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  • 1.
    Ahlström, Peter
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Aim, Karel
    Dohrn, Ralf
    Elliott, J. Richard
    Jackson, George
    Jaubert, Jean-Noel
    Rebello de A. Macedo, Maria Eugénia
    Pokki, Juha-Pekka
    Reczey, Kati
    Victorov, Alexey
    Fele Zilnik, Ljudmila
    Economou, Ioannis
    A Survey of Thermodynamics and Transport Properties in Chemical Engineering Education in Europe and the USA2008In: Proceedings of the 100th Annual Meeting of the American Institute for Chemical Engineering, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Frågebaserad professionsetik eller etiska riktlinjer i högre utbildning?: Fungerar SULF:s yrkesetiska riktlinjer i relation till breddad rekrytering och deltagande, eller är det dags för en ny form av yrkesetik i högre utbildning?2016In: Högre Utbildning, ISSN 2000-7558, E-ISSN 2000-7558, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 109-119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna artikel är dels att undersöka hur den existerande professionsetiken ser ut för universitetslärare idag, 2016, dels att pröva utforma en ny, frågebaserad professionsetik, som istället för riktlinjer utgår ifrån de didaktiska frågorna hur, vad, varför och vem? Som en grund för artikeln står dels SULF:s etiska riktlinjer från 2005 för universitetslärare, dels den problematik som breddad rekrytering innebär vad gäller studenters prestationer och förutsättningar till studier. Stora brister identifieras i SULF:s etiska riktlinjer, framför allt vad gäller synen på svaga studenter och lärarens roll att hjälpa studenterna att nå godkända betyg i sin universitetsutbildning. För att ge universitetslärare den etiska assistans som SULF:s riktlinjer talar om, behövs en ny ansats till professionsetiken i högre utbildning. En konsekvens av denna slutsats är därför artikelns konceptuella modell för en ny professionsetik för universitetslärare som benämns som frågebaserad etik där universitetsläraren inte bara grundar sin reflektion om undervisning i etiska ställningstaganden utan även låter denna reflektion mynna ut i pedagogisk handling med hjälp av de didaktiska frågorna ”Vad utgör undervisningens innehåll?”, ”Hur väljs undervisningens metod ut?”, ”Varför bedrivs undervisningen?”, samt ”Vem deltar i undervisningen”. Svaren på dessa frågor är, enligt modellen, universitetslärarens egna, och är alla beroende av etisk reflektion för att kunna formuleras och realiseras.

  • 3.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Kristendomen har en ny plats på schemat2014In: Pedagogiska Magasinet, ISSN 1401-3320, no 4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Kristendomens roll i en ny läroplan och ny lärarutbildning: Didaktiska och högskolepedagogiska perspektiv på undervisningen i religionskunskap2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I samband med de nya läroplanerna i religionskunskap för grundskolan och gymnasiet har religionen kristendom kommit att fortsatt ha en särställning, trots att detta inte var inskrivet i Skolverkets förarbete. Kristendom är den enda religion som explicit skrivs ut i läroplanerna och därmed ställs specifika krav på lärare i religionskunskap. Undervisning om kristendom har alltid funnits med i lärarutbildningen men har många gånger kommit att behandlas som ett utomstående kompetensområde med liten didaktisk koppling till läraryrket. För att möta kraven i läroplanerna är det därför av största vikt att dels ge lärarstudenter kunskaper och kompetenser i hur kristendom kan utgöra en del i undervisningen i religionskunskap, samt dels utforma en relevant och praxisnära undervisning om kristendom i den religionsdidaktiska utbildningen. På så vis kan blivande lärare utrustas i arbetet som religionskunskapslärare i den nya grund- och gymnasieskolan.

    Min presentation bygger på en forskningsstudie i mötet mellan ämnesdidaktik och högskolepedagogik som kommer att bedrivas under våren 2014 vid Göteborgs universitet och Högskolan i Halmstad. Underlaget för studien har inhämtats dels i form av två enkäter till lärarstudenter i religionsdidaktik och dels i form av en workshop med fokus på hur kunskaper i religionen kristendom kan omformas i praktisk didaktik. En sådan studie om kristendomens roll i en ny läroplan och ny lärarutbildning har möjlighet att inte bara skapa förutsättningar för en mer praxisnära religionsdidaktisk undervisning i religionen kristendom utan även i förlängningen ge elever möjlighet att nå de nya målen i religionskunskap.

  • 5.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Learning with adults: a critical pedagogical introduction. By Leona M. English and Peter Mayo2014In: Teaching Theology and Religion, ISSN 1368-4868, Vol. 17, no 3Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Religionsunterricht in Schweden: Religionsdidaktik und Religionspädagogik2018Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Schulabslussfeiern in der Kirche: Konflikten über Religion und Tradition in dem Schwedisches Schulsystem2018Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Sjundedagsadventisternas friskola i Ekebyholm2007In: Religiösa friskolor i Sverige: Historiska och nutida perspektiv / [ed] Jenny Berglund, Göran Larsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Själavårdsundervisning i Svenska kyrkan: en nulägesrapport om utbildning och fortbildning i själavård 20152016Report (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Svenska folket om religion och tradition i skolan2017In: Larmar och gör sig till: SOM-rapport nr 70 / [ed] Ulrika Andersson, Jonas Ohlsson, Henrik Ekengren Oscarsson och Maria Oskarson, Göteborg: SOM-institutet, Göteborgs universitet , 2017, p. 515-528Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Religionens roll i skolan är något som ofta debatteras i Sverige. Ett av de mest omdebatterade religiösa fenomenen är skolavslutningar i kyrkan. I dessa ceremonier möts den konfessionslösa skolan med kristendomens heliga rum. Mötet är inte konfliktfritt. Detta kapitel behandlar svenska folkets attityder till att förbjuda skolavslutningar i kyrkan. Resultaten visar att 78 procent vill ha kvar skolavslutningarna i kyrkan. Det gäller särskilt bland personer som uppger att de föredrar höger-partier på en höger-vänster-skala. Personer som inte firar den traditionella högtiden jul är mindre kritiska mot ett förbud, vilket kan tyda på ett samband mellan avståndstagande från traditionsfirande och kritik mot skolavslutningar i kyrkan. Resultaten visar också att det för vissa politiska partier råder en tydlig polarisering mellan partisympatisörernas inställning till skolavslutningar och de valda politikernas agerande i frågan.

  • 11.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Var är etikens plats i högre utbildning?: Ett förslag till teoretisk modell2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT. Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Aldrin, Emilia
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Hur förmedlas kristendomen i läromedelstexter för gymnasieskolan?: En ideologikritisk analys2018In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, Vol. 2, p. 23-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at investigating how the image of the religion of Christianity is constructed in Swedish textbooks for the Upper Secondary School (gymnasieskolan), with a specific focus on the perspective from which the text considers the religion and how this perspective creates possibilities for and limitations of pupils’ identification. Introductions of Christianity through text and images were selected from six current textbooks; five printed and one digital. The method used for analysis was ideological text criticism with a combination of Linguistic and Theological perspectives. Three aspects were highlighted in the analysis: interest making strategies, demands of previous knowledge, and subject perspectives. The study showed that the examined texts did not express Christianity as the cultural norm as considered in previous research. Instead there seemed to be an ambivalence in the perspective from which the textbooks considered the religion. Demands of previous knowledge as well as subject positions varied highly both within and between textbooks.

  • 13.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Homgren, Anders
    Religionskunskap 1: Ett digitalt läromedel för gymnasiet2016Other (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Bengtsson, Anders
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Matematik som bildningsämne i högskolan2011In: Det goda lärandet / [ed] Anders Burman, Patrik Mehrens, Studentlitteratur , 2011, p. 147-166Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Billmayer, Jakob
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Film in the Teacher Education Classroom: Theoretical Basis and Areas of Application2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One difficulty that teachers in teacher education are faced with is the relative distance between the place of teaching, the teacher education classroom, and the subject taught, being a teacher in a classroom. The question is therefore how to involve experiences of teaching into the teacher education classroom in a way that is both practical inside the given frames and worthwhile for all participants, both students who already have experiences of teaching and those who do not.

    Films and other mass media productions can be sources for such (vicarious) experiences, which can bring pictures of practice to the theoretical teacher education classroom with relatively small effort.

    This paper will start at that point and address two issues: 1) a theoretical framework to examine the knowledge theoretical premises and possibilities of using mass media productions in educational purpose. This theoretical framework is based on the works of Alfred Schütz about ideal types as concept for social understanding and Niklas Luhmann's thoughts on mass media's role in society. 2) The paper will show which aspects of being a teacher and teaching are especially suitable to discuss using films. Using some examples, the paper will point out which themes that are usually addressed in films and why and how they can be adapted for educational purposes.

  • 16.
    Björkdahl Ordell, Susanne
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Eldholm, Gerd
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Räkna med textil2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents a project that has been carried out in a second grade classroom. The aim of the project is to develop children’s way of learning through working with textile where practice will be interwoven with theoretical understanding. The purpose is to study if we by combining textile and mathematics can stimulate children’s creative and problem solving ability. This study was conducted during one year, It was funded by the Swedish Government. The project itself, textile and mathematics, has been going on for five years. We have mainly worked with six year olds but this time with children eight year of age, a group of 15 children. Data was collected by participant field observations, interviews, documents and a test. Data was analyzed in order to discern the progress of learning, with focus on mathematical problem solving, in a context of practice in textile craft and design. The results of this study show that children working in this context and who are encouraged to reflect upon their work, get an overall picture of what they are doing, that help them to better understand and remember the process of problem solving. Mathematical concepts were easily found in textile activities, especially in weaving and patch work, where mathematical problem solving is an inseparable part. Children have been asked to make a model of their planned product before starting the actual working process. This stimulates them to move between an abstract level of understanding to a concrete. The creative process is made visible by looking at children working but also in their own comments, - “The hard part was to make up one’s mind about color and pattern, once that was done, it was easy”. Both boys and girls enjoyed working with textile craft and design. This means that boys have enlarged their area of competence into a typical female base of knowledge. The girls have, as a change to most school projects concerning “equal opportunities” where girls are encouraged to try typical male activities, been aware of that typical female activities also involve mathematical, logical, and spatial problem solving.

  • 17.
    Björkdahl Ordell, Susanne
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Kärrby, Gunni
    Slöjdcirkus, att iscensätta ett estetiskt lärande2006Report (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Boglind, Ann
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Persson, Elisabeth
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Tholin, Jörgen
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Sjöholm, Eva
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ferlin, Maria
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Tankar kring ämnesdidaktikens mål, mening och metaforer2004Report (Other academic)
  • 19. Christie, Michael
    et al.
    Garrote Jurado, Ramon
    University of Borås, Centrum för lärande och undervisning.
    Lecturer engagement in the use of interactive tools in learning management systems. A Swedish case study.2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: In this paper the authors argue that although Higher Education researchers have been largely responsible for the creation of the Internet, university lecturers have been far less innovative and active in their use of this form of Information Communication Technology (ICT). To support our case we use our own research to show the manner and extent to which a Learning Management System (LMS) is used by a sample of teachers from an Engineering Department in Sweden. We also analyze the use of interactive LMS tools by lecturers who undertake staff development courses. The teachers in our two samples make very little use of online asynchronous discussions (OADs) either as teachers or as students. We use logic and the literature to explain this phenomenon and make some recommendations for improving the scholarly, innovative and pedagogical use of LMS in both staff development and mainstream university courses.

  • 20.
    Ferlin, Maria
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Biologisk mångfald i läroböcker i biologi2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to analyse offered meaning, that is, what and how subject content is communicated to the recipients. In this case the subject content is biological diversity and the communicative artefacts are biology books for the latter grades in the Swedish compulsory school. The four papers cover aspects of biodiversity in biology books (I), connections between biology books and the world outside school (II), the definition of the species concept and the use of the concept species in textbooks and in pupils' assertions (III), and finally how instances of modes are connected in a multimodal text and how the design of texts may affect the possibilities of meaning making (IV). The biology books used for data collection are multimodal texts with different types of written text and a rich amount of illustrations. The collected data was primarily used for content analysis but also to explore the design of the books. In paper III and IV data was also obtained by two questionnaires to students. Data is analysed and the results are discussed on the basis of a social semiotic theory of communication and meaning making. The books contain many facts about biological diversity, but the concept is not defined explicitly in several of them. In relation to human beings and human activities are beneficial aspects of biological diversity given precedence over ethical, aesthetic and economic aspects. The results also show that the books contain inaccuracies and questionable formulations regarding biodiversity, as well as simplifications and colloquial expressions rather than scientifically accurate terminology. Direct address, anthropomorphism, analogies and connections to life outside school are also found in the books. To recognize themselves in many of the connections to everyday life, pupils need to have visited many habitats in different seasons. The use of concepts is an area where there is a great potential for change. The species concept can be seen as an example of how a concept is introduced early and that understanding is taken for granted in the remaining text. Responses from the questionnaires suggest that more time needs to be given to basic biological concepts and that a big amount of instances of modes may impede meaning making. Textbooks are compromise products created to suit a diverse audience. There is a risk that the offered meaning of the books is not consistent with the perceived meaning of the students. The results of the thesis may contribute to reduce the gap between offered and perceived meaning. If awareness is raised about the problems pupils may face when using textbooks, the teachers' and the authors' ability to support meaning making may increase.

  • 21.
    Ferlin, Maria
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Lässtrategier före läsning i ämnet biologi2016Other (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Ferlin, Maria
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Vardagsanknytning i biologiböcker2013In: Paideia, ISSN 1904-9633, no 5, p. 52-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln behandlar hur anknytningar till elevers liv utanför skolan görs i svenska biologiböcker. Ett socialsemiotiskt perspektiv anläggs på texter och böckerna studeras som multimodala produkter. Anknytningen till livet utanför skolan sker genom olika modaliteter och det som främst har studerats är hur direkt tilltal används. Resultatet visar att elever förväntas ha besökt många biotoper vid olika årstider för att kunna känna igen sig i böckernas exempel. Möjliga konsekvenser frö elever, lärare och läromedelsförfattare diskuteras.

  • 23.
    Garrote Jurado, Ramon
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT. Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik, Stockholm University.
    Educational Software in Engineering Education2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis contributes to the quality of engineering education and the accessibility of education worldwide by promoting computer-enhanced teaching and learning. It uses the epistemology of John Dewey (1859-1952) and the action research methodology first advanced by Kurt Lewin (1890-1947). A mixed methods approach that combines qualitative case studies with quantitative research methods is used.

    In the first of three case studies engineering students working on their final degree projects participated. To elicit interaction, a learning management system (LMS) was used and the students were strongly encouraged to discuss various aspects of their work.

    The second case focused on the barriers to a wider utilization of educational software in engineering education. The case is delimited to lecturers at the School of Engineering at the University of Borås. The investigation focuses on the lecturers’ reluctance to use educational technology and the slow uptake of new pedagogical methods in engineering education.

    The third case study covers three subsets of participants. A course intended to improve lecturers handling skills and motivation to utilize educational software in a pedagogically sound manner was given in Cuba, Guatemala and Peru.

    The first case demonstrated that computer-enhanced collaborative learning can improve the learning experience and performance of engineering students. The second case showed that LMS tools that facilitate traditional methods are used routinely, whereas lecturers often refrain from using features intended to facilitate collaboration and the creation of communities of learners.

    The third case study investigated the use of a complete course package, with all course material and software contained on the same USB drive (LiveUSB Mediated Education, LUME). It is asserted that LUME can facilitate constructivist pedagogical methods and help overcome the reluctance of lecturers to utilize educational software in a pedagogical sound way.

  • 24.
    Garrote Jurado, Ramon
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Pettersson, Tomas
    Regueiro Gomez, Angel
    EDUCATIONAL SOFTWARE AND PEDAGOGICAL DEVELOPMENT: SUCCESS FACTORS IN TEACHERS TRAINING2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a staff development project, intended to increase the use of educational software in higher education. The data was collected in four Latin American countries where university teachers attended a course about Learning Management Systems (LMS) built on the LUME method. LUME is an acronym for LiveUSB Mediated Education, a method based on a complete course package executable from a portable memory device.

    The process of planning appropriate changes in a course is outlined by reflecting on previous results. Some critical aspects of teachers’ education are identified and the authors argue that pedagogical motivation and collaboration rather than technical skill decide the long-term results.

    The authors assert that educational software have the biggest impact on the students when it is used to facilitate social constructivist methods. In order to reap the pedagogical benefits of educational software teachers must understand how sharing the information and the collaborative learning can improve learning and teaching in high education.

  • 25. Heath, Jerome
    et al.
    Rittgen, Peter
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Co-designing an Information System with Internationally Distributed Teams2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Distance Education can have students in a course that are geographically and culturally distributed. This is also an issue resulting from common industrial practice of the use of outsourcing and corporations that are international in nature.

  • 26.
    Hulthén, Ulla
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Lässtuga2006Report (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Jensen, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Kommunikation i klassrummet2012Book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Jensen, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Lärandets hur, vem, när och var2013In: Fritidshemmets didaktik / [ed] Ann Pihlgren, Studentlitteratur , 2013, p. 59-75Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Klaar, Susanne
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Arguments for Early Childhood Science Education; a Review of Research Articles 2006-20162016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to analyse research articles connected to Early Childhood Science Education (ECSE) with a specific focus on “why it is important to teach and learn science in preschool practices”.

    To teach and learn about science in preschool practices can be understood as e.g. learn to care for nature or to create knowledge about natural phenomena and processes. With a specific focus on Early Childhood Education, Hedefalk et.al (2015) and Somerville and Williams (2015) present surveys connected to Education for Sustainable Development, and Zohar and Barzilai (2013) present a review on research in Science Education in the field of metacognition.

    This present study will use curriculum theory to analyse and critically discuss teaching traditions and learning content (see Svennbeck 2003, Öhman 2006).  

    Words used in the ERIC database search was: early childhood, natural science,  science education.

    Approximately 90 articles from Early Childhood Journals and Science Education Journals will be scrutinized regarding arguments for ECSE, using a coding scheme based on introductions and purposes of the studies.

    Initial results from this ongoing review of articles show arguments that focus on ECSE as: i) laying the foundation for knowledge and interest in science, preparing for school, ii) making children able to engage in environmental issues, iii) offering children to explore everyday-science as lived experiences.  

    Only peer-reviewed articles were chosen, and the same words were used during the complete search.

    The result can be used in critical reflections on arguments for teaching and learning science in preschool, to create multifaceted teaching and learning environments.

  • 30.
    Klaar, Susanne
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Att väva samman lärande, fostran och omsorg när förskolebarn möter natur2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Klaar, Susanne
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Ett mångfacetterat naturinnehåll och naturlärande i förskolan2016In: Naturvetenskap i ett förskoleperspektiv: Kreativa lärandeprocesser / [ed] Susanne Thulin, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, p. 49-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Klaar, Susanne
    Örebro universitet.
    Naturorienterad utbildning i förskolan: Pragmatiska undersökningar av meningsskapandets individuella, sociala och kulturella dimensioner2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Klaar, Susanne
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    To challenge: one of many aspects when teachers teach science in preschool2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The overarching aim is to deepen the understanding about teaching processes when preschool children learn about nature. Research into the teaching and learning of science in the preschool tends to either focus on teaching for children’s conceptual development (Charlton, 2003; Zembylas, 2009) or practices that prioritises child-centred activities (Garbett, 2003; Thulin, 2011). Nature content in these practices can be either everything or nothing, but still, preferably cognitive. However, in my previous research into preschool children´s learning about nature, I show that teachers guide towards learning contents that intertwine cognitive, moral, aesthetical and practical learning qualities (Klaar and Öhman, 2013). In this study, teaching processes are investigated by the use of a methodology based on John Dewey’s pragmatic philosophy and the concept of transactions (Dewey and Bentley, 1949/1991; Garrison, 2001). Outdoor nature experiences of preschool children (aged one to three) were video-recorded, transcribed and analysed by the use of 'epistemological move analysis' (Lidar et al., 2006), here oriented towards teaching processes and teachers' guidance in children's nature learning. The preschool teachers and the parents gave their written approval and the participants were told that they could withdraw at any time during the recordings. The analyses show that the relations between teaching and nature-learning processes are intertwined and include education and care. The teachers’ guide towards different qualities in learning about nature by challenging, admonishing, instructional, confirming, generative, reorienting and reconstructing moves. The results contribute to nature-oriented teaching practice and nature-oriented preschool research when critically discussing teachers´ guidance in learning processes.

  • 34.
    Levinsson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Bodily aspects of becoming and being a teacher2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Levinsson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Kan och bör systematiska översikter adressera frågor om vad som är utbildningsmässigt önskvärt?2017In: Nordisk tidskrift för allmän didaktik, ISSN 2002-1534, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 86-92Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Levinsson, Magnus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Slutreplik på två vitt skilda läsningar2017In: Nordisk tidskrift för allmän didaktik, ISSN 2002-1534, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 101-104Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Levinsson, Magnus
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Hogedal, Liselott
    Liberg, Caroline
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Nemeth, Ulrika
    Tyrén, Lena
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Fixar Läsfixarna läsningen?2017In: Undersöka och utveckla undervisning: Professionell utveckling för lärare / [ed] Jonas Almqvist, Karim Hamza, Anette Olin, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 31-48Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 38.
    Levinsson, Magnus
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Langelotz, Lill
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    'Making' a research user: Teacher de-professionalization in the name of educational research2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past two decades there has been a strong push for evidence-based inclusive education. As an example, the European Union has co-funded projects that aim to develop the potential of evidence-based practice in inclusive educational approaches in schools across Europe. Critics emphasise, however, that there are democratic deficits in the evidence-based approach. One main argument is that the idea of evidence-based practice provides a framework for the role of research in educational practice that not only restricts educational decision-making to questions about ‘what works’, but also restricts the opportunities for participation in educational decision-making. It is emphasised that teachers have to be involved in continuing professional development as autonomous professionals to enhance the teaching and learning practice. The evidence-based practice movement has been regarded by numerous critics as a major threat to teacher professionalism that undermines efforts to increase teacher autonomy. The consequences of adopting an evidence-based approach have, however, not been the subject of much empirical research. The many controversies that have arisen between proponents and opponents have mainly taken place on a theoretical level.

    This study goes beyond previous controversies by investigating evidence-based inclusive education in practice. The study draws on data from an EU-financed education project aimed at implementing and developing evidence-based inclusive teaching strategies at the primary school level in five countries in Europe. In Sweden, one municipality took part in this project. Two project leaders, two school psychologists, three principals and sixteen teachers working at three different primary schools in the municipality were involved. One of the main purposes in the EU-project was to educate teachers on inclusive teaching strategies via education interventions (i.e. continuing professional development). Two researchers (the authors of this paper) were involved in continuous evaluative contract research ordered by the municipality to explore what kind of professional learning practices were constituted in the project, and how these practices promoted or impeded the development of inclusive teaching practices.

    In this paper, we present the part of this study that focuses on how the professional learning practices influenced teachers’ participation in educational decision-making.

    The study takes its point of departure in the practice theory terrain and more specifically in the theory of practice architectures. A practice is, from this point of view, an organised nexus of actions such as ‘sayings-and-doings’. Added to these actions is, according to the theory of practice architectures, ‘relatings’. People talk, act and relate to one another in certain ways in a site. These specific sayings-doings-relatings constitute a practice. Furthermore, a practice is historically, culturally, socially, politically and discursively constituted and it is enabled and constrained by its cultural-discursive, material-economic and social-political arrangements. The arrangements constitute the architectures of practices, although practices are not seen as determined by the arrangements: participants have an agency and the power to change practices. The theory is understood and used as an ontological, epistemological, methodological and analytical resource.

     

    Method

    According to the study’s theoretical point of departure, ethnographic methods have been adopted. The analysis mainly draws on data from participative observations of: - professional learning practices - teaching practices - practices of meetings: continuous meetings between project leaders and researchers (the authors) focusing on the progress of the development project.

    The first practice observed was organised as a continuing professional development practice. The project leaders planned and took responsibility for the content. Sixteen teachers from three different schools were gathered on six half-days over four months. These half-day sessions focused on conveying inclusive teaching strategies related to domains such as meta-cognition, peer-learning, formative assessment and learning styles. In view of the lessons learned from similar projects, the teachers were encouraged by the project leaders to make up their own action plans based on inclusive strategies which they had found particularly interesting.The teachers discussed their views on the different types of action suggested and how these strategies could be combined with specific techniques and materials to meet student needs and to develop more inclusive teaching practices. In total, six half-day sessions were observed. 

    The second professional learning practice was formalised as collegial learning aimed at follow up individual teaching (to put their action plans into practice) in the context of their local school.Taking part in these follow-up sessions were researchers, school psychologists, teachers from the local school, the principal and one project leader. The aim was to provide teachers with feedback on how they had implemented their action plans. In total, four follow-up sessions were observed at one of the participating schools. 

    Field notes were made by both authors and used for joint reflections and first analyses. Some of these reflections were discussed continuously with the project leaders as part of the contract between the municipality and the university. Some document material was also analysed. This included material such as PPT-files and PDF-documents that, among other things, contain information about the EU-project, the different inclusive teaching strategies promoted and various teacher assignments performed in the project.

    The theory of practice architectures has been used as a lens in the analyses of the empirical material to explore what enabled and constrained teachers’ possibilities of participating in educational decision-making. The analyses of the empirical material have been conducted by the authors as a team and any disagreement has been resolved by discussion.

    Result

    The results show how teachers’ possibilities for acting as autonomous professionals in the practices of professional learning were constrained in numerous different ways. One of the strongest constraints for the teachers’ possibilities for professional learning was the nature of the EU-project. The epistemological approach (cultural-discursive arrangement) in the project was clearly instrumental, which ultimately made teachers into research consumers rather than autonomous contributors to the practices of professional learning. As an example, the project leaders continuously had to report to the project owner (an EU-organisation) the progress of the education intervention, which explicitly was supposed to contribute to the knowledge-base on ‘what works’ in inclusive education. The project leaders expressed that they felt pressure to show ‘good results’ when reporting back. This focus on finding out what works, within in a limited time-frame (6 month [material-economic arrangements]), appeared to hinder any other approach to enhance inclusive teaching practices. When the teachers tried to discuss and problematize the meaning of ‘inclusion for all pupils’ they were fed with pre-defined inclusion concepts and evidence-based inclusive teaching strategies derived from the literature included in the EU-project. Consequently, the teachers’ experiences and knowledge of how inclusive teaching and learning practices might be formed were not asked for. Furthermore, the researchers (the authors) were several times used to justify the chosen approach. The project leaders turned to the researchers to confirm the evidence-based claims made during the half-day sessions. Even though the researchers tried, they found it extremely difficult to promote a completely different kind of professional learning practice within this context (social-political arrangements), and that is partly why this paper characterises the development project as ‘teacher de-professionalisation in the name of educational research’.

  • 39.
    Norlund, Anita
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Four Ways of Expressing Differences of Opinion inside the Classroom2015In: Conference Publication:10th IAIMTE Conference 2015: Languages, Literatures, and Literacies, 2015, p. 216-217Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Norlund, Anita
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Läroboksbilden som resurs i svenskämnets debattundervisning2014In: Mötesplatser - texter för svenskämnet / [ed] Ann Boglind, Per Holmberg, Anna Nordenstam, Studentlitteratur , 2014, p. 155-177Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Norlund, Anita
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Läroböckernas bilder och svenskämnets identitet2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Norlund, Anita
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Skoldebatten i ett textdidaktiskt och sociologiskt perspektiv2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Norlund, Anita
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    ”Varför tycker du man ska ha dödsstraff, då?” Ett sociologisk-didaktiskt verktyg för analys av klassrumsdebatter2013In: e - SPEN: the European e-journal of clinical nutrition and metabolism, ISSN 1653-1868, E-ISSN 2150-8925, no 1, p. 35-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Debates, as the discursive curriculum activities they are, are occasionally arranged in classrooms. Here, the aim is to offer a tool for analyses of such activities. By adopting a sociological-didactical perspective, this article takes Basil Bernstein’s conceptual pair vertical and horizontal discourse as its starting point. The ‘vertical discourse’ is roughly speaking school-oriented whereas the ‘horizontal discourse’ is more often played out in informal contexts. These two central concepts will be specified in particular relation to the classroom debate as curricular content. Two contrasting authentic classroom debates were intentionally selected in order to try out the ana-lytical tool. Both the debates deal with the same topic, i. e. death penalty. The debates, however, also differ from each other; they are put into prac-tice in remarkably different ways and in different contexts, although they are both collected from, in a sociological perspective, supposedly less ad-vantaged areas. I argue that the tool offered is a needed and fruitful way of capturing what happens in classroom debates.

  • 44.
    Norlund, Anita
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    "Varken en mirakelmedicin eller en farsot": en översikt över forskning om undervisningsteknologi i form av så kallade verklighetsmiljöer2017In: Paideia, ISSN 1904-9633, no 13, p. 6-16Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Persson, Elisabeth
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Thought style as analytical tool to understand mathematics education: limits and possibilities2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Tholin, Jörgen
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Jag kan som du frågar2008In: Design för lärande / [ed] Anna-Lena Rostvall, Staffan Selander, Norstedts akademiska förlag , 2008, p. 96-107Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Varga, Anita
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Metakognitiva perspektiv på läsförståelseprocessen: en studie av skolans textsamtal kring skönlitteratur2015In: Nordisk Tidskrift för Allmändidaktik, ISSN 2002-1534, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 43-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Offering tuition to help pupils enhance their reading proficiency is one of the most important tasks of education. Within research into reading processes the impact of metacognitive aspects on reading-comprehension has been emphasised. Research has been able to identify a clear connection between the ability to apply metacognitive strategies when reading and a highly developed reading capacity. The current study is a contribution to reading research dealing with tuition in reading-comprehension, and specifically with the issue of arranging tuition to support the development of metacognition.  The empirical findings referred to in this study are from text-talks in grades 6-7. The specific focus of the study is the correlation between the linguistic strategies used by the teacher and the pupils’ opportunities to develop metacognitive perspectives as a consequence of these strategies. The study shows how the teachers, by use of a series of linguistic strategies, can offer pupils support in order to:  1) identify and visualise the premises of their personal queries, 2) observe and verbalise their processes of interpretation together with their emotional reactions when reading, 3) survey, adjust and communicate their use of reading-comprehension strategies and 4) recognise the text as an aesthetic construction and the interaction/transaction between texts and the reader.

  • 48.
    Wireklint Sundström, Birgitta
    University of Borås, School of Health Science. University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Att lära sig vårdande bedömning2015In: Reflektion i lärande och vård: en utmaning för sjuksköterskan / [ed] Mia Berglund, Margaretha Ekebergh, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2015, p. 163-174Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att kunna utföra vårdande bedömningar är något som sjuksköterskor ständigt ställs inför oavsett inom vilket vårdområde de är verksamma. Alla vårdmöten med patienter är mer eller mindre oförberedda och det är därför viktigt att med öppenhet kunna möta patientens behov så att inte rutinmässiga och oreflekterade bedömningar av patientens tillstånd och situation görs. Utmaningen i varje vårdmöte är att med hjälp av reflexion och vårdvetenskaplig kunskap kunna göra en bedömning med patientperspektivet som utgångspunkt. Detta kapitel syftar till att ge förståelse för vad vårdande bedömning innebär, hur du kan lära den under utbildningen och vad som begränsar sådant lärande. Exempel på denna lärandeprocesse ges från studenter i ambulanssjuksköterskeutbildningen.

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