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  • 1.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Rethinking textile fashion: A research agenda2015Other (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Andersson, Olivia
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Wikström, Julia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Risker med offentlig-privat samverkan som alternativ finansieringsform av infrastruktur2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study should provide indications of risks and distribution of risks in transport infrastructure projects where OPS is used as a financing mechanism. Previous research has almost exclusively focused on the state aspect of the issue and this study aims to provide a broader picture where a private actor also can share its opinion. The study has a qualitative approach and the acquired theory has been examined against an empirical study in the form of interviews.In order to discuss the risks of OPS as a financing mechanism, there must be a clear definition of what OPS is, such a definition is not currently available. There has been a number of different explanations as to how this type of alternative funding should look, but not a clear pattern has yet been established. The risks are very project-specific, but with the overall trend that the risk allocation depends on how big the profit is expected to be in the project. The greater the profit, the greater the risk the private operator is prepared to take. Social benefit also plays a central role in the risk allocation. The public sector tends to take greater risks when the specific project is considered to be of great public benefit.

  • 3.
    Andersson, R.
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Ottosson, T.
    University of Borås, Professional Services. University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Larsson, J.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    A Case Study: A quality approach to managing supply chain risks.2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Andersson, Roy
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Kombination av ledningsfilosofier bäst.2007In: Intelligent logistik, ISSN 1653-9451, Vol. 2, p. 23-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Andersson, Roy
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Kvalitet ger cost cutting. Ericssons erfarenheter2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Andersson, Roy
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Hammerberg, P
    A six sigma framework enabling collaboration across company boundaries in supply chain.2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7. Andersson, Viktor
    et al.
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Comparative study of organic thin film tandem solar cells in alternative geometries2008In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 104, no 12, p. 6-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Optical modelling of one folded tandem solar cell and four types of stacked tandem solar cells has been performed, using the finite element method and the transfer matrix method for the folded cell and the stacked cells, respectively. The results are analysed by comparing upper limits for short circuit currents and power conversion efficiencies. In the case of serial connected tandems all of the five cell types may be compared, and we find that the folded cells are comparable to stacked tandem cells in terms of currents and power conversion efficiencies.

  • 8.
    Aronsson, Ingrid
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Nilsson, Sophia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hur kan ett medelstort tekniskt företag utveckla sitt informationsflöde internt vid framtagning av en ny produkt?: En kvalitativ studie på Silvent AB2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the report was to investigate how a medium-sized technical company candevelop its information flow internally when developing a new product. The choice of thepurpose of the study is that organizations in companies are usually not prioritized without itbeing production that performs efficiency improvements and improvements while theorganization easily forget. Examining this flow of information between the technicaldepartment and the other parties gave the study both an element of engineering and personnelscience. The literature study formed the basis for the report and the communicative factorsthat affect the organization in the production of a new product were organizational theories,standardized methods of preventing the dissemination of information, different types ofcommunication and improvement work. By interviewing the relevant departments at SilventAB, a basic picture of the present and the organization could be created, which later becamethe basis for the analysis. Conclusion could be drawn by comparing theory, interviews andcurrent position description. The conclusion was also based on the question and purpose ofhow a medium-sized technical company could develop its information flow internally whendeveloping a new product in the future. Conclusions found in the study to meet this were tocreate a technical bridge that clarifies and communicates communication within theorganization effectively.

  • 9.
    Au-Yeung, Chingying
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Andreasson, Emma
    Användningen av 5S och TPM på en företagskritisk maskinstation inom produktionen2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The project was performed at Parker Hannifin Cylinder Division at Falköping, where a station in the most critical flow at the production has been studied, which is the hand welding station. Within this report, the purpose is to identify disturbances, in order to eliminate and reduce these by coming up with improvement proposals. Furthermore, the aim is to help improve the company's work with 5S and TPM (Total Productive Maintenance). A combination of tools and concepts are being used in this project when generating improvement proposals to avoid the risk of falling back into old habits and facilitate the work. The combination of concepts, intends to be continued to work with, in order to facilitate for the company to reach even higher results.The methodology of TPM is the basis of the project, although it is not about a complete implementation of TPM, but is limited to chosen parts since it is a time consuming process that can go on for years. The main focus of TPM is about the first pillar, 5S. Action plans for how to solve these problems and how to achieve the desired state has been established.Thereafter, the researchers in cooperation with the company´s staff have implemented a couple of small improvement proposals. Further improvement proposals have also been presented in this report, but due to the limited time no implementations was made.Moreover, this project is divided into a couple of phases. Situational analysis has been made through both interviews with staff and observation studies. Analysis has also been made by some numeric data taken out by researchers and partly through mapping the equipment. The intention of this is to create a status image of the current situation over the hand welding station. The current state has shown the appearance of problems and challenges that exist. Additional wastages and disturbances in the station can come up to the surface and can thus easily be identified. In turn, occurring wastages and disturbances can be eliminated and the amount of wasted time reduced with help of the action plans to reach a future state.Another method that occurs is spaghetti charts. It has been used for mapping up the existing procedures during the process of the orders in the station, and by that identified different types of disturbances. In addition, the creation of a Value Stream Mapping (VSM) has been made. The map is used as a measurement to identify how much time on a working day that is spent as value adding time and non-value adding time of work.

  • 10.
    Axelson, Sara
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Textilt avfall och textil återvinning  i Borås Stad2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The consumption of textiles is increasing more and more, meanwhile there are vigorous efforts both from the textile industry and controlling companies to promote sustainable consumption. A significant amount of textiles discarded in household waste, which is an untapped resource that should be taken advantage of. Two methods to use textile waste is to reuse and recycling it. The reuses of textile materials are today well developed in Sweden, however, there are currently no existing system for recycling textiles.

    The purpose of this study is to investigate Borås Stad’s textile waste and the textile recycling. The reason I chose Borås is because the city has an old history in the Swedish textile industry and today strives to be in top of the textile innovations. The methods being used in this study are a literature studies and a interview.

    Borås Stad actively works to encourage the citizens to reuse and recycle their textile waste. The opportunity to recycle textiles is today only in the special collecting boxes. Borås Stad has nowadays, because of size- and economical aspects, not an own developed recycle system for textile waste.

  • 11.
    Baldwin, Richard
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Using Video for self- reflection in Teacher Training Education2019In: Transforming Teacher Education with Mobile Technologies, Bloomsbury Publishing , 2019Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Baldwin, Richard
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Videopapers: A way of bridging the gap between theory and practice in teacher education2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Bergström, Annika
    et al.
    Gothenburg university; JMG; SOM-institute.
    Höglund, Lars
    Gothenburg university; JMG.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Nilsson, Skans Kersti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Wallin, Birgitta
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Conclusion2017In: Books on screens: Players in the Swedish e-book market, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2017, p. 209-218Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Bergström, Annika
    et al.
    Gothenburg university; JMG; SOM-institute.
    Höglund, Lars
    Gothenburg university; JMG.
    Nilsson, Skans Kersti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Reading and readers2017In: Books on screens: Players in the Swedish e-book market, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2017, p. 181-207Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Blixt, Erik
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kirlappos, Andreas
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Optimering av lagerhantering i sjukhusmiljö2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Effective material handling in a healthcare organization can both reduce operational costs andat the same time result in higher quality of care. Traditionally, materials management issueshave not been a priority for explanatory reasons. A hospital is primarily a healthcare facilityand not a company that actively needs to seek profitability to ensure its survival. However,this has resulted in insufficient management and procedures with high costs and lack ofresource efficiency as a result. Deficient work routines and methods for materialsmanagement along with improper utilization of storage facilities have been the main focus ofthis study. The study provides suggestions for how operation ward 1 at Södra Älvsborgshospital can work to improve stock management of its consumables. Semi-structuredinterviews along with quantitative data form the basis of this study, which is divided intothree main areas, processes, material management and warehouse design. After analysing theempirical data together with the theoretical frame of reference, some recommendations maybe presented to the operations department. The consumables should be moved to anappropriate storage space on the lower floor that has appropriate ventilation for medicalmaterials and a specific unpacking area. The new storage area should be dimensioned andoptimized based on product family, pick rate and physical characteristics of the articles tominimize overwork, unnecessary movements and promote ergonomics. In order to ensure thatthe right skills are utilized for the correct task, a warehouse manager should be employed withmain responsibility for materials handling. Valuable time can thus be saved for the nurses sothat they can focus more on their primary tasks. In order to simplify materials management,implementation of a two-bin system should be carried out, where safety stocks, re-orderpoints and order quantities are built-in and visualized.

  • 16.
    Boström, Martin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Marting, Oliver
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Säkerställning av saldokvalitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis took place at Silvent AB’s headquarters in Borås. The purpose of this inquiry was to identify in which ways the company could improve their stock-on-hand accuracy. The importance of having a correct inventory balance is growing for every year that passes. Concepts like Lean, forecasting, re-ordering point, and stock replenishment are all based on having a correct stock balance. In order to investigate the reasons for an incorrect inventory balance, interviews were conducted with staff that is central to achieving a correct stock balance. In addition to the interviews, the flow of the demarcated product group was observed. Since there are several factors that affect inventory balance, the analysis explores several methods that are possible to use to achieve a more secure inventory balance.The three main conclusions of the inquiry are as follows: Procedures for measurment and documentation.Documentation of measurements is important as a basis to visualize problem areas and motives for possible improvements. Therefore, it is not only important to introduce clear procedures for how measurements are to be performed but also how the documentation of these measurements should be done, making it possible to backtrack and compare with previous measurements. RFIDWith the implementation of some form of digital markup and an automated identification system, there is great potential for improving the quality of the stock balance. Evidence that RFID could reduce the inaccuracy of inventory balance by about 26% is found in a previous study by Hardgrave et. al. 2015. The company is therefore recommended to investigate if there are possibilities for implementing this. KanbanAn easy way to handle items that are difficult or costly to keep an inventory balance is a two-bin system where replenishment of the stock is done in a more visual way. However, by not keeping a proper record of stock balance of the articles makes it difficult to report figures on how many items that is available if it is required.

  • 17.
    Breaum Löfvenborg, Frida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ekonomiska incitament till gröna investeringar inom rederisektorn2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental impact from transport of goods is a growing problem in today’s society. Environmental laws are implemented to minimize this impact and to force change in the industry but it has become clear that these laws are not enough to reach environmental goals set by different governments. Fiscal incentives are therefore implemented to, through economical forces, motivate companies to make green investments that minimize their environmental impact. This paper has studied environmental policies in the road transport sector, railway sector and the shipping sector to examine what kinds of fiscal incentives are being used in the transport sector. A survey study in the shipping sector was conducted where shipping companies was asked to grade the identified fiscal incentives in importance and influence on decisions concerning green investments. This was done with the purpose to identify which fiscal incentives in the shipping sector that can promote green investments. The survey examined 6 different types of fiscal incentives in the shipping sector: environmental certification, environmental laws, public investments in green infrastructure, governmental subsidies, environmental discounts and environmental indices. The study shows that all the examined fiscal incentives can promote green investments but to different degree. The study also shows that the shipping companies had a more positive attitude towards incentives with a direct financial impact and a less positive attitude to those with an indirect financial impact. The shipping companies graded environmental laws and environmental discounts as being the most important and having the greatest influence on decisions concerning green investments and environmental indices as being the least important and having the least influence.

  • 18.
    Börjesson, Anders
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Computational Studies of Metal Clusters and Carbon Nanotubes2008Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Carbon nanotubes constitute a promising candidate material in the realisation of nanoscaled electronics. This requires the ability for systematic production of carbon nanotubes with certain properties. This is called selective carbon nanotube growth. Two important aspects related to carbon nanotube growth are investigated in order to shed some light on this issue. First the melting behaviour of nanometer sized iron particles is investigated using molec- ular dynamics simulations. The iron nanoparticles studied are mounted on a porous Al2 O3 substrate in order to mimic the experimental situation during nanotube growth with the chemical vapour deposition method. This showed that the melting temperature of a cluster on a porous substrate may be lower than the melting temperature of a cluster on a flat sub- strate. This means that the catalyst particles used for nanotube growth may be liquid. In association with these studies the role of surface curvature to melting behaviour is explored further. The second presented study concerns the docking of nickel clusters to open single wall carbon nanotube ends. The motivation for this study was the possibility to continue growth of a carbon nanotube by docking of catalyst particles to its end. This work may also be of importance for the creation of electric junctions between carbon nanotubes and metal elec- trodes. This study showed that independent of whether the metal was gently put on the nanotube end or brutally forced to the end, it is the metal that adapts to the nanotube and not vice versa. For forced docking it was seen that carbon might dissolve in to the metal. This was not seen for the gently docked clusters. Carbon dissolution might affect the electronic properties of the metal (carbide) and nanotube-metal junction.

  • 19.
    Börjesson, Anders
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    In silico studies of carbon nano tubes and metal clusters2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Carbon nanotubes have been envisioned to become a very important material in various applications. This is due to the unique properties of carbon nanotubes which can be exploited in applications on length scales spanning from the nano world to our macroscopic world. For example, the electronic properties of carbon nanotubes makes them utterly suitable for nano electronics while the strength of them makes them suitable for reinforcements in plastics. Both of these applications do however require... mer the ability for systematic production of carbon nanotubes with certain properties. This is called selective carbon nanotube growth and today this has not been achieved with total success. In the work presented in the thesis several different computational methods have been applied in our contribution to the systematic search for selective carbon nanotube growth. Put in a context of previous knowledge about carbon nanotube growth our results provide valuable clues to which parameters that control the carbon nanotube growth. In association with the latest results we even dare to, with all modesty, speculate about a plausible control mechanism. The studies presented in the thesis addressed different stages of carbon nanotube growth, spanning from the properties affecting the initiation of the growth to the parameters affecting the termination of the growth. In some more detail this included studies of the melting temperatures of nanoscaled metal clusters. The expected size dependence of the melting temperatures was confirmed and the melting temperatures of clusters on substrates were seen to depend both on the material and shape of the surface. As this constitute the premises prior to the carbon nanotube growth it was followed by studies of the interaction between carbon nanotubes and metal clusters of different size and constitution. This was done using different computational methods and at different temperatures. It soon became apparent that the clusters adapted to the carbon nanotube and not vice versa. This held true irrespectively of the constitution of the cluster, that is for both pure metal and metal carbide. It was also seen that there exist a minimum cluster size that prevent the carbon nanotube end from closing. Closure of the carbon nanotube end is likely to lead to the termination of the growth which lead to studies of other reasons for growth termination, e.g., Ostwald ripening of the catalyst particles. This was investigated with the result that the rate of the Ostwald ripening may depend on both the chirality and diameter of the carbon nanotubes. It is suggested that this may provide some answers to the controlled growth of carbon nanotubes.

  • 20.
    Carlsson, Jenny
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Intressentdialog och väsentlighetsanalys på Wästbygg: Hållbarhetsredovisning enligt det internationella ramverket GRI, Global Reporting Initiative2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The demands from the outside world that companies should take active responsibility for a sustainable society are constantly increasing. Companies are no longer responsible for just generate a good return to their shareholders but also for acting for sustainable development. EU directive with sustainability reporting that came into force in 2014 in member countries was incorporated into Swedish law on 1 December 2016, starting for the 2017 fiscal year. The sustainability report will describe how companies work with environment, human rights, social conditions, and corruption. This concerns all major companies in Sweden who for each of the last two fiscal years meet two of three criteria to have exceeded; SEK 350 million (EUR 40 million) in net sales, average employees with 250 and a total of SEK 175 million (EUR 20 million).Wastbygg is a construction and project development company that builds and develops logistics facilities, commercial real estate and housing. The company is growing steadily and currently has approximately 230 employees. Net sales amount to just over SEK 2 billion. In the coming years, the law will require sustainability accounting.The purpose of the master's thesis is to help Wästbygg carry out an interest dialogue and essentiality analysis, which is the first initial step in a sustainability report according to the international framework GRI. The result will show which sustainability issues stakeholders consider to be most prioritized and addressed by Wastbygg. This will form Wastbygg first sustainability report with the GRI framework.The stakeholder dialogue was conducted in spring 2017 through web-based surveys, personal interviews, and dialogue with prospective building engineer students. In the material analysis it was unanimous that stakeholders felt that the social aspect of health and work environment should be the highest priority issue for Wästbygg. Already today, the issue is a priority as Wästbygg is ISO-certified according to the OHSAS 18001 standard. Other sustainability issues that stakeholders consider should be prioritized by Wastbygg ecological aspects such as phasing out of environmentally and health hazardous building materials and energy-efficient buildings and construction sites as well as the social aspect ethics and anti-corruption.

  • 21.
    Chen, Wei
    et al.
    Fudan University.
    Augusto, Juan CarlosMiddlesex University.Seoane, FernandoUniversity of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. KTH-School of Technology and Health.Ledhocki, FedorSlovak University of Technology.Arends, JohanTechnical University of Technology.Ungureanu, ConstantinHobo Heeze.Wichert, ReinerFraunhofer IGD.
    Recent Advances in Ambient Assisted Living: Bridging Assistive Technologies, e-Health and Personalized Health Care2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Darner, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lam, Leah
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Svensson, Martin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Möjligheter och hinder vid transportkonsolidering: En väg mot cirkulär ekonomi2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, many transports are at a low rate of utilization. This means that shipping costs per product will be high and at the same time transports have a negative impact on the environment. Consolidating transports can increase the utilization rate for transports which minimizes costs and environmental impact. Increased utilization rates can also help companies move towards circular economics where the goal is to maximize their utilization of resources. However, for small and medium size companies it may be difficult to build up partnerships with other companies. These companies face different possibilities and obstacles in implementing transport consolidation, therefore this study will identify these.The study has been carried out in cooperation with 16 companies in Orust and has shown that the main obstacles to transport consolidation are customer requirements, product requirements and information sharing. The companies perceived that customer demand for short lead times would make it difficult to coordinate transport with other companies. Many companies also found that the product requirements of their products on transport would make transport consolidation difficult. However, the study showed that several companies had similar product requirements, which enables transport consolidation. Some companies also felt that there was no support and cooperation for the information sharing required for consolidation.The main opportunities identified were corporate culture and the desire to move towards a more sustainable distribution chain. The companies that participated in the interviews mentioned that they can see possibilities of transport consolidation if there was a way to easily coordinate transport. They are also active in the Orust Kretsloppsakademi that works for a sustainable Orust, which shows that there is an interest in becoming more sustainable.

  • 23.
    Dumitrescu, Delia
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Dual-textures: textiles in between function and ornamentation2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Integrating computational technology to architectural surfaces challenges the traditional design process offering novel possibilities to design materials and spaces. Starting with a conceptual design exercise, the present paper discusses the relation between form, textile expression and human interaction in architectural design by joining together different design practices such as architecture, textile and interaction design. The aim of the paper is to challenge design views and to integrate textiles and computerized technology as part of the expression in space design that means to relate the aesthetic of the space to the user’s actions. It is a reflection on the role of interactive textiles textures that exceed the expressional and technological limits of the traditional textile materials having dual nature between function and ornamentation in architectural design. The present paper is an example of practice based research and follows a design project that had as objective to design a collection of interactive textile structures meant to be used in an architectural context. The aim of the project was to explore the soft face of computerized technology and to integrate it into the space design to generate new typologies that relate the space to the human presence; to explore situations how people’s relation to the space materializes and progresses in time by the mean of interactive soft surfaces.

  • 24.
    Dumitrescu, Delia
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Interactive Textile Expressions in Spatial Design: Architecture as Synesthetic Expression2010In: Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal, ISSN 1833-1874, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 11-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Extending the role of the surface from just an embellishment of the tectonics to communicative devices challenges the traditional design process in architecture. Through a series of design examples, the paper presents a research program that introduces and discusses a new grammar of ornamentation generated by the relation between surface expression and the act of use in the build space. Projects such as Knitted light, Touching loops, Designing with heat and Tactile glow are examples meant to analyze the relation between material, space, time and interaction expression through the design of three dimensional knitted interactive textile structures. The design process joins together different design fields such as architectural, textile and interaction design in order to re-define the relation between human being and space. The design process starts with the microstructure of the textile element and ends with the space design using the interaction design as a tool to relate the human presence to space. The paper aims to propose new interactive spatial expressions created by the integration of computational technology into soft interactive textile surfaces that enable the user to perceive the complexity of the architectural space through a synesthetic perception, that exceeds the limits of visuality.

  • 25.
    Dumitrescu, Delia
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    International Seminar at Kolding Design School- Textiles, light, ornament and interior space2009Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Knitted Light ‐ Space and Emotion ‐ design of textile expressions that integrate light as functional and aesthetic asset in order to enlarge our space experience. Starting from the relation between light, textiles and space the present project proposes a vision of textiles as an interface between interior and exterior as part of building facades. The purpose of the project is to reintroduce textiles as an alternative to the functional and aesthetic layer of glass by being applied to the interior part of the façade. This is to create a textile interface that interacts with light between the indoor and outdoor environment; to offer architects an advanced textile complement to the conventional materials in building design. The design process follows two general paths one oriented towards function having as aim to enhance the functional potential of the material such as energy saver and the other towards expression by using the emotional potential of the combination of textiles and light to raise the user’s interaction with the built environment. Each of the resulting prototypes develops an individual idea based on the effect created by light and its surface in order to create an interactive environment. Alongside with the aesthetical values given by the exploration of the relation between textiles and light, the project has a strong technical approach by exploring different possibilities to integrate artificial light into the textile structures and to create three‐dimensional surfaces using knitting as a technique.

  • 26.
    Ekwall, Daniel
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Grunderna i Supply Chain Management: riskhantering2008In: Intelligent logistik, ISSN 1653-9451, no 9, p. 33-35Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Ekwall, Daniel
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Grunderna i Supply Chain Risk Management2007In: Intelligent logistik, ISSN 1653-9451, no 4, p. 34-36Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Ekwall, Daniel
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Transportbranscherna hukar om stölder2007In: Transportarbetaren, ISSN 0492-004X, Vol. 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Ekwall, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Lumsden, K.
    Differences in stakeholder opinion regarding antagonistic gateway within the transport network2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Ellwanger, Marion
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    EduWear2008Other (Other academic)
  • 31. Ellwanger, Marion
    Smart textiles- Paradigmenwechsel im textil design2008Other (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Engström, Adina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Johansson, Matilda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Effektivisering av returflöden: ur ett tids-, flexibilitets-, miljö- och ekonomiskt perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In line with the growing population the demands on companies to act more sustainable are increasing. A prerequisite for continued development is efficiency enhancement where resources are used in a more efficient manner with the aim of reducing environmental impact but also from a cost reducing and social sustainability perspective. The focus is commonly placed on the forward flow of products, often with the goal to make as much money as possible and still please the customers.The main purpose with this thesis is to map the return flow from companies located in Orust to examine the possibilities to enhance the efficiency from various aspects. To carry out the study, a survey was conducted involving 19 companies responding to 13 questions concerning their return flow. From the survey, it was found that almost all of the respondents in the study returned their goods directly back to the supplier in conjunction with the delivery. The remaining companies with return flow indicated that they sent goods to waste management. The return types of the companies ranged from return packaging to dangerous goods and the frequency of returnees varied from a few pallets per day to a few pallets per year.There are two bridges over to the island of Orust where all the freight traffic is going: one in the north and one in the south. Following the respondents' responses, two fictional milk rounds were constructed by route where the two waste centers also represented an advantageous relocation point for waste disposal at the end of each bridge depending on the end destination of the goods. Prerequisites for this type of consolidation to be applicable are that the destination of the goods is similar, that the return flow rate and type of goods are of a similar nature. Carriage of waste in the same vehicle as food is no alternative due to regulations, but, for example, glass waste and return packaging can be returned in the same vehicle. In addition to the fictional milk round, a placement of two hubs outside Orust's borders is proposed in due to the heavy burden on the bridges connecting the municipality with the mainland. The hubs could also act as intermediaries for companies’ suppliers who instead of driving into Orust can pick up the goods in their respective hubs.In the fictitious solution, the current transport distance on the island would decrease from 466.6 kilometers to 157.5 kilometers. Although this type of consolidation often leads to reduced time efficiency, it can increase the efficiency of the companies from an environmental and cost perspective. The fictitious solution can similarly be applied to more companies located at Orust, depending on the business and location.

  • 33.
    Ericsson, D.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Customized value chains2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Ericsson, D.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Demand chain management -den felande länken.2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Ericsson, D.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Demand Chain Management: from Vision to Action2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Ericsson, D.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Demand Chain Management: visioner och verklighet. Från kostnadsminimeringtill värdeökning. Vad innebär begreppet "profitable inefficiences"?2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Ericsson, D.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Fast Fashion: the new archetype for modelling advanced logistics systems2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Ericsson, D.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Från supply till demand chain management2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Ericsson, D.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Historisk överblick, Schenkers logistikpris 25 år.2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Ericsson, D.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Sessionsmoderator, Fokus på Demand Chain: Tillbaka till framtiden2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Ericsson, D.
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Christopher, M.
    From Supply to Demand Chain Management2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Ericsson, Dag
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Kvalitetsdriven logistik och Demand Chain Management2009In: Vetenskap för profession, ISSN 1654-6520, no 10, p. 39-46Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Ericsson, Dag
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Marknadsförarna måste kopplas ihop med logistikerna.2007In: Intelligent logistik, ISSN 1653-9451, no 6, p. 23-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44.
    Eriksson, Gustav
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Johansson, Filip
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Planelind, Ted
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    How can Smart Industry concepts improve existing material handling processes within automotive industry: An exploratory study at VOLVO Cars Corporation2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to understand the next generation of manufacturing in relation to material handling. The research did this by setting the question of how Smart Industry could improve existing material handling processes. Smart Industry is the term to describes what is expected to be the next generation of manufacturing. The thesis was conducted as an exploratory study which meant that it began with comprehensive literature review which was followed of an analysis of three processes within material handling at an automotive company. The observations and analysis were based on Lean philosophy.  Identified issues and challenges were then set in the context of Smart Industry to find solutions. As a result of the analysis excessive material handling and wasteful buffers was found. An example of this was physical transports of material only so the system could register its arrival. These issues were identified to affect the lead time in a negative way. Smart Industry was found to have solutions for general material handling issues such gaining higher visibility with sensors and Big Data. The major finding of this paper was the Smart Industry solutions for the identified issues within the examined processes. One of these solutions is autonomous vehicle which can reduce the transport time with 66%. The conclusion of the study was that the solutions within Smart Industry can not only be used to improve the examined processes but can be generalized over material handling. Furthermore, a growing digitalization will require that companies engage in the development of Smart Industry technology.

  • 45.
    Eriksson, Siw
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sandsjö, Leif
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Karlsson, MariAnne
    Chalmers tekniska högskola.
    Product Representations as Mediating Tools in the Development of New Medical Technology2018In: Design4Health - Fifth International Conference on Design4Health.: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Design4Health, Sheffield, UK, 4–6 September 2018. / [ed] Kirsty Christer, Claire Craig & Dan Wolstenholme, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Involving users in the design process of new products and services is generally disputed as a prerequisite for fulfilling users' needs and requirements. The importance of user involvement has been argued also regarding the development of new medical technology. Collaboration between users and developers/designers is however not without problems due to differences in, e.g. background, training, perspective, and vocabulary. In order to address these differences, the need for different 'mediating tools' has been emphasized. One type of mediating tools is product representations (PRs). Earlier studies have most often focused on the type of PR that should be used in different phases of the development process in order to get input on different designs. This paper describes instead how and in what situations different PRs mediated communication and collaboration between professional users (medical experts) and designers in an innovation project targeting a solution for long-term monitoring of brain activity based on electroencephalographic (EEG) signals.

  • 46. Fernaesus, Ylva
    et al.
    Vallgårda, Anna
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    John Tharakan, Mili
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Lundström, Anders
    Touch and Feel Soft Hardware2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With soft hardware we refer to electronic components, coatings, and shells built from materials that make them elastic, flexible, floppy and malleable. By introducing new material properties into electronic and computational contexts we expect to open new paths for designing interactive things. Building electronics with textile and other soft materials may easily degrade elements such as speed, power, and storage capacities; however, these constraints can be acceptable if not down right desirable in these new contexts. We see how sensors, actuators, computers and even battery cells made of soft materials enables us to embed them into soft shapes that in turn afford certain forms of interaction. With the term soft hardware, we also highlight the interplay between computational and physical materials in interaction designs.

  • 47.
    Frennås, Emma
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Olofsson Carlbom, Markus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Implementering av Näranalys: En arbetsmetod för att finna grundorsaker till avvikelser i produktion.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to pay attention to quality deviations in the production of an international company that export customized transport logistics and inventory management. With the help of a working method, called Näranalys, should approaches to manage a quality deviation be improved. The reason to the implementation is to figure out the root causes of deviations and to process them in order to reduce the risk of recurrence. Faults and defects arising in all activities can be defined as the quality deficiency cost and may, according to Sörqvist, consist of up to 30% of a total turnover and is therefore essential to minimize (2001).Based on the organization philosophy Lean Management, a number of aspects have been identified as essential for the implementation of a working method to succeed. Reflecting on how the philosophy of standardization can contribute to psychosocial stresses is an important part of the studie. A crucial factor in the outcome of the study is the awareness of the working method. It is therefore important to clarify that the working method was not created for monitoring individuals, but to improve the way in which work is done and to create the conditions for operators to have the right circumstances to make a good job from the start.

  • 48.
    Garrote Jurado, Ramon
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT. Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik, Stockholm University.
    Educational Software in Engineering Education2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis contributes to the quality of engineering education and the accessibility of education worldwide by promoting computer-enhanced teaching and learning. It uses the epistemology of John Dewey (1859-1952) and the action research methodology first advanced by Kurt Lewin (1890-1947). A mixed methods approach that combines qualitative case studies with quantitative research methods is used.

    In the first of three case studies engineering students working on their final degree projects participated. To elicit interaction, a learning management system (LMS) was used and the students were strongly encouraged to discuss various aspects of their work.

    The second case focused on the barriers to a wider utilization of educational software in engineering education. The case is delimited to lecturers at the School of Engineering at the University of Borås. The investigation focuses on the lecturers’ reluctance to use educational technology and the slow uptake of new pedagogical methods in engineering education.

    The third case study covers three subsets of participants. A course intended to improve lecturers handling skills and motivation to utilize educational software in a pedagogically sound manner was given in Cuba, Guatemala and Peru.

    The first case demonstrated that computer-enhanced collaborative learning can improve the learning experience and performance of engineering students. The second case showed that LMS tools that facilitate traditional methods are used routinely, whereas lecturers often refrain from using features intended to facilitate collaboration and the creation of communities of learners.

    The third case study investigated the use of a complete course package, with all course material and software contained on the same USB drive (LiveUSB Mediated Education, LUME). It is asserted that LUME can facilitate constructivist pedagogical methods and help overcome the reluctance of lecturers to utilize educational software in a pedagogical sound way.

  • 49.
    Goldsmith, David
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    WomenWeave Daily: "Artisan Fashion" as "Slow and Sustainable Fashion"2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As awareness has grown of the detrimental, often lethal, aspects of fashion production and use, so too has a global movement to diminish its environmental harms and mediate its social exploitation. In all types of commercial, academic, and popular discourse about fashion, words such as eco-friendly, green, ethical, fair, and slow -- the last being a catch-all term for all things “not fast fashion”-- are ubiquitous. These terms are meant to represent an array of ways of producing and using that are said or hoped to be sustainable.

    This research is primarily concerned with the social sustainability, or human development aspects, of artisan fashion, in the context of textile management. Artisan fashion is defined here as both product (such as a handwoven shawl), and as an evolving contemporary fashion system that typically employs rural artisans in the “developing world” to make products that are generally sold to urban, “developed world” consumers. Artisan fashion, which attempts to bridge old ways of producing with new ways of consuming, is positioned in this research as it has come to be viewed in the fashion marketplace: a subset of so-called slow and sustainable fashion. Though artisan fashion is emblematic of many slow and sustainable ideals, there is little academic questioning or understanding of how “slow” and how “sustainable” the stuff and the system that makes it actually are.

    This case study centers on WomenWeave, a medium-sized handloomed- textile making social enterprise in a quickly-changing small town in rural India. This producer, employing about 200 individuals, mostly women with low-education and little privilege, specializes in naya khadi, a type of apparel or furnishings fabric whose antecedent, khadi, is an integral part of the grand narrative of India’s independence movement. Founded by a “social entrepreneur” with deep and privileged roots in the community, the case is idiosyncratic, yet representative of a common market-based ideological approach to human development.

    A narrative, ethnographic methodology was used that included multiple field visits, observations, interviews, and participatory interactions with the case’s leadership, management, artisans, product designers, partners and experts, among others. The empirical experiences are presented, analyzed, and discussed through the lenses of Activity Theory, and an adaptation of Osterwalder and Pingeur’s Business Model Canvas.

    While the nomenclature of “slow and sustainable fashion” is, at least for the time being, rejected, the research shows that with professional management, the adoption of “global design” sensibilities, and other fast modernisms, the system achieves its local mission of providing incomes and fostering social inclusion.

  • 50.
    Granlund, Anna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Alm, Linnea
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Magnusson, Sofia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Utvärdering av informationsutbyte vid konsolidering och de-konsolidering av stora mängder god2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    At a hypothetical dry port in Viared where HCT-vehicles are expected to be used, bothconsolidation and de-consolidation will occur. The increased capacity of freight that ispossible to load on a HCT-vehicle, compared to a normal vehicle, contributes to the fact thatthere is more freight to be de-consolidated on arrival at the terminal. In order for goods not tobe left at the terminal, a clear exchange of information is required as there is not much studiesrelated to HCT-transport. The purpose of the thesis is to explore the information exchangerelated to consolidation and de-consolidation of goods.One of the conclusions that can be drawn from the case study at Kerry Logistics is that anincreased amount of goods only will contribute to problems related to volume, primarily inlack of resources. The informations exchange will not be more difficult from an HCTperspective, but when greater amount of freight arrives at the same time the pressure willincrease on the information exchange.To be ahead of the information exchange when it comes to handling and planninglarger amounts of goods is also important. With the necessary information available at theright time, the information exchange will be more efficient. Different opinions andperceptions about what information that should be classified as necessary and/or desirable hasmade it difficult to draw conclusions about the role of the relevant information attributes.Good business relations on the other hand, have proven to play a major role in order to createefficient information exchange.

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