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The epidemiology of cardiac arrest in children and young adults.
[external]. (Prehospital akutsjukvård)
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2003 (English)In: Resuscitation, ISSN 0300-9572, E-ISSN 1873-1570, Vol. 58, no 2, 131-138 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: To describe the epidemiology of children and young adults suffering from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. PATIENTS: All patients suffering from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in whom, resuscitation efforts were attempted in the community of Göteborg between 1980 and 2000. METHODS: Between 31 October 1980 and 31 October 2000, all consecutive cases of cardiac arrest in which the emergency medical service (EMS) system responded and attempted resuscitation were reported and followed-up to discharge from hospital. RESULTS: Among 5505 cardiac arrests information on age was available in 5290 cases (96%). Of these 5290 cases 98 (2%) were children (age 0-17 years), 197 (4%) were young adults (age 18-35 years) and the remaining 4995 (94%) were adults (age >35 years). Children and young adults differed from adults by suffering from a witnessed arrest less frequently, being found by the ambulance crew in ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia less frequently and being judged as having an underlying cardiac aetiology less frequently. Of the children only 5% were discharged from hospital alive compared with 8% for young adults and 9% for adults. Among survivors the cerebral performance categories (CPC) score at discharge tended to differ with 38% of young adults registering a CPC score of 1 (no neurological deficit) compared with 52% among adults. CONCLUSION: Children and young adults suffering from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest differed from adults in terms of aetiology and observed initial arrhythmia. Children had a particularly bad outcome whereas young adults had a similar outcome as adults.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ireland Ltd , 2003. Vol. 58, no 2, 131-138 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-8017DOI: 10.1016/S0300-9572(03)00108-4Local ID: 2320/9026OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-8017DiVA: diva2:888900
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2017-01-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • asciidoc
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