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The epidemiology of out-of-hospital "sudden" cardiac arrest
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2002 (English)In: Resuscitation, ISSN 0300-9572, E-ISSN 1873-1570, Vol. 52, no 3, p. 235-245Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is difficult to assemble data from an previous termout-of-hospital cardiac arrestnext term since there is often lack of objective information. The true incidence of previous termsudden cardiacnext term death previous termout-of-hospitalnext term is not known since far from all of these patients are attended by emergency medical services. The incidence of previous termout-of-hospital cardiac arrestnext term increases with age and is more common among men. Among patients who die, the probability of having a fatal event outside previous termhospitalnext term decreases with age; i. e. younger patients tend to more often die unexpectedly and outside previous termhospital.next term Among the different initial arrhythmias, ventricular fibrillation is the most common among patients with previous termcardiacnext term aetiology. The true distribution of initial arrhythmias is not known since several minutes most often elapse between collapse and rhythm assessment. Most patients with previous termout-of-hospital cardiac arrestnext term have a previous termcardiacnext term aetiology. previous termOut-of-hospital cardiac arrestsnext term most frequently occur in the patient's home, but the prognosis is shown to be better when they occur in a public place. Witnessed previous termarrest,next term ventricular fibrillation as initial arrhythmia and cardiopulmonary resuscitation are important predictors for immediate survival. In the long-term perspective, previous termcardiac arrestnext term in connection with acute myocardial infarction, high left ventricular ejection fraction, moderate age, absence of other heart failure signs and no history of myocardial infarction promotes better prognosis. Still there is much to learn about time trends, the influence of patient characteristics, comorbidity and previous termhospitalnext term treatment among patients with prehospital previous termcardiac arrest.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ireland Ltd , 2002. Vol. 52, no 3, p. 235-245
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Medical and Health Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-7958DOI: 10.1016/S0300-9572(01)00464-6Local ID: 2320/8765OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-7958DiVA, id: diva2:888840
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

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Herlitz, Johan

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