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Assessment of CPR-D skills of nurses in Göteborg, Sweden and Espoo, Finland: teaching leadership makes a difference.
University of Borås, School of Health Science. [external].
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2007 (English)In: Resuscitation, ISSN 0300-9572, E-ISSN 1873-1570, Vol. 72, no 2, 264-269 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: Construction of an effective in-hospital resuscitation programme is challenging. To document and analyse resuscitation skills assessment must provide reliable data. Benchmarking with a hospital having documented excellent results of in-hospital resuscitation is beneficial. The purpose of this study was to assess the resuscitation skills to facilitate construction of an educational programme. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nurses working in a university hospital Jorvi, Espoo (n=110), Finland and Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg (n=40), Sweden were compared. The nurses were trained in the same way in both hospitals except for the defining and teaching of leadership applied in Sahlgrenska. Jorvi nurses are not trained to be, nor do they act as, leaders in a resuscitation situation. Their cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) skills using an automated external defibrillator (AED) were assessed using Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) which was build up as a case of cardiac arrest with ventricular fibrillation (VF) as the initial rhythm. The subjects were tested in pairs, each pair alone. Group-working skills were registered. RESULTS: All Sahlgrenska nurses, but only 49% of Jorvi nurses, were able to defibrillate. Seventy percent of the nurses working in the Sahlgrenska hospital (mean score 35/49) and 27% of the nurses in Jorvi (mean score 26/49) would have passed the OSCE test. Statistically significant differences were found in activating the alarm (P<0.001), activating the AED without delay (P<0.01), setting the lower defibrillation electrode correctly (P<0.001) and using the correct resuscitation technique (P<0.05). The group-working skills of Sahlgrenska nurses were also significantly better than those of Jorvi nurses. CONCLUSIONS: Assessment of CPR-D skills gave valuable information for further education in both hospitals. Defining and teaching leadership seems to improve resuscitation performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ireland Ltd , 2007. Vol. 72, no 2, 264-269 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-8061DOI: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2006.06.032Local ID: 2320/9842OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-8061DiVA: diva2:888944
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2017-10-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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