhet” en tendens att förskjuta gränsen för att vara obildbar och fler människor förväntades kunna tillhöra de bildbara. Skälet till den nya definitionen kan ses i en tilltagande strävan att utnyttja de sinnesslöas arbetsförmåga. Under 1930- och 1940-talen kan man i sinnesslöskolorna skönja en tolkning av begreppsparet bildbar/obildbar som står i relation dels till den individuella prestationsförmågan och dels till antalet disponibla platser. Men tills vidare kritiserades inte själva begreppet ”obildbar” varför problematiken omkring gränsdragningen kvarstod – så länge den sociala konstruktionen ”obildbarheten” existerade.

  • 11.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ingen plats i folkhemmet? Omsorger om "sinnesslöa" i Sverige 1916-19452009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Kein Platz im Volksheim? Die "Schwachsinnigenfürsorge" in Schweden 1916-19452009Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    Das Sozial- und Bildungssystem Schwedens besitzt in Deutschland vielfach einen ausgezeichneten Ruf. Thomas Barow zeigt in seiner historischen Untersuchung der schwedischen Schwachsinnigenfürsorge jedoch, dass die Entwicklung nuanciert zu betrachten ist. Bemühungen um soziale Eingliederung lassen sich ebenso erkennen wie Tendenzen der Ausgrenzung. Auf der Grundlage umfangreicher Literatur- und Archivstudien werden vielschichtige und zum Teil widersprüchliche Prozesse gesellschaftlicher Modernisierung dargelegt und analysiert. Charakteristisch waren Rationalisierung und Psychiatrisierung der fürsorgerischen Arbeit. Hinzu kam ein zunehmender Einfluss eugenischen Gedankenguts, was sich z.B. im Sterilisationsgesetz von 1934/35 widerspiegelte. Parallel dazu wurde die ursprüngliche, pädagogische Ausrichtung der Schwachsinnigenfürsorge zurückgedrängt, lebte jedoch in Einrichtungen wie dem Seminar Slagsta in gewissem Umfang fort. Das traditionelle philanthropische Motiv „Vom Zehrenden zum Ernährenden“ erhielt neue Bedeutung: Die einseitige Betonung der Arbeitsfähigkeit verstärkte Tendenzen des sozialen Ausschlusses, begünstigte allerdings auch die Einführung der Schulpflicht für bildungsfähige Schwachsinnige 1944/45. In diesem Kontext kam es zu einer strategischen Allianz zwischen Schwachsinnigenfürsorge und Eugenik. Deren gemeinsame Grundlage war ein Nützlichkeitsdenken, dessen Wurzeln fest in der schwedischen Gesellschaft verankert waren. Normalisierung bedeutete hier die Anpassung des Individuums an gesellschaftliche Normen und Werte. Besonders während des Zweiten Weltkrieges hatten Menschen, die als schwachsinnig galten, unter dieser Ausrichtung zu leiden.

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  • 13.
    Barow, Thomas
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Återkomst till Salamanca2009In: Intra, ISSN 1102-4143, no 4, p. 26-27Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 14.
    Bartley, Kristina
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Barnpolitik och samhällelig styrning2008Report (Other academic)
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  • 15.
    Bartley, Kristina
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Skolans demokratiuppdrag förstärks: om rätten till skadestånd för kränkande behandling2007In: Perspektiv på demokrati. En vänbok till Hans Lindfors., Högskolan i Borås. Institutionen för pedagogik. , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 16.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Artistic representation and research writing2006In: Researching education policy: Ethnographic experiences, London: Tufnell Press , 2006, p. 95-108Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Changing higher education: converging policy-packages and experiences of changing academic work in Sweden2013In: Journal of education policy, ISSN 0268-0939, E-ISSN 1464-5106, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 517-533Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The past two decades of international higher education reform are often described by researchers as having produced new managerial and neoliberal policy turns that have brought about a fundamental global shift in the way institutions of higher education are defined, run and justify their institutional existence and practices. Universities in Sweden were felt able to offer some possible resistance and based on ethnographic research at three Swedish universities this idea is explored in the present article. The article suggests however that resistance has been circumscribed through a coordinated collection of policies and that as elsewhere, the proliferation of competition based on quasi-markets and the standardisation of quality assurance through new accountability systems predominates, with significant effects on universities, their interactions and agents, and the relative social positions, influence, status and relationships of these agents.

  • 18.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Changing service relations between citizens and the State.2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    From Fieldwork to Theory and Representation in Ethnography2005In: Methodological Issues and Practices in Ethnography / [ed] Geoff Troman, Bob Jeffrey, Geoffrey Walford, Amsterdam : Elsevier JAI , 2005, p. 1-17Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Representations for Criticism and Change through Ethnography2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    The deceptive imagination and ethnographic writing2006In: Researching education policy: Ethnographic experiences, London: Tufnell Press , 2006, p. 74-94Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Beach, Dennis
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    The Socialisation and Commercialisation of Professional Work in Education and Health Professions.2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Dovemark, Marianne
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Education and the Commodity Problem: Ethnographic Investigations of Creativity and Performativity in Swedish Schools2007Book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Dovemark, Marianne
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Making Right Choices: an Ethnographic Investigation of Creativity and Performativity in Four Swedish Schools2009In: Oxford Review of Education, ISSN 0305-4985, E-ISSN 1465-3915, Vol. 35, no 6, p. 689-704Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses ethnographic research from two Year 8 classes in two middle-sized secondary schools about a kilometre apart in a Swedish west-coast town to examine how new policies for personalised learning have developed in practice, in the performative cultures of modern schools in a commodity society. One school stands in a predominantly middle-class area of privately owned 'low-rise' houses. The other is in an area of 'high-rise' rented accommodation, where the first language of many homes is not Swedish. The differences are important. According to the article, personalised learning mobilises material and social resources in these schools that support new forms of individualistic, selfish and private accumulations of education goods from public provision and a valorisation of self-interest and private value as the common basis for educational culture. The article describes this cultural production in school and links it to processes of cultural and social reproduction.

  • 25.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Dovemark, Marianne
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    New schools and new pedagogy? Ethnographic Investigations of Creativity and Performativity Discourses in Four Swedish Schools.2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Gordon, TuulaUniversity of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.Lahelma, ElinaUniversity of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Democratic education: ethnographic challenges2003Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of democratic schooling with its emphasis on equality is seriously attacked by the marketisation of education. New policies of educational restructuring emphasise accountability and close links between school and industry, where schools and students become targets of constant evaluation and competition. This book challenges such policies and practices through analyses of their negative consequences for social justice and democracy. It explores the effects of restructuring on everyday life in schools and other educational institutions and presents analyses of how differences based on gender, social class, ethnicity, nationality and embodiment are dealt with in educational settings. The authors draw on a range of theories, including poststructuralist, postcolonial, feminist and Marxist perspectives, and the localised ethnographies are contextualised in changing educational politics. How policies are contradicted by practices is discussed in relation to the classroom, teacher education and issues of inclusion and exclusion. A critical gaze is directed at Nordic countries where restructuring processes contradict a political discourse based on equality and comprehensive education. It is the immersion in the daily life of institutions and their participants that gives ethnography a particular edge in obtaining insights into what changes and what stays the same. This book provides a looking glass into the tensions and contradictions that New Right policies have introduced in educational institutions. Actors in the field experience frustration in introducing changes and controlling the direction of those changes. It is their voices that ethnographers try to hear and disseminate. Most ethnographers do not simply tell a (more or less) gripping story about the field - they aim to analyse the practices they encounter, and endeavour to render them into analytical narratives that tell different stories than those produced through policy research or questionnaires and interviews. Although these are not necessarily better stories, we suggest that they are particularly relevant in demonstrating the organisation and practice of producing difference. (Description by the publisher).

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  • 27.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Lunneblad, Johannes
    Ethnographic Investigations of Issues of Race in Scandinavian Education Research2011In: Ethnography and Education, ISSN 1745-7823, E-ISSN 1745-7831, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 29-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we aim to present an overview of some of the ways in which issues of race and ethnicity are represented and researched in educational ethnography in Scandinavia. Several things are suggested. Amongst them is that educational ethnographers in Scandinavia rarely use the concept of race. The term (im)migrant(s) is used instead and the relationships in education between Scandinavians and (im)migrants and between educational results and (im)migrant culture and/or languages is often in focus. Integration has also been an issue. History may give an indication as to how this may have become so. Research on immigrants, immigration and integration has been promoted in national policies and these policies highlight language, culture and diversity but for historical and political reasons they often avoid ethnicity and ignore race and color altogether. Moreover, when ethnicity is used it seems to be used more as an ontological marker than as an epistemological concept. This has repercussions we suggest for understanding the politics of race and ethnicity relations in relation to education.

  • 28.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Puaca, Goran
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Changing higher education by converging policy-packages: Education choices and student identities2014In: European Journal of Higher Education, ISSN 2156-8235, E-ISSN 2156-8243, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 67-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: The past two decades of higher education research in Europe describe new-managerial and neo-liberal turns in governance policies that have brought shifts in the way institutions of higher education are defined and run, justify their existence and practices, and recruit and educate students. The expansion of higher education is often lifted as a key feature and motivation of these changes and it is also used in arguments for the need to change further. The European Union Lisbon Agreement is often referenced when changes are discussed and motivated by change agents. It describes needs of effectiveness and new kinds of programmes and courses to deal with increased volume and widening participation. New demands are described as having been placed on teachers, students and leadership, including an expanded role for student choices of and in higher education. Based on ethnographic research key aspects of extended choice are examined in the present article. Keywords: cultural capital, choice rationalities, skilled/semi-skilled choices, generification

  • 29.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Sernhede, Ove
    From Learning to Labour to Learning for Marginality: School Segregation and Marginalisation in Swedish Suburbs2011In: British Journal of Sociology of Education, ISSN 0142-5692, E-ISSN 1465-3346, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 257-274Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, using data from ethnographic research, we try to present some glimpses of the way education is described as an experience and possibility ‘from below’, by pupils who grow up and study in schools in the most segregated and territorially stigmatized suburbs on the outskirts of our major cities. What we feel they describe is an experience of schooling for surviving the social and economic consequences of curtailed citizenship in a post-industrial society rather than one of schooling that offers possibilities of integration and full citizenship or social transformation. Our findings have significant policy implications in this respect. Sweden has historically pursued projects aimed at educational inclusion but has recently taken a significant turn toward neo-liberalism and educational consumerism, since which time various disadvantaged groups have become increasingly concentrated compared to others in under-achieving schools in an economically threatened public sector. The article discusses some aspects and possible consequences of this development.

  • 30.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Sernhede, Ove
    On creativity and resistance in Nordic youth culture on the margins2013In: Young people and marginalisation: Young people from immigrant families in Scandinavia / [ed] Gestur Gudmundsson, Dennis Beach, Viggo Vestel, Tufnell Press , 2013, p. 61-84Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last twenty-five years the urban music and dance style known as Hip-hop has become a widespread form of communication carried out and enjoyed by people throughout the world. However it has grown from its original roots in rap music and break dancing in many different directions. On the one hand it represents a multi-billion dollar industry of big-time, best-selling artists who market songs that focus on wealth, possessions and crime, often with a misogynistic attitude. But on the other it is a way of life for many young people with a political awareness that is intricately woven into every aspect of their daily lives. The present chapter explores some dimensions of the creativity of Hip-hop. In particular the critical potential and transformative capacity of these activities are discussed.

  • 31. Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Flisbäck, Marita
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Första stegen. Att lära sig bli ett självcentrerat subjekt2017In: Farväl till arbetet: sociologiska perspektiv på meningen med att gå i pension / [ed] Bengtsson M., Flisbäck M., Lund A., Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2017, Vol. , s. 155-177Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Gothenburg University.
    Flisbäck, Marita
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Illuminating Existential Meaning: A New Approach in the Study of Retirement2021In: Qualitative Sociology Review, ISSN 1733-8077, E-ISSN 1733-8077, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 196-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Current discussions on the importance of retirement are largely built on statistical analyses of longitudinal data showing that well-being seldom changes from before to after entering retirement, but is rather mainly dependent on the individual’s social resource position. In contrast, qualitatively oriented researchers underline that the retirement process is a complex life transition that needs to be further illuminated. To do this, however, we need to advance new theoretical and methodological perspectives. In this article, an existential sociology approach is outlined, emphasizing the multifaceted spectra of lived experiences and meaning-making in the retirement process. The phenomenological approaches of existential sociology allow us to consider how the exit from working life is created in the processes of motion rather than as expressions of static positions. A merit of this approach is that retirement as an empirical case may say something general about being in transition as a basic social condition. In the article, we discuss how a socio-biographical methodology, based on longitudinal qualitative interviews, helps us capture how existential meaning is formed and re-formed in the ambiguous situations which arise in similar life-course transitions. Theoretically, we especially draw on concepts from the existential anthropologist Jackson and the phenomenological tradition of existential philosophers such as Arendt and Heidegger. 

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  • 33. Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Flisbäck, Marita
    Göteborgs universitet.
    När ett kall ska lämnas2017In: Farväl till arbetet: sociologiska perspektiv på meningen med att gå i pension, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2017, Vol. , s. 139-154Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34. Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Flisbäck, Marita
    Göteborgs universitet.
    När kallet ställs på sin spets: Pensionering ur ett existenssociologiskt perspektiv: When the calling is brought to a head: Retirement from an existential sociology perspective2016In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, E-ISSN 2002-066X, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 127-150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we analyze how the meaning and value of work can emerge, be defined and redefined in relation to the coming of retirement, by focusing individuals with dedicated work approaches interpreted as a calling. By relying on an existential sociology framework we analyze the retirement process as an existential imperative, e.g. life phases or processes where questions on meaning and life quality become prominent. For the interviewees, the day of retirement becomes a sort of a road sign that – depending on the distance of time to the point of retirement – has intensified existential questions and the meaning of work. The article explores the defining dimensions of a calling as found in the interviewees dedicated work approaches. We address the types of problems and opportunities that arise when the interviewees are soon to retire and their associated strategies: listening to a calling on ”standby”; learning not to listen to one’s calling, listening to a calling from a private sphere and project the calling’s commitment to other activities.

  • 35. Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Flisbäck, Marita
    University of Gothenburg.
    On leaving work as a calling: retirement as an existential imperative2017In: International Journal of Ageing and Later Life, E-ISSN 1652-8670, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 37-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we argue that we will reach a deepened understanding of what the retirement process means for individuals if existential meaning is the centre of attention. The data consist of qualitative interviews conducted in Sweden. A selected type of employee whose work we define as a ‘‘calling’’ is examined to analyse the existential meaning of work and how it is formed and challenged in relation to the retirement process. Before their retirement, the interviewees had developed threemain strategies for handling the process of de-calling: developing a ‘‘calling on standby,’’ exploring self-improvement activities and listening to callings from other social spheres. After their retirement, three main strategies arose for dealing with being de-called: conserving the calling, learning to become a self-oriented subject and redefining the calling. In the case of conserving the calling, we show how this may result in experiences of economic exploitation and existential frustration.

  • 36. Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Flisbäck, Marita
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Pensioneringens synliggörande av arbetet som ett kall2017In: Farväl till arbetet: sociologiska perspektiv på meningen med att gå i pension / [ed] Bengtsson M., Flisbäck M., Lund A., Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2017, Vol. , s. 117-138Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37. Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Flisbäck, Marita
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Tid för ny mening. Pensionering som ett existentiellt imperativ2017In: Farväl till arbetet: sociologiska perspektiv på meningen med att gå i pension, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2017, Vol. , s. 51-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Flisbäck, Marita
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Work as a Calling: Existential dimensions of individuals' work orientations2020In: Work Orientations : Theoretical Perspectives and Empirical Findings / [ed] Furåker, B. & Håkansson, K, Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge , 2020, p. 75-101Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this chapter is to deepen the understanding of existential meaning dimensions of work activities, and the calling is highlighted as an example of existential work orientation. The data was collected in 2014 and 2015 and consist of qualitative interviews both before and after retirement with Swedish employees reflecting a qualitative spectrum of occupations. A group of respondents showed such great dedication to work, and that work aligned with a broader sense of purpose, that their work orientations were defined as a calling. In the empirical analyses, five main components of a calling is outlined: 1) work appears as an external summons; 2) the purpose of the work activity is to serve a higher cause; 3) work is carried out with personality as a tool; 4) work involves self-sacrifice, 5) and work gives rise to elevation. Moreover, the chapter shows that the retirement process acts as a so-called existential imperative that can make visible and enforce meaning dimensions in relation to work. Thus, it is argued that the retirement process is a critical empirical case for making visible work as a calling. Finally, the chapter discusses how retirement as an external force “de-calling” the life task could act both as freedom and curse for individuals having experienced pros and cons of work as a calling.

  • 39. Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Flisbäck, Marita
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lund, Anna
    Farväl till arbetet: sociologiska perspektiv på meningen med att gå i pension2017Book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Flisbäck, Marita
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lund, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    På väg mot en annan vardag: existentiellt meningsskapande och social ojämlikhet vid pensionens inträde2015In: Livsberättelser, kultur & hälsa / [ed] Motzi Eklöf, Margareta Petersson, Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2015, p. 17-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41. Bjarnason, D S
    et al.
    Persson, Bengt
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Inkludering i de nordiska utbildningssystemen: en sociohistorisk bakgrund.2007In: Psykologisk pædagogisk rådgivning, ISSN 0906-219X, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 202-224Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Blomberg, Barbro
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Wolmesjö, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Socialt arbete.
    Life conditions for families, children and young people with disabilities2011In: Aotearoa New Zealand Social Work, ISSN 1178-5527, Vol. 23, no 1/2, p. 29-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to analyse life conditions for families with children and young people with disabilities. Special focus is on: legislation, management and organisations, social support and service, housing, education, work and daily activities and leisure activities. The method used is a case study including interviews with parents and professionals. The study also includes an analysis of documents and regulations. The study shows that the support system is transparent and accessible. At the same time managers in the municipalities' social care services interpret their responsibility in different ways thus affecting the support and service for the families. Even though the families have legal rights to a wide range of support and service, the parents have to work to gain access to these and for user influence to be exerted.

  • 43. Brante, Thomas
    et al.
    Nolin, Jan
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Grimen, Harald
    Brorström, Björn
    University of Borås, Central Administration.
    Lööf, Staffan
    University of Borås, Central Administration.
    Sundström, Malin
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Oudhuis, Margareta
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Kammensjö, Peter
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Torstensson, Håkan
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Wireklint Sundström, Birgitta
    Eriksson, Catarina
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Lindh, Maria
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Adamson, Lena
    Profession och vetenskap: idéer och strategier för ett professionslärosäte2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förord av Björn Brorström, Prorektor Högskolan i Borås Ett professionslärosäte bedriver utbildning och forskning på vetenskaplig grund. Vetenskapliga metoder tillämpas och framkomna resultat prövas för att säkra tillförlitlighet och relevans. Förmågan att problematisera, formulera frågor och välja lämpliga metoder för att besvara frågor är egenskaper för god forskning och utmärkande för en stark utbildnings- och forskningsmiljö. Vid ett professionslärosäte finns samtidigt en stark strävan efter att i utbildning och forskning ta till vara den kunskap och de erfarenheter som professioner besitter och därigenom säkra en hög grad av praktisk relevans. Växelverkan mellan teori och praktik och erfarenhetsutbyte mellan forskare och praktiker är ständigt pågående. Det finns ingen avslutning på processen utan den pågår utan avbrott. En nödvändig förutsättning för ett fruktbart samarbete är en ömsesidig respekt och vilja att stödja och ifrågasätta varandra. Forskaren måste vara beredd på kritik för bristen på praktisk relevans och professionsföreträdaren måste vara beredd på att förtrogenhetskunskapens lämplighet ifrågasätts. Det är en fråga om med- och mothåll från båda håll i syfte att långsiktigt utveckla teori och praktik. Det är en utmaning att utveckla, etablera och därefter kontinuerligt försvara och förbättra professionslärosätet. Ett led i utvecklingen är att inom ramen för Högskolan i Borås föra en debatt om innebörden av ett professionslärosäte och vad vi behöver göra för att förbättra verksamheten. På uppdrag av rektor Lena Nordholm har medarbetare vid Bibliotekshögskolan utvecklat och ansvarat för en seminarieserie benämnd Profession och vetenskap. Seminarierna spände över ett brett fält. En av många viktiga frågor som diskuterades flitigt var huruvida vi ska forska om professioner, i för eller med, eller kanske alltihop samtidigt. Bidragen publiceras nu i denna antologi som ges ut inom ramen för Högskolan i Borås rapportserie Vetenskap för profession. Rapporten Profession och vetenskap – idéer och strategier för ett professionslärosäte, som redigerats av universitetsadjunkt Maria Lindh, kommer att få stor betydelse inom lärosätet och i vårt samarbete med företrädare för näringsliv, kulturliv och offentlig verksamhet. Jag ser det som en intressant fortsättning att anordna ett antal seminarier med inbjudna representanter för professioner där artiklarna i denna rapport kan ligga till grund för erfarenhetsutbyte och diskussioner.

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  • 44. Brembeck, Helene
    et al.
    Hansson, Niklas
    Konsumtion i rörelse. Att följa socio-materiella assemblage.2011In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidsskrift, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 20-23Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Bäckman, Therese
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Anmälan. Kavot Zillén. Barn i välfärdsstatens utkant - om rätten till sjukvård för barn som är unionsmedborgare och som lever i ekonomisk utsatthet i Sverige.2019In: Förvaltningsrättslig Tidskrift, ISSN 0015-8585, Vol. 4, p. 543-545Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Bäckman, Therese
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Förändringar i rätten till personlig assistans - en fråga om rättsäkerhet och välfärdsstatens gränser2018In: Socialrätt under omvandling - om solidaritetens och välfärdsstatens gränser / [ed] Erhag, T., Levinder, P. & Lind, A-S., Liber, 2018, p. 320-342Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Bäckman, Therese
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    HFD 2019 ref. 63. Ytterligare ett undantag från gynnande besluts negativa rättskraft inom det socialrättsliga området?2020In: Förvaltningsrättslig Tidskrift, ISSN 0015-8585Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Bäckman, Therese
    Göteborgs universitet.
    HFD 2021 ref. 12. Ett trendbrott avseende gynnande besluts negativa rättskraft?2021In: Förvaltningsrättslig Tidskrift, ISSN 0015-8585, Vol. 4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Bäckman, Therese
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    LSS-utredningen och den enskildes skydd mot retroaktiv lagstiftning.2020In: Nordisk socialrättslig tidskrift, ISSN 2000-6500, Vol. 23-24, p. 27-49Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Bäckman, Therese
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Negativ rättskraft i den nya förvaltningslagen - ökad trygghet för personer med funktionsnedsättning?2018In: Förvaltningsrättslig Tidskrift, ISSN 0015-8585, Vol. 3, p. 16-Article in journal (Refereed)
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