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  • 1.
    Andersson, R.
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Ottosson, T.
    Högskolan i Borås, Verksamhetsstöd. Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Larsson, J.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    A Case Study: A quality approach to managing supply chain risks.2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Andersson, Roy
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Kombination av ledningsfilosofier bäst.2007Inngår i: Intelligent logistik, ISSN 1653-9451, Vol. 2, s. 23-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 3.
    Andersson, Roy
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Kvalitet ger cost cutting. Ericssons erfarenheter2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    Andersson, Roy
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Hammerberg, P
    A six sigma framework enabling collaboration across company boundaries in supply chain.2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 5. Andersson, Viktor
    et al.
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Comparative study of organic thin film tandem solar cells in alternative geometries2008Inngår i: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 104, nr 12, s. 6-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Optical modelling of one folded tandem solar cell and four types of stacked tandem solar cells has been performed, using the finite element method and the transfer matrix method for the folded cell and the stacked cells, respectively. The results are analysed by comparing upper limits for short circuit currents and power conversion efficiencies. In the case of serial connected tandems all of the five cell types may be compared, and we find that the folded cells are comparable to stacked tandem cells in terms of currents and power conversion efficiencies.

  • 6.
    Axelson, Sara
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Textilt avfall och textil återvinning  i Borås Stad2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The consumption of textiles is increasing more and more, meanwhile there are vigorous efforts both from the textile industry and controlling companies to promote sustainable consumption. A significant amount of textiles discarded in household waste, which is an untapped resource that should be taken advantage of. Two methods to use textile waste is to reuse and recycling it. The reuses of textile materials are today well developed in Sweden, however, there are currently no existing system for recycling textiles.

    The purpose of this study is to investigate Borås Stad’s textile waste and the textile recycling. The reason I chose Borås is because the city has an old history in the Swedish textile industry and today strives to be in top of the textile innovations. The methods being used in this study are a literature studies and a interview.

    Borås Stad actively works to encourage the citizens to reuse and recycle their textile waste. The opportunity to recycle textiles is today only in the special collecting boxes. Borås Stad has nowadays, because of size- and economical aspects, not an own developed recycle system for textile waste.

  • 7.
    Boström, Martin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Marting, Oliver
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Säkerställning av saldokvalitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbetet genomfördes på Silvent ABs huvudkontor i Borås. Syftet med arbetet var att se på vilka sätt företaget kunde förbättra sin saldokvalitet. Vikten av att lagersaldot är korrekt blir viktigare för varje år. Flera begrepp såsom Lean, prognostisering, beställningspunkter och lagerpåfyllning är alla baserade på att lagersaldot är korrekt. För att undersöka orsakerna till varför felaktigt lagersaldo uppstod gjordes intervjuer med personal som är centrala för att uppnå ett korrekt lagersaldo. Utöver intervjuerna observerades flödet för den avgränsade produktgruppen. Eftersom det finns flera faktorer som påverkar lagersaldot undersöker analysen flera metoder som är möjliga att använda sig av för att uppnå ett säkrare lagersaldo.De tre viktigaste slutsatserna som undersökningen kom fram till är följande: Rutiner för mätning och dokumentation.Dokumentering av mätningar är viktigt för att använda som underlag för att synliggöra problemområden och motiv för eventuella förbättringar. Därför är det inte bara viktigt att införa tydliga rutiner för hur mätningar ska utföras och utan även hur dokumentationen av dessa mätningar ska ske så att man i efterhand kan spåra och jämföra med tidigare mätningar. RFIDMed implementationen av någon form av digital uppmärkning och ett automatiserat identifieringssystem finns stor potential för att förbättra saldokvaliteten. Bevis för att RFID skulle kunna förbättra saldokvaliteten med ungefär 26 % finns i en tidigare studie, gjord av Hardgrave et. al. 2015. Företaget rekommenderas därför att undersöka om det finns möjligheter för implementation av detta. KanbanEtt lätt sätt att hantera artiklar som är svåra eller kostnadskrävande att föra ett lagersaldo över är tvåbingesystem där påfyllning av lagret sker på ett mer visuellt sätt. Att inte föra ett lagersaldo över artiklarna gör det dock svårt att redovisa siffror på hur mycket av artiklarna som faktiskt lagerhålls ifall någon efterfrågar efter det.

  • 8.
    Breaum Löfvenborg, Frida
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Ekonomiska incitament till gröna investeringar inom rederisektorn2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Miljöpåverkan blir ett allt större problem i dagens samhälle och mycket av den miljöpåverkan kommer från global transport av gods. För att minimera denna miljöpåverkan implementeras olika miljölagar för att tvinga fram en förändring men det har visat sig att regelverken inte räcker till. Därför krävs ekonomiska incitament som genom finansiella drivkrafter ska motivera företag till gröna investeringar som leder till mindre påverkan på miljön. Denna uppsats har studerat miljöpolicy inom väg-, tåg och sjötransport för att undersöka vilka ekonomiska incitament som står till buds inom transportsektorn. Därefter genomfördes en enkätstudie inom sjötransport där rederier fick gradera de identifierade ekonomiska incitamenten i hur viktiga de var och hur stor påverkan de hade på beslut inom företagen kring gröna investeringar. Detta gjordes i avsikt att identifiera vilka ekonomiska incitament inom rederisektorn som är effektiva och som kan främja gröna investeringar. Enkäten undersökte 6 olika typer av ekonomiska incitament inom rederisektorn: miljöcertifiering, miljölagar, offentliga investeringar i grön infrastruktur, investeringsbidrag från myndigheter, miljörabatter och miljöindex. Det visade sig att alla de undersökta ekonomiska incitamenten främjade gröna investeringar men i olika grad. Studien visade att rederierna verkade ha en mer positiv inställning till incitament med direkt finansiell påverkan och en mindre positiv inställning till incitament med en indirekt finansiell påverkan. I enkäten graderades miljölagar till att vara mest viktig och ha störst påverkan medan miljöindexen var minst viktiga och hade minst påverkan.

  • 9.
    Börjesson, Anders
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Computational Studies of Metal Clusters and Carbon Nanotubes2008Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Carbon nanotubes constitute a promising candidate material in the realisation of nanoscaled electronics. This requires the ability for systematic production of carbon nanotubes with certain properties. This is called selective carbon nanotube growth. Two important aspects related to carbon nanotube growth are investigated in order to shed some light on this issue. First the melting behaviour of nanometer sized iron particles is investigated using molec- ular dynamics simulations. The iron nanoparticles studied are mounted on a porous Al2 O3 substrate in order to mimic the experimental situation during nanotube growth with the chemical vapour deposition method. This showed that the melting temperature of a cluster on a porous substrate may be lower than the melting temperature of a cluster on a flat sub- strate. This means that the catalyst particles used for nanotube growth may be liquid. In association with these studies the role of surface curvature to melting behaviour is explored further. The second presented study concerns the docking of nickel clusters to open single wall carbon nanotube ends. The motivation for this study was the possibility to continue growth of a carbon nanotube by docking of catalyst particles to its end. This work may also be of importance for the creation of electric junctions between carbon nanotubes and metal elec- trodes. This study showed that independent of whether the metal was gently put on the nanotube end or brutally forced to the end, it is the metal that adapts to the nanotube and not vice versa. For forced docking it was seen that carbon might dissolve in to the metal. This was not seen for the gently docked clusters. Carbon dissolution might affect the electronic properties of the metal (carbide) and nanotube-metal junction.

  • 10.
    Börjesson, Anders
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    In silico studies of carbon nano tubes and metal clusters2010Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Carbon nanotubes have been envisioned to become a very important material in various applications. This is due to the unique properties of carbon nanotubes which can be exploited in applications on length scales spanning from the nano world to our macroscopic world. For example, the electronic properties of carbon nanotubes makes them utterly suitable for nano electronics while the strength of them makes them suitable for reinforcements in plastics. Both of these applications do however require... mer the ability for systematic production of carbon nanotubes with certain properties. This is called selective carbon nanotube growth and today this has not been achieved with total success. In the work presented in the thesis several different computational methods have been applied in our contribution to the systematic search for selective carbon nanotube growth. Put in a context of previous knowledge about carbon nanotube growth our results provide valuable clues to which parameters that control the carbon nanotube growth. In association with the latest results we even dare to, with all modesty, speculate about a plausible control mechanism. The studies presented in the thesis addressed different stages of carbon nanotube growth, spanning from the properties affecting the initiation of the growth to the parameters affecting the termination of the growth. In some more detail this included studies of the melting temperatures of nanoscaled metal clusters. The expected size dependence of the melting temperatures was confirmed and the melting temperatures of clusters on substrates were seen to depend both on the material and shape of the surface. As this constitute the premises prior to the carbon nanotube growth it was followed by studies of the interaction between carbon nanotubes and metal clusters of different size and constitution. This was done using different computational methods and at different temperatures. It soon became apparent that the clusters adapted to the carbon nanotube and not vice versa. This held true irrespectively of the constitution of the cluster, that is for both pure metal and metal carbide. It was also seen that there exist a minimum cluster size that prevent the carbon nanotube end from closing. Closure of the carbon nanotube end is likely to lead to the termination of the growth which lead to studies of other reasons for growth termination, e.g., Ostwald ripening of the catalyst particles. This was investigated with the result that the rate of the Ostwald ripening may depend on both the chirality and diameter of the carbon nanotubes. It is suggested that this may provide some answers to the controlled growth of carbon nanotubes.

  • 11.
    Dumitrescu, Delia
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Dual-textures: textiles in between function and ornamentation2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Integrating computational technology to architectural surfaces challenges the traditional design process offering novel possibilities to design materials and spaces. Starting with a conceptual design exercise, the present paper discusses the relation between form, textile expression and human interaction in architectural design by joining together different design practices such as architecture, textile and interaction design. The aim of the paper is to challenge design views and to integrate textiles and computerized technology as part of the expression in space design that means to relate the aesthetic of the space to the user’s actions. It is a reflection on the role of interactive textiles textures that exceed the expressional and technological limits of the traditional textile materials having dual nature between function and ornamentation in architectural design. The present paper is an example of practice based research and follows a design project that had as objective to design a collection of interactive textile structures meant to be used in an architectural context. The aim of the project was to explore the soft face of computerized technology and to integrate it into the space design to generate new typologies that relate the space to the human presence; to explore situations how people’s relation to the space materializes and progresses in time by the mean of interactive soft surfaces.

  • 12.
    Dumitrescu, Delia
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Interactive Textile Expressions in Spatial Design: Architecture as Synesthetic Expression2010Inngår i: Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal, ISSN 1833-1874, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 11-28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Extending the role of the surface from just an embellishment of the tectonics to communicative devices challenges the traditional design process in architecture. Through a series of design examples, the paper presents a research program that introduces and discusses a new grammar of ornamentation generated by the relation between surface expression and the act of use in the build space. Projects such as Knitted light, Touching loops, Designing with heat and Tactile glow are examples meant to analyze the relation between material, space, time and interaction expression through the design of three dimensional knitted interactive textile structures. The design process joins together different design fields such as architectural, textile and interaction design in order to re-define the relation between human being and space. The design process starts with the microstructure of the textile element and ends with the space design using the interaction design as a tool to relate the human presence to space. The paper aims to propose new interactive spatial expressions created by the integration of computational technology into soft interactive textile surfaces that enable the user to perceive the complexity of the architectural space through a synesthetic perception, that exceeds the limits of visuality.

  • 13.
    Dumitrescu, Delia
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    International Seminar at Kolding Design School- Textiles, light, ornament and interior space2009Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Knitted Light ‐ Space and Emotion ‐ design of textile expressions that integrate light as functional and aesthetic asset in order to enlarge our space experience. Starting from the relation between light, textiles and space the present project proposes a vision of textiles as an interface between interior and exterior as part of building facades. The purpose of the project is to reintroduce textiles as an alternative to the functional and aesthetic layer of glass by being applied to the interior part of the façade. This is to create a textile interface that interacts with light between the indoor and outdoor environment; to offer architects an advanced textile complement to the conventional materials in building design. The design process follows two general paths one oriented towards function having as aim to enhance the functional potential of the material such as energy saver and the other towards expression by using the emotional potential of the combination of textiles and light to raise the user’s interaction with the built environment. Each of the resulting prototypes develops an individual idea based on the effect created by light and its surface in order to create an interactive environment. Alongside with the aesthetical values given by the exploration of the relation between textiles and light, the project has a strong technical approach by exploring different possibilities to integrate artificial light into the textile structures and to create three‐dimensional surfaces using knitting as a technique.

  • 14.
    Ekwall, Daniel
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Grunderna i Supply Chain Management: riskhantering2008Inngår i: Intelligent logistik, ISSN 1653-9451, nr 9, s. 33-35Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 15.
    Ekwall, Daniel
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Grunderna i Supply Chain Risk Management2007Inngår i: Intelligent logistik, ISSN 1653-9451, nr 4, s. 34-36Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16.
    Ekwall, Daniel
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Transportbranscherna hukar om stölder2007Inngår i: Transportarbetaren, ISSN 0492-004X, Vol. 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 17.
    Ekwall, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Lumsden, K.
    Differences in stakeholder opinion regarding antagonistic gateway within the transport network2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Ellwanger, Marion
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    EduWear2008Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19. Ellwanger, Marion
    Smart textiles- Paradigmenwechsel im textil design2008Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Ericsson, D.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Customized value chains2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 21.
    Ericsson, D.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Demand chain management -den felande länken.2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 22.
    Ericsson, D.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Demand Chain Management: from Vision to Action2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 23.
    Ericsson, D.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Demand Chain Management: visioner och verklighet. Från kostnadsminimeringtill värdeökning. Vad innebär begreppet "profitable inefficiences"?2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 24.
    Ericsson, D.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Fast Fashion: the new archetype for modelling advanced logistics systems2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25.
    Ericsson, D.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Från supply till demand chain management2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 26.
    Ericsson, D.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Historisk överblick, Schenkers logistikpris 25 år.2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Ericsson, D.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Sessionsmoderator, Fokus på Demand Chain: Tillbaka till framtiden2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Ericsson, D.
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Christopher, M.
    From Supply to Demand Chain Management2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 29.
    Ericsson, Dag
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Kvalitetsdriven logistik och Demand Chain Management2009Inngår i: Vetenskap för profession, ISSN 1654-6520, nr 10, s. 39-46Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 30.
    Ericsson, Dag
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Marknadsförarna måste kopplas ihop med logistikerna.2007Inngår i: Intelligent logistik, ISSN 1653-9451, nr 6, s. 23-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 31.
    Eriksson, Gustav
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Johansson, Filip
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Planelind, Ted
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    How can Smart Industry concepts improve existing material handling processes within automotive industry: An exploratory study at VOLVO Cars Corporation2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to understand the next generation of manufacturing in relation to material handling. The research did this by setting the question of how Smart Industry could improve existing material handling processes. Smart Industry is the term to describes what is expected to be the next generation of manufacturing. The thesis was conducted as an exploratory study which meant that it began with comprehensive literature review which was followed of an analysis of three processes within material handling at an automotive company. The observations and analysis were based on Lean philosophy.  Identified issues and challenges were then set in the context of Smart Industry to find solutions. As a result of the analysis excessive material handling and wasteful buffers was found. An example of this was physical transports of material only so the system could register its arrival. These issues were identified to affect the lead time in a negative way. Smart Industry was found to have solutions for general material handling issues such gaining higher visibility with sensors and Big Data. The major finding of this paper was the Smart Industry solutions for the identified issues within the examined processes. One of these solutions is autonomous vehicle which can reduce the transport time with 66%. The conclusion of the study was that the solutions within Smart Industry can not only be used to improve the examined processes but can be generalized over material handling. Furthermore, a growing digitalization will require that companies engage in the development of Smart Industry technology.

  • 32. Fernaesus, Ylva
    et al.
    Vallgårda, Anna
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    John Tharakan, Mili
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Lundström, Anders
    Touch and Feel Soft Hardware2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    With soft hardware we refer to electronic components, coatings, and shells built from materials that make them elastic, flexible, floppy and malleable. By introducing new material properties into electronic and computational contexts we expect to open new paths for designing interactive things. Building electronics with textile and other soft materials may easily degrade elements such as speed, power, and storage capacities; however, these constraints can be acceptable if not down right desirable in these new contexts. We see how sensors, actuators, computers and even battery cells made of soft materials enables us to embed them into soft shapes that in turn afford certain forms of interaction. With the term soft hardware, we also highlight the interplay between computational and physical materials in interaction designs.

  • 33.
    Frennås, Emma
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Olofsson Carlbom, Markus
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Implementering av Näranalys: En arbetsmetod för att finna grundorsaker till avvikelser i produktion.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbetet syftar till att uppmärksamma kvalitetsavvikelser i produktionen på ett internationellt företag som säljer kundanpassade transportlösningar inom logistik och lagerhantering. Med hjälp av en arbetsmetod, kallad Näranalys, ska tillvägagångssättet att hantera en kvalitetsavvikelse förbättras. Anledningen till implementeringen är att komma underfund med grundorsakerna till avvikelser samt att bearbeta dessa för att reducera risken för återkomst. Fel och brister som uppkommer i alla verksamheter kan definieras som kvalitetsbristkostnader och kan, enligt Sörqvist, bestå av uppemot 30 % av ett företags totala omsättning och är därför väsentligt att minimera (2001).Utifrån organisationsfilosofin Lean Management med dess verktyg och metoder har ett antal aspekter framstått som väsentliga för att en implementering av en arbetsmetod ska bli lyckad. Att reflektera över hur filosofins standardisering kan komma att bidra till psykosociala påfrestningar kan en mer hållbar och prefererande arbetsgång tas fram utifrån olika branscher och förutsättningar. En avgörande faktor ur studiens utfall är medvetenheten kring den framtagna arbetsmetoden. Det är därav viktigt att ett förtydligande sker gällande att arbetsmetoden inte skapades för övervakning mot enskilda individer, utan för att förbättra arbetssättet och skapa förutsättningar för operatörer att göra rätt från första början.Nyckelord: Lean,

  • 34.
    Guo, Li
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Berglin, Lena
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Knitted strain sensor for respiration measurement: The Improvement of Sensor Characteristics by Intarsia Knitting2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 35.
    Guo, Li
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Berglin, Lena
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Test and Evaluation of Textile based Stretch Sensors2009Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This project has focused on test and evaluation of three different textile sensors. The project includes the development of sensors, the exploration of suitable measurement methods and devices and finally the evaluation of the sensors according to three different applications. Four results were given in order to characterize sensor performance and to verify the effective working ranges. Further the sensors were integrated in three applications such as force sensor, breath sensor and movement sensor in order to test the sensor functionality by application. Future research orientation has suggested by the end of the paper.

  • 36. Hilletofth, P.
    et al.
    Ericsson, D.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Hilmola, O.P.
    Ujvari, S.
    Differentiated Supply Chains Strategies Based on Customer Insights2008Inngår i: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM 2008) Skövde 30/6-2/7 2008, 2008, s. 540-547Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 37. Hilletofth, P.
    et al.
    Ericsson, D.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Hilmola, O.P.
    Ujvari, S.
    Integration and Formalization of Strategic Product Development and Commercialization in a Manufacturing Company -A Challenge for Supply Chain Management2008Inngår i: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM), 2008, s. 532-539Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 38.
    Kontopoulos, E.
    et al.
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Darányi, Sándor
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Wittek, Peter
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Konstantinidis, K.
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Riga, M.
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Mitzias, P.
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Stavropoulos, T.
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Andreadis, S.
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Maronidis, A.
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Karakostas, A.
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Tachos, S.
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Kaltsa, V.
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Tsagiopoulu, M.
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Avgerinakis, K.
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Deliverable 4.5: Context-aware Content Interpretation2016Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The current deliverable summarises the work conducted within task T4.5 of WP4, presenting our proposed approaches for contextualised content interpretation, aimed at gaining insightful contextualised views on content semantics. This is achieved through the adoption of appropriate context-aware semantic models developed within the project, and via enriching the semantic descriptions with background knowledge, deriving thus higher level contextualised content interpretations that are closer to human perception and appraisal needs. More specifically, the main contributions of the deliverable are the following: A theoretical framework using physics as a metaphor to develop different models of evolving semantic content. A set of proof-of-concept models for semantic drifts due to field dynamics, introducing two methods to identify quantum-like (QL) patterns in evolving information searching behaviour, and a QL model akin to particle-wave duality for semantic content classification. Integration of two specific tools, Somoclu for drift detection and Ncpol2spda for entanglement detection. An “energetic” hypothesis accounting for contextualized evolving semantic structures over time. A proposed semantic interpretation framework, integrating (a) an ontological inference scheme based on Description Logics (DL), (b) a rule-based reasoning layer built on SPARQL Inference Notation (SPIN), (c) an uncertainty management framework based on non-monotonic logics. A novel scheme for contextualized reasoning on semantic drift, based on LRM dependencies and OWL’s punning mechanism. An implementation of SPIN rules for policy and ecosystem change management, with the adoption of LRM preconditions and impacts. Specific use case scenarios demonstrate the context under development and the efficiency of the approach. Respective open-source implementations and experimental results that validate all the above.All these contributions are tightly interlinked with the other PERICLES work packages: WP2 supplies the use cases and sample datasets for validating our proposed approaches, WP3 provides the models (LRM and Digital Ecosystem models) that form the basis for our semantic representations of content and context, WP5 provides the practical application of the technologies developed to preservation processes, while the tools and algorithms presented in this deliverable can be deployed in combination with test scenarios, which will be part of the WP6 test beds.

  • 39. Larsson, J.
    Agent-based modelling in fashion demand chains.2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 40. Larsson, J
    et al.
    Petersson, J
    A Multiple Choise System for Designing Knitted Fashion Garments.2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 41. Larsson, J
    et al.
    Petersson, J
    Agent-based modelling in fashion demand chains.2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42.
    Larsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    The Long Tail of Fashion2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    With Internet as an increasingly important factor in world economy new methods of doing business has evolved. The long tail economy first became evident in the music and book industry. Record labels are no longer making huge profits on selling records due to free downloads in peer-to-peer networks but also due to the development of on-line music stores like iTunes and similar solutions where the consumer can choose freely between a wider selection of products. Not only is the long tail economy visible in music and film industry but also in the fashion market where there is an increasing number of small online stores and fashion blogs driving the demand down the long tail of products. And not only are consumers buying their way down the tail, revenues are also moving down the tail as blogers are earning by advertising in affiliated networks. Drivers in the new economy are the Internet, the democratization of production- and distribution tools and the connection of demand and supply. Which has made it possible for everybody with a computer and an Internet connection to produce and distribute music, films and to some extent consumer goods. The market is no longer as hit driven as in the past but increasingly driven by the niches and the future of business is selling less of more. In the long tail economy the 80/20 rule is no longer that evident - we are moving down the long tail of products and services

  • 43. Larsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Andersson, P
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Petersson, J
    Knit on Demand: Simulation of an Agile Production and Shop Model for Fashion Products.2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 44.
    Larsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Mouwitz, Pia
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Design for Mass Customized Knitted Garments2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Historically it has been only for the rich to have their suits, jackets, shoes and sweaters tailored. The rest of the population had to buy standard of the shelf mass-produced products. But as information technology and production techniques are refined, customized goods are made affordable to the masses and as volume goes up, prices go down. An increasingly number of companies is now offering customized goods to affordable prices and sometimes even cheaper then a mass produced garment. The idea is to offer the customer a garment that better suits his or her needs on fit, design and function. The main purpose of the paper is to analyse in what ways design for customization differs from regular design and how to build product architecture for customized knitwear. The challenge is to find out how many and which choices the customer should be able do in order to feel that he or she is designing the garment and translate these choices into a fully functioning concept. Customized garments generally need to be pre-engineered in order to assure lead-times, production-cost and quality, so the design cannot be completely free.

  • 45. Larsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Petersson, J.
    Ett kundanpassat flervalssystem för design av textila modeprodukter.2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 46.
    Lindqvist, Rickard
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Kinetic garment construction: remarks on the foundations of pattern cutting2015Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Fashion designers are presented with a range of different methods for pattern cutting, and the interest in this field has grown rapidly over the past few years. This growth is both due to the publication of a number of works dealing with the subject in different ways and the fact that a growing number of designers emphasise cutting in their creative practices.

    Though a range of methods and concepts for pattern cutting are presented, the main body of these methods, both traditional and contemporary, is predominately based on a theoretical approximation of the body that is derived from horizontal and vertical measurements of the body in an upright position: the tailoring matrix. As a consequence, there is a lack of interactive and dynamic qualities in methods connected to this paradigm of garment construction, from both expressional and functional perspectives.

    This work proposes and explores an alternative paradigm for pattern cutting that includes a new theoretical approximation of the body as well as a more kinetic method for garment construction that, unlike the prevalent theory and its related methods, takes as its point of origin the interaction between the anisotropic fabric and the biomechanical structure of the body. As such, the research conducted here is basic research, aiming to identify fundamental principles for garment construction. Based on some key principles found in the works of Geneviève Sevin-Doering and in pre-tailoring methods for constructing garments, the proposed theory for – and method of – garment construction was developed through concrete experiments by cutting and draping fabrics on live models.

    Instead of a static matrix of a non-moving body, the result is a kinetic construction theory of the body that is comprised of balance directions and key biomechanical points, along with an alternative draping method for dressmaking. This methodology challenges the fundamental relationship between dress, garment construction, and the body, working from the body outward, as opposed to the methods that are based on the prevalent paradigm of the tailoring matrix, which work from the outside toward the body. This alternative theory for understanding the body and the proposed method of working allows for diverse expressions and enhanced functional possibilities in dress.

  • 47.
    Lindqvist, Rickard
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Thornquist, Clemens
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Enhanced construction technology for ergonomic clothing: A new approximation of the body and system for garment construction.2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the ergonomic and functional possibilities of a recently developed new principle of construction technology for garments based on a new approximation of the human body in garment development. Although there are several different principles of pattern construction, the far majority are derived from the same approximation of the body based on horizontal and vertical measurements. Based on Lindqvist’s[1] model for enhance pattern technology, building on a number of key biomechanical point and balance lines instead of horizontal and vertical measurements of the body, this paper demonstrates the potential of the proposed technology in two garments for a specific function. The relevance of this new garment construction technology is significance because it presents a previously unknown model to construct garments with significantly increased ergonomics and agility as well as presenting a new theory of

  • 48.
    Lundborg, Niclas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Nordling, Jonathan
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Att Göra Gårdagens Arbete Till Morgondagens Vinst: Erfarenhetsåterföring För Vinstmaximering Inom Byggsektorn2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Byggbranschen är inte lika utvecklad inom förbättringsarbete och standardiserade processer som andra tillverkningsindustrier. Detta ger utrymme till forskning och utveckling inom området. Slöseri inom byggbranschen kan uppgå till 35 % av ett byggprojekts totala produktionskostnad. Genom att ta tillvara på den kunskap och de erfarenheter som finns inom företagen hos medarbetarna kan detta slöseri reduceras.Syftet med arbetet är att fastställa en standardiserad process för erfarenhetsåterföring. I arbetet analyseras och redogörs för hur erfarenhet kan spridas inom företaget genom standardiserade processer och verktyg, för att tas tillvara på och användas i framtida arbete. Riktlinjer för erfarenhetsåterföring ligger i grund för tillämpning av standardiserade verktyg och processer vid förbättringsarbete. Examensarbetet har inriktning mot erfarenhetsåterföring i hela byggprocessen, från projektering till avslutat projekt.Examensarbetet utformades genom en kvalitativ tvärsnittsstudie med en abduktiv ansats. Arbetet har utförts på Wästbygg där empirisk data insamlats genom intervjuer. Intervjuerna utformades semistrukturerat för att ge möjlighet till följdfrågor och fördjupning kring ämnet. Forskning visar att det är av yttersta vikt att arbeta med erfarenhetsåterföring vilket insamlad empiri understryker. Det teoretiska och det empiriska resultatet redovisar att det existerar en vilja till att arbeta med erfarenhetsåterföring. Dock försvåras förbättringsarbetet av diverse faktorer. Tidsbrist i form av att snabbt gå vidare till nya projekt gör att erfarenhetsåterföring blir lidande. Bristen på standardiserade processer för arbetet med erfarenhetsåterföring bidrar även till svårigheter inom ämnet. Enligt insamlad empiri är databaser med nedskrivna dokument för komplicerade för effektiv erfarenhetsåterföring. Detta leder till att författarna föreslår att verktyg bör grundas i verbal erfarenhetsåterföring som stöttas av systematiserad dokumentstyrning. Det läggs likväl tyngd på att erfarenhetsåterföring skall arbetas med kontinuerligt i byggprocessen genom ett systematiserat arbetssätt.

  • 49.
    Mansur, Rubina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Svensson Johnson, Carolin
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Kartläggning av interna mjölkrundor: En analys av kartongflöden hos Volvo Lastvagnar Tuve2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Att kartlägga hur ett företags olika processer ser ut är en viktig del ur ett kontinuerligtförbättringsarbete. Uppdraget för denna studie består av att kartlägga dagliga mjölkrundor påen del av fabriken, som därmed skall bidra till att eventuella problem synliggörs. Studienbehandlar logistik och materialhantering med fokus på transport och ergonomiska arbetsplatsersom bör följa riktlinjer för Lean. Att följa de olika ergonomiska riktlinjerna på ett framgångsriktsätt kan skapa goda förutsättningar som därmed kan gynna ekonomin. Utgångspunkten har varitatt med hjälp av intervjuer samt observationer skapa en god förståelse för hur de nuvarandemjölkrundorna ser ut, då det i nuläget inte finns något standardiserat arbetssätt på det studeradeområdet basmodulen.I studien presenteras de faktorer i produktionen som har en påverkan på ergonomin samt defaktorer som bidrar till förbättringsmöjligheter. Resultatet av studien baseras på litteraturstudieroch de tre intervjuer som genomförts med berörda truckförare. En jämförelse gjordes mellanLean och Volvos egna Leanarbete, Volvo Production System där vikten belystes i detstandardiserade arbetssättet och att företaget standardiserar de olika arbetsmomenten för attlättare kunna implementera förbättringsförslagen. Studien avslutas med att utforma förslag påhur mjölkrundorna bör se ut för att möjliggöra besparingar inom effektivitetssynvinkeln samtövriga förbättringsförslag som skall gynna företaget i helhet. Författarnas slutsats avexamensarbetet är att det finns goda möjligheter och förutsättningar för att positivt införastandardiserade körrundor för basmodulen som därmed underlättar implementering avresterande förbättringsförslag.

  • 50.
    Maronidis, A.
    et al.
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Chatzilari, E.
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Kontopoulos, E.
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Nikopoulos, S.
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Riga, M.
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Mitzias, P.
    CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Darányi, Sándor
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Wittek, Peter
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Gill, A.
    King's College London, UK.
    Tonkin, E.L.
    King's College London, UK.
    De Weerdt, D.
    SpaceApps, Belgium.
    Corubolo, F.
    University of Liverpool, UK.
    Waddington, S.
    King's College London, UK.
    Sauter, Ch.
    King's College London, UK.
    PERICLES Deliverable 4.3: Content Semantics and Use Context Analysis Techniques2016Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The current deliverable summarises the work conducted within task T4.3 of WP4, focusing on the extraction and the subsequent analysis of semantic information from digital content, which is imperative for its preservability. More specifically, the deliverable defines content semantic information from a visual and textual perspective, explains how this information can be exploited in long-term digital preservation and proposes novel approaches for extracting this information in a scalable manner. Additionally, the deliverable discusses novel techniques for retrieving and analysing the context of use of digital objects. Although this topic has not been extensively studied by existing literature, we believe use context is vital in augmenting the semantic information and maintaining the usability and preservability of the digital objects, as well as their ability to be accurately interpreted as initially intended.

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