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  • 1. Aasmundsen, Wibeke
    et al.
    Flodman, Hjördis
    Bedömning av begåvningsmässigt funktionshinder i vuxen ålder: en studie av neuropsykologers metoder2012Report (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Adrianson, Lillemor
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ancok, Djamaludin
    Ramdhani, Neila
    Archer, Trevor
    Cultural influences upon health, affect, self-esteem and impulsiveness: An Indonesian-Swedish comparison2013In: International Journal of Research Studies in Psychology, ISSN 2243-7681, E-ISSN 2243-769X, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 25-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examines several personal attributes that distinguish the personal profiles of individuals, from Indonesian and Swedish cultures, according to self-reports of positive and negative effect, stress and energy, self-esteem, hospital anxiety and depression, dispositional optimism and health. Indonesian participants expressed both more PA and more NA than Swedish participants but less stress and a higher energy-stress quotient than the Swedish participants. Additionally, the former expressed a higher level of optimism and self-esteem, but also more depression, and less impulsiveness than the latter. Younger participants expressed less positive affect and more negative affect and impulsiveness than older participants who expressed both more stress and a higher energy stress quotient. Regression analyses indicated that PA was predicted by optimism and health whereas NA was predicted by anxiety and depression and impulsiveness and counter predicted by health. The present findings are discussed according to the notion of emotional regulation according to which individuals differ in their use of emotion regulation strategies such as reappraisal and suppression, and these individual differences have implications for affect, well-being, and social relationships.

  • 3.
    Adrianson, Lillemor
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Ramdhani, Neila
    Why you and not me? Expressions of envy in Indonesia and Sweden.2014In: International Journal of Research Studies in Psychology, ISSN 2243-7681, E-ISSN 2243-769X, Vol. 3, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to describe experience of envy in two different cultures, Indonesia and Sweden. Envy is a feeling that most people have experienced and mostly regards as shameful. The concept relates to a variety of feeling that shows its complexity. The result shows that envy had a wider meaning in the Indonesian language than in Swedish, and consisted of emotional words that were rare among the Swedish respondents. The Swedish respondents’ descriptions were, with few exceptions, connected to a malicious (ill will) meaning while it was obvious that the Javanese respondents used also the concept of benign envy (without ill will). Jealousy and envy seemed to overlap each other more in Bahasa Indonesia than in the Swedish use of the words. The latter had a distinct word for schadenfreude that was lacking in Bahasa Indonesia. For the Swedish respondents, wanting to have what another person possesses was a central element of envy, for example prosperity or competence. The Javanese respondents stressed relationships, achievements and personal characteristics’ as main causes for envy. Both the Swedish and Javanese respondents reported that a person who they knew and with whom they had an established relationship, such as a friend or a fellow student, had envied them and the causes for this were about the same as their own.

  • 4.
    Allwood, Carl Martin
    et al.
    Göteborgs Universitet, psykologiska institutionen.
    Erikson, Martin G
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Grundläggande vetenskapsteori: för psykologi och andra beteendevetenskaper2017 (ed. 2:a)Book (Other academic)
  • 5. Allwood, Carl Martin
    et al.
    Granhag, Pär Anders
    Jonsson, Anna-Carin
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Child witnesses' metamemory realism2006In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, ISSN 0036-5564, Vol. 47, no 6, p. 461-470Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the degree of realism in the confidence judgments of 11 to 12-year-olds (41 girls and 40 boys) of their answers to questions relating to a short film clip showing a kidnapping event. Four different confidence scales were used: a numeric scale, a picture scale, a line scale and a written scale. The results demonstrated that the children showed a high level of overconfidence in their memories. However, no significant differences between the four confidence scales were found. Weak gender differences were found in that the girls were slightly, but significantly, better calibrated than the boys. In addition, although both boys and girls overestimated the total number of memory questions they had answered correctly, the boys gave higher estimates compared with the girls. In brief, the results indicate that, at least in the context investigated, 11–12 year-old children’s confidence in and estimations of their own event memory show poor realism (overconfidence and overestimation). A comparison with previous research on adults indicates that 11 to 12-year-old children show noticeably poorer realism.

  • 6. Allwood, Carl-Martin
    et al.
    Granhag, Pär-Anders
    Jonsson, Anna-Carin
    The cognitive interview and Its effect on witnessess' confidence2004In: Psychology, Crime and Law, ISSN 1068-316X, E-ISSN 1477-2744, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 37-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today there is ample evidence that the Cognitive Interview (CI) enhances witnesses’ memory. However, less is known about how the CI affects eyewitnesses’ confidence. To address this shortcoming we conducted a study analyzing how realism in confidence was affected by the CI. All participants (n /79) were first shown a filmed kidnapping. After 2 weeks we interviewed one-third of the participants according to the guidelines of the CI, one-third according to a Standard Interview (SI), and one-third were not interviewed at all (Control condition). Participants in all three conditions were then asked to answer 45 forced-choice questions, and to give a confidence judgment after each choice. For the 45 questions, no differences in accuracy were found between the three conditions. Confidence was higher in the CI and SI conditions, compared with the Control condition. CI and SI did not differ in metacognitive realism but both showed lower realism compared with the Control condition, although only CI significantly so. The results indicate that the inflation in confidence is more likely to be explained in terms of a reiteration effect , than as a consequence of the particular mnemonics characterizing the CI (e.g. ‘‘mental reinstatement of context’’). In sum, CI does not seem to impair (or improve) the realism in witnesses’ confidence, and does not inflate confidence in erroneous recall, compared to a SI

  • 7.
    Allwood, Carl-Martin
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, Lund University.
    Jonsson, Anna-Carin
    Department of Psychology, Lund University.
    Stability and variability in the realism of confidence judgments over time, content domain and gender2003In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 559-574Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the influence on the realism of confidence judgments of four different factors, the individual, the knowledge domain (crystallized and fluid intelligence), gender and cognitive style (Need-for-Cognition, NfC). Seventy-nine high-school students answered questions on word knowledge (WORD) and logical/spatial ability (DTK); both tests were administered on three occasions with two weeks between each trial. After each test question, each individual gave a confidence rating of his or her answer. The results showed some, but not perfect, individual stability. Furthermore, within-subject differences were found between domains (WORD/DTK); the participants showed better calibration and less overconfidence for the WORD-test as compared to the DTK-test. No stable gender differences were found for any of the two tests. Finally, the results show that having high NfC is not associated with better realism in confidence judgments. These results suggest that the realism of confidence judgments is, at least on the distal level, influenced by many different factors.

  • 8. Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Jensen, MikaelUniversity of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Kognitionsvetenskap2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 9. Archer, Trevor
    et al.
    Adriansson, Lillemor
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Plancak, Allen
    Karlsson, Erica
    Influence of affective personality on cognition-mediated emotional processing: Need for empowerment2007In: European Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0213-6163, E-ISSN 2340-4469, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 248-262Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and Objectives: The notion that both positive and negative affect contribute not only to affective personality profiles but also to self-report estimations of both psychological and physical well-being or discomfort. Method: Two studies are described, based upon applications of psychometric and clinical instruments, including the Positive Affective and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), Stress and Energy (SE), Dispositional optimism (LOT), Locus of Control, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Perfectionism, Hospital Anxirty and Depression (HAD) and the Uppsala Sleep Inventory (USI). In Study 1, one hundred and twenty-two high school students (Gothenburg, Sweden), aged 17-19 years participated, whereas in Study 2, two hundred and eight professional office employees from a number of government agencies and corporations (Borås, Sweden), aged 27-61 years participated. Measures for HAD-anxiety and HAD-depression from five other studies of affective personality profiles were included also. Results: The results indicated marked differences in both psychological and physical well-being or discomfort due to affective personality profiles, whereby "Self-fulfilling" individuals, expressing high positive affect and low negative affect, presented markedly better health profiles than the other three types of affective personality, i.e. "Low affective", "High affective" and "Self-destructive". Conclusions: In this regard the notion of "empowerment" as a vehicle for putative reinforcements of cognitive abilities that modulate emotional systems is discussed.

  • 10.
    Carbonaro, Simonetta
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Consumers’ Resilience2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Carbonaro, Simonetta
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Design, Society, Resilience2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Consuming less but better or the best – this would be a sign of wisdom. The wisdom of resilience, which tells us, that at the end of a story there is always the beginning of a story, but a better story...

  • 12.
    Carbonaro, Simonetta
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Dramatic changes in society ask for a revolution in retail2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Carbonaro, Simonetta
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Society, Liquidity, Resiliency2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What are the economic and emotional benefits of consuming and producing less? How can the power of words be used to preserve a country’s beauty and natural resources? This presentation encourages us to think differently about consumption and reminds us that a consumer-hungry outlook for cheaper and faster is outdated, and that we now know that consuming and producing less, in fact, creates more jobs, more free time, and more happiness.

  • 14.
    Carbonaro, Simonetta
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Transform or Die: Dramatic changes in society ask for a revolution in retail2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A view on revolutionary changes in society and consumer behavior is presented, addressing topics like why retailers need a radical mind shift and a new toolkit, and memory of the future: how to revitalize your brand and build a new future.

  • 15.
    Carlsson, Gunilla
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Hot och våld i psykiatrisk vård2009In: Psyche – Nordisk tidskrift för psykiatriske sykepleier, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 24-26Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hot och våld inom vård är idag ett aktuellt område som vi kan ta del av från massmedia med jämna mellanrum. Våldsamma incidenter har identifierats inom all vård både i Sverige och internationellt och kan utgöra ett betydande problem både för personal, medpatienter, anhöriga och för patienten själv. Det finns både en förväntan och ett särskilt ansvar vilande på vårdpersonal. I psykiatrisk omvårdnad förväntas att vårdpersonal kan hantera situationer med inslag av aggression, hot och våld på ett professionellt sätt utan att tillfoga patienten onödigt lidande. Här krävs kunskap men också förståelse inför patienten situation och patientens upplevelser. Forskning inom frågor som rör arbetsmiljö visar att förekomst av hot och våld inom vård kan skapa allvarliga arbetsmiljöproblem. Risker finns för personal att drabbas av långvariga psykosociala problem, vilket kan innebära minskad arbetsglädje, skuld och självanklagelser. När vårdare känner skuld över att inte klara av sitt jobb, anklagar sig själv för att inte våga, kan känslan av professionell inkompetens att misslyckas i sin gärning som vårdare infinna sig.

  • 16. Danielsson, Nanette S.
    et al.
    Jansson-Fröjmark, Markus
    Linton, Steven J.
    Jutengren, Göran
    Örebro Universitet.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Neuroticism and sleep-onset: What is the long-term connection?2010In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 463-468Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    People with sleep-onset problems often experience neuroticism. To what extent the one problem leads to the other is unknown. We used self-reported data from a Swedish longitudinal project to examine developmental links between neuroticism and sleep-onset problems. A sample of 212 people, followed from birth to midlife, was part of a cohort study spanning 37 years. Adolescent neuroticism was measured at age 16 with the High School Personality Questionnaire (HSPQ, Form A) and in midlife at age 37 with the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ). Sleep-onset problems were measured at ages 15 to 17, 25, and 37 with items developed for the Solna Project. Adolescent neuroticism failed to predict sleep-onset problems. Instead, sleep-onset problems in adolescence and young adulthood predicted midlife neuroticism. We found that sleep-onset problems during adolescence were a direct risk for midlife neuroticism, as well as, an indirect risk through continuance of sleep-onset problems into adulthood. This study provides longitudinal support for adolescent sleep-onset problems as a potent risk factor for heightened neuroticism in midlife. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)(journal abstract)

  • 17.
    Dellve, Lotta
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Wramsten Wilmar, Maria
    Jacobsson, Christian
    Ahlborg, Gunnar Jr
    Ledarskap i vården: att möta media och undvika personfokuserade drev2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågor om kvalitet, tillgänglighet och effektivitet i vården engagerar många och debatteras ofta i media. Att möta media är idag vanligt för chefer i vården och en viktig del av chefsarbetet. I media kan dock ett komplext problem komma att förenklas till att tillskrivas den ansvarige chefen snarare än t.ex. politiska, ekonomiska och organisatoriska förhållanden och överväganden. Mediebevakningen och debatten kan innehålla mer av en personfokusering än saklig debatt om viktiga frågor. Studier om orsak, förlopp och konsekvenser för en sådan personfokusering har varit få. Under 2011–2013 genomfördes en rad studier som syftade till att få djupare kunskap om hur chefer påverkas av att bli personligt fokuserade i media, vad som kan göras för att förebygga att negativa situationer uppstår och vilket stöd som krävs för att möta intensivt och kritiskt mediafokus. Projektet finansierades av afa försäkring och ett syfte var också att ta fram ett kunskapsunderlag för beredskap och stöd inför, under och efter möte med media. Rapporten har författats av professor Lotta Dellve vid Högskolan i Borås och kth (projektledare), leg. psykolog och doktorand Maria Wramsten Wilmar vid Högskolan Borås, leg. psykolog Christian Jacobsson vid Psykologiska Institutionen Göteborgs Universitet och Gunnar Ahlborg jr, leg. överläkare och docent i arbetsmedicin samt chef för Institutet för Stressmedicin, Västra Götalandsregionen.

  • 18.
    Denti, Leif
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Olja i maskineriet? En Fallstudie om ett internt executive coaching program2009In: Bonniers Ledarskapshandböcker, Coaching / [ed] Max Rapp Ricciardi, Bonniers Business Publishing AB , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I jakten efter stående förändring har begreppet organisatoriskt lärande putsats av och åter blivit populärt. På senare år har man emellertid gått från den något abstrakta och svårimplementerbara föreställningen att det är organisationen som skall lära sig något, till att fokusera på den som faktiskt lär sig – individen. I denna artikel, som baseras på en nyligen gjord fallstudie av ett internt Executive coachingprogram diskuteras frågan om huruvida Executive coaching kan vara något för organisationen som vill lära. I fallstudien undersöktes en större global organisation som redan 2002 hade implementerat ett dylikt program och författaren, Leif Denti, ville undersöka programmet i dess helhet; längs hela kedjan från viktiga förutsättningar för coaching till resultatet av insatsen. Först ges en inblick i den samlade kunskapen kring Executive coaching - dess förutsättningar, tillvägagångssätt och effekter. Därefter presenteras fallstudien, dess resultat och lärdomar. Artikeln avslutas med en diskussion om Executive coachings roll för den lärande organisationen.

  • 19.
    Erikson, Martin G.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Referera reflekterande2009Book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Erikson, Martin G
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    The meaning of the future: Towards a more specific definition of possible selves2007In: Review of General Psychology, ISSN 1089-2680, E-ISSN 1939-1552, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 348-358Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Erikson, Martin G
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Erikson, M
    D som i diskurs2007In: Tidens tecken / [ed] Björn Rombach, Anders Björnsson, Santérus , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Erikson, Martin G.
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Erlandson, Peter
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Theories as maps: Teaching psychology beyond mind and behavior2015In: Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Psychology, ISSN 2332-2101, no 1, p. 92-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is a challenge for psychology education to teach students about the possibilities and limitations of psychological theories. In the present article, we attempt to meet this challenge by employing the metaphorical expression “theories-are-maps” as a didactic tool for exploring the dynamics between psychology as a scientific project and the nature of the phenomena observed. Using mental illness as an example, we use the map metaphor to discuss the various difficulties involved in teaching theories in psychology, in such terms as the risk of confusing maps and terrain. While using theories-are-maps as a tool does add complexity to psychology education, it also helps illustrate how the relationship between theory and the “reality” that theoretical devices are describing can be envisaged. We see this as a contribution to the discussion on critical thinking in psychology, particularly in the teaching of psychology. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved)

  • 23.
    Erikson, Martin G.
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Hansson, Berit
    Lundblad, Suzanna
    Desirable possible selves and depression in adult women with eating disorders2014In: Eating and Weight Disorders, ISSN 1124-4909, E-ISSN 1590-1262, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 145-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Possible selves are conceptions of our selves in future states. Previous findings indicated that women with anorexia nervosa tended to have more negative possible selves than a control group, even when rating future situations normally regarded in our society as desirable. The present study investigated whether this was a general pattern in women with eating disorders, relating findings on possible selves to depression. Possible selves concerning treatment were also included. Methods Patients with anorexia nervosa (n = 19), bulimia nervosa (n = 29) or an eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) (n = 18) and a control group (n = 27) rated the valence of five possible selves on Likert’s scales. Levels of depression were measured among the patients using the Beck Depression Inventory. Results The patients rated the valence of the possible selves significantly less positively and more negatively than did the control group. A strong correlation between valence and depression was found in patients with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. No such correlation was found in patients with EDNOS. Possible selves concerning future treatment were rated even more negatively. Conclusions The results indicate that, when compared to a non-patient group, eating disorder patients make more negative evaluations of possible selves usually seen as desirable. Depression may be a mediating factor in these evaluations for the anorexia and bulimia patients.

  • 24.
    Erikson, Martin G.
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Hansson, Berit
    Lundblad, Suzanna
    The possible selves of women with Anorexia nervosa2012In: Eating Disorders, ISSN 1064-0266, E-ISSN 1532-530X, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 288-299Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adopting the construct of possible selves, which are conceptions of our selves in future situations, the objective of this study was to investigate how anorexia patients differ from a non-clinical control group in their conceptions of the future on qualitative con- tent, and the four quantitative dimensions positive and negative emotional valence, and beliefs about probability and controllabil- ity. The Possible Selves Statements Test was employed. Participants presented 14 possible selves by completing the question “I can see myself . . .” and rating each possible self on the 4 dimensions. The patients reported a larger number of negative possible selves, with higher negative valence, often seeing future everyday situations as negative, whereas the control group saw similar situations as pos- itive. The anorexia patients also reported negative possible selves with high controllability and high probability in relation to such situations and in some cases rated recovery from anorexia with a negative valence. Clinical implications are discussed.

  • 25.
    Erikson, Martin G
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Lundblad, S.
    Hansson, B.
    Possible selves in women with anorexia2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 26. Fatai, Nabi
    et al.
    Nordholm, Lena
    University of Borås, Central Administration.
    Mattsson, Bengt
    Hellström, Mikael
    Experiences of Kurdish war-wounded refugees in communication with Swedish authorities through interpreter2010In: Patient Education and Counseling, ISSN 0738-3991, E-ISSN 1873-5134, Vol. 78, no 2, p. 160-165Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27. Fjällhed, Anders
    et al.
    Jensen, MikaelUniversity of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Barns livsvillkor: i mötet med skola och fritidshem2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Gacia, Danilo
    et al.
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Karlskrona.
    Adrianson, Lillemor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Archer, Trevor
    Rosenberg, Patricia
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being.
    The Dark Side of the Affective  Profiles: Differences and Similarities  in Psychopathy, Machiavellianism,  and Narcissism2015In: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, ISSN 2158-2440, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The affective profiles model is based on the combination of individuals’ experience of high/low positive affect and high/low negative affect: self-fulfilling, high affective, low affective, and self-destructive. We used the profiles as the backdrop for the investigation of individual differences in malevolent character traits (i.e., the Dark Triad: psychopathy, Machiavellianism, and narcissism). A total of 1,000 participants (age: M = 31.50 SD = 10.27, 667 males and 333 females), recruited through Amazons’ Mechanical Turk (MTurk), responded to the Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule and the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen. Individuals with a high affective profile reported higher degree of narcissism than those with any other profile, and together with individuals with a self-destructive profile, also higher degree of Machiavellianism and psychopathy than individuals with a low affective and self-fulfilling profile. Males scored higher in Machiavellianism and psychopathy. Together with earlier findings, our results show that while individuals in both the self-fulfilling and high affective profiles are extrovert and self-directed, only those in the high affective profile express an immature and malevolent character (i.e., high levels of all Dark Triad traits). Conversely, individuals in the self-fulfilling profile have earlier reported higher levels of cooperativeness and faith. More importantly, the unique association between high levels of positive emotions and narcissism and the unified association between negative emotions to both psychopathy and Machiavellianism imply a dyad rather than a triad of malevolent character traits.

  • 29. Granhag, Pär-Anders
    et al.
    Jonsson, Anna-Carin
    Leif A., Strömwall
    "Let's say we had lunch and hope they will swallow it!": Deception among pairs2003In: Psychology, Crime and Law, ISSN 1068-316X, E-ISSN 1477-2744, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 109-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Deception research has neglected the fact that legal-workers often have to try to detect deceit on the basis of statements derived from pairs of suspects, each having been interrogated repeatedly. To remedy this shortcoming we conducted a study where each memeber of 10 truth-telling pairs and 10 lying pairs was iterrogated twice about an alibi. One hundred and twenty undergraduate students were enrolled as lie-catchers. The main fidings were that (a) overall deception detection accuracy was modest; (b) lie-catchers given access to a large number of statements did not outperform lie-catchers given access to a lesser number of statements; (c) when asked to justify their veracity assessments the most frequently reported cue was 'consistency within pairs of suspects': (d) all cues to deception were of low diagnostic value. Psycho-legal aspects of integrating sequential information in deception detection context are discussed.

  • 30. Granhag, Pär-Anders
    et al.
    Jonsson, Anna-Carin
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Strömwall, Leif A.
    Partners in crime: How liars in collusion betray themselves2003In: Journal of Applied Social Psychology, ISSN 0021-9029, E-ISSN 1559-1816, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 848-868Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paradigmatic task for participants in studies on deception is to assess veracity on the basis of a single statement. However, in applied contexts, lie catchers are often faced with multiple statements (reported by one or several suspects). To appreciate this mismatch, we conducted a study where each member of 10 truth-telling pairs and 10 lying pairs (reporting fabricated alibis) was interrogated twice about an alibi. As predicted, lying pair members were more consistent between themselves than were truth-telling pair members, and single liars and truth tellers were equally consistent over time. Furthermore, truth tellers made more commissions than did liars. Although in line with our repeat vs. reconstruct hypothesis, these findings contrast sharply with beliefs held by professional lie catchers and recommendations found in literature on deception detection. The results are translated into an applied psycholegal context.

  • 31. Gustafsson, Jan-Eric
    et al.
    Åberg-Bengtsson, Lisbeth
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Unidimensionality and interpretability of psychological instruments2009In: Measuring psychological constructs: advances in model-based approaches / [ed] Susan E. Embretson, American Psychological Association (Washington, DC) , 2009, p. 97-121Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Hemlin, Sven
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Creative Knowledge Environments: An Interview Study with Group Members and Group Leaders of University and Industry R&D Groups in Biotechnology2009In: Creativity and Innovation Management, ISSN 0963-1690, E-ISSN 1467-8691, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 278-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study shows that effective knowledge management is essential in a creative knowledge environment of R&D groups in cutting-edge fields such as biotechnology. To a great extent, knowledge management is revealed as a group leadership task. Moreover, group leaders emphasize group organization as a way to generate ideas, while group members are concerned with creative leadership. Group climates are unanimously perceived to be conducive to creative output. Theoretical starting points taken in creativity are seen as fostered by the environment rather than by individual characteristics. Data were collected by semi-structured, oral interviews (N = 84) with group leaders and group members at universities and biotechnical companies in Sweden. Data were analysed by content and categorized accordingly. Future research on creative micro-environments should focus on leadership issues and knowledge management.

  • 33.
    Hemlin, Sven
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Prpic, Katarina
    Denti, Leif
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Organizational support for innovation in biosciences: Comparing high and low performers in Sweden and Croatia.2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need to better understand the organizational factors influencing innovative performance. This cross-cultural study examined organizational support factors in biotech R&D groups differing in innovative performance. The objective was to twofold; first to explore how organizing influences innovativeness in R&D, and, second to examine if R&D organizing is related to nations having a low and high innovation degree, respectively. Results supported that organizing R&D as well as national innovation performance are related. Crucial organizational issues found were how much organizations encouraged innovations, the degree of perceived autonomy and to what extent organizations could supply knowledge. Some of the implications of these results are introduced.

  • 34. Hägg, Göran
    et al.
    Holmberg, Kjell
    Oudhuis, Margareta
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Olsson, Anders
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Metoder och arbetssätt för arbetsmiljöarbete2006In: Arbete och Hälsa, ISSN 0346-7821, p. 24-42Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Jensen, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Fjällhed, Anders
    Barn, konflikter och konflikthantering2013In: Barns livsvillkor - i mötet med skola och fritidshem, Studentlitteratur , 2013, p. 173-192Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Jensen, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Hjärnan lär sig sluta härmas2009In: Forskning och framsteg, ISSN 0015-7937, Vol. 7, p. 18-21Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Människans tanke- och handlingsförmåga är unik. Men det är också hennes förmåga att avstå från vissa tankar och handlingar.

  • 37.
    Jensen, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Fjällhed, Anders (Editor)
    Livsstil och identitet2013In: Barns livsvillkor - i mötet med skola och fritidshem, Studentlitteratur , 2013, p. 43-59Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Jensen, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Samarbete i lärande och lek2014In: / [ed] Ann Ludvigsson, Carin Falkner, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Jensen, Mikael
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Fjällhed, Anders
    Fjällhed, Anders (Editor)
    Barns livsvillkor: en introduktion2013In: Barns livsvillkor - i mötet med skola och fritidshem, Studentlitteratur , 2013, p. 15-27Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Jensen, Mikael
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Harvard, Åsa
    Leka för att lära: utveckling, kognition och kultur2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Från förlaget: Lek är avgörande för barns lärande. I den här boken beskriver och analyserar en grupp svenska forskare från olika vetenskapliga discipliner barns lek och relationen mellan lek och lärande. Bokens olika kapitel bidrar till ett mångfacetterat helhetsperspektiv som vuxna behöver för att förstå lek och lärande. Aspekter som behandlas är utveckling, kommunikation, kognition, natur och kultur.

  • 41. Jimmefors, Alexander
    et al.
    Garcia, Danilo
    Rosenberg, Patricia
    Fariba, Mousavi
    Adrianson, Lillemor
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Archer, Trevor
    Locomotion (Empowering) and Assessment (Disempowering) Self-regulatory Dimensions as a Function of Affective Profile in High School Students.2014In: International Journal of School and Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 2, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to examine high school adolescent pupils’ self-regulatory strategies in relation to psychological well-being and subjective well-being (i.e., temporal life satisfaction and affect) using the affective profiles model as the backdrop for the analysis. Participants were categorized into Self-fulfilling (high positive, low negative), High affective (high positive, high negative), Low affective (low positive, low negative) and Self-destructive (low positive, high negative) profiles according to their responses on the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule. The participants also self-reported self-regulation (“assessment” and “locomotion”),temporal life satisfaction (past, present and future) and psychological well-being (e.g. Self-acceptance,environmental mastery, personal growth). Self-fulfilling adolescents, in contrast to Self-destructive adolescents, expressed high levels of temporal life satisfaction and psychological well-being. The self-regulatory “locomotion” dimension was associated to high positive affect profiles, higher life satisfaction and psychological well-being whereas the self-regulatory “assessment” dimension was associated with high negative affect profiles, lesser life satisfaction and psychological well-being. Taken together, the well-being outcomes linked to the “locomotion” dimension seem to contribute to an upward ‘spiral of empowerment’, reinforcing approaching or agentic behavior; while the outcome linked to the “assessment” dimension appear to consist of a downward ‘spiral of disempowerment’ or inaction.

  • 42.
    Jonsson, Anna-Carin
    University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Metacognition and Confidence: Mood, individual differences, developmental and social aspects.2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna avhandling undersöker realismen i människors konfidensbedömningar. En konfidens- bedömning sker när en person uttalar hur säker han/hon är på att en proposition han/hon har framfört är korrekt. Med realism menas hur väl personens konfidensbedömning matchar korrektheten i uttalandet. Många olika faktorer påverkar realismen i konfidensen och denna avhandling fokuserar på fyra faktorer; sinnesstämning, individuella skillnader, utvecklingspsykologiska och sociala aspekter. Studie I undersökte om sinnesstämning påverkade den säkerhet människor har till sitt episodiska minne. En positiv sinnesstämning inducerades i en grupp. Dock fanns ingen signifikant skillnad mellan de två gruppernas (positiv och neutral) konfidensbedömningar. Studiens slutsats var att moderata nivåer av en positiv sinnesstämning inte påverkar de aktuella metakognitiva bedömningarna. Frekvensbedömningarnas (ett mått på hur många frågor totalt som personen ifråga tror sig ha svarat rätt på) visade att deltagarna signifikant underskattade sin faktiska prestation, detta i kontrast till de specifika konfidensbedömningarna, där deltagarna överskattade sin faktiska prestation. I Studie II undersöktes stabiliteten och variabiliteten i realismen i deltagarnas konfidensbedömningar över tid, innehållsdomän, genus och kognitiv stil. Två test, ORD (ordkunskap) och DTK (logisk/spatial förmåga) från det svenska Högskoleprovet administrerades över tre tillfällen. Resultaten visade att det finns individuella stabila skillnader över tid och domän i deltagarnas konfidensbedömningar. Dock återfanns också skillnader mellan de två domänerna i deltagarnas konfidensbedömningar. Inga skillnader mellan genus kunde spåras och kognitiv stil (Need for Cognition) hade ingen effekt på deltagarnas konfidensbedömningar. Studie III undersökte barns (11-12 år) konfidensbedömningar till svar på frågor gällande deras minne (det episodiska minnet) av en kort videofilm. Fyra olika skalor att skatta konfidensbedömningar med testades; den numeriska skalan, bildskalan, linjeskalan och den verbala skalan. Vilken skala som användes påverkade inte barnens konfidensbedömningar. Barnen visade sig mer överkonfidenta i relation till sina svar än de vuxna som tidigare använt samma material i tidigare studier. Dessutom, barnens frekvensbedömningar (uppskattning av det totala antalet korrekt besvarade frågor) visade på att deltagarna överskattade sin faktiska prestation. Studie IV undersökte hur social återkoppling påverkade barns (12 år) konfidensbedömningar till svar på frågor gällande deras minne (det episodiska minnet) av en kort videofilm (samma material som användes i Studie III). Mellan-individ faktorn var relaterad till huruvida återkopplingen barnet fick kom från en lärare eller en kamrat. Inom-individ faktorn gällde olika typer av återkoppling; konfirmerande eller icke-konfirmerande återkoppling på såväl korrekta som inkorrekta svar. Resultatet visade att barnen (12 år) var överkonfidenta oavsett vilken typ av återkoppling de fick. Dock, konfirmerande återkoppling resulterade i sämre realism i barnens konfidensbedömningar än icke-konfirmerande återkoppling. Deltagarnas frekvensbedömningar (totalt antal korrekt besvarade frågor) visade återigen (se Studie III) på överskattning. Resultatet av denna avhandling visar att ytterligare två faktorer, individuella skillnader och utvecklingspsykologiska aspekter, bör läggas till de fem; tid, återkoppling, kontext, motivation och erfarenhet inom domän, vilka introducerades av Allwood och Granhag (1999) som påverkande faktorer av människors konfidensbedömningar. This dissertation investigates the realism in people's confidence judgments. Study I investigated whether mood influences the confidence people have in their event memory. However, there were no significant differences in the realism of the participants' confidence judgments between conditions (elated and neutral). This study concluded that moderate levels of elation might not influence the realism in confidence judgments. In Study II the stability and variability in the realism of confidence judgments over time, content domain and gender were investigated. Two tests, WORD (word knowledge)and DTK (logical/spatial ability), from the Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test were administered on three occasions. The results showed that there were stable individual differences over time and domain in the participants' confidence judgments. No gender differences were found and no effect was found of the cognitive style Need-for-Cognition, NfC. Study III investigated children's (11-12 year old) confidence judgments of answers to questions on their episodic memories. Four different confidence scales were tested; the numeric scale, the picture scale, the line scale and the written scale. The four scales showed no difference for the children's confidence judgments. Further, the children were more overconfident than adults who had used the same material in recent studies. Also, the children's frequency judgments showed overestimation. Finally, Study IV investigated how social feedback influence children's (12 year old)confidence judgments (the same material as in Study III was used). The between-subject factor related to whether the feedback was given by a teacher or a classmate and the within-subject factor concerned type of feedback; confirmatory or disconfirmatory feedback on both correct and incorrect answers. The results showed that the children were overconfident independent of what kind of feedback they recieved and no effect of the source of the feedback was found. However, confirmatory feedback resulted in worse realism in the children's confidence judgments than disconfirmatory feedback. The children's frequency judgments again showed overestimation. In summary, the results in this thesis show that individual differences and developmental aspects should be added to the five factors that were argued by Allwood and Granhag (1999) to influence confidence judgments; time, feedback, contextual, motivational and experience within the domain.

  • 43.
    Jutengren, Göran
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Att bygga politikerförtroende: Lättare sagt än gjort2018In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 95, no 3, p. 53-63Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Jutengren, Göran
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Gräsrotslobbyism eller medborgardialog2017In: En brokig gemenskap / [ed] Ulrika Andersson & Annika Bergström, Göteborg: SOM-institutet , 2017, p. 49-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Jutengren, Göran
    et al.
    Örebro Universitet.
    Kerr, Margaret
    Stattin, Håkan
    Adolescents' deliberate self-harm, interpersonal stress, and the moderating effects of self-regulation: A two-wave longitudinal analysis.2011In: Journal of School Psychology, ISSN 0022-4405, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 249-264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The predictive effects of peer victimization and harsh parenting on deliberate self-harm were examined. As derived from the experiential avoidance model, the study also tested whether these links were moderated by individual self-regulation approaches. Data were collected at two points in time from 880 junior high school students (mean age = 13.72) in Sweden. Analyses using structural equation modeling revealed that Peer Victimization was predictive of self-harm. Although Harsh Parenting was not predictive of self-harm, this link was moderated by adolescents' gender. No moderating effect of self-regulation was revealed. The study concludes that the high prevalence of deliberate self-harm recently found in community samples of adolescents cannot be prevented without attending to environmental psychosocial factors. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)(journal abstract)

  • 46.
    Jutengren, Göran
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Medin, Eva
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Cross-ethnic friendship and prosocial behavior's potential significance to elementary children's academic competence2018In: The Journal of educational research (Washington, D.C.), ISSN 0022-0671, E-ISSN 1940-0675Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors, with Swedish elementary school students (N = 201), 9–12 years old, examined the potential significance to self-perceived academic competence of students' cross-ethnic friendship ties and prosocial behavior to better understand education's minority achievement gap. A crossed-lagged panel model was tested to investigate potential relationships between these variables over time, while controlling for temporal associations. The results revealed that higher levels of prosocial behavior were related to more positive academic performance six months later. However, higher levels of cross-ethnic friendship did not. The findings further establish the predictive influence of prosocial behavior on academic competence, indicating that this over-time relation is applicable also in the North European context, with its increasingly diverse ethnicity.

  • 47.
    Jutengren, Göran
    et al.
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Palmèrus, Kerstin
    The potential role of conflict resolution schemas in adolescent psychosocial adjustment.2007In: Social Indicators Research, ISSN 0303-8300, Vol. 83, no 1, p. 25-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Four specific schemas of cognitive structures that adolescents may hold concerning interpersonal disagreements with their parents were identified, each reflecting an authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, or a neglecting parenting style. To examine the occurrence of such schemas across high and low levels of psychosocial adjustment, 120 Swedish adolescents (50 boys, 70 girls) (mean age = 14.76 years) indicated how their parents usually approach six potential situations involving parent-adolescent conflict. Findings show that the authoritative conflict schema (compliance as a result of mutual respect) occurred more often among well-adjusted adolescents, whereas authoritarian and indulgent conflict schemas were particularly associated with low levels of psychosocial adjustment. The concept of conflict schemas may contribute to the understanding of how various parenting styles are linked to certain developmental outcomes for the adolescent. 

  • 48.
    Jutengren, Göran
    et al.
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Palmérus, Kerstin
    A comparison of Swedish and US fathers’ self-reported use of parental discipline2002In: Children & society, ISSN 0951-0605, E-ISSN 1099-0860, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 246-259Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two samples (pairwise matched in terms of sex of child, age of child, and fathers’ education) of fathers from Sweden (n = 50) and the US (n = 50) respectively were interviewed about their use of parental discipline when in conflict with their 38–66-month-olds. The results show that, compared with US fathers, Swedish fathers display a range of disciplining approaches from punitive reprimands (i.e., behaviour modification and physical punishment) to restrictive control approaches (i.e., verbal control and physical restraint). No difference was found between Swedish and US fathers in terms of their general tendency to assert compliance when their children misbehave. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • 49. Kamal, Lana
    et al.
    Strand, Jennifer
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Jutengren, Göran
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Tidefors, Inga
    Göteborgsuniversitet.
    Perceptions and Experiences of an Attachment-Based Intervention for Parents Troubled by Intimate Partner Violence2017In: Clinical social work journal, ISSN 0091-1674, E-ISSN 1573-3343, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 311-319Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is known that intimate partner violence (IPV) negatively affects both parental capacity and children’s well-being, but few studies have focused on the experiences of those taking part in family interventions focused on IPV. In this study, 26 parents (16 mothers and 10 fathers) with a history of IPV participated in focus groups concerning their attachment-based group intervention experience in the program Parenting and Violence. The transcripts, subjected to thematic analysis, showed that participants experienced the intervention as supportive and confirming of their role as parents. Parents described feeling more in control, more self-confident, more skilled in communicating, and more able to provide security for their children. However, they also expressed a need for continuing support to maintain their improved parenting strategies.

  • 50.
    Kendrick, Kristin
    et al.
    School of Social Work, University of British Columbia.
    Jutengren, Göran
    Center for Developmental Research, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Center for Developmental Research, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University.
    The protective role of supportive friends against bullying perpetration and victimization2012In: Journal of Adolescence, ISSN 0140-1971, E-ISSN 1095-9254, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 1069-1080Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A crossed-lagged regression model was tested to investigate relationships between friendship support, bullying involvement, and its consequences during adolescence. Students, 12–16 years ( N = 880), were administered questionnaires twice, one year apart. Using structural equation modeling, a model was specified and higher levels of support from friends were related to lower levels of bullying and victimization one year later. Additionally, a bidirectional relationship between victimization and depression was found, and greater property crimes commission was related to higher levels of future bullying. These findings support the ‘friendship protection hypothesis’ and suggest the quality of support in friendships can protect against bullying victimization and perpetration. Prior research has shown that friendships can protect against victimization; however this is one of the few longitudinal studies to focus on the quality of friendship, rather than other characteristics of the friends. It is suggested that interventions should focus on increasing perceptions of support within existing friendships.

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