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Sex difference and factors associated with outcome in patients with sustained ventricular arrhythmias.
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2008 (English)In: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal, ISSN 1401-7431, E-ISSN 1651-2006, Vol. 42, no 3, 182-191 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To describe gender differences and factors of importance for outcome in patients referred for sustained ventricular arrhythmias. RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty three patients took part in the survey, 126 (20 women) had sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) and 127 (31 women) had polymorphic VT/ventricular fibrillation. Ischemic heart disease was less common in women than in men (47 vs. 80%). At discharge, an ICD implant was similarly common in women (33%) and men (29%). One hundred and twenty five (65%) men and 37 (79%) women were alive at follow-up, p =0.08 (median follow-up 53 months). Independent predictors of long-term mortality were: 1) PVT/VF as the presenting arrhythmia, 2) a low ejection fraction, 3) increased QRS duration and 4) diabetes mellitus. CONCLUSION: The lower proportion of women compared to men being referred for evaluation of sustained ventricular arrhythmias may contribute to the lower number of ICD implants in women. The long-term survival in women and men did not differ significantly.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare , 2008. Vol. 42, no 3, 182-191 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-8090DOI: 10.1080/14017430701840333Local ID: 2320/8997OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-8090DiVA: diva2:888973
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22

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