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  • 1.
    Abedi Lahrodi, Nima
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Homa, Sofia
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Youssef, Sara
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Konflikter och konflikthantering mellan barn på fritidshem: Intervjuer med pedagoger kring deras upplevelser och lösningar2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning bygger på hur pedagoger inom fritidshemmet tolkar konflikter mellan elever samt hur pedagogerna arbetar med konflikthantering. Syftet har varit att undersöka hur konflikter uppstår mellan eleverna och hur de hanteras inom fritidshemsverksamheten utav fritidspedagogerna samt hur synen på konflikter uppfattas. Vår undersökning är byggd på en intervjustudie (Se bilaga 4). Studien baseras på en fenomenologisk ansats vilket ramar in vårt synsätt kring konflikt och konflikthantering. Som metod valde vi att utgå ifrån en kvalitativ intervju som är semistrukturerad. Bortsett från detta skriver vi även om urval, etiska överväganden, tillförlitlighet och giltighet. Det skrivs även om arbetets genomförande, analys samt hur vi har gått tillväga med arbetet. I resultatdelen presenterar vi vår empiri som vi har fått fram genom vår metod. Vi presenterar våra frågeställningar i form av att samtalen presenteras för sig och sedan presenterar vi citaten från de olika pedagogerna. Därefter lägger vi in våra egna kommentarer rörande ämnet. Vi gjorde våra intervjuer med hjälp av nio pedagoger som har olika utbildningar inom skolan, olika åldrar och olika bakgrund samt etnicitet och kön. I texten presenteras informanter i nummerform. Efter att noggrant granskat över allt material som vi fått in efter vår undersökning kom vi fram till att många pedagoger hade samma uppfattning kring ämnet konflikthantering. De ansåg att konflikthantering utvecklas med tiden och att det även är en stor del i vår utbildning som grundskolelärare inriktning mot fritidshem. När vi diskuterade ämnet konflikter ansåg pedagogerna att eleverna utvecklas av konflikter, men att det kan bli jobbigt för eleverna om de utsätt för konflikter för ofta. Detta på grund av att eleverna kanske inte vet hur de ska hantera konflikter och därför måste vi pedagoger lära eleverna olika metoder på konflikthantering. Genom att vi läraren är tillgängliga och stöttar eleverna blir de också mer självständiga med tiden.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    uppsats
  • 2.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Book Review: Finnish Lessons, What can the world learn from educational change in Finland?2012Ingår i: Kapet (avslutad tryckt version), ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 121-125Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 3.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Compulsory School Curricula of South Africa (RNCS, 2002) and Sweden (Lpo94).2008Ingår i: Compulsory School Curricula of South Africa (RNCS, 2002) and Sweden (Lpo94)., 2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Compulsory School Curricula of South Africa (RNCS1, 2002) and Sweden (Lpo 294).

    Abstract

    The aim of this paper is to analyse the compulsory school curricula of South Africa and Sweden. It focuses on contexts for their introduction, main actors in the process, democratic values they contain and their similarities and differences. Norman Fairclough’s Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) is used for analysis. The curricula and references to other literatures show similarities and differences. Contextual similarities are that both countries were once under oppression and their masses were isolated from the education process and more resources were invested on their elites. At present the curricula of both countries strives for democratic education. A major difference is equal opportunities for the students to attend a school of their choice are higher in Sweden than in South Africa. The Swedish curriculum is more concrete on issues related to students, teachers and other school staff’s rights and responsibilities, and on relations between school, home and society.

    Key words: South Africa, Sweden, Curricula, and Democratic values

  • 4.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Curriculum Reform and Life Orientation Education in Post Apartheid South Africa2010Ingår i: Education Policy / [ed] Gregory Papanikos, Athens: Athens Institute for Education and Research , 2010, s. 79-102Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 5.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Democratic Values in the Comprehensive Schools Curricula of the Nordic Countries.2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Democratic values in the comprehensive schools curricula of the Nordic countries.

     

    The major focus of this paper is to find out which aspects of democratic values are emphasised in the comprehensive schools curricula of the five Nordic countries. It is also an intention of the paper to find out similarities and differences in emphasis and if available data allows to further investigate the reasons for differences and similarities.

    Major sources for the work were curricula of comprehensive schools from the different Nordic countries. Each countries current curriculum was closely read to understand their contents and to undertake comparative analysis. Text analysis was used as a major tool to look closely at the text and context. For further knowledge journals on curriculum studies and other relevant materials were consulted.

    A preliminary review of the general section of comprehensive schools curricula of these countries show:

    In the Danish curriculum participation, responsibility and understanding rights and duties are emphasised.

    The Finnish curriculum raises issues on human rights, equality, natural diversity, preservation of environment and multiculturalism. Responsibility, a sense of community and respect for the right and freedom of the individual are emphasised. General diversity and gender equality are given significant attention.

    In the Icelandic curriculum the major focus is human rights, collective responsibility, participation, influencing, and respect. Concern for people, animal and the environment are included in the curriculum. Critical thinking and reflection, active cooperation & collective responsibility are also emphasised.

    The Norwegian curriculum mentions understanding, cooperation, independence, individual freedom and tolerance as important issues.

    Swedish curriculum raises issues on respect for human rights, respect for persons and the environment. It considers inviolability of human life, individual freedom and integrity, equality between women and men, solidarity with the weak and vulnerable as crucial points. Sense of justice, generosity of spirit, tolerance and responsibility, well-being and development of the individual, no discrimination and personal responsibility were among the areas the curriculum lifted up.

    The curricula in these five countries give room for democratic values. There are some variations on emphasises on specific issues. But all the curricula include issues of rights and responsibilities.

    Keywords: curricula, democratic values, Nordic countries

  • 6.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Utbildningsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Göteborgs universitet.
    Education for Democracy?: Life Orientation: Lessons on Leadeship Qualities and Voting in South African Comprehensive Schools2010Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study takes as its starting point how teachers understand, interpret and teach social development aspects of Life Orientation in South African comprehensive schools. The specific focus is on lessons on leadership qualities and voting for third grade learners in four schools, each dominated by either Black, Coloured, White or mixed groups of learners. Field work with an ethnographic approach and a qualitative strategy was used to gain access to empirical data. Policy and curriculum documents, guidelines and textbooks were used. Classroom observations in four classes and interviews with 14 third grade teachers were conducted. Theoretical concepts of construction, deconstruction and reconstruction are applied. Ulf P Lundgren’s Frame Factor Theory is used to study school organization. Basil Bernstein’s Pedagogical Devices are considered when examining the different levels of pedagogical activities. To be a teacher in South Africa one needs to attend at least two years of teacher education after completing high school. Teachers in the classes studied underwent their teacher education during apartheid years. Due to limited in-service training, they sometimes experience problems of understanding and interpreting the learning area, which they usually tackle by consulting documents, colleagues or school authorities. The learners’ understanding varied based on their family background and type of school they attended. There were enormous differences in material, financial and organisational resources between classes and schools. The resources for teaching leadership qualities and voting were not, however, different between the classes. The lessons were teacher dominated and direct transmission was used as a method. The way teachers facilitated the lesson on leadership qualities and voting varied but all showed some democratic shortcomings. Apart from answering questions, learners were neither invited nor encouraged to participate to further their understanding of the theme. Limited aspects of leadership qualities were discussed, individual leaders’ roles were emphasised and the teachers picked candidates for class leaders in three of the classes. It was also evident that the class environments were not suitable for critical or creative thinking and democratic upbringing. The schools reproduced norms, values, languages and cultures of the different groups. Officially, teachers emphasised the common national South African identity. This emphasis on national identity could disguise the injustice some groups experience in society.

  • 7.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Life Orientation: Lessons on leadership qualities and voting in grade three classes in South African schools2013Ingår i: Online Educational Research Journal, E-ISSN 2044-0294Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Life Orientation: lessons on leadership qualities and voting in grade three classes

    Abstract

    The focus of this study was lessons on leadership qualities and voting in grade three classes in four Eastern Cape schools. Frame factor theory and theory of pedagogical devices were used. The study employed text analysis, classroom observation in four 3rd grade classes and interviews with 14 third grade teachers as sources of data. The results of the study indicated there were differences among teachers when it came to understanding and interpreting the theme. The teachers interviewed have general qualifications but lacked training to teach this theme. Between the schools there were differences in manpower, material and financial resources. There were similar teaching procedures although there were differences in teachers’ approaches. Learners’ understanding was influenced by family background. In general, teachers dominated and controlled the whole procedure by proposing candidates and vote counters. Findings from this study could be relevant for teachers and other school personnel for their future commitment to teaching democracy by practising it. Keywords: Classroom, democracy, differences, leadership qualities, learners, life orientation, participation, South Africa, teachers, voting

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 8.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT. Högskolan i Borås, University of Borås.
    Multidimensional Role of Teachers as Pedagogues, Intellectuals and Activists for Promoting Social Justice through Education2023Ingår i: Journal of Education and Culture Studies, ISSN 2573-0401, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 52-65Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates roles teachers could play in developing their students’ critical thinking and transforming society. The study is based on a literature review. Critical pedagogy is used as a theoretical point of departure. The results show three important roles of teachers, the pedagogical, intellectualand activist roles. Teachers acting as pedagogues can help their students understand the subjects they are focusing on and develop a critical understanding of their own and their society’s situation. Teachers as intellectuals produce knowledge through research on their practice and other fields of knowledge, learn on how to disseminate such knowledge and understanding its consequences. As citizens, teachers use their own and their students’ experiences and knowledge of needs of their community/society to play an activist role in transforming society. Thus, the ideal teacher plays a multidimensional role as a pedagogue, an intellectual and an activist.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 9.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    New Public Management in the Swedish Higher Education2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this study is to find out about the neoliberal New Public Management entry into the Swedish higher education institutions, its effect and the possible alternative to it. The study is based on articles in academic journals, policy documents and government sponsored reports. The result of the study shows that the Swedish higher education institutions are influenced by New Public Management. This is visible as market characters such as efficiency, competition, quality control, customer satisfaction is highly valued at present in the higher education. There is also emphasis on manpower training for the labour market. Easily measurable knowledge for immediate use of economic growth are prioritized at the expense of critical and analytical knowledge. Higher education’s autonomy is to some extent violated, collegial leadership is replaced by appointee leadership, staff are under pressure to follow instructions instead of exercising their academic freedom. Based on these findings I will argue against these trends and emphasis on the importance of all partners in higher education to review the present condition in order to facilitate the possibility for keeping higher education (universities) as public autonomous institution, to keep academic freedom intact, to assure that higher education should have both professional and democratic contents, and that higher education should continue to undertake basic long term and short term research for immediate use.

  • 10.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Nukruma’s and nyerere’s educational visions: what could contemporary africa learns from them?2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    NUKRUMA’S AND NYERERE’S EDUCATIONAL VISIONS – WHAT COULD CONTEMPORARY AFRICA LEARNS FROM THEM?

     

    Getahun Yacob Abraham

    Senior Lecturer

    Institution for Pedagogical Studies

    Karlstad University  

     

     

    This study tries to assess the educational visions of two post independent African leaders, Kwame Nkrumah and Julius Nyerere. The focus is on, what could contemporary Africa learn from their visions on developing the welfare of society through education? To answer this question a literature review of their own works and other writers was conducted. The review shows that they emphasised on the need for education for further development in their own and other countries in the continent. They also focused on relating education with the local reality with due concern on the relevance of knowledge of the global reality. The instrumentality of education to change the life of the masses was given a vital place. For them  education should aim at including all sectors of society and on creating equality among the population instead of contributing to evolving an elite class that selfishly prioritize its own interest than the society at large. They stressed that education should not be too theoretical in the expense of the practical activities. According to them the purpose of education should go beyond individual gains and take into consideration the welfare of the whole society. In line with their visions information technology and welfare development in the continent should be assumed in a way that benefits the broad masses.  

     

     

    Key words: contemporary Africa, Education, Nkrumah, Nyerere, visions

  • 11.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    "Re-inventing" Freire for the 21:st Century2013Ingår i: Kapet (avslutad tryckt version), ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 8-17Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 12.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Barksdale, Mary Alice
    Virginia Tech.
    Literacy and Democracy in South African Primary Schools2018 (uppl. 1)Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 13.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    et al.
    Karlstads Universitet .
    Maria Kristina, Börebäck
    Karlstads Universitet.
    Komplementäragranskningskriteriers betydelse för hur doktorsavhandlingars kvalitetbeskrivs: En analys av fakultetsopponenters sammanfattande kommentarer av doktors-avhandlingar 2000-20152021Ingår i: Kapet (elektronisk), E-ISSN 2002-3979, E-ISSN 2002-3979, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 71-97Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna artikel beskriver hur fakultetsopponenter motiverar avhandlingars kvalitet i populärvetenskapliga sammanfattningar som publicerats i tidskriften Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige under perioden 2000-2015. I artikeln fokuseras granskningskriterier som gäller relevans, förståelse av forskningsfältet, presentation av texten och dess kommunicerbarhet, originalitet och bidrag samt självständighet, vilka alla kompletterar de grundläggande granskningskriterierna. I artikel fokuseras hur dessa granskningskriterier kommer till uttryck och används när fakultetsopponenter beskriver en avhandling som de har granskat. Syftet är att tydliggöra hur dessa granskningskriterier framställs när fakultetsopponenter lyfter fram vad som är betydelsefullt i avhandlingarna. Studien omfattar 59 sammanfattande texter från 60 olika disputationstillfällen. Avsikten är att bidra till en djupare förståelse av dessa granskningskriterier och hur de kommer till uttryck, till nytta för doktorander, handledare och fakultetsopponenter.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 14.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    von Brömssen, Kerstin
    Högskolan Väst.
    Internationalisation in teacher education: student teachers’ reflections on experiences from a field study in South Africa2018Ingår i: Education Inquiry, E-ISSN 2000-4508, Vol. 9, nr 4, s. 347-362Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Internationalisation of higher education and teacher education has been a key issue since the 1990s and many universities still attempt to increase student mobility ever since. Much research has been done on the topic of internationalisation and higher education, including teacher education trying to show how a certain programme impacts on students’ learning, especially intercultural learning when it comes to programmes in teacher education. These studies are often directed towards programmes that last several months or a whole year. The focus of this study is rather to explore if and in what way experiences in a two-week field study can contribute to a student teacher’s intercultural learning and professional development. The findings of the research show that even a short field study has an important impact on the individual student teacher’s understanding of themselves and on awareness of teachers’ living and working conditions in a different culture like South Africa.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 15.
    Ahlström, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Aim, Karel
    Dohrn, Ralf
    Elliott, J Richard
    Jackson, George
    Jaubert, Jean Noël
    Rebello de A. Macedo, Maria Eugénia
    Pokki, Juha-Pekka
    Reczey, Kati
    Victorov, Alexey
    Fele Zilnik, Ljudmila
    Economou, Ioannis
    A Survey of the Role of Thermodynamics and Transport Properties in ChE University Education in Europe and the USA2010Ingår i: Chemical Engineering Education, ISSN 0009-2479, Vol. 44, nr 1, s. 35-43Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Thermodynamics and Transport Properties (TTP) is a central subject in the majority of chemical engineering curricula worldwide and it is thus of interest to know how it is taught today in various countries if chemical engineering education is to be improved. A survey of graduate thermodynamics education in the USA was performed a few years ago by Visco et al. [1] but as far as we know no systematic study of the undergraduate thermodynamics education has been performed, at least in recent years. In the present study, a survey about TTP education in Europe and the USA is presented. Results were obtained from nearly twenty different European countries and the USA and in total answers from about 150 universities were used for this study. The study is performed under the auspices of the Working Party of Thermodynamics and Transport Properties of the European Federation of Chemical Engineering. The survey was performed using a web based surveying system for which invitations were sent out to the universities by local representatives who were responsible for one or more countries each. Of the universities that answered more than 70 % offer BSc education 65 % offer MSc education and 55 % offer PhD education. Most universities offer at least two courses of thermodynamics. The following discussion is mainly based on the first two (undergraduate) courses reported. Half of these are taught to chemical engineers exclusively whereas the rest are taught with other branches of engineering, mainly mechanical and / or process engineering. In general two sets of course lengths were observed, corresponding either to a full semester of full time studies or to quarter of a semester. Most courses are centered around lectures and exercise classes with little or no laboratory work whereas home assignments are given in the vast majority (70-80 %) of the courses. The first course is mainly centered around the first and second law of thermodynamics whereas the second course is frequently more concentrated on phase equilibria. Both of these courses are mainly comprising of classical thermodynamics whereas the molecular interpretation often is touched upon. An analysis of the differences between thermodynamics education in Europe and the USA in presently being undertaken and results from this will also be presented. An investigation of the use of thermodynamics within industry is also on-going within the Working Party and results will be reported in the near future. [1] S.K.Dube, D.P. Visco, Chem. Eng. Ed., 2005, 258-263.

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  • 16.
    Ahlström, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Aim, Karel
    Dohrn, Ralf
    Elliott, J. Richard
    Jackson, George
    Jaubert, Jean-Noel
    Rebello de A. Macedo, Maria Eugénia
    Pokki, Juha-Pekka
    Reczey, Kati
    Victorov, Alexey
    Fele Zilnik, Ljudmila
    Economou, Ioannis
    A Survey of Thermodynamics and Transport Properties in Chemical Engineering Education in Europe and the USA2008Ingår i: Proceedings of the 100th Annual Meeting of the American Institute for Chemical Engineering, 2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
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  • 17. Al Lily, A
    et al.
    Player-Koro, Catarina
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Academic domains as political battlegrounds: A global enquiry by 99 academics in the fields of education and technology.2017Ingår i: Information Development, ISSN 0266-6669, Vol. 33, nr 3, s. 270-288Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract This article theorizes the functional relationship between the human components (i.e., scholars) and non- human components (i.e., structural configurations) of academic domains. It is organized around the following question: in what ways have scholars formed and been formed by the structural configurations of their academic domain? The article uses as a case study the academic domain of education and technology to examine this question. Its authorship approach is innovative, with a worldwide collection of academics (99 authors) collaborating to address the proposed question based on their reflections on daily social and academic practices. This collaboration followed a three-round process of contributions via email. Analysis of these scholars’ reflective accounts was carried out, and a theoretical proposition was established from this analysis. The proposition is of a mu tual (yet not necessarily balanced) power (and therefore political) relationship between the human and non-human constituents of an academic realm, with the two shaping one another. One implication of this proposition is that these non-human elements exist as political ‘actors’, just like their human counterparts, having ‘agency’ – which they exercise over humans. This turns academic domains into political (functional or dysfunctional) ‘battlefields’ wherein both humans and non-humans engage in political activities and actions that form the identity of the academic domain. For more information about the authorship approach, please see Al Lily AEA (2015) A crowd-authoring project on the scholarship of educational technology .

  • 18.
    Albin, Evelina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Humila, Magdalena
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Formativ bedömning och dokumentation: Matematiklärares motiv, handlingar och förutsättningar.2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund

    Formativ bedömning innebär att bevis för elevers visade kunskaper framkallas och används för att göra anpassningar i undervisningen som gynnar elevernas lärande. Formativ bedömning innefattar också att eleverna delges lärandeintentioner och framgångskriterier, att de får framåtsyftande feedback, att de aktiveras som läranderesurser för varandra samt att de aktiveras som ägare av sin egen kunskap. Det finns flera forskningsöversikter som påvisat att formativa undervisningspraktiker gynnar elevers lärande. Det förekommer också kritik mot dessa forskningsöversikter. Ytterligare forskning har visat att en formativ undervisningspraktik ställer krav på lärares kompetens vad gäller ämnesinnehåll och ämnesdidaktik.

    Syfte

    Syftet var att undersöka hur lärare i årskurs 4-6 tillämpar formativ bedömning och dokumentation i matematikämnet, hur de motiverar denna praktik samt vilka förutsättningar och svårigheter de möter i utövandet av praktiken.

    Metod

    I denna kvalitativa undersökning användes semistrukturerad intervju som verktyg. Informanterna i intervjuerna var yrkesverksamma lärare i en svensk kommun vilka fått löpande fortbildning kring formativ bedömning.

    Resultat

    Undersökningen åskådliggjorde en stor variation av motiv och handlingar lärarna emellan. De för lärarna gemensamma motiven, handlingarna och förutsättningarna åskådliggjorde en komplex verklighet. Till en formativ klassrumspraktik lyfte lärarna klassrumsklimatet som ett motiv men också som en förutsättning som påverkade praktiken. Resultatet tydde också på att lärare som såg undervisning, planering och dokumentation som en sammanhållen helhet också upplevde dokumentationen som en naturlig och inte lika betungande del av sitt arbete. Lärarna uttryckte att de ville utveckla en dokumentationsform som de var bekväma med. Detta var en process som lärarna hade kommit olika långt i.

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  • 19.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Bridging the gap between academic cultures of teaching: Ethics, Particularity and Interdisciplinarity in Academic Development Programmes2015Ingår i: Högskolepedagogiska texterArtikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to construct an ethical position of Academic Development Programmes where managerial, top-down principles, are rejected because of the disciplinary resistance such positions bring in the reluctance of recognising existing teaching practices. Instead a focus on particularity through the acceptance of professional difference in an interdisciplinary dialogue is put forward where comparative didactics and interfaith dialogue bring new abilities for university teachers to become better practitioners within their own fields of teaching.

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  • 20.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Didactic Reasoning in Academic Teacher Development: Towards a New Understanding of Teacher Training for Academics2015Ingår i: Högskolepedagogiska texterArtikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Academic teacher development is an educational meeting place for academics already practising the art of teaching. Yet, it is in courses for this development that academics are supposed to be taught how to teach and how to improve their teaching skills. In my article I propose a new conceptual methodological framework for teaching teachers how to teach – Didactic Reasoning. Its foundation can be traced to pragmatist philosophy and interfaith dialogue in theology. The key aspect of Didactic Reasoning is to make university teachers better teachers by the development of a didactic voice and the courage to try this voice in teaching activities. This is done through intersubjective meetings between academics to develop a respect for the ‘teaching-other’ in their colleagues and through the use of practice-focused themed conversations led by teacher educators.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
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  • 21.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Högskolepedagogik som motstånd och anpassning i historia, nutid och framtid2013Ingår i: Högre Utbildning, E-ISSN 2000-7558, Vol. 3, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Denna artikel är en reflektion över högskolepedagogikens historia, nutid och framtid. I den identifieras två strategier som kan ses som syftet med en högskolepedagogisk utbildning för universitetslärare: motstånd mot negativa konsekvenser av den oerhörda förändring som skett av universiteten de senaste decennierna, samt anpassning till en överlevnad och sökandet efter styrka i dessa förändringar. Artikeln för även fram en framtidsvision om en starkare skrågemenskap inom universitetslärarkåren med fokus på lärarskap genom empatisk dialog snarare än negativt ifrågasättande. På så sätt skulle de olika vetenskapsdisciplinerna tillsammans utgöra kärnan i reflektionen och agerandet för en fortsatt högskolepedagogisk utbildning för universitetslärare. Disciplinerna kan liknas vid dialekter inom ett språk – hög-skolepedagogik. På samma sätt som ingen enskild dialekt kan definiera hela språket, är det i den disciplinära mångfalden som högskolepedagogiken skapas och där den hämtar styrka för motstånd och anpassning.

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  • 22.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Kursguiden som instruktion och styrdokument: Konstruktioner och bruk av kursguider vid Göteborgs universitet2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 23.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Kursguidernas roll i högre utbildning: En studie av kursguidebruk vid Göteborgs universitet2013Ingår i: Högre Utbildning, E-ISSN 2000-7558, Vol. 3, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Kursguider är en text som finns mellan kursplanens målformuleringar och själva genomförandet av en kurs. Den skrivs om för varje kurstillfälle för att anpassas till datum och specifika examinationsformer. Som undersökningsmaterial är kursguider därmed mycket praktiknära och ger mycket god insyn i hur undervisning är tänkt att ske. Trots detta har ingen tidigare forskning gjorts i Sverige kring detta material, och internationell forskning finns endast i begränsad omfattning kring denna typ av praktiknära material. Denna artikel är en del i ett större projekt, Bättre kursguider, på Enheten för Pedagogisk utveckling och interaktivt lärande (PIL) vid Göteborgs universitet som bedrivits 2011–2012.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 24.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Referensguiden: Parallell stilmanual för Harvard, APA, Oxford & Chicago2015 (uppl. 1.1)Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 25.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Undervisning i konsten att vårda själar: rapport om utbildning och fortbildning i själavård i Svenska kyrkan år 20152015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 26.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Kursguider, kursinstruktion och kursbeskrivning: Ett rundabordssamtal om kursguidepraktiker i högre utbildning2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad ska en kursguide eller kurs-PM innehålla? Hur bör ett sådant dokument struktureras? Kursguider har som instruktionsdokument kommit att bli allt mer viktiga som dokument i undervisning på universitet och högskolor och utvecklats till att bli ett semiofficiellt dokument mellan kursplanernas formella nivå och undervisningens mer informella nivå (jfr Robinson 2011, Rowan & Correnti 2009). Ett exempel på detta är att betygskriterier tenderar att flyttas från kursplaner till kursguider. Som område ligger kursuidepraktiker nära den utveckling som sker inom kursplaneområdet och har i likhet med denna ett tydligt fokus på Constructive Alignment eftersom mål i kursplanen förklaras och konkretiseras i studieguiden (Martone & Sireci 2009). Utvecklingen av kursguider måste därför ha ett tydligt kvalitetsperspektiv med goda möjligheter till transparens och granskning (Porter 2002). En annan central aspekt av kursguidepraktiker är de sätt på vilket IKT kommit att påverka utvecklingen av kursguider. På vilka sätt kan lärplattformar och digitala medier användas? Digitala tekniker ger idag möjlighet att gå bortom ett papperstänk vad gäller instruktioner med ett enkelriktat budskap till att istället utgöra grund för interaktivitet och medskapande mellan lärare och student. Kursens gång kan därmed påverka utformningen av kursguiden som alltså blir både kommunikation, instruktion och dokumentation kring kursens mål och genomförande. Kursguider som forskningsområde är ett område med omfattande forskning vad gäller kursplanekonstruktion och instruktionsdesign (för en forskningsöversikt, se Roher & Pashler 2010), men med i stort sett obefintlig forskning om dess praktiker.

    Rundabordssamtalet kommer att ske i form av ett samtal mellan högskolepedagoger från västsvenska högre lärosäten. Målgruppen för rundabordssamtalet är dels pedagogiska ledare och dels undervisande lärare. Rundabordssamtalet är ett led i projektet Bättre Studieguider på Enheten för pedagogisk utveckling och interaktivt lärande (PIL) vid Göteborg universitet och det utbyte som påbörjats mellan västsvenska universitet och högskolor kring erfarenheter och idéer om kursguidepraktiker.

    Martone, A. & Sireci, S. G. (2009) Evaluating Alignment Between Curriculium, Assessment, and Instruction. Review of Educational Research 79(4), s. 1332–1361.

    Porter, A. C. (2002) Measuring the Content of Instruction: Uses in Research and Practice. Educational Researcher 31(7), s. 3­–14.

    Robinson, G. (2011) Designing Effective Instruction. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

    Roher, D. & Pashler, H. (2010) Recent Research on Human Learning Challenges Conventional Instructional Strategies. Educational Researcher 39(5), s. 406–412.

    Rowan, B. & Correnti, R. (2009) Studying Reading Instruction With Teacher Logs: Lessons From the Study of Instructional Improvement. Educational Researcher 38(2), s. 120–131.

  • 27.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Scheja, Max
    Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Högskolepedagogik2014Ingår i: Nationalencyklopedin (NE.se) :, Malmö: Nationalencyklopedin, 2014Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 28. Alexiadou, N.
    et al.
    Dovemark, M.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    Erixon Arreman, I.
    Holm, A-S.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    Lundahl, L.
    Lundström, U.
    Managing inclusion: Shifting paradigms of social justice in the Swedish Upper Secondary School2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 29.
    Aljic, Nermina
    Högskolan i Borås, Verksamhetsstöd.
    Årsberättelse disciplinärenden vid Högskolan i Borås 20202021Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 30.
    Aljic, Nermina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Verksamhetsstöd.
    Gustafsson, Petra
    Högskolan i Borås, Verksamhetsstöd.
    Årsberättelse disciplinärenden vid Högskolan i Borås 20212022Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 31.
    Aljic, Nermina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Verksamhetsstöd.
    Gustafsson, Petra
    Högskolan i Borås, Verksamhetsstöd.
    Årsberättelse disciplinärenden vid Högskolan i Borås 20222023Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    After the break? Interrupting the discourses of interprofessional practice2008Ingår i: Service integration in schools: Research and policy discourses, practices and future prospects / [ed] J Forbes, C Watson, Sense Publishing , 2008Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 33.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    Civilising teacher education? Learning with diversity2011Ingår i: Teacher Education & Practice, ISSN 0890-6459, Vol. 24, nr 3, s. 351-353Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Social capital theorist Robert Putnam (2007) argued that diversity produces fear and leads people to disconnect from one another. For student teachers, diversity of whatever kind--ethnicity, religion, class, disability, gender, or sexuality--generates fear and an expectation that it has to be managed. Civic education within teacher education has a crucial role in facilitating an active engagement with diversity among beginning teachers, and the author argues that teacher education can and should do this by providing students with opportunities to encounter diversity--opportunities that provoke and require change. She contends that teacher education is the ideal place for beginning teachers to acquire a "passion for equality", and far from compromising their intellectual independence, it is likely to strengthen it.

  • 34.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    Complicating, not explicating: Taking up philosophy in learning disability research2011Ingår i: Learning disability quarterly, ISSN 0731-9487, E-ISSN 2168-376X, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 153-161Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article provides an introduction to theoretical ideas and practices from the so-called “philosophers of difference” — Foucault, Derrida, and Deleuze and Guattari — as an invitation to think differently about the construction of learning disability and to envision new forms of learning. Two key concepts, Foucault's transgression and Deleuze and Guattari's rhizome, are presented, and examples from research on learning disability and other dimensions of disability are given to illustrate their potential. The theoretical practices of deconstruction, developed by Derrida, and Deleuze and Guattari's rhizomatic analysis are also presented and exemplified. The article argues that these theoretical concepts and practices, if taken up, shift the researcher towards an ethics of research and toward greater responsibility. Implications are discussed in the final part of the paper.

  • 35.
    Allan, J
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    Difference in policy and politics: Dialogues in confidence2012Ingår i: Review of Disability Studies, ISSN 1553-3697, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 14-24Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a process of en-gagement with administrators and Government Ministers in dialogue about diversity that was informed by Disability Studies in Education, a discipline that critiques existing ways of thinking about disability, actively promotes more positive constructions and representations of disabled people's lives and challenges conventional or traditional notions of normalcy It took place within a project, initiated by Council of Europe, Policies and practices for socio-cultural diversity and involved the development of a framework of teacher competences for socio-cultural diversity. The paper charts the process of developing the framework and reports the dialogue that took place. The Ministers and administrators were encouraged to view teaching as a dialogue and to recognise teachers' competence in responding to diversity, following Levinas (1969; 1996), a philosopher who addresses questions of ethics, as a continuing responsibility of teachers to their students.

  • 36.
    Allan, J
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    Inclusion: Patterns and possibilities2012Ingår i: Zeitschrift für Inklusion, E-ISSN 1862-5088, Vol. 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: This examines the policy and practices of inclusion within Europe. It explores the uncertainty surrounding inclusion, among researchers and teachers, and levels of confusion about its precise meaning. The paper also examines the shifting political and policy contexts which create barriers to inclusion but also highlights some of the powerful legal frameworks which enable entitlements to inclusion to be upheld. Recent patterns and trends towards inclusion and indeed exclusion are considered and the paper ends with a discussion of the prospects and possibilities for inclusion.

  • 37.
    Allan, J
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    Introduction2012Ingår i: Includering och måluppfyllelse: att nå framgång med alla elever, Stockholm: Liber , 2012Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 38.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    Provocations: Putting philosophy to work on inclusion2009Ingår i: Educational enactments in a globalised world: Intercultural conversations / [ed] K Quinlivan, B Kaur, R Boyask, Rotterdam: Sense Publishers , 2009, s. 1-12Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Inclusion is currently characterised by c onfusion about what it is supposed to be and do; frustration at the way the current climate of standards and accountability constrains teachers’ work; guilt at the ex clusion created for individual pupils; and exhaustion, associated with a sense of fa ilure and futility. This chapter considers the ‘impossibility’ of inclusion in the current context and how it has become a highly emotive and somewhat irrational sp ace of confrontation, with questions about how we should include being disp laced by questions about why we should include and under what conditions. An attempt is made to rescue inclusion from its valedictory state and to reframe it as an ongoing struggle and a more productive form of political engagement. This reframing takes some of the key ideas of the philosophers of difference – Deleuze and Guattari, Derrida and Foucault – and puts them to work on the inclusion problem (Allan, 2008).

  • 39.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    Questions of inclusion in Scotland and Europe2010Ingår i: European Journal of Special Needs Education, ISSN 0885-6257, E-ISSN 1469-591X, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 199-208Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines inclusion in Scotland and in Europe. It considers some of the uncertainties surrounding inclusion and the questions – many of which give cause for concern – that are currently being raised by researchers, teachers and their representative unions, parents and children. The shifting political and policy contexts and recent patterns and trends in Scotland and across Europe, which illustrate key points of exclusion, as well as some of the challenges to these, are reported. A ‘landmark’ challenge to discrimination of Roma children, achieved within the European Convention on Human Rights, is presented as an illustration of the scope for asserting the right to inclusion. The paper ends with a discussion of the prospects and possibilities for inclusion. The significance of the barriers to inclusion is acknowledged and it is argued that there is an urgent need to address the competing policy demands within education and the problems associated with fragmented provision. A call is also made for research involving children, young people and families in order to inform practice.

  • 40.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    Responsibly competent: Teaching, ethics and diversity2011Ingår i: Policy Futures in Education, ISSN 1478-2103, E-ISSN 1478-2103, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 152-159Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on a Council of Europe project, Policies and Practices for Teaching Sociocultural Diversity, undertaken between 2006 and 2009. The project was undertaken in three phases and involved a survey of teacher education policies and practices in relation to sociocultural diversity across Europe, a conceptual analysis and the development of a framework of teacher competences for sociocultural diversity. The article charts the process of developing the framework and reports on the engagement with the key stakeholders - policy makers, teachers and students. The features of the competence framework, informed by Levinas and emphasising the teacher's responsibility to the Other, are discussed.

  • 41.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    Staged interventions: Deleuze, arts and education2013Ingår i: Deleuze and Education / [ed] I Semetsky, D Masny, Edinburgh University Press , 2013Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 42.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    Teacher competences for diversity: Becoming ethical and responsible2012Ingår i: Interculturalism, education and dialogue / [ed] Besley T, Peters M, New York: Peter Lang , 2012Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 43.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    The civic and the civil in professional education2011Ingår i: The transformation of children's services: Examining and debating the complexities of inter/professional working / [ed] J Forbes, C Watson, Sense Publishing , 2011, s. 141-153Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 44.
    Allan, J
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    The inclusion challenge2012Ingår i: Bildning för alla! En pedagogisk utmaning, Högskolan Kristianstad , 2012Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 45.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    The inclusive teacher educator: Spaces for civic engagement2010Ingår i: Discourse. Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, ISSN 0159-6306, E-ISSN 1469-3739, Vol. 31, nr 4, s. 411-422Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is concerned with the teacher educator who is aspiring to be inclusive. It considers the obligations which arise within Higher Education Institutions and the extent to which these contribute to a loss of civic engagement and a lack of capacity to pursue inclusion, social justice and equity. The paper argues that this need not be the case and a reorientation for teacher educators is offered which affords teacher educators opportunities to, in Bourdieu's terms, ‘play seriously’. This reorientation is in relation to three significant spaces – the ontological, the aesthetic and the epiphanic – and it is argued that operating within these spaces could enable new practices of inclusive teacher education to emerge.

  • 46.
    Allan, J
    [external].
    The sociology of disability and the struggle for inclusive education2010Ingår i: British Journal of Educational Studies, ISSN 0007-1005, E-ISSN 1467-8527, Vol. 31, nr 5, s. 603-619Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article charts the emergence of the sociology of disability and examines the areas of contestation. These have involved a series of erasures and absences – the removal of the body from debates on the social model of disability; the disappearance of the Other from educational policies and practices; and the absence of academics from political discourses and action. The paper considers the contribution of the sociology of disability to inclusive education and examines some of the objections currently being voiced. It ends with some reflections on the possibilities for academics within the sociology of disability to pursue alternative forms of engagement and outlines a series of duties that they might undertake.

  • 47.
    Allan, J
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    Catts, R
    Social capital, children and young people: Implications for practice, policy and research2012Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Social capital, children and young people is about the relationships and networks - social capital - that children and young people have in and out of school. Social capital has become of increasing interest to policy makers but there has been little evidence of how it operates in practice. In this unique collection, the social capital of children and young people, and in one case parents and teachers, is explored in a wide range of formal and informal settings. The contributors to the book, who include academic researchers and educational professionals, provide in-depth accounts of social capital being developed and used by children and young people. They offer critical reflections on the significance of social capital and on the experiences of researching the social capital of sometimes vulnerable people. This book is essential reading for anyone concerned with how children and young people get along, get by and get on.

  • 48.
    Allan, J
    et al.
    [external].
    Duffy, C
    Loening, G
    Moran, N
    Knowledge exchange with Sistema Scotland2010Ingår i: Journal of education policy, ISSN 0268-0939, E-ISSN 1464-5106, Vol. 25, nr 3, s. 335-347Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a knowledge exchange project, funded by the Scottish Funding Council and undertaken by a group of researchers from three higher education institutions in Scotland and the project partner, Sistema Scotland. This newly established charity is attempting to implement a major programme of social change, developed in Venezuela, within the Raploch, a disadvantaged area of Scotland. The researchers’ combined knowledge of education, music and psychology has guided their knowledge exchange activities with the project partner and among themselves. The paper outlines the development of Sistema Scotland and the programme, El Sistema, on which it is based. It details the knowledge exchange activities undertaken, which used Derrida’s notion of aporia to try to engage Sistema Scotland with different perspectives and understandings, and a practical method for conducting meetings based on Open Space Technology. The various ‘encounters’ with children, service providers and stakeholders are reported and this is followed by a critique of the processes of knowledge exchange. The paper ends with a discussion of the prospects for successful knowledge exchange.

  • 49.
    Allan, J
    et al.
    [external].
    Harwood, V
    Medicus interruptus in the behaviour of children in disadvantaged contexts in Scotland2013Ingår i: British Journal of Sociology of Education, ISSN 0142-5692, E-ISSN 1465-3346, ISSN ISSN 0142-5692, EISSN 1465-3346Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The medicalisation of the behaviour of children is a phenomenon that is attracting growing attention, with particular concern about the increased likelihood of children living in disadvantaged contexts receiving a medical diagnosis, such as attention-de fi cit hyperactivity disorder, and treatment. This paper reports on a study of professionals involved with children experiencing behavioural problems. The professionals interviewed in this study articulated their own reservations about the medicalisation of children ’ s behaviour and revealed a number of strate- gies for interrupting the process towards diagnosis. These interruptions, analysed using Deleuze and Guattari ’ s concept of deterriorialisation, took place along linguistic, visual and affective planes and were successful in encouraging teachers and head teachers to see alternatives to the medical route. The fi ndings have implications for existing practice in the response to, and support for, behavioural problems and for teacher education.

  • 50.
    Allan, Julie
    et al.
    [external].
    Ozga, JennySmith, Geri
    Social capital, professionalism and diversity2009Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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