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  • 1.
    Abelli, Björn
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Directing and Enacting the Information System2007Inngår i: Advances in Information Systems Development - New Methods and Practice for the Networked Society. / [ed] W Wojtkowski, W. G. Wojtkowski, J. Zupancic, G. Magyar, G. Knapp, Springer US , 2007, s. 13-23Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Abelli, Björn
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    On Stage! Playwriting, Directing and Enacting the Informing Processes2007Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Ahlqvist, Petter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Vagiström, Johan
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Kravställning på Incidenthanteringssystem2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Användandet av IT relaterade tjänster har ökat kraftigt de senaste åren och visar inga tecken på att avstanna. Men i takt med att användningen ökar så ökar även riskerna, för vad händer egentligen när de IT-tjänster som så många företag och privatpersoner förlitar sig på plötsligt fallerar eller på annat sätt blir oåtkomliga? För att skydda sig mot sådana scenarier så blir det allt vanligare bland företag som driver IT-tjänster att använda sig incidenthantering, vars syfte är att genom fördefinierade processer återställa IT-tjänster till fungerande läge när en incident väl inträffar. För att implementera en incidenthanteringsprocess är det vanligt att verksamheter använder någon form av ramverk eller metod för att underlätta och effektivisera arbetet, i skrivande stund heter de mest använda ramverken ITIL och COBIT.

    Det är mycket vanligt att en incidenthanteringsprocess i en verksamhet bygger på någon form av system eller applikation vars syfte är att underlätta och effektivisera hanteringen av incidenter, ett sådant system benämns ofta som incidenthanteringssystemet. Trots att ramverk som ITIL och COBIT är använda i stor utsträckning världen över så uppstår det ett problem i att de båda saknar fokus på incidenthanteringssystemet och vad ett sådant system skall klara av. För när ramverken inte tar upp en sådan central del av incidenthanteringsprocessen så innebär det att den implementerande verksamheten själva måste lägga tid och resurser på att reda ut hur ett sådant system skall fungera.

    Denna studie adresserar problemet med att de vanligast använda ramverken för incidenthantering inte behandlar det, för processen, så centrala incidenthanteringssystemet genom att undersöka och besvara följande forskningsfrågor.

    Vilka implicita och explicita krav bör ett incidenthanteringssystem uppfylla?

    Vilka krav på incidenthanteringssystemet går att utläsa från de mest använda ramverken för incidenthantering?

    Hur matchar de framtagna kraven de krav som ställts av en verksamhet ur näringslivet?

    Denna studie riktar sig framförallt till de verksamheter eller individer som anser sig ha nytta av en sammanställning av de krav som ett incidenthanteringssystem bör uppfylla och kan fungera som ett stöd vid implementering eller inköp av ett nytt incidenthanteringssystem. Genom att identifiera kraven som ställs på ett incidenthanteringssystem utifrån de mest använda ramverken för incidenthantering så bidrar studien med resurser för implementationen av nämnt system drastiskt minskar. Samt genom att presentera ett konkret exempel, fallstudien, och jämföra det med kraven från ramverken bidrar studien med en referenspunkt för verksamheter att utgå ifrån när de implementerar eller köper ett nytt incidenthanteringssystem.

  • 4.
    Albinsson, Lars
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Curtin, Gregory
    Forsgren, Olov
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Wall, Maria
    Creating and Sustaining Successful Knowledge Management in Purposeful Communities2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5.
    Albinsson, Lars
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Curtin, Gregory
    Forsgren, Olov
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Wall, Maria
    Creating and sustaining successful knowledge management in purposeful communities: summary of key experiences from pioneers2008Inngår i: Systems research and behavioral science, ISSN 1092-7026, E-ISSN 1099-1743, Vol. 25, nr 5, s. 615-626Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on research organized as a number of workshops, case studies and interviews with experienced practitioners as well as academics, we present in this report the most important findings on how to create and sustain successful knowledge management in a community environment. The cases, workshops and interviews deal specifically with the Microsoft Solutions Sharing Network (SSN) program, but the findings, conclusions and preliminary recommendations can be applied more generally to the development of any knowledge management community. A key conclusion is that the bulk of efforts toward creating successful knowledge management communities focus oil less technical, or softer aspects like leadership, culture, social settings and value of participation. However, these are essential, but not sufficient, ingredients for success. Technical issues, issues regarding development and customization of the tools used to facilitate knowledge management (for example, the SSN web portal), and emerging legal issues surrounding the sharing of intellectual property UP) may be perceived as somewhat less important to the participants, but are nevertheless key factors in the long term success of these communities. It is also concluded that the foundation for successful collaboration is primarily laid in the initial phases of community development. A community must make a positive impression oil its participants from the very beginning because most people will not give it a second chance. In this report we have highlighted three important areas to consider when establishing portals for knowledge management: Leadership, Purpose and Process/Infrastructure. A leadership with high credibility in the subject is needed to lead the participants in the right direction, manage the cultural processes and to make sure that relevant content can be found. Initially it is the content that brings people to a specific community. Thus, there has to be some common purpose that not only needs to be in congruence with the professional role of the participants but also be inspiring for them as well. Additionally, the community should have some sort of process that the participants can understand and suits the way they would like to interact. Face-to-face meetings and networking activities create trust which is important to get the process started. Language, IT platform, support and rules governing the contribution, creation and sharing of 'knowledge' for the community are other concerns that need to be considered within the process. Copyright (c) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • 6.
    Albinsson, Lars
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Curtin, Gregory
    Forsgren, Olov
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Wall, Maria
    The community Triangle- Success factors for leading Purposeful communities2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 7.
    Albinsson, Lars
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Forsgren, Olov
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Co-Design: An approach to border crossing, Network broadband Innovation2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Albinsson, Lars
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Forsgren, Olov
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Lind, Mikael
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Towards a Co-Design Approach for Open Innovation2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Albinsson, Lars
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Lind, Mikael
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Forsgren, Olov
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Co-Design: An approach to border crossing, Network Innovation2007Inngår i: Expanding the Knowledge Economy: Issues, Applications, Case Studies. Volume 4, Part 1. / [ed] Paul Cunningham, Miriam Cunningham, IOS Press , 2007, s. 977-983Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 10.
    Albinsson, Lars
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Lind, Mikael
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Forsgren, Olov
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Ozan, Håkan
    Turning the Internet Around: e-Me: The Students Ideal e-Service2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Today students, as many other groups of citizens, are offered, indeed required to use, a rapidly increasing number of e-Services. They range from school and course sites to interactions with authorities as well as companies offering student discounts. This paper reports on a pioneering project in Sweden with a radical approach to this, namely to issue the student with a electronic assistant, an e-Me, that schools, authorities and companies are required to address when interacting with the student. A larger number of students and partners, universities, companies and authorities, have been engaged in the design of such an e-Me. It might be thought of as turning the internet around – rather than having students keep track of sites, they will have to come to the students and interact with them in the way specified by them.

  • 11.
    Allwood, Jens
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Lenzen, Manuela ()
    Knoblich, Günther ()
    Dimensions of embodied communication: towards a typology of embodied communication2008Inngår i: Embodied communication in humans and machines, Oxford University Press, 2008Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 12.
    Allwood, Jens
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Multimodal Corpora2008Inngår i: Corpus Linguistics. An International Handbook, Vol. 1-2, s. 207-225Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Boholm, Max
    Repeated head movements, their function and relation to speech2010Inngår i: In Proceedings of the Workshop on Multimodal Corpora: Advances in Capturing, Coding and Analyzing Multimodality (MMC2010), Valetta, Malta May 18 / [ed] M. Kipp, J. C. Martin, P. Paggio, D. Heylen, D. Tapias, 2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 14.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Grammer, Karl
    Kopp, Stefan
    Ahlsén, Elisabeth
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Stocksmeier, Thorsten
    Modeling embodied feedback with virtual humans2008Inngår i: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349, Vol. 4930Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Hammarström, Harald
    Hendrikse, Andries
    Ngcobo, Mtholeni N.
    Nomdebevana, Nozibele
    Pretorius, Laurette
    van der Merwe, Mac
    Work on Spoken (Multimodal) Language Corpora in South Africa2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes past, ongoing and planned work on the collection and transcription of spoken language samples for all the South African official languages and as part of this the training of researchers in corpus linguistic research skills. More specifically the work has involved (and still involves) establishing an international corpus linguistic network linked to a network hub at a UNISA website and the development of research tools, a corpus research guide and workbook for multimodal communication and spoken language corpus research. As an example of the work we are doing and hope to do more of in the future, we present a small pilot study of the influence of English and Afrikaans on the 100 most frequent words in spoken Xhosa as this is evidenced in the corpus of spoken interaction we have gathered so far. Other planned work, besides work on spoken language phenomena, involves comparison of spoken and written language and work on communicative body movements (gestures) and their relation to speech.

  • 16.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Hendrikse, A.P.
    Ahlsén, Elisabeth
    Words and alternative basic units for linguistic analysis2010Inngår i: In Linguistic Theory and Raw Sound / [ed] P. J. Henrichsen, Samfundslitteratur, Copenhagen , 2010, s. 9-26Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17. Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Jensen, MikaelHögskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    Kognitionsvetenskap2012Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Jokinen, Kristiina
    Hesitation in Intercultural Communication: Some Observations and Analyses on Interpreting Shoulder Shrugging2010Inngår i: Computing and Communication: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, (LNCS) / [ed] T. Ishida, Springer , 2010, s. 55-70Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns the different ways in which hesitation, and hesitation related phenomena like uncertainty, doubt and other phenomena where lack of knowledge is involved are expressed in different cultures. The paper focuses especially on shoulder shrugging as a signal of hesitation or uncertainty, and starts from the observation that shoulder shrugging has different interpretations depending on the interlocutor’s cultural background. It is not commonly used in Eastern cultures while in Western cultures it is a sign of uncertainty and ignorance. The paper reports a small study on the differences in interpretation of a particular video tape gesture, and draws some preliminary conclusions of how this affects intercultural communication between human interlocutors and between humans and conversational agents.

  • 19.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Kopp, Stefan
    Grammer, Karl
    Ahlsén, Elisabeth
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Oberzaucher, Elizabeth
    Koppensteiner, Markus
    The analysis of embodied communicative feedback in multimodal corpora: a prerequisite for behavior simulation2008Inngår i: Language resources and evaluation, ISSN 1574-020X, E-ISSN 1574-0218, Vol. 41, nr 3-4, s. 255-272Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Communicative feedback refers to unobtrusive (usually short) vocal or bodily expressions whereby a recipient of information can inform a contributor of information about whether he/she is able and willing to communicate, perceive the information, and understand the information. This paper provides a theory for embodied communicative feedback, describing the different dimensions and features involved. It also provides a corpus analysis part, describing a first data coding and analysis method geared to find the features postulated by the theory. The corpus analysis part describes different methods and statistical procedures and discusses their applicability and the possible insights gained with these methods.

  • 20.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Yavada, Yogendra P
    Hardie, Andres
    Lohani, R R
    Rhegmi, Bhim
    Gurung, S
    Gurung, A
    McEnery, Tony
    Hall, Pat
    Construction and annotation of a corpus of contemporary Nepali2008Inngår i: Corpora, ISSN 1749-5032, E-ISSN 1755-1676, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 213-225Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we describe the construction of the 14-million-word Nepali National Corpus (NNC). This corpus includes both spoken and written data, the latter incorporating a Nepali match for FLOB and a broader collection of text. Additional resources within the NNC include parallel data (English–Nepali and Nepali–English) and a speech corpus. The NNC is encoded as Unicode text and marked up in CES-compatible XML. The whole corpus is also annotated with part-of-speech tags. We describe the process of devising a tagset and retraining tagger software for the Nepali language, for which there were no existing corpus resources. Finally, we explore some present and future applications of the corpus, including lexicography, NLP, and grammatical research.

  • 21.
    Alm, Håkan
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Self Services and Disservices: Improving Avatars with Co-Design2014Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Corporations and government agencies that use Avatars claim there are substantial benefits for using them in their respective organizations; including 24/7 service availability, quick answers without a phone queue, and improved consistency in the responses provided. “There are also potential cost savings by having an Avatar answering questions compared to using personnel” (Lind and Salomonson, 2006). However, these benefits may not be great enough as the lack of possible human communication may lead to alienation between individuals and organisations. Furthermore, a robot may “miss out” on business opportunities that a human would act on. A robot will not hear and understand nuances in speech, with the risk that a potentially problematic situation may not be adequately resolved, leading to dissatisfaction with products and services delivered. Many companies measure the satisfaction with Avatars by analysing question and answer logs to see if the Avatar appears to give satisfactory answers. Few of these companies have actually asked their customers (e.g. IKEA and SAS until recently) what they really feel about the quality of the answers they receive. User Centered Design, Participatory Design and other methods are the preferred ways of developing such systems, but these do not include all stakeholders. This thesis addresses this exclusion of all stakeholders by applying a co-design research approach for developing avatars for e-Services. Case studies from Mark Municipality, Sweden and Scandinavian Airlines Systems (SAS) are presented in this thesis showing how improvements of service quality aspects with Avatars can be managed by applying a four-step Co-Design research approach. From the first step of Co-Design, through interviews, log analysis and a channel survey, findings show that the failed dialogues with Avatars Eva (SAS) and Elin (Mark) are mainly concerned with five factors: interactivity; dialogue capability; consistency; knowledge; and synonyms. In the second step of carrying out customer workshops, a number of ideal scenarios are suggested for the Avatars to perform better. In the third step, SAS decision makers decided to implement the first three scenarios: Eva’s synonyms, knowledge and consistency. Mark decision makers decided to shut down their Avatar Elin, as they did not believe they had the necessary resources. In the fourth step, another channel survey was carried out for SAS as well as a new log analysis in order to know the impact of the redevelopment of the above three scenarios. An important result of the study was that the company adopted the continuous use of Co-Design as an approach to continuous improvement of the service quality performed by the Avatar Eva. This, for example, led to an increase of 14 percentage points on the users overall satisfaction level. The results also open a new set of questions framing the relation and transformation between Co-Design as a research approach for knowledge creation and Co-Design as a method for innovation and service quality improvements. This thesis also presents an Extended Co-Design Model, which illustrates how Co-Design inspires SAS staff. In addition, the staff of the supplier of the Avatar use it for other functions within and without SAS.

  • 22.
    Alm, Håkan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Forsgren, Olov
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Successful use of avatar/e-services: powerful, but needs a knowledge manager with proper methods2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we are presenting some theoretical background, some practical applications and some future scenarios of the use of the human being as a metaphor for design and implementation of e-services/avatars. The main conclusion is that e-services/avatars technology is a powerful concept but without a new profession as knowledge manager in the background, there’s a big risk for failure. We are also presenting a co-design model as a tool for the knowledge manager.

  • 23.
    Alm, Håkan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Forsgren, Olov
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Johansson, Torbjörn
    Göbel, Hannes
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    X-services: eXtended avatar-services with integrated human – driven knowledge management – a new service galaxy2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Alm, Håkan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Janecek, Paul
    Forsgren, Olov
    Co-design Research and Business Development: Case of Scandinavian Airlines (SAS)2014Inngår i: Systemic Practice and Action Research, ISSN 1094-429X, E-ISSN 1573-9295, Vol. 27, nr 5, s. 465-483Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Co-design practices are carried out in different fields of studies. Some of the key advocates of Co-design originate from business. In this study the four steps of Co-design approach is applied. From the first step of Co-design, through interviews, log analysis and a channel survey, findings show that the failed dialogues with Avatar Eva are mainly concerned with five factors: interactivity; dialogue capability; consistency; knowledge; and synonyms. In the second step, carrying out customer workshops, we suggested ten ideal scenarios for Avatar Eva to perform better. In the third step, SAS decision makers decided to implement the first three scenarios: Eva’s synonyms; knowledge and Eva’s consistency. In the fourth step, another channel survey was carried out as well as a new log analysis to know the impact of the redevelopment above three scenarios. An important result of the study was that the company adopted a continuous use of Co-design as an approach of continuous improvement of the service quality performed by the Avatar Eva. It also opens a new set of questions framing the relation and transformation between Co-design as a research approach for knowledge creation and Co-design as a method for innovation and service quality improvements. The study presents an Extended Co-design Model, which illustrates how the Co-design inspires staff to use it for other functions within and without the SAS.

  • 25.
    Alm, Håkan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Lind, Mikael
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Salomonson, Nicklas
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Brems, Mikael
    Guth, Kerstin
    Karlsson, Pia
    Sundhäll, Ralf
    Metod för utveckling av medborgarkontakter i Marks kommun2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 26.
    Alm, Klas Håkan
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Mobile Payments: A Game Changer?2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Andersson, Björn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Eriksson, Felix
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Designförslag på belöningsfunktioner för självkörande bilar i TORCS som inte krockar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien använder sig av TORCS (The Open Racing Car Simulator) som är ett intressant spel att skapa självkörande bilar i då det finns nitton olika typer av sensorer som beskriver omgivningen för agenten. Problemet för denna studie har varit att identifiera vilka av alla dessa sensorer som kan användas i en belöningsfunktion och hur denna sedan skall implementeras. Studien har anammat en kvantitativa experimentell studie där forskningsfrågan är: Hur kan en belöningsfunktion utformas så att agenten klarar av att manövrera i spelet TORCS utan att krocka och med ett konsekvent resultat

    Den kvantitativ experimentell studien valdes då författarna behövde designa, implementera, utföra experiment och utvärdera resultatet för respektive belöningsfunktion. Det har utförts totalt femton experiment över tolv olika belöningsfunktioner i spelet TORCS på två olika banor E-Track 5(E-5) och Aalborg. De tolv belöningsfunktionerna utförde varsitt experiment på E-5 där de tre som fick bäst resultat: Charlie, Foxtrot och Juliette utförde ett experiment på Aalborg, då denna är en svårare bana. Detta för att kunna styrka om den kan köra på mer än en bana och om belöningsfunktionen då är generell.

    Juliette är den belöningsfunktion som var ensam med att klara både E-5 och Aalborg utan att krocka. Genom de utförda experimenten drogs slutsatsen att Juliette uppfyller forskningsfrågan då den klarar bägge banorna utan att krocka och när den lyckas får den ett konsekvent resultat. Studien har därför lyckats designa och implementera en belöningsfunktion som uppfyller forskningsfrågan.

  • 28.
    Andersson, Bo
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Hedman, Jonas
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Developing m-Services: Lesson Learned from a Developers Perspective2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 29. Andersson, Bo
    et al.
    Hedman, Jonas
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Developing M-Services: Lessons Learned From the Developers Perspective.2007Inngår i: Communications of the Association for Information Systems, ISSN 1529-3181, E-ISSN 1529-3181, Vol. 20, nr 38, s. 605-620Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years the Swedish Police Force (SPF) have encountered greater demands on availability and 24/7 services when dealing with errands that are regarded as low priority compared to regular police work, e.g. collecting tips from the public. One attempt to meet these increasing demands was the development of a mobile communications platform that allowed the public to communicate easily with the SPF using their own mobile phones by sending SMS and MMS. The focus of this paper is on the early phases of development of this m-service, in particular, on the specific technical issues such as interoperability and standards used by the actors on the scene affecting the development of mobile information systems. The learning experiences are as follows: First, mobile communication platforms have a large potential for contributing to the field of emergency management information systems since they can be based on open and nationally accepted standards. Second, global and national standards for sending multimedia messages are not always truly standardized. Operators and mobile phone manufacturers make minor alterations and interpretations of the standard and thereby some of the benefits found in standards disappear. Third, when developing mobile information systems we suggest and recommend that the analysis phase should be enhanced compared to traditional system development, and it should address the interoperability between mobile phones on one hand and operators on the other hand.

  • 30.
    Andersson, Bo
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Hedman, Jonas
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Diffusion of Advanced Mobile Services: A Survey of Large Swedish Firms2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 31. Andersson, Bo
    et al.
    Hedman, Jonas
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Lind, Mikael
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    The Adoption of Advanced Mobile Services2007Inngår i: Expanding the Knowledge Economy: Issues, Applications, Case Studies. Volume 4, Part 1. / [ed] Paul Cunningham, Miriam Cunningham, IOS Press , 2007, s. 1508-1514Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 32.
    Andersson Hagiwara, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Vårdvetenskap.
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Vårdvetenskap.
    Andersson-Gare, Boel
    Sjöqvist, Bengt-Arne
    Henricson, Maria
    Jonsson, Anders
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Vårdvetenskap.
    The effect of a Computerised Decision Support System (CDSS) on compliance with the prehospital assessment process: results of an interrupted time-series study2014Inngår i: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, ISSN 1472-6947, E-ISSN 1472-6947, Vol. 14, nr 70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:Errors in the decision-making process are probably the main threat to patient safety in the prehospital setting. The reason can be the change of focus in prehospital care from the traditional "scoop and run" practice to a more complex assessment and this new focus imposes real demands on clinical judgment. The use of Clinical Guidelines (CG) is a common strategy for cognitively supporting the prehospital providers. However, there are studies that suggest that the compliance with CG in some cases is low in the prehospital setting. One possible way to increase compliance with guidelines could be to introduce guidelines in a Computerized Decision Support System (CDSS). There is limited evidence relating to the effect of CDSS in a prehospital setting. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of CDSS on compliance with the basic assessment process described in the prehospital CG and the effect of On Scene Time (OST).METHODS:In this time-series study, data from prehospital medical records were collected on a weekly basis during the study period. Medical records were rated with the guidance of a rating protocol and data on OST were collected. The difference between baseline and the intervention period was assessed by a segmented regression.RESULTS:In this study, 371 patients were included. Compliance with the assessment process described in the prehospital CG was stable during the baseline period. Following the introduction of the CDSS, compliance rose significantly. The post-intervention slope was stable. The CDSS had no significant effect on OST.CONCLUSIONS:The use of CDSS in prehospital care has the ability to increase compliance with the assessment process of patients with a medical emergency. This study was unable to demonstrate any effects of OST.

  • 33. Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    Hjalmarsson, Anders
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Avital, Michel
    Peer-to-Peer Service Sharing Platforms: Driving Share and Share Alike on a Mass-Scale2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The sharing economy has been growing continuously in the last decade thanks to the proliferation of internet-based platforms that allow people to disintermediate the traditional commercial channels and to share excess resources and trade with one another effectively at a reasonably low transaction cost. Whereas early peer-to-peer platforms were designed to enable file sharing and goods trading, we recently witness the emergence of a new breed of peer-to-peer platforms that are designed for ordinary service sharing. Ordinary services entail in tangible provisions and are defined as an economic activity that generates immaterial benefits and does not result in ownership of material goods. Based on a structured analysis of 41 internet-based rideshare platforms, we explore and layout the unique characteristics of peer-to-peer service sharing platforms based on three distinct temporal patterns that entail specific consequences for platform use as well as provide insights about their overall design imperative.

  • 34. Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    Lindgren, Rikard
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Inscribing Interpretive Flexibility of Context Data in Ubiquitous Computing Environments: An Action Research Study of Vertical Standard Development.2009Inngår i: International Journal of Advanced Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing, ISSN 1937-965X, E-ISSN 1937-9668, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 1079-1097Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Ubiquitous computing environments grant organizations a multitude of dynamic context data emanating from embedded and mobile components. Such data may enhance organizations’ understanding of the different contexts in which they act. However, extant IS literature indicates that the utility of context data is frequently hampered by a priori interpretations of context embodied within the acquiring technologies themselves. Building on a 5-year canonical action research study within the Swedish transport industry, this paper reports an attempt to shift the locus of interpretation of context data by rearranging an assemblage of embedded, mobile, and stationary technologies. This was done by developing a vertical standard as a means to inscribe interpretive flexibility of context data. With the objective to extend the current understanding of how to enable cross-organizational access to reinterpretable context data, the paper contributes with an analysis of existing design requirements for context-aware ecosystems. This analysis reveals the complexity of accomplishing collaborative linkages between socio-technical elements in ubiquitous computing environments, and highlights important implications for research and practice.

  • 35.
    Andrén, Erik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Petersson Sällberg, Fanny
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Dokumentdatabaser i praktiken: En studie om användandet av MongoDB2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Informationshantering med dokumentdatabaser har ökat i omfattning de senaste åren och tekniken finns nu representerad bland de fyra mest använda databaserna i världen. Den här studien undersöker användningen av dokumentdatabaser samt vad som kan ligga bakom valet att börja använda dem. För att studera användandet av dokumentdatabaser har den mest populära dokumentdatabasen, MongoDB, valts ut som studiens undersökta fall. Studien har genomförts genom att studera litteratur och publicerat material om databastekniken samt genom att utföra intervjuer med användare av denna. MongoDB har beskrivits som lämplig för användning vid hantering av olika typer av applikationer eller system med ostrukturerad data och för användning i skalbara miljöer. Den har även beskrivits som lättillgänglig och enkel att lära sig då den har en gratisversion och mycket manualer på internet. Studien har visat att dokumentdatabaser kan användas för att hantera information i avgränsade miljöer så som mobil- eller webbapplikationer men även i skalbara system med stora mängder data. Dokumentdatabaser har visat sig motiveras för användning tack vare sin möjlighet att hantera flexibilitet i datastruktur och datavolym. För att kunna erbjuda flexibilitet kring struktur och volym har vissa avkall gjorts gällande transaktionssäkerhet och dataintegritet för dokumentdatabaser. Detta har kunnat påvisas som de främsta motiveringarna för användning av dokumentdatabaser men också som en av de främsta motiveringarna emot att använda dem.

  • 36.
    Anic, Filip
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Sahlqvist, Henrik
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Fyra prediktionsmetoder som skrivhjälpmedel för personer med kognitiv funktionsnedsättning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Personer med kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar kan ha olika svårigheter med att skriva på mobila enheter som mobiltelefoner och surfplattor. Svårigheterna kan vara att stava korrekt och skriva i normal skrivhastighet. Denna studie vill jämföra olika skrivhjälpmedel mot utan skrivhjälpmedel för att utvärdera vilka som kan bidrar till bättre skrivhastighet och färre stavfel. Studien vill också utvärdera vad personer med kongitiva funktionsnedsättningar tycker om dessa skrivhjälpmedel för att i framtiden kunna utveckla bättre programvara.

    Skrivhjälpmedlen som användes i studien är;

    ● Ordprediktion

    ● Ordprediktion med ett lättläst lexikon

    ● Tangentbordsprediktion

    ● Ordprediktion med tangentbordsprediktion

    Studien har två frågor som besvarades. Den första frågan handlade om hur personer med kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar tyckte om de olika skrivhjälpmedlen. Den andra handlade om hur skrivhjälpmedlen påverkade testdeltagarnas skrivhastighet, knapptryckningsbesparingar samt skrivfel. För att besvara dessa frågor användes withinsubject design. Data som samlades in var kvantitativ, där första frågan samlade in data via enkäter medan den andra samlade in via tester som var tillgängliga via en applikation. Resultaten visade på att alla ordprediktionsmetoder ökade skrivhastigheten, minskade knapptryckningar och minskade skrivfelen i någon grad. Ordprediktion med lättläst höjde skrivhastigheten mest till 9,87 ord i minuten jämfört med utan prediktion som hade 7,67 ord i minuten. Flest knapptryckningsbesparingar hade ordprediktion, med en besparingsmängd på 14,04%. Det var väldigt få skrivfel för alla prediktionsmetoder, men de hade alla bättre resultat än utan prediktion som hade flest skrivfel per person. Deltagarna tyckte för det mesta om alla skrivhjälpmedel och kunde tänka sig använd dem i framtiden. Resultaten för alla testerna kunde inte alltid påvisas med statistisk signifikans. Denna uppsats kan hjälpa utvecklare av skrivhjälpmedel för personer med kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar att bestämma vilken typ av skrivhjälpmedel de kan satsa på för utveckling.

  • 37.
    Appiah-Kubi, Ohene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Faheem, Muhammad
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Impact of Technological Devices on Mathematical Skills: A Technological Adaption Perspective on Mathematics Education2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    We live in a world where the use of technology plays a key role in our daily activities. Many professions rely on the use of technology to enable them to provide a better, faster, and the best of services to their clients. Due to the numerous benefits technology provides, there has been the need for its adoption into the educational sector to make learning easier for students. Through technology adoption students and teachers can get easy access to online resources. Students can study at their own pace and share resources with their peers. Despite the fact that the use of technological devices in the educational sector comes with some benefits, its introduction into the classroom at the elementary stage, especially in solving mathematics problems, has raised several controversies among stakeholders in the educational sector. There are those who are of the view that, the use of technological devices for computational purposes at the elementary stage will cause students to become reliant on them without using their mind to solve simple mathematical problems. Other stakeholders, however, think otherwise, they believe the use of technological devices used in teaching mathematics at the elementary school enhances student problem-solving skills. In this study, we determined the impact of technology adoption on mathematical skills in elementary schools in Pakistan. This research was conducted using semi-structured interviews and experiment between two elementary schools in Pakistan where one school believes in the adoption of technology in teaching and learning mathematics and the other school does not believe in the adoption of technology in teaching and learning mathematics. Students were chosen from grade 8 who were within the same age group and living within the same community for this study because they are within a transition stage from elementary school to upper secondary school and it is important to know how the use and non-use of technology have affected their mathematical capabilities and whether it was important for schools to adopt or not to adopt the use of technological devices in mathematics instructions. The results of the study indicate that the use of technological devices in solving mathematics problems at the elementary school has a greater negative impact than a positive impact on student computational skills and this affects the adoption of technological devices in mathematics instructions at most elementary school in Pakistan. The impact of technology plays a key role in technology adoption for potential adopters in developing countries and for this reason when potential adopters do not see the positive impact of technology from those using them; it serves as a barrier for the potential adopter.

  • 38.
    Arvidsson, Philip
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Ånhed, Tobias
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Sequence-to-sequence learning of financial time series in algorithmic trading2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Predicting the behavior of financial markets is largely an unsolved problem. The problem hasbeen approached with many different methods ranging from binary logic, statisticalcalculations and genetic algorithms. In this thesis, the problem is approached with a machinelearning method, namely the Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) variant of Recurrent NeuralNetworks (RNNs). Recurrent neural networks are artificial neural networks (ANNs)—amachine learning algorithm mimicking the neural processing of the mammalian nervoussystem—specifically designed for time series sequences. The thesis investigates the capabilityof the LSTM in modeling financial market behavior as well as compare it to the traditionalRNN, evaluating their performances using various measures.

  • 39.
    Atalar, Aras
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Gidenstam, Anders
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Renaud-Goud, Paul
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Tsigas, Philippas
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Modeling Energy Consumption of Lock-Free Queue Implementations2015Inngår i: 2015 IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, IPDPS 2015, Hyderabad, India, May 25-29, 2015, IEEE Computer Society, 2015, s. 229-238Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers the problem of modelling the energy behaviour of lock-free concurrent queue data structures. Our main contribution is a way to model the energy behaviour of lock-free queue implementations and parallel applications that use them. Focusing on steady state behaviour we decompose energy behaviour into throughput and power dissipation which can be modeled separately and later recombined into several useful metrics, such as energy per operation. Based on our models, instantiated from synthetic benchmark data, and using only a small amount of additional application specific information, energy and throughput predictions can be made for parallel applications that use the respective data structure implementation. To model throughput we propose a generic model forlock-free queue throughput behaviour, based on combination of the dequeuers' throughput and enqueuers' throughput. To model power dissipation we commonly split the contributions from the various computer components into static, activation and dynamic parts, where only the dynamic part depends on the actual instructions being executed. To instantiate the models a synthetic benchmark explores each queue implementation over the dimensions of processor frequency and number of threads. Finally, we show how to make predictions of application throughput and power dissipation for a parallel application using lock-free queue requiring only a limited amount of information about the application work done between queue operations. Our case study on a Mandelbrot application shows convincing prediction results.

  • 40.
    Bader, Caroline
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Castefelt, Eva-Louise
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Gunnarsson, Louise
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    The Recipe for Cookies: A studies about cookies & the GDPR-law2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The term cookie regarding IT is still a relatively new term. It is rarely discussed among internet users. The name cookie is fairly known but the concept not as much. Cookies are well established by different companies and organizations that in some way offer online services. Today visitors of the internet meet cookies almost every time they go online. For the users who choose not to accept cookies the online experience becomes highly limited. Cookies store information of the visitors in order to improve their experience but also to help the organization.

    The majority of webpages online that uses electronic commerce or in any way can benefit from storing the customers information uses cookies. Cookies can be sold or exchanged between organizations to increase their profit and range. In 2011 a provision regarding all organizations using cookies were implemented. Every internet user visiting these pages had to be notified about their use of cookies immediately. New laws are established in order to control or regulate the exertion of other people’s personal information at the same pace as cookies are further developed. The next law to be established is GDPR, General Data Protection Regulation, which will be focused on in this thesis.

    The purpose of this study is to explore the phenomenon of cookie-use and how it affects internet users and organizations in synergy with the GDPR-law. To achieve the desired result a mixed method has been applied involving both interviews and a survey. The interviews consisted of pre-determined questions and dynamic follow-up questions. Three different organizations participated in the interviews, an university, an organization using e-business and a media agency. The survey consisted of a few mandatory closed questions. The distribution of the survey led to right above 130 respondents.

    The gained results from the use of a quantitative methods hinted that barely half of the respondents knew what a cookie actually was. Several of the participants were curious about learning more about the phenomenon while a lower percentage did not consider it important. Knowledge or ignorance regarding cookies turned out to have a great impact on the respondent’s comfortableness and behavior online. The results from the qualitative method showed that the organizations working with cookies will be affected by GDPR.

    Following thesis will contribute to the field of informatics by consequently process the empiric data collected with support from theoretic competences. It will contribute as a source of information regarding cookies within information technology.

  • 41.
    Beculic, Mirza
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Blazevic, Vedran
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Draganovic, Majda
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Lyckade IT-projekt: Hur framhävs den mänskliga faktorn inom IT-projekt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    IT - projekt har ökat kraftigt under det senaste decenniet, många framgångsfaktorer har då identifierats. Mycket forskning har gjorts under åren men fokus har då varit på arbetsprocesser inom IT-projekt. Under årens lopp har forskning inom de mänskliga framgångsfaktorerna inte varit lika attraktiv. Trots att forskare har identifierat att de mänskliga framgångsfaktorerna är en av de största framgångsfaktorerna för lyckade IT-projekt, vi har under en teoretisk undersökning märkt att företag inte prioriterar den mänskliga framgångsfaktorn.Vår utgångspunkt för studien har varit den teoretiska undersökningen för uppgiften, vi har samlat in material via databaser, Internet och biblioteksböcker. Undersökningen av teorin visade snabbt att vi inte kunde besvara vår forskningsfråga. Vi var därför tvungna att ge oss ut på fältet för att kunna besvara vår forskningsfråga.Denna forskning går igenom vad mänskliga framgångsfaktorer är och hur det kan hanteras så att det slutliga resultatet av IT-projektet ger en ökad chans till att IT-projektet lyckas. Resultatet av denna uppsats är att belysa hur mycket den mänskliga framgångsfaktorn faktiskt kan påverka resultatet av ett IT - projekt.

  • 42.
    Berglin, Lena
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Interactive Textile Structures: Creating Multifunctional Textiles based on Smart Materials2008Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Textiles of today are materials with applications in almost all our activities. We wear clothes all the time and we are surrounded with textiles in almost all our environments. The integration of multifunctional values in such a common material has become a special area of interest in recent years. Smart Textile represents the next generation of textiles anticipated for use in several fashion, furnishing and technical textile applications. The term smart is used to refer to materials that sense and respond in a pre-defined manner to environmental stimuli. The degree of smartness varies and it is possible to enhance the intelligence further by combining these materials with a controlling unit, for example a microprocessor. As an interdisciplinary area Smart Textile includes design spaces from several areas; the textile design space, the information technology design space and the design space of material science. This thesis addresses how Smart Textiles affect the textile design space; how the introduction of smart materials and information technology affects the creation of future textile products. The aim is to explore the convergence between textiles, smart materials and information technology and to contribute to providing a basis for future research in this area. The research method is based on a series of interlinked experiments designed through the research questions and the research objects. The experiments are separated into two different sections: interactive textile structures and health monitoring. The result is a series of basic methods for how interactive textile structures are created and a general system for health monitoring. Furthermore the result consists of a new design space, advanced textile design. In advanced textile design the focus is set on the relation between the different natures of a textile object: its physical structure and its structure in the context of design and use.

  • 43.
    Bergqvist, Martin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Glansk, Jim
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Fördelar med att applicera Collaborative Filtering på Steam: En utforskande studie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Rekommendationssystem används överallt. På populära plattformar såsom Netflix och Amazon får du alltid rekommendationer på vad som är nästa lämpliga film eller inköp, baserat på din personliga profil. Detta sker genom korsreferering mellan användare och produkter för att finna sannolika mönster. Syftet med studien har varit att jämföra de två prevalenta tillvägagångssätten att skapa rekommendationer, på en annorlunda datamängd, där ”best practice” inte nödvändigtvis är tillämpbart. Som följd därav, har jämförelse gjorts på effektiviteten av Content-based Filtering kontra Collaborative Filtering, på Steams spelplattform, i syfte att etablera potential för en bättre lösning. Detta angreps genom att samla in data från Steam; Bygga en Content-based Filtering motor som baslinje för att representera Steams nuvarande rekommendationssystem, samt en motsvarande Collaborative Filtering motor, baserad på en standard-implementation, att jämföra mot.

    Under studiens gång visade det sig att Content-based Filtering prestanda initiellt växte linjärt medan spelarbasen på ett givet spel ökade. Collaborative Filtering däremot hade en exponentiell prestationskurva för spel med få spelare, för att sedan plana ut på en nivå som prestationsmässigt överträffade jämförelsmetoden. Den praktiska signifikansen av dessa resultat torde rättfärdiga en mer utbredd implementering av Collaborative Filtering även där man normalt avstår till förmån för Content-based Filtering då det är enklare att implementera och ger acceptabla resultat. Då våra resultat visar på såpass stor avvikelse redan vid basmodeller, är det här en attityd som mycket väl kan förändras.

    Collaborative Filtering har varit sparsamt använt på mer mångfacetterade datamängder, men våra resultat visar på potential att överträffa Content-based Filtering med relativt liten insats även på sådana datamängder. Detta kan gynna alla inköps- och community-kombinerade plattformar, då det finns möjlighet att övervaka användandet av inköpen i realtid, vilket möjliggör för justeringar av de faktorer som kan visa sig resultera i felrepresentation.

  • 44. Bergström, Jenny
    et al.
    Clark, Brendon
    Frigo, Alberto
    Mazé, Ramia
    Redström, Johan
    Vallgårda, Anna
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Becoming materials: material forms and forms of practice2010Inngår i: Digital Creativity, ISSN 1462-6268, E-ISSN 1744-3806, Vol. 21, nr 3, s. 155-172Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As a result of development toward ‘smart’ materials, materials now enable an expanding range of aesthetic expressions and user experiences. These materials are fundamentally temporal in their capacity to assume multiple, discrete states of expression that can be repeatedly and minutely controlled. These materials come to be, or become, only over time and in context—they are becoming materials. Thus, in the development and application of such materials, we must engage more extensively with the experience of materials in practices of design and of use. This paper introduces and discusses the concept of becoming materials—as well as the implications for practice—through a series of examples from our own practice-led research within art, design and architecture. Coming to terms with the implications for material practices of design and of use, we suggest, requires the development of new concepts and methods for doing and studying the design of becoming materials.

  • 45.
    Beronius, Gabriella
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Andrén, Sarah
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    E-Commerce Web design: The importance of a first impression2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The technical society we live in is in a constant state of advancement and we are continuallyintroduced to new innovative ways of mediating information through. Today, plenty of mediachannels exist, for organizations to use when they strive to reach larger groups of people, butto achieve web site success; researchers have stated that considerations of user preferencesimplemented in web design are crucial. This makes understanding and addressing whichcharacteristics will be valued from the moment a user enters a site something that isconsidered helpful to the web designer in order to maintain user traffic and create an interest.In other words, something to catch the user’s attention to create a good first impression is necessary.

    The constant state of advancement of technology prevailing today has resulted in even morecomplex websites and a countless number of design principles to apply when designing forthe web. In spite of this, usability and visual appeal have remained central in prior research.To test these theories, a study was conducted by using a qualitative method in form of anexperiment consisting of eye tracking and an open-ended questionnaire. To perform the eyetracking the researchers created two mock-ups representing the main page of two differentwebsites. Each mock-up was developed with considerations towards two different designapproaches, one striving to achieve visual appeal and the other towards usability, todetermine which one the participants preferred.

    The study contained 50 participants who performed the experiment and answered thequestionnaire. Results from the eye tracking were presented in gaze plots and heat maps andthe result from the questionnaire was presented and analyzed through coding by the researchers.

    Final findings showed that the website preferred by most participants were the one developedwith the usable design approach. Additionally, the discussion presented the findings andreaches a conclusion of the study which finds connections between the chosen designapproach of the webpage and the participant’s choice of preferred webpage.

  • 46. Birrell, Duncan
    et al.
    Menzies, Kathleen
    Maceviciute, Elena
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Wilson, Tom
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Wollschläger, Thomas
    Konstantelos, Leo
    Innocenti, Perla
    Riestra, Ruben
    Lindh, Maria
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Harrison, John
    Hasan, Adil
    Zabos, Attila
    Shaman: D14.2 - report on demonstration and evaluation activity in the domain of "memory institututions"2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    1. The report describes the demonstration and evaluation of ISP1, which was designed to demonstrate the potential of the SHAMAN framework for digital preservation in the context of memory institutions and for the research and development community. 2. The demonstration process was carried out by means of presentations based on screen-casts in three locations, Frankfurt, Vilnius and Glasgow. The audiences for the demonstrations consisted persons occupying of a wide range of roles in memory institutions, including senior management, operational level staff and IT support staff. 3. The evaluation is based on the reports of focus groups held in the three locations, together with structured data from self-completed questionnaires, administered on the same occasions. 4. Participants in the focus groups responded favourably to the ideas demonstrated in the presentations. There was particular interest in the choice of mainly open source software and in automation of processes, both of which have cost reduction implications, and in the idea of a digital preservation policy: the majority of participating organizations had no such policy. Participants also drew attention to aspects of preservation which they found lacking in the presentation and which were desirable, specifically: the preservation of font information; working with already obsolete formats; the automatic extraction of necessary metadata; the fact of mixed media archives involving, e.g., film and audio files; support for controlled vocabularies for search and discovery; and demonstration of workflows at a more practical level. 5. The questionnaire results revealed most approval of the retrieval and verification capabilities and less for the ingest processes. Otherwise the results supported the findings from the focus groups in general. There was a division of opinion over the value of the Multivalent browser and the application of grid technology, possibly because of differences in knowledge of these matters. Highest priority was assigned to data migration, access and authentication and bit stream preservation and least to independence standards and search capacity – issues that may be worth further exploration. 6. Evaluation has also been performed to determine the project‟s impact on the R&D community by means of submission and rejection rates of papers to journals and conferences, and bibliometric and Webometric analyses. The results demonstrate that the research outputs from the project are of interest to the R&D community and that the impact of the project as a whole compares favourably with other European projects in the digital preservation area. 7. The evaluation has revealed strengths and shortcomings in the demonstration process, which will influence the development of demonstrators for ISP2 and ISP3. The SHAMAN framework for digital preservation is seen as offering new possibilities and rigorous methods for the field by the practitioners in memory institutions.

  • 47.
    Bolin, Agnes
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Petersson, Julia
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Sjöholm, Johanna
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Skydd av elektroniska patientjournaler – en studie om faktorer för olovlig läsning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I vården är det idag många anställda som kräver åtkomst till patientjournaler. Detta medför att informationen måste vara lättåtkomlig när behoven uppstår. Att skydda patienters integritet är samtidigt mycket viktigt och att inte riskera att några uppgifter läcker ut. Ett problem är att vårdpersonal kan läsa patientjournaler utan att ha behörighet för detta.Studien belyser ett dilemma mellan vårdpersonals etiska inställning till informationssystem i förhållande till hur systemen skyddas. Ena sidan av dilemmat fokuserar på hur benägen vårdpersonal i Sverige är till att medvetet otillåtet läsa elektroniska patientjournaler och på detta sätt agera oetiskt. Den andra sidan riktas till hur informationssystemen inom svensk vård hittar en balans mellan att vara lättillgängliga för användare och samtidigt tillräckligt skyddade mot interna intrång. Frågeställningen som studien behandlar är att identifiera vilka faktorer som ligger till grund för vårdanställdas etiska inställning till olovlig läsning i förhållande till hur systemen skyddas mot dessa intrång.Det är en kvalitativ studie som utförts eftersom fokus har varit att tolka resultatet och identifiera betydande faktorer. För att få en bra grund gjordes en förstudie i form av intervjuer. Detta för att samla information och bredda kunskaper gällande vårdsystem. Det har tagits hänsyn till lagar och regler samt riktlinjer och rutiner för vården inom Västra Götalands län i Sverige, som även är studiens avgränsning. För att få information om hur de vårdanställda ställer sig till interna intrång i vården skickades det ut enkäter. Eftersom ämnet som studien avser kan uppfattas som känsligt har författarna varit tydliga med valfriheten att delta. Detta med tanke på att det gäller brott på arbetsplatsen.Studien resulterar i att även om majoriteten av respondenterna håller sig inom ramarna för vårdens regler, gällande att läsa patientjournaler, visar ändå respondenterna tendenser till att delvis frångå reglerna. Utifrån genomförd studie är det få fall som uppdagas och för att detta ska minska, anser författarna, att loggranskning av vårdanställda borde öka och ske av opartisk granskare. Detta för att skydda patienterna och nå högre säkerhet. Studien riktar sig till vårdpersonal och dess chefer för att upplysa om beteendet och dess risker för patienters integritet och allmänhetens bristande förtroende.

  • 48.
    Bondesson, Amy
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Persson, Anna
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Worbin, Linda
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Costumes and Wallhanging2009Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This work deals with Smart Textiles in interaction with the body. We design textiles and outfits as tools that can influence fashion and textile design. Central to our work is that artistic envisioning can point to new possibilities and values, in which we want to stress the importance of combining traditional materials and methods with contemporary and future functions in order to obtain sustainable ideas. The film documents a performance, where dancers create a link between the body, the textile material and the room surrounding the body. The textile material and the garment are to inspire movement that, in turn, creates development; when a person wears the garment and moves in a certain way or touches other persons, the visual expression of the room changes through an electronic signal. In this case, the colour of the pattern of the textile draping changes to the static pattern that is printed on the person’s outfit. The point of the show was to show possibilities of non-static and dynamic design through scenic expression.

  • 49.
    Bondesson, Amy
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Worbin, Linda
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Persson, Anna
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Textile dimensions: an expressive textile interface2009Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Computation and new materials are entering the world of textiles, challenging our view on the textile material. As new techniques and electrically conductive fibres enable the design of textile circuits and computationally active textiles [2], the areas of smart textile design and interaction design start to merge. Wearable computing [cf.1], the notion of moving computational tools directly onto the body, might have been the first approach to bring computation technology closer to the area of clothing.. In an approach to investigate new enhanced forms of expressional interaction through textiles, the relationship between tactile and visual aesthetical properties are explored in the present paper. Textile Dimensions, an interactive set of textiles, shows how clothes and textiles become interfaces themselves, able to sense and react on external stimuli in expressive ways.

  • 50.
    Brants, Rasmus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Johansson, Alexander
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Datalogiskt tänkande: arbetsgivarens preferenser2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige och världen blir mer digitaliserat för varje år. Varje år implementeras ny teknik i allabranscher vilket innebär att tekniken kan komma att styra arbetsbranschen. Detta har gjort attSverige och andra länder har börjat med programmering i grundskolan. Anledning till det ärför att utveckla individens datalogiska tänkande. I den här studien undersöks datalogiskttänkande som en egenskap som en individ innehar och hur arbetsgivaren inom mjukvaruutvecklingprioriterar datalogiskt tänkande vid en potentiell anställning som programmerare.Genom intervjuer och enkäter har forskarna samlat in data och konstruerat egna kategorierifrån programmering och datalogiskt tänkande för att sedan jämföra dessa mot den insamladedata från olika arbetsgivare. Studien har visat att arbetsgivaren faktiskt prioriterar datalogiskttänkande över programmeringskunskaper vilket stödjer den senaste implementationen avdatalogiskt tänkande.

    Den här studien är unik då det finns få eller ingen tidigare forskning om datalogiskt tänkandedär en kategorisering har genomförts inom de två områdena. Författarna tror starkt på attakademiska intressenter inom data- och systemvetenskap men även företag som bedriverprogrammering kan ha stor nytta av att ta del av den här studien. Studien belyser ett uniktresultat som troligtvis inte genomförts tidigare. Möjliga positiva konsekvenser av den härstudien är att författarna hoppas på att datalogiskt tänkande får mer uppmärksamhet avbranschen. Ett tydligt kunskapsbidrag till den tidigare forskningen om datalogiskt tänkandepresenteras i studien vilket kan påverka den framtida forskningen och implementationen avbegreppet datalogiskt tänkande.

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